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Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria Carnegie, Victoria

The Dutch Australian Heritage Centre has been established to collect and display items of recognised significance relating to immigrants who arrived here from the Netherlands and the former Dutch East Indies, with special emphasis on migration in the post WWII period.

Please note: THESE ITEMS ARE NOT FOR SALE

Contact Information

location
60 Rosstown Road Carnegie Victoria (map)
phone
+61 0419549376
Contact

Opening Hours

By appointment - call Mr Michael Gijsberts on 0419 549 376

Entry Fee

Free Entry. However, donations are welcome.

Location

60 Rosstown Road Carnegie Victoria

View on Google Maps

The DAHC collection consists primarily of personal and household items donated by Dutch immigrants. As most of the migrants arrived in the 1950s, the collection presents a historical insight into Dutch culture, both in the Netherlands and in the Dutch communities in Australia.

Meredith Blake 29 May 2013 9:48 AM

Love the new items you have catalogued recently! Great work

Jose Sendeckyj 13 May 2016 10:21 AM

As an immigrant from The Netherlands in the early 60's to Australia, it is heartening and very interesting to see the digital documentation of Dutch culture for posterity! Great work - I hope to assist in the future in some small way.

Michael Gijsberts 13 May 2016 11:03 AM

To Jose Sendeckyj, Thanks for your heartening comments. And yes do come and visit us and possibly lend a helping hand at our 'working bees'

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193 items

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193 items

Circular Ashtray

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A round pewter ashtray with a scene from a Jan Steen interior in the centre bowl section. 4 cigarette resting places are round the outside edge.

Significance

Smoking became common in The Netherlands as a result of trade with the West Indies. The Jan Steen illustrations of typical chaotic households were well known and eventually came to be used to poke fun at excessive tidiness.

Inscriptions & Markings

The outside edge is decorated with scroll type engravings. A pewter manufacturer's mark is impressed on the reverse side of the bowl.

Wall Tile (Tegel)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Off-white pottery tile with blue coloured proverb in the Frisian language. There are also some blue glaze decorations in the four corners. On the back the brand name Harlingen Holland forms part of an imprint. There is also a hook for hanging.

Historical information

Tiles are formed using the using the same tools as four centuries ago, namely a knife and a wooden mould with little nails in the corners. Afterwards, the imprints of the nails remain visible as minute points in the glaze. After the first baking, the tile is glazed. The wet glaze is imprinted with a charcoal powder design. Then the painter redraws the lines with a fine paint brush and uses his own craftsmanship to color with paints that are in fact glazes colored by a metal oxide. The second baking blends these colors with the layer of tin glaze. The result is a unique and beautiful tile.

Significance

Tile design, making and baking is a traditional Dutch craft and continues today. The province of Friesland has its own traditions in the field of which this tile is a sample.

Inscriptions & Markings

The proverb reads: "Doch dyn plicht en lit de lju mar rabje." (Do your duty and just let people talk).

Dress uniform of a major in Dutch Army, communication section

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Dress uniform of major in Communications Regiment of Royal Netherlands Army, existing out of black coat with rank and regiment type indications and pants.

Inscriptions & Markings

Two stars and laurel leaves on shoulder epaulettes indicate rank of major. Collar batch indicates a communication regiment. Coat has label of manufacturer. Pants has name and rank of original owner.

Vegetable Bucket (Groenten Emmer)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

The metal bucket is enamelled in green on the outside and grey on the inside. It has a plain handle.

Historical information

Vegetables buckets were used to collect vegetables from the garden, greengrocer or other supplier.

Significance

The item speaks of a time when people either grew their own food or bought it from delivery carts.

Inscriptions & Markings

The word "GROENTEN" (vegetables) in white enameling underlined by 3 gold rings that go right around the bucket.

Decorative Cake Slide (Sier Taart Schep)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A much decorated filigreed silver-coloured cake slide. The main scene is a detail from Rembrandt's "The Night Watch" worked in relief on the slide.

Small metal ornament

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Small brass-coloured ornament from the former Dutch East Indies. It depicts a team of two bullocks drawing a plough. The farmer is seated on the plough and swinging a whip.

Historical information

Very likely a souvenir brought back from the former Dutch East-Indies.

