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Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria Carnegie, Victoria

The Dutch Australian Heritage Centre has been established to collect and display items of recognised significance relating to immigrants who arrived here from the Netherlands and the former Dutch East Indies, with special emphasis on migration in the post WWII period.

Please note: THESE ITEMS ARE NOT FOR SALE

Contact Information

location
60 Rosstown Road Carnegie Victoria (map)
phone
+61 0419549376
Contact

Opening Hours

By appointment - call Mr Michael Gijsberts on 0419 549 376

Entry Fee

Free Entry. However, donations are welcome.

Location

60 Rosstown Road Carnegie Victoria

View on Google Maps

The DAHC collection consists primarily of personal and household items donated by Dutch immigrants. As most of the migrants arrived in the 1950s, the collection presents a historical insight into Dutch culture, both in the Netherlands and in the Dutch communities in Australia.

Meredith Blake 29 May 2013 9:48 AM

Love the new items you have catalogued recently! Great work

Jose Sendeckyj 13 May 2016 10:21 AM

As an immigrant from The Netherlands in the early 60's to Australia, it is heartening and very interesting to see the digital documentation of Dutch culture for posterity! Great work - I hope to assist in the future in some small way.

Michael Gijsberts 13 May 2016 11:03 AM

To Jose Sendeckyj, Thanks for your heartening comments. And yes do come and visit us and possibly lend a helping hand at our 'working bees'

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124 items with images

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124 items with images

Nest of four enamel bowls (vier bijpassende emaille schaaltjes)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

4219 (a), (b), (c) and (d) Shallow cream enamel bowls with green rim, straight stepped edge indented above curved section

Historical information

Brought to Australia by Dutch migrants as part of kitchen apparatus

Coal Shuttle (Kolenkit)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A souvenir imitation coal shuttle fashioned from beaten copper. It is on a brass stand and has brass handles fastened with lion head studs and copper rivets. The handle has an imitation Delft blue grip.

Wall Tile (Tegel)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Square off-white tile depicting a traditionally clad farmer's wife holding a basket of eggs and watching a hen running from her newly-laid egg. There appears also a proverb written In dialect: "Je kan d'eiers nie telle, vòdat je z'in 't bènnetje eit." (You can't count your eggs till they're in the basket.) A decorative border surrounds the scene and includes © with the initials R.S. The illustrations and wording are in brown. A hook for hanging has been affixed to the back.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the back the tile is inscribed MOSA HOLLAND and bears the numbers 213.

Child Size Peat Cutter

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Metal Peat cutter with wooden handle.Varnished pine has been used and the cutting blade is painted black. Used together with wooden flat-bed wheelbarrow (Item 4139) and peat spade (Item 4142)

Historical information

Originated in Drente where cutting peat was one of the main industries. Used together with wheelbarrow (Item 4139) and peat spade (Item 4142).

Significance

A rare example referring to the peat cutting industry.

Tile

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A rectangular ceramic tile on which is printed a verse to honour the importance of friendship. The author is Toon Hermans, a very popular post-war entertainer.

Inscriptions & Markings

The 16 line poem is named "Vrinden" (Friends)

Earthenware gin bottle (jeneverkruik)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Tan earthenware bottle with cork stopper with plastic top.

Inscriptions & Markings

Inscribed around shoulder: ERVEN LUCAS BOLS ‘T LOOTSJE AMSTERDAM 1 LITER. On front of bottle: Upper label Z.O. GENEVER = very old gin. The name BOLS in bold black diagonally across the label. Description in Dutch and English . Smaller lower label with serving suggestions in 6 languages except Dutch. Back of bottle: label stating again this is a very old gin and a barcode which suggests a relatively recent date of manufacture.

Children's skates (Kinderschaatsen)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

4649 (a) and (b) Wooden upper, pointed at both ends; steel blade fastened with central rivet; leather ankle and toe straps. Front straps have eyelets through which very strong crossgrain strap was threaded to tie skate onto shoe, rear strap has hole either side to thread the strap through for tying under shoe instep and around top of shoe and around ankle.

Historical information

Medieaval and 17th century Dutch paintings show winterscapes with children from the Low Countries skating on skates of similar pattern.

Significance

The Dutch love of skating is exemplified by the fact that so many brought their skates with them to their new country.

