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Victorian Collections -

Talking Shop: Ballarat in Business and City Life at Ballaarat Mechanics' Institute

27 Jun 2019

Curated By

Amy Tsilemanis, Curator, Ballaarat Mechanics' Institute

1998 items with documents

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1998 items

Pulley

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

This item is an oval-shaped brown and orange wooden shell from a ship’s pulley. The original wooden material is now petrified but the lighter coloured concentric rings of the wood's grain are still visible. A metal sheave or drum is fitted into the centre hole and some of the edge of its sheave’s collar has corroded and broken away. The collar has three holes of equal size that are evenly spaced around it. The bearing ring is now detached but still connected to the pulley with a string on which a label is attached. Most of the six cylindrical metal roller bearings are sand encrusted but some are still visible.

Historical information

Wooden pulley wheel section from the wreck “Newfield”. The Newfield was a three-masted iron and steel barque, built in Dundee, Scotland, in 1889 by Alexander Stephen and Sons. It was owned by the Newfield Ship Company in 1890 and later that year It was registered in Liverpool to owners Brownells and Co. The Newfield left Sharpness, Scotland, on 28th May 1892 with a crew of 25 under the command of Captain George Scott and on 1st June left Liverpool. She was bound for Brisbane, Australia, with a cargo of 1850 tons of fine rock salt, the main export product of Sharpness. At about 9pm on 28th August 1892, in heavy weather, Captain Scott sighted, between heavy squalls, the Cape Otway light on the mainland of Victoria but, due to a navigational error (the ship’s chronometers were wrong), he assumed it to be the Cape Wickham light on King Island, some 40 miles south. He altered his course to the north, expecting to enter Bass Strait. The ship was now heading straight for the south west Victorian coast and at about 1:30am ran aground on a reef about 100 yards from shore and one mile east of Curdie’s Inlet, Peterborough. The ship struck heavily three times before grounding on an inner shoal with 6 feet of water in the holds. Rough sea made the job of launching lifeboats very difficult. The first two lifeboats launched by the crew were smashed against the side of the ship and some men were crushed or swept away. The third lifeboat brought eight men to shore. It capsized when the crew tried to return it to the ship for further rescue The Port Campbell rocket crew arrived and fired four rocket lines, none of which connected with the ship. A local man, Peter Carmody, volunteered to swim one mile to the ship with a line to guide the fourth and final lifeboat safely to shore. Seventeen men survived the shipwreck but the captain and eight of his crew perished. The Newfield remained upright on the reef with sails set for a considerable time as the wind slowly ripped the canvas to shreds and the sea battered the hull to pieces. The Marine Board inquiry found the wreck was caused by a "one man style of navigation" and that the Captain had not heeded the advice of his crew. According to Jack Loney ‘… when the drama was over . . the Newfield was deserted except for the Captain’s dog and two pigs.’ Flagstaff Hill Maritime Museum has several artefacts that have been salvaged from the wreck. See also other items in the Flagstaff Hill Newfield Collection.

Significance

The report from SHP documented the following in regards to the Newfield collection: Flagstaff Hill’s collection of artefacts from the Newfield is of historical and archaeological significance at a State level, because of its association with the shipwreck, which is on the Victorian Heritage Register. The collection is significant because of its relationship between the objects. The Newfield collection is archaeologically significant as it is the remains of an international cargo ship. The Newfield collection is historically significant for representing aspects of Victoria’s shipping history and its potential to interpret sub-theme 1.5 (Living with natural processes). The collection is also historically significant for its association with the shipwreck. The Newfield collection meets the following criteria for assessment: Criteria A: Importance to the course, or pattern, of Victoria’s cultural history Criteria B: Possession of uncommon, rare or endangered aspects of Victoria’s cultural history Criteria C: Potential to yield information that will contribute to an understanding of Victoria’s cultural history

Inscriptions & Markings

The pulley has a string through it that attaches it to the bearing. The label on the string bears the handwritten words “PULLEY WHEEL / NEWFIELD / PETER ROLAND”.

Cannon

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Cannon. 80 Pounder Rifled Muzzle Loading (RML) Gun on iron carriage and slide, installed in the Battery at Flagstaff Hill’s Fortifications.. Made in 1866 at the Royal Gun Factory (R-G-F), Woolich, England. Gun Reg No - 23. Flagstaff Hill Garrison Gun 1 (Gun No. 1) Insignia of the Royal Engineers, and the weight of the gun, stamped on top of the gun’s barrel. There is a brass plate on the side of the gun with the details of 1987 restoration.

