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Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria Carnegie, Victoria

The Dutch Australian Heritage Centre has been established to collect and display items of recognised significance relating to immigrants who arrived here from the Netherlands and the former Dutch East Indies, with special emphasis on migration in the post WWII period.

Please note: THESE ITEMS ARE NOT FOR SALE

Contact Information

location
60 Rosstown Road Carnegie Victoria (map)
phone
+61 0419549376
Contact

Opening Hours

By appointment - call Mr Michael Gijsberts on 0419 549 376

Entry Fee

Free Entry. However, donations are welcome.

Location

60 Rosstown Road Carnegie Victoria

View on Google Maps

The DAHC collection consists primarily of personal and household items donated by Dutch immigrants. As most of the migrants arrived in the 1950s, the collection presents a historical insight into Dutch culture, both in the Netherlands and in the Dutch communities in Australia.

Meredith Blake 29 May 2013 9:48 AM

Love the new items you have catalogued recently! Great work

Jose Sendeckyj 13 May 2016 10:21 AM

As an immigrant from The Netherlands in the early 60's to Australia, it is heartening and very interesting to see the digital documentation of Dutch culture for posterity! Great work - I hope to assist in the future in some small way.

Michael Gijsberts 13 May 2016 11:03 AM

To Jose Sendeckyj, Thanks for your heartening comments. And yes do come and visit us and possibly lend a helping hand at our 'working bees'

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114 items with images

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114 items with images

Kruikezeiker (Jug Pisser) Statue

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Bronze (?) male figure depicting him about to fill a jug with his urine. His right hand lifts his garment while he holds the jug in his left.

Historical information

A link to the folkloric custom that the poor sold their urine to the wool industry where it was used in wool washing. Current depictions of a stereotypical Kruikezeiker are based on the Tilburg sculpture created by Henk Smulders (1925-1994). Said statue is located on Nieuwlandstraat, Tilburg.

Significance

Tilburg has embraced this legend and named itself "Kruikezeiker Stad" (Jug City). The legend is brought to the fore during Karneval celebrations. It is a symbol of the city.

Inscriptions & Markings

Base edge carries the name: "H.Smulders" on the back; "Tilburg" on the side and "Kruikezeiker" on the front.

Framed Embroidery of Dutch Coat of Arms

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Pewter spoon

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Pewter spoon on wooden frame. Saint Peter figure top of handle, crossed keys below. Spoon bowl shows market scene with dentist.

Dutch miitary long coat

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Dutch miitary long coat with lion emblem brass buttons - of heavy greenish material

Historical information

Part of the small collection of uniforms in DAHC's possession. Like most of these uniform this one stems from the 1950's.

Significance

Many of the 1950's period uniforms came from people that had been discharged after having served in the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia) during the Indonesian War of Independence.

Ember Extinguisher (Doofpot)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A brass, pear shaped container with handle on three short clawed feet. The lid has a Delft blue porcelain knob.

Ceramic commemorative platter of ascenscion to throne of Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

White platter. Around the rim: at top, Beatrix Regina; underneath: Troonbestijging (ascension) 30 April 1980. Dutch royal coat of arms with motto 'Je maintendrai' (I shall perservere)

Significance

Commissioned in Australia, this platter illustrates the continued affection of Dutch migrants for the Dutch royal family.

Inscriptions & Markings

On reverse, logo HP 8076 Commisioned by H. van Hoek to Hallam Pottery Handmade and handpainted by Gerard Albers

Photograph of Enkhuizen harbour entrance

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Photograph of harbour entrance of Enkhuizen on chipboard (sides blackened). A cord for hanging has been stapled to the back.

Historical information

The picture is of the habour of Enkhuizen. Enkhuizen is is an old harbour city which has much of the atmosphere of a port city some centuries ago.

Significance

Enkhuizen was one of the harbours used by the VOC (Dutch East Indies Company) as home port. With the closing off of the former Zuiderzee (South Sea), now called IJsselmeer, in the late 1930's, it lost its direct connection with the sea and became more or less a museum of the past.

