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B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc Werribee, Victoria

The museum is a memorial to the air crew and ground crew who flew and serviced the B-24 Liberator bomber during World War 2 operations in the Pacific area.
A Liberator bomber is being restored and will form the centrepiece of a museum complex including a Memorial Wall and WW2 arefacts.

Links

Contact Information

location
PO Box 156 Werribee Victoria 3030 (map)
phone
+61 (03) 9731 1263

Contact

Opening Hours

Every Tuesday, Thursday and Sunday between 9:30 am and 3:30 pm

Entry Fee

$5.00 adult, children under 16 free

Location

Corner Farm Rd & Princes Highway Werribee Victoria

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The collection is a memorial to all personnel who served with B-24 Liberator heavy bombers during World War 2, particularly RAAF and USAAF personnel in the Pacific theatre. The collection reflects on the times and experiences of those who gave their time and health, or life, while defending the democratic beliefs of the allies and importantly, the security of Australia. Based upon the B-24 Liberator, the collection recognises specifically joint RAAF and USAAF operations commencing in Australia with the training in the late 1930s of RAAF pilots in conjunction with the Empire Air Training Scheme, through to the joint USAAF operations north of Borneo in 1945 countering Japanese advances into the region and culminating in the end of the war. In particular, the collection concentrates on the period 1943 to 1947. The collection includes the ongoing restoration of one of the RAAF?s last obtained B-24 Liberators (A72-176). This aircraft is significant as the only surviving example of its kind in the southern hemisphere. It is also an important part of Australia?s aviation history. In addition to the B-24 Liberator, the main focus of the collection, there is a range of equipment and artefacts relevant to the training and service of B-24 Liberator air and ground crews; the early stages of building a replica Airspeed Oxford training aircraft; flight simulators, models, books, photographs, uniforms, and memorabilia. The objective of the collection is to be a memorial as well as to give visitors the opportunity to view this aircraft and to understand the training pilots and crews underwent from basic training through to operations against the enemy.

Significance

Iconic aircraft and associated artefacts from an important period of Australia's modern history

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114 items with images

Silver Gillette Shaver

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

Silver Gillette Shaver in plastic container used by Bill Bakker

Significance

Includeed in the collection of Bill Bakker RNEIAAF

Turbocharger - General ElectricModel B-22

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

Round metal supercharger with inlet and outlet.

Significance

General Electric turbocharger model B-22 was fitted externally to a Pratt & Whitney R1930 14 cylinder twin wasp radial air-cooled engine for the supply of air at an increased pressure to the carburetor intake. This enabled the B-24 Liberator to maintain a maximum 1300HP at takeoff from sea level to 30,000 ft. ceiling and at high altitude.

Inscriptions & Markings

General Electric turbo super charger. GE Ser. No. 872144 FW, A Setting 6, Assembly OD WW 8456556, Model 75-B22-A6 AF Contract or Purchase Order W33-038AC-1699, Spec. H-285022-22 Schenectady Made in US

Aircraft Recognition Model - Model Aircraft

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

Small bakelite Japanese "NICK" aircraft model. Coloured matt black including hole for suspension and mobility.

Historical information

Created to supply training and recognition of friendly/enemy aircraft

Significance

Expanded the skills of recognition for aircrew and ground crew and defence activities

Inscriptions & Markings

"NICK" E9-3811 D^D D/LtdC

WWII Japanese Aircraft Compass

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

Compass believed to be from a 'Betty' or 'Dinah' Japanese Aircraft.

Inscriptions & Markings

Model 9 - 2 magnetic type compass for aircraft YOKOGAWA Electric Company. Made in August 1942. Serial No. 8305411

Sperry Ball Turret B-24 Liberator

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

Sperry Ball Turret B-24 Liberator, meant for ventral defence needs on aircraft. Also used on B-17 Flying Fortress.

Memorial Poppy

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

Red hand knitted woollen poppy, with black ringed green centre mounted on attaching pin. Copy of surrender certificate attached.

Historical information

Presented at the surrender at Morotai 9 September 1945.

Significance

Connection to the surrender at Morotai

Plaque

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

Plaque presented to Wilhelm H. Bakker and Mrs Anne Bakker by RAAF Association, Victorian Division.

Significance

Included in the collection of Bill Bakker ex RNEIAAF

Inscriptions & Markings

AFA - Presented to Wilhelm H. Bakker, Past President - RAAF Association, Victorian Division and Mrs. Anne Bakker on the occasion of their visit to Florida, USAF Association (Florida State) August 1985.

