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Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria Carnegie, Victoria

The Dutch Australian Heritage Centre has been established to collect and display items of recognised significance relating to immigrants who arrived here from the Netherlands and the former Dutch East Indies, with special emphasis on migration in the post WWII period.

Please note: THESE ITEMS ARE NOT FOR SALE

Contact Information

location
60 Rosstown Road Carnegie Carnegie Victoria 3163 (map)
phone
+61 (03) 9571 5382

Contact

Opening Hours

By appointment - call Mr Michael Gijsberts on 0419 549 376.

Entry Fee

Free entry. Donations are welcome.

Location

60 Rosstown Road Carnegie Victoria

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The DAHC collection consists primarily of personal and household items donated by Dutch immigrants. As most of the migrants arrived in the 1950s, the collection presents a historical insight into Dutch culture, both in the Netherlands and in the Dutch communities in Australia.

Meredith Blake 29 May 2013 9:48 AM

Love the new items you have catalogued recently! Great work

Jose Sendeckyj 13 May 2016 10:21 AM

As an immigrant from The Netherlands in the early 60's to Australia, it is heartening and very interesting to see the digital documentation of Dutch culture for posterity! Great work - I hope to assist in the future in some small way.

Michael Gijsberts 13 May 2016 11:03 AM

To Jose Sendeckyj, Thanks for your heartening comments. And yes do come and visit us and possibly lend a helping hand at our 'working bees'

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207 items

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207 items

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Set of 6 decorative Plates

(a) to (f) - Six round plates each depicting a different aspect of the dairy industry as it was in the past. Two blue circles decorate the edge of each item.

Historical information

Promotional material for the dairy industry.

Inscriptions & Markings

Each plate has the word "Zuivelland" below the illustration. A difficult to decipher maker's imprint is on the back of the plates.

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Decorative Cake Slide (Sier Taart Schep)

A much decorated filigreed silver-coloured cake slide. The main scene is a detail from Rembrandt's "The Night Watch" worked in relief on the slide.

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Embroidered badges

2 circular embroidered badges each depicting a male and female member of the Dutch folk dancing group The Tukkers.

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Copper collection tin

Key words

street organ
collection tin
dutch migration

Oval tin, copper with soldered sides and half lid. D-shaped handle at one end.

Historical information

These tins were used to take up collection of money from the public by the operators of street organs. These wheeled mechanical organs used to be trundled around the streets of the Netherlands stopping at intervals to grind out some tunes.

Significance

Brought out to Australia by Dutch migrants as a reminder of their heritage.

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

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Koffiemolentje (coffee grinder)

A small bakelite stand-alone coffee grinder with curved metal handle and metal grinding works.

Inscriptions & Markings

1. On the lid: Within a circle and in relief Pe-De Dienes Reform D.R.G.M.D.R.P. Above the final inscription a small metal plate carries the words: Gesmeed maalwerk loopt op kogels - (forged grinding mechanism runs on ball bearings) 2. On the main body: Another circle with, in relief, an image of a deer head with with a cross inserted between his antlers. Thereunder the brand-name Pe De.

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

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Egg Cup

The egg cup is tangerine coloured on the outside and white on the inside.

Significance

Typical breakfast egg cup of the kind passed down the generations.

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Sieve with apple sauce making attachment (applemoeszeef)

Key words

household item

Sieve with green plastic handle and two hooks to hold sieve over bowl. Detachable Y-shaped steel frame apple sauce roller inside sieve, designed to fit over the handle and hook onto rim on opposite side, has turning handle with green wooden knob, a wooden egg-shaped roller, to force apple sauce through sieve, and metal paddle to scrape sauce from sieve. Cooked apple sauce was placed in sieve and pushed through mesh by turning handle to produce the fine apple sauce beloved by the Dutch.

Historical information

Brought by Dutch migrants as part of kitchen apparatus.

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

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Serving Tray (Dienblad)

Key words

tourism
stereotypes

white and blue plastic tray decorated with typically Dutch symbols, including clogs, a windmill, tulips.

