Stories Organisations Projects About Login

Alfred Hospital Nurses League-Nursing Archives melbourne, Victoria

The Alfred Hospital Nurses League Inc-Nursing Archives was developed through the compilation of nursing reminiscences, collection of items, documents, stories and research. The archives commenced in 1990. It is the only independent, self governing, not- for -profit, membership based nursing archives in Victoria. It comprises past and present nurses and their mission is to ensure that nursing heritage is valued, sustained, communicated and enriched through the preservation and conservation of the collection. We offer our members nurse reunion tours of the hospital and an annual reunion dinner.

Contact Information

location
Old Monash Medical School Building, Ground Floor, Alfred Hospital 55 Commercial Rd Melbourne 3004 (map)
phone
+61 0439 337 101 or office 03 9076 3540

Contact

Opening Hours

Monday and Wednesdays 10:00hrs- 16:00 hrs

Entry Fee

free

Location

Old Monash Medical School Building, Ground Floor Alfred Hospital 55 Commercial Road melbourne Victoria

View on Google Maps

Nursing Archives seeks to collect and preserve material that relates to and provides evidence for the education of nurses, nursing practice, the careers of Alfred nurses, their contribution to the community, the changing dynamics of the provision of health care on the development of nursing and the preparation of nurses at the Alfred Hospital since 1870.The types of items are record books of nurses training from 1880 ,photos, written and recorded memories, letters, pamphlets,speeches, invitations, nurse work books, diaries uniforms, medals both hospital and war and hospital equipment.

Significance

The Alfred Hospital Nurses League Nursing Archives is significant as it holds evidence of the high standard of nurse training since 1880. Evidence of nurse practice and changes over the decades in the hospital and the community. A source of information on social and cultural roles of women, their work and health care environments. The collection can offer research on the many themes we have identified. War nurses, prominent Alfred nurses, costumes, environments, nursing history and key clinical areas in the hospital.

Sonia Morris 7 February 2018 1:59 PM

I have no connection with the nursing profession, except as a patient but I found this collection fascinating.

Leave a comment

46 items with images

close
Show All Items Items with Images (46) Items with Audio Items with Video Items with Documents
View As Grid List

46 items with images

Nurse Laundry case

Alfred Hospital Nurses League-Nursing Archives, melbourne

This brown, pressed cardboard laundry case, no handle, and catches at both ends,with protective covers on each corner of the case and lid, was used for soiled nurse uniforms and taken to the Royal Melbourne Hospital Linen Service. The cases were returned to the nurse with laundered uniforms, Each nurse was allocated her own numbered case.This service commenced c 1953 until April 1992.Nurses then supplied and laundered their own uniform and the hospital laundry contact moved to Warrigal Linen Service.

Historical information

All nursing staff during this period had their uniforms laundered in this way. Uniforms suppied by Alfred Hospital to nurses were conpulsory.

Significance

The significance of the laundry case shows how times have changed for nursing staff in that uniforms, if worn, are laundered by the staff themselves.

Inscriptions & Markings

Sticker stating Royal Melbourne Hospital Central Linen Service and on outside number of box E 171 for identification purposes.

Steam inhaler - Dr Nelson's inhaler

Alfred Hospital Nurses League-Nursing Archives, melbourne

This white inhaler has an air inlet spout and an opening at the top to add hot fluids and drugs to the inhaler. Once added, a cork with a glass mouth piece is placed in the neck of the inhaler . In this item plastic tubing has been used as the mouth piece.

Historical information

Inhalation therapy has been used for over 2000 years, but it was from the early 19th centaury that different types of inhalers were developed. In 1865, Dr Nelson invented the improved Nelson inhaler. It is still manufactured today with very few modifications.

Significance

The efficiency of the improved Nelson's inhaler is demonstrated by the use of the item from 1865 up until now. Steam inhalations are used to relieve spasmodic breathing, to disinfect bronchial secretions and to facilitate expectoration of mucus. This type of inhaler may be used at home, without the need fro complicated and expensive equipment.

Inscriptions & Markings

On base inscribed, 'Dr Nelson's improved inhaler: Directions for use. Remove mouth piece, half fill inhaler with boiling water. Replace mouth piece and apply lips to it, breathe freely in and out as in ordinary full respiration.

Nurse Graduation photo 1952 - photograph

Alfred Hospital Nurses League-Nursing Archives, melbourne

A newspaper photograph and a short article congratulating the nurses who have recently graduated in nursing during a power black out.

