Ararat & District Historical Society operating the Langi Morgala Museum

48 Queen Street Ararat VIC

Langi Morgala Museum is the home of the collection of Ararat and District Historical Society. This Ararat museum holds an eclectic collection of items. These include aboriginal artefacts, thousands of photographs (mostly of local interest), everyday items used in the home and in local businesses, and collections relating to local individuals such as Stan Kelly (botanical artist), Mary Norman-Bail (educator and artist), and Shane Kelly (five-time Olympic cyclist).

The Museum's Aboriginal name translates as "home of yesterday". It is housed in a bluestone and brick building built in 1874 and is the home of the Ararat and District Historical Society. Displays, including many photographs, dressed models, clothing and farm machinery, reflect the gold mining rush of 1856. The Mooney and Charles Best collections of Aboriginal artefacts are also featured, the Mooney collection being on loan from the City of Ararat. The Museum has various publications for sale also includes our Annual Calendar which is designed and printed by the Museum Volunteers.

Opening Hours

Tue to Thu : 10:00hrs to 15:00hrs / Sat to Sun : 13:00hrs to 16:00hrs / Other times by appointment

Entry Fee

Adult: $5.00 / Adult Concession: $4.00 / Children $1.00

Telephone

(03) 5352 3117

About Our Collections ›

This collection is housed in a bluestone and brick building built in 1874, formally Ararat’s old Wool & Grain Store, now operated as the Langi Morgala museum by the Ararat and District Historical Society (ADHS). The collection is a large and varied social-history collection of the region, focusing on a period from Victoria’s gold rush of the 1850s to the mid-twentieth century. Themes include Aboriginal and pioneer history, agriculture, blacksmithing, domestic life, and the stories of local identities, Shane Kelly (a world and Olympic cycling champion) and Stan Kelly (an influential botanical artist).

Significance

This collection documents the local history of the Ararat district.

Unknown User 1 October 2014 9:10 PM

Hello, I've seen many references to the name Chalambar and am interested in the history of the name. A net search just mentions that it is a town in Iran. Can you tell me how it came to the area? Many thanks, Ian

Unknown User 1 October 2014 9:10 PM

Hello, I've seen many references to the name Chalambar and am interested in the history of the name. A net search just mentions that it is a town in Iran. Can you tell me how it came to the area? Many thanks, Ian

Unknown User 30 September 2014 5:41 PM

I am doing family history research on Annibal Vistarini. Annibal was storekeeper at Moyston (Campbell's Reef) 1860, 1861, and a miner at Moyston 1861+. Would this museum have anything on him?

Unknown User 30 September 2014 5:41 PM

I am doing family history research on Annibal Vistarini. Annibal was storekeeper at Moyston (Campbell's Reef) 1860, 1861, and a miner at Moyston 1861+. Would this museum have anything on him?

Unknown User 26 September 2014 4:42 PM

I am doing some research on my fathers family their name was Skurrie

Unknown User 26 September 2014 4:42 PM

I am doing some research on my fathers family their name was Skurrie

Unknown User 26 September 2014 4:42 PM

I am doing some research on my fathers family their name was Skurrie






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Von Guerard's Yalla-Y-Poora (print) - Print of Von Guerard's Yalla-Y-Poora painting

Ararat & District Historical Society operating the Langi Morgala Museum, Ararat

Laminated print, dating from the year 2000 or so, taken of a Von Guerard Painting found in, or part of, a Diary.

Historical information

This modern photo of a 19C Eugene Von Guerard painting of the Ararat-district homestead of Yalla-Y-Poora, was created ca2009. But the accession information is not clear about the date of accession, or the format of the Von Guerard painting (print, photo, etc.?), or the place where the original painting is held.

Significance

The photo is not significant in its own right. But despite the lack of detail in the accession information, it does point to a source of information about an important local homestead, Yalla-Y-Poora: i.e. the Von Guerard painting, which merits further investigation.

