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Victorian Collections -

Talking Shop: Ballarat in Business and City Life at Ballaarat Mechanics' Institute

27 Jun 2019

Curated By

Amy Tsilemanis, Curator, Ballaarat Mechanics' Institute

164304 items

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164304 items

Slide - Former CBA Bank, Main Road, Eltham, c.1975

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

35 mm colour positive transparency Mount - Agfacolor Service (Blue)

Historical information

Bought by the Methodist church c.1951, now Uniting Church and used for many years as an Opportunity Shop. Scene of an infamous bank robbery in December 1949

Jumper

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Replica of jumper presented to HRH Prince Phillip the Duke of Edinburgh, 28th April, 1988. Detail of replica of jumper presented to HRH Prince Phillip the Duke of Edinburgh, 28th April, 1988.

Historical information

Replica of jumper presented to HRH Prince Phillip the Duke of Edinburgh, 28th April, 1988.

Inscriptions & Markings

McMahon's Farm/ Knitted in Australia McMahon's Farm/ Is situated in Balliang, Victoria, where a local sheep farmer's /wife decided to bring /the beauty of / Australia's finest fleeces / directly to the public./. ..

Telescope

Mont De Lancey, Wandin North

Telescope with leather outer casing.

Inscriptions & Markings

"Tel. Sig. (mk 1), Also G.S. No.2257"

Photograph

Stawell Historical Society Inc, Stawell

Historical information

Mayor 1969-1970 Cr Cyril Smith

Bottle, glass

Coal Creek Community Park & Museum, Korumburra

Round green glass bottle with wide neck and text embossed on base.

Inscriptions & Markings

Monogram of impressed capital letters overlaid on each other.(indistinct).

Mayor Jack Campbell 1987-88 (1 of 2)

Glen Eira Historical Society, Caulfield South

Newspaper articles of writers and composers

Photograph

Uniting Church Archives - Synod of Victoria, Malvern East

Gloss, black and white photograph of Rev. Ronald W. Allardice sitting with a book.

Historical information

See entry for F54-1.

Document - Written notes concerning the Ballarat Science and Field Naturalists Club, 1917

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

Handwritten notes concerning the scaling back of the Ballarat School of Mines Science and Field Naturalists Club due to the war.

Inscriptions & Markings

In view of difficulty of obtaining lectures and activities for members be circularised [illegible] in the coming year. The work of the Society be confined to: Flower Show, Social Evening, Excursion. Proposed Mr Bary, Mr Collyer. Show beginning of October. Early notice to be given . Beginning of September. Social Evening late in August.

Photograph - Commemorative stone unveiled by the Mayor of Ringwood, Cr. Lillian Rosewarne, JP. on 12 April, 1987, marking the completion of the antimony mine Poppet Head reconstruction project at Ringwood Lake.

Ringwood and District Historical Society, Ringwood

Inscriptions & Markings

Catalogue card reads, 'Council Ceremonies. Unveiling stone at Poppet Head 1985 and then opening of Poppet Head, 1987'.

Object - Kiwi tie clip

Vision Australia, Kooyong

1 metal tie clip

Historical information

A silver Kiwi bird against a gold background. The Nicholas Kiwi Limited company tie pin symbolises the strong bond and history that existed between John Wicking and Malcolm Daubney as friends and colleagues at Nicholas Kiwi Limited and as Presidents and Board Members of Vision Australia Foundation.

List - School Visits in Order of Rotation

Old Castlemaine Schoolboys Association Inc., CASTLEMAINE

Sample Book - Palmer 9 oz. Napped Suiting

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Historical information

Textile sample book owned by Ernest Waddington and containing samples of mens suiting in heavy dark fabrics with a nap.

