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City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum) Ormond, Victoria

The Box Cottage Museum houses a collection that reflects the life of residents in the Moorabbin Area from pre-settlement of Brighton, Parish of Moorabbin, County of
Bourke in 1841 through the establishment of The Moorabbin Roads Board 1862 to the City of Moorabbin 1934 -94.The City of Moorabbin Historical Society was founded in 1960. and is a small not-for-profit organisation devoted to preserving the history of the former City of Moorabbin. It exists for the benefit of the public, as much as for its members. Among other activities, it acts as the custodian of Box Cottage Museum, allowing the cottage and its exhibits to be open for inspection by the public. The society maintains a library of the area's history, and generally acts as a resource for members of the community with an interest in local history. New members and visitors are most welcome.

Contact Information

location
CMHS PO Box 4028 McKinnon Victoria 3204 (map)
phone
+61 03 9557 4642; 0431 145 231

Contact

Opening Hours

2pm - 4pm Last Sunday of the month & by appointment

Entry Fee

Gold Coin Donation

Location

Joyce Park Jasper Road Ormond Victoria

View on Google Maps

The City of Moorabbin Historical Society was formed in 1960 by a group of residents concerned for the preservation of the historical legacy of the district and is the custodian of the 'Box Cottage' Museum. The museum is a re-production cottage of an actual 1840s local pioneer's cottage; it does include some of the original fittings, such as convict bricks, window frames and doors. The museum houses an eclectic collection of interesting historical artefacts collected from the surrounding districts, including such items as historical photos, local land sale advertisements, vintage agricultural implements, tools, clothing, domestic items, linen, lace, furniture and artefacts reflecting an era long past. The museum provides an enjoyable learning experience for both children and adults, and also gives them a glimpse into life before the advent of electricity and supermarkets particularly in the suburbs of Ormond, Bentleigh, Moorabbin, Highett and Cheltenham. In the grounds there is also a collection of agricultural implements, and a wheelway cart resting on a length of original steel plateway. Visitors are most welcome to browse folios of historic photos as well as a good library of books relating to local history.

Significance

The 'Box Cottage Museum' contains a diverse collection of artefacts that provides a comprehensive historical view of the settlement of the area from the 1841 Dendy Special Survey of Land, through the establishment of the Market Gardens c1850, up to the Land Sales and housing development Post World War2. The reconstructed Pioneer Cottage displays early settler life, development of local industry and photography of events and prominent people from the vast
Moorabbin Area .

Joan Moore 12 April 2013 11:11 PM

Emily I have asked about the original colour of the Mangle but have no definite answer. 'Heritage green' has been put on parts of our Mangle to protect it from rust. I hope to get another photo onto site soon. Joan

Joan Moore 7 July 2013 9:05 PM

Thank you Lucy for your observation. I have checked the Teapot and the lid has indeed a different pattern. I have asked members of Historical Society if they know the Donor of this item or information about the items and am waiting for their response. Joan Moore

Joan Moore 29 July 2013 11:45 PM

Thank you for that information Arthur. I think it would be rather hard work pushing the agitator up and down amongst the washing.

Joan Moore 19 October 2013 9:19 PM

Thank you Geoff for this information Dennis will contact you.

Joan Moore 19 October 2013 9:21 PM

Sorry Jeff Joan

joan 24 May 2015 1:03 PM

Hello Fiona, all our artefacts were donated c1960 I do not know if they still make them or if they have any value other than historical.

Joan Moore 26 May 2015 9:26 PM

Hello Margaret, Thank you for your enquiry. All our artefacts were donated and we do not have any valuations.

Joan Moore 26 May 2015 9:44 PM

Hello Stephen, Thank you for your comments unfortunately we have no photographs of that site.

Linda Jones 10 July 2015 9:58 AM

Hello I have some old Bentleigh Club (Yawla Street Bentleigh) annual magazines which my father had collected as he was President for many years..Pat Chaundy was his name. It was a very important part of the landscape for decades. I think the Melbourne Football Club now own it but I know it was an historical home in the day. The booklets have lot of interesting ads in them for retailers etc around the area. I have a box full of them and was wondering if you would like them. Please email me if you are interested in adding them to your library. Regards Linda Jones

Carol 13 July 2015 11:17 PM

Linda can you please contact Box Cottage on the Victorian Collections Site ( email query and I will get back to you) re - the Bentleigh Club papers.

