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Victorian Collections -

Talking Shop: Ballarat in Business and City Life at Ballaarat Mechanics' Institute

27 Jun 2019

Curated By

Amy Tsilemanis, Curator, Ballaarat Mechanics' Institute

155011 items

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155011 items

Intrauterine device

Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians & Gynaecologists,

IUD, Ansell- Anderson latex leaf, Latex impregnated with copper and zinc, leaf-shaped with serrated edge and diamond shape cut out from its centre. Small hole in tail with attached twisted cream coloured thread.

Historical information

The only IUD of Australian origin, developed in 1971 by Australian doctor Ian Anderson in partnership with Ansell Australia and manufactured at the Ansell factory, 18 River Street, Richmond in the 1970s. The device was taken up by the Battelle Foundation, USA, and clinical trails were carried out in Israel, Indonesia and Singapore. No formal clinical trials were carried out in Australia. The device was used extensively by Population Services International, a private abortion clinic in Sydney in the mid 1970s. At the time this device was donated to the collection in 1997 there were legal proceedings regarding two Australian women who claimed ongoing problems as a result of its use. The donor, Dr Richard Gutch, practised in Clifton Hill and used some in the 1970s but not for long. The drawbacks were the multi-filament string acted as a wick for infection, also the latex leaf often came away from the thread when pulled for removal. Curettage was often the only effective way to remove the IUD. Dr Gutch removed many as he developed a reputation for being skilled at their removal.

Artwork - Holy Trinity [Church], Kew / by Joy Stewart, circa 1978

Kew Historical Society Inc, Kew

Pencil, pen & Ink sketch on paper of 'Holy Trinity, Kew' by the artist Joy Stewart. [Holy Trinity Anglican Church is in High Street, Kew]

Significance

Joy Stewart was born in Melbourne 1925. She studied at Swinburne Technical College Art School from 1941-1945, then the National Gallery Art School 1946-1948. Her career included employment positions as a display artist, designer/painter, gallery assistant, and art teacher. Joy relocated to Cairns in 1981. Solo exhibitions in Melbourne and Cairns, including 'Done By Me' at Cairns Regional Gallery in 1999. Group exhibitions at Cairns Regional Gallery, 'The Fish John West Regrets, 1993' and 'Facets of Life' 1994.

Inscriptions & Markings

Inscription: "Holy Trinity, Kew". Signed lower right: "JStewart".

Publication, e-books - Elements of beekeeping (Niswonger, H. R.), Lexington, 1919

Beechworth Honey Archive, Beechworth

Book - Belles of St Mary's 1876-1983

Catholic College Bendigo, Bendigo

Book with contributions from students and staff of the history of St Mary's College from 1876 to 1983. Compiled by Evelyn M. Sandie and David Hughes. Black cover with stained glass window on front, b&w. Inside page acknowledges "Sr M. Anastasia as our greatest living memory".

Historical information

A history of St Mary's College from 1876-1983. Articles and photographs contributed by students and past puils

Hat

Running Rabbits Military Museum operated by the Upwey Belgrave RSL Sub Branch, Upwey

Officer's hat Khaki cloth

Photograph - Street Sweeping, c. Oct 1987

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Colour photograph

Historical information

Date based on other similar display panels visible in images of the Shire of Eltham display at the Eltham Community Festival, 7 November 1987.

Bottle, glass

Coal Creek Community Park & Museum, Korumburra

Rectangular clear glass bottle with a cork lined platic or Bakelite screw top, paper label and numerals embossed on the base.

Historical information

Myer also in Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Inscriptions & Markings

'F108' and other indistinct figures, possibly E46 in reverse and 'M' embossed on base. Paper label in blue, white and red with text and illustration of large red chemist shop bottle. 'Given internally as a Antiseptic and used when diluted as a Mouth Wash.....Sore and Cracked Skins'. HENRY FRANCIS & CO CHEMISTS MYER EMPORIUM LTD MELBOURNE-ADELAIDE'.

Newspaper clipping (digital image) - Partington Family of Lifers

Greensborough Historical Society, Lower Plenty

Digital copy of news article 1 page, black text. Scan of medallions referred to in text.

Historical information

Several members of the Partington family are life members of the Greensborough Football Club - Gary, his brother Trevor, father Alan and Uncle Jack. Scanned image of GFC life membership badges of Gary and Alan, and Alan's life membership badge for DVFL.

Plaque

4th/19th Prince of Wales's Light Horse Regiment Unit History Room, Macleod

Plaque, rectangular, brass coloured sheet metal.

Historical information

The 4/19 PWLH Band supported the Corowa Festival for many years

Inscriptions & Markings

Presented by Corowa's National Federation Festival 1988 Bi-Centenary to Colonel John Boyce CO 4th/19th PWLH In Recognition of Many Years of the Bands Magnificent Contribution to the Community

Spokeshave

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Spokeshave metal with raised handled. Made by Stanley

Photograph - Colour - Ron Fleming and Dorothy Wickham

Ballarat Heritage Services, Bakery Hill Post Office

Postcard size colour photograph

Historical information

Ron Fleming and Dorothy Wickham both members of the committee of Central Highlands Historical Association.

PTS, 1968, Ballarat Base Hospital

Ballarat Base Hospital Trained Nurses League, Ballarat

photo - black & white

Historical information

PTS, 1968, Ballarat Base Hospital

Significance

Preliminary Training School, 1968, January, Ballarat Base Hospital,

Black and White Photograph - reproduction - Photographic re-emacment of Gallipoli Landings staged at Saltwater River Anzac Day 1919

Brimbank City Council, Sunshine

Black and White Photograph - reproduction

Inscriptions & Markings

Inscription along the bottom of picture

Bottle - Milk

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

One pint wide necked refillable glass milk bottle. Chipped rim and base.

Historical information

This bottle was manufactured for the Lady Talbot Milk Institute. The Institute was initiated circa 1900 by Lady Talbot wife of Sir Reginald Arthur James Talbot, Governor of Victoria (1904 to 1908). From 1908 the Lady Talbot Milk Institute provided "pure" unpasteurized cows milk to specific mothers throughout Victoria. Similar bottles were filled with Specially Supervised "Nursery Milk". The reason for establishing this specialised nursing milk was to reduce the high mortality rate of infants(not on breast milk) in the early 1900s due to contaminated milk supplies. Pasteurized milk became available after World War II which ensured that milk consumed by infants (not able to obtain breast milk) was free from any contaminants.

Significance

Bottled milk distributed by the Lady Talbot Milk Institute was used by specific mothers of infants in lieu of breast milk. As this requirement was throughout Victoria some nursing mothers within the Kiewa Valley and in the SEC Company town of Mount Beauty needing this service were covered. The establishment(Circa 2000) of breast milk supply from donor mothers throughout Australia has replaced the fundamental product initiated by the Talbot Milk Institute. The slogan "Breast is best" initiated by the Nursing Mothers Association is one of the major supporters of the mother's milk bank supplies.

Inscriptions & Markings

Side 1 MILK Embossed Contents Not less than One Pint (This bottle cannot be legally used or sold by others) This bottle is the property of the Caulfield Model Farm To be washed and returned Side 2 Embossed circular logo with a cross in the centre Surrounded by brand name Lady Talbot Milk Institute Specially Supervised Nursery Milk Base, 62

Image - Ballarat School of Mines and Ballarat Court House

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

Line image of the Ballarat Supreme Court House and the Ballarat School of Mines in Lydiard Street South, Ballarat.

Book - The Piper of Pax

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

The Piper of Pax The Life Story of Sir Robert Baden-Powell, Bt. Of Pax Hill, Bentley, in the County of Hampshire Author: E K Wade Publisher: C Arthur Pearson Ltd Date: 1924

Inscriptions & Markings

Label on spine cover with typed text RH 923.6 POW Pastedown front endpaper has sticker from Warrnambool Mechanics Institute and Free Library

Image - 4th Battalion Land at Gallipoli, 1915

Ballarat Heritage Services, Bakery Hill Post Office

Black and white photographic image of the 4th Battalion AIF landing at Gallipoli at 8am on 25 April 1915. In the foreground is the staff of Colonel MacLaurin, 1st Infantry Brigade. On the beach is a dead Australian Engineer.

REPORT

Clunes Museum, Clunes

SANITARY CONDITION AND ADMINISTRATION OF THE BOROUGH OF CLUNES

Historical information

REPORT BY DR. CRESSWELL ON SANITARY ADMINISTRATION AT THE BOROUGH OF CLUNES

Inscriptions & Markings

1891 VICTORIA. REPORT BY DR. CRESSWELL ON THE SANITARY CONDITION AND SANITARY ADMINISTRATION OF THE BOROUGH OF CLUNES. PRESENTED TO BOTH HOUSES OF PARLAMENT BY HIS EXCELLENCY,S COMMAND.

Book - Ballarat School of Mines Tertiary Orientation Programs, 1980

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

148 page yellow covered book outlining the Tertiary Orientation Programs offered by the Ballarat School of Mines in 1980. The courses offered were TOP Biology, Chemistry, Computer Science, Workshop Practice and Drawing, Home Economics, Applied MAthematics, General Mathematics (Computing Option), Pure Mathematics, Physical Education, Physics, Craft, Ceramics and Sculpture, Garment Construction, Graphic Communication, Graphic Design (including Design Studies and Printmaking), History of Art, Painting and Drawing, Drawing, Photography, Accounting, Advanced Typewriting, Economics, Legal Studies, Secretarial Studies, 19th Century Australian History, 20th Century Australian History, Australian Media, Behavioural Studies, Drama, English Expression, Field Studies, Film Studies, Introduction to Psychology, Literature, Music, Political Studies and Sociology. Programs were offered in Applied Science, Nursing, Physical Education, Home Economics, Engineering, Computer Science, Accounting, Secretarial, Humanities and Social Sciences, Art & Design and Fashion and Design.

Drawing

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

Reproduced drawings of Budge and Gibson from series of ads by Equitable. Materials: Paper, Ink

Photograph - 11 York Street, Mont Albert, 1962

Surrey Hills Neighbourhood Centre Heritage Collection, Surrey Hills

Black & white photo of the street view of 11 York Street, Mont Albert. Although the house is heavily screened by a mature garden with several large trees or shrubs, part of the front can be seen. It is Californian bungalow in style with typical features including a terracotta tiled roof, simple roof finials, simple chimneys, shingle detail to the gable and brick and rounded pillar supports to the veranda. The front fence is low and constructed from roughly dressed stone.

Historical information

This is the home of Ernest Lance Young and Beryl Mair and the childhood home of their children Barbara, Ken and Laurie. Lance was born 24 March 1915 in Surrey Hills, the son of Ernest Augustus Young and Ruby Nichell Whitby. He married Beryl Mair in 1939 and died on 5 October 1999 at Mont Albert. Electoral rolls list him as a manufacturer. His address after marriage was 11 York Street, Mont Albert. He is buried in Box Hill Cemetery (M-*-0867) along with his father. He served in WW2 (Service Number - VX104733 enlisting at St Kilda) and after returning took over his father's business. The Mair family were resident in Barton Street for several generations. Beryl's father Dave Mair was a keen sportsman and founder of the Kangaroo Social Club of cricketers. This is part of a large collection relating to the Mair, Deakin and Young families.

Inscriptions & Markings

In black texta colour and black biro on rear: "1962 / 11 YORK ST/ MONT ALBERT"

Photograph - Black and White - Brown Hill Progress Association

Brown Hill Progress Association Inc., Brown Hill

Black and white photograph of eight men and one woman of the Brown Hill Progress Association Standing left to right: R. Coffield, J.C. Callinan, H. Lugg, G. Stewart Sitting left to right: A. Lakeland, W. Wilmot, E. Ellis, Mrs Bale, C. Eaton

Photograph (black & White) - Major General, Sir William Penn Symons - South Africa

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

Individual image from photographed poster of tobacco and cigarette cards.