Inscriptions & Markings

PALMER / 9 oz. Napped Suiting Ernest / Waddington

001208 Photograph - 1942 - Inverloch - Pine Lodge - Naval Hospital Sign being completed - from T E Davis

Inverloch Historical Society, Inverloch

Racquet

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

A The New Hudson Cycle Co. Ltd Luton 'Challenger' tennis racquet with convex solid throat, an octagonal handle with fine grooves, a leather end wrap and a butt cloth. Manufacturer name printed across throat. Moddel name imprinted across crown. Materials: Wood, Lacquer, Metal, Glue, Gut, Leather, Cloth

Mangle - Clothes Mangle

Yarrawonga and Mulwala Pioneer Museum , Mulwala

Clothes mangle [wringer] Wooden metal Turning Handle & rachet 2 tap screws for pressure B/N Roller

Inscriptions & Markings

Hardwood rolls No 124 Household clothes Steel Ball Bearings The American Wringer Co New York USA

Fur

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Lady's brown fur collar/cape. Has green linen lining.

Digital Scan - 70th Anniversary: Bialik College Opens

Bialik College, Hawthorn East 3123

Historical information

Panel from the exhibition held to celebrate the College's 70th anniversary in 2012. Photograph 1: Opening of Shakespeare Grove on the 17th of February 1963. Photograph 2: Bialik College Students in the grounds of Shakespeare Grove in 1963. Please contact [email protected] to request access to this record.

004354 Document - Inverloch Community Newsletter - October 1973 - from Nina Banks - Digital Copy only

Inverloch Historical Society, Inverloch

PHOTOGRAPH

Clunes Museum, Clunes

BLACK AND WHITE PHOTOGRAPH OF DECORATED TRAILER IN STREET PARADE

Inscriptions & Markings

BACK TO CLUNES EASTER 1982

Document - Pattern Bargain Box

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a paper envelope containing the instructions and cut-out material for making a child’s pants and top outfit. The envelope contains six loose items.

Historical information

Paper patterns have been used by dressmakers and home sewers throughout the 20th century and are still used today.The Kwik Sew company has been making patterns since 1967 and is now part of the McCall Pattern Company, a multi-national company based in U.S.A. Bargain Box Fabrics, situated at 116 Lava Street, Warrnambool, sold patterns and materials in the 1980s and early 1990s

Significance

This pattern item is of minor interest as coming from a local Warrnambool shop. It may be useful for display.

Inscriptions & Markings

‘Pattern 2074, Kwik Sew’ Stamp- ‘Bargain Box Fabrics , 11 6 Lava Street, Warrnambool, 3280, Phone, (055) 614055’

Aperture Card microfilm - Town Plan Chiltern (Superseded)

Rutherglen Historical Society, Rutherglen

card with a single microfilm insert

Historical information

Town layout of Chiltern

Photograph - Commercial display - full range Sunbeam shearing gear

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Photograph of Sunbeam shearing machinery at a commercial display.

Historical information

Photograph of Sunbeam shearing machinery at a commercial display.

Inscriptions & Markings

Commercial display - full range Sunbeam shearing gear electric vertical & horizontal heavy duty models farm models for small flock owners Shearpower overhead shearing gear single and double ended electirc and belt driven grinders circa 1956 Ingerson-Arnold Studios Limited 84-88 Franklin St., Adleaide telephones LA 2848 LA 5867 To reorder quote No ....... AB 4569

Racquet

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

A Spalding 'Professional' tennis racquet, with handle grip wrapped in perforated leather and, plastic butt cap featuring manufacturer name/logo. Model name features on right shoulder. Manufacturer's name appears on base of head and their 'S' logo appears on lower shaft. Inscription on edge of shaft outlines the wood & fibre composition of racquet. Materials: Wood, Glue, Metal, Lacquer, Nylon, Leather, Ink, Plastic, Adhesive tape, Fibre

String Dispenser

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Dispenser,cast iron for string with a central rod & 2 curved handing hooks.

