Victorian Collections -

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The Scholar's Companion History, Class V

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

Red covers with black decoration & lettering

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Badge - For King and Empire for sevices rendered

RSL Waverley Sub Branch , Glen Waverley

Circular Bronze Badge crown GRI intertwined For services rendered Pin clasp

Historical information

Awarded to o Henry Claude Roussac 1737 a Gallipoli Veteran 25 Bn after WWI

Inscriptions & Markings

Crown over GRI For King and Empire For Services Rendered

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Digital Image - Stained-glass window

Mission to Seafarers Victoria, Docklands

This is a colour photograph of a stained-glass window in the Saint Peter the Mariner's Chapel. Two men in robes are in the foreground. Jesus, in a red robe standing on the water, is helping up the second man who is partly immersed in the water. This man is wearing cream/brown robes and has a dark blue cape on. Both have halos. In the background is a city coloured gold below purple mountains and a section of the window, to the right, shows two figures in turquoise robes surrounded by what looks like a flag. The window is edged by a marble archway decorated in white and gold. In the bottom portion of the window are two text sections. The top part says "Thou of little faith wherefore didst thou doubt Matt 14,31" and below this is "To the Glory of God and in loving Memory of/J. Leslie Forge/This window is given by his sister R.F."

Historical information

This is a photograph of a memorial window dedicated to J. Leslie Forge, brother to R.F.

Significance

The stained-glass windows in the Saint Peter the Mariner's Chapel are a visual history of the Mission and the people associated with it.

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Book, Knitting - Lincoln Knitting Book no. 679

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Historical information

This knitting pattern book was published by the Lincoln Mills, Victoria and contains knitting patterns for mens garments.

Inscriptions & Markings

LINCOLN / BOOK No. 679 / Handknits / for / Outdoor / Sports / 6d MYER / FOR KNITTING BOOKS

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Booklet - Mines and Booby Traps used by the Viet Cong in South Vietnam Booklet

Lara RSL Sub Branch, Lara

A Beige coloured Booklet with black binding and black writing on cover. Has two United States military badges on the cover. Used in Vietnam.

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Bedspread

Stratford and District Historical Society, Stratford

A bedspread made principally of three sections of white linen sewn together with panels of crochet, with a deep linen edging and crochet edging. There are moths, butterflies and flowers embroidered on all sections in white cotton, as a form of candlewicking.

Historical information

Archibald James Bower enlisted in World War I in November 1915, and was killed in action in France in August 1916. Before he left Australia, he drew designs on linen for his mother, Harriet Bower nee Harper, to embroider a quilt - mainly flowers, butterflies and moths. Mrs Bower finished the quilt, which was then used for many years by her grandson, Archibald William Luxford. He went to sleep every night, knowing the designs were drawn by the uncle he had never known, after whom he had been named.

Significance

This quilt has historic significance as a memorial to a soldier lost in World War I. It is important as a tangible reminder of loss in war, and an example of how memorials to those lost in war take many forms. It has aestetic significance as an example of needlework that is original in design, with an impressive range of different stitches used to execute the design. It has spiritual significance to the Luxford family and the Munro community (even though Archie Bower was from Sale and the quilt moved later to Munro), as the quilt that Arch Luxford, a prominent member of the community, often spoke about as one his most important possessions. He was born after the death of his uncle, and named in memory of him. He grew up sleeping under the quilt, and knowing the story of his loss in World War I.

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Spoon

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Unrestored tea spoon from the wreck of the LOCH ARD. The spoon design has a flattened fiddle-back handle, with a thin stem or shank, flared collar, and elongated bowl. The spoons metallic composition is a thin layer of brass alloy which has partially corroded back to a nickel-silver base metal. Sediment covering 20% of spoon, Thinned and corroded and in poor condition overall. Outlines of makers marks are visible (Crown, Ellipse, Circle, Circle, Diamond).

