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Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria Carnegie, Victoria

The Dutch Australian Heritage Centre has been established to collect and display items of recognised significance relating to immigrants who arrived here from the Netherlands and the former Dutch East Indies, with special emphasis on migration in the post WWII period.

Please note: THESE ITEMS ARE NOT FOR SALE

Contact Information

location
60 Rosstown Road Carnegie Carnegie, 3163 Vic 3163 (map)
phone
+61 0419549376

Contact

Opening Hours

By appointment - call Mr Michael Gijsberts on 0419 549 376

Entry Fee

Free Entry. However, donations are welcome.

Location

60 Rosstown Road Carnegie Victoria

View on Google Maps

The DAHC collection consists primarily of personal and household items donated by Dutch immigrants. As most of the migrants arrived in the 1950s, the collection presents a historical insight into Dutch culture, both in the Netherlands and in the Dutch communities in Australia.

Meredith Blake 29 May 2013 9:48 AM

Love the new items you have catalogued recently! Great work

Jose Sendeckyj 13 May 2016 10:21 AM

As an immigrant from The Netherlands in the early 60's to Australia, it is heartening and very interesting to see the digital documentation of Dutch culture for posterity! Great work - I hope to assist in the future in some small way.

Michael Gijsberts 13 May 2016 11:03 AM

To Jose Sendeckyj, Thanks for your heartening comments. And yes do come and visit us and possibly lend a helping hand at our 'working bees'

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124 items with images

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124 items with images

Pair of Skates

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Tile

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A rectangular ceramic tile on which is printed a verse to honour the importance of friendship. The author is Toon Hermans, a very popular post-war entertainer.

Inscriptions & Markings

The 16 line poem is named "Vrinden" (Friends)

Pair of clogs

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Yellow-painted wooden clogs.

Box of Slate Pencils (Griffels)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Rectangular light green cardboard container which slides open to reveal 7 slate pencils. The lid is busily illustrated with scenes of English Victories on Sea and Land including Trafalgar and Waterloo. The upper halves of the slate pencils are covered in paper decorated with various designs.

Historical information

Slate pencils were used extensively in primary schools throughout The Netherlands.

Significance

These pencils may have belonged to a child who attended school either towards the end of or post WWII when there was a scarcity of paper and books.

Inscriptions & Markings

In the left margin of the picture are the words: "Designed in England". Underneath the Trafalgar scene is the quotation: "England expects that every man this day will do his duty." Under the Waterloo scene is the quotation: "Up Guards and at them!" In the right margin are the words: Copyright ENT * STAT HALL. GES.GESCHUTZT. In the centre are the words The Box enclose a crown surmounting a coat of arms which in its turn surmounts crossed slate pencils, then the words SLATE PENCILS and Made in Germany. In pale ink the name Harold is written above the picture.

Decorative Fork

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Highly decorative silver-coated object in the shape of a four-pronged fork. A sailing ship forms the top of the handle. The handle (or stem) has 2 curlices on each side. The main section depicts a homely interior in which a seated woman plays the harp, a man stands listening and a child sits on the potty. The whole is surrounded by raised vine-like patterning.

Inscriptions & Markings

A very tiny triangle is engraved in the point of the fork at the back.

Ceramic commemorative platter of ascenscion to throne of Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

White platter. Around the rim: at top, Beatrix Regina; underneath: Troonbestijging (ascension) 30 April 1980. Dutch royal coat of arms with motto 'Je maintendrai' (I shall perservere)

Significance

Commissioned in Australia, this platter illustrates the continued affection of Dutch migrants for the Dutch royal family.

Inscriptions & Markings

On reverse, logo HP 8076 Commisioned by H. van Hoek to Hallam Pottery Handmade and handpainted by Gerard Albers

Book - '...gereet en gekleet naar hun staat' (Dressed according to their standing)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A hard cover well-illustrated book containing details of the regional dress of three villages on the one-time IJsselmeer.

