Book - Nicholas Nickleby
From the Collection of Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village 89 Merri Street Warrnambool Victoria
- Nicholas Nickleby
Author: Charles Dickens
Publisher: Oxford University Press
First Published in book form 1839
- H 19 x W 13 x D 3.5 cm
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- This book was part of a large group of books referred to as the Pattison Collection, which belonged to the Warrnambool Public Library, part of the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute.
About RALPH ERIC PATTISON and the ‘PATTISON COLLECTION’
The ‘Pattison Collection’ is a collection of books and records that was originally owned by the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute, founded in Warrnambool in 1853.
By 1886 the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute (WMI) had grown to have a Library, Museum and Fine Arts Gallery, with a collection of “… choice productions of art, and valuable specimens in almost every branch and many wonderful national curiosities are now to be seen there, including historic relics of the town and district.” It later included a School of Design. Although it was very well patronised, the WMI was led to ask the City Council to take it over in 1911 due to lack of financial support.
In 1935 Ralph Pattison was appointed as City Librarian to establish and organise the Warrnambool Public Library as it was then called.
Ralph Eric Pattison was born in Rockhampton, Queensland, in 1891. He married Maude Swan from Warrnambool in 1920 and they set up home in Warrnambool.
In 1935 when Pattison accepted the position as City Librarian for the Warrnambool City Council his huge challenge was to make a functional library within two rooms of the Mechanics’ Institute. He tirelessly cleaned, cleared and sorted a disarrayed collection of old books, jars of preserved specimens and other items reserved for exhibition in the city’s museum.
He developed and updated the library with a wide variety of books for all tastes, including reference books for students; a difficult task to fulfil during the years following the Depression. He converted all of the lower areas of the building into a library, reference room and reading room for members and the public. The books were sorted and stored using a cataloguing and card index system that he had developed himself.
He also prepared the upper floor of the building and established the Art Gallery and later the Museum, a place to exhibit the many old relics that had been stored for years for this purpose. One of the treasures he found was a beautiful ancient clock, which he repaired, restored and enjoyed using in his office during the years of his service there.
Ralph Pattison was described as “a meticulous gentleman whose punctuality, floorless courtesy and distinctive neat dress were hallmarks of his character, and ‘his’ clock controlled his daily routine, and his opening and closing of the library’s large heavy doors to the minute.”
Pattison took leave from 1942 to 1945 to serve in the Royal Australian Navy, Volunteer Reserve as Lieutenant.
A few years later he converted one of the Museum’s rooms into a Children’s Library, stocking it with suitable books for the younger generation. This was an instant success.
In the 1950’s he had the honour of being appointed to the Victorian Library Board and received more inspiration from the monthly conferences in Melbourne.
He was sadly retired in 1959 after over 23 years of service, due to the fact that he had gone over the working age of council officers. However he continued to take a very keen interest in the continual development of the Library until his death in 1969.
THE NEW WARRNAMBOOL LIBRARY
When the WMI building was pulled down in 1963 a new civic building was erected on the site and the new Warrnambool Library, on behalf of the City Council, took over all the holdings of the WMI. At this time some of the items were separated and identified as the ‘Pattison Collection’, named after Pattison.
Eventually the components of the WMI were distributed from the Warrnambool Library to various places, including the Art Gallery, Historical Society and Flagstaff Hill. Later some were even distributed to other regional branches of Corangamite Regional Library and passed to and fro. It is difficult now to trace just where all of the items have ended up. The books at Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village generally display stamps and markings from Pattison as well as a variety of other institutions including the Mechanics’ Institute itself.
WARRNAMBOOL PUBLIC LIBRARY
The Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute (WMI) was formed by a voluntary
community group in 1863, within six years of Warrnambool’s beginnings,
and its Reading Room opened in 1854. The WMI operated until 1963, at
which time it was one of the oldest Mechanics’ Institutes in Victoria.
Mechanics’ Institutes offered important services to the public including
libraries, reading rooms and places to display and store collections of all
sorts such as curiosities and local historical relics. In 1886 a Museum
and Fine Arts Gallery were added to the WMI and by the beginning of
the 20th century there was also a billiards room and a School of Art. By
this time all Mechanics’ Institutes in country Victoria had museums
Over the years the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute Library was also
known as the Warrnambool Public Library the Warrnambool Library and
the Free Library. Early funding from the government was for the “Free
Library”. The inscription in a book “Science of Man” was for the
“Warrnambool Public Library”, donated by Joseph Archibald in 1899.
Another inscription in the book “Catalogue of Plants Under Cultivation in
the Melbourne Botanic Gardens 1 & 2, 1883” was presented to the
“Warrnambool Library” and signed by the author W.R. Guilfoyle.
In 1903 the Warrnambool Public Library decided to add a Juvenile
Department to library and stock it with hundreds of books suitable for
youth. In 1905 the Public Library committee decided to update the
collection of books and added 100 new novels plus arrangements for the
latest novels to be included as soon as they were available in Victoria.
In July 1911 the Warrnambool Council took over the management of the
Public Library, Art Gallery, Museum and Mechanics’ Institute and
planned to double the size of the then-current building.
In 1953, when Mr. R. Pattison was Public Librarian, the Warrnambool
Public Library’s senior section 10,000 of the 13,000 books were fiction.
The children’s section offered an additional 3,400 books. The library had
the equivalent of one book per head of population and served around 33
percent of the reading population. The collection of books was made up
of around 60 percent reference and 40 percent fiction. The library was
lending 400 books per day.
In 1963 the Warrnambool City Council allocated the site of the
Mechanics’ Institute building, which included the Public Library, Museum
and Art Gallery, for the new Municipal Offices and the Collections were
dispersed until 1971. The Warrnambool Library took over the
Mechanics’ Institute Library’s holdings on behalf of the Warrnambool
Since the closure of the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute the exact
location and composition of the original WMI books and items has
become unclear. Other materials have been added to the collection,
including items from Terang MI, Warrnambool Court House and
Many of the books have been identified as the Pattison Collection,
named after the Librarian who catalogued and numbered the books
during his time as Warrnambool Public Librarian in the time before the
Mechanics’ Institute closed.
It seems that when Warrnambool became part of the Corangamite
Regional Library some of the books and materials went to its head office
in Colac and then back to Warrnambool where they were stored at the
Art Gallery for quite some time. Some then went to the Warrnambool
Historical Society, some stayed at the Art Gallery and some were moved
to Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village. The various stamps and labels on the
books held at Flagstaff Hill show the variety of the collection’s
distribution and origin.
The books in the collection at Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village date from
the 1850’s to the late 1950’s and include rare and valuable volumes.
Many of the books are part of the “Pattison Collection” after the
Warrnambool’s Public Librarian, Mr. R. Pattison.
- The Pattison Collection, along with other items at Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, was originally part of the Warrnambool Mechanics' Institute’s collection.
The Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute Collection is primarily significant in its totality, rather than for the individual objects it contains. Its contents are highly representative of the development of Mechanics' Institute libraries across Australia, particularly Victoria. A diversity of publications and themes has been amassed, and these provide clues to our understanding of the nature of and changes in the reading habits of Victorians from the 1850s to the middle of the 20th century. The collection also highlights the Warrnambool community’s commitment to the Mechanics’ Institute, reading, literacy and learning in the regions, and proves that access to knowledge was not impeded by distance. These items help to provide a more complete picture of our community’s ideals and aspirations.
The Warrnambool Mechanics Institute book collection has historical and social significance for its strong association with the Mechanics Institute movement and the important role it played in the intellectual, cultural and social development of people throughout the latter part of the nineteenth century and the early twentieth century. The collection of books is a rare example of an early lending library and its significance is enhanced by the survival of an original collection of many volumes.
The Warrnambool Mechanics' Institute’s publication collection is of both local and state significance.
- The label on spine cover with typed text PAT 828 DIC
Pastedown front endpaper has a sticker from Warrnambool Public Library
Front loose endpaper has a stamp from Corangamite Regional Library Service
- 29 May 2019 at 2:12PM