Inscriptions & Markings

A sticker on the back says J.Kosnar Pty Ltd.

Boch Delfts Wall Plate

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A fully decorated Boch Delfts wall plate depicting a scene with water, sailing boats, a small dinghy, distant land with village and a glimpse of shore in the foreground. The whole is encircled by a ribbon of blue. The broad outer edge is decorated with leaf and flower patterns.

Inscriptions & Markings

The marks "Boch" and "Delfts" encircled by flower patterns cover a small central area on the back.

Wooden Plaque

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Large rectangular timber plaque with scalloped edges depicting historic shipwrecks of Western Australia.

Historical information

The VOC sent its trading ships to the (then) Dutch East Indies to collect spices and other goods. In the 17th century accurate navigation was not always possible and ships might end up on the wild, unchartered West Australian coastline.

Significance

Item recalls the fact that the WA coast was unintentionally visited by Dutch ships during the 17th and 18th centuries. Because the coast was so unattractive the Dutch did not try to settle the country.

Inscriptions & Markings

An insert reads: "Historic Shipwrecks of Western Australia (Protected as of 1983). Coastal cities are marked with their names and dots along the coastline indicate wreck sites. Most are named and dated; others marked as unidentified. An inset map deals with the area around Fremantle and shows a large number of wrecks. A separate typed notice attached to the map identifies the five known Dutch wrecks - all ships of the VOC - Vereennigde East Indian Compagnie (Dutch East India Company). Further than that there are a distance scale and a compass.

Commemorative Plate (Gedenkbord)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A ceramic plate decorated in blue with pictures and words. Central to the image is a coat of arms featuring a central lion and 4 identical hunting horns. The whole is surmounted by a crown. The rim is decorated with orange blossoms.

Historical information

Maastricht, Holland, was the city where Petrus Regout established the De Sphinx pottery in 1836. De Sphinx operated under the name Petrus Regout & Co. until 1899. The firm was noted for its transfer-printed earthenware. Many factories in Maastricht are still making ceramics.

Significance

The plate was created to celebrate the silver jubilee of Queen Wilhelmina in 1923.

Inscriptions & Markings

The words read: "Mijn schilt en de betrouwen Syt Ghy O God myn Heer. Op U soo wil ick bouwen Verlaat my nimmermeer." These are words from the second verse of the National Anthem recorded in Old Dutch. The dates 1898-1923 also feature on the front of the plate. The back bears the maker's stamp, an imprint of a small arrow, an imprint of ¾ and the words "Made in Holland". The maker's stamp reads: "Petrus Regout & Co Maastricht". It is surmounted by a sphinx. There are also two holes in the rim to enable hanging of the plate.

Measuring Scoop (Maatbeker)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

The scoop is likely a brass replica of the enamelled scoops commonly used by milkmen when delivering milk to housewives. It has a curved handle. 2DL indicates a volume of 200ml.

Inscriptions & Markings

2DL is engraved on the scoop's side.

Child-Size Wheelbarrow for Cutting Peat

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Wooden flat-bed wheelbarrow with wooden wheel with metal band. Oak and teak have been used and the item is varnished. Used together with peat cutter (Item 4143) and peat spade (Item 4142).

Historical information

Originated in Drente where cutting peat was one of the main industries. Used together with peat cutter (Item 4143) and peat spade (Item 4142).

Significance

A rare example referring to the peat cutting industry.

Pair of clogs

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Yellow-painted wooden clogs.

Wall Tile (Tegel)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Square off-white tile depicting a traditionally clad farmer's wife holding a basket of eggs and watching a hen running from her newly-laid egg. There appears also a proverb written In dialect: "Je kan d'eiers nie telle, vòdat je z'in 't bènnetje eit." (You can't count your eggs till they're in the basket.) A decorative border surrounds the scene and includes © with the initials R.S. The illustrations and wording are in brown. A hook for hanging has been affixed to the back.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the back the tile is inscribed MOSA HOLLAND and bears the numbers 213.

