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Victorian Collections -

Making and Using Transport on the Goldfields

28 Mar 2018

Ballarat’s coachbuilding industry and horse-drawn transport, as depicted in Victorian cultural collections.

Curated By

Carissa Goudey, Historian, Sovereign Hills Museums Association

121654 items

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121654 items

Tennis Racquet

Tatura Irrigation & Wartime Camps Museum, Tatura

Wooden tennis racquet, with leather covered handle and gut strings

Historical information

Used by interness at Camp 3, Tatura. Razquets were purhcased in 1945 through the Camp Canteen

Inscriptions & Markings

Slazengers

Book - Jimmy of Murrumbar by E D Oakley

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a hard cover book of 181 pages. A buff-coloured dust cover has been pasted over the hard cover and it has a black, grey and white illustration of a young aboriginal boy being chased. This illustration is repeated in black and white on the second page. The titling on the cover is in red and black printing. The front cover has become almost detached from the pages. An inscription on the inside cover is handwritten in black ink. The book has a foreword, an appreciation, a contents page and 23 chapters.

Historical information

This book subtitled, ‘A Story of the Amazing Ability and Fidelity of an Australian Black Tracker’, has been written in the late 1930s by Edward Donald Oakley (1877-1962). He was the fourth child of Thomas and Eliza Oakley who had the farm, Oakbank, near the mouth of the Hopkins River, Warrnambool (Otway Road area today). Edward Oakley first worked at Saltau’s shipping office in Warrnambool then ran a dairy farm, Halifax, near Cudgee. He later had wheat farms in the Grampians area and at Willaura before returning to Warrnambool in 1923. He built a row of shops in Liebig Street and opened a boot and shoe store. He was instrumental in persuading Fletcher Jones to open a shop in Warrnambool. After he retired he researched and wrote the story of Jimmy of Murrumbar.

Significance

This book is of high significance because: 1. It was written by a local Warrnambool businessman, Edward Oakley. He and other members of his family were prominent residents of the city in the late 19th and early to mid 20th centuries 2. It was written in the late 1930s and tells of the story of a young aboriginal boy, one of the early writings appreciating the talents and worth of young aborigines.

Inscriptions & Markings

‘Best Wishes for a Happy Birthday from Graeme Dorman Dec 8th 1942’

Ball container

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

An empty, unsealed Slazenger (U.K.) tennis ball can. No lid or balls. Materials: Metal, Ink

Station Sign - Belgrave

Puffing Billy Preservation Society, Menzies Creek

Station Sign - Belgrave Metal sign - white enamel back ground with black letters

Historical information

Belgrave railway station is the terminus of the Belgrave line in Victoria, Australia. It serves the eastern Melbourne suburb of Belgrave opening as Monbulk on 18 December 1900, being renamed Belgrave on 21 November 1904. It was upgraded to a Premium station on 2 July 1996. The station was originally on the Upper Ferntree Gully – Gembrook narrow gauge line. It, along with the rest of the line, closed on 30 April 1954, reopening on 19 February 1962 when the line as far as Belgrave was converted to broad gauge.[1] The Puffing Billy Railway's Belgrave station is located 100 metres north of the station and is accessible via a short footpath. The current station is located further down the line than the original narrow-gauge station (which was approximately where the current station car park is located). Belgrave has one island platform with two faces. It is serviced by Metro Trains' Belgrave line services ref: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Belgrave_railway_station photos at http://www.vicrailstations.com/Gembrook/Belgrave/Belgrave.html

Significance

Historic - Victorian Railways Station sign used at Belgrave Station

Inscriptions & Markings

Belgrave

Photograph - Writing the War exhibition, Eltham Library, 10 August 2016

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Born Digital

German Parachute Cord WWII

Dandenong/Cranbourne RSL Sub Branch, Dandenong

A length of frayed rope taken from a Second World War German Parachute. Coiled, with black and red threads running through the structure.

Historical information

This rope was part of a German Parachute cord from the Second World War. German paratroopers, or Fallschirmjager, were often at the forefront of German military actions. Australian soldiers faced a Fallschirmjager assault during the invasion of Crete in 1941.

Significance

German paratrooopers, or Fallschirmjager, were an elite unit within the German military. Australian forces faced the Fallschirmjager during the airborne invasion of Crete in 1941. This object has the capacity to tell the story of that engagement.

