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Victorian Collections -

Summon the Living

24 Jul 2018

Bells from Victorian community collections.

Curated By

Kitty Owens, Manager, Exhibition Services, Museums Australia (Victoria)

125666 items

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125666 items

Book - James Chalmers. Missionary & Explorer

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

James Chalmers. Missionary & Explorer

Poster, Advertisement

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

Three identical poster advertisements for Victor Gut Strings, featuring illustration of a boy stringing a racquet. Materials: Paper, Ink

Photographic print

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

Black and white photograph of Brad Drewett and Mark Edmonson playing on court. Writing on reverse states :'Stars of the Australian Open' and 'The Year that Was'. Materials: Paper, Photographic emulsion

Book: Adam's new Eden: a daughter's itemised account, Fiona Sievers, 2006

NMIT (Northern Melbourne Institute of TAFE),

Book of 183 pages of poetry written by Fiona Sievers and published by Flat Chat Press, NMIT, in 2006. ISBN 0975808427

Record, Gramophone - Vilia / Love will find a way

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Historical information

Gramophone record used in the mending room of the Foster Valley Mill.

Photograph

Art Gallery of Ballarat, Ballarat

Black and white photograph of Lindsay family during outdoor theatre performance. Five family members in the foreground. The middle figure is holding a telescope.

Historical information

Members of the Lindasay family performing some type of play in costume outside in a yard

Significance

Representative of the Lindsays family's well known love of performing with and for each other

Inscriptions & Markings

Small sticker, with the number 4 written in red pen, is located on the top left hand corner on the back of the photograph

Booklet - Shire of Eltham handbook 1990

Greensborough Historical Society,

52 p., mainly black and white, photographs

Photograph - Missions to Seamen Flag

Mission to Seafarers Victoria, Docklands

Partially faded black and white photograph of The Missions to Seamen flag. The photograph has a white border, and the pictured flag reads "THE MISSIONS TO SEAMEN" with the Flying Angel logo in the centre.

Historical information

As the current Mission to Seafarers was originally called "The Missions to Seamen", this photograph shows an original flag with the Flying Angel Club logo on the front. The Flying Angel Club has been a universal environment for seafarers at every major port, and a place they can recognise as a place of respite from the seas.

Significance

This is an example of an original Missions to Seamen flag dated between... and ...

Inscriptions & Markings

On the reverse side of the photograph is a stamp which is positioned at the top right and is upside down; it reads "H353". The photograph has discolouring around the edges (on both the front and reverse sides of the photograph), which is more extensive on the left side. There is also a large tear to the bottom left of the photograph which has taken away part of the image.

Honour Board - Fryerstown Primary School

Old Castlemaine Schoolboys Association Inc., CASTLEMAINE

Inscriptions & Markings

1926 Don’d BARRETT 1927 Harold ROWE 1928 W. B. MURLEY 1929 N. I. SAUNDERS 1930 Frank L. SMITH 1931 Paul A. JONES 1932 John F. HARDWICK 1933 James O. SYMES 1934 Kenneth JONES 1935 Dulcie E. McDONALD 1936 Eileen ROBERTS 1937 Gwen’h SCHONFELDER 1938 Fay DOLAN 1939 John ALLEN 1940 Edna THOMAS 1941 Bernard WRIGHT 1942 Hazel GUEST 1943 Charles WRIGHT 1944 Dawn KAYE 1945 Robert GUEST 1946 Allan DALTON 1947 Lance MOUNSEY 1949 Philip RODDA 1950 Marjorie HORNER 1952 James CATTLIN 1953 Milton MILLER 1954 Wendy J. HAMBLIN 1955 Isobel NOKES 1956 John CHRYSTAL 1957 Helen HAMBLIN 1958 Jennifer BARRETT 1959 Betty LANCASTER 1960 Kevin HADDOCK 1961 Patricia COLE 1962 William BARRETT 1963 Glenda HADDOCK 1965 Kaye McLEOD 1967 Gaye SAUNDERS

WHS Annual Report

Wangaratta High School, Wangaratta

Pastel yellow booklet used to give description and analysis of recent changes in the school with a black decorative border, a large WHS logo and black text reading:

Inscriptions & Markings

WANGARATTA HIGH SCHOOL 1990 ANNUAL REPORT WINNER OF THE GARDEN STATE AWARD 1986, 1990

Souvenir Pennant

Melbourne Water, Docklands

Navy in colour, the pennant is double sided, with an image of the Maroondah Dam surrounding the word “Maroondah” on both sides.

