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Victorian Collections -

Breaking the Mould: The first police women in Victoria

30 Oct 2017

An account of the first police women in Victoria.

Curated By

Rachael Cottle, Volunteer, Victoria Police Museum

79954 items with images

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79954 items with images

Postcard

Wangaratta RSL Sub Branch, Wangaratta

Colour postcard with a scene of two monkeys, a pig and set of scales. One monkey is wearing a jockey's cap and carrying a saddle and whip. No message on back.

Historical information

From the album of WWI soldier William West (1268) of the 29 Infantry Battalion, 5th Pioneers Battalion. This collection of postcards, photographs and clippings were sent between William and his family and loved ones during the years he was on active service. See also 207 and 220.

Inscriptions & Markings

Front: "Gran'pop weighs in for the derby."

April 1959 Finalists Dinner 1962: Guests - Miss Jane Beverley, Matron J M Langham & Sister Porter, tutor

Ballarat Base Hospital Trained Nurses League,

Photo

Racquet & cover

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

A Donnay 'Allwood' tennis racquet and vinyl racquet head cover with zip. Materials: Wood, Plastic, Adhesive tape, Leather, Nylon, Fibreglass, Vinyl

Photograph

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

Black & white photograph of a large shed (possibly tram depot) with a group of trams out front.

Image

Vision Australia,

Col. photograph of Brian Naylor.

Historical information

Brian Naylor stands behind a podium on stage as he hosts an undated Carols by Candlelight performance.

Strapping Spreader for Sliding Traction

Ballarat Base Hospital Trained Nurses League,

Wooden

Photograph - HMVS Victoria

Port Fairy Historical Society , Port Fairy

Black & white photograph

Historical information

Victoria (580 tons) was the first warship to be built in England for a British colony. Designed by the British naval architect Oliver Lang she was launched in London on 30 June 1855 by Lady Constance Talbot. Arrived in Australia 1856. Out of service 1882 and broken up in 1895 Visited Port Fairy 1859, 1862 and 1873 (twice)

Significance

First warship to be built in England for a British colony.

PHOTOGRAPH

Clunes Museum, Clunes

SEPIA PHOTOGRAPH OF WOODEN HOUSE IRON ROOF. BRICK CHIMNEY ON LEFT SIDE. SURROUNDED BY PICKET FENCE - STEPS LEADING UP TO GATE. GENTLEMAN STANDINGAT BASE OF STEPS. FORREST ON RIGHT HAND SIDE.

Historical information

EARLY MINER'S COTTAGE

Pamphlet - Carding Sets for Felt Wadding

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Pamphlet for Carding Sets for Felt Wadding by Befama Bielska Fabryka Maszyn Wlokienniczych; sole exporters: Metalexport, Warsaw, Poland, c.1950.

Historical information

"Carding Sets for Felt Wadding" - Befama Bielska Fabryka Maszyn Wlokienniczych; sole exporters: Metalexport, Warsaw, Poland, c.1950.

Document - Constitution

Old Castlemaine Schoolboys Association Inc., CASTLEMAINE

Nutcracker

Friends of Westgarthtown, Thomastown

Hinged, electro-plated steel nutcracker with two identical arms on short link. Flat, squared sections near hinge with rows of four indentations on each side. Arms rounded with turned grip rings, pointed at end.

Inscriptions & Markings

No visible markings

Photograph

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

B/w photo shows a jetty with people and a building behind. Several boats are visible. Typed Label: "City Rowing Shed ....?.... ....?....day morning a....?....October 28th 1950". Mounted on piece of a lithograph & cardboard between.

Book - I.C.S. Reference Library No. 65

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Historical information

"I.C.S. Reference library no. 65: wool, wool washing, wool drying, burring and carbonizing, opening and mixing, wool oils and oiling, woollen carding, woollen spinning"; International Correspondence Schools Ltd, 1905.

Booklet - Course Leaders Handbook and Hearing Problems in a Group Situation

Vicdeaf, East Melbourne

White A4 Binder with Booklets: Course Leaders Handbook with assessments, 3 copies; Hearing Problems in a Group Situation, 2 copies

Historical information

Hearing Problems in a Group Situation a Hearing Education and Rehabilitation Programme compiled by students and printed at The Lincoln Institute 1976

Report - Report on the Little Bendigo or Nerrina Gold-Field, Ballarat, 1901

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

Blue soft covered book. Includes Contour plan of the Little Bendigo Goldfield

Music Book - Choral Praise, 217 Tunes and Anthems

Coal Creek Community Park & Museum, Korumburra

Music book - blue cloth cover with black embossed leaf pattern on the top and bottom. Text on cover: Choral Praise - 217 Tunes and Anthems. Edited by John Burnham, Complete Volume. First and third lines printed in gold, second and fourth lines printed in black. Text on spine: Choral Praise - Complete Volume. The publisher is W. Nicholson & Sons, LTD. The book is constructed from cardboard and paper.

