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Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria Carnegie, Victoria

The Dutch Australian Heritage Centre has been established to collect and display items of recognised significance relating to immigrants who arrived here from the Netherlands and the former Dutch East Indies, with special emphasis on migration in the post WWII period.

Please note: THESE ITEMS ARE NOT FOR SALE

Contact Information

location
60 Rosstown Road Carnegie Victoria (map)
phone
+61 0419549376
Contact

Opening Hours

By appointment - call Mr Michael Gijsberts on 0419 549 376

Entry Fee

Free Entry. However, donations are welcome.

Location

60 Rosstown Road Carnegie Victoria

View on Google Maps

The DAHC collection consists primarily of personal and household items donated by Dutch immigrants. As most of the migrants arrived in the 1950s, the collection presents a historical insight into Dutch culture, both in the Netherlands and in the Dutch communities in Australia.

Meredith Blake 29 May 2013 9:48 AM

Love the new items you have catalogued recently! Great work

Jose Sendeckyj 13 May 2016 10:21 AM

As an immigrant from The Netherlands in the early 60's to Australia, it is heartening and very interesting to see the digital documentation of Dutch culture for posterity! Great work - I hope to assist in the future in some small way.

Michael Gijsberts 13 May 2016 11:03 AM

To Jose Sendeckyj, Thanks for your heartening comments. And yes do come and visit us and possibly lend a helping hand at our 'working bees'

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201 items

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201 items

Jewellery Box (Sieradendoosje)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Wooden box with lid, brass hinges, inlaid design on lid depicting a farm worker, surrounded by foliage, birds and mythical creatures, possibly garuda. Multiple types of wood. Light coloured inlaid piping around sides.

Significance

Links to Dutch East Indies, colonial and Dutch migration history.

Round tin with lid

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Round tin with lid decorated with 6 colourful pictures on both lid and tin. On the tin these pictures are also named. The tin is empty but once contained sweets. It was likely a promotional item by the firm Wolters-Noordhof. Noordhoff is a large educational publisher in The Netherlands.

Inscriptions & Markings

Wolters-Noordhof © is printed on the underside of the tin. Also ALLEGRO, Gouderak ℗

Sailors' Health Insurance

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Souvenir Miniature Clogs

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Unpainted wooden clogs held together with little red/white/blue ribbon tied in bow.

Brass Milk Measure

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A brass replica of the the milk measures used in the days the dairy farmer delivered milk out of large cans brought from the dairy farms.

Historical information

The objects relates to a period when old-fashioned objects were reproduced in brass (often in miniature) and bought for collections.

Inscriptions & Markings

2 DL

Tea Cosy (Lined)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Half rounded cotton padded teapot warmer (Dutch "theemuts" = tea bonnet) with inserted plywood base. White outside with grey-blue Delft tile motifs, lined with navy blue taffeta and padded with kapok. Metal carrying handle under which there is a clasp which opens and closes the cosy.

Historical information

This kind of tea cosy was found in just about every Dutch home in the 1950's. It took pride of place on the tea trolley and took the place of, or was an alternative to, the tea lights which also served to keep the teapot warm. It held a large teapot and although it was very effective in keeping the tea warm, after a couple of hours the tea became rather bitter and tasted "stewed". Since the Dutch are not in the habit of adding milk to their tea, the late afternoon cuppa was not always a favourite.

Significance

A symbol of what the Dutch prize above all, namely "gezelligheid", which means homely cosiness. The afternoon tea ritual ("thee-uurtje") was a very important time of the day as children came home from school to a cosily lit home with their mother presiding over pouring out the tea and distributing biscuits (one at a time!)

Inscriptions & Markings

none

Photographic Print (Foto Afdruk)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Black and white photograph of (then) Princess Juliana, Prince Bernard and their first three daughters. Princess Margriet (born 19/01/1943) is wearing a baptismal gown.