Photograph - Nightingale/Thompson Collection

Nobelius Heritage Park & Emerald Museum, Emerald

Copy of photograph of Nightingale Family, mid 1930's pasted on cream card

Historical information

Family members are from right to left: Alfred George NIGHTINGALE (b.1885; d.1946) John NIGHTINGALE (b. 1853; m1878; d.1943) Emma Augusta THOMPSON (b. 1859; d.1949) Alfred George Nightingale (b.1885; d.1946) was a well known nurseryman who after working for Nobelius Nurseries started Nightingale Nursery in Avonsleigh near Emerald. The nursery specialised in fruit trees and general nursery stock

Significance

Nightingale Nursery

Inscriptions & Markings

Front: Handwritten Nightingale Family, mid 1930's Back: Mr. and Mrs. Nightingale and Family

Ink on Cotton Rag - "Portrait of Chancellor Robert H.T. Smith" by Pir Tareen, 2014

Federation University Australia Art Collection ,

Framed academic portrait of Federation University Chancellor Robert H.T. Smith.

Historical information

This item is part of the Federation University Art Collection. The Art Collection features over 1000 works and was listed as a 'Ballarat Treasure' in 2007.

Photograph - Digital image - 23 Mayfield Street Greensborough, 1947.

Greensborough Historical Society,

Digital copy of black and white photograph.

Historical information

Photograph of a woman and baby on the steps of the house at 23 Mayfield Street Greensborough in 1947.

Inscriptions & Markings

Address and date written on photograph.

Ribbons On Bars - Ww1 Trio - Two

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

Two Brass Mounting bars with ribbons attached. Ribbons are for First World War. .1 1914-15 Star. .2 War Medal. .3 Victory Medal both with three lugs on back with pins for attaching to uniform, ribbons worn and dirtied.

Book - Souvenir with the Australian and New Zealand Forces in Egypt and the Dardanelles

Frankston RSL Sub Branch, Frankston

Book comprised of twenty sepia photographs of Egypt and the Dardanelles (WWI) printed on buff coloured cardboard with a red cardboard cover. It is held together with buff coloured string.

Inscriptions & Markings

As well as the title "Souvenir with the Australian and New Zealand Forces", there is an Australian Commonwealth Military Forces symbol printed on the front cover. On the back cover, in the bottom left hand corner, are the words "COPYRIGHT. CHAS F. LASERON"

Digital Image Daylesford Anglican Church after removal of Bunya Bunya Pine - Daylesford Anglican Church after removal of Bunya Bunya Pine

Ballarat Heritage Services, Bakery Hill Post Office

Digital Image

Historical information

HO664 Hepburn Planning Scheme

Box - Small Wooden

Tatura Irrigation & Wartime Camps Museum, Tatura

Small wooden box with brass plaque on top and electric switch attached to the brass, commemorating switching on of district electricity supply.

Historical information

The extension of the S.E.C. supply to country areas of Victoria took place following WW2. Most areas celebrated the occasion with a special 'switching on' function at the local hall. Mrs Downer was the wife of local councillor John Downer.

Inscriptions & Markings

Pres. to Mrs J.E. Downer as a memento of the switching on of electricity at Toolamba, 18/11/1952.

Postcard: Sturt Street, Ballarat.

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

The street scene shows Sturt Street from the West looking East. Part of the street gardens are in the foreground, people are walking and there are horse and cabs standing. The Town Hall tower is prominent in the background. A pine tree is at left with bench seats around its base.

adding machine

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A Victor hand-operated adding machine covered in brown plastic trim. It has a lever on the right hand side which turns. Has eight columns of numbers with 1 - 11 on the right hand column and 1-9 on six columns and 1 only on one column.

Historical information

Used in shops and businesses in Australia prior to decimal currency being introduced in 1963.

Inscriptions & Markings

A gold VICTOR label on the front.

Record, Gramophone - Hit tunes of the years 1928-1937

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Historical information

Gramophone record used in the mending room of the Foster Valley Mill.

Black and white photograph of Shackell's Bonded Stores. - Shackell's Bonded Stores, Murray Esplanade, Echuca, late 1870's.

Port of Echuca , Echuca

A black and white copy of a photo of Shackell's Bonded Stores in Murray Esplanade. Also written on the front of the building 'Wm McCulloch $Co. Proprietors. Steamer Contracting & Agents Carriers. Custom House Agents. Forwarding Agents.' The Jewish star at the top of the building is partly visible. Murray Esplanade is dirty and muddy with stones strewn around.