Inscriptions & Markings

Text on the back of the laminate [probably written at the time of acquisition] describes how the photo was created: "Painting by Eugene von Guerard / Yalla-Y-Poora / Copied from a diary loaned / by Judy Armstrong".

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Mary Norman-Bail and Pupils, ca1950s - Mary Norman-Bail and Pathfinder School Pupils, ca1950s

Ararat & District Historical Society operating the Langi Morgala Museum, Ararat

Unmounted black-and-white photo, No inscriptions, but original and new accession number of photo are written on the back.

Historical information

Black-and-white photo of Mary Norman-Bail, other staff members, and pupils of her Pathfinder School. Date is not known, but ca1950s.

Significance

This is one of a collection of several hundred photos, books, documents and teaching aids donated to Langi Morgala Museum by Jessica Norman-Bail (or by her estate). Almost all the collection relates to Jessica's mother, the photographer, artist and educator Mary Norman-Bail, and to Mary Norman-Bail's Pathfinder School, which was located in Ararat for several years in the first half of the twentieth century. In total, the Norman-Bail collection provides an illuminating picture of the unique Pathfinder school, though much of the collection is yet to be analysed. The Langi Morgala Norman-Bail collection is of local signficance; but further research into the collection, and into Norman-Bail's work and ideas, may enhance the significance further.

Inscriptions & Markings

Inscription the back of the photo [cat.nbrs]: "1641 / EC 1641.1"

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First Train to Portland Freezing Works, 1895

Ararat & District Historical Society operating the Langi Morgala Museum, Ararat

Black-and-white photo mounted on cardboard. There is an inscription on the photo in white, and also text on the front and back of the photo.

Historical information

This photo of the First Train from Ararat to the Portland Freezing Works in 1895 is one of several similar, or identical, photos in the possession of Langi Morgala Museum. This photo shows two men standing on the footplate.

Significance

The series of photos relating to the First Train from Ararat to the Portland Freezing Works is of local significance, to both Ararat and the Portland district. The photos are not in very good condition, but the information relating to the photo gives it a context, and some of the detail scales up quite well.

Inscriptions & Markings

The white-ink inscription on the front of the photo says: "First Train / Portland Freezing Works / from Ararat. The 2nd inscription on the front, which is inked on to the cardboard backing, and the inscription on the back, give identical information to each other. Inscription in longhand on the back: "1st train ["loading" is struck out] / 1st train of frozen meat / run by Ararat Loco men / Siding at Portland Factory / 1895".

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Warrak Cricket Club ca early20C - Warrak Cricket Club, ca early20C

Ararat & District Historical Society operating the Langi Morgala Museum, Ararat

Black-and-white photo, with information written on a cardboard label attached to the photo.

Historical information

Early photo of the Warrak Cricket Club (probably early 20C)

Significance

This photo was donated by a regular donor to the Langi Morgala Museum.Unfortunately its date of manufacture is not yet known, but local Warrak knowledge may yet supply this date. It is of local significance to Warrak because of its rarity and presumed early date. This significance is ameliorated because the date of manufacture is so far only assumed; but if the Warrak Cricket Club is still in existence, the provenance and date of the photo may be more firmly established by talking to current members. Further research is warranted: local history, published or unpublished, may give further information.

Inscriptions & Markings

Inscription: on a cardboard label attached to front of the photo: "Warrak Cricket Club / Four photos donated by Mr J.Foster 1979"

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List of Images of Ararat Councillors - Listing of Ararat local government members and the images held by the Ararat and District Historical Society

Ararat & District Historical Society operating the Langi Morgala Museum, Ararat

Word document containing the names of all or most of the members of the Ararat and District local government (e.g. Councillors and Mayors), cross-referenced to the images of them held by Langi Morgala Museum. This listing is continually under review, as more images are digitised.

Historical information

This Word document, with cross-referenced images, is available on email request.

Inscriptions & Markings

N.A.

