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Victorian Collections -

Symbols of Survival

8 Feb 2016

Prisoner of war and internee objects in Victorian cultural collections

Curated By

Cameron Auty, Victorian Collections Co-Manager

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66933 items

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66933 items

Photograph

Tatura Irrigation & Wartime Camps Museum, Tatura

Historical information

Photos copied from Superintendent Hannan's album.

Dr W A Sloss Snr.

Ballarat Base Hospital Trained Nurses League,

Photo

Book - Alfred N Festberg: Australian Army Insignia 1903-1966,

4th/19th Prince of Wales's Light Horse Regiment Unit History Room, Macleod

Illustrations of Australian Army Insignia 1903-1966. Compiled by Alfred N Festberg, Photography by Arthur G Genders Published by Military Historical Society of Australia, Victorian Branch, 1967.

Inscriptions & Markings

Inscribed by author: "To the Museum Alfred Festberg 9 Nov 78"

Book - SILENT FLEET (THE HISTORY OF 'Z' SPECIAL OPERATIONS 1942 -45)

Tramways/East Melbourne RSL Sub Branch - RSL Victoria Listing id: 27511, Fitzroy

folder - Daniel Moylan (Dan the Cook)

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A 38 pp black spiral bound plastic folder containing a CD and research evidence compiled by Mary Doland on the topic of Dan Moylan, known as "Dan the Cook". He was speared to death in 1851 at Orbost Station, Snowy River.

Historical information

This research record was part of a thesis that Mary Doland was preparing.

Significance

This record is an excellent research tool for the study of the Indigenous history of Orbost.

Inscriptions & Markings

handwritten on a white label - Daniel Moylan handwritten on a white label below -Information researched and supplied by Mary Doland (Dan the Cook) Orbost grave Orbost station death 1851

Book - Saint Louis and Calvin

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Saint Louis and Calvin Author: M Guizot Publisher: MacMillan & Co Date: 1868

Historical information

This item is from the ‘Pattison Collection’, a collection of books and records that was originally owned by the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute, which was founded in Warrnambool in 1853. By 1886 the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute (WMI) had grown to have a Library, Museum and Fine Arts Gallery, with a collection of “… choice productions of art, and valuable specimens in almost every branch and many wonderful national curiosities are now to be seen there, including historic relics of the town and district.” It later included a School of Design. Although it was very well patronised, the lack of financial support led the WMI in 1911 to ask the City Council to take it over. In 1935 Ralph Pattison was appointed as City Librarian to establish and organise the Warrnambool Library as it was then called. When the WMI building was pulled down in 1963 a new civic building was erected on the site and the new Warrnambool Library, on behalf of the City Council, took over all the holdings of the WMI. At this time some of the items were separated and identified as the ‘Pattison Collection’, named after Ralph Pattison. Eventually the components of the WMI were distributed from the Warrnambool Library to various places, including the Art Gallery, Historical Society and Flagstaff Hill. Later some were even distributed to other regional branches of Corangamite Regional Library and passed to and fro. It is difficult now to trace just where all of the items have ended up. The books at Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village generally display stamps and markings from Pattison as well as a variety of other institutions including the Mechanics’ Institute itself. RALPH ERIC PATTISON Ralph Eric Pattison was born in Rockhampton, Queensland, in 1891. He married Maude Swan from Warrnambool in 1920 and they set up home in Warrnambool. In 1935 Pattison accepted a position as City Librarian for the Warrnambool City Council. His huge challenge was to make a functional library within two rooms of the Mechanics’ Institute. He tirelessly cleaned, cleared and sorted a disarrayed collection of old books, jars of preserved specimens and other items reserved for exhibition in the city’s museum. He developed and updated the library with a wide variety of books for all tastes, including reference books for students; a difficult task to fulfil during the years following the Depression. He converted all of the lower area of the building into a library, reference room and reading room for members and the public. The books were sorted and stored using a cataloguing and card index system that he had developed himself. He also prepared the upper floor of the building and established the Art Gallery and later the Museum, a place to exhibit the many old relics that had been stored for years for this purpose. One of the treasures he found was a beautiful ancient clock, which he repaired, restored and enjoyed using in his office during the years of his service there. Ralph Pattison was described as “a meticulous gentleman whose punctuality, floorless courtesy and distinctive neat dress were hallmarks of his character, and ‘his’ clock controlled his daily routine, and his opening and closing of the library’s large heavy doors to the minute.” Pattison took leave during 1942 to 1942 to serve in the Royal Australian Navy, Volunteer Reserve as Lieutenant. A few years later he converted one of the Museum’s rooms into a Children’s Library, stocking it with suitable books for the younger generation. This was an instant success. In the 1950’s he had the honour of being appointed to the Victorian Library Board and received more inspiration from the monthly conferences in Melbourne. He was sadly retired in 1959 after over 23 years of service, due to the fact that he had gone over the working age of council officers. However he continued to take a very keen interest in the continual development of the Library until his death in 1969.

