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City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum) Ormond, Victoria

The Box Cottage Museum houses a collection that reflects the life of residents in the Moorabbin Area from pre-settlement of Brighton, Parish of Moorabbin, County of
Bourke in 1841 through the establishment of The Moorabbin Roads Board 1862 to the City of Moorabbin 1934 -94.The City of Moorabbin Historical Society was founded in 1960. and is a small not-for-profit organisation devoted to preserving the history of the former City of Moorabbin. It exists for the benefit of the public, as much as for its members. Among other activities, it acts as the custodian of Box Cottage Museum, allowing the cottage and its exhibits to be open for inspection by the public. The society maintains a library of the area's history, and generally acts as a resource for members of the community with an interest in local history. New members and visitors are most welcome.

Contact Information

location
CMHS PO Box 4028 McKinnon Victoria 3204 (map)
phone
+61 03 9557 4642; 0431 145 231

Contact

Opening Hours

2pm - 4pm Last Sunday of the month & by appointment

Entry Fee

Gold Coin Donation

Location

Joyce Park Jasper Road Ormond Victoria

View on Google Maps

The City of Moorabbin Historical Society was formed in 1960 by a group of residents concerned for the preservation of the historical legacy of the district and is the custodian of the 'Box Cottage' Museum. The museum is a re-production cottage of an actual 1840s local pioneer's cottage; it does include some of the original fittings, such as convict bricks, window frames and doors. The museum houses an eclectic collection of interesting historical artefacts collected from the surrounding districts, including such items as historical photos, local land sale advertisements, vintage agricultural implements, tools, clothing, domestic items, linen, lace, furniture and artefacts reflecting an era long past. The museum provides an enjoyable learning experience for both children and adults, and also gives them a glimpse into life before the advent of electricity and supermarkets particularly in the suburbs of Ormond, Bentleigh, Moorabbin, Highett and Cheltenham. In the grounds there is also a collection of agricultural implements, and a wheelway cart resting on a length of original steel plateway. Visitors are most welcome to browse folios of historic photos as well as a good library of books relating to local history.

Significance

The 'Box Cottage Museum' contains a diverse collection of artefacts that provides a comprehensive historical view of the settlement of the area from the 1841 Dendy Special Survey of Land, through the establishment of the Market Gardens c1850, up to the Land Sales and housing development Post World War2. The reconstructed Pioneer Cottage displays early settler life, development of local industry and photography of events and prominent people from the vast
Moorabbin Area .

Joan Moore 12 April 2013 11:11 PM

Emily I have asked about the original colour of the Mangle but have no definite answer. 'Heritage green' has been put on parts of our Mangle to protect it from rust. I hope to get another photo onto site soon. Joan

Joan Moore 7 July 2013 9:05 PM

Thank you Lucy for your observation. I have checked the Teapot and the lid has indeed a different pattern. I have asked members of Historical Society if they know the Donor of this item or information about the items and am waiting for their response. Joan Moore

Joan Moore 29 July 2013 11:45 PM

Thank you for that information Arthur. I think it would be rather hard work pushing the agitator up and down amongst the washing.

Joan Moore 19 October 2013 9:19 PM

Thank you Geoff for this information Dennis will contact you.

Joan Moore 19 October 2013 9:21 PM

Sorry Jeff Joan

joan 24 May 2015 1:03 PM

Hello Fiona, all our artefacts were donated c1960 I do not know if they still make them or if they have any value other than historical.

Joan Moore 26 May 2015 9:26 PM

Hello Margaret, Thank you for your enquiry. All our artefacts were donated and we do not have any valuations.

Joan Moore 26 May 2015 9:44 PM

Hello Stephen, Thank you for your comments unfortunately we have no photographs of that site.

Linda Jones 10 July 2015 9:58 AM

Hello I have some old Bentleigh Club (Yawla Street Bentleigh) annual magazines which my father had collected as he was President for many years..Pat Chaundy was his name. It was a very important part of the landscape for decades. I think the Melbourne Football Club now own it but I know it was an historical home in the day. The booklets have lot of interesting ads in them for retailers etc around the area. I have a box full of them and was wondering if you would like them. Please email me if you are interested in adding them to your library. Regards Linda Jones

Carol 13 July 2015 11:17 PM

Linda can you please contact Box Cottage on the Victorian Collections Site ( email query and I will get back to you) re - the Bentleigh Club papers.

Joan Moore 19 June 2016 10:13 PM

Marylou we have no stock. All artefacts were donated by residents of the City of Moorabbin Joan Moore

Kathryn 21 September 2016 10:15 AM

Hello I purchased a marriage certificate from 1854 and couldnt make out the residence. I finally found out it is Two Acre Village. It fits in with other family members being in the area

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1045 items

1045 items

Craftwork, Souvenir silk square Egypt WW1

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

A hand embroidered silk square souvenir of Egypt c 1914-1918 WW1

Historical information

This souvenir was bought by an Australian soldier from a local craftworker while stationed in Egypt during WW1 1914- 1918 and brought or sent to his family in Moorabbin Shire.