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Christening Mug, Mary Edwards, ca1857 - Christening Mug of Mary Edwards, born 1857 (one of four)

Ararat & District Historical Society operating the Langi Morgala Museum, Ararat

Highly glazed white ceramic christening mug inscribed in gold. Gold trim at top and bottom and on handle. Some crackling of glaze. Brown wear marks on handle and around rim.

Historical information

This christening mug commemorates the birth of Mary S. Edwards on February 3rd 1857. The mug is one of four gifted to each of the Edwards children. 2. Wm I Edwards born may 5th 1859 3. Elizabth Edwards born on April 19th 1862. 4. Grace Edwards born on February 19th 1864. All mugs were used by the Edwards children during their lifetimes and were donated to the museum by Misses Illife and Bessie Edwards in 1979.

Significance

These mugs are of local Ararat and District significant due to their age (over 150years old in 2011), the fact that there is a (presumably) complete set of four from the same family, and the fact that the family has close ties with the Ararat district. Their condition, though not perfect, is good, and this, along with their usage during the lifetime of the original owner, adds to their significance.

Inscriptions & Markings

Inscription in gold on the body of mug: "Mary S. Edwards / Born Feby 3rd1857".

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Barkly Street, Ararat, ca1950s

Ararat & District Historical Society operating the Langi Morgala Museum, Ararat

This is a relatively modern photo, perhaps a copy of an older photo. Some of the details are very clear, and there are no obvious tears or spots.

Historical information

The motor cars in this photo enable a fairly accurate dating: perhaps to the 1950s. The clothes in the somewhat blurry figures in the background also suggest the 1950s, and also suggest the winter season. The photo is taken from a vantage point used by a succession of photographers, and the growth of Ararat can be ascertained from this succession of photos.

Significance

Langi Morgala museum holds a succession of photos taken from this same vantage point, which allows a comparison of the main street of Ararat over 100 to 150 years. The growth and decline of businesses and perhaps government buildings can also be ascertained. Because of this comparison value, this photo is of regional significance.

Inscriptions & Markings

No inscriptions

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Early Ararat ca1870s - Barkly Street, Ararat, ca1870s

Ararat & District Historical Society operating the Langi Morgala Museum, Ararat

Original, large-format photograph of early Ararat, taken ca1876. Langi Morgala also has a copy of this photo, laminated and in black-and-white (cat.9270.2). The current photo appears to have been hand-coloured, and is affixed to a cardboard backing. In addition to information written in ink directly on the back, two labels with information have been stuck to the back of the photo: one is ink on cardboard; the other is dynotape.

Historical information

This is a long view of the main street of Ararat, looking westward towards Copes Hill, taken in the 1870s or thereabouts. It provides information on the businesses, the hotels, and public buildings in Ararat at this early time.

Significance

The donor, and the date of acquisition are as yet unknown. However, the rarity of the photo, together with its early date (ca1870s), make it signficant to the local Langi Morgala Collection.

Inscriptions & Markings

Inscription on front: "Barkly Street Ararat, Looking Westward". Inscriptions on back: Text no.1, on cardboard, apparently written in 1974: "Barkly Street, Ararat, looking Westward. Now vicinity, (1974), of J.Hughan, R.Blizzard, T.A.B., / Cannon's, (Mrs RJ Boyles), L.Ford, H.Watts, T.d,Oliveyra / Photo: 1876 [the second figure-8 has been overwritten with a 7, making the date 1876]" Right Side: Police Station Court House and original Medical / Dispensary building still stands on corner of Barkly and Ligar Streets (R&B Depot). Text no.2, on dynotape: "Right Mining.Wardens.Office" Text no.3: [written in ink: is identical to the information on the cardboard label].

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Mary Norman-Bail, 1908 - Mary Norman-Bail, educator and artist, in 1908

Ararat & District Historical Society operating the Langi Morgala Museum, Ararat

A lovely, clear portrait of the young Mary Norman (later Mary Norman-Bail) taken in January 1908. It is signed by the subject, and further details have been added on the back of the photo, in the same or similar hand. Although the cardboard backing is spotted and damaged by adhesive, the photo itself relatively undamaged, and the features and details are clear.

