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Victorian Collections -

Making and Using Transport on the Goldfields

28 Mar 2018

Ballarat’s coachbuilding industry and horse-drawn transport, as depicted in Victorian cultural collections.

Curated By

Carissa Goudey, Historian, Sovereign Hills Museums Association

112405 items

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112405 items

Racquet

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

A Wilson Speed Flo racquet, with 'SUPER-FLEX SHAFT', red painted throat and shaft, black-painted shoulder undersides, perforated black leather grip, and white cloth butt cover with red-stitched 'W' trademark. Inscription: WILSON/SPEED FLO/SPEED FLEX/FIBRE FACE. Materials: Wood, Nylon, Glue, Lacquer, Metal, Leather, Adhesive tape, Paint, Ink, String, Cloth, Ribbon

Plane

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Plane Moulding Grecian Ogee with bead type maker unknown no distinguishing marks. Top of wedge has been broken.

Collage: Elizabeth GOWER (b.1952 SA, AUS -) - Cycles 7

Nillumbik Shire Council,

Kaleidoscope pattern of multiple segments (logos-Lipton tea) from commercial (food) catalogues on commercial packaging (cardboard - round lid).

Historical information

The 'Cycles' series is an extension of two large scale provisional installations '150 Rotations', Melbourne Now, National Gallery of Victoria, and '356 Rotations', AC Institute in New York, which also re-purposed and aestheticised multiple paper units into hundreds of circular motifs.

Significance

The immediate tactile connection with the material excesses and detritus of contemporary consumer culture informs the theoretical framework and conceptual understanding of Gower's practice, and associates her work with ideas of recovery and re-purpose, sustainable practice and thrift strategies that critique excesses of mass production and the notion of impermanence. This series was made ‘in transit’ during the artist’s recent studio residencies at Point[B], New York and Laughing Waters, Eltham, and at three temporary studios in Rome, Berlin and Collingwood.

Inscriptions & Markings

No inscriptions and markings

6 pounder Shell casing

Friends of the Cerberus, North Geelong

Cylindrical brass tube closed at base and open at other end.

Historical information

Nordenfelt Six pounder quick firing guns were used by land and naval forces to counter torpedo boats.

Significance

The projectile and its shell casing are of the type and age used by the Victorian Naval Forces but could equally have been used by the land forces.

Australian Soldiers Record of Service Book

RSL Waverley Sub Branch , Glen Waverley

Cardboard covered booklet

Inscriptions & Markings

Beutler J L #61137

Pennant

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Inscriptions & Markings

Mount Isa QLD. LAKE MOONDARRA

Racquet

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

A wooden racquet with concave throat, plastic whipping, and leather handle grip. Decal across throat on both sides features the inscription: JC HIGGINS/OUR OWN TRADE MARK/WHIZ. Incorporated into the logo is a speeding tennis ball design. Materials: Wood, Nylon, Glue, Lacquer, Metal, Ink, Adhesive tape, Cloth tape

Photograph - Bulla Primary School

Sunbury & District Heritage Association Inc, Sunbury

A coloured photograph of Father Christmas arriving at Bulla Primary School for an end-of-the-year party.

Dish

Bright & District Historical Society operating the Bright Museum, Bright

Chinese rough stoneware dish, in two pieces that has been repaired. One fragment missing.. Terracotta colour.

Inscriptions & Markings

Chinese characters stamped on the bowl of the dish.

Stamp

Seaworks Maritime Discovery Centre, Williamstown

Wooden stamp with metal plate featuring Melbourne Harbor Trust insignia

Inscriptions & Markings

"Deliver/ The Melbourne Harbor Trust Commissioners SD 91/ Prosperity through service" "PWO 2992.7"

Slouch Hat

RSL Waverley Sub Branch , Glen Waverley

Felt slouch hat with Rising Sun bagde and drill band with no unit patch

Historical information

This hat was worn by Muarice C. W. Bowden 1st. Australiaqn Flying Sqn. Middle East 1916 accompanied by Photo d/0240

Plate

Uniting Church Archives - Synod of Victoria, Malvern East

China plate with a raised floral border some of which are coloured. Transfer print of John Wesley in centre with text.

Inscriptions & Markings

'Rev. J. Wesley A.M.'

