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Victorian Collections -

Talking Shop: Ballarat in Business and City Life at Ballaarat Mechanics' Institute

27 Jun 2019

Curated By

Amy Tsilemanis, Curator, Ballaarat Mechanics' Institute

153281 items

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153281 items

weapon - Cannon Balls

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

Cannon ball, black cast iron, minor rusting - one of three.

Historical information

One of three Cannon Balls found c1920 on the north side of Rhyll by Oswald Underdown. It is presumed to be from the 1826 British battery Fort Dumaresq. This together with the settlement near Corinella was set up to deter the French from taking possession of the area.

Clothing - Ladies Bonnet

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

Ladies bonnet made of a blue satin strip at crest, white satin strip, beige lace strip, white satin strip and trimmed with lace at neckline. Has blue ribbon ties.

Historical information

Bonnet was worn by Florence Oswin Roberts. She was a local identity involved in koala conservation in the early 20th century.

black and white photograph - Pupils of Cowes Sate School no. 1282, 1926

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

Black and white photographic copy of photograph of 58 pupils and 2 teachers of Cowes State School no. 1282, in 1926. Pupils arranged in 4 rows, older boys at the rear, next row is girls, 3rd row is mixed boys and girls, front row is boys all seated. Background is trees on the left and a wooden building on the right with an illegible sign above and to the right of a window.

Historical information

Original photograph from "Back to Phillp Island - 1926"

Inscriptions & Markings

" Copy from Reg No 11"

black and white photograph - HMS Hood

Phillip Island RSL Sub Branch, Cowes

Black and White photograph of HMS Hood under way. Crew are lined up from bow to stern for leaving harbour.

Historical information

HMS Hood was one of the most powerful ships in the Royal Navy during ww2. She was sunk by the German Battleship Bismark with a loss of all hands on board.

Significance

The main threat of the Bismark was to allied convoys, so an all out bid was made to find and sink her. Unfortunately she was too powerfull for the HMS Hood

Inscriptions & Markings

HMS Hood hand written in white ink just below forward guns controller

Black and White Photogragh - First enlistment of WRAAC CMF Victoria 21st July 1953

Womens Royal Australian Army Corps,

Black and White photograph of the 1st enlistment into 8 WRAAC Coy with MAJ Johns acting AD WRAAC on the left, with 15 ladies in overcoats taking the Oath. .

Historical information

First enlistment of 15 women into 8 Women's Royal Australian Army Corps Company Citizen's Military Forces taking the oath in front of MAJ Johns Acting Assistant Director WRAAC

Significance

First intake of females into the Citizen Military Forces

Black and White Photograph - Churchill Island Cairn

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

Mrs J Jenner with grandson on left hand side of photograph and daughter Nancy on right hand side of photograph sitting on the Cairn which was erected by the Victorian Farmer's Union commemorating the first cultivation of wheat in Victoria by Mr James Grant in 1801 on Churchill Island. Plaque unveiled on 4/11/1968

Historical information

Churchill Island was discovered by Lieut. James Grant in 1801 and he planted the first wheat crop in Victoria there. The Cairn was erected to commemmorate this by the Victorian Farmer's Union. The Minister of Agriculture The Hon. G. L. Chandler CMG. MLC unveiled the Cairn on the 4th May of November 1968.

Inscriptions & Markings

Hand written "Unveiling Plaque 4/11/68 / Back To"

Book - The Book of Common Prayer

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

The Book of Common Prayer, 1869. Brown leather bound book with half a clasp gold

Inscriptions & Markings

EEJ Henderson from Georgianna McHaffie

Man's Suit - clothing

Heathcote McIvor Historical Society, Heathcote

3piece man's suit, navy blue with pale blue and grey pin stripe,wool woosted material fully lined with silk tafeta.

Historical information

Edwin Parr Hood cam to heathcote in 1891. at the age of twenty he had already leaned the tailors trade.He set up his business in High Street opposide the Mt. Ida Hotel. he advertised his stocks of mens clothing in the McIvor Times.