Inscriptions & Markings

Hand embroidery

Plateway (Wheelway) Steel

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

Two parallel metal rails were installed in the right hand side of a few main roads in the Shire of Moorabbin so that the wheels of heavily-loaded market gardener's carts on their way to markets in Melbourne could run along smoothly. The horse pulling the carts travelled in the filled, middle area between the rails. The Steel Plateway was constructed by David Munro, and opened on 23rd March 1885 by Thomas Bent. The wheelway first only ran along Nepean Highway, but it soon extended from Centre Dandenong Road, along Nepean road to its junction with Chapel Street, St Kilda. Later branch lines were built along Centre Road, Bentleigh as far as Warrigal Road and, according to early photographs, along Wickham Road Moorabbin as well. This innovative solution proved successful and was used until gradually the main roads were upgraded, and motorised vehicles started to appear. There was a problem with the wheelway : there was only a single set of rails and this was established on the right-hand side of the Nepean Road, travelling towards the city. Traffic FROM the city travelled on the correct or left-hand side of the road. The exception to this rule was the malodorous iron-clads, heavily riveted iron carts, generally travelling in convoy, carrying several tons of human effluent out of Melbourne to be trenched-in in the sandy soil of the Moorabbin district. Moorabbin City Council donated and installed a small section of Plateway at Box Cottage Museum in 1984

Historical information

By the later 1800s the dirt roads in the then out-lying areas of the City of Moorabbin became dangerous, and almost impassable due to huge potholes and muddy swampy areas. The heavily laden market gardener’s carts regularly broke axles and wheels, and horses foundered on their way to the Melbourne markets. Even worse, the heavier “iron maidens”, carrying their malodorous loads of sewage from Melbourne’s inner suburbs for dumping in the outlying areas of the City of Moorabbin, also got bogged in the mire. It was decided that a practical solution to this problem was to install a metal plateway on the side of the problematic roads. In about 1887 the Moorabbin Shire Centre Road, in the Brighton East area, two parallel metal rails were installed so that the wheels of carts could run along smoothly, the horse travelled in the filled, middle area between the rails. Point Nepean Road plateway was removed in 1930 and Centre Dandenong Road plateway was removed in 1934-35. The worn plateway along Centre Road, East Brighton (now known as Bentleigh), was gradually taken up in several pieces, commencing in the the1920s, when its condition deteriorated and it caused a hazard to bikes, pedestrians, motor-cycles and the few early cars.

Significance

The early steel plateway, constructed by David Munro, and opened on 23rd March 1885 by Thomas Bent, was built along Nepean Highway, between Asling St. and Bay St. The Point Nepean Track was subsequently extended into Moorabbin with branches along Centre, Cumins, South, Wickham, and Keys Roads, the total length was 13 miles. In 1908-1909 plates were laid along Centre Dandenong Road to Ross Street Bentleigh This innovative solution proved successful and was used until gradually the main roads were upgraded, and motorised vehicles started to appear.

Lights, paraffin lamp c1950

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

A paraffin lamp with a green metal base to hold fuel with a side screw to adjust wick length. An opaque white glass shield sits in a metal frame attached to base

Historical information

A flat-wick lamp is a simple type of kerosene lamp, which burns kerosene drawn up through a wick by capillary action. A flat-wick lamp has a fuel tank (fount), with the lamp burner attached. Four prongs hold the glass chimney, which acts to prevent the flame from being blown out and enhances a thermally induced draft. The glass chimney needs a "throat," or slight constriction, to create the proper draft for complete combustion of the fuel; the draft carries more air (oxygen) past the flame, helping to produce a smokeless light which is brighter than that produced by an open flame. The lamp burner has a flat wick, usually made of cotton. The lower part of the wick dips into the fount and absorbs the kerosene; the top part of the wick extends out of the wick tube of the lamp burner, which includes a wick-adjustment mechanism. Adjusting how much of the wick extends above the wick tube controls the flame. The wick tube surrounds the wick, and ensures that the correct amount of air reaches the lamp burner. Adjustment is usually done by means of a small knob operating a toothed, metal sprocket bearing against the wick.

Manufactured Glass, 'Thars' ointment

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

A clear glass jar with a metal screw top containing 'Thar's' antiseptic poultice ointment.

Historical information

A poultice is a soft moist mass, often heated and medicated, that is spread on cloth over the skin to treat an aching, inflamed, or painful part of the body. It can be used on wounds such as cuts, inflammations like boils and to draw out splinters.

Inscriptions & Markings

Front THAR'S / ANTISEPTIC / POULTICE / OINTMENT / Thar Chemical Co. / Pty. Ltd. / 74-76 Victoria Street / North Richmond / Left Side WAR-TIME PACK / FOR ......... Right Side DIRECTIONS ....... / Vertically sides Purifying, Soothing / Antiseptic, Healing

Photograph x 1 B/W 'MacRobertson' Bust , Letter, Envelope 1922 August Rietmann sculptor

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

Photograph x 1 Black & White Sculptured bust of Sir MacPherson Robertson c 1922; b) Letter, printed , typed from Sir MacPherson Robertson to August Rietmann (Richman) with payment for the Bust - £65-5-0 - ; c) Envelope, printed, typed addressed to Mr Rietmann { Richman) at Corbens Ltd.; d) reverse of envelope printed