Historical information

This tea spoon is from the wreck of the LOCH ARD, a Loch Line ship of 1,693 tons which sailed from Gravesend, London, on 2 March 1878 with 17 passengers and a crew of 36 under Captain George Gibbs. “The intention was to discharge cargo in Melbourne, before returning to London via the Horn with wool and wheat”. Instead, on 1 June 1878, after 90 days at sea, she struck the sandstone cliffs of Mutton Bird Island on the south west coast of Victoria, and sank with the loss of 52 lives and all her cargo. The manifest of the LOCH ARD listed an array of manufactured goods and bulk metals being exported to the Colony of Victoria, with a declared value of £53,700. (202 bills of lading show an actual invoice value of £68, 456, with insurance underwriting to £30,000 of all cargo). Included in the manifest is the item of “Tin hardware & cutlery £7,530”. This teaspoon is one of 482 similar items of electro-plated cutlery from the LOCH ARD site, comprising spoons and forks of various sizes but all sharing the same general shape or design and metallic composition. 49 of these pieces display a legible makers’ mark — the initials “W” and “P” placed within a raised diamond outline, which is in turn contained within a sunken crown shape — identifying the manufacturer as William Page & Co of Birmingham. An electroplater’s makers’ marks, unlike sterling silver hallmarks, are not consistent identifiers of quality or date and place of manufacture. A similar line of five impressions was usually made to impress the consumer with an implication of industry standards, but what each one actually signified was not regulated and so they varied according to the whim of the individual foundry. In this case, the maker’s marks are often obscured by sedimentary accretion or removed by corrosion after a century of submersion in the ocean. However sufficient detail has survived to indicate that these samples of electro-plated cutlery probably originated from the same consignment in the LOCH ARD’s cargo. The following descriptions of maker’s marks are drawn from 255 tea spoons, 125 dessert spoons, and 99 table forks. These marks are clearly visible in 66 instances, while the same sequence of general outlines, or depression shapes, is discernible in another 166 examples. 1. A recessed Crown containing a raised Diamond outline and the initials “W” and “P” (the recognised trademark of William Page & Co) 2. An impressed Ellipse containing a raised, pivoted, Triangle in its lower part and bearing a Resurrection Cross on its upper section (a possible dissenting church symbol reflecting religious affiliation); OR a rounded Square impression containing a raised, ‘lazy’, letter “B” (possibly mimicking sterling silver hallmark signifying city of manufacture i.e. Birmingham) 3. An impressed rounded Square filled with a raised Maltese Cross (the base metal composite of nickel silver was also known as ‘German silver’ after its Berlin inventors in 1823) 4. A recessed Circle containing a Crab or Scarab Beetle image; OR a recessed Circle containing a rotated ‘fleur de lys’ or ‘fasces’ design 5. A depressed Diamond shape enclosing a large raised letter “R” and a small raised letter “D” (mimicking the U.K. Patent Office stamp which abbreviated the term ‘registered’ to “RD”, but also included date and class of patent) Suggested trade names for William Page & Co’s particular blend of brass plating are ‘roman silver’ or ‘silverite’. This copper alloy polishes to a lustrous gold when new, discolouring to a murky grey with greenish hue when neglected.

Significance

The LOCH ARD shipwreck is of State significance – Victorian Heritage Register S 417.

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Weintruads Intravenous Needles

Ballarat Base Hospital Trained Nurses League,

Stainless Steel, Record Fitting.

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The Truth About My Friends

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

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Printing Plate

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Printing plate with illustration of wool press manufactured by Humble and Sons.

Historical information

Printing block with illustration of wool press manufactured by Humble and Sons.

