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Victorian Collections -

Talking Shop: Ballarat in Business and City Life at Ballaarat Mechanics' Institute

27 Jun 2019

Curated By

Amy Tsilemanis, Curator, Ballaarat Mechanics' Institute

119950 items with images

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119950 items with images

Badges British

Ringwood RSL Sub-Branch, Ringwood

00512. 1. Women's Army Auxiliary Corps .2. Auxiliary Territorial Service .3. Women's Land Army .4. Royal Army Serve Corps

Book

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

Book: 'Lawn Tennis'. 270 pages. Hardcover. Edition uncertain (copyrighted 1925). Materials: Paper, Ink, Cardboard

Photograph - Easterly view from Heatherdale end of Ringwood along Whitehorse Road - 1974.

Ringwood and District Historical Society, Ringwood

Inscriptions & Markings

Written on backing sheet, "Coming into Ringwood, 1974".

Page from Magazine

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

A page from an American sports periodical, featuring lithographic full-length action portraits of six U.S. tennis players from c.1892, whilst in the middle of the page is a cartoon of a men's doubles match. Inscription across bottom: THE ELADING PLAYERS AT THE ORANGE LAWN-TENNIS TOURNAMENT. Materials: Paper, Ink, Cardboard, Paint, Glass, Wood

Photograph

Uniting Church Archives - Synod of Victoria, Malvern East

Colour photograph of Marge Clough standing in front of a table with displays of Church & Nation at the Alma St. U.C.

Historical information

Marge Clough was the C&N 'agent' at Alma St UC.

Inscriptions & Markings

"Marge Clough, C&N identification"

Spoon

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Unrestored table spoon from the wreck of the LOCH ARD. The spoon design has a flattened fiddle-back handle, with a thin stem or shank, flared collar, and a shallow rounded bowl. The spoon's metallic composition is a thin layer of brass alloy which has partially corroded back to a nickel-silver base metal. Stored in seperate bag, including packing paper stained aqua-marine. Some verdigris and a little encrustation. Four of five makers marks are discernible (WP&Co trademark, Cross on triangle, Maltese cross, Crab design) and the other is in outline only (Diamond shape). Some paper is attached to spoon.

Historical information

This table spoon is from the wreck of the LOCH ARD, a Loch Line ship of 1,693 tons which sailed from Gravesend, London, on 2 March 1878 with 17 passengers and a crew of 36 under Captain George Gibbs. “The intention was to discharge cargo in Melbourne, before returning to London via the Horn with wool and wheat”. Instead, on 1 June 1878, after 90 days at sea, she struck the sandstone cliffs of Mutton Bird Island on the south west coast of Victoria, and sank with the loss of 52 lives and all her cargo. The manifest of the LOCH ARD listed an array of manufactured goods and bulk metals being exported to the Colony of Victoria, with a declared value of £53,700. (202 bills of lading show an actual invoice value of £68, 456, with insurance underwriting to £30,000 of all cargo). Included in the manifest is the item of “Tin hardware & cutlery £7,530”. This table spoon is one of 482 similar items of electro-plated cutlery from the LOCH ARD site, comprising spoons and forks of various sizes but all sharing the same general shape or design and metallic composition. 49 of these pieces display a legible makers’ mark — the initials “W” and “P” placed within a raised diamond outline, which is in turn contained within a sunken crown shape — identifying the manufacturer as William Page & Co of Birmingham. An electroplater’s makers’ marks, unlike sterling silver hallmarks, are not consistent identifiers of quality or date and place of manufacture. A similar line of five impressions was usually made to impress the consumer with an implication of industry standards, but what each one actually signified was not regulated and so they varied according to the whim of the individual foundry. In this case, the maker’s marks are often obscured by sedimentary accretion or removed by corrosion after a century of submersion in the ocean. However sufficient detail has survived to indicate that these samples of electro-plated cutlery probably originated from the same consignment in the LOCH ARD’s cargo. The generally common range of marks are drawn from 255 tea spoons, 125 dessert spoons, and 99 table forks. These marks are clearly visible in 66 instances, while the same sequence of general outlines, or depression shapes, is discernible in another 166 examples. Suggested trade names for William Page & Co’s particular blend of brass plating are ‘roman silver’ or ‘silverite’. This copper alloy polishes to a lustrous gold when new, discolouring to a murky grey with greenish hue when neglected. HISTORY OF THE LOCH ARD The LOCH ARD belonged to the famous Loch Line which sailed many ships from England to Australia. Built in Glasgow by Barclay, Curdle and Co. in 1873, the LOCH ARD was a three-masted square rigged iron sailing ship. The ship measured 262ft 7" (79.87m) in length, 38ft (11.58m) in width, 23ft (7m) in depth and had a gross tonnage of 1693 tons. The LOCH ARD's main mast measured a massive 150ft (45.7m) in height. LOCH ARD made three trips to Australia and one trip to Calcutta before its final voyage. LOCH ARD left England on March 2, 1878, under the command of Captain Gibbs, a newly married, 29 year old. She was bound for Melbourne with a crew of 37, plus 17 passengers and a load of cargo. The general cargo reflected the affluence of Melbourne at the time. On board were straw hats, umbrella, perfumes, clay pipes, pianos, clocks, confectionary, linen and candles, as well as a heavier load of railway irons, cement, lead and copper. There were items included that intended for display in the Melbourne International Exhibition in 1880. The voyage to Port Phillip was long but uneventful. At 3am on June 1, 1878, Captain Gibbs was expecting to see land and the passengers were becoming excited as they prepared to view their new homeland in the early morning. But LOCH ARD was running into a fog which greatly reduced visibility. Captain Gibbs was becoming anxious as there was no sign of land or the Cape Otway lighthouse. At 4am the fog lifted. A man aloft announced that he could see breakers. The sheer cliffs of Victoria's west coast came into view, and Captain Gibbs realised that the ship was much closer to them than expected. He ordered as much sail to be set as time would permit and then attempted to steer the vessel out to sea. On coming head on into the wind, the ship lost momentum, the sails fell limp and LOCH ARD's bow swung back. Gibbs then ordered the anchors to be released in an attempt to hold its position. The anchors sank some 50 fathoms - but did not hold. By this time LOCH ARD was among the breakers and the tall cliffs of Mutton Bird Island rose behind the ship. Just half a mile from the coast, the ship's bow was suddenly pulled around by the anchor. The captain tried to tack out to sea, but the ship struck a reef at the base of Mutton Bird Island, near Port Campbell. Waves broke over the ship and the top deck was loosened from the hull. The masts and rigging came crashing down knocking passengers and crew overboard. When a lifeboat was finally launched, it crashed into the side of LOCH ARD and capsized. Tom Pearce, who had launched the boat, managed to cling to its overturned hull and shelter beneath it. He drifted out to sea and then on the flood tide came into what is now known as LOCH ARD Gorge. He swam to shore, bruised and dazed, and found a cave in which to shelter. Some of the crew stayed below deck to shelter from the falling rigging but drowned when the ship slipped off the reef into deeper water. Eva Carmichael had raced onto deck to find out what was happening only to be confronted by towering cliffs looming above the stricken ship. In all the chaos, Captain Gibbs grabbed Eva and said, "If you are saved Eva, let my dear wife know that I died like a sailor". That was the last Eva Carmichael saw of the captain. She was swept off the ship by a huge wave. Eva saw Tom Pearce on a small rocky beach and yelled to attract his attention. He dived in and swam to the exhausted woman and dragged her to shore. He took her to the cave and broke open case of brandy which had washed up on the beach. He opened a bottle to revive the unconscious woman. A few hours later Tom scaled a cliff in search of help. He followed hoof prints and came by chance upon two men from nearby Glenample Station three and a half miles away. In a state of exhaustion, he told the men of the tragedy. Tom returned to the gorge while the two men rode back to the station to get help. By the time they reached LOCH ARD Gorge, it was cold and dark. The two shipwreck survivors were taken to Glenample Station to recover. Eva stayed at the station for six weeks before returning to Ireland, this time by steamship. In Melbourne, Tom Pearce received a hero's welcome. He was presented with the first gold medal of the Royal Humane Society of Victoria and a £1000 cheque from the Victorian Government. Concerts were performed to honour the young man's bravery and to raise money for those who lost family in the LOCH ARD disaster. Of the 54 crew members and passengers on board, only two survived: the apprentice, Tom Pearce and the young woman passenger, Eva Carmichael, who lost all of her family in the tragedy. Ten days after the LOCH ARD tragedy, salvage rights to the wreck were sold at auction for £2,120. Cargo valued at £3,000 was salvaged and placed on the beach, but most washed back into the sea when another storm developed. The wreck of LOCH ARD still lies at the base of Mutton Bird Island. Much of the cargo has now been salvaged and some was washed up into what is now known as LOCH ARD Gorge. Cargo and artefacts have also been illegally salvaged over many years before protective legislation was introduced. One of the most unlikely pieces of cargo to have survived the shipwreck was a Minton porcelain peacock - one of only seven in the world. The peacock was destined for the Melbourne International Exhibition in 1880. It had been well packed, which gave it adequate protection during the violent storm. Today, the Minton peacock can be seen at the Flagstaff Hill Maritime Museum in Warrnambool. From Australia's most dramatic shipwreck it has now become Australia's shipwreck artefact and is one of very few 'objects' on the Victorian State Heritage Register most valuable.

Significance

The LOCH ARD shipwreck is of State significance – Victorian Heritage Register S 417. Flagstaff Hill’s collection of artefacts from LOCH ARD is significant for being one of the largest collections of artefacts from this shipwreck in Victoria. It is significant for its association with the shipwreck, which is on the Victorian Heritage Register (VHR S417). The collection is significant because of the relationship between the objects, as together they have a high potential to interpret the story of the LOCH ARD. The LOCH ARD collection is archaeologically significant as the remains of a large international passenger and cargo ship. The LOCH ARD collection is historically significant for representing aspects of Victoria’s shipping history and its potential to interpret sub-theme 1.5 of Victoria’s Framework of Historical Themes (living with natural processes). The collection is also historically significant for its association with the LOCH ARD, which was one of the worst and best known shipwrecks in Victoria’s history.

Plan of Part of Vale Park, 1928

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

Historical information

Probably the Ballarat School of Mines Farm

Significance

Ballarat Techncial School Norman Street

Photograph - Colour - Memorial to Harold Beresford Irwin

Old Colonists' Association of Ballarat Inc., Ballarat Central

Photographs of a memorial seat to Harold Beresford Irwin in the grounds of Charles Anderson Grove, Ballarat.

Historical information

Charles Anderson Grove is the retirement village of the Old Colonists' Association, Ballarat.

Inscriptions & Markings

Harold Beresford Irwin was born in Ballarat in 1882, and died here in 1862l He loved the flora of this country, and he concerned himself for many years with these gardens, and with the welfare of the Old Colonists. The park about these cottages is names to commemorate him.

Photograph - Black and White - Kinnane family in Ararat

Ballarat Heritage Services, Bakery Hill Post Office

Black and white photograph of the Kinnane family outside their Ararat house.

Image - Black and White - Colonel H. Brimsmead

Ballarat Heritage Services, Bakery Hill Post Office

Portrait of aviator Colonel H. Brimsmead

Textile - Waistcoat Fletcher Jones

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a sleeveless woollen waistcoat made of blue striped material with a black cotton backing. The back has two black cotton flaps with a metal buckle to allow for the tightening of the coat across the back. The inside is lined with a cream, yellow and grey striped cotton material. The waistcoat has one inside pocket with a button enclosure and four outside pockets. The waistcoat has six black buttons on the outside and a maker’s label stitched on the inside.

Historical information

This waistcoat was made for Mr Alan Vinnell by the Fletcher Jones Man’s Shop in 1946 and was worn by Mr Vinnell at his wedding in Lang Lang on 27/4/1946 to Miss Madge Ridgway. Alan was the son of Albert Vinnell and Ada Rose Wood. He attended school in Macarthur about 40 kilometres northwest of Warrnambool. The Fletcher Jones Man’s Shop was located at the corner of Liebig and Koroit Streets in Warrnambool. David Fletcher Jones (1895-1977) served in World War One and in the 1920s set up as a travelling hawker selling drapery in Western Victoria. In 1924 he leased three shops in Liebig Street and in 1928 he moved to the Koroit/Liebig Streets intersection with his Man’s Shop. He manufactured men’s clothing on site. In 1931 a new set of two-storeyed buildings was erected on the site and Fletcher Jones moved into the building. In 1946 a Fletcher Jones shop was opened in Melbourne and in 1948 a factory was established in Raglan Parade, Warrnambool with a new company, Fletcher Jones and Staff established in 1951. This company became known Australia-wide, firstly for the production of men’s trousers, and later men’s and women’s clothing. By 2011 the Warrnambool factory was sold and the company dissolved.

Significance

This waistcoat is of historical interest as an example of the high quality work produced at the Fletcher Jones Man’s Shop in Warrnambool in the mid 1940s. The Fletcher Jones business became one of the most important ones in Warrnambool in the 20th century and the early 21st century.

Inscriptions & Markings

‘Fletcher Jones The Man’s Shop Warrnambool Mr A. Vinnell Date 15/2/46’

School Photograph (digital image) - Watsonia High School WaHIGH 1965 Form 4A

Greensborough Historical Society, Lower Plenty

Digital copy of school photograph

Historical information

A class photograph of Watsonia High School 1965 Form 4A

Book - Steadfast A commentery by Walter Murdoch

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a hard cover book of 195 pages. The cover is orange with red lettering and an image of a mountain (on an island?). The spine is a little faded. The book contains a Preface and 21 short essays containing thoughts concerning Australia in the early years of World War Two.

Historical information

This book has been written by Walter Murdoch, the distinguished Australian academic and essayist. Walter Murdoch (1874-1970) gained an Arts Degree at the University of Melbourne with first class honours in philosophy and logic. In 1901 Murdoch came to Warrnambool in partnership with James Scott as co-proprietors of the private school, Warrnambool College. They bought out the Warrnambool Grammar School previously run by John Stanley and, when Scott retired, Murdoch became the sole proprietor and headmaster of the school. While he was in Warrnambool Murdoch continued to write for Melbourne newspapers and published a book, ‘The Struggle For Freedom’, covering the constitutional history of Britain and Australia. This book sold 10,000 copies in its first year. In 1904 Murdoch left Warrnambool to take up a position as a lecturer in English at the University of Melbourne. Later he became the foundation Professor of English at the University of Western Australia and later its Chancellor. Murdoch University in Western Australia is named after him. Murdoch became a household name to two generations of Australians through his radio broadcasts and his literary columns in several Australian newspapers. He published over 40 books and was knighted in 1964.

Significance

This book is of interest as an example of the writings of Walter Murdoch, important not only in the history of Australian literature but also of note in the history of Warrnambool.

Printmaking - Etching - 'Iridis Navigium' by Christine Stewart

Federation University Australia Art Collection ,

Frame limited edition print.

Historical information

This work was exhibited in the 1993 3rd year final exhibition. It is part of the Federation University Art Collection. The Art Collection features over 1000 works and was listed as a 'Ballarat Treasure' in 2007.

Inscriptions & Markings

Artist's Proof

Uniform Headwear

Ringwood RSL Sub-Branch, Ringwood

Women's Royal Australian Army Corps Headwear C 1980 complete with brass and white metal badge.

Inscriptions & Markings

Named to S.S.Hoey F 15621

Book - We can like research -- in Koori hands : a community report on Onemda VicHealth Koori Health Unit's research workshops in 2007

Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages, Brunswick

Inscriptions & Markings

B&w photographs

First Holy Communion souvenir 1923 - Marcela Bole: First Holy Communion Souvenir

Slovenian Association Melbourne, Research

First Holy Communion Certificate awarded to Marcela Gec on April 15, 1923

Inscriptions & Markings

Spomin prvega sv. obhajila

BOOK - Heroes - At Home & Abroad 1939-45

Bendigo Soldiers Memorial Institute Military Museum, Bendigo

Soft cardboard cover. Black print on front, spine & back, mottled yellow background colour. Front cover has an illustration of a male in uniform & a female civilian. Front cover has a triangle shape missing from top right hand corner. 119 pages, cut, plain, white. Illustrated with black & white photos.

Historical information

From Introduction: This book tells the personal stories of men and women who lived and served through World War II and marks the 50th Anniversary of the end of that war.

Photograph - Welcome to Archbishop Mr Lees on arrival of RMS Mongolia at Port Melbourne

Mission to Seafarers Victoria, Docklands

Photo, Ceremony at the Shrine

Melbourne Legacy, Melbourne

Black and white photo of an Anzac Commemoration Ceremony for students at the Shrine in 1982 with two junior Legatees at the Cenotaph (World War II memorial). Two paper labels typed in black ink.

Historical information

A Legacy ceremony at the Shrine of Remembrance. One of the annual "Anzac Commemoration Ceremony for Students" events, usually held just prior to ANZAC Day. This was taken in 1982. The ceremony provides a valuable opportunity for students to gain an appreciation of the Anzac spirit, the significance of the Shrine and the meaning of Anzac Day. It is a photo of two school children laying a wreath at the Cenotaph. They are named as two Junior Legatees, Peter Manning and either Bridget Riggs or Gayle Goulding (the two labels are contradictory). It is possible one of the labels belong to another photo (item 01200) as they were found in the same envelope and it appears to be the same boy in both photos. However both labels were attached to this photo. Item was in an envelope with other photos and programmes from different School Student ceremonies. Labelled S15 in red pen it was part of an old archive numbering system, that showed there has been efforts in the past to collect, order and save items of Legacy's history.

Significance

A record of a ceremony for school students at the Shrine.

Inscriptions & Markings

Photo is stamped with Copyright of Herald and Weekly Times in green ink. Handwritten 'Peter Manning and Bridget Riggs' in purple texta. '820423/120' in blue pen. Label says: 'At Melbourne Legacy's Annual School Children's Anzac Commemoration this year Junior legatees, Gayle Goulding and Peter Manning representing all Junior Legatees, laid a wreath at the foot of the World War Two Memorial.' Other label says: Junior Legatees Peter Manning and Bridget Riggs observe a minutes silence after laying a wreath near the Eternal Flame at the Shrine of Remembrance. They were among 1100 children from 54 schools who attended Melbourne Legacy's 51st Annual school children's Anzac Commemoration Ceremony at the Shrine. Photo courtesy Sun News-Pictorial.' The photo was also used as a Highlights page in an Annual Report. The caption confirmed the names as Peter Manning and Bridget Riggs.

WW1 German Spade - German Trench Spade

Shepparton RSL Sub Branch, Shepparton

Good Condition with surface rust. Wooden handle 7 Rivets and 2 Rivets holding the handle on place.

Inscriptions & Markings

Hand written HA

Ticket

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Ticket for orient-line steamship "Potosi" from Gravesend, London to Adelaide 1881, issued on the 18th of March to Richard Turner. Ship sailed on the 24th of March.

Photograph - Kinglake State School No. 2188. Burnt down 1927.

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Digital image

Historical information

Source: Mrs. McMinn, Kinglake Cross Ref: 0024

Significance

This photo forms part of a collection of photographs gathered by the Shire of Eltham for their centenary project book,"Pioneers and Painters: 100 years of the Shire of Eltham" by Alan Marshall (1971). The collection of over 500 images is held in partnership between Eltham District Historical Society and Yarra Plenty Regional Library (Eltham Library) and is now formally known as the 'The Shire of Eltham Pioneers Photograph Collection.' It is significant in being the first community sourced collection representing the places and people of the Shire's first one hundred years.

Photograph - Excelsior Mills Cricket Team, Premiers Season 1942-43, B Section

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Excelsior Mills Cricket Club team, B Section premiers, 1942-43.

Historical information

Photo depicts the Excelsior Mills Cricket Club team who were premiers in 1942-43. The photo was donated by Mr N.A. Ferguson who played with the club and appears in the photo.

Inscriptions & Markings

EXCELSIOR MILLS CRICKET TEAM / PREMIERS / SEASON 1942-43 / B SECTION / C.H. Phillips, N.J. Hunter, A.R. Dendle, G.W. Baker (Ass. Sec.), C.L. Allen, W.J. Carroll, Harold Smith / G. Hirst (Chairman), R.E. Smith, J.R. Southall (Capt.), Lewis Hirst, Esq. (President), F.J. Skene (Vice Capt), / J.A. Edwick, K.A. Danger (Hon. Sec.) / D.E. Edwick E.T. Carroll The / Lockwood Studios, / Geelong. N. FERGUSON

Digital photograph - Cape Bridgewater

Ballarat Heritage Services, Bakery Hill Post Office

Photograph - St Patricks Church Port Fairy

Port Fairy Historical Society Museum and Archives, Port Fairy

black and white photograph

Historical information

St Patricks church Port Fairy including fence and cypress trees

POSTCARDS, PHOTOGRAPHIC

Bendigo Soldiers Memorial Institute Military Museum, Bendigo

Postcards to Lilac Rogan of Maryborough from various soldiers in WWI.

Inscriptions & Markings

.1), .2) & .3) Handwriting on rear. .1) God have you in his keeping - To Lilac Rogan from Jack Bury. .2) Thinking of you - To Lilac Rogan from Jack Bury. .3) Karnak grande Cotonne de Napoleon at Temple - To Lilac Rogan from Service No 2123.

Pottery: John MILLS - Red/Brown Cassarole Dish

Nillumbik Shire Council,

Uniform

8th/13th Victorian Mounted Rifles Regimental Collection, North Bandiana

Black woollen patrol collar tunic with white edge piping and white epaulets with twin black piping stripe; eight gilt Edward VII buttons in front and two smaller similar buttons securing epaulets; white frogging on cuffs; gold bullion shoesmith's trade qualification in the shape of a horseshoe on upper right sleeve.

Historical information

Shoesmiths, or farriers, served in light horse and artillery units particularly and were engaged in shoeing horses and other general blacksmithing tasks.

Significance

Rare example of a uniform from the Edwardian period and specific to the trade of shoeing horses.

PHOTOGRAPH

Clunes Museum, Clunes

SEPIA PHOTOGRAPH OF A FAMILY GROUP

Historical information

PHOTOGRAPH FOUND IN THE FORMER HOME OF THE LATE LAURA HUDSON, IN LOWER FRASER STREET, CLUNES. (NOW BLACKMORE ROAD)

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