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Victorian Collections -

Prisoner of War & Internment Camps: Tatura and Rushworth

1 Oct 2018

During the First World War, the theatres of Europe felt worlds away for Australians on the home front. The Second World War’s Pacific stage brought war closer to home. For some Victorian country towns, the repercussions of war arrived right on their doorstep.

Curated By

Alana Bennett Mazzilli, Work experience student, Academy of Mary Immaculate

110564 items with images

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110564 items with images

ROLL OF HONOUR - MASONS WYCHEPROOF LODGE NO.181 SUPREME SACRIFICE WW11

Wycheproof & District Historical Society Inc., Wycheproof

Large polished wooden Honour Roll WW1 with columns and arch surround named in gold leaf. Heading - A.F & A.MASONS OF VICTORIA. WYCHEPROOF LODGE NO. 181. Members who paid the Supreme Sacrifice WW11. Brothers: O.T. HETHERINGTON J.L. WARNE

Historical information

When the local Wycheproof Masonic Lodge closed the Honour Roll was hung in the Wycheproof Court House.

Significance

A unique plaque believed to be the only one for Wycheproof with these two servicemen's names being members of the Wycheproof Masonic Lodge.

Inscriptions & Markings

FOR GOD KING & COUNTRY

Object - Mowat sensor

Vision Australia,

1 pale green coloured plastic rectangle sensor with a brown nylon, plaited wrist strap

Historical information

The Mowat Sensor model MS 01, is a pale green, palm-sized, plastic battery operated device with a darker green switch on top. It is partially open at one end with two grilles. A microphone plugs into the other end with a wrist strap. It came with a brown vinyl carry case and owner's manual, which are not included. This Hand held device for the visually impaired uses high frequency sound to detect objects within a narrow beam. The sensor vibrates if an object is present, responds to closest object within the beam. The vibration rate increases as user approaches object. There are two range settings: short, responds to objects less than 1 meter away (indoor use) and long, responds to objects of sufficient size up to 4 meters. The sensor can be hand held or carried in pocket or purse. As a facility intended for partially sighted people, the compass also includes an in-built color indicator (visible through the semi-transparent enclosure), which indicates the direction using a combination of three colours. Weight: 185 grams.

Inscriptions & Markings

Model MS01

Object - Prosthetic eye

Vision Australia,

1 prosthetic white glass eye with blue iris

Historical information

This hand painted prosthetic eye would of been used for people who have had to have an eye removed due to damage or disease. The prosthesis fits over an orbital implant and under the eyelids. Often referred to as a glass eye, the ocular prosthesis roughly takes the shape of a convex shell.

Object - Variety on parade! ticket

Vision Australia,

1 rectangular shaped concert ticket with black ink text

Historical information

Funds were raised for RVIB in the during the 1940's and 1950s by putting on concerts called 'Variety on Parade'. The ticket reads 'As a Thanksgiving for sight! Proceeds in aid of the Royal Victorian Institute for the Blind Babies, Children & Adults, St Kilda Road, Prahran, Melbourne'. It was held at the Public Hall, Buckrabanyule on Tuesday 2nd Sept. 1952 at 8pm. Admission was 3/6 and it was advised that 'New! Non-stop Variety Entertainment of Music, Mirth and Sensational Acts' would be experienced.

Inscriptions & Markings

Ticket no. 56 Ticket no. 57

black and white photograph

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A black / white photograph / postcard of five men raking hay in a paddock with two horses and carts in the background.

Historical information

The men in this photograph are harvesting dry bean plants. They have been threshed with flails and raked. the dry straw is tossed off and the dry beans are collected to be hand sorted.

Significance

This item is associated with the seed bean industry which was a major industry in the Orbost district for the first half of the 20th century.

Inscriptions & Markings

on back - "Orbost, M. Gilbert"

Object - Silver Braille pocket watch

Vision Australia,

Silver pocket watch with Braille to indicate number position.

Historical information

This timepiece uses Braille to indicate the position of the numbers, which the wearer could then use to orient themselves and tell the time from the metal hands. The 12 position is indicated by three dots, with the 3,6,9 positions by two dots. The user would start with a finger at the centre of the face and work outwards to the end of each hand to determine position and hence be able to figure out the time. Since the watch is designed and made for touching, the metal hands are particularly robust.

Inscriptions & Markings

Clock face = "Algex in Cabloc 17 jewels Swiss made" On back watch sticker "Ali".

photograph / postcard

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

a black / white photograph / postcardof a small girl sitting in a hollowed out pumpkin. It appears to have been taken outside on a verandah of a wooden house.