Historical information

This is a portrait of the young, clear-eyed Mary Norman (later Mary Norman-Bail) in 1908. Her glasses and costume put her directly in that early 20C era. She was an educator and artist, in Ararat and Warrnambool.

Significance

This is one of a collection of several hundred photos, books, documents and teaching aids donated to Langi Morgala Museum by Jessica Norman-Bail (or by her estate). Almost all the collection relates to Jessica's mother, the photographer, artist and educator Mary Norman-Bail, and to Mary Norman-Bail's Pathfinder School, which was located in Ararat for several years in the first half of the twentieth century. In total, the Norman-Bail collection provides an illuminating picture of the unique Pathfinder school, though much of the collection is yet to be analysed. The Langi Morgala Norman-Bail collection is of local signficance; but further research into the collection, and into Norman-Bail's work and ideas, may enhance the significance further.

Inscriptions & Markings

Inscription: in longhand on the front: "Yours Truly / Mary Norman"; in longhand on the back: "MP Norman when at / Echuca taken in January / 1908"

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Coin, 1603AD James I Shilling - Shilling Coin, James I of England,1603AD (S2645)

Ararat & District Historical Society operating the Langi Morgala Museum, Ararat

Hammered Silver Shilling Coin with portrait of King James I of England (James VI of Scotland), 1567-1625. James I is facing to the right and a value of XII (12) is stamped to the left of the portrait. There is an inscription stamped around the perimeter of the coin, which also shows the Thistle mintmark.The reverse side of the coin shows a shield (centred) divided into four sections: the top left section shows the three Lions of England and the French Fleur-de-lis, the top right section shows the Welsh Dragon, the bottom left section shows the Irish Harp and the bottom right section shows the three Lions of England and the French Fleur-de-lis. There is also an inscription around the outside perimeter of the coin. A hole has been pierced through the top of the coin between the Thistle mintmark and the King's Crown.

Historical information

This coin was the first shilling minted during the reign of King James I of England (James VI of Scotland), being produced from 1603 to1604. This is evidenced by the legend around the reverse perimeter, and the Thistle mintmark on both sides of the coin. Born on the 19 June 1566, James became King James VI of Scotland at a little over twelve months of age, on the abdication of his mother Mary Queen of Scots. He succeeded to the English Throne as James I on the death of the childless Queen Elizabeth I on 24 March 1603. He was crowned on 25 July 1603, ruling over a united England, Scotland and Wales for 22 years until his death in 1625 at the age of 58. At some time a hole has been drilled through the top of the coin, between the thistle mark and the King's crown, suggesting that someone, sometime, has used the coin as a medallion.

Significance

Unfortunately the Museum has no record of a donor of this coin. On the other hand, coins by definition have an intrinsic value, a date and place of manufacture, and a known usage. This coin is reasonably rare, but is in very worn condition, which detracts from its monetary valuation somewhat.

Inscriptions & Markings

Around the perimeter of the reverse "EXVRGAT DEVS DISSIPENTVR INIMICI", then the Thistle mintmark. This inscription and the Thistle mintmark apparently mean that the coin must be the first coin of James I reign, and dates it to 1603-1604. On the obverse-side perimeter,"IACOBVS DG ANG SCO FRA ET HIB REX" (King of England, Scotland, France and Ireland), then the Thistle mintmark.

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James Tuson, Mayor of Ararat ca late19C - Portrait of James Tuson, Mayor of Ararat, ca late19C

Ararat & District Historical Society operating the Langi Morgala Museum, Ararat

Oval-shaped black-and-white or sepia photograph mounted on a rectangular cardboard backing with the maker's marks on it.

Historical information

This portrait is one of several photographs which Langi Morgala Museum has of James Tuson, who was an Ararat pioneer, city councillor and one-time mayor.

