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Victorian Collections -

At the Going Down of the Sun

4 Jan 2017

Remembrance and Commemoration after the First World War

Curated By

Belinda Ensor, Manager, Victorian Collections

74185 items

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74185 items

Racquet

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

An oval, wooden racquet with a laminated convex throat. Decal inscription of model type around crown on obverse is illegible. Decal of company trademark features on throat of obverse. Within a football device is the inscription: TRADE MARK/SCH[MELZER]'S/KA[N]SAS [CIT]Y/S[P]ORTING GOODS. Hand carved name along throat on obverse: JEANETTE. Hand carved initials, in Greek script, across throat on reverse, read 'Pi Delta'. Hand carved inscription further down on handle reads: JOE BROWN. Decal inscription along right side of stem: SCHMELZER ARMS CO./KANSAS CITY, MO. Materials: Wood, Gut, Metal, Ink, Glue, Lacquer

Fuel Tank - Hallford truck

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Three tiers of thin coated zinc over steel 'tubs' with an extended rim at the top of each 'tub'. These 'tubs' have been attached to form one large tank. The top is covered by a flat sheet of zinc coated steel. On one side is an upright tap with a screw outlet facing the edge of the tank. On the opposite side is a steel screwed plug.

Historical information

This portable fuel tank was used with the Hallford Truck (see KVHS 0001) and was part of the truck's historical story.

Significance

The portable fuel tank was used with the Hallford truck and is part of the truck's history.

Inscriptions & Markings

'H C S' inscribed on top. 'D / YA' inscribed on side of top tier.

Postcard: Sturt Street from Lydiard Street, Ballarat

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

The coloured card shows Sturt Street with trams, horse and buggies and a few people. The tram is near the bottom of the picture and is No. 17. There is a fountain on the right hand side. st Andrew's spire is in the background. The view is looking West towards the buildings on the North side.

Book - The Voyage Out

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

The Voyage Out by Virginia Woolf Publisher Duckworth and Co

Historical information

Pattison Collection This item is from the ‘Pattison Collection’, a collection of books and records that was originally owned by the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute, which was founded in Warrnambool in 1853. By 1886 the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute (WMI) had grown to have a Library, Museum and Fine Arts Gallery, with a collection of “… choice productions of art, and valuable specimens in almost every branch and many wonderful national curiosities are now to be seen there, including historic relics of the town and district.” It later included a School of Design. Although it was very well patronised, the lack of financial support led the WMI in 1911 to ask the City Council to take it over. In 1935 Ralph Pattison was appointed as City Librarian to establish and organise the Warrnambool Library as it was then called. When the WMI building was pulled down in 1963 a new civic building was erected on the site and the new Warrnambool Library, on behalf of the City Council, took over all the holdings of the WMI. At this time some of the items were separated and identified as the ‘Pattison Collection’, named after Ralph Pattison. Eventually the components of the WMI were distributed from the Warrnambool Library to various places, including the Art Gallery, Historical Society and Flagstaff Hill. Later some were even distributed to other regional branches of Corangamite Regional Library and passed to and fro. It is difficult now to trace just where all of the items have ended up. The books at Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village generally display stamps and markings from Pattison as well as a variety of other institutions including the Mechanics’ Institute itself. RALPH ERIC PATTISON Ralph Eric Pattison was born in Rockhampton, Queensland, in 1891. He married Maude Swan from Warrnambool in 1920 and they set up home in Warrnambool. In 1935 Pattison accepted a position as City Librarian for the Warrnambool City Council. His huge challenge was to make a functional library within two rooms of the Mechanics’ Institute. He tirelessly cleaned, cleared and sorted a disarrayed collection of old books, jars of preserved specimens and other items reserved for exhibition in the city’s museum. He developed and updated the library with a wide variety of books for all tastes, including reference books for students; a difficult task to fulfil during the years following the Depression. He converted all of the lower area of the building into a library, reference room and reading room for members and the public. The books were sorted and stored using a cataloguing and card index system that he had developed himself. He also prepared the upper floor of the building and established the Art Gallery and later the Museum, a place to exhibit the many old relics that had been stored for years for this purpose. One of the treasures he found was a beautiful ancient clock, which he repaired, restored and enjoyed using in his office during the years of his service there. Ralph Pattison was described as “a meticulous gentleman whose punctuality, floorless courtesy and distinctive neat dress were hallmarks of his character, and ‘his’ clock controlled his daily routine, and his opening and closing of the library’s large heavy doors to the minute.” Pattison took leave during 1942 to 1942 to serve in the Royal Australian Navy, Volunteer Reserve as Lieutenant. A few years later he converted one of the Museum’s rooms into a Children’s Library, stocking it with suitable books for the younger generation. This was an instant success. In the 1950’s he had the honour of being appointed to the Victorian Library Board and received more inspiration from the monthly conferences in Melbourne. He was sadly retired in 1959 after over 23 years of service, due to the fact that he had gone over the working age of council officers. However he continued to take a very keen interest in the continual development of the Library until his death in 1969.

