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Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc. Warrnambool, Victoria

The Warrnambool & District Historical Society (WDHS) was founded in 1966 with the object of gathering material and items of local historical significance and preserving them for the enjoyment of future generations. WDHS shares HeritageWorks with Warrnambool Family History Group.

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Contact Information

location
PO Box 731 Warrnambool Victoria 3280 (map)
phone
+61 (03) 5561 0283

Contact

Opening Hours

Monday to Friday 10am to 12noon - 1.30pm to 3.30pm. Or by appointment. Public holidays by appointment.

Entry Fee

Free entry.

Location

2 Gilles Street (south of Merri St) Warrnambool Victoria

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The collection is diverse and includes items relating to Warrnambool and district from the 19th century museum and other material collected by the three following historical societies established in early 1900s, post WWII and the current society. The collection consists artefacts, books, original documents, textiles, photographs, maps, oral histories and a research collection. History House is a registered Place of Deposit (POD) with local items lodged from PROV and Warrnambool City Council.

Significance

Our collection tells the story of local and district business and families of south west Victoria and their link within the world platform. Stories of developing the district and transport by land and sea. Our material is displayed and available for researchers.

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2249 items

Camera - Brownie Reflex

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

.1 This camera is a rectangular hexagon shape with metal top and bottom and bakelite body. It has two circular winders on the bottom and a flip up section on the top which reveals the viewfinder.. There is a narrow neck strap attached with metal screws. There are two circular sections on the front , one being the lens. .2 The rectangular box is solid black cardboard on the base and is fitted with a yellow

Historical information

This camera was manufactured for a period of around 20 years, firstly in the USA and later in Great Britain. It is a simple to use basic model which used 127 film.

Significance

This camera has significance as a very popular and cheaply made model which made photography accessible and relatively inexpensive to many.

Inscriptions & Markings

.1 Brownie Reflex Made in England by Kodak Ltd London. .2 Made in Great Britain by Kodak Limited London Brownie Reflex with Flash contacts.

Ledger - Ledger (Swinton 1969-1978)

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a hard cover book with a green cover. There is black printing on the spine and on the front cover. The pages are white with printed ruled blue lines and printed red and blue columns. The entries are handwritten in blue ink. There are two pages at the back with printed graph patterns.

Historical information

This ledger contains summaries of trading finances for Swintons Pty Ltd and Swintons Supermarket for the years 1969 to 1978. William and Ann Swinton migrated to Australia in 1854 and for a decade William Swinton worked as a builder and carpenter in the Warrnambool district erecting many buildings including the Wangoom Presbyterian Church. In 1865 he opened a store in Timor Street selling groceries, china, glass and hardware. By 1888 the business was known as William Swinton and Sons. Branch stores were opened in Cudgee, Nullawarre, Wangoom, West Warrnambool and South Warrnambool. When William Swinton died his son Robert became the first managing director of Swintons Pty Ltd. In 1934 the business split, with George Swinton and Sons selling furnishings, clothing and glassware and Swintons Pty Ltd selling seeds, hardware and produce. Today the Swinton family still operates a furniture and bedding business in Timor Street.

Significance

This ledger is of great interest as it contains summaries of the financial records of the Swintons Supermarket and Swintons Pty Ltd from 1969 to 1978. It will be very useful to researchers. The current Swinton business in Timor Street is the oldest family business in Warrnambool and, with the Swinton name associated with businesses in Timor Street for 152 years, it is one of the oldest family businesses in Australia.

Inscriptions & Markings

‘Collins Analysis Book 61 Series’

Medal - Villiers and Heytesbury Agricultural Association (Daniel Hourigan 1877)

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

.1 Circular silver disc with image of horse, bull, sheep, wheat sheaf and plough on the reverse with script around edge of obverse with awardees details engraved in the centre. Edge of the medal is plain. .2 Square maroon leather case with small metal clasp and hinge. Lined on the interior with blue velvet and cream silk.

Historical information

This medal was awarded at the Villiers and Heytesbury Agricultural Association Annual Show to Daniel Hourigan in 1877 for his yearling colt by 'Prince of the Isles'. The formation of the Villiers and Heytesbury Agricultural Association arose out of a meeting at Woodford in 1853 and the first Show was held in Warrnambool in 1855 on a green bound by Fairy, Henna and Koroit Streets. It was held there until 1875 when it moved to the present Warrnambool Showgrounds in Koroit Street. At the 37th Annual Show in 1890 Warrnambool held its first Grand National Show, a title granted by the Chamber of Agriculture in Victoria. The Villiers and Heytesbury Agricultural Association became known as the Warrnambool Agricultural Show in 1911. Daniel Hourigan was a farmer, road contractor, poundkeeper and auditor who lived in the Tower Hill area in the 19th century.

Significance

This medal is of considerable interest as it is a memento of the Villiers and Heytesbury Agricultural Association Annual Show in the 19th century. Annual Agricultural Shows have been an important feature of agricultural life in Victoria since the early days of European settlement and a feature of agricultural life in the Warrnambool district since the 1850s. The medal is also of great interest because it was awarded to Daniel Hourigan, a prominent settler in the Warrnambool district in the 19th century.

Inscriptions & Markings

Obverse :" Warrnambool" engraved above image of cattle. W J Taylor London Reverse : Villiers & Heytesbury Agricultural Association in low relief around the edge. 1st prize awarded to Daniel Houriganfor yearling colt , "Prince of the Isles Annual Show 10th October 1877.

Book - Scrap Book

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

Khaki coloured soft card tied with a dark green cord which has broken and has been replaced with yellow string. There is an embossing of a lion/dragon on front cover with ribbons. 20 pages with photographs glued to most. A cutting relating to the fire at the Ozone mansions is inside the front cover.

Historical information

This album contains photographs of many local and beach scenes such as view over Warrnambool, Botanic Gardens, Hopkins River and Bridge, Warrnambool railway station, Proudfoots, Thunder Point, Christ Church and the War Memorial. There are a couple of photographs of groups of people picnicking on the main beach. The newspaper cutting showing firemen dousing the last of the flames of the fire has onlookers including four children in the foreground. The Ozone Coffee Palace was built in 1890-1891 and burnt down February23, 1929. It was one of the largest fires in Warrnambool It was designed by Mr J McLeod. It was grand in design and decoration. The term Coffee Palace was used to describe temperance hotels which were built during the 1880’s -1890’s. They typically were multi-purpose and had a large number of rooms for ballrooms and leisure activities. Coffee palaces were aimed at families in coastal areas and inner city locations. Examples of some are The Windsor Hotel Melbourne, Ozone, Queenscliff and Kilbreda Convent in Mentone.

Significance

This album has social and historical significance as it shows a collection of local scenes which is a record of familiar scenes such as the gardens, Hopkins River and beach scenes. The groups of people are unknown but the images provide a snapshot of customs and costumes of the early 1920’s.

Shoe Protector - Boot & Shoe protectors

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a small metal button covered with verdigris, with any writing or markings obliterated. A small piece is missing at the edge.

Historical information

It is presumed that this is an authentic relic from a very significant shipwreck in Tasmania. It was bought at a museum in King Island. The Cataraqui, carrying British emigrants, was wrecked on King Island in 1845 with the loss of over 400 lives. The British Parliamentary and general public outcry following this disaster resulted in the establishment of the lighthouse at Cape Otway in 1848 (and indirectly the establishment of Warrnbambool in 1847)

Significance

This button, listed as a uniform button, is of some interest as a small relic of the shipwreck, Cataraqui. This wreck has a connection to the establishment of the Cape Otway lighthouse and to Warrnambool’s history as Superintendent Charles LaTrobe came to the Warrnambool district several times in an effort to find the best route to the Cape Otway area. While doing so he became familiar with the Warrnambool area and the need to establish a new settlement at Warrnambool.

Stamps - 150th Anniversary

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a modern self-inking stamp which stamps out ‘Warrnambool 150th Anniversary Co-ordinating Committee’. It is made of black and grey plastic with a red button and blue and black printing. It is in a cardboard box which contains an explanatory brochure.

Historical information

This stamp was used for official correspondence, minutes etc by the Warrnambool 150th Anniversary Committee in 1997. The occasion was the 150th anniversary year of the establishment of Warrnambool in 1847. The President of the Committee was Frank Jacobs and the Secretary was Gordon Reid. The donor of the stamp was a member of the Co-ordinating Committee.

Significance

This stamp is part of the collection of items from Warrnambool’s 150th celebrations in 1997. It has no intrinsic value but the stamp may be used for future historical exhibitions.

Inscriptions & Markings

Stamp – ‘Warrnambool 150th Anniversary Co-ordinating Committee’ Side – Trodat, Printy 4913

Stamp - W Goodall

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is an oval-shaped rubber stamp mounted on a rectangular-shaped piece of wood with a wooden handle attached by a metal screw to the top of the wooden piece. The handle is a little chipped.

Historical information

This stamp been used as a business and advertising aid by W. Goodall (possibly William). He had a music business in Warrnambool, with the known dates from 1925 to 1948. He was a piano repairer and tuner and bought and sold pianos operating in a music warehouse at 267 Lava Street and later at 222 Timor Street. He also used the address of 14 Murray Street as a business address.

Significance

This stamp is of interest as a memento of a Warrnambool music business, that of W. Goodall, and of the times when rubber stamps were more commonly used on business cards, correspondence, invoices etc.

Inscriptions & Markings

‘W. Goodall For Everything Musical Warrnambool’

Bottle - J Fletcher Warrnambool

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a clear glass bottle. It has a round base and a rounded body tapering in the neck to a round moulded open top. The stopper or seal is missing. The bottle has embedded lettering with details of the manufacturer of the contents.

Historical information

This bottle came from the Warrnambool aerated waters manufacturer, John Fletcher. This factory was commenced in the mid 19th century by John Davis. As a young boy John Fletcher worked in the cordial factory of John Rowley in Banyan Street, Warrnambool and then worked for John Davis at his Union Cordial Factory for many years. In 1885 he succeeded John Davis in this business. Fletcher’s business continued until1930 when it was bought by another soft drinks manufacturer, Ralph Reeves. John Fletcher manufactured aerated waters, soda, tonic water, lemonade, ginger ale, hop beer, hop bitters, sarsaparilla and cordials.

Significance

This bottle is of interest because it is a John Fletcher bottle and he was a prominent soft drinks manufacturer in Warrnambool for over 40 years.

Inscriptions & Markings

‘John Fletcher Trade Mark (crown symbol) Warrnambool’ ‘This bottle is the property of John Fletcher Warrnambool & cannot be legally used by others’

Souvenir - 150th anniversary mug

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

Pottery mug, glazed blue black on the outside grey on the inside .Four indentations in surface of the mug. 150th Anniversary details on front with picture of sailing ship

Historical information

This mug is one of a number of items which were made to celebrate the 150th anniversary of the settlement of Warrnambool. It was made by Ian Sadler at the Potter’s Wheel which operated from 74 Liebig Street Warrnambool from around the 1970’s to around 2010.

Significance

This item is significant in that it is an item which marks the celebration of the 150th anniversary of the settlement of Warrnambool. It also is a locally made item by The potter’s wheel which was one of few artisan businesses which operated successfully in the latter part of the 20th century.

Inscriptions & Markings

Warrnambool 150th 1847-1997 Anniversary on side of mug. Sadler 97 469/500 Warrnambool written on base.

Bell - Animal

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a brass bell of the type used to hang around the necks of animals such as cows, horses and bullocks. The mechanism for the attachment to a collar or harness has been sheared off and the clapper is detached from the inside hook. The bell has an inscription incised around the top and there are four small cuts or incisions made into the bell at the wider end. The bell is a little tarnished.

Historical information

Bells of this type were normally used to hang around the necks of cows, horses or bullocks to prevent them from being lost and were used from around the 1860's onwards. The initial J B identify the bell as being made by James Barwell who made bells for the Australian market from around the 1860's. His bell and brass foundry manufactured all sorts of bells from school bells to full church peals as well as plumbing fittings. The four marks on the edge of the bell are typical of those used by drovers or owners to identify their animal.

Significance

While this bell has no known local provenance, it is a link to the early cattle and agricultural life in Australia and most likely the Western District. Its significance lies in the fact that it is typical of bells used for a purpose at that time and as such can be used for discussion in a social and interpretive context.

Inscriptions & Markings

‘Success to 4 in horse teams J.B.’

Ledger - Letter brook 1892-1904

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a hard cover letter book of 500 pages. The cover is black with leather binding on the edges of the cover and on the spine. The pages contain an alphabetical listing of the letters, handwritten letters and many sketch maps and plans. There are several loose pages of plans and diagrams at the back of the book. The inside of the covers has a blue mottled pattern. The edges of the cover are torn. There is a mauve stamp on the first page.

Historical information

This letter book has letters, sketch maps and plans and dates from 1892 to 1904. It came from the office of John William Crawley, Junior, an engineer, architect and surveyor in private practice in Warrnambool and also the engineer of the Shire of Warrnambool from 1895 to 1935. His father, brother and son were also engineers and worked in that capacity or as the Shire Secretary for the Shire of Warrnambool, with the Crawley family recording a total of 132 years of service to the Shire. This letter book was passed on to John Crawley’s son, Rolf Crawley, Engineer for the Shire of Warrnambool from 1935 to 1968. The letter book then came into the possession of Michael Hand who took over the private surveying business of Rolf Crawley in Warrnambool. The Warrnambool and District Historical Society has acquired the letter book, one of several Crawley ledgers, from the Michael Hand estate.

Significance

This letter book is of considerable significance as it contains maps, plans, sketches and written information which is the work of John William Crawley Junior, the engineer for the Shire of Warrnambool for 40 years. It will be very useful to researchers.

Inscriptions & Markings

‘Letter Book 1892 to 1901’ ‘Rolf L. Crawley, Civil Engineer, Drainage and Water Supply Engineer, Licensed Surveyor, Registered Architect, Warrnambool’

Medal - 1st place Melbourne to Warrnambool Cycling Classic 2012

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

Gold metal oval shaped medal with City of Warrnambool crest in dark blue and red with gold lettering and figures. On black and gold woven ribbon.

Historical information

The first Warrnambool to Melbourne cycling race was held in October 1895. 24 riders started with only 7 finishing the race. W. Nicol was the winner of the inaugural race. Two months later on 14/12/1895 the race was run in reverse. For the ensuing 43 years it was mainly Melbourne to Warrnambool. Since 1939 it has been run mainly Melbourne to Warrnambool. The 2012 Winner of this race was Floris Goesinnen from the Netherlands. He finished in a time of 7 hours and 23 seconds. He retired from cycling in 2014 to pursue further study in the Netherlands.

Significance

The Melbourne to Warrnambool cycling race remains one of the longest and toughest one day cycling events in Australia. This medal therefore carries with it considerable importance and prestige in the sporting world. This event holds considerable importance for the sporting and social life in Warrnambool.

Inscriptions & Markings

On front: Road Race time medallion surround oval medallion with Warrnambool City Council Victoria, City Motto “By these we Flourish “in gold on red. On the reverse: Melbourne to Warrnambool Cycling Classic 2012 1st place. Stamped Stokes.

Book - The Shipley Stud 1918

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

Light grey card cover with horse in brown. The title is in top left corner in brown text with the date 1918 in bottom right. Compliers details on back cover. 164 Pages. It has black and white plates of two horse, Comedy King and White Star

Historical information

Sol Green came to Australia as a penniless migrant who made his fortune as a bookmaker. He was inducted into the Australian Racing Museum Hall of fame in 2002. He purchased the Shipley stud from George Rolfe about 1905 and set about turning the Ayrford cattle property into a successful horse stud. His horse Comedy King won the Melbourne cup in 1910 and was retired to stud in 1912. He became one of the top 10 Australian Stallions in the ensuing years. He dispersed his stud at Shipley in 1918 and this book catalogues the list of stock which was sold that day. The property remained in the Green family and continued as a dairy farm with cheese factory and piggery by his son Bob Green. Sol Green was known for his philanthropic gestures extending help where needed on various fronts. Shortly before his death in 1948 he donated 47000 pounds to five Melbourne hospitals

Significance

This catalogue has significance firstly on a local level in that Shipley was an important farm in the district and secondly that it was owned by Mr Sol Green who was a person of standing within the racing industry as a bookmaker but also as a stud owner and owner of a Melbourne cup winner in 1910. This catalogue lists the stock which he had established at Shipley in a relatively short period of time.

Inscriptions & Markings

* Mallinson Pomborneit 9/1/18. Light paper pasted inside front cover “Colac and District Historical Society, Donor Miss Betty Mallinson 1960. There are purchasers’ names and the purchase price paid, written at the base of each page.

Document - Copy of funeral details Ethel Bostock, 1899.

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

Photocopied white sheet with black form which is filled in with handwriting.

Historical information

Little is known of Ethel Bostock born 16/07/1871 and died in February 1899. She was the daughter of Ernest and Lucy (nee Aitkin) Bostock and the youngest of 6 children. Her father died of fever 3 months before she was born. She was buried from her mother’s residence in Timor St Warrnambool.

Significance

Another document that relates to the Bostock family.

Inscriptions & Markings

Ethel Bostock

Book - Price warung - Barry Anderews

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a hard cover book of 197 pages. It has a dark green cover with an image of a world globe and a Pegasus on the front. The printed title, the author’s name and the images are in gold print. The cover has a plastic overlay and a library label had been mostly removed from the bottom section of the spine. The book has notes on the author, a photograph of Price Warung, a Preface, Acknowledgements, Chronology, eight chapters on Price Warung, Notes and References, a Bibliography and an Index.

Historical information

This is a biography of Price Warung by Barry Andrews. Price Warung (1854-1911), whose real name was William Astley, has a place in Australia’s history as a journalist, writer and campaigner for Federation. He worked for a great number of newspapers throughout Australia and began an association with the Sydney ‘Bulletin’ in 1890. At this time he wrote the powerful works for which he is best remembered – ‘Convict Days’, four volumes of stories about Australia’s convict period. The major theme of these stories is the sordid nature of the convict system. Astley became heavily involved with the Federation campaign, firstly as the Secretary of the Bathurst Federal League and then as the organizing Secretary of the 1896 Bathurst Convention. This convention is considered by historians to have given the Federation campaign a new and vigorous vitality. In 1898 Astley wrote most of the official articles publicizing the ‘Yes’ vote in the Federation referendum. Astley lived and worked in Warrnambool in 1883/4 (for about twelve months) as a journalist for the Warrnambool ‘Standard’.

Significance

This book is of great interest as it documents the life of Price Warung (William Astley) who features in the history of Warrnambool journalism as an Australian writer of note who also wrote for the Warrnambool Standard. Examples of Astley’s journalism can be found in the Warrnambool Standards of 1883/4. He wrote lengthy articles in a free-flowing and attractive but verbose style. His two articles on the well-known horse stud and hop farm called ‘Bryan O’Lynn’ appeared in the Standard in October 1884.

Inscriptions & Markings

Inside front page: ‘Jane Carpenter’ Stamp: ‘Withdrawn from Library’

Booklet - Tide Tables

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

Red card wrap around cover. 92 cream coloured pages held with 2 staples. Black print. Ports and harbour seal on the front

Historical information

Yearly publication showing predicted heights in metres for Port Phillip Heads, Williamstown, Portland and Stony Point (Westernport) and tidal differences for other Ports.This booklet provides tide and port information for the coastline of Victoria for the year 1976. It also has information on other aspects of weather such as wind, cloud and sea descriptions. These booklets were a useful reference for fishermen and those involved in boating along the coast of Victoria. They are published in digital form today.

Significance

Sold at Stan McPhee Sports store Liebig St Warrnambool Vic showing local tides.

Inscriptions & Markings

Booksellers stamp: ink. blue Stan McPhee Sports, green Liebig St Vic. red ...2953. 6717/75. C.H. Rixon, Government Printer, Melbourne. 51st Edition. Recommended price $3.00. Tables for Sunrise, Sunset/moonrise, moonset and transits at Port Phillip Heads & differences for other Victorian and Tasmanian Lighthouse stations.

Book - Brave Mens footsteps 1873

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a hard cover book of 333 pages plus 32 pages of advertisements for books published by Henry S. King and Co. The cover is dark red with an ornamental pattern in black on the front cover and lettering in gold on the front cover and spine. The book has three full page black and white illustrations with the illustration next to the first page missing. There is a printed book plate pasted onto the inside of the front cover with blue printing and ornamentation and a handwritten name and date. The cover is partly detached from the binding and the cover and pages are somewhat stained and the cover is frayed.

Historical information

This book was given as a school prize to Walter Wright by the Wangoom School in 1873. The name ‘Wangoon’ is on the printed book plate – is this a misprint or an alternative spelling of ‘Wangoom’? Wangoom State School, No. 645, on the Warrnambool/Wangoom Road was opened in 1865 as a Common School. The school is now closed. The Hon. William Bayles, a Melbourne businessman with property near Macarthur, first became a member of the Legislative Council for Villiers and Heytesbury in 1864 and continued until 1880. He was a prominent and popular politician in Warrnambool, regularly giving prizes to pupils of schools in his electorate and in 1872 he offered a £10 prize for the best student in the district. No specific information has been found on Walter Wright or any family named Wright residing in the Wangoom area. There was a piano tuner named W. Wright in the Warrnambool area in the 1870s. Was this Walter’s father?

Significance

This book is of interest because of the connection with Wangoom School, the Hon. William Bayles and Walter Wright. More interest will be created if information comes to light on water Wright.

Inscriptions & Markings

‘State School, No. 645 Wangoon (sic), Class 3rd, Prize Presented to Walter Wright by the Hon. William Bayles, M.P. for Villiers and Heytesbury, Christmas 1873’.

Label - Modern Print

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

An oval light grey label with red printing adhered to a grey piece of cardboard.

Historical information

The Modern Print Company - engravers, lithographers, general printers , bookbinders and paper rulers- operated in Koroit Street Warrnambool. It was founded by Frederick Gaspar and Byron Laing in 1900. In 1904 the partnership was dissolved . The business continued in Koroit Street for the next 50 years. This label gives the address as Kepler Street which may have been an office outlet.

Significance

This label is retained as a memento of a prominent printing business operating in Warrnambool in the early 20th century.

Inscriptions & Markings

FROM Modern Print 91 KEPLER STREET. WARRNAMBOOL GENERAL PRINTERS , BOOKBINDERS , ETC. PHONE 274

Document - Invitation

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a scan of an invitation to Gideon Nicol and Lady as President of the Shire of Warrnambool for the opening of the first Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901. It is on an A4 sheet.

Historical information

Gideon Nicol (1836-1908) was a seaman who came to Warrnambool in 1858. In 1865 he selected land at Mount Warrnambool. He was one of the founders of the Farnham Cheese and Butter Factory and the Garvoc Cheese and Butter Factory and was a Warrnambool Shire Councillor from 1879 to 1906. He received to invitation to attend the opening of Australia’s first Parliament as the President of the Warrnambool Shire at the time.

Significance

This scan will be useful to include in the Gideon Nicol file.

Inscriptions & Markings

Multi-coloured sketches of Britannia etc with invitation details

Artefact - Ear Syringe

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a brass ear syringe. It has a barrel with a plunger that is ridged at both ends and a handle with three rings for the user to enclose three fingers and a syringe tip tapering to a point. There is an oval brass plaque attached to the barrel and this contains information on the maker of the instrument and the maker’s crest.

Historical information

This instrument is an ear syringe that would have belonged either to a doctor or to a medical clinic or hospital. When it was first donated to the Warrnambool and District Historical Society in 1972 it was described as a throat syringe but this does not appear to be correct.

Significance

This ear syringe, in our collection for 45 years, is a fine example of a medical instrument in use 100 years ago or more. It will be retained for display purposes and also for its aesthetic appeal.

Inscriptions & Markings

‘Mayer & Meltzer, Makers, London’ ‘ To the University College Hospital’ ‘To the Hospital for Deseases (sic) of the Throat’ ‘To the Hospital for Women’ ‘To the Middlesex Hospital’

Booklet - Warrnambool Manufacturers Index & Services Guide

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

Small 40 page booklet with blue and white soft card cover. Text on front cover is white on blue background. Back cover has outline of State of Victoria in blue on white background.It has a table of contents at the front with some black and white photographs.

Historical information

This booklet contains a directory of businesses which operated and manufactured various goods in the 1980's . They are listed under the many different trades in the first part of the booklet and then a services guide is located in the second part of the booklet. It contains many names of local people who were involved in the businesses at the time.

Significance

This is a useful directory of businesses which were operating in the early 1980's and as such provides a historical and social perspective of the city at that time. It also gives an overview of the types of manufacturing and service industries prevalent at the time.

Inscriptions & Markings

Warrnambool Promotion and development Board. Warrnambool Premier Town 1979-1982. Philprint

Book - The Complete Etiquette for Gentleman

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a hard cover book of 184 pages. The cover is green with black lines on the cover edges and the titles printed in black lettering. The book has several pages at the front and the back giving information on other books produced by the same publisher (Ward, Lock, Bowden & Co.). These advertisements are accompanied by black and white illustrations. The book has an introduction and 24 sections on etiquette for men for various places and occasions. Each section starts with an ornamental first letter in black and white. The book cover has partly come apart from the pages and the cover is somewhat stained and very faded on the spine. Several of the pages at the back are torn and stained with some of the text missing. There is a label with the sellers’ information pasted on to the back of the front cover.

Historical information

This book has the sub-title: ‘A Complete Guide to the Table, the Toilette and the Ball Room with hints on Courtship, Music and Manners’. It was sold in Warrnambool at the book shop of C. & R. Lavery. They were early Warrnambool settlers and opened their bookselling and newsagent business in 1877. The shop was in the Oddfellows Hall in Koroit Street.

Significance

This book is of interest as an example of the type of book produced in the late 19th century as an instructional manual for men in the area of manners and etiquette. It is also of interest because it was sold by a local bookstore in Warrnambool.

Inscriptions & Markings

‘C. & R. Lavery Booksellers Koroit Street Warrnambool’

Documents - Calendar, 1950

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

Guyett & Sons Pty Ltd. Rectangular, mid brown card. Black printing of calendar and text with colored scene. Two storey thatched cottage, cottage garden and distant village. 3 months 1949 and 3 months 1957

Historical information

Guyett & Sons Pty Ltd are a local family and business, in 2013 still operating as funeral directors

Significance

Guyett & Sons Pty Ltd complete Home Furnishers in Warrnambool Phone 438 and Port Fairy Phone 9

Tools - Miner's Pick

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This miner’s pick has a wooden handle with rounded sides tapering to a wider end. The wood is weather-worn and split in places, especially at the top end. The pick is metal with a curved shape that tapers to a point at one end. The metal near the other end has a cavity into which is inserted the wider end of the wooden handle.

Historical information

This miner’s pick was of the type used to extract limestone at the Warrnambool limestone quarries, mainly for buildings and walls. This pick cut the sides and the top of the block and then it was levered off with a crowbar at an angle of about 30° to 40°. These blocks were then reduced to the required size using cross cut saws. There were about 12 limestone quarries operating in Warrnambool in the 19th century and limestone was extensively quarried for about 85 years to the 1930s when quarrying ceased. Today there has been a small revival in the Warrnambool area in the use of limestone blocks for building. Warrnambool also once had several bluestone quarries on the outskirts of the town.

Document - George Murray Letters of Administration 1883

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a piece of parchment containing the1885 Letters of Administration in the estate of George Murray, a Melbourne accountant. The document is white with black ruled lines and has handwritten material in black ink. The document is folded at the lower edge with a seal of the Supreme Court of the Colony of Victoria. The seal is attached to the document by a green ribbon. There is also a blue stamp of the Master in Equity of the Supreme Court. The document is in good condition apart from some minor staining.

Historical information

No information is available on George Murray except that he was a Melbourne accountant and died intestate in 1885. He left property to the value of £91 and the lawyer, Ernest Chambers, who was at that time at 12 Chancery Lane, Melbourne, was directed to list the creditors of George Murray and distribute the estate accordingly. Mr Chambers was one of George Murray’s creditors. Ernest Chambers later had a legal practice with offices at Warrnambool, Koroit and Port Fairy with the known dates 1897 to 1910. Thomas Goodall was the manager of the Warrnambool office and he was the one who had this document in his possession at that time and it was passed down to succeeding lawyers in the Kepler Street building. Tait collection: item 7 of 62

Significance

This document is of interest in that it was originally issued by the lawyer Ernest Chambers who later had an office in Warrnambool.

Inscriptions & Markings

‘In the Supreme Court of the Colony of Victoria in its probate jurisdiction, in the Estate of George Murray, late of Melbourne in the Colony of Victoria, accountant, deceased intestate, Letters of Administration, I certify that no duty is payable on the within Letters of Administration, John W. … (office under section 6), 15/6/85’.

Booklet - This is Legacy

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

Dark cream coloured soft card cover with brown text. Title is in larger text with the Legacy emblem in the centre of the front cover. The back cover has the poem, Flanders Field and the legacy response. Eight pages which has text and some photographs. A list of Warrnambool office bearers is on the inside back cover.

Historical information

Legacy had its origins in the aftermath of the first World War. General Sir John Gellibrand in 1923 in Hobart established the Remembrance Club which was to assist returned soldiers. He convinced Stanley Savige a returned soldier who had served with Gellibrand to set up a similar group in Melbourne. The Melbourne group was established at Anzac House shortly after. Initially looking to the needs of returned soldiers, by 1925 they had included the care of deceased soldiers’ widows and children a task which continues to the present day. It is an entirely honorary organization. It lists among its objectives as doing all for the children which the father would have been glad to see done for them. The Warrnambool club was founded in 1947 and this booklet lists the office bearers as Chas Watts, I Buzzard, D B de Beaurepaire, A K Browne R Potter, N K Morris, P H Allen, W J Tolmie, J Paterson, b C Stronach, L G Stevens, T b Patrick, R S Robinson, J O Tait. The Warrnambool region covered from Port Campbell north to Pormborneit, through Darlington and Woorndoo and across to Broadwater and Codrington and Port Fairy in the west. In 1947 they had 200 wards under their care. This booklet has as its centre pages two photographs depicting children and adults and the captions to raise £10000 towards their work and also to build a holiday camp on beach frontage already approved by the Warrnambool City Council.

Significance

This booklet has historical and social significance as it shows the endeavor of the people of the district to care for those affected by war, in the district and records the names of the first people involved in working with Legacy in Warrnambool .

Inscriptions & Markings

*Printers Geelong. Issued by Warrnambool Legacy.

Spoon - Ozone Hotel

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is an electro-plated nickel silver teaspoon. It has the maker’s marks on the back of the spoon and the name of the hotel on the handle. It is much tarnished and scratched.

Historical information

This spoon comes from the Ozone Hotel in Warrnambool. The Ozone Hotel was opened in 1890 as the Grand Ozone Coffee Palace (a temperance hotel) and was at the corner of Koroit and Kepler Streets in Warrnambool. It was built by a company of local businessmen and leased out. In 1891 the Coffee Palace was granted a wine licence. In 1895 Thomas Randall was the proprietor of the building and it was re-named the Ozone Hotel. The building was closed in 1915 and was re-opened in 1920 as the Hotel Mansions. In 1923 the Hotel Mansions became a fully-licensed hotel. In 1929 it was destroyed by fire and the present-day Hotel Warrnambool was built on the site.

Significance

This little spoon is of considerable significance as it is one of the few items we have from the Ozone Hotel in Warrnambool. The Grand Ozone Coffee Palace/Ozone Hotel/Hotel Mansions was the grandest building ever erected in Warrnambool. Its destruction by fire was a major loss to the town.

Inscriptions & Markings

‘Ozone Hotel’

Plaque - Regalo

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

.1 This is a rectangular-shaped metal plaque with ten holes on the sides for attachment to a surface using screws. The plaque has been painted yellow with a sketch of jockey silks and cap in blue and pink. Much of the paint is missing and the plaque is rusty and slightly warped. .2 This is a small rectangular-shaped metal plaque with black printing. There are four holes for affixing the plaque to a wall or bench. The plaque is rusty in places.

Historical information

These plaques commemorate the winner of the Warrnambool Brierly Steeplechase in 1965 and 1966. The owner of the horse was Mr D. Wedge, the horse was Regalo from New Zealand and the jockey was N. Rantall. The plaques were originally display items based in areas of the Warrnambool Racecourse. The Brierly Steeplechase was first run in 1902, with the name coming from a local property and homestead established by William McKiernin in the 1850s. Today the Brierly Steeplechase is part of the Warrnambool May Racing Carnival which features the famous Warrnambool Grand Annual Steeplechase.

Significance

These items relate to a significant part of Warrnambool's sporting and social history.

Inscriptions & Markings

.1 'Regalo (N.Z.)' .2 'Mr D. E. Wedge Regalo (N.Z.) Winner Brierly Steeple 1965,1966'

Document - Patrick White Probate 1897

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a cream-coloured piece of parchment paper containing details of the Will and Probate of Patrick White of Codrington who died in 1883. The paper is folded in two and the edges of the pages have blue lines ruled on them. There is handwritten material (black ink) on three of the pages. The seal of the Supreme Court of Victoria is attached with olive-green ribbon and there are five red stamps of the Master in Equity of the Supreme Court. The writing is fading in places but the document is readable.

Historical information

Tait collection: item 42 of 62 This is a document giving details of the Will and Probate of Patrick White, a farmer from Codrington who died in 1883. He left personal estate to the value of £316, with the beneficiaries being his wife, Eleanor and his son George. The lawyer concerned with this document was Ernest Chambers who had legal offices in Port Fairy, Koroit and Warrnambool at the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century. He had possession of this document and it was passed down to successive lawyers occupying the legal premises in Kepler Street, Warrnambool and located in this Kepler Street building in 2014.

Significance

This document is of minor significance as Patrick White was not a resident of Warrnambool. The interest lies in the fact that the lawyer, Ernest Chambers, practised in Warrnambool in the 19th century

Book - Mechanics Institute

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a hard cover book of 704 pages. It has many photographs, mostly black and white, and other images related to Mechanics’ Institutes in Victoria. It has a Contents page, Foreword, Dedications, a story entitled ‘Dingo Flat’, Preface, Introduction, Acknowledgements and articles on hundreds of Mechanics’ Institutes in Victoria, whether closed or still existing. The front cover has two black and white photographs and the title and the back cover has images from two Mechanics’ Institutes. The authors are Pam Baragwanath and Ken James.

Historical information

This book contains information on all known Mechanics’ Institutes in Victoria. Mechanics’ Institutes were organizations formed originally to improve the education of working men and to instruct them in their various trades. The first Institutes were established in London and Manchester in the 1820s and in Australia the first Institutes were set up in New South Wales and Tasmania in the late 1820s, with the first one in Melbourne in 1839. Mechanics’ Institutes were set up in Victorian country towns, in many cases, soon after the settlements were founded.

Significance

This book is of some importance as a reference book as it gives information on all known Mechanics’ Institutes in Victoria and there were many in the Warrnambool region. The Mechanics’ Institutes were important centres for local adult education and recreation. The book will therefore be of great use to readers of local history and researchers.

Inscriptions & Markings

Front Cover: ‘These Walls Speak Volumes’, ‘A History of Mechanics’ Institutes in Victoria, ‘Pam Baragwanath and Ken James’