Historical information

Shackell's Bonded Stores in Murray Esplanade was a very early building in Echuca. Mr Shackell was shipping agent. He built the building with a Jewish Star right at the top to show his interest in his religion. He was also an early town councillor and may have even served a term as Mayor. His leasee was William McCulloch who was also a shipping agent, amongst other things. Written on the front of the building are the words "Shackell's Bonded Stores / Wm. McCulloch & Co. Proprietors / Forwarding Agents / Steamer Agents /. & Contracting Carriers & / Customs House Agents." Written on the window "Office of the Murray, Murrumbidgee and Darling Steamers."

Significance

This photograph shows the importance of shipping agents in the early life of Echuca. It also shows the state of the roads in the 1870's. This building is still in use in the 21st Century with some of the wording still intact on the building. Wm McCulloch and Co went on to become a major international trading company. James Shackell made many contributions to early life in Echuca and there is a street named after him.

Inscriptions & Markings

Written in lead pencil on the back is "Esplanade end. Could have been late 1870's or early 1880's when McCulloch's took it over. May have been taken when "Courtyard" added. Note Star & Shackell wording in same place as now, near Star."

Photograph - Eltham Living and Learning Centre still showing little foliage on bushes, August 1988

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Colour photograph

Hammer

Hand Tool Preservation Association of Australia Inc, Caulfield

hammer, shoe

Historical information

This item is part of the Thomas Caine Tool Collection, owned by The National Trust of Australia (Victoria) and curated by the Hand Tools Preservation Association of Australia.

Photograph - Harp Junction, East Kew

Kew Historical Society Inc, Kew

The Harp Junction, East Kew

Inscriptions & Markings

Annotations on reverse "KH-73. View from Junction of High St (then Bulleen Rd.) & Strathalbyn St. Kew. Looking toward Boroondara Cemetery. Wall in picture is side of bridge over Outer Circle Railway. Trams later cut across this curve."

Uniform Trousers - Tropical

Geelong RSL Sub Branch,

Khaki colour trousers, cotton material, metal belt buckels x 2. One pair of the trousers has large map pockets.

Historical information

Tropical Dress Trousers for use by members of the AIF posted to 'Desert' Conditions.

Significance

These uniforms were issued during WW2 to members of the AIF.

Inscriptions & Markings

Pair 1 - V54 1945 Made in Australia, Size 35, hand written in ink on right hand inside pocket 2832. Pair 2 - Q7 1943 Made in Australia, Size 30, there is a tag for Regimental No and Name.

Brochure - Introducing Cornish College

Cornish College, Bangholme

A brochure printed in colour of on both sides of glossy paper folded to A4.

Historical information

The first brochure produced by the Cornish Project Committee, soon after agreement was reached with St leonard's for the purchase of the property. 45,000 brochures were printed and distributed by volunteers throughout suburbs around the College, to as far afield as Beaumaris, Hampton & Lyndhurst.

Significance

The brochure lists the College website as “www.cornishcollege.org” which was used until VRQA registration was completed. After the College opened in 2012 the web address became “www.cornishcollege.vic.edu.au”

Photograph - Year 9M, 1997

Bialik College, Hawthorn East 3123

Historical information

Year 9M, 1997. Front Row: Sharni Spigelman, Marc Berenholtz, Jessica Gomo, Sharyn Mittelman, Nicole Levy, David Borsky, Romy Roth. Second Row: David Kirszbaum, Clara Silbert, Tamara Glasberg, Allana Coppel, ... , Libby Bezoza, Tai Raymond. Third Row: David Guberek, Gaby Bulkin, Gil Grinberg, Adama Rosenberg, Ari Sharp, Simon Leske, Jonathon Epstein, Tim Krivitsky, Elliot Janover. Teacher (second row): Ms Lindy Mahemoff.

Booklet - Manual of Land Warfare Part 2 Infantry Training Vol 6 Pam 2 Short Range Ant Armour Weapon 84 mm L14A1 (Carl Gustaf)

4th/19th Prince of Wales's Light Horse Regiment Unit History Room, Macleod

A soft covered booklet providing information to train soldiers on the weapon

Inscriptions & Markings

7610- 66 -120- 4342

photo - Alan Brown, Tatura Tree Group, c1990s

Tatura Irrigation & Wartime Camps Museum, Tatura

Tatura Tree Group, Alan Brown surveying seedlings, c1990s. Alan Brown is a retired manager of Rosella.