Joan Moore 19 June 2016 10:13 PM

Marylou we have no stock. All artefacts were donated by residents of the City of Moorabbin Joan Moore

Kathryn 21 September 2016 10:15 AM

Hello I purchased a marriage certificate from 1854 and couldnt make out the residence. I finally found out it is Two Acre Village. It fits in with other family members being in the area

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1027 items

1027 items

Newsletter, City of Moorabbin Historical Society Feb 2013 - February 2013

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

5 x A4 paper printed on 1 side Issue 30 of the bi-monthly, City of Moorabbin Historical Society Newsletter produced by Society member and Secretary, Mrs Helen Stanley in February 2013 includes a Calendar of Dates for Open Days and meetings in 2013. and notes from 'A History of Market Gardens in Victoria 1850 - 1939' by Joanne Monk in1992

Historical information

The City of Moorabbin Historical Society was formed c 1960 by a group of Moorabbin area residents who were concerned that the history of the area should be preserved. A good response to a call for items related to the historical area of Moorabbin Shire brought donations of a wide variety of artefacts that are now preserved by the current members of CMHS at Box Cottage Museum. Helen Stanley, Secretary of CMHS, began producing a Newsletter for members in April 2007 to provide current information and well researched items of historical interest

Significance

Helen Stanley has produced a bi-monthly Newsletter, 2007 - 2013, for the members of the City of Moorabbin Historical Society that contains well researched interesting historical items, notification of upcoming events, current advice from Royal Australian Historical Society , Museums Australia Victoria and activities of Local Historical Societies. The Newsletter is an important record of the activities of the CMHS.

Inscriptions & Markings

CITY of MOORABBIN HISTORICAL SOCIETY / FEBRUARY 2013 NEWSLETTER

Manufactured Objects, 2x buckles white metal

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

2 x rectangular white metal buckles

Perdonal Effects, wash bowl and jug

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

A large bowl and jug used in the bedroom for personal hygeine

Historical information

A washstand was a standard piece of furniture in many Victorian bedrooms. On it stood a jug of cold water, a bowl, and a clean rag. The person washed first thing in the morning, immediately after rising. Most bedrooms were cold, chilly places, especially as the sash windows were kept open at the top and bottom (regardless of weather) to allow good ventilation and reduce the risk of illness. This meant in winter most people kept their nightclothes and worked on one part of their body at a time. The art of a stand-up wash was to pour water into the bowl. The soaked flannel was then rubbed on each part of the body, and rinsed. Once the water became too soiled it was discarded into the slop bucket and more water poured into the bowl. Working methodically, all of the body was cleaned, with each part being scrubbed and dried before moving onto the next bit.

Clothing, lady's fine cotton nightdress

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

A lady's hand sewn fine cotton long sleeved nightdress with the bodice and cuffs decorated with handmade lace.

Historical information

This lady’s hand sewn fine cotton nightdress is an example of the dressmaking and craftwork skills of the women of the early settlers families in Moorabbin Shire in the early 20th C

Significance

Early settlers and market gardeners established their families in Moorabbin Shire and this item shows the skill and craftsmanship of the women of these families

Photograph, Colour, 'Reconstruction of Box Cottage’ 1984

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

2 x colour photographs of work on the fence and cottage during the reconstruction of Box Cottage and 1 x colour photograph of work beginning on the Rotunda in Joyce Park February 1984

Historical information

The original small, pioneer cottage was built in the late 1840s to early1850s, by an unknown pioneer. It was located on part of a 30 Acre allotment that was originally part of Dendy’s Special Survey granted in 1841. The doors and window sashes, (made of red deal joinery timber), as well as the brass locks and fittings, are from the original cottage, and were imported from England. The fire-place bricks are from the original cottage, and are sun-dried, (not kiln fired), and are hand-made. Convict marks can be seen on two bricks. There is a small display of external cladding shingles from the original pioneer cottage. These shingles were hand-split, and most likely made from locally collected timber The nails included in this display were used to fasten the shingles on the original cottage, and are also hand-made. The cottage was occupied by William Box and family from 1865 until 1914 when it was sold to William Reitman who resided there until 1950. The enamel nameplate, “Colonial”, on the wall of the cottage, was the name chosen for the original pioneer cottage by Mr William Reitman, when he purchased the property in around 1915, for 1200 Pounds approximately. In 1974 Mr Lewis, a timber specialist, found the dilapidated building on property he had recently purchased in Jasper Rd and suggested it be reconstructed and relocated. Moorabbin Council agreed and the cottage was rebuilt just about 250 metres from its original site. The cost of the rebuild was met by 'Victoria's 150th Committee, plus a small grant from the City of Moorabbin, and Mr Laurie Lewis donated much of the timber for the reconstruction. The re-constructed cottage plan has followed faithfully the original dimensions, and plan of the original pioneer cottage, and as many original items from that cottage’s long occupation have been incorporated. The photographs in Album 1 record the progress of the reconstruction from February 1984 to the First Public Open Day November 18th 1984