Top (tol)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Wooden top, hand turned, traces of red paint. Pear shape with groove at widest diameter, stem at top. At bottom, small iron knob. Slightly damaged.

Historical information

These tops normally driven by small whips. Thin string was wound around from the bottom up up to the groove. Then a sharp pull on the whip would start the top spinning. It was kept going by whipping.

Photographic Print (Foto Afdruk)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Black and white photograph of (then) Princess Juliana, Prince Bernard and their first three daughters. Princess Margriet (born 19/01/1943) is wearing a baptismal gown.

Historical information

Crown Princess Juliana, her husband Prince Bernard and older daughters escaped to Canada shortly after Germany invaded The Netherlands in May 1940. Princess Margriet was born in Ottawa on 19/01/1943.

Significance

The significance resides in recalling the safe haven in a time of crisis offered the Dutch Royal Family by Canada.

Pencil Case/Tekendoos

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A rectangular wooden box with hinged lid for the storage of drawing implements.

Significance

An example of the type of pencil storage used by Dutch children in the first half of the 20th century.

Mortar and pestle (mortier en vijzel)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

4801 (a) Round wooden shallow mortar 4801 (b) Wooden pestle.

Historical information

Brought by Dutch Indonesian migrants

Set of 3 Kitchen Canisters

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

5874 (a,b,c,d,e,f) Three (3) near-identical lidded enamelled steel cylindrical canisters, green on the outside and white on the inside. The lids are of black bakelite.

Historical information

Ulft consists of three hamlets: Ulft, Oer and De Pol. Oer is the northern part of Ulft and is called Oer because of the iron in the earth, which is called IJzeroer in Dutch. The DRU, an iron foundry, was located in Ulft. DRU moved to Duiven in 1999 and may be found at the Rijksweg A12. The Ulft site is still called "De Smeltkroes", a reference to the historic foundry, but is being converted to residential accommodation on top of a shopping centrum.

Significance

Such sets of 3 canisters (coffee, tea and sugar) were commonly to be found on a shelf in Dutch kitchens.

Inscriptions & Markings

KOFFIE, THEE, SUIKER (coffee, tea, sugar)

Ceramic Commemorative Plate (Keramiek Gedenkbord)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Shaped as a soup plate the carved out bottom carries an image of Queen Wilhelmina and the inscription "1898-1923". A branch of oranges with a golden W placed in its centre partly encircles the image. The plate is edged with three green circles.

Historical information

Queen Wilhelmina celebrated her silver jubilee in 1923.

Significance

Princess Wilhelmina was only 10 years old when her father (King Willem III) passed away in1890. Until she became of age 8 years later her mother, Queen Emma, ruled as Queen Regent. The Dutch are traditionally proud of their Royal Family and this is one of the commemorative items with which the country honoured the Queen's silver jubilee in 1923

Inscriptions & Markings

"1898-1923".

Toilet Brush Holder

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

White enamelled metal cylindrical toilet brush holder. An upright projection has a hole for optional hanging of the object.

Historical information

This item is from the pre-plastic days and would have contained a brush made from natural bristles.

Inscriptions & Markings

CLOSET BORSTEL (Toilet Brush) in black paint.

Coffee pot (Koffie pot)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A green enamel coffee pot (a) with a separate matching lid (b).

Inscriptions & Markings

Narrow goldish circles near the top, middle and bottom

Coffee pot set (Koffie servies)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

(a) - (w) - A tall, off white, ceramic pot with matching sugar bowl, milk jug, and eight cups and saucers. Two scenes, Westertoren and Montelbaanstoren are found on the sides of the body of the coffee pot. Scenes of Amsterdam are also seen on the other items. Two plates for serving biscuits or cakes both also with Amsterdam scenes complete the set. The edges of these are curved slightly upwards.

Inscriptions & Markings

Item 5140(v) has the words "Nieuwmarket met Waag" (Newmarket with Weighing House); the inscription on 5140(w) reads: "Waterlooplein", (Waterloo Square). On the bottom of some items the words "Viller and Bosch" appear.

Commemorative Plate (Gedenkbord)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A ceramic plate decorated in blue with pictures and words. Central to the image is a coat of arms featuring a central lion and 4 identical hunting horns. The whole is surmounted by a crown. The rim is decorated with orange blossoms.