Significance

2 suits made by E. P. Hood donated to the Museum by a local family whose father had purchased the suits in Heathcote. Worn on several occasions in and around the district of Heathcote.

Inscriptions & Markings

has label on back of inside jacket collar E P Hood /Heathcote

Day Book - Book

Heathcote McIvor Historical Society, Heathcote

Day book, oblong, leather cover,

Historical information

Believed to be long to Routledge Brothers who ran a general store business in heathcote. They also owned a sawmill and quartz crushing battery.

Significance

one of three books donated to the Museum, were found by the donors father back in the late 1960's while he was working on renovations to a building in heathcote these books had been thrown onto a pile of builders rubble, he retrieved them. when he passed away some years later his son found them while clearing out his effects, have travel through several house changes till 2010 when the son was doing a cleanup and the books were found again he contacted the Historic Society, date back to first settlement of Heathcote, inside writing is in excellient condition, as if it were written yeaterday. give a daily account of purchases by locals.gives us an insight into persons living and working in Heathcote McIvor district. Not many early items of this era left .

Inscriptions & Markings

Day book gold blocked on front cover

Badge

Rye Historical Society, Rye

photograph - F4E at RAAF Darwin

Sorrento/Portsea RSL Sub Branch, Sorrento

F4E at start up RAAF Darwin tarmac.Armed with Sidewinder and Sparrow missiles. Photograph taken from the aircraft nose showing raised cockpit canopies,groundcrew and aircrew readying the airrcraft for flight. Note air start is connected Aircraft Serial No. A69-217.

Historical information

The F4E depicted was tasked to 'cold soak" Sidewinder and Sparrow missiles in the troposphere at 53,000 feetabove Darwin in a joint exercise for the RAAF and the United States Navy in 1972.The aircraft is being readied for flight by the aircrew and ground crew at RAAF Darwin.

Cork helmet wolesley

Rye RSL Sub Branch, Rye

WW2 RAAF Wolsley cork helmet. Helmet Khaki cotton six (6) panel outer, with three (3) fold pugaree. Colour patch on left side approximately 6cm X 5.5cm, Dark blue,2.5cm, Light blue, 0.5cm and Maroon 2.5cm. Tan leather trim around brim, tan leather chin strap. Traditional pith helmet four (4) hole domed type vent on top of crown. Beige leather sweat band pierced around the top and with a cotton cord adjustment threaded around. Fixed to shell in four points diagonally. Interior is also covered in Khaki cotton.

Historical information

This type of head dress was very commonly worn by British Commonwealth Forces in the Sub Continent and other tropical areas. This particular example would have been a common sight in Northern Australia during the time frame, as well as Africa, Middle East and the Pacific. It is a light weight ventilated helmet offering good air circulation via the vent in the top of the crown, and shade to the back of the neck. As well as protection by the peaked front for the eyes reducing glare, preventing sun and heat stroke. It also created an image of gentlemanly dress and pride in appearance. It conformed to an ideal and was considered quite fashionable and a little dashing, often worn at a jaunty angle, creating a rakish air, far from today's simplistic view of pure functionality and at as low as possible cost. Whether worn with a tropical uniform with jacket and trousers, or open necked shirt and shorts, the wearer was easily identifiable as British or one of the Commonwealth countries.

Inscriptions & Markings

Hand written in brown ink. A1917 F/Lt C KERR GRANT

Newsletter, Commando Association - MV Krait

Rye RSL Sub Branch, Rye

The newsletter has a typed story and pictures of members of M and Z Special Force. Krait took a small force on one of its missions and they sank about 38,000 tons of Japanese shipping in Singapore Harbour in 1943. The newsletters front page has pink large writng on a white background. The word Krait and a photo of it on the Brisbane River. The newsletter is 4 pages with a photo of the men on board on page 2. Page 3 has another photo of the Krait. It is on loan from Mr.Jim Muir,

Historical information

One of the most important and successful attacks on merchant ships inside an enemy harbour during world war two by English and Australian Commandoes or Special Unit Forces, launched from Australia. Nil deaths by the Commandoes were recorded, and 40000 tons of enemy ships were damaged or destroyed.

