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Victorian Collections -

Prisoner of War & Internment Camps: Tatura and Rushworth

1 Oct 2018

During the First World War, the theatres of Europe felt worlds away for Australians on the home front. The Second World War’s Pacific stage brought war closer to home. For some Victorian country towns, the repercussions of war arrived right on their doorstep.

Curated By

Alana Bennett Mazzilli, Work experience student, Academy of Mary Immaculate

144498 items

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144498 items

Photograph

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Gordon Technical College woolclassing students, c.1920-35.

Historical information

Depicts students of the Gordon Technical College wool classing course displaying their sample books, c.1920. This photo is possibly an old copy print of a photo which hangs at the Gordon.

Document, programme - Comradeship Mid-Year Party “Barefoot Days” - Sunday, 8th July, 1990

Melbourne Legacy, Melbourne

Two pieces of paper with black type on one side only. Two punched holes on each sheet.

Historical information

Programme and song sheet for Melbourne Legacy comradeship party. Includes names of Legatees, songs sung and words to song “Barefoot Days”. 00070.1 Comradeship Mid-Year Party programme 00070.2 Barefoot Days songsheet

Photograph - Heritage Excursion; Laughing Waters, Laughing Waters Road, Eltham, 7 Sep 2013

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Born Digital

Historical information

LAUGHING WATERS WALK This excursion was a follow up to the Laughing Waters Story told to us by Jane Woollard at our Annual General Meeting in March 2013. It involved a walk commencing from the corner of Laughing Waters and Overbank Roads along Laughing Waters Road to its eastern end and returning partly over the same route - a total distance of about 2.5km. On the way we visited the two artist in residence properties to view the houses on them that are associated with Alistair Knox, Gordon Ford and others in the local mud brick and artistic community. An unexpected afternoon tea was offered to us by the artists in residence and we had a brief opportunity to view inside one of the houses.

Postcard: A corner of beautiful Lake Wendouree, Ballarat

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

The card is in colour and shows a small section of Lake Wendouree. A piece of land juts out into the water and in the distance can be seen some boatsheds. A branch hangs over the scene from the top right and an orange coloured tree is in the background.

Lister stationary engine

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Lister stationary engine, smaller of two in collection, green

Drop Bag for Ammunition

Running Rabbits Military Museum operated by the Upwey Belgrave RSL Sub Branch, Upwey

Drop bag for ammunition 7.62. Green Cloth

Certificate - Deputy Registrar's Certificate for Undertaker

Hume City Civic Collection, Sunbury

This is a Deputy registrar's certificate for undertaker certifying the registration of death.

Historical information

This certificate registers the death of Elizabeth Munsie issued by Frances Bethell on the 4th January 1893.

Inscriptions & Markings

"...Elizabeth Munsie..."

Postcard

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Black and White 135 mm x 85mm. of M.V. Cheshire, with inscription of BIBBY LINE. (SH 053-2 Ships C - E).

Aboriginal Grinding Stone

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

Large concave stone. Nardoo Stone of Nanya Tribe.

Photograph - Looking west to Mountainview Road Bridge from Petrie Park, Montmorency

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Colour photograph

Compass

Hand Tool Preservation Association of Australia Inc, Caulfield

compass, arm, dip pen

Historical information

This item is part of the Thomas Caine Tool Collection, owned by The National Trust of Australia (Victoria) and curated by the Hand Tools Preservation Association of Australia.

Technical Methods of Ore Analysis

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

A standard reference book in mines, smelters, mills and student laboratories. Contains some illustrations and tables. Hardbound in dark blue. Eleventh edition.

Inscriptions & Markings

Signed inside front cover 1948

Key

Port Fairy Historical Society , Port Fairy

Door Key: Large metal key

Historical information

Key to main door of Moyne Steam Flour mill Gipps Street Port Fairy

Photograph

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

Large Sepia photograph of a motorcycle rider, possibly Agostini Agostart, standing and crowd of onlookers and team workers.

Historical information

One of a collection of photographs purchased from Photo First, Thompson Avenue, Cowes, when it closed in June, 2014.

Inscriptions & Markings

Historic motorsport, Agostini Agostart.

Watercolour on paper - [Yachting] by Neville Bunning

Federation University Australia Art Collection ,

Historical information

Neville Bunning taught Sculpture and ceramiCs at the Ballarat Technical Art School, a division of the Ballarat School of mines, from 1945 until 1964. During that time he formed the Ballarat Artist's Society, a group that sponsored art and invited modernist artists to visit Ballarat to speak to students and the public. Bunning wrote a weekly column in 'The Courier', where his insightful comments made readers aware of significant trends in art. This item is part of the Federation University Art Collection. The Art Collection features over 1000 works and was listed as a 'Ballarat Treasure' in 2007.