Historical information

The child in the photograph is Delia Murray (Mrs Jack Kenny). She was one of eight children of Herbert Cecil Murray and Evelyn Murray. Photographs of children families sitting in hollowed out pumpkins were common in the first half of the 20th century.

Significance

This item is associated with a popular activity of the Orbost community in the first half of the 20th century. Pumpkins have been been paart of the district's agricultural history since settlement.

Inscriptions & Markings

on front - " H. M. S. Orbost" ; "Stanley Vogt, Bairnsdale" on back is a letter - "I got the plants......."

black and white photograph

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A black / white photograph of a beach with a sloping hillside covered in thick vegetation. There is a pole at the top with a light on it. It overlooks the jetty. A sailing ship can be seen in the background - left.

Significance

This item is a pictorial record of Marlo in the late 19th century.

Inscriptions & Markings

on back - "Marlo showing light on pole on the point above the jetty about 1890"

black and white photograph

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A black / white photograph of the Marlo landscape. In the background is the Marlo Hotel. Appears to have been taken from Corringle looking out over ocean and Snowy River.

Significance

The Marlo Hotel, perched on the hill overlooking the estuaries and the entrance is a significant building in Marlo. Established in 1886, it has been operating for over 120 years

Inscriptions & Markings

on front - "Marlo from Sand Hummock"; "Bulmer copyright"

Program Photos Newsletter Poster Articles - Broadway Bound by Neil Simon directed by Doug Bennett

Heidelberg Theatre Company Inc.., Rosanna

Program Photos Newsletter Poster - Summer of the Seventeenth Doll by Ray Lawler directed by Geoff Hickey

Heidelberg Theatre Company Inc.., Rosanna

Program Photos Poster - Riff-Raff by Phil Sumner, Danny Nash, Jan McDonald and Greg Sneddon directed by Diana Nicol

Heidelberg Theatre Company Inc.., Rosanna

Program Photos Newsletter Poster Articles - Equus by Peter Shaffer directed by Wayne Pearn

Heidelberg Theatre Company Inc.., Rosanna

Program Photos Newsletter Poster - Our Country's Good by Timberlake Wertenbaker directed by David Small

Heidelberg Theatre Company Inc.., Rosanna

Photos newsletter Poster Articles - Charley's Aunt by Brendon Thomas directed by Alice Bugge

Heidelberg Theatre Company Inc.., Rosanna

Photos Newsletter Articles Memorabila Playbill Special Events - 1992 HTC General Memorabilia - afternoon tea, costume ball, fashion parade, festival parade

Heidelberg Theatre Company Inc.., Rosanna

Royal Australian Nursing Federation Victorian Branch campaign badge

Australian Nursing & Midwifery Federation, Melbourne

White and blue plastic button. Button printed with 'KEEP NURSES NURSING - Improve Nurses' Condition R.A.N.F. Vic. Branch'.

black and white photograph

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A small black / white photograph of a group of people standing outside a hotel A motor vehicle is in the foreground and another behind the people. On the right side of the wooden building is a sign indicating that this is River View House an accommodation business. At the front is a sign with the name ?. Cameron on it.

Historical information

This photograph was taken in 1900 at Buchan. The River View Hotel was established in Buchan in 1884 and was possibly first called the Cricket Club Hotel. The isgn at the front of the building suggests that a ? Cameron ran the establishment.

Significance

This an early pictorial record of Buchan in the 1900s.

Inscriptions & Markings

on front - "Buchan Caves - 1900" on back - "E.A. Paige"

black and white photograph

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A small black / white photograph of man with three children sitting in a hollowed out pumpkin in water. An Australian flag is on the left side of the pumpkin.

Historical information

The pumpkin in this photograph was an award winner and was grown by Fred Mundy Snr. It weighed 194 lbs (approx. 88 kgs). Pumpkins were grown widely on Orbost farms and used to feed pigs. There was usually a competition for the heaviest or biggest pumpkin at the annual Orbost agricultural Show.

Significance

This photograph is associated with the history of pumpkin growing in the Orbost district.

Inscriptions & Markings

on back - "Alec Cameron, Mr Fred Mundy" ; "Record pumpkin - Mr Fred Mundy 194lbs"

black and white photograph

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A black / white photograph of a dilapidated farm shed with three horses in the foreground. A house can be seen in the background (left) behind a fence.