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Racquet

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

An unstrung Wright and Ditson 'Challenge Cup' tennis racquet, with: bevelled crown; string whipping around shoulders; and, fine-grooved, thick octagonal handle. Decal inscription along throat on obverse: CHALLENGE CUP. Wright & Ditson cursive logo features along throat on reverse. Materials: Wood, Lacquer, Glue, Metal, Paint, Ink, Leather, Gut, String

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Photograph - Sue Fairnie

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Historical information

Photograph of Sue Fairnie's wedding

Inscriptions & Markings

Lindsay Fairnie/ Sue Fairnie

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Photograph montage of Pioneer Women of Ballarat

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

(A) Framed, glazed and mounted photograph montage of Pioneer Women of Ballarat. Contains 32 portraits. (B) Framed, glazed list of the pioneer with numbers. (C) 2 Copies in frame & original B Original - Use wife's christian name C Later list - Uses husbands name. (C) Written on reverse of page with Ballarat Historical Society letter head

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Ceramics - Glazed pottery charger

Brimbank City Council Art Collection, Deer Park

Large wall mounted ceramic plate

Significance

Rainbow Workshop Tutor

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Harness Buckle

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Horse harness brass buckle 5½" x 5" Buckle has Slight verdigris and heavy encrustation and part of the item is missing. Recovered from the wreck of the Schomberg.

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Photo - [Dick Richards with Antarctic Memorabilia]

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (formerly University of Ballarat), Mount Helen

Framed colour photographic portrait of Richard W. Richards, in a gold aluminium fram with cream mount. The image includes Dick Richards holding a pipe, the book 'The Ross Sea Shore Party', an opened tin of food, globe of the world, a fur lines coat, and papers on a desk.

Historical information

Dick Richards was a member of the Shackleton Antartic and was marooned on the Ross Sea shelf. He was also a former principal of the Ballarat School of Mines.

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Photograph

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

B/w photo of John Garbutt M.A., Principal of Ballarat College 1877 - 1909".

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Booklet - Wool Reserve Prices Plan Referendum Bill 1965

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Historical information

"Wool Reserve Prices Plan Referendum Bill 1965/ Second Reading Speech by the Minister for Primary Industry the Hon C.F. Adermann in the House of Representatives".

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Book - A Man About the House

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

A Man About the House by Francis Brett Young Publisher William Heinemann Limited

Historical information

Pattison Collection This item is from the ‘Pattison Collection’, a collection of books and records that was originally owned by the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute, which was founded in Warrnambool in 1853. By 1886 the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute (WMI) had grown to have a Library, Museum and Fine Arts Gallery, with a collection of “… choice productions of art, and valuable specimens in almost every branch and many wonderful national curiosities are now to be seen there, including historic relics of the town and district.” It later included a School of Design. Although it was very well patronised, the lack of financial support led the WMI in 1911 to ask the City Council to take it over. In 1935 Ralph Pattison was appointed as City Librarian to establish and organise the Warrnambool Library as it was then called. When the WMI building was pulled down in 1963 a new civic building was erected on the site and the new Warrnambool Library, on behalf of the City Council, took over all the holdings of the WMI. At this time some of the items were separated and identified as the ‘Pattison Collection’, named after Ralph Pattison. Eventually the components of the WMI were distributed from the Warrnambool Library to various places, including the Art Gallery, Historical Society and Flagstaff Hill. Later some were even distributed to other regional branches of Corangamite Regional Library and passed to and fro. It is difficult now to trace just where all of the items have ended up. The books at Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village generally display stamps and markings from Pattison as well as a variety of other institutions including the Mechanics’ Institute itself. RALPH ERIC PATTISON Ralph Eric Pattison was born in Rockhampton, Queensland, in 1891. He married Maude Swan from Warrnambool in 1920 and they set up home in Warrnambool. In 1935 Pattison accepted a position as City Librarian for the Warrnambool City Council. His huge challenge was to make a functional library within two rooms of the Mechanics’ Institute. He tirelessly cleaned, cleared and sorted a disarrayed collection of old books, jars of preserved specimens and other items reserved for exhibition in the city’s museum. He developed and updated the library with a wide variety of books for all tastes, including reference books for students; a difficult task to fulfil during the years following the Depression. He converted all of the lower area of the building into a library, reference room and reading room for members and the public. The books were sorted and stored using a cataloguing and card index system that he had developed himself. He also prepared the upper floor of the building and established the Art Gallery and later the Museum, a place to exhibit the many old relics that had been stored for years for this purpose. One of the treasures he found was a beautiful ancient clock, which he repaired, restored and enjoyed using in his office during the years of his service there. Ralph Pattison was described as “a meticulous gentleman whose punctuality, floorless courtesy and distinctive neat dress were hallmarks of his character, and ‘his’ clock controlled his daily routine, and his opening and closing of the library’s large heavy doors to the minute.” Pattison took leave during 1942 to 1942 to serve in the Royal Australian Navy, Volunteer Reserve as Lieutenant. A few years later he converted one of the Museum’s rooms into a Children’s Library, stocking it with suitable books for the younger generation. This was an instant success. In the 1950’s he had the honour of being appointed to the Victorian Library Board and received more inspiration from the monthly conferences in Melbourne. He was sadly retired in 1959 after over 23 years of service, due to the fact that he had gone over the working age of council officers. However he continued to take a very keen interest in the continual development of the Library until his death in 1969.