Inscriptions & Markings

R 21 (on right skate) 21 (on left skate)

Child's Petticoat

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Petticoat to be worn under child's white First Communion dress, made of white parachute silk sewn in extremely tiny stitches by machine and hand. French seams are used for the sides and shoulders; the hem is handsewn. The garment is fastened at the neck with a narrow white satin ribbon.

Historical information

This petticoat dress was sewn by Mrs. van den Heuvel and her friend M/s Jos Tersteeg for Marjo van den Heuvel to wear under a white dress on the occasion of her cousin Peter Beeker's First Holy Communion.

Significance

The material was obtained from one of the many parachutes that became available during the Allied offensive of 1944/45. This material was very welcome after the deprivations suffered during the 5 year German occupation.

Decorative Cake Slide

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

(a) Silver-coated intricately patterned cake slide. Carvings on a floral theme are done in relief. Edges are irregular. The handle end features a female form reminiscent of a ship's figure head.

Inscriptions & Markings

The word "Italy" is engraved on the back of the slide in very tiny writing.

Money Collecting Dish (Geldbakje)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

This is a copper, oval-shaped dish with low (about 2cm) sides, part covered in brass, with brass handle and about 15cm in length.

Significance

Used to collect coins from those listening to street musicians, particularly the barrel organ grinder. It was customary to rattle the coins in an attempt to attract further donations.

Inscriptions & Markings

Cover displays barrel organ in relief.

Dutch miitary long coat

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Dutch miitary long coat with lion emblem brass buttons - of heavy greenish material

Historical information

Part of the small collection of uniforms in DAHC's possession. Like most of these uniform this one stems from the 1950's.

Significance

Many of the 1950's period uniforms came from people that had been discharged after having served in the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia) during the Indonesian War of Independence.

Commemorative Plate

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Decorative plate to commemorate Queen Juliana's ascension of the Dutch throne in 1948. The plate is meant to be hung and has a piece of string for this purpose inserted through the rim on the back of the plate.

Historical information

The item was created by Bouwens and van Kampen, a ceramics business founded in Bussum by Greta Klaar. Greta married her pupil Johannes Bouwens in Amsterdam during the war. The couple then moved to Soest where the business became known as "De vlieg-uut". It went from strength to strength until a fatal accident in 1970 after which it was permanently closed. The designers and ceramicists specialised in small plates such as this commemorative one for Queen Juliana's accession to the throne following the abdication of her mothe, Queen Wilhelmina.

Significance

The item recalls the joyful celebrations that took place in Septermber 1948 when Juliana accepted the throne from her mother Queen Wilhelmina. The Queen had reigned for 50 years including the period of 1940-45 (WWII) during which she carried out her duties from London. Juliana and her family resided in Ottawa, Canada during those years. To some extent this event was the final celebration of liberation from the tyranny of occupation and the welcoming back of the Royal family to Dutch soil.

Inscriptions & Markings

The inscription reads: "Juliana Koningin 6 Sept.1948". On the back are the marks: "290KR." "BVK Soest" and "P.H.". It is gaily painted in red, blue and green on an off-white background. The central scene is recognisably Amsterdam with church tower, stepped gables and Dutch flags. The border consists of a circle of red, white and blue flowers; leaves are green.

Coffee pot set (Koffie servies)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

(a) - (w) - A tall, off white, ceramic pot with matching sugar bowl, milk jug, and eight cups and saucers. Two scenes, Westertoren and Montelbaanstoren are found on the sides of the body of the coffee pot. Scenes of Amsterdam are also seen on the other items. Two plates for serving biscuits or cakes both also with Amsterdam scenes complete the set. The edges of these are curved slightly upwards.

Inscriptions & Markings

Item 5140(v) has the words "Nieuwmarket met Waag" (Newmarket with Weighing House); the inscription on 5140(w) reads: "Waterlooplein", (Waterloo Square). On the bottom of some items the words "Viller and Bosch" appear.

Commemorative Tile

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Rectangular tile depicting a leafy tree loaded with oranges. Under it are four young people - two male and two female. The main colours are green on a greyish background. Orange accents appear throughout the clothing.

Historical information

Princess Juliana and Prince Bernard married in 1937 prior to the Princess becoming Queen in 1948.

Significance

The fact that this item was brought to Australia with a migrant family indicates the affection in which the Royal Family was held by many Dutch people.