Historical information

Maastricht, Holland, was the city where Petrus Regout established the De Sphinx pottery in 1836. De Sphinx operated under the name Petrus Regout & Co. until 1899. The firm was noted for its transfer-printed earthenware. Many factories in Maastricht are still making ceramics.

Significance

The plate was created to celebrate the silver jubilee of Queen Wilhelmina in 1923.

Inscriptions & Markings

The words read: "Mijn schilt en de betrouwen Syt Ghy O God myn Heer. Op U soo wil ick bouwen Verlaat my nimmermeer." These are words from the second verse of the National Anthem recorded in Old Dutch. The dates 1898-1923 also feature on the front of the plate. The back bears the maker's stamp, an imprint of a small arrow, an imprint of ¾ and the words "Made in Holland". The maker's stamp reads: "Petrus Regout & Co Maastricht". It is surmounted by a sphinx. There are also two holes in the rim to enable hanging of the plate.

Serving Tray (Dienblad)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

white and blue plastic tray decorated with typically Dutch symbols, including clogs, a windmill, tulips.

Historical information

Most likely made for the tourist market.

Significance

It shows the stereotypes associated with the Netherlands and how they are perceived by foreigners.

Inscriptions & Markings

none

33.3 rpm LP in dustcover - 50 JAAR

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

33.3 rpm LP in cardboard Dustcover

Historical information

The record was issued to celebrate in 1984 the 50 year anniversary of the ground breaking flight in 1934 by the "Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij"'s (KLM) its passenger plane the "UIVER" from Amsterdam to Melbourne, opening herewith the regular air travel from the Netherlands to the Dutch East Indisch and Australia.

Significance

The "UIVER"flight from Amsterdam to Melbourne, opened the era of the regular air travel from the Netherlands to the Dutch East Indisch and Australia.

Inscriptions & Markings

with text: 50 JAAR "UIVER" 1934-1984 Flying High" made by CBS Records

tourists bicycle pennants

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

calico, triangular pennant. One edged in blue, the other in red.

Historical information

Tourism

Significance

How people went on holiday. A memento of simple holidays. The tradition of camping as the holiday of choice.

Inscriptions & Markings

4089.R1 - blue edged pennant, showing the tourist sites around a place called Epen in the southern part of the province of Limburg. This is known because the name of the town is in large red letters. Three locations shown 1. Kamper Boerderij - A farm providing camping grounds. 2. Kasteel Beusdael - The Beusdael Castle 3. Wingbergermoelen - Wingberger Mill Also a little tent beneath the name of the town, with refers to the camping holiday. Also a maker's mark on the pennant, a small triangle with the letters L, A & B within it. 4089.R2 - red edged pennant, showing the area around Vaals in Limburg province, the name is in large red letters. The scene shows the meeting point between the Netherlands, Germany & Belgium - "Drie Landen Punt" (Three Country Meeting Point) Also shows the height of the viewing point (193m), as well showing other features including: - Hotel Bellevue - Uitzichttoren - viewing tower - Panorama Aken - Panorama of Aachen, Germany - Spoorbrug-Moresnet - Railwaybridge-Moresnet in Belgium. Small makers mark. Black triangle, possible the same as that shown in the other pennant, though obscured.

Set of 6 Coffee Cups and Saucers

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Cups are individually marked 5139(a) to 5139(f). Each carries 2 different blue-painted illustrations of regional costumes: (a and b) Volendam and Marken; (c and e) Staphorst and Nunspeet; (d and f) Middelburg and Spakenburg. Saucers are marked 5139(g) to 5139(l) and are plain white.

Inscriptions & Markings

Four cups carry the number 16 stamped on the bottom and two the number 15.

Double bean slicer (bonensnijder) with Guard

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Green painted cast iron cover disc with turning handle, table clamp, two slots of slightly different sizes. Inside, cast iron disc with three steel cutting blades. Handle cast iron with wooden knob. Slightly cylindrical steel cutting guide open at one end ,to prevent scattering of sliced beans.

Historical information

Brought to Australia by Dutch immigrant family

Significance

The tough flat beans for which this was used were made easier to cook by slicing them finely.

Inscriptions & Markings

On front: Pe De

Pair of wooden clogs

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

These white clogs were worn by women in the Dutch dance group De Tukkers.

