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Victorian Collections -

Talking Shop: Ballarat in Business and City Life at Ballaarat Mechanics' Institute

27 Jun 2019

Curated By

Amy Tsilemanis, Curator, Ballaarat Mechanics' Institute

128715 items with images

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128715 items with images

Trousers - Battledress

Key words

uniform
1981
army

Trousers Wool with braces (part of UC047)

Running Rabbits Military Museum operated by the Upwey Belgrave RSL Sub Branch, Upwey

Rigging Screw

Key words

flagstaff hill
warrnambool
shipwrecked-coast
flagstaff-hill
flagstaff-hill-maritime-museum
maritime-museum
shipwreck-coast
flagstaff-hill-maritime-village

Rigging Screw with ring link screw and broken socket link screw.

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Bottle - Beer

Key words

bottle
beer
munufacturers bottle co. of victoria
horse shoe shape on bottle
spade shape on bottle

Clear brown glass beer bottle. Straight sides 190 mm from base. Sharp taper to neck which tapers for 90 mm to opening. At top of straight side is a heavily embossed spade (as in cards) shape with M.B. at top and C.V. beneath - both inside spade shape. Bottle made with 2 longitudinal halves. At the bottom near the base is heavily embossed print (in capital letters) around the circumference. At the base is embossed a horseshoe shape.

Historical information

Beer came in bottles sold at licensed premises either locally or in larger cities visited during shopping expeditions. The shape of bottles were recycled remaining the property of the manufacturer who paid for their return. History of Manufacturers Bottle Co. of Victoria

Significance

Historical: Change of bottles - shape, glass, embossing. Collected by bottle collectors. Aesthetic: Display showing embossing & shape especially if in good condition.

Inscriptions & Markings

Inside spade shape: M. B. above C. V.. Along the circumference at the bottom "The Property of Manufacturers Bottle Co. of Victoria Pty. Ltd.'. At the base; A horse shoe shape with a pointed curve.

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Program Photos Newsletter Poster Articles - A Doll's House by Henrik Ibsen directed by Carleen Thoernberg

Key words

1984
224
director carleen thoernberg
heidelberg theatre company inc.

Heidelberg Theatre Company Inc.., Rosanna

Photograph - 88 Maroondah Highway, Ringwood on 12 September 1988

Digital photograph

Ringwood and District Historical Society, Ringwood

Book - The Nautical Almanac. Abridged for the use of seamen for the year 1945

Light blue hard cover of 315 pages

Inscriptions & Markings

Hand written on front cover "Hmas Wongalene

Bay Steamers Maritime Museum, Docklands

Photograph - Main Road, Eltham, south from Brougham Street to Dalton Street, 1916

Key words

main road
white cloud cottage
dalton street

Early view of Main Road looking south from Brougham Street to Dalton Street; site of the Avenue of Honour in memory of the 1914-1918 War. Also copy of news clipping "A Memorial Avenue of Honour", A Journey in Time: A column about Nillumbik's history, Nillumbik Mail, 24 May 2000, p4

Inscriptions & Markings

Nillumbik Mail publication details; Edition 4, 24 May 2000, p4

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Airspeed Oxford aircraft (Replica under construction)

Full-sized replica of an Airspeed Oxford aircraft. This type of aircraft was described as a multi-engine three-seat advanced military trainer monoplane. It was a wooden construction using plywood and fabric covering and powered by two 375 HP Armstrong Siddeley Cheetah 10 engines.

Historical information

This type first flew in 1937 and by the start of WWII it was the preferred aircraft in all Empire Air Training Schemes for multi-engine pilot training.

Significance

By the beginning of WWII the Airspeed Oxford was the preferred aircraft in all Empire Air Training Schemes for multi-engine pilot training. As of April 2014, no Airspeed Oxfords remain in the world in airworthy condition and there are very few complete air frames. There are reportedly some restoration-to-fly projects underway, one in New Zealand.

Inscriptions & Markings

Parts originally used a base for this reconstruction were reckoned to be from an Oxford Mk 2 with registration A25 LX181 which was based at Point Cook and used extensively in training from the Werribee Aerodrome.

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

Book - Buninyong Shire Centenary

Key words

buninyong shire council
buninyong road district
archibald fisken
buninyong

.1) Beige soft covered book 14 pages with images of four generations ofArchibald Fisken, KW McManus and other details related to the 100 years of the Buninyong Shire Council .2) Luncheon menu to mark the centenary of local government in the district of Buninyong

Historical information

Record of special meeting of the Council of the Shire of Buninyong on 28 August 1958 to commemorate the hundredth anniversary of the Council. Record includes photographic copies of the Victoria Government Gazette marking the establishment of the Buninyong Road District, details of the inaugural council meeting, a message from the first Chairman, a list of council members 1958, a list of council chairmen, presidents and secretaries, extracts from past council records and images of the Buninyong district and first Chairman Archibald Fisken and President 1957-58 Archibald Clyde Wanliss Fisken.

Inscriptions & Markings

Shire of Buninyong 1858-1958

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

Hexamine Stove

Key words

stove
vietnam
aif

Painted black, metal, oblong Hexamine Stove with four fuel Tablets.

Historical information

This type Hexamine Stove was used by members of the AIF during postings to Vietnam.

Significance

This Stove is an original issue to a member of the AIF who served in Vietnam.

Inscriptions & Markings

There are no markings on the Stove. The Fuel Packet is marked on the front of the Box - Fuel, Compressed Hexamine Contents: 4 Tablets, Explosives Factory, Maribyrnong. On the back of the Box - Directions for Use, numbered one to four.

