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Victorian Collections -

Prisoner of War & Internment Camps: Tatura and Rushworth

1 Oct 2018

During the First World War, the theatres of Europe felt worlds away for Australians on the home front. The Second World War’s Pacific stage brought war closer to home. For some Victorian country towns, the repercussions of war arrived right on their doorstep.

Curated By

Alana Bennett Mazzilli, Work experience student, Academy of Mary Immaculate

110652 items with images

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110652 items with images

Racquet

Key words

tennis

A wooden, oval racquet with a concave throat, cloth tape supports, and fish-tail handle. Inscription across crown on obverse: THE DEMON. Model trademark is stamped on throat on obverse, featuring a horned demon's head device, with the text: THE/DEMON. Manufacturer's decal trademark across throat on reverse, comprises of a hexagram with the text: BEST IS BEST/S&S/L/THRO' THE WORLD. Retailer's decal below: LISLE FRASER/WHOLESALE/AND/RETAIL/SPORTING GOODS/... Inscription stamped along left side of stem and handle: SLAZENGERS (CANADA) LIMITED...MADE IN CANADA. Materials: Wood, Gut, Metal, Glue, Lacquer, Cloth tape, String, Paint

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

Teapot

Key words

pettitt
mr r. w.

Presented to Mr R W Pettitt.

Historical information

Silver "Robur" teapot, presented to Mr R W Pettitt.

Inscriptions & Markings

PERFECT TEA-POT/ PATENT/AUS.1O373. 14-11-27/N.Z.59615/ U.S. At. 816.28/ G.B.300540-28/D.C.285311-28/IS AM271289/ WARRANTED HARD SILVER SOLDER [PERFECT TEA-POT/ PATENT]/AUS.1O373. 14-11-27/N.Z.59615/ U.S. At. 816.28/ G.B.300540-28/D.C.285311-28/IS AM271289/ WARRANTED HARD SILVER SOLDER

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Hat - Slouch

Key words

headgear
1990s
army

Fur felt, khaki, Rising Sun, 7 fold puggaree

Running Rabbits Military Museum operated by the Upwey Belgrave RSL Sub Branch, Upwey

Photograph - Quambee, North Ringwood, 1912 - viewed from Coombes' property.

Inscriptions & Markings

Written on back of photograph, "Quambee, North Ringwood, 1912 - viewed from Coombes' property."

Ringwood and District Historical Society, Ringwood

Print

Key words

tennis

Small print on paper depicting figures in blue and white playing tennis over high net, on a gilt background. Text at lower centre: 'ROYAL LAWN TENNIS...DANDO, PHILA'. Materials: Paper, Ink, Metal, Wood, Glass

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

Postcard: Post Office, Ballarat

Key words

ballarat

The coloured card shows Ballarat Post Office on the corner of Lydiard and Sturt streets. The card has a patterned edge which has gold decorative elements in two corners one with an image of a kangaroo.

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

Photograph - The Crags, rocky coast. Port Fairy

Key words

beach
sea
seascape

Photograph

Port Fairy Historical Society , Port Fairy

Letts Diary No 2H 1865 (Bilis Due Book & Almanac)

Key words

diaries

Green cover, gold lettering.

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

1955 Staff Nurses: June Parkinson, Elwyn Wilks, Rita Ahern

Key words

1955, staff nurses, june parkinson, elwyn wilks, rita ahern

Photo

Ballarat Base Hospital Trained Nurses League,

Medal

Group of five medals, swing mounted, awarded to 6935 Private W. R. Rutledge and NX 112296 Captain W. R. Rutledge. British War Medal, Victory Medal, Defence Medal, 1939-45, Australian Service Medal 1939-45, and British War Medal 1939-45.

Historical information

Captain William Robert Rutledge volunteered for the AIF 25 June 1917 as an 18 year-old farm labourer of Hay NSW. He served as No 6935 with 35th Battalion on Western Front; wounded in action April 1918; Returned to Australia March 1919. Served in 21st Light Horse (CMF) between the wars. WWII service NX 112296 12 September 1942 – 4 October 1946, in 26 Work Company with rank of Captain.

Significance

Part of a collection of memorabilia acquired by a district soldier with service in 1st and 2nd AIF and in CMF between the wars.

8th/13th Victorian Mounted Rifles Regimental Collection, North Bandiana

Audio recording, tape - "Legacy Week" - 1969

Box, cardboard. Spool, clear plastic, enclosed in clear plastic packaging. Tape, magnetic.

Historical information

A common method of recording for broadcasting.

Significance

Message delivered by the Earl Mountbatten of Burma.

Inscriptions & Markings

Klarion Enterprises Propietry Limited, telephone 329-7900, 321 William St., Melbourne 3000. "Legacy Week" - 1969, Message delivered by Earl Mountbatten of Burma. Not to be broadcast before 6.P.M.on Sunday 31 . 8 . 69 . Thereafter at frequent times throughout "LEGACY WEEK",

Melbourne Legacy, Melbourne

Book - The Australian Encyclopaedia Vol 7 set 2

Key words

warrnambool
shipwrecked-coast
flagstaff-hill
flagstaff-hill-maritime-museum
maritime-museum
shipwreck-coast
flagstaff-hill-maritime-village
shipwrecked-artefact
book
the australian encyclopaedia vol 7 set 2
the australian encyclopaedia
warrnambool mechanics’ institute
pattison collection
warrnambool library
ralph eric pattison
corangamite regional library service
warrnambool city librarian
mechanics’ institute library
victorian library board
warrnambool books and records
warrnambool children’s library

The Australian Encyclopaedia Vol 7 set 2

Historical information

Pattison Collection This item is from the ‘Pattison Collection’, a collection of books and records that was originally owned by the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute, which was founded in Warrnambool in 1853. By 1886 the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute (WMI) had grown to be have a Library, Museum and Fine Arts Gallery, with a collection of “… choice productions of art, and valuable specimens in almost every branch and many wonderful national curiosities are now to be seen there, including historic relics of the town and district.” It later included a School of Design. Although it was very well patronised, the lack of financial support led the WMI in 1911 to ask the City Council to take it over. In 1935 Ralph Pattison was appointed as City Librarian to establish and organise the Warrnambool Library as it was then called. When the WMI building was pulled down in 1963 a new civic building was erected on the site and the new Warrnambool Library, on behalf of the City Council, took over all the holdings of the WMI. At this time some of the items were separated and identified as the ‘Pattison Collection’, named after Ralph Pattison. Eventually the components of the WMI were distributed from the Warrnambool Library to various places, including the Art Gallery, Historical Society and Flagstaff Hill. Later some were even distributed to other regional branches of Corangamite Regional Library and passed to and fro. It is difficult now to trace just where all of the items have ended up. The books at Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village generally display stamps and markings from Pattison as well as a variety of other institutions including the Mechanics’ Institute itself. RALPH ERIC PATTISON Ralph Eric Pattison was born in Rockhampton, Queensland, in 1891. He married Maude Swan from Warrnambool in 1920 and they set up home in Warrnambool. In 1935 Pattison accepted a position as City Librarian for the Warrnambool City Council. His huge challenge was to make a functional library within two rooms of the Mechanics’ Institute. He tirelessly cleaned, cleared and sorted a disarrayed collection of old books, jars of preserved specimens and other items reserved for exhibition in the city’s museum. He developed and updated the library with a wide variety of books for all tastes, including reference books for students; a difficult task to fulfil during the years following the Depression. He converted all of the lower area of the building into a library, reference room and reading room for members and the public. The books were sorted and stored using a cataloguing and card index system that he had developed himself. He also prepared the upper floor of the building and established the Art Gallery and later the Museum, a place to exhibit the many old relics that had been stored for years for this purpose. One of the treasures he found was a beautiful ancient clock, which he repaired, restored and enjoyed using in his office during the years of his service there. Ralph Pattison was described as “a meticulous gentleman whose punctuality, floorless courtesy and distinctive neat dress were hallmarks of his character, and ‘his’ clock controlled his daily routine, and his opening and closing of the library’s large heavy doors to the minute.” Pattison took leave during 1942 to 1945 to serve in the Royal Australian Navy, Volunteer Reserve as Lieutenant. A few years later he converted one of the Museum’s rooms into a Children’s Library, stocking it with suitable books for the younger generation. This was an instant success. In the 1950’s he had the honour of being appointed to the Victorian Library Board and received more inspiration from the monthly conferences in Melbourne. He was sadly retired in 1959 after over 23 years of service, due to the fact that he had gone over the working age of council officers. However he continued to take a very keen interest in the continual development of the Library until his death in 1969.

Significance

The Pattison Collection, along with other items at Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, was originally part of the Warrnambool Mechanics' Institute’s collection. The Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute Collection is primarily significant in its totality, rather than for the individual objects it contains. Its contents are highly representative of the development of Mechanics' Institute libraries across Australia, particularly Victoria. A diversity of publications and themes has been amassed, and these provide clues to our understanding of the nature of and changes in the reading habits of Victorians from the 1850s to the middle of the 20th century. The collection also highlights the Warrnambool community’s commitment to the Mechanics’ Institute, reading, literacy and learning in the regions, and proves that access to knowledge was not impeded by distance. These items help to provide a more complete picture of our community’s ideals and aspirations. The Warrnambool Mechanics Institute book collection has historical and social significance for its strong association with the Mechanics Institute movement and the important role it played in the intellectual, cultural and social development of people throughout the latter part of the nineteenth century and the early twentieth century. The collection of books is a rare example of an early lending library and its significance is enhanced by the survival of an original collection of many volumes. The Warrnambool Mechanics' Institute’s publication collection is of both local and state significance.

Inscriptions & Markings

Label on spine with typed text "PAT / 032 / AUS"

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

PHOTOGRAPH

Key words

local history
photography
photographs
coursing

BLACK AND WHITE PHOTOGRAPH OF GROUP OF PEOPLE AT COURSING EVENT - BUGGY UNDER GUM TREE.

Historical information

CLUNES COURSING EVENT AT AN OUTING

Inscriptions & Markings

COURSING SEASON - WHITE BEARD REV. McFARLANE C.OF E CRESWICK, - GEO. FRASER ALSO NOTED.

Clunes Museum, Clunes

Photograph - W.R. Rucker, Mayor [of Kew] 1913-14

Key words

mayors of kew (vic)
cr. w.r. rucker
australian photographers - josiah earl barnes

Framed portrait of Cr. W.R. Rucker, Mayor of Kew 1913-14. The mounting and framing of the photograph follows a typical layout or style in that each is framed in dark wood, glazed, and laid down on an inscribed board. The inscription identifies the name of the mayor and the year/s that he/she served.

Significance

The collection of photographs presented by the former City of Kew to the the Kew Historical Society in 1987 is historically significant. It comprises 85 original photographs, and two portraits of the former Clerks of the Kew City Council covering the period from 1863 to 1969. The earliest photographs date from c.1906, when the Town of Kew Council commissioned the noted local photographer Josiah E Barnes to make copy photographs of earlier images of Kew mayors and to photograph the current mayor for a display in its Council Chamber in Walpole Street, Kew. The photographs are large format and handsomely framed. The collection also includes photographs by other well-known photographic studios such as Burlington Studios, Melba – Melbourne, Stuart Tompkins, Spencer Shier and Talma & Co - the majority of the photographs are signed by the photographer, and have the dates of office of the mayor inscribed on the mount. There are only three missing portraits in the series. 80 photographs are housed in their original frames – the early photographs were framed by Beaument's Art Gallery, Picture Framing and Mount Cutting specialists, a business previously located next to the Hawthorn Town Hall in Burwood Road.

Kew Historical Society Inc, Kew

Photograph - Science Sheep Show - Sydney 1961

Key words

corriedale sheep sheep breeding
australian corriedale association
pettitt
mr r. w.
corriedale sheep
sheep breeding

Science Sheep Show, Sydney 1961.

Historical information

Sheep judging at the Science Sheep Show - Sydney 1961

National Wool Museum, Geelong

ARTILLERY SHELL & PROJECTILE

Brass cannon shell. calibre 37 mm with projectile shell - brass - inert Projectile - steel with four copper driving bands, not fired - nose cap - hollow brass threaded base.

Inscriptions & Markings

Shell - base 37 - 85 pdps 73 .9.17 Projectile - IF (not legible) Nose cap - 39817

Bendigo Soldiers Memorial Institute Military Museum, Bendigo

OC Flag

White flag with a green and red OC logo on the left and large text reading Ovens College on the right

Inscriptions & Markings

Ovens College

Wangaratta High School, Wangaratta

Photograph - Digital Image - Polaris sign at Larundel

Key words

larundel hospital
polaris

Digital copy of colour photograph

Historical information

This photograph shows the Polaris sign at the old Larundel Hospital site. Some buildings on this site are heritage listed on the Victorian Heritage Database. The Polaris development has utilised the open space at Larundel for residential and commercial use.

Greensborough Historical Society,

Photograph - black and white - Carroll Family and their First Car

Key words

patrick edmund carroll
jack carroll
jim carroll
car

Jack, Jim and Patrick Edmund Carroll sitting on the step, with other members of the family sitting inside their first car. The car registration is 110748.

Ballarat Heritage Services, Bakery Hill Post Office

Ladies gloves

9073.1 Crocheted ladies gloves, fawn in colour 9073.2 White knitted gloves with crocheted wrists

Coal Creek Community Park & Museum, Korumburra

Album - Winnie Willock Album

Key words

warrnambool, photo album, winnie willock ventnor,

Dark green leather album with brass metal lock and embellishments on front and back covers The same pattern is repeated on spine. Gilt on edges of pages. Sepia photographs are set in card inserts.

Historical information

This album contains a collection of portrait photographs taken in the later part of the 19th Century. Some of the photographers listed on the back include Stewart & Co., Bourke St East, Melbourne, Theodor Bloch Trafalgar St Nelson, A McDonald St George’s Hall Bourke St East Melbourne, G Kendall, Echuca and E. Goulter Prahran. The sepia photographs depict people of different ages.

Significance

A typical photo album of the time. It has social significance as far as costume and styles are concerned.

Inscriptions & Markings

Winnie Willock Ventnor Warrnambool, written in black pen on inside front page. A W Willock Ventnor No 14 inside front cover.

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

Postcard: Murray Views. No. 35. Panorama from Black Hill, Ballarat, Vic

Key words

ballarat

The black and white card shows a panoramic view from Black Hill looking South. Houses completely fill the view and some taller buildings in the distance, one of which is the Town Hall. Pine trees are in the immediate foreground.

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

Catalogue - Illustrated catalogue of power looms for weaving, manufactured by George Hodgson Ltd: treading tappet section.

Key words

textile machinery weaving
yarra falls mill george hodgson limited
weaving looms
weaving machinery
textile machinery
weaving

"Illustrated catalogue of power looms for weaving, manufactured by George Hodgson Limited, Frizinghall Works, Bradford Yorkshire: treading tappet section".

Historical information

"Illustrated catalogue of power looms for weaving, manufactured by George Hodgson Limited, Frizinghall Works, Bradford Yorkshire: treading tappet section". Among items from Yarra Falls Mill.

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Photograph - Greensborough Football Club. Second Eighteen. Premiers 1961.

Key words

greensborough football club
diamond valley football league

Group photograph of football team, players and support staff. Photograph mounted on cardboard.

Historical information

Team photograph, Greensborough Football Club Second Eighteen, Premiers1961. Diamond Valley League. Caption: Front (L-R) G. Featherstone, L. Hughes, J. Hall, W. Connell, A. Cunningham; 2nd row (L-R) J. Richards, R. Dixon, F. LeGassick (capt.),J. Murphy (coach), F. Clarke (vice-capt.), G. Partington, N. Hyde, T. Tobin (timekeeper); 3rd row (L-R) R. LeGassick (boundary ump.), A. Gough (goal ump.), D. Ward (pres.), T. Elliott, M. Kimberley, B. Wasley, I. Foard, E. Poulter, I. Williams, G. Stoneham, J. McConchie, J. Mauer (trainer), R. LeGassick (manager), A. Cattach (trainer),; back row (L-R) G. Watson, K. Piert, G. Anthony, K. Frye, K. McGough, R. Thomas.

Significance

This photograph is a record of the team - players and support staff - involved in the 1961 premiership season.

Greensborough Historical Society,

Trophy

Key words

silver trophy
marysville football club
best team man
frank braybon 1966
a footit trophy

Silver sporting football club trophy. Inscribed at front,"Marysville Football Club. Best Clubman 1966. Frank Braybon. A. Footit Trophy." Sweeping handles either side. Wire cover. Dark bakelite base.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the front, "Marysville Football Club. Best Clubman 1966 Frank Braybon. A. Footit Trophy." Inside bakelite base. "B-8."

Marysville and District Historical Society, Marysville

Photograph

Key words

textile mills woollen mills
classweave industries pty ltd federal woollen mills ltd
textile mills
woollen mills

Historical information

Acquired when "Classweave Industries" closed down.

Inscriptions & Markings

H L S POTTER/ PHOTO STORES/...

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Photograph - Centenary Celebrations, Kew "Strong Post" St Kilda Road, 1934

Key words

royal visits - melboure - 1934
duke of gloucester

Framed and glazed photograph on its original inscribed mount and original frame of the Kew "Strong Post" in St Kilda Road on the occasion of the visit to Melbourne of the Duke of Gloucester. The photograph has two components, at the upper left is a photo of the royal carriage while the man photo shows the people of Kew on a decorated 'Strong Post' on St Kilda Road, along which the procession progressed. T

Historical information

Cr. W.D. Vaughan in 'Kew's Civic History' (1960) records that: "In connection with the Melbourne Centenary Celebrations in 1934, the Kew Council decided to organise a strong post as an appropriate gesture of welcome to H.R.H. the Duke of Gloucester. Also that the municipality be represented by a symbolic floral float in the Royal pageant. This was a striking entry and won first prize, and evoked much comment on account of its originality and truly Australian motif." The photograph of the Kew Strong Post was once part of the Municipal Collection of the former City of Kew and was presented to the Kew Historical Society before the move from the Walpole Street (Kew) Town Hall to new Civic offices in Charles Street in 1971.

Inscriptions & Markings

"Centenary Celebrations / Kew "Strong Post" St Kilda Road / On the occasion of the visit of / H.R.H. The Duke of Gloucester / October 18th 1934."

Kew Historical Society Inc, Kew

Bullet cigarette Lighter

Key words

cigarette-lighter-bullet-shape

A cigarette lighter made from a brass bullet casing and with a steel top. The lighter comes apart and holds matches and has a rough section attached to the outside of the bottom brass section to strike a match.

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

book - Adam Lindsay Gordon Favourites- Lloyd O'Neil 1984

Adam Lindsay Gordon Commemorative Committee ,

Black and white photograph

Key words

echuca- transport
paddle steamers
echuca - history
riverboats
p. s. trafalgar

Black and white photograph of a paddle steamer, possibly the "Trafalgar". Picture taken looking at the right hand side of boat. There are three people (2 men & 1 woman) on the top deck and six people 5 men & 1 woman)on the lower deck. The people on the upper deck could be passengers, by the style of their dress, and the people on the lower deck look like deck hands and possibly a maid in long dress and apron and cap. Copy of original from La Trobe collection.

Historical information

This copy of the original photograph was probably taken in the 1970s when a series of photograph were copied from the La Trobe Collection. Paddlesteamer in picture believed to be P. S. Trafalgar

Significance

The P. S. Trafalgar was built in Echuca in April 1877 by T. G. McDonald. She was registered to Permewan, Wright & Co. In May 1891-1912. At her launch she was reported to have "iron topsides of plates a quarter inch thick...and wooden planking is used below the 3'6" water line.." She carried cargo up and down the rivers to Echuca Wharf for the Perweman, Wright company, pulling a variety of barges laden with cargo especially wool bales. The Mildura Cultivator described her as the pride of the Permewan fleet. (Parsons, D. Ships of the inland rivers. 1996. p.137).

Inscriptions & Markings

On reverse of photograph written in pencil:"Port" "Boat- begins with a "T" written in blue pen: "rafalgar". "La Trobe Collection" (in pencil) "c.1915?"

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Photograph - Digital Image - Greensborough Secondary College Gr8750 Sign.

Key words

greensborough college

Digital copy of colour photograph.

Historical information

This photograph shows the school sign at Greensborough College.

Greensborough Historical Society,

Photograph

Key words

military
war

Black and White photograph of a parade of soldiers marching east along Sturt Street, saluting as they pass a section of a crowd. Reverse reads :" --??-- Victory March".

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

Photograph - colour - Bruthen Mechanics' Institute and Free Library, 2014

Key words

bruthen
mechanics' institute
free library
brick
door

Door in a brick building known as the Bruthen Mechanics' Institute.

Victorian Interpretive Projects Inc., Redan, 3350

Photograph - Eltham - "New Cutting," Main Road. Looking north from corner of Bridge street.

Key words

sepp
shire of eltham pioneers photograph collection
eltham
main road

Digital image

Historical information

Source: Bruce Burgoyne, Main Rd., Eltham

Significance

This photo forms part of a collection of photographs gathered by the Shire of Eltham for their centenary project book,"Pioneers and Painters: 100 years of the Shire of Eltham" by Alan Marshall (1971). The collection of over 500 images is held in partnership between Eltham District Historical Society and Yarra Plenty Regional Library (Eltham Library) and is now formally known as the 'The Shire of Eltham Pioneers Photograph Collection.' It is significant in being the first community sourced collection representing the places and people of the Shire's first one hundred years.

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

000747 Photograph - Inverloch - Eagles Nest - from Ken Howsam

Inverloch Historical Society, Inverloch

Kerl's Assayer's Manual

Key words

mining

Second American edition containing additional assaying methods. Hardbound in brown with gold lettering illustrated.

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

Miners Rights

Key words

gold mining
ballarat goldfields
mining

Miner's Right issued to James Govan at Ballarat 16th August 1915. 16th August 1915 to 15th August 1916, cost 2s/6d.

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten and signed.

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

Carved wooden horse

Key words

craft

Beautifully carved horse standing on hind legs with flowing mane and tail. Wood has been stained an ochre colour, matt varnish finish.

Inscriptions & Markings

A.C. carved into base. Part of red label.

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

Spanner

Key words

maintenance
building
mechanic
farming

Large double ended with third spanner hole towards sall end of bar

Rutherglen Historical Society, Rutherglen

Bolt House

Key words

flagstaff hill
warrnambool
shipwrecked-coast
flagstaff-hill
flagstaff-hill-maritime-museum
maritime-museum
shipwreck-coast
flagstaff-hill-maritime-village

Bolt-House with 2 holes either end, large and Black in colour.

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Photograph - Telstra Tower, 1999

Key words

kangaroo ground
war memorial tower

Colour photograph

Historical information

Donors of the four floodlights for the Kangaroo Ground Tower. Lighting is provided three hours each night, free from TXU Electrical (Contained in an album originally put together by Harry Gilham. Photos subsequently relocated to photosafe archival storage.) [2001]

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Book - Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae Vol 6

Key words

warrnambool
shipwrecked-coast
flagstaff-hill
flagstaff-hill-maritime-museum
maritime-museum
shipwreck-coast
flagstaff-hill-maritime-village
shipwrecked-artefact
book
warrnambool mechanics’ institute
pattison collection
warrnambool library
ralph eric pattison
warrnambool city librarian
mechanics’ institute library
victorian library board
warrnambool books and records
warrnambool children’s library
fragmenta phytographiae australiae vol 6
baron ferdinand von mueller

Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae Vol 6 Author: Baron Ferdinand Von Mueller Publisher: Government Printer Melbourne Date: 1867

Historical information

This item is from the ‘Pattison Collection’, a collection of books and records that was originally owned by the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute, which was founded in Warrnambool in 1853. By 1886 the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute (WMI) had grown to have a Library, Museum and Fine Arts Gallery, with a collection of “… choice productions of art, and valuable specimens in almost every branch and many wonderful national curiosities are now to be seen there, including historic relics of the town and district.” It later included a School of Design. Although it was very well patronised, the lack of financial support led the WMI in 1911 to ask the City Council to take it over. In 1935 Ralph Pattison was appointed as City Librarian to establish and organise the Warrnambool Library as it was then called. When the WMI building was pulled down in 1963 a new civic building was erected on the site and the new Warrnambool Library, on behalf of the City Council, took over all the holdings of the WMI. At this time some of the items were separated and identified as the ‘Pattison Collection’, named after Ralph Pattison. Eventually the components of the WMI were distributed from the Warrnambool Library to various places, including the Art Gallery, Historical Society and Flagstaff Hill. Later some were even distributed to other regional branches of Corangamite Regional Library and passed to and fro. It is difficult now to trace just where all of the items have ended up. The books at Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village generally display stamps and markings from Pattison as well as a variety of other institutions including the Mechanics’ Institute itself. RALPH ERIC PATTISON Ralph Eric Pattison was born in Rockhampton, Queensland, in 1891. He married Maude Swan from Warrnambool in 1920 and they set up home in Warrnambool. In 1935 Pattison accepted a position as City Librarian for the Warrnambool City Council. His huge challenge was to make a functional library within two rooms of the Mechanics’ Institute. He tirelessly cleaned, cleared and sorted a disarrayed collection of old books, jars of preserved specimens and other items reserved for exhibition in the city’s museum. He developed and updated the library with a wide variety of books for all tastes, including reference books for students; a difficult task to fulfil during the years following the Depression. He converted all of the lower area of the building into a library, reference room and reading room for members and the public. The books were sorted and stored using a cataloguing and card index system that he had developed himself. He also prepared the upper floor of the building and established the Art Gallery and later the Museum, a place to exhibit the many old relics that had been stored for years for this purpose. One of the treasures he found was a beautiful ancient clock, which he repaired, restored and enjoyed using in his office during the years of his service there. Ralph Pattison was described as “a meticulous gentleman whose punctuality, floorless courtesy and distinctive neat dress were hallmarks of his character, and ‘his’ clock controlled his daily routine, and his opening and closing of the library’s large heavy doors to the minute.” Pattison took leave during 1942 to 1942 to serve in the Royal Australian Navy, Volunteer Reserve as Lieutenant. A few years later he converted one of the Museum’s rooms into a Children’s Library, stocking it with suitable books for the younger generation. This was an instant success. In the 1950’s he had the honour of being appointed to the Victorian Library Board and received more inspiration from the monthly conferences in Melbourne. He was sadly retired in 1959 after over 23 years of service, due to the fact that he had gone over the working age of council officers. However he continued to take a very keen interest in the continual development of the Library until his death in 1969.

Significance

The Pattison Collection, along with other items at Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, was originally part of the Warrnambool Mechanics' Institute’s collection. The Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute Collection is primarily significant in its totality, rather than for the individual objects it contains. Its contents are highly representative of the development of Mechanics' Institute libraries across Australia, particularly Victoria. A diversity of publications and themes has been amassed, and these provide clues to our understanding of the nature of and changes in the reading habits of Victorians from the 1850s to the middle of the 20th century. The collection also highlights the Warrnambool community’s commitment to the Mechanics’ Institute, reading, literacy and learning in the regions, and proves that access to knowledge was not impeded by distance. These items help to provide a more complete picture of our community’s ideals and aspirations. The Warrnambool Mechanics Institute book collection has historical and social significance for its strong association with the Mechanics Institute movement and the important role it played in the intellectual, cultural and social development of people throughout the latter part of the nineteenth century and the early twentieth century. The collection of books is a rare example of an early lending library and its significance is enhanced by the survival of an original collection of many volumes. The Warrnambool Mechanics' Institute’s publication collection is of both local and state significance.

Inscriptions & Markings

Label on spine cover with typed text PAT 581.994 MUE Pastedown end page has sticker from Warrnambool Mechanics Institute and Free Library tht is partly coverec by a sticker from Corangamite Regional Library Service

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Button - ANZAC APL.25. 1915

Key words

anzac day
first world war (1914-18)
patriotic buttons
world war one
numismatics
badges

World War I-era pressed metal fundraising badge, featuring an olive wreath encircling in red text: ‘Anzac Apr. 25. 1915’, on a white background.

Historical information

Most of the civic and sporting ephemera assembled by Francis Rigg were patriotic buttons. The use of these buttons as a means of raising revenue through patriotic sentiment occurred soon after Australia pledged allegiance to Empire. Buttons reflected ‘public sentiment, courage, patriotism, generosity and several [un- named] virtues’ such as the martyred mother of a ‘fallen’ hero. Attention was paid to attractiveness of design, encoded symbolism and high quality of production. Expressing ‘loyalty’, they were tokens to be kept for perpetuity. Female labour was used to operate the die that compressed the tin backing, photographic print and celluloid cover together. The pin was applied by hand. Women, of all ages, entered into the spirit of voluntary sales. Often they were sold at the entry and exit points of major pedestrian thoroughfares. The women of Kew set up a kiosk in front of the Post Office and the Railway Station to solicit their round, oval and square shaped wares. Pride in salesmanship was affected by publishing the name of the woman and her fiscal achievement in the major newspapers of the day.

Significance

The buttons form part of a collection of ephemera assembled by Francis Horace Rigg (19/10/1882-05/03/1946) of 50 Belford Road, Kew (Vic.). Frances Rigg was a local business identity in Kew, ultimately managing the local branch of the English, Scottish and Australian (ES&A) Bank at 175 High Street, Kew from c. 1920 until the 1940s. After Francis Rigg’s death, the collection of buttons and medallions was inherited by his son, Ken Rigg (14/11/1922-19/01/2014). The collection was subsequently donated to the Kew Historical Society in 2015 by his grandson Adrian Rigg at the time of the Gallipoli & Beyond Commemoration. The collection covers a period of almost 40 years. The majority of the buttons are patriotic buttons, issued and sold during and immediately after the First World World War (1914-1918) to raise funds for national and overseas causes. The collection also includes a number of locally significant sporting event buttons and sporting club medallions, issued in the 1920s and 1930s.

Kew Historical Society Inc, Kew

Sepia Photograph

Key words

phillip island
cape woolamai
newhaven
earl of stradbroke

The Cliffs at Cape Woolamai, Phillip Island with Newhaven in background.

Historical information

This album was presented to the Earl of Stradbroke by Fathers of the Soldiers and Returned Soldiers 16/2/1923. The photo of Cliffs at Cape Woolamai, Phillip Island

Inscriptions & Markings

Rose Series P683. The Cliffs, Cape Woolamai, Phillip Is., Victoria

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

Posters - Student Art Exhibition Posters - Ballarat College of Advanced Education / University of Ballarat

Key words

posters
facility
ballarat college of advanced education
mt helen
faculty of art

A collection of posters relating to student art exhibitions

Historical information

These student art posters were collected by Geoff Wallis. The posters show a change in advertising style. They also indicate the history of the name changes and locations. The facility was initially called Ballarat College of Advanced Education and was located at Mt Helen. This changed and became the University of Ballarat, still at Mt Helen. The Faculty of Art was located here but in 2002 a new facility was opened for the Arts in Camp Street Ballarat.

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

Photograph - Black and White - Frank Wright (right) on a camel in front of a Pyramid, 1940

Key words

frank wright
egypt
pyramid
camel
fez

Two identical black and white photographs of two men and one woman sitting on camels with two keepers standing in front holding their ropes. The man on the left is wearing a fez and white double breasted jacket, the woman in the middle is wearing a geometrical design dress and head scarf and the man on the right wearing a hat, shirt and tie is Frank Wright. They are posed in front of an Egyptian pyramid.

Historical information

Frank Wright was a renown resident of Smeaton, where he was born. He lived at Laura Villa, and attended Smeaton State School. His father William was a gold miner and his mother's name was Sarah. Their family won many singing and instrumental awards. Frank was tutored by Percy Code and was awarded a gold medal for the highest marks in the ALCM examinations in the British Colonies at the age of seventeen years. He became the Australian Open Cornet Champion by the age of eighteen. A year later, Frank conducted the City of Ballarat Band, and later the Ballarat Soldiers’ Memorial Band. He formed the Frank Wright Frisco Band and Frank Wright and his Coliseum Orchestra. These bands won many South Street awards, and Frank as conductor won many awards in the Australian Band Championship contest. In 1933 Frank Wright sailed to England to conduct the famous St Hilda’s Band and was later appointed Musical Director of the London County Council, where he organized many amazing concerts in parks, in and around the London district. He was made Professor of Brass and Military Band Scoring and conducted at the Guildhall of Music and Drama. Frank was often invited to adjudicate Brass Band Championships around Europe, in Australia, including South Street and in New Zealand. The Frank Wright Medal at the Royal South Street competition is awarded to an individual recognized as making an outstanding contribution to brass music in Australia.

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

Edixa Reflex "B" Camera

Key words

camera
film
35mm slr

Edixa Reflex camera's introduced in 1954 were West Germany's most popular own series of S.L.R. (single lens reflex) with focal plane shutter. Type "B" with aperture release mechanics. The lens is a.Schacht Ulm 112712, with manual focus. Focal length = 50mm. Maximum. aperture = f/2.8, minimum aperture = f/22. Minimum focus 0.5m. It is a standard lens for 35mm cameras in the M42 mount and built for the Wirgin-Edixa cameras during 1950-1970's by Albert Schact in Ulm, W. Germany. A brown case in included.

Inscriptions & Markings

Front: WIRGIN / EDIXA REFLEX - B. Lens: A.SCHACHT ULM. 112712 / EXIDA-TRAVENAR 1:2,8/50 Bottom: WIRGIN WIESBADEN WEST-GERMANY

Anglesea and District Historical Society, Anglesea

Document, letter

Key words

savige book

White letterhead, black type, signed in blue ink.

Historical information

A letter written by Legatee J.G. Gillespie and dated 16 April 1956 sent to W.W. Cooper inviting him to attend the first meeting off the committee being formed to publish a biography of Sir Stanley Savige. See also 00636.

Significance

One of the individual letters sent out to prospective committee members. The telephone number in the letterhead (MU 6635) is interesting as an example of the phone numbers of the 1950s.

Inscriptions & Markings

"Apologised 1/5/56" in pencil

Melbourne Legacy, Melbourne

Bottle and Jars found at the Museum in the ground

Key words

puffing billy
bottle and jars

Bottle and Jars found at the Museum in the ground

Historical information

Bottle and Jars found at the Museum in the ground Bottle with Pecks RD NO 30273 embossed on base - Peck's Fish Paste, circa: early to mid 20th century

Significance

Historic - Bottle and Jars found at the Museum in the ground

Inscriptions & Markings

Bottle and Jars found at the Museum in the ground Bottle with Pecks RD NO 30273 embossed on base - Peck's Fish Paste, circa: early to mid 20th century

Puffing Billy Railway, Menzies Creek

Calendar - Banyule Community Calendar 2013: My favourite things; a collection of photographs by Banyule residents.

Key words

banyule city council
banyule community calendar

28 pages. Colour illustrations of Banyule scenery taken by local residents.

Historical information

This community calendar is distributed to residents of the City of Banyule each year. Each year it focusses on an aspect of the local community. The 2012 calendar contains photographs of the Banyule area by local residents. Some council services are detailed in the back pages.

Significance

The annual calendar is a record of the activities and services in the Banyule City Council area.

Greensborough Historical Society,