Historical information

Most likely made for the tourist market.

Significance

It shows the stereotypes associated with the Netherlands and how they are perceived by foreigners.

Inscriptions & Markings

none

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Dutch military field uniform

Key words

uniform army

Dutch military field uniform made from heavy greenish material: (1) short jacket and (2) pants

Historical information

Part of the small collection of uniforms in DAHC's possession. Like most of these uniform this one stems from the 1950-ies. The shoulder insigne indicate a "Genie" division (Engineering Corps).

Significance

Many of the 1950's period uniforms came from people that had been discharched after having served in the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia) during the Indonesian War of Independence.

Inscriptions & Markings

Short jacket (brass, insect eye - like button on each collar, St Joris (St George) patch on shoulder straps, "Prins Alexander" on sleeves, Dutch army emblem with "Je Maintiendrai", the Dutch national motto, on left sleeve), marks inside jacket W MvO 1954, Motecht door MITN.

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Boch Delfts Wall Plate

A fully decorated Boch Delfts wall plate depicting a scene with water, sailing boats, a small dinghy, distant land with village and a glimpse of shore in the foreground. The whole is encircled by a ribbon of blue. The broad outer edge is decorated with leaf and flower patterns.

Inscriptions & Markings

The marks "Boch" and "Delfts" encircled by flower patterns cover a small central area on the back.

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Booklet - Kampje Spelen (Playing Internment Camp)

Key words

dutch east indies; japanese; internment camps;

Simply produced 30page booklet. It is the printed version of a handwritten booklet produced in July 1945 by Mrs Axie Mazèl Krammer to help her children deal with the memories of their imprisonment by the Japanese in the former Dutch East Indies. The materials and style imitate the simple materials that were available for the author during their 4 years of imprisonment and deprivation.

Historical information

Mrs. Axie Mazèl - Krammer and her friend Anneke Rappard each had two daughters with them in the Women's camp in Banjoe Biroe. Prior to her marriage Axie Krammer von Marchau had studied languages, literature and pedagogy and particularly the art of teaching through play. The spirit and optimism of these two women contributed to the survival of their 4 little girls. An accomplished artist Mrs. Mazèl created the original of this booklet for the 6th birthday of her friend's daughter Anne Marie on July 30, 1945.

Significance

The illustrated story of children playing at internment does not hide the reality of their lives but puts in the context of a game of make-believe. The make-believe is illustrated in colour while the harsh reality is recognised in a small black and grey sketch in a corner of each page.

Inscriptions & Markings

The name "A. Kelleners" is written on the flyleaf.

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

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Copper Vase

A small copper vase inscribed with red decorations.

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Footwear - Clogs

Key words

wooden shoes holland dutch traditional clothing

Pair of male size wooden clogs - completely covering feet, finished with clear varnish and shoe lace like decorations.

Historical information

Wooden shoes are / have been widely used in North-Western Europe (Scandinavia, parts of Germany, UK, The Netherlands, Belgium and Northern France). The models vary from a wooden sole and toe covering (Scandinavia, UK, Northern France) to a complete cover of the whole foot (The Netherlands and parts of Belgium). They are mostly made from poplar wood, but occasionally also from other softwoods like willow. The clogs' finish varies from plain wood or carved wood to varnished or painted versions, often with decorations. Nowadays special models are made for tourists with pictures of Dutch landscapes, tulips or windmills.

Significance

Although wooden shoes are also used in other countries, the full foot covering model has become one of the symbols of the Netherlands, like the tulips and the old style houses in towns like Amsterdam.

Inscriptions & Markings

Brand indication V Z clog and size 43/44 = 28 1/2cm - Shoe laces like decorations.

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

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Small brass jug with spout.

A small brass jug patterned with decorative inscriptions.

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Tea Cosy (Lined)

Key words

teapot
dutch family life
dutch
immigration
household items

Half rounded cotton padded teapot warmer (Dutch "theemuts" = tea bonnet) with inserted plywood base. White outside with grey-blue Delft tile motifs, lined with navy blue taffeta and padded with kapok. Metal carrying handle under which there is a clasp which opens and closes the cosy.

