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Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria Carnegie, Victoria

The Dutch Australian Heritage Centre has been established to collect and display items of recognised significance relating to immigrants who arrived here from the Netherlands and the former Dutch East Indies, with special emphasis on migration in the post WWII period.

Please note: THESE ITEMS ARE NOT FOR SALE

Contact Information

location
60 Rosstown Road Carnegie Carnegie Victoria 3163 (map)
phone
+61 (03) 9571 5382

Contact

Opening Hours

By appointment - call Mr Michael Gijsberts on 0419 549 376.

Entry Fee

Free entry. Donations are welcome.

Location

60 Rosstown Road Carnegie Victoria

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The DAHC collection consists primarily of personal and household items donated by Dutch immigrants. As most of the migrants arrived in the 1950s, the collection presents a historical insight into Dutch culture, both in the Netherlands and in the Dutch communities in Australia.

Meredith Blake 29 May 2013 9:48 AM

Love the new items you have catalogued recently! Great work

Jose Sendeckyj 13 May 2016 10:21 AM

As an immigrant from The Netherlands in the early 60's to Australia, it is heartening and very interesting to see the digital documentation of Dutch culture for posterity! Great work - I hope to assist in the future in some small way.

Michael Gijsberts 13 May 2016 11:03 AM

To Jose Sendeckyj, Thanks for your heartening comments. And yes do come and visit us and possibly lend a helping hand at our 'working bees'

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128 items with images

Ceramic commemorative platter of ascenscion to throne of Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

White platter. Around the rim: at top, Beatrix Regina; underneath: Troonbestijging (ascension) 30 April 1980. Dutch royal coat of arms with motto 'Je maintendrai' (I shall perservere)

Significance

Commissioned in Australia, this platter illustrates the continued affection of Dutch migrants for the Dutch royal family.

Inscriptions & Markings

On reverse, logo HP 8076 Commisioned by H. van Hoek to Hallam Pottery Handmade and handpainted by Gerard Albers

Child Size Peat Cutting Spade

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Wooden peat cutting spade with metal re-enforcement of the cutting edge.Varnished pine has been used and the cutting edge re-enforcement is painted black. Used together with wooden flat-bed wheelbarrow (Item 4139) and peat cutter (Item 4143)

Small orange tin with lid.

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A tall square tin with snug-fitting lid produced to contain 200gram "Dutch hail", a sugary product eaten on Dutch rusks or slices of bread; usually on celebratory occasions. The main colour is orange and it is also richly decorated with scenes recalling the 1945 Liberation.

Historical information

WWII Liberation 50th anniversary

Significance

The Dutch have never forgotten their debt to the Allied forces or the joy of the 1945 liberation.

Inscriptions & Markings

De Ruyter Oranje hagel. Ter gelegenheid van de viering van 50 jaar bevrijding in Nederland 1945-1995 (on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the liberation in The Netherlands 1945-1995). There is also a list of ingredients that constitute the hail and other commercial markings.

(a) Leesplankje (b)Leesplankje letter collection (c) Book: 'Het Leesplankje' - (c)Het Leesplankje

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

a) Reading Board - an aid to lelarning to read. b ) A small round tin containing the necessary letters to build the words shown and illustrated on "leesplankjes" or reading boards. (See also item 4839). c) Book produced in 2014 concerning the variety of these reading boards with the addition of word games and reading practice.

Historical information

Leesplankjes were first created in the last decade of the 19th century and continued to be created in a number of variations until the 1950's. Separate editions were used for Dutch populations abroad, e.g., the Dutch East Indies.

Significance

Every Dutch primary school child would have been familiar with these boards and letters. A number of variations existed depending on the particular area in The Netherlands where the school was. There were distinctive boards for e.g., South Africa and Dutch East Indies.

Inscriptions & Markings

a) variety of nouns containing an assortment of diphthongs. b )Lettertjes bij Hoogeveens leesplankje*J.B.Wolters. Groningen* (Letters for Hoogeveen reading boards) c) Book Title: Het Leesplankje met woordspelletje en oefeningen. (The Reading Board with word games and exercises).

