Lyttelton served in the Second Boer War as Commander of the 4th Brigade from 1899. He temporarily became General Officer Commanding the 2nd Division and the commanded the 4th Division. The Division was involved in the Battle of Spion Kop and the Battle of Vaal Krantz, leading to the Relief of Ladysmith 1900.
Lord Roberts referred to Lyttelton as an officer "with great coolness under fire, and considerable tactical knowledge and resource........an excellent commander in the field."
Following the end of the Boer War in 1902, Lyttelton became Commander-in-Chief of the whole of South Africa. He and his wife sought to repair relations with the Boer community. In the South Africa honours of 1902 Lyttelton was knighted as Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath.
He retired in 1912 and under insistence by the King was appointed as Governor of the Royal Hospital Chelsea from that time until his death there in 1931.
Other awards received were Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath;
Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order; Order of Osmanieh (Ottoman Empire)
Individual image taken from photographed poster of tobacco and cigarette cards.
- neville gerald lyttelton,
- second boer war,
- 4th brigade,
- battle of spion kop,
- battle of vaal krantz,
- relief of ladysmith,
- lord roberts,
- south africa,
- knight commander of the order of the bath,
- royal hospital chelsea,
- order of osmanieh (ottoman empire),
- knight grand cross of the royal victorian order