Significance

Historical Study of the development of regional clothing for men, women and children in the Bunschoten area from the 18th century onwards. With the many illustrations it forms a valuable record of a slowly dying local custom.

Inscriptions & Markings

Historie en ontwikkeling van de klederdracht van Bunschoten, Spakenburg en Eemdijk.

Sieve with apple sauce making attachment (applemoeszeef)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Sieve with green plastic handle and two hooks to hold sieve over bowl. Detachable Y-shaped steel frame apple sauce roller inside sieve, designed to fit over the handle and hook onto rim on opposite side, has turning handle with green wooden knob, a wooden egg-shaped roller, to force apple sauce through sieve, and metal paddle to scrape sauce from sieve. Cooked apple sauce was placed in sieve and pushed through mesh by turning handle to produce the fine apple sauce beloved by the Dutch.

Historical information

Brought by Dutch migrants as part of kitchen apparatus.

Placemat with laminated copy of aap-noot-mies reading board (leesplankje) in A4 size.

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A laminated A4 copy of the "Aap, Noot, Mies" reading board.

Historical information

The Placemats were made in response to the display of pictures of the "aap, noot, mies" reading boards, which led to requests from older Dutch Citizens for copies.

Significance

The "aap, noot, mies" reading boards were used in the Netherlands for a long time (from many years before WWII till the late 1960's) as the main tool for teaching students in the first year of primary school the main vowels and consonants of the Dutch Language. The reading boards were used in combination with reading books containing the Zus & Jet stories. These stories are the source of the pictures on the reading board. Item number 6380 is an example of such a reading book.

Inscriptions & Markings

The board shows pictures of items and persons as well as the spelling of the words and names, for the words: aap, noot, mies,wim, zus, jet, teun, vuur, gijs, lam, kees, bok, weide, does, hok, duif, schapen.

Prince Hat of Carnavals Club

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Decorative hat from silky type silver, gold, blue and aqua material, finished of with bells at front of hat (see picture - also see items 6351 and 6352).

Historical information

Carnaval is an important annual event in the Southern Provinces of The Netherlands, with each village often having its own Carnavals Club and traditions. The Dutch People coming from the Southern Provinces continued in many cases this tradition and formed their regional Carnavals Clubs in Australia. Each Carnalvals Club has its own colourful uniforms, including a hat. There are potentially three types of hats: A Formal Hat for official events, a Work Hat for use during normal club nights and for those members lucky enough to be for a year chosen as the "Prince" of the club, a Prince Hat.

Significance

For people from the Southern Provinces of the Netherlands, Carnavall is an important cultural event.

Inscriptions & Markings

has a 6 on the inside

Porcelain storage containers for "Koffie" "Thee" "Suiker" "Peper" and "Zout"

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Set of 5 hexonal shaped porcelain storage containers, each with lid, for the storage and home use of (1,2) "Koffie", (3,4) "Thee", (5,6) "Suiker", (7,8) "Peper" and (9,10) "Zout".

Historical information

According to Dutch tradition this type of sets have normally 3 large containers (coffee, tea and sugar) and sometimes 2 small containers (salt and pepper). During manufacturing of this set, the labels on salt (Zout) and tea (Thee) container were interchanged, crating a A-Typical set with large salt container and a small tea container. Likely ordered from Dutch East Indies and manufactured in China.

Significance

A rare example of an imperfect product surviving to create an historic record.

Inscriptions & Markings

When the glass side of the display case disintegrated and all shelves and items fell down. two lids broke. They are repaired (but the cracks are visible)

Drinking Mug (Melk Beker)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A smallish mug used for drinking milk. It is decorated with items celebrating 10 years since the Liberation from German occupation. There is no handle.

Historical information

Liberation Day still looms large in the Dutch consciousness and would have done even more so a mere 10 years after the event. All kinds of commemorative articles were produced.