Geelong RSL Sub Branch, Belmont

Helmet - WW1

Key words

lara
rsl
wwi
military gear
war

Steel helmet with visible rusting and pitting. The underside of the helmet has worn padding and a chin strap.

Historical information

When the Australians prepared for Gallipoli, the British Service Cap (also called the peaked cap) was issued for the landing, even thought the Australians normally wore the khaki felt slouch hat with a plain wool khaki puggaree (hat band) and the Australian General Service ('Rising Sun') badge on the lopped up (left) side, and with a leather chin strap. Once the Anzacs reached the Western Front, they were issued with the British Brodie steel helmet, like this one. Designed and patented in 1915 by Englishman John Leopold Brodie. Colloquially, it was called the shrapnel helmet, Tommy helmet, and Tin Hat. It was also known as the dishpan hat, tin pan hat, washbasin and the battle bowler when worn by officers. As the cold set in on the Western Front, soldiers were issued with a "cap comforter", which was basically a knitted rectangle item with fold down ear flaps).

Significance

This helmet is representative of the type of equipment issued to infantrymen during World War I.

Lara RSL Sub Branch, Lara

Jacket - Service Dress

Key words

uniform
1967
army

Army Service Dress Jacket Lance Corporal SAS (stored with trousers U571b)(no buttons)

Running Rabbits Military Museum operated by the Upwey Belgrave RSL Sub Branch, Upwey

School Photograph - Digital Image - Watsonia High School WaHIGH 1969 Form 2AC

Key words

watsonia high school

A digital copy of a black and white school photograph.

Historical information

The photograph shows a Watsonia High School class from 1969, Form 2AC

Significance

Watsonia High School was a local educational facility that was closed in 1989. Greensborough Secondary College opened in 1990 which merged Watsonia High and Watsonia Technical School students together.

Greensborough Historical Society, Lower Plenty

Program - Digital Image - Fell Reserve opening 1971

Key words

r w fell reserve
shire of diamond valley
grimshaw street greensborough

Digital copy of program

Historical information

Program for the opening of the Fell Reserve on 26/03/1971. Named after Councillor R.W. Fell, MLA, for services rendered as a Central Riding councillor of the Shire of Diamond Valley. The Fell Reserve is located at 170 Grimshaw Street Greensborough. The playground at Fell Reserve is to be renovated in 2020.

Greensborough Historical Society, Lower Plenty

Photograph - Colour - Dr Catherine Freeman at Federation University Australia Mount Helen Campus, 2001

Key words

catherine freeman
cathie freeman
honorary doctorate
graduations
university of ballarat

Dr Catherine Freeman runs across the oval at Mount Helen Campus on the occasion of her receiving an Honorary Doctorate from the University of Ballarat (later Federation University Australia)

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

Photograph - Cross Country Team, 1996

Key words

sport
cross country
extracurricular activities

Historical information

Cross Country Team, 1996. Front Row: Adam Bogatin, Jeremy Opat, Ashley Duzenman, Benjamin Kandy, Hayley Gonn, Ben Glick, Gabe Warren. Second Row: Darren Blankfield, Derryn Krapes, Anthony Goldbloom, Daniel Zalcberg, Keren Shtamper, Anna Dorevitch, Andrew Danos, Jessica Wolper. Third Row: Georgia Danos, Ben Pryor, Nina Dubowitz, Ella Rose, Maya Shtamper, Bradley Nissen, Nicole Silverman, Carli Phillips, Natasha Rubinfield, Lina Karpinsky, Danielle Ser, Sarah Gory. Fourth Row: Deborah Melinger, Daniel Van Aken, Alissa Littmann, Igor Lyubic, Leigh Fetter, Lera Poel, David Guberek, Jonathan Kingsley, Tanya Zwier, Adam Sacks, Zoe Horton. Fifth Row: Kate Stiebel, Raphael Elisha, Lanie Harris, Andrew Gonn, George Charkviani, Simon Dorevitch, Jana Teper, Karyn Lurie, Bethany Sackville. Teachers: (first row) Miss Karen Bryant, Miss Marissa Sarif, (second row) Mr Rob Blakis, Mr John Lindros, (third row) Mr Stefan Defranceschi, Mr Richard Thach.

Bialik College, Hawthorn East 3123

Photograph - Plaque on Kyeema Cairn

Key words

kyeema
cairn
plaque
mt dandenong
air crash

Close up photograph of the plaque on the Kyeema cairn at Mt Dandenong. The text reads: FIFTY METRES BELOW THIS POINT ON 25 OCT. 1938, AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL AIRWAYS' DC-2 'KYEEMA' PLUNGED TO DESTRUCTION WHILE THE MOUNTAIN WAS ENVELOPED IN CLOUD. ALL 18 PERSONS ON BOARD PERISHED. FROM THE RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE SUBSEQUENT ENQUIRY HAVE EVOLVED THE AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEMS IN USE THROUGHOUT AUSTRALIA TODAY. THIS PLAQUE, PLACED BY THE MOUNT DANDENONG HISTORICAL SOCIETY, WITH ASSISTANCE FROM G. GRAMP & SONS, THOS. HARDY & SONS, S. SMITH & SON, AUSTRALIAN FEDERATION OF AIR PILOTS AND FORESTS COMMISSION OF VICTORIA, WAS UNVEILED ON 25TH OCT. 1978 TO MARK THE 40TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE DISASTER.

