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Victorian Collections -

At the Going Down of the Sun

4 Jan 2017

Remembrance and Commemoration after the First World War

Curated By

Belinda Ensor, Manager, Victorian Collections

75736 items

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75736 items

Postcard: Beautitudes Of A Suffragist

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

Beautitudes Of A Suffragist.

Photograph - Three men filming

Ithacan Historical Society, Melbourne

Black & white photograph with white crinkled border of 3 men with a movie camera.

Traction Pulleys

Ballarat Base Hospital Trained Nurses League,

Metal

pruning saw

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

Pruning saw with wooden handle and double sided toothed blade. The wooden handle is attached with three screws. The steel blade has teeth on both edges - small on one side and longer on the other.

Historical information

A two sided pruning saw blade has a top cutting edge used for making an undercut of a limb while the bottom cutting edge is used for regular pruning. One side of the blade has very coarse, irregularly sized teeth for cutting quickly through large branches. The other side of the blade has fine teeth for making clean cuts on small branches and dead wood.

Significance

This tool is an example of an early pruning saw commonly used in Orbost.

Nails - Hand made from Liebig St

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

These are 13 iron nails which taper to a point and have a blunt half head. They are all in a rusty condition.

Historical information

These nails were found in the floorboards at 5A Liebig Street, the residence of Lee Harris at the time. The nails, being of the 19th century variety, pre-date the present building and must have come from a previous dwelling or perhaps a building associated with the old Shire Offices. The Shire Offices, near the corner of Liebig and Merri Streets, were erected in 1860 and the Shire continued to operate from there until 1936.

Significance

These nails are of interest as an example of the type of nails used in buildings in Warrnambool in the 19th century.

Booklet - Hampden League

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is an A4 size booklet of 36 pages. It contains black and white and colour photographs, information on each of the member football and netball teams, the Hampden League logo, advertisements and a multi-coloured front and back cover with collages containing the images of many footballers and netballers. The pages are stapled.

Historical information

This is a publication with information on the Hampden Football Netball League at the time of its 75th anniversary. The Hampden Football League was established in 1930 as a breakaway competition in response to the Western District League’s abolition of sectional competition. The League went into recess during World War Two. In 1987 netball became part of the League’s administration. The Hampden League is one of the important rural football and netball leagues in Victoria.

Significance

This publication is of interest as an important source of local information on the history of the Hampden Football Netball League. Football and netball are the two major winter sports in the Western District.

Inscriptions & Markings

Front cover: ‘Hampden Football Netball League 1930-2005, 75th Anniversary, A Special Publication presented by My Town, My Paper, the Standard’.

Photograph - Digital image - Eltham, 1935.

Greensborough Historical Society,

Digital copy of black and white photograph.

Historical information

Part of a collection of photographs owned by Dorris McLaughlin who was born in Greensborough, in 1899 to John McLaughlin and Rosalie Ellen Whatmough. The collection contains photographs of friends and relatives from the Greensborough and Eltham areas. This photograph shows a view of Eltham in 1935.

Annual Report - Annual Report 2012-2013 Queen Victoria Women's Centre Trust

Queen Victoria Women's Centre, Melbourne

Book with 38 pages. Maroon coloured cover. Sepia toned images throughout. White pages inside pages. Black writing with maroon accents.

Folder - St Katherine's Church St Helena: the story of its beginnings.

Greensborough Historical Society,

Grey covered folder with plastic pockets containing article with text and some colour photographs.

Historical information

The article in this folder tells the story of the origins of St Katherine's Church St Helena which dates from1858. The Church was built by Major Anthony Beale in memory of his wife Katherine Rose Beale. Includes photographs of the Church and its interior.

Photograph

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Photograph of Miss Eva Carmichael holding a book seated at a desk. Oval gilt framed portrait in a green container edged with gilt. Reverse has piece of tape centre left and right. Also has printed maker’s information. Printed by the Photographic Society of Victoria, Melbourne.

