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Victorian Collections -

Victorians and Native Birdlife

9 Jan 2018

An evolving relationship as illustrated through Victoria's cultural collections.

Curated By

Rohan Long, Technical Officer – Zoology and Collections Manager of the Tiegs Museum, School of BioSciences, Faculty of Science, University of Melbourne.

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107390 items

Book - Instruction Paper No.485B: Woolen and Worsted Warp Preparation part 2, 1st Ed.

National Wool Museum, Geelong

"Instruction Paper No.485B: Woolen and Worsted Warp Preparation part 2, 1st Ed." - International Correspondence Schools Ltd, 1926.

Historical information

"Instruction Paper No.485B: Woolen and Worsted Warp Preparation part 2, 1st Ed." - International Correspondence Schools Ltd, 1926.

Photograph - Black and White - Alice Cornwell

Ballarat Heritage Services, Bakery Hill Post Office

photograph mounted on original blue/green card.

Significance

Alice Cornwell was one of the richest women in the world due to her success in gold mining around Ballarat, Victoria, Australia.

Inscriptions & Markings

W & S Ltd. Barraud 263 Oxford Street, London & 92 Bold Street, Liverpool

Publication - The Australian apiary industry: pest and disease management. (Hooper, Ben). Moana, 2011.

Beechworth Honey Archive, Beechworth

31 pages, illustrated.

Cloth badge

Australian Commando Association (Victoria),

Circular cloth sew-on badge, black and white with stiched-on parachutist with red and white striped canopy; gold stitched border.

Historical information

The patch badge was worn on shirts by members of the 2 Commando Company Sky Divers, one of Victoria's and Australia's earliest Skydiving clubs. Formed in 1961 by Warren Hutchings within 2 Commando Company, members jumped under the auspices of the Army and RAAF.

Significance

One of the few military sponsored clubs, it was a pioneer in Australian skydiving before the advent of the Australian Parachute Federation.

Inscriptions & Markings

2 COMMANDO COMPANY SKY DIVERS

Postcard - black and white - On the Lagan, Belfast, c1900

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

Two black and white postcards of a treed scene with river. It is the Lagan, Belfast, Ireland

Photograph: Frank and Rosalie Sheehan & Sharon Knight

Unions Ballarat, Ballarat

Photograph

Historical information

Photograph: Frank and Rosalie Sheehan & Sharon Knight This photograph was taken at the Norm Borchers Memorial Luncheon. Frank Sheehan was the state member for Ballarat South, serving from 1982-1992. Rosalie Sheehan is his wife. Sharon Knight (middle) was successor to Karen Overington. Knight is now the state member for Wendouree. She has a background in health and community sectors, including having managed Lifeline in Ballarat. At the time the photo was taken Knight was the candidate for Ballarat West. Norm Borchers passed away in 2008. Borchers was a Club President of the Sebastopol Lions Club (1975-76). He worked for the railways as an engineering employee and was long-term trade unionist (Amalgamated Engineering Union and the Australian Railways Union) and ALP member; he lived and worked in the Ballarat area. Norm was active in workplace disputes during the ALP split in 1955. He was a long time supporter of Ballarat Trades Hall.

Book - The Victoria Government Gazette 1911 3 Vol 145

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

The Victoria Government Gazette 1911 3 Vol 145

Printmaking - Woodcut - Red Chile Woman

Federation University Australia Art Collection ,

Historical information

This item is part of the Federation University Art Collection. The Art Collection features over 1000 works and was listed as a 'Ballarat Treasure' in 2007.

Image

Vision Australia,

2 B/W photographs

Historical information

Joan Johnson outside the RBS offices in Enfield, using her white cane to walk along the path.

Inscriptions & Markings

Joan Johnson uses the white cane to warn of obstacles in her path. Royal Blind Society 1989

Bone Forceps

Ballarat Base Hospital Trained Nurses League,

Book - Our school by the sea : Newhaven College 1976-1989

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

Inscriptions & Markings

Presented to Phillip Island Historical Society by Jean Herkes in memory of her husband William Halford Herkes (Hal) 18.12.1904-25.6.1991. Both "Friends of the School", Cowes, Feb. 5 1992.

Pressure Gauge

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Pressure Gauge section, circular section of gauge with glass missing attached to a gate-valve. H 205mm x W 130mm x D 30mm. Recovered from the wreck of the Loch Ard. Previous number PWO 0349.

Certificate - Victorian State Schools Exhibition, 1906

Kew Historical Society Inc, Kew

A certificate issued to Arthur Richardson of Kew School for participating in the Victorian State Schools Exhibition of 1906. Arthur Richardson was the uncle of the historian Dorothy Rogers.

Significance

This work forms part of the collection assembled by the historian Dorothy Rogers, that was donated to the Kew Historical Society by her son John Rogers in 2015. The manuscripts, photographs, maps, and documents were sourced by her from both family and local collections or produced as references for her print publications. Many were directly used by Rogers in writing ‘Lovely Old Homes of Kew’ (1961) and 'A History of Kew' (1973), or the numerous articles on local history that she produced for suburban newspapers. Most of the photographs in the collection include detailed annotations in her hand. The Rogers Collection provides a comprehensive insight into the working habits of a historian in the 1960s and 1970s. Together it forms the largest privately-donated collection within the archives of the Kew Historical Society.

Inscriptions & Markings

[Recipient] "Arthur Richardson" / [State School] "Kew, 1075" / [Head Teacher] "T. A. Thompson" /

Manufactured Glass, brown bottle 'AMOSAN'

City of Moorabbin Historical Society operating the Box Cottage Museum, Ormond

A brown glass bottle with a metal screw top containing a small amount of powder. 'AMOSAN'

Historical information

Amosan is an oral wound cleanser manufactured in Belgium and sold under the Oral-B brand, belonging to Procter & Gamble after its recent acquisition of Gillette (2005). It is used to aid in the prevention of as well as speed the recovery from canker sores, denture irritation, orthodontic irritation, and oral injuries or after dental procedures. It is distributed in a powdered form that requires reconstitution with warm water, after which it is used as a mouth rinse. It is customarily packaged in 1.7 g envelopes and sold in boxes of 20 packets each. Active ingredient: Sodium perborate monohydrate 1.2 g Oral-B discontinued manufacture c 2011

Inscriptions & Markings

Front label : AMOSAN / For the treatment of / GINGIVITIS / BLEEDING GUMS / AND FOR THE RELIEF OF / THE IRRITATION OF / SORE THROAT / ECONOMY SIZE / MADE IN AUSTRALIA FOR / THE KNOX DRUG COMPANY / DISTRIBUTORS / MELBOURNE SYDNEY

Book - The Victoria Government Gazette 1882 1 Vol 63

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

The Victoria Government Gazette 1882 1 Vol 63

Photograph

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Historical information

James Murgatroyd worked in textile mills in England, Victoria and NSW. His son Fred worked as a loom tuner at Yarra Falls, Tweedside and Collins mills in Victoria as well as in Sydney, and studied at Leeds University.

Inscriptions & Markings

F Murgatroyd Pirn Winding

Photograph

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

Robert Anderson Snr. on Wedding Day with second Mrs Anderson, Bessie Fleming. Robert Anderson seated, dressed in suit with waistcoat. Bessie Anderson standing dressed in skirt and velvet jacket with vest and ribbon and cameo at throat.

Historical information

1889 Wedding Day of Robert and Bessie Anderson.

Inscriptions & Markings

T.Teed. St. George's Studios, 238 Bourke Street, Melbourne.

Coloured Photograph - Grammar School Rowing Club 1994

Ballarat & Queen's Anglican Grammar School , Wendouree

Coloured photograph of rowing club with title and names underneath mounted on corflute.

Inscriptions & Markings

Ballarat and Queens Anglican Grammar School with crest at LHS (at top) Names of 6 rows of students and some staff at bottom

Annual Report - Geelong R S & S Woollen & Worsted Co-operative Manufacturing Coy: 50th Annual Report, 1970

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Back cover

Historical information

"Geelong R S & S Woollen & Worsted Co-operative Manufacturing Coy: 50th Annual Report, 1970"

Sulky

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Restored sulky, 2 ton wheels, burgundy body and shafts, decorative aqua scroll work on rear, black springs, seat deteriorated.

Book - Ballarat College of Advanced Education Bachelor of Arts Performing Arts (Specialisation in Musical theatre), 1988

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

Orange soft covered, 86 page, book with thermal binding.

Photograph - Black and White - St Hilda's Band and Roy Stewart Dancers at Morecambe Lanes 1934

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

Black and white photograph of a group of men and women standing in an auditorium. Some are in band uniform and carrying their instruments whilst the rest are in highland dance costume. The band is St Hilda's with the conductor Frank Wright. The dance troupe is Roy Stewart Dancers of Scotland. The place is Morecambe Lanes, London.

Historical information

Frank Wright was a renown resident of Smeaton, where he was born. He lived at Laura Villa, and attended Smeaton State School. His father William was a gold miner and his mother's name was Sarah. Their family won many singing and instrumental awards. Frank was tutored by Percy Code and was awarded a gold medal for the highest marks in the ALCM examinations in the British Colonies at the age of seventeen years. He became the Australian Open Cornet Champion by the age of eighteen. A year later, Frank conducted the City of Ballarat Band, and later the Ballarat Soldiers’ Memorial Band. He formed the Frank Wright Frisco Band and Frank Wright and his Coliseum Orchestra. These bands won many South Street awards, and Frank as conductor won many awards in the Australian Band Championship contest. In 1933 Frank Wright sailed to England to conduct the famous St Hilda’s Band and was later appointed Musical Director of the London County Council, where he organized many amazing concerts in parks, in and around the London district. He was made Professor of Brass and Military Band Scoring and conducted at the Guildhall of Music and Drama. Frank was often invited to adjudicate Brass Band Championships around Europe, in Australia, including South Street and in New Zealand. The Frank Wright Medal at the Royal South Street competition is awarded to an individual recognized as making an outstanding contribution to brass music in Australia.

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten on back - St Hilda's - F.W. Conductor, Roy Stewart Dancers, (Scotland), Morecambe Lanes, July 1934

Photograph - 'Garden Hill', Kangaroo Ground

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Colour photograph of partial side view of 'Garden Hill' cottage.

Historical information

Side view of 'Garden Hill' cottage at Kangaroo Ground

Flag, Australian National, Red Ensign

4th/19th Prince of Wales's Light Horse Regiment Unit History Room, Macleod

Standard, Australian red ensign

Historical information

Originally owned by Lcpl James Gullan Dunstan No 1969 8 ALH Regiment of WW1, later VX17851, Capt, Australian War Graves Commission

Bronze statue "Billy"

RSL Waverley Sub Branch , Glen Waverley

Bronze statue of "Billy" depicting an Australian Soldier in full WWI AIF uniform with 303 Rifle in "at ease" position

Historical information

Statue of infantry man in Australian Uniform 1915

Inscriptions & Markings

Rising Sun emblem on base

Spoon

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Unrestored tea spoon from the wreck of the LOCH ARD. The spoon design has a flattened fiddle-back handle, with a thin stem or shank, flared collar, and elongated bowl. The spoons metallic composition is a thin layer of brass alloy which has partially corroded back to a nickel-silver base metal. Approximately 25% of original electroplating remains, with some verdigris. Outlines of five makers marks are visible on the lower rear of handle but details are unclear.

Historical information

This tea spoon is from the wreck of the LOCH ARD, a Loch Line ship of 1,693 tons which sailed from Gravesend, London, on 2 March 1878 with 17 passengers and a crew of 36 under Captain George Gibbs. “The intention was to discharge cargo in Melbourne, before returning to London via the Horn with wool and wheat”. Instead, on 1 June 1878, after 90 days at sea, she struck the sandstone cliffs of Mutton Bird Island on the south west coast of Victoria, and sank with the loss of 52 lives and all her cargo. The manifest of the LOCH ARD listed an array of manufactured goods and bulk metals being exported to the Colony of Victoria, with a declared value of £53,700. (202 bills of lading show an actual invoice value of £68, 456, with insurance underwriting to £30,000 of all cargo). Included in the manifest is the item of “Tin hardware & cutlery £7,530”. This teaspoon is one of 482 similar items of electro-plated cutlery from the LOCH ARD site, comprising spoons and forks of various sizes but all sharing the same general shape or design and metallic composition. 49 of these pieces display a legible makers’ mark — the initials “W” and “P” placed within a raised diamond outline, which is in turn contained within a sunken crown shape — identifying the manufacturer as William Page & Co of Birmingham. An electroplater’s makers’ marks, unlike sterling silver hallmarks, are not consistent identifiers of quality or date and place of manufacture. A similar line of five impressions was usually made to impress the consumer with an implication of industry standards, but what each one actually signified was not regulated and so they varied according to the whim of the individual foundry. In this case, the maker’s marks are often obscured by sedimentary accretion or removed by corrosion after a century of submersion in the ocean. However sufficient detail has survived to indicate that these samples of electro-plated cutlery probably originated from the same consignment in the LOCH ARD’s cargo. The following descriptions of maker’s marks are drawn from 255 tea spoons, 125 dessert spoons, and 99 table forks. These marks are clearly visible in 66 instances, while the same sequence of general outlines, or depression shapes, is discernible in another 166 examples. 1. A recessed Crown containing a raised Diamond outline and the initials “W” and “P” (the recognised trademark of William Page & Co) 2. An impressed Ellipse containing a raised, pivoted, Triangle in its lower part and bearing a Resurrection Cross on its upper section (a possible dissenting church symbol reflecting religious affiliation); OR a rounded Square impression containing a raised, ‘lazy’, letter “B” (possibly mimicking sterling silver hallmark signifying city of manufacture i.e. Birmingham) 3. An impressed rounded Square filled with a raised Maltese Cross (the base metal composite of nickel silver was also known as ‘German silver’ after its Berlin inventors in 1823) 4. A recessed Circle containing a Crab or Scarab Beetle image; OR a recessed Circle containing a rotated ‘fleur de lys’ or ‘fasces’ design 5. A depressed Diamond shape enclosing a large raised letter “R” and a small raised letter “D” (mimicking the U.K. Patent Office stamp which abbreviated the term ‘registered’ to “RD”, but also included date and class of patent) Suggested trade names for William Page & Co’s particular blend of brass plating are ‘roman silver’ or ‘silverite’. This copper alloy polishes to a lustrous gold when new, discolouring to a murky grey with greenish hue when neglected. HISTORY OF THE LOCH ARD The LOCH ARD belonged to the famous Loch Line which sailed many ships from England to Australia. Built in Glasgow by Barclay, Curdle and Co. in 1873, the LOCH ARD was a three-masted square rigged iron sailing ship. The ship measured 262ft 7" (79.87m) in length, 38ft (11.58m) in width, 23ft (7m) in depth and had a gross tonnage of 1693 tons. The LOCH ARD's main mast measured a massive 150ft (45.7m) in height. LOCH ARD made three trips to Australia and one trip to Calcutta before its final voyage. LOCH ARD left England on March 2, 1878, under the command of Captain Gibbs, a newly married, 29 year old. She was bound for Melbourne with a crew of 37, plus 17 passengers and a load of cargo. The general cargo reflected the affluence of Melbourne at the time. On board were straw hats, umbrella, perfumes, clay pipes, pianos, clocks, confectionary, linen and candles, as well as a heavier load of railway irons, cement, lead and copper. There were items included that intended for display in the Melbourne International Exhibition in 1880. The voyage to Port Phillip was long but uneventful. At 3am on June 1, 1878, Captain Gibbs was expecting to see land and the passengers were becoming excited as they prepared to view their new homeland in the early morning. But LOCH ARD was running into a fog which greatly reduced visibility. Captain Gibbs was becoming anxious as there was no sign of land or the Cape Otway lighthouse. At 4am the fog lifted. A man aloft announced that he could see breakers. The sheer cliffs of Victoria's west coast came into view, and Captain Gibbs realised that the ship was much closer to them than expected. He ordered as much sail to be set as time would permit and then attempted to steer the vessel out to sea. On coming head on into the wind, the ship lost momentum, the sails fell limp and LOCH ARD's bow swung back. Gibbs then ordered the anchors to be released in an attempt to hold its position. The anchors sank some 50 fathoms - but did not hold. By this time LOCH ARD was among the breakers and the tall cliffs of Mutton Bird Island rose behind the ship. Just half a mile from the coast, the ship's bow was suddenly pulled around by the anchor. The captain tried to tack out to sea, but the ship struck a reef at the base of Mutton Bird Island, near Port Campbell. Waves broke over the ship and the top deck was loosened from the hull. The masts and rigging came crashing down knocking passengers and crew overboard. When a lifeboat was finally launched, it crashed into the side of LOCH ARD and capsized. Tom Pearce, who had launched the boat, managed to cling to its overturned hull and shelter beneath it. He drifted out to sea and then on the flood tide came into what is now known as LOCH ARD Gorge. He swam to shore, bruised and dazed, and found a cave in which to shelter. Some of the crew stayed below deck to shelter from the falling rigging but drowned when the ship slipped off the reef into deeper water. Eva Carmichael had raced onto deck to find out what was happening only to be confronted by towering cliffs looming above the stricken ship. In all the chaos, Captain Gibbs grabbed Eva and said, "If you are saved Eva, let my dear wife know that I died like a sailor". That was the last Eva Carmichael saw of the captain. She was swept off the ship by a huge wave. Eva saw Tom Pearce on a small rocky beach and yelled to attract his attention. He dived in and swam to the exhausted woman and dragged her to shore. He took her to the cave and broke open case of brandy which had washed up on the beach. He opened a bottle to revive the unconscious woman. A few hours later Tom scaled a cliff in search of help. He followed hoof prints and came by chance upon two men from nearby Glenample Station three and a half miles away. In a state of exhaustion, he told the men of the tragedy. Tom returned to the gorge while the two men rode back to the station to get help. By the time they reached LOCH ARD Gorge, it was cold and dark. The two shipwreck survivors were taken to Glenample Station to recover. Eva stayed at the station for six weeks before returning to Ireland, this time by steamship. In Melbourne, Tom Pearce received a hero's welcome. He was presented with the first gold medal of the Royal Humane Society of Victoria and a £1000 cheque from the Victorian Government. Concerts were performed to honour the young man's bravery and to raise money for those who lost family in the LOCH ARD disaster. Of the 54 crew members and passengers on board, only two survived: the apprentice, Tom Pearce and the young woman passenger, Eva Carmichael, who lost all of her family in the tragedy. Ten days after the LOCH ARD tragedy, salvage rights to the wreck were sold at auction for £2,120. Cargo valued at £3,000 was salvaged and placed on the beach, but most washed back into the sea when another storm developed. The wreck of LOCH ARD still lies at the base of Mutton Bird Island. Much of the cargo has now been salvaged and some was washed up into what is now known as LOCH ARD Gorge. Cargo and artefacts have also been illegally salvaged over many years before protective legislation was introduced. One of the most unlikely pieces of cargo to have survived the shipwreck was a Minton porcelain peacock - one of only seven in the world. The peacock was destined for the Melbourne International Exhibition in 1880. It had been well packed, which gave it adequate protection during the violent storm. Today, the Minton peacock can be seen at the Flagstaff Hill Maritime Museum in Warrnambool. From Australia's most dramatic shipwreck it has now become Australia's most valuable shipwreck artefact and is one of very few 'objects' on the Victorian State Heritage Register.

Significance

The LOCH ARD shipwreck is of State significance – Victorian Heritage Register S 417. Flagstaff Hill’s collection of artefacts from LOCH ARD is significant for being one of the largest collections of artefacts from this shipwreck in Victoria. It is significant for its association with the shipwreck, which is on the Victorian Heritage Register (VHR S417). The collection is significant because of the relationship between the objects, as together they have a high potential to interpret the story of the LOCH ARD. The LOCH ARD collection is archaeologically significant as the remains of a large international passenger and cargo ship. The LOCH ARD collection is historically significant for representing aspects of Victoria’s shipping history and its potential to interpret sub-theme 1.5 of Victoria’s Framework of Historical Themes (living with natural processes). The collection is also historically significant for its association with the LOCH ARD, which was one of the worst and best known shipwrecks in Victoria’s history.

photo - Victoria Hotel

Tatura Irrigation & Wartime Camps Museum, Tatura

Victoria Hotel with three vintage cars parked out the front; Penfolds sign hanging from balcony.

Hymn book

Uniting Church Archives - Synod of Victoria, Malvern East

Photograph - High Street (Kew)

Kew Historical Society Inc, Kew

Photograph of High Street (Kew) by Stewart West. A tram travels towards Kew Junction intersection.

Object - Cottage Teapot

Ballarat Heritage Services, Bakery Hill Post Office

Green ceramic teapot in the shape of a cottage.

Historical information

This teapot was given to Kathleen Carroll by her grandmother, Ellen (Nellie) Carroll.

Inscriptions & Markings

Stamped on the base - Manto-ware Made in Japan

Curved forked chisel

Coal Creek Community Park & Museum, Korumburra

8405.1 - Forked, curved chisel; one end is well-hammered into a smoothly-curving surface. Use on mine rails, likely to lift rails by means of lever-action around railway spikes.

Microfiche - Births Register Index

Rutherglen Historical Society, Rutherglen

small sheet of film

Inscriptions & Markings

1894 AUSTIN J TO 1894 BROWN A

Photograph - Staff Photo, Building, Health and By-Laws Department, Shire of Eltham, July, 1987 (with names)

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Two colour photographs, laminated, one with typed list of names 2 copies 22.5 x 27 cm laminated (12.5 x 20 cm photo)

Historical information

Top Row, from left - Horst Woitassek, Barry Woodhouse, Danny Hick, Trevor Sorenson, Charles Harris, Marie Daye, Peter Sturtevant, Ian Leach, Dorothy Heywood, Gary York. Bottom Row, from left - Sue Hanna, Lyn Warburton, Stephen Gorst, Frank Tyler, Brian Wright, Bill Barber, Dave Lovatt, Helen Hickey, Carol Woodhams. (Staff not present - Lyn Glassford, Margaret Hosking, Sue Renehan, John Duffy, Deanne Brown, Dr. Hewitt, Alex Best).

Inscriptions & Markings

Originally contained in an envelope with handwritten note on enveloe to Allan Baker dated 14 Dec 1987 "Enclosed for your use are staff photos of all departments. I've given each Champion of Committees copies for all their respective Councillor photos of Depts reporting to each committee. Outdoor staff photos will be taken next week and I'll make those available as soon as possible. Cheers (Undecipherable)"

PHOTOGRAPH

Clunes Museum, Clunes

PHOTOGRAPH OF TOM HARVEY AND FRANK CARROLAN, BUILDING BRIDGE OVER MOUNT CREEK.

Historical information

BUILDING OF BRIDGE OVER MOUNT CREEK ON ROAD TO MOUNT BECKWORTH.

Publication - Poisonous plants on the farm (Long, H. C.), London, 1938

Wheen Bee Foundation, Beechworth

CARD

Clunes Museum, Clunes

HAPPY THE ONE WHOSE LIFE IS SPENT IN FRIENDSHIPS CALM SECURITY.TODAY I SEND TO YOU, DEAR FRIEND, MY CORDIAL WISHES TRUE, THAT ALL BE WELL, AND YULETIDE'S SPELL BRING VISIONS BRIGHT TO YOU. F.G.B.

Historical information

CHRISTMAS GREETINGS CARD

Inscriptions & Markings

TRUE REMEMBRANCES AND WARMEST GREETINGS FOR YOUR HAPPINESS. FROM F. TERRELL WITH LOVE

Booklet with CDROM - Yaalam Butchulla : speaking Butchulla

Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages, Fitzroy

Learning tool for speaking the Butchulla language for beginners and middle levels.

Inscriptions & Markings

CD-ROM

Book - The Textile Manufacturer Year Book 1925

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Historical information

"The Textile Manufacturer Year Book 1925".

Photograph

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

Photograph of two men and two women at a barbecue fire on beach at Cowes

Historical information

One of a collection of over 400 photographs in an album commenced in 1960 and presented to the Phillip Island & Westernport Historical Society by the Shire of Phillip Island

Untitled

Shepparton Heritage Centre, Shepparton

Masonic Medal

Inscriptions & Markings

"A star with crown above attached to a ribbon coloured with red and beige stripes. The star has an inscription STAR OF THE VALLEY PRECEPTORY.

Photograph - Kew Band

Kew Historical Society Inc, Kew

Photograph mounted on card of the Kew Band while on tour in Tasmania.

Inscriptions & Markings

Photographer's name and address: "Photographers Bishop Osborne, Penguin, Tas."

Photograph - The "Mongabarra" in Drydock at Eriksbergs

Mission to Seafarers Victoria, Docklands

A black and white photograph of ladders arranged around the propeller of the Mongabarra while in drydock.

Historical information

This photograph records how equipment, such as ladders, were used to work on the hulls or propellers of ships while they were in drydocks. This photograph was exhibited by the Mission to Seafarers as part of the exhibition "Letters from Abroad" in 2012.

Significance

This is a photograph from the Allan Charles Quinn collection which is a collection of letters and photograph depicting aspects of life at sea for a young man in the era immediately following World War II.

Photograph - Beech Forest: In the snow, 1908..

Otway Districts Historical Society, Beech Forest

B/W. At Beech Forest in heavy snow in 1908, locomotive 7A, four NQ filled wagons, an NM livestock wagon, and an NBDBD combined passenger-brakevan. The guard, driver and another person are on the engine, while a group of passengers are outside the passenger car.

Form 1B 1971

Williamstown High School , Williamstown

Laminated black and white photograph of Williamstown High School Form 1B of 1971

Ink Container

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

Circular brass container with fitted lid.

Correspondence - Letter written from Ballaarat, 02 April 1881

Ballarat Heritage Services, Bakery Hill Post Office

Handwritten letter on folded and lined paper. The last page has writing across the lines.

Text - Sydney Industrial Blind Institution annual reports 1890-1900

Vision Australia,

1 volume, illustrations

Historical information

This bound volume of the SIBI annual reports also contains an illustrated catalogue and price list for items manufactured and sold by the institution in 1900, as well as a booklet 'Some Brief Facts Relating to the Blind' by H. Hedger.

Spoon

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Unrestored tea spoon from the wreck of the LOCH ARD. The spoon design has a flattened fiddle-back handle, with a thin stem or shank, flared collar, and elongated bowl. The spoons metallic composition is a thin layer of brass alloy which has partially corroded back to a nickel-silver base metal. Approximately 40% of original electroplating remains, with some verdigris. Spoon bowl is split/cracked. Details of two makers marks are discernible on lower rear of handle: (2) Resurrection Cross (4) Fleur de Lys.

Historical information

This tea spoon is from the wreck of the LOCH ARD, a Loch Line ship of 1,693 tons which sailed from Gravesend, London, on 2 March 1878 with 17 passengers and a crew of 36 under Captain George Gibbs. “The intention was to discharge cargo in Melbourne, before returning to London via the Horn with wool and wheat”. Instead, on 1 June 1878, after 90 days at sea, she struck the sandstone cliffs of Mutton Bird Island on the south west coast of Victoria, and sank with the loss of 52 lives and all her cargo. The manifest of the LOCH ARD listed an array of manufactured goods and bulk metals being exported to the Colony of Victoria, with a declared value of £53,700. (202 bills of lading show an actual invoice value of £68, 456, with insurance underwriting to £30,000 of all cargo). Included in the manifest is the item of “Tin hardware & cutlery £7,530”. This teaspoon is one of 482 similar items of electro-plated cutlery from the LOCH ARD site, comprising spoons and forks of various sizes but all sharing the same general shape or design and metallic composition. 49 of these pieces display a legible makers’ mark — the initials “W” and “P” placed within a raised diamond outline, which is in turn contained within a sunken crown shape — identifying the manufacturer as William Page & Co of Birmingham. An electroplater’s makers’ marks, unlike sterling silver hallmarks, are not consistent identifiers of quality or date and place of manufacture. A similar line of five impressions was usually made to impress the consumer with an implication of industry standards, but what each one actually signified was not regulated and so they varied according to the whim of the individual foundry. In this case, the maker’s marks are often obscured by sedimentary accretion or removed by corrosion after a century of submersion in the ocean. However sufficient detail has survived to indicate that these samples of electro-plated cutlery probably originated from the same consignment in the LOCH ARD’s cargo. The following descriptions of maker’s marks are drawn from 255 tea spoons, 125 dessert spoons, and 99 table forks. These marks are clearly visible in 66 instances, while the same sequence of general outlines, or depression shapes, is discernible in another 166 examples. 1. A recessed Crown containing a raised Diamond outline and the initials “W” and “P” (the recognised trademark of William Page & Co) 2. An impressed Ellipse containing a raised, pivoted, Triangle in its lower part and bearing a Resurrection Cross on its upper section (a possible dissenting church symbol reflecting religious affiliation); OR a rounded Square impression containing a raised, ‘lazy’, letter “B” (possibly mimicking sterling silver hallmark signifying city of manufacture i.e. Birmingham) 3. An impressed rounded Square filled with a raised Maltese Cross (the base metal composite of nickel silver was also known as ‘German silver’ after its Berlin inventors in 1823) 4. A recessed Circle containing a Crab or Scarab Beetle image; OR a recessed Circle containing a rotated ‘fleur de lys’ or ‘fasces’ design 5. A depressed Diamond shape enclosing a large raised letter “R” and a small raised letter “D” (mimicking the U.K. Patent Office stamp which abbreviated the term ‘registered’ to “RD”, but also included date and class of patent) Suggested trade names for William Page & Co’s particular blend of brass plating are ‘roman silver’ or ‘silverite’. This copper alloy polishes to a lustrous gold when new, discolouring to a murky grey with greenish hue when neglected. HISTORY OF THE LOCH ARD The LOCH ARD belonged to the famous Loch Line which sailed many ships from England to Australia. Built in Glasgow by Barclay, Curdle and Co. in 1873, the LOCH ARD was a three-masted square rigged iron sailing ship. The ship measured 262ft 7" (79.87m) in length, 38ft (11.58m) in width, 23ft (7m) in depth and had a gross tonnage of 1693 tons. The LOCH ARD's main mast measured a massive 150ft (45.7m) in height. LOCH ARD made three trips to Australia and one trip to Calcutta before its final voyage. LOCH ARD left England on March 2, 1878, under the command of Captain Gibbs, a newly married, 29 year old. She was bound for Melbourne with a crew of 37, plus 17 passengers and a load of cargo. The general cargo reflected the affluence of Melbourne at the time. On board were straw hats, umbrella, perfumes, clay pipes, pianos, clocks, confectionary, linen and candles, as well as a heavier load of railway irons, cement, lead and copper. There were items included that intended for display in the Melbourne International Exhibition in 1880. The voyage to Port Phillip was long but uneventful. At 3am on June 1, 1878, Captain Gibbs was expecting to see land and the passengers were becoming excited as they prepared to view their new homeland in the early morning. But LOCH ARD was running into a fog which greatly reduced visibility. Captain Gibbs was becoming anxious as there was no sign of land or the Cape Otway lighthouse. At 4am the fog lifted. A man aloft announced that he could see breakers. The sheer cliffs of Victoria's west coast came into view, and Captain Gibbs realised that the ship was much closer to them than expected. He ordered as much sail to be set as time would permit and then attempted to steer the vessel out to sea. On coming head on into the wind, the ship lost momentum, the sails fell limp and LOCH ARD's bow swung back. Gibbs then ordered the anchors to be released in an attempt to hold its position. The anchors sank some 50 fathoms - but did not hold. By this time LOCH ARD was among the breakers and the tall cliffs of Mutton Bird Island rose behind the ship. Just half a mile from the coast, the ship's bow was suddenly pulled around by the anchor. The captain tried to tack out to sea, but the ship struck a reef at the base of Mutton Bird Island, near Port Campbell. Waves broke over the ship and the top deck was loosened from the hull. The masts and rigging came crashing down knocking passengers and crew overboard. When a lifeboat was finally launched, it crashed into the side of LOCH ARD and capsized. Tom Pearce, who had launched the boat, managed to cling to its overturned hull and shelter beneath it. He drifted out to sea and then on the flood tide came into what is now known as LOCH ARD Gorge. He swam to shore, bruised and dazed, and found a cave in which to shelter. Some of the crew stayed below deck to shelter from the falling rigging but drowned when the ship slipped off the reef into deeper water. Eva Carmichael had raced onto deck to find out what was happening only to be confronted by towering cliffs looming above the stricken ship. In all the chaos, Captain Gibbs grabbed Eva and said, "If you are saved Eva, let my dear wife know that I died like a sailor". That was the last Eva Carmichael saw of the captain. She was swept off the ship by a huge wave. Eva saw Tom Pearce on a small rocky beach and yelled to attract his attention. He dived in and swam to the exhausted woman and dragged her to shore. He took her to the cave and broke open case of brandy which had washed up on the beach. He opened a bottle to revive the unconscious woman. A few hours later Tom scaled a cliff in search of help. He followed hoof prints and came by chance upon two men from nearby Glenample Station three and a half miles away. In a state of exhaustion, he told the men of the tragedy. Tom returned to the gorge while the two men rode back to the station to get help. By the time they reached LOCH ARD Gorge, it was cold and dark. The two shipwreck survivors were taken to Glenample Station to recover. Eva stayed at the station for six weeks before returning to Ireland, this time by steamship. In Melbourne, Tom Pearce received a hero's welcome. He was presented with the first gold medal of the Royal Humane Society of Victoria and a £1000 cheque from the Victorian Government. Concerts were performed to honour the young man's bravery and to raise money for those who lost family in the LOCH ARD disaster. Of the 54 crew members and passengers on board, only two survived: the apprentice, Tom Pearce and the young woman passenger, Eva Carmichael, who lost all of her family in the tragedy. Ten days after the LOCH ARD tragedy, salvage rights to the wreck were sold at auction for £2,120. Cargo valued at £3,000 was salvaged and placed on the beach, but most washed back into the sea when another storm developed. The wreck of LOCH ARD still lies at the base of Mutton Bird Island. Much of the cargo has now been salvaged and some was washed up into what is now known as LOCH ARD Gorge. Cargo and artefacts have also been illegally salvaged over many years before protective legislation was introduced. One of the most unlikely pieces of cargo to have survived the shipwreck was a Minton porcelain peacock - one of only seven in the world. The peacock was destined for the Melbourne International Exhibition in 1880. It had been well packed, which gave it adequate protection during the violent storm. Today, the Minton peacock can be seen at the Flagstaff Hill Maritime Museum in Warrnambool. From Australia's most dramatic shipwreck it has now become Australia's most valuable shipwreck artefact and is one of very few 'objects' on the Victorian State Heritage Register.

Significance

The LOCH ARD shipwreck is of State significance – Victorian Heritage Register S 417. Flagstaff Hill’s collection of artefacts from LOCH ARD is significant for being one of the largest collections of artefacts from this shipwreck in Victoria. It is significant for its association with the shipwreck, which is on the Victorian Heritage Register (VHR S417). The collection is significant because of the relationship between the objects, as together they have a high potential to interpret the story of the LOCH ARD. The LOCH ARD collection is archaeologically significant as the remains of a large international passenger and cargo ship. The LOCH ARD collection is historically significant for representing aspects of Victoria’s shipping history and its potential to interpret sub-theme 1.5 of Victoria’s Framework of Historical Themes (living with natural processes). The collection is also historically significant for its association with the LOCH ARD, which was one of the worst and best known shipwrecks in Victoria’s history.

Award Plaque - City of Melbourne Proud Capital City Award. 1997 City Pride Award

Queen Victoria Women's Centre, Melbourne

Gold coloured metal with black inscription on Painted wooden board.

Inscriptions & Markings

'Queen Victoria Women's Centre. In appreciation of your contribution to the City of Melbourne Proud Capital City Award. 1997 City Pride Award. Keep Australia Beautiful Victoria'

School Records - Individuals - Humphreys, Phyllis Jean

Rutherglen Historical Society, Rutherglen

Individual school records of the pupils of the Higher Elementary School, Rutherglen, 421 in all.

Historical information

From Primary School records. All reports contain information on the pupil's school work and give details of what they did when they left school. All reports show the name of a parent and the occupation. All sheets are cross referenced in the Secretary's card system.