Victorian Collections -

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Antique Wax Foundation Mould

Beechworth Honey Archive, Beechworth

Rectangular box with base and no lid. Constructed from wood, joined with metal nails in the corners. Inside box is a metal mould base with hexagonal imprint and metal mould lid with hexagonal imprint.

Historical information

To use this foundation mould, melted beeswax was poured , the lid was placed on top, and the wax allowed to cool. The mould was then separated, and the beeswax foundation sheet taken out. Once placed in a hive, bees used the honeycomb impression created by the mould to draw out honey comb cells to store honey and polen. This mould was used by Bill Voigt, a beekeeping friend of the Robinson family. It was donated by Wilma, Val and Richard Voigt.

Significance

This is antique equipment used by known beekeepers.

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Lace Jabot

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

Piece of lace designed to adorn the neck front of a ladies dress

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Gramophone cylinders - Pilgrims Chorus.

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Gramophone cylinders, black, 6 grooves on interior stored in cardboard round container with detachable lid. Edison Bell Gold Moulded Record, made and sold by National Phonograph Co. at Orange N.J. U.S.A. 10446 Pilgrims Chorus.

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Page from Magazine

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

An article from a magazine, entitled: 'Tennis Hits Beauty High at Wimbledon'. Materials: Paper, Ink

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Photograph

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

Sepia toned photo of a class & teacher. Caption reads: "Half Of The 4th Class, Dana Street State School 1894. Teacher Mr. N.F. Spielvogel". (Circled).

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Drawer

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Wooden drawer, has no knob on front.

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Photo - Little Gem tintype - Portrait of a Woman in a hat

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (formerly University of Ballarat), Mt Helen

A tintype portrait of a woman's head, attached to a card. The cheeks have been hand coloured.

Historical information

The tintype (or ferrotype or Melainotype) was produced on metallic sheet (not, actually, tin) instead of glass. The plate was coated with collodion and sensitized just before use. It was introduced by Adolphe Alexandre Martin in 1853. The most common size was about the same as the carte-de-visite, 5.5cm x 9.0cm, but both larger and smaller ferrotypes were made. The smallest were "Little Gem" tintypes, about the size of a postage-stamp, made simultaneously on a single plate in a camera with 12 or 16 lenses. They were often produced by travelling photographers, and were cheaper than Ambrotypes so made photography available to working classes, not just to the more well-to-do. The print would come out laterally reversed (as one sees oneself in a mirror). Being quite rugged, tintypes could be sent by post. Tintypes were eventually superseded by gelatin emulsion dry plates in the 1880s, though street photographers in various parts of the world continued with this process until the 1950s. (Above information abridged from http://www.rleggat.com/photohistory/history/tintype.htm) The firm of Gove and Allen opened in Sydney in 1880 and were responsible for the belated popularizing of the gem tintype in Australia. The firm traded as both The American Gem Studio and The American Studio. Others franchises were opened in Melbourne, Ballarat and Sandhurst (Bendigo). The Sandhurst branch closed in 1882 and Adelaide in 1884. All Gove and Allen studios had ceased trading by 1885. The studio addresses were: 23 King William St, Adelaide; 324 George St, Sydney; 95 Swanston St, Melbourne; Howard Place, Sandhurst; 7 Queen St, Brisbane; The card mounts used in Gove and Allen studios in Australia are identical to those used in America. They were initially made of plain white card with embossing around the oval image opening in the mount while some also had simple geometric and floral printed designs as well. Although Gove and Allen studios produced the majority of gem tintypes in Australia, other studios offered them including: - London, American & Sydney Photo Company, 328 George St, Sydney; - David Edelsten, 55 & 57 Bourke St, Melbourne; - Burman's Portrait Rooms, St. George's Hall, 209 Bourke St, Melbourne; - Bell's Gem Portrait Studio, 57 Bourke St East, Melbourne; - R. H. Kenny, Bridge St, 6 Sturt St Ballarat; - Marinus W. Bent, Sandhurst (Bendigo); - George Fisher, Victoria; - Anson Brothers, Hobart Town. (Abridged information from http://members.ozemail.com.au/~msafier/photos/tintypes.html)

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Laryngeal Mask Airway

Geoffrey Kaye Museum of Anaesthetic History, Melbourne

Yellow plastic tubing with a pink rubber laryngeal mask attached. There is an additional fine yellow tube threaded through the base of the rubber mask.

Historical information

The Laryngeal Mask Airway was invented in 1983 by British anaesthetist, Archie Brain.

Inscriptions & Markings

Printed in black in along side: #4 LARYNGEAL MASK AUTOCLAVABLE INTAVENT 3:1

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Reel

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Historical information

Wooden reel used on machines.

Inscriptions & Markings

W

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Watercolour - Three Angels

Federation University Australia Art Collection , Ballarat

Historical information

This item is part of the Federation University Art Collection. The Art Collection features over 1000 works and was listed as a 'Ballarat Treasure' in 2007.