Historical information

Mr John Watt set up farming in 1879. he was a native of Port Fairy. He was educated in Scotland and came back to Victoria and selected 320 acres on the Snowy.The property extended from Majors Creek Road to around about Gilbert's Gulch.

Significance

This is associated with John Watt, a prominent early settler in Orbost.

Inscriptions & Markings

on back - "Watts Farm"

Photographs

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Photographs; black and white (12) of Reginald M, and colour (1) of Polly Woodside, with negative strips (6) in packet, plus letter in stamped and postmarked envelope addressed to Mr A Clapham of Footscray. All are contained in Kodak envelope. They are associated with Flagstaff Hill’s acquisition of the vessel “Reginald M”. Envelope postmarked 9 Dec 1972 3280, 7c Australian postage stamp.

Historical information

Andy Clapham owned and operated a boat yard on the Maribyrnong River in Footscray, Victoria. The river runs into Port Phillip Bay (sometimes known as Hobson’s bay) at Williamstown, an area with a history of trades associated with the shipping and construction industry. Andy Clapham’s photographs include those of the Reginald M and one of Polly Woodside, another vessel restored and used as a maritime exhibition. Andy Clapham’s letter of 1972 was posted in a and envelope with an early Australian decimal currency stamp showing the profile portrait of Queen Elizabeth II, and valued at 7c (cents). Andy offered invaluable advice to the Flagstaff Hill Historic Park Planning Board regarding the purchase a vessel suitable for use as an exhibit once Flagstaff Hill was opened. The Planning Board was set up ty the Warrnambool Chamber of Commerce and approved by the City Council and State Government. Flagstaff Hill was investigating vessels in Adelaide and Tasmania as well as Melbourne. Andy looked at several vessels in 1972-1973. He also serviced the Reginald M among other vessels belonging to Captain Julian Dyson of Yarra Ferries, who had casually offered the vessel to Flagstaff Hill as a price that was unattainable at the time. Flagstaff Hill later requested photographs of the hull to discern the dimensions and also the condition of the timbers as well as wanting advice on its seafaring capability. In 1972 the Flagstaff Hill Historic Park Planning Board – Chairman J. (John) S. Lindsay (1972-1980), Secretary J. (James) Mark – wrote a letter of appreciation to Mr A. (Andy) Clapham of 3 Charles Street Footscray ... “Dear Mr. Clapham, The Board has asked me to write to you to express our appreciation for the assistance you have offered us through our Chairman John Lindsay. The information you have already given us has been invaluable, in that is shows us that we have not been setting out to do something that is impossible. We look forward to receiving further information from you as it becomes available and we appreciate that you must be busy enough without our problems. Members of our Board hope to call and see you on a trip to Melbourne in the near future. The Board is optimistic about the future of Flagstaff Hill as a Maritime Museum and look forward to you visiting Warrnambool to examine what we believe will be an ideal site. Yours faithfully, James Mark.” ABOUT the vessel “Reginald M” The vessel “Reginald M” was a two-masted, timber coastal vessel built by John Henry Murch in Birkenhead, Port of Adelaide, South Australia. It was named after Reginald Murch. (It was occasionally referred to as the Reginald “Emm”). Its construction took approximately 6 months using many materials and fittings from salvage yards. It is believed that the keep was hewn from two telegraph poles! Reginald M was launched at Largs Bay in 1922. Reginald M was approximately 30 metres long and was fore-to-aft ketch rigged with an ‘auxiliary’ motor to support any loss of sail power. The Reginald M was built to service the coastal ports of South Australia to Port Victoria on the York Peninsular, Spencer Gulf. It freighted cargo from port to port cheaply and efficiently. It had a very shallow draft and a flat bottom, enabling it to come close to shore and sit high and dry at low tide, or to be beached on the sand. It could easily skim over reefs due to its flat bottom. Wagons could be loaded and unloaded directly from the side of the vessel. Over the years her cargo included guano, barley, wool, horses, cattle, timber, explosives, potatoes, shell grit and gypsum. The Murch brothers from Port Adelaide were owners of the Reginald M and Richard Murch as the Captain. On April 9, 1931, Reginald M weathered a large storm in St. Vincents Gulf, SA, suffering much damage; the mast snapped and the crew laboured for four hours to free it up by severing the mast and rigging. The crew patched it up and slowly returned to Port Adelaide with only a portion of the insured cargo being damaged. The crew members at that time were owner Mr John Henry Murch of Wells Street Largs Bay, Skipper Mr R Murch – John’s brother, Murray – son of Captain Murch and Seaman John Smith. At some stage it seems that the Reginald M was used as a Customs vessel “H.M.C. No. 3, Pt Adelaide” as shown in a photograph in Flagstaff Hill’s collection. In 1969 Reginald M’s last freight trip left Marion Bay, carrying grain, wool and explosives. In late 1970 it was sold to the Mount Lyall Mining and Railway Clompany and used as a barge to carry explosives. In 1972 The Navy League of Strahan, Tasmania, purchased the vessel for use by the Strahan Sea Cadet Unit at Macquarie Harbour; it was renamed “T.S. Macquarie”. (This plan did not come to pass.) In 1974 Mr Andrew Rennie of East Brighton, Melbourne, brought Reginald M for shipping purposes, He sailed it from Strahan to Melbourne, planning to use it for pleasure sailing. The Reginald M was later sold at auction to Captain Julian Dyson, owner of Yarra Passenger Ferries in Melbourne. Later in 1975 funds became available to Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village to purchase the Reginald M. It was then restored and used as an exhibit here for many hears. Flagstaff Hill’s collection also includes various objects related to the Reginald M: - Photographs of Reginald M over the years in various aspects of its use - a life buoy with the inscription of “Pt. Adelaide” - helm section that was removed and replaced during restoration - a bullet found in pieces of timber during the 1979 restoration [references include "Transfer of Reginald M from sea to Flagstaff Hill – John Lindsay" ]