Inscriptions & Markings

Dutch coat of arms including the words "Je Maintiendrai" (I will overcome) - all in orange. Two flags protrude - seemingly from the lions' paws. The reverse view shows a colourful scene of celebrating children one of of whom is being carried by an Allied Armies soldier. A pennant has the words:"1945 5MEI 1955" in orange. Below the scene are the words "10e BEVRIJDINGSDAG" (10th Liberation Day) in blue.

Souvenir Miniature Clog

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

This is actually a miniature sailing ship based on a small wooden clog. The two parchment sails carry heraldic decorations While the top mast also has a small red, white and blue flag. The varnished clog is decorated with a small typically Dutch scene and the word "Holland". "Made in Holland" is printed on the underside.

Historical information

During the 17th century, or the Golden Age, the Dutch Republic was involved in a number of wars at sea. The main goal of the Dutch navy was to protect shipping lanes all over the world and, if need be, to repel a naval invasion of Dutch territory. They also constantly searched for new territories from which to import the spices vital for the preservation of food.

Significance

The Dutch are historically very proud of their seafaring history and honour "heroes" such as Dik Tromp, Piet Hein and Michel de Ruyter. These men were actually as much pirates as anything else and preyed on the treasures brought back from South America by the Spanish and Portuguese.

Inscriptions & Markings

Made in Holland

Miniature Bamboo Rickshaw

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A small but faithful bamboo replica of the three-wheeled mode of transport known as a cycle rickshaw. Wire has been used to construct a kind of axle that joins the two pedals via a small bamboo tube below the cycle's crossbar and the seat. Although the pedals can be turned this is not an option for the wheels which are firmly glued.

Historical information

The item most likely originates from the former Dutch East Indies where this mode of transport is still available though now supplemented with auto-rickshaws.

Significance

The item hearkens back to the years of Dutch occupation of what is now Indonesia and the fact that many Dutch lived, worked and felt at home there.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the back the rickshaw displays registration number 3947. This seems to have been applied with a stamp pad.

Hot water bottle (warme kruik)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Hollow cylindrical copper tube with copper screw top with circular handle.

Historical information

Given to former prisoners in Japanese camps in the former Dutch East Indies after liberation 1946.

Significance

Dutch colonists suffered incarceration under the Japanese occupation of former Dutch East Indies. Post-war many returned to The Netherlands where they suffered from the cold. It was difficult for them to settle in and this gift would have been a welcome gesture of acceptance.

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten label says: Warm water kruik aan ons gegeven toen wij koud en berooid uit de Japanse kampen kwamen Jan 1946 (Hot water bottle given to us when we came out of the Japanese camps, cold and destitute, Jan 1946).

Money Purse (Portemonnee)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A black leather purse with partitions for bank notes and coins. There is a stud to close the coin section and a brass clip to close the purse as a whole. One section contains two notes to the value of two and a half guilders; another has 19 coins to the value of 10c each; the main section holds 2 coins worth 1 guilder each, 7 worth 25cents, 3 x 5cent coins and 3 x 1 cent.

Historical information

These purses were common in The Netherlands in the mid-twentieth century but were laid aside in favour of wallets once plastic cards were introduced.

Small framed tiles.

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Set of three small framed tiles with humourous Dutch sayings.

Inscriptions & Markings

(a) Ik hoef niet te zwemmen in het geld maar pootje baden vind ik fijn. (I don't need to swim in money but I enjoy paddling in it). (b) Mannen moeten zijn als coffee, sterk goed en warm. (Men need to be like coffee, strong good and warm. (c Praat niet over jezelf, dat doen wij wel als je weg bent.

Dutch miitary long coat

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Dutch miitary long coat with lion emblem brass buttons - of heavy greenish material

Historical information

Part of the small collection of uniforms in DAHC's possession. Like most of these uniform this one stems from the 1950's.

Significance

Many of the 1950's period uniforms came from people that had been discharged after having served in the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia) during the Indonesian War of Independence.