Historical information

The string has long been a household and office utility, but an easily tangled one. generations of manufactures have devised cast-iron string holders and string reels in an attempt to distribute this material more efficiently. Many different designs of cast-iron string holders exist some nickel, others painted many had an open pattern so clerks behind the counter of the general store could see at a glance if he or she was about to run out of string. In the 20th century, string holders became more decorative, morphing into novelty items for the home. History: Starting from 1869, the young carpenter by trade, Melvin Newton Lovell (1844-1895) from Erie, Pennsylvania, later a manufacturer and successful businessman, was granted numerous patents for various devices, between them several patents for adding machines and cash registers in 1891. The Lovell Manufacturing Company was founded by Melvin Newton Lovell who was born in Allegheny, Venango county, Pennsylvania, on 31 August 1844, to Darius T. Lovell (1815-1855) and Susan B. (Conover) Lovell (1827-1883). When Melvin Lovell was a boy, the family moved to Kerrtown, a village located in the vicinity of Titusville, Pennsylvania. There Melvin served an apprenticeship as a carpenter's and his natural mechanical talent, soon enabled him to become a skilled workman. In 1861, at seventeen years of age, Melvin left home, without parental authority, and joined the Union Army soon after the outbreak of the Civil war, in August 1862, he enlisted as a private in the 127th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, and was discharged the end of May 1863. In 1865 he took up residence in Erie, where he worked as a carpenter for some years. In 1869 Melvin Lovell invented and patented several useful articles for household use, and in that year he began the manufacturing certain of these inventions, in partnership with Franklin Farrar Adams, another inventor. The company's principal products were washing machines and step-ladders but also made many other cast iron household items known as the “Anchor Brand” when manufacturing began in earnest in 1881. As a result, the Lovell Manufacturing Company grew to be one of the largest industrial concerns of its kind in the country, recognized as being the most extensive manufacturer of clothes-wringers in the entire world. Lovell established sales agencies for his products in all parts of the country, and these branches were known as the Lovell stores. These goods were sold on the instalment plan, an innervation at the time for which Lovell was credited as the originator. Lovell invented and patented the famous wringer which bears his name, and in later years he confined his operations largely to the manufacture and improvement of this invention. Lovell was also one of the organisers and stockholders of the Combination Roll & Rubber Manufacturing Co, of New York, which was formed to manufacture his patents. With headquarters in New York and a factory at Bloomfield, New Jersey. Unfortunately, during a trip to Atlanta, while representing the state of Pennsylvania at a trade exposition, he passed away in his prime, on 21 November 1895, and was buried in Erie Cemetery, Erie, PA. Today the Lovell Manufacturing Company and foundry is preserved and situated at Lovell Place 1301 French Street Erie Pennsylvania, the site is regarded as a historic complex and national historic district. It includes nine contributing buildings built between 1883 and 1946 and has now been converted to luxury apartments.

Significance

An item used in shops, offices etc to dispense string although the item was commonly found in many areas of general commerce. It was made by a factory and patented in the USA by Melvin Lovell who had invented the first adding machine and the original mangle or wringer washing machine used in every house throughout the world from 1891 and the forerunner to our modern day washing machines. Its age and connection to this once notable maker and his company and it's age makes it an interesting item from a historical view point.

Inscriptions & Markings

Marked Anchor Brand & blue in colour.

Book - Iconography of Australian Species of Acacia

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Iconography of Australian Species of Acacia and Cognate Genera Author: Baron Ferd. Von Mueller Publisher: Government Printer Date: 1888

