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Victorian Collections -

Another Night

9 Mar 2017

A short history of lighting, illustrated through Victoria's cultural collections

Curated By

Kitty Owens, Manager, Exhibition Services, Museums Australia (Victoria)

77443 items

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77443 items

Mixture Cup, Bottle & Container

Ballarat Base Hospital Trained Nurses League,

Glass bottle, plastic container & cup

Book - Civvy Symphony, December, 1946 : the world since V.P. day / cartooned by Armstrong of the Argus, 1946

Kew Historical Society, Kew

Civvy Symphony, December, 1946 : the world since V.P. day / cartooned by Armstrong of the Argus. Ian Armstrong 1903-78. Mont Albert [Vic.] : Edgar J.K. Thompson for the Argus and Australasian Ltd., 1946 48 p. : chiefly ill. (some col.) ; 31 cm. "

Nail

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Nail, copper nail or "Dumpy Bolt" - small 1' long x ⅝", bent at one end. Has verdigris and patina. Artefact Reg No S/131. Recovered from the wreck of the Schomberg.

Historical information

When the ship Schomberg was launched in 1855, she was considered the most perfect clipper ship ever to be built. James Blaine’s Black Ball Line had commissioned her to be built for their fleet of passenger liners. At a cost of £43,103, the Aberdeen builders designed her to sail faster than the quick clippers designed by North American Donald McKay. She was a three masted wooden clipper ship, built with diagonal planking of British oat with layers of Scottish larch. This luxury vessel was designed to transport emigrants to Melbourne in superior comfort. She had ventilation ducts to provide air to the lower decks and a dining saloon, smoking room, library and bathrooms for the first class passengers. At the launch of Schomberg’s maiden voyage, her master Captain ‘Bully’ Forbes, drunkenly predicted that he would make the journey between Liverpool and Melbourne in 60 days. Schomberg departed Liverpool on 6 October 1855 with 430 passengers and 3000 tons cargo including iron rails and equipment intended the build the Geelong Railway and a bridge over the Yarra from Melbourne to Hawthorn. The winds were poor as Schomberg sailed across the equator, slowing her journey considerably. She was 78 days out of Liverpool when she ran aground on a sand-spit near Peterborough, Victoria, on 27 December; the sand spit and the currents were not marked on Forbes’s map. Overnight, the crew launched a lifeboat to find a safe place to land the ship’s passengers. The scouting party returned to Schomberg and advised Forbes that it was best to wait until morning because the rough seas could easily overturn the small lifeboats. The ship’s Chief Officer spotted SS Queen at dawn and signalled the steamer. The master of the SS Queen approached the stranded vessel and all of Schomberg’s passengers were able to disembark safely. The Black Ball Line’s Melbourne agent sent a steamer to retrieve the passengers’ baggage from the Schomberg. Other steamers helped unload her cargo until the weather changed and prevented the salvage teams from accessing the ship. Local merchants Manifold & Bostock bought the wreck and cargo, but did not attempt to salvage the cargo still on board the ship. They eventually sold it on to a Melbourne businessman and two seafarers. After two of the men drowned when they tried to reach Schomberg, salvage efforts were abandoned.32 In 1975, divers from Flagstaff Hill, including Peter Ronald, found an ornate communion set at the wreck. The set comprised a jug, two chalices, a plate and a lid. The lid did not fit any of the other objects and in 1978 a piece of the lid broke off, revealing a glint of gold. As museum staff carefully examined the lid and removed marine growth, they found a diamond ring, which is currently on display in the Great Circle Gallery.33 Flagstaff Hill also holds ship fittings and equipment, personal effects, a lithograph, tickets and photograph from the Schomberg. Most of the artefacts were salvaged from the wreck by Peter Ronald, former director of Flagstaff Hill.

Significance

The Schomberg, which is on the Victorian Heritage Register (VHR S612), has great historical significance as a rare example of a large, fast clipper ship on the England to Australia run, carrying emigrants at the time of the Victorian gold rush. She represents the technical advances made to break sailing records between Europe and Australia. Flagstaff Hill’s collection of artefacts from the Schomberg is significant for its association with the shipwreck. The collection is primarily significant because of the relationship between the objects, as together they have a high potential to interpret the story of the Schomberg. It is archaeologically significant as the remains of an international passenger Ship. It is historically significant for representing aspects of Victoria’s shipping history and for its association with the shipwreck and the ship, which was designed to be fastest and most luxurious of its day

Photograph

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

Photograph taken from Phillip Island Bridge looking down on Fishing Boat "Kyeema" completing speed trials. Passengers and Crew on deck.