Significance

The Pattison Collection, along with other items at Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, was originally part of the Warrnambool Mechanics' Institute’s collection. The Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute Collection is primarily significant in its totality, rather than for the individual objects it contains. Its contents are highly representative of the development of Mechanics' Institute libraries across Australia, particularly Victoria. A diversity of publications and themes has been amassed, and these provide clues to our understanding of the nature of and changes in the reading habits of Victorians from the 1850s to the middle of the 20th century. The collection also highlights the Warrnambool community’s commitment to the Mechanics’ Institute, reading, literacy and learning in the regions, and proves that access to knowledge was not impeded by distance. These items help to provide a more complete picture of our community’s ideals and aspirations. The Warrnambool Mechanics Institute book collection has historical and social significance for its strong association with the Mechanics Institute movement and the important role it played in the intellectual, cultural and social development of people throughout the latter part of the nineteenth century and the early twentieth century. The collection of books is a rare example of an early lending library and its significance is enhanced by the survival of an original collection of many volumes. The Warrnambool Mechanics' Institute’s publication collection is of both local and state significance.

Inscriptions & Markings

Label on spine with typed text "PAT / FIC / WOO"

Photograph

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Photograph of the Rocket Crew from Pt Campbell about to shoot a line to the stricken Fiji crew.

Historical information

This photograph shows the Port Campbell Rocket Crew set up on the beach ready for the rescue of the crew of the sailing ship FIJI. The three-masted iron barque Fiji had been built in Belfast, Ireland, in 1875 by Harland and Wolfe for a Liverpool based shipping company. The ship departed Hamburg on 22nd May 1891 bound for Melbourne, under the command of Captain William Vickers with a crew of 25. The ship’s manifest shows that she was loaded with a cargo of 260 cases of dynamite, pig iron, steel goods, spirits (whisky, schnapps, gin, brandy), sailcloth, tobacco, coiled fencing wire, concrete, 400 German pianos (Sweet Hapsburg), concertinas and other musical instruments, artists supplies including brushes, porcelain, furniture, china, and general cargo including candles. There were also toys in anticipation for Christmas, including wooden rocking horses, miniature ships, dolls with china limbs and rubber balls. On September 5th, one hundred days out from Hamburg in squally and boisterous south west winds the Cape Otway light was sighted on a bearing differing from Captain Vickers’ calculation of his position. At about 2:30am, Sunday 6th September 1891 land was reported 4-5 miles off the port bow. The captain tried to put the ship on the other tack, but she would not respond. He then tried to turn her the other way but just as the manoeuvre was being completed the Fiji struck rock only 300 yards (274 metres) from shore. The place is known as Wreck Bay, Moonlight Head. Blue lights were burned and rockets fired whilst an effort was made to lower boats but all capsized or swamped and smashed to pieces. Two of the younger crewmen volunteered to swim for the shore, taking a line. One, a Russian named Daniel Carkland, drowned after he was swept away when the line broke. The other, 17 year old able seaman Julius Gebauhr, a German, reached shore safely on his second attempt but without the line, which he had cut lose with his sheath-knife when it become tangled in kelp. He rested on the beach a while then climbed the steep cliffs in search of help. At about 10am on the Sunday morning a party of land selectors - including F. J. Stansmore, Leslie Dickson (or Dixon) and Mott - found Gebauhr. They were near Ryans Den, on their travels on horseback from Princetown towards Moonlight Head, and about 5km from the wreck. Gebauhr was lying in the scrub in a poor state, bleeding and dressed only in singlet, socks and a belt with his sheath-knife, ready for all emergencies. At first they were concerned about his wild and shaggy looking state and what seemed to be gibberish speech, taking him to be an escaped lunatic. They were reassured after he threw his knife away and realised that he was speaking half-English, half-German. They gave him food and brandy and some clothing and were then able to gain information about the wreck. Some of the men took him to Rivernook, a nearby guest house owned by John Evans, where he was cared for. Stansmore and Dickson rode off to try and summon help. Others went down to the site of the wreck. Messages for rescuing the rest of the crew were sent both to Port Campbell for the rocket rescue crew and to Warrnambool for the lifeboat. The S.S. Casino sailed from Portland towards the scene. After travelling the 25 