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Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria Carnegie, Victoria

The Dutch Australian Heritage Centre has been established to collect and display items of recognised significance relating to immigrants who arrived here from the Netherlands and the former Dutch East Indies, with special emphasis on migration in the post WWII period.

Please note: THESE ITEMS ARE NOT FOR SALE

Contact Information

location
60 Rosstown Road Carnegie Victoria (map)
phone
+61 0419549376
Contact

Opening Hours

By appointment - call Mr Michael Gijsberts on 0419 549 376

Entry Fee

Free Entry. However, donations are welcome.

Location

60 Rosstown Road Carnegie Victoria

View on Google Maps

The DAHC collection consists primarily of personal and household items donated by Dutch immigrants. As most of the migrants arrived in the 1950s, the collection presents a historical insight into Dutch culture, both in the Netherlands and in the Dutch communities in Australia.

Meredith Blake 29 May 2013 9:48 AM

Love the new items you have catalogued recently! Great work

Jose Sendeckyj 13 May 2016 10:21 AM

As an immigrant from The Netherlands in the early 60's to Australia, it is heartening and very interesting to see the digital documentation of Dutch culture for posterity! Great work - I hope to assist in the future in some small way.

Michael Gijsberts 13 May 2016 11:03 AM

To Jose Sendeckyj, Thanks for your heartening comments. And yes do come and visit us and possibly lend a helping hand at our 'working bees'

Leave a comment

193 items

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193 items

(a) Leesplankje (b)Leesplankje letter collection (c) Book: 'Het Leesplankje' - (c)Het Leesplankje

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

a) Reading Board - an aid to lelarning to read. b ) A small round tin containing the necessary letters to build the words shown and illustrated on "leesplankjes" or reading boards. (See also item 4839). c) Book produced in 2014 concerning the variety of these reading boards with the addition of word games and reading practice.

Historical information

Leesplankjes were first created in the last decade of the 19th century and continued to be created in a number of variations until the 1950's. Separate editions were used for Dutch populations abroad, e.g., the Dutch East Indies.

Significance

Every Dutch primary school child would have been familiar with these boards and letters. A number of variations existed depending on the particular area in The Netherlands where the school was. There were distinctive boards for e.g., South Africa and Dutch East Indies.

Inscriptions & Markings

a) variety of nouns containing an assortment of diphthongs. b )Lettertjes bij Hoogeveens leesplankje*J.B.Wolters. Groningen* (Letters for Hoogeveen reading boards) c) Book Title: Het Leesplankje met woordspelletje en oefeningen. (The Reading Board with word games and exercises).

(a)Leesplankje with (b) Letter Collection

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

(a) Leesplankje (Reading board) with collection of letters to enable words to be built on the traditional reading board known as "Leesplankje". (b) Collection of Letters in round plastic box

Historical information

Although beautifully finished with a clear coating this could well be a home made edition.

Significance

The large variety of these boards prove that different districts, religious groups and colonies had their own versions.

Inscriptions & Markings

The board is covered with 18 pictures and words; the letters are used by children to copy the words.

Ashtray (Asbakje)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Blue and white hand-painted ashtray with three shallow grooves on rim for resting cigarettes. The scalloped rim is also decorated with a blue catkin branch. In the centre circle is a picture of a cafe and the inscription "12 ½ Jaar Cafe Tromp".

Inscriptions & Markings

On the reverse is painted; "Handpainted Delft Blue made in Holland".

Ashtray (Asbakje)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Richly illustrated small rectangular glass ashtray showing map of one-time Dutch New Guinea, surrounding waters and smaller islands. Two endemic bids are also shown. The glas is a pale blue; the illustrations are in green and yellow; words are in black. The ashtray's four sides are curled slightly upwards.

Historical information

The item dates from the years of Dutch influence in the region which ended in 1962. The region is now known as West Papua.