Badge - 1st Battalion Army Life Members Badge

Lara RSL Sub Branch, Lara

Gold lapel badge with background rising sun rays with Red crown at top. In centre is Blue and and green buckle. Directly underneath is a boomarang with 1st Infantry inscribed. Below this on white banner is LIFE MEMBER

Inscriptions & Markings

ASSN 1 INF SNS LIFE MEMBER

Edward's Pyrites Smelting & Ore Reduction Comp. Sebastopol, Ballarat.

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

Coloured Lithograph advertising Edward's Pyrites Smelting & Ore Reduction Comp. Sebastopol, Ballarat.

Praying at the VBP mass grave in Cherang Ruku

Archive of Vietnamese Boat People, Flemington

In Aug-2006 a group of 48 overseas Vietnamese came back to visit and pray at the VBP mass grave in Cherang Ruku and at many other cemeteries along the eastern coast of Malaysia. The trip was organized by the Archive of Vietnamese Boat People. It was the first group of the overseas Vietnamese coming to visit since the end of the wave of VBP in Malaysia in 1996. The grave was found by the Archive of Vietnamese Boat People.

Inscriptions & Markings

Praying at the VBP mass grave in Cherang Ruku

Photograph - Digital image - Grave of British soldier

Greensborough Historical Society,

Digital copy of black and white photograph.

Historical information

This photograph shows the grave of a British ('Tommy') soldier in Gaza.

Inscriptions & Markings

"Tommy grave Gaza"

Photograph - From left: Unknown, Mario Fabbro and possibly Helen Skipper, Bell Street, Eltham

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

1 black and white photograph

Historical information

At Bell Street, Fabbro Farm, Eltham; From left: Unknown, Mario Fabbro and possibly Helen Skipper, standing in the middle of a vegetable crop. The site of the Fabbro farm (Diamond Creek side land) is now called Barrack Bushlands. It is doubtful that Fabbro's farm holding was ever called Barrak Park, This title is fairly recent after the Shire of Eltham purchased the land, including the last section in 1993/94. About this time the area on the west side of Falkiner Street was purchased by a private developer and developed as housing. The area in Bell Street opposite the Eltham High School was purchased by the State Government is recent years and is called Fabbro Fields. The Fabbro Family operated their farm in Bell Street, Eltham.

bottle

Mansfield Historical Society, Mansfield

Green glass cordial bottle with torpedo base - broken

Historical information

This item was found on the site of F Wheeler's cordial factory in Chenery Street Mansfield which was in operation in 1891.Water was carted from Devil's River and stored in a 28,000 gallon tank. Mr Keane was the manager.

Significance

As cordial factories are no longer in use in Mansfield this broken bottle has historic significance and it is aesthetically pleasing because of the many colours which can been seen in the green glass'

PHOTOGRAPH

Clunes Museum, Clunes

C.T.D.A. PRESIDENT, FRANK COLLINS AND UNKNOWN PERSON DURING OPENING OF SUSPENSION BRIDGE OVER CREAWICK CREEK, CLUNES.

Book - Liquid and Gaseous Fuels

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Liquid and Gaseous Fuels Author: Vivian B Lewes Publisher: Archibald Constable & Co Ltd Date: 1907