Photograph

8th/13th Victorian Mounted Rifles Regimental Collection, North Bandiana

Black and white photograph of three soldiers, two dressed in khaki drill shirt and trousers, boots, web anklets and belts. One dressed in winter battledress, boots, web anklets, and belt. All are wearing berets with silver Rising Sun hat badges. One of a collection of photographs of 8th/13th Victorian Mounted Rifles Regiment between 1948 and 1951

Historical information

he 8th/13th Victorian Mounted Rifles was raised as a regiment of the Royal Australian Armoured Corps on 1 May 1948 with Headquarters in Melbourne and squadrons in Sale, Benalla/Wangaratta and Albury. In 1955 Regimental Headquarters moved to Wangaratta and a second squadron was located at Albury. The Sale squadron transferred to 4th/19th Prince of Wales’s Light Horse. In 1977 8/13 VMR Regiment was reduced to an independent squadron A Squadron 8th/13th Victorian Mounted Rifles and in 1991 was linked with 4th/19th Prince of Wales’s Light Horse forming the VMR Squadron of that regiment.

Significance

Unique collection of photographs showing the first years of an armoured regiment of the post-Second World War era Citizen Military Forces showing equipment, uniforms, training and social activity and some personalities.

Inscriptions & Markings

" Cpl. Leischke, Major Hoskin 'OC" HQ Squadron, Sgt. ( Unnamed )"

Ammunition

Running Rabbits Military Museum operated by the Upwey Belgrave RSL Sub Branch, Upwey

1 Inch Fare Pistol Flare Cartridges

Photograph - Rear of Lydiard St North warehouses, Ballarat

City of Ballarat Libraries, Ballarat

Historical information

An image from the Herbert Richmond collection, gifted in 1982 to the Ballarat Library. The collection contains approximately 200 photographs of Ballarat and district in the 1940s, 50s and 60s, as well as photo albums, glass negatives and other memorabilia. Herb Richmond was a keen photographer, a foundation member and a life member of the Ballarat Camera Club, and a photographer with the Ballarat Courier during the 1940s. The Ballarat Camera Club named an annual award after him. Mr Richmond died in 1981 aged 79. These images were digitally re-photographed by members of the Ballarat Camera Club in September 2006. The rear of the architecturally important warehouses in Lydiard Street North has long been a site for signwriters and advertisers to promote their wares. The warehouses were erected in 1861-2.

Desk

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Historical information

Textile Mill furniture.

Booklet - Tank Hunting and Destruction. Mil Training Pam No 42, 1942

4th/19th Prince of Wales's Light Horse Regiment Unit History Room, Macleod

Soft covered booklet. Drafted as a guide and help to troops who have the determination and nerve to destroy tanks at close quarters. Reprinted with Amendments 1 & 2, 1941.

Photograph - Michael Wilson Diamond Jewellers, cnr of Brougham Street and Main Road, Eltham during Bolton Street upgrade, Eltham, 13 November, 2017

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Born Digital

Swingle tree and jinker pole

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Black pole, double black swingle trees; from Jinker?

Photograph - The Punt, Echuca / by Nicholas Caire, circa 1876

Kew Historical Society Inc, Kew

Views of Victoria (General Series) No.34; ‘The Punt, Echuca’; Albumen silver photograph | Photo on card with Title and Description on reverse | Mounted 24 x 30 cm; Photo 12 x 17 cm.

Historical information

Nicholas Caire was born on Guernsey in the Channel Islands in 1837. He arrived in Adelaide with his parents in about 1860. In 1867, following photographic journeys in Gippsland, he opened a studio in Adelaide. From 1870 to 1876 he lived and worked in Talbot in Central Victoria. In 1876 he purchased T. F. Chuck's studios in the Royal Arcade Melbourne. In 1885, following the introduction of dry plate photography, he began a series of landscape series, which were commercially successful. As a photographer, he travelled extensively through Victoria, photographing places few of his contemporaries had previously seen. He died in 1918. Reference: Jack Cato, 'Caire, Nicholas John (1837–1918)', Australian Dictionary of Biography.

Significance

An original, rare photograph from the series 'Views of Victoria: General Series' by the photographer, Nicholas Caire (1837-1918). The series of 60 photographs that comprise the series was issued c. 1876 and reinforced a neo-Romantic view of the Australian landscape to which a growing nationalist movement would respond. Nicholas Caire was active as a photographer in Australia from 1858 until his death in 1918. His vision of the Australian bush and pioneer life had a counterpart in the works of Henry Lawson and other nationalist poets, authors and painters.