Historical information

The Maroondah System was first and foremost developed as a functional component of Melbourne's Water Supply System. In addition to functionality, the Melbourne and Metropolitan Board of Works (MMBW) envisioned the Maroondah Reserve to be enjoyed aesthetically and recreationally by the public. This souvenir illustrates the realisation of the Maroondah System as a local recreational and tourist attraction in the early 20th century. The Maroondah Reserve gardens were landscaped with English-style ornamental stonework, exotic trees, flower beds and rose gardens. All features of the water supply system became widely celebrated as beauty spots that continue to be very popular to this day with tourists and locals alike. This souvenir is a product of that flourishing tourist trade. These water supply sites continue to enhance Melbourne’s charm and liveability and are now recognised as places of cultural and historic significance.

Significance

This souvenir item has been curated by Melbourne Water as it represents an important historical aspect of the organisation by demonstrating the popularity of its water asset sites as recreational places and tourist attractions, and although these sites are functional parts of the water supply system, they were also designed to be enjoyed by the public both aesthetically and recreationally.

Order of Ceremony - Ceremony of Laying Up the old Guidon of the 4th Light Horse Regiment

4th/19th Prince of Wales's Light Horse Regiment Unit History Room, Macleod

A two page card giving the Order of Ceremony, part of the 4th Light Horse history, the Regiment's Battle Honours and the parade personalities

Photograph

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Black And White photograph of four vessels (tall ships) at wharf - Loch Maree (1581 Tons, first from left), Salamis (1079 Tons, 3rd from left)

Inscriptions & Markings

On the back of the photograph, written on matte, from left (1) in pencil "EROPE", (2) in black pen "LOCH MAREE 1581 tons" and (3) "SALAMIS 1579 tons

Booklet - Ballarat School of Mines Students' Magazine, 1935

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

Yellow soft covered magazine of 70 pages, including advertisements.

Historical information

List of Full Course Students' 1935, Editorial, Obituary - J. B. Robinson, Personal Column, Personal Column, Editor's Notes, Old Boys: Personal, The "Head" - An Appreciation, The Late Dean - W. F. Tucker, A Tribute - J. M. Bickett, An Attitude to War, Some Impressions by a New Comer to New Guinea, Fumes from the Lab, Arts & Crafts Gossip, Sport, Commercial Notes, The Junior Tecs

Artwork

Vision Australia,

1 art original in gold frame

Historical information

Framed portrait of Bruce Small who was President of the Association for the Blind 1955-1964. It is part of a series of paintings commissioned by the VAF Board to commemorate the work of past presidents of the organisation. Mr Small stands in his Gold Coast mayoral robes, which consist of a dark blue velvet with ermine trim and a white ruffled shirt.. He wears a mayoral chain of office around his neck and glasses, with his hands clasped in front of him. Sir Bruce Small joined the Vision Australia’s General committee in 1944 and became President of the organisation in 1955. He developed an efficient team with Sir Hubert Opperman (for many years the world’s number one cyclist), whom he brought in as Vice President and Mr. Pat Lightfoot, himself president for many years. Sir Bruce had to leave school at an early age after the death of his father in order to support his family. The lessons he learned from this episode in his life created a man of quick wit, with a razor sharp mind and the skills of a gambler - attributes that enabled him to achieve his goal of “aiming for the stars”. This was put into effect when he proposed a plan for 3 new Vision Australia nursing homes in 5 years at Ballarat, Bendigo and Brighton at a cost, which at that time seemed impossible but which was finally achieved between 1957 and 1959, through astute financial management. Sir Bruce also supported the concept of organisational decentralization and made amendments to the constitution, which enabled the associated branches of the Vision Australia (then the Association for the Advancement of the Blind) to form local committees. This was in order to generate local interest in the blind people in the community and engage them in fund raising and running of the nursing homes. Although he resigned in 1964 when he moved to Queensland he still retained an interest in Vision Australia. Sir Bruce had always pushed for a symbol for Vision Australia which would be recognized by the public and serve a useful purpose. This took the form of a beacon which was erected at Brighton, overlooking the sea, having a twofold purpose – a reference point and guiding light for small craft, and symbolically for blind people a guiding light to direct them to a safe harbour. Sir Bruce switched on the guiding light at in 1969 having already donated the cost of $3000. Prior to joining Vision Australia, Sir Bruce had operated the Malvern Star bicycle business in Glenferrie Rd. He promoted and expanded the business making Malvern Star the industry leader in Australia. This was aided by his friendship with Sir Hubert Oppermen, who promoted Malvern Star bikes through his role as world’s number one cyclist. In 1967 he became Mayor of the Gold Coast and, in 1972 he was elected to the Queensland Parliament representing the seat of Surfers Paradise.

