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Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc. Warrnambool, Victoria

The Warrnambool & District Historical Society (WDHS) was founded in 1966 with the object of gathering material and items of local historical significance and preserving them for the enjoyment of future generations. WDHS shares HeritageWorks with Warrnambool Family History Group.

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Contact Information

location
PO Box 731 Warrnambool Victoria 3280 (map)
phone
+61 (03) 5561 0283

Contact

Opening Hours

Monday to Friday 10am to 12noon - 1.30pm to 3.30pm Or by appointment Public holidays by appointment

Entry Fee

Free Entry

Location

2 Gilles Street (south of Merri St) Warrnambool Victoria

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The collection is diverse and includes items relating to Warrnambool and district from the 19th century museum and other material collected by the three following historical societies established in early 1900s, post WWII and the current society. The collection consists artefacts, books, original documents, textiles, photographs, maps, oral histories and a research collection. History House is a registered Place of Deposit (POD) with local items lodged from PROV and Warrnambool City Council.

Significance

Our collection tells the story of local and district business and families of south west Victoria and their link within the world platform. Stories of developing the district and transport by land and sea. Our material is displayed and available for researchers.

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2072 items

Bottle - Syphon R.J Reeves

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

Two clear glass. Cylindrical with 12 ribs. Chrome metal top with lever and spout. Logo etched on front of bottles

Historical information

Ralph Reeves purchased an established cordial factory in the early 1900’s from the estate of J Fletcher. It was operated by the Reeves family, firstly Reginald, followed by his son-in-law Murray Moon until the latter part of the 20th century.

Significance

A common object familiar to a large number of people in the Warrnambool area with links to one of Warrnambool’s longest established family businesses.

Inscriptions & Markings

Inscriptions and Markings: “R. J. Reeves” engraved on side of lid. “R. J. Reeves Warrnambool in oval surrounding RJR. This syphon remains the property of R. J. Reeves Warrnambool and its use by others is prohibited.British syphon company Limited London.

Book - Chambers’s Journal 1874

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a hard cover book of 832 pages. The book has a dark green cover with dark green and gold lettering with ornamental gold surrounds. The book has an index, short stories, poems, essays and articles on science and the arts. The book contains monthly journals for 1874 combined in one volume. The cover is stained and blotched. There are several stamps of the Warrnambool & District Historical Society. The inscription on the first page is handwritten in black ink.

Historical information

This is a book given to Margaret Davidson in 1875 by her aunt, Mrs J. Davidson. Margaret Milne Davidson (1839-1928) was the eldest child of James and Isabella Davidson and she was born in Kirriemuir, Scotland. She came to the Warrnambool area in 1850. The property, ‘Woodend’, was near Cassadys Bridge (Caramut Road today). The aunt, Mrs J. Davidson would be the wife of John Davidson, the brother of James and a farmer at ‘Rosebank’, Woodford. The portraits of John and James Davidson are on the Warrnambool Pioneer Honour Board.

Significance

This book is of interest because of its inscription. The book is connected to the Davidson families, prominent in Warrnambool’s pioneer history.

Inscriptions & Markings

‘Margaret M. Davidson, Woodend, from her aunt, Mrs J. Davidson, 30/9/75’.

Document - Oklahoma

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a 1996 Warrnambool Theatre Company production of ‘Oklahoma’. It has 16 pages and an orange-coloured cover with an image of a rising sun and a landscape outline on the front cover and a Warrnambool Standard advertisement on the back cover. The program contains black and white advertisements, information on the production, cast and crew and photographs of those involved in the production. The pages were stapled but the staples have been removed.

Historical information

This is a program for the 1996 Warrnambool Theatre Company production of ‘Oklahoma’. Amateur theatre groups of various kinds have been operating in Warrnambool since the 1860s and a group called the Warrnambool Dramatic Society was operating in the 1950s. In 1958 this group changed its name to the Warrnambool Theatre Group and at a later stage this became the Warrnambool Theatre Company. The husband and wife team of Cyril and Joyce Hayward contributed to make the theatre company well-known in the area for fine productions for over 30 years in the 1960s, 70s and 80s) . Today the Warrnambool Theatre Company continues to produce plays, musicals and concerts on a regular basis. ‘Oklahoma!’ is an oft-produced musical by Rodgers and Hammerstein (1943).

Significance

This is a program of interest as an example of the type of show produced by the Warrnambool Theatre Company in 1996.

Mallett - Croquet Mallett

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a brown-coloured wooden croquet mallet. The handle has ribbed leather binding and the mallet has brass edging and brass on the under section attached with twelve brass screws. The handle is octagonal shaped. The lower section of the handle and the mallet have been varnished.

Historical information

This croquet mallet belonged to Martha Beatrice McCullough (nee Barker), wife of George McCullough, who died in November 1931 at the age of 50. She lived at the house at 113 Koroit Street named ‘Heatherlie’ (the site of the current retirement residential units) and owned and managed the Silver Stream Café in Liebig Street. The mallet was used by her and may have been used by her mother before her. Croquet was a popular sport, especially for women after the 1880s.

Significance

This is a significant item as it is an artefact associated with women’s sport in the late 19th century and early 20th century. It is also important as it belonged to a local Warrnambool resident and businesswoman whose granddaughter resides in Warrnambool today.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the mallet: ‘The Reel’

Household - Glass

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a glass in the form of a goblet with a circular base, a thin stem and a top with gilt edging around the rim. On the side of the glass is a Warrnambool logo and lettering in gold print.

Historical information

This glass is a souvenir of the awarding to Warrnambool of the title of Victoria’s Premier Town for the period 1979-1982. The Premier Town Awards were given by the Victorian Government to the town or city that best protected and enhanced its environment. Warrnambool won the award in 1958, 1979-1982 and 1988-1991.

Significance

This glass is retained as an example of the type of souvenir sold locally to celebrate the winning of Victoria’s Premier Town Award. It will be used in displays.

Inscriptions & Markings

‘Warrnambool Premier Town 1979-82 Victoria Australia’

Wood Plane

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a large rectangular-shaped wooden plane tool. It has a curved wooden handle with a flattened top and this is inserted into the top of the body of the tool. The middle section of the top of the tool had been gouged out and a metal blade inserted at an angle and this blade partly protrudes at the base to make a planing tool. The metal blade is held in place by a covering piece of wood and a metal screw holds both the inserted wood and the blade in place.

Historical information

This tool is part of a large collection of vintage tools and they are believed to have belonged to a Warrnambool businessman, Henry Phillips. English-born carpenter, Henry Phillips (1821-1896), with his wife, Elizabeth, came to Australia in 1849 and lived in Port Fairy for some time. In 1865 he formed a partnership with Christopher Beattie and established the undertaking firm of Beattie and Phillips. The funeral business continued on after the deaths of the two founders and lasted until the year 2000. In Warrnambool Henry Phillips was involved with the management of the Mechanics’ Institute.