Bed Warmer

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A large dish-shaped copper bowl with patterned lid which has 5 cm diam. holes. The long handle is of turned wood.

Inscriptions & Markings

None.

Family budget tin (huishoudgeldkistje) - Brabantia housekeeping money box

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Cream oblong metal box with lid, seven labelled slots denoting expenditures. Seven compartments divided by plastic inserts. Lockable, keyhole in middle of lid.

Historical information

Regarded as useful item to keep track and set aside money for mainly household expenses.

Significance

Illustrates Dutch attitudes to frugality and money management.

Inscriptions & Markings

From left to right on lid: kleding (clothes), gas-licht (gas/light), brandstof (fuel), huishoud-art (non-food items), verzekering (insurance),vakantie (holidays) diversen (miscellaneous). Near right corner of lid, Brabantia factory logo. Brabantia

Koffiemolentje (coffee grinder)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A small bakelite stand-alone coffee grinder with curved metal handle and metal grinding works.

Inscriptions & Markings

1. On the lid: Within a circle and in relief Pe-De Dienes Reform D.R.G.M.D.R.P. Above the final inscription a small metal plate carries the words: Gesmeed maalwerk loopt op kogels - (forged grinding mechanism runs on ball bearings) 2. On the main body: Another circle with, in relief, an image of a deer head with with a cross inserted between his antlers. Thereunder the brand-name Pe De.

Commemorative Tile (Regeerings Tegel)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Wall tile to commemorate the reign of Queen Juliana of The Netherlands from 1948 to 1980. An oval-shaped black and white image of the queen is at the centre surrounded by some low-key decorations.

Historical information

Queen Juliana's mother, Queen Wilhelmina, abdicated in favour of Juliana, her only child in 1948. In 1980 Juliana abdicated in favour of the eldest of her three sons Willem-Alexander.

Significance

The production of this tile is significant of the Dutch monarchy's willingness to abdicate in favour of the next genration.

Inscriptions & Markings

Koningin Juliana 1948-1980 (Queen Juliana 1948-1980).

Lieutenant Dress Uniform Dutch Army

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Part of Dutch army uniform: (1) dress jacket with (2) cotton dress belt, (3a) leather belt with (3b) cross belt, (4) khaki tie and (5) cap with names W. van Reed//Dorland on the inside. Jacket has brass buttons, NL lion embroidered on sleeve, "genie" emblem on shoulder strap and rank sign (one star - Lieutenant) on collar. Note: match box "Drogist Lucifers" left in pocket.

Historical information

Part of the small collection of uniforms in DAHC's possession. Like most of these uniform this one stems from the 1950's. The shoulder insignas indicate a "Genie" division (Engineering Corps).

Significance

Many of the 1950's period uniforms came from people that had been discharged after having served in the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia) during the Indonesian Indepence War.

Inscriptions & Markings

(1) Label jacket text "Maatkleding, Maison Jordi & Cie, tel 4608, Amersfoort" and rank indication (Lt). (5) Cap has names W van Reed & Dortland. "Drogist Lucifers" on matchbox in pocket.

Small orange tin with lid.

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A tall square tin with snug-fitting lid produced to contain 200gram "Dutch hail", a sugary product eaten on Dutch rusks or slices of bread; usually on celebratory occasions. The main colour is orange and it is also richly decorated with scenes recalling the 1945 Liberation.

Historical information

WWII Liberation 50th anniversary

Significance

The Dutch have never forgotten their debt to the Allied forces or the joy of the 1945 liberation.

Inscriptions & Markings

De Ruyter Oranje hagel. Ter gelegenheid van de viering van 50 jaar bevrijding in Nederland 1945-1995 (on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the liberation in The Netherlands 1945-1995). There is also a list of ingredients that constitute the hail and other commercial markings.

Framed Print - Scheveningen Beach.

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Large rectangular sepia print of the beach and beach front at Scheveningen. Among other beachfront buildings it features the famous Kurhaus Hotel and walkers on the sandy beach at what appears to be low tide. The sky is filled with dark glowering clouds. There are no swimmers apart from seagulls. The print has been professionally framed and has a strong wire at the back.

Inscriptions & Markings

Scheveningen Beach. The Hague. Netherlands. 1998. There is also an indistinguishable signature and the mark 25/100. The latter indicates this is no.25 in a limited edition of 100.