Historical information

Loch Ard was bound for Melbourne in 1878 loaded with passengers and cargo when it ran into a rocky reef at the base of Mutton Bird Island, near Port Campbell. Of the 54 crew members and passengers on board, only two survived: an apprentice, Tom Pearce and a young woman passenger, Eva Carmichael, who lost all of her family in the tragedy. The wreck of Loch Ard still lies at the base of Mutton Bird Island and much of the cargo has been salvaged. Some was washed up into what is now known as Loch Ard Gorge following the shipwreck. Cargo and artefacts have also been illegally salvaged over many years before protective legislation was introduced.

Significance

The photograph is significant for its association with the wreck of the Loch Ard. This wreck has been protected as a Historic Shipwreck since 11 March 1982, under the Commonwealth Historic Shipwrecks Act (1976) Flagstaff Hill’s collection of artefacts from Loch Ard is significant for being one of the largest collections of artefacts from this shipwreck in Victoria. It is significant for its association with the shipwreck, which is on the Victorian Heritage Register. The collection is significant because of the relationship between the objects, as together they have a high potential to interpret the story of the Loch Ard. The Loch Ard collection is archaeologically significant as the remains of a large international passenger and cargo ship. The Loch Ard collection is historically significant for representing aspects of Victoria’s shipping history and its potential to interpret sub-theme 1.5 of Victoria’s Framework of Historical Themes (living with natural processes). The collection is also historically significant for its association with the Loch Ard, which was one of the worst and best known shipwrecks in Victoria’s history. The Loch Ard collection meets the following criteria for assessment: Criterion A: Importance to the course, or pattern, of Victoria’s cultural history. Criterion B: Possession of uncommon, rare or endangered aspects of Victoria’s cultural history. Criterion C: Potential to yield information that will contribute to an understanding of Victoria’s cultural history.

Inscriptions & Markings

Printed brown text “PHOTOGRAPHIC / SOCIETY OF VICTORIA / MELBOURNE / REGISTERED COPYRIGHT / JULY 24th 878” and “NONE ARE GENUINE UNLESS WITH / SIGNATURES THUS” and “PRESIDENT / VICE PRESIDENT / SECRETARY”

Photograph (Black & White) - Ballarat School of Mines Student Association Committee

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

Black and white photograph, mounted on card, showing 7 men standing and 7 men sitting. They are the Ballarat School of Mines Student Association Committee. Standing Left to right: Thomas Sim, Alexander Campbell, Reginald Callister, S. Leathes, V. Tucker, Mitchell, Colin Corrie. Sitting left to right L. Middleton, W. Gerald (treasurer), Bertram Whitington (vice-president - staff), Prof. Alfred Mica Smith (President - staff), A.C. Hesselmann (secretary), W. T, Sayer, Leslie Coulter. Absent Mr Sutherland and William Baragwanath

photo - Margaret Kidman in classroom

Tatura Irrigation & Wartime Camps Museum, Tatura

Photograph of Margaret Kidman in classroom; retires as teacher from Sacred Heart Primary School. Kyabram Newsagency Copyright stamped.

Decorations - WX34557 H A Green

Geelong RSL Sub Branch,

Three x round, silver colour medals with ribbons.

Historical information

Three Decorations with the name and regimental number WX 34557 Harold Allan Green. WX34557 H Green was born in Katanning WA and Plate of Enlistment was Dandarragan WA.

Significance

The Decorations are originals belonging to WX 34557 Harold Allan Green.

Inscriptions & Markings

The three decorations are marked WX34557 H A Green. One x Defence Medal, one x War Medal 1939-1945, one x Australian Service Medal.

King George VI Print

Numurkah & District Historical Society, Numurkah

Image - colour painted portrait of 'His Majesty King George VI' in full uniform, mounted in gold painted wooden frame with decorative trim along rim. Copy print of painting

Inscriptions & Markings

Printed at base image on mounting "His Majesty King George VI/From Original by W.B. McInnes."