Historical information

Crown Princess Juliana, her husband Prince Bernard and older daughters escaped to Canada shortly after Germany invaded The Netherlands in May 1940. Princess Margriet was born in Ottawa on 19/01/1943.

Significance

The significance resides in recalling the safe haven in a time of crisis offered the Dutch Royal Family by Canada.

Untitled

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Pair of Skates

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Booklet - Kampje Spelen (Playing Internment Camp)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Simply produced 30page booklet. It is the printed version of a handwritten booklet produced in July 1945 by Mrs Axie Mazèl Krammer to help her children deal with the memories of their imprisonment by the Japanese in the former Dutch East Indies. The materials and style imitate the simple materials that were available for the author during their 4 years of imprisonment and deprivation.

Historical information

Mrs. Axie Mazèl - Krammer and her friend Anneke Rappard each had two daughters with them in the Women's camp in Banjoe Biroe. Prior to her marriage Axie Krammer von Marchau had studied languages, literature and pedagogy and particularly the art of teaching through play. The spirit and optimism of these two women contributed to the survival of their 4 little girls. An accomplished artist Mrs. Mazèl created the original of this booklet for the 6th birthday of her friend's daughter Anne Marie on July 30, 1945.

Significance

The illustrated story of children playing at internment does not hide the reality of their lives but puts in the context of a game of make-believe. The make-believe is illustrated in colour while the harsh reality is recognised in a small black and grey sketch in a corner of each page.

Inscriptions & Markings

The name "A. Kelleners" is written on the flyleaf.

Bowl with handle

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Parringer with decorative leaf-shaped handle.

Inscriptions & Markings

The Royal Holland Pewter Daalderop mark is on the reverse.

Book - '...gereet en gekleet naar hun staat' (Dressed according to their standing)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A hard cover well-illustrated book containing details of the regional dress of three villages on the one-time IJsselmeer.

Significance

Historical Study of the development of regional clothing for men, women and children in the Bunschoten area from the 18th century onwards. With the many illustrations it forms a valuable record of a slowly dying local custom.

Inscriptions & Markings

Historie en ontwikkeling van de klederdracht van Bunschoten, Spakenburg en Eemdijk.

Wooden Clog (Klompje)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Single wooden clog decorated with burnt-in rustic scene and patterned decorations.

Historical information

Wooden clogs were common footwear for farmers and their families.

Sjoelbak met schijven - Dutch Skittles Game

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

(1) Sjoelbak with (2) storage cover across two centre gates during storage (3) two-ply centre gates (4) 30 sjoel discs (not individually numbered).

Set of 6 Coffee Cups and Saucers

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Cups are individually marked 5139(a) to 5139(f). Each carries 2 different blue-painted illustrations of regional costumes: (a and b) Volendam and Marken; (c and e) Staphorst and Nunspeet; (d and f) Middelburg and Spakenburg. Saucers are marked 5139(g) to 5139(l) and are plain white.

Inscriptions & Markings

Four cups carry the number 16 stamped on the bottom and two the number 15.

Suitcase (Koffer)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Brown painted suitcase of reinforced oilcloth with metal handle and two metal locks. A small door lock has been added to the lid which has been reinforced on the inside by a timber slat. A plywood slat has been added to the handle side of the case. The rims of lid and case are made of metal, as are the corners. The papered interior of both case and lid shows a small floral pattern in black and beige although, as part of the reinforcement, a coat of brown paint has been added to the inside of the lid and case, but not the bottom. Of the two straps designed to hold down the contents one is still in place, but the other has been replaced by a length of elastic. The original strap is made of cotton, now a dirty white with blue edging, and does up with a small metal buckle. The interior of the case shows a lot of wear and tear with evidence of multiple repairs. A small black metal chain holds up the lid, the corresponding one on the opposite side is missing.

Historical information

Suitcase brought by Dutch immigrant.

