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Victorian Collections -

Prisoner of War & Internment Camps: Tatura and Rushworth

1 Oct 2018

During the First World War, the theatres of Europe felt worlds away for Australians on the home front. The Second World War’s Pacific stage brought war closer to home. For some Victorian country towns, the repercussions of war arrived right on their doorstep.

Curated By

Alana Bennett Mazzilli, Work experience student, Academy of Mary Immaculate

130334 items

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130334 items

LACE MAKING MACHINE

Clunes Museum, Clunes

Includes; 1.48 bobbins (8 with cotton) 2.3 samples of lace 3.Bill of Sale dated 7 March 1916 payment received with thanks C.H Coombe 4.Price list of Torchon Lace Co.229 Collins Street, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia 5.The Torchon Lace Making Booklet, 12th edition, copyright 1904

Inscriptions & Markings

Sticker marked "63"

The first Catholic Church in Ballarat - St. Alipius 1853.

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

B/w print of the first Catholic Church in Ballarat - St. Alipius 1853. Reverse shows the Choir Gallery and Organ, Lydiard Street Wesleyan Church.

Racquet & cover, Box, Ball container, Ball, Racquet Press

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

A Wilson ' Famous Player' Tennis Set, featuring the images of Jack Kramer, Maureen Connolly, and Tony Trabert on the lid. The contents within the set box are: a Wilson 'Famous Player Model' tennis racquet; a Wilson racquet press; a Wilson racquet cover; and, a can containing three Wilson 'Match-Point' tennis balls. Materials: Cardboard, Ink, Wood, Nylon, Paint, Lacquer, Glue, Leather, Cloth, Metal, String, Adhesive tape, Rubber, Felt

Handbook, Training - Infantry Section Leading

Frankston RSL Sub Branch, Frankston

Handbook for training Infantry Section Leading. Published by the UK War Office, December, 1938. This handbook contains 104 pages of illustrated notes for infantry training personnel. It is bound in a soft cover of heavy weight buff coloured paper.

Photograph album - Photographs of 'Fortuna', Bendigo

Bendigo Historical Society, Bendigo

Rectangular-shaped album, board covered in blue fabric. Pages of brown cardboard. Printed on front in gold lettering is 'Photographs of "Fortuna" Bendigo'. Album contains 48 photographs, one per page, of Fortuna taken in late 1800's. They range from photographs of the interiors through to photographs of the garden, with a posed family? group on the opening page.

Historical information

Album of photographs of Bendigo's historic property, 'Fortuna'. This was the home of George Lansell, wealthy mine owner.

Inscriptions & Markings

Photographs of "Fortuna" Bendigo on front of album.

Plan - Old Colonists' Association Proposed New Cottages No. 4, Sheet 5

Old Colonists' Association of Ballarat Inc., Ballarat Central

Blueline plan of the Old Colonists' Association.

Shield - Cross Country Shield

Grey Street Primary School, Traralgon , Traralgon

Scales, Weighing

Bright & District Historical Society operating the Bright Museum, Bright

Metal, suspension gold scales, very rusted, gold pans broken. 00223.1 : Arm and handle 00223.2 : Intact dish - brass with four suspension holes. Slight damage on side. 00223.3 : Two parts to the dish - badly damaged.

Pastel on board - Portrait with Woman and 2 cats

Federation University Australia Art Collection ,

Historical information

This item is part of the Federation University Art Collection. The Art Collection features over 1000 works and was listed as a 'Ballarat Treasure' in 2007.