Round framed souvenir tile

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Cream background with, in foreground, couple in dark brown regional Brabant costume; farmhouse outbuildings and trees in background. Spring frame at rear for hanging. Brown imitation wood frame.

Inscriptions & Markings

Brabant at base of tile.

Breadbin (broodtrommel)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

White enamelled metal bin with hinged lid. Handle on top of the lid. Basic lock with a twist key. The lid has a dark blue lining on the edge. The lid also features a series of 19 ventilation holes along its back

Historical information

A common item in the kitchen. Breadbins held a staple food item for breakfast/lunch. The need to have a enough bread to feed the family for a number of days.

Inscriptions & Markings

No inscriptions

Kruikezeiker (Jug Pisser) Statue

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Bronze (?) male figure depicting him about to fill a jug with his urine. His right hand lifts his garment while he holds the jug in his left.

Historical information

A link to the folkloric custom that the poor sold their urine to the wool industry where it was used in wool washing. Current depictions of a stereotypical Kruikezeiker are based on the Tilburg sculpture created by Henk Smulders (1925-1994). Said statue is located on Nieuwlandstraat, Tilburg.

Significance

Tilburg has embraced this legend and named itself "Kruikezeiker Stad" (Jug City). The legend is brought to the fore during Karneval celebrations. It is a symbol of the city.

Inscriptions & Markings

Base edge carries the name: "H.Smulders" on the back; "Tilburg" on the side and "Kruikezeiker" on the front.

Embroidered badges

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

2 circular embroidered badges each depicting a male and female member of the Dutch folk dancing group The Tukkers.

Public Warning Sign (Verboden Toegang)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Small rectangular plastic sign forbidding entry.

Historical information

This is a common sign in The Netherlands were the British "Right of Way" for walkers does not exist.

Inscriptions & Markings

Verboden Toegang. Art.461. Wetb. v. Strafr. (Non-abbreviated text would read Artikel 461 Wetboek van Strafrecht) In English: Access denied; punishable by article 461 of the penal code.

Child-size Wooden Skates

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Wooden skates, with brown leather straps. It has a metal strip on the base of the wood, which is necessary for gliding on ice.

Historical information

Skates were and still are widely used in winter time in The Netherlands, when the rivers, canals, creeks, ponds etc. are frozen solid. Paintings out of around 1600-1700 show models of skates very much like the one shown. Even until as recent as 40 years ago, the wooden skates (with steel blade) that are tied to the shoe with leather strap and laces, were widely used in the Netherlands. Even now they are still made in children sizes, because of there flexibility in adjusting to a range of shoe sizes.

Significance

Skating is a tradition which remains popular.

Inscriptions & Markings

Letter R for right foot No letter for left foot

Commemorative Tile

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Rectangular tile depicting a leafy tree loaded with oranges. Under it are four young people - two male and two female. The main colours are green on a greyish background. Orange accents appear throughout the clothing.

Historical information

Princess Juliana and Prince Bernard married in 1937 prior to the Princess becoming Queen in 1948.

Significance

The fact that this item was brought to Australia with a migrant family indicates the affection in which the Royal Family was held by many Dutch people.

Inscriptions & Markings

An orange banner reads 1937-1962. Below the illustration is the motto: "Doen kunnen we alles maar dan ook alleen allen samen." (We can do everything but only together). On the back are various imprints relating to the maker Mosa Holland.

Wall Tile (Tegel)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A small, simply coloured ceramic tile commemorating the liberation of the Dutch East Indies on August 15, 1945. An illustrated paper applique has been stuck on the top surface.

Historical information

The Japanese occupied present day Indonesis from 7-12-1941 to 15-8-1945. Indonesia was a Dutch colony at the time and Dutch Indonesians were imprisoned, starved and otherwise treated with great cruelty.

Significance

This tile is of importance as a reminder of the War in the Pacific and the suffering of Dutch colonials during the Japanese occupation.

Inscriptions & Markings

The following words and phrases are recorded on the paper applique: 15 augustus 1945; NED. INDIE VRIJ; nooit vergeten (never forget). The dates 7-12-1941and 15-8-1945 record the time of Japanese occupation. The tile is further illustrated with a map of the (now) Indonesian islands; two cut lines of barbed wire and two triumphant lions.