Significance

This tool is of interest as an example of a vintage tool and also as a memento of the 19th century Warrnambool businessman, Henry Phillips.

Book - Registered Office E Morse

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a wooden frame with a glass front. The frame is painted a grey colour and has holes at the top and bottom for affixing the frame to a wall or door. Behind the glass the words ‘Registered Office F. Morse Pty Ltd’ are painted or incised on to a wooden slab. The words are in yellow and red paint. The frame is a little chipped and the inside of the glass is somewhat blotchy and stained.

Historical information

This plate comes from the Registered Office of F. Morse Pty Ltd. The name ‘Morse’ has been associated with the local Warrnambool transport industry for more than 100 years from the horse-drawn era to the advent of motorized transport. Frederick Morse was the son of Henry Morse, a teacher at The Grange, Hamilton and at Grasmere in the early 1870s. In 1883 Frederick Morse started business in Fairy Street as a coach builder in a partnership known as Robinson and Morse and in 1891 he set up a business on his own, the Victoria Carriage Works in Lava Street with branches in Port Fairy and Koroit. By the 1890s he was employing 27 people and winning State awards for his Abbot buggies. By the 1920s the Morse business had moved to motorized transport, expanding over the years to car dealerships, caravans, panel works and reconditioning and truck building with the subsidiary businesses of Morsmilk and Morsbearings (both later sold).

Significance

This plate is of strong significance as a memento of a business in Warrnambool that has been prominent in the local transport industry for 120 years. It is also a memento of the Morse family, notable 19th century settlers in the town and important in local community affairs since that time.

Inscriptions & Markings

‘Registered Office’ ‘F. Morse Pty Ltd’

Artefact- Tool - Plastersheet carrier

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

Cast iron tool with heart shaped handle and spade shaped base with right angled edge on the bottom. Weld join near bottom. Painted in silver.

Historical information

Tool used to carry plaster sheets on the ledge at the bottom.

Significance

A handmade tool used locally.

Book - The Rambler

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a piece of cream thickened paper folded in two with a typed copy of a poem pasted on the inside of the paper and a copy of a prose piece typed in ornate script and pasted on to a piece of cardboard and enclosed in the cream folder. Both of the typed items have handwritten messages at the bottom of the text. The cream folder is a little crumpled and stained.

Historical information

These two items were sent in the 1940s to Tom Terrington of Framlingham ( about 28 kilometres north east of Warrnambool) from Donald Mackintosh. Tom Terrington (b. 1897) worked at various jobs until he took over the Framlingham store in the 1940s. He was a scholarly person with a wide knowledge of English literature. He wrote poetry and researched and wrote extensively on Framlingham history. Donald Mackintosh (1866-1951) was Australia’s first Olympic shooting gold medallist. He competed in trapshooting events all over the world, winning 30 gold medals, making a considerable amount of money and holding the world trapshooting championship title from 1903 to 1908. He was a keen photographer and wrote poetry under the name of ‘The Rambler’.

Significance

This small folder is of great interest as it contains a poem sent to Tom Terrington by Donald Mackintosh (The Rambler). Tom Terrington is important in Framlingham’s history and his friendship with Donald Mackintosh, an Australian and world trapshooting champion and a poet is of considerable interest. The tone of the poem echoes also the despondency felt by Australians during the darkest days of World War Two.

Inscriptions & Markings

‘The Rambler 1942-3’ ‘For T. Terrington from Dld Mackintosh with best wishes 1942-3’

Booklet - The Cavenett Family 1840-1985

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is soft cover booklet of 41 pages. The cover has a cream-coloured background with sepia-coloured photographs of three Cavenett family members on the front cover and a sepia-coloured reproduction of an S.T. Gill sketch on the back cover. The book contains a Foreword, a Preamble, information on members of the Cavenatt families, an Appendix and a Surname Index. There are many black and white photographs of the Cavenett family members. The booklet is stapled.

Historical information

This booklet gives information on the Cavenett families from 1840 to 1970. John and Eliza Cavenett with four children set sail from England to Adelaide in 1840 but Eliza and one child died on the voyage. John Cavenett married again and settled in Adelaide. Most descendants of John Cavenett that are mentioned in the booklet also lived in South Australia but some settled later in Victoria, New South Wales and Western Australia. The book has been produced by Kingsley Ireland.

Significance

This book is of some interest as an example of a family history written by a descendant of the pioneer family. As far as can be ascertained it does not have any local significance.

Inscriptions & Markings

Front Cover: ‘The Cavenett Family in Australia 1840-1970’ ‘Henry 1829-1876, Eliza 1834-1884. John 1838-1916’

School - Childs School Slate

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

A slate made from quarry slate with permanent lines for handwriting with a wooden frame. The surface is much marked and scratched.

Historical information

This slate comes from the Glasgow Estate (Ellen Isabel Glasgow died in Warrnambool in 1971). It is presumed it was used by members of the Glasgow family. Slates such as this were used by all school children in Victoria (and presumably elsewhere) in the infant and younger age classes from the early days of the State until the early 1940s. It had the advantage of the work being able to be easily erased so that other work could be written. A slate pencil was used to write on this board.

Significance

This is significant firstly as an example of past educational tools used by small children and so has important social significance as every school child of past generations would have used a slate. It is also important as it belonged to the Glasgow family. John Glasgow (c.1847-1925), at his property, Blackwood Hill, Wangoom, was a prominent cheese maker in the late 19th century and was one of the first shareholders and a member of the first Board of Directors of the Warrnambool Cheese and Butter Factory at Allansford. The dairying industry is of key importance in Warrnambool economic history.

Inscriptions & Markings

Scratch marks

Mao - Borough of Warrnambool, County of Villiers

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a wax paper map mounted on cloth. At the top it is attached by nails to a piece of wood and at the top it has a cloth ring for hanging the map. The map is in black shadings on a yellow background. The map is badly creased and coming away from the cloth at the edges and at other various points. There is some red or pink marking or staining on the township area of the map (originally the sold lands on this map were coloured in brown and the reserves, buildings, etc in pink). On the left hand corner there is a piece of paper glued on with some handwriting in ink (Marfell). There is also the stamp of the seller of the map – Charles Hider, stationer and bookseller, of Timor Street Warrnambool

Historical information

This is an early map of the Borough of Warrnambool (1872/3) showing the central town area of Warrnambool and the surrounding district. Reserves, public buildings and some businesses are marked. The map was photolithographed by John Noone, a Melbourne artist and photographer who claimed in 1858 to have the oldest-existing photographic studio in Melbourne. Photolithography was a process first developed in Melbourne. For several years Noone was the official photographer for the Victorian Crown Lands Office and for the Victorian Public Library and Museum. The map has the stamp of the seller of the map – Charles Hider, the well-known stationer and bookseller in Timor Street, Warrnambool. The owner of the map, Henry George Marfell, (1883-1962) was the son of John and Mary Ann Marfell. The Marfells were well-known in Warrnambool as grain merchants and managers of the Warrnambool Co-Operative Milling Company. It is surmised from the writing on the Marfell label that this map was at some stage given by Henry Marfell to the old Warrnambool Museum

Significance

This map of early Warrnambool is of considerable significance, firstly because its original state and early date (1873) make it of antiquarian and historical interest. Also the connection with the names, Charles Hider and Henry Marfell and the old Museum gives it added provenance and interest.

Inscriptions & Markings

‘Early Map of W’bool, H.G. Marfell’

Booklet - Warrnambool Manufacturers Index & Services Guide

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

Small 40 page booklet with blue and white soft card cover. Text on front cover is white on blue background. Back cover has outline of State of Victoria in blue on white background.It has a table of contents at the front with some black and white photographs.

Historical information

This booklet contains a directory of businesses which operated and manufactured various goods in the 1980's . They are listed under the many different trades in the first part of the booklet and then a services guide is located in the second part of the booklet. It contains many names of local people who were involved in the businesses at the time.

Significance

This is a useful directory of businesses which were operating in the early 1980's and as such provides a historical and social perspective of the city at that time. It also gives an overview of the types of manufacturing and service industries prevalent at the time.

Inscriptions & Markings

Warrnambool Promotion and development Board. Warrnambool Premier Town 1979-1982. Philprint

Brochure - Warrnambool North Technical School

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is an A3 page folded in the middle to make a leaflet of four pages of printed material and photographs. The front cover is blue with an image of two students and a teacher.

Historical information

This is an information brochure produced for Warrnambool North Technical School. This school operated from 1968 to 1993 when it merged with Warrnambool High School to form Warrnambool College.

Significance

This brochure is kept as an example of a publicity brochure produced by a local Warrnambool school in the 1980s and 90s.

Inscriptions & Markings

Your Child’s Next School, Vital, Caring, Successful, Warrnambool North Technical School

Booklet - City of Warrnambool 1961

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a soft-covered booklet bound with white plastic-covered metal rings in two sections. The pages are not numbered. The cover is cream and it is a little stained and rubbed. There are many black and white photographs. Each page has the city crest at the top of the page.

Historical information

This book has been produced by the Warrnambool City Council and gives details on the activities of the Council in 1961, the public facilities available in the city and the organizations and major industries operating in the City at that time.

Significance

This book is important because it contains valuable historical information about the City of Warrnambool in 1961. This includes the names and contact information on those who were involved in the administration of many clubs and community organizations at that time. The book is also of significance as it belonged to Florence Collins, a noted educator in the city and the first female Warrnambool City Councillor.

Inscriptions & Markings

‘Florence J. Collins’

Pouch - Leather packets & Cello string

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a light brown leather wallet, hand made with two fringed areas, one on the top covering. There is some machine stitching and some hand stitching (repairs)The wallet is lined with cream-coloured silk and the back of the wallet has an etching of an emu. The opening has two press studs for closing the cover. There are also three paper packets containing cello strings. Two of the strings are loose in the packets.

Historical information

These cello strings belonged to Edith Jacobs (nee Larwill) who was prominent in music circles in Queensland before her marriage to Henry Jacobs, a Warrnanbool Estate Agent and Auctioneer during the 1940s and 50s. Edith Jacobs featured in many concerts and musical entertainments in Warrnambool during the middle years of the 20th century. Her son, Frank Jacobs was a prominent businessman in Warrnambool in the 70s, 80s and 90s and the wallet was either made by him or for him.

Significance

These items are of some significance as they belonged to Edith Jacobs, a musician who was prominent in the Warrnambool musical scene in Warrnambool in the 1940s and 50s.

Inscriptions & Markings

Label stitched on – ‘Frank H. Jacobs’ Etching of emu Strings – ‘Calizi Tru-tested Strings, Cello, G or 3rd, Wound on selected gut, Made in England, J. E D. & S Ltd.’ ‘Conservatoire, Cello, A gut, Reliable and Durable, No. 1620, J.E.D.& S. Ltd’

Plate Pottery - Serving Plate Parramatta

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

White oval plate with fluted edge with gold on rim. Small orange stamp on one edge.

Historical information

The settlement of Parramatta is one of the earliest inland settlements in Australia being settled in November 1788 just months after the arrival of the First Fleet to Sydney. Originally named Rose Hill it was given the name Parramatta which closely approximated the original Aboriginal name for the area. Being within a reasonable distance to the settlement of Sydney and in an area of fertile soil, it soon became a successful farming region. It was proclaimed a city in 1938. This plate possibly belongs to either the commemoration of 100 or 150 years of settlement of the area, although the stamp on the plate is the same drawing as that on the official invitation for 1938

Significance

While this plate has no local historical links , it does have significance belonging to one of the earliest settlements in Australia.

Inscriptions & Markings

Parramatta 2 Nov 1788 on one edge of plate. Stamp on back: Grimwades Staffordshire England Upper Hanley Pottery. Semi porcelain

Plaque - Warrnambool Co-op Rural Store

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

Rectangular brass plaque with stamped black text with eight screws around the edge attaching it to a piece of heavy particle board , painted black.

Historical information

The Warrnambool Co-operative had its beginnings as the Allansford Artificial Breeders Co-operative in the 1960's. In the 1970s they opened a retail store in Timor Street which had a strong rural and farming base which gradually expanded to become the largest trading department store in the district. By the late 1990's they had 8000 members and employed 84 full time and 120 casual staff. It met a sorry end in the 2000's.This plaque commemorates the opening of the Rural store which consolidated the large rural aspect of the business. It opened up the site from Merri Street at the back of the Timor Street building trading in all agricultural products, , chemicals and fuels.

Significance

A link to one of Warrnambool's largest stores of the latter part of the 20th century and as such it has historical and social significance.

Inscriptions & Markings

Warrnambool Co-Op rural Store officially opened by the Mayor of Warrnambool Cr. Gerald Shanley on Wednesday, 8th October 1997.

Tools - Name Stamp

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a small piece of metal with a rounded flange top and a wider flattened end. The end is serrated and cut to hold the letters, ‘E. Phillips’. Some white paint has been splashed on the end section.

Historical information

This is the stamp used by Ernest Phillips to mark his tools and his products. It was used both on wood and metal surfaces. Ernest Brighton Phillips (1875-1924) was born in Warrnambool and was apprenticed as a cabinet maker at the Warrnambool Box Works. By the 1890s he had established a furniture shop at the corner of Liebig and Koroit Streets and by the beginning of the 20th century he had the largest furniture warehouse and factory in Victoria outside of Melbourne. His products were sold all over Australia. He and his family lived at ‘Heatherlie’ in Koroit Street and today this site is occupied by the flats complex for senior citizens called ‘Heatherlie’.