Brass Dustpan (Blik)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Dustpan with handle made out of sheet of brass folded into shape and held together by copper rivets.

Significance

During the latter part of the 20th century utilitarian objects such as this were often replicated in brass to become part of brassware collections.

Booklet - Kampje Spelen (Playing Internment Camp)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Simply produced 30page booklet. It is the printed version of a handwritten booklet produced in July 1945 by Mrs Axie Mazèl Krammer to help her children deal with the memories of their imprisonment by the Japanese in the former Dutch East Indies. The materials and style imitate the simple materials that were available for the author during their 4 years of imprisonment and deprivation.

Historical information

Mrs. Axie Mazèl - Krammer and her friend Anneke Rappard each had two daughters with them in the Women's camp in Banjoe Biroe. Prior to her marriage Axie Krammer von Marchau had studied languages, literature and pedagogy and particularly the art of teaching through play. The spirit and optimism of these two women contributed to the survival of their 4 little girls. An accomplished artist Mrs. Mazèl created the original of this booklet for the 6th birthday of her friend's daughter Anne Marie on July 30, 1945.

Significance

The illustrated story of children playing at internment does not hide the reality of their lives but puts in the context of a game of make-believe. The make-believe is illustrated in colour while the harsh reality is recognised in a small black and grey sketch in a corner of each page.

Inscriptions & Markings

The name "A. Kelleners" is written on the flyleaf.

Ashtray (Asbakje)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Blue and white hand-painted ashtray with three shallow grooves on rim for resting cigarettes. The scalloped rim is also decorated with a blue catkin branch. In the centre circle is a picture of a cafe and the inscription "12 ½ Jaar Cafe Tromp".

Inscriptions & Markings

On the reverse is painted; "Handpainted Delft Blue made in Holland".

Money Purse (Portemonnee)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A black leather purse with partitions for bank notes and coins. There is a stud to close the coin section and a brass clip to close the purse as a whole. One section contains two notes to the value of two and a half guilders; another has 19 coins to the value of 10c each; the main section holds 2 coins worth 1 guilder each, 7 worth 25cents, 3 x 5cent coins and 3 x 1 cent.

Historical information

These purses were common in The Netherlands in the mid-twentieth century but were laid aside in favour of wallets once plastic cards were introduced.

Commemorative Plate

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A common ceramic plate, originally white but painted over as a tribute to those who fell defending their country against the Nazi invasion on May 10, 1940. A handmade wire hanging is twisted around the plate.

Historical information

This plate was obviously created to honour those who were killed defending their country at the time of the invasion - May 10, 1940. The maker appears to have taken an ordinary plate and painted it him or herself.

Significance

This is a rate item as it was produced during the war in contrast to the many plates and other items to commemorate the Liberation in May 1945.

Inscriptions & Markings

Aan Hen Die Vielen Voor Hun Vaderland (To those Who Fell For Their Country). 10 Mei 1940. The centre of the plate is handpainted and shows a Dutch flag, a lion rampant and two military graves. On the back is the makers's symbol (a resting lion), the manufacturer's name and Maastricht 1941. Also Made in Holland.

Small metal ornament

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Small brass-coloured ornament from the former Dutch East Indies. It depicts a team of two bullocks drawing a plough. The farmer is seated on the plough and swinging a whip.

Historical information

Very likely a souvenir brought back from the former Dutch East-Indies.

Dutch stoneware pot (Keulse pot)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Grey stoneware pot, amphora shape, blue ring above written inscription, two handles with blue markings.

Significance

Voorraadpot made in Rotterdam by JM de Hoop and son. Used for storing preserved food eg. sauerkraut.

Inscriptions & Markings

JM de Hoop & Zoon Rotterdam. On opposite side, circular brand with Fabrieks Merk depicting hope and anchor

Kruikezeiker (Jug Pisser) Statue

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Bronze (?) male figure depicting him about to fill a jug with his urine. His right hand lifts his garment while he holds the jug in his left.