Significance

The Pattison Collection, along with other items at Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, was originally part of the Warrnambool Mechanics' Institute’s collection. The Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute Collection is primarily significant in its totality, rather than for the individual objects it contains. Its contents are highly representative of the development of Mechanics' Institute libraries across Australia, particularly Victoria. A diversity of publications and themes has been amassed, and these provide clues to our understanding of the nature of and changes in the reading habits of Victorians from the 1850s to the middle of the 20th century. The collection also highlights the Warrnambool community’s commitment to the Mechanics’ Institute, reading, literacy and learning in the regions, and proves that access to knowledge was not impeded by distance. These items help to provide a more complete picture of our community’s ideals and aspirations. The Warrnambool Mechanics Institute book collection has historical and social significance for its strong association with the Mechanics Institute movement and the important role it played in the intellectual, cultural and social development of people throughout the latter part of the nineteenth century and the early twentieth century. The collection of books is a rare example of an early lending library and its significance is enhanced by the survival of an original collection of many volumes. The Warrnambool Mechanics' Institute’s publication collection is of both local and state significance.

Inscriptions & Markings

Label on spine with typed text PAT 209.2 GUI Pastedown end page has sticker from Corangamite Regional Library Service

Book - The papers of George Augustus Robinson, Chief Protector, Port Phillip Aboriginal Protectorate : volume four : annual and occasional reports : 1841-1849

Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages, Fitzroy

This is a collection of Official Reports from the Chief Protector of Aborigines. It includes expedition reports to the Western Interior, 1841, a journey of 1,100 miles to the tribes of the North West and Western Interior, 1845 and Annual Reports.

Inscriptions & Markings

document reproductions

Photograph - Black and White - Sunny Corner, Ballarat, c1890

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

Black and white photograph showing Sunny (or Sunnyside) Corner, Ballarat. The photo shows Swenson's Tannery in the foreground, Chinese gardens on the left, Ballarat Woollen Mill on the right, Mt Buninyong in the background, and Mt Pleasant and the Mt Pleasant Methodist Church in the middle distance on the left hand side,

Metal Shield- coat of arms

City of Warrnambool Rowing Club, Warrnambool

Circular metal shield with blue and gold enamel paint depicting the rowing clubs shield: A sailing boat, sheaf of wheat and sun below the Coat of Arms of Victoria, the Princess Royal.

Historical information

In 1953 the warrnambool rowing club was given permission to use the warrnambool city council colors and insignia.

Inscriptions & Markings

City of Warrnambool Rowing Club By These We Florish

Book

Nhill & District Historical Society Inc., Nhill

Salvation Army Magazine - March/April 1932

Book - Primitive Art

Tatura Irrigation & Wartime Camps Museum, Tatura

Blue and white soft covered book. Black printing. 2 Pelicans on front cover. Picture of author and short history of his life.

Historical information

Book first published 1940, Reprinted 1942, Revised and enlarged by the author whilst interned in Tatura Camp 3 and on release at the University of Melbourne. Donated by a friend of the Adam family.