Significance

These 3 photographs show the 'Box Cottage' and Rotunda during the Reconstruction in February 1984. Mrs H. Deam and Mr A. Smith, CMHS members, took these photographs to record the progress of the ‘Reconstruction’ from February 1984 to November 1984. Although 'Box Cottage' is a re-construction, it is an unique museum that, being located in the midst of a modern community in Ormond Victoria, can educate and demonstrate many aspects of the early settler’s way of life in Victoria. As such, it is an invaluable resource for students and all kinds of visitors

Containers, tin, Tobacco 'Capstan' ‘Navy Cut’

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

A tin with a hinged lid for 'Capstan' "Navy Cut tobacco

Historical information

W.D & H.O.Wills (Australia) Ltd began manufacturing tobacco products in 1913 at its Raleigh Park factory in Kensington, Sydney. In 1945 an estate of 16 acres was purchased at East Bentleigh, Melbourne, with a further 22 acres purchased later and the Virginia Park manufacturing branch was established. The 1950s were to be one of the most successful decades in the company’s history and it enjoyed a peak of 83 per cent market share in 1954. But this was also a period of increased competition as Phillip Morris and Rothmans entered the Australian tobacco market. By 1972, increased competition meant that the company’s market share had slipped to 39%. By the time tobacco advertising was banned on Australian radio and television in 1976, Wills' market share had fallen a further 6%. In 1985 Wills combined the separate factory operations in Sydney and in Melbourne into one site at Pagewood, Sydney which took on the name Virginia Park. In 1989 W.D & H.O.Wills (Australia) became a subsidiary of the British American Tobacco Industries group of companies. 1999 British American Tobacco merged with global competitor Rothmans International. Rothmans in Australia and Wills merged to form the wholly-owned subsidiary British American Tobacco Australia. The merger left British American Tobacco Australia, Phillip Morris and Imperial Tobacco Australia. Virginia Tobacco, or Flue-cured tobacco, is named after the US state where it was first cultivated. It is also called ‘bright tobacco’ because of the yellow to orange colour it achieves during curing. It grows particularly well in subtropical regions with light rainfall, such as Georgia, Florida and the Carolinas in the USA, Southern Brazil and Zimbabwe. In Australia, blends are predominantly Virginia, for example, Dunhill and Winfield. Virginia blends contain only flue-cured Virginia tobacco

Significance

The W.D.&H.O.Wills Ltd manufacturing plant was situated in Boundary Road East Bentleigh 1945 – 85. Virginia Park is still a Commercial Business Area

Inscriptions & Markings

Lid: CAPSTAN / NAVY CUT / W.D. & H.O. WILLS LTD inside lid - This tin of which only a / limited number will be / issued will be found convenient / for smokers as a vest / pocket container and can / easily be refilled with the / contents of the ordinary 1oz / packets of 'Capstan Tobacco'

Manufactured Objects, safety matches 'Redheads' 2015

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

A box of 'Redheads' safety matches with unused matches made in Sweden for ST-Group, Springvale, Victoria, Australia c2015. The tray containing the matches slides inside the open ended cover.. The striking patch is on both sides of the cover.

Historical information

This is a current example of the 'Redhead' logo used by Bryant & May Ltd Richmond,Victoria, Australia c 1946 - 1980 On 15th December 1909, Bryant & May, Australia’s first match factory at Church Street, Richmond, Victoria. was opened by The Honourable Alfred Deakin, Prime Minister of Australia, and Mrs. Deakin. It was heralded by the first Commonwealth Government of newly-federated Australia because the government of the day was anxious to encourage secondary industry and pledged tariff protection of local manufacturers. The building was constructed in 1909 as the Empire Works to a design by prolific Melbourne architect William Pitt and was purchased soon after by British safety match manufacturer Bryant and May, who significantly expanded the building, adding another level and the landmark clock tower. Bryant and May were unique in that they operated as a model factory, providing workers with conditions and amenities that even today seem generous. These included a dining hall and sports facilities such as a tennis court and bowling green which were constructed in the 1920s. Bryant and May ceased Australian match manufacture in the early 1980s as a result of import competition. Their iconic Redheads matches are now imported from Sweden. The complex has since been converted for use as offices and showrooms but is extremely well preserved. It is listed on the Victorian Heritage Register. Bryant and May was a United Kingdom (UK) company created in the mid-nineteenth century specifically to make matches. Their original Bryant and May Factory was located in Bow, London. They later opened other match factories in the United Kingdom and Australia, such as the Bryant and May Factory, Melbourne; and owned match factories in other parts of the world. Bryant and May survived as an independent company for over seventy years, but went through a series of mergers with other match companies and later with consumer products companies. To protect its position Bryant and May merged with or took over its rivals. In 1971 the Northern Ireland factory, Maguire & Patterson closed down following a terrorist attack.. In the 1980s, factories in Gloucester and Glasgow closed too leaving Liverpool as the last match factory in the UK, until December 1994. . The registered trade name Bryant and May still exists and it is owned by Swedish Match Industries as are many of the other registered trade names of the other, formerly independent, companies within the Bryant and May group. Two French chemists, Henri Savene and Emile David Cahen, proved in 1898 that the addition of phosphorus sesquisulfide meant that the substance was not poisonous, that it could be used in a "strike-anywhere" match, and that the match heads were not explosive. British company Albright and Wilson, was the first company to produce phosphorus sesquisulfide ( Red Phosphorous) matches commercially. The company developed a safe means of making commercial quantities of phosphorus sesquisulfide in 1899 and started selling it to match manufacturers. Matches were first produced by Bryant & May in Australia in 1909. The Redhead name applies to the red striking heads of the matches which were introduced to Australia in 1946. The logo on the matchbox depicted the head and shoulder of a redheaded woman and has had four major updates since that time with a number of special issues depicting animals, birds and notable persons also produced