Inscriptions & Markings

An orange banner reads 1937-1962. Below the illustration is the motto: "Doen kunnen we alles maar dan ook alleen allen samen." (We can do everything but only together). On the back are various imprints relating to the maker Mosa Holland.

Porcelain storage containers for "Koffie" "Thee" "Suiker" "Peper" and "Zout"

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Set of 5 hexonal shaped porcelain storage containers, each with lid, for the storage and home use of (1,2) "Koffie", (3,4) "Thee", (5,6) "Suiker", (7,8) "Peper" and (9,10) "Zout".

Historical information

According to Dutch tradition this type of sets have normally 3 large containers (coffee, tea and sugar) and sometimes 2 small containers (salt and pepper). During manufacturing of this set, the labels on salt (Zout) and tea (Thee) container were interchanged, crating a A-Typical set with large salt container and a small tea container. Likely ordered from Dutch East Indies and manufactured in China.

Significance

A rare example of an imperfect product surviving to create an historic record.

Inscriptions & Markings

When the glass side of the display case disintegrated and all shelves and items fell down. two lids broke. They are repaired (but the cracks are visible)

Lieutenant Dress Uniform Dutch Army

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Part of Dutch army uniform: (1) dress jacket with (2) cotton dress belt, (3a) leather belt with (3b) cross belt, (4) khaki tie and (5) cap with names W. van Reed//Dorland on the inside. Jacket has brass buttons, NL lion embroidered on sleeve, "genie" emblem on shoulder strap and rank sign (one star - Lieutenant) on collar. Note: match box "Drogist Lucifers" left in pocket.

Historical information

Part of the small collection of uniforms in DAHC's possession. Like most of these uniform this one stems from the 1950's. The shoulder insignas indicate a "Genie" division (Engineering Corps).

Significance

Many of the 1950's period uniforms came from people that had been discharged after having served in the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia) during the Indonesian Indepence War.

Inscriptions & Markings

(1) Label jacket text "Maatkleding, Maison Jordi & Cie, tel 4608, Amersfoort" and rank indication (Lt). (5) Cap has names W van Reed & Dortland. "Drogist Lucifers" on matchbox in pocket.

Commemorative Plate

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A common ceramic plate, originally white but painted over as a tribute to those who fell defending their country against the Nazi invasion on May 10, 1940. A handmade wire hanging is twisted around the plate.

Historical information

This plate was obviously created to honour those who were killed defending their country at the time of the invasion - May 10, 1940. The maker appears to have taken an ordinary plate and painted it him or herself.

Significance

This is a rate item as it was produced during the war in contrast to the many plates and other items to commemorate the Liberation in May 1945.

Inscriptions & Markings

Aan Hen Die Vielen Voor Hun Vaderland (To those Who Fell For Their Country). 10 Mei 1940. The centre of the plate is handpainted and shows a Dutch flag, a lion rampant and two military graves. On the back is the makers's symbol (a resting lion), the manufacturer's name and Maastricht 1941. Also Made in Holland.

Small orange tin with lid.

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A tall square tin with snug-fitting lid produced to contain 200gram "Dutch hail", a sugary product eaten on Dutch rusks or slices of bread; usually on celebratory occasions. The main colour is orange and it is also richly decorated with scenes recalling the 1945 Liberation.

Historical information

WWII Liberation 50th anniversary

Significance

The Dutch have never forgotten their debt to the Allied forces or the joy of the 1945 liberation.

Inscriptions & Markings

De Ruyter Oranje hagel. Ter gelegenheid van de viering van 50 jaar bevrijding in Nederland 1945-1995 (on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the liberation in The Netherlands 1945-1995). There is also a list of ingredients that constitute the hail and other commercial markings.

(a) Leesplankje (b)Leesplankje letter collection (c) Book: 'Het Leesplankje' - (c)Het Leesplankje

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

a) Reading Board - an aid to lelarning to read. b ) A small round tin containing the necessary letters to build the words shown and illustrated on "leesplankjes" or reading boards. (See also item 4839). c) Book produced in 2014 concerning the variety of these reading boards with the addition of word games and reading practice.

Historical information

Leesplankjes were first created in the last decade of the 19th century and continued to be created in a number of variations until the 1950's. Separate editions were used for Dutch populations abroad, e.g., the Dutch East Indies.

Significance

Every Dutch primary school child would have been familiar with these boards and letters. A number of variations existed depending on the particular area in The Netherlands where the school was. There were distinctive boards for e.g., South Africa and Dutch East Indies.