Significance

The letter and photographs are significant for their association with the Reginald M, an Australian built coastal trader now on the Australian Register of Historic Vessels (number HV000562). The letter and photographs are also significant as part of both the history of Flagstaff Hill and the history of the vessel “Reginald M” that has been on display in the lake for many years. Objects retained from this boat are included in Flagstaff Hill’s collection of maritime history.

Inscriptions & Markings

Outer envelope W 16 x H 11cm

black and white photograph

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A black / white photograph (copy) of a punt loaded with people and a horse-drawn carriage making its way across a river.

Historical information

A punt crossed the Snowy River at Orbost from 1884. A bridge was constructed in 1893, but was soon damaged by a huge flood. Flooding was a regular occurrence, the worst inundations being in 1870, 1893, 1925, 1934, 1952 and 1971. Over the years major flood protection works have been implemented. The Princes Highway, which passes Orbost, now crosses the flood plain on raised concrete supports. (info, from Victorian Places Orbost)

Significance

This item is associated with the Snowy River and its history. It is a pictorial record of transport in the late 19th century.

Inscriptions & Markings

on front at bottom - "Snowy River Punt"

black and white photograph

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A black / white photograph of two men cutting the ribbon at an official occasion. The ribbno is strung between to models of electricity pylons. On the table to the left is a kerosene lantern.

Historical information

This was the switch on ceremony for the power going to Bonang. The ribbon was cut by Mr Ted Ingram at the age of 100. Ted Ingram, was one of 22 children. The Ingram family originated from the Bombala, Bonang and Delegate area, migrating throughout out the rich farming country of East Gippsland in the early 1900s.

Significance

This is a pictorial record of a significant event in the history of East Gippsland.

Inscriptions & Markings

on front - "Bonang Switch on, Mr Ted Ingram, age 100 years"

Silver Dish - Sterling Silver Serving Dish with lid

Glimpses of Old Melbourne - William Orr Gray Family of Brighton, Richmond 3121

Oval Sterling Silver serving dish 30 cm length and 20.5 cm wide with decorative handle on the lid

Historical information

Presented to W.Orr Gray. LDS DDS by the students and graduates of Australian College of Dentistry as a mark of appreciation of his teachings during his term of office as Superintendent 1901-1906 April 6th 1906

Significance

Presented to W.Orr Gray. LDS DDS by the students and graduates of Australian College of Dentistry as a mark of appreciation of his teachings during his term of office as Superintendent 1901-1906 April 6th 1906. He was awarded a Doctorate of Dental Surgery in the US, after studying in Auckland, Edinburgh and Pennsylvania, in the period 1897 to 1900. Whilst at the Melbourne Dental Hospital and College he was a key person in the Odontological Society where he contributed many research papers and was instrumental in the establishment of the Dental School of the University of Melbourne.