Program Photos Review Newsletter Poster Articles - Cloudstreet adapted by Nick Enright and Justin Monjo from award winning novel by Tim Winton by arrangement with HLA Management Pty. Ltd. directed by Chris Baldock

Heidelberg Theatre Company Inc.., Rosanna

Image

Rutherglen Historical Society, Rutherglen

Black and white photo of elderly man, seated, white beard, wearing 3 peace suit stiff collar and necktie

Historical information

Mr Johnston could have been common school teacher. 4/02/1991 Identified , almost positively, as A.K. Buckley, first headmaster of the common school

Inscriptions & Markings

On back: "With kind regards | from | Mr Johnston | age 91" Embossed at bottom of photo: "Thalma | opp. P.O. | Rutherglen"

Photograph (police motorcycle)

Victoria Police Museum, Docklands

Bill Gore and another uniformed policeman standing in front of their motorcycles with the Queen Mother. Circa 1960s

Painting - Cape Schanck

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Painting "Cape Schanck" by, Victorian painter W. Langley-Taylor. Oil on board, Seascape of coast, lighthouse, birds, waves, "Mrs Inby (?)"on back. Painting board has damage.

Historical information

Flagstaff Hill holds a pair of large paintings by W. Langley-Taylor. Both are seascapes in oil on canvas. The painting with Registered Number 234 is titled "Cape Schanck" and RN 235 is titled "Eagle Rock", depicting coastal scenery at points each side of Port Phillip Bay south of Melbourne, Victoria. The inscription of the back of the paintings is difficult to decipher but looks like "Mrs M Inby (?)".

Inscriptions & Markings

"Mrs Inby (?)"on back

Card, Christmas

Frankston RSL Sub Branch, Frankston

A folded cardboard printed Christmas card with paper insert from a soldier stationed in Egypt. The card has a small, sepia coloured photograph of an Egyptian scene showing some pyramids attached to the front and has a ribbon tied in a bow threaded through the cover and insert. A handwritten note "Wishing you a merry Christmas and a bright New Year with best love and wishes" is written on the insert opening, on the opposite side of the insert opening is a printed message wishing the recipient a merry Christmas. The card is addressed to Dear Rene from Les Suitor, dated November 14th, 1915.

Inscriptions & Markings

The card front page is printed in sepia tones: "Greetings from a soldier boy in Egypt", "1915 - 1916".

Newspaper Clipping - 'Berg battles Borough

Greensborough Historical Society,

News clipping, black text, colour image.

Historical information

At the start of the 2015 Cricket season Heidelberg beat Greensborough in the "Money Shield".

PHOTOGRAPH

Clunes Museum, Clunes

PHOTOGRAPH OF CLUNES CRICKET CLUB PREMIERS NEWLYN DISTRICT CRICKET ASSOCIATION SEASON 1967 - 68

Historical information

SEE OVER

Photograph - Kangaroo Ground War Memorial Tower

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Photocopy of Black and White Photograph of Kangaroo Ground Tower; November 16, 1951 Sir Dallas Brooks dedicated a watch-tower and caretaker's cottage as memorials to the dead of two world wars.

Historical information

Kangaroo Ground War Memorial Tower, November 16, 1951 Sir Dallas Brooks dedicated a watch-tower and caretaker's cottage as memorials to the dead of two world wars. Showers and gales kept many people away but the local school children were there in full force. See also: 02113-2

Booklet - The School Newspaper, 1956-7

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

Five copies of The School Newspaper. .1) No. 659, 01 August 1956 .2) No. 660, 01 September 1956 .3) No. 651, 01 March 1957 .4) No. 652, 01 April 1957

Miner's Right

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

Victoria, No. 1331/170, Ballarat

Postcard - Willliamstown Botanic Gardens

Williamstown Botanic Gardens- Hobsons Bay City Council, Altona

Sepia scene of a fountain situated on paths bordered with rocks. The fountain in on a plinth with a plaque. The fountain features a symmetrical plan, consisting of four granite columns supporting a granite canopy. High stumps of trees are just behind the fountain with larger trees in the background to the right and left of the image.