miles to the scene, half of the Port Campbell rocket crew and equipment arrived and set up the rocket tripod on the beach below the cliffs. By this time the crew of the Fiji had been clinging to the jib-boom for almost 15 hours, calling frantically for help. Mr Tregear from the Rocket Crew fired the line. The light line broke and the rocket was carried away. A second line was successfully fired across the ship and made fast. The anxious sailors then attempted to come ashore along the line but, with as many as five at a time, the line sagged considerably and some were washed off. Others, nearly exhausted, had to then make their way through masses of seaweed and were often smothered by waves. Only 14 of the 24 who had remained on the ship made it to shore. Many onlookers on the beach took it in turns to go into the surf and drag half-drowned seamen to safety. These rescuers included Bill (William James) Robe, Edwin Vinge, Hugh Cameron, Fenelon Mott, Arthur Wilkinson and Peter Carmody. (Peter Carmody was also involved in the rescue of men from the Newfield.) Arthur Wilkinson, a 29 year old land selector, swam out to the aid of one of the ship’s crewmen, a carpenter named John Plunken. Plunken was attempting to swim from the Fiji to the shore. Two or three times both men almost reached the shore but were washed back to the wreck. A line was thrown to them and they were both hauled aboard. It was thought that Wilkinson struck his head on the anchor before s they were brought up. He remained unconscious. The carpenter survived this ordeal but Wilkinson later died and his body was washed up the next day. It was 26 year old Bill Robe who hauled out the last man, the captain, who had become tangled in the kelp. The wreck of the Fiji was smashed apart within 20 minutes of the captain being brought ashore, and it settled in about 6m of water. Of the 26 men on the Fiji, 11 in total lost their lives. The remains of 7 bodies were washed onto the beach and their coffins were made from timbers from the wrecked Fiji. They were buried on the cliff top above the wreck. The survivors were warmed by fires on the beach then taken to Rivernook and cared for over the next few days. Funds were raised by local communities soon after the wreck in aid of the sufferers of the Fiji disaster. Captain Vickers was severely reprimanded for his mishandling of the ship. His Masters Certificate was suspended for 12 months. At the time there was also a great deal of public criticism at the slow and disorganised rescue attempt to save those on board. The important canvas ‘breech buoy’ or ‘bucket chair’ and the heavy line from the Rocket Rescue was in the half of the rocket outfit that didn’t make it in time for the rescue: they had been delayed at the Gellibrand River ferry. Communications to Warrnambool were down so the call for help didn’t get through on time and the two or three boats that had been notified of the wreck failed to reach it in time. Much looting occurred of the cargo that washed up on the shore, with nearly every visitor leaving the beach with bulky pockets. One looter was caught with a small load of red and white rubber balls, which were duly confiscated and he was ‘detained’ for 14 days. Essence of peppermint mysteriously turned up in many settlers homes. Sailcloth was salvaged and used for horse rugs and tent flies. Soon after the wreck “Fiji tobacco” was being advertised around Victoria. A Customs officer, trying to prevent some of the looting, was assaulted by looters and thrown over a steep cliff. He managed to cling to a bush lower down until rescued. In 1894 some coiled fencing wire was salvaged from the wreck. Hundreds of coils are still strewn over the site of the wreck, encrusted and solidified. The hull is broken but the vessel’s iron ribs can be seen along with some of the cargo of concrete and pig iron. Captain Vickers presented Bill Robe with his silver-cased pocket watch, the only possession that he still had, as a token for having saved his life and the lives of some of the crew. (The pocket watch came with 2 winding keys, one to wind it and one to change the hands.) Years later Bill passed the watch to his brother-in-law Gib (Gilbert) Hulands as payment of a debt and it has been passed down the family to Gilbert Hulands’ grandson, John Hulands. Seaman Julius Gebauhr later gave his knife, in its hand crafted leather sheath, to F. J. Stansmore for caring for him when he came ashore. The knife handle had a personal inscription on it. A marble headstone on the 200m high cliffs overlooking Wreck Beach, west of Moonlight Head, paying tribute to the men who lost their lives when Fiji ran aground. The scene of the wreck is marked by the anchor from the Fiji, erected by Warrnambool skin divers in 1967. Amongst the artefacts salvaged from the Fiji are china miniature animals, limbs from small china dolls, rubber balls, a slate pencil, a glass bottle, sample of rope from the distress rocket and a candlestick holder. These items are now part of the Fiji collection at Flagstaff Hill Maritime Museum, along with Captain Vickers’ pocket watch and Julius Gebauhr’s sheath knife.