Significance

The fact that the owner reinforced and mended the suitcase suggests the Dutch trait of taking care of things and making them last. The stencilled initials suggest this case was probably stored in the hold.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the inside: the timber slat carries the name A.T.A. RIJKEN in black ink and also on a black Dymo label. On the outside: the handle side displays the initials A.T.A.R. and the figure 3 in white stencil. The lid bears evidence of a label in the bottom left hand corner. The lock, added by the owner, is 3cm in diameter and branded ELZETT Made in Hungary.

Small brass jug with spout.

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A small brass jug patterned with decorative inscriptions.

St Gregorius Choir Memorial Board

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Board lists the names of the people who died while being members of the St Gregorius Choir, or who had to resign because of ill health. The board was donated to the St Gregorius Choir by the Hurkens Family.

Book - 25 Jaar Afsluitdijk 1932-1957 (25 years of the Enclosure Dike)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A 56page rectanguar book commemorating the opening of the Afsluitdijk. The cover is of thick card while within the pages of text are illustrated with black and white photographs.

Historical information

The book commemorates the opening of the Afsluitdijk in 1932. Shutting off the North Sea created the IJsselmeer and connected the provinces of North Holland and Friesland. It has remained an essential traffic artery every since.

Significance

The book records the cultural, economic and social impact of the Afsluitdijk on the Netherlands.

Inscriptions & Markings

Originally owned and eventually deregistered by "De Utrechtse Openbare Bibliotheek" (Utrecht Public Library). Another stamp. "Filiaal Elinkwijk" shows it was used by the library branch in Elinkwijk. Full title is "Vijfentwintig Jaar Afsluitdijk". Authors and illustrators are B. Den Oudsten en P.Terpstra with an introduction by the Queen's representative in Friesland, Mr.H.P.Linthorst Homan. Publisher is Algmeen Publiciteit Kantoor, Oosterkade 20b, Leeuwarden.

Book - MULTATULI - De Geschiedenis van Woutertje Pieterse (The Story of Woutertje Pieterse) Opnieuw verzameld uit "De Ideen". (Newly selected from "The Ideas".)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Hard cover book by Dr.J.van den Bergh published in 1920 containing a newly selected collection of extracts of the publication "Ideen" (Ideas) by Multatuli. The book is in 2 parts and contains about 600 pages. There are a number of drawings as illustrations.

Historical information

Max Havelaar: Or the Coffee Auctions of the Dutch Trading Company (Dutch: Max Havelaar, of de koffi-veilingen der Nederlandsche Handel-Maatschappy) is an 1860 novel by Multatuli (the pen name of Eduard Douwes Dekker), which played a key role in shaping and modifying Dutch colonial policy in the Dutch East Indies in the nineteenth and early twentieth century. In the novel, the protagonist, Max Havelaar, tries to battle against a corrupt government system in Java, which was then a Dutch colony.

Significance

The novel was central to the growing public awareness of corruption and exploitation by the Dutch colonial master in the East Indies. Published in 1860 it is considered the highpoint of Dutch literature in the 19th century.

Inscriptions & Markings

The illustrator is Anton van der Valk.

Herring Cart (haringkarretje)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Balsa wood model of a herring cart with 2 spoked wheels. Main body has two compartments covered with circular lids, surmounted by rack holding 3 herring barrels in the Dutch national colours of red ,white and blue. At top of rack a fish-shaped advertising salt and sour herrings. Main body also has a support at both ends and a handle for pushing the cart. At other end is preparation area with a hole for discarding fish waste into the bucket which is hanging below. A checked tea towel hangs off the preparation area. Next to the cart is white pot with a lid possibly for holding chopped onions.

Significance

Souvenir, home made with jigsaw, celebrating Dutch national delicacy. These carts are seen in streets and markets throughout the Netherlands during herring season.

Small brass bowl.

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Small brass bowl marked with engravings in a similar manner to Items 5115 and 5119.

Inscriptions & Markings

Decorative engravings.

Public Warning Sign (Verboden Toegang)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Small rectangular plastic sign forbidding entry.