Miner's Right

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

Victoria, No. 35, Sandhurst

Book - Letters from Aboriginal women of Victoria, 1867-1926

Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages, Fitzroy

This edited collection of women's correspondence constitutes an important historical record of the experiences of Aboriginal women during a crucial period of social change. In particular the letters are valuable for the insight they offer into the impact on Aboriginal communities of government legislation and mission policies and the women's assertion of their entitlement to freedom and agency. Written by 81 different women, the letters cover such issues as children, family, religion, land, housing and material assistance.

Inscriptions & Markings

maps, b&w photographs

Cutlery - Spoon commemorating the 75th Anniversary of Ballarat Grammar

Ballarat & Queen's Anglican Grammar School , Wendouree

Silver plated teaspoon with ornate handle. At the top of the handle a button with a red crest and 75 in yellow and Ballarat Grammar School underneath.

Inscriptions & Markings

75 in yellow on red crest with mitre. 1911-1986 under the "75" Underneath "BALLARAT GRAMMAR SCHOOL" Verso: Goodwill Products

DVD - The linguists

Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages, Fitzroy

Travelling linguists David and Greg document languages on the verge of extinction.

Inscriptions & Markings

DVD

Bible - The Holy Bible

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Chamberlain Family Bible, published in 1834. Pg 969 lists family history of Joshua and Susan Chamberlain and family. From the 'Chamberlain, Dale and Lees Collection'

Historical information

In the words of the donor, Betty Stone, "This Bible, published in London in 1834, is the Chamberlain family Bible which was brought out by Joshua and Susan Chamberlain from Thriplow, Cambridgeshire, England when they migrated with their family to Australia. In the Bible, at page 969, the birth dates of Joshua and Susan's family of two sons and six daughters are recorded on two pages and also on an inserted loose page. Written by Joshua Chamberlain, the exact time each child was born has been included in each entry. There are also a few other entries and death dates recorded in different hand writing. Joshua Chamberlain (baptized 24 August 1804 Thriplow) and Susan Ellis {baptized 24 July 1808 lckleton,Cambridgeshire) were married 25 October 1828 at the parish church of St. George or All Saints,Thriplow. Joshua and Susan (nee Ellis) Chamberlain and family left their home in the rural village ofThriplow in October 1854 and arrived in Australia as assisted migrants per SS Shand January 1855. After Joshua Chamberlain had fulfilled his contract to work on a property at Woodford for a year or so, he purchased a small farm of approximately twenty acres at Wangoom, situated adjacent to the Warrnambool racecourse. Here, the family settled in their cottage with their personal and household possessions, including the family Bible, which they had brought from Thriplow. Joshua Chamberlain died October 1871; after the death of her husband Susan continued to live in her own home for some years before she eventually moved -with her possessions which of course included this Bible - to her daughter Sarah and son-in-law Lees Lees' home where she died on 13 November 1900 aged 94 years. (Note: For additional information please refer to Betty Stone’s book “Pioneers and Places - A History of three Warrnambool Pioneering Families” ie. Chamberlain, Dale and Lees Families)

Significance

This item is associated with families of Chamberlain, Dale and Lees. These families are listed in the "Pioneers' Register" for Warrnambool Township and Shire, 1835-1900, published by A.I.G.S. Warrnambool Branch.

Inscriptions & Markings

Chamberlain family records are hand written at Page 969, on two pages plus an inserted page, noting the exact time of birth for each of eight children..

Chisel

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Chisel with wood handle octagonal. Blade 97mmL x 5mmW

Historical information

John Heath tool box

Pennant

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Inscriptions & Markings

COOLANGATTA GOLD COAST

Chisel

Tatura Irrigation & Wartime Camps Museum, Tatura

Moulded wooden handled, metal chisel

Historical information

Used by internees at Camp 3

Independence: The struggle to set America free

Unions Ballarat, Ballarat

Paper; hardcover book; dust jacket; 434 pages

Historical information

The history of the revolution that led to America's declaration of Independence from Britain in 1776. Significant characters in this part of US history were John Adams, Abigail Adams, Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin and Edmund Burke.

Significance

Relevant to the history of the United States. The declaration of Independence document has become symbolic of human rights in the country - thus, the events leading to it were a catalyst to how American democracy is interpreted and practised.

Inscriptions & Markings

Front cover: Title and author name. Back cover: Statements of praise by Dan Rather, Andrew Burstein, R.B. Bernstein and Edith B. Gelles.

Photograph

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

Postcard showing Cape Woolamai

Historical information

This postcard is contained in an album presented to the then Governor of Victoria, The Earl of Stradbroke, by the fathers of soldiers & returned soldiers of Phillip Island, on 16/02/1923. The history of the album is noted on Reg. No 85-00

Plaque

4th/19th Prince of Wales's Light Horse Regiment Unit History Room, Macleod

Plaque, rectangular, brass coloured sheet metal.

Historical information

The 4/19 PWLH Band supported the Corowa Festival for many years

Inscriptions & Markings

Presented by Corowa's National Federation Festival 1988 Bi-Centenary to Colonel John Boyce CO 4th/19th PWLH In Recognition of Many Years of the Bands Magnificent Contribution to the Community

Journal - Dennys, Lascelles Limited Annual Wool Report August, 1952

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Historical information

"Dennys, Lascelles Limited Annual Wool Report August, 1952"

Bereavement Card - In loving memory of Eric Thomas Fort

Greensborough Historical Society,

3 p. Photos.

Historical information

Memorial brochure for Eric Thomas Fort, 19/7/1935 - 20/2/2016

Publication - Aussie Bee (Australian Native Bee Research Centre), North Richmond, 2001

Wheen Bee Foundation, Beechworth

Porthole

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Large brass porthole, complete with glass intact. This object is a circular, thick glass window surrounded by a round brass frame and attached to a round brass porthole frame. It is heavily encrusted. There are 9 bolts around the porthole frame. The window is hinged to the porthole frame at 90 degrees and would have been opened and closed (dogged down) using the two porthole fasteners (dog screws or dog bolts) one at 200 degrees and one at 350 degrees approximately. The long side of the hinge is attached to the porthole frame and the two arms of the hinge are attached to the frame of the window, joining the two frames together.

Historical information

This large brass porthole is from the wreck of the Newfield. It would have been installed on the hull of the ship to give light and ventilation. The Newfield was a three-masted iron and steel barque, built in Dundee, Scotland, in 1889 by Alexander Stephen and Sons. It was owned by the Newfield Ship Company in 1890 and later that year It was registered in Liverpool to owners Brownells and Co. The Newfield left Sharpness, Scotland, on 28th May 1892 with a crew of 25 under the command of Captain George Scott and on 1st June left Liverpool. She was bound for Brisbane, Australia, with a cargo of 1850 tons of fine rock salt, the main export product of Sharpness. At about 9pm on 28th August 1892, in heavy weather, Captain Scott sighted, between heavy squalls, the Cape Otway light on the mainland of Victoria but, due to a navigational error (the ship’s chronometers were wrong), he assumed it to be the Cape Wickham light on King Island, some 40 miles south. He altered his course to the north, expecting to enter Bass Strait. The ship was now heading straight for the south west Victorian coast. At about 1:30am the Newfield ran aground on a reef about 100 yards from shore and one mile east of Curdie’s Inlet, Peterborough. The ship struck heavily three times before grounding on an inner shoal with 6 feet of water in the holds. Rough sea made the job of launching lifeboats very difficult. The first two lifeboats launched by the crew were smashed against the side of the ship and some men were crushed or swept away. The third lifeboat brought eight men to shore. It capsized when the crew tried to return it to the ship for further rescue The rescue was a difficult operation. The Port Campbell Rocket Crew arrived and fired four rocket lines, none of which connected with the ship. Peter Carmody, a local man, volunteered to swim about one mile off shore to the ship with a line to guide the fourth and final lifeboat safely to shore. He was assisted by James McKenzie and Gerard Irvine. Seventeen men survived the shipwreck but the captain and eight of his crew perished. The Newfield remained upright on the reef with sails set for a considerable time as the wind slowly ripped the canvas to shreds and the sea battered the hull to pieces. The Marine Board inquiry found the wreck was caused by a "one man style of navigation" and that the Captain had not heeded the advice of his crew. According to Jack Loney ‘… when the drama was over . . the Newfield was deserted except for the Captain’s dog and two pigs.’ Peter Carmody was awarded the Bramley-Moore medal by the Liverpool Shipwreck and Humane Society for Saving Life at Ssea, which he received by mail on January 21st 1893. The medal and a letter of congratulations were donated to Flagstaff Hill Maritime Museum by Peter Carmody’s grand-daughter Norma Bracken and her son Stuart Bracken on 25th May 2006. The porthole joins other items in the Newfield collection.

Significance

Flagstaff Hill’s collection of artefacts from the Newfield is significant for its association with the shipwreck Newfield, which is listed on the Victorian Heritage Registry. The collection is significant because of the relationship between the objects. The Newfield collection is archaeologically significant as the remains of an international cargo ship. The Newfield collection is historically significant for representing aspects of Victoria’s shipping history and its association with the shipwreck.

Envelope

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Historical information

Envelope, "David Sowden & Sons, Engineers, Iron, Brass and Copper Founders, Shipley, York". Contained photographs of "David Sowden & Sons looms and was in a package of material from Yarra Falls Mill.

Photograph

Nhill & District Historical Society Inc., Nhill

Greetings from Nhill

Photograph, Optical Munitions: J.B. Wllis & P.G. Law

The Ed Muirhead Physics Museum, Parkville

Black and white photograph of two scientists (J.B. Willis and P.G. Law) at work on microscope

Inscriptions & Markings

On front of image in ink: “31A” On back of image in pencil: “31A J.B. Willis, P.G. Law ” (L to R) On back of image in ink: “31A”

candlestick holder

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

The candleholder is a hollowed round,saucer-shape with a ring finger-grip on the side. It has been enamelled but the original blue paint has worn off and it is very chipped and rusted.

Historical information

Portable candleholders were commonly in use in Australian homes in the 1800s. Candles were very expensive in Australia and often were not available in stores. However, after 1850 the price of candles was reduced and they became readily available throughout Australia. Candleholders were popular as they protected furniture from hot wax. The dish around the candle stem collected the hot wax that could be reused later. When carrying the candleholder, the dish also protected the hand from the hot wax.

Significance

This candle-holder is an example of an item commonly used before electricity was connected to the area.

Photograph

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

Sepia tone photograph of King Billy and his Tribe, they are Aboriginal. King Billy last Aboriginal in local area.

photograph of Barkly Street.

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

Photograph of Barkly Street. Weatherboard house.

Inscriptions & Markings

Barkly Street.

Photographic Montage

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

Card, distintegrated and all photos loose, head portraits of men, 1 album photo. 56 C/v photos

Diary - J. N. Preston HMAS Vendetta

Geelong Naval and Maritime Museum, North Geelong

A small diary with a navy cover. Hand written entries begin 9th January 1941. Describes J. N. Preston's daily life, routine and experiences during his service from 1941 during World War II.

Historical information

John Nesbeit Preston was born on 5 October 1897 in Gisbourne, New Zealand. He served in the RAN from 1919 to 1942. He served on the Stuart (Vendetta) from 1941 - 1943.

Significance

This diary is a significant primary source detailing the daily life of J.N. Preston's service for the RAN on the HMAS Vendetta and other vessels during World War II. It represents a detailed account of his travels and experience of war.

Inscriptions & Markings

"Diary" stamped on front cover. Made in Australia. "L.A. Reynolds/ For Music/ Records/ Instruments/ Allan's Pianos/ Murray St, Colac. CAR 14150

Painting

Port Fairy Historical Society , Port Fairy

Oil painting of third degree elements

Historical information

Used in the third degree rites of the Port Fairy Masonic Lodge 67

Photograph

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Photograph. black and white, of a "David Sowden & Sons" loom. There is a label ot the front of the loom with 190 on it.

Historical information

Photograph probably for promotional purposes, of a "David Sowden & Sons" loom. Photograph was with other photographs in an envelope printed "David Sowden & Sons" among items from Yarra Falls Mill

Inscriptions & Markings

David Sowden & Sons, Shipley Sowden's/ Patent Automatic shuttle changing loom/ for eweaving all kinds of single shuttle/ clothes/ Fitted with outside tread /Underpick

Correspondence - Eureka Terra Cotta & Tile Co. Letterhead

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

Typed letter on Eureka TerraCotta & Tile Co. letterhead which features the colour green. The letter is written by W.R. Lewis, secretary of Eureka Tiles to the Principal of the Ballarat School of Mines, Dick Richards. The content of the letter concerns a cadetship at the Eureka Tile factory

Racquet & cover

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

A Wimbledon graphite/fibreglass composite, tennis racquet, featuring Wilson 'Championship' strings. Racquet is accompanied by a cover. Materials: Graphite, Fibreglass, Paint, Ink, Plastic, Adhesive tape, Leather, Metal, Nylon, Synthetic material, Metal, Plastic, Ink

Publication - International honey market report for the American Honey Producers Association. (Phipps, Ron and CPNA International). np, 2013.

Beechworth Honey Archive, Beechworth

3 pages.

Sail Boat

Tatura Irrigation & Wartime Camps Museum, Tatura

Blue bow, mainly yellow ship. Sails, on red wheels, ladder and 9 rope rungs

Historical information

Made by internee in Camp 3

Articles of Apprenticeship

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

Grey sheet with words: 'This Indenture' in decorative fashion at top. The indenture is an agreement between Elizabeth Lucas (mother), Ernest Lucas and the Phoenix Foundry dated 3rd September 1883. The document folds up to DL size

Flour Bag

Woods' Farming and Heritage Museum, Rupanyup

Calico flour bag from Bruntons Flour Mill, Rupanyup

Inscriptions & Markings

Brunton's Wimmera Flour, Rupanyup, Vic. 25Lbs Gross when packed

Program - Grease: The Musical 1989

Greensborough Historical Society,

4 page program in pink folder. Includes 4 page insert of corrections and explanatory notes.

Historical information

Theatre program for the 1989 school production of “Grease”.

Significance

Includes the names of students involved in the production.

Programme - Greater London Council Parks Development Programs, 1967

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

Small blue covered booklets .1) London Symphony Orchestra .2) London Symphony Orchestra, 3 June 1967 .3) Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, 24 June 1967 .4) Sinfonia of London, 8 July 1967 .5) New Philharmonic Orchestra, 22 July 1967 .6) New Philharmonic Orchestra, 01July 1967 .7) The Halle Orchestra, 15 July 1967 .8) Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra, 10 June 1967 Gift of Frank Ritchie, Nephew of Frank Wright, 2014

Photographs: Preston Technical School 1980 Classes

NMIT (Northern Melbourne Institute of TAFE),

Coloured photos of Preston Technical School 1980 Forms/Classes.

Correspondence

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

Photograph - Kalorama Guest-house - Front View

Mt Dandenong & District Historical Society Inc., Mt Dandenong

Looking down on Kalorama Guest-house from Barbers Road. Property of Ellis and Eliza Jeeves before moving to Mountjoy