Significance

Flagstaff Hill’s Fiji collection is of historical significance at a State level because of its association with the wreck Fiji, which is on the Victorian Heritage Register VHR S259. The Fiji is archaeologically significant as the wreck of a typical 19th century international sailing ship with cargo. It is educationally and recreationally significant as one of Victoria's most spectacular historic shipwreck dive sites with structural features and remains of the cargo evident. It also represents aspects of Victoria’s shipping history and its potential to interpret sub-theme 1.5 of Victoria’s Framework of Historical Themes (living with natural processes). The Fiji collection meets the following criteria for assessment: Criterion A: Importance to the course, or pattern, of Victoria’s cultural history. Criterion B: Possession of uncommon, rare or endangered aspects of Victoria’s cultural history Criterion C: Potential to yield information that will contribute to an understanding of Victoria’s cultural history.

Framed photo - O.Gilpin staff Rochester 1937

Coal Creek Community Park & Museum, Korumburra

Photo of 6 O.Gilpin store female staff standing in front of Rochester store 1937.

Book - Victoria Australia: Innovation Events Energy

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

Blue hard covered book with dust jacket.

gramophone record - Ave Maria / Ora Pro Nobis

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A black gramophone record with a blue and gold label - Zonophone. One side is Ave Maria sung in English by Madame Deering, a soprano, with orchestra and chorus. On the other side is Ora Pro Nobis (Pray For Us). It has the serial no. 472.

Historical information

Zonophone was a record label founded in 1899 in Camden, New Jersey, by Frank Seaman. The Zonophone name was not that of the company, but was applied to the records and machines sold by Seaman from 1899–1900 to 1903. In the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth, the Gramophone Company continued to use the Zonophone label until 1931. 'Zonophone' indicates the British label rather than Zon - O- Phone, the earlier American label. Madame Deering was Eleanor Jones-Hudson. Eleanor Jones-Hudson (1874-1946) was a Welsh soprano and wife of the flautist Eli Hudson. She recorded extensively for the Gramophone Company, in excerpts from opera, operetta, oratorio, ballads and songs. She was sometimes credited as Alvena Yarrow and as Madame Deering.

Significance

The phonograph disc record was the primary medium used for music reproduction until late in the 20th century, replacing the phonograph cylinder record—with which it had co-existed from the late 1880's through to the 1920's. Records retained the largest market share even when new formats such as compact cassette were mass-marketed.. (ref Wikipedia) This item is an example of an item once commonly found in homes. By the late 1980s until 1991, digital media, in the form of the compact disc, gradually replaced the vinyl record.

Inscriptions & Markings

Pressed onto the Ave Maris side is 7793-e.

