Historical information

It was first introduced in 25th October 1915. It translates literally as "war cross". It is a military decoration of the kingdom of Belgium, established by royal decree. Primary awarded for bravery or other military virture on the battlefiel. The award was reestablished on 20th July 1940 by Belgian government in exile for recognition of bravery and military virtue during World War 2. It was also reestablished by Royal decree on 3rd April 1954 for award during future conflicts. It was only awarded to individuals. Not only for bravery but also for three years or more of service on the front line, or good conduct. Also awarded to volunteers older than 40 or younger than 16 after minimum 18 months of service, to escaped prisioners of war rejoining the armed forces, and to military personnel who were placed on inactive duty because of injury.

This particular medal was awarded to RSM Cadwell, 4669, of the Australian 22nd Battalion WW1; at the 3rd Battle of Ypres, during the Broodseinde attack on seeing that an enemy post had not been mopped up and that its Machine Gun was still in action, armed with only a revolver he worked his way towards the post and although wounded in the neck he succeeded in silencing the gun and making the crew prisoners.

Significance

This object is of historical significances as it is a symbol of the bravery and commitment of soliders during the First World War. Issued to S. Cadwell RSM Service number 4669

Physical description

Medal WW1 Belgium Croix De Guerre. Maltise Cross with crossed swords intersected under a shield. Mounted on a crown suspended on a red ribben with 5 narrow green stripes made of bronze. Lion on the shield on reverse side.

Inscriptions & markings

Stylised A, on shield on front Shield, Lion on reverse side of shield.