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Booklet - Instruction sheet no. 136: The Hattersley Hand Loom

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Historical information

"Instruction Sheet no. 136: The Hattersley Hand Loom" - Geo. Hattersley and Sons Ltd, Keighley, England, c.1940.

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Letter

Mission to Seafarers Victoria, Docklands

Envelope and two page letter written in 1946 on blank beige paper in blue ink.

Historical information

Letter written from Allan Quinn to his mother in 1946 depicting his time sailing across Europe.

Significance

These letters are of historical, social and interpretive significance as they provide information about the life of a seaman during the mid 20th century.

Inscriptions & Markings

Envelope: "Mrs S Quinn/San Lorenzo/63 Ocean Beach/Manly N.S.W/Australia" There are 5 postage stamps running along the right hand side, as well as two ink stamps. Letter: Sky Mail symbol on top left hand corner

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Newsletter - Hotel Warrnambool Newsletter Autumn 2013

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

Heavy paper, 4 pages historical and advertising material, A4 Bright blocks of colour with photographs and or text super size imposed

Significance

History of May Races and timeline 1847 to 2012. People playing at the hotel. Debate between lobster & crayfish. History of Tommy Corrigan - Jockey and his riding at the Carnival. History of Galleywood 1986 Grand Annual win. Other highlights in W'bool 3rd March to 12 May

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Anica Markic school photo

Slovenian Association Melbourne, Research

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Ball

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

A Slazenger 'Perma-Core' tennis ball. Materials: Felt, Rubber, Ink

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Photograph

Tatura Irrigation & Wartime Camps Museum, Tatura

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Memorial Window: Elizabeth Edith MACK - "Christ Ascending in Glory"

Christ Church Anglican Parish of Warrnambool, Warrnambool

Circular stained glass window above five lancet windows in the west wall of the second nave, depicts 'Christ Ascending in Glory'. The inscription is on a mosaic plaque below the central window.

Historical information

Elizabeth Edith Mack was born to parents William & Elizabeth (nee Wilmont) Hatton, in approx. 1873 in Moyston, Victoria. She married Frederick David Mack (a wool and skin buyer) in approx. 1903. Frederick Mack was born in 1968 in Warrnambool to parents Joseph and Louisa Mary (nee Despard) Mack. Joseph served as Shire Secretary. The Mack family (including Elizabeth and Frederick) occupied the same sandstone house in the town for more than a century. They had at least 5 children. Elizabeth Edith Mack died in Warrnambool in 1931 aged 58 years. The Circular Memorial Window was erected in her memory by her children. Elizabeth and Frederick's son, Ronald, became The Honorable Sir Ronald (William) Mack, M.L.C. President of the Legislative Council of Victoria. He was knighted in 1967 (the first Warrnambool -Born person to be so honoured) while Minister for Health and regarded the care of the Mentally Ill of prime importance but also the care of the aged. He was given a state funeral after his death in 1968, the service being conducted at Christ Church.

Significance

The Mack family was a prominent pioneer family in Warrnambool. Her son Ronald William Mack was the first Warrnambool-born person to be knighted.

Inscriptions & Markings

The mosaic tablet below the centrral light refers to this memorial to Elizabeth Mack. "The Above Circular Window/ is erected/ To the Glory of God, in Memory of/ our beloved Mother/ Elizabeth Edith Mack/who departed this life on 23rd December 1931."

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Photograph

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

Sepia toned photograph of a group of miners. "Victoria United Miners - Ballarat East - About 1912".

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Ernst Fries (b.1934 Wurzburg, Germany - arrived 1959 Aus) - Surveyor of Suburban Environs, Location: Alistair Knox Park, Main Road, Eltham

Nillumbik Shire Council, Greensborough

Polished stainless steel sculpture comprising an eye reminiscent of ancient egyptian hieroglyphics, which is held up with a tappered and jaggered tail like pedestal. Concrete base.

Historical information

'Surveyor of Suburban Environs' was one of the acquisitions from the 1991 Eltham Art Awards (now known as the Nillumbik Prize - and formally the Nillumbik Art Awards). This was the first piece acquired from this award which was suitable for a public space.

Significance

Nillumbik is referred to as the "Green Wedge" and the sculpture "Surveyor of Suburban Environs" suggests a watchful observer of the surrounding landscape. The sculpture's central motif represents an eye held up on a pedestal by a tail. Its form has been likened to the Eye of Horus, an ancient Egyptian symbol of protection, royal power and good health personified in the goddess Wadjet or 'green one'. This likeness would suggest that the observer or surveyor has a divine status and spiritual connection to its environment.

Inscriptions & Markings

N/A

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Photograph

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

Black and white photograph in China from Arnott Rogers Collection showing

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Coin

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Coin, Queen Victorian Penny, 1888, Obverse shows the "Young Head" of Queen Victoria. Reverse shows Britannia. Coin well worn.

Inscriptions & Markings

Obverse has additional shape pressed into it.

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Photographic print

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

Black and white photograph of Mark Edmondson in action. Materials: Paper, Photographic emulsion

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Watercolour on paper - Design for an Art Gallery

Federation University Australia Art Collection , Ballarat

Historical information

This item is part of the Federation University Art Collection. The Art Collection features over 1000 works and was listed as a 'Ballarat Treasure' in 2007.