Miner's Right

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

Victoria, Series - N. No. 94/37. Maryborough

Book - When the wattles bloom again : the life and times of William Barak, last chief of the Yarra Yarra tribe

Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages, Fitzroy

Biography of William Barak, including cultural notes on the Woi wurrung Wurundjeri people.

Inscriptions & Markings

colour photographs, b&w illustrations, document reproductions

Trophy: CTS silver CTS 1966 - Silver trophy from Woodwork Instructors Association Model of the year 1966 won by Collingwood Technical School

NMIT (Northern Melbourne Institute of TAFE),

Silver trophy from the Woodwork Instructors Association Model of the year 1966 won by Collingwood Technical School

Inscriptions & Markings

WOODWORK INSTRUCTORS ASSOCIATION / Model of the year - 1966 / First prize Form 3 / Won by / COLLINGWOOD TECH SCHOOL'

Book with CD - Maambakoort 4

Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages, Fitzroy

Language reader.

Inscriptions & Markings

Colour photographs, word lists, CD

Galvanometer W.G. Pye & Co.

University of Melbourne School of Physics Museum, Parkville

Galvanometer consisting of a wooden stand with a fold down wooden front cover. One coil attached to front panel and fixed coil on the rear stand. Quartz fibre and reflecting mirror missing. Three brass leveling screws on the base. Handcrafted, machined/industrial technique, assembled, cast. Manual or machine application- sanded, buffed, polished, stained/coated/ laquered. Surface finish: polished, laquered, stained, coated corrosion/patina.

Inscriptions & Markings

[Stamped] top centre of upright front face: W.G. PYE & CO./ ENG./ CAMBRIDGE. Inscribed on base plate in front: No. 11972.

Book - Fleece investigations

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Historical information

"Fleece investigations" -F G Lennox, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Pamphlet no 83, 1938.

Document- Journal

Tatura Irrigation & Wartime Camps Museum, Tatura

Copy of Australian Jewish Historical Society Journal vol. XXI 2013, Part 3.

Historical information

Published by the Australian Jewish Historical Society, this edition contains articles relevant to the Dunera Association.

Gouach Painting - Edge of the Day - Bali

The Dunmoochin Foundation, Cottles Bridge

Gouache painting of a landscape.

Inscriptions & Markings

Inscribed on reverse: 'Stramp Adriane Edge of the Day - Bali'

Publication - Honey and dust: travels in search of sweetness (Ede, P. M.), London, 2005

Beechworth Honey Archive, Beechworth

Historical Caulfield to 1972, photo album by Jenny O’Donnell, Balaclava Rd

Glen Eira Historical Society, Caulfield South

2 photos of number 73, a single storey house

Sample, Carpet

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Test weave from first lot of carpet made on all Australian Loom, in Australia, in 1945. Test weave from first lot of carpet made on all Australian Loom, in Australia, in 1945.

Historical information

Test weave from first lot of carpet made on all Australian Loom, in Australia, in 1945. Made at Springvale, Victorian by the Carpet Weaving Company (on the loom pictured in W1520). Originally part of the ten piece collection presented to the Queensland Museum by Mr Doug Glanville.

Inscriptions & Markings

1st run off on 100% Australian made loom (Wilton) Carpet Weaving Co. Springvale Victoria E & D Glanville 1945 2

Photograph - black and white - Neville French and Ceramics Students

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

Nevilel French (right hand side) and 4 students inspect ceramics work around a kiln at the Ballarat School of Mines Technical Art School.

Publication - Beekeeping Equipment. (John L. Guilfoyle & Co.). Darra, 1970.

Beechworth Honey Archive, Beechworth

24 pages, illustrated

Photograph - Three men filming

Ithacan Historical Society, Melbourne

Black & white photograph with white crinkled border of 3 men with a movie camera.

Coveralls, AFV Crewman, Cotton, Camouflage Pattern

4th/19th Prince of Wales's Light Horse Regiment Unit History Room, Macleod

One piece cotton camouflage pattern coveralls for AFV crew. Size 94L

Stencil

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Inscriptions & Markings

#NAME?