Inscriptions & Markings

a) variety of nouns containing an assortment of diphthongs. b )Lettertjes bij Hoogeveens leesplankje*J.B.Wolters. Groningen* (Letters for Hoogeveen reading boards) c) Book Title: Het Leesplankje met woordspelletje en oefeningen. (The Reading Board with word games and exercises).

Booklet - Kampje Spelen (Playing Internment Camp)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Simply produced 30page booklet. It is the printed version of a handwritten booklet produced in July 1945 by Mrs Axie Mazèl Krammer to help her children deal with the memories of their imprisonment by the Japanese in the former Dutch East Indies. The materials and style imitate the simple materials that were available for the author during their 4 years of imprisonment and deprivation.

Historical information

Mrs. Axie Mazèl - Krammer and her friend Anneke Rappard each had two daughters with them in the Women's camp in Banjoe Biroe. Prior to her marriage Axie Krammer von Marchau had studied languages, literature and pedagogy and particularly the art of teaching through play. The spirit and optimism of these two women contributed to the survival of their 4 little girls. An accomplished artist Mrs. Mazèl created the original of this booklet for the 6th birthday of her friend's daughter Anne Marie on July 30, 1945.

Significance

The illustrated story of children playing at internment does not hide the reality of their lives but puts in the context of a game of make-believe. The make-believe is illustrated in colour while the harsh reality is recognised in a small black and grey sketch in a corner of each page.

Inscriptions & Markings

The name "A. Kelleners" is written on the flyleaf.

Dress uniform of a major in Dutch Army, communication section

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Dress uniform of major in Communications Regiment of Royal Netherlands Army, existing out of black coat with rank and regiment type indications and pants.

Inscriptions & Markings

Two stars and laurel leaves on shoulder epaulettes indicate rank of major. Collar batch indicates a communication regiment. Coat has label of manufacturer. Pants has name and rank of original owner.

Measuring Scoop (Maatbeker)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

The scoop is likely a brass replica of the enamelled scoops commonly used by milkmen when delivering milk to housewives. It has a curved handle. 2DL indicates a volume of 200ml.

Inscriptions & Markings

2DL is engraved on the scoop's side.

Small metal ornament

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Small brass-coloured ornament from the former Dutch East Indies. It depicts a team of two bullocks drawing a plough. The farmer is seated on the plough and swinging a whip.

Historical information

Very likely a souvenir brought back from the former Dutch East-Indies.

Kruikezeiker (Jug Pisser) Statue

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Bronze (?) male figure depicting him about to fill a jug with his urine. His right hand lifts his garment while he holds the jug in his left.

Historical information

A link to the folkloric custom that the poor sold their urine to the wool industry where it was used in wool washing. Current depictions of a stereotypical Kruikezeiker are based on the Tilburg sculpture created by Henk Smulders (1925-1994). Said statue is located on Nieuwlandstraat, Tilburg.

Significance

Tilburg has embraced this legend and named itself "Kruikezeiker Stad" (Jug City). The legend is brought to the fore during Karneval celebrations. It is a symbol of the city.

Inscriptions & Markings

Base edge carries the name: "H.Smulders" on the back; "Tilburg" on the side and "Kruikezeiker" on the front.

33.3 rpm LP in dustcover - 50 JAAR

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

33.3 rpm LP in cardboard Dustcover

Historical information

The record was issued to celebrate in 1984 the 50 year anniversary of the ground breaking flight in 1934 by the "Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij"'s (KLM) its passenger plane the "UIVER" from Amsterdam to Melbourne, opening herewith the regular air travel from the Netherlands to the Dutch East Indisch and Australia.

Significance

The "UIVER"flight from Amsterdam to Melbourne, opened the era of the regular air travel from the Netherlands to the Dutch East Indisch and Australia.

Inscriptions & Markings

with text: 50 JAAR "UIVER" 1934-1984 Flying High" made by CBS Records

Wooden Plaque

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Large rectangular timber plaque with scalloped edges depicting historic shipwrecks of Western Australia.

Historical information

The VOC sent its trading ships to the (then) Dutch East Indies to collect spices and other goods. In the 17th century accurate navigation was not always possible and ships might end up on the wild, unchartered West Australian coastline.