Letter Holder (Brievenhouder)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Electro-plated triangular sheet metal letter-holder with deeply scalloped edges and a bas-relief of Rembrandt's Night Watch on both sides. Four tiny balls on the corners serve as feet. The base has been hammered.

Inscriptions & Markings

DD. 90 is barely visibly inscribed below the Night Watch scene on both sides.

Copper Vase

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A small copper vase inscribed with red decorations.

Prince Hat of Carnavals Club

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Decorative hat from silky type silver, gold, blue and aqua material, finished of with bells at front of hat (see picture - also see items 6351 and 6352).

Historical information

Carnaval is an important annual event in the Southern Provinces of The Netherlands, with each village often having its own Carnavals Club and traditions. The Dutch People coming from the Southern Provinces continued in many cases this tradition and formed their regional Carnavals Clubs in Australia. Each Carnalvals Club has its own colourful uniforms, including a hat. There are potentially three types of hats: A Formal Hat for official events, a Work Hat for use during normal club nights and for those members lucky enough to be for a year chosen as the "Prince" of the club, a Prince Hat.

Significance

For people from the Southern Provinces of the Netherlands, Carnavall is an important cultural event.

Inscriptions & Markings

has a 6 on the inside

St Gregorius Choir Memorial Board

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Board lists the names of the people who died while being members of the St Gregorius Choir, or who had to resign because of ill health. The board was donated to the St Gregorius Choir by the Hurkens Family.

Egg Cup

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

The egg cup is tangerine coloured on the outside and white on the inside.

Significance

Typical breakfast egg cup of the kind passed down the generations.

Beaded Purse (Kralen beursje)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A small oblong beaded and lined purse with engraved silver clasp and fine chain. The backgrond beads are black. A central flower image in red, blue, pink, white and green is bordered by running patterns in gold. The lower edge has small loops of black and gold beads.

Inscriptions & Markings

None.

Puzzle Game - Mixed Up

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Rectangular white box with black lid on which information is printed in orange. Inside box is a plastic moulded container holding the various puzzle pieces. Puzzle pieces are made from variety of materials including metal, wood and possibly plastic Some items are missing judging by the diagrams.

Historical information

Example of children's pastimes before the age of TV. Dutch families tended to play boardgames during the long winter nights.

Significance

It was brought to Australia to continue old customs

Inscriptions & Markings

Seven language on top of box all saying "play it anywhere". Images of the various puzzles. The manufacturer logo and name (Jumbo) all featured prominently on side of lid. "Made in Holland by Jumbo, Hausemann & Hoette nv Amsterdam" Has recommended play age of 8 and higher. On sides of lid feature multi-coloured title of the game. Price tag on side of lid shows value of 9.75 The box features on all sides puzzle piece diagrams and also the statement "that the solution can be found in the box" in Dutch, English, German & French. (No solution documentation found in box) On the bottom of the box is another manufacturer's logo (JUMBO) surrounding by the words Spellen-Jeux, Games-Spel, Giochi-Juegos", Spiele-Spil Also repeats Made in Holland

Commemorative Plate

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Decorative plate to commemorate Queen Juliana's ascension of the Dutch throne in 1948. The plate is meant to be hung and has a piece of string for this purpose inserted through the rim on the back of the plate.

Historical information

The item was created by Bouwens and van Kampen, a ceramics business founded in Bussum by Greta Klaar. Greta married her pupil Johannes Bouwens in Amsterdam during the war. The couple then moved to Soest where the business became known as "De vlieg-uut". It went from strength to strength until a fatal accident in 1970 after which it was permanently closed. The designers and ceramicists specialised in small plates such as this commemorative one for Queen Juliana's accession to the throne following the abdication of her mothe, Queen Wilhelmina.

Significance

The item recalls the joyful celebrations that took place in Septermber 1948 when Juliana accepted the throne from her mother Queen Wilhelmina. The Queen had reigned for 50 years including the period of 1940-45 (WWII) during which she carried out her duties from London. Juliana and her family resided in Ottawa, Canada during those years. To some extent this event was the final celebration of liberation from the tyranny of occupation and the welcoming back of the Royal family to Dutch soil.