Historical information

This kind of tea cosy was found in just about every Dutch home in the 1950's. It took pride of place on the tea trolley and took the place of, or was an alternative to, the tea lights which also served to keep the teapot warm. It held a large teapot and although it was very effective in keeping the tea warm, after a couple of hours the tea became rather bitter and tasted "stewed". Since the Dutch are not in the habit of adding milk to their tea, the late afternoon cuppa was not always a favourite.

Significance

A symbol of what the Dutch prize above all, namely "gezelligheid", which means homely cosiness. The afternoon tea ritual ("thee-uurtje") was a very important time of the day as children came home from school to a cosily lit home with their mother presiding over pouring out the tea and distributing biscuits (one at a time!)

Inscriptions & Markings

none

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Fan

Small Indonesian fan produced for the 50th anniversary of Tempo Doeloe in Australia. The fan is made in a similar manner to the so-called Wayang dolls and is reminiscent of this aspect of traditional Indonesian culture.

Historical information

A number of these fans were ordered from Indonesia by Lia Kellener, the founder of Tempo Doeloe in Melbourne.

Significance

The item relates to the move of many Dutch to The Netherlands or Australia from post-WWII Dutch East Indies. After a 4year struggle immediately following the ousting of the Japanese in 1945, Indonesia officially gained independence from The Netherlands in 1949.

Inscriptions & Markings

An orange central patch bears the words: Tempo Doeloe 1945-1995 Indonesia - Australia.

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Booklet - Cultuur-historie aan het Eemmeer (Culture and History around Lake Eem)

A colourful 32pp booklet published as extra-edition of the historic Bunschoten periodical 'Bunscote'.

Significance

Although this publication has no date it is obviously from the 2nd half of the 20th century and put together by the local historic society in an effort to record certain traditions and promote the local area. It is aimed at visiting tourists and includes maps with walk and cycle routes.

Inscriptions & Markings

Names of the editing team, co-ordinator, graphic artist and printer are all recorded.

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Circular Ashtray

A round pewter ashtray with a scene from a Jan Steen interior in the centre bowl section. 4 cigarette resting places are round the outside edge.

Significance

Smoking became common in The Netherlands as a result of trade with the West Indies. The Jan Steen illustrations of typical chaotic households were well known and eventually came to be used to poke fun at excessive tidiness.

Inscriptions & Markings

The outside edge is decorated with scroll type engravings. A pewter manufacturer's mark is impressed on the reverse side of the bowl.

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

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Puzzle Game - Mixed Up

Key words

family
games
children
pastimes

Rectangular white box with black lid on which information is printed in orange. Inside box is a plastic moulded container holding the various puzzle pieces. Puzzle pieces are made from variety of materials including metal, wood and possibly plastic Some items are missing judging by the diagrams.

Historical information

Example of children's pastimes before the age of TV. Dutch families tended to play boardgames during the long winter nights.

Significance

It was brought to Australia to continue old customs

Inscriptions & Markings

Seven language on top of box all saying "play it anywhere". Images of the various puzzles. The manufacturer logo and name (Jumbo) all featured prominently on side of lid. "Made in Holland by Jumbo, Hausemann & Hoette nv Amsterdam" Has recommended play age of 8 and higher. On sides of lid feature multi-coloured title of the game. Price tag on side of lid shows value of 9.75 The box features on all sides puzzle piece diagrams and also the statement "that the solution can be found in the box" in Dutch, English, German & French. (No solution documentation found in box) On the bottom of the box is another manufacturer's logo (JUMBO) surrounding by the words Spellen-Jeux, Games-Spel, Giochi-Juegos", Spiele-Spil Also repeats Made in Holland

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Child-size Wooden Skates

Key words

dutch migration skates wood

Wooden skates, with brown leather straps. It has a metal strip on the base of the wood, which is necessary for gliding on ice.