Significance

Item recalls the fact that the WA coast was unintentionally visited by Dutch ships during the 17th and 18th centuries. Because the coast was so unattractive the Dutch did not try to settle the country.

Inscriptions & Markings

An insert reads: "Historic Shipwrecks of Western Australia (Protected as of 1983). Coastal cities are marked with their names and dots along the coastline indicate wreck sites. Most are named and dated; others marked as unidentified. An inset map deals with the area around Fremantle and shows a large number of wrecks. A separate typed notice attached to the map identifies the five known Dutch wrecks - all ships of the VOC - Vereennigde East Indian Compagnie (Dutch East India Company). Further than that there are a distance scale and a compass.

Commemorative Mug (Melkbeker)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A souvenir pottery mug handed out to school children in Amsterdam in 1948 to commemorate the abdication of Queen Wilhelmina and the accession to the throne of Queen Juliana. This kind of mug (without a handle) was typically used by children to drink their milk. It is illustrated with the initials of the two Queens surrounded by oranges (for the House of Orange). Blue banners link the bunches of oranges. There is also a depiction of the famous steeple of the Wester Church, the Amsterdam coat of Arms, a ship, a bridge and a typical canal house.

Historical information

In 1898, when Princess Wilhelmina attained her majority, she succeeded her Mother, Queen Emma, who had been Regent for 10 years. Wilhelmina reigned for 50 years until her abdication in favour of her daughter Juliana in 1948.

Significance

The House of Orange is one of the most popular monarchies in Western democracies. Widespread celebrations accompanied the Abdication/Accession.

Inscriptions & Markings

Above the W: "Dankbaar voor het verleden" (Grateful for the past) 1898-1948. Above the J: "Vol vertrouwen in de toekomst" (Full of confidence in the future) 1948

Wall Tile (Tegel)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

(a) and (b) - A set of two ceramic wall tiles featuring historic buildings in the town of Heemstede in the province of North Holland. The images are in shades of blue. Tile (a) depicts the Dutch Reformed Church building (Netherlands Reformed Church). Tile (b) is an image of the Cruquius Museum on the site of a one-time pumping station.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the back of each tile are the words Mosa Royal Holland. Tile (a) also has the numbers 86 and 89 imprinted.

Etching

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

An historic small town scene etched (or possibly printed) on thin metal and subsequently fastened to a plywood backing. The delicately presented scene is said to show the intersection of Old Church Street and the Vliet Canal bridge in Voorburg, as well as a section of wharf. On the canal are one large and two much smaller vessels. A very tall crane-like construction arises from the wharf to the roof of waterside buildings. The people are soberly dressed in possibly 17th or 18th century costumes.

Historical information

The Vliet is a canal in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland. It starts at the Oude Rijn at Leiden and joins the Delfshavense Schie canal at Delft. Places along its banks include Voorschoten, Leidschendam, Voorburg, The Hague and Rijswijk. The canal was dug in 47 AD under command of Roman general Corbulo, who wished to connect the river Rhine, of which the current Oude Rijn stream in Roman times was the main branch, to the Meuse estuary. It is unclear what the canal's trajectory was beyond the current city of Delft; the Delfshavense Schie canal, which connects Delft to the Nieuwe Maas river was not dug until 1389. In the Middle Ages the Vliet was an important trade link that attracted all kinds of trade, as it flowed through the heart of the County of Holland. Windmills have been constructed alongside the Vliet, including the completely renovated mill 'De salamander' in Leidschendam. The Vliet area was particularly attractive among richer families, who built their mansions along its banks.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the reverse has been written: "Oude Kerkstraat Brug over de Vliet Voorburg". (Old Church Street; Bridge over the Vliet canal; Voorburg). However, research proves that the church is actually the Old Church in Delft, a short distance further down the Vliet Canal.

Decorative Plate (Sierbord)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Round plate with orange crown in centre. The crown is surrounded with the inscription Beatrix Wihelmina Armgard 31 Jan.1938. Around that are orange apples and green leaves. The outside of the plate is outlined with an orange border.

Significance

The Dutch are generally content with their Royal family and usually celebrate the birth of a new member of the ruling family. Beatrix was Queen Wilhelmina's first grandchild and destined to succeed the Queen's daughter and her mother Crown Princess Juliana. This is exactly what happened and Beatrix's own eldest child is the current (2018) King Willem Alexander. It was not unusual to present members of the populace with a commemorative item such as this plate.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the back are the words "Geschonken door de Gemeente Nijmegen ter Gelegenheid van Prinsesjes Geboorte". (Presented by the municipality of Nijmegen on the occasion of the princess' birth).