Wallpaper - from 'Reno', St John's Parade

Kew Historical Society Inc, Kew

Wallpaper fragment from ‘Reno’. These two samples of light brown Victorian-period wallpaper were overprinted with flowers and leaves that are outlined in maroon. Flowers and foliage are painted in blue of varying intensity, giving the impression of being hand painted. The style of this wallpaper would have been suited to a bedroom or drawing room.

Historical information

Comparatively few weatherboard houses in Kew survived from the early years of settlement into the second half of the 20th century. One such property was ‘Reno’, which once stood on the east side of St John’s Parade. Its earliest recorded owner was the architect Samuel Cocking who lived there from c.1865 until his death in 1888. The original landholding was bordered by Cotham Road, Glenferrie Road, Wellington Street, and Charles Street. The southern portion of this land included a fine orchard, with many imported trees. The old summer house, at first in the orchard, was later removed to the house garden. The MMBW Detail Plan No.1576 (1904) shows the remaining portion of the original land holding, including a semi-circular pathway at the front, and garden features such as an aviary, a fountain and grotto, and a fernery. None of these are apparent in photographs dating from the 1960s, where the garden, which once included rare plants provided by Baron Von Mueller, surrounds the cottage in a tangled frenzy. Despite a ‘local significance’ classification by the National Trust, the house was demolished in 1971.

Aperture Card microfilm - Parish Schedule Chiltern

Rutherglen Historical Society, Rutherglen

card with a single microfilm insert

Historical information

Parish Schedule of Chiltern

Photograph - Mrs Ellis Jeeves, nee Eliza Hand

Mt Dandenong & District Historical Society Inc., Mt Dandenong

Mrs Eliza Jeeves, wife of Ellis Jeeves, one of six daughters of Thomas Hand and Eliza Hand, nee Erith. Proprietor of Mountjoy Guest-house. Pictured outside Mountjoy.

Contract

Port Melbourne Historical & Preservation Society, Port Melbourne

Handwritten contract of supply of gas to Port Melbourne 1886 - South suburban Gas Company Limited.

Inscriptions & Markings

Blind embossed company seal.

Badge - NEW CLEAR FREE

Museum of Australian Democracy at Eureka (M.A.D.E) , Ballarat

Badge. Round with metal backing. Yellow background with blue map of New Zealand depicting the North Island as a head with long arms grasping at the South Island, depicted as a body. Peace symbol. Blue text: "NEW CLEAR FREE". Produced as part of New Zealand's nuclear free zone - legislation introduced in 1987.

Historical information

Belonged to Jo Vallentine who made history in 1984 when she was elected to the Australian Senate as the worlds first single-issue peace politician.

Inscriptions & Markings

"NEW CLEAR FREE". On reverse on paper label: SUPPORT NEW ZEALAND'S NUCLEAR WEAPON FREE ZONE. For Information Write: Box 18541 Christchurch N.Z."

Scale and weights

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Platform Scale with four weights and weight holder, green and black, has wheels. Manufactured in Melbourne by Fairway Scale Company.

Manufactured Objects, buttons, metal filigree

City of Moorabbin Historical Society operating the Box Cottage Museum, Ormond

6x square metal buttons with filigree design and attachment loop at back

Photo of Oliver Gilpin - Oliver Gilpin

Coal Creek Community Park & Museum, Korumburra

A photo of Oliver Gilpin in a cream oval frame

Pennant

Geelong Cycling Club, Geelong

Triangular Pennant in blue felt trimmed with white felt. Wording regarding event and winners is embossed in white over the navy blue felt.

Historical information

Amateurs during this period were strong. Ian Wood had won a schoolboys championship. This pennant charts his progress.

Significance

Record of strength of Juniors in the Club

Inscriptions & Markings

"VACU/Junior Road/Premiership 1971/Won by Geelong/I Wood/P McKinnon/M Allen/K Salmon"

Painting: David ARMFIELD (b.1923 Melb AUS - d. 2010 Melb AUS) - Untitled (beach)

Nillumbik Shire Council,

Oil on canvas, Norman Bay at Wilsons Promontory where Tidal River meets the sea. The pink and purple sky reflects on the sea and suggests sunset, the sand appears russet in the afternoon light. As is indicative of Armfield's seascapes, groups and figures populate the beach. A couple embrace in the foreground, people walk along the beach, wade in the water. There is a lack of beach paraphernalia.

Historical information

David Armfield was an internationally renowned local artist. He studied at RMIT; NGV School in the 1940's. He worked for newspapers until 1965 when he resigned to paint full-time. He travelled extensively in Europe and lived and painted in Italy for considerable periods. His low-keyed, tightly painted land and seascapes are often populated with small figures. Armfield's works are represented in major public collections across Australia eg. NGV and are held in private collections. He won the 1980 Eltham Art Prize and was presented with the winner's cheque by former Prime Minister, Gough Whitlam.

Inscriptions & Markings

In mauve paint, lower right signature: 'D. Armfield'

Photograph

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

Black and White photograph of the Ballarat Football Club season 1951. Names listed "Litchfield, Wood, Watson, Sarah, Stewart, Berry, Mason, Davis, Stevens, Bettles, Hunt, Edlund, Blundell, Cottoon, Cleary, Traill, Glover, Whykes, Edward, Oliver, Eddy.

Post card - Catholic Church, Corowa

Rutherglen Historical Society, Rutherglen

Black and white post card photograph of a church with white picket fence.

Inscriptions & Markings

Across top of photograph: "Greetings From Corowa"

Page from Magazine

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

The back cover of a magazine advertising Shredded Ralston cereal, endorsed by Bill Tilden. Materials: Paper, Ink

needle

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A large metal needle with leather thonging and hole through the middle. Used for sewing up wheat, corn bags.

Historical information

Used for closing sacks - probably corn or wheat sacks.

Photograph

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

1. Colour photograph of front of Charles Grayden's Business Card. Map of Phillip Island in the background. 2. Colour photograph of back of Charles Grayden's Business Card.

Historical information

Two of a collection of 6 photographs donated by Anne Grayden. First photograph "Registration" No. 199-05 Second Photograph "Registration" No. 199-06

Inscriptions & Markings

1. On Front: Telephone Cowes 61 - Cowes Pioneer Motor Service - Personally Conducted Tours to all Beauty Spots - Chas. Grayden, Proprietor - [over On Back: Business Card of Charles Grayden 1925 - 1936. 2. On Front: Personally Conducted Tours to all Beauty Spots including Nobbies & Summerland Surfing Beach, Newhaven, Forrest's Caves & Rhyll. Evening Trips to Mutton Bird & Penguin Rookeries. Agents for Ideal Summerland. Booking Office, opposite Pier, near Koala Cafe.

Photograph - Swell at South Beach

Port Fairy Historical Society , Port Fairy

Swell at South Beach

Photograph - Black and White - The City of Ballarat Band, 1923

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

A Black and White Photograph of a Brass Band with instruments. Included in the photograph are four gentlemen and a young boy sitting on the floor. It appears they are in a Concert Hall. The band is the City of Ballarat Band and Frank Wright can been seen in the centre front row.

Historical information

Frank Wright was a renown resident of Smeaton, where he was born on 2 August 1901. He lived at Laura Villa, and attended Smeaton State School. His father William was a gold miner and his mother's name was Sarah. Their family won many singing and instrumental awards. Frank was tutored by Percy Code and was awarded a gold medal for the highest marks in the ALCM examinations in the British Colonies at the age of seventeen years. He became the Australian Open Cornet Champion by the age of eighteen. A year later, Frank conducted the City of Ballarat Band, and later the Ballarat Soldiers’ Memorial Band. He formed the Frank Wright Frisco Band and Frank Wright and his Coliseum Orchestra. These bands won many South Street awards, and Frank as conductor won many awards in the Australian Band Championship contest. In 1933 Frank Wright sailed to England to conduct the famous St Hilda’s Band and was later appointed Musical Director of the London County Council, where he organized many amazing concerts in parks, in and around the London district. He was made Professor of Brass and Military Band Scoring and conducted at the Guildhall of Music and Drama. Frank was often invited to adjudicate Brass Band Championships around Europe, in Australia, including South Street and in New Zealand. The Frank Wright Medal at the Royal South Street competition is awarded to an individual recognized as making an outstanding contribution to brass music in Australia.

Inscriptions & Markings

Brisbane 1923

Journal - Sheep Liaison Notes no. 9, Nov. 1959

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Historical information

"Sheep Liaison Notes" no. 9, Nov. 1959. 'Sheep Reproduction' issue. Produced by the Agricultural Research Liaison Section of CSIRO. Limited circulation publication produced for extension officers in State Departments.

Inscriptions & Markings

W.R. MONTGOMERY

Photograph

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

Black and white photograph in China from Arnott Rogers Collection showing village and paddi fields

Bottle - J. S Rowley

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a heavy glass bottle (no stopper) possibly used for hop bitters or ginger wine or some contents that had high efferverscent qualities. The bottle has a heavy indented base.

Historical information

The making of cordials and aerated waters was an important industry in Warrnambool from the time of the first settlement up to the 1980s. John Rowley was a prominent producer of aerated waters and cordials from 1868 to his death in 1893 (the Warrnambool Steam Aerated Works). He was known for his originality in the production of soft drinks and produced 20 varieties of drinks, including his own Henneberry Wine and Lime Fruit Champagne, both non-alcoholic. In the 1870s he was producing 600 dozen bottles a day and in the 1880s his cordial factory occupied half an acre of land and employed 13 people. He won many awards for his products at local Agricultural Shows.

Significance

Warrnambool cordial bottles are of considerable significance as examples of an important industry now gone. Rowley is a significant person in the history of 19th century Warrnambool industries and Rowley bottles are of considerable importance, especially this one, made for efferverscent drinks.

Inscriptions & Markings

Oval etching ‘J.S.,Rowley Warrnambool’ with ‘Trade Mark’ and monogram. ‘J.R.’ in the centre of the oval. ‘Made in France’ is at the bottom edge of the oval inscriptions.

Document - Miles Staunton Probate 1895

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a white piece of paper folded in two to make four pages. Three of the pages have ruled margins in red and there is handwritten material on four pages in black ink. There is no proper seal attached but there is a hand-drawn circular sketch representing the seal of the Supreme Court of Victoria. The document contains information on the Will and Probate of Miles Staunton of Koroit who died in 1898.

Historical information

Tait collection: item 46 of 62 This is a document giving details of the Will and Probate of Miles Staunton (called Miles Stanton in the Will and Myles Staunton in the official Victorian death records). He died at Tower Hill in 1898 at the age of 72. He was a farmer in the Koroit district and left real estate to the value of £2799 and personal estate to the value of £128. The chief beneficiaries were his wife and children. Miles Stanton was unable to write and signed his will with a cross. The lawyers involved, Fletcher and Mackay and Ernest Chambers, had legal offices in Warrnambool at the end of the 19th century. The document, with others, was passed down to successive lawyers occupying the legal premises in Kepler street (Fletcher and Mackay, later Mackay Taylor) and located in this building in 2014.

Significance

This document is of some interest as it gives details of the Will and Probate of Miles Staunton who was a 19th century farmer in the Koroit district.

Public Art: Lasting Memories Mosaic GROUP - Lasting Memories Mosaic Seat (Location: St.Andrews Hall, 1 Proctor Street, St. Andrews)

Nillumbik Shire Council,

A large concrete seat in the style of an organic chaise lounge covered in mosaic (broken tiles, glass, crockery and ceramics of all shapes and colour). The pieces have been placed to form pictures, words and patterns that tell and recount stories and memories of reflection, hope and love of a group of people who experienced the Black Saturday bushfires. (Click on links to view details of the seat)

Historical information

The 'Black Saturday' bushfires were a series of bushfires that ignited across the Australian state of Victoria on and around Saturday, 7 February 2009. It was Australia's worst ever natural disaster. The fires occurred during extreme bushfire-weather conditions and resulted in Australia's highest ever loss of life from a bushfire: 173 people died and 414 were injured as a result of the fires. For most women being part of the Lasting Memories Mosaic Group was a way of reconnecting to the area, friends and neighbours. As the months went by, the idea of creating a gift to the community together was born. The women wanted to artistically express their memories of what they had experienced. Creating a mosaic seat in the heart of St Andrews allowed the group to be 'in control' of building something from the ground up - a symbol of hope, recovery and renewal. All of their experiences and memories have been included into the seat design, which makes it so special. This mosaic seat is proudly positioned outside the St Andrews Hall, which is also the site for the St Andrews market held every Saturday throughout the year.

Significance

The Lasting Memories Mosaic group began this piece just after the Black Saturday fires in 2009. After the horrific fires ravaged through St Andrews and the surrounding areas, a group of bushfire affected ladies bravely came back to St Andrews to begin their healing in an artistic way. Each woman created something beautiful and meaningful, using remnants of crockery, glass, tiles and bricks salvaged from their own properties. This artworks identifies who they are and tells their personal 'life journey' and family heritage and memories of what they had experienced before, during and beyond Black Saturday. It is also an expression of their love for the St. Andrews area and the nature and people within it.

Hat - Winter Hat

Toorak College, Mount Eliza

Toorak College winter hat Navy blue hat with school hat band in blue red and gold. Centre front is school badge

Historical information

These hats were worn by Toorak students as part of the winter and summer uniform

Significance

Hat with prefect band

Inscriptions & Markings

Toorak College school motto 'In Labore Quies" is inscribed on the band centre

Photograph - Watsonia High School Staff 1989.

Greensborough Historical Society,

Colour school photograph of staff.

Historical information

Photograph of Watsonia High School staff 1989. The people are not named.

Postcard: "Happy Birthday"

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

Sepia with tinted colours postcard "Happy Birthday" greeting on front. "To Miss. Stevens, Ballarat from Lizzie".

Three Dolls

Seaworks Maritime Discovery Centre, Williamstown

One of three small decorative Asian, female dolls

Inscriptions & Markings

"PMA 0254"

Machine, Textile

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Grey textile machine with calibrated dial 0-230 kgs and graph stand, includes one electric motor.

Historical information

Manufactured by Scott Testers Inc, Builders, Providence R.I., USA. Model j serial no. C51150. Graph paper also produced by Scott Testers, Inc.

Book - Old Days Old Ways

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Old Days Old Ways A Book of Recollections Author: Mary Gilmore Publisher: Angus & Robertson Date: 1934

Historical information

This item is from the ‘Pattison Collection’, a collection of books and records that was originally owned by the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute, which was founded in Warrnambool in 1853. By 1886 the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute (WMI) had grown to have a Library, Museum and Fine Arts Gallery, with a collection of “… choice productions of art, and valuable specimens in almost every branch and many wonderful national curiosities are now to be seen there, including historic relics of the town and district.” It later included a School of Design. Although it was very well patronised, the lack of financial support led the WMI in 1911 to ask the City Council to take it over. In 1935 Ralph Pattison was appointed as City Librarian to establish and organise the Warrnambool Library as it was then called. When the WMI building was pulled down in 1963 a new civic building was erected on the site and the new Warrnambool Library, on behalf of the City Council, took over all the holdings of the WMI. At this time some of the items were separated and identified as the ‘Pattison Collection’, named after Ralph Pattison. Eventually the components of the WMI were distributed from the Warrnambool Library to various places, including the Art Gallery, Historical Society and Flagstaff Hill. Later some were even distributed to other regional branches of Corangamite Regional Library and passed to and fro. It is difficult now to trace just where all of the items have ended up. The books at Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village generally display stamps and markings from Pattison as well as a variety of other institutions including the Mechanics’ Institute itself. RALPH ERIC PATTISON Ralph Eric Pattison was born in Rockhampton, Queensland, in 1891. He married Maude Swan from Warrnambool in 1920 and they set up home in Warrnambool. In 1935 Pattison accepted a position as City Librarian for the Warrnambool City Council. His huge challenge was to make a functional library within two rooms of the Mechanics’ Institute. He tirelessly cleaned, cleared and sorted a disarrayed collection of old books, jars of preserved specimens and other items reserved for exhibition in the city’s museum. He developed and updated the library with a wide variety of books for all tastes, including reference books for students; a difficult task to fulfil during the years following the Depression. He converted all of the lower area of the building into a library, reference room and reading room for members and the public. The books were sorted and stored using a cataloguing and card index system that he had developed himself. He also prepared the upper floor of the building and established the Art Gallery and later the Museum, a place to exhibit the many old relics that had been stored for years for this purpose. One of the treasures he found was a beautiful ancient clock, which he repaired, restored and enjoyed using in his office during the years of his service there. Ralph Pattison was described as “a meticulous gentleman whose punctuality, floorless courtesy and distinctive neat dress were hallmarks of his character, and ‘his’ clock controlled his daily routine, and his opening and closing of the library’s large heavy doors to the minute.” Pattison took leave during 1942 to 1945 to serve in the Royal Australian Navy, Volunteer Reserve as Lieutenant. A few years later he converted one of the Museum’s rooms into a Children’s Library, stocking it with suitable books for the younger generation. This was an instant success. In the 1950’s he had the honour of being appointed to the Victorian Library Board and received more inspiration from the monthly conferences in Melbourne. He was sadly retired in 1959 after over 23 years of service, due to the fact that he had gone over the working age of council officers. However he continued to take a very keen interest in the continual development of the Library until his death in 1969.

Significance

The Pattison Collection, along with other items at Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, was originally part of the Warrnambool Mechanics' Institute’s collection. The Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute Collection is primarily significant in its totality, rather than for the individual objects it contains. Its contents are highly representative of the development of Mechanics' Institute libraries across Australia, particularly Victoria. A diversity of publications and themes has been amassed, and these provide clues to our understanding of the nature of and changes in the reading habits of Victorians from the 1850s to the middle of the 20th century. The collection also highlights the Warrnambool community’s commitment to the Mechanics’ Institute, reading, literacy and learning in the regions, and proves that access to knowledge was not impeded by distance. These items help to provide a more complete picture of our community’s ideals and aspirations. The Warrnambool Mechanics Institute book collection has historical and social significance for its strong association with the Mechanics Institute movement and the important role it played in the intellectual, cultural and social development of people throughout the latter part of the nineteenth century and the early twentieth century. The collection of books is a rare example of an early lending library and its significance is enhanced by the survival of an original collection of many volumes. The Warrnambool Mechanics' Institute’s publication collection is of both local and state significance.

Inscriptions & Markings

Label on spine cover with typed text R.A. 179 GIL Pastedown front endpaper has sticker from Corangamite Regional Library Service Front loose endpaper has a stamp from Warrnambool Public Library

Spoon

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Unrestored tea spoon from the wreck of the LOCH ARD. The spoon design has a flattened fiddle-back handle, with a thin stem or shank, flared collar, and elongated bowl. The spoons metallic composition is a thin layer of brass alloy which has partially corroded back to a nickel-silver base metal. Sediment covering 20% of spoon, Thinned and corroded and in poor condition overall. Outlines of makers marks are visible (Crown, Ellipse, Circle, Circle, Diamond).

Historical information

This tea spoon is from the wreck of the LOCH ARD, a Loch Line ship of 1,693 tons which sailed from Gravesend, London, on 2 March 1878 with 17 passengers and a crew of 36 under Captain George Gibbs. “The intention was to discharge cargo in Melbourne, before returning to London via the Horn with wool and wheat”. Instead, on 1 June 1878, after 90 days at sea, she struck the sandstone cliffs of Mutton Bird Island on the south west coast of Victoria, and sank with the loss of 52 lives and all her cargo. The manifest of the LOCH ARD listed an array of manufactured goods and bulk metals being exported to the Colony of Victoria, with a declared value of £53,700. (202 bills of lading show an actual invoice value of £68, 456, with insurance underwriting to £30,000 of all cargo). Included in the manifest is the item of “Tin hardware & cutlery £7,530”. This teaspoon is one of 482 similar items of electro-plated cutlery from the LOCH ARD site, comprising spoons and forks of various sizes but all sharing the same general shape or design and metallic composition. 49 of these pieces display a legible makers’ mark — the initials “W” and “P” placed within a raised diamond outline, which is in turn contained within a sunken crown shape — identifying the manufacturer as William Page & Co of Birmingham. An electroplater’s makers’ marks, unlike sterling silver hallmarks, are not consistent identifiers of quality or date and place of manufacture. A similar line of five impressions was usually made to impress the consumer with an implication of industry standards, but what each one actually signified was not regulated and so they varied according to the whim of the individual foundry. In this case, the maker’s marks are often obscured by sedimentary accretion or removed by corrosion after a century of submersion in the ocean. However sufficient detail has survived to indicate that these samples of electro-plated cutlery probably originated from the same consignment in the LOCH ARD’s cargo. The following descriptions of maker’s marks are drawn from 255 tea spoons, 125 dessert spoons, and 99 table forks. These marks are clearly visible in 66 instances, while the same sequence of general outlines, or depression shapes, is discernible in another 166 examples. 1. A recessed Crown containing a raised Diamond outline and the initials “W” and “P” (the recognised trademark of William Page & Co) 2. An impressed Ellipse containing a raised, pivoted, Triangle in its lower part and bearing a Resurrection Cross on its upper section (a possible dissenting church symbol reflecting religious affiliation); OR a rounded Square impression containing a raised, ‘lazy’, letter “B” (possibly mimicking sterling silver hallmark signifying city of manufacture i.e. Birmingham) 3. An impressed rounded Square filled with a raised Maltese Cross (the base metal composite of nickel silver was also known as ‘German silver’ after its Berlin inventors in 1823) 4. A recessed Circle containing a Crab or Scarab Beetle image; OR a recessed Circle containing a rotated ‘fleur de lys’ or ‘fasces’ design 5. A depressed Diamond shape enclosing a large raised letter “R” and a small raised letter “D” (mimicking the U.K. Patent Office stamp which abbreviated the term ‘registered’ to “RD”, but also included date and class of patent) Suggested trade names for William Page & Co’s particular blend of brass plating are ‘roman silver’ or ‘silverite’. This copper alloy polishes to a lustrous gold when new, discolouring to a murky grey with greenish hue when neglected. HISTORY OF THE LOCH ARD The LOCH ARD belonged to the famous Loch Line which sailed many ships from England to Australia. Built in Glasgow by Barclay, Curdle and Co. in 1873, the LOCH ARD was a three-masted square rigged iron sailing ship. The ship measured 262ft 7" (79.87m) in length, 38ft (11.58m) in width, 23ft (7m) in depth and had a gross tonnage of 1693 tons. The LOCH ARD's main mast measured a massive 150ft (45.7m) in height. LOCH ARD made three trips to Australia and one trip to Calcutta before its final voyage. LOCH ARD left England on March 2, 1878, under the command of Captain Gibbs, a newly married, 29 year old. She was bound for Melbourne with a crew of 37, plus 17 passengers and a load of cargo. The general cargo reflected the affluence of Melbourne at the time. On board were straw hats, umbrella, perfumes, clay pipes, pianos, clocks, confectionary, linen and candles, as well as a heavier load of railway irons, cement, lead and copper. There were items included that intended for display in the Melbourne International Exhibition in 1880. The voyage to Port Phillip was long but uneventful. At 3am on June 1, 1878, Captain Gibbs was expecting to see land and the passengers were becoming excited as they prepared to view their new homeland in the early morning. But LOCH ARD was running into a fog which greatly reduced visibility. Captain Gibbs was becoming anxious as there was no sign of land or the Cape Otway lighthouse. At 4am the fog lifted. A man aloft announced that he could see breakers. The sheer cliffs of Victoria's west coast came into view, and Captain Gibbs realised that the ship was much closer to them than expected. He ordered as much sail to be set as time would permit and then attempted to steer the vessel out to sea. On coming head on into the wind, the ship lost momentum, the sails fell limp and LOCH ARD's bow swung back. Gibbs then ordered the anchors to be released in an attempt to hold its position. The anchors sank some 50 fathoms - but did not hold. By this time LOCH ARD was among the breakers and the tall cliffs of Mutton Bird Island rose behind the ship. Just half a mile from the coast, the ship's bow was suddenly pulled around by the anchor. The captain tried to tack out to sea, but the ship struck a reef at the base of Mutton Bird Island, near Port Campbell. Waves broke over the ship and the top deck was loosened from the hull. The masts and rigging came crashing down knocking passengers and crew overboard. When a lifeboat was finally launched, it crashed into the side of LOCH ARD and capsized. Tom Pearce, who had launched the boat, managed to cling to its overturned hull and shelter beneath it. He drifted out to sea and then on the flood tide came into what is now known as LOCH ARD Gorge. He swam to shore, bruised and dazed, and found a cave in which to shelter. Some of the crew stayed below deck to shelter from the falling rigging but drowned when the ship slipped off the reef into deeper water. Eva Carmichael had raced onto deck to find out what was happening only to be confronted by towering cliffs looming above the stricken ship. In all the chaos, Captain Gibbs grabbed Eva and said, "If you are saved Eva, let my dear wife know that I died like a sailor". That was the last Eva Carmichael saw of the captain. She was swept off the ship by a huge wave. Eva saw Tom Pearce on a small rocky beach and yelled to attract his attention. He dived in and swam to the exhausted woman and dragged her to shore. He took her to the cave and broke open case of brandy which had washed up on the beach. He opened a bottle to revive the unconscious woman. A few hours later Tom scaled a cliff in search of help. He followed hoof prints and came by chance upon two men from nearby Glenample Station three and a half miles away. In a state of exhaustion, he told the men of the tragedy. Tom returned to the gorge while the two men rode back to the station to get help. By the time they reached LOCH ARD Gorge, it was cold and dark. The two shipwreck survivors were taken to Glenample Station to recover. Eva stayed at the station for six weeks before returning to Ireland, this time by steamship. In Melbourne, Tom Pearce received a hero's welcome. He was presented with the first gold medal of the Royal Humane Society of Victoria and a £1000 cheque from the Victorian Government. Concerts were performed to honour the young man's bravery and to raise money for those who lost family in the LOCH ARD disaster. Of the 54 crew members and passengers on board, only two survived: the apprentice, Tom Pearce and the young woman passenger, Eva Carmichael, who lost all of her family in the tragedy. Ten days after the LOCH ARD tragedy, salvage rights to the wreck were sold at auction for £2,120. Cargo valued at £3,000 was salvaged and placed on the beach, but most washed back into the sea when another storm developed. The wreck of LOCH ARD still lies at the base of Mutton Bird Island. Much of the cargo has now been salvaged and some was washed up into what is now known as LOCH ARD Gorge. Cargo and artefacts have also been illegally salvaged over many years before protective legislation was introduced. One of the most unlikely pieces of cargo to have survived the shipwreck was a Minton porcelain peacock - one of only seven in the world. The peacock was destined for the Melbourne International Exhibition in 1880. It had been well packed, which gave it adequate protection during the violent storm. Today, the Minton peacock can be seen at the Flagstaff Hill Maritime Museum in Warrnambool. From Australia's most dramatic shipwreck it has now become Australia's most valuable shipwreck artefact and is one of very few 'objects' on the Victorian State Heritage Register.

Significance

The LOCH ARD shipwreck is of State significance – Victorian Heritage Register S 417. Flagstaff Hill’s collection of artefacts from LOCH ARD is significant for being one of the largest collections of artefacts from this shipwreck in Victoria. It is significant for its association with the shipwreck, which is on the Victorian Heritage Register (VHR S417). The collection is significant because of the relationship between the objects, as together they have a high potential to interpret the story of the LOCH ARD. The LOCH ARD collection is archaeologically significant as the remains of a large international passenger and cargo ship. The LOCH ARD collection is historically significant for representing aspects of Victoria’s shipping history and its potential to interpret sub-theme 1.5 of Victoria’s Framework of Historical Themes (living with natural processes). The collection is also historically significant for its association with the LOCH ARD, which was one of the worst and best known shipwrecks in Victoria’s history.

Photograph - Public Works Street Maintenance, Gellibrand Street, Kew, 1970

Kew Historical Society Inc, Kew

Public Works Street Maintenance, Gellibrand Street, Kew, Company supplied photograph of measuring a tree root in Gellibrand Street.

Significance

The series from which the photograph is drawn provides a snapshot by a commercial photographic studio of specific street works in Kew as well as providing examples of public works infrastructure being commissioned by local government in the 1960s. The photos originally formed part of the Engineering Department's files in the City of Kew before being donated to the kew Historical Society.

Inscriptions & Markings

Inscribed above photo: "A tough dry root from a tree previously removed from alongside the drain. The root development inside the barrel had not caused the brick work to split. Gellibrand St. Drain 24.4.70." Company information: "General Descaling / Company / 1st Floor 66-68 Albert Road/ South Melbourne 3205 Victoria / Telephone 699 1455 / 699 1635."

NEWSPAPER CLIPS - CARDS

Bendigo RSL Military Museum, Bendigo

Brown cardboard piece, brown colour wit the following pasted on colour postcard featuring a soldier on a camel . B+W Cartoon of a soldier on a motorbike. Newspaper clip Re A.I.F Liberated P.O.W's from Germany includes W.FORBES. Small B+W inset paper photo of W.FORBES (missing) Newspaper clip re "Roy Rene" (mo) who is impersonated by W.Forbes in the P.O.W Camp in Germany.

Historical information

Re W. FORBES Refer notes 1101

Label, Blanket

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Historical information

Roll of Physician blanket labels.

Inscriptions & Markings

Physician chill-proof blanket extra super fine pure merino wool moth proof made in Australia

Preparations for Ranger's Hut Rockbeare Park 1980

Darebin Parklands Association, Alphington

Colour photograph.

Inscriptions & Markings

Annotated on back [Start of 1st Ranger's Hut Rockbeare Park 1980]

Book - The Watcher on The Cast-Iron Balcony

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

The Watcher on The Cast-Iron Balcony An Australian Autobiography Author: Hal Porter Publisher: Faber and Faber

Historical information

This item is from the ‘Pattison Collection’, a collection of books and records that was originally owned by the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute, which was founded in Warrnambool in 1853. By 1886 the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute (WMI) had grown to have a Library, Museum and Fine Arts Gallery, with a collection of “… choice productions of art, and valuable specimens in almost every branch and many wonderful national curiosities are now to be seen there, including historic relics of the town and district.” It later included a School of Design. Although it was very well patronised, the lack of financial support led the WMI in 1911 to ask the City Council to take it over. In 1935 Ralph Pattison was appointed as City Librarian to establish and organise the Warrnambool Library as it was then called. When the WMI building was pulled down in 1963 a new civic building was erected on the site and the new Warrnambool Library, on behalf of the City Council, took over all the holdings of the WMI. At this time some of the items were separated and identified as the ‘Pattison Collection’, named after Ralph Pattison. Eventually the components of the WMI were distributed from the Warrnambool Library to various places, including the Art Gallery, Historical Society and Flagstaff Hill. Later some were even distributed to other regional branches of Corangamite Regional Library and passed to and fro. It is difficult now to trace just where all of the items have ended up. The books at Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village generally display stamps and markings from Pattison as well as a variety of other institutions including the Mechanics’ Institute itself. RALPH ERIC PATTISON Ralph Eric Pattison was born in Rockhampton, Queensland, in 1891. He married Maude Swan from Warrnambool in 1920 and they set up home in Warrnambool. In 1935 Pattison accepted a position as City Librarian for the Warrnambool City Council. His huge challenge was to make a functional library within two rooms of the Mechanics’ Institute. He tirelessly cleaned, cleared and sorted a disarrayed collection of old books, jars of preserved specimens and other items reserved for exhibition in the city’s museum. He developed and updated the library with a wide variety of books for all tastes, including reference books for students; a difficult task to fulfil during the years following the Depression. He converted all of the lower area of the building into a library, reference room and reading room for members and the public. The books were sorted and stored using a cataloguing and card index system that he had developed himself. He also prepared the upper floor of the building and established the Art Gallery and later the Museum, a place to exhibit the many old relics that had been stored for years for this purpose. One of the treasures he found was a beautiful ancient clock, which he repaired, restored and enjoyed using in his office during the years of his service there. Ralph Pattison was described as “a meticulous gentleman whose punctuality, floorless courtesy and distinctive neat dress were hallmarks of his character, and ‘his’ clock controlled his daily routine, and his opening and closing of the library’s large heavy doors to the minute.” Pattison took leave during 1942 to 1945 to serve in the Royal Australian Navy, Volunteer Reserve as Lieutenant. A few years later he converted one of the Museum’s rooms into a Children’s Library, stocking it with suitable books for the younger generation. This was an instant success. In the 1950’s he had the honour of being appointed to the Victorian Library Board and received more inspiration from the monthly conferences in Melbourne. He was sadly retired in 1959 after over 23 years of service, due to the fact that he had gone over the working age of council officers. However he continued to take a very keen interest in the continual development of the Library until his death in 1969.

Significance

The Pattison Collection, along with other items at Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, was originally part of the Warrnambool Mechanics' Institute’s collection. The Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute Collection is primarily significant in its totality, rather than for the individual objects it contains. Its contents are highly representative of the development of Mechanics' Institute libraries across Australia, particularly Victoria. A diversity of publications and themes has been amassed, and these provide clues to our understanding of the nature of and changes in the reading habits of Victorians from the 1850s to the middle of the 20th century. The collection also highlights the Warrnambool community’s commitment to the Mechanics’ Institute, reading, literacy and learning in the regions, and proves that access to knowledge was not impeded by distance. These items help to provide a more complete picture of our community’s ideals and aspirations. The Warrnambool Mechanics Institute book collection has historical and social significance for its strong association with the Mechanics Institute movement and the important role it played in the intellectual, cultural and social development of people throughout the latter part of the nineteenth century and the early twentieth century. The collection of books is a rare example of an early lending library and its significance is enhanced by the survival of an original collection of many volumes. The Warrnambool Mechanics' Institute’s publication collection is of both local and state significance.

Inscriptions & Markings

Label on spine cover with typed text PAT 920 POR Front loose endpaper has a sticker from Corangamite Regional Library Service