Photograph - View From George Barber's Home On Olinda Creek Towards The Gap. c1905

Mt Dandenong & District Historical Society Inc., Mt Dandenong

Black and white photograph showing view towards The Gap (Jeeves Saddle), (Five Ways) taken c1905. Detailed inscription on back handwritten by John Lundy-Clarke in 1973.

Inscriptions & Markings

1905 (c ) view from Barber’s home on Olinda Creek, towards the Gap, then known as Jeeves Saddle. Barber’s stable in foreground. “Shiloah” Complex centre right. Tait’s house in gully just left of centre. Logan’s house can just be seen under magnifier at top of same gully near line of Barber’s Road. “Kalorama” just below lowest portion of Gap skyline with Barnes (Paynters) house “Iona” to its left. Photo copied 1973. JLC.

Medal - Military Medal GV

Ballarat Clarendon College, Ballarat

Silver medal with a swivelling suspension. features King George the V, uncrowned, in Field Marshal's uniform on the obverse. The medal reverse depicts the crowned royal cypher over the words "FOR BRAVERY IN THE FIELD" all within a laurel wreath. Impressed around edge are the recipient's details. The ribbon has a central stripe of thin red and white lines flanked by equally sized stripes of navy.

Historical information

Instituted in 1914, the Military Cross (MC) was issued for gallantry in presence of the enemy to warrant and junior officers of the Army who were ineligible (on account of their rank) for the Distinguished Service Order. During the First World War, it was also available to equivalent ranks in the Royal Naval Division and Royal Marines and it later became available to equivalent ranks in the RAF for acts of gallantry on land. The equivalent award for the other ranks for gallantry on land in presence of the enemy was the Military Medal (MM) which had been instituted in 1916 and, similarly to the MC, later became available to RAF other ranks serving on the ground. This medal was awared to Pte H. S Holgate for bravery in the field in 1917. Pte Holgate was killed in action at Zonnebeke 11 October 1917.

Significance

Historical and social significance for school

Inscriptions & Markings

Inscribed around obverse: 'GEORGIVS V BRITT: O[M]N: REX ET IND: IMP:' Inscribed in centre of reverse below royal insignia : 'FOR/BRAVERY/IN THE/FIELD' Impressed around OUTER edge of medal: '4303 PTE H. S. HOLGATE. 8/COY AUST. M.G.C.' Notation on original box A./Cpl H.S.Holgate 29Bn AIF 51531/Decd. 4303

Fork

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Silver plated copper alloy table forks - entr�e from the wreck of the Loch Ard. Length 7? " Some verdigris and silver oxide. Light encrustation on fork. Hallmark visible.

Carborundum Print - Conflict of the Mind & Body

Federation University Australia Art Collection ,

Historical information

This item is part of the Federation University Art Collection. The Art Collection features over 1000 works and was listed as a 'Ballarat Treasure' in 2007.

Photograph

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

Chicory Kiln in Cowes, Thompson Avenue, Mr. F. T. Morgan-Payler. Built for Mr. Gordon West, 1943, of poured cement. Mesh floor 14' x 15' - capacity one ton per floor. Still in operation as at 1973.

Historical information

Donated by N.M. & J.D. Archibald, 1973 April.

Audio Tape.

Tatura Irrigation & Wartime Camps Museum, Tatura

Presentation, Framed, Community Hero Awards, 2002

Ambulance Museum Victoria, Bayswater

Black timber framed newspaper articles (x 4), comminity hero badge and community hero awards document.

Historical information

presentation shows those people who received community hero awards in 2002

Inscriptions & Markings

COMMUNITY HERO AWARDS 2002

Book - Index of Drafts Chambers

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a ledger with a black cover and red bindings on the spine and corner reinforcements. There are 273 pages with printed red lines for accounting purposes. The entries are written in black ink. The inside front and back covers of card paper material have a red and blue mottled pattern.

Historical information

This ledger contains an Index to Drafts for Mortgages, Conveyances and Deed of Covenants etc (1896 to 1913) which was in use by the Warrnambool solicitor, Ernest Chambers. He had offices in Warrnambool, Koroit and Port Fairy in the late 19th century and early 20th century and Thomas Goodall was his manager in Warrnambool until 1899 when Chambers took up permanent residence in Warrnambool. The ledger was found in the old Mackay Taylor offices in Kepler Street and presumably came into the possession of this law firm at a later stage when Ernest Chambers was no longer operating in Warrnambool. The firm of Mackay Taylor was originally established in 1898 from the amalgamation of the law firms of George Mackay and James Fletcher. In the 1920s the firm became Mackay and Taylor when J. Taylor joined as a partner and this business was prominent in Warrnambool until the 1990s.