Historical information

This item is from the ‘Pattison Collection’, a collection of books and records that was originally owned by the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute, which was founded in Warrnambool in 1853. By 1886 the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute (WMI) had grown to have a Library, Museum and Fine Arts Gallery, with a collection of “… choice productions of art, and valuable specimens in almost every branch and many wonderful national curiosities are now to be seen there, including historic relics of the town and district.” It later included a School of Design. Although it was very well patronised, the lack of financial support led the WMI in 1911 to ask the City Council to take it over. In 1935 Ralph Pattison was appointed as City Librarian to establish and organise the Warrnambool Library as it was then called. When the WMI building was pulled down in 1963 a new civic building was erected on the site and the new Warrnambool Library, on behalf of the City Council, took over all the holdings of the WMI. At this time some of the items were separated and identified as the ‘Pattison Collection’, named after Ralph Pattison. Eventually the components of the WMI were distributed from the Warrnambool Library to various places, including the Art Gallery, Historical Society and Flagstaff Hill. Later some were even distributed to other regional branches of Corangamite Regional Library and passed to and fro. It is difficult now to trace just where all of the items have ended up. The books at Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village generally display stamps and markings from Pattison as well as a variety of other institutions including the Mechanics’ Institute itself. RALPH ERIC PATTISON Ralph Eric Pattison was born in Rockhampton, Queensland, in 1891. He married Maude Swan from Warrnambool in 1920 and they set up home in Warrnambool. In 1935 Pattison accepted a position as City Librarian for the Warrnambool City Council. His huge challenge was to make a functional library within two rooms of the Mechanics’ Institute. He tirelessly cleaned, cleared and sorted a disarrayed collection of old books, jars of preserved specimens and other items reserved for exhibition in the city’s museum. He developed and updated the library with a wide variety of books for all tastes, including reference books for students; a difficult task to fulfil during the years following the Depression. He converted all of the lower area of the building into a library, reference room and reading room for members and the public. The books were sorted and stored using a cataloguing and card index system that he had developed himself. He also prepared the upper floor of the building and established the Art Gallery and later the Museum, a place to exhibit the many old relics that had been stored for years for this purpose. One of the treasures he found was a beautiful ancient clock, which he repaired, restored and enjoyed using in his office during the years of his service there. Ralph Pattison was described as “a meticulous gentleman whose punctuality, floorless courtesy and distinctive neat dress were hallmarks of his character, and ‘his’ clock controlled his daily routine, and his opening and closing of the library’s large heavy doors to the minute.” Pattison took leave during 1942 to 1942 to serve in the Royal Australian Navy, Volunteer Reserve as Lieutenant. A few years later he converted one of the Museum’s rooms into a Children’s Library, stocking it with suitable books for the younger generation. This was an instant success. In the 1950’s he had the honour of being appointed to the Victorian Library Board and received more inspiration from the monthly conferences in Melbourne. He was sadly retired in 1959 after over 23 years of service, due to the fact that he had gone over the working age of council officers. However he continued to take a very keen interest in the continual development of the Library until his death in 1969.

Significance

The Pattison Collection, along with other items at Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, was originally part of the Warrnambool Mechanics' Institute’s collection. The Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute Collection is primarily significant in its totality, rather than for the individual objects it contains. Its contents are highly representative of the development of Mechanics' Institute libraries across Australia, particularly Victoria. A diversity of publications and themes has been amassed, and these provide clues to our understanding of the nature of and changes in the reading habits of Victorians from the 1850s to the middle of the 20th century. The collection also highlights the Warrnambool community’s commitment to the Mechanics’ Institute, reading, literacy and learning in the regions, and proves that access to knowledge was not impeded by distance. These items help to provide a more complete picture of our community’s ideals and aspirations. The Warrnambool Mechanics Institute book collection has historical and social significance for its strong association with the Mechanics Institute movement and the important role it played in the intellectual, cultural and social development of people throughout the latter part of the nineteenth century and the early twentieth century. The collection of books is a rare example of an early lending library and its significance is enhanced by the survival of an original collection of many volumes. The Warrnambool Mechanics' Institute’s publication collection is of both local and state significance.

Inscriptions & Markings

Label on spine with typed text PAT 662 LEW

cash book

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A ledger with a black cover, brown binding. The page edges are marbled. It contains hand-written records of payments received by the treasurer of the Orbost Pound.

Historical information

This ledger was used by the Shire of Orbost pound keeper from 1906 - 1914. The item was donated to Orbost & District Historical society from P.R.O.V. as a Place of Deposit (POD) item for safe keeping by a local history group or museum. The shire covered an area of 9,347 square kilometres and existed from 1892 until 1994 when it became part of the East Gippsland Shire Council. Orbost was at first included in the Bairnsdale Shire from 1882 and was later part of the Tambo Shire. Because of travelling distances the Croajingalong Shire was created in 1892 (name changed to Orbost Shire 17.2.1893 with James Cameron as the first Shire President. In 1994 it amalgamated to become part of East Gippsland Shire Council. This book records the impounding of animals which have been found wandering on local roads or trespassing on land. Many are farm animals. Impounded animals were either claimed by their owners after payment of a fee or if unclaimed , they were sold. The Orbost Pound was situated on Martin Street.

Significance

This book is a record of a practice which was necessary to remove stock which were wandering on local roads or trespassing on neighbours. It contains many local names and is of social interest. (ref. Vic. Collections)

Inscriptions & Markings

on spine : inside a red box in gold lettering"Pound Cash Book" inside a black box in gold lettering"Shire of Orbost"

Ballarat Views

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

Booklet showing photographic views of Ballarat, sepia tone.

