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Small sterilizer-portable instrument & syringe sterilizer

From the Collection of Alfred Hospital Nurses League-Nursing Archives Old Monash Medical School Building, Ground Floor Alfred Hospital 55 Commercial Road melbourne Victoria

Description
The sterilizer is made of stainless steel and constructed like a fish kettle with a perforated tray on which instruments and syringes were placed. Hot water is heated to boiling point either by gas or by methylated spirit burners.
Size
Base: 29cm long; 8.5cm depth; 12 cm wide with four 7.5 cm long legs. Tray: 26.5 cm long; 10 cm wide. Lid: 29.5 cm long; 12cm wide with a handle
Object Registration
176.037
Keywords
sterilizer. portable instrument sterilizer
Historical information
Louis Pasteur, a French scientist in 1863, identified that microscopic living creatures caused fermentation and putrefaction.Following this he boiled the fermenting substances which killed the microbes development. Robert Koch, a German doctor proved conclusively in his experiments that the living creatures that he called bacteria caused infections. He demonstrated that live steam was superior to chemicals in killing bacteria. Curt Schimmelbusch, a German scientist and Felix Terrier a French scientist, almost simultaneously created the practice of steam sterilization which became the standard for sterilization in Operating Theatres world wide.
When Made
circa 1928
Significance
Wound infection was a major cause of death following surgery. The discovery of steam as a method of killing microorganisms led to the development of sterilizers. The steam sterilization of instruments, syringes and the use of chemicals for some objects used in surgery helped reduce the infection rate.
Last updated
3 Mar 2017 at 10:09AM