Significance

This ledger has some significance as it contains the names of many Warrnambool and district residents of the late 19th and early 20th centuries and gives some indication of what type of legal transaction they were involved with. It therefore has some historical and social connotations useful for researchers

Inscriptions & Markings

Front cover: ‘Index to Drafts, E.T.H.Chambers’ Spine: ‘8-4-96 to 14-9-15 Index to Drafts’

Ophthalmoscope

Ballarat Base Hospital Trained Nurses League,

Tongs Blacksmith

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Long handled tongs with "V" shaped ends on the nippers (used by blacksmiths)

Historical information

These long handled "V" shaped tongs were used late 1800's to mid 1900's by a blacksmith within the Kiewa Valley. During these times blacksmiths would regularly visit "remote" rural properties and work on any "hard to manufacture" items. A few properties had either stockmen,farm hands, or owners able to do "minor" blacksmith work. The ability to undertake blacksmith functions was sometimes "by necessity" handled by a local "jack of all trades" person. During this period however demand for rural based blacksmiths was very high. The rural store, however was usually very small and many "off" the shelf rural appliances and apparatus available in the larger rural towns were not available to the semi remote rural areas.

Significance

This long handled "V" shaped nipper tongs is very significant to the Kiewa Valley because it represents one of the essential mores relating to isolated rural regions as was the Kiewa Valley at this period in time. This "ingrained " more was the ability to achieve anything that was required to maintain a living standard or survival in a remote grazing, mining and farming region. The remoteness was due to the small population, poor transport routes and flood prone roads and lower flat plains of the Kiewa Valley. Any blacksmith work whilst grazing Cattle on the Bogong Plains had to be done in situ.

Inscriptions & Markings

I.T.O.C.

Trench Art

Bendigo RSL Military Museum, Bendigo

Wooden base with brass shells either end resembling Officers caps,one being WW1, the other WW2, both inscribed. Centre plaque inscribed Alex Archer and Bill Archer,father and son. Above the centre plaque is a piece of German shrapnel chrome plated

Inscriptions & Markings

Map-North Africa, 1940, on left hand side, 18-Pounder, 1917, Bill Archer-Anzac, 1914-1919, on right hand side, 'German shrapnel'

Photograph - Miss Daisy Rowse

Mt Dandenong & District Historical Society Inc., Mt Dandenong

Daisy Rowse, daughter of W. Rowse.

Printmaking - Monoprint & Handpainting - 'Blue Escape No. 2', by Nicole Shugg

Federation University Australia Art Collection ,

Historical information

This item is part of the Federation University Art Collection. The Art Collection features over 1000 works and was listed as a 'Ballarat Treasure' in 2007.

Railway map of Victoria

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

The map is white. Triple red lines surround the title. It opens out to a map of Victoria with rail lines in red.

Photograph

Creswick Museum, Creswick

Photograph of Philip Keatch in uniform of Creswick Rifle Corp

Historical information

Philip Keatch was commanding officer of Creswick Rifle Corp when it was disbanded in 1883.

Significance

Rare photograph of a member of the Creswick Rifle Corp, a volunteers group.

Photographic print

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

Photo of Chris Evert Materials: Paper, Photographic emulsion

Water Bottle

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

A rich brown with orange tonings in the clay thrown bottle/carafe. It has a full round base with a narrow neck flanging out at top. Zig zag design and rings decorate the middle of the bottle. There is a small chip midway with a distinct crack radiating around the neck of bottle.

Iron--Small Ruffle

Yarrawonga and Mulwala Pioneer Museum , Mulwala

Book - Wool: the fashion fibre

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Historical information

"Wool: the fashion fibre" - Australian Wool Corporation, c.1985. Examines the use of wool for womens garments and includes descriptions of processes and styles.