Framed Certificate

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Official declaration establishing the Dutch Consulate in Melbourne. The framed declaration is signed by the Dutch Minister of Foreign Affairs and the Dutch Queen, Wilhemina of Orange, on 9 May 1924.

Historical information

The declaration was noticed in an antique shop by a Dutch antique dealer who purchased it and donated it to the DAHC.

Inscriptions & Markings

Dated: 9 Mei negentien vier en twintig ( 9 May 1924 ) and signed by Queen Wilhelmina. Has creases that somebody tried to fix with white-out.

Tea Cosy (Lined)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Half rounded cotton padded teapot warmer (Dutch "theemuts" = tea bonnet) with inserted plywood base. White outside with grey-blue Delft tile motifs, lined with navy blue taffeta and padded with kapok. Metal carrying handle under which there is a clasp which opens and closes the cosy.

Historical information

This kind of tea cosy was found in just about every Dutch home in the 1950's. It took pride of place on the tea trolley and took the place of, or was an alternative to, the tea lights which also served to keep the teapot warm. It held a large teapot and although it was very effective in keeping the tea warm, after a couple of hours the tea became rather bitter and tasted "stewed". Since the Dutch are not in the habit of adding milk to their tea, the late afternoon cuppa was not always a favourite.

Significance

A symbol of what the Dutch prize above all, namely "gezelligheid", which means homely cosiness. The afternoon tea ritual ("thee-uurtje") was a very important time of the day as children came home from school to a cosily lit home with their mother presiding over pouring out the tea and distributing biscuits (one at a time!)

Inscriptions & Markings

none

Money Collecting Dish (Geldbakje)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

This is a copper, oval-shaped dish with low (about 2cm) sides, part covered in brass, with brass handle and about 15cm in length.

Significance

Used to collect coins from those listening to street musicians, particularly the barrel organ grinder. It was customary to rattle the coins in an attempt to attract further donations.

Inscriptions & Markings

Cover displays barrel organ in relief.

Footwear - Clogs

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Pair of male size wooden clogs - completely covering feet, finished with clear varnish and shoe lace like decorations.

Historical information

Wooden shoes are / have been widely used in North-Western Europe (Scandinavia, parts of Germany, UK, The Netherlands, Belgium and Northern France). The models vary from a wooden sole and toe covering (Scandinavia, UK, Northern France) to a complete cover of the whole foot (The Netherlands and parts of Belgium). They are mostly made from poplar wood, but occasionally also from other softwoods like willow. The clogs' finish varies from plain wood or carved wood to varnished or painted versions, often with decorations. Nowadays special models are made for tourists with pictures of Dutch landscapes, tulips or windmills.

Significance

Although wooden shoes are also used in other countries, the full foot covering model has become one of the symbols of the Netherlands, like the tulips and the old style houses in towns like Amsterdam.

Inscriptions & Markings

Brand indication V Z clog and size 43/44 = 28 1/2cm - Shoe laces like decorations.

Balinese Woodcut

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Carved and lacquered wooden image of male and female heads. Each is wearing a highly decorative headdress giving the impression of a special ceremony such as a wedding. The necks of the figures merge into further carving, this time of an abstract theme.

Historical information

Balinese art is art of Hindu-Javanese origin that grew from the work of artisans of the Majapahit Kingdom, with their expansion to Bali in the late 14th century. From the sixteenth until the twentieth centuries, the village of Kamasan, Klungkung (East Bali), was the centre of classical Balinese art. During the first part of the twentieth century, new varieties of Balinese art developed. Since the late twentieth century, Ubud and its neighboring villages established a reputation as the center of Balinese art.

Significance

This is likely a memento of the Dutch/Indonesia era.

Comic Book - Billy Turf - Billy Turf 10

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Soft-cover comic book

Historical information

The Billy Turf series of stories is one of the few comic books originating in the UK instead of the area Belgium, The Netherlands and France.

Significance

Comic Books are traditionally more popular in The Netherlands (and France and Belgium) than they are in Australia. There are in the Netherlands shops that only sell comic books. Most of these comic books originate from the area The Netherlands, Belgium and France.