Historical information

The original postcards in this series (2013.002 to 2013.018) were generously loaned to Williamstown Botanic Gardens by a private collector for copying. The fountain is located on the southern side of the ornamental lake and was erected to celebrate the jubilee of the municipality (17 March 1906). Controversy surrounded the commission for the design and construction of the fountain, as it was originally assigned to a contractor in Carlton. Williamstown residents insisted the fountain be designed and constructed locally, and on December 1906 the fountain was tendered by local firm Bliss and Sons and opened for public use in 1906. The fountain features a symmetrical plan, consisting of fur granite columns supporting a granite canopy and is fully operational following restoration work in 2013. The idea for the fountain came from an elderly resident of Williamstown who suggested the council follow the example of Ballarat’s gardens with its many statues and monuments.

Significance

The postcards are evidence of the interest the gardens held as a subject for postcard publishers. The text and images provide a snapshot into fashions, social interests and concerns of the time. The professionally produced images provide a pictorial history of Gardens including changing planting styles, various structures and features of the Gardens eg the aviary, cannons, the fountain, the second Curator’s Lodge and gates. The images offer an opportunity to compare garden vistas with the present day. The significance of the fountain is its reflection of how Williamstown people felt for their Gardens and the importance placed on investing in locally operated business. It was noted in the Brief Jottings column of the Williamstown Chronicle, February 24 1906, the fountain is a “We favor the erection of the jubilee fountain in the Giffard-street (Williamstown Botanic) Gardens. Ornaments of that kind there will make that beauty spot even more attractive.”

Inscriptions & Markings

Postcard, Gardens, Post-Card, Williamstown-Botanic-Gardens, Hobsons-Bay-City-Council, Jubilee-fountain, fountain drinking-fountain, granite, Bliss-and-Sons, Madeley

Photo, Legacy Appeal 2004

Melbourne Legacy, Melbourne

Colour photo President with badge sellers in Navy uniforms.

Historical information

Photos during Badge Week in September 2004 - the poster says: "Buy a Badge", with an image of the Widow and Children statue. President George MacKenzie with members of the Navy at Legacy house for the launch of Badge week.

Significance

A record of the Navy being part of the Legacy Appeal in 2004.

Inscriptions & Markings

Printed on the back "<No. > Clarendon Photos 0587" which is the frame numbers and place of processing. Negative numbers 22A (see also 0699, 00700, 00701, 00702, 00703, 00704).

Brigidine Convent Building

Marian College, Ararat

Two storey Brigidine Convent built with red bricks. Building of the convent commenced on 11th June 1889. Convent was blessed by Bishop Moore on 18th March 1890.

Historical information

The foundations of the Convent commenced on 11th June 1889. The first donation towards the building of the Convent was received from an old Irish woman of five shillings. Mr McCabe, a Catholic gentleman from Ararat, deeded a piece of ground on 30th June 1889.

Significance

The start of the first Catholic school building in Ararat.

Journal - Language documentation and description, Vol. 1

Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages, Fitzroy

Inscriptions & Markings

CD "Spoken Karaim" 2003

PHOTOGRAPH

Clunes Museum, Clunes

SILVER FRAMED PHOTOGRAPH OF TWO WOMEN. FRAME HAS ETCHING ON METAL SURROUND WITH GLASS.

Tin, bucket

Parks Victoria - Days Mill and Farm, Murchison South

AXLE GREASE TIN - round tin with handle, blue with yellow writing

Historical information

Has been adapted with the use of a wire handle to form a small bucket.

Inscriptions & Markings

"Baltic" Axle Grease" - on one side of can. On the other, "AGENTS/ BALTIC & PAASCH DAIRY / 539 FLINDERS ST MELBOURNE / P. SHEAHAN & CO / 453 - 5 FLINDERS LANE MELBOURNE"

1997 staff

Williamstown High School , Williamstown

Colour photograph of Williamstown High School staff in the year 1997. The photo is mounted on card with identifying names included.

Inscriptions & Markings

See JPG above for staff names.

Photograph - Thomas Greenhill - Mayor 1898-9

Kew Historical Society Inc, Kew

Framed portrait of a mayor of Kew. The mounting and framing of the photograph follows a typical layout or style in that each is framed in dark wood, glazed, and laid down on an inscribed board. The inscription identifies the name of the mayor and the year/s that he/she served.

