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Victorian Collections -

Collecting Fire: A new kind of practice

7 Feb 2019

“While museums have traditionally aspired to collect “the real thing” and to create repositories of tangible evidence of our collective past, the essence of this project and its emerging collection was in making real the intangible through personal stories, symbols, and metaphors – giving form to matters of the heart. A new kind of museum practice was therefore needed.” - Sites of Trauma: Contemporary Collecting and Natural Disaster

Curated By

Lauren McAlary, Veterans Heritage Project Manager

111709 items with images

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111709 items with images

Booklet

Running Rabbits Military Museum operated by the Upwey Belgrave RSL Sub Branch, Upwey

Practical Air Navigation

Glass insulator

Mont De Lancey, Wandin North

Amber AGM glass insulator

Inscriptions & Markings

"AGM 30" on one side, "5 ::::" on the other

Spoon

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Unrestored tea spoon from the wreck of the LOCH ARD. The spoon design has a flattened fiddle-back handle, with a thin stem or shank, flared collar, and elongated bowl. The spoons metallic composition is a thin layer of brass alloy which has partially corroded back to a nickel-silver base metal. Approximately 15% of original electroplating remains with some verdigris. Five makers mark outlines are visible (Crown, Ellipse, Rounded Square, Circle, Diamond), including details of two: (3) Maltese Cross (4) Crab Design