Historical information

1922 August Rietmann was commissioned to sculpt a bust of Sir MacPherson Robertson 1859-1945, confectionery maker, ( famous for Freddo Frogs and Cherry Ripe chocolate bar). The Bust was installed at Mac Robertson Girls High School for which he had donated funds for the building. 'MacRob' also funded the bridge over the Yarra River and the herbarium in the Botanical Gardens that all bear his name. August Rietmann (1877-1951) of Lustdorf ,Switzerland, married Maria Frieda Oesschlager (2/2/1878- 22/7/1942) of Baden Baden, Germany on 6/8/1910 In August 8th 1915 August and his wife Frieda migrated to Melbourne, Victoria, Australia sailing on the Steam Ship ‘Osterley’ from Marseilles to Melbourne They leased Box Cottage, Ormond in 1917 and raised two children, Stefanie (1918 -2006) and William (1920- 1997). 1935 August purchased the property and the family used the Cottage during the day and slept in the Front House. August was a monumental mason, potter and sculptor, and was employed at Corbens Ltd Clifton Hill, to carve war memorials in Victoria post WW1 c 1915-1922. During the 1920's August set up his own business in pressed cement making pot plants, columns,paving slabs and lampstands. He continued to carve headstones and figures and took contract work for Artists eg Paul Mountford. He built a workshop in the Barn and used the Cottage for plaster moulding. His son William joined the business and and the family continued to use the site after August died in 1951. Rietmann Landscaping Ltd moved to Bay Road Highett in 1953 and later to Carrum. The land, containing the Box Cottage, was sold to Lewis Timber Pty Ltd in 1970 and Mr Lewis proposed that Moorabbin City Council should preserve the heritage Cottage. In 1984 the Cottage was dismantled and reconstructed in the adjacent Joyce Park.

Significance

The Rietman family is an example of the diverse nationalities that lived and worked productively in Moorabbin Shire 1871–1933 , the City of Moorabbin 1934-1994 and continues today in the Cities of Glen Eira, Kingston, Bayside, and Monash. August, a sculptor and stone mason, was employed by Corben Pty Ltd Clifton Hill to carve WW1 Memorials before establishing his own successful masonry business in the Box Cottage during the latter 1920s. After becoming interested in pressed cement casting, he took on apprentices (1930s Depression) and among his products were garden furniture, pots and also street lamp standards, some of which were installed in St Kilda Road. After August’s death in 1951, his family continued the business ‘Rietman’s Landscaping Ltd.’, at Highett and Carrum.

Inscriptions & Markings

a) 1922; b) printed letter MacRobertson Pty Ltd ; c) printed envelope MacRobertson Ltd

Manufactured Glass, bottle 'Sanic Oil' with box

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

A clear glass rectangular bottle with a screw top for Sanic Oil, with the original cardboard box.

Historical information

A medication for the treatment of aches, neuralgia and head colds manufactured in New York USA

Inscriptions & Markings

On Bottle and Box : SANIC OIL / STOPS / HEADACHE, EARACHE, TOOTHACHE, / .NEURALGIA ./ COLD IN THE HEAD, / CATARRH, COUGHS ETC, / Follow directions on inside wrapper / PREPARED BY / SANIC OIL CO. PTY. LTD / Registered / ...... Street New .YORK

Photograph, Colour , WW1 Memorial at Coleraine, Letter to August Rietmann

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

a) Photograph , colour of the WW1 Memorial at Coleraine, Victoria carved by August Rietman st Corbens Ltd. c1921. b) Letter from The Secretary of the Coleraine Fallen Soldiers' Memorial Fund

Historical information

August Rietmann (1877-1951) of Lustdorf ,Switzerland, married Maria Frieda Oesschlager (1878- 1942) of Baden Baden, in Germany on 6/8/1910 In August 8th 1915 August and his wife Frieda migrated to Melbourne, Victoria, Australia sailing on the Steam Ship ‘Osterley’ from Marseilles to Melbourne August and Frieda leased the Box Cottage in 1917 and raised 2 children Stefanie 1918-2006, and William 1920– 1997. August was a Monumental Mason / Potter / Sculptor and he was employed at Corbens Ltd Clifton Hill, to make the World War 1 Memorials for many Victorian towns c1920. This Soldier Statue at Coleraine was typical of many carved by August, however it was not usual for him to sign this work .Records have only been found for the Towns of Boort, Morewell and Coleraine. Other Soldier statue memorials in the same style are at Myrtleford, Benalla, Bonnie Doon and Yarck and possibly other towns. August purchased the property 1935,and established a pressed concrete business using the cottage as a workshop and storeroom After August died in 1951, William, his son, continued to work in the business from the site until the land was sold to Lewis Co. Ltd Timber Merchants in 1970. Rietman's Landscaping Ltd moved to Bay Road Highett 1953 and later to Carrum.

Significance

The Rietman family is an example of the diverse nationalities that lived and worked productively in Moorabbin Shire 1871–1933 , the City of Moorabbin 1934-1994 and continues today in the Cities of Glen Eira, Kingston, Bayside, and Monash. August, a sculptor and stone mason, was employed by Corben Pty Ltd Clifton Hill to carve WW1 Memorials before establishing his own successful masonry business in the Box Cottage during the latter 1920s. After becoming interested in pressed cement casting, he took on apprentices (1930s Depression) and among his products were garden furniture, pots and also street lamp standards, some of which were installed in St Kilda Road. After August’s death in 1951, his family continued the business ‘Rietman’s Landscaping Ltd.’, at Highett and Carrum.