Historical information

This is a photo of some nurses who graduated in 1962. It became a story for the newspapers as the nurses needed to view their certificates by using a lamp during a power blackout in the St Kilda Road area.

Significance

Florence Nightingale required the use of a lamp to nurse her patients in mid 1850's . These new graduates required a lamp to view their graduation certificates in 1952

Inscriptions & Markings

The article describes the nurses graduation which was held during a power blackout. They required the use of a lamp to see their graduation certificates.

The evolution of Alfred Hospital crests 1895-1936 - crest

Alfred Hospital Nurses League-Nursing Archives, melbourne

This crest and motto was used at the Alfred Hospital between 1895 and 1936. But, the motto was introduced in 1880 when the hospital introduced a nurse training program.

Historical information

This crest and motto was designed at the Alfred Hospital in 1895 and used until 1936.It featured a red pattee cross set above a motto which was introduced when the Alfred Hospital began nurse training in 1880.

Significance

The motto is significant to the Alfred Hospital Nurses League Inc. established 18th October 1918. There was no hospital badge for nurses on graduation from the Alfred Hospital, so the Alfred Hospital Nurses League Inc. had a badge designed with the hospital crest and motto which the League presented to Alfred Hospital nurses graduating from 1920 onwards.Reference: Alfred Hospital Nurses League minute books, 1919-1920.

Inscriptions & Markings

A crest was designed consisting of a red pattee cross set above the words ," Where there is not a woman, there the sick man groaneth"

Visitors Donation Box. Alfred Hospital

Alfred Hospital Nurses League-Nursing Archives, melbourne

A timber box with lid. Red maltese cross painted on the lid with a slit across for coin donation. In front of the box is a key hole and ALFRED HOSPITAL painted in white over a red background. Varnish has worn off around the box.

Historical information

When a visitor came through the main hospital entrance there was a collection box on the turnstile and a porter in attendance.6 pence or some other coins was the fee charged for visitors.

Significance

This donation box is significant as it relates to an era of fundraising before government assistance and the Alfred Foundation Department.

Inscriptions & Markings

REMEMBER THE SICK above the maltese cross and ALFRED HOSPITAL below. ALFRED HOSPITAL in white over red background.

Perpetual calendar

Alfred Hospital Nurses League-Nursing Archives, melbourne

A rectangular shaped perpetual calendar, pyramid shape top, on a small pedestal, made of oak timber. Four timber knobs on each side which turn the calico roll on which is printed month, date and day visable through three glass windows.

Historical information

This calendar was used in the old administration building in the c 1920's.

Significance

This item is of significance as it was used by the early hospital administrators. It is currently on display in Nursing Archives and used by the nursing archives team when the office is open.

Inscriptions & Markings

ALFRED HOSPITAL is stamped on the back of the item.

Tennis courts at Alfred Hospital 1933 - photograph 1933

Alfred Hospital Nurses League-Nursing Archives, melbourne

The first grass tennis courts were built in 1923 between the Edward Wilson Wing[ Wards 3 & 5] and the nurses home, close to Commercial Road. This photograph was taken in 1933. In 1943 the Margaret Coles Maternity Wing opened on this site. The tennis courts were relocated to the other side of the walkway until 1993 when the multi story car park occupied the site.

Historical information

This is a photograph of the first grass tennis courts at the Alfred Hospital. They were built in 1923. The photo was taken in 1933.Many social tennis matches were held during the 70 years they were on the Alfred Hospital site.

Significance

The tennis courts were being considered in 1900. They were not established until 1923 and there are many photographs and stories to justify how extensively they were used. They were relocated in 1943 and used until a multi story car park was built on the site in 1993.

Inscriptions & Markings

The photo is from a donation album which contains other photographs of the tennis courts.

Registered Nurse red cape

Alfred Hospital Nurses League-Nursing Archives, melbourne

This red woollen cape is wrist length, unlined, with a collar and worn by Alfred Hospital Registered Nurses until 1993.

Historical information

These capes were worn by Registered Nurses and were worn when going on duty, when going off duty, when called to see the Matron or a senior nurse but never worn on duty. They were made of light woollen fabric so some nurses lined their capes for added warmth. When new uniform rules were introduced 1993, the capes were not part of the uniform code.

Significance

These capes were the only means of warmth for nurses when in uniform. The strict rules of uniform meant no other visible clothing could be worn for warmth.

Inscriptions & Markings

Ball & Welch Ltd Melbourne

Operating Theatre notes in a small black diary - book

Alfred Hospital Nurses League-Nursing Archives, melbourne

A small black covered diary created and written by Isabel C. Grad 1934

Historical information

This small black operating theatre diary was created and used by a nurse during her training at the Alfred Hospital. She would have referred to it when undergoing her operating room experience. There are anatomical drawings by the nurse.

Significance

This operating room diary is significant as it enhanced learning for the nurse and also was necessary to refer to when assisting the surgeons.

Inscriptions & Markings

It contains lists of theatre procedures, details of instruments, considerations by Surgeons- Mr MacLure, Mr Colville, Mr Trumble, Mr Ball, & Mr Renou. Also drawings of the surgical technique of the most common operations.

Bell

Alfred Hospital Nurses League-Nursing Archives, melbourne

A small, engraved silver bell. A double rim around the base and leaf shaped handle with spaces of different shapes carved along the length of the handle.

Historical information

A few of the nurses who trained in the 1880's and 1890's presented this bell, on 3rd August 1931, to the Alfred Hospital Nurses League.

Significance

The Nurses League was founded in 1918 and the bell was presented with a note, 'hoping it will be useful and also to show warm appreciation of our very pleasant Reunions' from a few of the Trainees of the Eighties and Nineties.

Inscriptions & Markings

Presented to the Alfred Hospital Nurses League from a Few Traineees of the Eighties and Nineties.

Plaque. Matron Gwladys M. Thomas - plaque

Alfred Hospital Nurses League-Nursing Archives, melbourne

This large metal plaque made from metal and brass is to the memory of Matron G. M. Thomas, Alfred Hospital Graduate 1933,was Matron of Hamilton Hospital and was killed in action in 1941.The plaque contains a 3D image of G. M. Thomas wearing her Alfred Hospital Nurses League badge.

Historical information

Matron Thomas was already in the army reserve at the outbreak of WW11, saw action in Middle East, unfortunately killed in a car accident after evacuating patients at this time.

Significance

The memorial plaque is significant because Matron Thomas was an Alfred Hospital graduate and remembered by the Alfred Nurses League and Alfred hospital.

Inscriptions & Markings

In memory of Matron Gwladys M. Thomas AIF Trainee of Alfred Hospital. Killed in action 1941. 'Neither counted she her life dear unto herself.'

Louisa Mann Gold Medal Board

Alfred Hospital Nurses League-Nursing Archives, melbourne

This honour board, made of timber, lists the names of 59 nurses who were awarded at an annual event , the Louisa Mann Gold Medal to the most outstanding nurse in three years of training [theory and practice].

Historical information

This timber honour board was created in the 1930's and the name of the first nurse was added in 1934. The name of the last nurse was 1992 as the School of Nursing at Alfred Hospital closed.

Significance

This honour board is significant to all nurses who graduated from Alfred Hospital as it was a privilege to be nominated the nurse with best over all performance during the groups 3 years of training.

Inscriptions & Markings

Louisa Mann Gold Medal Alfred Hospital Nurses league Names of nurses

Booklet: 'Address to Nurses 1880' - ' Opening, Address to Nurses'

Alfred Hospital Nurses League-Nursing Archives, melbourne

This small A 5 size booklet is one of many copies. It is made of paper and printed in black ink. It is titled 'Opening. Notes to Nurses, Rules for Nurses under Training' by John Blair M.D. F.R.C.S 1880'

Historical information

The Alfred Hospital was the first nurse training school for general nurses in Victoria. The first lecture was 1st December 1880 by Dr. John Blair. He created this booklet and included an examination.

Significance

This booklet if significant as it shows the preparation required to ensure quality nurse training from 1880 at the Alfred Hospital.

Nursing children in the sunshine- Ward 15-1948 - Photograph

Alfred Hospital Nurses League-Nursing Archives, melbourne

A photograph taken circa 1948, of two trainee 2nd year nurses, caring for children in the sunshine outside the Children's Ward 15.

Historical information

This photograph of two Alfred Hospital trainee nurses with children indicates how important it was to allow children in hospital some exposure to sunshine and fresh air.

Significance

The Children's Ward 15 at the Alfred Hospital was on the ground floor and opened in 1902, west of the Administration Block. The upper level was Ward 12, a women's Medical Ward. A feature of this wing is that it had verandahs and balconies on both sides, these being equipped with a special design of blind. Patients could benefit by the morning as well as the afternoon sunshine.

Inscriptions & Markings

The photograph is labeled Audrey K and Lorna M with four children on a cot in the sunshine outside Ward 15

Feeding Cup

Alfred Hospital Nurses League-Nursing Archives, melbourne

Feeding cup, white, virtrified material (china), blue badge on top VHA, open top, squat, round, one handle and one spout

Historical information

This item was used in hospitals during the 1950's to assist feeding old and frail patients, unable to feed themselves or to sit up in bed. The spout prevented spillage of such liquids and beef tea, cocoa & warm milk. This item was used in the 1950's and has now been replaced by plastic cuos with lid and small spout. The stamp on the top of the cup is Victorian Hospital Association. This was the major supplier of all medical and food items to public hospitals in the 1950's.

Inscriptions & Markings

On under side in blue ink "STEELITE /GLOBE POTTERY Co Ltd /ENGLAND SUPPLIED BY/ J. DYSON & SON MELBOURNE"

Photo: Nurse Maria Birrell

Alfred Hospital Nurses League-Nursing Archives, melbourne

A black and white photograph, showing nurse Maria Birrell circa 1882 dressed in her civilian clothes.

Historical information

Nurse Maria Birrell was one of the first nurses to graduate from the Alfred Hospital nurse training school in 1882. The first school commenced 1st December 1880.

Significance

The Alfred Hospital nurse training school was established and commenced 1st December 1880 and there are very few photographs of the early student nurses.

Nurses learning to bandage 1933 - photograph

Alfred Hospital Nurses League-Nursing Archives, melbourne

This photograph shows a group nurses during bandaging practice outside the practical room which was at the South Wing of the Nurses Home

Historical information

This photo shows a group of student nurses who are practicing bandaging in the sunshine near their practical classroom in 1933. Two tutor sisters are teaching them. They are wearing veils and their uniforms have become slightly shorter in length during the 1930's.

Significance

It was very important for nurses to practice bandaging during their nurse training , as the application of a comfortable and supportive bandage to a patient was indicative of skilled, high grade training.

Copper Steam Kettle, extension and spout. - Listers spray

Alfred Hospital Nurses League-Nursing Archives, melbourne

The steam kettle is made entirely of copper and is enclosed. It has an elongated straight extension, a fan shaped spout and a small opening for filling.

Historical information

Steam kettle together with a steam tent was used to maintain a constantly moist atmosphere. A steam tent is a tent enclosing the whole bed by means or sheets or curtains to allow the steam to enter. The kettle was heated over a gas or spirit stove as electricity was not connected to the wards until 1919.

Significance

Steam inhalations were used to relieve patients with respiratory disorders such as bronchitis, croup and laryngitis. Drug therapy could also be used by this route. It was an effective method of treatment prior to the introduction of modern therapy in hospitals such as humidifiers and nebulizers.

Inscriptions & Markings

none

Nurse text Book-'Lectures for Nurses' - 'Lectures for Nurses'

Alfred Hospital Nurses League-Nursing Archives, melbourne

A small, light blue,fabric covered book.

Historical information

The Alfred Hospital commenced a Preliminary Training School in 1933. From 1935, this textbook was a guide for many nurse teaching hospitals in Australia.

Significance

This book is significant as it efficiently assisted teaches and nurses. Before it was created, nurses took hand written notes at lecture periods or used roneoed doctors lectures.

Inscriptions & Markings

The book is titled ' Lectures for Nurses'. The book was written by G. N. Burbidge and printed in 1935.She was a tutor sister at Alfred Hospital. She has autographed the book.The book was presented to her in 1954 to Sister Headberry who was also a tutor sister.

Matron Louisa Mann & Staff 1922 - Photograph

Alfred Hospital Nurses League-Nursing Archives, melbourne

A photograph of Matron Louisa Mann and nursing staff taken in 1922 at the Alfred Hospital.

Historical information

Many photographs were taken of Matron Mann & Staff in 1922. It was described as a 'progressive year' in relation to building expansion. The Linay Pavilion was renovated and remodeled; concrete modern covered ways connecting Wards and the operating theatre had been completed; and the new home for nurses had been opened & a covered way constructed from the nurses quarters to main buildings. There were also renovations to portions of the Administration Block.

Significance

Many photographs of the Matron and Staff were published in 1922 with the new buildings in the background .For example, the construction of Nurses Home was the completion of the scheme inaugurated in 1908 when night nurses' quarters were erected. The new building contained 124 rooms, in addition to pantries, box rooms and all necessary offices. A larger nurses home secured accommodation for more nurses to be trained.

photo: Matron Haldane Turriff

Alfred Hospital Nurses League-Nursing Archives, melbourne

Small, original sepia photograph, showing Haldane Turriff standing in uniform, circa 1871.There is an inscription on reverse side of photograph

Historical information

Haldane Turriff was the first Matron of the Alfred Hospital from 1871-1880. She was one of five nurses selected by Florence Nightingale to be sent out to Sydney with Lucy Osburn in 1868. She was one of two nurses selected by Lucy Osburn to nurse Prince Alfred , Duke of Edinburgh following a failed assassination attempt that occurred in March 1868.

Significance

Haldane Turriff , as the first Matron of the Alfred Hospital, was the link between the Nightingale School at St Thomas Hospital, London and the Alfred Hospital. Although she did not establish a training school at the Alfred Hospital in the Nightingale tradition, she laid the foundation for an excellent standard of nursing that has continued today.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the reverse side of the photograph there is printed the name and address of the photography gallery ie London portrait gallery, 19 Royal Arcade, near the fountain, Melbourne. The inscription[ in handwriting] states 'Miss Turiff [sic] Turriff, matron Alfred Hospital nursed Duke of Edinburgh after attempted assassination.

Commerative plaque

Alfred Hospital Nurses League-Nursing Archives, melbourne

Bronze plaque commemorating 100 years of School of Nursing 1880-1980. Unveiled on 27th July 1981

Historical information

This commemorative plaque was created to mark the 100 years of the Alfred Hospital School of Nursing since Dec. 1880.

Significance

The plaque is significant as the Alfred Hospital School of nursing was the first formal , general nurse training school in Melbourne.

Inscriptions & Markings

As above unveiled by Governor of Victoria Hon. Sir Henry Winneke. Badge of A.H. Badge of A.H.N.L.

Work reference for Nurse Gwendoline Luly - letter

Alfred Hospital Nurses League-Nursing Archives, melbourne

A work reference for Nurse Gwendoline Luly who graduated in 1922 from a prominent Alfred Hospital Surgeon Mr James Buchanan in 1929

Historical information

This work reference for Nurse Luly is an example of the value placed on highly skilled nurses, who trained at the Alfred Hospital in the 1920's..

Significance

A highly skilled surgical nurse is highly sought after. To receive a work reference from a prominent surgeon would ensure the nurse could have the type of surgical work she liked, to provide work satisfaction and allow her to travel if she chose.

Inscriptions & Markings

The Reference reads: 'Sister Gwen Luly was a Theatre Sister at the Alfred Hospital from May 1922 to February 1926. A fact that speaks for itself as to her surgical and nursing capabilities. She is without doubt one of the finest nurses we have ever had on our staff and I can most highly recommend her for any position requiring nursing and surgical skill of a high grade- James Buchanan'

Memorial Sundial & Plaque - E. Rutherford

Alfred Hospital Nurses League-Nursing Archives, melbourne

This iron sundial and plaque was donated by family and friends of Sister E.M. Rutherford in 1953 ,an Alfred Hospital Nurse who graduated 1935, in her memory as she died on Hospital Ship Centaur in WW11.

Historical information

Many Alfred Hospital nurses have served in wars. Some were killed.

Significance

The significance of the sundial and plaque is that it reminds us of the many Alfred Hospital nurses willing to serve their country.

Inscriptions & Markings

'Be as true to each other as the dial is to the sun'. Roman numerals, month and minutes.

Nurses diary

Alfred Hospital Nurses League-Nursing Archives, melbourne

A small, reddish brown, leather covered pocket sized book. Gold lettering on front cover.

Historical information

The diary was used as a note book for Nurse Lectures in 1888. It mentions the subjects taught to nurses and by whom.

Significance

The 1888 diary is significant as nurse training commenced at Alfred Hospital in 1880. The first general nurse training school in Victoria , so the contents of the book indicate what was being taught and by whom.

Inscriptions & Markings

Wellcome's Professional Nurse's Diary 1903-04 Burroughs Wellcome & Co

Student nurse arm badge patches

Alfred Hospital Nurses League-Nursing Archives, melbourne

These three arm badge patches are made of fabric. They represent the seniority of the student nurse during her training at the Alfred Hospital. These badges were sown onto the outer left sleeve of the uniform after the nurse passed each phase of training. Worn on a uniform sleeve between 1950 and 1992.

Historical information

The student nurse arm badge patches were introduced in the 1950's to identify the seniority of the nurse during the 3 years of training. The first year nurse wore a white maltese/pattee cross patch on a light blue square;the second year nurse wore a red skeletal cross on a white square and the third year nurse a filled in red cross on a white square. Prior to the 1950's the nurses from 1880 were identified by only two arm patches. A red skeletal cross and a filled in red cross which were on arm bands and were pushed up and positioned over the left sleeve.

Significance

These arm badge patches are significant to nurses who trained at Alfred Hospital as they remind them of the different phases of their three years of nurse training.

Nurse Graduation Certificate

Alfred Hospital Nurses League-Nursing Archives, melbourne

Nurse Graduation Certificate 1888, Alfred Hospital. Hard cover, brown leather with gold lettering title and decorative border on the front cover. When folded open there is a print of Alfred Hospital on the upper half and a certificate on the lower half.

Historical information

The cerificate was given to nurses when they graduated from nurse training. This certificate is one of few at Alfred Hospital Nursing Archives. Maria Birrell one of the first graduates in 1882

Significance

The first nurse graduation certificate was given to Alfred Nurses in 1882. The School of nursing commenced at Alfred Hospital in 1880. It is the first general nurse training school in Victoria.

Inscriptions & Markings

The cover has gold lettering, NURSES' CERTIFICATE ALFRED HOSPITAL and a gold decorative border. Inside is a print of Alfred Hospital circa 1871 and the black ink cerificate signed by the President , two examiners and the nurse 31st July 1888

Bandage winding machine on a stand

Alfred Hospital Nurses League-Nursing Archives, melbourne

An open wooden frame supported by six small horizontal beams. At the top of the frame is a metal shaft and handle which holds a bandage. The frame is on a wooden stand.

Historical information

Circa 1905-1933.The bandage winding machine manually wound calico bandages for patient use. A sheet of calico was torn into strips of differing widths. The length was around 8 feet or 240 cm. The bandage was wound around the handle shaft by hand initially to get purchase. Then the handle was turned until the bandage was tightly wound. Each bandage could be reused, after it was washed, dried and rewound on the machine.

Significance

The bandage winding machine enabled a more effective use of a bandage on a patient, as the machine wound it more tightly than a hand rolled bandage thus allowing more effective bandaging.

Inscriptions & Markings

Under the wooden stand is written: Tutorial Dept. Alfred Hospital.

Anniversary Banner

Alfred Hospital Nurses League-Nursing Archives, melbourne

This plasticised poster with original preliminary Training School photos, congratulation notice and drawings was created for the group celebrating 50 years since they commenced nursing in 1963.

Historical information

This banner was initiated by a nurse in preparation for the 50 year reunion of her nurse training group in 2013. They commenced nursing in 1963 and graduated in 1966. The banner was brought to a venue in Kooyong in March 2013 where they met for a reunion dinner.

Significance

This banner is significant to nurses who commenced training in 1963 and graduated in March 1966 as it reminds the nurses of their training days 50 years ago and their ongoing camaradarie and friendship.

Photograph-pupil nurses invalid cookery class 1907 - Invalid cookery class 1907

Alfred Hospital Nurses League-Nursing Archives, melbourne

A staged black and white photograph of eleven pupil nurses in an invalid cookery class in 1907. They are holding cooking equipment and implements in readiness for the practical lesson.

Historical information

Theoretical and practical lessons in invalid cookery commenced in 1902 for third year pupil nurses. From 1903 it was part of second year training and then it was part of first year training.later an invalid cookery qualification was a prerequisite for the entry to a nurse training course.

Significance

It is an important requirement that patients get adequate nourishment which is appropriate for their medical condition, other wise their recovery can be slow or negligible. It was not until 1930 that a dietician was appointed to manage the dietary needs of patients and to set up a dietary department. Therefore it was necessary prior to this that nurses have knowledge of the different classes of food and their value to the well being of patients and to be able to prepare basic recipes.