Inscriptions & Markings

slightly worn

Coffee pot (Koffie pot)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A green enamel coffee pot (a) with a separate matching lid (b).

Inscriptions & Markings

Narrow goldish circles near the top, middle and bottom

Earthenware gin bottle (jeneverkruik)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Tan earthenware bottle with cork stopper with plastic top.

Inscriptions & Markings

Inscribed around shoulder: ERVEN LUCAS BOLS ‘T LOOTSJE AMSTERDAM 1 LITER. On front of bottle: Upper label Z.O. GENEVER = very old gin. The name BOLS in bold black diagonally across the label. Description in Dutch and English . Smaller lower label with serving suggestions in 6 languages except Dutch. Back of bottle: label stating again this is a very old gin and a barcode which suggests a relatively recent date of manufacture.

Wooden Plaque

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Large rectangular timber plaque with scalloped edges depicting historic shipwrecks of Western Australia.

Historical information

The VOC sent its trading ships to the (then) Dutch East Indies to collect spices and other goods. In the 17th century accurate navigation was not always possible and ships might end up on the wild, unchartered West Australian coastline.

Significance

Item recalls the fact that the WA coast was unintentionally visited by Dutch ships during the 17th and 18th centuries. Because the coast was so unattractive the Dutch did not try to settle the country.

Inscriptions & Markings

An insert reads: "Historic Shipwrecks of Western Australia (Protected as of 1983). Coastal cities are marked with their names and dots along the coastline indicate wreck sites. Most are named and dated; others marked as unidentified. An inset map deals with the area around Fremantle and shows a large number of wrecks. A separate typed notice attached to the map identifies the five known Dutch wrecks - all ships of the VOC - Vereennigde East Indian Compagnie (Dutch East India Company). Further than that there are a distance scale and a compass.

Booklet - Bun Historiael

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

84pp booklet; regular publication of the Bunschoten Historic Society. It has a coloured cover; photos inside are in black and whitel

Inscriptions & Markings

20e jaargang nr.2, april 1999. (20th edition, no.2, Aprill 1999).

Brass Dustpan (Blik)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Dustpan with handle made out of sheet of brass folded into shape and held together by copper rivets.

Significance

During the latter part of the 20th century utilitarian objects such as this were often replicated in brass to become part of brassware collections.

Small metal ornament

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Small brass-coloured ornament from the former Dutch East Indies. It depicts a team of two bullocks drawing a plough. The farmer is seated on the plough and swinging a whip.

Historical information

Very likely a souvenir brought back from the former Dutch East-Indies.

Vegetable Bucket (Groenten Emmer)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

The metal bucket is enamelled in green on the outside and grey on the inside. It has a plain handle.

Historical information

Vegetables buckets were used to collect vegetables from the garden, greengrocer or other supplier.

Significance

The item speaks of a time when people either grew their own food or bought it from delivery carts.

Inscriptions & Markings

The word "GROENTEN" (vegetables) in white enameling underlined by 3 gold rings that go right around the bucket.

Children's skates (Kinderschaatsen)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

4649 (a) and (b) Wooden upper, pointed at both ends; steel blade fastened with central rivet; leather ankle and toe straps. Front straps have eyelets through which very strong crossgrain strap was threaded to tie skate onto shoe, rear strap has hole either side to thread the strap through for tying under shoe instep and around top of shoe and around ankle.

Historical information

Medieaval and 17th century Dutch paintings show winterscapes with children from the Low Countries skating on skates of similar pattern.

Significance

The Dutch love of skating is exemplified by the fact that so many brought their skates with them to their new country.

Inscriptions & Markings

R 21 (on right skate) 21 (on left skate)

Public Warning Sign (Verboden Toegang)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Small rectangular plastic sign forbidding entry.

Historical information

This is a common sign in The Netherlands were the British "Right of Way" for walkers does not exist.

Inscriptions & Markings

Verboden Toegang. Art.461. Wetb. v. Strafr. (Non-abbreviated text would read Artikel 461 Wetboek van Strafrecht) In English: Access denied; punishable by article 461 of the penal code.

Cigar Tin

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Square metal tin with hinged lid. The four sides are colourfully decorated with pictures and words from the traditional "leesplank" or early reading board, now a nostalgia item.

Significance

Cigar smoking was a popular sign of maturity and/or sophistication among Dutch men until the danger to health became better known.

Inscriptions & Markings

The lid carries an insigna picturing tobacco leaves, a starry banner and small globe with cross, surrounded by the words: Senator Sigarenfabrieken-Valkenswaard-Holland. A sticker on the underneath side of the tin reads: 50 senator riche.

Commemorative Plate (Gedenkbord)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A ceramic plate decorated in blue with pictures and words. Central to the image is a coat of arms featuring a central lion and 4 identical hunting horns. The whole is surmounted by a crown. The rim is decorated with orange blossoms.

Historical information

Maastricht, Holland, was the city where Petrus Regout established the De Sphinx pottery in 1836. De Sphinx operated under the name Petrus Regout & Co. until 1899. The firm was noted for its transfer-printed earthenware. Many factories in Maastricht are still making ceramics.

Significance

The plate was created to celebrate the silver jubilee of Queen Wilhelmina in 1923.

Inscriptions & Markings

The words read: "Mijn schilt en de betrouwen Syt Ghy O God myn Heer. Op U soo wil ick bouwen Verlaat my nimmermeer." These are words from the second verse of the National Anthem recorded in Old Dutch. The dates 1898-1923 also feature on the front of the plate. The back bears the maker's stamp, an imprint of a small arrow, an imprint of ¾ and the words "Made in Holland". The maker's stamp reads: "Petrus Regout & Co Maastricht". It is surmounted by a sphinx. There are also two holes in the rim to enable hanging of the plate.

Enamelled Potato Bucket (Aardappel Emmer)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

The bucket is green enamelled on the outside and grey enamelled on the inside. The metal carry handle is looped through metal loops protruding above the rim.

Significance

The Dutch traditionally ate large quantities of potatoes. These would be peeled ahead of time by available labour (e.g., mother, children, visiting relatives) and kept under water till it was time to cook them. Vegetables were similarly prepared and kept under water to prevent browning before cooking.

Inscriptions & Markings

Aardappelen (Potatoes)

Book - MAX HAVELAAR of de koffieveilingen der Nederlandsche Handel - Maatschappij. (Max Havelaar or the coffiee auctions of the Dutch Trading Company)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A 270p. soft cover book.

Significance

Multatuli was considered the most important Dutch language publication of the 19th century.

Inscriptions & Markings

This 1958 edition is based on the 1881 edition, the final one edited by the author himself.

Enamel dishwashing bowl (afwasteiltje)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Oval, two handles either end, green outside decorated around circumference with three gilded lines, white inside. Signs of wear and tear, including rust hole

Historical information

Made in 1940s and brought to Australia by Dutch migrants in the 1950s. Typical Dutch household item of 1940s and 1950s.

Significance

Washing up was usually done in a bowl such as this, not in a sink. An expression of Dutch domestic culture.

Nest of four enamel bowls (vier bijpassende emaille schaaltjes)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

4219 (a), (b), (c) and (d) Shallow cream enamel bowls with green rim, straight stepped edge indented above curved section

Historical information

Brought to Australia by Dutch migrants as part of kitchen apparatus

Wall Tile (Tegel)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Square off-white tile depicting a traditionally clad farmer's wife holding a basket of eggs and watching a hen running from her newly-laid egg. There appears also a proverb written In dialect: "Je kan d'eiers nie telle, vòdat je z'in 't bènnetje eit." (You can't count your eggs till they're in the basket.) A decorative border surrounds the scene and includes © with the initials R.S. The illustrations and wording are in brown. A hook for hanging has been affixed to the back.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the back the tile is inscribed MOSA HOLLAND and bears the numbers 213.

St Gregorius Choir Memorial Board

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Board lists the names of the people who died while being members of the St Gregorius Choir, or who had to resign because of ill health. The board was donated to the St Gregorius Choir by the Hurkens Family.

Child Size Peat Cutter

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Metal Peat cutter with wooden handle.Varnished pine has been used and the cutting blade is painted black. Used together with wooden flat-bed wheelbarrow (Item 4139) and peat spade (Item 4142)

Historical information

Originated in Drente where cutting peat was one of the main industries. Used together with wheelbarrow (Item 4139) and peat spade (Item 4142).

Significance

A rare example referring to the peat cutting industry.

Wooden Clog (Klompje)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Single wooden clog decorated with burnt-in rustic scene and patterned decorations.

Historical information

Wooden clogs were common footwear for farmers and their families.

Booklet - Cultuur-historie aan het Eemmeer (Culture and History around Lake Eem)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A colourful 32pp booklet published as extra-edition of the historic Bunschoten periodical 'Bunscote'.

Significance

Although this publication has no date it is obviously from the 2nd half of the 20th century and put together by the local historic society in an effort to record certain traditions and promote the local area. It is aimed at visiting tourists and includes maps with walk and cycle routes.

Inscriptions & Markings

Names of the editing team, co-ordinator, graphic artist and printer are all recorded.

Duffel bag - maritime (Plunjezak)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Canvas bag, off-white, 8 eyelets around top threaded through with rope ends tied together with splice and monkey's fist knot, threaded through a looped pitch-treated rope. Loop tied into uneven figure eight.

Historical information

Bag has travelled at least twice between the Netherlands and Australia, possibly from Rotterdam. Only one owner's name. Based on the skillfully knotted ropes, it was probably owned by a sailor.

Significance

Constant travel between the Netherlands and Australia. The Waterman was a migrant ship form 1951 until 1963.

Inscriptions & Markings

Personal markings: On side of bag, done by hand, F. KORTLEVEN Underneath, WATERMAN MELBOURNE Further down bag, faint F. KORTLEVEN AUSTRALIE M/S BLIT..28, ....R'DAM FRE

Sailors' Health Insurance

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Coffee grinder (koffiemolen)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Coffee grinder, wooden body, metal top. Wooden drawer in bottom, metal contaner for ground coffee. Metal top has circular raised section which has an opening with sliding lid to put in coffee beans. Metal handle with wooden knob in centre of top, connects with grinding mechanism inside metal top.

Historical information

Brought to Australia in the 1950s by Dutch migrants. These coffee grinders were in common use in the 1940s amd 1950s as an altrrnative to wall-mounted coffee grinders. They were operated by clamping the grinder between one' knees.

Significance

The drinking of coffee is a highly social ritual among Dutch people. They brought this ritual with nthem to Australia as is evidenced by the number of coffee grinders and other coffee psraphernalia donated to the DAHC.

Inscriptions & Markings

Pe De on front above drawer.

Sugar tin (suikerbus)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Orange painted tin with inscriptions and decorations. Motifs of thatched huts and palm trees suggest it was painted in the (then) Dutch East Indies.

Significance

Used for storing sugar

Inscriptions & Markings

Suiker (sugar) on front and back.

Imitation smoothing Iron (Strijkijzer)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Brass smoothing iron most likely produced for the souvenir industry. The original would have held coal or charcoal. The lid can be lifted and there are openings to allow smoke to escape. The lid can be fastened to the main body with a hook. .

Historical information

In their original form these smoothing irons were filled with hot coal or charcoal and used to remove creases from garments.

Sjoelbak met schijven - Dutch Skittles Game

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

(1) Sjoelbak with (2) storage cover across two centre gates during storage (3) two-ply centre gates (4) 30 sjoel discs (not individually numbered).