Mt Dandenong & District Historical Society Inc., Mt Dandenong

Photograph - Looking northwest along the Maroondah Aqueduct Trail towards The Esplanade near Main Road, Research

Key words

maroondah aqueduct, maroondah aqueduct trail, research (vic.), the esplande

Roll of 35mm colour negative film, 9 strips

Inscriptions & Markings

Fuji HG 200 CA-1

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Uniform Complete

Key words

uniform
vietnam

Vietnam Civiilan ( Viet Cong) (Shirt UU040A, Pants UU040B, Straw hat H203, Scarf UU041, Sandals EQ368, Back pack EQ418)

Running Rabbits Military Museum operated by the Upwey Belgrave RSL Sub Branch, Upwey

Book - The Tilted Cross

Key words

warrnambool
shipwrecked-coast
flagstaff-hill
flagstaff-hill-maritime-museum
maritime-museum
shipwreck-coast
flagstaff-hill-maritime-village
shipwrecked-artefact
book
pattison collection
warrnambool library
warrnambool mechanics’ institute
ralph eric pattison
corangamite regional library service
warrnambool city librarian
mechanics’ institute library
victorian library board
warrnambool books and records
warrnambool children’s library
great ocean road
the tilted cross
hal porter

The Tilted Cross Author: Hal Porter Publisher: Faber and Faber Date: 1961

Historical information

This item is from the ‘Pattison Collection’, a collection of books and records that was originally owned by the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute, which was founded in Warrnambool in 1853. By 1886 the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute (WMI) had grown to have a Library, Museum and Fine Arts Gallery, with a collection of “… choice productions of art, and valuable specimens in almost every branch and many wonderful national curiosities are now to be seen there, including historic relics of the town and district.” It later included a School of Design. Although it was very well patronised, the lack of financial support led the WMI in 1911 to ask the City Council to take it over. In 1935 Ralph Pattison was appointed as City Librarian to establish and organise the Warrnambool Library as it was then called. When the WMI building was pulled down in 1963 a new civic building was erected on the site and the new Warrnambool Library, on behalf of the City Council, took over all the holdings of the WMI. At this time some of the items were separated and identified as the ‘Pattison Collection’, named after Ralph Pattison. Eventually the components of the WMI were distributed from the Warrnambool Library to various places, including the Art Gallery, Historical Society and Flagstaff Hill. Later some were even distributed to other regional branches of Corangamite Regional Library and passed to and fro. It is difficult now to trace just where all of the items have ended up. The books at Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village generally display stamps and markings from Pattison as well as a variety of other institutions including the Mechanics’ Institute itself. RALPH ERIC PATTISON Ralph Eric Pattison was born in Rockhampton, Queensland, in 1891. He married Maude Swan from Warrnambool in 1920 and they set up home in Warrnambool. In 1935 Pattison accepted a position as City Librarian for the Warrnambool City Council. His huge challenge was to make a functional library within two rooms of the Mechanics’ Institute. He tirelessly cleaned, cleared and sorted a disarrayed collection of old books, jars of preserved specimens and other items reserved for exhibition in the city’s museum. He developed and updated the library with a wide variety of books for all tastes, including reference books for students; a difficult task to fulfil during the years following the Depression. He converted all of the lower area of the building into a library, reference room and reading room for members and the public. The books were sorted and stored using a cataloguing and card index system that he had developed himself. He also prepared the upper floor of the building and established the Art Gallery and later the Museum, a place to exhibit the many old relics that had been stored for years for this purpose. One of the treasures he found was a beautiful ancient clock, which he repaired, restored and enjoyed using in his office during the years of his service there. Ralph Pattison was described as “a meticulous gentleman whose punctuality, floorless courtesy and distinctive neat dress were hallmarks of his character, and ‘his’ clock controlled his daily routine, and his opening and closing of the library’s large heavy doors to the minute.” Pattison took leave during 1942 to 1945 to serve in the Royal Australian Navy, Volunteer Reserve as Lieutenant. A few years later he converted one of the Museum’s rooms into a Children’s Library, stocking it with suitable books for the younger generation. This was an instant success. In the 1950’s he had the honour of being appointed to the Victorian Library Board and received more inspiration from the monthly conferences in Melbourne. He was sadly retired in 1959 after over 23 years of service, due to the fact that he had gone over the working age of council officers. However he continued to take a very keen interest in the continual development of the Library until his death in 1969. Warrnambool Public Library The Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute (WMI) was formed by a voluntary community group in 1863, within six years of Warrnambool’s beginnings, and its Reading Room opened in 1854. The WMI operated until 1963, at which time it was one of the oldest Mechanics’ Institutes in Victoria. Mechanics’ Institutes offered important services to the public including libraries, reading rooms and places to display and store collections of all sorts such as curiosities and local historical relics. In 1886 a Museum and Fine Arts Gallery were added to the WMI and by the beginning of the 20th century there was also a billiards room and a School of Art. By this time all Mechanics’ Institutes in country Victoria had museums attached. Over the years the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute Library was also known as the Warrnambool Public Library the Warrnambool Library and the Free Library. Early funding from the government was for the “Free Library”. The inscription in a book “Science of Man” was for the “Warrnambool Public Library”, donated by Joseph Archibald in 1899. Another inscription in the book “Catalogue of Plants Under Cultivation in the Melbourne Botanic Gardens 1 & 2, 1883” was presented to the “Warrnambool Library” and signed by the author W.R. Guilfoyle. In 1903 the Warrnambool Public Library decided to add a Juvenile Department to library and stock it with hundreds of books suitable for youth. In 1905 the Public Library committee decided to update the collection of books and added 100 new novels plus arrangements for the latest novels to be included as soon as they were available in Victoria. In July 1911 the Warrnambool Council took over the management of the Public Library, Art Gallery, Museum and Mechanics’ Institute and planned to double the size of the then-current building. In 1953, when Mr. R. Pattison was Public Librarian, the Warrnambool Public Library’s senior section 10,000 of the 13,000 books were fiction. The children’s section offered an additional 3,400 books. The library had the equivalent of one book per head of population and served around 33 percent of the reading population. The collection of books was made up of around 60 percent reference and 40 percent fiction. The library was lending 400 books per day. In 1963 the Warrnambool City Council allocated the site of the Mechanics’ Institute building, which included the Public Library, Museum and Art Gallery, for the new Municipal Offices and the Collections were dispersed until 1971. The Warrnambool Library took over the Mechanics’ Institute Library’s holdings on behalf of the Warrnambool City Council. Since the closure of the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute the exact location and composition of the original WMI books and items has become unclear. Other materials have been added to the collection, including items from Terang MI, Warrnambool Court House and Customs House. Many of the books have been identified as the Pattison Collection, named after the Librarian who catalogued and numbered the books during his time as Warrnambool Public Librarian in the time before the Mechanics’ Institute closed. It seems that when Warrnambool became part of the Corangamite Regional Library some of the books and materials went to its head office in Colac and then back to Warrnambool where they were stored at the Art Gallery for quite some time. Some then went to the Warrnambool Historical Society, some stayed at the Art Gallery and some were moved to Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village. The various stamps and labels on the books held at Flagstaff Hill show the variety of the collection’s distribution and origin. The books in the collection at Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village date from the 1850’s to the late 1950’s and include rare and valuable volumes. Many of the books are part of the “Pattison Collection” after the Warrnambool’s Public Librarian, Mr. R. Pattison.