Historical information

This item is from the ‘Pattison Collection’, a collection of books and records that was originally owned by the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute, which was founded in Warrnambool in 1853. By 1886 the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute (WMI) had grown to have a Library, Museum and Fine Arts Gallery, with a collection of “… choice productions of art, and valuable specimens in almost every branch and many wonderful national curiosities are now to be seen there, including historic relics of the town and district.” It later included a School of Design. Although it was very well patronised, the lack of financial support led the WMI in 1911 to ask the City Council to take it over. In 1935 Ralph Pattison was appointed as City Librarian to establish and organise the Warrnambool Library as it was then called. When the WMI building was pulled down in 1963 a new civic building was erected on the site and the new Warrnambool Library, on behalf of the City Council, took over all the holdings of the WMI. At this time some of the items were separated and identified as the ‘Pattison Collection’, named after Ralph Pattison. Eventually the components of the WMI were distributed from the Warrnambool Library to various places, including the Art Gallery, Historical Society and Flagstaff Hill. Later some were even distributed to other regional branches of Corangamite Regional Library and passed to and fro. It is difficult now to trace just where all of the items have ended up. The books at Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village generally display stamps and markings from Pattison as well as a variety of other institutions including the Mechanics’ Institute itself. RALPH ERIC PATTISON Ralph Eric Pattison was born in Rockhampton, Queensland, in 1891. He married Maude Swan from Warrnambool in 1920 and they set up home in Warrnambool. In 1935 Pattison accepted a position as City Librarian for the Warrnambool City Council. His huge challenge was to make a functional library within two rooms of the Mechanics’ Institute. He tirelessly cleaned, cleared and sorted a disarrayed collection of old books, jars of preserved specimens and other items reserved for exhibition in the city’s museum. He developed and updated the library with a wide variety of books for all tastes, including reference books for students; a difficult task to fulfil during the years following the Depression. He converted all of the lower area of the building into a library, reference room and reading room for members and the public. The books were sorted and stored using a cataloguing and card index system that he had developed himself. He also prepared the upper floor of the building and established the Art Gallery and later the Museum, a place to exhibit the many old relics that had been stored for years for this purpose. One of the treasures he found was a beautiful ancient clock, which he repaired, restored and enjoyed using in his office during the years of his service there. Ralph Pattison was described as “a meticulous gentleman whose punctuality, floorless courtesy and distinctive neat dress were hallmarks of his character, and ‘his’ clock controlled his daily routine, and his opening and closing of the library’s large heavy doors to the minute.” Pattison took leave during 1942 to 1945 to serve in the Royal Australian Navy, Volunteer Reserve as Lieutenant. A few years later he converted one of the Museum’s rooms into a Children’s Library, stocking it with suitable books for the younger generation. This was an instant success. In the 1950’s he had the honour of being appointed to the Victorian Library Board and received more inspiration from the monthly conferences in Melbourne. He was sadly retired in 1959 after over 23 years of service, due to the fact that he had gone over the working age of council officers. However he continued to take a very keen interest in the continual development of the Library until his death in 1969. WARRNAMBOOL MECHANICS’ INSTITUTE Warrnambool's Mechanics' Institute (or Institution as it was sometimes called) was one of the earliest in Victoria. On 17th October 1853 a meeting was held where it was resolved to request the Lieutenant Governor of the Colony to grant land for the erection of a Mechanics' Institutes building. A committee was formed at the meeting and Richard Osburne chaired the first meeting of this committee. The land on the North West corner of Banyan and Merri Streets was granted but there were no funds to erect the building. The Formal Rights of the Warrnambool Mechanics' Institute's encompassed its aims and these were officially adopted in1859; "This Institution has for its object the diffusion of literary, scientific, and other useful knowledge amongst its members, excluding all controversial subjects, religious or political. These objects are sought to be obtained by means of a circulating library, a reading room, the establishment of classes, debates, and the occasional delivery of lectures on natural and experimental philosophy, mechanics, astronomy, chemistry, natural history, literature, and the useful and ornamental arts, particularly those which have a more immediate reference to the colony." The Warrnambool Mechanics' Institute opened its first reading room in November1884 in the National School building at the corner of Banyan and Timor Streets. The Institute was funded by member subscription, payable on a quarterly, half yearly or yearly basis. Samuel Hannaford, the Manager of the Warrnambool Bank of Australasia, was the first Honorary Secretary of the Mechanics' Institutes, and an early President and Vice-President. He also gave several of the early lectures in the Reading Room. Another early Secretary, Librarian and lecturer was Marmaduke Fisher, the teacher at the National School. Lecture topics included The Poets and Poetry of Ireland', 'The Birth and Development of the Earth', 'The Vertebrae - with Remarks on the pleasures resulting from the study of Natural History' and 'Architecture'. In 1856 the Reading Room was moved to James Hider's shop in Timor Street, and by 1864 it was located in the bookshop of Davies and Read. In the 1860's the Mechanics' Institute struggled as membership waned but in 1866, after a series of fund raising efforts, the committee was able to purchase land in Liebig Street, on a site then called Market Square, between the weighbridge and the fire station. A Mechanics' Institute building was opened at this site in August 1871. The following year four more rooms were added to the main Reading Room and in 1873 the Artisan School of Design was incorporated into the Institute. The same year Joseph Archibald established a Museum; however it deteriorated when he was transferred to Bendigo in 1877. In 1880, with Archibald's return to Warrnambool, the Museum was re-established, and in 1885 a new building was built at the back of the Institute to accommodate the re-created School of Design, the Art Gallery and the Museum. In 1887 the Museum section was moved to the former court house in Timor Street (for some time the walls of the building formed part of the TAFE cafeteria but all is now demolished)). In 1911 the Museum was transferred back to the original building and the management of the Mechanics' Institute was handed over to the Warrnambool City Council. The Museum and Art Gallery became one and housed many fine works of art, and the Library continued to grow. The building was well patronised, with records showing that at the beginning of the 20th century there were between 500 and 800 visitors. During World War One the monthly figures were in the thousands, with 3,400 people visiting in January 1915. The Museum was a much loved Institution in Warrnambool until the contents of the Museum and Art Gallery were removed to make room for the Warrnambool City Council Engineers' Department. The contents were stored but many of the items were scattered or lost. When the original building was demolished the site became occupied by the Civic Centre, which included the new City Library. (The library was temporarily located in the old Palais building in Koroit Street.) In the process of reorganisation the Collection was distributed amongst the community groups: -The new City Library took some of the historic books and some important documents, historic photographs and newspapers. -The Art Gallery kept the 19th Century art collection and some of the artefacts from the museum. -The Historic Society has some items -The State Museum has some items -Some items were destroyed -Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village has old newspapers, Government Gazettes, most of the Mechanics' Institute Library, ledgers and documents connected to the Mechanics' Institute Library, some framed and unframed art works and some photographs. The Warrnambool Mechanics' Institute Library book collection is deemed to be of great importance because it is one of the few collections in an almost intact state, and many of the books are now very rare and of great value.