Historical information

This tea spoon is from the wreck of the LOCH ARD, a Loch Line ship of 1,693 tons which sailed from Gravesend, London, on 2 March 1878 with 17 passengers and a crew of 36 under Captain George Gibbs. “The intention was to discharge cargo in Melbourne, before returning to London via the Horn with wool and wheat”. Instead, on 1 June 1878, after 90 days at sea, she struck the sandstone cliffs of Mutton Bird Island on the south west coast of Victoria, and sank with the loss of 52 lives and all her cargo. The manifest of the LOCH ARD listed an array of manufactured goods and bulk metals being exported to the Colony of Victoria, with a declared value of £53,700. (202 bills of lading show an actual invoice value of £68, 456, with insurance underwriting to £30,000 of all cargo). Included in the manifest is the item of “Tin hardware & cutlery £7,530”. This teaspoon is one of 482 similar items of electro-plated cutlery from the LOCH ARD site, comprising spoons and forks of various sizes but all sharing the same general shape or design and metallic composition. 49 of these pieces display a legible makers’ mark — the initials “W” and “P” placed within a raised diamond outline, which is in turn contained within a sunken crown shape — identifying the manufacturer as William Page & Co of Birmingham. An electroplater’s makers’ marks, unlike sterling silver hallmarks, are not consistent identifiers of quality or date and place of manufacture. A similar line of five impressions was usually made to impress the consumer with an implication of industry standards, but what each one actually signified was not regulated and so they varied according to the whim of the individual foundry. In this case, the maker’s marks are often obscured by sedimentary accretion or removed by corrosion after a century of submersion in the ocean. However sufficient detail has survived to indicate that these samples of electro-plated cutlery probably originated from the same consignment in the LOCH ARD’s cargo. The following descriptions of maker’s marks are drawn from 255 tea spoons, 125 dessert spoons, and 99 table forks. These marks are clearly visible in 66 instances, while the same sequence of general outlines, or depression shapes, is discernible in another 166 examples. 1. A recessed Crown containing a raised Diamond outline and the initials “W” and “P” (the recognised trademark of William Page & Co) 2. An impressed Ellipse containing a raised, pivoted, Triangle in its lower part and bearing a Resurrection Cross on its upper section (a possible dissenting church symbol reflecting religious affiliation); OR a rounded Square impression containing a raised, ‘lazy’, letter “B” (possibly mimicking sterling silver hallmark signifying city of manufacture i.e. Birmingham) 3. An impressed rounded Square filled with a raised Maltese Cross (the base metal composite of nickel silver was also known as ‘German silver’ after its Berlin inventors in 1823) 4. A recessed Circle containing a Crab or Scarab Beetle image; OR a recessed Circle containing a rotated ‘fleur de lys’ or ‘fasces’ design 5. A depressed Diamond shape enclosing a large raised letter “R” and a small raised letter “D” (mimicking the U.K. Patent Office stamp which abbreviated the term ‘registered’ to “RD”, but also included date and class of patent) Suggested trade names for William Page & Co’s particular blend of brass plating are ‘roman silver’ or ‘silverite’. This copper alloy polishes to a lustrous gold when new, discolouring to a murky grey with greenish hue when neglected. HISTORY OF THE LOCH ARD The LOCH ARD belonged to the famous Loch Line which sailed many ships from England to Australia. Built in Glasgow by Barclay, Curdle and Co. in 1873, the LOCH ARD was a three-masted square rigged iron sailing ship. The ship measured 262ft 7" (79.87m) in length, 38ft (11.58m) in width, 23ft (7m) in depth and had a gross tonnage of 1693 tons. The LOCH ARD's main mast measured a massive 150ft (45.7m) in height. LOCH ARD made three trips to Australia and one trip to Calcutta before its final voyage. LOCH ARD left England on March 2, 1878, under the command of Captain Gibbs, a newly married, 29 year old. She was bound for Melbourne with a crew of 37, plus 17 passengers and a load of cargo. The general cargo reflected the affluence of Melbourne at the time. On board were straw hats, umbrella, perfumes, clay pipes, pianos, clocks, confectionary, linen and candles, as well as a heavier load of railway irons, cement, lead and copper. There were items included that intended for display in the Melbourne International Exhibition in 1880. The voyage to Port Phillip was long but uneventful. At 3am on June 1, 1878, Captain Gibbs was expecting to see land and the passengers were becoming excited as they prepared to view their new homeland in the early morning. But LOCH ARD was running into a fog which greatly reduced visibility. Captain Gibbs was becoming anxious as there was no sign of land or the Cape Otway lighthouse. At 4am the fog lifted. A man aloft announced that he could see breakers. The sheer cliffs of Victoria's west coast came into view, and Captain Gibbs realised that the ship was much closer to them than expected. He ordered as much sail to be set as time would permit and then attempted to steer the vessel out to sea. On coming head on into the wind, the ship lost momentum, the sails fell limp and LOCH ARD's bow swung back. Gibbs then ordered the anchors to be released in an attempt to hold its position. The anchors sank some 50 fathoms - but did not hold. By this time LOCH ARD was among the breakers and the tall cliffs of Mutton Bird Island rose behind the ship. Just half a mile from the coast, the ship's bow was suddenly pulled around by the anchor. The captain tried to tack out to sea, but the ship struck a reef at the base of Mutton Bird Island, near Port Campbell. Waves broke over the ship and the top deck was loosened from the hull. The masts and rigging came crashing down knocking passengers and crew overboard. When a lifeboat was finally launched, it crashed into the side of LOCH ARD and capsized. Tom Pearce, who had launched the boat, managed to cling to its overturned hull and shelter beneath it. He drifted out to sea and then on the flood tide came into what is now known as LOCH ARD Gorge. He swam to shore, bruised and dazed, and found a cave in which to shelter. Some of the crew stayed below deck to shelter from the falling rigging but drowned when the ship slipped off the reef into deeper water. Eva Carmichael had raced onto deck to find out what was happening only to be confronted by towering cliffs looming above the stricken ship. In all the chaos, Captain Gibbs grabbed Eva and said, "If you are saved Eva, let my dear wife know that I died like a sailor". That was the last Eva Carmichael saw of the captain. She was swept off the ship by a huge wave. Eva saw Tom Pearce on a small rocky beach and yelled to attract his attention. He dived in and swam to the exhausted woman and dragged her to shore. He took her to the cave and broke open case of brandy which had washed up on the beach. He opened a bottle to revive the unconscious woman. A few hours later Tom scaled a cliff in search of help. He followed hoof prints and came by chance upon two men from nearby Glenample Station three and a half miles away. In a state of exhaustion, he told the men of the tragedy. Tom returned to the gorge while the two men rode back to the station to get help. By the time they reached LOCH ARD Gorge, it was cold and dark. The two shipwreck survivors were taken to Glenample Station to recover. Eva stayed at the station for six weeks before returning to Ireland, this time by steamship. In Melbourne, Tom Pearce received a hero's welcome. He was presented with the first gold medal of the Royal Humane Society of Victoria and a £1000 cheque from the Victorian Government. Concerts were performed to honour the young man's bravery and to raise money for those who lost family in the LOCH ARD disaster. Of the 54 crew members and passengers on board, only two survived: the apprentice, Tom Pearce and the young woman passenger, Eva Carmichael, who lost all of her family in the tragedy. Ten days after the LOCH ARD tragedy, salvage rights to the wreck were sold at auction for £2,120. Cargo valued at £3,000 was salvaged and placed on the beach, but most washed back into the sea when another storm developed. The wreck of LOCH ARD still lies at the base of Mutton Bird Island. Much of the cargo has now been salvaged and some was washed up into what is now known as LOCH ARD Gorge. Cargo and artefacts have also been illegally salvaged over many years before protective legislation was introduced. One of the most unlikely pieces of cargo to have survived the shipwreck was a Minton porcelain peacock - one of only seven in the world. The peacock was destined for the Melbourne International Exhibition in 1880. It had been well packed, which gave it adequate protection during the violent storm. Today, the Minton peacock can be seen at the Flagstaff Hill Maritime Museum in Warrnambool. From Australia's most dramatic shipwreck it has now become Australia's most valuable shipwreck artefact and is one of very few 'objects' on the Victorian State Heritage Register.