Inscriptions & Markings

The inscription reads: "Juliana Koningin 6 Sept.1948". On the back are the marks: "290KR." "BVK Soest" and "P.H.". It is gaily painted in red, blue and green on an off-white background. The central scene is recognisably Amsterdam with church tower, stepped gables and Dutch flags. The border consists of a circle of red, white and blue flowers; leaves are green.

Commemorative pewter plate

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Pewter; circular with a rose petal edge.

Historical information

Refers to the 25th anniversary of the reign of Queen Juliana of the Netherlands.

Significance

Shows fondness/affection of the Dutch public to their royal family.

Inscriptions & Markings

Embossed likeness of Queen Juliana which states above the image: "Koningin Der Nederlanden" - Queen of The Netherlands below the image: 1948 - Juliana - 1973 - likely referring to the 25th year of her reign. On the back of the plate: A pewter strip welded onto the plate to allow hanging via a hole in that strip. A makers mark at bottom of plate - "KdBR" featuring an angel with clarion/trumpet and holding palm branch. Below maker's mark is "92% tin" on left of reversed face is: "Namaak Verboden" (Imitation Prohibited) on the right of reversed face is: "Tingieterij Roelen" (Pewter Foundry Roelen)

Wooden Plaque

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Large rectangular timber plaque with scalloped edges depicting historic shipwrecks of Western Australia.

Historical information

The VOC sent its trading ships to the (then) Dutch East Indies to collect spices and other goods. In the 17th century accurate navigation was not always possible and ships might end up on the wild, unchartered West Australian coastline.

Significance

Item recalls the fact that the WA coast was unintentionally visited by Dutch ships during the 17th and 18th centuries. Because the coast was so unattractive the Dutch did not try to settle the country.

Inscriptions & Markings

An insert reads: "Historic Shipwrecks of Western Australia (Protected as of 1983). Coastal cities are marked with their names and dots along the coastline indicate wreck sites. Most are named and dated; others marked as unidentified. An inset map deals with the area around Fremantle and shows a large number of wrecks. A separate typed notice attached to the map identifies the five known Dutch wrecks - all ships of the VOC - Vereennigde East Indian Compagnie (Dutch East India Company). Further than that there are a distance scale and a compass.

Porcelain storage containers for "Koffie" "Thee" "Suiker" "Peper" and "Zout"

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Set of 5 hexonal shaped porcelain storage containers, each with lid, for the storage and home use of (1,2) "Koffie", (3,4) "Thee", (5,6) "Suiker", (7,8) "Peper" and (9,10) "Zout".

Historical information

According to Dutch tradition this type of sets have normally 3 large containers (coffee, tea and sugar) and sometimes 2 small containers (salt and pepper). During manufacturing of this set, the labels on salt (Zout) and tea (Thee) container were interchanged, crating a A-Typical set with large salt container and a small tea container. Likely ordered from Dutch East Indies and manufactured in China.

Significance

A rare example of an imperfect product surviving to create an historic record.

Inscriptions & Markings

When the glass side of the display case disintegrated and all shelves and items fell down. two lids broke. They are repaired (but the cracks are visible)

Decorative Saucer

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Colourfully painted saucer showing the Mint in Amsterdam with flower market in the foreground and the words "Tulpen uit Amsterdam" beside the Dutch flag on one of the stalls.

Inscriptions & Markings

'De Munt Amsterdam Holland' on main picture. A stamp on the reverse side shows a crown with "Royal" on its front, "Schwabap" inside. "Handdecorated" appears above the crown. Below the crown we read "1984 Ter Steege BV. Holland".

Coffee grinder (koffiemolen)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Coffee grinder, wooden body, metal top. Wooden drawer in bottom, metal contaner for ground coffee. Metal top has circular raised section which has an opening with sliding lid to put in coffee beans. Metal handle with wooden knob in centre of top, connects with grinding mechanism inside metal top.

Historical information

Brought to Australia in the 1950s by Dutch migrants. These coffee grinders were in common use in the 1940s amd 1950s as an altrrnative to wall-mounted coffee grinders. They were operated by clamping the grinder between one' knees.

Significance

The drinking of coffee is a highly social ritual among Dutch people. They brought this ritual with nthem to Australia as is evidenced by the number of coffee grinders and other coffee psraphernalia donated to the DAHC.

Inscriptions & Markings

Pe De on front above drawer.