Significance

The Pattison Collection, along with other items at Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, was originally part of the Warrnambool Mechanics' Institute’s collection. The Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute Collection is primarily significant in its totality, rather than for the individual objects it contains. Its contents are highly representative of the development of Mechanics' Institute libraries across Australia, particularly Victoria. A diversity of publications and themes has been amassed, and these provide clues to our understanding of the nature of and changes in the reading habits of Victorians from the 1850s to the middle of the 20th century. The collection also highlights the Warrnambool community’s commitment to the Mechanics’ Institute, reading, literacy and learning in the regions, and proves that access to knowledge was not impeded by distance. These items help to provide a more complete picture of our community’s ideals and aspirations. The Warrnambool Mechanics Institute book collection has historical and social significance for its strong association with the Mechanics Institute movement and the important role it played in the intellectual, cultural and social development of people throughout the latter part of the nineteenth century and the early twentieth century. The collection of books is a rare example of an early lending library and its significance is enhanced by the survival of an original collection of many volumes. The Warrnambool Mechanics' Institute’s publication collection is of both local and state significance.

Inscriptions & Markings

Label on spine cover with typed text PAT 5 582 MUE Pastedown front endpaper has sticker from Warrnambool Mechanics Institute and Free Library Front loose endpaper has a sticker from Corangamite Regional Library Service Inside front loose endpaper has a stamp from Corangamite Regional Library Service and the Warrnambool Public Museum

BOTTLE

Clunes Museum, Clunes

GLASS - DIMPLED LEMNADE BOTTLE WITH MARBLE INSIDE

Historical information

EBERHARDS CORDIAL FACTORY

Inscriptions & Markings

EBERHARD &CO. CLUNES & TALBOT

Book - The Historians History of the World Vol 19 set 1

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

The Historians History of the World Vol 19 set 1

001031 - Photograph - Inverloch - aerial view looking NE from pier - 1978 - from James Wyeth

Inverloch Historical Society, Inverloch

Set Weights

University of Melbourne, School of Chemistry, Melbourne

Set of Silica weights, Hg filled- one missing

Calendar - 1995 - Calendar celebrating the 125th anniversary of the School of Mines Ballarat including quotes re foundation

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

calendar

Historical information

Produced to celebrate 125 year of education provision

Inscriptions & Markings

school emblem