Significance

As the above urls will show, West Papua's history is a complex one with various colonial powers disputing ownership with the local inhabitants. Modern Indonesia also lays claim to it. The area was part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands from 1949 till 1962. Prior to 1949 it was part of the Dutch East Indies. The item may well date from this pre-1949 period.

Inscriptions & Markings

Oceans, seas and islands are named in the Dutch language. A dotted border marks off Australian New Guinea.

Balinese Woodcut

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Carved and lacquered wooden image of male and female heads. Each is wearing a highly decorative headdress giving the impression of a special ceremony such as a wedding. The necks of the figures merge into further carving, this time of an abstract theme.

Historical information

Balinese art is art of Hindu-Javanese origin that grew from the work of artisans of the Majapahit Kingdom, with their expansion to Bali in the late 14th century. From the sixteenth until the twentieth centuries, the village of Kamasan, Klungkung (East Bali), was the centre of classical Balinese art. During the first part of the twentieth century, new varieties of Balinese art developed. Since the late twentieth century, Ubud and its neighboring villages established a reputation as the center of Balinese art.

Significance

This is likely a memento of the Dutch/Indonesia era.

Beaded Purse (Kralen beursje)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A small oblong beaded and lined purse with engraved silver clasp and fine chain. The backgrond beads are black. A central flower image in red, blue, pink, white and green is bordered by running patterns in gold. The lower edge has small loops of black and gold beads.

Inscriptions & Markings

None.

Bed Warmer

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A large dish-shaped copper bowl with patterned lid which has 5 cm diam. holes. The long handle is of turned wood.

Inscriptions & Markings

None.

Board game (bordspel) - Wie krijgt voorrang (Who gives way)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Lid illustrated with box contents. Box contains board marked with traffic game. Counters, cards, one dice. Instructions and description.

Inscriptions & Markings

Spika Made in DGR

Board game (bordspel) - Super Pim Pam Pet

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Rectangular box containing blue plastic insert. Counters, cards, wheel, other game elements.

Inscriptions & Markings

On lid, illustrations of game contents. On left lower corner, 1978 by Hausemann & Hotte NV under Berne Universal Copyright Conventions. Lower right corner, red elephant Jumbo. Bottom of box gives instructions for game in 7 languages.

Boch Delfts Wall Plate

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A wall plate by Boch depicting a village scene of people relaxing in front of acottage. There are adults and children, music, listeners, games and a dog. The image is achieved using Delfts blue colouring. The rim at the back has had holes pierced to accommodate hanging.

Inscriptions & Markings

The words Boch and Delfts are decoratively applied on the back of the plate.

Boch Delfts Wall Plate

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A Boch Delfts wall plate with hanger. The blue-painted scene is set outside a pub where 4 men and a woman are drinking, smoking, making music and gambling.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the back one reads: " Boch La Louvière Delfts". These words are encircled with decorative floral designs. All is in blue.

Boch Delfts Wall Plate

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A fully decorated Boch Delfts wall plate depicting a scene with water, sailing boats, a small dinghy, distant land with village and a glimpse of shore in the foreground. The whole is encircled by a ribbon of blue. The broad outer edge is decorated with leaf and flower patterns.

Inscriptions & Markings

The marks "Boch" and "Delfts" encircled by flower patterns cover a small central area on the back.

Book - O Verrukkelijke Gekke Rotstad (O Delicious Crazy Rotten City) Amsterdam 700 Jaar

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A soft cover book of 160pp commemorating Amsterdam's 700 years existence. While the cover is in colour the countless illustrations are in black and white. Published in 1975 the book explores the strongly individual character of the city and its people.

Historical information

Amsterdam, with trade at its heart, is the oldest city in The Netherlands . Its multi-faceted and colourful history has engendered unique personality and behavioural traits in its people. The book attempts to record expressions of these along with the city's architectural attractions. The sub-title (translated) reads "A declaration of love by Amsterdam Boek". (The publishers)

Significance

The book is a significant record of the Amsterdammers' pride in their city, its history, its present (in the seventies) and its people.