Historical information

In the years following the Crimean War (1854-1857J) there was a great concern in the Colony that Imperial Russia would attempt an invasion. Coastal defences in the colony of Victoria were greatly strengthened by the Government as a result. Warrnambool was originally protected by cannons at Cannon Hill, approximately 1 kilometer west of the Flagstaff Hill Fortifications. These cannons included two 1866 guns, both 80 Pound Rifled Muzzle Loaders (RML) purchased by Victoria’s Colonial Government. They were part of a shipment of 26 such guns sent from England in December 1866. They are registered as No. 23 (80cwt-2qr-0lbs) - Gun 1, and No.13 (81cwt-1qr-12lbs) - Gun 2. They were cast at the Royal Gun Factory, Woolwich Arsenal, in 1866 and have a 6.3 inch bore. Both barrels carry the Royal Cypher of Queen Victoria, Insignia of the Royal Engineers, within the Garter and Motto surmounted by the Crown, with the Royal Cypher of Queen Victoria within the Garter (letters in centre “VR”, motto “HONI SOIT QUI MAL Y PENSE”, "Shame be to him who thinks evil of it."). The guns were originally supplied with wooden carriages. (The Royal Arsenal at Woolwich, England, was established eleven years after the Restoration of King Charles II. It was the principal supplier of armaments to the British and Empire Governments. At the height of its operations during World War One the factory covered 1300 acres and employed very nearly 80,000 workers. Woolwich was the Headquarters of the Royal Artillery since the raising of that Regiment in 1716. The Arsenal was closed in the late 1960’s.) These two cannons were transferred to the Warrnambool Garrison Artillery Battery Fortifications erected at Flagstaff Hill in 1887 as part of Victoria’s Coastal Defences. The original wooden carriages were subsequently replaced with the present iron garrison carriages in 1888. They are a “C” pivot. The ‘racers’ or curved track set into the floor of the gun emplacement (which enabled the guns to be traversed more quickly) are as specified for guns up to 10 inch, being of wrought iron 2.78 inches wide. A temporary third gun, now no longer on Flagstaff Hill’s site, was a 5 inch Rifled Breech Loading (BL) Armstrong gun mounted on an Elswick hydro pneumatic disappearing carriage It was faster to load and fire than the 80 pound RMLs and its arrival spelt the end of the older 80 pound guns’ useful life, apart from being used for practice sessions. The 5 inch BL gun was the main defensive weapon of the Warrnambool Battery until the Battery was downgraded in importance and the gun was recalled to Melbourne in 1910. The State of Victoria took over the ownership of the guns at the time of Australian Federation in 1901. In about 1901/1902 the Garrison Battery was converted to the Warrnambool Battery of the Australian Field Artillery (No 4 Field Battery). It was equipped with 4.7 inch naval guns mounted on field carriages. They were now a mobile unit but continued to use the Warrnambool Garrison area at Flagstaff Hill for practice. When the Fortifications were declared obsolete the two 80 Pounder RML were relocated to Cannon Hill in 1910. On the outbreak of World War One the 4.7 inch guns were recalled to Melbourne, and the Battery was disbanded. Most of the personnel probably re-enlisted in the local 4th Australian Light Horse Regiment. The two 80 Pounder RML were moved back to the Fortifications in 1973. They were both fully restored by Army First Year Apprentices at the Ordinance Factory in Bendigo in time for the centenary year of the fortifications in 1987. The guns are capable of firing 80 pound (32.3kg) armour piercing exploding shells 3.65kms out to sea. They were original manned by volunteers before a paid Garrison was established. Now the Guns are again fired by volunteers on Special Event days. Since restoration the Gun Number 1 had been fired on a regular basis but Gun Number 2 hadn’t been fired since the mid 1990’s. In April 2015 Gun Number 2 was serviced in preparation for the firing of both cannons on the ANZAC Centenary commemorations on April 25th 2015. Other guns from the original Cannon Hill location were obsolete by the time the 1887 Warrnambool Garrison Artillery Battery was built. These guns are (1) a 32 Pounder Muzzle Loading Smooth Bore (SB) cast in 1813 at the famous Carron Foundry, number 80837 and now located in the Warrnambool Botanic Gardens (2) a 68 Pounder Muzzle Loading Smooth Bore cast in 1861 at the equally august Low Moor Foundry, number 10310 and now located on the lawn area at the entrance to Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village. Both of these guns are mounted on their original wooden garrison carriages. There are only seven 32 Pounder SB made by Carron and fifteen 68 Pounder SB made at Low Moor known to exist in the State of Victoria (Conservation Management Plan for Victorian Guns and Cannon, South Western Victoria, May 2008, ref W/F/04)

Significance

The Warrnambool Garrison has been added to the Victorian Heritage Register H1250 “for its intact battery and guns, a strong reminder of Victoria’s wealth and determination to protect itself from the perceived threat of invasion in the 1880’s.” The City of Warrnambool is one of several custodians of a collection of artillery pieces of heritage significance at a state, national and international level. These pieces are directly related to the defence of south-west Victoria in the 19th century. The care and preservation come under the Heritage Act 1995.

Inscriptions & Markings

Stamped on axle cover on side of barrel “R-G-F / No 23 / 1866”. Stamped into the metal on top of the barrel, Insignia of the Royal Engineers; Garter and Motto “HONI SOIT QUI MAL Y PENSE”, surmounted by the Crown, with the Royal Cypher of Queen Victoria “VR” within the Garter. Also stamped on top of the gun are 2 inward pointing arrows above the weight ”81-2-0”. Brass plate “RESTORATION / BY / FIRST YEAR / APPRENTICES / ORDANANCE FACTORY / BENDIGO 1987”

Compass

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Pocket compass, brass, set into square wooden case with hinged lid and small hook catch. Compass is marked with 360 degrees and compass points and has two pointers; one to show magnetic north and one to set direction of travel. Hinges are triangular and inset into wood. Lid has an attached brass plaque with inscription “Chas Gray, Leith, 1839” (It is likely that it belonged to Charles Gray, Leith, UK, who migrated to Port Phillip Australia in 1839 and became a successful pastoralist.)

Historical information

This magnetic compass is a good size to fit easily into a person’s pocket or personal luggage, and is protected from knocks by its wooden case. It could have been used for reference when travelling on land or sea. There is no visible manufacturer’s mark, which may mean that it was not of high monetary value. Leith is a district of Edinburgh in the country of Scotland, U.K. It was once the Port of Edinburgh and many migrant ships departed from here bound for the Australian colony. It had a busy shipbuilding industry, with wet and dry docks. It appears from the inscription on the case “Chas Gray, LEITH, 1839” that this pocket compass once belonged to Charles M. Gray (Chas is a common abbreviation for the name Charles). The inscription coincides with the name, place and date that the Western Victorian pioneer Charles M. Gray left Scotland and arrived in Australia. Charles Gray was born in Anstruther, Scottland, in 1818. His family was connected with the Royal Marines, which may have created his in nautical instruments such as this pocket compass. Charles Gray arrived in Hobsons Bay on 15 June 1839 in the ship “Midlothian”. That same ship had departed from Leith, Scotland on February 15th 1839. Did Charles Gray acquire the pocket compass in Leith, perhaps as a gift or a souvenir of his motherland? Charles Gray was an early squatter and went on to become a very successful settler as a sheep pastoralist in the Western District of what is now Victoria (originally the colony of New South Wales). He and his wife had a large property called “Nareeb Nareeb”, Green Hill Creek District (now Glenthompson), Victoria, from 1840-1886. He was also a local councillor and Justice of the Peace, and had an interest in the local aboriginal people; he named his property after their tribe. Charles returned to England in 1890 and died there in 1905. Charles Gray had written an account in 1890 of his life at Nareeb Nareeb, called Western Victoria in the forties: reminiscences of a pioneer, a valuable historical reference to colonial Victoria. His book was published by the Hamilton Spectator in 1932. Charles Gray’s photograph is one of 713 historical photographs of early Victorian settlers, created as a montage by Thomas Foster Chuck in 1872. The State Library of Victoria holds the framed montage titled “The Explorers and Early Colonists of Victoria”. To qualify for inclusion on this montage the Settlers must have arrived in Victoria before 1843. Charles Gray’s photograph is number 349! POSSIBLE SCENARIOS FOR THIS LITTLE POCKET COMPASS The inscription on the case could indicate that - it once belonged to Charles Gray of Leith - it could have been presented to Charles Gray, of Leith, in 1839. - It could have been a congratulatory gift to Charles Gray for an event in 1839 - It may have been a departing gift to Charles Gray of Leith when he set sail - it may have been a souvenir when Charles Gray was to depart Leith, Scotland, in 1839 - it may have been given to someone by Charles Gray at, or of, Leith in 1839 - it was made by Charles Gray in 1839 when he was in Leith [References; Charles Gray, Artist (draughtsman) and Pastoralist, Design & Art of Australia online, https://www.daao.org.au/bio/charles-gray/; Charles Gray of Nareeb Nareeb, Mount Rouse and District Historical Society Inc. https://sites.google.com/site/penshurst1855/charles-gray-of-nareeb-nareeb ; The Explorers and Early Colonists of Victoria, Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Explorers_and_Early_Colonists_of_Victoria; Vessels departing by year, Blaxland.com, ozships. http://www.blaxland.com/ozships/year/depart/s11.htm; Western Victoria in the forties : reminiscences of a pioneer / by Charles M. Gray, Trove, National Library of Australia http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/14192497]

Significance

The pocket compass is significant for its likely association with Charles Gray, one of the early squatters and settlers in Western Victoria,

Inscriptions & Markings

“Chas Gray / LEITH / 1839” engraved on brass plaque on lid.

Peacock statue

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Earthenware peacock, known as the Loch Ard Peacock. Found amongst the cargo of the shipwreck of Loch Ard. Majolica glazes. Solid vine-entwined base. About fifty of the eyes that adorn the tail may be counted, even though the tail is furled. Designed and modelled in 1873 in Staffordshire, England. This peacock was designed and modelled at Minton Potteries by French sculptor and artist Paul Comolera who was born in Paris 1818. (Victorian Heritage Register listed - VHR h 2132)

Historical information

This peacock, known as the "Loch Ard Peacock" was designed by Paul Comolera in 1873 and fired in the famous Minton pottery at Stoke on Trent in England. This earthenware, majolica-glazed bird set sail from Gravesend bound for Melbourne on 1 March 1878. The ship on which it travelled was the ill fated Lock Ard. The peacock, along with other examples of Minton earthenware, was bound for the Great Exhibition of 1880 to celebrate the opening of Melbourne's newly completed Exhibition building. On the night of 31 May 1878, the Lock Ard warily searched for the 'eye of the needle'. The captain, George Gibb, was unsure of his exact location. In the predawn of 1 June, the Loch Ard sank off Mutton Bird Island. The peacock was well packed in wooden crate, or cask, that floated. It was also under the personal care of Captain Gibb and therefore not likely to be deep in the hold; apparently the hatches broke open in the wreck, allowing many lighter goods to float out. RESCUE: There are two claimants to this honour. Mr Charles McGillivray claimed to have dragged the peacock to the beach just two days after the Lock Ard went down. The peacock was rescued unscathed but for a chip on its beak. It seems probable that, for this damage to have observed, some opening and partial examination of the packing case's contents must have been made. After a disagreement with Melbourne Customs Officer, Joseph Daish, Mr. McGillivray stopped his salvage operations and returned home, leaving the peacock on the beach. The second claimants were Mr. James Miller and Thomas Keys. James Miller was a member of the firm Howarth, Miller and Matthews of Geelong , who had brought the salvage rights to the wreck on 10 June. Thomas Keys was a driver. A storm blew up on 12 June, before Miller and Keys arrived at the wreck site, and washed many of the salvaged goods back into the sea. It was at this time that they claimed to have rescued the peacock from the sea. While McGillivray was certainly the person to haul it from the water immediately after the shipwreck, Miller and Keys' claim to have rescued the peacock from the sea, probably on or after 14 June, must also be acknowledge. Certainly if they had not hauled it to the cliff top, it may have been lost in the second storm. It appears likely, then, that the peacock was rescued from the sea not once but twice and that both claims are true. In an interview in 1928 (some 50 years later),Thomas Keys' claimed that - at the time of the rescue - the head had broken from the body. Miss Florence Miller, daughter of James Miller, later remarked that the only item of real value rescued from the wreck had been the peacock and that this had been kept by her father in the family home. The peacock, then, began its life in Australia in the hallway of a domestic house in Geelong.Here it was to remain until 1940. The peacock travelled to Melbourne National Museum Exhibition on 1 June 1935. This was the 57th anniversary of the wreck. After Miss Miller's death, it remained in an antique dealer's shop in Melbourne until about 1943, when it was bought a6 auction by Mr. Frank Ridley-Lee and eventually placed in his new home in Heidelberg, a suburb of Melbourne. The peacock remained in the hands of the Ridley-Lees until it was offered for sale in 1975 as part of Mrs Ridley-Lee's estate. On 1 June 1975 an advertisement in Melbourne newspaper The Age announced the sale by auction of the art collection of the Ridley-Lee estate; this included the Loch Ard Peacock. Fortunately the peacock was not sold at this time as the reserve price of $4500 was not met. This news was passed on to board of the newly created Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village. Urgent efforts were made to raise the necessary funds. The required amount was raised through public donations. The Fletcher Jones company and the Victorian Government paid 50 per cent of the cost. On 9 September 1975, the Loch Ard Peacock was purchased by Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village in Warrnambool. Today the loch Ard Peacock remains in the Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village. Since 1975 it has left Warrnambool only twice. In 1980, as an important figure in the centenary celebrations of the Exhibition Building in Melbourne. From April to October 1988, the peacock was given pride of place at the entrance to the Victorian Pavilion in the Brisbane World Expo. The Claim of Peter Ronald that the peacock was 'the most significant shipwreck artefact in Australia' was being acknowledged as true. HISTORY OF THE LOCH ARD The LOCH ARD belonged to the famous Loch Line which sailed many ships from England to Australia. Built in Glasgow by Barclay, Curdle and Co. in 1873, the LOCH ARD was a three-masted square rigged iron sailing ship. The ship measured 262ft 7" (79.87m) in length, 38ft (11.58m) in width, 23ft (7m) in depth and had a gross tonnage of 1693 tons. The LOCH ARD's main mast measured a massive 150ft (45.7m) in height. LOCH ARD made three trips to Australia and one trip to Calcutta before its final voyage. LOCH ARD left England on March 2, 1878, under the command of Captain Gibbs, a newly married, 29 year old. She was bound for Melbourne with a crew of 37, plus 17 passengers and a load of cargo. The general cargo reflected the affluence of Melbourne at the time. On board were straw hats, umbrella, perfumes, clay pipes, pianos, clocks, confectionary, linen and candles, as well as a heavier load of railway irons, cement, lead and copper. There were items included that intended for display in the Melbourne International Exhibition in 1880. The voyage to Port Phillip was long but uneventful. At 3am on June 1, 1878, Captain Gibbs was expecting to see land and the passengers were becoming excited as they prepared to view their new homeland in the early morning. But LOCH ARD was running into a fog which greatly reduced visibility. Captain Gibbs was becoming anxious as there was no sign of land or the Cape Otway lighthouse. At 4am the fog lifted. A man aloft announced that he could see breakers. The sheer cliffs of Victoria's west coast came into view, and Captain Gibbs realised that the ship was much closer to them than expected. He ordered as much sail to be set as time would permit and then attempted to steer the vessel out to sea. On coming head on into the wind, the ship lost momentum, the sails fell limp and LOCH ARD's bow swung back. Gibbs then ordered the anchors to be released in an attempt to hold its position. The anchors sank some 50 fathoms - but did not hold. By this time LOCH ARD was among the breakers and the tall cliffs of Mutton Bird Island rose behind the ship. Just half a mile from the coast, the ship's bow was suddenly pulled around by the anchor. The captain tried to tack out to sea, but the ship struck a reef at the base of Mutton Bird Island, near Port Campbell. Waves broke over the ship and the top deck was loosened from the hull. The masts and rigging came crashing down knocking passengers and crew overboard. When a lifeboat was finally launched, it crashed into the side of LOCH ARD and capsized. Tom Pearce, who had launched the boat, managed to cling to its overturned hull and shelter beneath it. He drifted out to sea and then on the flood tide came into what is now known as LOCH ARD Gorge. He swam to shore, bruised and dazed, and found a cave in which to shelter. Some of the crew stayed below deck to shelter from the falling rigging but drowned when the ship slipped off the reef into deeper water. Eva Carmichael had raced onto deck to find out what was happening only to be confronted by towering cliffs looming above the stricken ship. In all the chaos, Captain Gibbs grabbed Eva and said, "If you are saved Eva, let my dear wife know that I died like a sailor". That was the last Eva Carmichael saw of the captain. She was swept off the ship by a huge wave. Eva saw Tom Pearce on a small rocky beach and yelled to attract his attention. He dived in and swam to the exhausted woman and dragged her to shore. He took her to the cave and broke open case of brandy which had washed up on the beach. He opened a bottle to revive the unconscious woman. A few hours later Tom scaled a cliff in search of help. He followed hoof prints and came by chance upon two men from nearby Glenample Station three and a half miles away. In a state of exhaustion, he told the men of the tragedy. Tom returned to the gorge while the two men rode back to the station to get help. By the time they reached LOCH ARD Gorge, it was cold and dark. The two shipwreck survivors were taken to Glenample Station to recover. Eva stayed at the station for six weeks before returning to Ireland, this time by steamship. In Melbourne, Tom Pearce received a hero's welcome. He was presented with the first gold medal of the Royal Humane Society of Victoria and a £1000 cheque from the Victorian Government. Concerts were performed to honour the young man's bravery and to raise money for those who lost family in the LOCH ARD disaster. Of the 54 crew members and passengers on board, only two survived: the apprentice, Tom Pearce and the young woman passenger, Eva Carmichael, who lost all of her family in the tragedy. Ten days after the LOCH ARD tragedy, salvage rights to the wreck were sold at auction for £2,120. Cargo valued at £3,000 was salvaged and placed on the beach, but most washed back into the sea when another storm developed. The wreck of LOCH ARD still lies at the base of Mutton Bird Island. Much of the cargo has now been salvaged and some was washed up into what is now known as LOCH ARD Gorge. Cargo and artefacts have also been illegally salvaged over many years before protective legislation was introduced. One of the most unlikely pieces of cargo to have survived the shipwreck was a Minton porcelain peacock - one of only seven in the world. The peacock was destined for the Melbourne International Exhibition in 1880. It had been well packed, which gave it adequate protection during the violent storm. Today, the Minton peacock can be seen at the Flagstaff Hill Maritime Museum in Warrnambool. From Australia's most dramatic shipwreck it has now become Australia's most valuable shipwreck artefact and is one of very few 'objects' on the Victorian State Heritage Register.

Significance

State Heritage Listed (VHR H2132) It is considered of historical, social and aesthetic significance to Victoria for being the most notable object associated with the Loch Ard wreck, for its association with the Loch Ard and 1880 Melbourne International Exhibition and for being an ‘excellent and rare example’ of a Minton product from the 1870s. The Heritage Council of Victoria has determined that The Loch Ard Peacock (89 Merri St Warrnambool) is of Cultural Heritage Significance to the State of Victoria. It was included on the Victorian Heritage Register on 11th February 2010 - Victorian Heritage Register Number H2132 "This renowned majolica peacock sculpture made between 1873 and 1878 by the English pottery company Minton & Co., was salvaged from the 1878 Loch Ard shipwreck, one of Victoria's worst shipwreck tragedies."

Inscriptions & Markings

Design number stamped on base of statue "2045" (taken from the Minton factory design book)

Block

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

This is what remains of a block, shackle and wire from the wreck of the sailing ship “Newfield”. The object is heavily encrusted. The exterior (cheeks) of the block is missing. The disc of the block has a channel part way around its face, about 2 cm from the edge. Two long, narrow plates are joined onto the centre of the disc’s face with a bolt through the centre. The other ends of the two plates join onto the elbow of the shackle. The elbow of the shackle is also joined onto a rod. At the other end of the rod can be seen the ends of thick wire strands.

Historical information

These remains of a block, shackle and wire are from the sailing ship Newfield. This would have been one of hundreds of blocks and shackles used in the rigging of the Newfield. The Newfield was a three-masted iron and steel barque, built in Dundee, Scotland, in 1889 by Alexander Stephen and Sons. It was owned by the Newfield Ship Company in 1890 and later that year It was registered in Liverpool to owners Brownells and Co. The Newfield left Sharpness, Scotland, on 28th May 1892 with a crew of 25 under the command of Captain George Scott and on 1st June left Liverpool. She was bound for Brisbane, Australia, with a cargo of 1850 tons of fine rock salt, the main export product of Sharpness. At about 9pm on 28th August 1892, in heavy weather, Captain Scott sighted, between heavy squalls, the Cape Otway light on the mainland of Victoria but, due to a navigational error (the ship’s chronometers were wrong), he assumed it to be the Cape Wickham light on King Island, some 40 miles south. He altered his course to the north, expecting to enter Bass Strait. The ship was now heading straight for the south west Victorian coast. At about 1:30am the Newfield ran aground on a reef about 100 yards from shore and one mile east of Curdie’s Inlet, Peterborough. The ship struck heavily three times before grounding on an inner shoal with 6 feet of water in the holds. Rough sea made the job of launching lifeboats very difficult. The first two lifeboats launched by the crew were smashed against the side of the ship and some men were crushed or swept away. The third lifeboat brought eight men to shore. It capsized when the crew tried to return it to the ship for further rescue The rescue was a difficult operation. The Port Campbell Rocket Crew arrived and fired four rocket lines, none of which connected with the ship. Peter Carmody, a local man, volunteered to swim about one mile off shore to the ship with a line to guide the fourth and final lifeboat safely to shore. He was assisted by James McKenzie and Gerard Irvine. Seventeen men survived the shipwreck but the captain and eight of his crew perished. The Newfield remained upright on the reef with sails set for a considerable time as the wind slowly ripped the canvas to shreds and the sea battered the hull to pieces. The Marine Board inquiry found the wreck was caused by a "one man style of navigation" and that the Captain had not heeded the advice of his crew. According to Jack Loney ‘… when the drama was over . . the Newfield was deserted except for the Captain’s dog and two pigs.’ Peter Carmody was awarded the Bramley-Moore medal by the Liverpool Shipwreck and Humane Society for Saving Life at Ssea, which he received by mail on January 21st 1893. The medal and a letter of congratulations were donated to Flagstaff Hill Maritime Museum by Peter Carmody’s grand-daughter Norma Bracken and her son Stuart Bracken on 25th May 2006. The block and shackle joins other items in the Newfield collection.

Significance

Flagstaff Hill’s collection of artefacts from the Newfield is significant for its association with the shipwreck Newfield, which is listed on the Victorian Heritage Registry. The collection is significant because of the relationship between the objects. The Newfield collection is archaeologically significant as the remains of an international cargo ship. The Newfield collection is historically significant for representing aspects of Victoria’s shipping history and its association with the shipwreck.

Skylight frame

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Skylight frame. The glass pane is missing. Heavily encrusted brass framework. 8 bolts around the long side. 4 bars of metal forming 2 ‘v’ shapes across the centre, slightly concave towards the inner side. The shorter ends of the frame each have a ‘U’ shaped bracket attached in the centre. The shorter ends are wider on one end and taper towards the other end to about a quarter of the thickness.

Historical information

This skylight frame would have been fitted on the Newfield’s poop deck (or raised deck that forms the roof of a cabin at the aft or rear of the ship). It would have covered and protected a glass pane that allowed light to enter the area below desk. The glass pane from the skylight is missing. The Newfield was a three-masted iron and steel barque, built in Dundee, Scotland, in 1889 by Alexander Stephen and Sons. It was owned by the Newfield Ship Company in 1890 and later that year It was registered in Liverpool to owners Brownells and Co. The Newfield left Sharpness, Scotland, on 28th May 1892 with a crew of 25 under the command of Captain George Scott and on 1st June left Liverpool. She was bound for Brisbane, Australia, with a cargo of 1850 tons of fine rock salt, the main export product of Sharpness. At about 9pm on 28th August 1892, in heavy weather, Captain Scott sighted, between heavy squalls, the Cape Otway light on the mainland of Victoria but, due to a navigational error (the ship’s chronometers were wrong), he assumed it to be the Cape Wickham light on King Island, some 40 miles south. He altered his course to the north, expecting to enter Bass Strait. The ship was now heading straight for the south west Victorian coast. At about 1:30am the Newfield ran aground on a reef about 100 yards from shore and one mile east of Curdie’s Inlet, Peterborough. The ship struck heavily three times before grounding on an inner shoal with 6 feet of water in the holds. Rough sea made the job of launching lifeboats very difficult. The first two lifeboats launched by the crew were smashed against the side of the ship and some men were crushed or swept away. The third lifeboat brought eight men to shore. It capsized when the crew tried to return it to the ship for further rescue The rescue was a difficult operation. The Port Campbell Rocket Crew arrived and fired four rocket lines, none of which connected with the ship. Peter Carmody, a local man, volunteered to swim about one mile off shore to the ship with a line to guide the fourth and final lifeboat safely to shore. He was assisted by James McKenzie and Gerard Irvine. Seventeen men survived the shipwreck but the captain and eight of his crew perished. The Newfield remained upright on the reef with sails set for a considerable time as the wind slowly ripped the canvas to shreds and the sea battered the hull to pieces. The Marine Board inquiry found the wreck was caused by a "one man style of navigation" and that the Captain had not heeded the advice of his crew. According to Jack Loney ‘… when the drama was over . . the Newfield was deserted except for the Captain’s dog and two pigs.’ Peter Carmody was awarded the Bramley-Moore medal by the Liverpool Shipwreck and Humane Society for Saving Life at Ssea, which he received by mail on January 21st 1893. The Skylight joins other items in the Newfield collection.

Significance

Flagstaff Hill’s collection of artefacts from the Newfield is significant for its association with the shipwreck Newfield, which is listed on the Victorian Heritage Registry. The collection is significant because of the relationship between the objects. The Newfield collection is archaeologically significant as the remains of an international cargo ship. The Newfield collection is historically significant for representing aspects of Victoria’s shipping history and its association with the shipwreck.

Photo album - Photographs of New Zealand Scenery, 1886

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

Large green album containing numerous B/W original photographs of New Zealand, especially volcanos. - Includes Pink and White Terraces (no longer in existance). Photos were taken before and after volcanic eruption. A recent inclusion is article on the terraces by Federation University's George Hook and Stephen Carey.

Historical information

Before Mt Tarawera erupted, the Pink and White Terraces at Lake Rotomahana in New Zealand’s North Island, were considered one of the wonders of the world. Tourists came to soak in the thermal hot pools and view the marble-like terraces. Due to a volcanic eruption of Mt Tarawera On June 10 1886, between 108-120 people were killed and several settlements were destroyed. It also destroyed the world-famous Pink and White Terraces. The terraces became a crater over 100 metres deep. Within 15 years it filled with water, forming a much larger new Lake Rotomahana. The chain of craters at Waimangu became the site of many new geothermal features, including Waimangu Geyser, the largest in the world, and New Zealand’s largest hot spring, Frying Pan Lake. The Burton brothers (photographers), Alfred Burton was born in 1834 in Leicester and died in 1914 in Dunedin. His brother Walter Burton was born in 1836 and died in 1880. Many of the Burton Brothers' works and original equipment were collected by Dunedin photographer and historian Hardwicke Knight, and are now housed in the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa in Wellington. This album was donated to the Ballarat School of Mines Museum by James Oddie in 1887. (See Cat. No. 458, No. 1720) Alfred Burton was born in 1834 at Leicester and died at Dunedun, New Zealand, in 1914. Walter Burton was born in 1836, and died in 1889.

Inscriptions & Markings

Each photo has a caption.

Book - Old England: a pictorial museum of Regal, Ecclesiastical, Baronial, Municipal and Popular Antiquities

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

A large leather brown/gilt cover book with black leather bound and corners. 392 p. with coloured and b/w illustrations. It includes a table of contents of volume 1, 18 illuminated engraved (colour) plates, indexes to the engravings at the end of the book. 'Old England' gilt decoration on spine. The book shows how life was like in old England in regards to people, places, architecture and fashions, etc. from Roman times through to Industrial age. The book is published in two volumes, the book in hand contains volume 1 only.

Historical information

Charles Knight is an English publisher and author. He was born at Windsor in 1791, and died in 1873 at Addlestone, Surrey. This book covers the period of English history from pre Roman times to the Industrial age. It shows how life was like in old England in regards to people, places, architecture and fashions, etc. The book contains 1000's of wonderful engravings, hand coloured plates beside 100's of pages of text contained in one volume.

Inscriptions & Markings

A plate inside front cover titled "Ballarat Technical Art School Library No. R/170"

Gallipoli Visitor Welcome Pack 2011

Conservation Volunteers, Mount Helen

This is a visitor welcome pack distributed by CVA volunteers to visitors prior to the Anzac Dawn service and other commemorations. It contains three publications, a poncho in the evcent of rain, a rubbish bag and a pin.

Historical information

Annually since 2006 the Australian Department of Veterans Affairs has invited CVA to arrange a group of volunteers from Australia and New Zealand to travel to Gallipoli as part of the management of the Anzac Day Remembrance event. Announcing the 2011 visit the Commonwealth Minister, Warren Snowdon, said the contribution of volunteers on the ground at Gallipoli is highly valued. “Volunteers are very dedicated. They fund their way there and assist with a range of activities, including site preparation, crowd liaison and the distribution of visitor information packs,” he said. Volunteers appreciate this opportunity to both attend a place significant to many Australians and also to make a contribution to the safe and harmonious running of it. “I would like to thank CVA for the privileged of being involved in the Gallipoli program and would highly recommend it.” Volunteer Jennie, Newcastle NSW Since 2006 CVA group assisted at the ANZAC Day dawn service and at other remembrance The original idea was Garry Snowden's. Garry has a personal interest in WW1. On his second private trip to Gallipoli he noted there was too much litter around the commemorative sites and he had the idea of involving volunteers to play a role in providing a clean environment for visitors. The idea was raised with the Federal Govt (how was this done?). In 2005 there was bad publicity regarding behaviour of visitors and the amount of litter left and the Commonwealth Department of Veterans’ Affairs (DVA) reviewed its management strategy for the event. As an integral part of the strategy CVA was engaged to recruit a group of volunteers who would attend at their own cost, assist the clean up the environs of the main sites prior to Anzac Day while doing orientation and personal sightseeing, and welcome visitors and give them an information pack including a litter bag (see photographs attached. The volunteers do NOT clean up afterwards: that is rightly the work of Turkish contractors.

Significance

Gallipoli is an iconic site for many Australians and New Zealanders and CVA provides this magnificent opportunity for volunteers to contribute effectively.

Inscriptions & Markings

Gallipoli, Gelibolu 2007

book - A Mallee kid with the Flying Sword

Wycheproof & District Historical Society Inc., Wycheproof

A hard covered blue book with gold inscription. Contents describe the author's overseas service in World War II. Two final chapters are the End of the War and Reflections.

Historical information

W.M. Matheson 409169 F/LT who lives at Wycheproof, relates his wartime experiences as a Flying Officer - William "Murdoch" Matheson made 194 operational flights and his accounts of missions and descriptions of different locations are interesting.

Significance

An autobiographical account of service with the Royal Auxiliary Air Force in World War II.

Inscriptions & Markings

The Wycheproof Historical Society/With Best Wishes/Murdoch/409169 F/LT MATHESON WILLIAM MURDOCH

Print - HMS Susan

4th/19th Prince of Wales's Light Horse Regiment Unit History Room, Macleod

Framed reproduction of painting of HMS Susan. Wood frame, glass front

Historical information

HMS Susan sailed from the Port of London on the 23rd September 1835. She carried 394 male convicts and a guard of officers and 30 rank and file of the 28th (North Gloucestershire) regiment, arriving in Sydney on 8th February 1836. Samuel Windridge, who was born in Warwickshire in 1817, was a Private in the Regiment on board the ‘Susan’. He served in various places: Sydney, Moreton Bay (Brisbane) and Port Phillip (Melbourne). He was discharged from the Regiment in 1842 with the rank of Sergeant. After his marriage he settled in Victoria and by 1852 he was often in charge of the gold escort from Bendigo. In 1854 he retired from the Gold Commission and settled in Kyneton. In 1860 the Kyneton Mounted Rifle Corps was formed with Samuel Windridge as one of its earliest members. In 1862 the ladies of Kyneton presented a standard to the Rifle Corps. In 1976 the Shire of Kyneton presented the Kyneton Colours to the 4th/19th Prince of Wales’s Light Horse Regiment Museum. In 1862 the whole of the Victorian Horse was amalgamated into one Regiment: The Prince of Wales Light Horse. Samuel Windridge rose to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel in the Kyneton Troop of the regiment. He died in 1896, aged 79 years, This painting is a gift from his Great Grand-daughters Mrs Mary Hopper and Miss Jean Baldwin.

Inscriptions & Markings

A V Gregory on proper left bottom corner of print On bottom right of print: H.M.S Susan 'Southward of the Cape' Arrived in Sydney Feby 1836

Medal Set (set of 3)

Frankston RSL Sub Branch, Frankston

Set of WW1 medals issued to T. R. Cook, note DCM + MM not included. 1) The 1914-1915 Star. Awarded for service on the establishment of a ship or unit in a theatre of war. A member awarded the 1914 Star could not be awarded the 1914-15 Star (this award). 2) British War Medal. Awarded for service as follows: • Navy - for 28 days mobilised service or to those who lost their lives in active operations before completing that period, between 5 August 1914 and 11 November 1918. • Army and Air Force - entry into a theatre of war on duty, or who left places of residence and rendered approved overseas service between 5 August 1914 and 11 November 1918. • Mercantile Marine - at least six months service between 5 August 1914 and 11 November 1918. 3) The Victory medal. Awarded for service as follows: • Navy - those who were mobilised and rendered approved service either at sea between 5 August 1914 and 11 November 1918 or on the establishment of a unit within a theatre of military operations. • Army - those who served on the establishment of a unit in a theatre of war. • Air Force - those who served on the establishment of a unit in a theatre of war outside the UK, served with an operational unit in the UK or overseas and had been actively engaged against the enemy, been employed in flying new aircraft to France or served on the complement of aircraft-carrying ships. A member Mentioned in Dispatches for service during World War 1 wears a bronze oak leaf on the ribbon. Only one emblem is worn no matter how many times a member may have been 'mentioned'

Historical information

Thomas Richard Cook Service number: 1732 Rank: Private Roll title: 1 Infantry Battalion - 1 to 8 Reinforcements (December 1914 - August 1915) Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918 Date of embarkation: 10 April 1915 Place of embarkation: Sydney Ship embarked on: HMAT Argyllshire Ship number: A8

Inscriptions & Markings

1) 1914-15 Star: Star with crown on top, with crossed swords, embossed with "1914-15" on obverse side, "1768/ Gnr T R Cook/ 1/Bn. A.I.F." 2)King George head and mounted warrioir on obverse. 3)Winged Brittania and obverse "The Great/war for/civilisation/1914-1919"

"POOWONG HOME" sheet music - "POOWONG HOME"

Poowong Historical Group, Poowong

Original Sheet Music of "Poowong Home" composed by Gladys Sandlant published ? by L.F. Collin Pty. Ltd. Melbourne.

Inscriptions & Markings

Donated to Poowong Historical Group by C Hartnell

Kitbag

Frankston RSL Sub Branch, Frankston

Kitbag, RAAF grey canvas, with white cord, circa World War 2, certificate of service attached under images for Flight Lietutenant Jack Ware Cornish, 409295

Historical information

Issued to Flight Lieutenant JACK WARE CORNISH, 409295, Royal Australian Air Force. Copy of certificate of service attached in Images section

Inscriptions & Markings

RAAF 409295

McDonald's Track Trek 5 April 2010 File - McDonald's Track

Poowong Historical Group, Poowong

4 page overview of the McDonald's Track Trek 5 April 2010. Includes a map and an historical description of the track construction and the Trek notes by Rex Motton.

Land Title Amy Burchett and James Stroud Burchett

Poowong Historical Group, Poowong

Land Title Amy Burchett and James Stroud Burchett 12 January 1903 4 pages

Inscriptions & Markings

2538/507545 LT L/H 3 Part of CA No. 7 Parish of Poowong

Mortlake Dispatch - Photograph

Mortlake and District Historical Society, Mortlake

Black and White photgraph

Historical information

In 1880, when the Mortlake Dispatch printing office moved from A. S. Stewart's General Store in Officer Street to the site shown in this photgraph, the Editor William Manson and his wife and two daughters lived in the house on right side of the photgraph, William Manson continued from here as editor and printer of the newspaper with his daughter selling newspaper and magazines from the front shop until his death in 1903,after which his son William John took over as editor until his own death in 1910. His mother Mary carried on the business with the help of her two daughters and in 1910 she appointed William John Bray of the Port Fairy Gazette as the editor of the Mortlake Dispatch. Willam Bray or Bill as he was affectionately known married one of the Manson daughters, (Mary Swinton Manson) and the Manson family continued to own the newspaper until the death of Mary Manson Snr in 1928 when it was purchased by Bill Bray. When the shop and building were demolished in about 1938 William Bray moved his printing works and news shop further up Dunlop Street.

Significance

The Mortlake Dispatch was printed on this site for 58 years firstly by William Manson, then his son and then William Bray

Oral History Transcript - Myrtle Barnett 19/2/1996

Greensborough Historical Society, Lower Plenty

Links: 00024:00741 Transcript of Oral History. Myrtle Barnett (1915- ), fostered daughter of Caroline and Ferdinand Barnett of Lower Plenty. Interviewed by Peter Blackbourn on 19th Feb 1996. Copy 2: Item 741.

Historical information

Oral history. Myrtle Barnett ( 1915- ) fostered daughter of Caroline & Ferdinand Barnett; Lower Plenty. 19 Feb 1996.

Oral History Transcript - John Finn, interviewed 1995

Greensborough Historical Society, Lower Plenty

Transcript of oral history, told by John Finn on 26th September 1995. Interviewed by Peter Blackbourn. One A4 page.

Historical information

John Finn 1909-1999. Eliza Jane Finn (Stock) 1889-1980. Thomas William Finn. Marble Hall, Greensborough.

Significance

Connects the Finn and Stock families and relates their life in Greensborough in the early 20th century.

Oral History Transcript - Jean Huggett (Barnett) and Eadie Barnett (Alexander)

Greensborough Historical Society, Lower Plenty

Oral History of Jean Huggett (Barnett) 1913-2004; and, Eadie Barnett(Alexander) 1914-200. Interviewed and compiled by Peter Blackbourn.

Historical information

Lower Plenty. Rosanna Golf Club. Barnett family.

Significance

Stories of childhood in the Greensborough area

Clock

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

This 1864 hall clock originates from the Warrnambool Post Office. The clock glass is hinged to the top of the clock face and has a catch at the bottom. The metal rim of the glass is painted black. The clock face is metal, painted white, with black Roman numerals and markings for minutes and five minutes. The tip of the small hour hand is shaped like a leaf. "T. GAUNT / MELBOURNE" is printed in black on the clock face. The winding key hole is just below the centre of the clock face. The key winds a fusee chain mechanism, attached to the brass mainspring barrel that powers the pendulum with an 8-day movement. The speed of the clock can be adjusted by changing the position of the weight on the pendulum, lengthening or shortening the swing; raising the pendulum shortens its swing and speeds up the clock. The metal fusee mechanism has an inscription on it. The rectangular wooden casing is with a convex curve at the bottom that has a hinged door with a swivel latch. The original stained surface has been painted over with a matte black. There are two other doors that also allow access to the clock’s workings. The case fits over the pendulum and workings at the rear and attaches to the clock by inserting four wooden pegs into holes in the sides of the case then into the back of the clock. A flat metal plate has been secured by five screws onto the top of the case and a hole has been cut into it for the purpose of hanging up the clock. There is a nail inside the case, possibly used for a place to the key.

Historical information

Time within Victorian towns varied until the early 1890’s, often being set locally in accordance with the sun’s zenith or highest point at midday. In the early 1890’s the separate colonies agreed to establish 3 standard time zones, based on the times at set meridians. In 1895 Eastern Standard Time was adopted. Warrnambool’s Post Office was in existence since 1857, when it was situated on the corner of Timor and Gilles Street. In March 1864 the Warrnambool Borough Council purchased this clock from Henry Walsh Jnr. for the sum of £25, “to be put up in front of the Post Office”. (Henry Walsh Jnr was the eldest son of Melbourne’s Henry Walsh maker of clocks, watches, thermometers and jewellery. In 1854 Henry Walsh Jnr. began business in Warrnambool as a watchmaker and jeweller. He later became a councillor and a local street has been named after him.) The Post Office was extensively remodelled in 1875-76. Early photographs of this building show that the clock was installed on the northern outside wall, Timor Street, under the arches and between the 2 centre windows, where it could be seen by passers-by. Although spring loaded clocks date back to the 15th century, and fob and pocket watches evolving from these date to the 17th century, personal pocket watches were only affordable to the very fortunate. Public clocks such as this Post Office clock provided opportunity for all to know the time, and for those in possession of a personal watch to check and set their own timepieces to the correct time. Wrist watches became affordable and popular in the early 20th century. It appears from photographs that the Clock was removed from its position during the 1970’s when the Post Office extensions at the rear of the building and renovations took place.

Significance

The Warrnambool Post Office is listed on the National Heritage Database, ID 15656. Built in 1857 it is one of the oldest postal facilities in Australia and one of the first purpose-built Post Offices. It was extensively renovated in 1876, displaying strong Italianate features. Further renovations were carried out in 1910 when a single-storied western wing was added. In the 1970’s a red brick wing was added to the rear of the building and it seems that the Clock was removed from its position at this time. The Warrnambool Post Office still serves as a prominent place of business to the community. It is significant as one of the rare 19th Century post office still under the ownership of Australia Post. The Warrnambool Post Office was a major public facility and a significant place for the local community. The Clock at the Post Office enabled all local citizens access to accurate time. The Clock’s maker, T. Gaunt, was historically significant at a state level. His business was established business in Melbourne in 1858 and was ‘the only watchmaker in the Australian colonies’ in those early days. In the 1870’s and 1880’s he won many awards for his clocks and was responsible for sending time signals to other clocks in the city and rural areas, enabling many clocks to give accurate time each day.

Inscriptions & Markings

"T. GAUNT MELBOURNE" is printed on the clock face. “6 1 3” embossed on the back of the fusee mechanism behind the clock.

Oral History Transcript - Life at Willis Vale

Greensborough Historical Society, Lower Plenty

Links: 00030:00447:01637 3 page History of the Partington Family's life at 'Willis Vale' homestead in Greensborough during the early 20th Century. Includes b&w photos.

Historical information

The Partington family farmed the property known as Willis Vale in the early 20th century. In this article Faye Fort (nee Partington) recalls life in Greensborough.

Significance

Historical reference to the property 'Willis Vale' and its eventual destruction. Describes family relationships within the Partington family.

Inscriptions & Markings

Includes Partington family photos

Helmet, Flying

Frankston RSL Sub Branch, Frankston

An RAAF 'B' type leather flying helmet as issued during World War 2 and used during the late 1940s and early 1950s period. It is made of dark brown leather with a dark yellow suede inner lining. It has a khaki coloured webbing chinstrap. It also includes a head set.

Inscriptions & Markings

The reference number, stamped in white, is on each headphone. 'REF No 10A/13466'

Newsletter - Greensborough Historical Society Newsletter. Issue 1. August 2010 -

Greensborough Historical Society, Lower Plenty

Text, black and white and colour photos, tables..Pagination varies. Filed in folder, with index to major articles.

Historical information

Historical articles, news and activities of Greensborough Historical Society Inc., published from August 2010 (Edition 1) - . Later issues available on Society website or from Resource Centre.

Schedule Booklet, horticultural prizes - "1879 Schedule of Prizes Brighton Horticultural Society"

City of Moorabbin Historical Society (Operating the Box Cottage Museum), Ormond

Booklet with mauve paper cover and 16 pages listing the Schedule of prizes for the 1879 annual exhibition of the Brighton Horticultural Society to be held in Brighton, Victoria.

Historical information

This booklet from 1879 was given to the Moorabbin Historical Society when the Robert Keys Leader Cup Trophy, 1882-1883 was re-discovered at 'Box Cottage' Museum in 2009. The Leader Cup Trophy, MAV 00001, is also itemised in this booklet (p9) The Leader Newspaper offered the 'Silver Cup, value Five Guineas for the best fruit garden in the Brighton District. The Proprietors of the English, Scottish and Australian Chartered Bank offered an second prize of three Guineas Commencing in 1856, the Brighton Horticultural Society only disbanded in 2009, and most of their archival holdings were given to the Brighton Historical Society. This booklet gives a good idea of the large varieties of plants, poultry and the skills of the pioneer settlers of the Brighton District.

Significance

This Booklet describes the Schedule of Prizes for the 1879 Grand Annual Exhibition of the Brighton Horticultural Society in Brighton Victoria. The Booklet was donated to the Moorabbin Historical Society in 2009 upon the disbanding of the Brighton Horticultural Society..at that time. The Moorabbin Historical Society possesses the 1882 'Leader Cup Trophy' (cat 00001) presented to Robert Keys for the best Fruit Garden. This booklet is kept in the same cabinet as the Robert Key's Silver Trophy. After Henry Dendy's Special Survey in 1841 allotments of land were sold or rented to pioneer settlers who developed market gardens , fruit gardens and poultry farms in the Brighton area. Their produce was sold at the St Kilda and Melbourne Markets for the growing population of Melbourne

Inscriptions & Markings

"1879/ SCHEDULE OF PRIZES/OFFERED FOR COMPETITION BY THE/ BRIGHTON HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY,/ AT THEIR/ GRAND ANNUAL EXHIBITION/ OF / ROSES,/ CUT FLOWERS, POT PLANTS,/ FRUITS, VEGETABLES,/ POULTRY, PRODUCE, &c.,/TO BE HELD IN THE/ ARTILLERY PARADE GROUND, CRESCENT, / BRIGHTON,/ Near the North Brighton Railway Station, / ON / SATURDAY, 8th NOVEMBER, 1879./ ADMISSION 1s. / Doors open at 2 o'clock. / Brighton: / G. H. ORFORD, MACHINE PRINTER, NEXT NORTH BRIGHTON STATION. / 1879 ;

Advertisement - Greensborough Hotel Advertisement 1933-34

Greensborough Historical Society, Lower Plenty

2 pages from a Victorian Railways travel journal. Advertisement for Greensborough Hotel 1933-34. Photocopy from original journal.

Historical information

An advertisement for Greensborough Hotel in the town of "Greensborough, picturesque township on the Plenty River, 13 miles from Melbourne."

Significance

Photograph show the "new brick building with all modern conveniences'. Greensborough in the 1930s was a popular spot for picnics and holidays.

PROPOSED RAILWAY TO POOWONG. 1881 - PROPOSED RAILWAY TO POOWONG.

Poowong Historical Group, Poowong

Poowong North-last church service 1970

Poowong Historical Group, Poowong

This rather poor copy was scanned from what appears to be the minister's original typed copy. Mrs Ailsa Attenborough had kept it and was at this final service as organist, 12th July 1970. The minister for the day was the Methodist minister Rev. Norman Higgitt? who lived in 'The Parsonage' 38 Nyora Road Poowong with his wife Lettie. This document along with all the Loch Poowong Uniting church parish achives are about to be sorted and sent to the Uniting Church archives in Melbourne where they will be housed appropriately and can be accessed by the public.

Exercise book

Ballarat Clarendon College, Ballarat

Exercise book section ; unlined pages; cover missing

Historical information

This exercise book was located in the roof cavity above the Ballarat College Boys Boarding House during 1976 - 1994. At various times during these dates boy boarder would access the roof cavity and sign the book. It was retrieved around 2000 when work on the roof would have compromised its safe-keeping. The book's existence was known of by the then Boarding House Master, Denis Moneghetti.

Inscriptions & Markings

Signatures on every page

Manuscript - Greensborough at Intervals by D Medhurst

Greensborough Historical Society, Lower Plenty

48 x A4 pages. Photocopy of handwritten manuscript. Bound in plastic cover.

Historical information

Traces the changes to the area around Greensborough from the earliest days of white settlement to 1935.

Significance

A personal memoir of the early days of settlement in the Greensborough district by a member of one of the pioneering families.

Inscriptions & Markings

By D. Medhurst - added in pencil by Faye Fort: "Annie May's father, Faye's great grandfather"