Public Warning Sign (Verboden Toegang)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Small rectangular plastic sign forbidding entry.

Historical information

This is a common sign in The Netherlands were the British "Right of Way" for walkers does not exist.

Inscriptions & Markings

Verboden Toegang. Art.461. Wetb. v. Strafr. (Non-abbreviated text would read Artikel 461 Wetboek van Strafrecht) In English: Access denied; punishable by article 461 of the penal code.

Money Collecting Dish (Geldbakje)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

This is a copper, oval-shaped dish with low (about 2cm) sides, part covered in brass, with brass handle and about 15cm in length.

Significance

Used to collect coins from those listening to street musicians, particularly the barrel organ grinder. It was customary to rattle the coins in an attempt to attract further donations.

Inscriptions & Markings

Cover displays barrel organ in relief.

Postcards DC2 De Uiver

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Fan

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Small Indonesian fan produced for the 50th anniversary of Tempo Doeloe in Australia. The fan is made in a similar manner to the so-called Wayang dolls and is reminiscent of this aspect of traditional Indonesian culture.

Historical information

A number of these fans were ordered from Indonesia by Lia Kellener, the founder of Tempo Doeloe in Melbourne.

Significance

The item relates to the move of many Dutch to The Netherlands or Australia from post-WWII Dutch East Indies. After a 4year struggle immediately following the ousting of the Japanese in 1945, Indonesia officially gained independence from The Netherlands in 1949.

Inscriptions & Markings

An orange central patch bears the words: Tempo Doeloe 1945-1995 Indonesia - Australia.

Dutch stoneware pot (Keulse pot)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Grey stoneware pot, amphora shape, blue ring above written inscription, two handles with blue markings.

Significance

Voorraadpot made in Rotterdam by JM de Hoop and son. Used for storing preserved food eg. sauerkraut.

Inscriptions & Markings

JM de Hoop & Zoon Rotterdam. On opposite side, circular brand with Fabrieks Merk depicting hope and anchor

Booklet - Bun Historiael

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

84pp booklet; regular publication of the Bunschoten Historic Society. It has a coloured cover; photos inside are in black and whitel

Inscriptions & Markings

20e jaargang nr.2, april 1999. (20th edition, no.2, Aprill 1999).

Ceramic Commemorative Plate (Keramiek Gedenkbord)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Shaped as a soup plate the carved out bottom carries an image of Queen Wilhelmina and the inscription "1898-1923". A branch of oranges with a golden W placed in its centre partly encircles the image. The plate is edged with three green circles.

Historical information

Queen Wilhelmina celebrated her silver jubilee in 1923.

Significance

Princess Wilhelmina was only 10 years old when her father (King Willem III) passed away in1890. Until she became of age 8 years later her mother, Queen Emma, ruled as Queen Regent. The Dutch are traditionally proud of their Royal Family and this is one of the commemorative items with which the country honoured the Queen's silver jubilee in 1923

Inscriptions & Markings

"1898-1923".

Earthenware gin bottle (jeneverkruik)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Tan earthenware bottle with cork stopper with plastic top.

Inscriptions & Markings

Inscribed around shoulder: ERVEN LUCAS BOLS ‘T LOOTSJE AMSTERDAM 1 LITER. On front of bottle: Upper label Z.O. GENEVER = very old gin. The name BOLS in bold black diagonally across the label. Description in Dutch and English . Smaller lower label with serving suggestions in 6 languages except Dutch. Back of bottle: label stating again this is a very old gin and a barcode which suggests a relatively recent date of manufacture.

Coffee pot set (Koffie servies)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

(a) - (w) - A tall, off white, ceramic pot with matching sugar bowl, milk jug, and eight cups and saucers. Two scenes, Westertoren and Montelbaanstoren are found on the sides of the body of the coffee pot. Scenes of Amsterdam are also seen on the other items. Two plates for serving biscuits or cakes both also with Amsterdam scenes complete the set. The edges of these are curved slightly upwards.