Enamel dishwashing bowl (afwasteiltje)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Oval, two handles either end, green outside decorated around circumference with three gilded lines, white inside. Signs of wear and tear, including rust hole

Historical information

Made in 1940s and brought to Australia by Dutch migrants in the 1950s. Typical Dutch household item of 1940s and 1950s.

Significance

Washing up was usually done in a bowl such as this, not in a sink. An expression of Dutch domestic culture.

Carnival Hat (carnavalshoed)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Decorative hat from silk-like material, coloured orange, green and cream and finished off with silvery gold band and other decorative items (see picture - also see items 6352 and 6353).

Historical information

Carnival (Dutch: Carnaval) is an important annual event heralding Lent in the southern provinces of The Netherlands, with each village often having its own "Carnavalsclub" and traditions. Many Dutch immigrantsg from the southern provinces have continued this tradition and formed their regional Carnavals Clubs in Australia. Each club has its own colourful uniforms, including specific hats. There are potentially three types of hats: A formal hat for official events, a work hat for use during normal club nights and for those members lucky enough to be chosen for a year as the "Prince" of the club, a Prince's Hat. Dutch Carnival is primarily a festival celebrating human folly which is why the hats are like jesters' caps. "Carnaval" comes with a rich tradition of ridiculing people and institutions of authority, and so, for instance, the "Prince" is saluted with military salutes which are performed the wrong way round, to the great merriment of onlookers. Special songs celebrating the foolishness of people in high places, such as politicians, are composed each year for "Carnaval".

Significance

For people from the southern provinces of the Netherlands, the annual "Carnaval" is an important cultural event.

Inscriptions & Markings

Has the name "L. Havel" on the inside.

Public Warning Sign (Verboden Toegang)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Small rectangular plastic sign forbidding entry.

Historical information

This is a common sign in The Netherlands were the British "Right of Way" for walkers does not exist.

Inscriptions & Markings

Verboden Toegang. Art.461. Wetb. v. Strafr. (Non-abbreviated text would read Artikel 461 Wetboek van Strafrecht) In English: Access denied; punishable by article 461 of the penal code.

Sugar tin (suikerbus)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Orange painted tin with inscriptions and decorations. Motifs of thatched huts and palm trees suggest it was painted in the (then) Dutch East Indies.

Significance

Used for storing sugar

Inscriptions & Markings

Suiker (sugar) on front and back.

Booklet - Cultuur-historie aan het Eemmeer (Culture and History around Lake Eem)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A colourful 32pp booklet published as extra-edition of the historic Bunschoten periodical 'Bunscote'.

Significance

Although this publication has no date it is obviously from the 2nd half of the 20th century and put together by the local historic society in an effort to record certain traditions and promote the local area. It is aimed at visiting tourists and includes maps with walk and cycle routes.

Inscriptions & Markings

Names of the editing team, co-ordinator, graphic artist and printer are all recorded.

Book - 25 Jaar Afsluitdijk 1932-1957 (25 years of the Enclosure Dike)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A 56page rectanguar book commemorating the opening of the Afsluitdijk. The cover is of thick card while within the pages of text are illustrated with black and white photographs.

Historical information

The book commemorates the opening of the Afsluitdijk in 1932. Shutting off the North Sea created the IJsselmeer and connected the provinces of North Holland and Friesland. It has remained an essential traffic artery every since.

Significance

The book records the cultural, economic and social impact of the Afsluitdijk on the Netherlands.

Inscriptions & Markings

Originally owned and eventually deregistered by "De Utrechtse Openbare Bibliotheek" (Utrecht Public Library). Another stamp. "Filiaal Elinkwijk" shows it was used by the library branch in Elinkwijk. Full title is "Vijfentwintig Jaar Afsluitdijk". Authors and illustrators are B. Den Oudsten en P.Terpstra with an introduction by the Queen's representative in Friesland, Mr.H.P.Linthorst Homan. Publisher is Algmeen Publiciteit Kantoor, Oosterkade 20b, Leeuwarden.

Book - MAX HAVELAAR of de koffieveilingen der Nederlandsche Handel - Maatschappij. (Max Havelaar or the coffiee auctions of the Dutch Trading Company)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A 270p. soft cover book.