Significance

Because of its provenance and its discernible date-range, and because of the good provenance for the maker, and the 'With Compliments' note on the back, this photo is of undisputed local significance. The donor or their relatives may well have been given this photo by Tuson or another.

Inscriptions & Markings

Inscription: on front: "E.C.Waddington & Co. / Elizabeth Street Melbourne" [the maker]. Inscription: on back, handwrittien and overwriting the maker's markings: "James Tuson / Mayor / 1882 / with Compt [Compliments] / 977P".

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Willaura Weighbridge, ca late19C

Ararat & District Historical Society operating the Langi Morgala Museum, Ararat

Sepia photograph of the Willaura Weighbridge, ca late19C. The photograph is in poor condition, but some important details can be ascertained.

Historical information

This photograph shows a Willaura which no longer exists. The weighbridge was part of a transportation system that included horses, wagons, silos, and trains. When this photograph was taken by the unknown photographer, the weighbridge was crowded with people and wagons. It is a part of the tradition of combining (often personal) photographs with the postcard format.

Significance

Langi Morgala Museum does not have many photographs of nearby Willaura, so this could be one of a few early photographs of the town not in private hands. This postcard, unlike many of its genre, has not been posted and does not contain a personal communication.

Inscriptions & Markings

no relevant inscriptions

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Church of England School, Ararat 1920s - Pupils and Staff of the Church of England School, Ararat, 1920s

Ararat & District Historical Society operating the Langi Morgala Museum, Ararat

Black-and-white photo, mounted on cardboard

Historical information

This appears to be a photo of all or most of the Pupils and Staff of Ararat Church of England School, ca1920s. The names of all or most are written on the back of the photo.

Significance

This is an early photo of the Ararat Church of England School. The date, and the names attached to or written on the back of the photo add to the signficance of the photo, making it of local significance.

Inscriptions & Markings

Inscription: on back, both written in ink, and repeated on an affixed cardboard label. Most of this information is a listing of the names of the students and teachers.

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Four Boer War Soldiers, ca1899 - Four Boer War Soldiers, including Henry RP Mitchell, ca1899

Ararat & District Historical Society operating the Langi Morgala Museum, Ararat

This photo is dated to early in the Boer War (duration 1899 to 1902), and therefore to 1899, because the hat-brims are turned up on the right. Later in the Boer War they were changed to turn up on the left, in which position they have remained. Henry RP Mitchell is kneeling on the left of the photo; none of the other subjects has yet been identified.

Historical information

The Boer War of 1899 to 1902 was the first big conflict to which Australia sent troops. Service was entirely voluntary, and it was often based on existing contingents of mounted rifles, or 'Rangers'. The museum would like to find out more about the people in this photograph. One at least seems to come from the local Ararat district.

Significance

Langi Morgala Museum holds six photos (to date) which have been provenanced to the Boer War: some of these are of bandsmen rather than soldiers (although bandsmen saw active duty). All or most of these photos relate to the Ararat district, which makes them significant to the region, and also significant on a statewide basis. The condition of the photos is fair: there are some spots and tears and erasures, but the photos are mostly in very high-definition, and the faces and other details are usually very clear.

Inscriptions & Markings

"Kneeling left - Henry RP Mitchell"

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Picnic at Langi Ghiran 1904 - Large group of People at a Picnic at Langi Ghiran, near Ararat, 1904

Ararat & District Historical Society operating the Langi Morgala Museum, Ararat

Black-and-white photo mounted on cardboard. The photograph is torn away in several places, but most of the details of the large group of people is still very clear.

Historical information

This is a photo of a very large group of people at the Langi Ghiran Picnic Grounds in 1904. The photo, which scales up quite well, provides information about leisure wear and leisure activities in the Ararat area at this time. Unfortunately names are not available for any of the participants. There is little or no information in the photo about the picnic grounds themselves.

Significance

This photo is of local signficance (Langi Ghiran and the Ararat disctrict). Although the photo is physically damaged, the detail in most of the photo is still very clear, and scales-up well, giving information on clothing and leisure activities. The fact that the date and the donor are known adds to its significance; but the lack of names of the participants detracts from it somewhat.