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Spoon

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Unrestored tea spoon from the wreck of the LOCH ARD. The spoon design has a flattened fiddle-back handle, with a thin stem or shank, flared collar, and elongated bowl. The spoons metallic composition is a thin layer of brass alloy which has partially corroded back to a nickel-silver base metal. Approximately 25% of original electroplating remains, with 10-15% verdigris. Red stain in bowl.

Historical information

This tea spoon is from the wreck of the LOCH ARD, a Loch Line ship of 1,693 tons which sailed from Gravesend, London, on 2 March 1878 with 17 passengers and a crew of 36 under Captain George Gibbs. “The intention was to discharge cargo in Melbourne, before returning to London via the Horn with wool and wheat”. Instead, on 1 June 1878, after 90 days at sea, she struck the sandstone cliffs of Mutton Bird Island on the south west coast of Victoria, and sank with the loss of 52 lives and all her cargo. The manifest of the LOCH ARD listed an array of manufactured goods and bulk metals being exported to the Colony of Victoria, with a declared value of £53,700. (202 bills of lading show an actual invoice value of £68, 456, with insurance underwriting to £30,000 of all cargo). Included in the manifest is the item of “Tin hardware & cutlery £7,530”. This teaspoon is one of 482 similar items of electro-plated cutlery from the LOCH ARD site, comprising spoons and forks of various sizes but all sharing the same general shape or design and metallic composition. 49 of these pieces display a legible makers’ mark — the initials “W” and “P” placed within a raised diamond outline, which is in turn contained within a sunken crown shape — identifying the manufacturer as William Page & Co of Birmingham. An electroplater’s makers’ marks, unlike sterling silver hallmarks, are not consistent identifiers of quality or date and place of manufacture. A similar line of five impressions was usually made to impress the consumer with an implication of industry standards, but what each one actually signified was not regulated and so they varied according to the whim of the individual foundry. In this case, the maker’s marks are often obscured by sedimentary accretion or removed by corrosion after a century of submersion in the ocean. However sufficient detail has survived to indicate that these samples of electro-plated cutlery probably originated from the same consignment in the LOCH ARD’s cargo. The following descriptions of maker’s marks are drawn from 255 tea spoons, 125 dessert spoons, and 99 table forks. These marks are clearly visible in 66 instances, while the same sequence of general outlines, or depression shapes, is discernible in another 166 examples. 1. A recessed Crown containing a raised Diamond outline and the initials “W” and “P” (the recognised trademark of William Page & Co) 2. An impressed Ellipse containing a raised, pivoted, Triangle in its lower part and bearing a Resurrection Cross on its upper section (a possible dissenting church symbol reflecting religious affiliation); OR a rounded Square impression containing a raised, ‘lazy’, letter “B” (possibly mimicking sterling silver hallmark signifying city of manufacture i.e. Birmingham) 3. An impressed rounded Square filled with a raised Maltese Cross (the base metal composite of nickel silver was also known as ‘German silver’ after its Berlin inventors in 1823) 4. A recessed Circle containing a Crab or Scarab Beetle image; OR a recessed Circle containing a rotated ‘fleur de lys’ or ‘fasces’ design 5. A depressed Diamond shape enclosing a large raised letter “R” and a small raised letter “D” (mimicking the U.K. Patent Office stamp which abbreviated the term ‘registered’ to “RD”, but also included date and class of patent) Suggested trade names for William Page & Co’s particular blend of brass plating are ‘roman silver’ or ‘silverite’. This copper alloy polishes to a lustrous gold when new, discolouring to a murky grey with greenish hue when neglected.

Significance

The LOCH ARD shipwreck is of State significance – Victorian Heritage Register S 417.

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Racquet

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

A Paramount 'Speed King Autograph' racquet. Materials: Wood, Paint, Leather, String, Adhesive tape, Nylon, Cloth

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Pattern

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Pattern-hound span round wooden object with three spokes one at top and two at either side

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coins

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

Two silver coloured coins. On one face is the image of a sailing ship and the words HM BARK ENDEAVOUR OFF POINT HICKS and on the other face is a map of Australia with a head portrait of Capt. Cook in its centre, and the words CAPTAIN JAMES COOK 1770-1970 VICTORIAN LOCAL GOVERNMENT around the edge.

Historical information

These coins were made as part of the 200 year celebration of Captain James Cook's voyage on the HM Endeavour and the first sighting of Australia at Point Hicks in 1770. These two coins were presented to Orbost Historical Society by the Orbost Branch of the Bank of New South Wales in 1970.

Inscriptions & Markings

as above

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Stencil

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Inscriptions & Markings

7

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Photo In Frame

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

Photo of a young woman on her Wedding Day, dark dress, white veil, 1885 to 1890.

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Wool Dumper

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Historical information

Hydraulic wool dumper, originally located in Dalgetys Portland. Used to highly compress wool bales for export.

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