Historical information

Skates were and still are widely used in winter time in The Netherlands, when the rivers, canals, creeks, ponds etc. are frozen solid. Paintings out of around 1600-1700 show models of skates very much like the one shown. Even until as recent as 40 years ago, the wooden skates (with steel blade) that are tied to the shoe with leather strap and laces, were widely used in the Netherlands. Even now they are still made in children sizes, because of there flexibility in adjusting to a range of shoe sizes.

Significance

Skating is a tradition which remains popular.

Inscriptions & Markings

Letter R for right foot No letter for left foot

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Commemorative Plate

Decorative plate to commemorate Queen Juliana's ascension of the Dutch throne in 1948. The plate is meant to be hung and has a piece of string for this purpose inserted through the rim on the back of the plate.

Historical information

The item was created by Bouwens and van Kampen, a ceramics business founded in Bussum by Greta Klaar. Greta married her pupil Johannes Bouwens in Amsterdam during the war. The couple then moved to Soest where the business became known as "De vlieg-uut". It went from strength to strength until a fatal accident in 1970 after which it was permanently closed. The designers and ceramicists specialised in small plates such as this commemorative one for Queen Juliana's accession to the throne following the abdication of her mothe, Queen Wilhelmina.

Significance

The item recalls the joyful celebrations that took place in Septermber 1948 when Juliana accepted the throne from her mother Queen Wilhelmina. The Queen had reigned for 50 years including the period of 1940-45 (WWII) during which she carried out her duties from London. Juliana and her family resided in Ottawa, Canada during those years. To some extent this event was the final celebration of liberation from the tyranny of occupation and the welcoming back of the Royal family to Dutch soil.

Inscriptions & Markings

The inscription reads: "Juliana Koningin 6 Sept.1948". On the back are the marks: "290KR." "BVK Soest" and "P.H.". It is gaily painted in red, blue and green on an off-white background. The central scene is recognisably Amsterdam with church tower, stepped gables and Dutch flags. The border consists of a circle of red, white and blue flowers; leaves are green.

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Boch Delfts Wall Plate

A Boch Delfts wall plate with hanger. The blue-painted scene is set outside a pub where 4 men and a woman are drinking, smoking, making music and gambling.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the back one reads: " Boch La Louvière Delfts". These words are encircled with decorative floral designs. All is in blue.

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

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Delft Blue Plate

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Book - MULTATULI - De Geschiedenis van Woutertje Pieterse (The Story of Woutertje Pieterse) Opnieuw verzameld uit "De Ideen". (Newly selected from "The Ideas".)

Hard cover book by Dr.J.van den Bergh published in 1920 containing a newly selected collection of extracts of the publication "Ideen" (Ideas) by Multatuli. The book is in 2 parts and contains about 600 pages. There are a number of drawings as illustrations.

Historical information

Max Havelaar: Or the Coffee Auctions of the Dutch Trading Company (Dutch: Max Havelaar, of de koffi-veilingen der Nederlandsche Handel-Maatschappy) is an 1860 novel by Multatuli (the pen name of Eduard Douwes Dekker), which played a key role in shaping and modifying Dutch colonial policy in the Dutch East Indies in the nineteenth and early twentieth century. In the novel, the protagonist, Max Havelaar, tries to battle against a corrupt government system in Java, which was then a Dutch colony.

Significance

The novel was central to the growing public awareness of corruption and exploitation by the Dutch colonial master in the East Indies. Published in 1860 it is considered the highpoint of Dutch literature in the 19th century.

Inscriptions & Markings

The illustrator is Anton van der Valk.

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

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Bed Warmer

A large dish-shaped copper bowl with patterned lid which has 5 cm diam. holes. The long handle is of turned wood.

Inscriptions & Markings

None.

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

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Commemorative Plate

Earthenware plate decorated to commemorate the 50year reign of Queen Wilhelmina. Her picture in the centre is surrounded by oranges. Her portrait is surmounted by her coat of arms. Below the portrait are the Dutch and Orange flags and her initial. The plate is designed to be hung.

Historical information

Queen Wilhelmina reigned from her 18th birthday in 1918 until she abdicated in favour of her daughter Juliana 50 years later.

Significance

Such plates would have been readily available in 1948 and an important part of the celebrations.

Inscriptions & Markings

Wilhelmina 1898 Koningin der Nederlanden 1948. On the back N.V. Koninklijke Plateelbakkerij. Zuid Holland Gouda. Plazuid.

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

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Wall Tile (Tegel)

Off-white pottery tile with blue coloured proverb in the Frisian language. There are also some blue glaze decorations in the four corners. On the back the brand name Harlingen Holland forms part of an imprint. There is also a hook for hanging.

Historical information

Tiles are formed using the using the same tools as four centuries ago, namely a knife and a wooden mould with little nails in the corners. Afterwards, the imprints of the nails remain visible as minute points in the glaze. After the first baking, the tile is glazed. The wet glaze is imprinted with a charcoal powder design. Then the painter redraws the lines with a fine paint brush and uses his own craftsmanship to color with paints that are in fact glazes colored by a metal oxide. The second baking blends these colors with the layer of tin glaze. The result is a unique and beautiful tile.

Significance

Tile design, making and baking is a traditional Dutch craft and continues today. The province of Friesland has its own traditions in the field of which this tile is a sample.

Inscriptions & Markings

The proverb reads: "Doch dyn plicht en lit de lju mar rabje." (Do your duty and just let people talk).

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Framed Ceramic Tile - Reproduction of painting

Key words

tile dutch painter

Tile with colour print of of Dutch landscape in gold with black line frame protected on back with cardboard nailed to frame

Historical information

The picture on the tile is a reproduction of the painting "The Mill at Wijk bij Duurstede" which was painted around 1670 by the Dutch painter Jacob Isaacksz vab Ruysdael (1628-1682)

Significance

Souvenir type item, likely purchases at the souvenir shop of the (Dutch) Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam.

Inscriptions & Markings

Cardboard at back of of frame has text " Jacob Isaacksz van Ruisdael 1628-1682. "The Mill at Wijk bij Duurstede" (painted about 1670). Original size 32 5/8 " x 39 3/4" Oil on Canvas (note this is about 892x1009mm) Held in Rijksmuseum at Amsterdam

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Commemorative Tile (Regeerings Tegel)

Wall tile to commemorate the reign of Queen Juliana of The Netherlands from 1948 to 1980. An oval-shaped black and white image of the queen is at the centre surrounded by some low-key decorations.

Historical information

Queen Juliana's mother, Queen Wilhelmina, abdicated in favour of Juliana, her only child in 1948. In 1980 Juliana abdicated in favour of the eldest of her three sons Willem-Alexander.

Significance

The production of this tile is significant of the Dutch monarchy's willingness to abdicate in favour of the next genration.

Inscriptions & Markings

Koningin Juliana 1948-1980 (Queen Juliana 1948-1980).

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

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Set of 3 Kitchen Canisters

Key words

kitchen
coffee
tea
sugar

5874 (a,b,c,d,e,f) Three (3) near-identical lidded enamelled steel cylindrical canisters, green on the outside and white on the inside. The lids are of black bakelite.

Historical information

Ulft consists of three hamlets: Ulft, Oer and De Pol. Oer is the northern part of Ulft and is called Oer because of the iron in the earth, which is called IJzeroer in Dutch. The DRU, an iron foundry, was located in Ulft. DRU moved to Duiven in 1999 and may be found at the Rijksweg A12. The Ulft site is still called "De Smeltkroes", a reference to the historic foundry, but is being converted to residential accommodation on top of a shopping centrum.

Significance

Such sets of 3 canisters (coffee, tea and sugar) were commonly to be found on a shelf in Dutch kitchens.

Inscriptions & Markings

KOFFIE, THEE, SUIKER (coffee, tea, sugar)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie