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Geoffrey Kaye Museum of Anaesthetic History Melbourne, Victoria

Dr Geoffrey Kaye established a museum from his private collection of anaesthetic apparatus in 1946.

The Geoffrey Kaye Museum of Anaesthetic History is now part of the Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists. The museum showcases over 170 years of advances in anaesthesia and pain medicine, and is one of the largest and most diverse collections of its type in the world.

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Contact Information

location
ANZCA House 630 St Kilda Road Melbourne Victoria 3004 (map)
phone
+61 +61 3 8517 5309

Opening Hours

Monday - Friday, 10am - 4pm Bookings are essential

Entry Fee

Free entry

Location

ANZCA House 630 St Kilda Road Melbourne Victoria

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The collection focuses on the development of anaesthesia practice from its beginning, in 1846, through to contemporary practice. A number of related medical specialties are also represented in the collection, such as pain medicine and hyperbaric medicine. The collection focuses on the equipment, apparatus and instruments designed for advancement in practice, as well as the lives and contributions of the many individuals who have grown the specialty.

Significance

The museum’s collection looks at the history of anaesthesia and pain medicine, as well as other related medical specialties. It allows us to follow the transformation from an unskilled and unreliable art into a highly scientific medical specialty.

Dwight Crapson 9 September 2015 7:44 AM

My Grandmother was killed during a medical procedure around 1924. The story, as I understand it was that she was going to have her tonsils removed, and that the doctor had a new ether dispensing machine which caused her death by an overdose of ether. This occurred somewhere in Kansas, if I am not mistaken. As I understand it, this was not an isolated incident, and the machines were removed from use after some 28 or so patients suffered the same fate. Do you have any information that would verify, and possibly add details to this story? I am somewhat interested in seeing what the machine looked like, and knowing more about it, etc. Thank you, Dwight A. Crapson

Monica Cronin, ANZCA Curator 9 September 2015 9:52 AM

Dear Dwight, That is an unfortunate story from your family's history. To investigate the story further, I would recommend you try to get more background information such as the exact date and which hospital was involved. I would recommend you contact the Kansas Digital Newspaper Archive (https://www.kshs.org/p/kansas-digital-newspaper-program/16126) who may be able to help you track down this information. Such a large number of deaths may well have been reported in a local newspaper and may include a name or description of the equipment used. When you have some more information please feel free to get back in touch and we may be able to show you something from our collection that matches the equipment used. Otherwise, the Wood Library-Museum of Anesthesiology in Illinois may be able to help (http://www.woodlibrarymuseum.org/). Good luck with your search. Cheers Monica Cronin Curator, Geoffrey Kaye Museum of Anaesthetic History

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357 items

Blade, Laryngoscope, Macintosh

Geoffrey Kaye Museum of Anaesthetic History, Melbourne

Macintosh semi curved blade designed in a child size, with a light bulb attached. Minor scratches and some slight hit marks over the piece surface caused by its previous use. It has stamped the manufacturer name and the place where it was made at the back of the blade.

Historical information

"First described by professor R. R. Macintosh in the Lancet of February 13th, 1943, this design is now the acknowledged leader throughout the world." (PENLON, 1969) Reference: PENLON. 1969. Anaesthetic Equipment - Longworth Scientific Instrument Company LTD. Abingdon, Berkshire, England. January 1969.

Inscriptions & Markings

Stamped on the back blade base, Longworth / MADE IN ENGLAND

Cylinder, Medical Compressed Air

Geoffrey Kaye Museum of Anaesthetic History, Melbourne

Empty small pale green painted cylinder with rounded base and attached outflow valve with circular 'On-Off' knob.

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten in red paint across the main body of the cylinder: ST. VINCENTS 32510 Printed on manufacturer's label: 'KEEP CYLINDER COOL / CIG [logo] / MADE IN AUSTRALIA / MEDICAL AIR COMPRESSED / DO NOT ALLOW OIL OR GREASE ON VALVE / OPEN VALVE SLOWLY CLOSE AFTER USE

Tube, Endotracheal, Uncuffed Rubber Nasal Tube

Geoffrey Kaye Museum of Anaesthetic History, Melbourne

Brown rubber tubing with three pairs of holes at one end and a bevelled edge at the other for nasal endotracheal intubation. There is a large safety pin stuck through the first pair of holes.

Historical information

This is an early example of an endotracheal tube invented by Ivan Magill. The shattered faces and jaws of wounded soldiers presented real difficulties for the administration of anaesthesia. Ivan Magill and Stanley Rowbotham developed endotracheal tubes for these procedures that were more efficient and practical than the earlier insufflation catheters.The attached safety pin was used to prevent the loss of the tube down the patient's nose.

Photograph

Geoffrey Kaye Museum of Anaesthetic History, Melbourne

Black and white photograph of a drawing of the head of a McKesson Nargraf anaesthetic record, Model J. The view is from the top looking down onto the machine, showing a round vaporiser with a valve attached to it and two round pressure gauges on either side. The recorder on the top of the photograph does not have a chart attached to it.

Historical information

The McKesson Nargraf anaesthetic record was introduced in 1930, created by Dr Elmer I. McKesson.

Inscriptions & Markings

Each part of the machine has been labelled and handwritten in black ink the letters A - H and J - M on the surface.

Photograph

Geoffrey Kaye Museum of Anaesthetic History, Melbourne

Black and white photograph depicting an operating room with five doctors undertaking cardiovascular surgery. Four figures are standing in the background. One doctor is standing on the left of the photograph with a cardiopulmonary bypass machine in the foreground.

Inhaler, Analgesia, Penthrane

Geoffrey Kaye Museum of Anaesthetic History, Melbourne

Wooden box with metal clasp and hinges and two sections inside, divided by balsa wood. One side contains an amber plastic and black rubber facial mask, along with a inhaler tube and felt square. The other side contains a cylindrical metal device with a black plastic handle secured to one end and a portal for attaching the facial mask at the other.

Historical information

Originally distributed by Abbott Laboratories. This device is used for the self-administration of Penthane, an analgesic. Designed for use in emergency rooms, obstetrics, orthopaedics and surgical outpatients.

Untitled

Geoffrey Kaye Museum of Anaesthetic History, Melbourne

Draeger resuscitation kit, inside wooden case with handle. Case contains small heavy gas cylinder with large beige handwritten 'S. M E' inscription on one side. Due to water damage case missing pieces of plywood in corner and floor of case bubbled and swollen.|Rubber decomposed rigid

Historical information

The Dräeger Pulmotor was developed in 1907. It addressed previous concerns about lung injury, by limiting both the inspiratory and expiratory pressures. Although still controversial, the Pulmotor was widely distributed and commercially successful. Oxygen from cylinders provided both the inspiratory gas flow and the driving mechanism. Expiration was an active process and gases were sucked from the lungs by negative pressure created by a Venturi effect. This device came with a facemask and harness, with a caution that the operator should take care to prevent air entering the stomach.

Analgesic, Provoprin

Geoffrey Kaye Museum of Anaesthetic History, Melbourne

Small amber bottle with light blue plastic screw on cap with faded blue on white manufacturer's label adhered to the front of the bottle containing 25 tablets of Provopin [Aspirin].

Historical information

Aspirin, also known as acetylsalicylic acid, is a salicylate drug, often used as an analgesic to relieve minor aches and pains, as an antipyretic to reduce fever, and as an anti-inflammatory medication.

Ampoules, Procaine

Geoffrey Kaye Museum of Anaesthetic History, Melbourne

Two blue cardboard boxes containing six (6) ampoules of procaine hydrochloride. One box has been opened but the six ampoules remain intact. The other box has unbroken adhesive seals. The ampoules have been separated by cardboard barriers which are lined with shredded paper for absorbency. There is a corrugated carboard layer between the lid and the ampoules as well. The instructions printed in the lid of the box mention a file for opening the ampoules but that is missing.

Historical information

Provocaine hydrochloride is a local anaesthetic.

Cannula, Transfusion

Geoffrey Kaye Museum of Anaesthetic History, Melbourne

A selection of metal cannula of various designs and sizes.

Historical information

Doctors trained in blood transfusion were essential to the development of Forward Resuscitation Teams during World War I. In 1918, Dr Alan Holmes a Court and his colleagues established a resuscitation team and, following their remarkable success at the battle of Hamel on July 4, teams were permanently established at each of the five Australian divisions. Each team consisted of one doctor trained in surgery, blood transfusion and resuscitation, another doctor trained in anaesthesia, resuscitation and blood donor classification, and four other assisting staff. This team moved out to the wounded, rather than waiting for them to be stretchered back. They provided on-the-spot, life-saving resuscitation. The wounded were then transported back to the Casualty Clearing Station or Regimental Aid Post for further treatment.

Photograph

Geoffrey Kaye Museum of Anaesthetic History, Melbourne

Black and white photograph of a McKesson Nargraf anaesthetic record. The chart is for patient R.W's anaesthetic record, a 31 year old male for a right inguinal hernia operation on 2/5/1938. The anaesthetist listed is K. The chart lists the times and notes from the procedure, starting at 10.22am and ending at 11.27.