Inscriptions & Markings

a) Handwritten information b) Typed letter signed by Goldberg

Farm Equipment, Horse Collar

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

Horse Collar large

Punch Clock, manual

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

The large manual, ‘Punch-Clock’, (also known as a Time Clock), used by the Shire of Moorabbin employees to “clock-on and off” each working day circa late 1800s early 1900s. The clock face is exposed and the internal mechanism is encased in a wooden cupboard with two glass framed side panels. Right side panel is a door that accesses the clock mechanism.

Historical information

The large, early, manual, ‘Punch-Clock’, (also known as a Time Clock), used by the Shire of Moorabbin employees to “clock-on and off” each working day circa late 1800s early 1900s.

Significance

This 'Punch-Clock' was used by employees of the Shire of Moorabbin circa 1880 - 1900 and was donated to the City of Moorabbin Historical Society by the now defunct Moorabbin City Council in 1984.

Inscriptions & Markings

Around Centre of Clock face " DEY TIME REGISTERS LTD"/ "HOWARD BROS./ made in USA/ 75 Queen Victoria St./ LONDON E.C."/ On Brass plate at base are Patent registrations

Clothing, lady's slip bodice

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

Fitted, fine white cotton lady's short sleeved slip bodice. Five front buttons. Hand embroidered satin stitch scallops on both sleeves and at neckline.

Historical information

This white cotton lady's slip bodice is an example of the dressmaking skills of the women of the families of the pioneer settlers and market gardeners of the Moorabbin Shire

Significance

The Blackburn family were early settlers in Moorabbin Shire. The pioneer settlers and market gardeners of Moorabbin Shire had to be self reliant and made their own clothing and utensils. This is one of many items that exhibit the skill and craftsmanship of the women in these families.

Clothing, girls tunic

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

A child’s calico, box-pleated tunic with eyelet cotton trim

Historical information

This small child's calico tunic with box-pleats and eyelet cotton trim was worn by a child of an early settlers family of Moorabbin

Significance

Early settlers and market gardeners established their families in Moorabbin Shire and this item shows the skill and craftsmanship of the women of these families. The Blackburn family were early settlers in Moorabbin Shire

Newsletter, City of Moorabbin Historical Society Oct 2011 pdf - October 2011

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

4 x A4 paper printed on 1 side Issue 24 of the bi-monthly, City of Moorabbin Historical Society Newsletter produced by Society member and Secretary, Mrs Helen Stanley in October 2011. Notice of AGM October 30th, resignation of Jamie Hyams, President CMHS 2003 -2011, Box Cottage will be open October 29th and 30th as part of History Week and members have been meeting for a monthly ‘working bee’ to arrange displays and re-label artefacts as suggested by Peta Knott MAV. Items submitted for Glen Eira CC funding have been purchased. Attached are 3 pages of descriptions with photographs of ‘Tiny Treasures in Box Cottage Museum’ that have been catalogued, photographed and entered on MAV website.

Historical information

The City of Moorabbin Historical Society was formed c 1960 by a group of Moorabbin residents who were concerned that the history of the area should be preserved. A good response to a call for items related to the historical area of Moorabbin Shire brought donations of a wide variety of artefacts which are now preserved by the current members of CMHS at Box Cottage Museum . Helen Stanley, Secretary of CMHS, began producing a Newsletter for members in April 2007 to provide current information and well researched items of historical interest

Significance

Helen Stanley has produced a bi-monthly Newsletter, 2007 - 2013, for the members of the City of Moorabbin Historical Society that contains well researched interesting historical items, notification of upcoming events, current advice from Royal Australian Historical Society , Museums Australia Victoria and activities of Local Historical Societies. The Newsletter is an important record of the activities of the CMHS

Inscriptions & Markings

CITY of MOORABBIN HISTORICAL SOCIETY / OCTOBER 2011 NEWSLETTER

Photograph, Colour 'Reconstruction of Box Cottage’ 1984

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

3 x colour photographs of work in the Kitchen during the reconstruction of Box Cottage in Joyce Park February 1984

Historical information

The original small, pioneer cottage was built in the late 1840s to early1850s, by an unknown pioneer. It was located on part of a 30 Acre allotment that was originally part of Dendy’s Special Survey granted in 1841. The doors and window sashes, (made of red deal joinery timber), as well as the brass locks and fittings, are from the original cottage, and were imported from England. The fire-place bricks are from the original cottage, and are sun-dried, (not kiln fired), and are hand-made. Convict marks can be seen on two bricks. There is a small display of external cladding shingles from the original pioneer cottage. These shingles were hand-split, and most likely made from locally collected timber The nails included in this display were used to fasten the shingles on the original cottage, and are also hand-made. The cottage was occupied by William Box and family from 1865 until 1914 when it was sold to William Reitman who resided there until 1950. The enamel nameplate, “Colonial”, on the wall of the cottage, was the name chosen for the original pioneer cottage by Mr William Reitman, when he purchased the property in around 1915, for 1200 Pounds approximately. In 1974 Mr Lewis, a timber specialist, found the dilapidated building on property he had recently purchased in Jasper Rd and suggested it be reconstructed and relocated. Moorabbin Council agreed and the cottage was rebuilt just about 250 metres from its original site. The cost of the rebuild was met by 'Victoria's 150th Committee, plus a small grant from the City of Moorabbin, and Mr Laurie Lewis donated much of the timber for the reconstruction. The re-constructed cottage plan has followed faithfully the original dimensions, and plan of the original pioneer cottage, and as many original items from that cottage’s long occupation have been incorporated. The photographs in Album 1 record the progress of the reconstruction from February 1984 to the First Public Open Day November 18th 1984