Significance

Multatuli was considered the most important Dutch language publication of the 19th century.

Inscriptions & Markings

This 1958 edition is based on the 1881 edition, the final one edited by the author himself.

Wall Tile (Tegel)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A small, simply coloured ceramic tile commemorating the liberation of the Dutch East Indies on August 15, 1945. An illustrated paper applique has been stuck on the top surface.

Historical information

The Japanese occupied present day Indonesis from 7-12-1941 to 15-8-1945. Indonesia was a Dutch colony at the time and Dutch Indonesians were imprisoned, starved and otherwise treated with great cruelty.

Significance

This tile is of importance as a reminder of the War in the Pacific and the suffering of Dutch colonials during the Japanese occupation.

Inscriptions & Markings

The following words and phrases are recorded on the paper applique: 15 augustus 1945; NED. INDIE VRIJ; nooit vergeten (never forget). The dates 7-12-1941and 15-8-1945 record the time of Japanese occupation. The tile is further illustrated with a map of the (now) Indonesian islands; two cut lines of barbed wire and two triumphant lions.

Ceramic commemorative platter of ascenscion to throne of Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

White platter. Around the rim: at top, Beatrix Regina; underneath: Troonbestijging (ascension) 30 April 1980. Dutch royal coat of arms with motto 'Je maintendrai' (I shall perservere)

Significance

Commissioned in Australia, this platter illustrates the continued affection of Dutch migrants for the Dutch royal family.

Inscriptions & Markings

On reverse, logo HP 8076 Commisioned by H. van Hoek to Hallam Pottery Handmade and handpainted by Gerard Albers

Book - De Joodse Bruid (The Jewish Bride)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A 240p. paperback edition of the author's biographical experiences. It mostly describes her extraordinary survival of Hitler's Jew extermination policy.

Significance

Although this book is the biography of a Jewess from Vienna rather than from the Netherlands the author's experiences could have taken place in any of the Nazi-occupied countries. Her tale, however, is extraordinary in the combination of survival skills and luck that enabled her to live through the Jewish persecution of WWII.

Inscriptions & Markings

De Joodse Bruid - Edith Hahn Beer met Susan Dworkin. Zij trouwde een Nazi en redde haar leven. (She married a Nazi and saved her life). Original title : The Nazi Officer's Wife Translated by Ineke van Bronswijk ISBN 90 443 0092X

Drinking Mug (Melk Beker)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A smallish mug used for drinking milk. It is decorated with items celebrating 10 years since the Liberation from German occupation. There is no handle.

Historical information

Liberation Day still looms large in the Dutch consciousness and would have done even more so a mere 10 years after the event. All kinds of commemorative articles were produced.

Inscriptions & Markings

Dutch coat of arms including the words "Je Maintiendrai" (I will overcome) - all in orange. Two flags protrude - seemingly from the lions' paws. The reverse view shows a colourful scene of celebrating children one of of whom is being carried by an Allied Armies soldier. A pennant has the words:"1945 5MEI 1955" in orange. Below the scene are the words "10e BEVRIJDINGSDAG" (10th Liberation Day) in blue.

Pewter spoon

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Pewter spoon on wooden frame. Saint Peter figure top of handle, crossed keys below. Spoon bowl shows market scene with dentist.

Framed Ceramic Tile - Reproduction of painting

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Tile with colour print of of Dutch landscape in gold with black line frame protected on back with cardboard nailed to frame

Historical information

The picture on the tile is a reproduction of the painting "The Mill at Wijk bij Duurstede" which was painted around 1670 by the Dutch painter Jacob Isaacksz vab Ruysdael (1628-1682)

Significance

Souvenir type item, likely purchases at the souvenir shop of the (Dutch) Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam.

Inscriptions & Markings

Cardboard at back of of frame has text " Jacob Isaacksz van Ruisdael 1628-1682. "The Mill at Wijk bij Duurstede" (painted about 1670). Original size 32 5/8 " x 39 3/4" Oil on Canvas (note this is about 892x1009mm) Held in Rijksmuseum at Amsterdam

Souvenir Miniature Clog

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

This is actually a miniature sailing ship based on a small wooden clog. The two parchment sails carry heraldic decorations While the top mast also has a small red, white and blue flag. The varnished clog is decorated with a small typically Dutch scene and the word "Holland". "Made in Holland" is printed on the underside.