Book - 25 Jaar Afsluitdijk 1932-1957 (25 years of the Enclosure Dike)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A 56page rectanguar book commemorating the opening of the Afsluitdijk. The cover is of thick card while within the pages of text are illustrated with black and white photographs.

Historical information

The book commemorates the opening of the Afsluitdijk in 1932. Shutting off the North Sea created the IJsselmeer and connected the provinces of North Holland and Friesland. It has remained an essential traffic artery every since.

Significance

The book records the cultural, economic and social impact of the Afsluitdijk on the Netherlands.

Inscriptions & Markings

Originally owned and eventually deregistered by "De Utrechtse Openbare Bibliotheek" (Utrecht Public Library). Another stamp. "Filiaal Elinkwijk" shows it was used by the library branch in Elinkwijk. Full title is "Vijfentwintig Jaar Afsluitdijk". Authors and illustrators are B. Den Oudsten en P.Terpstra with an introduction by the Queen's representative in Friesland, Mr.H.P.Linthorst Homan. Publisher is Algmeen Publiciteit Kantoor, Oosterkade 20b, Leeuwarden.

Book - '...gereet en gekleet naar hun staat' (Dressed according to their standing)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A hard cover well-illustrated book containing details of the regional dress of three villages on the one-time IJsselmeer.

Significance

Historical Study of the development of regional clothing for men, women and children in the Bunschoten area from the 18th century onwards. With the many illustrations it forms a valuable record of a slowly dying local custom.

Inscriptions & Markings

Historie en ontwikkeling van de klederdracht van Bunschoten, Spakenburg en Eemdijk.

Book - Indie: Schetsen over onze kolonien in Oost-Indie verzameld door F. M. Gescher

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Hard cover book. Illustration on front cover, native of former Dutch East Indies.

Inscriptions & Markings

Front cover:Indie. Back cover een Dieben's boek. K1964

Booklet - Harderwijk en de Zuiderzee (Harderwijk and the Zuiderzee) by Eibert den Herder.

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

8pp pamphlet on very old cheap newsprint publishing one man's struggle against the Afsluitdijk the dike which would connect North Holland with Friesland and create a lake (IJsselmeer) out of the Zuiderzee.

Inscriptions & Markings

Pencil mark seems to indicate cost

Booklet - Bun Historiael

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

84pp booklet; regular publication of the Bunschoten Historic Society. It has a coloured cover; photos inside are in black and whitel

Inscriptions & Markings

20e jaargang nr.2, april 1999. (20th edition, no.2, Aprill 1999).

Booklet - Flitsen uit Delft's Verleden (Glimpses of Delft's Past)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A 104pp booklet by A. van Peer printed on poor quality paper. Illustrations are in black and white; the cover picture is of the Old Church in Delft. (See item The subtitle reads :1246 Delft 1946.

Historical information

This booklet was published in the year following the German occupation on 1940-1945. It celebrates the 700 years existence of the city.

Significance

See item

Booklet - Cultuur-historie aan het Eemmeer (Culture and History around Lake Eem)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A colourful 32pp booklet published as extra-edition of the historic Bunschoten periodical 'Bunscote'.

Significance

Although this publication has no date it is obviously from the 2nd half of the 20th century and put together by the local historic society in an effort to record certain traditions and promote the local area. It is aimed at visiting tourists and includes maps with walk and cycle routes.

Inscriptions & Markings

Names of the editing team, co-ordinator, graphic artist and printer are all recorded.

Booklet - Kampje Spelen (Playing Internment Camp)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Simply produced 30page booklet. It is the printed version of a handwritten booklet produced in July 1945 by Mrs Axie Mazèl Krammer to help her children deal with the memories of their imprisonment by the Japanese in the former Dutch East Indies. The materials and style imitate the simple materials that were available for the author during their 4 years of imprisonment and deprivation.