Historical information

This is a common sign in The Netherlands were the British "Right of Way" for walkers does not exist.

Inscriptions & Markings

Verboden Toegang. Art.461. Wetb. v. Strafr. (Non-abbreviated text would read Artikel 461 Wetboek van Strafrecht) In English: Access denied; punishable by article 461 of the penal code.

Coat of arms for a sports club - Koninklijke Nederlandsche Cricket Bond - 1883 (Royal Dutch Cricket Association)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Small brown wooden shield with a plastic medallion in black, yellow and gold.

Historical information

The 1883 date refers to the establishment of the Royal Dutch Cricket Association.

Significance

Represents a link between Anglo-Dutch sporting connections.

Inscriptions & Markings

Circular medallion displaying two crossed cricket bats in front of a wicket with a crown above them. Below this is the date "1883" and along the bottom half is the name of the association. Rear has a mounting hole. On back of shield is a sticker which names the manufacturer of the shield.

Skimming ladle (schuimspaan)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Steel ladle with orange handle with white perforated shallow bowl.

Dress uniform of a major in Dutch Army, communication section

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Dress uniform of major in Communications Regiment of Royal Netherlands Army, existing out of black coat with rank and regiment type indications and pants.

Inscriptions & Markings

Two stars and laurel leaves on shoulder epaulettes indicate rank of major. Collar batch indicates a communication regiment. Coat has label of manufacturer. Pants has name and rank of original owner.

Etching

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

An historic small town scene etched (or possibly printed) on thin metal and subsequently fastened to a plywood backing. The delicately presented scene is said to show the intersection of Old Church Street and the Vliet Canal bridge in Voorburg, as well as a section of wharf. On the canal are one large and two much smaller vessels. A very tall crane-like construction arises from the wharf to the roof of waterside buildings. The people are soberly dressed in possibly 17th or 18th century costumes.

Historical information

The Vliet is a canal in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland. It starts at the Oude Rijn at Leiden and joins the Delfshavense Schie canal at Delft. Places along its banks include Voorschoten, Leidschendam, Voorburg, The Hague and Rijswijk. The canal was dug in 47 AD under command of Roman general Corbulo, who wished to connect the river Rhine, of which the current Oude Rijn stream in Roman times was the main branch, to the Meuse estuary. It is unclear what the canal's trajectory was beyond the current city of Delft; the Delfshavense Schie canal, which connects Delft to the Nieuwe Maas river was not dug until 1389. In the Middle Ages the Vliet was an important trade link that attracted all kinds of trade, as it flowed through the heart of the County of Holland. Windmills have been constructed alongside the Vliet, including the completely renovated mill 'De salamander' in Leidschendam. The Vliet area was particularly attractive among richer families, who built their mansions along its banks.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the reverse has been written: "Oude Kerkstraat Brug over de Vliet Voorburg". (Old Church Street; Bridge over the Vliet canal; Voorburg). However, research proves that the church is actually the Old Church in Delft, a short distance further down the Vliet Canal.

Official royal commisioning of a Dutch consul in Melbourne 9 May 1924

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Timber-framed document behind glass.

Historical information

Signatories Queen Wilhemina on right, and foreign minister H. A. van Karnebeek on left. Authorised consul Ferdinand Henry Wright.

Significance

Establishment of a Dutch consulate illustrates strengthening of bonds between Australia and Victoria

Inscriptions & Markings

See photographs

Serviette Holder

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Pressed metal serviette holder depicting a scene from the Nightwatch on each side.

Untitled

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Nest of four enamel bowls (vier bijpassende emaille schaaltjes)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

4219 (a), (b), (c) and (d) Shallow cream enamel bowls with green rim, straight stepped edge indented above curved section

Historical information

Brought to Australia by Dutch migrants as part of kitchen apparatus

Tile

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A rectangular ceramic tile on which is printed a verse to honour the importance of friendship. The author is Toon Hermans, a very popular post-war entertainer.