Significance

To enlighten RSL Members and the public, the history of the MV Krait and the importance of our Military History.

book - The early history of the Mornington Peninsula

Nepean Historical Society, Sorrento

95p.

Postcard

Heidelberg Repatriation Hospital, Ivanhoe

White cardboard decoratively embossed mountboard surround and cardboard backing. Centre contains an embroidered muslin with the Australian Commonwealth Military Forces Rising Sun Emblem surrounded by the Australian and British flags with leaf decoration.

Historical information

Commonplace postcard sent by Frank O Brien World War One veteran and former patient of the repat, to his father from France during World Ward One.

Significance

This item is not of great significance. Its value to the hospital collection is that it is memorabilia of Frank O'Brien a former patient and benefactor of the repat. Other Frank O'Brien items in the hospital collection

Inscriptions & Markings

This inscription is on the reverse of the postcard. "To Dad/From your loving soldier son/Frank/With love to all at home/18/11/17" Markings on reverse of postcard: located centrally on the reverse P.R FABRICATION FRANCAISE and on right lower side of postcard Modele depose

baton

Supreme Court of Victoria Library, Melbourne

Painted black wooden baton, with gold leaf inscription. Baton has been shaped to provide a hand grip with three wooden grooves, barrel/cylinder shape at the other end.

Historical information

The tipstaff is a symbol of office for the court officical responsible for keeping order in the court, also called the tipstaff. This tipstaff dates from 1826 and is marked with the reign of George IV. This tipstaff was unlikely to have been used in the Supreme Court of Victoria, and is probably an item donated to the court in the 20th century.

Significance

This is the only item of this nature held by the court, the item because of its age would be quite rare. This rarity makes it of state significance, further research needs to be undertaken with regard to national and international (ie. UK) significance.

Inscriptions & Markings

Painted "Gold Crown/1826/ GR IV/ R. 11"

Kitchen ware

Heidelberg Repatriation Hospital, Ivanhoe

Stainless steel sugar bowl with single hinge lid with single knob and two oval like handles, on opposite sides, Bell like in shape. Cutout in lid for spoon location is representative of a rectangular shape.

Historical information

Used in the hospital setting as general kitchen ware. For patients and staff in dining rooms. Stainless steel selected due to robust nature. Reflects an earlier era before individual serves, bulk sugar being the only availability.

Significance

Significant as it is reflective of an earlier era and a somewhat expensive and decorative piece that is no longer in use in society.

Inscriptions & Markings

Embossed on lid "R.G.H.H". Embossed on bottom "EXHIBIT/ E.R.N.S.AS"

medal

Ballarat Fire Brigade, Ballarat East

Engraved gold medal pendant attached to gold neck chain. Pendant is sheild shaped with 2 points either side of chain attachment at top and one point at centre of base. Won in 1878

Historical information

this gold chain and medal pendant was presented to W M sansom after he and three other members won the representative race at the demonstration held in Melbourne in 1878. it was stated in the Sansom estate that it be returned to the Ballarat Fire Brigade of which he was a member.