Historical information

Mrs. Axie Mazèl - Krammer and her friend Anneke Rappard each had two daughters with them in the Women's camp in Banjoe Biroe. Prior to her marriage Axie Krammer von Marchau had studied languages, literature and pedagogy and particularly the art of teaching through play. The spirit and optimism of these two women contributed to the survival of their 4 little girls. An accomplished artist Mrs. Mazèl created the original of this booklet for the 6th birthday of her friend's daughter Anne Marie on July 30, 1945.

Significance

The illustrated story of children playing at internment does not hide the reality of their lives but puts in the context of a game of make-believe. The make-believe is illustrated in colour while the harsh reality is recognised in a small black and grey sketch in a corner of each page.

Inscriptions & Markings

The name "A. Kelleners" is written on the flyleaf.

Bowl with handle

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Parringer with decorative leaf-shaped handle.

Inscriptions & Markings

The Royal Holland Pewter Daalderop mark is on the reverse.

Box of Slate Pencils (Griffels)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Rectangular light green cardboard container which slides open to reveal 7 slate pencils. The lid is busily illustrated with scenes of English Victories on Sea and Land including Trafalgar and Waterloo. The upper halves of the slate pencils are covered in paper decorated with various designs.

Historical information

Slate pencils were used extensively in primary schools throughout The Netherlands.

Significance

These pencils may have belonged to a child who attended school either towards the end of or post WWII when there was a scarcity of paper and books.

Inscriptions & Markings

In the left margin of the picture are the words: "Designed in England". Underneath the Trafalgar scene is the quotation: "England expects that every man this day will do his duty." Under the Waterloo scene is the quotation: "Up Guards and at them!" In the right margin are the words: Copyright ENT * STAT HALL. GES.GESCHUTZT. In the centre are the words The Box enclose a crown surmounting a coat of arms which in its turn surmounts crossed slate pencils, then the words SLATE PENCILS and Made in Germany. In pale ink the name Harold is written above the picture.

Brass Dustpan (Blik)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Dustpan with handle made out of sheet of brass folded into shape and held together by copper rivets.

Significance

During the latter part of the 20th century utilitarian objects such as this were often replicated in brass to become part of brassware collections.

Brass Milk Measure

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A brass replica of the the milk measures used in the days the dairy farmer delivered milk out of large cans brought from the dairy farms.

Historical information

The objects relates to a period when old-fashioned objects were reproduced in brass (often in miniature) and bought for collections.

Inscriptions & Markings

2 DL

Brass Wall Plates

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Two heavy round brass wall plates depicting traditional occupations - one of a chairmaker, the other a blacksmith.

Inscriptions & Markings

(a) De Stoelemaaker (the chairmaker) (b) De Smidt (the smith)

Breadbin (broodtrommel)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

White enamelled metal bin with hinged lid. Handle on top of the lid. Basic lock with a twist key. The lid has a dark blue lining on the edge. The lid also features a series of 19 ventilation holes along its back

Historical information

A common item in the kitchen. Breadbins held a staple food item for breakfast/lunch. The need to have a enough bread to feed the family for a number of days.

Inscriptions & Markings

No inscriptions

Cabin Trunk (Hutkoffer)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Black timber trunk clad with metal, metal strap on edge of lid, wooden slats on lid,, one missing; metal hinges, locks padlock type. Inside lined with with ticking pattern cotton cloth, remains of black strap. Remains of four stickers on lid.

Historical information

Multiple labels suggest it was used many times for travel to and from Netherlands and Dutch East Indies.