Inscriptions & Markings

Item 5140(v) has the words "Nieuwmarket met Waag" (Newmarket with Weighing House); the inscription on 5140(w) reads: "Waterlooplein", (Waterloo Square). On the bottom of some items the words "Viller and Bosch" appear.

Small framed tile.

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Inscriptions & Markings

Eigen haard is goud waard. (There is no place like home)

Child Size Peat Cutting Spade

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Wooden peat cutting spade with metal re-enforcement of the cutting edge.Varnished pine has been used and the cutting edge re-enforcement is painted black. Used together with wooden flat-bed wheelbarrow (Item 4139) and peat cutter (Item 4143)

Brass Wall Plates

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Two heavy round brass wall plates depicting traditional occupations - one of a chairmaker, the other a blacksmith.

Inscriptions & Markings

(a) De Stoelemaaker (the chairmaker) (b) De Smidt (the smith)

Framed Certificate

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Official declaration establishing the Dutch Consulate in Melbourne. The framed declaration is signed by the Dutch Minister of Foreign Affairs and the Dutch Queen, Wilhemina of Orange, on 9 May 1924.

Historical information

The declaration was noticed in an antique shop by a Dutch antique dealer who purchased it and donated it to the DAHC.

Inscriptions & Markings

Dated: 9 Mei negentien vier en twintig ( 9 May 1924 ) and signed by Queen Wilhelmina. Has creases that somebody tried to fix with white-out.

Decorative Plate (Sierbord)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Round plate with orange crown in centre. The crown is surrounded with the inscription Beatrix Wihelmina Armgard 31 Jan.1938. Around that are orange apples and green leaves. The outside of the plate is outlined with an orange border.

Significance

The Dutch are generally content with their Royal family and usually celebrate the birth of a new member of the ruling family. Beatrix was Queen Wilhelmina's first grandchild and destined to succeed the Queen's daughter and her mother Crown Princess Juliana. This is exactly what happened and Beatrix's own eldest child is the current (2018) King Willem Alexander. It was not unusual to present members of the populace with a commemorative item such as this plate.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the back are the words "Geschonken door de Gemeente Nijmegen ter Gelegenheid van Prinsesjes Geboorte". (Presented by the municipality of Nijmegen on the occasion of the princess' birth).

Carnival Hat (carnavalshoed)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Decorative hat from silk-like material, coloured orange, green and cream and finished off with silvery gold band and other decorative items (see picture - also see items 6352 and 6353).

Historical information

Carnival (Dutch: Carnaval) is an important annual event heralding Lent in the southern provinces of The Netherlands, with each village often having its own "Carnavalsclub" and traditions. Many Dutch immigrantsg from the southern provinces have continued this tradition and formed their regional Carnavals Clubs in Australia. Each club has its own colourful uniforms, including specific hats. There are potentially three types of hats: A formal hat for official events, a work hat for use during normal club nights and for those members lucky enough to be chosen for a year as the "Prince" of the club, a Prince's Hat. Dutch Carnival is primarily a festival celebrating human folly which is why the hats are like jesters' caps. "Carnaval" comes with a rich tradition of ridiculing people and institutions of authority, and so, for instance, the "Prince" is saluted with military salutes which are performed the wrong way round, to the great merriment of onlookers. Special songs celebrating the foolishness of people in high places, such as politicians, are composed each year for "Carnaval".

Significance

For people from the southern provinces of the Netherlands, the annual "Carnaval" is an important cultural event.

Inscriptions & Markings

Has the name "L. Havel" on the inside.

Small framed tile.

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Small square of three-ply on which is glued a slightly smaller ceramic tile carrying a Dutch saying. A small hole has been added in the back for ease of hanging. The mount appears to be hand-made.

Significance

In The Netherlands the fiftieth birthday is celebrated as "seeing Abraham". This is a reference to a Gospel quote where Jesus was told he was too young to be teaching the people.

Inscriptions & Markings

Heeft men eenmaal Abraham zien staan dan breekt het volle leven aan. (The fullness of life starts after the age of 50).