Significance

The Bryant & May Ltd factory in Church St Richmond is a listed building and has been converted to apartments following the closure of the Company 1980. Bryant & May's Ltd were influential in fighting against the dreadful disease known as Phossy jaw which was caused by white phosphorus used in the manufacture of the early matches. They were also the object of the 'Match Girls Strike' in London 1888, which won important improvements in working conditions and pay for the mostly female workforce working with the dangerous white phosphorus. The public were slow to purchase these safety matches because of the higher price

Inscriptions & Markings

Top of cover ; Redheads / 45 safety / matches . Logo ; head & shoulders of a female with red hair Base of coverMade in Sweden / Redheads (R) is proudly marketed / by ST- Group Australia. / 718 Princes Highway Springvale Vic. 3171 / .............../ Readheads is a registered trademark / of Swedish Match Industries AB. / Complies ith European / Match Standard EN 1783-1997-SAF/ WARNING; / KEEP OUT OF REACH / OF CHILDREN. STRIKE / GENTLY AWAY FROM BODY . / barcode.

Clothing. lady's nylon gloves 'Simplex'

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

A pair of lady's short cream nylon gloves ' Simplex' Size 7 C 1960

Historical information

These gloves are made from a warp-knitted cotton fabric called ' Simplex'. Cotton simplex is stronger than jersey (another knitted fabric) and does not fray. This makes it perfect for hand-sewn gloves. The gloves were made in Hong Kong then as now a place where fashions can be made cheaply because the cost of labour is inexpensive. Ladies' gloves for formal and semi-formal wear come in three lengths for women: wrist, elbow, and opera or full-length (over the elbow, usually reaching to the biceps but sometimes to the full length of the arm). In the late 19thC and early 20thC Gloves were expected to be worn for both daytime and evening wear with most types of outfits.

Significance

The family of Carole Pedersen-Green were early settlers in Moorabbin Shire and their Danish heritage is an example of the many nationalities who lived and worked there.

Inscriptions & Markings

SIMPLEX NYLON 7

Pharmacy, cardboard box 'Forbes' Phosferrine tablets

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

An original cardboard box, with sliding insert, that contained 'Forbes' phosferrine tablets

Historical information

Phosferrine tablets were available in liquid or tablet form. Phosferrine was a tonic said to benefit the nervous system and the advert reads ' Phosferrine the greatest of all tonics promotes good health.' Housewives were advised that it relieved depression by having a calming effect on the nervous system. Movie stars and Sportsmen were featured in advertisements from 1925 - 1944

Inscriptions & Markings

on box ; FORBES' / PHOSFERRINE-TABLETS / for THE NERVES / 2/9 / HAVE NO EQUAL FOR / WEAKNESS, LASSITUDE, DEBILITY, IMPAIRED DIGESTION, / ............../ CONTENTS 80 TABLETS / PREPARED ONLY BY / MARTIN & PLEASANCE / CHEMISTS & DRUGGISTS / 180 COLLINS STREET MELBOURNE.

Newsletter, City of Moorabbin Historical Society No. 2 Vol. 11 June 1971 - City of Moorabbin Historical Society Newsletter No. 2 Vol. 11 June 1971

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

1 x L 26cm x W 21cm printed both sides

Historical information

Topic ; Cheltenham Tennis Club 1880; Youth Expo; The Aims of the CMHS are ‘to record the history of the City, and register something of the Australian Atmosphere, which the necessary speed-up in post-world-war two (WW11) immigration has caused to be lost; to produce a magazine at regular intervals, featuring the work of pioneers and the changing Australian scene; to work constantly with a long range view towards building a hall where records and exhibits can be housed’ (1961) The Original Newsletters reflect the history and heritage of the former City of Moorabbin — derived from Mooroobin, ‘a resting place’ in the Bunurrung spoken language. In 1994, the City of Moorabbin was integrated into the Cities of Bayside, Glen Eira, Kingston and Monash.

Significance

This is Newsletter No. 2 Vol. 11 of the CMHS June 1971 CMHS obtained a Kingston City Council Community Grant 2016 for the digitization and preservation of these Original CMHS Newsletters commenced in 1961

Inscriptions & Markings

CITY OF MOORABBIN HISTORICAL / SOCIETY / President / Mrs C Whitehead Secretary Mrs P. Brodie / NEWSLETTER / Volume 11 No 2 June 1971

Clothing, girls tunic

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

A child’s calico, box-pleated tunic with eyelet cotton trim

Historical information

This small child's calico tunic with box-pleats and eyelet cotton trim was worn by a child of an early settlers family of Moorabbin

Significance

Early settlers and market gardeners established their families in Moorabbin Shire and this item shows the skill and craftsmanship of the women of these families. The Blackburn family were early settlers in Moorabbin Shire

Drawing, old house Tuck St Moorabbin c1950

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

A pencil sketch of a old house facing Tuck St. ,near the Moorabbin Railway Station by M. Grimwade

Inscriptions & Markings

signed : M Grimwade

Newsletter, City of Moorabbin Historical Society No. 4 Vol. 12 March 1973 - City of Moorabbin Historical Society Newsletter No. 4 Vol. 12 March 1973

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

3 pages x L 26cm x W 21cm printed on one side

Historical information

Topics; Cheltenham Reunion Committee; Fund raising; Victorian Catholic History at LaTrobe Library; The Aims of the CMHS are ‘to record the history of the City, and register something of the Australian Atmosphere, which the necessary speed-up in post-world-war two (WW11) immigration has caused to be lost; to produce a magazine at regular intervals, featuring the work of pioneers and the changing Australian scene; to work constantly with a long range view towards building a hall where records and exhibits can be housed’ (1961) The Original Newsletters reflect the history and heritage of the former City of Moorabbin — derived from Mooroobin, ‘a resting place’ in the Bunurrung spoken language. In 1994, the City of Moorabbin was integrated into the Cities of Bayside, Glen Eira, Kingston and Monash.

Significance

This is Newsletter No. 4 Vol. 12 of the CMHS March 1973 CMHS obtained a Kingston City Council Community Grant 2016 for the digitization and preservation of these Original CMHS Newsletters commenced in 1961

Inscriptions & Markings

CITY OF MOORABBIN HISTORICAL / SOCIETY / President / Mrs C Whitehead Secretary Mrs P. Brodie .../ NEWSLETTER / Vol 12 No 4 March 1973

Craft equipment, wool winder

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

A wooden wool winder, with extending arms for winding hanks of wool into balls prior to knitting. For ease of use the winder also rotates. Circa 1860s this winder was made in Ireland.

Historical information

Pioneers migrating to Moorabbin Shire brought items they thought would assist them in the new Country. They had to be self reliant and made their own clothing and utensils while establishing their market gardens and farms. A wooden wool winder, with extending arms for winding hanks of wool into balls prior to knitting. For ease of use the winder also rotates. Circa 1860s this winder was made in Ireland.

Significance

The pioneer settlers and market gardeners of Moorabbin Shire had to be self reliant and made their own clothing and utensils. This is one of many items used to exhibit the skill and craftsmanship of the women in these families. Phillip Jones migrated from Ireland c1852 and his son, James Jones 1857 – 1940 was born in East Brighton , married Mary Ann Moore and raised his family in Bentleigh, as the area became known.

Photograph, Black & White, John Box 1841-1913 and Document re Will

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

a)Black & White photograph of John Box standing at his home in North Road East Bentleigh c1900 b) Document - letter regarding the Estate of John Box 1928

Historical information

John Box 1841 - 1913 was a member of the George Box family who migrated from Sussex England 1855 and established market gardens in Parish of Moorabbin, County of Bourke

Significance

John Box was a pioneer settler 1855 in Moorabbin Shire, County of Bourke and established a market garden and raised his family.

Inscriptions & Markings

a) nil b) as printed

Dolls,antique copy

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

A porcelain doll made by Hill View Lane Pty Ltd. c1980 with auburn long hair in a long dark blue velvet dress with white machine lace bands at bodice, cuffs and hem. Black boots and a green hair bow

Historical information

This doll is used as an educational toy to help visitors imagine life c1900

Significance

This doll is used as an educational toy to help visitors imagine life c1900

Inscriptions & Markings

' Hillview Lane'

Craftwork, crochet wool circlet roses

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

Crocheted pink and blue wool circlet roses for a rug

Jewellery, pearl necklace

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

A lady's pearl necklace and 1 earring in a hinged, lined, cream Bakelite case .

Historical information

It is thought that natural pearls form under a set of accidental conditions when a microscopic intruder or parasite enters a bivalve mollusc and settles inside the shell. The mollusc, irritated by the intruder, forms a pearl sac of external mantle tissue cells and secretes the calcium carbonate and conchiolin to cover the irritant. This secretion process is repeated many times, thus producing a pearl. Natural pearls come in many shapes, with perfectly round ones being comparatively rare. In general, cultured pearls are less valuable than natural pearls, whereas imitation pearls have almost no value. Cultured freshwater pearls can often be confused for natural pearls Cultured pearls are the response of the shell to a tissue implant. A tiny piece of mantle tissue (called a graft) from a donor shell is transplanted into a recipient shell, causing a pearl sac to form into which the tissue precipitates calcium carbonate. Some imitation pearls (also called shell pearls) are simply made of mother-of-pearl, coral or conch shell A strand of pearls called a princess length, 43 to 48 cm in length, comes down to or just below the collarbone. A graduated strand of pearls most often has at least 3 mm of differentiation from the ends to the centre of the necklace.

Kitchen Equipment, Tea Pot

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

Manufactured between 1885 to 1905. Small earthen-ware, black-glazed tea-pot. 8 sided. The body of the tea-pot is decorated with hand-painted gold flowers and raised cream flowers. The lid is also hand -painted with green leaves and flowers. This floral pattern is named "Garland" The lid is not of the same pattern as the base. The spout was broken when brush tailed possum entered Cottage via chimney 27/4/2014. Can be repaired

Historical information

Earthenware is lightly fired, readily absorbs water if not glazed, and does not allow light to pass through it. Coarse earthenware is made from clay and grog (ground up fired pot). There are two main types of glazed earthenware: One is covered with a transparent lead glaze; when the earthenware body to which this glaze is applied has a cream colour, the product is called creamware. The second type, covered with an opaque white .in glaze, is variously called tin-enamelled, or tin-glazed, earthenware, majolica, faience, or delft. G&S marking could be Grove & Stark, Longton, England (1871-1884). In the 19th century, J. & G. Meakin ,1851 based in Hanley, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire, was known for the vast quantities of cheap ironstone china it produced for the domestic English market and for export to Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States. Grove & Stark were taken over by Meakin early 20thC The Mark could also be Gibson & Sons (Ltd), were notably manufacturers of earthenware Burslem, Stoke-on-Trent. Founded around 1885 and traded until the mid 1970's. They were previously Gibson, Sudlow & Co.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the base of the tea-pot. Makers Mark is G & S. "Garland". (Pattern), Rg. No. 175153. Also 'Made in England'. Under glaze there is the word: England.

Library Book The Box Family Of Sussex. - A Family Heritage The Box Family Of Sussex compiled by Avis Boxleigh.

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

A large hard cover book brown in colour with the title and authors name in gold writing on the front. The book contains photos and text about the Box family and details of their lives through the centuries.

Historical information

A history of the Box family 1066 ---up till the late 1980s ( England America and Australia) The author has documented each branch of the family that she has known about. Box Cottage was once owned by a member of the Box family.

Kitchen Equipment, carving fork and knife sharpener

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

A cast steel Carving Fork and Knife sharpener with bone handles. The Fork has a flip up thumb guard

Inscriptions & Markings

CAST STEEL

Sewing Machine, Melber

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

'Melber'Treadle Sewing Machine that was owned by Mary Box, nee Kloster/ Closter. It was bought in 1909, and it is a good example of its kind. This type of sewing machine was widely used in many homes, in an era when hand-made clothes were the “norm.”, and clothes were mended, or ‘re-made’ into another garment. The Box Cottage Museum has both the Receipt, and Guarantee for the sewing machine.

Historical information

Melber sewing machines were first sold in Australia in the late 1870s. The 'Box Cottage' Melber Treadle Sewing Machine was owned by Mary Box, nee Kloster / Closter, wife of Alonzo Box , the nephew of William and Elizabeth Box who purchased 'Box Cottage' in 1865 from a pioneer settler The machine was bought in 1909, and is a good example of its kind. This type of sewing machine was widely used in many homes, in an era when hand-made clothes were the “norm.”, and clothes were mended, or ‘re-made’ into another garment. The cottage has both the Receipt, cat 00004.1 and Guarantee, cat 00004.2, for the sewing machine. This machine was possibly built by Wertheim Pty Ltd Hugo Wertheim (1854 – 1919) arrived in Melbourne in 1875. He became a successful agent for sewing machines manufactured by his father’s cousin Joseph Wertheim in Frankfurt, Germany. Hugo married Joseph’s daughter Sophie Emilie and they settled in Richmond Melbourne Australia. Hugo made many trips back to the main factory in Germany and, with extensive advertising, established a thriving business for sewing machines, bicycles, pianos under various ‘brand names’ - Wertheim, Electra, Planet, Griffin, Hapsburg. It has been said that Dame Nellie Melba preferred a Wertheim piano for her performances. In 1908 Hugo opened a large piano factory in Bendigo St Richmond, Victoria and his son Herbert maintained the business until 1935 The sewing machine was donated in 1985 by, a descendant of the Box family. The machine is complete, and in good condition.

Significance

William and Elizabeth Box purchased 'Box Cottage' in 1865 from a pioneer settler who had bought part of the land noted in Dendy's Special Survey 1841 Brighton. They raised their family there and established a market garden to supply produce to the population of Melbourne. Their nephew Alonzo married Mary Kloster/ Closter in 1918 and she brought with her this 'Melber' sewing machine that she used to provide clothing for the family.

Inscriptions & Markings

'MELBER' stamped on sewing machine.

Schedule Booklet, horticultural prizes - "1879 Schedule of Prizes Brighton Horticultural Society"

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

Booklet with mauve paper cover and 16 pages listing the Schedule of prizes for the 1879 annual exhibition of the Brighton Horticultural Society to be held in Brighton, Victoria.

Historical information

This booklet from 1879 was given to the Moorabbin Historical Society when the Robert Keys Leader Cup Trophy, 1882-1883 was re-discovered at 'Box Cottage' Museum in 2009. The Leader Cup Trophy, MAV 00001, is also itemised in this booklet (p9) The Leader Newspaper offered the 'Silver Cup, value Five Guineas for the best fruit garden in the Brighton District. The Proprietors of the English, Scottish and Australian Chartered Bank offered an second prize of three Guineas Commencing in 1856, the Brighton Horticultural Society only disbanded in 2009, and most of their archival holdings were given to the Brighton Historical Society. This booklet gives a good idea of the large varieties of plants, poultry and the skills of the pioneer settlers of the Brighton District.

Significance

This Booklet describes the Schedule of Prizes for the 1879 Grand Annual Exhibition of the Brighton Horticultural Society in Brighton Victoria. The Booklet was donated to the Moorabbin Historical Society in 2009 upon the disbanding of the Brighton Horticultural Society..at that time. The Moorabbin Historical Society possesses the 1882 'Leader Cup Trophy' (cat 00001) presented to Robert Keys for the best Fruit Garden. This booklet is kept in the same cabinet as the Robert Key's Silver Trophy. After Henry Dendy's Special Survey in 1841 allotments of land were sold or rented to pioneer settlers who developed market gardens , fruit gardens and poultry farms in the Brighton area. Their produce was sold at the St Kilda and Melbourne Markets for the growing population of Melbourne

Inscriptions & Markings

"1879/ SCHEDULE OF PRIZES/OFFERED FOR COMPETITION BY THE/ BRIGHTON HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY,/ AT THEIR/ GRAND ANNUAL EXHIBITION/ OF / ROSES,/ CUT FLOWERS, POT PLANTS,/ FRUITS, VEGETABLES,/ POULTRY, PRODUCE, &c.,/TO BE HELD IN THE/ ARTILLERY PARADE GROUND, CRESCENT, / BRIGHTON,/ Near the North Brighton Railway Station, / ON / SATURDAY, 8th NOVEMBER, 1879./ ADMISSION 1s. / Doors open at 2 o'clock. / Brighton: / G. H. ORFORD, MACHINE PRINTER, NEXT NORTH BRIGHTON STATION. / 1879 ;

Newsletter, City of Moorabbin Historical Society Oct 2011 pdf - October 2011

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

4 x A4 paper printed on 1 side Issue 24 of the bi-monthly, City of Moorabbin Historical Society Newsletter produced by Society member and Secretary, Mrs Helen Stanley in October 2011. Notice of AGM October 30th, resignation of Jamie Hyams, President CMHS 2003 -2011, Box Cottage will be open October 29th and 30th as part of History Week and members have been meeting for a monthly ‘working bee’ to arrange displays and re-label artefacts as suggested by Peta Knott MAV. Items submitted for Glen Eira CC funding have been purchased. Attached are 3 pages of descriptions with photographs of ‘Tiny Treasures in Box Cottage Museum’ that have been catalogued, photographed and entered on MAV website.

Historical information

The City of Moorabbin Historical Society was formed c 1960 by a group of Moorabbin residents who were concerned that the history of the area should be preserved. A good response to a call for items related to the historical area of Moorabbin Shire brought donations of a wide variety of artefacts which are now preserved by the current members of CMHS at Box Cottage Museum . Helen Stanley, Secretary of CMHS, began producing a Newsletter for members in April 2007 to provide current information and well researched items of historical interest

Significance

Helen Stanley has produced a bi-monthly Newsletter, 2007 - 2013, for the members of the City of Moorabbin Historical Society that contains well researched interesting historical items, notification of upcoming events, current advice from Royal Australian Historical Society , Museums Australia Victoria and activities of Local Historical Societies. The Newsletter is an important record of the activities of the CMHS

Inscriptions & Markings

CITY of MOORABBIN HISTORICAL SOCIETY / OCTOBER 2011 NEWSLETTER

Clothing, girl’s dress

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

A young girl’s pinafore dress with a drop-waist, lace insert , pin-tucking and buttoned back

Historical information

This girl's half petticoat is an example of the dressmaking skills of the women of the early settlers families in Moorabbin Shire in the early 20th C

Significance

Early settlers and market gardeners established their families in Moorabbin Shire and this item shows the skill and craftsmanship of the women of these families

Library Book - Box Family Stories - The Box Family of Sussex and Their Migration to Australia in the 1800's. By Avis Boxleigh

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

This is a spiral bound large book with pages that are copies of a computer file about the Box family see Library Book 00339 same title for more information.

Clothing, lady's dark cream silk cammisole

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

Clothing, lady's hand sewn dark cream silk camisole

Newsletter, City of Moorabbin Historical Society No.2 Vol. 4 February 1964 - City of Moorabbin Historical Society Newsletter No. 2 Vol. 4 February 1964

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

1 x Foolscap paper printed on 2 sides folded for 4 pages

Historical information

This is Newsletter No 2 Vol .4 produced in February 1964 by Mr T. A. Sheehy CMHS for members and visitors Topic Australia Day1964, Port Phillip Bay 19th C , French and English Exploration 19thC The Aims of the CMHS are ‘to record the history of the City, and register something of the Australian Atmosphere, which the necessary speed-up in post-world-war two (WW11) immigration has caused to be lost; to produce a magazine at regular intervals, featuring the work of pioneers and the changing Australian scene; to work constantly with a long range view towards building a hall where records and exhibits can be housed’ (1961) The Original Newsletters reflect the history and heritage of the former City of Moorabbin — derived from Mooroobin, ‘a resting place’ in the Bunurrung spoken language. In 1994, the City of Moorabbin was integrated into the Cities of Bayside, Glen Eira, Kingston and Monash.

Significance

This is Newsletter No. 2 Vol. 4 of the CMHS February 1964 CMHS obtained a Kingston City Council Community Grant 2016 for the digitization and preservation of these Original CMHS Newsletters commenced in 1961

Inscriptions & Markings

CITY OF MOORABBIN HISTORICAL / SOCIETY NEWSLETTER / Vol.4 No. 2 / February 1964

Newsletter, City of Moorabbin Historical Society No. 5 Vol. 2 August 1962 - City of Moorabbin Historical Society Newsletter No. 5 Vol. 2 August 1962

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

1 x L 33 cm x W 21cm folded for 4 pages

Historical information

This is Newsletter No 5 Vol 2. produced in August 1962 by Mr T. A. Sheehy President CMHS for members and visitors Topics; Circulation, Mr A Massola The Aims of the CMHS are ‘to record the history of the City, and register something of the Australian Atmosphere, which the necessary speed-up in post-world-war two (WW11) immigration has caused to be lost; to produce a magazine at regular intervals, featuring the work of pioneers and the changing Australian scene; to work constantly with a long range view towards building a hall where records and exhibits can be housed’ The Original Newsletters reflect the history and heritage of the former City of Moorabbin — derived from Mooroobin, ‘a resting place’ in the Bunurrung spoken language. In 1994, the City of Moorabbin was integrated into the Cities of Bayside, Glen Eira, Kingston and Monash.

Significance

This is Newsletter No. 5 Vol. 2 of the of CMHS August 1962 CMHS obtained a Kingston City Council Community Grant 2016 for the digitalization and preservation of these Original CMHS Newsletters commenced in 1961

Inscriptions & Markings

CITY OF MOORABBIN HISTORICAL / SOCIETY / (Affiliated with the Royal Historical Society of Victoria ) / President Mr T.A. Sheehy .... Secretary Mrs L. Harvey .... / NEWSLETTER No. 5 Vol. 2 August 1962

Personal Effects, Boy’s spectacles ½ in case

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

A young boy’s frameless spectacles - 1 glass lens with gold style bridge with a stiffened cardboard spectacle case

Historical information

Glasses, also known as eyeglasses or spectacles, are frames bearing lenses worn in front of the eyes. They are normally used for vision correction or eye protection.