Inscriptions & Markings

The 16 line poem is named "Vrinden" (Friends)

Pencil Case/Tekendoos

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A rectangular wooden box with hinged lid for the storage of drawing implements.

Significance

An example of the type of pencil storage used by Dutch children in the first half of the 20th century.

Decorative Fork

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Highly decorative silver-coated object in the shape of a four-pronged fork. A sailing ship forms the top of the handle. The handle (or stem) has 2 curlices on each side. The main section depicts a homely interior in which a seated woman plays the harp, a man stands listening and a child sits on the potty. The whole is surrounded by raised vine-like patterning.

Inscriptions & Markings

A very tiny triangle is engraved in the point of the fork at the back.

Coal Shuttle (Kolenkit)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A souvenir imitation coal shuttle fashioned from beaten copper. It is on a brass stand and has brass handles fastened with lion head studs and copper rivets. The handle has an imitation Delft blue grip.

Silver Serving Spoon and Fork (Zilver Servies)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Both the spoon (1) and fork(2) are beautifully crafted in silver. They are meant as decorative items rather than for practical use. The handles of both items finish with shapes of a lion rampant holding a staff with fleur-de-lys.

Inscriptions & Markings

Both itmes have been much polished and the markings are illegible.

Tapestry Dutch national costumes

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Rectangular log landscape shaped wooden framed tapestry, glass front.

Historical information

Martijntje van Dooren created the tapestry in 1971. She migrated to Australia in 1952 from Rotterdam.

Significance

Dutch cultural piece, accurate depiction national costumes. Used in DAHC displays.

Inscriptions & Markings

Dutch National Costumes. MvD'71

Money Collecting Dish (Geldbakje)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

This is a copper, oval-shaped dish with low (about 2cm) sides, part covered in brass, with brass handle and about 15cm in length.

Significance

Used to collect coins from those listening to street musicians, particularly the barrel organ grinder. It was customary to rattle the coins in an attempt to attract further donations.

Inscriptions & Markings

Cover displays barrel organ in relief.

Letter Holder (Brievenhouder)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Electro-plated triangular sheet metal letter-holder with deeply scalloped edges and a bas-relief of Rembrandt's Night Watch on both sides. Four tiny balls on the corners serve as feet. The base has been hammered.

Inscriptions & Markings

DD. 90 is barely visibly inscribed below the Night Watch scene on both sides.

Framed Ceramic Tile - Reproduction of painting

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Tile with colour print of of Dutch landscape in gold with black line frame protected on back with cardboard nailed to frame

Historical information

The picture on the tile is a reproduction of the painting "The Mill at Wijk bij Duurstede" which was painted around 1670 by the Dutch painter Jacob Isaacksz vab Ruysdael (1628-1682)

Significance

Souvenir type item, likely purchases at the souvenir shop of the (Dutch) Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam.

Inscriptions & Markings

Cardboard at back of of frame has text " Jacob Isaacksz van Ruisdael 1628-1682. "The Mill at Wijk bij Duurstede" (painted about 1670). Original size 32 5/8 " x 39 3/4" Oil on Canvas (note this is about 892x1009mm) Held in Rijksmuseum at Amsterdam

Children's skates (Kinderschaatsen)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

4649 (a) and (b) Wooden upper, pointed at both ends; steel blade fastened with central rivet; leather ankle and toe straps. Front straps have eyelets through which very strong crossgrain strap was threaded to tie skate onto shoe, rear strap has hole either side to thread the strap through for tying under shoe instep and around top of shoe and around ankle.

Historical information

Medieaval and 17th century Dutch paintings show winterscapes with children from the Low Countries skating on skates of similar pattern.

Significance

The Dutch love of skating is exemplified by the fact that so many brought their skates with them to their new country.

Inscriptions & Markings

R 21 (on right skate) 21 (on left skate)

Sugar tin (suikerbus)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Orange painted tin with inscriptions and decorations. Motifs of thatched huts and palm trees suggest it was painted in the (then) Dutch East Indies.