Inscriptions & Markings

The subject of the photo is inked on to the back: "Picnic Grounds / Langi Cheryn[sic: should be Langi Ghiran] 1904".

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Barkly Street, Ararat, perhaps 1870s

Ararat & District Historical Society operating the Langi Morgala Museum, Ararat

This cardboard-mounted large photograph is not in very good condition, but some parts of the image are still clear. There are permanent inscriptions on both front and back, not done in sympathy with the age and importance of the item.

Historical information

This is one of a dozen or so pictures of very early Ararat held by Langi Morgala Museum, and can be compared to a succession of later photographs to illustrate the growth of the town of Ararat. The date suggested by the inscription on the front is probably a reference to some other occurrence, since the street seems far to built-up for 1856-1860. The date is more likely the 1870s, or even the 1880s

Significance

This photograph, though not in good condition, is one of the few in the possession of Langi Morgala Museum that shows very early Ararat. It is of regional significance, which would be enhanced if a firmer date could be established.

Inscriptions & Markings

On front: "Note hitching posts and the old Turf Hotel, Barkly Street cont[illegible] / 1856-60". On back: museum stamp and photo numbers.

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Dorrie with horses - Dorrie, with Two Horses, outisde stone or mud-brick building, c.early 20C

Ararat & District Historical Society operating the Langi Morgala Museum, Ararat

Black-and-white photo mounted on stiff green cardboard. Inscription on back in longhand in ink.

Historical information

Photo shows Dorrie (assumed from the inscription on the back), holding a horse on each side of her, beside a fence outside a stone or mud-brick building, c.early 20C

Significance

Norman-Bail, Norman, Bail, education, educator, pupil, teacher, school, class, grade, Pathfinder-School, curriculum, progressive-education, art, artist, photographer, painter, collage, artwork

Inscriptions & Markings

Inscription: "To dear Miss Norman / With fondest love from / Dorrie".

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Local Government Act 1874 - Local Government Act 1874, and Amendments to Dec 1884

Ararat & District Historical Society operating the Langi Morgala Museum, Ararat

Brown cover with label in centre. Official Copy of "Local Government Act 1874" Interleaved with Amending Acts to December, 1884. 148 pages. Also Local Government Act 1874 Amended No 786. In back of book, pages 8,9 & 10.

Historical information

Local Government Act 1874 No 506 interleaved with amending acts to December, 1884. The pages given in the second column are those of the "Local Government Act 1874" When the referred to Acts are interleaved, first column gives the section of the Amending Acts. Letters P.A. refer to the latter Act.

Significance

Unfortunately the donor of this official publication is not yet known. Further research needs to be undertaken on the purpose, history and usage of this Local Government Act 1874 (Victoria), with amendments to Dec 1884 (its date of publication). If it can be traced back to a local Ararat councillor or personality, then this would enhance its significance (although the Geelong address on the flyleaf would suggest a Geelong origin). If the publication is now a rare item, this too would enhance its significance, which would apply Victoria-wide.

Inscriptions & Markings

Hand written on front cover lable "official copy", inside back cover hand written W. Sommers / Hotel / Geelong .7/-

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Outside the First Watgania Police Station, ca late19C - Two Men outside the First Watgania Police Station, ca late19C

Ararat & District Historical Society operating the Langi Morgala Museum, Ararat

Black-and-white photo mounted on cardboard. The photo is very pinmarked and otherwise stained and damaged, but some of the details, including the two men in the photo, are very clear.

Historical information

This was the first police station built in Watgania, and it was probably built during the goldrush era of late19C to early 20C.

Significance

The condition of the photo is less than good, but most of the details, particularly those in the centre, are preserved and scale up very well. The photo is of local significance to Watgania and the Ararat district because of its rarity and because of its subject. There is now (in the year 2011) little or nothing left of the township of Watgania, though there are still several inhabited properties in this area, which shelters close under the eastern face of the Grampians mountains. The figures in the photo add to its significance, since a good deal of information about the goldfields can be gleaned from their manner and their dress.

Inscriptions & Markings

Inscription: on front: "4216 / MH". Stamped on back: "F.W HARGREAVES". Inscription: on back: 592P (this is its Osborne nbr, and corresponds to a photo-negative taken of the original photo).

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Mary Norman-Bail Pupils, ca1920 - Mary Norman-Bail's Pathfinder School Pupils ca1920s

Ararat & District Historical Society operating the Langi Morgala Museum, Ararat

Unmounted black-and-white photo. Inscription on the back in longhand in ink (may be fairly recent addition).

Historical information

Photo taken c.1920s. The names written on the back include Mary Norman-Bail's daughter.

Significance

This is one of a collection of several hundred photos, books, documents and teaching aids donated to Langi Morgala Museum by Jessica Norman-Bail (or by her estate). Almost all the collection relates to Jessica's mother, the photographer, artist and educator Mary Norman-Bail, and to Mary Norman-Bail's Pathfinder School, which was located in Ararat for several years in the first half of the twentieth century. In total, the Norman-Bail collection provides an illuminating picture of the unique Pathfinder school, though much of the collection is yet to be analysed. The Langi Morgala Norman-Bail collection is of local signficance; but further research into the collection, and into Norman-Bail's work and ideas, may enhance the significance further.

Inscriptions & Markings

Inscription: on back: "Tennis Court St Andrews / Presbyterian Church / Elaine Gilchrist Teddy Robinson / J Norman Bail / Don Blackie / Colin Laidlaw / ? / ? .

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Mooney Collection: Listing - Mooney Collection Longhand Listing

Ararat & District Historical Society operating the Langi Morgala Museum, Ararat

Mooney Collection Listing, written in long-hand. There are six A4 pages,stapled together, which are a photocopy of an original listing which is no longer to hand. Each page is divided into two sets of two columns, with Mooney's catalogue number on the left, and the name of the artefact, and the location in which he found it (provenance), on the right. At the end of the listing this system breaks down, and seems to refer to ad hoc or multiple items. And throughout the document occasional items have a line drawn through them.

Historical information

The listing of the Mooney Collection is an essential tool in the cataloguing of the collection, providing an identification of the artefact, the location where the artefact was found, and a number corresponding to the number affixed to the artefact. However, detailed provenance, and the date the artefact was collected, is not provided in the listing. This listing was probably prepared by Lawrence Mooney. There is a second, typewritten, listing which may have been prepared by Mooney, or by Ararat City Council. The typewritten listing is slightly different from the hand-written listing, and both are used in conjunction with each other. Aboriginal Affairs Victoria is currently assessing the Mooney Collection, along with the rest of the aboriginal artefact collection in Langi Morgala Museum, and is using both listings.

Significance

The Significance Assessment prepared by Elizabeth Willis for the Langi Morgala Museum in 2008 assessed the Mooney Collection as being significant for researchers and for local indigenous people. The hand-written listing is an invaluable tool in cataloguing, interpreting and assessing the Mooney Collection. There is a digital copy of the Significance Assessment available at Langi Morgala Museum, and at Heritage Victoria, who funded the SA.

Inscriptions & Markings

For example: "174 / Spinning Stone Ararat", "371. / Axe Mooney's Gap"."415 / Anvil Crowlands".

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Wedding Portrait, Tom and Daisy, ca1920 - Wedding Portrait of Tom and Daisy, ca11 Feb 1920

Ararat & District Historical Society operating the Langi Morgala Museum, Ararat

Black-and-white photo mounted on cardboard. There is an Inscription on the back from the subjects to their Uncle.

Historical information

This is a c.11 Feb 1920 wedding photo of Tom and Daisy, given to an Uncle Jim. The last name of the subjects is not known, but may be a relative of Mary Norman-Bail.