Inscriptions & Markings

Presented to W.Orr Gray. LDS DDS by the students and graduates of Australian College of Dentistry as a mark of appreciation of his teachings during his term of office as Superintendent 1901-1906 April 6th 1906

black and white photograph

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A black / white photograph of a man in a suit making a speech with the audience standing behind him. He is standing in front of an octagonal-shaped directional marker set ointo a stone support. There is a policeman behind him. In the background to the right is a lighthouse.

Historical information

Sir Henry Bolte, premier of Victoria, renamed Cape Everard at Point Hicks during the Centenary of Cook's Landings on April 20, 1970. There is no land feature at Cook's coordinates of 38°0'S and 148°53'E, a point which lies several miles out to sea and under 50 fathoms of water. Captain Cook invented Point Hicks so that he could conceal Bass Strait and the insularity of Tasmania. The Admiralty had issued its usual instructions to hide strategically important discoveries that could become security risks. Captain Hicks was James Cook`s senior lieutenant. There has been some dispute as to whether Zachary Hicks actually saw Point Hicks or whether he saw Ram Head about 20 kilometres further up the coast. Although Cook named the promontory Point Hicks it was changed to Cape Everard in 1843.. In 1970 the Victorian government changed the name Cape Everard to 'Point Hicks'. It lies on dry land, about 22 nautical miles (41 km) northeast of Cook's phantom Point Hicks, where it preserves the story of Cook's first landfall in Australia.

Significance

This is a contemporary pictorial record of a significant event in East Gippsland's history.

Inscriptions & Markings

on front - "20th April 1970, Sir Henry Bolte renames C. Everard as Pt Hicks" handwritten in block letters

Photograph - Colour - St Aiden's ANglican Church, Apollo Bay, 2013

Ballarat Heritage Services, Bakery Hill Post Office

Colour photograph of the War Memorial at Apollo Bay, that features a scuplture of an Australian soldier with slouch hat and holding a rifle. It includes a list of those who served during World War One and World War Two. A characteristic figurative monument, the memorial comprises a single standing soldier, looking down the main street, a top a polished granite pedestal with honour roll set on a huge rock faced granite block.The memorial is fenced by heavy set square concrete bollards supporting heavy gauge chain between each. tBuilt by J. Wilson & Co. of Bendigo, the Apollo Bay Memorial depicts the lone soldier, a typical symbol of the sentiments of communities who had lost faith in heroism and had learnt to recognise the level of loss caused by war amongst ordinary volunteers. This recognition,which occurred throughout Australia, marked a turning point as the 'unknown soldier' was increasingly commemorated instead of military leaders as had previously been the traditional practice.

Historical information

This memorial was erected by the residents of Apollo Bay and District in 1922.

Photograph - Colour - Apollo Bay War Memorial, 2013

Ballarat Heritage Services, Bakery Hill Post Office

Colour photograph of the War Memorial at Apollo Bay, that features a scuplture of an Australian soldier with slouch hat and holding a rifle. It includes a list of those who served during World War One and World War Two. A characteristic figurative monument, the memorial comprises a single standing soldier, looking down the main street, a top a polished granite pedestal with honour roll set on a huge rock faced granite block.The memorial is fenced by heavy set square concrete bollards supporting heavy gauge chain between each. tBuilt by J. Wilson & Co. of Bendigo, the Apollo Bay Memorial depicts the lone soldier, a typical symbol of the sentiments of communities who had lost faith in heroism and had learnt to recognise the level of loss caused by war amongst ordinary volunteers. This recognition,which occurred throughout Australia, marked a turning point as the 'unknown soldier' was increasingly commemorated instead of military leaders as had previously been the traditional practice.

Historical information

This memorial was erected by the residents of Apollo Bay and District in 1922.

Photograph - Colour - Apollo Bay War Memorial

Ballarat Heritage Services, Bakery Hill Post Office

Colour photograph of the War Memorial at Apollo Bay, that features a scuplture of an Australian soldier with slouch hat and holding a rifle. It includes a list of those who served during World War One and World War Two. A characteristic figurative monument, the memorial comprises a single standing soldier, looking down the main street, a top a polished granite pedestal with honour roll set on a huge rock faced granite block.The memorial is fenced by heavy set square concrete bollards supporting heavy gauge chain between each. tBuilt by J. Wilson & Co. of Bendigo, the Apollo Bay Memorial depicts the lone soldier, a typical symbol of the sentiments of communities who had lost faith in heroism and had learnt to recognise the level of loss caused by war amongst ordinary volunteers. This recognition,which occurred throughout Australia, marked a turning point as the 'unknown soldier' was increasingly commemorated instead of military leaders as had previously been the traditional practice.