Inscriptions & Markings

Stencilled name in white O. COERPER, repeated in larger letters painted on. On middle wooden slat Buissink, remains of previous name. Lower salt, Melbourne painted in light blue letters. Stickers: left side of lid, white sticker with red ring and red B inside. On lower left side of lid, remains of sticker with Stoomvaart Maatschappij. Sticker on top right hand corner of lid, Black and white square cargo sticker,Javakade. Niet voor de reis, Not wanted; Passiegiersgoed. Name, port of discharge, Melbourne schip possibly Johan van Oldenbarneveld. Final destination. 49, remainder blurred. Remains of sticker central lower lid. Locks with D.R.P. stamped. Coerper painted on front, Remains of white sticker on left side of front.

Candlle holder (kandelaar)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Double candle holder in pewter, tulip shaped candle cups, on asymmetrical curved bracket, on circular base.

Carnival Hat (carnavalshoed)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Decorative hat from silk-like material, coloured orange, green and cream and finished off with silvery gold band and other decorative items (see picture - also see items 6352 and 6353).

Historical information

Carnival (Dutch: Carnaval) is an important annual event heralding Lent in the southern provinces of The Netherlands, with each village often having its own "Carnavalsclub" and traditions. Many Dutch immigrantsg from the southern provinces have continued this tradition and formed their regional Carnavals Clubs in Australia. Each club has its own colourful uniforms, including specific hats. There are potentially three types of hats: A formal hat for official events, a work hat for use during normal club nights and for those members lucky enough to be chosen for a year as the "Prince" of the club, a Prince's Hat. Dutch Carnival is primarily a festival celebrating human folly which is why the hats are like jesters' caps. "Carnaval" comes with a rich tradition of ridiculing people and institutions of authority, and so, for instance, the "Prince" is saluted with military salutes which are performed the wrong way round, to the great merriment of onlookers. Special songs celebrating the foolishness of people in high places, such as politicians, are composed each year for "Carnaval".

Significance

For people from the southern provinces of the Netherlands, the annual "Carnaval" is an important cultural event.

Inscriptions & Markings

Has the name "L. Havel" on the inside.

Carnival Hat (Karnavalsmuts)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Decorative hat made of a silky material in green, orange, purple and cream, finished off with wavelike band and brown koala at front of hat (see picture - also see items 6351 and 6353).

Historical information

Carnival is an important annual event in the Southern Provinces of The Netherlands with each village often having its own Carnival Club and traditions. The Dutch People from the Southern Provinces continued in many cases this tradition and formed their regional Carnavals Clubs in Australia. Each Carnaval Club has a Council of Eleven with its own colourful uniform, including a hat. There is a variety of hats for the various roles within the committee and club.

Significance

For people from the Southern Provinces of the Netherlands Carnival is an important cultural event.

Inscriptions & Markings

Has the name "Tony" on the inside

Ceramic Commemorative Plate (Keramiek Gedenkbord)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Shaped as a soup plate the carved out bottom carries an image of Queen Wilhelmina and the inscription "1898-1923". A branch of oranges with a golden W placed in its centre partly encircles the image. The plate is edged with three green circles.

Historical information

Queen Wilhelmina celebrated her silver jubilee in 1923.

Significance

Princess Wilhelmina was only 10 years old when her father (King Willem III) passed away in1890. Until she became of age 8 years later her mother, Queen Emma, ruled as Queen Regent. The Dutch are traditionally proud of their Royal Family and this is one of the commemorative items with which the country honoured the Queen's silver jubilee in 1923

Inscriptions & Markings

"1898-1923".

Ceramic commemorative platter of ascenscion to throne of Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

White platter. Around the rim: at top, Beatrix Regina; underneath: Troonbestijging (ascension) 30 April 1980. Dutch royal coat of arms with motto 'Je maintendrai' (I shall perservere)

Significance

Commissioned in Australia, this platter illustrates the continued affection of Dutch migrants for the Dutch royal family.

Inscriptions & Markings

On reverse, logo HP 8076 Commisioned by H. van Hoek to Hallam Pottery Handmade and handpainted by Gerard Albers

Ceramic Dish with Lid

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

6237(a) and 6237(b) are a pale blue china dish with lid. A painted scene on the lid shows 3 child figures in typical Dutch costumes.

