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Victorian Collections -

Making and Using Transport on the Goldfields

28 Mar 2018

Ballarat’s coachbuilding industry and horse-drawn transport, as depicted in Victorian cultural collections.

Curated By

Carissa Goudey, Historian, Sovereign Hills Museums Association

115424 items

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115424 items

Photograph

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

Black & white photograph of house and garden originally named "Motpena" - later named "Strawberry Gardens" in 1920's. House owned by O. Underdown.

Historical information

One of two photographs donated by O. Underdown

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten on back of photograph "Strawberry Gardens, Rhyll, Phillip Island"

Book, ambulance station log, Frankston, 13 June 1976 to 7 February 1977

Ambulance Museum Victoria, Bayswater

Card and fabric bound book

Historical information

ambulance station log, Frankston, 13 June 1976 to 7 February 1977

Racquet

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

A Wilson Stan Smith Victory tennis racquet. Base of head features Wilson logo, flanked by two pairs of black and gold diamond devices. Throat and shaft features model name, with a shield device. Lower shaft and butt cap feature 'W' trademark. Leather handle grip manufactured by Victor Sports. Materials: Wood, Nylon, Leather, Glue, Metal, Lacquer, Paint, Adhesive tape, Ribbon, Plastic

Photograph - Digital image - Grave of John and Rebecca Blacker, St Helena Cemetery

Greensborough Historical Society,

Digital copy of colour photograph

Historical information

The Grave of John Blacker (died 20/01/1899) and Rebecca Blacker (died 09/06/1871), St Helena Cemetery.

Significance

St Helena Cemetery was originally the burial place of the Beale family and friends. The first burials took place in the 1850s. There are now over 200 burials.

ALP "Walk Against Kennett" - Norm Borchers, et al

Unions Ballarat, Ballarat

Photograph.

Historical information

Walk Against Kennett at Lake Wendouree, 1994. (Jeffrey Kennett was the 43rd Premier of Victoria between 1992 and 1999.) Photograph is of several people. Norm Borchers is identified as standing on the right hand side, wearing the light coloured hat. Norm Borchers passed away in 2008. Borchers was a Club President of the Sebastopol Lions Club (1975-76). He worked for the railways as an engineering employee and was long-term trade unionist (Amalgamated Engineering Union and the Australian Railways Union) and ALP member; he lived and worked in the Ballarat area. Norm was active in workplace disputes during the ALP split in 1955. He was a long time supporter of Ballarat Trades Hall.

ornament

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A hand-made spray of flowers made of different shells with a coral stem. They are in yellow cellophane with a bow at the front .

Significance

This item reflects the artistic and creative skills of women in the first half of the 20th century. The Ah Chow family was prominent in early Orbost.

Photograph - Democratic Nillumbik campaign float including butterflies from the Eltham Copper Butterfly campaign, 1988

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

colour photograph

Historical information

Float as part of the 1988 Eltham Festival from the community group "Democratic Nillumbik". The float includes a sign "Restore Local Democracy" with large crafted butterflies "from the Eltham Copper Butterfly campaign", 1988. The parade took place down Main Road Eltham, this float appears to be following a red fire truck.

Inscriptions & Markings

Inscribed back: Sue Dyet (at side) On float; Thelma Barkway, Julie Carlson and John Graves, standing plus butterflies from the Eltham Copper butterfly campaign 1988

Plane

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Plane Moulding type maker J Budd London. Stamped J Heath 3 stamped on opposite end

Historical information

John Heath tool box

Filter Cloth

Maffra Sugarbeet Museum, Maffra

A length of loosely woven white cotton material 80cm wide, and cut to 174cm in length, with frayed ends.

Historical information

This filter cloth is one of many used in the sugar production process.

Postcard

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Black And White postcard of a steam ship. Hand written on front of card is "R. M. S. Montnairn" "England To Canada 1927". (Sh 191 Ships M - R}

Inscriptions & Markings

Hand written on front of card is "R. M. S. Montnairn", "England To Canada 1927".