Pair of wooden clogs

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

These white clogs were worn by women in the Dutch dance group De Tukkers.

Booklet - Kampje Spelen (Playing Internment Camp)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Simply produced 30page booklet. It is the printed version of a handwritten booklet produced in July 1945 by Mrs Axie Mazèl Krammer to help her children deal with the memories of their imprisonment by the Japanese in the former Dutch East Indies. The materials and style imitate the simple materials that were available for the author during their 4 years of imprisonment and deprivation.

Historical information

Mrs. Axie Mazèl - Krammer and her friend Anneke Rappard each had two daughters with them in the Women's camp in Banjoe Biroe. Prior to her marriage Axie Krammer von Marchau had studied languages, literature and pedagogy and particularly the art of teaching through play. The spirit and optimism of these two women contributed to the survival of their 4 little girls. An accomplished artist Mrs. Mazèl created the original of this booklet for the 6th birthday of her friend's daughter Anne Marie on July 30, 1945.

Significance

The illustrated story of children playing at internment does not hide the reality of their lives but puts in the context of a game of make-believe. The make-believe is illustrated in colour while the harsh reality is recognised in a small black and grey sketch in a corner of each page.

Inscriptions & Markings

The name "A. Kelleners" is written on the flyleaf.

Commemorative Plate

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A common ceramic plate, originally white but painted over as a tribute to those who fell defending their country against the Nazi invasion on May 10, 1940. A handmade wire hanging is twisted around the plate.

Historical information

This plate was obviously created to honour those who were killed defending their country at the time of the invasion - May 10, 1940. The maker appears to have taken an ordinary plate and painted it him or herself.

Significance

This is a rate item as it was produced during the war in contrast to the many plates and other items to commemorate the Liberation in May 1945.

Inscriptions & Markings

Aan Hen Die Vielen Voor Hun Vaderland (To those Who Fell For Their Country). 10 Mei 1940. The centre of the plate is handpainted and shows a Dutch flag, a lion rampant and two military graves. On the back is the makers's symbol (a resting lion), the manufacturer's name and Maastricht 1941. Also Made in Holland.

Framed Tile

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A white ceramic tile hand painted in brown with figures of a farming couple from Brabant, a verse, a coat of arms, the words "Noord-Brabant" and various decorative designs.

Significance

Tile baking has long been an important industry in The Netherlands with tiles produced for walls and floors as well as at individual requests to commemorate an event or special occasion.

Inscriptions & Markings

Faintly visible on the back are the ink-stamped words: "plateelbakkerij schoonhoven" (a ceramics factory in Schoonhoven). A handwritten inscription reads: "Sjaan en Ad van Wanrooy, Erp, Nederland. 30 November 1980".

Child's Petticoat

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Petticoat to be worn under child's white First Communion dress, made of white parachute silk sewn in extremely tiny stitches by machine and hand. French seams are used for the sides and shoulders; the hem is handsewn. The garment is fastened at the neck with a narrow white satin ribbon.

Historical information

This petticoat dress was sewn by Mrs. van den Heuvel and her friend M/s Jos Tersteeg for Marjo van den Heuvel to wear under a white dress on the occasion of her cousin Peter Beeker's First Holy Communion.

Significance

The material was obtained from one of the many parachutes that became available during the Allied offensive of 1944/45. This material was very welcome after the deprivations suffered during the 5 year German occupation.

Child-size Wooden Skates

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Wooden skates, with brown leather straps. It has a metal strip on the base of the wood, which is necessary for gliding on ice.

Historical information

Skates were and still are widely used in winter time in The Netherlands, when the rivers, canals, creeks, ponds etc. are frozen solid. Paintings out of around 1600-1700 show models of skates very much like the one shown. Even until as recent as 40 years ago, the wooden skates (with steel blade) that are tied to the shoe with leather strap and laces, were widely used in the Netherlands. Even now they are still made in children sizes, because of there flexibility in adjusting to a range of shoe sizes.

Significance

Skating is a tradition which remains popular.

Inscriptions & Markings

Letter R for right foot No letter for left foot

Round framed souvenir tile

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Cream background with, in foreground, couple in dark brown regional Brabant costume; farmhouse outbuildings and trees in background. Spring frame at rear for hanging. Brown imitation wood frame.

Inscriptions & Markings

Brabant at base of tile.

Small orange tin with lid.

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A tall square tin with snug-fitting lid produced to contain 200gram "Dutch hail", a sugary product eaten on Dutch rusks or slices of bread; usually on celebratory occasions. The main colour is orange and it is also richly decorated with scenes recalling the 1945 Liberation.

Historical information

WWII Liberation 50th anniversary

Significance

The Dutch have never forgotten their debt to the Allied forces or the joy of the 1945 liberation.

Inscriptions & Markings

De Ruyter Oranje hagel. Ter gelegenheid van de viering van 50 jaar bevrijding in Nederland 1945-1995 (on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the liberation in The Netherlands 1945-1995). There is also a list of ingredients that constitute the hail and other commercial markings.

Decorative Cake Slide

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

(a) Silver-coated intricately patterned cake slide. Carvings on a floral theme are done in relief. Edges are irregular. The handle end features a female form reminiscent of a ship's figure head.

Inscriptions & Markings

The word "Italy" is engraved on the back of the slide in very tiny writing.

Commemorative Tile (Regeerings Tegel)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Wall tile to commemorate the reign of Queen Juliana of The Netherlands from 1948 to 1980. An oval-shaped black and white image of the queen is at the centre surrounded by some low-key decorations.

Historical information

Queen Juliana's mother, Queen Wilhelmina, abdicated in favour of Juliana, her only child in 1948. In 1980 Juliana abdicated in favour of the eldest of her three sons Willem-Alexander.

Significance

The production of this tile is significant of the Dutch monarchy's willingness to abdicate in favour of the next genration.

Inscriptions & Markings

Koningin Juliana 1948-1980 (Queen Juliana 1948-1980).

Miniature Bamboo Rickshaw

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A small but faithful bamboo replica of the three-wheeled mode of transport known as a cycle rickshaw. Wire has been used to construct a kind of axle that joins the two pedals via a small bamboo tube below the cycle's crossbar and the seat. Although the pedals can be turned this is not an option for the wheels which are firmly glued.

Historical information

The item most likely originates from the former Dutch East Indies where this mode of transport is still available though now supplemented with auto-rickshaws.

Significance

The item hearkens back to the years of Dutch occupation of what is now Indonesia and the fact that many Dutch lived, worked and felt at home there.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the back the rickshaw displays registration number 3947. This seems to have been applied with a stamp pad.

Prince Hat of Carnavals Club

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Decorative hat from silky type silver, gold, blue and aqua material, finished of with bells at front of hat (see picture - also see items 6351 and 6352).

Historical information

Carnaval is an important annual event in the Southern Provinces of The Netherlands, with each village often having its own Carnavals Club and traditions. The Dutch People coming from the Southern Provinces continued in many cases this tradition and formed their regional Carnavals Clubs in Australia. Each Carnalvals Club has its own colourful uniforms, including a hat. There are potentially three types of hats: A Formal Hat for official events, a Work Hat for use during normal club nights and for those members lucky enough to be for a year chosen as the "Prince" of the club, a Prince Hat.

Significance

For people from the Southern Provinces of the Netherlands, Carnavall is an important cultural event.

Inscriptions & Markings

has a 6 on the inside

Wood Carving

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A small wooden root has been carved to resemble a bird sitting on a plant.

Significance

This item originated in the former Dutch East Indies and was likely intended as a souvenir.

Footwear - Clogs

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Pair of male size wooden clogs - completely covering feet, finished with clear varnish and shoe lace like decorations.