Significance

The Melbourne suburb of Kew gained independence from the Boroondara Roads Board in 1861, being declared a Municipality in that year. Kew became a Borough in 1863, a Town in 1910, and a City in 1921. The former City of Kew became part of a newly declared City of Boroondara in 1994. This framed photographic portrait of a mayor of Kew is part of an important series of eighty-three mayoral photographs covering the years 1863-1969. The set is an almost complete record of councillors who achieved the highest elected office in Kew. Many of the mayors were historically significant figures locally, statewide and nationally. The set of framed photographs is part of the Kew Historical Society's civic collection that informs knowledge and research about the history of local government in Kew.

Book - University of Ballarat Annual, 2002

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

Black soft covered book. .3) Financial statements

Historical information

University of Ballarat became Federation University Australia on 01 January 2014

CONCERT & LECTURE PROGRAMME

Clunes Museum, Clunes

ORIGINAL PROGRAMME YELLOW PROGRAMME ADVERTISING CONCERT AND LECTURE IN CLUNES TOWN HALL 21ST NOVEMBER, 1918. PROCEEDS IN AID OF RED CROSS. CHAIRMAN HIS WORSHIP THE MAYOR CR. J PHILLIPS J.P. PROMOTER MRS. M.R.WEICHARDT. TWO PHOTOS OF SECTION FRASER STREET, CLUNES FROM NEWSAGENT, HARDENS BOOT PALACE, TOBACCONIST SHOPS AND CLUB HOTEL, THE NOW MUSEUM AND AUCTION ROOM? DON'T KNOW

Historical information

CONCERT AND LECTURE CELEBRATING THE SURRENDER OF AUSTRIA NOV. 4TH 1918. SPECIAL PROGRAMME RENDERED BY NEW EDISON DIAMOND DISC, OPERATED BY EDISON SHOP 265 COLLINS STREET, MELBOURNE. MR. F. CUTTLE AND LANTERNIST MR. WADMAN SMITH, ITEMS BY MISS MAY HULL, MISS CHAMPION, MR. F.W. WEICHARDT, MRS. GREEN, MISS DUNSTAN, MR. EBERHARD

Photograph - ELTHAM ARBOR DAY 1973 - Alistair Knox with school children of the Shire of Eltham, Vic, planting native trees in the Town Park, 10 October 1973

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Black and white photograph

Historical information

ELTHAM - ARBOR DAY, 10 Oct 1973. School children of the Shire of Eltham planting trees (previously planned to take place during the visit of Sir Rohan Delacombe to the Shire on 19th September, 1973 but cancelled that day due to inclement weather). REF: 783 SOURCE: Shire of Eltham (Eltham District Historical Society) Eltham Town Park would later be renamed Alistair Knox Park Main Road to left and Bridge Street to right - looking southeast

Book - Register of Pupils

Deaf Children Australia, Melbourne

Light green leather with red leather over spine bound volume with specially printed pages with handwritten entries. Contains register of pupils of the Victorian School for Deaf Children from 1966-1969 Each open two pages is details of a child admitted to Princess Elizabeth Kindergarten for the Deaf (90 Elgar Rd, Burwood). An alphabetical indexed note book is attached to back cover with their assigned number from No 1804 to No 1992

Historical information

As children were admitted to Victorian Deaf and Dumb Institution, The Victorian School for Deaf Children and Deaf Children Australia, their details were recorded and they were given a registration number. Information included Medical Information.

Significance

The Registers document where children came from, their family details and medical information, all relating to the time they were admitted and reflect the society of the time.

