Founded in 1964 the East Gippsland Historical Society has been operating at it's Macarthur Street premises since 1972. The Society aims to display and preserve local artifacts pertinent to Bairnsdale and surrounding districts, and endeavours to provide a community resource for local history.

The Society is run totally by volunteers. We rely on funds from membership fees, fundraising projects, sales of books and calendars, donations and grants. This assists in maintaining and developing the resource centre and museum. The resources that have been collected are quite comprehensive, with over 80,000 photographs, information about many prominent local families, East Gippsland newspapers on microfilm, an extensive library of local history books, a collection of historical maps, and an archive of many records from local institutions.

There are also a number of members who have had long term connections to the history of the district and are able to provide an excellent recall about people, places and events that have occurred. The main aims and objectives of the East Gippsland Historical Society Inc are the preservation of the unique history of Bairnsdale and surrounding areas. The items on display and the contents of the research archives are preserved for the use and enjoyment of the community.