Inscriptions & Markings

(engraved on front of medal) "PRESENTED / To / G. Sansom"

Trophy

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

The Sterling Silver goblet shaped Trophy. Base has engraved beaded rim with chevron type motif. Embossed ring midway up stem and fern leaves engraved on bowl of goblet

Historical information

Robert Keys,1818-87 b.Ireland, arrived Australia 1841 and joined parents on a farm in Brighton.Victoria. 1870 he commenced his own 15 acre 'fruit garden' in Keys Rd Moorabbin and in 1881-82 was awarded the 'Leader Cup', by the Leader Newspaper, as the Winner of the Brighton Horticultural Society 'Best Fruit Garden' competition. Robert Keys, early settler 1841, was a talented orchardist , Brighton Councillor 1860 and Moorabbin City Coucillor until his death 1887. Item donated by Keys Family c1985 The 1879 Schedule of Prizes booklet of the Brighton Historical Society ( MAV 00022),describes in detail this trophy, prize moneys and rules and regulations of the competition. The booklet, cat. no. 00022, is on display with this trophy

Significance

This item is significant because of its connection with the Keys Family who were early settlers in District of Brighton/ Moorabbin and were greatly involved in community activities. After the 1841 Dendy Special Survey allotments of land were sold or rented to pioneer settlers who developed market gardens, fruit farms ( orchards), vineyards, poultry farms in the area now known as Bentleigh, Cheltenham, Oakleigh. They were very proud of their fine produce and hence enthusiastically entered these 'Annual Exhibitions' by the Brighton Horticultural Society.

Inscriptions & Markings

engraved on bowl of goblet " Brighton Horticultural Society/ 1881-82/ Leader Cup/ Awarded To/ Robert Keys/ For Best Fruit Garden/ Brighton District." Hallmarked 'GU', Birmingham, UK. George Unite circa 1880

Tin, Gift

Montmorency/Eltham RSL Sub Branch, Montmorency

Princess Mary 1914 Christmas Gift tin. Decorative brass with Princess Mary's profile surrounded by a laurel wreath engraved in the the centre of the lid, with the letter 'M' on both sides. The names of the allied nations are engraved in the corners and on the sides. A sword and scabbard decorate the top side. The lower side is decorated with battleships..

Historical information

In November 1914, an advertisement was placed in the British national press inviting monetary contributions to a 'Sailors and Soldiers Christmas Fund' which had been created by Princess Mary, the 17 year old daughter of King George V and Queen Mary. The purpose was to provide everyone wearing the King's uniform and serving overseas on Christmas Day with a 'gift from the nation'. The response was overwhelming, and it was decided to spend the money on an embossed brass box, based on a design by Messrs Adshead and Ramsay. The contents varied considerably; officers and men on active service afloat or at the front received a box containing a combinationof pipe, lighter, tobacco and 20 cigarettes and wrappers. Non smokers received a bullet pencil and a packet of sweets instead. Indian troops often got sweets and spices, and nurses were given chocolate.This box is on loan from the grandson of the soldier who it was given to.

Significance

This box is on loan from Terry Phillips. It belonged to his Grandfather who served at Gallipoli.

Inscriptions & Markings

At the top a decorative cartouche contains the words "Imperium Britannicum" and one on the lower edge contains the words "Christmas 1914". In small roundels on the corners appear the names "Belgium", "Japan", "Montenegro" and "Servia". "France and "Russia" are written on the short sides.

Memento - Royal Visit 1954

Heidelberg Repatriation Hospital, Ivanhoe

Blue cardboard folder of 4 pages containing 1 photo and inscription. Photo is of Queen Elizabeth sitting down and Prince Phillip standing to the left of her in front of a fireplace.

Historical information

Handed out to patients and visitors to commemorate the visit of her Royal Highness Queen Elizabeth II And Prince Phillip to Victoria in 1954 and in particular the Heidelberg Repatriation Hospital. This brought much excitement to the patients at Heidelberg.

Significance

Memorabilia

Inscriptions & Markings

Page 1 shows the Commonwealth Emblem with the words "Royal Visit 1954" inscribed under it. Page 2 has the inscription " Memento of the Visit of Her Majesty and his Royal Highness The Duke of Edinburgh to Victoria 24th February, 1954 to 9th March, 1954 presented by the Repatriation Commission" over a crown and the letters EIIR

Pamphlet - Propaganda leaflet

Montmorency/Eltham RSL Sub Branch, Montmorency

Printed paper, colour black white. top of pamphlet depicts a stylised platypus and boomerang with text below.