Children's skates (Kinderschaatsen)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

4649 (a) and (b) Wooden upper, pointed at both ends; steel blade fastened with central rivet; leather ankle and toe straps. Front straps have eyelets through which very strong crossgrain strap was threaded to tie skate onto shoe, rear strap has hole either side to thread the strap through for tying under shoe instep and around top of shoe and around ankle.

Historical information

Medieaval and 17th century Dutch paintings show winterscapes with children from the Low Countries skating on skates of similar pattern.

Significance

The Dutch love of skating is exemplified by the fact that so many brought their skates with them to their new country.

Inscriptions & Markings

R 21 (on right skate) 21 (on left skate)

Child Size Peat Cutter

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Metal Peat cutter with wooden handle.Varnished pine has been used and the cutting blade is painted black. Used together with wooden flat-bed wheelbarrow (Item 4139) and peat spade (Item 4142)

Historical information

Originated in Drente where cutting peat was one of the main industries. Used together with wheelbarrow (Item 4139) and peat spade (Item 4142).

Significance

A rare example referring to the peat cutting industry.

Child Size Peat Cutting Spade

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Wooden peat cutting spade with metal re-enforcement of the cutting edge.Varnished pine has been used and the cutting edge re-enforcement is painted black. Used together with wooden flat-bed wheelbarrow (Item 4139) and peat cutter (Item 4143)

Child-Size Wheelbarrow for Cutting Peat

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Wooden flat-bed wheelbarrow with wooden wheel with metal band. Oak and teak have been used and the item is varnished. Used together with peat cutter (Item 4143) and peat spade (Item 4142).

Historical information

Originated in Drente where cutting peat was one of the main industries. Used together with peat cutter (Item 4143) and peat spade (Item 4142).

Significance

A rare example referring to the peat cutting industry.

Child-size Wooden Skates

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Wooden skates, with brown leather straps. It has a metal strip on the base of the wood, which is necessary for gliding on ice.

Historical information

Skates were and still are widely used in winter time in The Netherlands, when the rivers, canals, creeks, ponds etc. are frozen solid. Paintings out of around 1600-1700 show models of skates very much like the one shown. Even until as recent as 40 years ago, the wooden skates (with steel blade) that are tied to the shoe with leather strap and laces, were widely used in the Netherlands. Even now they are still made in children sizes, because of there flexibility in adjusting to a range of shoe sizes.

Significance

Skating is a tradition which remains popular.

Inscriptions & Markings

Letter R for right foot No letter for left foot

Child's Petticoat

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Petticoat to be worn under child's white First Communion dress, made of white parachute silk sewn in extremely tiny stitches by machine and hand. French seams are used for the sides and shoulders; the hem is handsewn. The garment is fastened at the neck with a narrow white satin ribbon.

Historical information

This petticoat dress was sewn by Mrs. van den Heuvel and her friend M/s Jos Tersteeg for Marjo van den Heuvel to wear under a white dress on the occasion of her cousin Peter Beeker's First Holy Communion.

Significance

The material was obtained from one of the many parachutes that became available during the Allied offensive of 1944/45. This material was very welcome after the deprivations suffered during the 5 year German occupation.

Cigar Box

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Inscriptions & Markings

Schimmelpenninck

Cigar Mould (Sigaren Plank)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

5784(a) and 5784 (b) are two pieces made of wood (presumed to be pine). 20 slots to mould the cigars. Bottom piece has deeper slots for the cigars. The two pieces are not solid pieces of wood. The bottom piece is made from two boards/pieces of wood stuck together with aeration space left in between. The top piece has 20 individual moulds/slot glued on. The two pieces can be locked in via three wooden pegs into their corresponding slots On the back of the lower board/piece - there are two holes lined with metal rings (diameter of 1cm) Note that the size given applies when the two pieces are fitted together.

