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Victorian Collections -

Stories of Women on the Land

25 Aug 2016

Women's agricultural heritage in Victorian cultural collections.

Curated By

Liza Dale-Hallett, Senior Curator, Sustainable Futures & Deputy Head (Collection Development), Humanities Department, Museum Victoria

73255 items

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73255 items

Photograph: Senator Brian Howe, MP and Norm Borchers

Unions Ballarat, Ballarat

Photograph.

Historical information

Photograph: Senator Brian Howe (left) and Norm Borchers (right). Brian Howe is a former Methodist minister and served in the Australian parliament from 1977 to 1996. He held various ministerial positions in the Hawke/Keating government and was deputy leader of the party from 1991-1995.

Black and white transparency

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

Metal plate photographic negative image of unknown man. Metal plate fixed to wood block. Materials: Wood, Metal

Untitled

Magnet Galleries Melbourne Inc, Melbourne

Advertisement

Coal Creek Community Park & Museum, Korumburra

Cardboard advertisement with a yellow background, black base with yellow writing, illustration of a notepad with a hand holding a pencil.

Inscriptions & Markings

Arthur Johnson's Popular Drawing Pencils. These are good value 1d each. In Degrees 2H to 2B. Made by The Royal Sovereign Pencil Co. (Aust) Ltd.

Hill Street Bridge, Yarrowee Creek, and Sunnyside Mill, Ballarat East, 2016

Ballarat Heritage Services, Bakery Hill Post Office

Four panoramas showing Hill Street Bridge, Yarrowee Creek, and Sunnyside Mill.

Church Unknown possibly Little Flower

Ballaarat Mechanics' Institute (BMI Ballarat), Ballarat

Photograph - Bathing Boxes

Port Fairy Historical Society , Port Fairy

Black and white photograph

Historical information

Bathing boxes at South Beach. Very popular beach in early days because there were few waves within the reef.

Photograph - Digital image - Grave of Joseph Frost Poulter, Greensborough Cemetery

Greensborough Historical Society,

Digital copy of colour photograph of grave/headstone.

Historical information

Grave of Joseph Frost Poulter (died 1880) in Plot# B12/13 Greensborough Cemetery. Photograph taken by Noel Withers 2009.

Significance

Greensborough Cemetery was created when land was given for the cemetery by Mr William Poulter, a local settler, about 1864. The cemetery holds the graves of many of the early settlers in the district. The cemetery holds approximately 250 grave sites with 350 people buried there.

Book - The Life of Vice-Admiral William Bligh Vol 1

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

The Life of Vice-Admiral William Bligh Vol 1 Author: George Mackaness Publisher: Angus & Robertson Date: 1931

Historical information

This item is from the ‘Pattison Collection’, a collection of books and records that was originally owned by the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute, which was founded in Warrnambool in 1853. By 1886 the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute (WMI) had grown to have a Library, Museum and Fine Arts Gallery, with a collection of “… choice productions of art, and valuable specimens in almost every branch and many wonderful national curiosities are now to be seen there, including historic relics of the town and district.” It later included a School of Design. Although it was very well patronised, the lack of financial support led the WMI in 1911 to ask the City Council to take it over. In 1935 Ralph Pattison was appointed as City Librarian to establish and organise the Warrnambool Library as it was then called. When the WMI building was pulled down in 1963 a new civic building was erected on the site and the new Warrnambool Library, on behalf of the City Council, took over all the holdings of the WMI. At this time some of the items were separated and identified as the ‘Pattison Collection’, named after Ralph Pattison. Eventually the components of the WMI were distributed from the Warrnambool Library to various places, including the Art Gallery, Historical Society and Flagstaff Hill. Later some were even distributed to other regional branches of Corangamite Regional Library and passed to and fro. It is difficult now to trace just where all of the items have ended up. The books at Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village generally display stamps and markings from Pattison as well as a variety of other institutions including the Mechanics’ Institute itself. RALPH ERIC PATTISON Ralph Eric Pattison was born in Rockhampton, Queensland, in 1891. He married Maude Swan from Warrnambool in 1920 and they set up home in Warrnambool. In 1935 Pattison accepted a position as City Librarian for the Warrnambool City Council. His huge challenge was to make a functional library within two rooms of the Mechanics’ Institute. He tirelessly cleaned, cleared and sorted a disarrayed collection of old books, jars of preserved specimens and other items reserved for exhibition in the city’s museum. He developed and updated the library with a wide variety of books for all tastes, including reference books for students; a difficult task to fulfil during the years following the Depression. He converted all of the lower area of the building into a library, reference room and reading room for members and the public. The books were sorted and stored using a cataloguing and card index system that he had developed himself. He also prepared the upper floor of the building and established the Art Gallery and later the Museum, a place to exhibit the many old relics that had been stored for years for this purpose. One of the treasures he found was a beautiful ancient clock, which he repaired, restored and enjoyed using in his office during the years of his service there. Ralph Pattison was described as “a meticulous gentleman whose punctuality, floorless courtesy and distinctive neat dress were hallmarks of his character, and ‘his’ clock controlled his daily routine, and his opening and closing of the library’s large heavy doors to the minute.” Pattison took leave during 1942 to 1945 to serve in the Royal Australian Navy, Volunteer Reserve as Lieutenant. A few years later he converted one of the Museum’s rooms into a Children’s Library, stocking it with suitable books for the younger generation. This was an instant success. In the 1950’s he had the honour of being appointed to the Victorian Library Board and received more inspiration from the monthly conferences in Melbourne. He was sadly retired in 1959 after over 23 years of service, due to the fact that he had gone over the working age of council officers. However he continued to take a very keen interest in the continual development of the Library until his death in 1969.

Significance

The Pattison Collection, along with other items at Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, was originally part of the Warrnambool Mechanics' Institute’s collection. The Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute Collection is primarily significant in its totality, rather than for the individual objects it contains. Its contents are highly representative of the development of Mechanics' Institute libraries across Australia, particularly Victoria. A diversity of publications and themes has been amassed, and these provide clues to our understanding of the nature of and changes in the reading habits of Victorians from the 1850s to the middle of the 20th century. The collection also highlights the Warrnambool community’s commitment to the Mechanics’ Institute, reading, literacy and learning in the regions, and proves that access to knowledge was not impeded by distance. These items help to provide a more complete picture of our community’s ideals and aspirations. The Warrnambool Mechanics Institute book collection has historical and social significance for its strong association with the Mechanics Institute movement and the important role it played in the intellectual, cultural and social development of people throughout the latter part of the nineteenth century and the early twentieth century. The collection of books is a rare example of an early lending library and its significance is enhanced by the survival of an original collection of many volumes. The Warrnambool Mechanics' Institute’s publication collection is of both local and state significance.

Inscriptions & Markings

Label on spine cover with typed text PAT 920 BLI Pastedown front endpaper has sticker from Warrnambool Mechanics Institute and Free Library covered by a sticker from Corangamite Regional Library Service Front loose endpaper has a stamp from Corangamite Regional Library Service

Booklet - Royal Armoured Corps Weapon Training Military Training Pam No 34 Part 4 Tank Fire Tactics 1944

4th/19th Prince of Wales's Light Horse Regiment Unit History Room, Macleod

Soft covered booklet

Inscriptions & Markings

Proof Copy

Photograph - Colour - Ballarat Mining Exchange

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

Three colour photographs of the Ballarat Mining Exchange in Lydiard Street North, Ballarat.

Watch Key.

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

Brass watch key

Chest of Drawers

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Chest of drawers wooden 9 drawers, some open compartments. 725mmL x 320mmW x 805mmD

Book, Knitting - Patons Knitting Book no. 326

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Historical information

One of a collection of 56 knitting pattern books donated by Mrs Hilma Carruthers. These books had been used by Mrs Carruthers, her mother and her two daughters. This book was produced by Patons and Baldwins and contains knitting patterns for baby clothes.

Inscriptions & Markings

Patons KNITTING BOOK NO. 326 / "PAM" - See page 2. / P&B / WOOLS / 1'6d.

Report - The cost of civil litigation before intermediate courts in Australia

RMIT GSBL Justice Smith Collection, Melbourne

Inscriptions & Markings

ISBN: 1875527052

Book - Tellers of Tales

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Tellers of Tales An account of children's favourite authors from 1839 to the present day, their books and how they came to write them. Author: Roger Lancelyn Green Publisher: Edmund Ward Ltd Date: 1953

Historical information

This item is from the ‘Pattison Collection’, a collection of books and records that was originally owned by the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute, which was founded in Warrnambool in 1853. By 1886 the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute (WMI) had grown to have a Library, Museum and Fine Arts Gallery, with a collection of “… choice productions of art, and valuable specimens in almost every branch and many wonderful national curiosities are now to be seen there, including historic relics of the town and district.” It later included a School of Design. Although it was very well patronised, the lack of financial support led the WMI in 1911 to ask the City Council to take it over. In 1935 Ralph Pattison was appointed as City Librarian to establish and organise the Warrnambool Library as it was then called. When the WMI building was pulled down in 1963 a new civic building was erected on the site and the new Warrnambool Library, on behalf of the City Council, took over all the holdings of the WMI. At this time some of the items were separated and identified as the ‘Pattison Collection’, named after Ralph Pattison. Eventually the components of the WMI were distributed from the Warrnambool Library to various places, including the Art Gallery, Historical Society and Flagstaff Hill. Later some were even distributed to other regional branches of Corangamite Regional Library and passed to and fro. It is difficult now to trace just where all of the items have ended up. The books at Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village generally display stamps and markings from Pattison as well as a variety of other institutions including the Mechanics’ Institute itself. RALPH ERIC PATTISON Ralph Eric Pattison was born in Rockhampton, Queensland, in 1891. He married Maude Swan from Warrnambool in 1920 and they set up home in Warrnambool. In 1935 Pattison accepted a position as City Librarian for the Warrnambool City Council. His huge challenge was to make a functional library within two rooms of the Mechanics’ Institute. He tirelessly cleaned, cleared and sorted a disarrayed collection of old books, jars of preserved specimens and other items reserved for exhibition in the city’s museum. He developed and updated the library with a wide variety of books for all tastes, including reference books for students; a difficult task to fulfil during the years following the Depression. He converted all of the lower area of the building into a library, reference room and reading room for members and the public. The books were sorted and stored using a cataloguing and card index system that he had developed himself. He also prepared the upper floor of the building and established the Art Gallery and later the Museum, a place to exhibit the many old relics that had been stored for years for this purpose. One of the treasures he found was a beautiful ancient clock, which he repaired, restored and enjoyed using in his office during the years of his service there. Ralph Pattison was described as “a meticulous gentleman whose punctuality, floorless courtesy and distinctive neat dress were hallmarks of his character, and ‘his’ clock controlled his daily routine, and his opening and closing of the library’s large heavy doors to the minute.” Pattison took leave during 1942 to 1945 to serve in the Royal Australian Navy, Volunteer Reserve as Lieutenant. A few years later he converted one of the Museum’s rooms into a Children’s Library, stocking it with suitable books for the younger generation. This was an instant success. In the 1950’s he had the honour of being appointed to the Victorian Library Board and received more inspiration from the monthly conferences in Melbourne. He was sadly retired in 1959 after over 23 years of service, due to the fact that he had gone over the working age of council officers. However he continued to take a very keen interest in the continual development of the Library until his death in 1969.

Significance

The Pattison Collection, along with other items at Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, was originally part of the Warrnambool Mechanics' Institute’s collection. The Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute Collection is primarily significant in its totality, rather than for the individual objects it contains. Its contents are highly representative of the development of Mechanics' Institute libraries across Australia, particularly Victoria. A diversity of publications and themes has been amassed, and these provide clues to our understanding of the nature of and changes in the reading habits of Victorians from the 1850s to the middle of the 20th century. The collection also highlights the Warrnambool community’s commitment to the Mechanics’ Institute, reading, literacy and learning in the regions, and proves that access to knowledge was not impeded by distance. These items help to provide a more complete picture of our community’s ideals and aspirations. The Warrnambool Mechanics Institute book collection has historical and social significance for its strong association with the Mechanics Institute movement and the important role it played in the intellectual, cultural and social development of people throughout the latter part of the nineteenth century and the early twentieth century. The collection of books is a rare example of an early lending library and its significance is enhanced by the survival of an original collection of many volumes. The Warrnambool Mechanics' Institute’s publication collection is of both local and state significance.

Inscriptions & Markings

Label on spine cover with typed text PAT 920 GRE Pastedown front endpaper has sticker from Warrnambool Public Library Front loose endpaper has a sticker from Corangamite Regional Library Service Front loose endpaper has a stamp from Corangamite Regional Library Service

Pirn

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Historical information

Pirn, or weft spool. Companion part to a shuttle, used in a loom. Shuttle looms disappeared in the 1960's

Inscriptions & Markings

Made by S. O'Neill & Sons Ltd. Castleton Rochdale England for A. Sington & Co. Ltd. (Oldham)

Diary - Principal's Diaries 1941-1942 CTS - Principal's Diaries, Collingwood Technical School, 1941, 1942,1942.

NMIT (Northern Melbourne Institute of TAFE),

Invicta Australian Diary No 38 [brand]. Hard cover. Page per day, handwritten entries. Interleaved with correspondence, invoices, notes, etc. Also a small handwritten note by Strang dated 7.7.45

Historical information

These diaries contain details of the day to day running of Collingwood Technical School, including all aspects of the Principal's day. The Principal was Mr A. Strang. Pages are interleaved with correspondence, accounts, business cards and other ephemera.

Significance

An official record of the Principal's duties and daily routine.

Inscriptions & Markings

All diary entries are pen and ink.

Photograph

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

B/w text with 3 sketches, 'Geelong in 1840', 'Eaglehawk Gully, Bendigo in 1852', 'Ballarat in 1855'.

Black & White Photograph - Bellbrae Cemetery MemorialExhibition 2015

Torquay and District Historical Society, Torquay

Historical information

Black and white photograph Shows Herbert and his wife Lillian with berts mother Emily and seven of the children at a family gathering .

Significance

History of Bubb family

Book - MALE INFERTILITY (A Chill Of My Own)

Tramways/East Melbourne RSL Sub Branch - RSL Victoria Listing id: 27511, Fitzroy

Visitor log book 1933

Mission to Seafarers Victoria, Docklands

Red cloth notebook with yellow title paper on cover and spine.

Historical information

This book records the date, name and address and ship and remarks of visitor seafarers.

Significance

The logbook provides an insight into which ships and the origins of their crews were visiting Melbourne in 1933.

Inscriptions & Markings

Cover: The Victoria Missions to Seamen Melbourne Sailors' Rest Williamstown Visitors' book 1933 Spine: Sailors' Rest, Williamstown - Visitors' book 1933

Book - Report of the Society Dyers and Colourists

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Historical information

"Report of the Society Dyers and Colourists on the Work of the Fastness Committee in Fixing Standards for Light, Perspiration and Washing" - Society of Dyers and Colourists, 1934.

Book - Away We Go

Allansford Cheese World Museum, Allansford

This children's book has a red cardboard cover with a picture of a boy and girl on a tricycle and the title Away We Go in beige and green print. The back cover has an advertisement for Brown & Polson's Corn Flour.

Historical information

The Percy Uebergang family lived at Tooram Park, Allansford from 1912 until 1992. Their children were twins, Ray and Joyce born in 1926 and lived at Tooram Park until their deaths, Ray in 1986 and Joyce in 1992. This children's picture book is part of the collection of items given into the care of the Cheese World Museum. The book belonged to Joyce Uebergang, daughter of Percy and Myrtle Uebergang. Uebergang catalogue No.M7

Inscriptions & Markings

Joyce Uebergang [on back cover]

Telescope Stand

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Telescope stand, 4 legged adjustable stand with joining wooden bar. Adjustment made by loosening wing nuts. Has "W D McDonald" written faintly on cross bar.H 14" x W 14�"

Family History - Hall Albert & Bert & Elsie Blocks 21 & 22 Meringur

Millewa Community Pioneer Forest & Historical Society, Meringur

Racquet

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

A wooden racquet with a concave throat, green-marbled, clear plastic shoulder supports, white and black whipping, and grooved handle. Inscription along the throat on obverse: SUPREME. Manufacturer's mark, featured on throat on reverse, comprises of the letter 'M' at the centre of a circular, banded shield. Inscription: N.J. MAGNAN CORP./NORTH ATTLEBORO,MASS,U.S.A. Manufacturer's details also feature across left side of stem. Materials: Wood, Nylon, String, Leather, Cloth, Metal, Glue, Lacquer, Ink, Plastic

Book: Opal by Sue Stanford 2006

NMIT (Northern Melbourne Institute of TAFE),

Book of 85 pages of poetry, written by Sue Stanford and published by NMIT's Flat Chat Press in 2006, . ISBN 1921142987.

Image - Ross Castle, Lower Lake, Killarney, c1864

Ballarat and District Irish Club Inc., Ballarat

Image of a boat being rowed on a lake in front of Ross Castle, Lower Lake, Killarney.

Historical information

Ross Castle sits on the edge of Killarney's lower lake and was built by O'Donoghue Mór in the 15th century. The Castle came into the hands of the Brownes who became the Earls of Kenmare and owned an extensive portion of the lands that are now part of Killarney National Park . Legend has it that O'Donoghue still exists in a deep slumber under the waters of Lough Leane. On the first morning of May every seven years he rises from the lake on his magnificent white horse and circles the lake. Anyone catching a glimpse of him is said to be assured of good fortune for the rest of their lives. The large rock at the entrance to the bay is known as O'Donoghue's prison. Ross Castle was the last stronghold in Munster to hold out against Cromwell. It was eventually taken by General Ludlow in 1652. (http://www.killarneynationalpark.ie/Ross%20Castle/Ross%20Castle.htm)

Universal Business Directories

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

A 58 page cream book with red & navy writing, paper cover.

Book (copy) - Early Torquay Beach Scenes

Torquay and District Historical Society, Torquay

Black and white photograph

Historical information

This book is a replica of the Bathing Boxes Register showing details of licencees of bathing box sites on the Torquay foreshore between 1920 and 1960.

Significance

The bathing boxes (at least 190) were a feature of Torquay beachfronts until 1960.

Event Programme

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

Programme for 1964 Davis Cup, Australia vs. Mexico. Materials: Paper, Ink

Audio Tape.

Tatura Irrigation & Wartime Camps Museum, Tatura

Elsternwick Congregational Church – Caulfield Union Church

Glen Eira Historical Society, Caulfield South

Photocopies of one page printed history of Caulfield Union Church dated 01/11/1889 by William Millar., Photocopies of printed four-page annual report of the Caulfield Union Church for the year ending 31/10/1890., Photocopy of four-page handwritten document dated 11/07/1894 dissolving the Caulfield Union Church and selling the land, buildings and effects, includes signatures.

Photograph - Motorcycle and Sidecar in Snow, Olinda.

Mt Dandenong & District Historical Society Inc., Mt Dandenong

A motorcycle with sidecar travelling down a snow covered road at Olinda. possibly Chalet Road. c1921.

Newspaper Clipping - Talented students learn power of the pen

Greensborough Historical Society,

News clipping, black text, colour image.

Historical information

Students from Greenhills Primary School have written a book called "G.G's Tips for a Great Day at School", names after the school mascot G.G. (Greenhills Gorilla).

Inscriptions & Markings

Date written on page

Printed Pages

Tatura Irrigation & Wartime Camps Museum, Tatura

Book - Rodney Irrigation (A Diary of a Water Guard)

Tatura Irrigation & Wartime Camps Museum, Tatura

Maroon and red mottled coloured book with maroon spine binding. Blue paper inside book. Handwritten in pen and ink

Historical information

Booik used as a diary for work as a channel and water guard

Inscriptions & Markings

Inside back page :- Rodney Irrigation & Water Supply Trust overseer in charge of Girgarre & Girgarre East of Mt. Scobie channels. Memorandum book.

Photograph - marching team at Swanhill

Wangaratta Urban Fire Brigade, Wangaratta

A black and white photograph of the Marching Team at Swanhill Championships 1974.

Historical information

Showing the participates of the Discipline March at the State Championships held at Swanhill in 1974. All the marchers were members of the Wangaratta Urban Fire Brigade. Steven Brown is the son of Les Brown. Les Brown passed away in 2011. Peter Graham and Tom Philp went on to be long serving members of the Brigade. John Briese also was a long serving member who moved to Melbourne around 1995.

Inscriptions & Markings

Left to Right: Ian Moscrop, Tom Philp, John Spence, Peter Graham, Steven Brown, Les Brown, John Plecter, G Robinson, Bill Forge. Leader: John Briese Swanhill 1974

Memoirs - The Diary of John Spence

Greensborough Historical Society,

An 11 page computer printed stapled document. It is double side printed in A4.

Historical information

This document oulines a 3 month sea journey from England to Australia in 1859 on the sailing ship "Arabia".

Significance

John Spence and his wife Jessie were pioneers of Victoria.

Inscriptions & Markings

Nil

Song Sheets - 4th Light Horse Regiment Association Annual Re-union 1926

4th/19th Prince of Wales's Light Horse Regiment Unit History Room, Macleod

Three songs written by and of the 4th Light Horse - entitled 'Us and the War', 'Palestine' and, 'The Fourth Light Horse'. Two are sung to the tune "It aint gonna rain no more' and the other to "Old Folks at Home" (Stephen Foster)

magazine - Croajingolong 1976

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A magazine with a pale blue cover and brown print - Orbost High School 1976 Croajingolong.

Historical information

This the twenty-ninth issue of the annual Orbost High School magazine. The name Croajingolong derives from the Australian Aboriginal Krauatungalung words galung, meaning "belonging to" and kraua, meaning "east. This magazine belonged to Mary Gilbert, a former teacher at the school.

Significance

This magazine is a useful refereence tool.

Racquet

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

A wooden, Slazenger 'Vilas' racquet with burgundy, yellow, and blue paint work, featuring the Slazenger panther emblem at the base of the stem, on both sides, and a Balmforth leather handle grip. Inscription from crown to stem, on both sides: VILAS INTERNATIONAL FRAME/SLAZENGER/.../GUILLERMO VILAS. Materials: Wood, Gut, Metal, Glue, Lacquer, Leather, Ink, Ribbon, Paint, Plastic, String

Sketch (Broken train rails)

Victoria Police Museum, Docklands

Black and white photograph of an illustration showing broken train rails

Inscriptions & Markings

Scene where the train was to be wreaked. Australian I. News

Audio Tape

Tatura Irrigation & Wartime Camps Museum, Tatura

Spoon

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Unrestored tea spoon from the wreck of the LOCH ARD. The spoon design has a flattened fiddle-back handle, with a thin stem or shank, flared collar, and elongated bowl. The spoons metallic composition is a thin layer of brass alloy which has partially corroded back to a nickel-silver base metal. Verdigris stained packing paper congealed to rear of spoon and concealing makers marks. 30% plate remaining and some sediment on front.

Historical information

This tea spoon is from the wreck of the LOCH ARD, a Loch Line ship of 1,693 tons which sailed from Gravesend, London, on 2 March 1878 with 17 passengers and a crew of 36 under Captain George Gibbs. “The intention was to discharge cargo in Melbourne, before returning to London via the Horn with wool and wheat”. Instead, on 1 June 1878, after 90 days at sea, she struck the sandstone cliffs of Mutton Bird Island on the south west coast of Victoria, and sank with the loss of 52 lives and all her cargo. The manifest of the LOCH ARD listed an array of manufactured goods and bulk metals being exported to the Colony of Victoria, with a declared value of £53,700. (202 bills of lading show an actual invoice value of £68, 456, with insurance underwriting to £30,000 of all cargo). Included in the manifest is the item of “Tin hardware & cutlery £7,530”. This teaspoon is one of 482 similar items of electro-plated cutlery from the LOCH ARD site, comprising spoons and forks of various sizes but all sharing the same general shape or design and metallic composition. 49 of these pieces display a legible makers’ mark — the initials “W” and “P” placed within a raised diamond outline, which is in turn contained within a sunken crown shape — identifying the manufacturer as William Page & Co of Birmingham. An electroplater’s makers’ marks, unlike sterling silver hallmarks, are not consistent identifiers of quality or date and place of manufacture. A similar line of five impressions was usually made to impress the consumer with an implication of industry standards, but what each one actually signified was not regulated and so they varied according to the whim of the individual foundry. In this case, the maker’s marks are often obscured by sedimentary accretion or removed by corrosion after a century of submersion in the ocean. However sufficient detail has survived to indicate that these samples of electro-plated cutlery probably originated from the same consignment in the LOCH ARD’s cargo. The following descriptions of maker’s marks are drawn from 255 tea spoons, 125 dessert spoons, and 99 table forks. These marks are clearly visible in 66 instances, while the same sequence of general outlines, or depression shapes, is discernible in another 166 examples. 1. A recessed Crown containing a raised Diamond outline and the initials “W” and “P” (the recognised trademark of William Page & Co) 2. An impressed Ellipse containing a raised, pivoted, Triangle in its lower part and bearing a Resurrection Cross on its upper section (a possible dissenting church symbol reflecting religious affiliation); OR a rounded Square impression containing a raised, ‘lazy’, letter “B” (possibly mimicking sterling silver hallmark signifying city of manufacture i.e. Birmingham) 3. An impressed rounded Square filled with a raised Maltese Cross (the base metal composite of nickel silver was also known as ‘German silver’ after its Berlin inventors in 1823) 4. A recessed Circle containing a Crab or Scarab Beetle image; OR a recessed Circle containing a rotated ‘fleur de lys’ or ‘fasces’ design 5. A depressed Diamond shape enclosing a large raised letter “R” and a small raised letter “D” (mimicking the U.K. Patent Office stamp which abbreviated the term ‘registered’ to “RD”, but also included date and class of patent) Suggested trade names for William Page & Co’s particular blend of brass plating are ‘roman silver’ or ‘silverite’. This copper alloy polishes to a lustrous gold when new, discolouring to a murky grey with greenish hue when neglected.

Significance

The LOCH ARD shipwreck is of State significance – Victorian Heritage Register S 417.

Bottle

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

Glass bottle marked with unidentified tennis symbol (Tennis ball inside an 'A' shape). Materials: Glass

Log

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Ship's taffrail log register, recovered from the tug "Melbourne". Dial and bracket, brass. "Patented and made in England". Parts of words 'Walker's Cherub Log, Mark II" are visible. 2 dials marked in 100's and 10's

Historical information

Ship's log register or recorder, used to determine the distance a ship travels and the speed it is traveling. It would be fixed to the rail (taffrail) at stern of the ship and attached to the log rotor that would be towed behind the ship. The Cherub design was one of the first to have the register placed on the ship instead of with the rotor in the water.

Inscriptions & Markings

"Patented and made in England". Parts of words "W" (Walker) "CH" (CHERUB) "Ma" (Mark III)

Handbook - Watsonia High School - Teachers/Staff Handbook-Manual 1985

Greensborough Historical Society,

In-school produced A4 Size booklet containing sections on; School Policy; Roles & Responsibilities of the Principal, Staff, School Council and Committees; other information relevant to working as a teacher.

Historical information

Staff handbook outlining procedures and expectations of staff.

Significance

An annual publication, updated as regulations change. This gives a snapshot of Watsonia High School in 1985.

Spokeshave

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Hollow face Spokeshave, metal body with black enamel finish. Erskin stamped on front