Historical information

Leaflet dropped from German/Italian aircraft on to Australian troops defending El Alamein during 1942. These propagander leaflets were designed to lower moral of defending troops, but were generally unsuccessful. This item relates to the history of the defence of El Alamein by Australian Forces in the Middle East 1942, and the bombing of Darwin by the Japanese in 1942.

Inscriptions & Markings

Printed on pamphlet "Diggers! / you are defending / Alamein Box! / What about / Port Darwin?"

Framed Photograph - Portrait Sapper Thomas John Gange

Red Cliffs Military Museum, Red Cliffs

Reprint of original black and white studio portrait of man in Australian World War One Army uniform standing with swagger stick set against landscape background, photograph mounted in modern wood frame.Typed information on paper strip at bottom of frame, this information is written on back of photograph.

Historical information

Sapper Thomas John Gange served in the Australian Corps of Signals. He enlisted 10th April 1918 and was discharged 17th November 1919. More information found at http://mappingouranzacs.naa.gov.au/list-enlist.aspx?enlist=Warracknabeal,%20VIC,%20Australia

Significance

This a reprint of an original photo, low significance

Inscriptions & Markings

"Typed information on paper strip at bottom of frame this information is also written on back of photograph.'55152 Sapper Thomas John Gange/ ACSC/ Enlisted 10th April 1918 Discharged 17th November 1919"

Satchell (leather)

Red Cliffs Military Museum, Red Cliffs

Brown leather satchell,embossed with Australian flora and forna, front, back and under flap, there is a carry handle on the top. The front features two Kookaburra like birds, under the flap is a Kangaroo and butterfly and folliage on the back. The seams and handle are hand sewn with 2.5mm leather lacing, and there are press studs to hold the flap closed. There are two internal pockets, stitched with fine cotton thread and the stitching is only visable from the inside.

Historical information

This item of meorabilia was made by J.G.Murphy while he was hospitalised in the Middle East during the 2nd World War. He later became President of the Red Cliffs RSL and a Life Member of the League for service rendered.

Mess kit

Red Cliffs Military Museum, Red Cliffs

Aluminium Mess tin set, 2 rectangular tins one smaller to fit into larger. Inscriptions engraved on 4 sides containing locations of training, ships and battle areas. Additional markings include year of manufacture and company along with Department of Defence broad arrow. Item is stamped metal with wire handle on the large tin. Wire carry handle missing on smaller tin.

Historical information

This is part of a collection donated by Mrs Margaret McKenzie that belonged to her husband and was issued to him during the Second World War, the mess tins were marked with names of places, ships and battle locations. Other items include a postcard sent home in August 1941 and a photo of Australian troops on parade at Wewak in August 1945

Inscriptions & Markings

"Inscription on base of mess tin large. 'DARLEY ALBANY/ SYDNEY/ PERTH/ TRINCOMALEE:CEYLON/ PORT TUFIC/ SUEZ CANAL/ EL CANTARA/ GAZA/ JERUSALEM/ HIFA TELAVIV/ BETHALEM/ BAYROUTA/ JUDEDES FIAKE/

Framed Letter - Citation for Military Cross

Red Cliffs Military Museum, Red Cliffs

Letter in brown wooden frame with the Battalion colour patch attached to wooden surround under the glass.The letter has the Commonwealth of Australia emblem on the top of the page and was issued by the Department of Defence on the 17th September 1918, to notify Lieutenant F.W. Tickle's father the he had been awarded the Military Cross. It also has the citation for which the Military Cross was awarded. The paper backing on the frame is detiorating.

