Historical information


1. Masters and servants
2. Miners
3. Shearers and bushworkers
4. The new unionism
5. Conflict and clash
6. Parliaments and unions

Spence played a considerable role in the development of craft and industrial unions including the Shearers Union. He attended the 7th Intercolonial Trades Union Congress in 1891 and supported the Australasian Federation of Labour, which envisaged a firm link between industrial and political organization.


Direct relevance to unionism in Ballarat and the 7th Intercolonial Trades Union Congress.

Physical description

Book; 56 pages.

Cover: pink and white background; illustration of a union members' gathering; white and black lettering; author's name and title. Australian Landmarks series.

Inscriptions & markings

Title page: name - unreadable.