Racquet

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

A rare Dunlop Mad Raq, graphite/composite squash racquet with open throat, and 3-way stringing pattern. Materials: Graphite, Plastic, Nylon, Leather, Adhesive tape, Ink, Composite Materials

Photograph - Digital image - Iredale's railway crossing Greensborough

Greensborough Historical Society,

Digital copy of black and white photograph.

Historical information

Photograph of the railway crossing in Grimshaw Street Greensborough, another local amenity operated by the Iredale family. In 1858, James Iredale owned the General Store in Main Street Greensborough, later the Post Office. George Iredale owned the Farmer's Arms Hotel in Main Street.

Candle Holder

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

Candle holder in shape of a ball with stipled exterior finish marked "Doulton's" on base of holder

Hand drill

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Hand drill with red wheel, dark red paint remnants on handle

Inscriptions & Markings

BECON D129

Photograph

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Historical information

Depicts male, night shift workers at Godfrey Hirst Mill, c.1940s-50s.

Photograph: Alex Strang, Principal CTS 30/6/1932-1950 - Framed photograph Alex Strang, Principal, Collingwood Technical School 30/6/1932-1950

NMIT (Northern Melbourne Institute of TAFE),

Framed portrait.

Pennant

Maryborough Midlands Historical Society operating the Worsley Cottage Museum, Maryborough

Blue felt triangular souvenir pennant intended for indoor use, with loops for attaching to rod or bar.

Historical information

The pennant commemorates Maryborough Primary School no 404 (situated on the corner of Palmerston and Inkerman Streets), which has now been incorporated into the Maryborough Education Centre.

Inscriptions & Markings

Maryborough Primary School

Machine, Shearing

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Hand operated shearing plant.

Historical information

"I think this machine was known as a husband and wife plant. We used this machine many years ago, as a small boy I turned the handle as my father used to shear our rams. This machine has been in our family for many years." Norman Palmer.

Photograph

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Historical information

Acquired when "Classweave Industries" closed down.

Inscriptions & Markings

87 10 8 H L S POTTER/ PHOTO STORES/...

Photograph

Geelong Cycling Club, Geelong

Black and white photograph of George Hotchin who was a Club Official c 1912.

Historical information

George Hotchin was a trader on Church Street, Geelong West who began assisting the club in its first year and then became a committee member and auditor and supporter of Junior riders until the mid 1920's.

Significance

The GWCC required assistance from traders and from other community members.

Inscriptions & Markings

G. Hotchin/Vice P

Throwing water plants into the wetlands.

Darebin Parklands Association, Alphington

Colour photograph. Sue Course, Vin Heffernan and Rob Gell at the opening of the observation tower.

Historical information

This photograph is one of a series of 76 in folder P001 - taken at the opening of the observation tower.

Journal - The Pastoral Review Vol. 46 July-Dec. 1936

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Historical information

Bound volume of "The Pastoral Review" vol. 46 July-Dec. 1936

Racquet

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

An all black Dunlop squash racquet. Materials: Graphite, Plastic, Nylon, Leather, Adhesive tape, Ink

Music Book - Grieg, Hochzeitstag auf Troldhaugen

Coal Creek Community Park & Museum, Korumburra

Music book, Hochzeitstag auf Troldhaugen by Grieg (Jour de noces - Wedding-day) Opus 65, No.6. Faded pink cover with "Grieg" in bold red print; the large "G" is in Gothic type, heavily ornamented. Edition Peters No. 2922 (German)

Inscriptions & Markings

Olive M. Walter Grassmere Cavendish

banner

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

Square shaped fabric banner. Red background with yellow braiding and tassels. Embroidered with initials O M B for Orbost Municipal Band. Ten shoulder tabs which are black with Orbost in gold embroidery.

Historical information

The first Orbost Brass Band was formed in 1889. Around 1908 the town band split and the Orbost Workers' Band was formed. Eventually the two bands merged in 1913 to reform as the Orbost Municipal Band under conductorship of Charles Spink. Further info and Ref: In Times Gone By - Deborah Hall

Significance

The various Orbost bands over the years played a major role in community activities providing entertainment and musical experiences for the many members.