Significance

These 3 photographs show the 'Box Cottage' during the 'Reconstruction' in February 1984. Mrs H. Deam and Mr A. Smith, CMHS members, took these photographs to record the progress of the ‘Reconstruction’ from February 1984 to November 1984. Although 'Box Cottage' is a re-construction, it is an unique museum that, being located in the midst of a modern community in Ormond Victoria, can educate and demonstrate many aspects of the early settler’s way of life in Victoria. As such, it is an invaluable resource for students and all kinds of visitors.

Photograph, B&W, a son of Henry Box 1839 -1913

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

A black and white photograph of a boy who could be a son of Henry Box 1839 -1913

Historical information

Henry Box ,who was born in Withyham, Sussex in 1839 , was the 3rd son of George and Mary Cripps Box and came to Australia in 1856 with the family. Henry paid his own fare so was not ‘bound’ to any employer. Henry helped his brother William establish his market garden on the site of Box Cottage, Jasper Road 1865 and by 1970 was purchasing property in East Brighton (Bentleigh.). He continued to purchase land, which he rent / leased to family members, and at his death in 1913 owned property in East Boundary Road, Murrumbeena and Elsternwick. Henry married Elizabeth ‘Emma’ Ward in 1868 and they had 9 children but 2 died in infancy. ‘ Emma’ was the daughter of William Ward 1820- 1908 who was born in Norfolk and emigrated with his wife Ann Ostler in 1853. Henry was a member of the Court Pride of St George AOF, and a lay preacher at the Bentleigh Baptist Church.. Surviving Children were - Caroline Alma Box 1863-1943, Mary Anne Box 1865- ?, Lydia Elizabeth Box 1867- 1957, William Henry Box 1869- 1945, Emma Elizabeth Ellen Box 1875 – 1964, Olivia Christina ‘Chrissie’ Box 1878 – 1963, Archibald Ward Box 1882 -?

Significance

Box Cottage Museum, a reconstruction of an early settler hut, is named after the Box family who resided there 1865 -1913 . William Box who with his wife Elizabeth Avis Box and 13 children lived and farmed on the block of land in Jasper Road, East Brighton ( now McKinnon / Ormond) that was part of the Henry Dendy Special Survey 1841 . Henry Box, a brother of William Box, was born in Withyham, Sussex and came to Australia with his parents George and Mary Box and siblings in 1856. He purchased property and helped the family establish market gardens in East Brighton (Bentleigh). Henry and his wife Elizabeth Emma Ward Box had 9 children, Henry was a lay preacher for the Baptist Church Bentleigh. Inscribed in Album “ The early photos in this album were found by Mr (Laurie) Lewis when he was demolishing the Old Box Cottage. He gave them to Mrs Avis Box Eldridge who in turn gave them to me. They were not identified. I believe they rightly belong in the Cottage. I have attempted to identify them and present them in a way they can be preserved as a historical record of the era.” A B Leigh

Inscriptions & Markings

BENSEN & STEVENSON PHOTOS / 108 Elizabeth Street Melbourne/ COPIES CAN BE OBTAINED AT ANY TIME

Document, guarantee

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

The original, hand written, Guarantee for the Melber Sewing Machine purchased by Mrs Martha Closter of Oakleigh in July 15th 1909 at Powell & Candy, Importers of Chapel Street, Prahran, Melbourne.

Historical information

Mrs Martha Closter ( Kloster), of Oakleigh purchased the Melber Sewing Machine in 1909 and gave it to her daughter Mary when she and Alonzo Box married in 1918 and settled in Moorabbin Shire. This document was donated by a descendant of the Box family in 1985.

Significance

William and Elizabeth Box purchased 'Box Cottage' in 1865 from a pioneer settler who had bought part of the land noted in Dendy's Special Survey 1841 Brighton. They raised their family there and established a market garden to supply produce to the population of Melbourne. Their nephew Alonzo married Mary Kloster/ Closter in 1918 and she brought with her this 'Melber' sewing machine that she used to provide clothing for the family

Inscriptions & Markings

MEMORANDUM / From / Powell & Candy/ IMPORTERS / ‘ July 19th 1909 ‘ ( hand written) / To M / The Melbourne Sewing Machine / Exchange, / 154 CHAPEL STREET, PRAHRAN / Guarantee ( hand written) / “ We hereby guarantee the Melber Rotary Hook / Drop Head Sewing Machine Sold by us to / Mrs Closter of Oakleigh, to be free from defects / in regard to material & workmanship & will / make good any defects not caused “be” / accident, rough usage or neglect at any time / within Five (5) years of date of purchase . viz. / July 15th 1909. / All parts to be submitted to us at our place / of business for inspection before any claim / is allowed. / Powell & Candy / per ……..” ( all hand written )

Clothing, lady's detachable dress collar c1900

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

A lady's white cotton hand crocheted detachable dress collar

Historical information

The early settlers were self reliant and made their own clothes. This collar shows the dressmaking and craftwork skills of the women

Barbers' Equipment, hair clippers 'BURMAN"

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

A set of hand held barbers’ hair clippers with an adjustable screw, from Burman and Sons Ltd of Birmingham, England. Chrome plated, in good condition, c1950.