Book. A New Bendigo. - A New Bendigo.The Story of Gold and Silver Mines in St.Arnaud

St Arnaud and District Historical Society , St Arnaud

A soft cover book, A New Bendigo The Story of the Gold and Silver Mines of St.Arnaud by Ralph W. Birrell. 257 pages, includes photographs.and map.

Article - Ernest Russell Paterson

Greensborough Historical Society,

One page, text and colour images.

Historical information

A short article about Ernest Russell Paterson and his service in World War 1. Ernest joined parents in Greensborough in the post-war period.

Document - Leigh River Goldfield Gold Mining Company Share Scrip, 1919

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

Pink Share Scrip made out to Henry Peacock, and transferred from H.G. Ward. The Manager was Henry Peacock and the Director was Richard B. Squire

Significance

Richard B. Squire share scrip Henry Peacock H.G. Ward Leigh River Goldfield Gold Mining COmpany

Commemorative pewter plate

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Pewter; circular with a rose petal edge.

Historical information

Refers to the 25th anniversary of the reign of Queen Juliana of the Netherlands.

Significance

Shows fondness/affection of the Dutch public to their royal family.

Inscriptions & Markings

Embossed likeness of Queen Juliana which states above the image: "Koningin Der Nederlanden" - Queen of The Netherlands below the image: 1948 - Juliana - 1973 - likely referring to the 25th year of her reign. On the back of the plate: A pewter strip welded onto the plate to allow hanging via a hole in that strip. A makers mark at bottom of plate - "KdBR" featuring an angel with clarion/trumpet and holding palm branch. Below maker's mark is "92% tin" on left of reversed face is: "Namaak Verboden" (Imitation Prohibited) on the right of reversed face is: "Tingieterij Roelen" (Pewter Foundry Roelen)

Photographic print

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

Photo of Helga Mastoff Materials: Paper, Photographic emulsion

Silver Cigarette Case

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

square, plain design, separate lift-off lid, interior lined in wood. engraving on lid "n.e. halaby july 2, 1970."

Theatre Program - La Traviata (opera) performed by Melbourne Opera at Athenaeum Theatre commencing 5 June 2003

Melbourne Athenaeum Archives, Melbourne

Cart - Model

Tatura Irrigation & Wartime Camps Museum, Tatura

Small wooden cart with long shafts. Painted green, 1 red wheel, 1 green wheel

Historical information

Made in Camp 13, Murchison by German POW's for children at Camp 3

Photograph - !st Eltham Scouts and Cubs, Eltham Community Festival Parade, Main Road opposite Wingrove Park, 4 August 1978

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Colour photograph

Historical information

Eltham Community Festival, 4-13 August 1978 Newsletter No. 3 September 1978 Eltham Community Festival. This year’s Eltham Community Festival was held from August 4th to 13th. The society was involved with the Warrandyte Historical Society in arranging an exhibition at the Community Centre and also provided notes and a map for a self-guided walking tour of historic buildings and locations around Eltham. Copies of notes will continue to be available from the Eltham Shire Offices and the tour may be under-taken at any time. The exhibition was divided into two sections. The Eltham Society displayed early photographs associated with the walking tour, whilst the Warrandyte Society showed their photographs and artefacts of the Warrandyte gold era. An outstanding feature was the large "blow-up" photos of early Warrandyte.

Photograph - Musical performance of Prep, Grade 1 and Grade 2 students, 1977

Bialik College, Hawthorn East 3123

Historical information

Musical performance of Prep, Grade 1 and Grade 2 students, 1977.

Planning Document - Plan of proposed subdivision of land in Greensborough [Map shows Scotland house]

Greensborough Historical Society,

Photocopy of plan, 2 pages.

Historical information

This subdivision of Greensborough shows the home of John Scotland (died 1888) and surrounding area bounded by Hailes, William, Lorimer, and Jessop Streets.

Inscriptions & Markings

Part of plan (68G) of proposed subdivision of Greensborough, part of Crown Portion 18, Parish pf Keelbundora. Scale: 132 ft. to an inch

Journal - The Pastoral Review Vol. 58 July - Dec 1948

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Historical information

Black hard cover containing bound issues of "The Pastoral Review Vol. 58 July - Dec 1948"

Oil on canvas - 'Apple with Glass' by Margaret Olley

Federation University Australia Art Collection ,

Framed oil painting of an apple on a table with red gingham cloth.

Historical information

This item is part of the Federation University Art Collection. The Art Collection features over 1000 works and was listed as a 'Ballarat Treasure' in 2007.

Image

Vision Australia,

Col. transparencies of the Carols by Candlelight stage and crowds

Historical information

Carols by Candlelight crowds watch the stage, ablaze with light, with the Melbourne skyline in the background.

Presentation photo folder

4th/19th Prince of Wales's Light Horse Regiment Unit History Room, Macleod

A plain white card folder presented to Tpr W Carlyon on his discharge in Feb 1983. It contains three colour photographs of the 4/19 PWLH Band. Two are of the band marching and one of the Band posed, with all the members named underneath. The photos were taken at Puckapunyal at the 9/82 Recruit Course passing out parade

PHOTOGRAPH

Clunes Museum, Clunes

Historical information

BUILDING OF BRIDGE OVER MOUNT CREEK ON ROAD TO MOUNT BECKWORTH.

Inscriptions & Markings

PHOTOCOPY OF TOM HARVEY AND FRANK CARROLAN BUILDING BRIDGE OVER MOUNT CREEK.

Settlers Under Sail

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

The cover is black with an image of a sailing ship below the title. It tells the story of the Loch Ard and other ships in text and photographs.

Theatre poster - Carboni

Museum of Australian Democracy at Eureka (M.A.D.E) , Ballarat

Poster for stage production of 'Carboni' by John Romeril performed in Ballarat for Eureka Week 2002 - 28/11/02-02/12/02.

Inscriptions & Markings

On reverse "Putting the Heart into Art ARTAFACT (03) 5336 4877 Shop 4, 58-60 Albert St, Sebastapol 3356

newsletter - The Nylons in Concert (musical) by Nylons performed at the Universal Theatre commencing 17 February 1987

Melbourne Athenaeum Archives, Melbourne

Universal Theatre Newsletter featuring Universal Theatre at the athenaeum good condition

Inscriptions & Markings

contains advertisements for 'the Australian Greek Festival including Description of Australian performances in this time as well as Gerry Connolly in men and women of Australia as the brass band for the melbourne international comedy festival

Letter - Some Band History

Maldon Brass Band Inc., Maldon

A Letter outlining some locations of Photographs of the Maldon Brass Band

Gavel

Learmonth and District Historical Society, Learmonth

Brown wooden object with handle to which is attached a barrel shaped head, on which is carved the initals BS.On the front of this is a silver shield name and dates.

Historical information

This Gavel was used by Councilor Matthew J. Ryan during his various terms as Ballarat Shire President,He was first elected to council on 30th August 1897.serving as Shire President in 1902-08-14-23-32-38-44 and 50

Significance

Tool used to "control" council meetings,by Shire President.

Inscriptions & Markings

B.and S carved in wood.On silver shield,Shire of Ballarat, Cr.M.J.Ryan JP President.1902,1908,1914,1923,1933,1938,1944,1950.

Fender

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Rope fender with rope around the centre 890mmL

Photograph - Hat Factory,Sherbourne Road, Eltham

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Six coloured photographs of Latiner's hat factory, Sherbourne Road

Bayonet

Geelong RSL Sub Branch,

Metal bayonet with wooden and medal handle, four screws holding the wood to the metal frame. The bayonet has a release button to free the the blade to a position as required. There is a metal scabbard to house the bayonet blade, there is a metal loop on the scabbard to hang onto a belt. There is a round sight on top of the bayonet.

Historical information

There are no distinguishing features on the item to be able to link it to any one event.

Inscriptions & Markings

T4 37248

Book - The Encyclopaedia Britannica Vol 8

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

The Encyclopaedia Britannica Vol 8 Publisher Adam and Charles Black Date 1879

Inscriptions & Markings

Stamped Terang Mechanics Institute and Free Library

Automatic Tourniquet

Ballarat Base Hospital Trained Nurses League,

Watercolour on paper - 'The Three Sisters Central Australia' by Neville Bunning

Federation University Australia Art Collection ,

Historical information

This item is part of the Federation University Art Collection. The Art Collection features over 1000 works and was listed as a 'Ballarat Treasure' in 2007.

Photograph - Digital image - All Saints Anglican Church [interior of old Church]

Greensborough Historical Society,

Digital copy of black and white postcard.

Historical information

This photograph shows the interior of the original timber church in Greensborough - All Saint's Anglican Church - now replaced by a modern church on the corner of Grimshaw Street and Church Street Greensborough.

Inscriptions & Markings

Christmas greetings written on back