Minature Compass

Running Rabbits Military Museum operated by the Upwey Belgrave RSL Sub Branch, Upwey

Minature Compass X (2)

Historical information

Part of a pilot's survival kit.

Photograph - Colour - Churchyard, Alwington, Devon, England

Ballarat Heritage Services, Bakery Hill Post Office

Quinn Letter - Letter

Mission to Seafarers Victoria, Docklands

Blue air-letter (0391) written by Allan from New York and addressed to Mrs S Quinn, West Brunswick. Letter, dated '21st Sept', is post-marked Brooklyn, New York 1948. It is franked 10c.

Significance

Quinn Collection

Jug - Ink container

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a ceramic container, light-brown in colour and varnished. The body of the container is circular in shape with a smaller circular-shaped neck and a top opening with a lip for pouring. The container has some imperfections and protrusions and the top has some chipping. The maker’s name is on the container.

Historical information

This container has been used to hold writing ink for commercial purposes so it would have been used by businesses and offices of all kinds. Ink was used in conjunction with writing tools (pens, quills, blotting paper etc) prior to the widespread use after the 1950s of the ballpoint pen for most handwritten work.

Significance

This container has no known local significance but it is an example of the type of container that would have been used in local businesses and offices in the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century. It will be useful for display.

Inscriptions & Markings

‘Angus & Co Ink Commercial’

Book - Elsies Holidays

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Elsies Holidays by Martha Finley Publisher George Routledge and Sons Date 1889

Book: An essay on A history of Collingwood Technical School 1912-1987 by Paul Scofield

NMIT (Northern Melbourne Institute of TAFE),

A 43 page A4 size stapled book with some images. Six copies held, one copy is signed by the author. Also held is a set of the typed pages on which the book is based.

Inscriptions & Markings

One copy is signed by the author

Hat Pin

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This hat pin has a shiny black ball head, probably plastic

Historical information

Historically this item represents women's fashion in the 1920s to 1950s. As the material used in the construction is not of a high monetary value it can be assumed it was a day to day working woman apparel to keep the hat firmly fastened into the hair. It does indicate that fashion of the time was important within the region

Significance

This item is a reflection of both the fashion mode of the 1920s to 1950s when long hair needed to be controlled by hair pins rather than later manufactured hair sprays. It is also an example of society's mores of tidiness and quasi religious beliefs of covering the hair and head when outdoors

Book - The Western Front Diaries

Tramways/East Melbourne RSL Sub Branch - RSL Victoria Listing id: 27511, Fitzroy

Book - Portland Barefoot Days

Adam Lindsay Gordon Commemorative Committee , Melbourne

Folder - A Schoolboy's Memories. Life in Camp 3, Tatura

Tatura Irrigation & Wartime Camps Museum, Tatura

Clear plastic fron cover, white back cover, spiral bound

Historical information

Memories of Life as a schoolboy in Camp 3, Tatura

Photo of Jack Webster - S.M.R.C / AUSTRALIAN REPRESENTATIVE / Jack Webster

Albert Park-South Melbourne Rowing Club, Albert Park Lake

A black and white photograph of Jack Webster in Australian national uniform standing in front of a car. The photograph is under glass with a white cardboard mounting.

Inscriptions & Markings

Olympic Games, London 1948, 4- / Empire Games, Auckland 1950, 2- (Gold)

Lawn tennis set

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

A Henry Murton case (.1); containing: a 'Tropical' wooden tennis racquet (.2); a pair of Slazenger tennis shoes (.3), bearing the initials 'JB'; tennis balls (.4 - .5); pants (.6); a sweater (.7); and a pair of Dunkleman shoe shapers (.8), scrated with the initials 'N J-B'. Materials: Metal, Leather, Plastic, Wood, Cloth, Wool, Canvas/Cotton, String, Gut, Cloth tape, Rubber, Felt, Glue, Lacquer, Paper, Ink

Illustration

Geoffrey Kaye Museum of Anaesthetic History, Melbourne

An illustration hand drawn in black ink on paper showing intubation of the larynx on a reclining head and neck, which is drawn as a cross section showing the inside of the head and the airways. The beak of the Chevalier Jackson's laryngoscope is advanced towards the tip of the epiglottis.

Photograph

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

Sepia Photograph of Jack, Stewart and Gladys Jenner - taken in garden.

Historical information

Part of collection of Photographs donated to the Museum by the family of the late Mr. Jack Jenner. (1977)

Photograph - Digital image - Greensborough Station from the Franklin home.