Significance

The LOCH ARD shipwreck is of State significance – Victorian Heritage Register S 417. Flagstaff Hill’s collection of artefacts from LOCH ARD is significant for being one of the largest collections of artefacts from this shipwreck in Victoria. It is significant for its association with the shipwreck, which is on the Victorian Heritage Register (VHR S417). The collection is significant because of the relationship between the objects, as together they have a high potential to interpret the story of the LOCH ARD. The LOCH ARD collection is archaeologically significant as the remains of a large international passenger and cargo ship. The LOCH ARD collection is historically significant for representing aspects of Victoria’s shipping history and its potential to interpret sub-theme 1.5 of Victoria’s Framework of Historical Themes (living with natural processes). The collection is also historically significant for its association with the LOCH ARD, which was one of the worst and best known shipwrecks in Victoria’s history.

Postcard

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Black and White postcard, General Gordon. (SH 110.1 Ships F - H).

Gramophone cylinders - My Faith Looks Up To Thee

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Gramophone cylinders, black, 6 grooves on interior stored in cardboard round container with detachable lid. Edison Record, made and sold by National Phonograph Co. at Orange N.J. U.S.A. 1201 Hymn - My Faith Looks Up To Thee. Trio.

INSTRUMENT - NAVIGATIONAL AID

Bendigo Soldiers Memorial Institute Military Museum, Bendigo

Instrument for altitudes & air speed corrections. Notebook with spiral binding attached inside.

Historical information

Navigational aid used during WW11

Inscriptions & Markings

Scratched on inside of stainless steel surface of cover: A G Culvenor 46 Station St. Nunawading

High Tide 1956 - High Tide 1956; magazine of High School Williamstown

Williamstown High School , Williamstown

Black and white printed publication. 36 p.: ill.

Historical information

Williamstown High School Year book for the 1956 school year. Contains staff information, sports results, photographs, student's work, scholarship winners and examination results.

Inscriptions & Markings

Inside front cover: Danute Jakubauskas

Tambour

Australian Lace Guild - Victorian Branch, Gardenvale

Embroidered net. Flounce of machine made net with floral design worked in chain stitch. Could possibly be handmade but is more likely to be machine made.