Inscriptions & Markings

On Reverse: ‘The subject of this illustration is the principal crossing-place on the River Murray at Echuca, as regards the ordinary road traffic from the district of Riverina, New South Wales. After the periodical floods, the Punt is found to be insufficient for the large traffic; but this inconvenience will not be found to occur again to any great extent, as the new Railway Bridge from Moama will considerably lessen the road traffic through the Township of Echuca.’

Photograph - Self portrait, Justus Jorgensen, founder of Montsalvat

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Colour negative and black and white photograph reproduced on p106 of 'Pioneers & Painters' Shire of Eltham Pioneers Photo Collection, no. 5008 (duplicate of hard copy held at Eltham Library) Original painting in collection of Montsalvat

Balance sheet for the Ballarat West Election. Progressive Political League of Victoria, Ballarat West Branch

Unions Ballarat, Ballarat

Paper

Historical information

The Progressive Political League was formed in 1891 after the 1890 Maritime Workers Strike; it subsequently became the Australian Labor Party. The PPL is also contemporaneous with the defeat of the Shearer's Strike (1891). Its platform included "electoral reform, reform of the labour laws, social reform and supported Federation on a ‘democratic basis’." (Anarchist Age 2008). More information about the formation of the Progressive Political League in Victoria can be found at http://anarchistmedia.org/pdf/701-800/AAWR-07768.html More information about the history of the PPL and its political fortunes can be found in Paul Strangio's book, "Neither Power Nor Glory". PPL enjoyed some political success in Victoria around this time, but it was unsustainable due to the loose political allegiances of some of the candidates. (Strangio 2012).

Significance

The balance sheets are a financial record of activity around the Ballarat West Election.

Light Fitting

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Part of a brass light fitting. Fitting has three thumb screws for securing glass chimney.

Photograph

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

B/W photograph of a building with no roof and a telephone pole in the foreground. Reverse numberes "5463". Inscribed along top of photo: "Porteous".

Book - Oriental Carpet Identifier

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Historical information

"Oriental Carpet Identifier" - Ian Bennett, 1985.

Wallet - Leather

Ballarat RSL Sub-Branch Inc., Invermay Park

Historical information

This object relates to Charles Ben French. He was born on 17 November 1904 in Melbourne, Victoria. Charles French served in the NZ Merchant Navy as a Merch. Navy Non-Commissioned Baker (BAKER). He was not taken as a prisoner of war.

Inscriptions & Markings

Gold engraving - City of Kew, Victoria Insignia, Presented by The Mayor, Councillors and Citizens of the City of Kew to C B French on enlistment for Active Service Abroad 1941

Certificate - Registrar's Certificate for Undertaker.

Hume City Civic Collection, Sunbury

A seventh schedule standard registrar's certificate for the undertaker used in the 1930s. The certificate shows the date of registering the deceased, the names of the deceased and the registrar. The burial certificate has been removed. The number 685 is written in the top RH corner and the name John Daley is written at the top, both in pencil. The registrar's signature is stamped at the end of the information.

Historical information

The certificate registers the death of Elizabeth Josephine Feehan in the district of Melbourne. Walter William Lang was the registrar. The date of registration was 5 June 1936

Inscriptions & Markings

"John Daley / WALTER WILLIAM LANG / Elizabeth Josephine Feehan / 5 June 1936 / 5 June 1936 / W.W. Lang

Super spreader

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Horse drawn, burgundy and white hopper, unpainted shafts, rubber wheels

PHOTOGRAPH

Clunes Museum, Clunes

PHOTOGRAPH MATTED OR MOUNTED ON CARD. YOUNG MAN IN SUIT.

Inscriptions & Markings

NO 1992 DVR. F.A. THOMAS 18TH ASC

Photograph - Construction of Eltham Library; fitting out stage, April 1994

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Roll of 35mm colour negative film, 6 strips

Historical information

The new Eltham Library was opened 22 May 1994. Linda McConnell was Branch Manager at the time. Donated via Yarra Plenty Regional Library, Linda McConnell Collection, March 2018 and held in joint partnership. Digitised from negatives held by Eltham District Historical Society. Print copies held by YPRL and EDHS.

Inscriptions & Markings

Kodak Gold 100-3

Book, Knitting - Patons C-1046

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Historical information

This knitting pattern book was published by Patons and Baldwins (UK) and contains a pattern for a knitted jumper.

Inscriptions & Markings

Bulky- / beats the / clock! / C-1046 / 6d / PATONS / Big Ben / KNITTING / V-neck sweater for man or woman / 6 sizes 34-44 inches / P&B / WOOLS

Domestic Item

Nhill & District Historical Society Inc., Nhill

Peg Tidy

Trimmer - Wall Paper

Hand Tool Preservation Association of Australia Inc, Caulfield

Historical information

This Item is part of the Thomas Caine Collection owned by National Trust of Victoria.

Pennant

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Inscriptions & Markings

KINGSTON S.E. Sth Aust. KINGSTON S.E.

Trophy

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Possibly the lid to [w6602]

Historical information

Acquired when "Classweave Industries" closed down.

Image

Rutherglen Historical Society, Rutherglen

One of a group of photographs of Rutherglen collected from magazines (Pix or People or Post), then pasted onto orange paper, date unknown. Group of unidentified people

BOOK - Chamber's Encyclopaedia A Dictionary of Universal Knowledge for the People - Volume 6, LAB-NUM

Clunes Museum, Clunes

Illustrated with maps and numerous wood engravings

Inscriptions & Markings

Sticker on front cover "Clunes Mechanic's Institute"

Binder - Membership M-Z

Freemasons Victoria - Southern Cross Lodge No. 24 (Maldon), Maldon

Object - Reel to Reel Tape Recorder

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

A white plastic 'National' audio tape recorder with brown handles

Inscriptions & Markings

model RQ-700 Seriel number 3145

Book - The Development of Tertiary Education In Victoria 1963-1972: Report and Recommendations of the Committee for Development of Tertiary Education in Victoria, 1963

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

Beige soft covered book of 178 pages. The report was known as the Ramsay Report,

Historical information

Withdrawn from the Ballarat College of Advanced Education Library.

Photograph

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

Sepia toned photograph of a large number of gentlemen standing in front of a factory. Caption reads 'Munro's Foundry Alfredton 1886'. Sign on factory at middle distance reads "G. Munro Engineer, Smith and Agricultural Machine maker".

Photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Echuca wharf with two cargo sheds on it. Hydraulic cranes are visible behind the barge Federal as well as a paddle steamer. The Federal is loaded with wool, the barge behind her also has a load of wool. The paddle steamer looks to have wool stacked on her front decks, and is seen letting off steam, possibly as she has just come into port. Workers are visible on the wharf, possibly waiting to start unloading the cargo from the new arrivals.

Historical information

Echuca wharf looking north with the barge Federal in the foreground, another barge tied up behind her and a paddle steamer loaded with wool also tied to the wharf during time of high river.River-men waiting on the wharf to begin unloading this produce to be stored in either of the two massive cargo sheds before being loaded onto rail carriages to go to the main Ports of Australia.

Significance

Echuca was the largest inland port in Australia at the height of the River trade. Paddle steamers with barges such as the Federal would bring the farmers wool into the port to then be taken to markets in Melbourne or the rest of the world via steam ships. This was the most cost effective way of moving the wool as Echuca was the closest part of the river to Melbourne, where the majority of this produce was taken.Drought or floods, the wharf was designed as to enable wool like this be unloaded at all times.

Inscriptions & Markings

Dusting Collin on back Wharf. High River c1915 1916 Federal barge. Looking North. Boat in background same as 394 P916.1

Printmaking - Artists Book 1995

Federation University Australia Art Collection ,

.8) Framed

Historical information

This item is part of the Federation University Art Collection. The Art Collection features over 1000 works and was listed as a 'Ballarat Treasure' in 2007.

Photograph, Auxiliary Ambulance

Ambulance Victoria Museum, Bayswater

Black and white photograph showing the interior stretcher layout in back of truck.

Historical information

Interior stretcher layout of commercial truck converted into an auxiliary ambulance during the Second World War. Photographs AHSV 645 and AHSV 646 relate to same vehicle.

Framed Medals

Running Rabbits Military Museum operated by the Upwey Belgrave RSL Sub Branch, Upwey

Pte J.R.Norman; J.Cunningham RN; L/Cpl George W. Steele.

Clarendon Presbyterian Ladie College and Kindergarten

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

Cream cover, blue & gold lettering, contains school fees, rules, regulations, clothing list etc for students. For new pupils of Clarendon Presbyterian Ladies College

Artwork - Painting - 'Professor J.LC. Chairman' by Lincoln Mitter

Federation University Australia Art Collection ,

Framed academic portrait.

Historical information

Professor Chioman was Pro Vice-Chancellor (1995-8) andDeputy Vice-Chancello (1995-1998). Presented by Monash University Gippsland Student Union Inc. on 20 November 1996.