Historical information

This letter was sent to Mr. Frank Tickle Esquire in Warracknabeal, in Victoria, to inform him that his son Lieutenant Frank William Tickle,M.C. 8th Battaslion, had been awarded the Military Cross. With reference to the award conferred as announced in the London Gazette dated 26th November, 1917. "For conpicuous gallantry and devotion to duty in an attack. He led his company throughout with such fearless disregard of danger as to inspire his men to great effort. When they came under heavy shell fire he halted his men in shell holes, and went out to a flank and engaged the enemy with a machine gun. During the fight for the final objective he was again heavily opposed by a machine gun. He led his men forward with great gallantry and personally killed the entire gun crew and successfully captured the position. He set a splendid example of courage and determination."

Medals - WW1 Medals awarded to Lieutenant Frank William Tickle M.C.

Red Cliffs Military Museum, Red Cliffs

Military Cross 1914/15 Star British War Medal 1914/18 Victory Medal all medals with associated coloured ribbons

Historical information

Collection contains original citation certificate for the Military Cross and telegram for invitation to Buckingham Palace to receive medal

Inscriptions & Markings

Military Cross has no inscription 1914/15 Star 1087 Pte F.W. Tickle 8 Bn. A.I.F. Victory Medal Lt. F.W. Tickle A.I.F.

Framed Photograph - Portrait of Lt. Frank William Tickle

Red Cliffs Military Museum, Red Cliffs

Enlarged copy of a casual portrait of Lt. Frank William Tickle. It is an outdoor casual photo taken in an encampment. He is in uniform holding a pipe. Background shows tents, guy wires, leather satchell and camp chair. It is in a modern brown wooden frame. The photo is on paper made in Germany.

Certificate - Certificate of Promotion in Rank

Red Cliffs Military Museum, Red Cliffs

Official Australian Government Certificate.Possibly written in old English script and carries the Royal Seal.

Historical information

This certificate and 5 other documents from the Walter Thomas West Collection, are in a frame 90.40cm x 66.50cm, which has non reflecting glass.

Inscriptions & Markings

Main face of Certificate. "His Excellency the Right Honorable Henry William Baron Forster a member of his Majesty's Most Honorable Privy Council Knight Grand Cross of the most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George, Governor General and Commander In Chief of the Commonwealth of Australia. To Walter Thomas West Greeting: By virtue of the provisions of the Defence Act 1903 - 1918 and of all the other powers me enabling I, Henry William Baron Forster, the Goveneror General a foresaid acting with the advice of the Federal Executive Council, do gereby appoint you to be an officer of the Military Forces of the Defence Force of the Commonwealth from the First Day of January 1920. And I direct you diligently to discharge your duty as such officer in the rank of Lieutenant or in any higher rank to which the Governor General is pleased to promote or appoint you. Given under my hand and the seal of the Commonwealth this first day of October One Thousand Nine Hundred and Twenty Three. By the Excellency's Command. (signed) E.K. Bowden" Left Hand side Margin: Entered on record by me, in Register of Patents No 40 Page 2 this 5th day of December, One Thousand Nine Hundred and Twenty Three.

Telegram - Telegram to Lt. Frank William Tickle from Buckingham Palace

Red Cliffs Military Museum, Red Cliffs

Telegram sent to Lt. Frank William Tickle inviting him to Buckingham Palace from Lord Chamberlain, London.

Historical information

part of the Lt. Frank William Tickle Collection

Inscriptions & Markings

Envelope inscription - No Charge for Delivery top left hand corner. Lt. Frank Tickle 1st T.B. Telegram -Across top - Post Office (British Emblem) Telegraphs Left hand side & across top - Office of Origin, OHMS, Buckingham Palace handed in at 6.45p, Received here at 10.30p. To Lt. Frank William Tickle 1st T, Bde. A.I.F. 8th B Message - Your attendance is required at Buckingham Palace on Thursday next the 20th Inst. at 10.20 ock am. Service Dress. Please telegram acknowledgment. Lord Chamberlain London Office Stamp top right hand corner - Sutton Way Camp 14 mr 19 War Minister

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