Significance

This is one of a collection of several hundred photos, books, documents and teaching aids donated to Langi Morgala Museum by Jessica Norman-Bail (or by her estate). Almost all the collection relates to Jessica's mother, the photographer, artist and educator Mary Norman-Bail, and to Mary Norman-Bail's Pathfinder School, which was located in Ararat for several years in the first half of the twentieth century. In total, the Norman-Bail collection provides an illuminating picture of the unique Pathfinder school, though much of the collection is yet to be analysed. The Langi Morgala Norman-Bail collection is of local signficance; but further research into the collection, and into Norman-Bail's work and ideas, may enhance the significance further.

Inscriptions & Markings

Inscription on back, which is a greeting written in ink in longhand: "To Uncle Jim with best wishes / from Tom and Daisy / 11 2 20" / 1627 [cat.nbr]

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Tea Cosy - Patchwork Tea Cosy

Ararat & District Historical Society operating the Langi Morgala Museum, Ararat

Cotton handstitched half circle tea cosy, hexagon patchwork in multi-patterned cotton. Padded, pink lining with mauve flowered frill over the top of joining seam. Loop sewn to inside.

Historical information

This tea cosy was made in 1930 by Miss Beatrice Symons of Creswick and Ararat. The templates for the hexagonal shaped patches were made of metal. The lining is of newspaper enclosed in cotton. Every part is handstitched including the joining of the hexagonal patches.

Significance

The donor of this item has not yet been established. Given the details found on an old label (see Historical Information above), this may yet be established, and the maker verified. At present the significance of the tea cosy is measured in its beauty, and in its artistic worth.

Inscriptions & Markings

None

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Barkly Street, Ararat, ca early20C - Barkly Street, Ararat, perhaps early20C

Ararat & District Historical Society operating the Langi Morgala Museum, Ararat

This is in postcard format, probably a copy of a hand-coloured original. It is not in very good condition, but some important details are discernable.

Historical information

This photo is taken from a standpoint used by other photographers, so a comparison can be made of successive photos to illustrate the growth of Ararat over the years. It shows businesses and public buildings.

Significance

This early20C or thereabouts photo of Barkly Street Ararat can be compared to several others in the Langi Morgala collection to formulate a picture of Ararat over the decades. It is not a particularly clear photo, but it is clear enough to enable such comparisons, and so is of regional significance.

Inscriptions & Markings

On front: "Barkly Street Ararat". On back: museum stamp and photo numbers.

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Display of Work, Mary Norman-Bail - Mary Norman-Bail and Pathfinder School Display of Work, ca mid-20C

Ararat & District Historical Society operating the Langi Morgala Museum, Ararat

Postcard, with letter to an unknown recipient from Mary Norman-Bail on the back in longhand in ink.

Historical information

This photo-postcard displays the books, collages and artwork of the children of Mary Norman-Bail's Pathfinder School. Unfortunately the photo is not very clear, so individual items cannot be closely assessed, but Langi Morgala Museum holds other photos and items which are similar to the items in this photo.

Significance

This is one of a collection of several hundred photos, books, documents and teaching aids donated to Langi Morgala Museum by Jessica Norman-Bail (or by her estate). Almost all the collection relates to Jessica's mother, the photographer, artist and educator Mary Norman-Bail, and to Mary Norman-Bail's Pathfinder School, which was located in Ararat for several years in the first half of the twentieth century. In total, the Norman-Bail collection provides an illuminating picture of the unique Pathfinder school, though much of the collection is yet to be analysed. The Langi Morgala Norman-Bail collection is of local signficance; but further research into the collection, and into Norman-Bail's work and ideas, may enhance the significance further.

Inscriptions & Markings

There is a full-page letter to the recipient of the postcard on the back: "This is some of the / work that brought / credit and honour to the school / through the Australian / Boradcasting Commission. / You cannot see the books very well / but they are beautifully / illustrated and are / at present being / sent round the schools in Japan. / M.Norman-Bail [illegible, but probably the school's initials] / Ararat Vic."

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