Historical information

Hair clippers are specialized implements used to cut human head hair. They work on the same principle as scissors, but are distinct from scissors and razors. :Hair clippers comprise a pair of sharpened comb-like blades in close contact one above the other which slide sideways relative to each other, a mechanism which may be manual or electrical to make the blades oscillate from side to side, and a handle. The clipper is moved so that hair is positioned between the teeth of the comb, and cut with a scissor action when one blade slides sideways relative to the other. Friction between the blades needs to be as low as possible, which is attained by choice of material and finish, and frequent lubrication. Hair clippers are operated by a pair of handles that are alternately squeezed together and released. Barbers used them to cut hair close and fast. The hair was picked up in locks and the head was rapidly depilated. Mid 20thC such haircuts became popular among boys, and young men in the military and in prisons. Burman & Sons Ltd, of Ryland Road, Birmingham, West Midlands, manufactured Burman-Douglas steering gear. Their recirculating worm and ball design of steering gear was fitted to pre-war vehicles such as the Ford Eight and the Ford Prefect, the Bedford CA, plus heavy trucks and off-road vehicles - both pre and post-war. In its day, Burman-Douglas steering-gear was regarded as.... a "quality" feature of a car chassis specification, but the worm and ball design was eventually surpassed by the cheaper rack and pinion design that dominates today. The company also manufactured motorcycle gearboxes, horse clippers and barbers’ clippers. 1871 Company founded. 1897 Private company. 1930s Gearbox for Ariel Square-four motorcycle. (Exhibit at Birmingham Thinktank museum) 1933 Burman and Sons Limited, manufacturers of horse and barbers' clippers, sheep shearers, motor cycle gear boxes and steering gears, Ryland road, Edgebaston 1953 S. F. Burman, M.B.E., Managing Director, Burman and Sons, Ltd 1955 Acquired by Vono Industrial Products. 1961 Manufacturers of motor and motorcycle accessories. 1,500 employees. 1968 Supplied rack and pinion steering units to Ford 1978 Adwest Group acquired Burman and Sons, the steering gear part of Duport. 1986 Major reduction in staffing at Burman due to fall in demand for its products and delivery problems.

Inscriptions & Markings

On left arm ; BURMAN On right arm ; MADE IN ENGLAND

Shingles Original Cottage c1850

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

3 x wood Shingles used on roof of Box Cottage c 1850

Optical Equipment, Spectacles, fine metal frame with case

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

A pair of fine metal framed spectacles with a blue lined case

Historical information

Glasses, also known as eyeglasses or spectacles, are frames bearing lenses worn in front of the eyes. They are normally used for vision correction or eye protection.

Inscriptions & Markings

OPTICAL PRESCRIPTION SPECTACLES / 23/ COLLINS ST MELBOURNE/

Clothing, girl’s half- petticoat

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

A young girl’s half-slip, pin-tucked and with lace edge. Notice the sewn "tuck" of extra material to be "let down" as the child grows.

Historical information

This girl's half petticoat is an example of the dressmaking skills of the women of the early settlers families in Moorabbin Shire in the early 20th C

Significance

Early settlers and market gardeners established their families in Moorabbin Shire and this item shows the skill and craftsmanship of the women of these families The Walker family were early settlers in Moorabbin Shire.

Photograph, 2 B&W, 1898 The O'Maras', Sandringham Fishermen : Date Unknown, Mud Brick House - 1898 The O'Maras', Sandringham Fishermen Date Unknown, Mud Brick House

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

2x Black and White Photographs. (i) An 1898 photograph showing two men with a fishing boat on the beach. A beach house / shed , paling fence and tall tea-trees are seen in the background. (ii) A large early mud brick house with a tin roof, chimney and a water tank sitting on a block of grassed land

Historical information

The O'Maras, of Sandringham fishermen. Early mud brick house. Located in Moorabbin and was still there in 1940. The house was situated in Reserve Road, almost opposite Wangara Road, (formerly Cemetery Road). About twelve years ago, (* the writer states no year), there was a vacant block where the house used to be - it was next to a electrical factory.

Inscriptions & Markings

Written on back (i) The O'Maras / Sandringham / fishermen 1898 (ii) Mud brick house at Moorabbin ( house was there in 1940) / Situated in Reserve Road almost opposite Wangara Road / ( formerly Cemetery Road ). About 12 years ago there was a vacant block where the house used to be and it was next to an electrical factory. unsigned undated

Manufactured Glass, brown bottle

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

A brown glass bottle with finger ring hold at neck that may have been used by a local home owner to hold medicine c1900

Historical information

This bottle may have held medicine used by a local early settler family. A local resident discovered it when digging his garden in McKinnon 2013. James Hardie immigrated to Australia in 1888 from Linlithgow, Scotland, and created a business importing oils and animal hides. Andrew Reid, also from Linlithgow, came to join Hardie in Melbourne, and became a full partner in 1895. When Hardie retired in 1911, he sold his half of the business to Reid. James Hardie Industries Ltd first listed on the Australian Stock Exchange in 1951 and is an industrial building materials company headquartered in Ireland which specialises in fibre cement products. James Hardie manufactures and develops technologies, materials and processes for the production of building materials. For over 20 years, Hardie has also operated a research and development facility devoted solely to fibre-cement technology. The company was a key player in asbestos mining and manufacturing in Australia through most of the twentieth century. Working with products containing asbestos - including the building material known as "Fibro" - caused people to develop various pleural abnormalities such as asbestosis and malignant mesothelioma. In December 2001, the company shareholders unanimously voted to restructure and relocate the company in the Netherlands as a parent company. This was part of a strategy to separate the company from the stigma of its asbestos liabilities. February 2010, James Hardie moved its corporate domicile from The Netherlands to Ireland, In May 2012 the High Court of Australia found that seven former James Hardie non-executive directors misled the stock exchange over the asbestos victims compensation fund'

Inscriptions & Markings

around base ' THIS BOTTLE ALWAYS REMAINS THE PROPERTY OF JAMES HARDIE PTY LTD SYDNEY ' on base ' IS 994 '

Containers, tin 'Figsen' 'Nyal'

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

A tin container with a lift off lid for Nyal 'Figsen' laxative tablets

Historical information

A laxative medication made by Nyal Compnay Ltd Sydney c1950

Inscriptions & Markings

Top: Nyal / Trade Mark Registered / FIGSEN / THE GENTLE LAXATIVE / CONSTIPATION / NYAL COMPANY SYDNEY. Base: 24 TABLETS / FOR CONSTIPATION ......./ Contains ........./ DIRECTIONS / ADULTS ..... CHILDREN ..... / MADE IN AUSTRALIA / NYAL COMPANY SYDNEY.

Photograph, 1903 or 1908 Moorabbin Football Club - 1903 or 1908 Moorabbin Football Club

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

Photograph is Black and White. Three rows of Australian Rules Football players in a typical team photograph. Some are wearing striped jumpers, either the stripes are going horizontal or parallel. There is a known man in this photo, named Philip Jones, who is holding the football in front row. There are two men wearing suits at the left, on the end of the third row.

Historical information

1903 or 1908 Moorabbin Australian Rules Football Club. Philip Jones, a relative of James Jones who was a pioneer settler in Moorabbin Shire, is holding the football. In the late 1850s Melbourne's schools are first recorded organising football games modeled on precedents at English schools The earliest known such match was played on 15 June 1858 between Scotch College and Melbourne Grammar School on the St Kilda foreshore. On 10 July 1858, the Melbourne-based Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle published a letter by prominent Victorian cricketer Tom Wills, calling for the formation of a "foot-ball club" with a "code of laws" to keep cricketers fit during winter. The Melbourne Football Club's rules of 1859 are the oldest surviving set of laws for Australian football. The ten simple rules were drawn up on 17 May at a meeting chaired by Tom Wills and in attendance were journalists W. J. Hammersley and J. B. Thompson, and Thomas H. Smith. The rules were signed by Tom Wills, William Hammersley, J. Sewell, J. B. Thompson, Alex Bruce, T. Butterworth and Thomas H. Smith. Importantly, the rules were widely publicised and distributed. Having been codified in 1859, this means that Australian football is an older sport than most other football codes in the world, including soccer. As Geoffrey Blainey states, "soccer has no club that matches the antiquity of the early Victorian clubs." In 1859 several new football clubs formed including the Castlemaine Football Club, Geelong Football Club and the Melbourne University Football Club. The first football match played at the Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG) was not until 1876. Cricket authorities soon saw the opportunity to capitalise on the rapid growth of Australian football, however, and soon most grounds in Victoria were expanded to accommodate the dual purpose, a situation that continues to this day. Football matches between 1859 and 1899 were played in a 20-per-side format. n 1896, delegates from the stronger and wealthier Victorian Football Association clubs—Carlton, Collingwood, Essendon, Fitzroy, Geelong, Melbourne, St Kilda and South Melbourne—met to form a breakaway competition and in 1897, the Victorian Football League (VFL), was born as an eight-team competition. Popularity of the VFL grew rapidly and by 1925 with 12 teams, had become the most prominent league in the game and would dominate so many aspects of the sport from that point on. Moorabbin Football Club, nicknamed the Kangaroos, was the name of two distinct Australian rules football clubs which played in the Victorian Football Association (VFA). The first club, founded in the early 20th century, joined the VFA in 1951 and played there until 1963 with great success; they played home matches at Moorabbin Oval and wore royal blue and white hooped jerseys. The second club played in the VFA from 1983 to 1987. Moorabbin played initially in the Federal Football League, making their debut in 1909 and competing until 1950. During this time the club won 12 premierships, including winning all six premierships staged over the nine years between 1940 and 1948 (the competition was in recess from 1942 until 1944). The club entered the VFA in 1951. Its Federal League home ground, the Dane Road Reserve, was not up to VFA standards; so, in 1951 the club played at Cheltenham, and in 1952 moved into the Moorabbin Oval, which the Moorabbin Council had developed during 1951. The Kangaroos made the 1954 and 1955 finals series without success but in 1957 they helped eliminate premiership favourite Williamstown after defeating them by two points in the Semi Final. Moorabbin, who were coached by Bill Faul, took on Port Melbourne in the Grand Final, whom they had not once beaten since joining the league. In another upset, Moorabbin won comfortably to claim their maiden VFA premiership. In the early 1960s, the Moorabbin Council was very keen to bring a Victorian Football League team to Moorabbin Oval. 1964, the Moorabbin City Council secured a deal with St Kilda, who moved to Moorabbin Oval starting in 1965. The club originally intended to seek readmission for the 1965 season, but in July the club committee decided to withdraw permanently from the Association,and disbanded.

Inscriptions & Markings

Hewitt, Photographer, 92 Regent St. North Richmond.

Drawing, Plan of Box Property c1915

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

A coloured drawing of a Plan of Box Property c1915 in a wooden frame

Historical information

This ‘Plan of the Box Property c1915’ was drawn by a CMHS member in 1985 to educate members and visitors to Box Cottage Museum. The drawing shows the layout of the original pioneer cottage , the newer front house and the garden as well as the adjoining properties. It includes a detailed drawing of the Cottage roof and rooms .

Farm Equipment, Horse Collar

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

Horse Collar, medium

Watches, small silver plated pocket

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

This small silver plated pocket watch with a hinged case has a white enamel dial with black Roman numerals, a seconds dial at 6 and black metal hands.

Historical information

Pocket Watches became popular in the late19th C. Gentlemen put their 'Fob' watch in their waistcoat pocket attached to a chain that had a bar that slipped through a button hole. Ladies attached their Watches by a chain to their chatelaine. Nurses usually used a bar with a pin to attach the pocket watch to their uniform. All Train Conductors had a Fob Watch to keep check of the Train Timetable.

Inscriptions & Markings

unreadable on back of Case

Photograph, B/W East Bentleigh SS No.2083 1925

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

A Black & White panoramic photograph of a group of adults and children in front of the classrooms of the East Bentleigh SS No. 2083 in 1925

Historical information

The Common School No. 213 East Brighton 1864 - 1878 replaced the original St Stephen's Church of England School in Tucker Road. 1878-1908 the School was known as Education Department State School No. 2083 Brighton East. 1908 - 1936 the School changed it's name to Bentleigh and then from 1936 - 1993 was known as East Bentleigh. 1993 the school was closed due to low enrollments and the building was demolished and land sold . Charles J Coates, the father of Pam Thomas, attended this school.

Significance

A school photograph of one of the original schools in the Bentleigh area showing a gathering of adults and children who had connection with this school either as teachers, pupils, parents or neighbours in 1925.

Inscriptions & Markings

on back : handwritten 1925

Personal Effects, miniature square hand mirror

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

A miniature, square, Ivorine hand mirror with bird engraved on back. An accoutrement for use in a lady's Evening bag c 19thC

Historical information

Celluloids are a class of compounds created from nitrocellulose and camphor, with added dyes and other agents. Generally considered the first thermoplastic, it was first created as Parkesine in 1856 and as Xylonite in 1869, before being registered as Celluloid in 1870. Celluloid is easily moulded and shaped, and it was first widely used as an ivory replacement. The main use was in movie and photography film industries, which used only celluloid films prior to acetate films that were introduced in the 1950s. Celluloid is highly flammable, difficult and expensive to produce and no longer widely used, although its most common uses today are in table tennis balls, musical instruments and guitar picks. Celluloid was useful for creating cheaper jewellery, jewellery boxes, hair accessories and many items that would earlier have been manufactured from ivory, horn or other expensive animal products. It was often referred to as "Ivorine" or "French Ivory". It was also used for dressing table sets, dolls, picture frames, charms, hat pins, buttons, buckles, stringed instrument parts, accordions, fountain pens, cutlery handles and kitchen items. The main disadvantage the material had was that it was flammable. Items made in celluloid are collectible today and increasingly rare in good condition. It was soon overtaken by Bakelite and Catalin..

Inscriptions & Markings

bird engraved on back of mirror

Manufactured Glass, 'Yeasta-Cola' with box

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

A clear glass cylindrical jar with a metal screw top containing dried yeast powder. Cardboard box

Historical information

The mark YEASTA-COLA was officially filed as a trademark by World Agencies Pty Ltd SYDNEY, NSW 2000 on 16 Jan 1946.

Inscriptions & Markings

A HEALTHFUL EFFERVESCENT YEAST TONIC / YEASTA-COLA / FOR PERFECT HEALTH / REFRESHING, INVIGORATING AND FORTIFYING / Beneficial In cases of Impure Blood…. / General Debility, Malnutrition. Excellent for Growing CHILDREN / Contains………/ Manufactured in Australia / Sale Distributors / WORLD AGENCIES PTY. LIMITED 224 GEORGE STREET, SYDNEY, AUSTRALIA / DIRECTIONS / …………