Framed print

Wangaratta RSL Sub Branch, Wangaratta

Timber frame with photos of all recipients of VC Medal from 1900-1973 Limited Series

Historical information

with Letter of Authenticity

Inscriptions & Markings

AUSTRALIAN VICTORIA CROSS AWARDS Limited Edition Series

Photograph album: CTC Paintings 1976-1997 - Photograph album of Paintings purchased by Collingwood Technical College 1976-1997

NMIT (Northern Melbourne Institute of TAFE),

Photo album with red cover and label on the spine 'Original paintings purchased by CTC'. The album contains photos of paintings purchased by Collingwood Technical College from February 1976 to November 1986. Includes notes as to their price, date purchased and where located. Some have notes saying ‘Missing’. Also memorandums listing paintings January 1991-January 1997.

Costume

Nhill & District Historical Society Inc., Nhill

Crochet items x 3

Photograph - Digital image - Loyola Seminary 2 [opening/dedication day crowd] 1934

Greensborough Historical Society,

Digital copy of black and white photograph.

Historical information

Part of a collection of photographs of the Jesuit Seminary in Grimshaw Street Watsonia. Opened in 1934, this was a house of formation and study for the Society of Jesus. Loyola College (established 1980), now occupies the site and purchased the original building in 2002.

Christmas Card

The Foundling Archive,, Brunswick East

Historical information

This item is part of a collection of photographs and postcards found at 'Lost and Found' market, Lygon street, Brunswick East over the period between April 2013 and September 2013.

Inscriptions & Markings

Season's Greetings Catsy Allen

Photograph

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

Photograph of a man working on the pier at French Island with winch in background.

Historical information

Photograph from a collection of photos donated by Mrs W Rankine

Inscriptions & Markings

"French Island Pier" 1920"

Postcard

Wangaratta RSL Sub Branch, Wangaratta

Postcard with a black and white photograph of a busy street scene

Historical information

From the album of WWI soldier William West (1268) of the 29 Infantry Battalion, 5th Pioneers Battalion. This collection of postcards, photographs and clippings were sent between William and his family and loved ones during the years he was on active service. See also 207 and 220.

Inscriptions & Markings

Front "wentworth street / petticoat lane"

Folder of Documents - Sands Directories. Greensborough. 1903-1942.

Greensborough Historical Society,

22 pages printed from Ancestry, in grey plastic folder

Historical information

Sands was a Victorian Directory containing an alphabetical list of citizens usually head of household) in a specific area. In this folder there are lists of Greensborough inhabitants from 1903 to 1942.

Significance

These lists show the growth of population in Greensborough in the first half of the 20th Century as the area developed from a rural to town community.

Photograph - Black and White - Yandoit Bicycle Shop

Ballarat Heritage Services, Bakery Hill Post Office

Photograph of a number of men and boys outside Schroeder's weatherboard store at Yandoit. The photograph relates to cycle agents Minotti and Sleeth. The shop which is shaded by a peppercorn tree. Most of the people in the photo are holding a bike, and one is pumping a pneumatic tyre. Two men wear long white aprons.

Doug Bryn & Caroline Burnie - Haematology

Ballarat Base Hospital Trained Nurses League,

Photo

Glass Connections for Tubing

Ballarat Base Hospital Trained Nurses League,

Chair

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Chair wooden dark brown. Curved arms and back rest. Hand grip in middle of back rest. Front legs, front spokes and spokes joining legs, and spokes connecting back rest to chair seat are decoratively shaped turned wood.

Folder - Peter Lawler

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Folder of information on Peter Lawler, Eltham, 1864

Photograph - Digital image - Stowell Marshall

Greensborough Historical Society,

Digital copy of black and white photograph.

Historical information

This photograph shows Stowell Marshall in uniform.

Inscriptions & Markings

No caption on this photograph

Photograph - Australian wharf

Mission to Seafarers Victoria, Docklands

Tournament Programme

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

Quotidien Officiel, Day Program for French Open 3rd June 1997 Materials: Paper, Ink

Booklet - Tropical Warfare (Aust) Pamphlet No 1 1944

4th/19th Prince of Wales's Light Horse Regiment Unit History Room, Macleod

Soft covered booklet

Historical information

The booklet acknowledged that the Army would have to face an enemy capable of being armed and equipped on a scale equal to our own and setting out conditions likely to be met and the methods used to apply the principles of war in a tropical environment. This information, published in 1944, may have been useful for Australian troops and their planners when they had to deal with the Japanese some 2 years earlier.

Inscriptions & Markings

Cancels MPT (Aust) No 23 xx Jungle Warfare

Photograph - Pigeon Bank, Kangaroo Ground, home of Mr. and Mrs. Menzies Jackson, 1971

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Copy of black and white photograph

Historical information

Cross Ref: SEPP 427

Photographic print

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

Photo of Carel Rosenbloom Materials: Paper, Photographic emulsion

Postcard: Lake Burrumbeet, Ballarat.

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

The card is in colour and shows a small shed with a jetty leading to it. A hill slopes down to the water from the left side. Several fence posts are on the right near the bottom right corner. Trees are dotted around the hill. The water is reflecting the sky with orange tints.

Enamelled Potato Bucket (Aardappel Emmer)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

The bucket is green enamelled on the outside and grey enamelled on the inside. The metal carry handle is looped through metal loops protruding above the rim.

Significance

The Dutch traditionally ate large quantities of potatoes. These would be peeled ahead of time by available labour (e.g., mother, children, visiting relatives) and kept under water till it was time to cook them. Vegetables were similarly prepared and kept under water to prevent browning before cooking.

Inscriptions & Markings

Aardappelen (Potatoes)

Aperture Card microfilm - Schedule Carlyle

Rutherglen Historical Society, Rutherglen

card with a single microfilm insert

Historical information

Schedule for Carlyle

Book - Double or Quit

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Double or Quit Some Views on Australian Development and Relations Author: R G Casey Publisher: F. W. Cheshire Date: 1949

Historical information

This item is from the ‘Pattison Collection’, a collection of books and records that was originally owned by the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute, which was founded in Warrnambool in 1853. By 1886 the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute (WMI) had grown to have a Library, Museum and Fine Arts Gallery, with a collection of “… choice productions of art, and valuable specimens in almost every branch and many wonderful national curiosities are now to be seen there, including historic relics of the town and district.” It later included a School of Design. Although it was very well patronised, the lack of financial support led the WMI in 1911 to ask the City Council to take it over. In 1935 Ralph Pattison was appointed as City Librarian to establish and organise the Warrnambool Library as it was then called. When the WMI building was pulled down in 1963 a new civic building was erected on the site and the new Warrnambool Library, on behalf of the City Council, took over all the holdings of the WMI. At this time some of the items were separated and identified as the ‘Pattison Collection’, named after Ralph Pattison. Eventually the components of the WMI were distributed from the Warrnambool Library to various places, including the Art Gallery, Historical Society and Flagstaff Hill. Later some were even distributed to other regional branches of Corangamite Regional Library and passed to and fro. It is difficult now to trace just where all of the items have ended up. The books at Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village generally display stamps and markings from Pattison as well as a variety of other institutions including the Mechanics’ Institute itself. RALPH ERIC PATTISON Ralph Eric Pattison was born in Rockhampton, Queensland, in 1891. He married Maude Swan from Warrnambool in 1920 and they set up home in Warrnambool. In 1935 Pattison accepted a position as City Librarian for the Warrnambool City Council. His huge challenge was to make a functional library within two rooms of the Mechanics’ Institute. He tirelessly cleaned, cleared and sorted a disarrayed collection of old books, jars of preserved specimens and other items reserved for exhibition in the city’s museum. He developed and updated the library with a wide variety of books for all tastes, including reference books for students; a difficult task to fulfil during the years following the Depression. He converted all of the lower area of the building into a library, reference room and reading room for members and the public. The books were sorted and stored using a cataloguing and card index system that he had developed himself. He also prepared the upper floor of the building and established the Art Gallery and later the Museum, a place to exhibit the many old relics that had been stored for years for this purpose. One of the treasures he found was a beautiful ancient clock, which he repaired, restored and enjoyed using in his office during the years of his service there. Ralph Pattison was described as “a meticulous gentleman whose punctuality, floorless courtesy and distinctive neat dress were hallmarks of his character, and ‘his’ clock controlled his daily routine, and his opening and closing of the library’s large heavy doors to the minute.” Pattison took leave during 1942 to 1945 to serve in the Royal Australian Navy, Volunteer Reserve as Lieutenant. A few years later he converted one of the Museum’s rooms into a Children’s Library, stocking it with suitable books for the younger generation. This was an instant success. In the 1950’s he had the honour of being appointed to the Victorian Library Board and received more inspiration from the monthly conferences in Melbourne. He was sadly retired in 1959 after over 23 years of service, due to the fact that he had gone over the working age of council officers. However he continued to take a very keen interest in the continual development of the Library until his death in 1969.

Significance

The Pattison Collection, along with other items at Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, was originally part of the Warrnambool Mechanics' Institute’s collection. The Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute Collection is primarily significant in its totality, rather than for the individual objects it contains. Its contents are highly representative of the development of Mechanics' Institute libraries across Australia, particularly Victoria. A diversity of publications and themes has been amassed, and these provide clues to our understanding of the nature of and changes in the reading habits of Victorians from the 1850s to the middle of the 20th century. The collection also highlights the Warrnambool community’s commitment to the Mechanics’ Institute, reading, literacy and learning in the regions, and proves that access to knowledge was not impeded by distance. These items help to provide a more complete picture of our community’s ideals and aspirations. The Warrnambool Mechanics Institute book collection has historical and social significance for its strong association with the Mechanics Institute movement and the important role it played in the intellectual, cultural and social development of people throughout the latter part of the nineteenth century and the early twentieth century. The collection of books is a rare example of an early lending library and its significance is enhanced by the survival of an original collection of many volumes. The Warrnambool Mechanics' Institute’s publication collection is of both local and state significance.

Inscriptions & Markings

Label on spine cover with typed text R.H. 330.994 CAS Pastedown front endpaper has sticker from Warrnambool Public Library covered by a sticker from Corangamite Regional Library Service Front loose endpaper has a stamp from Corangamite Regional Library Service

Plastic envelope

Hand Tool Preservation Association of Australia Inc, Caulfield

plastic envelope, bits, centre, 25

Historical information

This item is part of the Thomas Caine Tool Collection, owned by The National Trust of Australia (Victoria) and curated by the Hand Tools Preservation Association of Australia.

Photograph - Colour - National Cycling Championships, Ballarat

Victorian Interpretive Projects Inc., Redan, 3350

Colour photograph in digital format showing a number of female riders in the National Cycling Road Race, 2012. They are riding on Sturt Street and the Ballarat Town Hall is in the background.

Historical information

Each year the National Cycling awards are held in Ballarat.

Darren Croft scores Century and Blackburn wins the McIntosh Shield - Darren Croft scores Century and Blackburn win McIntosh Shield

Blackburn Cricket Club, Blackburn

Darren Croft scored a century at Morton Park to win Blackburn Cricket Club the McIntosh Shield premiership for the 1993/94 season. Batting with Simon "Willie" Nelson, Darren hit a four to bring up the win.

Tournament Programme

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

Tournament Programme: Davis Cup 1968 Challenge Round Materials: Paper, Ink

Ballot box

Williamstown Historical Society Inc, Williamstown

Ballot box

Inscriptions & Markings

Ballot box

Button - Women’s Day: Women’s Hospital [&] Queen Victoria Hospital – 27th June 1919

Kew Historical Society Inc, Kew

A pressed metal fundraising button released in 1919 to support the Royal Women’s and Queen Victoria Hospitals. In June 1919, The Argus reported that a ‘A well attended public meeting was held at the Town Hall yesterday afternoon to complete arrangements for the Button Day on June 27 in aid of the Women’s and the Queen Victoria Hospital. The Button Fund committee desires it to be known that several busy city sections are still vacant and that further offers of help in the sale of buttons will be welcomed’. It would appear that different buttons were released on the same day to support different hospitals in various urban and rural locations in Victoria.

Historical information

Most of the civic and sporting ephemera assembled by Francis Rigg were patriotic buttons. The use of these buttons as a means of raising revenue through patriotic sentiment occurred soon after Australia pledged allegiance to Empire. Buttons reflected ‘public sentiment, courage, patriotism, generosity and several [un- named] virtues’ such as the martyred mother of a ‘fallen’ hero. Attention was paid to attractiveness of design, encoded symbolism and high quality of production. Expressing ‘loyalty’, they were tokens to be kept for perpetuity. Female labour was used to operate the die that compressed the tin backing, photographic print and celluloid cover together. The pin was applied by hand. Women, of all ages, entered into the spirit of voluntary sales. Often they were sold at the entry and exit points of major pedestrian thoroughfares. The women of Kew set up a kiosk in front of the Post Office and the Railway Station to solicit their round, oval and square shaped wares. Pride in salesmanship was affected by publishing the name of the woman and her fiscal achievement in the major newspapers of the day.

Significance

The buttons form part of a collection of ephemera assembled by Francis Horace Rigg (19/10/1882-05/03/1946) of 50 Belford Road, Kew (Vic.). Frances Rigg was a local business identity in Kew, ultimately managing the local branch of the English, Scottish and Australian (ES&A) Bank at 175 High Street, Kew from c. 1920 until the 1940s. After Francis Rigg’s death, the collection of buttons and medallions was inherited by his son, Ken Rigg (14/11/1922-19/01/2014). The collection was subsequently donated to the Kew Historical Society in 2015 by his grandson Adrian Rigg at the time of the Gallipoli & Beyond Commemoration. The collection covers a period of almost 40 years. The majority of the buttons are patriotic buttons, issued and sold during and immediately after the First World World War (1914-1918) to raise funds for national and overseas causes. The collection also includes a number of locally significant sporting event buttons and sporting club medallions, issued in the 1920s and 1930s.

Photograph - Maroondah Dam, 17 Feb 1991

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Colour photograph

book - State School Number 3267 Lower Bendoc East Gippsland Victoria

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A spiral bound book with a plastic sheet front. The cover is white with black print and a b/w photo of a man sitting on a wooden chair outside a log building . Underneath is written "FROM HUMBLE BEGINNINGS TO FINAL CLOSURE".

Historical information

Located near the NSW border in the far east of Victoria, the Bendoc school served the needs of a rural population which opened the land to grazing at the turn of the century. It opened on September 8 1896. In December 1956 falling attendances forced the Education Department to close it. It is interesting to note that children here sought their secondary education in NSW. The first head teacher) was John M. Cass and the last R R King. In 1953-54 Lower Bendoc operated part-time with Goongerah. In 1955 it regained full-time status, but in 1956 worked part-time with Tubbut. Author, Dorothy Hepburn, attended Bendoc State School.

Significance

This is a useful reference tool on the history of Bendoc.

Book - Wool Appraisement Catalogues 1942-1943 No.s 66-75 Wool & Produce Manager

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Historical information

Wool appraisement catalogues produced by the woolbrokers Goldsborough Mort, titled: Wool Appraisement Catalogues 1942-1943 No.s 66-75 Wool and Produce Manager.

Inscriptions & Markings

WOOL / APPRAISEMENT / CATALOGUES / 1942-1943 / No.s 66-75 / WOOL & / PRODUCE / MANAGER

Photograph - Digital Image - Watsonia Station, 1960s

Greensborough Historical Society,

Digital copy of photograph

Historical information

View of Watsonia Station 1960s.

St. Anne’s Anglican Church, Bentleigh East

Glen Eira Historical Society, Caulfield South

Brief typed research, including sketch, by Claire Barton 16/04/2010 of church’s beginning and demise.

Photograph - Post Card

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

Black & White postcard. View looking across water to Rhyll.

Historical information

Donated by Stan McFee from the Keith McIlwraith Collection.

Inscriptions & Markings

"Off Rhyll Phillip Island 270"

Domestic-Food Prep

Tatura Irrigation & Wartime Camps Museum, Tatura

Wooden Egg Beater has a fluted head attached to the rod.

Army Badge Display

Anglesea and District Historical Society, Anglesea

Display of army badges (14) metal, mounted on teal fabric board with wooden uprights. 3 with ' Rising Sun' and 'Australian Commonwealth Military Forces'. 4 with 'Australia' 7 with motto 'Tria Juncta in Uno' inscribed.

Costume - Dress : Brown Crepe / by Bow+Arrow, 1970s

Kew Historical Society Inc, Kew

Long sleeve brown crepe day dress with matching belt of a contrasting colour. The round necked dress has a high waist and soft pleated skirt

Inscriptions & Markings

Label: Bow + Arrow

book - A History of the Aboriginal people of East Gippsland by Kym Thompson

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A manuscript book with a pink cover. A History of the Aboriginal People of East Gippsland by Kym Thompson. It is a report for the Land Conservation Council, Victoria, 1985. Contains archaeological research, history of white invasion and matters related to the preservation of sites of significance in the area. 284pp.

Navigation Chart - Plan of Anchorages between Borneo and New Guinea

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

British Admiralty Navigation Chart - Plan of Anchorages between Borneo and New Guinea with Kayeli Bay