Historical information

William Penn Symons' first combat experience was in South Africa during the Ninth Xhosa War, 1877-78. In 1879 he took part in the Zulu war. He then served during the Burma Expedition (1885-89). In 1889 he received the Companion of the Order of the Bath. In 1898, following other campaigns, he was awarded the Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath. In 1899, Symons was given the staff rank of brigadier general and was to be General Officer Commanding of Natal. He was asked by the War Office to advise on the number of troops required to safely garrison the Natal from the threat of invasion from the Boer Republics of the Transvaal and Orange Free states. Cabinet decided to send ten thousand extra troop abut they also appointed Lieutenant General Sir George White to supersede Symons as Generat Officer Commanding in Natal. Penn Symons, on his own authority deployed one of his brigades to Dundee, a town north of Ladysmith. The position of Ladysmith anad Dundee was precarious as they stand in a triangle of Natal, Orange Free State and Transvaal. White wanted to recall the Dundee garrison to Ladysmith but because of political pressure from Sit Walter Hely-Harrison, the Governor of Natal, he agreed to leave them there. The Boers declared war on 11 October and began crossing the Natal borders the following day. On 20 October 1899 Boer troops on the nearby Talana Hill proceeded to open fire on the town. The British guns moved to return fire as the general surveyed the Boer positions and gave orders to his commanding officers. Symons believed in old fashioned military tactics of close order but these formations were not designed to be used against lonf range bolt action rifles and Symons' brigades would be the first of manyin this war to pay the heavy cost ofthe mistake, as many generals would repeat it. The infantry battalions set off from the east of the town. The first part of the advance went well and they reached a small wood at the foot of the hill where they found shelter. Beyond the wood was a wall and then open ground. Symons rode up to the wood to find out why the attack had halted. He ordered the men to proceed, rode through the wood then walked through the gap in the wall. After a few moments he returned and was helped to remount his horse. He rode back from the front lines until he was out of sight of his troops before he asked for assistance from the Indian stretcher bearers. He had been shot in the stomach. Symons was taken to the field hospital at Dundee. After a few wasted days Symons' replacement, Brigadier General Yule, decided to abandon the town and the worst-wounded to the Boers and steal away at night to Ladysmith. Symons became a prisoner of war along with many others. He felt betrayed by Yule and just before he died he implored the medical officer, Major Donegal, to "tell everyone I died facing the enemy".

"S" Hook Buckle

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

"S" Hook Belt Buckle clip, brass and silver, 2". Artefact Reg No S/117. Recovered from the wreck of the Schomberg.

Historical information

When the ship Schomberg was launched in 1855, she was considered the most perfect clipper ship ever to be built. James Blaine’s Black Ball Line had commissioned her to be built for their fleet of passenger liners. At a cost of £43,103, the Aberdeen builders designed her to sail faster than the quick clippers designed by North American Donald McKay. She was a three masted wooden clipper ship, built with diagonal planking of British oat with layers of Scottish larch. This luxury vessel was designed to transport emigrants to Melbourne in superior comfort. She had ventilation ducts to provide air to the lower decks and a dining saloon, smoking room, library and bathrooms for the first class passengers. At the launch of Schomberg’s maiden voyage, her master Captain ‘Bully’ Forbes, drunkenly predicted that he would make the journey between Liverpool and Melbourne in 60 days. Schomberg departed Liverpool on 6 October 1855 with 430 passengers and 3000 tons cargo including iron rails and equipment intended the build the Geelong Railway and a bridge over the Yarra from Melbourne to Hawthorn. The winds were poor as Schomberg sailed across the equator, slowing her journey considerably. She was 78 days out of Liverpool when she ran aground on a sand-spit near Peterborough, Victoria, on 27 December; the sand spit and the currents were not marked on Forbes’s map. Overnight, the crew launched a lifeboat to find a safe place to land the ship’s passengers. The scouting party returned to Schomberg and advised Forbes that it was best to wait until morning because the rough seas could easily overturn the small lifeboats. The ship’s Chief Officer spotted SS Queen at dawn and signalled the steamer. The master of the SS Queen approached the stranded vessel and all of Schomberg’s passengers were able to disembark safely. The Black Ball Line’s Melbourne agent sent a steamer to retrieve the passengers’ baggage from the Schomberg. Other steamers helped unload her cargo until the weather changed and prevented the salvage teams from accessing the ship. Local merchants Manifold & Bostock bought the wreck and cargo, but did not attempt to salvage the cargo still on board the ship. They eventually sold it on to a Melbourne businessman and two seafarers. After two of the men drowned when they tried to reach Schomberg, salvage efforts were abandoned. In 1975, divers from Flagstaff Hill, including Peter Ronald, found an ornate communion set at the wreck. The set comprised a jug, two chalices, a plate and a lid. The lid did not fit any of the other objects and in 1978 a piece of the lid broke off, revealing a glint of gold. As museum staff carefully examined the lid and removed marine growth, they found a diamond ring, which is currently on display in the Great Circle Gallery. Flagstaff Hill also holds ship fittings and equipment, personal salvaged from the wreck by Peter Ronald, former director of Flagstaff Hill.effects, a lithograph, tickets and photograph from the Schomberg. Most of the artefacts were salvaged from the wreck by Peter Ronald, former director of Flagstaff Hill.