Airway, Pharyngeal, Poe's

Geoffrey Kaye Museum of Anaesthetic History, Melbourne

Hollow curved metal tube with flat plate at one end and two tube coming out of it, one curved to the left, one curved to the right.

Historical information

This is an example of an early airway management device for anaesthesia.

Inscriptions & Markings

Engraved by hand on curve of tube: POE'S / ASA 1940 Engraved by hand on flat plate: Wood Stamped into flat plate: REGGER

Needle

Geoffrey Kaye Museum of Anaesthetic History, Melbourne

Mottled brown cardboard box containing twelve (12) metal needles woven through a metal tray and covered in clear plastic.

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten in blue ink on front cover of box: ML172

Label, Cylinder

Geoffrey Kaye Museum of Anaesthetic History, Melbourne

Large unused diamond shaped Austox label made for use on carbogen cylinders. Beige with a black border, and green and red lettering.

Inscriptions & Markings

Information printed on label: SPECIALLY PREPARED FOR MEDICAL USES. / AUSTOX [logo] / COMPRESSED / CARBOGEN / CO2..........% OXYGEN.......... / (The percentages stated above are subject to tolerance) / KEEP COOL [in red] / CONTENTS: Imperial Gallons / WARNING - Great caution must be exercised to prevent any oil entering the cylinder, or being applied to the valve or fittings. The use of oil may lead to a dangerous explosion. [in red] / Australian Oxygen & Industrial Gases / Pty. Ltd. / MELBOURNE

Tongue Depressor, Boyle-Davis Gag

Geoffrey Kaye Museum of Anaesthetic History, Melbourne

Chrome plated metal "L" shaped tongue depressor. The depressor arm downside has cross-hatched grooves to facilitate adherence to the tong. A small metal tube is attached to the upper-side of the depressor through which anaesthesia or oxygen could be administered. The lateral arm handle has grips engraved to attach the mouth gag frame which is missing. This item has a stamp inscription on its handle about maker's details, size and material. Black spots of dust are present inside the metal tube and out near the extreme of the tube. It has accumulated dust between the cross-hatched grooves. Minor scratches around the piece.

Inscriptions & Markings

Stamped in the depressor handle, D.H.A. / 6 / STAINLESS

Book - Practical Anaesthesia

Geoffrey Kaye Museum of Anaesthetic History, Melbourne

Hard covered burgundy book with gold leaf letter on front and spine and gold leaf trim on all faces.

Historical information

Practical Anaesthesia was the first text book on anaesthesia produced in Australia. Geoffrey Kaye was one of the contributors to this book, which included a foreword by F.H. McMechan, Secretary General, International Anesthesia Research Society.

Photograph

Geoffrey Kaye Museum of Anaesthetic History, Melbourne

Black and white photograph depicting four men in business suits on a beach, standing around a table displaying medical equipment and oxygen tanks. There are CIG oxygen tanks leaning upright against the table, and a display box containing oxygen tanks is on the ground in front of the table. There is another box displaying oxygen tanks, an open suitcase and a megaphone on the table. Three of the men are looking at the fourth man on the far right who is holding a piece of equipment. There is an ambulance from the Elwood Life Saving Club directly behind the men and other cars in the background.

Inscriptions & Markings

•Handwritten in grey pencil on reverse: 7 [inside a circle] •Handwritten in grey pencil on reverse: 4902 •Printed stamp in blue ink on reverse: COPYRIGHT / This photograph may not be reproduced / without permission in writing from the / Editor of "The Age" / 233 Collins Street, Melbourne, and 117 / Pitt Street, Sydney •Printed in black ink on paper label which has detached from the reverse of photograph: ELWOOD LIFE SAVING CLUB / EQUIPMENT PRESENTATION: / Photo from the "AGE" dated 30th December, 1961, / showing the comissioning of Elwood Life Saving / Club's new Ambulance replacing one wrecked in / a collision and covering the presentation of a / State Government cheque for £1,000 by Mr. Baron / Snider, M.L.A. to cover the cost of this ambulance. / In the picture, Mr. Snider (right) inspects / equipment with - from left, the state secretary / of The Royal Life Saving Society of Australia / (Mr. E. A. Pleydell, M.B.E.), club secretary / Mr. Tom Manion, and club president Mr. Jack / Conabere.

Inhaler, Ether, Dewee

Geoffrey Kaye Museum of Anaesthetic History, Melbourne

Metal inhaler with shaped rim edge

Historical information

This is a simple metal mask with an ether chamber surmounting it. The patient breathes air down through the variable orifice over the surface of ether and in through the variable orifice over the surface of ether and in through the inspiratory valve. Exhalation was by means of the expiratory valve placed in the centre of the mask. All channels are extremely small and would offer considerable resistance to respiration.

Inscriptions & Markings

Engraved by hand into side of mask: DEWEE'S ETHER / INHALER.. 1901. Stamped into side of mask: J.E. LEECO / PATD. NOV. 12-1901 / 400

Blow gun

Geoffrey Kaye Museum of Anaesthetic History, Melbourne

Hollow bamboo tube with mouthpiece at one end. The tube is decorated with intricate carvings with floral and geometric motifs. An organic fibre has been used to secure the mouthpiece and at several other points. The tube is a blowpipe for hunting.

Historical information

Used by the Sakai people, Kuala Langat, Selangor (Malaysia), 1936. Whilst Malaysian, this blow-gun is analogous to that used by Brazilian Indians with curare. The gun is of bamboo, with a highly polished inner tube of the same. The darts are reeds, made directional by knobs of a balsa-like wood, and poisoned with a mixture of brucine (from the ipoh, or upas tree) and cobra-venom.

Photograph

Geoffrey Kaye Museum of Anaesthetic History, Melbourne

Colour photograph of an Ormbsy inhaler lying on a wooden table. The inhaler has a metal mouthpiece with rubber tubing around the edge, and a rubber bag inside a black netbag.

Bronchial Blocker - Macintosh Leatherdale Left Bronchial Blocker

Geoffrey Kaye Museum of Anaesthetic History, Melbourne

Rubber tubing with curved and tapered end for insertion into lung. Three smaller tubes come off the larger end, two of which have small rubber valves attached. The tube appears with a banded effect however, the banding is represents the now disintegrated rubber cuff.

Historical information

This tube is designed for left pneumonectomy (surgical removal of a lung or part of a lung). The left stem bronchus may be completely blocked off, while the right lung is inflated. There is provision for aspiration of the left bronchus.

Inscriptions & Markings

Blue sticker with white writing on side of tube: S.I.6.

Painting, portrait

Geoffrey Kaye Museum of Anaesthetic History, Melbourne

Oil painting on canvas of Associate Professor Richard Walsh sitting to the side facing left on a blue chair, wearing the College gown and President's medal against a plain background. Mounted in a mottled brown coloured frame.

Historical information

This is a portrait of former ANZCA President, Associate Professor Richard Walsh. In 1996, he was elected Vice President and, in 1998 was elected President, serving a full two year term. This painting was formally presented to the College in 2006. Further information about Associate Professor Richard Walsh can be obtained on the Lives of the Fellows, http://anzca.online-exhibition.net/fellows/fellows-1992/richard-george-walsh/ The artist, Jiawei Shen is a Chinese Australian artist considered to be one of Australia's leading portrait artists. He is most famous for his 2006 winning entry of the prestigious Sir John Sulman Prize in which he painted a portrait of Pope Francis which was presented to His Holiness in 2014.

Inscriptions & Markings

Lower left hand corner [artist signature \ '05]

Promethazine hydrochloride (Phenergan)

Geoffrey Kaye Museum of Anaesthetic History, Melbourne

Amber coloured glass ampoule with yellow band on neck and teal coloured print on glass containing 50mg in 2ml of Hermethazine [promethazine hydrochloride].

Historical information

Promethazine hydrochloride is an anti-histamine with strong sedative effects. It is used as a sedative and to combat hay fever, allergic reactions, nausea and vomiting.

Inscriptions & Markings

Printed on glass in teal: CAUTION S4 / HERMETHAZINE / PROMETHAZINE / HYDROCHLORIDE / 50mg in 2ml / DAVID BULL / EXP APR 81

Laryngoscope, Macintosh

Geoffrey Kaye Museum of Anaesthetic History, Melbourne

Right hand stainless steel size 3 Macintosh interchangeable laryngoscope blade with light bulb, attached to a standard sized handle with serrated grip and no batteries inside deposit. Minor scratches and hit marks are over its surface. A blue sticky tape is attached to the back side of the blade where the size and type is, also can be found the mark left by a previous sticky tape around the top neck of the handle. The blade was made by Penlon in England.

Historical information

"First described by Professor R. R. Macintosh in the Lancet of February 13th, 1943, this design is now the acknowledged leader throughout the world." (PENLON, 1969) Reference: PENLON. 1969. Anaesthetic Equipment - Longworth Scientific Instrument Company LTD. Abingdon, Berkshire, England. January 1969.

Inscriptions & Markings

Engraved in cursive writing above the light bulb, Royal Childrens Hospital Engraved in capital writing above the light bulb next to previous text, D.A. Stamped at the back side of the blade, MACINTOSH / 3 Stamped at the blade base lateral side, REGD. TRADE MARK / PENLON / MADE IN ENGLAND Stamped at the blade back side, STAINLESS

Painting, portrait

Geoffrey Kaye Museum of Anaesthetic History, Melbourne

Oil painting on canvas of Associate Professor Peter Livingstone, seated at an angle facing left, wearing the College gown and tie with a dark plain background. Mounted on a fabric backing in a gold leaf frame with a small brass plaque affixed to the lower center of the frame.

Historical information

The sitter, Associate Professor Peter D Livingstone, was the Inaugural President of the newly established ANZCA, February 1992. The portrait was later unveiled at the Council Meeting [17-18 Feb 1994] followed by the official opening of Ulimaroa on 19 February 1994. Further information about Professor Livingstone is found on Lives of the Fellows; http://anzca.online-exhibition.net/fellows/fellows-1992/peter-david-livingstone/ The artist Graham Inson is represented in many major public and private art collections. A finalist in the 1990 and 1992 Doug Moran Portrait Prize, he has painted numerous official portraits of politicians, academics and for many of Australia's largest Companies.

Inscriptions & Markings

[brass plaque] ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR / PETER D LIVINGSTONE / INAUGURAL PRESIDENT / 1992 / PRESENTED BY THE / AUSTRALIAN SOCIETY OF ANAESTHETISTS

Junker's apparatus

Geoffrey Kaye Museum of Anaesthetic History, Melbourne

Glass jar with liquid measure markers etched onto. The jar has a metal lid, with a metal tube descending into the jar. Two metal tubes are protuding out of the top of the lid, and each has a small section of rubber tubing attached. There is also a metal hook, used to attached the jar to the physicians (anaesthetist's) lapel.

Historical information

Junker's inhalers are a "blow over" device used with a hand-held bellows to bubble air through liquid chlooform and to the patient. It was initially inteded for use with bichloride of methylene, a mixture of chloroform and methyl alcohol. Ferdinand Adalbert Junker introduced his inhaler in 1867 as appointed physician to Samaritan Free Hospital for Women (although it didn't have that name until c.1904).

Inscriptions & Markings

Stamped into frame of metal lid: LONDON MADE

Needle

Geoffrey Kaye Museum of Anaesthetic History, Melbourne

Mottled brown cardboard box containing twelve (12) metal needles woven through a metal tray and covered in clear plastic.

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten in red ink on front cover of box: ML172

Portrait, Photographic

Geoffrey Kaye Museum of Anaesthetic History, Melbourne

Framed colour photographic portrait of Dr Genevieve Goulding holding the President's medal.

Historical information

This photographic portrait was commissioned to commemorate Dr Genevieve Goulding's term as President of ANZCA. Traditionally, ANZCA presidents have been commemorated at the end of their term with a commissioned oil painting. In 2015, the decision was made by ANZCA Council to change to photographic portraiture. This meant the existing oil paintings of College presidents became a formed collection which will not be added to and this portrait is the first to be commissioned in the new medium. It was unveiled at the ANZCA Council dinner on 22 July 2016.

Wine coaster

Geoffrey Kaye Museum of Anaesthetic History, Melbourne

Sterling silver wine coaster with ribbed pattern on top border and turned wooden base.

Historical information

In February 1984, Dean WM Crosby of ANZCA, admitted Dr. William Derek Wylie to the Honorary Fellowship of the Faculty of Anaesthetists of the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons. Derek Wylie is one of the best known British Anaethetists and during his career devoted much of his attention to medical negligence and its prevention. He lectured and wrote extensively and is noted as the co-author of one of the most widely read textbooks on anaesthesia, 'A Practice of Anaesthesia', which was translated into several languages.

Inscriptions & Markings

With gratitude DEREK WYLIE HON. FFARACS, 1984 Engraved on base: MAPPIN & WEBB LTD. Hallmarks [Makers mark/ image of lion passant/ image of lion head / cursive script L]

Painting, portrait

Geoffrey Kaye Museum of Anaesthetic History, Melbourne

Oil on canvas portrait of Dr Lindy Roberts seated in front of a plain brown background. She is facing front on with legs crossed, one hand over the other resting on her knee. She is wearing the Presidential medal which is slightly covered by her multi-coloured jacket of pink, grey and white. The painting is set in a wide timber frame.

Historical information

The painting was commissioned by ANZCA to mark the presidential term of Dr Lindy Roberts from 2012 until 2014. The artist Robert Hannaford has a long history of painting portraits of politicians and distinguished professionals in the field.

Inscriptions & Markings

[artist signature and date, lower RHS] HANNAFORD ' 13