Historical information

One of a collection of photographs in an album commenced in 1960 and presented to the Historical Society by the Shire of Phillip Island

Book - The Shire of Diamond Valley Handbook 1992

Greensborough Historical Society,

54 pages, illus (some colour), maps. Front cover photograph:Kalparrin Gardens Greensborough

Historical information

The Shire of Diamond Valley was a Local Government Area located about 20 kilometres northeast of Melbourne. The shire covered an area of 74.38 square kilometres and existed from 1964 until 1994.

Significance

Annual guide to services in Shire of Diamond Valley

Image

Vision Australia,

Col. photograph of transparencies of Carols by Candlelight audience

Historical information

Photographs of crowds enjoying Carols by Candlelight

Inscriptions & Markings

Uncorrected proofs not to be reproduced

Image - OI'Sullivan

Ballarat and District Irish Club Inc., Ballarat

Photograph

Glen Eira City Council History and Heritage Collection, Caulfield

Colour portrait photograph of Cr Dorothy Ford wearing a dark printed dress with a string of pearls.

Historical information

Presented with 11 b/w portrait photographs of councillors in the City of Glen Eira. Copyright for this image is unknown, although likely commissioned by Council. It has been digitised and published here for educational and research purposes. If you believe that you have copyright to this image and would like it removed from the site please contact us through the 'Leave a Comment' tab below.

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten on verso in blue ink pen: " Cr. Dorothy Ford "

Photo - Rain W.A. - Rain WIlliam Alexander,Secreatary and Shire Engineer, 1942-43

Learmonth and District Historical Society, Learmonth

Sepia photo, in brown mount,oval in shape, of Mr William Alexander Rain, Secretary and Engineer.Situated bottom row,second from right which forms part of collection of photos of all councilors and staff for 1942-43.

Historical information

Mr William.Alexander Rain was Secretary and Engineer for the Ballarat Shire Council for 1942-43.

Significance

Original Historic Photo of Councilors 1942-43.

Inscriptions & Markings

Presented to Ballarat Shire Council by Councilor R.T.White,(J.P.),President 1942-43.

Photograph

Tatura Irrigation & Wartime Camps Museum, Tatura

Racquet

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

A Dunlop 'McEnroe Tournament' tennis racquet. Materials: Graphite, Ceramic, Fibreglass, Paint, Plastic, Leather, Ink, Nylon

1969 After the fire

Williamstown High School , Williamstown

Copy of a black and white photograph mounted on board. Accompanied by 2 captions.

Inscriptions & Markings

Caption 1 reads: After a fire in 1969 the old building and quadrangle was (re-)built. The original doors and windows were removed. Caption 2 reads: To accommodate the fluctuating number of students various temporary classrooms were used, including Army huts, portables, and re-locatables. Fire damage to the original building saw it being re-built, retaining the original facade because of National Trust listing.

Photograph - Digital image - Prunus blossoms: Mountainview Road Briar Hill 2.

Greensborough Historical Society,

Digital copy of colour photograph

Historical information

Prunus blossoms on Mountainview Road Briar Hill.

Painting 13 - Top

RMIT GSBL Justice Smith Collection, Melbourne

13 Top Left whiteboard panel Print of US Declaration of Independence

Nathan Spielvogel

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

B/w cariacature sketch of Nathan Spielvogel, President of the Ballarat Historical Society - died Sept. 10th 1956. Signed Alan Reeve, '37.

Book - Gordon of Dingley Dell- The Life of Adam Lindsay Gordon- Lorraine Day- Freestyle Publications- 2003

Adam Lindsay Gordon Commemorative Committee , Melbourne

Racquet & cover

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

Two part object. (1) A brown & yellow Yamaha 'YFG-50' graphite tennis racquet, featuring: single shaft with open throat; yellow plastic bridge; nylon net strings; brown perforated leather handle grip; black plastic shaft casing; and black plastic butt cap. Manufacturer name & logo printed on bridge. Logo inlaid in silver in butt cap. Model name printed on both edges of shaft. (2) Yellow vinyl racquet head cover, printed with manufacturer name in black. Materials: Fibreglass, Plastic, Nylon, Adhesive tape, Leather

Yachting, Lake Wendouree. B) Fairy Land, Lake Wendouree, Ballarat.

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

B/w prints from booklet/magazine. A) Yachting, Lake Wendouree. B) Fairy Land, Lake Wendouree, Ballarat.

Record Book

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Warrnambool Lighthouse Register of Meteorological Observations 1903 May

Book - Religious Education - The Sunday School Hymnary (2 copies)

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Small red book with 'linen' cover. Title is printed red inside black decorative cloud shape. Other print is black inside red blank rectangles. Border is black lines which continue vertically from left to right.

Historical information

At Sunday Schools, hymns were taught to students. Students attended Sunday School classes at the Kergunyah Presbyterian Church. Sunday school was held in a little 16 foot square wooden building which came from Rocky Valley after it was no longer needed there. Ewen Wallace's father initiated and organised the move. C 2011 the building was knocked down because of white ants. The Presbyterian Church will be 125 years old in 2015.

Significance

Historical: Religious Education: This book was used by students who attended the Sunday School classes at Kergunyah Presbyterian Church. Religion: Presbyterian Church at Kergunyah, in the Kiewa Valley, celebrates its 125th anniversary in 2015 after being handed over to the Uniting Church in the 1970s.

Inscriptions & Markings

In pen "Kergunyah / Presbyterian / Sunday School / inside on first page.

Booklet - Infantry Training Vol 1 Infantry Platoon Weapons Pam 11 Trained Soldiers Exercises in Handling Weapons

4th/19th Prince of Wales's Light Horse Regiment Unit History Room, Macleod

A soft covered booklet with suggestions for sub-unit commanders in ways of exercising their trained soldiers in the handling of infantry weapons

Inscriptions & Markings

WO Code No 8930 Adhesive label: "Sgt P W A Fernleigh"

Book - Instruction manual for use and management of the Wertheim High Arm Sewing Machine

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Instruction manual for use and management of the Wertheim High Arm Sewing Machine. Joseph Wertheim manufacturer, Germany, distributed by Hugo Wertheim William Street Melbourne. Circa 1891

Bowls

Numurkah & District Historical Society, Numurkah

4 bowls balls - square cardboard box contains 4 wooden bowls each numbered 1, 2, 3, 4.

Historical information

Bowls belonging to Mr W. James Callandar. Donor Mrs Roggerio. Associated display sign.

Inscriptions & Markings

Printed on green sticker "MADE IN AUSTRALIA BY W.D. HENSELL & SON / HENSELITE / The Finest Bowl made". Green printed sticker on top of box "Australia Delivers / Henselite / The World's Finest Bowl / MADE IN AUSTRALIA BY / W.D. HENSELL & SON / 16-26 WRECKYN STREET / NORTH MELBOURNE, Vic". Printed sticker inside lid.

Book - Dodge Truck Parts List

4th/19th Prince of Wales's Light Horse Regiment Unit History Room, Macleod

Soft covered book covering the main assembly parts list for Dodge trucks built for the British Army

Inscriptions & Markings

Supply Tech 5077 Chrysler Corporation of Canada Ltd WM - 4121

Photograph

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

Carte De Visite. Sepia tone view of horse & coach with many people aboard. Typed label: "Coach leaving Geelong For Ballarat 1858".

CD-ROM - Waywurru and Dhudhuroa word list

Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages, Fitzroy

Home made CD Rom of Waywurra & Dhudhuron word lists

Inscriptions & Markings

CD-ROM

Helmet, French WW1

Frankston RSL Sub Branch, Frankston

It is a matt black painted steel helmet with brown leather chinstrap. It has a dent on the righthand side of the crown. The helmet is unlined. It is French, WW1 vintage.

Inscriptions & Markings

B3 stamped on the inside of the crown.

Gas Mask - German World War One Gas Mask and metal cylinder container

Frankston RSL Sub Branch, Frankston

Booklet - Vee Raising Machinery

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Book / catalogue for raising machinery by Tomlinsons (Rochdale) Ltd, 1953.

Historical information

"Vee Raising Machinery" - Tomlinsons (Rochdale) Ltd, c.1953.

1951 Commemorative Florin - Commemorative Florin 1901 to 1951

Museum of Australian Democracy at Eureka (M.A.D.E) , Ballarat

Silver coins with King George VI on one side and The Eureka Star, Star of Federation and "Australia Florin" with date 1901 to 1951 on other side.

Inscriptions & Markings

"Australia Florin" "1901 1951" "Georgivs VI: D: G: BR:OMN: REX:FIDEI DEF"

Carte de Visite (re-enactment of shoot-out)

Victoria Police Museum, Docklands

Small black and white photograph showing the re-enactment of the shoot-out between police and the Kelly gang

Photograph (copy) - Anzac Centenary Exhibition

Torquay and District Historical Society, Torquay

Black and white photograph

Historical information

Photograph shows horse drawn Red Cross wagons on the track.

Book - Adam Lindsay Gordon Poems- Introduction by Marcus Clarke

Adam Lindsay Gordon Commemorative Committee , Melbourne

Photograph

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

Photograph of W. J. Kennon & D. Justice building the "Hollydene" at Saltwater River. 1930

Historical information

One of a collection of photographs in an album commenced in 1960 and presented to the Historical Society by the Shire of Phillip Island

Photo - Black and White - Ballarat University College Students at the Australian Student Games, Brisbane, 1993

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

Black and white photographs showing some of the 80 student competitors from Ballarat University College (now federation University) at the Australian Student Games, Brisbane.

Photograph

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

Sepia Photograph of "Delamore" property San Remo. Ladies on verandah from left to right: Miss Small, Mrs Mary Bonwick, Miss Small. Standing at front gate Miss Elsie Bonwick. House located at the corner of Panorama Drive and Anderson Street, San Remo. Double fronted weatherboard with rolled blinds.

Historical information

Donated by Jessie Smith

Inscriptions & Markings

On back: "Delamore San Remo 1896?" "L - R Miss Small, Mrs Mary Bonwick, Miss Small, Miss Elsie Bonwick. Corner Panorama Dve and Anderson St."

Postcard: The Flight From Pompeii, Botanic Gardens, Ballarat

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

The Flight from Pompeii depicts three figures fleeing the volcano. The male figure protects the female and child with a large flowing garment held over them as they flee.

Probes - Dental Instruments

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Clear plastic sealed bag holding about 27 steel probes of different sizes. Used for Dental work.

Historical information

This dental instrument was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950's specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme.

Significance

Historical: Shows the development of scientific hospital equipment. Provenance: Used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was remote and therefore required good equipment. Good condition and good interpretation capacity.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the bag in red handwriting 'Electric'

Poster - Dave Hughes Sweet (comedian) performing 24 Mar to 17 Apr at Melbourne Athenaeum Theatre as part of Melbourne International Comedy Festival

Melbourne Athenaeum Archives, Melbourne

Photo - Harding. - Harding, Councilor 1893 - 1894.

Learmonth and District Historical Society, Learmonth

Sepia Photo, on blue background of, Councilor Harding 1893-1894.Top left hand corner of composite photo of Council for the year 1893-1894.

Historical information

Photo of Councilor Harding, Councilor for the year 1893-1894. Part of composite photo for that year.

Significance

Section of Original Historical Photo of Councilors Covering the financial year 1893-1894.

Inscriptions & Markings

Shire President and Councilors for 1893-1894.

container

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A tall cylindrical shaped cast iron container. It is slightly mis-shapen.

Stencil

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Historical information

Woolbrokers Shipping Department stencil "Y".

Inscriptions & Markings

WXYZ&

Book

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

Book: Tales From the Tennis Court, by Richard Evans Materials: Paper, Ink, Cardboard

Stockings-box

Blacksmith's Cottage and Forge , Bacchus Marsh

Cream cardboard box containing one pair of used nylon stockings, light brown with a seam on back. One stocking has a ladder and is mended with nail varnish. Re-inforced foot.

Historical information

Bacchus Marsh had a prestige Hosiery Factory for a short time approximately 1945/1950. Not known where this pair were made but possibly bought at Shepards shop (written on box).

Significance

An example of local history, factory and shop.

Inscriptions & Markings

Side of box-T5 Denier nylons "enchantment 10" Top of box-"Prestige- Parallels" Ultra Sheer Nylons/ Shepards Bacchus Marsh WA/A

Tin

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Inscriptions & Markings

Havelock Fine cut tobacco 2oz. net weight when packed Fine cut Manufactured by the British Australiasian Tobacco Co Pty Ltd Melbourne, Australia

Book

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

1992 Media Guide, Virginia Slims Tour Materials: Paper, Ink, Cardboard

Photograph

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

B/w photographic print of a gentleman. Caption: "Ballarats Representative - Hon. Alfred Deakin - Prime Minister Of Australia".

Photograph

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

B/W newspaper clipping which has been glued onto cardboard. Picture shows a group of men in the street outside "McVitty & Co. Produce Merchants and Timber Yards". A typed caption has been pasted onto top of photograph:- "Established in 1877 Mr. McVitty from 1860 till 1877 was engaged as a mining manager in the Smythesdale district. On April 26th 1896 a fire destroyed the engine house. The building was re - erected and at the death of Mr. McVitty the business was purchased by J. Brown and Sons which firm still is in business (1953) photo 1901".

Book of Australian Open Draw Sheets 1905 to 2004

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

Book of Australian Open Draw Sheets 1905 to 2004 Materials: Paper, Ink

Auger

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Ring auger, Double Twist with Lead Screw. 1 inch auger. 650mm long, stamped Mathieson.