Historical information

A link to the folkloric custom that the poor sold their urine to the wool industry where it was used in wool washing. Current depictions of a stereotypical Kruikezeiker are based on the Tilburg sculpture created by Henk Smulders (1925-1994). Said statue is located on Nieuwlandstraat, Tilburg.

Significance

Tilburg has embraced this legend and named itself "Kruikezeiker Stad" (Jug City). The legend is brought to the fore during Karneval celebrations. It is a symbol of the city.

Inscriptions & Markings

Base edge carries the name: "H.Smulders" on the back; "Tilburg" on the side and "Kruikezeiker" on the front.

Medal

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Brass medal depicting a Joker on one side with names and a date on the other. The medal is suspended from a red and white twisted cord.

Historical information

Dutch migrants from the province of Limburg started a Jokers Club in Melbourne choosing a "Carnival Prins" every year. Hans 2 was chosen in 1987. The custom of partying prior to the start of Lent was very strong in the mainly Catholic Southern provinces - Limburg and Brabant. The custom has lost some of its religious significance and is mainly kept up as a fun event.

Inscriptions & Markings

Back of the medal reads: "Hans 2 1987 Bieëgdje". Made in Italy.

Child-Size Wheelbarrow for Cutting Peat

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Wooden flat-bed wheelbarrow with wooden wheel with metal band. Oak and teak have been used and the item is varnished. Used together with peat cutter (Item 4143) and peat spade (Item 4142).

Historical information

Originated in Drente where cutting peat was one of the main industries. Used together with peat cutter (Item 4143) and peat spade (Item 4142).

Significance

A rare example referring to the peat cutting industry.

Measuring Scoop (Maatbeker)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

The scoop is likely a brass replica of the enamelled scoops commonly used by milkmen when delivering milk to housewives. It has a curved handle. 2DL indicates a volume of 200ml.

Inscriptions & Markings

2DL is engraved on the scoop's side.

Children's skates (Kinderschaatsen)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

4649 (a) and (b) Wooden upper, pointed at both ends; steel blade fastened with central rivet; leather ankle and toe straps. Front straps have eyelets through which very strong crossgrain strap was threaded to tie skate onto shoe, rear strap has hole either side to thread the strap through for tying under shoe instep and around top of shoe and around ankle.

Historical information

Medieaval and 17th century Dutch paintings show winterscapes with children from the Low Countries skating on skates of similar pattern.

Significance

The Dutch love of skating is exemplified by the fact that so many brought their skates with them to their new country.

Inscriptions & Markings

R 21 (on right skate) 21 (on left skate)

Commemorative Plate (Gedenkbord)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A ceramic plate decorated in blue with pictures and words. Central to the image is a coat of arms featuring a central lion and 4 identical hunting horns. The whole is surmounted by a crown. The rim is decorated with orange blossoms.

Historical information

Maastricht, Holland, was the city where Petrus Regout established the De Sphinx pottery in 1836. De Sphinx operated under the name Petrus Regout & Co. until 1899. The firm was noted for its transfer-printed earthenware. Many factories in Maastricht are still making ceramics.

Significance

The plate was created to celebrate the silver jubilee of Queen Wilhelmina in 1923.

Inscriptions & Markings

The words read: "Mijn schilt en de betrouwen Syt Ghy O God myn Heer. Op U soo wil ick bouwen Verlaat my nimmermeer." These are words from the second verse of the National Anthem recorded in Old Dutch. The dates 1898-1923 also feature on the front of the plate. The back bears the maker's stamp, an imprint of a small arrow, an imprint of ¾ and the words "Made in Holland". The maker's stamp reads: "Petrus Regout & Co Maastricht". It is surmounted by a sphinx. There are also two holes in the rim to enable hanging of the plate.

Book - Indie: Schetsen over onze kolonien in Oost-Indie verzameld door F. M. Gescher

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Hard cover book. Illustration on front cover, native of former Dutch East Indies.