Greensborough Historical Society,

Links: 02479.04603 Digital copy of black and white photograph.

Historical information

Photograph of Greensborough Railway Station from the Franklin home.

Bottle - Dougall & Easton Chemisy

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a glass bottle with a rectangular body with rounded sides, a circular-shaped neck and a moulded circular top with a glass stopper. The name of the chemist is embossed in an indent on the front of the bottle. The bottle is empty and the inside of the bottle is slightly discoloured.

Historical information

This bottle was used by the Warrnambool chemists, Dougall and Easton. Their pharmacy was at the corner of Liebig and Koroit Streets (102 Liebig Street) and it was established in 1913. In March 1923 they leased the business to Leonard Eason when Mr Easton opened a pharmacy business in East Camberwell in Melbourne.

Significance

This bottle is of interest as it is one of the few items in our collection that is associated with the early 20th century Warrnambool chemists, Dougall & Easton.

Inscriptions & Markings

On base: ‘M’ On front: ‘3 V111’ ‘Chemists, Dougall & Easton, Warrnambool’

Oilstone

Hand Tool Preservation Association of Australia Inc, Caulfield

oilstone, in wooden box

Historical information

This item is part of the Thomas Caine Tool Collection, owned by The National Trust of Australia (Victoria) and curated by the Hand Tools Preservation Association of Australia.

Sheet music

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

'Lawn Tennis Quadrille' sheet music and dance figures (instructions). Visible from front are the cover of document (depicting a lawn tennis match) and its penultimate page (describing the figures). Visible from back of frame is back cover of document. Copyrighted 1881. Front glass UV, back is regular glass. Materials: Ink, Paper, Cardboard, Wood, Metal, Adhesive label, Glass

CERTIFICATE

Bendigo RSL Military Museum, Bendigo

Laminated discharge certificate fro William John GUNDRY.

Historical information

Discharge certificate. Pte. W. J. GUNDRY No. 3525. 57th Batt. A.I.F 9/7/1915 - 25/11/1919

Article - John Granville Evans

Greensborough Historical Society,

2 Pages, text and colour images.

Historical information

A short article about John Granville Evans and his service in World War 1. John Evans and his brothers are commemorated on the Greensborough State School Honor Board.

Card - Press studs

Greensborough Historical Society,

Triangular card with 4 size 00 press studs.

Historical information

Press studs, also known as snap fasteners, used in home made clothing.

Inscriptions & Markings

"The British Snap, guaranteed rustless, Size 00, Made in England"

Photo - Hughes - H.T. Hughes. Valuer and Collector.

Learmonth and District Historical Society, Learmonth

Sepia photo of Mr H.T.Hughes, valuer and collector.Oval in shape,set in grey mount.It is at the left of the bottom row and forms part of a collection of photos of all councilors for 1906.

Historical information

Mr H.T.Hughes was the Valuer and Collector for the Ballarat Shire for 1906.

Significance

Original Historic Photo.

Inscriptions & Markings

Presented by The President to the Ballarat Shire Council. 1906.

Plaque - Wooden "Vampire" Plaque

Seaworks Maritime Discovery Centre, Williamstown

Wooden plaque featuring a carved vampire bat and boat. Painted white, blue, grey and gold.

Inscriptions & Markings

"VAMPIRE"

Hinge - Door

Tatura Irrigation & Wartime Camps Museum, Tatura

Handmade metal door hinge with 3 holes for fitting

Historical information

Made in Camp 3 by internee

Music Sheets - Violin Music Sheets

Coal Creek Community Park & Museum, Korumburra

6144.1 to 19 - A selection of 1st violin music sheets, all have been numbered by the previous owner; 19 sheets in total S1 - The Cute Little Things You Do S2 - In A Cafe On The Road To Calais S3 - Beautiful Love S4 - Toodle-oo So Long Goodbye S5 - Do You Believe in Love at Sight S6 - My World Begins and Ends With You S7 - Look Here Comes a Rainbow S8 - Lights Of Paris S9 - When You Hear This Song Remember Me S10 - All The World Will Smile Again After Tomorrow S11 - Underneath The Summer Moon S12 - Congorilla S13 - Rackety Ray S14 - Throw A Little Salt On The Blue Birds Tail S15 - Around You S16 - Gypsy Hearts S17 - Home Folks Violin___ 6G - I Don't Know Why 8G - When We Are Together