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Victorian Collections -

Talking Shop: Ballarat in Business and City Life at Ballaarat Mechanics' Institute

27 Jun 2019

Curated By

Amy Tsilemanis, Curator, Ballaarat Mechanics' Institute

126950 items with images

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126950 items with images

Console Telephone 10 shutter

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This console telephone switchboard (manual) unit has a shutter operation (precursor to the light indicator) to identify the caller to the telephone switchboard operator. This switchboard has a ten point indication shutter system allowing the operator to clearly identify where the caller is located. The console has a 44 connection point holes with their configurations in a triangular shape. The shutters are held closed by a small lever at the top which is opened by a small electrical charge from the incoming call. The operator uses a wind up handle to power a magneto connector(handle on the console's right side). The telephone hand set is located on the left side of the console.

Historical information

This manual telephone exchange console is an important piece of equipment which provided the most efficient method of long distance communications in the 1950's to the 1980's. Communications were critical, not only for the regional Hospital, but also for large construction sites i.e. the Kiewa Hydro Scheme, especially if they are in dense rugged mountainous regions. The degree of Occupation Health and Welfare on industrial sites were at a bare minimum compared to the work scene after the 1980's.

Significance

This telephone exchange console is highly significant to both the Kiewa Valley and Mount Beauty region because it was so important in the communications field relating to operational safety and work related controls. The success of any large undertaken relies heavily upon good communications. In the hospital this method of communications is still used i.e. patient to ward station. This flag system link a patient's room to the controlling nursing station. Identification of the patient needing help is crucial for swift action from the available medical staff. Similarly in large construction sites such as the Kiewa Hydro Scheme, successful instant communications was also essential. This switchboard required a 50 volt supply to successfully operate and was in use when both telecommunications and postal were under the one Federal Government carrier i.e. The Post Master General. A benefit with a line communication system (such as the one that fed this console was that interference from atmospheric conditions did not impede the connection.

Photograph (black & white) - Staff and Students of the Ballarat School of Mines, c1903

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

Staff and students of the Ballarat School of Mines are photographed in front of the former Ballarat Circuit Court House (now demolished). Staff are seated in the second row from the front, and are (from left) Daniel Walker , ? , Alfred Mica Smith, Dawburn, Thomas Hart, ? , ?, [Charles Fenner?].

Historical information

This photo is assumed to be science (mining) students at the Ballarat School of Mines. The building they stand in front of is the first building used by the Ballarat School of Mines, and was the abandoned Ballarat Circuit Court House.

Inscriptions & Markings

Some names of students have been handwritten onto the mount card and include: Harry Longford, Philburn, Hepburn, Wallin, Blayney, Grey, Futter, Young, and Kingsbury

Spoon

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Unrestored tea spoon from the wreck of the LOCH ARD. The spoon design has a flattened fiddle-back handle, with a thin stem or shank, flared collar, and elongated bowl. The spoons metallic composition is a thin layer of brass alloy which has partially corroded back to a nickel-silver base metal. Concretion of sediment on handle. Outlines of three makers marks visible on lower rear of handle. Plain heraldic shield embossed on upper rear of bowl.

Historical information

This tea spoon is from the wreck of the LOCH ARD, a Loch Line ship of 1,693 tons which sailed from Gravesend, London, on 2 March 1878 with 17 passengers and a crew of 36 under Captain George Gibbs. “The intention was to discharge cargo in Melbourne, before returning to London via the Horn with wool and wheat”. Instead, on 1 June 1878, after 90 days at sea, she struck the sandstone cliffs of Mutton Bird Island on the south west coast of Victoria, and sank with the loss of 52 lives and all her cargo. The manifest of the LOCH ARD listed an array of manufactured goods and bulk metals being exported to the Colony of Victoria, with a declared value of £53,700. (202 bills of lading show an actual invoice value of £68, 456, with insurance underwriting to £30,000 of all cargo). Included in the manifest is the item of “Tin hardware & cutlery £7,530”. This teaspoon is one of 482 similar items of electro-plated cutlery from the LOCH ARD site, comprising spoons and forks of various sizes but all sharing the same general shape or design and metallic composition. 49 of these pieces display a legible makers’ mark — the initials “W” and “P” placed within a raised diamond outline, which is in turn contained within a sunken crown shape — identifying the manufacturer as William Page & Co of Birmingham. An electroplater’s makers’ marks, unlike sterling silver hallmarks, are not consistent identifiers of quality or date and place of manufacture. A similar line of five impressions was usually made to impress the consumer with an implication of industry standards, but what each one actually signified was not regulated and so they varied according to the whim of the individual foundry. In this case, the maker’s marks are often obscured by sedimentary accretion or removed by corrosion after a century of submersion in the ocean. However sufficient detail has survived to indicate that these samples of electro-plated cutlery probably originated from the same consignment in the LOCH ARD’s cargo. The following descriptions of maker’s marks are drawn from 255 tea spoons, 125 dessert spoons, and 99 table forks. These marks are clearly visible in 66 instances, while the same sequence of general outlines, or depression shapes, is discernible in another 166 examples. 1. A recessed Crown containing a raised Diamond outline and the initials “W” and “P” (the recognised trademark of William Page & Co) 2. An impressed Ellipse containing a raised, pivoted, Triangle in its lower part and bearing a Resurrection Cross on its upper section (a possible dissenting church symbol reflecting religious affiliation); OR a rounded Square impression containing a raised, ‘lazy’, letter “B” (possibly mimicking sterling silver hallmark signifying city of manufacture i.e. Birmingham) 3. An impressed rounded Square filled with a raised Maltese Cross (the base metal composite of nickel silver was also known as ‘German silver’ after its Berlin inventors in 1823) 4. A recessed Circle containing a Crab or Scarab Beetle image; OR a recessed Circle containing a rotated ‘fleur de lys’ or ‘fasces’ design 5. A depressed Diamond shape enclosing a large raised letter “R” and a small raised letter “D” (mimicking the U.K. Patent Office stamp which abbreviated the term ‘registered’ to “RD”, but also included date and class of patent) Suggested trade names for William Page & Co’s particular blend of brass plating are ‘roman silver’ or ‘silverite’. This copper alloy polishes to a lustrous gold when new, discolouring to a murky grey with greenish hue when neglected. HISTORY OF THE LOCH ARD The LOCH ARD belonged to the famous Loch Line which sailed many ships from England to Australia. Built in Glasgow by Barclay, Curdle and Co. in 1873, the LOCH ARD was a three-masted square rigged iron sailing ship. The ship measured 262ft 7" (79.87m) in length, 38ft (11.58m) in width, 23ft (7m) in depth and had a gross tonnage of 1693 tons. The LOCH ARD's main mast measured a massive 150ft (45.7m) in height. LOCH ARD made three trips to Australia and one trip to Calcutta before its final voyage. LOCH ARD left England on March 2, 1878, under the command of Captain Gibbs, a newly married, 29 year old. She was bound for Melbourne with a crew of 37, plus 17 passengers and a load of cargo. The general cargo reflected the affluence of Melbourne at the time. On board were straw hats, umbrella, perfumes, clay pipes, pianos, clocks, confectionary, linen and candles, as well as a heavier load of railway irons, cement, lead and copper. There were items included that intended for display in the Melbourne International Exhibition in 1880. The voyage to Port Phillip was long but uneventful. At 3am on June 1, 1878, Captain Gibbs was expecting to see land and the passengers were becoming excited as they prepared to view their new homeland in the early morning. But LOCH ARD was running into a fog which greatly reduced visibility. Captain Gibbs was becoming anxious as there was no sign of land or the Cape Otway lighthouse. At 4am the fog lifted. A man aloft announced that he could see breakers. The sheer cliffs of Victoria's west coast came into view, and Captain Gibbs realised that the ship was much closer to them than expected. He ordered as much sail to be set as time would permit and then attempted to steer the vessel out to sea. On coming head on into the wind, the ship lost momentum, the sails fell limp and LOCH ARD's bow swung back. Gibbs then ordered the anchors to be released in an attempt to hold its position. The anchors sank some 50 fathoms - but did not hold. By this time LOCH ARD was among the breakers and the tall cliffs of Mutton Bird Island rose behind the ship. Just half a mile from the coast, the ship's bow was suddenly pulled around by the anchor. The captain tried to tack out to sea, but the ship struck a reef at the base of Mutton Bird Island, near Port Campbell. Waves broke over the ship and the top deck was loosened from the hull. The masts and rigging came crashing down knocking passengers and crew overboard. When a lifeboat was finally launched, it crashed into the side of LOCH ARD and capsized. Tom Pearce, who had launched the boat, managed to cling to its overturned hull and shelter beneath it. He drifted out to sea and then on the flood tide came into what is now known as LOCH ARD Gorge. He swam to shore, bruised and dazed, and found a cave in which to shelter. Some of the crew stayed below deck to shelter from the falling rigging but drowned when the ship slipped off the reef into deeper water. Eva Carmichael had raced onto deck to find out what was happening only to be confronted by towering cliffs looming above the stricken ship. In all the chaos, Captain Gibbs grabbed Eva and said, "If you are saved Eva, let my dear wife know that I died like a sailor". That was the last Eva Carmichael saw of the captain. She was swept off the ship by a huge wave. Eva saw Tom Pearce on a small rocky beach and yelled to attract his attention. He dived in and swam to the exhausted woman and dragged her to shore. He took her to the cave and broke open case of brandy which had washed up on the beach. He opened a bottle to revive the unconscious woman. A few hours later Tom scaled a cliff in search of help. He followed hoof prints and came by chance upon two men from nearby Glenample Station three and a half miles away. In a state of exhaustion, he told the men of the tragedy. Tom returned to the gorge while the two men rode back to the station to get help. By the time they reached LOCH ARD Gorge, it was cold and dark. The two shipwreck survivors were taken to Glenample Station to recover. Eva stayed at the station for six weeks before returning to Ireland, this time by steamship. In Melbourne, Tom Pearce received a hero's welcome. He was presented with the first gold medal of the Royal Humane Society of Victoria and a £1000 cheque from the Victorian Government. Concerts were performed to honour the young man's bravery and to raise money for those who lost family in the LOCH ARD disaster. Of the 54 crew members and passengers on board, only two survived: the apprentice, Tom Pearce and the young woman passenger, Eva Carmichael, who lost all of her family in the tragedy. Ten days after the LOCH ARD tragedy, salvage rights to the wreck were sold at auction for £2,120. Cargo valued at £3,000 was salvaged and placed on the beach, but most washed back into the sea when another storm developed. The wreck of LOCH ARD still lies at the base of Mutton Bird Island. Much of the cargo has now been salvaged and some was washed up into what is now known as LOCH ARD Gorge. Cargo and artefacts have also been illegally salvaged over many years before protective legislation was introduced. One of the most unlikely pieces of cargo to have survived the shipwreck was a Minton porcelain peacock - one of only seven in the world. The peacock was destined for the Melbourne International Exhibition in 1880. It had been well packed, which gave it adequate protection during the violent storm. Today, the Minton peacock can be seen at the Flagstaff Hill Maritime Museum in Warrnambool. From Australia's most dramatic shipwreck it has now become Australia's most valuable shipwreck artefact and is one of very few 'objects' on the Victorian State Heritage Register

Significance

The LOCH ARD shipwreck is of State significance – Victorian Heritage Register S 417. Flagstaff Hill’s collection of artefacts from LOCH ARD is significant for being one of the largest collections of artefacts from this shipwreck in Victoria. It is significant for its association with the shipwreck, which is on the Victorian Heritage Register (VHR S417). The collection is significant because of the relationship between the objects, as together they have a high potential to interpret the story of the LOCH ARD. The LOCH ARD collection is archaeologically significant as the remains of a large international passenger and cargo ship. The LOCH ARD collection is historically significant for representing aspects of Victoria’s shipping history and its potential to interpret sub-theme 1.5 of Victoria’s Framework of Historical Themes (living with natural processes). The collection is also historically significant for its association with the LOCH ARD, which was one of the worst and best known shipwrecks in Victoria’s history.

Image

Vision Australia, Kooyong

1 x B/W photograph

Historical information

Turning of the first sod for the Association for the Blind's Ballarat home for the elderly, later known as Kelaston.

Photographic print

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

Black and white photograph of unknown player. Materials: Paper, Photographic emulsion

Book - "Historical Records of Australia Series 1 Vol 3 1801-1802"

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

"Historical Records of Australia Series 1 Vol 3 1801-1802" Governors Despatches to and from England Publisher: Library Committee of the Commonwealth Parliament Date: 1915

Inscriptions & Markings

Inside front cover has a sticker that reads Warrnambool Mechanics Institute and Free Library

Belt

Running Rabbits Military Museum operated by the Upwey Belgrave RSL Sub Branch, Upwey

Army Belt Polyester khaki narrow

Photograph - Colour - Craig's Hotel, Ballarat

Ballarat Heritage Services, Bakery Hill Post Office

Colour photograph of Craig's hotel in Lydiard Street South, Ballarat.

PHOTOGRAPH

Clunes Museum, Clunes

COLOUR PHOTOGRAPH MRS. LENA WATTLEWORTH AND UNKNOWN MAN AT THE PRESENTATION/RECOGNITION OF LENA WATTLEWORTH NATIVE RESERVE ON TALBOT ROAD

Rate Books - Borough of Ringwood Valuation & Rate Cards for 1944-49 (Assessments 3193-3197)

Ringwood and District Historical Society, Ringwood

Digital images

Historical information

Originally stored at Ringwood Council offices, then taken to PROV.

Significance

Only source of ratepayers in the Borough of Ringwood

Inscriptions & Markings

For BR Stewart (Belgrave Road), Violet Sampson (Barkly Street), Margaret Cowin (Barkly Street), Edith Phillips (Barkly Street) & Arthur George (Barkly Street, Allman's Estate).

MAP, FRAMED

Bendigo Soldiers Memorial Institute Military Museum, Bendigo

Coloured map of Tobruk Seige. Lacquered wooden frame, glass front & cardboard backing.

Inscriptions & Markings

Printed top centre: TOBRUK SEIGE AUSTRALIAN POSITIONS AS AT 1ST MAY 1941 Donation sticker on bottom LHS.

Image - Rutherglen Tonette Band

Rutherglen Historical Society, Rutherglen

Newspaper clipping pasted onto a piece of cardboard. Article and photograph are about the Rutherglen High School, Tonette Band (John Herrin, Leader).

Historical information

Part of a collection relating to the Parkin family.

Inscriptions & Markings

Illegible writing on back of cardboard mount. Possibly includes the name "Parkin" and the year "1951"

Book - Castlemaine Primary School 150th

Old Castlemaine Schoolboys Association Inc., CASTLEMAINE

Glue bound booklet published by Gail Woodward 2005

Inscriptions & Markings

Castlemaine Primary School No. 119 Celebrated 150 Years August 1st - 7th 2005, 1855-2005

Rubber Mould - Untitled (Centaur)

Montsalvat, Eltham

Rubber mould of a circular design depicting a centaur with bow and arrow.

Inscriptions & Markings

None

Photograph - Matlocks Hansom Cab and Matlocks Livery Stables in lane rear of Coffee Motors, 1920.

Ringwood and District Historical Society, Ringwood

Inscriptions & Markings

Typed below photograph, "Matlocks Hansom Cab and Matlocks Livery Stables in lane rear of Coffee Motors, 1920".

Photograph - Mudbrick house, possibly St Andrews area, c. Feb 2002

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Roll of 35mm colour negative film, 10 strips

Inscriptions & Markings

Kodak Gold 100-6

Envelope - Bank envelope ANZ

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

These are two paper envelopes, glued at the ends, one for holding five cent coins and the other for threepenny coins. They are buff-coloured, with the larger envelope having blue printing and the smaller one having red printing.

Historical information

These enveloped have been used by the A.N.Z. Bank as a convenient way of storing coins. The one containing threepences is pre-decimal currency (1966) and other (five cents) is post 1966. The envelopes would have been used in all ANZ banks. The ANZ Bank was formed in 1951 when the Bank of Australasia merged with the Union Bank. The Bank of Australasia was established in Warrnambool in 1854 and in 1953 the Bank of Australasia and the Union Bank closed and the ANZ bank opened in Timor Street. Today a branch of the ANZ bank is in Liebig Street.

Significance

These envelopes are of minor interest as examples of the currencies and banking procedures of yesteryear.

Inscriptions & Markings

Larger envelope: ANZ Bank, 5c, value $2, 957-10/76 Smaller envelope: 3d. A.N.Z. Bank

PHOTOGRAPH

Clunes Museum, Clunes

PHOTOGRAPH OF NORA AND ROBERT CAMPBELL WHEN THEY RECEIVED THE CLUNES CITIZEN OF THE YEAR 2007 CERTIFICATES.

Coaster - Digital Image - Greensborough Hotel

Greensborough Historical Society, Lower Plenty

Digital copy of coaster, white card, red text.

Historical information

Drink coaster from the Greensborough Hotel, 1980s

Significance

Part of a collection of miscellaneous advertisements for businesses in Greensborough and surrounding areas.

MEDAL SET

Bendigo Soldiers Memorial Institute Military Museum, Bendigo

Medal set, court mounted, set of (3) re L Pryde. 1 Military medal, replica not engraved. 2 War medal 1914-1920, replica not engraved. 3 Victory Medal.

Historical information

Leslie Pryde enlisted in the AIF 2.8.15 in Divisional Ammunition Column 1 reinforcement 14 age 28 years. Embarked for Egypt 28.1.1916, transfers to 13th FAB 16.4.1916, embarks for France 16.6.1916, promoted to Cpl 7.6.1917, hospital with Trench Fever 12.12.1917, return to unit 30.12.1917, promoted to Sgt 26.1.1918, discharged from the AIF on 7.4.1919. Leslie Pryde was awarded the Military Medal on 15.10.1917 East of Westhoek serving in the 49th Battery. The citation is quite long but the main part is the following; During heavy shelling one of their ammunition dumps was hit and caught fire, Pryde and another NCO at great risk pulled rounds away from the fire area likely to explode and extinguished the fire saving 600 out of 1000 rounds, 400 had exploded.

Inscriptions & Markings

3. 11986 Sgt L.Pryde. 1 D.A.C A.I.F

Photograph - Burke Hall, Xavier Preparatory School, circa 1930

Kew Historical Society Inc, Kew

A panoramic photograph of the grounds of Xavier Preparatory School taken from the vicinity of Studley House, looking north east towards Burke Hall (originally Studley Hall). The foreground to the left of the chapel is an oval known as the Chapel Oval (later known as Studley Oval). The ground to the right front is now known as the Jack Gervasoni oval. The house to the far right (part view) is "Campion".

Historical information

This work forms part of the collection assembled by the historian Dorothy Rogers, that was donated to the Kew Historical Society by her son John Rogers in 2015. The manuscripts, photographs, maps, and documents were sourced by her from both family and local collections or produced as references for her print publications. Many were directly used by Rogers in writing ‘Lovely Old Homes of Kew’ (1961) and 'A History of Kew' (1973), or the numerous articles on local history that she produced for suburban newspapers. Most of the photographs in the collection include detailed annotations in her hand.

Significance

The Rogers Collection provides a comprehensive insight into the working habits of a historian in the 1960s and 1970s. Together it forms the largest privately-donated collection within the archives of the Kew Historical Society.

Inscriptions & Markings

Burke Hall (Xavier Prep.) formerly Waverley. Built by Charles Griffiths ca. 1869 (Panoramic view from East [sic])

Photograph - Post Card

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

Coloured Postcard of boat pulled into jetty at San Remo. Shed with dray and people outside. Tree and roadway in foreground.

Historical information

Donated by Jean Parle

Inscriptions & Markings

"Phillip Island from San Rem Harbour"

Nurses Uniform, trainee, after 1972, Ballarat Base Hospital

Ballarat Base Hospital Trained Nurses League, Ballarat

Plastic doll

Historical information

Nurses Uniform, trainee, after 1972, Ballarat Base Hospital

Significance

Nurses Uniform, trainee, after 1972, Ballarat Base Hospital

Washing Machine

Anglesea and District Historical Society, Anglesea

Hand operated washing machine. Works on same principal as our model on display. Made of a metal drum with supporting metal legs. It includes a metal handle with an agitator. A piece of wood is bolted to the side of the washing machine for mounting a hand wringer. Such a machine was ideal for homes that did not have electricity.

Mr Greg Dalziel, pay office

Ballarat Base Hospital Trained Nurses League, Ballarat

Photo

Costume Accessories - Old school tie

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

This woven woollen tie has diagonal, wide bands of green, and narrower bands of gold, blue, gold. It is most probably a School of Mines Ballarat tie.

Inscriptions & Markings

On cotton label tag at the back - Pure wool, "Tee-Dee", School & College wear

School Magazine - The Chronicle, 1954.

Greensborough Historical Society, Lower Plenty

60 p. black & white print, cream cover, with 4p. leaflet, printed in blue.

Historical information

"The Chronicle" is the annual school magazine of Lowther Hall C.E.G.G.S., this edition is 1954. Inserted inside is Programme and Prize List, Speech night, 15 December 1955.

Significance

Shirley Black attended Lowther Hall C.E.G.G.S.

Inscriptions & Markings

Shirley Black, Bundoora

Photograph - Digital image - Partington Family - Four generations

Greensborough Historical Society, Lower Plenty

Digital copy of black and white photograph. Links: 01524.02494

Historical information

Four generations of the Partington family: Alan Partington, David Medhurst, Annie May Medhurst Partington and infant Elinor Partington

Significance

Four generations of a Greensborough pioneer family.

minute book

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A light blue covered book with a red cloth spine. It is a minute book used by the Ladies Social Committee of the Orbost Rifle Club.

Historical information

This minute book was used by Mrs J. Trewin as secretary of the Ladies Social Committee of the Orbost Rifle Club.

Significance

The Orbost Rifle Club existed in the early 20th century. (There are records from 1900). It folded in the late 1970's. It had a substantial membership.

Inscriptions & Markings

Label on front cover - Ladies Social Committee Rifle Club Secretary - Mrs J. Trewin

Document - Things to be done in September Meeting

Old Castlemaine Schoolboys Association Inc., CASTLEMAINE

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