Inscriptions & Markings

Front cover:Indie. Back cover een Dieben's boek. K1964

Imitation smoothing Iron (Strijkijzer)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Brass smoothing iron most likely produced for the souvenir industry. The original would have held coal or charcoal. The lid can be lifted and there are openings to allow smoke to escape. The lid can be fastened to the main body with a hook. .

Historical information

In their original form these smoothing irons were filled with hot coal or charcoal and used to remove creases from garments.

Child's Petticoat

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Petticoat to be worn under child's white First Communion dress, made of white parachute silk sewn in extremely tiny stitches by machine and hand. French seams are used for the sides and shoulders; the hem is handsewn. The garment is fastened at the neck with a narrow white satin ribbon.

Historical information

This petticoat dress was sewn by Mrs. van den Heuvel and her friend M/s Jos Tersteeg for Marjo van den Heuvel to wear under a white dress on the occasion of her cousin Peter Beeker's First Holy Communion.

Significance

The material was obtained from one of the many parachutes that became available during the Allied offensive of 1944/45. This material was very welcome after the deprivations suffered during the 5 year German occupation.

Money Collecting Dish (Geldbakje)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

This is a copper, oval-shaped dish with low (about 2cm) sides, part covered in brass, with brass handle and about 15cm in length.

Significance

Used to collect coins from those listening to street musicians, particularly the barrel organ grinder. It was customary to rattle the coins in an attempt to attract further donations.

Inscriptions & Markings

Cover displays barrel organ in relief.

Suitcase (Koffer)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Brown painted suitcase of reinforced oilcloth with metal handle and two metal locks. A small door lock has been added to the lid which has been reinforced on the inside by a timber slat. A plywood slat has been added to the handle side of the case. The rims of lid and case are made of metal, as are the corners. The papered interior of both case and lid shows a small floral pattern in black and beige although, as part of the reinforcement, a coat of brown paint has been added to the inside of the lid and case, but not the bottom. Of the two straps designed to hold down the contents one is still in place, but the other has been replaced by a length of elastic. The original strap is made of cotton, now a dirty white with blue edging, and does up with a small metal buckle. The interior of the case shows a lot of wear and tear with evidence of multiple repairs. A small black metal chain holds up the lid, the corresponding one on the opposite side is missing.

Historical information

Suitcase brought by Dutch immigrant.

Significance

The fact that the owner reinforced and mended the suitcase suggests the Dutch trait of taking care of things and making them last. The stencilled initials suggest this case was probably stored in the hold.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the inside: the timber slat carries the name A.T.A. RIJKEN in black ink and also on a black Dymo label. On the outside: the handle side displays the initials A.T.A.R. and the figure 3 in white stencil. The lid bears evidence of a label in the bottom left hand corner. The lock, added by the owner, is 3cm in diameter and branded ELZETT Made in Hungary.

Etching

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

An historic small town scene etched (or possibly printed) on thin metal and subsequently fastened to a plywood backing. The delicately presented scene is said to show the intersection of Old Church Street and the Vliet Canal bridge in Voorburg, as well as a section of wharf. On the canal are one large and two much smaller vessels. A very tall crane-like construction arises from the wharf to the roof of waterside buildings. The people are soberly dressed in possibly 17th or 18th century costumes.

Historical information

The Vliet is a canal in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland. It starts at the Oude Rijn at Leiden and joins the Delfshavense Schie canal at Delft. Places along its banks include Voorschoten, Leidschendam, Voorburg, The Hague and Rijswijk. The canal was dug in 47 AD under command of Roman general Corbulo, who wished to connect the river Rhine, of which the current Oude Rijn stream in Roman times was the main branch, to the Meuse estuary. It is unclear what the canal's trajectory was beyond the current city of Delft; the Delfshavense Schie canal, which connects Delft to the Nieuwe Maas river was not dug until 1389. In the Middle Ages the Vliet was an important trade link that attracted all kinds of trade, as it flowed through the heart of the County of Holland. Windmills have been constructed alongside the Vliet, including the completely renovated mill 'De salamander' in Leidschendam. The Vliet area was particularly attractive among richer families, who built their mansions along its banks.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the reverse has been written: "Oude Kerkstraat Brug over de Vliet Voorburg". (Old Church Street; Bridge over the Vliet canal; Voorburg). However, research proves that the church is actually the Old Church in Delft, a short distance further down the Vliet Canal.