Significance

This stamp is of interest because it belonged to Ernest Phillips, a prominent Warrnambool businessman (late 1800s to the early 1900s.) It is also of interest as an example of an early name stamp.

Inscriptions & Markings

‘E.Phillips’ (letters reversed for stamping purposes)

Print - Flagstafhill

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

Tan paper with cream drawing. The drawing is a scene of Flagstaff Hill with cannon in the foreground and lighthouse keeper”s cottage and lighthouse in the background. In brown timber frame with white edge.

Historical information

Robert Ulmann who was born in Switzerland, came to the Western District in the 1970’s and was well known in the district for his paintings of wildlife. He also has some sculptural pieces around Warrnambool. He died suddenly in 1999. This piece is a sketch of the Flagstaff precinct.

Significance

A local scene sketched by a local well known artist.

Inscriptions & Markings

Signed by Robert Ulmann 1975.

Cup - Coronation

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a souvenir cup issued for the coronation of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth in May 1937. It is made of white china with the body of the cup tapering slightly to the top rim. One side of the cup features a colour image of a crown, a wreath and the initials ‘G’ and ‘E’ and the other side has a colour image of King George and Queen Elizabeth, with a crown on top and encircled by leaves and acorns from an oak tree. The names of the king and queen are printed around the rim of the cup and there are other phrases in French around and under the images of the couple.

Historical information

This souvenir cup of the Coronation of King George VI of England in 1937 was the official design of the British Pottery Manufacturers Federation. Good quality souvenirs such as this one sold well in Australia in the Coronation year and are collected still today. The Coronation was held in Westminster Abbey in London on 12th May 1937 following the abdication of King George’s brother, Edward VIII, in December 1936. The Coronation was celebrated with the issue of medals, coins, stamps, official and unofficial gatherings and the production of memorabilia. The Coronation was the first to be filmed and broadcast on radio and the first to feature an outside television broadcast.

Significance

This souvenir cup is of interest as an example of the type of souvenir sold in Australia in 1937 to commemorate the Coronation of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth of England. It is an attractive item and will be useful for display.

Inscriptions & Markings

‘Coronation of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth May 1937’ ‘Honi Soit Qui Mal Y Pense’ ‘Dieu et Mon Droit’

Book - John Ploughman's Pictures

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a book of 158 pages with some of the pages missing at the end. The book is coverless and held together with string and a piece of glued paper. The text has 38 short instructional articles with many black and white illustrations. The first and last pages are torn and almost detached.

Historical information

This book was written by Charles Haddon Spurgeon (1834-1892), a famous and influential English Protestant preacher who attracted a great following in the 19th century, not only in England, but throughout the British Empire and U.S.A. He reached the masses by producing many religious tracts, costing one penny, and publishing his sermons and his John Ploughman books with their simple homilies. These books were sub-titled ‘Plain Talk for Plain People’ with the copy we have being the second in the series labelled ‘140th thousand’ and published in 1892, the year of Spurgeon’s death. It appears that Spurgeon’s books were in many a home in Warrnambool in the 19th century.

Significance

This book is of great interest as one which was familiar to many residents of Warrnambool and district in the 19th century. Charles Spurgeon was apparently widely known to Warrnambool residents in the 19th century. The Warrnambool Examiner newspaper frequently carried news items about Spurgeon’s eloquent preaching and the crowds he was drawing. It also published some of his sermons from time to time and reported at length his final illness and death. One of the unidentified photograph albums in the collection of the Warrnambool and District Historical Society contains a photograph of Charles Spurgeon and his wife.

Artefact - Inkwell

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a metal container with a circular base and an upright circular tube in which is inset a china ink well. The ink well is covered with a hinged metal lid and there are four round holes around the lid area. Both the lid and the base are etched with circular ridges.

Historical information

This ink well could have been for household use but was more likely to have been used in an office or business. No information has been found on the name on the base – A.R. McLachlan. Ink wells began to be less used when fountain pens came into general use in the 1940s and went out of use completely when ballpoint pens became the popular writing instrument in the 1950s.

Significance

This ink well is of interest as an example of the ink wells used early in the 20th century. It was probably used in an office or business building.

Inscriptions & Markings

‘A.R.McLachlan 1920’

Bottle - R V Reeves Warrnambool

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

These are five glass bottles with a rounded body, a round base and a smaller rounded neck. The tops are made of moulded glass and the stoppers are made of cork with a brown top. The name of the maker of the aerated waters is impressed into the glass on the side of the bottles.

Historical information

These bottles came from the Warrnambool aerated waters factory of Ralph Reeves. This factory in Koroit Street, Warrnambool was established in the 1860s as the Union Cordial Factory by John Davis and then bought by John Fletcher in 1885. Fletcher’s business continued until 1930 when it was bought by Ralph Reeves. Coming to Warrnambool about 1900 Ralph Reeves managed a Banyan Street cordial factory which had been established by John Rowley. Ralph Reeves bought a business in 1916 at Hamilton and sold it in 1929 to concentrate on the Warrnambool business. Reeves was joined by his son Reg in Warrnambool and Reg operated the business from 1946 to 1972. The trade name of Reeves was still used after Reg Reeves died and continued on for some years.

Significance

These bottles are of significance as they come from the Warrnambool aerated waters factory of Ralph Reeves. Reeves and his son Reg operated this business for 40 years. Cordial manufacturing was an important industry in Warrnambool for over 100 years.

Inscriptions & Markings

‘This bottle always remains the property of R.V. Reeves Warrnambool’

Tools - Phillips Collection 8 wood planes

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

These are eight woodworking tools (hand planes) which belonged to Ernest Phillips of Warrnambool. They are rectangular pieces of smooth wood, some with an extra piece of wood at the lower edge and they all have a metal blade inserted through the wood at an angle. The blade protrudes at the base of the wood and when moved by hand along a surface it shapes the piece of wood being worked on by flattening and smoothing the rough surface and reducing the thickness. These planes have been well-used.

Historical information

These hand planes belonged to Ernest Brighton Phillips (1875-1924). Born in Warrnambool, Ernest Phillips learned cabinet-making at the Warrnambool Box Works. In the late 1890s he established his own furniture store at the corner of Liebig and Koroit Streets. By the early 20th century Phillips had the largest furniture warehouse and factory in Victoria outside of Melbourne. He sold his products all over Australia. He and his family lived at ‘Heatherlie’ in Koroit Street and the site of this home is now the complex of flats for senior citizens known as ‘Heatherlie’.

Significance

These tools are of considerable interest as they belonged to Ernest Phillips, a prominent Warrnambool businessman in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. They are also a good example of the tools that were used 100 years ago.

Inscriptions & Markings

‘E. Phillips’

Book - Bachelor Betty

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a paper back of 127 pages. It has 46 chapters and several advertisements inside the covers. The front cover, partly detached from the binding, has an image of a woman near a chair in mauve, grey and buff tonings. The book is a little tattered and dog-eared.

Historical information

This book was written by Winifred James. She was born in Melbourne in 1876 and began writing in the early 1900s. ‘Bachelor Betty’ was published in England in 1905 and was a successful publication. The book is marked ‘Vickers’ and may have belonged to Daisy Vickers (1907-1987), later Mrs Ogier. She was a long-serving and very respected teacher and Senior Mistress at Warrnambool Technical School.

Significance

This book is retained because the author was an early advocate for women’s rights and because it may have a close connection to Daisy Vickers, an important 20th century teacher in Warrnambool.

Inscriptions & Markings

‘Vickers’

Document - Pattern Ladies dress Butterick

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a paper envelope containing the instructions and cut-out material for making a woman's dress (day and evening) The envelope contains four loose items.

Historical information

Paper patterns have been used by dressmakers and home sewers throughout the 20th century and are still used today. The Butterick Company was established in 1863 and was the first to mass-produce sewing patterns. The company was acquired by the CcCall Pattern Company in 2001. Jessen Dress Materials shop was at 116 Lava Street in the 1970s and 80s and Bargain Box Fabrics took over the shop in the 1990s

Significance

This pattern envelope is of minor interest as coming from a local Warrnambool shop. It may be useful for display

Inscriptions & Markings

Butterick 6939 Dress Material. No Exchange, Average Moins facile

Book - Toc-H Journal

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

Bottle green card cover with maroon cloth spine. Ninety five pages lined and columned. Handwritten cash book entries for Ellerslie hall accounts and Toc H at the front and journal entries towards the back. There are two loose sheets of paper at the back of the book, one containing a list of names and promised donations and the second, Toc H prayer and principles.

Historical information

Ellerslie Hall was established in Warrnambool in 1889, as one of the first private schools of the time. Apart from use as a private college, the hall housed the first classrooms of the Warrnambool High School (then Warrnambool Agricultural High School) for a period in 1907 then went on to be established as the home of the 3rd Warrnambool Scout Troup... in the 1920’s which had associations with the Toc H movement. The hall was also the location of the first Lutheran services in Warrnambool from 1933. In more recent years the property has been used as a residence and for office use.

Significance

This journal represents a link to an important International movement, the Toc H movement. One of the founders, Tubby Clayton, visited Warrnambool in 1925 and again in 1952 when he stayed with Sir David Fletcher Jones who considered him one of the greatest spiritual influences in his life. Along with this journal donated by the Swinton family is a collection of photographs of Toc H members.

Inscriptions & Markings

Cash Book label on front cover with Journal Fol 75/6 handwritten underneath. On top of label:” Ellerslie Hall A/c. D.F. Jones: W. M. Davies, E. Salamy, H. W Horn, L. G. Mills, trustees.

Note Book - Engineering Drawings

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a hand-made book of 22 pages with notes on engineering drawings by Ron Uebergang handwritten in black ink. There is tissue paper inserted between some of the pages. There are several drawings and equations in with the handwritten material. There is some silver fish damage on the front cover.

Historical information

This note book contains handwritten material by Ron Uebergang – notes on engineering drawings prepared for a class at Warrnambool Technical School 1919-1921. Ronald Uebergang (1903-1971) was the son of Ernest and Mary Uebergang. He attended Allansford State School and Warrnambool Technical School and spent his working life dairying and raising cattle on the family property, Hopkins Hill, at Allansford, about nine kilometres east of Warrnambool. He was mechanically minded, fond of music and dancing and a keen photographer.

Significance

These notes are of interest as they were compiled by Ron Uebergang when he was a student at Warrnambool Technical School 1919-21. The Uebergang families were pioneering settlers in the Allansford area and have been prominent farmers in the area from the 1850s on. The notes also are a good example of the work done by students at Warrnambool Technical School in the 1920s.

Inscriptions & Markings

Front Cover: ‘R. Uebergang’ ‘Note Book for Engineering Drawing Grade 3’

Poster - Lyndoch Sub-Division

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a cream-coloured paper poster with black and red printing. The poster has a small map in a circle shape showing the location of the streets and a larger map section showing the streets and the allotments to be sold. The poster is in two pieces and the edges are torn and, in some sections, missing. The streets map has some pencil annotations.

Historical information

This is a poster advertising the sale of the Lyndoch sub-division in Warrnambool with the sale of 200 housing sites. The sale took place about 1958 with the land sold by Frederick Gill, a Warrnambool jeweller. The land was previously owned by George Rolfe who had acquired the land near the mouth of the Hopkins River in the 1880s and named the property ‘Lyndoch’. He bought the surrounding land at a later time. This sub-division came to be known as the Gill Estate. It was a valuable site as many of the allotments fronted the sea and others were adjacent to the Hopkins River.

Significance

This poster, although tattered, is of interest as it has many details of the Gill Estate sub-division and will be useful to researchers.

Book - The Practical Measurer

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a hard cover book of 448 pages with brown and gold leather binding on the spine and cover edges and a brown and tan mottled pattern cover. The book has a Preface, a Contents page, information on how to measure all types of solid figures and how to measure work involved in the various trades – masons, carpenters, painters, glaziers, plumbers etc. It also has two Appendices with information on the measurement of sawn timber. The text has many tables and diagrams. The first page has a handwritten inscription in black ink and the back pages have some mathematical calculations written in pencil and a mathematical problem with its solution written in ink.

Historical information

This book, ‘The Practical Measurer’, by Alexander Peddie, is subtitled ‘Tradesman and Wood Merchant’s Assistant’. It is a tradesman’s guide to measuring and contains many tables of measurement. The inscription in the front of the book shows that it belonged to Thomas Osborne and that he obtained it from D. McColl who is identified in the inscription as the Chief Engineer of the steam ship, ‘Julia Percy’. There is a record of a Donald McColl owning the vessel ‘Mimmie Dyke’ and sailing it to Mauritius in 1856 and there is also a record of the death of a Donald McColl in 1880 so these two facts may refer to the D.McColl mentioned by Thomas Osborne (especially as he refers to him as ‘poor old Mr D. McColl’). Thomas Hamilton Osborne was born in Port Fairy in 1851. He had a lifelong interest in ships and in Warrnambool was the Secretary and then Manager of the Western Steam Navigation Company for 16 years. Osborne wrote many articles with nautical themes using the nom-de-plume of ‘Sliding Gunter’ and had a great love of, and interest in, the ship, ‘Julia Percy’ and when he died in 1902 his body was put on board the ‘Julia Percy’ and he was buried at sea. The ‘Julia Percy’ (built 1876) was a well-known steamship on the western Victorian coast for many years. Later it plied the Queensland coast, saw service in West Australian waters, was renamed the ‘Leeuin’ and was used as a coal hulk until it was scuttled in 1935. The signature in the book of T. Hyland may indicate that he donated the book to the Warrnambool and District Historical Society.

Significance

This book is of prime importance because:- 1. As a book printed in 1863 it is of antiquarian interest. 2. The connection with Thomas Osborne is of key interest as he was a notable figure in Warrnambool’s 19th century history, especially in maritime circles. 3. The connection with the ship, ‘Julia Percy’, is of particular interest as it was a prominent ship in Warrnambool’s maritime history.

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten: ‘T. P. Hyland’ Stamped: ‘T.H.Osborne’ Typed label: ‘Mr T. H. Osborne, Warrnambool’ Handwritten: ‘T.H. Osborne, Warrnamool, Australia, given to me by poor old Mr D. McColl, Chf. Engineer, Julia Percy S.S., 1888’

Album - Copies of photos

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

Green card cover with red binding. This album contains printed copies of local scenes and people. The photos are numbered in purple pencil from1 to 312. The first photograph in the book is The Needle at Childers Cove and the last page is a group of people behind a picket fence.

Historical information

This album is possibly a collection printed from newspaper files. It has a wide variety of local scenes from haymaking, sports, social functions, beach scenes. Some names have been written in greylead, identifying some of the people in the photos and others are recognizable be backgrounds such as the Peterborough Golf Club

Significance

While these images are not of true photographic quality, they do provide images of local scenes and activities which were relevant to the area in the mid 20th century. Some such as lifesaving carnivals, bike riding and golf continue to this day, others showing the hand racking of hay are long gone.

Bottle - R F Kennedy Chemist

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a small clear glass bottle used in the pharmacy of R.F. Kennedy. It has a rectangular-shaped body with rounded edges, a circular-shaped neck and a circular top moulded over the neck. There is no stopper. The name and logo of the chemist are embossed on the side of the bottle and the name of the maker is on the base.

Historical information

This bottle was used in the pharmacy of R. F. Kennedy of Warrnambool. It has on it the well-known Kennedy symbol of a lighthouse on a rocky cliff on a coastline with ships in the distance. Richard Frank Kennedy (1826-1903) was born in England and came to Warrnambool in the early 1880s. He established a large pharmacy in Timor Street with a retail, wholesale and manufacturing business. In 1891 he erected a new building which was described as one of the most elegant and best-stocked chemist shops in Victoria. Kennedy was active in Warrnambool community affairs and was a foundation member of the Warrnambool Bowls Club, being its first Vice-President and an early President. The business continued after Kennedy’s death, trading as ‘R.F.Kennedy and Co.’

Significance

Richard Frank Kennedy was one of the most significant businessmen in Warrnambool in the late 19th century. The products of his chemist shop and factory were distributed all over Victoria and beyond. This item is a very good example of a Kennedy bottle.

Inscriptions & Markings

‘R.F. Kennedy Chemist Warrnambool’ ‘W.T & Co. U.S.A.’ ‘Pat. Dec. 11 1894’

Photo - Winslow Races 1912

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

Black and white photograph framed in brown engraved frame with fawn mount. Depicts a gathering of people and horses at race meeting.

Historical information

The Winslow races were held from approximately mid-19th century to around 1946. It began as a small picnic race club in Tobin’s paddock to a splendid race course on the property, “Green Hills” owned by Mr. John O’Keefe about one mile north of the Winslow township.. The annual meetings held on New Year’s Day drew crowds of seven to eight thousand people.

Significance

This photo provides a snapshot of one of the most important and well patronised events in the district. It is a very clear photo, providing evidence of racing operations and fashion of the day.

Inscriptions & Markings

Winslow New Year’s Day 1912 written in black ink in bottom left corner of mount. Photographer’s name “Jordan Warrnambool,” embossed on bottom right hand corner.

Booklet - Enterprise Warrnambool Technical School 1959

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

Pale green cover in soft card with brown text and diagram in shape of a boomerang on front cover. Approximately 40 pages which contain a number of black and white photographs and lists of student groups and sports teams as well as staff and the positions held.

Historical information

This is a typical school magazine which documents the activities and people who were associated as either studens of staff during 1959. It records through photographs sporting teams such as football, basketball, softball, hockey and baseball. There are also staff photographs and lists of staff and their duties. The articles have been written by staff and students around topics such as sporting successes and events and excursions and notes written about the different students. The technical school taught trade orientated subjects such as dressmaking, plumbing, woodwork, turning and fitting, motor mechanics, commercial and cookery as well as some academic subjects such as English and mathematics.

Significance

This magazine provides a photographic record of students and staff at one of Warrnambool's largest schools in 1959. It also reflects the types of subjects taught at that time and the many articles written by the students reflect the standard of education and topics which were relevant around the school at that time. It provides a worthwhile historical and social snapshot of 1959.

Inscriptions & Markings

Annual magazine Warrnambool Technical School.1959. Among the acknowledgements are Mr K Shepherd, Mr P Clarke, Mrs Laidler, Mr Reid and Mr Conry, Warrnambool Standard and Modern Print. C Crawford , business manager and G Brown, editor. J & L Bristol written inside front cover.

Postcard - Pansies

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

Historical information

Daisy Vickers collection: Item 4 of 27

Medallion - Bicentennial Memento School Students 1988

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This silver circular medal has five stars and a large group of men, women and children some of whom are holding hands and dancing on the reverse. On the obverse is a geometrical shaped logo and two sprays of leaves. The medal is encased in a three page green , gold, blue and red coloured card folder The inside area has the Australian flag and streamers.

Historical information

This medal was produced in 1988 by the Australian Bicentennial Authority as a memento for distribution to all school students in Australia. It was one of many medals struck to commemorate 200 years of European settlement in Australia.

Significance

This medal is of some interest as it is a memento of Australia’s Bicentennial celebrations and it is one that all school children in Warrnambool and district would have received at that time.

Inscriptions & Markings

Medal: AUSTRALIA on reverse. AUSTRALIAN BICENTENARRY 1788-1988 On the back cover of the folder: A Coat of Arms and Governor General of Australia During 1988 we commemorate 200 years of Australia's history in the modern world and will be celebrating our Bicentenary in many different ways. But one thing that we should all be doing is thinking about what it is to be an Australian. We should be learning about our past, trying better to understand the present, and thinking of the part we can play in the Australia of the future. You are Australia's future . Keep this medallion as a reminder of this important year in our history. Signed Ninian Stephen

Book - Peter The Littlest Penguin

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a soft cover book of 75 pages. The front cover is white with multi-coloured illustrations of animals and the back cover has white printed material superimposed on a green-coloured photograph of Middle Island. The book has several black and white sketches.

Historical information

This is a book for children written by Ron Sproston and illustrated by Mem Taberner. The fantasy animal story takes its theme from the true story of the saving of the fairy penguins on Middle Island, Warrnambool from the depredations of fox activity on the island. The presence of Maremma dogs residing on the island acting as deterrents to fox activity has been highly successful in preventing the killing of the penguins by foxes. The book has been published by Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool and personnel from this organization oversee the Maremma program. Ron Sproston and Mem Taberner have both been involved with Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village for some years.

Significance

This book is of interest as it has been produced locally and is based on the story of the Middle Island penguin protection program where Maremma dogs are used as deterrents to foxes.

Document - Merit Certificate Education Department

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

Cream paper with black text. Personal details are typed.State crest is at the top and has lined border. There are two signatures at the bottom of the document.

Historical information

This document certifies that Serge Worland has obtained his Merit Certificate which was a level which for many children was the end of formal schooling . It was achieved at grade 8 level , the current year 8 level. This was obtained at Warrnambool High School in 19th November 1926. Serge Worland was the son of Henri Worland who was Warrnambool Town Clerk from 1918 until 1948 and the Worland family has many connections in the district. Serge was a bank clerk who died as a result of a motor vehicle accident on March 29, 1935.

Significance

This is a common object but with a link to one of Warrnambool's families has historic and social significance.

Inscriptions & Markings

No 154448. Education Department Victoria. Awarded toSerge Worland. Signed George Handley and R h Greenwood.

Book - For King & Country

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a soft cover book of 270 pages. The cover is blue with yellow lettering.The front cover has a colour photograph of the Warrnambool War Memorial and the back cover has a colour photograph of the Honour Board at Christ Church, Warrnambool. The book has Acknowledgements and Introductions, an Index, a Foreword, four Chapters and five Appendices, Honour Rolls, Poetry and Tables. There are many colour and black and white photographs and illustrations.

Historical information

This is the revised edition of the book, For King & Country by Ron Blair and James Affleck. It contains information on the World War One enlistments from Warrnambool and district. Both Ron Blair and James Affleck are researchers and writers of Australian military history, especially in relation to enlistment and service records of those who took part in World Wars One and Two.

Significance

This book is an important one as it gives details of World War One enlistments and service records of those local people who served in this war. It is a valuable research tool for writers, researchers and descendants of those who served in the war.

Bottle - F W Bloore

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a glass bottle with a rectangular-shaped body with rounded edges, a circular-shaped neck and a circular moulded top with an opening. It has a cork stopper. The top of the bottle is chipped. The label on the front of the bottle is partly torn away and very stained with most of the handwriting and some of the printing indecipherable. The inside of the bottle is discoloured.

Historical information

This bottle was used in the pharmacy of the Warrnambool chemist Francis Bloore. It contained a mixture made up for Archdeacon Thomas Bennett who was the Anglican Vicar of Christ Church, Warrnambool from 1912 to 1915. As Captain Bennett he was the chaplain of the 22nd Battalion in World War One from 1915 to 1917. He became Archdeacon of Warrnambool in 1917 and held this position until 1937. He spent much time on his return assisting returned World War One soldiers and their kin in the Warrnambool area. He was the first President of the Warrnambool Returned Soldiers League. Francis Bloore, born in Ballarat in 1874, came to Warrnambool about 1912. In 1914 he leased a newly-built shop at the corner of Liebig Street and Raglan Parade and continued on the business until the late 1930s.

Significance

This bottle is of great interest as it is one of the few items we have in our collection associated with the pharmacy business of Francis Bloore. The bottle is also associated with an important Warrnambool Anglican Church identity, Archdeacon Bennett.

Inscriptions & Markings

‘The Mixture …. tablespoonful with water every three hours - Archdn Bennett’ ‘Shake the Bottle’ ‘F.W. Bloore Pharmaceutical Chemist Liebig Street Warrnambool’ ‘RT & Co’

Bees wax

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a lump of beeswax in a round shape with one end broken across to reveal the inner part of the beeswax. The outer part is somewhat stained.

Historical information

This is a lump of beeswax that has been used to polish and clean old flat irons. Beeswax is a natural product made by bees to form the honeycomb in their beehives. It was used historically in many areas, including candle making, bow making, cosmetics production, bullet-making and modelling. It still has many commercial uses today. Flat irons were metal objects that had a flat polished surface and were heated to iron material and garments. The beeswax assisted in keeping the polished surface clean and shiny.

Significance

This piece of beeswax comes from a local source but the full provenance is not known. It is important to keep it in the collection as an adjunct to the Historical Society’s collection of sad and flat irons from the past.

Book - Woolsthorpe PS

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a soft-cover book with a blue and buff- coloured front cover featuring photographs of the Woolsthorpe Primary School and the Woolsthorpe War Memorial. The back cover has photographs of the R.S.L. Badge and the Woolsthorpe Primary School. It has 160 pages.

Historical information

The Woolsthorpe Primary School, number 688, commenced in the early 1860s and the bluestone building erected in 1864 still survives today. From 1893 to 1910 the Head Teacher was W.F. Jamieson and Ada Crossley, the concert singer, sang her first song in public at a school concert in Woolsthorpe. The section on the Woolsthorpe Soldier Settlement (established after World War Two), was written by James Affleck, It includes information on Coomete, Merang, Gordons, Oblong, Spring Creek, Minjah, Afflecks and Whitehead Estates. Soldier Settlements were established in Australia as a means of re-settling on the land returning soldiers from World War One. The scheme was re-introduced after World War Two with Crown Land being redistributed and some larger properties acquired and sub-divided. The Woolsthorpe Soldier Settlement farms usually had between 290 and 600 acres and were mostly used for mixed farming and sheep grazing.

Significance

This book is of interest because it has details of the history of the Woolsthorpe school and the Soldier Settlements in the area. It therefore contains much social history and documents the lives of those living in a small rural community in the 20th century and will be useful for researchers.

Inscriptions & Markings

Front Cover – Woolsthorpe Primary School and Woolsthorpe Soldier Settlement

Musical Instrument - Mouth Organ and Box

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

The harmonica has chrome top and bottom with wooden section in middle. Box is bright pink with label depicting a musical band in tones of orange and black.

Historical information

Matthew Hohner began manufacturing mouth organs in 1857 in Germany and became quite popular over the ensuing years with production reaching over 1 million units in the 1880’s. Control of the business passed to his sons around 1900. By 1920 the company was producing 20 million harmonicas a year. They sold to both sides of the conflict during the first world war. Other musical instruments were made by the company in the 20th century. Ernst Hohner retired from the firm in 1965 after 45 years at the healm.

Significance

Harmonicas and mouth organs were mass produced in the later part of the 19th and into the 20th century and as such are items with which many people can identify. It has social and cultural significance.

Inscriptions & Markings

Harmonica has Jazz band and Made in Germany engraved on the top. The bottom has engravings M Hohner, Trade Mark Made in Ulm 1873.

Book - The Australian Debate

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a soft cover book of 270 pages. The cover is green with black printed material on the covers and the spine. The book has a Preface, 24 chapters of text and a Bibliography. There are advertisements for other books on the last page and the back cover. The cover is stained and faded and partly torn in places and some of the inside pages are stained.

Historical information

This book has been written by Edward Vidler (1863-1942), a publisher, editor, writer and journalist. He was born in England and was in Geelong in the 1880s where he produced a commemorative volume on that city. He was living in Warrnambool in the early years of the 20th century and was the Secretary of the Warrnambool and District Progress League and the Warrnambool Chamber of Commerce and Industry. He later lived in Melbourne where he edited magazines and published his own and other writings. He was especially interested in the promotion of the arts and was a keen naturalist. He was a foundation member of the group that established the Maranoa Native Gardens in Balwyn, Melbourne.

Significance

The writer of this book, Edward Vidler, was important in the history of Warrnambool for two main reasons:- 1. In 1907 he initiated and organized the establishment of the Warrnambool Pioneer Honour Board featuring portraits of 204 pioneer men. This board still exists. 2. In 1907 he produced a publication called ‘Warrnambool Past and Present – Sixty Years of Progress’. It celebrated the 60th anniversary of the founding of Warrnambool and contained 88 pages, 120 illustrations and photographs and many advertisements. The publication is noted for its historical accuracy, the way it complements and adds to Richard Osburne’s 1887 history of Warrnambool and its presentation of historical material that may otherwise have been lost. Both of Vidler’s initiatives described above are of the utmost importance in Warrnambool’s history.

Book - Warrnambool Municipal Common.

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

Grey and red mottled card cover with dark green points and spine. Paper label on front cover. Dark blue and tan mottled paper inside front and back covers.

Historical information

This cash book contains entries which relate to the everyday operation of the Borough Common which predates the establishment of Warrnambool as a town. All ratepayers had the right to graze their cows on the common, with the cows being collected every morning by the herdsman and walked to the common. Entries relate to items such as eradication of thistles, repairs and erection of stock yards, burying of dead stock, purchase of bulls and clearing of waterholes. Salaries were paid to E. Margetts, D Allan, T Raingill, and M T Read. Auditors were James Dickson. After WW1 parts of the common were allocated to soldiers’ settlement blocks ranging from 18 to 30 acres. Other parts remained with the Crown for Municipal uses and part became the Warrnambool Golf Course. In 1925 the common was abolished.

Significance

The entries in this book record the operations and earliest residents who were involved in the Common in the early days of Warrnambool

Inscriptions & Markings

Warrnambool Municipal Common Cash Book.

Tea Set - Tea and Coffee Set

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This silver-plated tea and coffee set has four items – coffee pot, tea pot, sugar basin and milk jug. All have the same etched decorative patterns on the sides and the lids and all have handles attached with a nut and a bolt. The tea pot and the coffee pot have the maker’s marks on the bases and there is an inscription on the side of the sugar basin. The lids of the coffee pot, tea pot and milk jug are hinged.

Historical information

This set was given by the Warrnambool City Council Councillors to Horace Lawson on the occasion of his marriage in 1898. Horace Edward Lawson was the son of Susan and Thomas Lawson. The latter at one time had a drapery business in Liebig Street. Horace Lawson was the Town Clerk of Warrnambool from 1893 to 1918. He was a keen cyclist and a member of the Warrnambool Volunteer Artillery Corps. In 1918 Lawson was appointed the Secretary of the Municipal Association of Victoria, a Melbourne appointment.

Significance

This set is of considerable interest as it was presented to Horace Lawson, notable in Warrnambool’s history as a long-serving and successful Town Clerk.

Inscriptions & Markings

‘W. Mammatt & Sons Sheffield’ ‘Presented to H. E. Lawson Esq. Town Clerk by the Mayor & Councillors of Warrnambool on the Occasion of his Marriage Sept. 1898’

Document - Accounts

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

These are handwritten accounts for bills to be paid to Mackay Taylor Lawyers for services rendered. The accounts are described in detail and are written on quarto size paper with the requisite red lines already printed on the pages. There are over 100 sheets and they date from 1938 to 1940. There are also two original Certificates of Title for Eva Willis (1916, portion of land in Cramer Street) and Archie Jackson (1924, portion of land in Cramer Street).

Historical information

These pages of accounts are from the firm of Mackay Taylor, Lawyers, a prominent firm in Warrnambool for over 100 years. The Warrnambool legal businesses of George Mackay and James Fletcher merged in 1893 and was known as Fletcher and Mackay. In the 1920s Mr Mackay took J. McD Taylor as a partner and the premises at 131 Kepler Street were built about that time, with the firm being known as Mackay and Taylor. After the original partners died there was a succession of partners with the legal firm continuing as Mackay Taylor until the 1990s.

Significance

These account sheets from a prominent 20th century legal firm in Warrnambool are of considerable importance as they document the legal records of many Warrnambool and district personalities from the early 20th century. The information contained in the sheets will therefore add to the known history of many local people from the past and will be very useful to researchers.

Album - Farm & Bush views

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

Brown cover with black floral pattern on front. Back cover is plain. Rectangular in shape. Contains photographs mounted on heavy card.

Historical information

This album contains a number of photos taken around the Otways. They depict a number of people with horses, buggies and tents along bush tracks. There are scenes of Lochard Gorge and the Curdies River at Peterborough, as well as farming scenes. The Otway Ranges was a popular place for day trips and small holidays for the people of the district. Warrnambool and District Historical Society has albums from the Swinton family which depict similar scenes. Dress of the people in the photos would indicate that this trip occurred around the turn of the 20th century.

Significance

This album has artistic and aesthetic significance as the photos contained within this album are quite beautiful. It also has historical and social significance as it is depicts a typical activity of the time.

Knife - Knife and sheaf

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a belt knife, much rusted with a curved blade and a brown metal handle, silver-coloured at the top and end and brown-coloured with red and black bands near the end. The handle has a metal screw at the tip. The knife is in a leather sheaf or holder which is curved to suit the shape of the knife. It has stitching on the curved section with metal studs, two slots to enable the sheaf to be attached to a belt and a circular leather strop with a metal stud to hold the knife in place. The leather is rubbed. The belt may not originally have been for this knife.

Historical information

Information on the history of this knife and sheaf is not known. They were popular items for boys and young men to carry, especially when working in the bush or fishing. They are still in use today.

Significance

These items have no known provenance and are useful for display only