Historical information

Dutch cigar industry was prominent in the eastern part of Noord Brabant in towns like Helmond.

Significance

Dutch colonial history. Cigar smoking was popular amongst Dutch men

Inscriptions & Markings

On the top board - There is stamped the numeral "53". To the left of this number, we have the manufacturer's circular logo with details - L. Bezemer & Zn. N.V. Helmond Holland PERLU-VORM In front on the left-hand corner of both halves - etched number "7298"

Cigar Tin

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Square metal tin with hinged lid. The four sides are colourfully decorated with pictures and words from the traditional "leesplank" or early reading board, now a nostalgia item.

Significance

Cigar smoking was a popular sign of maturity and/or sophistication among Dutch men until the danger to health became better known.

Inscriptions & Markings

The lid carries an insigna picturing tobacco leaves, a starry banner and small globe with cross, surrounded by the words: Senator Sigarenfabrieken-Valkenswaard-Holland. A sticker on the underneath side of the tin reads: 50 senator riche.

Circular Ashtray

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A round pewter ashtray with a scene from a Jan Steen interior in the centre bowl section. 4 cigarette resting places are round the outside edge.

Significance

Smoking became common in The Netherlands as a result of trade with the West Indies. The Jan Steen illustrations of typical chaotic households were well known and eventually came to be used to poke fun at excessive tidiness.

Inscriptions & Markings

The outside edge is decorated with scroll type engravings. A pewter manufacturer's mark is impressed on the reverse side of the bowl.

Coal Shuttle (Kolenkit)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A souvenir imitation coal shuttle fashioned from beaten copper. It is on a brass stand and has brass handles fastened with lion head studs and copper rivets. The handle has an imitation Delft blue grip.

Coal shuttle miniature

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Brass miniature coal shuttle with copper body and Delft blue handle.

Coat of arms for a sports club - Koninklijke Nederlandsche Cricket Bond - 1883 (Royal Dutch Cricket Association)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Small brown wooden shield with a plastic medallion in black, yellow and gold.

Historical information

The 1883 date refers to the establishment of the Royal Dutch Cricket Association.

Significance

Represents a link between Anglo-Dutch sporting connections.

Inscriptions & Markings

Circular medallion displaying two crossed cricket bats in front of a wicket with a crown above them. Below this is the date "1883" and along the bottom half is the name of the association. Rear has a mounting hole. On back of shield is a sticker which names the manufacturer of the shield.

Cocoa Tin/Cacaobus

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Cylinderical tin brightly decorated with painted scenes of people enjoying cocoa in a variety of situations in the early 20th century. The lid has been painted with a coat of arms based on the Dutch coat of arms but with cocoa tree instead of orange tree. The banner carries the German words "van Houten seit 1828".

Historical information

Information on the tin suggests it was produced primarily for the German market.

Significance

A colonial product processed in The Netherlands.

Inscriptions & Markings

The brand name - Van Houten's Cocoa - and instructions for preparation are given in Dutch, French, English and German.

Coffee grinder (koffiemolen)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Coffee grinder, wooden body, metal top. Wooden drawer in bottom, metal contaner for ground coffee. Metal top has circular raised section which has an opening with sliding lid to put in coffee beans. Metal handle with wooden knob in centre of top, connects with grinding mechanism inside metal top.

Historical information

Brought to Australia in the 1950s by Dutch migrants. These coffee grinders were in common use in the 1940s amd 1950s as an altrrnative to wall-mounted coffee grinders. They were operated by clamping the grinder between one' knees.

Significance

The drinking of coffee is a highly social ritual among Dutch people. They brought this ritual with nthem to Australia as is evidenced by the number of coffee grinders and other coffee psraphernalia donated to the DAHC.

Inscriptions & Markings

Pe De on front above drawer.

Coffee pot (Koffie pot)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A green enamel coffee pot (a) with a separate matching lid (b).

Inscriptions & Markings

Narrow goldish circles near the top, middle and bottom