Historical information

Flouncing - costume trim.

Photograph (black & White) - Sir Walter Hely-Hutchinson - South Africa

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

Individual image taken from photographed poster of tobacco and cigarette cards

Historical information

Hely-Hutchinson served as Governor and Commander-in-Chief of Natal and Zululand between 1893 and 1901. He was appointed Governor of the Cape Colony in 1901 and was the last British Governor until the post disappeared when the colony joined the Union of South Africa in 1910. During the absence of Lord Selborne in 1909 he acted as High Commissioner to South Africa. He was awarded Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George.

Image

Vision Australia, Kooyong

2 x B/W photographs

Historical information

Broom making machine at the Queensland Institute for the Blind.

Photograph - Digital image - Railway Road Rail Bridge over Plenty River Briar Hill

Greensborough Historical Society, Lower Plenty

Digital copy of colour photograph

Historical information

Para Road bridge over Plenty River Greensborough, showing graffiti on bridge supports.

Annual Report - 24th Report of the Committee of the Adult Deaf and Dumb Mission of Victoria 1908

Expression Australia, East Melbourne

Green Cover, Size 21.5Hx13.5W, 60 pages

Historical information

The Adult Deaf and Dumb Mission of Victoria, now known as Vicdeaf, (the Victorian Deaf Society), was founded in 1884 as the Victorian Society for Promoting the Spiritual and Temporal Welfare of the Adult Deaf and Dumb. The provisional committee being Mr W Bates, Mr J M Bruce, Mr J D Gowan, Mr Edwin Newbiggin, Mr C M Officer, M. L, A., and the Rev. W. Moss. The Adult Deaf and Dumb Mission's objects were: 1. To provide the means for religious worship and instruction for the adult deaf and dumb of Victoria 2. To visit the deaf and dumb in their homes, especially when sick or in distress 3. To assist the deaf and dumb of good character in obtaining suitable employment 4. To provide technical and other education for the adult and dumb 5. To give pecuniary assistance to adult deaf and dumb who are in need

Significance

The Annual Reports of the Adult Deaf and Dumb Mission are historically significant providing insight into the history of the evolving Deaf Community in Victoria. They are a annual 'snapshot' of the year with references not only to the progress of the Mission but also to the significant people and events within the Deaf Community.

Bomb Release Quadrant - Partial Bomb Release Quadrant

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

The item has 50% of it's body missing.Quadrant base and operative lever.Quarter circle casting with operating handle attached,base is squared off with rivets attaching both parts.

Historical information

Created for the purpose of bomb delivery from B-24 Liberator aircraft. The item was originally fitted to RAAF Liberator 72-176. During salvage and disposal operations it was damaged losing 50% of the body. The item was used as a reference to manufacture a complete example.

Significance

An example of late 1930's engineering practice in an endeavour to modernise aircraft technology.

Inscriptions & Markings

Bomb doors, 32-F-7523 (part number) three times, closed, open, safe, select.

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black and white photograph, of a portrait of a young lady with short and curly dark hair, wearing a checked shirt. The border possibly consists of a background photograph. This copy is quite difficult to see detail because it is so dark.

Document - Ballarat School of Mines and Industries Statement of Receipts and Expenditure for the year ending 30th September 1912

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

Printed page of finanical information

Postcard

Frankston RSL Sub Branch, Frankston

Postcard size photograph of a WW1 Australian Army soldier. Unknown subject although note on rear "Uncle Joe, your mothers I mean"

Newsletter - THE PAST OARSMEN PARADE

Power House Rowing Club, South Yarra

Inscriptions & Markings

THE PAST OARSMEN PARADE In recent weeks a number of past members have re-appeared at the club. These included Mike Pointer, Jack Cade, Ken Dowdney, Glenn Ross, Joe Hutterer, Bruce Manning, Bill Raper, and Max O'Brien, at the two social functions.

Pipe - Pipe with metal lid

Greensborough Historical Society, Lower Plenty

Carved wooden pipe with hinged silver lid, two-tone. Carving is of a horse.

Historical information

Carved wooden pipe with hinged silver lid, two-tone. Carving is of a horse.

Significance

From a collection held in Greensborough.

Document - The Miller Family

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

Three identical typed sheets of biographical details of The Miller Family and their life on Phillip Island.

Historical information

The Miller Family's life on Phillip Island from 1868.

Inscriptions & Markings

Titled "The Miller Family - Early Settlers on Phillip Island"

Glass Funnel

Hume City Civic Collection, Sunbury

A small glass funnel. There is a small chip at the base of the funnel.

Historical information

The measuring instruments which were used in the Pharmacy Department at the Sunbury Asylum were collected by a former curator of the GEM and members of the GEM before the Asylum also known as Caloola closed in the early 1990's.

Photograph - Ringwood State School. Senior Boys approx. 1919. Back row - William O'Brien, Harold Little, Wilfred Pump, Jack Wakeham, Lothair McKenzie, Harold Wilson, Evan Wrigley, Arthur Blood. Sitting - Clarence Burns, Jack Pratt, George Eastwood, Noel Bronsack, Harold Hunt, Walter Kraefft. Kneeling - Leslie Kay, William Meyland, Geoffrey Dickson, Leopold Pratt".

Ringwood and District Historical Society, Ringwood

Inscriptions & Markings

Typed below photograph, "Ringwood State School Senior Boys - 1919". Written below smaller print, "Ringwood State School. Senior Boys approx. 1919. Back row - William O'Brien, Harold Little, Wilfred Pump, Jack Wakeham, Lothair McKenzie, Harold Wilson, Evan Wrigley, Arthur Blood. Sitting - Clarence Burns, Jack Pratt, George Eastwood, Noel Bronsack, Harold Hunt, Walter Kraefft. Kneeling - Leslie Kay, William Meyland, Geoffrey Dickson, Leopold Pratt".

Photo - Vlodymir Muc

Ukrainian Historical Society Sunshine, Ardeer

Black and white photo, with date typed under photo. Photo is attached to cardboard backing, is also framed with a light blue patterned border. Photo has been laminated

Historical information

Mr. Vlodymir Muc was principal of Ukrainian Saturday school 'Ivan Franko' Sunshine from 1977 to 1983.

Grinder

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Cast iron sheep shears grinder.

Historical information

Cast iron sheep shears grinder.

Photograph - Eltham, NSW

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Roll of 35mm colour negative film, 2 strips

Inscriptions & Markings

Fuji 100

Photograph

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

Photograph of the Ferry "Eagle Star" steaming away from shore.

Historical information

One of a collection of over 400 photographs in an album commenced in 1960 and presented to the Phillip Island & Westernport Historical Society by the Shire of Phillip Island

chalice - John Keane Chalice

Ballarat Diocesan Historical Commission, Ballarat

handcrafted gold plated chalice, inner cup silver lined.

Photograph - Iron Steamship SS Casino in the Moyne River

Port Fairy Historical Society Museum and Archives, Port Fairy

Black & white photograph

Historical information

Coastal steamer sank at Apollo Bay in 1932

School Photograph (digital image) - Watsonia Heights Primary School WH4935 1979 Grade 4D

Greensborough Historical Society, Lower Plenty

A colour photograph of Watsonia Heights Primary School 1979 Grade 4D

Historical information

A photograph of Watsonia Heights Primary School 1979 Grade 4D

Doily

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Ecru coloured doily for dressing table. Oval shaped

teaset

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

Fourteen piece doll's teaset. 5 cups (one odd); 6 saucers ; 1 cream jug; 1 sugar basin; 1 teapot. All are very light orange/bone colour + white with running rabbit. Teapot has two young men in a car hunting a rabbit. Odd cup has flowers in red and yellow.

Inscriptions & Markings

Underneath all pieces - Made in Japan