Cigar Box

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Inscriptions & Markings

Schimmelpenninck

Wooden Clog (Klompje)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Single wooden clog decorated with burnt-in rustic scene and patterned decorations.

Historical information

Wooden clogs were common footwear for farmers and their families.

Framed Tile

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A white ceramic tile hand painted in brown with figures of a farming couple from Brabant, a verse, a coat of arms, the words "Noord-Brabant" and various decorative designs.

Significance

Tile baking has long been an important industry in The Netherlands with tiles produced for walls and floors as well as at individual requests to commemorate an event or special occasion.

Inscriptions & Markings

Faintly visible on the back are the ink-stamped words: "plateelbakkerij schoonhoven" (a ceramics factory in Schoonhoven). A handwritten inscription reads: "Sjaan en Ad van Wanrooy, Erp, Nederland. 30 November 1980".

Sieve with apple sauce making attachment (applemoeszeef)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Sieve with green plastic handle and two hooks to hold sieve over bowl. Detachable Y-shaped steel frame apple sauce roller inside sieve, designed to fit over the handle and hook onto rim on opposite side, has turning handle with green wooden knob, a wooden egg-shaped roller, to force apple sauce through sieve, and metal paddle to scrape sauce from sieve. Cooked apple sauce was placed in sieve and pushed through mesh by turning handle to produce the fine apple sauce beloved by the Dutch.

Historical information

Brought by Dutch migrants as part of kitchen apparatus.

Commemorative Tile (Regeerings Tegel)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Wall tile to commemorate the reign of Queen Juliana of The Netherlands from 1948 to 1980. An oval-shaped black and white image of the queen is at the centre surrounded by some low-key decorations.

Historical information

Queen Juliana's mother, Queen Wilhelmina, abdicated in favour of Juliana, her only child in 1948. In 1980 Juliana abdicated in favour of the eldest of her three sons Willem-Alexander.

Significance

The production of this tile is significant of the Dutch monarchy's willingness to abdicate in favour of the next genration.

Inscriptions & Markings

Koningin Juliana 1948-1980 (Queen Juliana 1948-1980).

Box of Slate Pencils (Griffels)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Rectangular light green cardboard container which slides open to reveal 7 slate pencils. The lid is busily illustrated with scenes of English Victories on Sea and Land including Trafalgar and Waterloo. The upper halves of the slate pencils are covered in paper decorated with various designs.

Historical information

Slate pencils were used extensively in primary schools throughout The Netherlands.

Significance

These pencils may have belonged to a child who attended school either towards the end of or post WWII when there was a scarcity of paper and books.

Inscriptions & Markings

In the left margin of the picture are the words: "Designed in England". Underneath the Trafalgar scene is the quotation: "England expects that every man this day will do his duty." Under the Waterloo scene is the quotation: "Up Guards and at them!" In the right margin are the words: Copyright ENT * STAT HALL. GES.GESCHUTZT. In the centre are the words The Box enclose a crown surmounting a coat of arms which in its turn surmounts crossed slate pencils, then the words SLATE PENCILS and Made in Germany. In pale ink the name Harold is written above the picture.

Child Size Peat Cutter

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Metal Peat cutter with wooden handle.Varnished pine has been used and the cutting blade is painted black. Used together with wooden flat-bed wheelbarrow (Item 4139) and peat spade (Item 4142)

Historical information

Originated in Drente where cutting peat was one of the main industries. Used together with wheelbarrow (Item 4139) and peat spade (Item 4142).

Significance

A rare example referring to the peat cutting industry.