Lamp, paraffin

Friends of Westgarthtown, Thomastown

Cobalt Bulls eye Font TC4 Base table lamp, ceramic black glazed base, brass pedestal, with cobalt blue glass paraffin storage, 6 faceted bulls eye decorations. 2 flat wick burner also in brass. Plain glass chimney, oval; spherical frosted glass covering with etched decorations with alternating wreaths and lamps on a repeated frieze.

Inscriptions & Markings

John Scott Made in England' engraved on wick adjusters

Plaque - Quota club

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a small metal plaque (brass coloured). It has been attached to a wooden board and is much discoloured and blotched.

Historical information

This is a plaque given to the Quota Club of Warrnambool in 1983 when it was a finalist in an award given by the Victorian Council of Community Service Clubs. Quota Clubs were established to promote gender equality, to empower women and to assist people with physical and mental disabilities. The Warrnambool Quota Club was active in the 1970s, 1980s and 1990s but no longer exists.

Significance

This item is of some interest as a memento of the work of a service club of the past

Inscriptions & Markings

‘Presented by the Government of Victoria to the Quota Club of Warrnambool, Finalist 1983 Award, The Victorian Council of Community Service Clubs’

Ruler

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Historical information

Used for drawing lines on page.

Journal - Wool Science Review 33, October 1967

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Historical information

"Wool Science Review 33, October 1967" - Research Department, International Wool Secretariat.

Washboard

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

washboard wooden square board ribbed glass section

Sunny Hill Golf Course North Road Carnegie

Glen Eira Historical Society, Caulfield South

This file contains two items, A letter that is a receipt for Mr Alston’s payment of interest in the golf course known as ‘Sunny Hill’ North Road Carnegie, dated 06/12/1938, A written a rewritten note by Felicitie Campbell from notes and memory of a phone conversation, the informant being Gordon Alston, on the history of the golf course, undated.

Photograph - Fairhaven 1920's, G.O.R.

Lorne Historical Society, Lorne

Photograph showing car and pedestrians on Sandy Road at Fairhaven G.O.R. 1920's

Folio - Newspaper clippings

Tatura Irrigation & Wartime Camps Museum, Tatura

Collection of newspapercuttings/articles from Murchison Advertiser

Historical information

Collected and collated from Murchison Advertiser newspapers by John Weppner

Bat

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

A Nicolls Champion, laminated wooden bat, with rubber handle grip. Model name features on reverse, Nicholls logo and East Sussex coat-of-arms trademark feature on obverse. Materials: Wood, Ink, Rubber, Glue, Lacquer, Metal, Adhesive tape

Postcard

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Postcard of Warrnambool breakwater. Coloured

Folder - Watsonia High School - Historical Records 1984 - Volume One

Greensborough Historical Society,

Black 2-ring binder, foolscap size, Contains: Weekly Newsletters Vol 84 No 1 thru 41; HSC Report; Various Committee Reports; Admin Folder & General Handbook; School Principal & Departmental Notices; 1984 School Magazine (Kurnaji); Special School Events notices.

Historical information

Created in 1984 by a member of the WHS staff (Maria Wozniac) as a permanent record for future safe keeping - 27 years on it has found the perfect permanent home at G'boro Historical Society

Significance

Reflects through documentation of that time, how a Victorian Secondary School functioned during the 1980's. A good comparator for readers of George Orwell's prophecy book "1984" written in 1948.

Inscriptions & Markings

Compiled by Maria R. Wozniac

Photograph, postcard "Boiling the Billy" c1900 - Early 1900's "Boiling the Billy"

City of Moorabbin Historical Society operating the Box Cottage Museum, Ormond

Postcard with a black and white Photograph on the front and a 'Divided Back ' for the message and address. There are seven men surrounding the billy suspended over a camp fire. The ground has a lot of dead branches around. One man is bending down towards the billy. Two men on either side of the camp fire are carrying either a white bag across their shoulders or the fish in their hands. You can see, that there is some steam also coming out of the billy, which means that its hot.