Inscriptions & Markings

Spine: "REGISTER OF PUPILS" in gold lettering. "1804-1992" "YEARS 1966-1969" handwritten in ink (barely legible)

Tether ball,

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

A small carton (.2) containing a used tether tennis ball (.1), and, a string and elastic tether (.3). Inscription across one face of the box: THE PERFECT/KUM-BAK/.../TENNIS SELF-TRAINER/... Across another: THIS CARTON/CONTAINS -/ONE TENNIS/AUTO COACH/CAPTIVE BALL/COMPLETE WITH/ATTACHMENTS. Materials: Rubber, Felt, String, Metal, Cardboard, Paper, Ink

Racquet

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

Two Slazenger Panther Pro Graphite, graphite/composite squash racquets (.1-.2), with open throat, and synthetic handle grip which is still sealed in original plastic wrap. Materials: Graphite, Nylon, Ink, Adhesive tape, Synthetic material, Plastic, Composite Materials

Photograph - Royal Australian Naval Guard of Reservists attached to Osborne House Geelong

Port Fairy Historical Society , Port Fairy

Black and white photograph

Historical information

Royal Australian Naval Guard of Reservists attached to Osborne House Geelong, possibly including local men.

Leaflets - Design In Everyday Things Clear Thinking Men Talking: Talks for Discussion Groups October - December 1937

RMIT Design Archives, MELBOURNE

Drawing - St Augustine Church

Brimbank City Council Art Collection, Deer Park

Ink and Waterclour

Significance

Local building of historical significance

Technical Manual - 2 1/2 Ton 6x6, 2 1/2 to 5 Ton 6x4 Trucks Studebaker Models & REO 2 1/2 Ton 6x6 Truck

4th/19th Prince of Wales's Light Horse Regiment Unit History Room, Macleod

Soft covered technical manual

Inscriptions & Markings

TM 9-807 War Department Technical Manual

Commando Patch

Lara RSL Sub Branch, Lara

2 x Colour Patch and Epaulette 6th Independent Commando Company in the shape of 2 joined diamonds

Historical information

Issued to the 2nd 6th Independent Commando Company during World War 2

Document - Page from school magazine

Ballarat & Queen's Anglican Grammar School , Wendouree

One single page of cream paper from school magazine of a photograph of the vegetable garden and chapel at Ballarat Grammar School. Verso: Black printing on cream paper containing business notices.

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten on verso in pencil: Site for Woodbridge House 1973

Building - Slab kitchen

Old Gippstown, Moe

A small building of horizontal timber slabs. It has a verandah over the front entrance and the front porch. There is a stone chimney on the back wall and the roof is shingled

Historical information

Originally a cottage in its own right, the slab kitchen is now a part of the Bushy Park display. Originally built at Ripplebrook in the 1880s by Ada Donaldson of Deniliquin, it was removed to Labertouche.

Significance

Medium local historic significance.

Battledore, Paddle

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

A vellum battledore or paddle, wood framed with lacquered wood handle. Leather with scalloped edging around head and tan leather collar tacked around throat. Paper Sotheby's labelled attached to handle stating: (Lot) '246' and '18 July 2001'. Materials: Wood, Metal, Lacquer, Leather, Paper, Vellum, String

Photograph - Aradale - Front of administration block

Department of Health and Human Services, Melbourne

Paper Serviette

Rutherglen Historical Society, Rutherglen

Printed serviette, paper, red butterflies top RH corner, colored decoration bottom LH corner, Programme of Fairie Pantomime printed in black in centre

Historical information

Fairie Pantomime Programme held at the Town Hall, Rutherglen, December 11th (no year) in aid of the Ladies School Prize Fund

Inscriptions & Markings

Programme lists items

Basalt Digging Stone

Bunjil Park Aboriginal Education & Cultural Centre, Neilborough

This stone has been worked to a smooth curve around the edge , is flat on one side and curved on the other. The stone has 2 grooves carved on the blunt end for attaching a handle. This tool is similar to 0016.

Historical information

Uncle Brien says this tool was used for collecting yabbies and mussles from water holes.

