The Commonwealth Gallipoli Star, originally to have been called the ANZAC Star, was proposed by Lieutenant General Birdwood for Australian and New Zealand troops who served at Gallipoli. Despite approval by George V, protest at a medal that could not be awarded to other Commonwealth troops who took part in the operation (the majority deployed) was raised by British parliamentarians and media. In 1918, after ribbons, but not medals, had been shipped to the two nations, the award was cancelled and instead eligible soldiers were awarded the 1914 – 1915 Star. In 1990, Ross Smith, a Warrant Officer veteran of the Vietnam War, manufactured the medal and presented them as a personal gift to the remaining 200 Gallipoli veterans alive at the time. The remaining 1800 medals were sold to collectors.
Well documented provenance of Gallipoli Star maufactured in 1990 for remaining Gallipoli veterans in Australia.
The medal was designed by R K Peacock. It was an eight-pointed bronze star (represented NZ and the seven territories of Australia) surrounding a silver disc. On the disc the words "Gallipoli 1914-15" surrounded the King's crown. The ribbon had a blue centre with yellow on the wearer's right and silver (white) on the left. Between the yellow and blue and between the blue and white there was a narrow stripe of red. Yellow represented the Australian wattle, white the NZ silver fern, blue the ocean and red for the Australian gum blossom and NZ rata.
Inscriptions & markings
The Gallipoli Star is an eight pointed bronze star with a silver disc overlaid in the centre. This disc features, in relief, the king's crown in the centre encircled by the words 'GALLIPOLI 1914-15'. Suspension is by an integral ring from the top of the uppermost point of the star. The manufacturer's marking 'A.J.P' is impressed into the reverse. The ribbon comprises a central 9 mm blue stripe, flanked by 3 mm crimson stripes, the outer edges of 8 mm being gold on the right and silver grey on the left.