Significance

The Schomberg, which is on the Victorian Heritage Register (VHR S612), has great historical significance as a rare example of a large, fast clipper ship on the England to Australia run, carrying emigrants at the time of the Victorian gold rush. She represents the technical advances made to break sailing records between Europe and Australia. Flagstaff Hill’s collection of artefacts from the Schomberg is significant for its association with the shipwreck, The collection is primarily significant because of the relationship between the objects, as together they have a high potential to interpret the story of the Schomberg. It is archaeologically significant as the remains of an international passenger Ship. It is historically significant for representing aspects of Victoria’s shipping history and for its association with the shipwreck and the ship, which was designed to be fastest and most luxurious of its day

Books - Wimmera Community College of TAFE

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

Two books from the Wimmera Community College of TAFE Hospitality Section .1) Wimmera Community College of TAFE Customer Relations & Sales Techniques by Declan Kenny .2) Wimmera Community College of TAFE Accommodation II Basic Housekeeping Procedures by Cecylia Chodukiewicz

Historical information

Wimmera Community COllege of TAFE is a predecessor institution of Federation University Australia.

STAND FOR IRON

Clunes Museum, Clunes

Metal stand to rest iron, hand made from wire

Inscriptions & Markings

Nil

Photograph (police motorcycle)

Victoria Police Museum, Docklands

Honda CB 750 F2 in a driveway with a high fence and number "8" on the fence. Rider is Warwick Lesson and he is wearing a helmet, leather jacket, elbow length gloves, jodphur pants and riding boots. Circa 1980

Record of Conduct and Service (Oscar Anglesey Jones)

Victoria Police Museum, Docklands

Official document

Historical information

When the First World War broke out, Australian men from all backgrounds and professions were called to serve their country.  Members of the Victorian Police force were some of the first to answer the call with twenty men joining the first convoy of soldiers who left Australian shores in October 1914. Over the course of four long years, one hundred and thirty-eight Victorian Police enlisted from stations across the state. Of these, twenty-seven lost their lives. Whilst the fate of each man was different, a deep commitment to protecting and serving the public was common to all. Victoria Police service: Joined 1/11/1912; Resigned 15/03/1915 WW1 service: Enlisted 11 March 1915; Highest rank: Captain; Regiment: 21st Australian Infantry Battalion; Fate: Died of wounds, France, 3 May 1917; Medals: French Croix de Guerre

Photograph

Stawell Historical Society Inc, Stawell

Historical information

Cricket A.N.A. Premiers 1935-36

Folder - State Rivers & Water Supply Commission Construction and District Branches

Tatura Irrigation & Wartime Camps Museum, Tatura

Black and white marbled cover,metal lever

Historical information

Contains various publications on procedures for Water Commission constructions and irrigation methods and some photographs of assembling of a bridge