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Victorian Collections -

Prisoner of War & Internment Camps: Tatura and Rushworth

1 Oct 2018

During the First World War, the theatres of Europe felt worlds away for Australians on the home front. The Second World War’s Pacific stage brought war closer to home. For some Victorian country towns, the repercussions of war arrived right on their doorstep.

Curated By

Alana Bennett Mazzilli, Work experience student, Academy of Mary Immaculate

100458 items with images

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100458 items with images

Photograph

Geoffrey Kaye Museum of Anaesthetic History, Melbourne

Colour photograph of a Lidwill anaesthetic machine sitting on carpet. A circular metal ether vaporiser sits on a brown wooden base, with brown tubes connecting to a trap bottle and metal valves, and a brown tube connected to the valve is coiled on the floor.

Historical information

The Lidwill machine was designed by Mark Lidwill in 1913, for the purpose of mechanical or insufflation anaesthesia. It was manufactured by Elliott Bros. of Sydney.

Photographs

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

Seven photographs of Phillip Island including the Suspension Bridge, The Blowhole, Pyramid Rock and The Nobbies

Historical information

A collection of 7 photographs donated by Helen Koralewski

Photograph - The former Police residence at 728 Main Road under renovation work for future Shire of Eltham use, c.Nov 1986

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Roll of 35mm colour negative film, 7 strips

Historical information

The original Eltham Police Station was used up till about 1960. The building was then taken over and used by the Vermin and Noxious weeds Destruction Section of the Department of Crown Lands and Survey. They vacated the building c.March 1981 and it remained unoccupied for a period of time whilst its future was discussed in Council. About 1986 the Shire took over use of the Police Residence and renovated it for use by the Shire Parks and Environment Office. The original Police Station was termite infested and was removed. It was later replaced by a replica building which was used as a lunchroom for Council employees working at the site.

Inscriptions & Markings

Kodak GA 100 5095

Fork

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Silver plated copper alloy table forks from the wreck of the Loch Ard. Some verdigris and silver oxide. There is an large amount of concretion on forks. Possible 4 forks in group.

Historical information

HISTORY OF THE LOCH ARD The LOCH ARD belonged to the famous Loch Line which sailed many ships from England to Australia. Built in Glasgow by Barclay, Curdle and Co. in 1873, the LOCH ARD was a three-masted square rigged iron sailing ship. The ship measured 262ft 7" (79.87m) in length, 38ft (11.58m) in width, 23ft (7m) in depth and had a gross tonnage of 1693 tons. The LOCH ARD's main mast measured a massive 150ft (45.7m) in height. LOCH ARD made three trips to Australia and one trip to Calcutta before its final voyage. LOCH ARD left England on March 2, 1878, under the command of Captain Gibbs, a newly married, 29 year old. She was bound for Melbourne with a crew of 37, plus 17 passengers and a load of cargo. The general cargo reflected the affluence of Melbourne at the time. On board were straw hats, umbrella, perfumes, clay pipes, pianos, clocks, confectionary, linen and candles, as well as a heavier load of railway irons, cement, lead and copper. There were items included that intended for display in the Melbourne International Exhibition in 1880. The voyage to Port Phillip was long but uneventful. At 3am on June 1, 1878, Captain Gibbs was expecting to see land and the passengers were becoming excited as they prepared to view their new homeland in the early morning. But LOCH ARD was running into a fog which greatly reduced visibility. Captain Gibbs was becoming anxious as there was no sign of land or the Cape Otway lighthouse. At 4am the fog lifted. A man aloft announced that he could see breakers. The sheer cliffs of Victoria's west coast came into view, and Captain Gibbs realised that the ship was much closer to them than expected. He ordered as much sail to be set as time would permit and then attempted to steer the vessel out to sea. On coming head on into the wind, the ship lost momentum, the sails fell limp and LOCH ARD's bow swung back. Gibbs then ordered the anchors to be released in an attempt to hold its position. The anchors sank some 50 fathoms - but did not hold. By this time LOCH ARD was among the breakers and the tall cliffs of Mutton Bird Island rose behind the ship. Just half a mile from the coast, the ship's bow was suddenly pulled around by the anchor. The captain tried to tack out to sea, but the ship struck a reef at the base of Mutton Bird Island, near Port Campbell. Waves broke over the ship and the top deck was loosened from the hull. The masts and rigging came crashing down knocking passengers and crew overboard. When a lifeboat was finally launched, it crashed into the side of LOCH ARD and capsized. Tom Pearce, who had launched the boat, managed to cling to its overturned hull and shelter beneath it. He drifted out to sea and then on the flood tide came into what is now known as LOCH ARD Gorge. He swam to shore, bruised and dazed, and found a cave in which to shelter. Some of the crew stayed below deck to shelter from the falling rigging but drowned when the ship slipped off the reef into deeper water. Eva Carmichael had raced onto deck to find out what was happening only to be confronted by towering cliffs looming above the stricken ship. In all the chaos, Captain Gibbs grabbed Eva and said, "If you are saved Eva, let my dear wife know that I died like a sailor". That was the last Eva Carmichael saw of the captain. She was swept off the ship by a huge wave. Eva saw Tom Pearce on a small rocky beach and yelled to attract his attention. He dived in and swam to the exhausted woman and dragged her to shore. He took her to the cave and broke open case of brandy which had washed up on the beach. He opened a bottle to revive the unconscious woman. A few hours later Tom scaled a cliff in search of help. He followed hoof prints and came by chance upon two men from nearby Glenample Station three and a half miles away. In a state of exhaustion, he told the men of the tragedy. Tom returned to the gorge while the two men rode back to the station to get help. By the time they reached LOCH ARD Gorge, it was cold and dark. The two shipwreck survivors were taken to Glenample Station to recover. Eva stayed at the station for six weeks before returning to Ireland, this time by steamship. In Melbourne, Tom Pearce received a hero's welcome. He was presented with the first gold medal of the Royal Humane Society of Victoria and a £1000 cheque from the Victorian Government. Concerts were performed to honour the young man's bravery and to raise money for those who lost family in the LOCH ARD disaster. Of the 54 crew members and passengers on board, only two survived: the apprentice, Tom Pearce and the young woman passenger, Eva Carmichael, who lost all of her family in the tragedy. Ten days after the LOCH ARD tragedy, salvage rights to the wreck were sold at auction for £2,120. Cargo valued at £3,000 was salvaged and placed on the beach, but most washed back into the sea when another storm developed. The wreck of LOCH ARD still lies at the base of Mutton Bird Island. Much of the cargo has now been salvaged and some was washed up into what is now known as LOCH ARD Gorge. Cargo and artefacts have also been illegally salvaged over many years before protective legislation was introduced. One of the most unlikely pieces of cargo to have survived the shipwreck was a Minton porcelain peacock - one of only seven in the world. The peacock was destined for the Melbourne International Exhibition in 1880. It had been well packed, which gave it adequate protection during the violent storm. Today, the Minton peacock can be seen at the Flagstaff Hill Maritime Museum in Warrnambool. From Australia's most dramatic shipwreck it has now become Australia's shipwreck artefact and is one of very few 'objects' on the Victorian State Heritage Register most valuable.

Significance

The LOCH ARD shipwreck is of State significance – Victorian Heritage Register S 417 Flagstaff Hill’s collection of artefacts from LOCH ARD is significant for being one of the largest collections of artefacts from this shipwreck in Victoria. It is significant for its association with the shipwreck, which is on the Victorian Heritage Register (VHR S417). The collection is significant because of the relationship between the objects, as together they have a high potential to interpret the story of the LOCH ARD. The LOCH ARD collection is archaeologically significant as the remains of a large international passenger and cargo ship. The LOCH ARD collection is historically significant for representing aspects of Victoria’s shipping history and its potential to interpret sub-theme 1.5 of Victoria’s Framework of Historical Themes (living with natural processes). The collection is also historically significant for its association with the LOCH ARD, which was one of the worst and best known shipwrecks in Victoria’s history

Piano stool

Friends of Westgarthtown, Thomastown

Piano stool with green velour upholstered seat. Seat top also acts as the hinged lid to the storage space inside. Wooden frame with four legs in the cabriole style.

Inscriptions & Markings

No visible markings

Powder Box: "Houbigant' Paris" "Qulques Fleurs, Houbigant, France, Rachel."

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

small round box - gold yellow background, black "check" border, basket of flowers. "houbigant' davis." on base: flower, "qulques fleurs, houbigant, france, rachel."

Photograph

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

B/w photo features piles of stone & earth. Label: "White Swan Reservoir". Taken during construction.

Pipe

Bright & District Historical Society operating the Bright Museum, Bright

Earthenware bowl in a terracotta colour. Part of an opium pipe used by the Chinese.

Historical information

Brought to the Ovens Goldfields by Chinese men working in the area in the 19th century. Most likely made in China.

Significance

Aldo Gios recorded the location of where most of the pieces in this collection were found. Some maps drawn by Aldo Gios also give more detail. This detail is rare, as most pieces of broken crockery were discarded and complete items were usually collected with no thought to recording the location they came from. Part of one of the largest collections of Chinese ware found in the Upper Ovens area and the only one recording the location where found.

Inscriptions & Markings

Chinese maker's stamp on side.

Newsletter - John Pierce Centre

Vicdeaf, East Melbourne

White A4 Binder containing various newsletters of the John Pierce Centre Including: Newsletter of Catholic Association of Deaf and Hearing Impaired People (Victoria) Vol 8 Issue 3, 4 1988, Vol 8 Issue 5 1989; Vol 9 Issue 7 1989; Vol 11 Issue 9 1990; Vol 12 Issue 10, 11 1990; Vol 13 Issue 12 1990, 21.5cmHx1 4.5cmW, 24 pages; Newsletter Catholic Deaf Community of Victoria May, August, October, December 1991, April, July, September, December 1992 (2 copies), 29.5cmHx21cmW, 12 pages; June 1994, 29.5cmHx21cmW, 8 pages; Newsletter for and by Deaf Community of Victoria September 2006 (4 copies), July 2007, March 2008, 29.5cmHx21cmW, 12 pages; Newsletter July 2008, December 2008, March 2009, December 2010, 29.5cmHx21cmW, 12 pages

Historical information

In 1935 the Catholic Deaf met as Australian Deaf and Dumb Association Victorian Branch. Bro P J O’Farrell was the president; The John Pierce Centre (Prahran) opened unofficially in March 1980 and in August 1980 it was officially opened and blessed.

Significance

Significant as a newsletter for the Deaf Community.

Photograph - The Crags, rocky coast. Port Fairy

Port Fairy Historical Society , Port Fairy

Photograph

Harpoon

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Harpoon, Blubber Spade, used to cut blubber from whale carcass, Handle is tapered at both ends.

Photograph

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

Black and White photograph of three gentlemen, one in an overcoat, the other two are wearing tracksuitd. Caption reads :"Mr H.V. Evatt and two Australians". The gentleman in the overcoat has an imprint in ball point pen reading :"Merv Wood".

Magazine

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

April 1941 issue of Scholastic Coach magazine Materials: Paper, Ink

Vaccination Certificate

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

Official Government Certificate, blue paper, black print, pasted onto card. Certificate Of Successful Vaccination 8 June 1858. Dr. James Stewart Certifies that John Thomas Clarke, aged 2, was vaccinated on 8 June 1858.

Book - Practical Scout training

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a small book with a buff-coloured cardboard cover. It has red lettering on the front cover which is partly torn away at the right bottom edge. Many of the pages are also stained and torn away at the edges. The text includes sections on military patrolling in general and a section describing military patrols in the Boer War. There are several lift-out pages of sketches of patrols. The inscription is handwritten in pencil.

Historical information

This book belonged to Evan Jones, a plasterer and stone mason from Warrnambool (born 1865). He and the Rev. Norman Crawford, the Curate at Christ Church, Warrnambool, began the first Boy Scout group in Warrnambool, the 1st Warrnambool Troop. When Baden Powell, the founder of the Boy Scout movement, visited Melbourne he presented Evan Jones with his scouting medal. The Boy Scout movement has been active in Warrnambool for over 100 years and currently there are two troops operating in the city - Warrnambool Tooram Scouts and Warrnambool Norfolk Scouts Evan Jones was also a Sergeant in the Warrnambool Garrison Artillery (a Volunteer Corps) and this partly explains his ownership of this book and his interest in military scouting.

Significance

This book is of minor interest as an example of the type of book available early in the 20th century on military scouting. It is also of interest as a book belonging to Evan Jones, the co-founder of the Boy Scout movement in Warrnambool.

Inscriptions & Markings

S.M. Evan Jones, 1st W’bool Troop.’

Swamp in Darebin Parklands

Darebin Parklands Association, Alphington

Colour photograph. Reproduction on paper.

PHOTOGRAPH

Clunes Museum, Clunes

Inscriptions & Markings

SEPIA PHOTOGRAPH, TWO BLACK AND WHITE PHOTOGRAPHS AND PHOTOCOPY OF THE YANKEE QUARTZ MINING COMPANY, REGISTERED, CLUNES.

Envelope Art

Wangaratta RSL Sub Branch, Wangaratta

Cream paper envelope with sketch of three tall palm trees in front of mountains

Historical information

WW2 Envelope Art

Inscriptions & Markings

Top left - By Air Mail Top right - postage stamp Left side - AIF Censor stamp Right side - Mrs M MacDonald "Monald" 32 Grey Street Wangaratta Victoria Australia

Photograph - Digital image - Railway station at Ramleh

Greensborough Historical Society,

Digital copy of black and white photograph.

Historical information

This photograph shows a railway station at Ramleh.

Inscriptions & Markings

"Railway station at Ramleh"

Photograph - Sherbourne Road, Para Road and Simms Road at Briar Hill, 3 November 1967.

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Roll of 35mm black and white negative film, 6 strips Ilford HP3

Historical information

Viewed from Simms Road in front of Mrs Cameron's house in what is now the northwest bound lanes of Para Road prior to the roundabout intersedction with Sherbourne Road. Simms Road is running to the right in front of the old house. The house belongs to Mrs Cameron whose daughter married a DAVEY after which Davey Street is named. Excavation work is being undertaken for the realignment of the Para Road and Sherbourne Road intersection where the current roundabout is located, approximately where the two cars are parked. Mrs Cameron's house and the other are where Montmorency Secondary College is situated. The school opened in 1969.

Photograph - Eltham Tennis Court

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Black and white photograph reproduced on p89 of 'Pioneers & Painters' Shire of Eltham Pioneers Photo Collection, no. 720 (duplicate of hard copy held at Eltham Library)

Beam Balances & Weights

Ballarat Base Hospital Trained Nurses League,

Wooden box with numerous weights.

R.A.F. Pocket Book 1937 - R.A.F. Pocket Book 1937, A.P. 1081

Lara RSL Sub Branch, Lara

R.A.F. Pocket Book 1937 - A.P.1081 December 1937

Historical information

Pre WW2, Weights and details Australian Air Force

Significance

Pre WW2, 1939

Photograph - 20th Anniversary of Eltham District Historical Society, afternoon tea in Senior Citizens' Centre, 10 October 1987

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Colour photograph

Historical information

L-R: Mrs Charis Pelling, Founding President of the Shire of Eltham Historical Society, Mrs Marjorie Smith Motschall

Photograph - 38 Bridge Street, cnr of Susan Street, Eltham, August 2009

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Colour photograph

Historical information

Jojo's Cafe, NextStep Computers, Studio Thirty8

farewell parade of a.e.f collins st 1914

Magnet Galleries Melbourne Inc, Melbourne

Text - Laura Clarke Auxiliary

Vision Australia,

4 minute books --- 2 statement of accounts books --- 3 treasurers books --- 2 members lists (1998, 1999) --- notes for the Turkey and Champagne luncheon --- 1 stamp --- 4 receipt books --- 2 Champagne and Turkey Luncheon tickets

Historical information

The Laura Clarke Auxiliary formed at the Mirridong Home in 1968 and was wound up on November 22, 2001. This collection of papers includes the minute books from 1972 to 2001 and a list of members was maintained at the front of the minute books as well as two individual lists have been retained.

Urinometer

Ballarat Base Hospital Trained Nurses League,

Arbour Street May 1987

Darebin Parklands Association, Alphington

Colour photograph. Preparing for development of land.

Inscriptions & Markings

Annotated on back.

Brochure - NMIT - Code of conduct: Department of Horticulture. 2006.

NMIT (Northern Melbourne Institute of TAFE),

Tri-fold brochure printed on white A$ paper. Mainly text with 2 small colour illustrations.

Historical information

This brochure for Department of Horticulture students outlines expectations regarding behaviour, occupational health and safety, attendance and assessment.

Surgical Catgut - Ethicon, Chromic 2

Ballarat Base Hospital Trained Nurses League,

felt toy

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A handmade white fluffy squirrel holding a gum nut. It is possibly made of sheepskin. The eyes are pink plastic. The whiskers are white nylon thread (item no. 2495.4)

Historical information

This item was made by Mrs Helena warren of Newmerella. Helena Francis Warren (nee McKeown) was married to William John Warren and lived in Newmerella. She was a fine amateur photographer who supplied the photos for the Back-To-Orbost celebration book in 1937 and also designed the Back-To-Orbost badge. She was known for her soft toy making. (by Ivy Rodwell in from Personalities and Stories of the Early Orbost District by Mary Gilbert).

Significance

This item reflects the needlework skills of women in the first half of the 20th century.

Photograph - Opening of Andrew Ross Museum, Kangaroo Ground, 20 Nov 1994

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Roll of 35mm colour negative film, 3 strips

Historical information

In 1992 Shire of Eltham Historical Society member and Kangaroo Ground resident, Bruce Ness became aware that the old school teacher residence at Kangaroo Ground School was no longer being used. Over the years Bruce had been storing a growing collection of the Society's artifacts and objects including various machinery and farm tools. He proposed that this might present an opportunity to set up a museum with the Society's objects. It was proposed that a board be appointed containing representatives of the Society, the School Council, Shire of Eltham and "Friends of the Andrew Ross Museum." As a consequence, most of the Society's objects were transferred to the museum and the Society became more focused on documents, maps and photographs, etc.

Inscriptions & Markings

Fuji 100

PHOTOGRAPH, FRAMED

Bendigo Soldiers Memorial Institute Military Museum, Bendigo

Photograph, framed. Sapper James Mervyn Harvey, No. 14510 1st Australian Wireless Squadron AIF.

Historical information

James Mervyn Harvey (telegraphist by trade) No 14510 enlisted in the AIF on 1.16.16 in Australian Wireless Sqd reinforcement 3 age 21 years 8 months. Embarked for Basra (Iraq) via Bombay 25.7.16. It appears he was invalided to India on 12.11.16, does not state why. He joined the Wireless Signal Service Depot in Rawalpindi India on 2.12.17. Embarked from Bombay to Basra 27.2.18 as part of 1st Aust & NZ Wireless Signal Sqd and joined the unit near Baghdad on 6.4.18. Discharged from the AIF on 7.8.19 medically unfit.

Cardboard container

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

Cardboard box, originally a packaging for chocolates. Lid depicts a woman dressed in early 1900s fashion holding a racquet. 'SCHRAFFT'S CHOCOLATES' and 'COPYRIGHT 1904, W.F. SCHRAFFT & SONS' printed on lid next to image. Blue ribbon is attached to sides of lid and tied in a bow on top centre. Box contains only a loose rice paper lining. Materials: Cardboard, Ink, Paper

Book - The Medical Annual and Practitioners Index 1914

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

The Medical Annual and Practitioners Index 1914

Newspaper Clipping

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

article on Back to Phillip Island 1968

Historical information

Newspaper clipping 1968

Butter Roller

Allansford Cheese World Museum, Allansford

Cylindrical wooden roller with an imprint of the word 'Australia' across the centre. Rectangular relief patterns are around the roller with ridged edging. A 4cm section is recessed underneath to a depth of 1.5cm. A decorative emblem is carved into each of the corners of the recessed section.

Booklet

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

National Tennis Centre: A Guide to Flinders Park. 4 pages Materials: Paper, Ink

Photograph - Construction of Lower Plenty Bridge, Main Road, c.August 1966

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Black and white photograph taken during construction of the Main Road bridge over the Plenty River. Includes structural members, construction personnel, vehicles and a Clarke mobile crane.

Historical information

This black and white photograph records construction activity of the then new Main Road bridge over the Plenty River at Lower Plenty in 1969.

Significance

Local significance

Photograph - Cr. John Simpson Weir - Mayor 1912-13

Kew Historical Society Inc, Kew

Framed portrait of a mayor of Kew. The mounting and framing of the photograph follows a typical layout or style in that each is framed in dark wood, glazed, and laid down on an inscribed board. The inscription identifies the name of the mayor and the year/s that he/she served.

Significance

The Melbourne suburb of Kew gained independence from the Boroondara Roads Board in 1861, being declared a Municipality in that year. Kew became a Borough in 1863, a Town in 1910, and a City in 1921. The former City of Kew became part of a newly declared City of Boroondara in 1994. This framed photographic portrait of a mayor of Kew is part of an important series of eighty-three mayoral photographs covering the years 1863-1969. The set is an almost complete record of councillors who achieved the highest elected office in Kew. Many of the mayors were historically significant figures locally, statewide and nationally. The set of framed photographs is part of the Kew Historical Society's civic collection that informs knowledge and research about the history of local government in Kew.

Racquet

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

A Bancroft Winner tennis racquet, with bamboo laminated frame, ribbon whipping around shoulders, and leather handle with triangle-patterned perforations. Bancroft logo features across base of head. Throat features model name, with wreath device. Wreathed 'B' trademark on lower shaft, and red 'B' trademark on butt cap. A furry lady bug sticker is adhered to shaft on obverse. Materials: Wood, Nylon, Leather, Glue, Lacquer, Metal, Ink, Plastic, Paint, Ribbon, Adhesive tape, Bamboo

Book - Bush Ballads and Galloping Rhymes- Lloyd O'Neil 1977

Adam Lindsay Gordon Commemorative Committee , Melbourne

Postcard - Co-op Card

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

These are two plasticised cards associated with the Warrnambool Co-Op. One is a Co-Card and the other is a Co-Op Charge Card used to receive discounts at other businesses. Both cards have bar codes. The larger card has a silver-coloured background with green printing and the smaller card is yellow with blue, black and yellow printing.

Historical information

These cards were for use in connection with the Warrnambool Co-Op store. The Warrnambool Co-operative Society Limited was established in 1960 as the Allansford and District Artificial Breeders Co-operative Society Limited to provide herd improvement service to district farmers. In the mid 1970s the Co-Op opened a retail store in Warrnambool in Timor Street and gradually expanded, so that by the late 1990s they had 8000 members and employed 84 full time and 120 casual staff. The Co-Card enabled members to have trading arrangements with 200 other businesses. The Warrnambool Co-Op ceased operations in 2007.

Significance

These cards are of interest as mementoes of the Warrnambool Co-Op, an important business concern in Warrnambool for over 40 years. The owner of the co-cards was Ronald Cumming. He and his wife. Leonie were members of the Historical Society for many years.

Inscriptions & Markings

Larger card - The Co-Op Co Card, 1204 B, Cumming Ronald J and ML (signed by Leonie Cumming on the back) Smaller card – The Co-Op Charge Card, 1204AA

Photograph - Colour - Cutty Sark Exhibition, Greenwich, England, the Star of India

Ballarat Heritage Services, Bakery Hill Post Office

Historical information

The Cutty Sark was launched on 22 November 1869. She was named by the wife of George Moodie, the ship's first master who had also supervised her construction. Cutty Sark left the Clyde on 13 January 1870. A month and two days later, she set sail from London for China. Cutty sark was designed and built by Scott & Linton of Dumbarton for 16,150 pounds. But much of the money was to be paid by Willis when the ship was launched. Just before they finished her, Scott & Linton ran out of money and went bankrupt. She was completed by William Denny & Brothers. The Cutty Sark was the first ship to reach London with a tea cargo in 1877. But she was one of only nine sailing ships that returned that year - in 1870 there had been 59. Steamships were now dominating the tea trade. In 1883 the Cutty Sark joined the booming trade in transporting Australian wool. Every year until 1895 she set out in the summer for Australia, to load a cargo of wool bales and return to England in time for the wool sales ini the first three months of the new year. Cutty Sark soon established herself as the fastest of the wool clippers. Under her last master, Richard Woodget she set record times of 70 days or less for the voyage which no other sailing ships could match.

Women's Art Register Bulletin

Womens Art Register, Richmond

Australian Explosives Code: Second Edition

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

The book has a black cover with an orange diamond shape at its centre. This has the word 'explosive' in it. There are horizontal lines down the spine side in green, yellow and orange. It is a code for the transport of explosives by road and rail. There is also an addendum.

Programme

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

White single sheet with black print and decorated border. Complimentary Benefit to Mrs. R.W. Lawrence. 'Selection From Hamlet Concert', 'Selection From Macbeth' concluding with 'The Happy Pair'.

Scale

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Scale metal black with removable tray & plate. Has horizontal brass arm with a slide piece. Has black removable weight hook and 2 x 2lb weight. Made by Fairbanks.

Photo, Widows craft exhibition

Melbourne Legacy, Melbourne

Colour photo x 2 of tables of craft items at Legacy house, some have been awarded 'Best Art exhibition' and 'Best dressed doll'.

Historical information

A table of exhibits of knitted toys and craft items. Was the one of the Annual Art and Craft Exhibitions that was run by the widows club. The items could be sold at trading tables and at the table outside Legacy House during Badge Week in September to raise funds. Date unknown.

Significance

A record of the type of activities Legacy provided as a social outlet for widows.

Inscriptions & Markings

00676.2 has 61% in red pen on back. Printed on Fujicolor paper.