Two Photographs: 10 Bond Street.

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

Two Photographs of 10 Bond Street, Weatherboard house, Owner - Buchanan.

Inscriptions & Markings

10 Bond Street B.E., Buchanan, 10 Bond Street

saw set

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Bronze saw set with steel fittings and red paint on jaw. Meant for smaller saws

Inscriptions & Markings

Eclipse No 77 Made in England

Postcard - Williamstown Botanic Gardens

Williamstown Botanic Gardens- Hobsons Bay City Council, Altona

A sepia scene looking west towards statue of Alfred Thomas Clark, with cannons on either side of statue pointing east down what is known as the Palm Avenue. The statue is surrounded by a white fence consisting of posts and a top rail. The top of the statue is hidden by the branches of the elm trees. It appears that the elms are in the process of either losing their leaves or new leaf growth. A cactus plant can be seen beneath the lower branches of the elm tree of the right closest to the camera. The cannons were moved from Fort Gellibrand to the Gardens in 1906.

Historical information

The original postcards in this series (2013.002 to 2013.018) were generously loaned to Williamstown Botanic Gardens by a private collector for copying.

Significance

The postcards are evidence of the interest the gardens held as a subject for postcard publishers. The text and images provide a snapshot into fashions, social interests and concerns of the time. The professionally produced images provide a pictorial history of Gardens including changing planting styles, various structures and features of the Gardens eg the aviary, cannons, the fountain, the second Curator’s Lodge and gates. The images offer an opportunity to compare garden vistas with the present day. This postcard is evidence of the placement of two of the cannons relocated from Fort Gellibrand in 1906 and that they were in place in the Gardens in 1924. They were removed from the Gardens in the 1960s. These same cannons remain a feature on the Williamstown waterfront in 2013. The image also shows the original Elm Avenue plantings.

Inscriptions & Markings

Front: VALENTINE’S, M.356 ELM AVENUE WILLIAMSTOWN GARDENS MELBOURNE, VICTORIA. REAL PHOTO. Reverse: vertical on left side of card and underlined: ‘Published by the Valentine & Sons Publishing Co. Ltd. / Melbourne, Sydney & Brisbane’. Top centre of card: Contains logo of ‘VALENTINES / REAL PHOTO SERIES / POSTCARD’. Top right hand corner is stamped ‘BRANCHES (enclosed in a scroll) / SYDNEY / LONDON / DUNDEE / DUBLIN / CAPETOWN / MONTREAL / TORONTO’ The card is dated ‘29/12/24’ and addressed to ‘Dear Leah Alf & Dad’ signed by ‘Margaret’.

Book, Minute - Western Australian State Wool Committee Minutes of Proceedings, 11 Sept. 1942 to 9 Sept. 1943

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Historical information

Western Australian State Wool Committee Minutes of Proceedings, 11 September 1942 to 9 September 1943.

Inscriptions & Markings

WESTERN AUSTRALIAN STATE WOOL COMMITTEE / MINUTES OF PROCEEDINGS / from / 11th September 1942 to 9th September 1943

Book

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

3 part book set: 'Tennis: Nostalgia & Playing the Game'. (1) Cardboard cover for two books with ribbon tie. (2) Book: 'Tennis: Nostalgia', 96 pages. (3) 'Tennis: Playing the Game', 97 pages. All hardcover. Copyright 1998. Materials: Paper, Ink, Cardboard, Ribbon

Photograph - Building of the bridge at Wye River, on G.O.R

Lorne Historical Society, Lorne

Photograph showing construction of the bridge at Wye River on the G.O.R.

Photograph - Digital image - 158 Main Street [Greensborough]

Greensborough Historical Society,

Digital copy of colour photograph.

Historical information

This photograph of 158 Main Street Greensborough was taken in 2013 to show changes over 40 years, based on Ron Reynold’s sketches in the 1973 publication “Greensborough and Greenhills” published by Cypress Books.

Postcard: Sturt Street, Ballarat. Victoria.

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

The coloured card shows Sturt Street, Ballarat, looking West. A horse and carriage is travelling West from the bottom of the picture. Several people walk in the street. The Town Hall Tower is in the distance.