Significance

The Pattison Collection, along with other items at Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, was originally part of the Warrnambool Mechanics' Institute’s collection. The Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute Collection is primarily significant in its totality, rather than for the individual objects it contains. Its contents are highly representative of the development of Mechanics' Institute libraries across Australia, particularly Victoria. A diversity of publications and themes has been amassed, and these provide clues to our understanding of the nature of and changes in the reading habits of Victorians from the 1850s to the middle of the 20th century. The collection also highlights the Warrnambool community’s commitment to the Mechanics’ Institute, reading, literacy and learning in the regions, and proves that access to knowledge was not impeded by distance. These items help to provide a more complete picture of our community’s ideals and aspirations. The Warrnambool Mechanics Institute book collection has historical and social significance for its strong association with the Mechanics Institute movement and the important role it played in the intellectual, cultural and social development of people throughout the latter part of the nineteenth century and the early twentieth century. The collection of books is a rare example of an early lending library and its significance is enhanced by the survival of an original collection of many volumes. The Warrnambool Mechanics' Institute’s publication collection is of both local and state significance. The Warrnambool Mechanics' Institute Collection is primarily significant in its totality, rather than for the individual objects it contains. Its contents are highly representative of the development of Mechanics' Institute libraries across Australia, particularly Victoria. A diversity of publications and themes has been amassed, and these provide clues to our understanding of the nature of and changes in the reading habits of Victorians from the 1850s to the middle of the 20th century. The collection also highlights the Warrnambool community’s commitment to the Mechanics’ Institute, and to reading, literacy and learning in the regions, and proves that access to knowledge was not impeded by distance. These items help to provide a more complete picture of our community’s ideals and aspirations. As with many Mechanics' Institutes in Australia, the one which operated in Warrnambool was established and overseen for many years by key individuals associated with the development of the city itself. The WMI publication collection is historically significant because of its association with local people, places and the key historical themes in the development of Warrnambool of rural development, industry, farming, education, and community. The collection documents and illustrates the changing interests, focus and tastes of Victorians, especially those in regional cities. Generally the individual items in the collection are not particularly rare, as examples of all probably exist in other public collections in Victoria. It is primarily because there are so very few surviving Mechanics' Institute collections in Victoria, which lends this overall collection its significance. Many items in the WMI Collection have the potential to support further research, both as individual objects and through the collection in its entirety. This material is significant for its ability to assist in the interpretation of the history of the area and adds to the general understanding of the development of the township. Many components of the WMI publication collection complement and reinforce the Flagstaff Hill Maritime Museum Collection, the Warrnambool Art Gallery Collection, and that in the Warrnambool Historical Society, and also contribute to a clearer understanding of the original Warrnambool Mechanics' Institute collections. This will greatly enhance the appreciation of the few surviving Mechanics' Institute collections across Victoria, and also in New South Wales. The similarities and differences between the small number of collections that have survived can provide further insights into how the people of Victoria in general, and Warrnambool in particular, constructed a civic culture of adult learning to foster an informed citizenry. The Warrnambool Mechanics' Institute publication collection is of both local and state significance. (This Statement of Significance is quoted from the Significance Assessment : Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute Book Collection at Flagstaff Hill Maritime Museum, February 2009, by Annette Welkamp, Cultural Connections, for Delise Oldfied, FHMV)

Inscriptions & Markings

Label on spine cover with typed text PAT FIC POR Front loose endpaper has a sticker from Corangamite Regional Library Service Fly page has a stamp from Warrnambool Public Library

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Bronze Plaque - The Bathers

Key words

matcham skipper
bronze
plaque
female
nude
bathers

Rectangular bronze plaque depicting two female nudes bathing.

Inscriptions & Markings

Written on sticker on reverse "Matcham Skipper Australia/ The Bathers." Inscribed "MS" on reverse, right side.