Significance

The Pattison Collection, along with other items at Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, was originally part of the Warrnambool Mechanics' Institute’s collection. The Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute Collection is primarily significant in its totality, rather than for the individual objects it contains. Its contents are highly representative of the development of Mechanics' Institute libraries across Australia, particularly Victoria. A diversity of publications and themes has been amassed, and these provide clues to our understanding of the nature of and changes in the reading habits of Victorians from the 1850s to the middle of the 20th century. The collection also highlights the Warrnambool community’s commitment to the Mechanics’ Institute, reading, literacy and learning in the regions, and proves that access to knowledge was not impeded by distance. These items help to provide a more complete picture of our community’s ideals and aspirations. The Warrnambool Mechanics Institute book collection has historical and social significance for its strong association with the Mechanics Institute movement and the important role it played in the intellectual, cultural and social development of people throughout the latter part of the nineteenth century and the early twentieth century. The collection of books is a rare example of an early lending library and its significance is enhanced by the survival of an original collection of many volumes. The Warrnambool Mechanics' Institute’s publication collection is of both local and state significance.

Inscriptions & Markings

Label on spine with typed text 'PAT / FIC / YOU"

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Booklet - With the Compliments of the Directorate of the Geelong Returned Soldiers' Woollen Mills

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Historical information

Commemorative, souvenir booklet of the visit to the RSS Mills by HRH Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester on Saturday, 3rd November 1934. HRH stayed at 'Ercildoune' at Burrumbeet, Victoria, home of H. Alan Currie, MLC, and a merino stud containing descendents of the historic King George III flock. HRH sheared a sheep during his stay, and the fleece was taken to the RSS Mill where HRH later visited to see it being made into a Royal and Hunting Stewart tartan travelling rug.

Inscriptions & Markings

WITH THE COMPLIMENTS / OF THE DIRECTORATE OF / THE GEELONG RETURNED / SOLDIERS' WOOLLEN MILLS / GEELONG / VICTORIA, AUS., / NOVEMBER, 1934

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Photograph - Lake Boloke Woolshed - Lake Boloke Station woolshed

Lake Bolac & District Historical Society, Lake Bolac

Black and white photograph

Historical information

The Lake Boloke Station bluestone woolshed is located 4 kilometres north of Lake Bolac on the Back Bolac Road. Originally the main woolshed for the station but later owned by the Wills Family following the subdivision of Lake Boloke Station.

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Knitting Machine Part, Sock

National Wool Museum, Geelong

A cast iron yarn feeder for the "Beehive" manual sock knitting machine.

Historical information

A cast iron yarn feeder for the "Beehive" manual sock knitting machine.

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Photocopy - Raschell Knitting

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Historical information

Acquired when "Classweave Industries" closed down.

Inscriptions & Markings

RASCHELL KNITTING H L S POTTER/ PHOTO STORES/...