Book on B-24 Liberators - Leyburn's Liberators

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

Softback book.

Historical information

A history of RAAF 200 Flight at Leyburn Airfield.

Significance

A little known story of secret operations.

Inscriptions & Markings

Inscribed inside 'Mr C Chapman, 41 Bay Road, Oatley, 2223'

US World War II multi-coloured map on acetate rayon, printed on both sides, AAF Cloth Map - Southwest Pacific Area, Side 1 - No. 22 Southwestern and No. 26 East Java, Side 2 - No. 25 Timor

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

A multi-coloured, contoured, double-sided map printed on acetate rayon

Historical information

Silk and rayon maps were produced by the United States (c. 7.5 million in total), Great Britain (some 1.75 million in total) and Australia during World War II. They were issued to Allied military personnel as part of 'escape and evasion' kits.

Significance

This map, printed on acetate rayon, is an original US 'escape and evasion' kit map from World War II.

Inscriptions & Markings

AAF Cloth Map - Southwest Pacific Area Side 1 - No. 22 Southwestern and No. 26 East Java Side 2 - No. 25 Timor

Aircraft Recognition Model - Model Aircraft

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

Large bakelite B17 Flying Fortress aircraft, coloured matt black, including hole for suspension and mobility.

Historical information

Created to supply training and recognition of friendly/enemy aircraft.

Significance

Expanded the skills of recognition for air crew, ground crew and defence activities.

Inscriptions & Markings

"Flying Fortress" Boeing B17E.E9-2324 DS^D DLTDC

Astro Compass MKII

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

Astronomical Compass used by the Navigator in B-24 Liberator aircraft. Complete in original wooden box.

Historical information

Used by the Navigator in a B-24 Liberator bomber

Significance

Air Ministry Compass

Inscriptions & Markings

Compass marked - A.M. Astro compass MKII CA/1174 Box marked - Delicate instrument, to be handled with great care.

Book - Pilot's Notes - M.D. Frecker

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

Pilot's Notes for Bristol - Hercules V1 Engines in Wellington aircraft.

Historical information

Used by pilots during WWII

Inscriptions & Markings

Issue No. 1 February 1943 (M.D. Frecker) These Notes are applicable only to engines running on 100-octane fuel and are complementary to information given in official publications.

Dutch Post Card

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

Dutch Post Card written in Dutch by Bill Bakker

Significance

Included in the collection of Bill Bakker RNEIAAF

Helmet and Goggles

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

Leather helmet with suede lining, under chin strap, earphone inlets with snap locked flaps. Metal framed goggles with leather surrounds, adjustable rubber strap and split glass lenses.

Significance

These goggles and helmets were issued to flying recruits for learning to fly biplanes.

Inscriptions & Markings

Made in England Patent. R51067 scratched into metal.

Log Book - Observer's, Air Gunner's and W/T Operators Flying Log Book

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

Rectangular light blue linen covered hard bound book

Historical information

F/SGT. M.L.Jones 122186, qualified as Air Gunner on B24 Liberators November 1944

Inscriptions & Markings

Form A.73.(June1938) . Royal Australian Air Force Observer's Air Gunner's and W/T Operators Flying Log Book. Jones M.L.

Certificate of Merit - Bill Bakker

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

Certificate of Merit in Frame - Bill Bakker

Significance

Included in the Collection of Bill Bakker ex RNEIAAF

Inscriptions & Markings

Australian Flying Corps and RAAF Association Certificate of Merit Presented by Federal Council to William M. Bakker as a mark of Appreciation and Recognition of Service to the Association. Federal President Howard, Federal Secretary Peter Alexander. Dated 3 November 1974.

Camera

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

Camera used by Vern Roberts, RAAF 24 Squadron during 1943-1944.

Significance

Camera was used during 1943-1944 by Vern Roberts, RAAF 24 Squadron.

Inscriptions & Markings

Soho Myna Model SK12

Dutch Air Force Officer's Cap

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

Dutch Air Force Officer's Cap

Historical information

Worn by Wilhelmius (Bill) Bakker during WWII.

Significance

Mr Bakker was in the Dutch Air Force and was stationed at Darwin working with the RAAF.

Pocket Vocabulary of Malay, Pidgin English and Japanese Phrases and Malay Course for Beginners. M.D. Frecker

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

A Pocket Vocabulary of Malay, Pidgin English and Japanese Phrases for the use of U.S. Troops in the Southwest Pacific Area. Second printing for Australian Military Forces. Malay Course for Beginners. Far Eastern Liaison Office. Used by Military Forces.

Photograph of Bill Bakker

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

Colour photograph of William (Bill) Bakker in frame.

Significance

Included in the Collection of Bill Bakker ex RNEIAAF

Polaroid Lenses for 1068 Goggles

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

Brown Box containing 4 green, 4 orange and 2 clear replacement lenses for Polaroid 1068 Goggles.

Historical information

Used by airmen in WWII

Inscriptions & Markings

Polaroid Aviation Goggles Kit No. 1068.

Air Force Association Badge

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

Blue and Gold Air Force Association Badge (Bill Bakker)

Significance

Included in the collection of Bill Bakker RNEIAAF

Inscriptions & Markings

Air Force Association

Computer Navigational MkIII D

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

Black metal box with SS flap-top cover, moulding and straps for knee attachment.

Historical information

RAAF Manual navigation aircraft calculator(early computer)

Significance

General issue to allied pilots and navigators for airspeed,altitude,air temperature and drift calculations.

Inscriptions & Markings

Engraving No. 19, Ident.No. G6B/145. I.C.A.N. Serial No. WG/1716*. Computer Navigational Mk.IIID

Australian World War II silk map of Banda Sea

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

An oblong, cream colour, single-sided map printed in black and white with brown contours, Banda Sea

Historical information

Silk and rayon maps were produced by Australia, Great Britain (some 1.75 million in total) and the United States (c.7.5 million) during World War II. They were issued to Allied military personnel as part of 'escape and evasion' kits.

Significance

This silk map, one of relatively few produced in Australia (most Australian RAAF pilots and crew were issued with British and US maps), is an original map from World War II.

Inscriptions & Markings

Banda Sea (with Insets 'A' to 'E')

Emergency Signalling Mirror

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

Rectangular mirror with see through cross in centre on front. Instructions for use printed on rear. Cord threaded through corner hole. Contained in original cardboard container.

Historical information

A.J.Abicair was C/O of 486 Maintenance Squadron from 22/08/1946 having been promoted to A/W.Cdr in May 1944 , then T/OT/W/Cdr. January 1945. .

Significance

Part of the collection of Wing Commander A.J.Abicair issued equipment.

Inscriptions & Markings

One Emergency Signalling Mirror ESM/1. "Spec. 40653" Open this end and pull lanyard. This package contains 1 emergency signalling mirror with which the attention of persons in the distance (in ships, aircraft, etc) may be attracted by a beam of reflected sunlight. A positive means of aiming the reflected beam of light is provided.Instructions are printed on the other side of this package and on mirror. General Electric company. Instruction for use are written on the rear. From collection of Wing/Com A.J. Abicair

Aircraft Recognition Model - Model Aircraft

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

Small bakelite P39 Aircobra Aircraft, coloured black matt including hole for suspension and mobility.

Historical information

Created to supply training and recognition of friendly/enemy aircraft.

Significance

Expanded the skills of recognition for air crew, ground crew and defence activities.

Inscriptions & Markings

P-39 June 42 US

US World War II multi-coloured map on acetate rayon, printed on both sides, AAF Cloth Chart, Side 1 - No. C-47 South Borneo, Side 2 - No. C-48 West Java

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

A multi-coloured, contoured, double-sided map printed on acetate rayon

Historical information

Silk and rayon maps were produced by the United States (c. 7.5 million in total), Great Britain (some 1.75 million in total) and Australia during World War II. They were issued to Allied military personnel as part of 'escape and evasion' kits.

Significance

This map, printed on acetate rayon, is an original US 'escape and evasion' kit map from World War II.

Inscriptions & Markings

AAF Cloth Chart Side 1 - No. C-47 South Borneo Side 2 - No. C.48 West Java

Airspeed Oxford aircraft (Replica under construction)

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

Full-sized replica of an Airspeed Oxford aircraft. This type of aircraft was described as a multi-engine three-seat advanced military trainer monoplane. It was a wooden construction using plywood and fabric covering and powered by two 375 HP Armstrong Siddeley Cheetah 10 engines.

Historical information

This type first flew in 1937 and by the start of WWII it was the preferred aircraft in all Empire Air Training Schemes for multi-engine pilot training.

Significance

By the beginning of WWII the Airspeed Oxford was the preferred aircraft in all Empire Air Training Schemes for multi-engine pilot training. As of April 2014, no Airspeed Oxfords remain in the world in airworthy condition and there are very few complete air frames. There are reportedly some restoration-to-fly projects underway, one in New Zealand.

Inscriptions & Markings

Parts originally used a base for this reconstruction were reckoned to be from an Oxford Mk 2 with registration A25 LX181 which was based at Point Cook and used extensively in training from the Werribee Aerodrome.

Radar Antenna

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

Radar Antenna (Dish), forms part of the S.C.R. 717c search radar fitted to RAAF Liberators. It is an early microwave airborne pulse radar.

Historical information

Airborne radar was developed as WWII progressed; it only started to become really useful nearing the war's end.

Inscriptions & Markings

The antenna designation is RC266

Emergency Drinking Water

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

Small (about .5 litre) can, containing drinking water. A spike, to punch a small hole in the can, is affixed to the lid. These cans were standard equipment in B-24 Liberator life rafts

Inscriptions & Markings

Water (Drinking)

Aircraft Recognition Model - Model Aircraft

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

Small bakelite North American "0-47A"

Historical information

Created to supply training and recognition of friendly/enemy aircraft

Significance

Expanded the skills of recognition for aircrew and ground crew and defence activities

Inscriptions & Markings

North American "0-47A" E9-2327 D^D D/LtdC

RAAF Dress Uniform

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

RAAF Dress Uniform worn on formal occasions by Flight Sergeant Charles Cull.

Historical information

Worn in WWII as Dress Uniform on Formal Occasions.

Black and White Photographs of Bill Bakker

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

Black and white photograph of a young Bill Bakker. Black and white photograph in a frame of Bill Bakker.

Significance

Included in the collection of Bill Bakker ex RNEIAAF

Aircraft Recognition Model - Model Aircraft

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

Small bakelite British Airspeed Oxford aircraft, coloured black matt, uncluding hole for suspension and mobility.

Historical information

Created to supply training & recognition of friendly/enemy aircraft.

Significance

Expanded the skills of recognition for air crew, ground crew and defence activities.

Inscriptions & Markings

Airspeed Oxford E9-2189 D^D DLTDC

Letter from Commonwealth of Australia, Department of Air to M.D. Frecker

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

Letter from Commonwealth of Australia, Department of Air to M.D. Frecker. Re: awarded medals during services with the Armed Forces during WWII 1939/45

Significance

Includedin the collection of Bill Bakker ex RNEIAAF

Photograph of Japanese Surrender on Morotai

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

During WWII Vern Roberts was an LAC Fitter 2A (airframe) in RAAF 24 Squadron. He was stationed on Morotai at the time of the Japanese surrender. All personnel on Morotai at the time were required to attend the parade to witness the signing of the Peace Document. Vern had with him the camera his mother had given him when he left Australia to serve in the RAAF. He carried that camera and used it throughout his war service in the Northern Territory and on Morotai. Vern took the pictures of the ceremony, now on display with his camera. General Sir Thomas Blamey signed the Surrender Document on behalf of the Allied Forces.

Historical information

Witnessing the Japanese surrender and signing of Peace Document on Morotai 1945.

Flying Log Book

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

Rectangular blue linen bound hard cover book

Historical information

Poynter A. 431028 qualified as a pilot on Airspeed Oxford 22-3-44

Inscriptions & Markings

Royal Australian Air Force Flying Log Book. Poynter A. 431028

Log Book - Royal Australian Air Force Observer's, Air Gunner's and W/T Operator's Flying Log Book

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

Rectangular blue linen bound hard cover book.

Historical information

Flying log book for E A Obst 5724 qualified as Flight Engineer 16 March 1945

Inscriptions & Markings

Obst E.A.

US World War II multi-coloured map on acetate rayon, printed on both sides, AAF Cloth Map - Southwest Pacific Area, Side 1 - No. 23 North Celebes, Side 2 - No. 24 South Celebes

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

A multi-coloured, contoured, double-sided map printed on acetate rayon

Historical information

Silk and rayon maps were produced by the United States (c. 7.5 million in total), Great Britain (some 1.75 million in total) and Australia during World War II. They were issued to Allied military personnel as part of 'escape and evasion' kits.

Significance

This map, printed on acetate rayon, is an original US 'escape and evasion' kit map from World War II.

Inscriptions & Markings

AAF Cloth Map - Southwest Pacific Area Side 1 - No. 23 North Celebes Side 2 - No. 24 South Celebes

Armstrong Siddeley Cheetah Engine

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

Seven-cylinder air cooled radial engine produced by Armstrong Siddeley (UK). Widely used in Airspeed Oxford and Avro Anson aircraft of WWII era. This example is in running order after having been rebuilt by team members from a very neglected state.

Historical information

Some 37,200 of these engines were built, major application was in the Airspeed Oxford aircraft.

Inscriptions & Markings

A9600 8739D 790 S

Plaque 49th Fighter Group

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

Plaque In frame presented to Bill Bakker

Significance

Included in the collection of Bill Bakker ex RNEIAAF

Inscriptions & Markings

49th Fighter Group W.M. Bakker Distinguished Guest 1980 3 Cloth Badges

Brown Leather Document Holder

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

Brown Leather Document Holder (poor condition) belonging to Bill Bakker

Significance

Included in the collection of Bill Bakker ex RNEIAAF

Inscriptions & Markings

Imprint of Horse

Wedding Photo of Mason Day Frecker

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

Black and White photograph of Mason Day Frecker's wedding.

Significance

Photograph showing wedding of M D Frecker who was a B-24 Liberator pilot during WWII.

Radio Control Box - BC-450-a

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

Black crackle-finish radio control box

Historical information

Part of the radio equipment in B-24 Liberator aircraft.

Significance

This is a good example as it is unused and in its original box.

Inscriptions & Markings

Radio control box/signal corps US Army/s.n. 84472/made by Western Electric New York.

US World War II multi-coloured map on acetate rayon, printed on both sides, AAF Cloth Chart - Philippine Series, Side 1 - No. C-43 Mindanao Series, Side 2 - No. C-44 North Borneo

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

A multi-coloured, contoured, double-sided map printed on acetate rayon

Historical information

Silk and rayon maps were produced by the United States (c. 7.5 million in total), Great Britain (some 1.75 million in total) and Australia during World War II. They were issued to Allied military personnel as part of 'escape and evasion' kits.

Significance

This map, printed on acetate rayon, is an original US 'escape and evasion' kit map from World War II.

Inscriptions & Markings

AAF Cloth Chart - Philippine Series Side 1 - No. C-43 Mindanao Series Side 2 - No. C.44 North Borneo

Blue - Pilot's Notes. Green - Pilot's Notes.

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

Blue - Bristol Aircooled Radial Engines Pilot's Notes, Pegasus CVIII. Green - Rotol Pilot's Notes.

Historical information

Used by pilots during WWII

Pratt & Whitney R 1830 Radial Engine - 54828 (CAC)

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

The Pratt & Whitney R 1830 is a double row 14 cylinder air cooled radial engine with a capacity of 1830 cubic inches, (30 litres), developing some 1200 horsepower at a maximum 2700 rpm.

Historical information

This engine was a Commonwealth Aircraft Corporation (CAC) build, and had been upgraded to 92 specification at some time. This engine as acquired, was completely seized and great difficulty was encountered in dismantling it. The pistons in Nos 1, 13, 3, 2 and 5 had "grown" into the cylinder bores requiring some unorthodox methods to remove them. The cylinder barrels have been brought up to a reasonable standard, those beyond repair were replaced from stock. After getting various parts from the US, this engine was eventually brought up to running order.

Inscriptions & Markings

Engine Number 54828

Aircraft Recognition Model - Model Aircraft

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

Medium bakelite Japanese Nakajima Kate aircraft, coloured black including hole for suspension and mobility.

Historical information

Created to supply training and recognition of friendly/enemy aircraft.

Significance

Expanded the skills of recognition for air crew. ground crew and defence activities.

Inscriptions & Markings

NAKA T-97 NTB June '42.

Manual - Course notes for B-24 Liberator aircraft ground crew - Fitters II.A Carpenter, riggers, flight riggers, Course notes.

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

Loose leaf manual in two-ring binder. Pale green with dark green spine.

Historical information

Issued to RAAF ground crew in WWII.

Significance

Original WWII manual

Inscriptions & Markings

R.A.A.F. serial number 19218. Issue 4 - 1942

S.C.R 522 VHF Radio

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

Also know as T.R 5043 in RAF and RAAF usage. Very widely used Very High Frequency Transmitter/Receiver operating in the 100 to 150 MHz range. This equipment is very heavy for the low power output (8 to 9 watts) weighing in at 22 kg and another 16 kg for the associated Dynamotor power supply. Physical size 2bx