Montsalvat, Eltham

Book - My Mask

Key words

shipwrecked-coast
flagstaff-hill
flagstaff-hill-maritime-museum
warrnambool
maritime-museum
shipwreck-coast
flagstaff-hill-maritime-village
shipwrecked-artefact
book
pattison collection
warrnambool library
warrnambool mechanics’ institute
ralph eric pattison
corangamite regional library service
warrnambool city librarian
mechanics’ institute library
victorian library board
warrnambool books and records
warrnambool children’s library
my mask
norman lindsay

My Mask Author: Norman Lindsay Publisher: Angus & Robertson Date: 1970

Historical information

Pattison Collection This item is from the ‘Pattison Collection’, a collection of books and records that was originally owned by the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute, which was founded in Warrnambool in 1853. By 1886 the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute (WMI) had grown to have a Library, Museum and Fine Arts Gallery, with a collection of “… choice productions of art and valuable specimens in almost every branch and many wonderful national curiosities are now to be seen there, including historic relics of the town and district.” It later included a School of Design. Although it was very well patronised, the lack of financial support led the WMI in 1911 to ask the City Council to take it over. In 1935 Ralph Pattison was appointed as City Librarian to establish and organise the Warrnambool Library as it was then called. When the WMI building was pulled down in 1963 a new civic building was erected on the site and the new Warrnambool Library, on behalf of the City Council, took over all the holdings of the WMI. At this time some of the items were separated and identified as the ‘Pattison Collection’, named after Ralph Pattison. Eventually, the components of the WMI were distributed from the Warrnambool Library to various places, including the Art Gallery, Historical Society and Flagstaff Hill. Later some were even distributed to other regional branches of Corangamite Regional Library and passed to and fro. It is difficult now to trace just where all of the items have ended up. The books at Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village generally display stamps and markings from Pattison as well as a variety of other institutions including the Mechanics’ Institute itself. RALPH ERIC PATTISON Ralph Eric Pattison was born in Rockhampton, Queensland, in 1891. He married Maude Swan from Warrnambool in 1920 and they set up home in Warrnambool. In 1935 Pattison accepted a position as City Librarian for the Warrnambool City Council. His huge challenge was to make a functional library within two rooms of the Mechanics’ Institute. He tirelessly cleaned, cleared and sorted a disarrayed collection of old books, jars of preserved specimens and other items reserved for exhibition in the city’s museum. He developed and updated the library with a wide variety of books for all tastes, including reference books for students; a difficult task to fulfil during the years following the Depression. He converted all of the lower areas of the building into a library, reference room and reading room for members and the public. The books were sorted and stored using a cataloguing and card index system that he had developed himself. He also prepared the upper floor of the building and established the Art Gallery and later the Museum, a place to exhibit the many old relics that had been stored for years for this purpose. One of the treasures he found was a beautiful ancient clock, which he repaired, restored and enjoyed using in his office during the years of his service there. Ralph Pattison was described as “a meticulous gentleman whose punctuality, floorless courtesy and distinctive neat dress were hallmarks of his character, and ‘his’ clock controlled his daily routine and his opening and closing of the library’s large heavy doors to the minute.” Pattison took leave from 1942 to 1942 to serve in the Royal Australian Navy, Volunteer Reserve as Lieutenant. A few years later he converted one of the Museum’s rooms into a Children’s Library, stocking it with suitable books for the younger generation. This was an instant success. In the 1950’s he had the honour of being appointed to the Victorian Library Board and received more inspiration from the monthly conferences in Melbourne. He was sadly retired in 1959 after over 23 years of service, due to the fact that he had gone over the working age of council officers. However, he continued to take a very keen interest in the continual development of the Library until his death in 1969.WARRNAMBOOL PUBLIC LIBRARY The Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute (WMI) was formed by a voluntary community group in 1863, within six years of Warrnambool’s beginnings, and its Reading Room opened in 1854. The WMI operated until 1963, at which time it was one of the oldest Mechanics’ Institutes in Victoria. Mechanics’ Institutes offered important services to the public including libraries, reading rooms and places to display and store collections of all sorts such as curiosities and local historical relics. In 1886 a Museum and Fine Arts Gallery were added to the WMI and by the beginning of the 20th century there was also a billiards room and a School of Art. By this time all Mechanics’ Institutes in country Victoria had museums attached. Over the years the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute Library was also known as the Warrnambool Public Library the Warrnambool Library and the Free Library. Early funding from the government was for the “Free Library”. The inscription in a book “Science of Man” was for the “Warrnambool Public Library”, donated by Joseph Archibald in 1899. Another inscription in the book “Catalogue of Plants Under Cultivation in the Melbourne Botanic Gardens 1 & 2, 1883” was presented to the “Warrnambool Library” and signed by the author W.R. Guilfoyle. In 1903 the Warrnambool Public Library decided to add a Juvenile Department to library and stock it with hundreds of books suitable for youth. In 1905 the Public Library committee decided to update the collection of books and added 100 new novels plus arrangements for the latest novels to be included as soon as they were available in Victoria. In July 1911 the Warrnambool Council took over the management of the Public Library, Art Gallery, Museum and Mechanics’ Institute and planned to double the size of the then-current building. In 1953, when Mr. R. Pattison was Public Librarian, the Warrnambool Public Library’s senior section 10,000 of the 13,000 books were fiction. The children’s section offered an additional 3,400 books. The library had the equivalent of one book per head of population and served around 33 percent of the reading population. The collection of books was made up of around 60 percent reference and 40 percent fiction. The library was lending 400 books per day. In 1963 the Warrnambool City Council allocated the site of the Mechanics’ Institute building, which included the Public Library, Museum and Art Gallery, for the new Municipal Offices and the Collections were dispersed until 1971. The Warrnambool Library took over the Mechanics’ Institute Library’s holdings on behalf of the Warrnambool City Council. Since the closure of the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute the exact location and composition of the original WMI books and items has become unclear. Other materials have been added to the collection, including items from Terang MI, Warrnambool Court House and Customs House. Many of the books have been identified as the Pattison Collection, named after the Librarian who catalogued and numbered the books during his time as Warrnambool Public Librarian in the time before the Mechanics’ Institute closed. It seems that when Warrnambool became part of the Corangamite Regional Library some of the books and materials went to its head office in Colac and then back to Warrnambool where they were stored at the Art Gallery for quite some time. Some then went to the Warrnambool Historical Society, some stayed at the Art Gallery and some were moved to Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village. The various stamps and labels on the books held at Flagstaff Hill show the variety of the collection’s distribution and origin. The books in the collection at Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village date from the 1850’s to the late 1950’s and include rare and valuable volumes. Many of the books are part of the “Pattison Collection” after the Warrnambool’s Public Librarian, Mr. R. Pattison.

Significance

The Pattison Collection, along with other items at Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, was originally part of the Warrnambool Mechanics' Institute’s collection. The Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute Collection is primarily significant in its totality, rather than for the individual objects it contains. Its contents are highly representative of the development of Mechanics' Institute libraries across Australia, particularly Victoria. A diversity of publications and themes has been amassed, and these provide clues to our understanding of the nature of and changes in the reading habits of Victorians from the 1850s to the middle of the 20th century. The collection also highlights the Warrnambool community’s commitment to the Mechanics’ Institute, reading, literacy and learning in the regions, and proves that access to knowledge was not impeded by distance. These items help to provide a more complete picture of our community’s ideals and aspirations. The Warrnambool Mechanics Institute book collection has historical and social significance for its strong association with the Mechanics Institute movement and the important role it played in the intellectual, cultural and social development of people throughout the latter part of the nineteenth century and the early twentieth century. The collection of books is a rare example of an early lending library and its significance is enhanced by the survival of an original collection of many volumes. The Warrnambool Mechanics' Institute’s publication collection is of both local and state significance.

Inscriptions & Markings

The label on the spine with typed text PAT 920 LYN Front loose endpaper has a stamp from Warrnambool Public Library

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Photograph of moonah trees behind a pasture

Key words

churchill island

Black and white photograph with white border of a pasture with moonah trees in the background. The Churchill Island shoreline and inlet is also visible.

Historical information

Churchill Island Heritage Farm has a large photographic collection dating from the nineteenth century to the present.

Inscriptions & Markings

Catalogue number written on reverse in pencil

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Aperture Card microfilm - Parish Plan Beechworth (Superceded)

Key words

plan
town
boundries
lots
roads

card with a single microfilm insert

Historical information

Town layout of Beechworth

Rutherglen Historical Society, Rutherglen

Photograph - 1993-94 2nd XI Premiership

Key words

murrumbeena
murrumbeena cricket club
cricket
cricket clubs
cricketers
chris bannon
paul baum
brett young
marc blundy
david allamby
martin rice
richard obee
stephen hay. gary harvey
andrew wood
khris o’halloran
leigh hardham
ben carbone
andrew trevethan

Photograph of 1993-94 2nd XI premiership

Murrumbeena Cricket Club, Murrumbeena

Postcard

Post card showing coloured image of St Mary's Cathedral, Sydney, N.S.W., showing Hyde Park in the foreground.

Historical information

Sent to Mrs A Terrill from son Dave while he was at army camps 1915, and from Bertie, Father of Dave.

Inscriptions & Markings

"Made in U.S.A."

Rutherglen Historical Society, Rutherglen

Domestic furniture - Arts and Crafts embroidered draught screen

Key words

hilda leviny
buda
castlemaine
domestic furniture
handcrafts
needlework
art nouveau
1907
exhibition of women's work
royal exhibition building
woodwork
draught sceen
arts and crafts movement
embroidery and applique

Arts and Crafts style three-panel draught screen made from timber(American Oak), linen panels, silk embroidery threads, beaten copper decoration and varnish. The embroidered panels, made by Hilda Leviny, are mounted within the timer framework, depicting a design of birds and trees in the Arts and Crafts style. Pattern Reg. No. 3227.2 and 2503. With copper decoration.

Historical information

This screen with embroidered and appliqued panels was entered in the First Australian Exhibition of Women's Work 1907, at the Royal Exhibition Building in Melbourne. This landmark exhibition gave women artists and craft workers an opportunity to display their works to a broad audience and gain recognition for the variety and high standard of the works in both traditional and non-traditional fields for women. The embroidery and applique design is based on an original design for a similar object made by British Arts and Crafts Architect and Designer, M.H. Baillie-Scott, which was published in The Studio magazine in the early 1900s,

Significance

This three-panel draught screen was made by Hilda Leviny in the Arts and Crafts style and entered into the First Exhibition of Women's Work, at the Exhibition Buildings, Melbourne in 1907.

Buda Historic Home & Garden Castlemaine, Castlemaine

Book - History of the war in the penisular and in the South of France from the Year1807 to the Year 1814. Volume I.

Key words

john-tanner
1887
1885
ballarat-college
book-prize

Maroon calf-bound book with gold plate work on spine and borders of cover. Ballarat College school crest and motto inscribed on front cover. Six compartments on spine decorated with gold patterns; title inscribed in second compartment. Volume number inscribed in third compartment Marbled leaf edges and end papers

Historical information

Book prize given to John Tanner (1887), Christmas 1885. First prize for French in the Upper Fifth form.

Inscriptions & Markings

Book plate: Ballarat College crest and motto / French / Upper fifth form / First prize / Awarded to / J Tanner / Christmas 1885

Ballarat Clarendon College, Ballarat

MEDAL SET

Medal set - court mounted - set (3) Re. F Scott. .1) 1914 - 15 star .2) War medal 1914 . 19\ .3) Victory Medal, replica not engraved

Historical information

Frank Scott No 2446 enlisted in 7th reinforcements 5th Batt on 29.4.15 age 33 years 4 months. Embarked for Eygpt 16.7.15, records are very vague with little detail from here, promoted T/Cpl at one point, court martial with loss of 59 days pay, returned to Australia on 21.7.17 with Duodenal Ulcer and discharged from the AIF on 1.7.18.

Inscriptions & Markings

"2448 Cpl F. Scott. 5 BN. A.I.F.

Bendigo Soldiers Memorial Institute Military Museum, Bendigo

Spoon

Key words

flagstaff hill
warrnambool
shipwrecked coast
flagstaff hill maritime museum
maritime museum
shipwreck coast
flagstaff hill maritime village
great ocean road
loch line
loch ard
captain gibbs
eva carmichael
tom pearce
glenample station
mutton bird island
loch ard gorge
electroplated cutlery
loch ard shipwreck
nickel silver
william page & co
birmingham
brass plating
makers marks

Unrestored tea spoon from the wreck of the LOCH ARD. The spoon design has a flattened fiddle-back handle, with a thin stem or shank, flared collar, and elongated bowl. The spoons metallic composition is a thin layer of brass alloy which has partially corroded back to a nickel-silver base metal. Approximately 15% of original electroplating remains, with traces of verdigris.

Historical information

This tea spoon is from the wreck of the LOCH ARD, a Loch Line ship of 1,693 tons which sailed from Gravesend, London, on 2 March 1878 with 17 passengers and a crew of 36 under Captain George Gibbs. “The intention was to discharge cargo in Melbourne, before returning to London via the Horn with wool and wheat”. Instead, on 1 June 1878, after 90 days at sea, she struck the sandstone cliffs of Mutton Bird Island on the south west coast of Victoria, and sank with the loss of 52 lives and all her cargo. The manifest of the LOCH ARD listed an array of manufactured goods and bulk metals being exported to the Colony of Victoria, with a declared value of £53,700. (202 bills of lading show an actual invoice value of £68, 456, with insurance underwriting to £30,000 of all cargo). Included in the manifest is the item of “Tin hardware & cutlery £7,530”. This teaspoon is one of 482 similar items of electro-plated cutlery from the LOCH ARD site, comprising spoons and forks of various sizes but all sharing the same general shape or design and metallic composition. 49 of these pieces display a legible makers’ mark — the initials “W” and “P” placed within a raised diamond outline, which is in turn contained within a sunken crown shape — identifying the manufacturer as William Page & Co of Birmingham. An electroplater’s makers’ marks, unlike sterling silver hallmarks, are not consistent identifiers of quality or date and place of manufacture. A similar line of five impressions was usually made to impress the consumer with an implication of industry standards, but what each one actually signified was not regulated and so they varied according to the whim of the individual foundry. In this case, the maker’s marks are often obscured by sedimentary accretion or removed by corrosion after a century of submersion in the ocean. However sufficient detail has survived to indicate that these samples of electro-plated cutlery probably originated from the same consignment in the LOCH ARD’s cargo. The following descriptions of maker’s marks are drawn from 255 tea spoons, 125 dessert spoons, and 99 table forks. These marks are clearly visible in 66 instances, while the same sequence of general outlines, or depression shapes, is discernible in another 166 examples. 1. A recessed Crown containing a raised Diamond outline and the initials “W” and “P” (the recognised trademark of William Page & Co) 2. An impressed Ellipse containing a raised, pivoted, Triangle in its lower part and bearing a Resurrection Cross on its upper section (a possible dissenting church symbol reflecting religious affiliation); OR a rounded Square impression containing a raised, ‘lazy’, letter “B” (possibly mimicking sterling silver hallmark signifying city of manufacture i.e. Birmingham) 3. An impressed rounded Square filled with a raised Maltese Cross (the base metal composite of nickel silver was also known as ‘German silver’ after its Berlin inventors in 1823) 4. A recessed Circle containing a Crab or Scarab Beetle image; OR a recessed Circle containing a rotated ‘fleur de lys’ or ‘fasces’ design 5. A depressed Diamond shape enclosing a large raised letter “R” and a small raised letter “D” (mimicking the U.K. Patent Office stamp which abbreviated the term ‘registered’ to “RD”, but also included date and class of patent) Suggested trade names for William Page & Co’s particular blend of brass plating are ‘roman silver’ or ‘silverite’. This copper alloy polishes to a lustrous gold when new, discolouring to a murky grey with greenish hue when neglected. HISTORY OF THE LOCH ARD The LOCH ARD belonged to the famous Loch Line which sailed many ships from England to Australia. Built in Glasgow by Barclay, Curdle and Co. in 1873, the LOCH ARD was a three-masted square rigged iron sailing ship. The ship measured 262ft 7" (79.87m) in length, 38ft (11.58m) in width, 23ft (7m) in depth and had a gross tonnage of 1693 tons. The LOCH ARD's main mast measured a massive 150ft (45.7m) in height. LOCH ARD made three trips to Australia and one trip to Calcutta before its final voyage. LOCH ARD left England on March 2, 1878, under the command of Captain Gibbs, a newly married, 29 year old. She was bound for Melbourne with a crew of 37, plus 17 passengers and a load of cargo. The general cargo reflected the affluence of Melbourne at the time. On board were straw hats, umbrella, perfumes, clay pipes, pianos, clocks, confectionary, linen and candles, as well as a heavier load of railway irons, cement, lead and copper. There were items included that intended for display in the Melbourne International Exhibition in 1880. The voyage to Port Phillip was long but uneventful. At 3am on June 1, 1878, Captain Gibbs was expecting to see land and the passengers were becoming excited as they prepared to view their new homeland in the early morning. But LOCH ARD was running into a fog which greatly reduced visibility. Captain Gibbs was becoming anxious as there was no sign of land or the Cape Otway lighthouse. At 4am the fog lifted. A man aloft announced that he could see breakers. The sheer cliffs of Victoria's west coast came into view, and Captain Gibbs realised that the ship was much closer to them than expected. He ordered as much sail to be set as time would permit and then attempted to steer the vessel out to sea. On coming head on into the wind, the ship lost momentum, the sails fell limp and LOCH ARD's bow swung back. Gibbs then ordered the anchors to be released in an attempt to hold its position. The anchors sank some 50 fathoms - but did not hold. By this time LOCH ARD was among the breakers and the tall cliffs of Mutton Bird Island rose behind the ship. Just half a mile from the coast, the ship's bow was suddenly pulled around by the anchor. The captain tried to tack out to sea, but the ship struck a reef at the base of Mutton Bird Island, near Port Campbell. Waves broke over the ship and the top deck was loosened from the hull. The masts and rigging came crashing down knocking passengers and crew overboard. When a lifeboat was finally launched, it crashed into the side of LOCH ARD and capsized. Tom Pearce, who had launched the boat, managed to cling to its overturned hull and shelter beneath it. He drifted out to sea and then on the flood tide came into what is now known as LOCH ARD Gorge. He swam to shore, bruised and dazed, and found a cave in which to shelter. Some of the crew stayed below deck to shelter from the falling rigging but drowned when the ship slipped off the reef into deeper water. Eva Carmichael had raced onto deck to find out what was happening only to be confronted by towering cliffs looming above the stricken ship. In all the chaos, Captain Gibbs grabbed Eva and said, "If you are saved Eva, let my dear wife know that I died like a sailor". That was the last Eva Carmichael saw of the captain. She was swept off the ship by a huge wave. Eva saw Tom Pearce on a small rocky beach and yelled to attract his attention. He dived in and swam to the exhausted woman and dragged her to shore. He took her to the cave and broke open case of brandy which had washed up on the beach. He opened a bottle to revive the unconscious woman. A few hours later Tom scaled a cliff in search of help. He followed hoof prints and came by chance upon two men from nearby Glenample Station three and a half miles away. In a state of exhaustion, he told the men of the tragedy. Tom returned to the gorge while the two men rode back to the station to get help. By the time they reached LOCH ARD Gorge, it was cold and dark. The two shipwreck survivors were taken to Glenample Station to recover. Eva stayed at the station for six weeks before returning to Ireland, this time by steamship. In Melbourne, Tom Pearce received a hero's welcome. He was presented with the first gold medal of the Royal Humane Society of Victoria and a £1000 cheque from the Victorian Government. Concerts were performed to honour the young man's bravery and to raise money for those who lost family in the LOCH ARD disaster. Of the 54 crew members and passengers on board, only two survived: the apprentice, Tom Pearce and the young woman passenger, Eva Carmichael, who lost all of her family in the tragedy. Ten days after the LOCH ARD tragedy, salvage rights to the wreck were sold at auction for £2,120. Cargo valued at £3,000 was salvaged and placed on the beach, but most washed back into the sea when another storm developed. The wreck of LOCH ARD still lies at the base of Mutton Bird Island. Much of the cargo has now been salvaged and some was washed up into what is now known as LOCH ARD Gorge. Cargo and artefacts have also been illegally salvaged over many years before protective legislation was introduced. One of the most unlikely pieces of cargo to have survived the shipwreck was a Minton porcelain peacock - one of only seven in the world. The peacock was destined for the Melbourne International Exhibition in 1880. It had been well packed, which gave it adequate protection during the violent storm. Today, the Minton peacock can be seen at the Flagstaff Hill Maritime Museum in Warrnambool. From Australia's most dramatic shipwreck it has now become Australia's most valuable shipwreck artefact and is one of very few 'objects' on the Victorian State Heritage Register.

Significance

The LOCH ARD shipwreck is of State significance – Victorian Heritage Register S 417. Flagstaff Hill’s collection of artefacts from LOCH ARD is significant for being one of the largest collections of artefacts from this shipwreck in Victoria. It is significant for its association with the shipwreck, which is on the Victorian Heritage Register (VHR S417). The collection is significant because of the relationship between the objects, as together they have a high potential to interpret the story of the LOCH ARD. The LOCH ARD collection is archaeologically significant as the remains of a large international passenger and cargo ship. The LOCH ARD collection is historically significant for representing aspects of Victoria’s shipping history and its potential to interpret sub-theme 1.5 of Victoria’s Framework of Historical Themes (living with natural processes). The collection is also historically significant for its association with the LOCH ARD, which was one of the worst and best known shipwrecks in Victoria’s history.

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool