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City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum) Ormond, Victoria

The Box Cottage Museum houses a collection that reflects the life of residents in the Moorabbin Area from pre-settlement of Brighton, Parish of Moorabbin, County of
Bourke in 1841 through the establishment of The Moorabbin Roads Board 1862 to the City of Moorabbin 1934 -94.The City of Moorabbin Historical Society was founded in 1960. and is a small not-for-profit organisation devoted to preserving the history of the former City of Moorabbin. It exists for the benefit of the public, as much as for its members. Among other activities, it acts as the custodian of Box Cottage Museum, allowing the cottage and its exhibits to be open for inspection by the public. The society maintains a library of the area's history, and generally acts as a resource for members of the community with an interest in local history. New members and visitors are most welcome.

Contact Information

location
CMHS PO Box 4028 McKinnon Victoria 3204 (map)
phone
+61 03 9557 4642; 0431 145 231

Contact

Opening Hours

2pm - 4pm Last Sunday of the month & by appointment

Entry Fee

Gold Coin Donation

Location

Joyce Park Jasper Road Ormond Victoria

View on Google Maps

The City of Moorabbin Historical Society was formed in 1960 by a group of residents concerned for the preservation of the historical legacy of the district and is the custodian of the 'Box Cottage' Museum. The museum is a re-production cottage of an actual 1840s local pioneer's cottage; it does include some of the original fittings, such as convict bricks, window frames and doors. The museum houses an eclectic collection of interesting historical artefacts collected from the surrounding districts, including such items as historical photos, local land sale advertisements, vintage agricultural implements, tools, clothing, domestic items, linen, lace, furniture and artefacts reflecting an era long past. The museum provides an enjoyable learning experience for both children and adults, and also gives them a glimpse into life before the advent of electricity and supermarkets particularly in the suburbs of Ormond, Bentleigh, Moorabbin, Highett and Cheltenham. In the grounds there is also a collection of agricultural implements, and a wheelway cart resting on a length of original steel plateway. Visitors are most welcome to browse folios of historic photos as well as a good library of books relating to local history.

Significance

The 'Box Cottage Museum' contains a diverse collection of artefacts that provides a comprehensive historical view of the settlement of the area from the 1841 Dendy Special Survey of Land, through the establishment of the Market Gardens c1850, up to the Land Sales and housing development Post World War2. The reconstructed Pioneer Cottage displays early settler life, development of local industry and photography of events and prominent people from the vast
Moorabbin Area .

Joan Moore 12 April 2013 11:11 PM

Emily I have asked about the original colour of the Mangle but have no definite answer. 'Heritage green' has been put on parts of our Mangle to protect it from rust. I hope to get another photo onto site soon. Joan

Joan Moore 7 July 2013 9:05 PM

Thank you Lucy for your observation. I have checked the Teapot and the lid has indeed a different pattern. I have asked members of Historical Society if they know the Donor of this item or information about the items and am waiting for their response. Joan Moore

Joan Moore 29 July 2013 11:45 PM

Thank you for that information Arthur. I think it would be rather hard work pushing the agitator up and down amongst the washing.

Joan Moore 19 October 2013 9:19 PM

Thank you Geoff for this information Dennis will contact you.

Joan Moore 19 October 2013 9:21 PM

Sorry Jeff Joan

joan 24 May 2015 1:03 PM

Hello Fiona, all our artefacts were donated c1960 I do not know if they still make them or if they have any value other than historical.

Joan Moore 26 May 2015 9:26 PM

Hello Margaret, Thank you for your enquiry. All our artefacts were donated and we do not have any valuations.

Joan Moore 26 May 2015 9:44 PM

Hello Stephen, Thank you for your comments unfortunately we have no photographs of that site.

Linda Jones 10 July 2015 9:58 AM

Hello I have some old Bentleigh Club (Yawla Street Bentleigh) annual magazines which my father had collected as he was President for many years..Pat Chaundy was his name. It was a very important part of the landscape for decades. I think the Melbourne Football Club now own it but I know it was an historical home in the day. The booklets have lot of interesting ads in them for retailers etc around the area. I have a box full of them and was wondering if you would like them. Please email me if you are interested in adding them to your library. Regards Linda Jones

Carol 13 July 2015 11:17 PM

Linda can you please contact Box Cottage on the Victorian Collections Site ( email query and I will get back to you) re - the Bentleigh Club papers.

Joan Moore 19 June 2016 10:13 PM

Marylou we have no stock. All artefacts were donated by residents of the City of Moorabbin Joan Moore

Kathryn 21 September 2016 10:15 AM

Hello I purchased a marriage certificate from 1854 and couldnt make out the residence. I finally found out it is Two Acre Village. It fits in with other family members being in the area

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1045 items

1045 items

Dairy Equipment, enamel jug

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

A white enamel jug with graduated measurements to 40oz / 2pints

Newsletter, City of Moorabbin Historical Society Feb 2012 - February 2012

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

6 x A4 paper printed on 1 side Issue 25 of the bi-monthly, City of Moorabbin Historical Society Newsletter produced by Society member and Secretary, Mrs Helen Stanley in February 2012. Notice of meeting February 26th, subscriptions are due, reminder to all members to encourage visitors to ‘sign in’, offer all children the ‘Treasure Hunt Quiz’ cards, and to complete the Volunteer Hours Record Book. Members are asked to help on the monthly Roster for Open Days. Unfortunately Jim Dale, President, found a disposable lighter and water bottle and at the working bee members found a ‘bong’, so Glen Eira Property Manager, Amanda Mills was notified. Thankfully there was no damage to our property. As May 2012 will be the 150th Anniversary of ‘The Moorabbin Roads Board’, Ms Elizabeth Triarico, Glen Eira CC History & Heritage , has requested a CD of photos, which has been sent, and Ms Suzanne Snooks, Arts & Culture Manager Kingston CC, invited CMHS to assist with a Celebration of this event. Helen has given a précis of The William Green Family History which has been given to CMHS Library by Ms Denise McAvoy , a descendant

Historical information

The City of Moorabbin Historical Society was formed c 1960 by a group of Moorabbin area residents who were concerned that the history of the area should be preserved. A good response to a call for items related to the historical area of Moorabbin Shire brought donations of a wide variety of artefacts which are now preserved by the current members of CMHS at Box Cottage Museum . Helen Stanley, Secretary of CMHS, began producing a Newsletter for members in April 2007 to provide current information and well researched items of historical interest

Significance

Helen Stanley has produced a bi-monthly Newsletter, 2007 - 2013, for the members of the City of Moorabbin Historical Society that contains well researched interesting historical items, notification of upcoming events, current advice from Royal Australian Historical Society , Museums Australia Victoria and activities of Local Historical Societies. The Newsletter is an important record of the activities of the CMHS.

Inscriptions & Markings

CITY of MOORABBIN HISTORICAL SOCIETY / FEBRUARY 2012 NEWSLETTER

Library Book, Moorabbin 50 years A City - Battlers Tamed A Sandbelt

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

A hard cover book, published and printed in City of Moorabbin 1985.

Historical information

Tom Sheehy was born in NSW1920 and moved to Moorabbin 1948

Inscriptions & Markings

BATTLERS TAMED / A SANDBELT / MOORABBIN / 50 YEARS A CITY Dust Cover is a montage of reproduced images of iconic Moorabbin identities and locations inside cover is written , dated & signed - 23'1'86 / With Regards / Tom Sheehy/

Manufactured Glass, jar, 'Pickle'

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

A clear glass jar made for the Australian Pickle Co. Pty. Ltd.

Historical information

In 1872 Felton and Grimwade established the Melbourne Glass Bottle Works which grew into Australian Consolidated Industries (ACI). .Melbourne Glass Bottle Works Co Pty Ltd (1903 - 1915) Registered in Victoria in 1903 the company amalgamated with the Waterloo Glass Bottle Works Ltd in 1915 to form Australian Glass Manufacturers Company, Limited. Melbourne Glass Bottle Works Spotswood 1872- 1915 The Melbourne Glass Bottle Works (former), comprising a complex of buildings constructed between 1880 and 1940, at Booker Street, Douglas Parade, 2-38 Hudson Road, Raleigh Street and Simcock Avenue, Spotswood. The former glassworks was established in 1890 and originally made bottles for pharmacists Felton Grimwade before it was sold to the State Government by US multinational, OI glass manufacturers. Australian Consolidated Industries Ltd was formed in 1939 when Australian Glass Manufacturers Co Ltd changed it's name to reflect diversification into building products. 1982 a new holding company was formed and the company's name was changed to A.C.I. International Ltd.

Inscriptions & Markings

Around base; THIS BOTTLE ALWAYS REMAINS THE PROPERTY OF THE AUSTRALIAN PICKLE CO. PTY. LTD. Base; (makers mark) / IS 1279 / 3

Photograph, B&W, George William Box & Elizabeth Honor Tippett Wedding 1902

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

A black & white Wedding photograph 1902 of George William Box 1870-1933 and Elizabeth Honor Tippet Box d1953

Historical information

Box Cottage Museum, a reconstruction of an early settler hut, is named after the Box family who resided there 1865 -1913 . George William Box 1870 -1933 was a son, and twin brother of Cecilia Eliza, of William and Elizabeth Avis Box who lived in Box Cottage and farmed the land 1865 - 1913 . George William Box married Elizabeth Honor Tippett 1902 and they had 8 children. Elizabeth Avis Box gave them a shop with a dwelling in Jasper Road where Elizabeth Honor sold groceries and vegetables while George obtained various jobs.

Significance

Box Cottage Museum, a reconstruction of an early settler hut, is named after the Box family who resided there 1865 -1913 . George Box was the father of William Box who with his wife Elizabeth Avis Box and 13 children lived and farmed on the block of land in Jasper Road, East Brighton ( now McKinnon / Ormond) that was part of the Henry Dendy Special Survey 1841 Inscribed inside Album : “ The early photos in this album were found by Mr (Laurie) Lewis when he was demolishing the Old Box Cottage. He gave them to Mrs Avis Box Eldridge who in turn gave them to me. They were not identified. I believe they rightly belong in the Cottage. I have attempted to identify them and present them in a way they can be preserved as a historical record of the era.” A B Leigh

Inscriptions & Markings

TALMA 119 Swanston Street / Melbourne / and at Sydney

Photograph, 1904 St Matthew's Cheltenham Walking Race - 1904 St Matthew's Cheltenham Walking Race

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

2 x photographs of the 1904 St.Matthew's Church Cheltenham 10 mile walking race. In the first photograph the competitors are seen standing in a line (probably to start the race). The second photograph depicts the same competitors taken a group photo, most are standing, with a few of the men laying and sitting across the front of them on the ground.

Historical information

1904 St.Matthew's Church Cheltenham 10 mile walking race.

Inscriptions & Markings

a) Written on back : C. Whitehead / Walking race b) Written on back: 10 mile walking race / St. Matthews 1904 / C. E. Whitehead Written on front : St Matthews 10 mile Walking Race / Competitors 1904

Photograph, Colour ' Reconstruction Box Cottage' Moorabbin Pipe Band 1992

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

2 x colour photographs of The Moorabbin Pipe Band performing at an Open Day in 1992, with Cr. Flavell, Moorabbin City Council and Mr Reid CMHS , at the 'Reconstructed Box Cottage' in Joyce Park. Ormond 1 x colour photograph of the 'Reconstructed Box Cottage ' c 1992

Historical information

The original small, pioneer cottage was built in the late 1840s to early1850s, by an unknown pioneer. It was located on part of a 30 Acre allotment that was originally part of Dendy’s Special Survey granted in 1841. The doors and window sashes, (made of red deal joinery timber), as well as the brass locks and fittings, are from the original cottage, and were imported from England. The fire-place bricks are from the original cottage, and are sun-dried, (not kiln fired), and are hand-made. Convict marks can be seen on two bricks. There is a small display of external cladding shingles from the original pioneer cottage. These shingles were hand-split, and most likely made from locally collected timber The nails included in this display were used to fasten the shingles on the original cottage, and are also hand-made. The cottage was occupied by William Box and family from 1865 until 1914 when it was sold to William Reitman who resided there until 1950. The enamel nameplate, “Colonial”, on the wall of the cottage, was the name chosen for the original pioneer cottage by Mr William Reitman, when he purchased the property in around 1915, for 1200 Pounds approximately. In 1974 Mr Lewis, a timber specialist, found the dilapidated building on property he had recently purchased in Jasper Rd and suggested it be reconstructed and relocated. Moorabbin Council agreed and the cottage was rebuilt just about 250 metres from its original site. The cost of the rebuild was met by 'Victoria's 150th Committee, plus a small grant from the City of Moorabbin, and Mr Laurie Lewis donated much of the timber for the reconstruction. The re-constructed cottage plan has followed faithfully the original dimensions, and plan of the original pioneer cottage, and as many original items from that cottage’s long occupation have been incorporated. The photographs in Album 1 record the progress of the reconstruction from February 1984 to the First Public Open Day November 18th 1984 and this event in 1992

Significance

These 3 photographs show the 'Box Cottage' in 1992 after the 'Reconstruction' . The Moorabbin Pipe Band is shown performing at an Open Day with Cr. Flavell, Moorabbin City Council and Mr Reid CMHS. Mrs H. Deam and Mr A. Smith, CMHS members, took these photographs to record the progress of the ‘Reconstruction’ from February 1984 to November 1984 and this event in 1992 Although 'Box Cottage' is a re-construction, it is an unique museum that, being located in the midst of a modern community in Ormond Victoria, can educate and demonstrate many aspects of the early settler’s way of life in Victoria. As such, it is an invaluable resource for students and all kinds of visitors.

Inscriptions & Markings

written on back ; a) Moorabbin Pipe Band / Mr Reid & Cr. Flavell / 1992 ; b) Moorabbin Pipe Band 1992 ;

Newsletter, City of Moorabbin Historical Society No. 5 December 1961 - City of Moorabbin Historical Society Newsletter No. 5 December 1961

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

3 x pages Foolscap paper printed on 1 side.

Historical information

This is No 5 Newsletter produced by CMHS President Mr T.A Sheehy in December 1961 The Aims of the CMHS are ‘to record the history of the City, and register something of the Australian Atmosphere, which the necessary speed-up in post-world-war two (WW11) immigration has caused to be lost; to produce a magazine at regular intervals, featuring the work of pioneers and the changing Australian scene; to work constantly with a long range view towards building a hall where records and exhibits can be housed’ The Original Newsletters reflect the history and heritage of the former City of Moorabbin — derived from Mooroobin, ‘a resting place’ in the Bunurrung spoken language. In 1994, the City of Moorabbin was integrated into the Cities of Bayside, Glen Eira, Kingston and Monash.

Significance

This is No 5 Newsletter of CMHS December 1961 CMHS obtained a Kingston City Council Community Grant 2016 for the digitalization and preservation of these Original CMHS Newsletters commenced in 1961

Inscriptions & Markings

CITY OF MOORABBIN HISTORICAL / SOCIETY / NEWSLETTER No 5 / December 1961 / ( Affiliated with the Royal Historical Society of Victoria )

Clothing, lady's white lace camisole , ribbon

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

Clothing, lady's hand sewn white lace camisole , ribbon

Clothing, lady's stockings 'Holeproof'

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

An unused pair of lady's nylon stockings in original box. 'Holeproof' 'For you', 'Precious' size 91/2

Historical information

Holeproof Hosiery was a Milwaukee, Wisconsin textile firm that was founded in 1901.With extensive advertising the brand name became recognized worldwide. The business produced men's and women's hosiery, underwear, lingerie, and men's pyjamas. Holeproof Hosiery began making nylon hosiery in January 1940, starting production on 8 of its 230 machines. The hose were made of a synthetic yarn composed of derivatives of coal and iron manufactured by Du Pont. In the late 1920s, a successful hosiery manufacturer, Staley & Staley Ltd, started making ladies hosiery under licence from the Holeproof Hosiery Company in Milwaukee, USA. The company went public in 1929 and opened the first Holeproof mill at Brunswick, Victoria in 1930, becoming the first manufacturer to produce and market Australian-made self-supporting socks. During the 1930s, Holeproof revolutionised the Australian market by promoting their products as a sought-after fashion accessory. The Australian company is still in business today, owned by Pacific Brands.

Inscriptions & Markings

Box Cover : For You / HOLEPROOF/ SUPERFINE EXQUISITE SHEERS Side : Precious 9 1/2 Package : 60 GUAGE / SHEER NYLON / BY / HOLEPROOF / 9 1/2 Card : Especially / For You / from

Tools, large Saw

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

Photograph, Black & White Postcard, Cheltenham Church of Christ 40th Anniversary Invitation

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

Black & White photograph as a postcard invitation to the 40th Anniversary of the Church of Christ corner Chesterville Rd and Nepean Highway Cheltenham ( ? 1900)

Historical information

On his arrival from Scotland c 1857, James Keir commenced a communion service in his home on the Nepean Road. By 1859 the group-which included such other names as Allen, Brough, Cameron, Fairlam, Holdsworth, Le Page, Meeres, Monk, Organ, Penny, Perry, Potts, Sears and King-had built a small chapel near the corner of Wickham and Chesterville Roads. During 1858, a group had also begun meeting in the Charman family home on the corner of Charman and Balcombe Roads. Names associated with this group included Bodley, Charman, Fisher, Hayes, Hilliar, Judd, Moysey and Ruse. In 1860 they built a chapel on the corner of Charman Road and Patty Street. It was enlarged in 1866 and it became the meeting place of the two groups when they came together around 1870. They were able to buy land near the corner of Chesterville and Nepean Roads, and erected a new brick chapel on the site in 1878. This chapel, of course, continues to be an integral part of the life of the Southern Community Church and was one of the three worship venues for the 150th Anniversary celebration in 2007. The Southern Community Church was formed by the amalgamation of the Cheltenham, East Bentleigh and Hampton Street Churches of Christ in 1993, and a comprehensive new facility was designed and built to accommodate the ever-increasing activity of the amalgamated church. It was opened on 30th November 1997. ( Southern Community Church website 2019)

Significance

c1878 - continuing The Church or Christ Cheltenham was one of the first places of worship established in Cheltenham by the early settlers. The settlers came together, in private homes at first, to support each other spiritually and physically and later built brick Churches for Sunday services and established social and sporting clubs

Inscriptions & Markings

Front Printed ; Church of Christ Cheltenham Back Printed ; POST CARD / One Penny Postage within Commonwealth / The address only to be written here/ One penny Stamp/ Sunday School Anniversary, / OCTOBER 27TH & OCTOBER 30TH / TO WHICH YOU ARE / CORDIALLY INVITED Handwritten in ink ; H.W. got the cramps in the pants. He took some pills then ran over the hills undated

Ornaments, 'Carlton Ware' Heron / Egret

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

A china ornament representing a Heron or Egret

Historical information

Carlton Ware was a famous Stoke-on-Trent based pottery manufacturer. The company was established in 1890 by James Frederick Wiltshaw, William Herbert Robinson and James Alcock Robinson trading under the name of Wiltshaw and Robinson. The trademark "Carlton Ware" was introduced in 1894, and the company's factory was renamed the Carlton Works. It reached its artistic high-point with superb hand-painted domestic pottery in high art deco styles during the 1920s and 1930.

Inscriptions & Markings

'Carltonware'

Photograph, 1950 Cinderella Dance, St Matthew's Church of England, Cheltenham - 1950 Cinderella Dance, St Matthew's Church of England, Cheltenham

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

Photograph is black and white. There are rows of men and women, either holding hands, or just standing. All the women are in gowns and the men are in suits. Also have flags of various countries hanging from the walls.

Historical information

1950. The St Matthew's Church of England, Cheltenham, Cinderella Dance in aid of the Church Tennis Club. The Dance was held in the Cheltenham Mechanics Institute and Temperance Hall. This building was demolished in 1960 to be replaced in the same year by the Cheltenham Hall and Library.

Inscriptions & Markings

Top of Mount : The hall is the 'Cheltenham Mechanics Institute and Temperance / Hall" demolished in 1960 to be replaced by the Cheltenham Hall / and Library / in 1960 Base of Mount : St. Matthews Church of England Cheltenham / Cinderella Dance in aid of the Church Tennis Club 1950

Clothing, girl’s dress

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

A young girl’s pinafore dress with a drop-waist, lace insert , pin-tucking and buttoned back

Historical information

This girl's half petticoat is an example of the dressmaking skills of the women of the early settlers families in Moorabbin Shire in the early 20th C

Significance

Early settlers and market gardeners established their families in Moorabbin Shire and this item shows the skill and craftsmanship of the women of these families

Kitchen Equipment, sad iron with Mrs Potts handle

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

A) A sad iron, made of cast iron , has a special handle invented in 1871 by Mrs Florence Potts of Iowa, USA. B) The detachable handle made of walnut wood to prevent burned hands, was attached to the iron by a metal latch.

Historical information

Sad-irons or "solid" irons were made by blacksmiths and used to smooth out material by pressing the hot iron over it. A piece of sheet -iron was placed over the kitchen fire and the irons placed on it could be heated whilst remaining clean of ash.. The women used 2 irons - one heating while the other was used. Thick cloth or gloves protected their hands from the hot irons. The handle was removed from the cool iron and re- attached to remove the hot iron from the fire. The cool iron was replaced on the fire or stove to heat again. Mrs Florence Potts invented in 1871 a detachable handle made from walnut wood with a metal latch to release the handle. These wooden handles prevented burned hands and were sold to grateful women all over the world. These irons were cleaned with steel wool to prevent them marking the material. If the iron was too hot the material would scorch. Most homes set aside one day for ironing and some large households had an ironing room with a special stove designed to heat irons. However, most women had to work with a heavy, hot iron close to the fireplace even in summer.

Significance

Mrs Florence Potts invented this type of detachable walnut wood handle with a meta release latch for sad irons in 1871 and it sold widely throughout the world to grateful women including those in Moorabbin Shire. The family of Ms May Curtis were early settlers in Moorabbin Shire

Inscriptions & Markings

A) UNITED/ N0 / 50 / AUSTRALIA

Laundry Equipment, wooden double wash trough

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

Wooden, double washing trough, on a wooden stand c1900

Historical information

c1900 This large wooden double wash trough with 'Acme' clothes wringer came from the old 'Exchange Hotel' now known as The Tudor Inn, Nepean Highway, Cheltenham.

Significance

The Exchange Hotel, Point Nepean Road, Cheltenham, (now The Tudor Inn Hotel Nepean Highway,) was built in the late 1800s. By 1915 it was a prominent meeting place for early settler families of Moorabbin Shire. The trough is typical of those used in large laundries c1900 The ACME wringers were used in most households until c1960

Education, Pen Nibs ' R. Esternbrook Co. Ltd

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

A box of Steel dipping nibs for writing pens

Historical information

Dip pens emerged in the early 19th century, when they replaced quill pens. They were generally used prior to the development of fountain pens in the later 19th century, and are now mainly used in illustration, calligraphy, and comics. A nib pen usually consists of a metal nib with capillary channels like those of fountain pen nibs, mounted on a handle or holder, often made of wood. Other materials can be used for the holder, including bone, metal and plastic. Generally speaking, dip pens have no ink reservoir; therefore the user has to recharge the ink from an ink bowl or bottle in order to continue drawing or writing. Birmingham, England was home to many of the first dip pen manufacturers. John Mitchell pioneered mass production of steel pens in 1822; prior to that the quill pen had been the most common form of writing instrument. His brother William Mitchell later set up his own pen making business in St Paul's square. The Mitchell family is credited as being the first manufacturers to use machines to cut pen nibs, which greatly sped up the process. Germany 1842 began at the factory of Heintze & Blanckertz in Berlin By 1860 there were about 100 companies making steel nibs in Birmingham, but 12 large firms dominated the trade. Dip pens are rarely used now for regular writing, most commonly having been replaced by fountain pens, rollerball pens, or ballpoint pens. However, dip pens are still appreciated by artists, as they can make great differences between thick and thin lines, and generally write more smoothly than other types of pens. Dip pens are also preferred by calligraphers for fine writing. Richard Esterbrook was a Cornish Quaker from England who saw an opportunity in the United States to manufacture Steel Pens. In 1856 R.Esterbrook traveled to the US to set up shop as 'The Steel Pen Manufacturing Company' where Richard made these steel pens by hand using special tools and machines (mostly that Richard had to invent). In 1858 he was able to establish himself as the sole pen manufacturer in the USA and he changed the company name to 'The Esterbrook Steel Pen Mfg. Co.' The company settled down in Camden, New Jersey. Quality was a key factor in his success. His steel pens were versatile, long lasting, and came in many different styles to fit the varied writing styles of the public. Sadly, Richard Esterbrook didn't see the 'empire' his company was to become as he passed away in Atlanta on October 12th 1895 . in 1896 they started an Esterbrook branch in England to join the ranks of the other main pen manufactures in Birmingham . In 1912 the company had gotten so large that they erected a 5 story building, just to continue manufacturing pens. By 1920 the fountain pen was fast becoming more popular amongst people who were tired of 'dipping.' To meet this demand the company manufactured its first fountain pen. In 1930 the company sought less expensive means of manufacturing pens because gold and 'jewel' tips were too expensive and in this same year they began selling fountain pens in England . The Esterbrook Company began using the metal Iridium which they called 'Durachrome.' To meet the fountain pen demand the company reformed as 'The Esterbrook Hazel Pens Ltd.' In 1940 war had come to strike a blow at the Esterbrook company. On November 19th 1940 their England location was hit by an incendiary bomb destroying half of the location! To make matters worse, when putting out the fire using a human water bucket chain, someone accidentally grabbed a bucket of paraffin and set the place further ablaze. Oddly enough, the company was able to rebuild the structure during the war. However, the government had placed a stipulation that 50% of its capacity was to be used for government related purposes. In 1947 the company bought out John Mitchell and the American branch had already acquired Hazel Pen Co. The company re-formed again as 'The Esterbrook Pen Company.' This is the last company name the dip pen nibs were manufactured under.

Inscriptions & Markings

On Box; Photo of man / R. Esternbrook Co. / PENS / PROBATE

Photograph , Black & White Opening McKinnon Progress Hall c 1925

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

Black & White photograph showing the crowd of local residents celebrating the opening of the McKinnon Progress hall c1925

Historical information

McKinnon was a small community in East Brighton settled mainly by market gardeners but it had a State School, Churches, a hotel opened by Thomas Bent's father, Post Office and some shops. After WW1 land close to the railway line began to be sold and new homes and various shops were built. A Progress League was well supported and new hall built. McKinnon Rd Shopping precinct did not prosper as expected and some attribute this to the failure to secure the Hoyts picture theatre c 1925. Hoyts instead built the theatre in Centre Rd Bentleigh and this took a lot of trade away from the shops in McKinnon Rd.

Significance

McKinnon was settled by market gardeners and after the train line arrived more houses and shops were built so that the small community developed through the 20thC

Photograph, 1906 The Moorabbin Co-Operative Stores - 1906 The Moorabbin Co-Operative Stores

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

Photograph is black and white. 1906: The Moorabbin Co-Operative Stores. Located on the Nepean Road, Cheltenham, (before 1st WW). The Leader Newspaper office occupied the site. The Exchange Hotel is to the right.

Historical information

1906: The Moorabbin Co-Operative Stores. Located on the Nepean Road, Cheltenham, (before 1st WW). . There are four men outside the Store and a 3 horse carriage. Two of the men are sitting on their carriages, one to the left and the other on the right of the photograph. The third horse and carriage is right beside the left of the store, carrying eight large sacks. Towards the side of the Moorabbin Stores there is a building located to right which is called The Exchange Hotel.

Significance

1906: The Moorabbin Co-Operative Stores. Located on the Nepean Road, Cheltenham, (before 1st WW). The Leader Newspaper office occupied the site. The Exchange Hotel is to the right.

Inscriptions & Markings

Stamped on back :City of Moorabbin Historical Society Written on Front of mount : 1906

Photograph, Black & White, J.Redmore "God Cottage' Bentleigh c1890

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

Black & White photograph showing a small cottage with a large sign painted on the roof

Historical information

1890 - 1950 This little cottage was located near the corner of Centre Road and Jasper Road East Brighton ( now Bentleigh) between where the Bentleigh RSL and Woolworths Supermarket now stand. Rev.B.Redmore, and his wife, were early members of the Salvation Army Corps, and they went to unusual lengths to proclaim their faith. Texts were hung along the veranda to catch the attention of passers-by and on the iron roof was painted a large sign ' PREPARE TO MEET THY GOD O' ISRAEL' ( The apostrophe is not a misprint.) The Cottage became known locally as The "God Cottage" and was demolished c1950 ( H.Stanley 2005)

Significance

The 'God Cottage ' with its Biblical texts and large roof sign was an unique feature in East Brighton ( Bentleigh) 1890 - 1950

Inscriptions & Markings

Back Handwritten information

Lights, paraffin lamp c1950

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

A paraffin lamp with a green metal base to hold fuel with a side screw to adjust wick length. An opaque white glass shield sits in a metal frame attached to base

Historical information

A flat-wick lamp is a simple type of kerosene lamp, which burns kerosene drawn up through a wick by capillary action. A flat-wick lamp has a fuel tank (fount), with the lamp burner attached. Four prongs hold the glass chimney, which acts to prevent the flame from being blown out and enhances a thermally induced draft. The glass chimney needs a "throat," or slight constriction, to create the proper draft for complete combustion of the fuel; the draft carries more air (oxygen) past the flame, helping to produce a smokeless light which is brighter than that produced by an open flame. The lamp burner has a flat wick, usually made of cotton. The lower part of the wick dips into the fount and absorbs the kerosene; the top part of the wick extends out of the wick tube of the lamp burner, which includes a wick-adjustment mechanism. Adjusting how much of the wick extends above the wick tube controls the flame. The wick tube surrounds the wick, and ensures that the correct amount of air reaches the lamp burner. Adjustment is usually done by means of a small knob operating a toothed, metal sprocket bearing against the wick.

Clothing, lady's waist-cinch with suspenders

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

This is a lady's calico, waist - cinch with broderie anglais decoration at the top. It has enclosed "stays" in four places to shape and minimise the wearer's waist. There are laces to allow the garment to be pulled to maximum tightness at the back, and a front opening of strong metal hooks and eyes. There are two suspenders hanging at the front of the cinch with metal fastenings to attach to, and hold up, the wearer's stockings.

Historical information

This calico, waist-cich with suspenders is an example of the dressmaking skills of the women of the families of the pioneer settlers and market gardeners of the Moorabbin Shire c 1900

Significance

The Maggs family were early settlers in Moorabbin Shire. The pioneer settlers and market gardeners of Moorabbin Shire had to be self reliant and made their own clothing and utensils. This is one of many items that exhibit the skill and craftsmanship of the women in these families.

Containers,Shaving cream, J.B.Williams Co.

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

A clear glass jar with a screw lid containing 'Williams Shaving Cream'

Historical information

Shaving cream is a cream applied to the face, or wherever else hair grows, to facilitate shaving. The use of cream achieves three effects: lubricates the cutting process; swells keratin; and de-sensitizes skin. Shaving creams commonly consist of an emulsion of oils, soaps or surfactants, and water. James Baker Williams was born in 1818 in Lebanon, Connecticut USA and, in 1834, began employment with F. and H.C. Woodbridge, a general store located in Manchester. Williams was offered half-interest in the store in 1838, after which its name was changed to Keeny and Williams. Two years later, Williams sold his interest in the store, but retained his share in the drug department. He began experimenting with various soaps to determine which were best for shaving, and eventually developed Williams' Genuine Yankee Soap, the first manufactured soap for use in shaving mugs. In 1847, Williams moved his enterprise to a rented gristmill on William Street in Glastonbury, Connecticut, and his brother, William S. Williams, joined the firm around 1848, when the firm's name was changed to the James B. Williams and Company. William's shaving soaps were sold throughout the United States and Canada and James Williams supervised many aspects of the company until shortly before his death in 1907 at the age of eighty-eight. The Williams family continued to manage the company until it was sold in 1957. By the early 1900s, the company was known throughout the world. In addition to its line of shaving creams, the firm produced talcum powder, toilet soaps, and other toilet preparations. The original 1847 factory is still standing in Glastonbury and, in 1979, was converted into a condominium complex. I In 1983 it was placed on the National Register of Historic Places. 1927 - 1990 Salmond and Spraggon (Australia) Limited , Sydney , New South Wales, was registered as a company on 10 June 1927 following the liquidation of Salmond and Spraggon (Australia) Limited known as the Old Company. The company distributed household cleaning and mineral, metal and chemical wholesaling, pharmaceutical wholesaling throughout Australia on behalf of manufacturers. In 1990 the company was taken over by Alberto Culver, a manufacturer of hair and skin products.

Inscriptions & Markings

Front Label : J.B WILLIAMS / LUXURY / SHAVING CREAM Back Label : The contents of this jar are guaranteed to be / The J.B.WILLIAMS Luxury Shaving Cream Jar has been changed to meet the Wartime conditions but / the cream is of the same high quality / made in Australia for / J.B. WILLIAMS COMPANY / Glastonbury, Conn. U.S.A. / Vendors / SALMOND & SPRAGGON (AUST.) PTY.LTD. / All States

Library Book This Australia . Winter 1983 - This Australia. Volume 2 Number 1 Winter 1983

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

A soft covered quarterly magazine with a bright yellow cover depicting a oast house at Bushy Park in Tasmania.

Historical information

The magazine is a collection of stories by different authors on Australia past and present. The stories are mostly historical with black and white and coloured photos accompanying the articles.

Significance

Published Quarterly ( Winter) Volume 2 Number1 1983

Inscriptions & Markings

Published Quarterly ( Winter) Volume 2 Number 3 1983

Marriage Certificate, James Jones

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

The original Certificate of Marriage of James Jones and Mary Ann Moore at the Wesleyan Church, Moorabbin on May 19th 1883

Historical information

James Jones was the son of Philip Jones, a Chairmaker, and Ann Jones who settled in East Brighton after the sale of land c1852 in the area of the Henry Dendy Special Survey of 1841. Mary Ann Moore was the daughter of Thomas Moore, a Gardener, and Sarah Harris who also settled in Brighton c1852. James and Mary Ann Jones settled and raised their family in East Brighton now Bentleigh. Mr John Herron resided at 4 Vickery St Bentleigh until 1989.

Significance

James Jones and Mary Ann Moore were born in Brighton c1857 and c 1859 into pioneer market gardener families in the area of the Dendy Special Survey of 1841. They Married in 1883 and raised their family in East Brighton now known as Bentleigh

Inscriptions & Markings

In the Colony of Victoria / - Coat of Arms- / ( ORIGINAL CERTIFICATE) / Schedule D,-28 Vict. No. 268 / CERTIFICATE OF MARRIAGE / District of Brighton/ with date and signatures of participants.

Craft work, doll, wool chain stitch

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

A small piece of painted, carved wood with central hollow and 4 nails on top used for making a woollen chain

Inscriptions & Markings

Painted doll features

Jewellery, 1 lady's hat pin black.

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

1 long, lady's, steel, hat pin , padded and covered in black linen decorated with spherical shaped black sequins

Historical information

A hat pin is a decorative pin for holding a hat to the head, usually by the hair that was styled in a Chignon or French Roll style and usually worn in a pair. They are typically around 20 cm in length, with the pinhead being the most decorated part.

Significance

The women of the pioneer families liked to dress up in their best hand made dresses and fashionable hats for Church gatherings and special occasions as a relief from the daily chores of hand washing, ironing with flat irons and cooking over open fires.

Newsletter, City of Moorabbin Historical Society No. 1 Vol. 7 February 1967 - City of Moorabbin Historical Society Newsletter No. 1 Vol. 7 February 1967

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

2 x L 26cm x W 21cm page 1 printed both sides

Historical information

Topic ; Cheltenham Park water spring plaque; T LePage photos of pre Southland; N D Allen Church histories; new state school names; The Aims of the CMHS are ‘to record the history of the City, and register something of the Australian Atmosphere, which the necessary speed-up in post-world-war two (WW11) immigration has caused to be lost; to produce a magazine at regular intervals, featuring the work of pioneers and the changing Australian scene; to work constantly with a long range view towards building a hall where records and exhibits can be housed’ (1961) The Original Newsletters reflect the history and heritage of the former City of Moorabbin — derived from Mooroobin, ‘a resting place’ in the Bunurrung spoken language. In 1994, the City of Moorabbin was integrated into the Cities of Bayside, Glen Eira, Kingston and Monash.

Significance

This is Newsletter No. 1 Vol. 7 of the CMHS February 1967 CMHS obtained a Kingston City Council Community Grant 2016 for the digitization and preservation of these Original CMHS Newsletters commenced in 1961

Inscriptions & Markings

CITY OF MOORABBIN HISTORICAL SOCIETY / AFFILIATED WITH THE ROYAL HISTORICAL SOCIETY OF / VICTORIA AND THE CHELTENHAM ARTS AND CRAFTS SOCIETY/ President Mrs N. Blackman…. Secretary Mrs F.Neville ........./ VOLUME 7 No.1 NEWSLETTER FEBRUARY 1967

Photograph, William Tonge family

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

A black and white photograph of William Tonge, Hannah Tonge and children Thomas and Ann in a leather and metal frame

Historical information

William Tonge and family were early settlers in Moorabbin Shire. The photo frame is an example of the craftwork of early settler women.