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Certificate

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Certificate of competency to Frank Port 1867

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Racquet

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

A Spalding 'Geneva' tennis racquet, featuring: solid convex throat; and, fine-grooved, octagonal handle. 'A.G. Spalding & Bros. Made in U.S.A.' logo encircling ball trademark features on throat on reverse. Decal of model name features across throat on obverse. Materials: Wood, Lacquer, Glue, Metal, Ink, Nylon, Leather, String, Paint

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Italian Carcano Model 3 Carbine

Doncaster RSL Sub Branch , Doncaster East

Infantryman's rifle. Weapon rendered inoperative.

Historical information

World War Two. Used by the Italian Army

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Photograph

Tatura Irrigation & Wartime Camps Museum, Tatura

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Manufactured Glass, bottle 'Kruse's Magnesia'

City of Moorabbin Historical Society operating the Box Cottage Museum, Ormond

A glass bottle containing ‘Kruse’s’ Magnesia’ medicine

Historical information

Johann August (John) Kruse was instrumental in the development of the pharmaceutical industry and pharmacy training in Victoria. He was a driving force behind the creation of the Pharmaceutical Society of Victoria and was appointed a founding member of the Society's inaugural council in 1857. He manufactured many pharmaceuticals and health products such as mineral waters and 'Kruse's Fluid Magnesia' (1863) which is still in use today. He later went on to produce insecticides and dynamite, then established his own analytical chemistry service. In 1878 Kruse established Victoria's first pharmacy training facility - the Melbourne School of Pharmacy. There pharmacy apprentices were taught chemistry, botany, materia medica and Latin, while country students could study by correspondence. The School was endorsed and monitored by the Pharmacy Board of Victoria to which Kruse was appointed in 1880. Kruse's pharmacy school was the forerunner of the Victorian College of Pharmacy, Monash University, which remains Victoria's only pharmacy training institute. In 1853, shortly after qualifying as pharmacist at the University of Göttingen, Johann August (John) Kruse, moved to London. The medical practitioner Dr S. Weil sent Kruse to Victoria, Australia to manage a new pharmacy and tobacconist's shop which he was having built at 136 Bridge Rd in Richmond. In 1856 Kruse opened a second pharmacy 'John Kruse and Company Chemists and Druggists' at 207 Bourke Street. 1857 the Richmond shop was destroyed by fire, so all pharmaceutical production was moved to the Bourke St premises and later to his new location at 184 Bourke St.. Kruse was forced to sell his business in 1868 to Felton Grimwade and Company and work for them as manager of their chemical works. By the early 1870s he had regained financial independence so left the company to establish his own businesses again. He opened up a pharmacy at 31 Swanston St and in c1874 leased Victoria's premier natural springs, Clifton Springs, on the northern side of the Bellarine Peninsula, where he established a bottling plant. Suspensions of magnesium hydroxide in water, often called Milk of Magnesia, are used as an antacid to neutralize stomach acid, and as a laxative. Milk of magnesia is sold for medical use as chewable tablets, capsules, and as liquids having various added flavours Kruses Fluid Magnesia 300ml Extralife Kruse’s Fluid Magnesia, Magnesium supplement. Rapidly absorbed, easily digested. Improves general well being, corrects magnesium deficiency. Helps relieve indigestion, when due to acidity.

Significance

In 1878 Kruse established Victoria's first pharmacy training facility - the Melbourne School of Pharmacy, the forerunner of the Victorian College of Pharmacy, Monash University, which remains Victoria's only pharmacy training institute.

Inscriptions & Markings

KRUSE’S / PRIZE MEDAL / MAGNESIA/ K / FELTON-GRIMWADE & CO. MELBOURNE Directions for use ......

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Photograph

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Black And White Photograph of SS Marloo. 135 mm X 86 mm Sh 189.2 Ships M - R.

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Book

Nhill & District Historical Society Inc., Nhill

A History of Grampian Tramway

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