Ink Well - Pen & Ink set, clear glass & black tray

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

These are four items:- .1 An oblong glass dish, partly rounded at the ends and with a criss-cross pattern on the base. Inside the dish, towards the ends, are two ridges for holding four pens or pencils. .2 An oblong polished black stone tray with a curved front and a ridge for holding a pen. On the oblong section are two square metal bases with four side clips on each to hold the inkwells. These metal pieces are attached to the black tray with metal screws. .3 & .4 Two glass (crystal?) cubes with a hollow inside for holding ink. The tops of the cubes are metal with circular openings. The lids are metal with metal hinges and polished black stone tops

Historical information

Pen and ink sets were common household and business items in the 19th century and up to the mid 20th century (prior to the introduction of ballpoint pens). They would have been placed on a writing desk or table. The items here are attractive ones and would have been a relatively expensive purchase.

Significance

These items are connected to the Toleman family from Warrnambool and may have been used by the donor’s father who was an accountant.

Photograph

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Historical information

Depicts the yarn store from one of the Godfrey Hirst mills in 1966. In 1966 McKendrick Consolidated Industries Ltd purchased Godfrey Hirst Ltd to operate a carpet manufacturing concern and this photo was taken at the time of the takeover.

Inscriptions & Markings

Proof IAN HAWTHORNE / PHOTOGRAPHER / Commercial, Portrait, Wedding, Colour Processor / Upstairs, 140 Moorabool St., Geelong Ph. 98096

BOOK - My Memoirs: 1878-1918 Ex-Kaiser William II

Bendigo Soldiers Memorial Institute Military Museum, Bendigo

Navy blue hard cover with title & author printed in gold on front & spine with German eagle insignia on front. 348 pages, no illustrations.

Inscriptions & Markings

On front end paper black ink stamp & badges: Bendigo District RSL Sub Branch Inc PO Box 449 Bendigo Vic 3552 On fly leaf written in biro: Donated by Mrs Audrey Bollows

Lee Angle

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

Angled wooden implement, sharp down two edges with a longer rounded handle and ornamental butt.

Historical information

Used from 1842 by aboriginal "Peter" - employed by Mr. McHaffie.

Booklet - Warrnambool On the Sea

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a booklet of 33 pages stapled together. It is a Warrnambool Tourist Guide from the 1940s. The pages are mostly white but there are a couple of blue and buff-coloured pages. The cover is pink with mauve and black printed material and a photograph on the front cover of the Warrnambool camping ground on the foreshore. The back cover has become detached. The booklet contains information on the tourist attractions of Warrnambool and district, black and white photographs of buildings, events and scenic spots and advertisements for local businesses. Many of the advertisements also contain photographs of business premises.

Historical information

This booklet has been issued in 1940 by the Warrnambool Progress and Tourist Association established in 1927. Warrnambool was the winner of the Sun News Pictorial Quest in 1928, the ‘Ideal City’ and used this title to promote the city. There had been several Tourist Associations in Warrnambool prior to 1927 and all of them promoted Warrnambool as a health resort and an ideal holiday destination with the Sea Baths in Gilles Street and the beach close by. This guide has been produced during World War Two with rationing of petrol and other goods and most people in Victoria would not have been contemplating long and expensive holidays so Warrnambool with its rail service and beach facilities would have been seen as a possible holiday destination.

Significance

This Warrnambool Tourist Guide is of considerable interest both for its content regarding Warrnambool’s attractions in World War Two and for its 1940s advertisements and photographs.

Inscriptions & Markings

Front Cover: ‘The Ideal City, Warrnambool On The Sea, , Victoria, Australia, Camping Grounds at the Beach, Tourist Guide – Where to Go! What to See! To Advance Warrnambool, The Ideal City, Victoria’s Premier Health and Holiday Resort, Price 6d.’

Wooden Butter Box - Korumburra Butter Factory Box

Coal Creek Community Park & Museum, Korumburra

Roberts Golden Bar wooden butter box from the Korumburra Butter Factory. Timber box with the logo stamped in brown on the front. It has two of the four metal feet still attached.

Historical information

From the original Korumburra Butter factory.