Historical information

During the 17th century, or the Golden Age, the Dutch Republic was involved in a number of wars at sea. The main goal of the Dutch navy was to protect shipping lanes all over the world and, if need be, to repel a naval invasion of Dutch territory. They also constantly searched for new territories from which to import the spices vital for the preservation of food.

Significance

The Dutch are historically very proud of their seafaring history and honour "heroes" such as Dik Tromp, Piet Hein and Michel de Ruyter. These men were actually as much pirates as anything else and preyed on the treasures brought back from South America by the Spanish and Portuguese.

Inscriptions & Markings

Made in Holland

Commemorative Tile (Regeerings Tegel)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A small square commemorative tile in celebration of the 40th anniversary of the reign of Queen Wilhelmina. Basically blue, it also features an orange tree with fruit, the Amsterdam city coat of arms and an inscription.

Historical information

This tile was produced in 1938 to honour the 40th anniversary of Queen wilhelmina's succession to the Dutch throne.

Significance

Significant because of the Dutch people's connection to their Royal House.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the front: "Regeerings Jubileum Koningin Wilhelmina 1898-1938". (Queen Wihelmina Jubilee 1898-1938). On the back: "Koninklyk Goedewaagen Gouda" and "NRvGelder&Co Amsterdam". A hole to enable hanging has been pierced in one corner .

Duffel bag - maritime (Plunjezak)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Canvas bag, off-white, 8 eyelets around top threaded through with rope ends tied together with splice and monkey's fist knot, threaded through a looped pitch-treated rope. Loop tied into uneven figure eight.

Historical information

Bag has travelled at least twice between the Netherlands and Australia, possibly from Rotterdam. Only one owner's name. Based on the skillfully knotted ropes, it was probably owned by a sailor.

Significance

Constant travel between the Netherlands and Australia. The Waterman was a migrant ship form 1951 until 1963.

Inscriptions & Markings

Personal markings: On side of bag, done by hand, F. KORTLEVEN Underneath, WATERMAN MELBOURNE Further down bag, faint F. KORTLEVEN AUSTRALIE M/S BLIT..28, ....R'DAM FRE

Book - Indie: Schetsen over onze kolonien in Oost-Indie verzameld door F. M. Gescher

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Hard cover book. Illustration on front cover, native of former Dutch East Indies.

Inscriptions & Markings

Front cover:Indie. Back cover een Dieben's boek. K1964

Brass Wall Plates

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Two heavy round brass wall plates depicting traditional occupations - one of a chairmaker, the other a blacksmith.

Inscriptions & Markings

(a) De Stoelemaaker (the chairmaker) (b) De Smidt (the smith)

Hot water bottle (warme kruik)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Hollow cylindrical copper tube with copper screw top with circular handle.

Historical information

Given to former prisoners in Japanese camps in the former Dutch East Indies after liberation 1946.

Significance

Dutch colonists suffered incarceration under the Japanese occupation of former Dutch East Indies. Post-war many returned to The Netherlands where they suffered from the cold. It was difficult for them to settle in and this gift would have been a welcome gesture of acceptance.

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten label says: Warm water kruik aan ons gegeven toen wij koud en berooid uit de Japanse kampen kwamen Jan 1946 (Hot water bottle given to us when we came out of the Japanese camps, cold and destitute, Jan 1946).

Footwear - Clogs

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Pair of male size wooden clogs - completely covering feet, finished with clear varnish and shoe lace like decorations.

Historical information

Wooden shoes are / have been widely used in North-Western Europe (Scandinavia, parts of Germany, UK, The Netherlands, Belgium and Northern France). The models vary from a wooden sole and toe covering (Scandinavia, UK, Northern France) to a complete cover of the whole foot (The Netherlands and parts of Belgium). They are mostly made from poplar wood, but occasionally also from other softwoods like willow. The clogs' finish varies from plain wood or carved wood to varnished or painted versions, often with decorations. Nowadays special models are made for tourists with pictures of Dutch landscapes, tulips or windmills.

Significance

Although wooden shoes are also used in other countries, the full foot covering model has become one of the symbols of the Netherlands, like the tulips and the old style houses in towns like Amsterdam.

Inscriptions & Markings

Brand indication V Z clog and size 43/44 = 28 1/2cm - Shoe laces like decorations.