Historical information

Early 1900's. "Boiling the billy". The term billy or billycan is particularly associated with Australian usage, but is also used in the UK and Ireland. It is widely accepted that the term "billycan" is derived from the large cans used for transporting bouilli or bully beef on Australia-bound ships or during exploration of the outback, which after use were modified for boiling water over a camp fire. Postcards developed out of the complex tradition of nineteenth-century printed calling cards, beginning with the advent of the Cartes-de-Visite in France. In the 1850s, Parisian photographer Andre Adolphe Eugene Disderi invented a photographic process involving egg white, albumen, and silver nitrate to create inexpensive portraits on paper cards. These photographic Cartes-de-Visites were 2 1/2 (75mm) by 4 inches (98mm) and became a popular, collectable form of "visiting cards" world-wide. Photographers would reprint portraits of famous individuals they had taken at their studios or during travel and sell them as collectable cards. Postcards as we know them now first began in 1861 as cards mailed by private post. In the 1870s picture postcards grew in popularity throughout the United States, Britain, Europe, and Japan. Cards were first permitted to have a "Divided Back," with text written on the left half of a dividing line and the address on the right half, beginning in England in 1902. Around 1900 the first postcards made of "Real Photos" rather than artwork began to circulate, aided in by advances in amateur photography equipment by companies such as Kodak. Kodak also introduced postcard paper for photographic development and photography studios began to offer portraits printed as postcards Many local town, countryside, and architectural images were captured during this period by local photographers, then printed and sold as postcards . Advances in amateur photography all contributed to a postcard craze that lasted from 1900 to the First World War. Postcards were the preferred means to send a quick note, whether across town or across a continent.

Inscriptions & Markings

Court Post Card. / this space may be used for correspondence. / The address only to be written here.

Program/menu

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

Medium card,cream in colour. Box surrounds text "150th Anniversary Dinner" with B/W photograph underneath. Inside pages contains program and menu for the event, with B/W Photograph of Brigade.Back cover gives present day particulars of membership with colour photograph.

Historical information

Presented to guests at the 150th Anniversary of Warrnambool Fire brigade.

Significance

The celebration of 150 years of the Fire brigade is a significant social event in the city. It shows dedication to an important community service. The program presents a present day menu and historical photographs.

Inscriptions & Markings

Front cover has gold logo" Warrnambool Urban Fire Brigade".

Photograph - Colour - St Paul's Ballarat, from the Coles Carpark, 2015

Victorian Interpretive Projects Inc., Redan, 3350

Colour photograph of Ballarat looking towards St Paul's church and spire. The horizon viewline allows a clear view of the St Paul's belltower.

Photograph

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Photograph of wool bales being delivered to the Australian Estates Co. Ltd wool store, c.1960s.

Historical information

Photograph was owned by Mr Harry Harradence who worked for Australian Estates wool brokers (Sunshine Road, Tottenham) between 1944-88. This photo dates from the 1960s and depicts a truck loaded with wool bales arriving at the 'wool receipts' entrance of Australian Estates.

Block

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

2 sheave wood block with ring

Postcard: Lake Crescent Gardens, Creswick

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

The coloured card has a white border with the title at the bottom left. A slightly indented section surrounds the picture. Trees are reflected in the lake and create a peaceful scene.

Pitchfork

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Historical information

Used at Foster Valley Mill.

Book - The Victoria Government Gazette 1883 1 Vol 65

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

The Victoria Government Gazette 1883 1 Vol 65

Badge

Frankston RSL Sub Branch, Frankston

R.A.A.F Cap badge with Queens Crown on top

Dr C R F Richardson, 1980's

Ballarat Base Hospital Trained Nurses League,

Photo

Postcard: Sturt Street and Ballarat East

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

Sturt street and Ballarat East

Photograph

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

Photograph of Launch and Punt with two cars aboard and one driving up the Newhaven Beach. San Remo in the background across The Narrows.

Historical information

One of a collection of photographs in an album commenced in 1960 and presented to the Historical Society by the Shire of Phillip Island