Significance

Used for storing sugar

Inscriptions & Markings

Suiker (sugar) on front and back.

Commemorative Tile (Regeerings Tegel)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A small square commemorative tile in celebration of the 40th anniversary of the reign of Queen Wilhelmina. Basically blue, it also features an orange tree with fruit, the Amsterdam city coat of arms and an inscription.

Historical information

This tile was produced in 1938 to honour the 40th anniversary of Queen wilhelmina's succession to the Dutch throne.

Significance

Significant because of the Dutch people's connection to their Royal House.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the front: "Regeerings Jubileum Koningin Wilhelmina 1898-1938". (Queen Wihelmina Jubilee 1898-1938). On the back: "Koninklyk Goedewaagen Gouda" and "NRvGelder&Co Amsterdam". A hole to enable hanging has been pierced in one corner .

Child-Size Wheelbarrow for Cutting Peat

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Wooden flat-bed wheelbarrow with wooden wheel with metal band. Oak and teak have been used and the item is varnished. Used together with peat cutter (Item 4143) and peat spade (Item 4142).

Historical information

Originated in Drente where cutting peat was one of the main industries. Used together with peat cutter (Item 4143) and peat spade (Item 4142).

Significance

A rare example referring to the peat cutting industry.

Medal

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Brass medal depicting a Joker on one side with names and a date on the other. The medal is suspended from a red and white twisted cord.

Historical information

Dutch migrants from the province of Limburg started a Jokers Club in Melbourne choosing a "Carnival Prins" every year. Hans 2 was chosen in 1987. The custom of partying prior to the start of Lent was very strong in the mainly Catholic Southern provinces - Limburg and Brabant. The custom has lost some of its religious significance and is mainly kept up as a fun event.

Inscriptions & Markings

Back of the medal reads: "Hans 2 1987 Bieëgdje". Made in Italy.

Kruikezeiker (Jug Pisser) Statue

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Bronze (?) male figure depicting him about to fill a jug with his urine. His right hand lifts his garment while he holds the jug in his left.

Historical information

A link to the folkloric custom that the poor sold their urine to the wool industry where it was used in wool washing. Current depictions of a stereotypical Kruikezeiker are based on the Tilburg sculpture created by Henk Smulders (1925-1994). Said statue is located on Nieuwlandstraat, Tilburg.

Significance

Tilburg has embraced this legend and named itself "Kruikezeiker Stad" (Jug City). The legend is brought to the fore during Karneval celebrations. It is a symbol of the city.

Inscriptions & Markings

Base edge carries the name: "H.Smulders" on the back; "Tilburg" on the side and "Kruikezeiker" on the front.

Cigar Tin

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Square metal tin with hinged lid. The four sides are colourfully decorated with pictures and words from the traditional "leesplank" or early reading board, now a nostalgia item.

Significance

Cigar smoking was a popular sign of maturity and/or sophistication among Dutch men until the danger to health became better known.

Inscriptions & Markings

The lid carries an insigna picturing tobacco leaves, a starry banner and small globe with cross, surrounded by the words: Senator Sigarenfabrieken-Valkenswaard-Holland. A sticker on the underneath side of the tin reads: 50 senator riche.

Framed Embroidery of Dutch Coat of Arms

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Delft commorative tile

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Ceramic tile, brown and black two-line border around gold, green, red and white design. Laurel leaves with red berries around coat of arms, scroll banner. Coat of arms white background with three red horizontal bars with two crossed red bars.On back two holes for hanging.

Historical information

Dutch commemorative tile from city of Enschede in Drente

Significance

Souvenir brought by Dutch migrants on migrating.

Inscriptions & Markings

Scroll inscribed ENSCHEDE. On underside: Delft with makers' mark. Coat of arms white background with three red horizontal bars with two crossed red bars.

Pewter spoon

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Pewter spoon on wooden frame. Saint Peter figure top of handle, crossed keys below. Spoon bowl shows market scene with dentist.