Historical information

Wooden shoes are / have been widely used in North-Western Europe (Scandinavia, parts of Germany, UK, The Netherlands, Belgium and Northern France). The models vary from a wooden sole and toe covering (Scandinavia, UK, Northern France) to a complete cover of the whole foot (The Netherlands and parts of Belgium). They are mostly made from poplar wood, but occasionally also from other softwoods like willow. The clogs' finish varies from plain wood or carved wood to varnished or painted versions, often with decorations. Nowadays special models are made for tourists with pictures of Dutch landscapes, tulips or windmills.

Significance

Although wooden shoes are also used in other countries, the full foot covering model has become one of the symbols of the Netherlands, like the tulips and the old style houses in towns like Amsterdam.

Inscriptions & Markings

Brand indication V Z clog and size 43/44 = 28 1/2cm - Shoe laces like decorations.

Sailors' Health Insurance

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Commemorative Mug (Melkbeker)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A souvenir pottery mug handed out to school children in Amsterdam in 1948 to commemorate the abdication of Queen Wilhelmina and the accession to the throne of Queen Juliana. This kind of mug (without a handle) was typically used by children to drink their milk. It is illustrated with the initials of the two Queens surrounded by oranges (for the House of Orange). Blue banners link the bunches of oranges. There is also a depiction of the famous steeple of the Wester Church, the Amsterdam coat of Arms, a ship, a bridge and a typical canal house.

Historical information

In 1898, when Princess Wilhelmina attained her majority, she succeeded her Mother, Queen Emma, who had been Regent for 10 years. Wilhelmina reigned for 50 years until her abdication in favour of her daughter Juliana in 1948.

Significance

The House of Orange is one of the most popular monarchies in Western democracies. Widespread celebrations accompanied the Abdication/Accession.

Inscriptions & Markings

Above the W: "Dankbaar voor het verleden" (Grateful for the past) 1898-1948. Above the J: "Vol vertrouwen in de toekomst" (Full of confidence in the future) 1948

Ashtray (Asbakje)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Richly illustrated small rectangular glass ashtray showing map of one-time Dutch New Guinea, surrounding waters and smaller islands. Two endemic bids are also shown. The glas is a pale blue; the illustrations are in green and yellow; words are in black. The ashtray's four sides are curled slightly upwards.

Historical information

The item dates from the years of Dutch influence in the region which ended in 1962. The region is now known as West Papua.

Significance

As the above urls will show, West Papua's history is a complex one with various colonial powers disputing ownership with the local inhabitants. Modern Indonesia also lays claim to it. The area was part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands from 1949 till 1962. Prior to 1949 it was part of the Dutch East Indies. The item may well date from this pre-1949 period.

Inscriptions & Markings

Oceans, seas and islands are named in the Dutch language. A dotted border marks off Australian New Guinea.

Wall Tile (Tegel)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A small, simply coloured ceramic tile commemorating the liberation of the Dutch East Indies on August 15, 1945. An illustrated paper applique has been stuck on the top surface.

Historical information

The Japanese occupied present day Indonesis from 7-12-1941 to 15-8-1945. Indonesia was a Dutch colony at the time and Dutch Indonesians were imprisoned, starved and otherwise treated with great cruelty.

Significance

This tile is of importance as a reminder of the War in the Pacific and the suffering of Dutch colonials during the Japanese occupation.

Inscriptions & Markings

The following words and phrases are recorded on the paper applique: 15 augustus 1945; NED. INDIE VRIJ; nooit vergeten (never forget). The dates 7-12-1941and 15-8-1945 record the time of Japanese occupation. The tile is further illustrated with a map of the (now) Indonesian islands; two cut lines of barbed wire and two triumphant lions.

Vase in Delft blue (vaasje in Delfts blauw)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Cylindrical but slightly bulging in middle; white with blue flowers - mainly roses; not usual Delft pattern.

Inscriptions & Markings

Above central crown Delft 1103, crown has letters KRONACH inside crown, under crown Bavaria 309/0, at right angles Echt Kobalt Unterglasur

Cigar Box

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Inscriptions & Markings

Schimmelpenninck