Historical information

This memorial was erected by the residents of Apollo Bay and District in 1922.

Photograph - Colour - Apollo Bay War Memorial

Ballarat Heritage Services, Bakery Hill Post Office

Colour photograph of the War Memorial at Apollo Bay, that features a scuplture of an Australian soldier with slouch hat and holding a rifle. It includes a list of those who served during World War One and World War Two. A characteristic figurative monument, the memorial comprises a single standing soldier, looking down the main street, a top a polished granite pedestal with honour roll set on a huge rock faced granite block.The memorial is fenced by heavy set square concrete bollards supporting heavy gauge chain between each. tBuilt by J. Wilson & Co. of Bendigo, the Apollo Bay Memorial depicts the lone soldier, a typical symbol of the sentiments of communities who had lost faith in heroism and had learnt to recognise the level of loss caused by war amongst ordinary volunteers. This recognition,which occurred throughout Australia, marked a turning point as the 'unknown soldier' was increasingly commemorated instead of military leaders as had previously been the traditional practice.

Historical information

This memorial was erected by the residents of Apollo Bay and District in 1922.

Photograph - Colour - Apollo Bay War Memorial

Ballarat Heritage Services, Bakery Hill Post Office

Colour photograph of the War Memorial at Apollo Bay, that features a scuplture of an Australian soldier with slouch hat and holding a rifle. It includes a list of those who served during World War One and World War Two. A characteristic figurative monument, the memorial comprises a single standing soldier, looking down the main street, a top a polished granite pedestal with honour roll set on a huge rock faced granite block.The memorial is fenced by heavy set square concrete bollards supporting heavy gauge chain between each. tBuilt by J. Wilson & Co. of Bendigo, the Apollo Bay Memorial depicts the lone soldier, a typical symbol of the sentiments of communities who had lost faith in heroism and had learnt to recognise the level of loss caused by war amongst ordinary volunteers. This recognition,which occurred throughout Australia, marked a turning point as the 'unknown soldier' was increasingly commemorated instead of military leaders as had previously been the traditional practice.

Historical information

This memorial was erected by the residents of Apollo Bay and District in 1922.

Photograph - Colour - Apollo Bay War Memorial

Ballarat Heritage Services, Bakery Hill Post Office

Colour photograph of the War Memorial at Apollo Bay, that features a scuplture of an Australian soldier with slouch hat and holding a rifle. It includes a list of those who served during World War One and World War Two. A characteristic figurative monument, the memorial comprises a single standing soldier, looking down the main street, a top a polished granite pedestal with honour roll set on a huge rock faced granite block.The memorial is fenced by heavy set square concrete bollards supporting heavy gauge chain between each. tBuilt by J. Wilson & Co. of Bendigo, the Apollo Bay Memorial depicts the lone soldier, a typical symbol of the sentiments of communities who had lost faith in heroism and had learnt to recognise the level of loss caused by war amongst ordinary volunteers. This recognition,which occurred throughout Australia, marked a turning point as the 'unknown soldier' was increasingly commemorated instead of military leaders as had previously been the traditional practice.

Historical information

This memorial was erected by the residents of Apollo Bay and District in 1922.

Hot water bottle

Mont De Lancey, Wandin North

Stoneware hot water bottle with a screw in lid. Generally a cylindrical shape with an opening at the top and a round knob on one end which presumably functions as a holder. The main part of the body is cream, with the knob end and lid, brown.

Historical information

stoneware hot water bottle, generally a cylindrical shape with an opening at the top and a round knob on one end which presumably functions as a holder. The main part of the body is cream, with the knob end brown.

Glass bottle

Mont De Lancey, Wandin North

Green glass bottle with pointed shaped base

black and white photograph

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A black / whit photograph mounted on a grey buff card. It shows an ocean view with a ship in the background, rocks in the foreground.

Historical information

Could be Cape Conran. Both Ruby Richardson an Mr O. S. Green have associations with the Orbost district.

Inscriptions & Markings

on back - "From Ruby Richardson - Mr O. S. Green"

black and white photograph

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A black / white photograph of four men and four horses standing an a soil bank with another man, a lady and a small girl at the base of the hill. It is in a clearing in forest. It appears to have a row of targets set at the edge of the bank. The photograph is mounted on a very mouldy cream coloured buff card.

Historical information

This photograph appears to have been taken during the construction of the rifle range just north of the Orbost township. "The photo shows the range stop butt being formed by the scoops being pulled by the horses. It appears that the rear of the mound there is a wall of logs lining it, most likely to help with being eroded or washed away. They haven’t yet formed the mantlet and target machines." ( Info, from Victorian Rifle Association) The Orbost Rifle Club existed in the early 20th century. (There are records from 1900). It folded in the late 1970's.

Significance

Target shooting is one of the oldest organised sports in Australia. Records date back to the British Marines at Sydney Cove in 1788. The Victorian Rifle Association (VRA) was formed in 1860. After Federation in 1901, rifle clubs came under army control, but in 1921 they were reconstituted as a civilian organisation, which they have remained ever since. After World War I a system of national training was embodied in the Defence Act and the rifle clubs reverted to their purely sporting role.

Inscriptions & Markings

on front - "Wood" ; "Rifle Range - 1901" ; "Orbost 1901"

black and white photograph

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A black / white photograph mounted on brown car. There are five rows of school children standing outside a wooden building. Some are sitting and others standing. A female teacher is seated on a chair in the second front row. A girl in the front row is holding a card - "Grades 111 & 1V Orbost".

Historical information

This is the annual photograph of Grades 111 and 1V for pupils of the Orbost State School. The 19th of March 1886 proved an important day in the lives of many early settlers in the Orbost area, because on this day the Orbost State School opened. The fact that the school had first operated tem­porarily in a leased building, and on a half-time basis with SS2745 Jarrahmond, did not dampen the enthusiasm of the local inhabitants as they saw their offspring commence their education under the guidance of Head Teacher Campbell Mackay. However he remained in charge only until 12th of May 1886. The second Head Teacher, John Rowe, served until 1908. On 30th of June 1887, a portable room was provided; it being brought to the area by schooner. The school now had accommodation for 30 pupils; the teacher's welfare was considered because quarters of two rooms were attached. As the population increased so did the needs of the school. This was reflected in the provision of a larger classroom in 1898.

Significance

This item is associated with the history of education in Orbost.

Inscriptions & Markings

on front - "W. Stanley Vogt Bairnsdale"

black and white photograph

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A black / white photograph of a large group of people in the background with three horse carriages under trees. Some ladies are sitting in the open carriages which are parked underneath tress. Some are holding open umbrellas. It is on a grey buff card.

Historical information

This photograph shows spectators watching the Orbost Races on the flat in 1899. Some of the earliest horse races were held on a course in a paddock belonging to Mr James Cowell at Jarrahmond. For a long time horse races were part of the Marlo Picnic Races. Bellagoogan on Majors Creek near Orbost was the site of the first race course.

Significance

This item is a pictorial record depicting the popularity of horse racing in Orbost in the late 19th century.

Inscriptions & Markings

on front - " On the flat. Orbost Races 1899"

black and white photograph

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A small black / white photograph of several small groups of people at an agricultural show. Some are walking, others are on horseback and some are in carts / coaches. They are in an open grassed area with trees in the background.

Historical information

The first meeting to form an Agricultural society in Orbost was convened by the then Orbost Progress Association and held in the Mechanics Hall on Saturday, 10th October 1891. Its first show was held on 3rd March 1904...on a site alongside the Bonang Road where the present Golf Club stands. It is currently held at the Recreation Reserve at Newmerella.

Significance

This item is associated with the Orbost Agricultural Society 's Annual Show which has been a major event in Orbost for over a century. Agricultural shows are an important part of cultural life in small country towns and the Orbost Show is an integral part of Orbost 's agricultural history. Horse riding as transport, a recreational and sporting activity has always played a significant role in the social history of Orbost.

black and white photograph

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A faded black /white photograph of a rider and horse jumping over a fence. People are watching. It appears to be a male rider.

Historical information

The first meeting to form an Agricultural society in Orbost was convened by the then Orbost Progress Association and held in the Mechanics Hall on Saturday, 10th October 1891. Its first show was held on 3rd March 1904...on a site alongside the Bonang Road where the present Golf Club stands. It is currently held at the Recreation Reserve at Newmerella. (Ref: In Times Gone By-Deborah Hall) Equestrian events have always been an integral part of the show.

Significance

This item is associated with the Orbost Agricultural Society 's Annual Show which has been a major event in Orbost for over a century. Agricultural shows are an important part of cultural life in small country towns and the Orbost Show is an integral part of Orbost 's agricultural history. Horse riding as a recreational and sporting activity has always played a significant role in the social history of Orbost.

Inscriptions & Markings

on front at bottom - " 1912 Orbost Show" on back - "1st motor car - G. Nixon, Orbost Show J ????????riding over jumps"

black and white photograph

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A small black / white photograph of six men in fancy dress standing on a plank of wood suspended over water. One is holding a bicycle.

Historical information

This photograph shows entrants in the fancy dress competition at a swimming carnival held at Cameron Lagoon (the billabong at the back of the football oval) in 1898.

Significance

This item is a pictorial record of community recreational sports common to the Orbost district in the 19th century.

Inscriptions & Markings

on back - " Swimming Match, Cameron Lagoon, fancy dress 1898"

Medal - Anniversary of National Service 1951 - 1972

Ringwood RSL Sub-Branch, Ringwood

Cased medal complete with miniature.

Inscriptions & Markings

Impressed naming on edge to W. Pearce.

Death Plaque and badges

Ringwood RSL Sub-Branch, Ringwood

oo430 . 1 WW1 Memorial Death Plaque, , .2 WW2 Females Relative Badge also known as Women of Australian Badge with 2 stars . 3 WW2 Mother and Widow's Badge also known as the Weeping Woman's Badge with 1 star.

Historical information

The Female relative's badge with 2 Stars is believed to have belonged to Mrs Keane. She had 2 sons who served with the 6th Battalion 2nd AIF. VX6710 A. Keane was killed in the Battle for Crete on 2nd April 1941. His brother VX6725 L. G. Keane was taken prisoner in the same battle.

Inscriptions & Markings

Death plaque named to Clyde Alexander Lumsden. Female Relative badge No 8252 Mother and Widows Badge No 708

Medal - Deforce Force Service Medal

Ringwood RSL Sub-Branch, Ringwood

Cased Medal and Clasp plus miniature and ribbon .Approved in 1982 for officers and other ranks who had completed 15 years service with a clasp issued for each 5 years extra service.

Inscriptions & Markings

Pantographed to D. P. Wilkie A225020

WW2 Wallet RAAF

Ringwood RSL Sub-Branch, Ringwood

00428.1 Leather Wallet 150 x 100 cm, .2 Leave Pass Dated 6th October 1942. .3 Membership card RSS&A League Cairns Qld 31st Dec. 1946. .4 RAAF Hat Badge Sweatheart badge RAAF Emblem Perspex.

Inscriptions & Markings

As above.

Medal WW2 Defence Medal

Ringwood RSL Sub-Branch, Ringwood

WW2 Defence Medal 1939 / 45

Inscriptions & Markings

Impressed VX16821 J. P. S. Cullen

Medals WW2

Ringwood RSL Sub-Branch, Ringwood

Group of 3 Campaign medals. Pacific Star, War Medal, Australian Service Medal plus RAAF Interim Certificate of Discharge

Inscriptions & Markings

Impressed to 117668 J. H. Corrigan.

Medals WW2

Ringwood RSL Sub-Branch, Ringwood

Group of 5 medals. 1939 / 45 Star, Pacific Star, War Medal, Australian Service Medal plus Royal Life Saving Society Medal in Bronze 1937.C 1950

Historical information

R.Johnson served in WW2 in the RAAF

Inscriptions & Markings

Impressed naming on campaign medals to 132199 R.Johnson . Life saving medal engraved to R Johnson.

Medals WW2

Ringwood RSL Sub-Branch, Ringwood

group of 6 medals. Military Cross dated 1943, 1939 / 45 Star, Africa Star, Defence Medal, War Medal, Australian Service Medal. Mounted for wear The Military Cross could be a replica.

Inscriptions & Markings

Impressed naming to S.Chapman VX54151

Tableware - Coffee Set: French Porcelain, 19th Century

Kew Historical Society Inc, Kew

Continental porcelain coffee set of 5 cups, 6 saucers, a coffee pot, sugar bowl & lid and matching tray, once owned by the Dods family and donated in 2006.

Significance

An item of historical interest donated by members of the Dods family in 2006. The Dods-Ferguson Collection includes a number of items once in the possession of the families related to or descended from two mayors of Kew: Cr. Hugh Ferguson and Cr. Frederick Dods.

Object - Natimuk Swimming Pool Ashtray

Ballarat Heritage Services, Bakery Hill Post Office

Glass ashtray with photographic representation of a natural pool in Natimuk.