Inscriptions & Markings

The plaque at the base of the painting reads 'Mr Bruce Small / President 1955 - 1964 / Association for the Blind'.

Photograph - Student competing in the high jump at a House Sports Day, c. 2000s

Bialik College, Hawthorn East 3123

Historical information

Student competing in the high jump at a House Sports Day, c. 2000s.

Coverall AFV Crewman

4th/19th Prince of Wales's Light Horse Regiment Unit History Room, Macleod

Known as a "tank suit". One piece black cotton overall. Slide fastener down front. Two pockets on chest, one fitted with gathered material to make holders for map marking and other pens. Two pockets on thighs. Small pocket below waist line to hold field dressing. Two internal side pockets. Fitted internally with braces for extracting casualty from vehicle. Internal draw cord at waist. Fitted with epaulettes.

Significance

Uniform item previously on issue to the Regiment

Inscriptions & Markings

CGCF Size 2 1962 User label marked C Rule

Sock

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Grey woollen sock, green red ,white and blue decoration, c1930's and 1940's, possibly manufactured by Scallywags.

Historical information

Grey woollen sock, green red ,white and blue decoration, c1930's and 1940's, possibly manufactured by Scallywags .

Honour Board - Faraday Primary School

Old Castlemaine Schoolboys Association Inc., CASTLEMAINE

Printed material retained by the Branch. Federated Carters and Drivers' Industrial Union of Australia, Ballarat Branch, 1918-1925.

Unions Ballarat, Ballarat

Paper in folder. 1. Log of wages and working conditions; March 1918. 2. Judgement of Mr. Justice Powers in the Commonwealth Court of Conciliation and Arbitration in the case of the Federated Carters and Drivers' Industrial Union of Australia and L. Arthur and others; c.a. 1918. 3. Judgement of Mr. Justice Quick in the Federated Carters and Drivers' Industrial Union of Australia's application to the Commonwealth Court of Conciliation and Arbitration for variation of awards (125/1920 and 67/1921); March 1923. 4. Rules of the Federated Carters and Drivers' Industrial Union of Australia; 1925. 5. Law relating to Factories, Workshops and Shops in Victoria; n.d. c.a. 1908.

Historical information

Several smaller transport and carters' unions preceded the Federated Carters and Drivers' Industrial Union of Australia. In 1906, smaller carters' unions organised and registered together as Federated Carters and Drivers' Industrial Union of Australia (FCDIUA). FCDIUA is a direct predecessor of the Transport Workers' Union.

Significance

Materials retained by the Branch represent contemporaneous events and matters of interest to the Union.

Shoulder Title

Running Rabbits Military Museum operated by the Upwey Belgrave RSL Sub Branch, Upwey

Shoulder label New Zealand Rifle Brigade

Document - Service History - Major Herbert James SHANNON

Wangaratta RSL Sub Branch, Wangaratta

Two pages of cream coloured paper with black typing below rising sun crest centred in ornate border.

Historical information

Empire research/service history of Major Herbert James SHANNON 2314 8th Light Horse AIF - Enlisted 21/6/1915 aged 40 years 9 months - Served Dardanelles, Egypt, Palestine and Sinai - Batles Gallipoli, The Nek, 2nd Gaza, Beersheba, Tel El Khuweilfe, At Huj Led Charge during the Es Salt Raid, Tiberias, Damascus. Awarded Distinguished Service Order Mentioned in Dispatches VD 1914/5 Star British War Medal Victory Medal. Discharged 6/10/1919.

Inscriptions & Markings

Service No 2312

Separator

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Separator machine. Hand-crank operated milk separator, Crown Separator Co Pty Ltd. Multi-part separator stand with bowls (2) and attachments including a spanner small cone shaped objects on homemade stand. ."42D022" stamped on 2x separator chutes.

Inscriptions & Markings

Manufacture's plate "MADE IN SWEDEN" , "CROWN SEPARATOR / HEAD OFFICE 547 FLINDERS ST MELBOURNE". ."42D022" stamped on 2x separator chutes.

Megaphone

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Metal megaphone or loud hailer, with rolled wire rims, folded seam and riveted handle. Painted green and marked "R"

Photograph, Colour 'Reconstruction of Box Cottage’ 1984

City of Moorabbin Historical Society operating the Box Cottage Museum, Ormond

3 x colour photographs of work beginning on the reconstruction of Box Cottage in Joyce Park February 1984

Historical information

The original small, pioneer cottage was built in the late 1840s to early1850s, by an unknown pioneer. It was located on part of a 30 Acre allotment that was originally part of Dendy’s Special Survey granted in 1841. The doors and window sashes, (made of red deal joinery timber), as well as the brass locks and fittings, are from the original cottage, and were imported from England. The fire-place bricks are from the original cottage, and are sun-dried, (not kiln fired), and are hand-made. Convict marks can be seen on two bricks. There is a small display of external cladding shingles from the original pioneer cottage. These shingles were hand-split, and most likely made from locally collected timber The nails included in this display were used to fasten the shingles on the original cottage, and are also hand-made. The cottage was occupied by William Box and family from 1865 until 1914 when it was sold to William Reitman who resided there until 1950. The enamel nameplate, “Colonial”, on the wall of the cottage, was the name chosen for the original pioneer cottage by Mr William Reitman, when he purchased the property in around 1915, for 1200 Pounds approximately. In 1974 Mr Lewis, a timber specialist, found the dilapidated building on property he had recently purchased in Jasper Rd and suggested it be reconstructed and relocated. Moorabbin Council agreed and the cottage was rebuilt just about 250 metres from its original site. The cost of the rebuild was met by 'Victoria's 150th Committee, plus a small grant from the City of Moorabbin, and Mr Laurie Lewis donated much of the timber for the reconstruction. The re-constructed cottage plan has followed faithfully the original dimensions, and plan of the original pioneer cottage, and as many original items from that cottage’s long occupation have been incorporated. The photographs in Album 1 record the progress of the reconstruction from February 1984 to the First Public Open Day November 18th 1984

Significance

These 3 photographs show the 'Box Cottage' at the commencement of the 'Reconstruction in February 1984. Mrs H. Deam and Mr A. Smith, CMHS members, took these photographs to record the progress of the ‘Reconstruction’ from February 1984 to November 1984. Although 'Box Cottage' is a re-construction, it is an unique museum that, being located in the midst of a modern community in Ormond Victoria, can educate and demonstrate many aspects of the early settler’s way of life in Victoria. As such, it is an invaluable resource for students and all kinds of visitors.

Photograph

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

Sepia toned photograph of the premises of John P. Marshall. Family Grocer. Caption reads:- "Corner Sturt And Raglan Street now Medical Profession corner Sturt and Raglan Streets, now (1953) Medical Profession Consulting Rooms". Inscribed on photo lower left corner "Sturt St." Dated "1887".

Bayonet, triangular, socket type to suit Martini Henry Rifle.

Rye RSL Sub Branch, Rye

Valenciennes lace

Australian Lace Guild - Victorian Branch, Gardenvale

Bobbin lace edging. Sample

Historical information

Fine lace used as costume trimming

Booklet: an Introduction to the L.J.Watts Learning Resources Centre 1995

NMIT (Northern Melbourne Institute of TAFE),

A 12 page booklet introduction to the Learning Resources Centre at Preston Technical College 1995.

Photograph - Post Cards

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

Copies of Postcards: Left side from top to bottom: 1. Cowes War Memorial with Jetty in the background. 2. View of San Remo from Cape Woolamai. 3. Cowes Sea Baths. 4. Douglas House Cowes. Right side from top to bottom: 1. Phillip Island Hotel Cowes. 2. Looking towards the Nobbies - man in horse drawn jinker with dog in front of horse. 3. People walking down the Cowes Pier after the departure of a boat. 4. Taken from the pier looking toward the Jetty Shed and Cowes.

Historical information

One of 15 A3 sheets with copies of postcards on each page. Shirley Jones Collection.

Inscriptions & Markings

Left side from top to bottom: 2. "The Rose Series P680 - towards San Remo from Cape Woolamai P.Is". 3. "The Rose Series P660 - the Baths Cowes Phillip Island". 4. "H. Donn Proprietor Douglas House Cowes Telephone 25". Right side from top to bottom: 1. "Photo Shop Series No 29 - Phillip Island Cowes". 2. "the Rose Series P666 - Looking to The Nobbies Phillip Island Victoria". 3. "Valentine Series M4911 - After the departure of the boat Cowes P.Isl." 4. "The Rose Series P656 - From the Pier Cowes Phillip Island Vic."

Photograph

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

Shire Hall in Thompson Avenue, Cowes. Box like building with windows overlooking the street. Note entrance at the middle of the building - also the Notice Board on the right advertising the forth coming films. The building was on three levels. Note Balcony above front door in the middle of the building.

Historical information

Shire Hall in Thompson Avenue, Cowes. Built early 1930's. Demolished 1984/1985. The Shire Hall was also used as a Picture Theatre and Ballroom catering for 200 persons. On the right hand side was the Library which later was moved downstairs. The Council Chambers were on the third floor.

Photograph

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

Photograph of dense basalt headland near Smith's Beach

Historical information

One of a collection of over 400 photographs in an album commenced in 1960 and presented to the Phillip Island & Westernport Historical Society by the Shire of Phillip Island

Dress

Running Rabbits Military Museum operated by the Upwey Belgrave RSL Sub Branch, Upwey

Blue Cotton Uniform Dress

Mathieu's Needle Holder - long

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

In sterilised bag. Steel medical instrument used as scissors for holding needles. The handle section is very long with teeth at the end enabling that end to join. In between the two handles is a piece of steel running lengthwise and attached at the end to each handle (goes across). The scissor end is short and blunt. Used as a needle holder during operations.

Historical information

This medical / hospital instrument was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950s specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme.

Significance

Historical: Shows the development of scientific hospital equipment. Provenance: Used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was remote and therefore required good equipment. Good condition and good interpretation capacity.

Photograph

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

Photograph of J. Bowman and F. Pickersgill pulling tree stump with tractor and chain, clearing the land for tree planting by Scotch College Boys.

Historical information

One of a collection of over 400 photographs in an album commenced in 1960 and presented to the Phillip Island & Westernport Historical Society by the Shire of Phillip Island

CD-ROM - Database of Aboriginal placenames of Victoria

Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages, Fitzroy

Inscriptions & Markings

CD-ROM

Collograph - Paranoia

Federation University Australia Art Collection ,

Historical information

This item is part of the Federation University Art Collection. The Art Collection features over 1000 works and was listed as a 'Ballarat Treasure' in 2007.

Christian Family

Glen Eira Historical Society, Caulfield South

Photographs of Myoora:, A black and white photo c. 1900s., A coloured photo (photocopy) of Myoora 2009., Three coloured photos of graves of Thomas Christian and Violet Mary in St. Kilda Cemetery and one of Myoora, 2009.

Photograph - Office staff

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Inscriptions & Markings

Office Staff

Barbed Wire

Running Rabbits Military Museum operated by the Upwey Belgrave RSL Sub Branch, Upwey

Barbed wire reputed to come from gallipoli (identified asTurkish).

Pessary, virginal

Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians & Gynaecologists,

Pessary, clear plastic, belonging to Olga Bolitho who inherited it from Dame Ella MacKnight. Used by Olga Bolitho once or twice, according to correspondence dated 14/5/00 from Olga Bolitho [held with the donation form]

Historical information

Dame Ella Macknight was an obstetrician and gynaecologist who worked at the Queen Victoria Hospital, Melbourne. She was appointed as a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire on 1 January 1969 for services to medicine. She gained her MB BS in 1928 from the University of Melbourne. After qualifying as an obstetrician and gynaecologist, (MD, Melb.1931, DGO Melb 1936), she was associated with the Queen Victoria Hospital from 1935-1977. Her appointments included honorary obstetrician and gynaecologist from 1935-1964; vice-president of the Committee of Management for 1963-1971 and president from 1971-1977. She was president of the Council of the Royal College of Gynaecologists from 1970-1972.After her death in 1996, her family set up a post graduate scholarship in her honour with the Royal College of Gynaecologists & Obstetricians.

Photograph

Uniting Church Archives - Synod of Victoria, Malvern East

Gloss, sepia, three quarter, studio portrait of Rev. Albert Rivett, on card.

Historical information

Rev. Albert Rivett (1854-1934) founded the Homes for Hope for Children and Pilgrims Rest for aged destitute women.

Book - Official History of Australia In The War of 1914-18 Vol 5.

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Official History of Australia In The War of 1914-18 Vol 5. The Australian Imperial Force in France during the Main German Offensive, 1918 Author: C E W Bean Publisher: Angus & Robertson Date: 1936

Historical information

This item is from the ‘Pattison Collection’, a collection of books and records that was originally owned by the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute, which was founded in Warrnambool in 1853. By 1886 the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute (WMI) had grown to have a Library, Museum and Fine Arts Gallery, with a collection of “… choice productions of art, and valuable specimens in almost every branch and many wonderful national curiosities are now to be seen there, including historic relics of the town and district.” It later included a School of Design. Although it was very well patronised, the lack of financial support led the WMI in 1911 to ask the City Council to take it over. In 1935 Ralph Pattison was appointed as City Librarian to establish and organise the Warrnambool Library as it was then called. When the WMI building was pulled down in 1963 a new civic building was erected on the site and the new Warrnambool Library, on behalf of the City Council, took over all the holdings of the WMI. At this time some of the items were separated and identified as the ‘Pattison Collection’, named after Ralph Pattison. Eventually the components of the WMI were distributed from the Warrnambool Library to various places, including the Art Gallery, Historical Society and Flagstaff Hill. Later some were even distributed to other regional branches of Corangamite Regional Library and passed to and fro. It is difficult now to trace just where all of the items have ended up. The books at Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village generally display stamps and markings from Pattison as well as a variety of other institutions including the Mechanics’ Institute itself. RALPH ERIC PATTISON Ralph Eric Pattison was born in Rockhampton, Queensland, in 1891. He married Maude Swan from Warrnambool in 1920 and they set up home in Warrnambool. In 1935 Pattison accepted a position as City Librarian for the Warrnambool City Council. His huge challenge was to make a functional library within two rooms of the Mechanics’ Institute. He tirelessly cleaned, cleared and sorted a disarrayed collection of old books, jars of preserved specimens and other items reserved for exhibition in the city’s museum. He developed and updated the library with a wide variety of books for all tastes, including reference books for students; a difficult task to fulfil during the years following the Depression. He converted all of the lower area of the building into a library, reference room and reading room for members and the public. The books were sorted and stored using a cataloguing and card index system that he had developed himself. He also prepared the upper floor of the building and established the Art Gallery and later the Museum, a place to exhibit the many old relics that had been stored for years for this purpose. One of the treasures he found was a beautiful ancient clock, which he repaired, restored and enjoyed using in his office during the years of his service there. Ralph Pattison was described as “a meticulous gentleman whose punctuality, floorless courtesy and distinctive neat dress were hallmarks of his character, and ‘his’ clock controlled his daily routine, and his opening and closing of the library’s large heavy doors to the minute.” Pattison took leave during 1942 to 1942 to serve in the Royal Australian Navy, Volunteer Reserve as Lieutenant. A few years later he converted one of the Museum’s rooms into a Children’s Library, stocking it with suitable books for the younger generation. This was an instant success. In the 1950’s he had the honour of being appointed to the Victorian Library Board and received more inspiration from the monthly conferences in Melbourne. He was sadly retired in 1959 after over 23 years of service, due to the fact that he had gone over the working age of council officers. However he continued to take a very keen interest in the continual development of the Library until his death in 1969. WARRNAMBOOL PUBLIC LIBRARY The Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute (WMI) was formed by a voluntary community group in 1863, within six years of Warrnambool’s beginnings, and its Reading Room opened in 1854. The WMI operated until 1963, at which time it was one of the oldest Mechanics’ Institutes in Victoria. Mechanics’ Institutes offered important services to the public including libraries, reading rooms and places to display and store collections of all sorts such as curiosities and local historical relics. In 1886 a Museum and Fine Arts Gallery were added to the WMI and by the beginning of the 20th century there was also a billiards room and a School of Art. By this time all Mechanics’ Institutes in country Victoria had museums attached. Over the years the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute Library was also known as the Warrnambool Public Library the Warrnambool Library and the Free Library. Early funding from the government was for the “Free Library”. The inscription in a book “Science of Man” was for the “Warrnambool Public Library”, donated by Joseph Archibald in 1899. Another inscription in the book “Catalogue of Plants Under Cultivation in the Melbourne Botanic Gardens 1 & 2, 1883” was presented to the “Warrnambool Library” and signed by the author W.R. Guilfoyle. In 1903 the Warrnambool Public Library decided to add a Juvenile Department to library and stock it with hundreds of books suitable for youth. In 1905 the Public Library committee decided to update the collection of books and added 100 new novels plus arrangements for the latest novels to be included as soon as they were available in Victoria. In July 1911 the Warrnambool Council took over the management of the Public Library, Art Gallery, Museum and Mechanics’ Institute and planned to double the size of the then-current building. In 1953, when Mr. R. Pattison was Public Librarian, the Warrnambool Public Library’s senior section 10,000 of the 13,000 books were fiction. The children’s section offered an additional 3,400 books. The library had the equivalent of one book per head of population and served around 33 percent of the reading population. The collection of books was made up of around 60 percent reference and 40 percent fiction. The library was lending 400 books per day. In 1963 the Warrnambool City Council allocated the site of the Mechanics’ Institute building, which included the Public Library, Museum and Art Gallery, for the new Municipal Offices and the Collections were dispersed until 1971. The Warrnambool Library took over the Mechanics’ Institute Library’s holdings on behalf of the Warrnambool City Council. Since the closure of the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute the exact location and composition of the original WMI books and items has become unclear. Other materials have been added to the collection, including items from Terang MI, Warrnambool Court House and Customs House. Many of the books have been identified as the Pattison Collection, named after the Librarian who catalogued and numbered the books during his time as Warrnambool Public Librarian in the time before the Mechanics’ Institute closed. It seems that when Warrnambool became part of the Corangamite Regional Library some of the books and materials went to its head office in Colac and then back to Warrnambool where they were stored at the Art Gallery for quite some time. Some then went to the Warrnambool Historical Society, some stayed at the Art Gallery and some were moved to Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village. The various stamps and labels on the books held at Flagstaff Hill show the variety of the collection’s distribution and origin. The books in the collection at Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village date from the 1850’s to the late 1950’s and include rare and valuable volumes. Many of the books are part of the “Pattison Collection” after the Warrnambool’s Public Librarian, Mr. R. Pattison

Significance

The Pattison Collection, along with other items at Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, was originally part of the Warrnambool Mechanics' Institute’s collection. The Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute Collection is primarily significant in its totality, rather than for the individual objects it contains. Its contents are highly representative of the development of Mechanics' Institute libraries across Australia, particularly Victoria. A diversity of publications and themes has been amassed, and these provide clues to our understanding of the nature of and changes in the reading habits of Victorians from the 1850s to the middle of the 20th century. The collection also highlights the Warrnambool community’s commitment to the Mechanics’ Institute, reading, literacy and learning in the regions, and proves that access to knowledge was not impeded by distance. These items help to provide a more complete picture of our community’s ideals and aspirations. The Warrnambool Mechanics Institute book collection has historical and social significance for its strong association with the Mechanics Institute movement and the important role it played in the intellectual, cultural and social development of people throughout the latter part of the nineteenth century and the early twentieth century. The collection of books is a rare example of an early lending library and its significance is enhanced by the survival of an original collection of many volumes. The Warrnambool Mechanics' Institute’s publication collection is of both local and state significance. The Warrnambool Mechanics' Institute Collection is primarily significant in its totality, rather than for the individual objects it contains. Its contents are highly representative of the development of Mechanics' Institute libraries across Australia, particularly Victoria. A diversity of publications and themes has been amassed, and these provide clues to our understanding of the nature of and changes in the reading habits of Victorians from the 1850s to the middle of the 20th century. The collection also highlights the Warrnambool community’s commitment to the Mechanics’ Institute, and to reading, literacy and learning in the regions, and proves that access to knowledge was not impeded by distance. These items help to provide a more complete picture of our community’s ideals and aspirations. As with many Mechanics' Institutes in Australia, the one which operated in Warrnambool was established and overseen for many years by key individuals associated with the development of the city itself. The WMI publication collection is historically significant because of its association with local people, places and the key historical themes in the development of Warrnambool of rural development, industry, farming, education, and community. The collection documents and illustrates the changing interests, focus and tastes of Victorians, especially those in regional cities. Generally the individual items in the collection are not particularly rare, as examples of all probably exist in other public collections in Victoria. It is primarily because there are so very few surviving Mechanics' Institute collections in Victoria, which lends this overall collection its significance. Many items in the WMI Collection have the potential to support further research, both as individual objects and through the collection in its entirety. This material is significant for its ability to assist in the interpretation of the history of the area and adds to the general understanding of the development of the township. Many components of the WMI publication collection complement and reinforce the Flagstaff Hill Maritime Museum Collection, the Warrnambool Art Gallery Collection, and that in the Warrnambool Historical Society, and also contribute to a clearer understanding of the original Warrnambool Mechanics' Institute collections. This will greatly enhance the appreciation of the few surviving Mechanics' Institute collections across Victoria, and also in New South Wales. The similarities and differences between the small number of collections that have survived can provide further insights into how the people of Victoria in general, and Warrnambool in particular, constructed a civic culture of adult learning to foster an informed citizenry. The Warrnambool Mechanics' Institute publication collection is of both local and state significance. (This Statement of Significance is quoted from the Significance Assessment : Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute Book Collection at Flagstaff Hill Maritime Museum, February 2009, by Annette Welkamp, Cultural Connections, for Delise Oldfied, FHMV) References Juvenile Department in Warrnambool Public Library In August 1903 The Age newspaper reported in its Warrnambool news section that “With the object of discouraging boys from reading literature of the “penny dreadful” class, the committee of the local public library has decided to open a juvenile department and to stock it with hundreds of suitable books attractive to the youthful mind.” 100 new novels added to Warrnambool Public Library Shelves In November 1905 The Argue newspaper’s Warrnambool news section announced “The committee of the Public Library is bringing the collection of books more up to date. It has recently added 100 new novels to the shelves, and arrangements have been made for a supply of the latest novels immediately they arrive in the state.” Warrnambool Town Council takes over Mechanics’ Institute, Art Gallery, Public Library, Museum – and will double the building’s size In 1912 The Age reported in its Warrnambool news section “Considerable improvements are being effected by the town council in the most picturesque part of Liebig Street. Between the fire brigade station and the mechanics’ institute and art gallery a vacant block of land is being transformed a garden for carpet bedding and flowering plants. The council, which recently took over the control of the art gallery, public library, museum and mechanics’ institute, is doubling the size of the substantial stone building containing these institutions. The new building will contain a supper room for use in conjunction with functions in the town hall, adjoining, and a new reading room.” Mr Pattison, Public Librarian, says Library has a book per head of population In 1953 The Age reported an interview with the Public Librarian, Mr. R. Pattison, who said “Warrnambool has an insatiable thirst for reading. And its reading recipe contains a strong dash of fiction – 73 percent of it. Fiction makes up 10,000 of the 13,000 books in the senior section of the public library. That works out at a book per head of population. Warrnambool today is really book minded. This city has an almost insatiable thirst for knowledge as well as fiction. We’re lending 400 books a day. We supply 33 percent of the reading population of Warrnambool.” The reporter goes on to say “Warrnambool Public Library also has an ultra-modern children’s section of 3,400 books, open to every boy and girl attending school in Warrnambool. Mr Pattison hopes to show travel-talk films and install a radiogram in the children’s section “later on”. But it won’t disturb adult reading next door because the junior section is sound proof. “ Mechanics’ Institutes and Museums Mechanics’ Institutes were important sites for collecting in country Victoria … Warrnambool … all had museums attached to Mechanics’ Institutes before the end of the twentieth century” Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute Ms Tierney said FHMV holds the collection of the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute in three different locations on its site. “The Mechanics’ Institute opened in 1871, was demolished in the 1960s and was one of the oldest in Victoria. “FHMV intends to create a new storage area and bring the collection together in one place which will greatly facilitate access and research. “The collection consists of books and archives dating from the 1850s to 1959s. “Some of the books are rare and valuable but it is unclear as to their relevance to the history of Warrnambool or Victoria,” Ms Tierney said. Warrnambool TAFE History South West TAFE has a long and proud history of providing technical and specialist education, with links back to the formation of the Mechanic’s Institute in 1853. Warrnambool Art Gallery’s History The Warrnambool Art Gallery began in 1886 when retired police officer Joseph Archibald opened its doors in a building behind the mechanics institute in Liebig Street. The Gallery began with an eclectic mix of artworks and museum curios. Before long Archibald mobilised public support and paid for a new gallery annex. Loans and grants allowed the Gallery collection to grow with significant early acquisitions by French, German, and Belgian artists, which were less expensive than British works. Despite its enthusiastic start the economic downturn of the 1890s brought the Collection to a halt. In 1910 the Council took control of the Mechanics Institute and ran the Gallery there until 1963 when the building was allocated for municipal offices. The Collection was dispersed on loan to galleries in Shepparton and Hamilton and not reunited until 1971. In 1986 the Gallery’s Centenary year, a permanent home was built next to the ‘Civic Green’ and named in memory of one its champions Sir Fletcher Jones O.B.E. 2016 Warrnibald Entries Joseph Archibald established the Warrnambool Museum and Art Gallery in 1886 while his son Jules Francois Archibald founded the Archibald Prize through his bequest of 1919. His aim was to foster portraiture, as well as support artists, and perpetuate the memory of great Australians.

Inscriptions & Markings

Label on spine cover with typed text PATT 994.04 OFF Front pastedown endpaper has sticker from Warrnambool Public Library Front loose endpaper has a sticker from Corangamite Regional Library Service

Book - Interstate Steamship Services

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Interstate Steamship Services - Cairns to Western Australia, Fares and Services - Issued March 1934

Oil on paper - 'Nude' by William Frater

Federation University Australia Art Collection ,

Framed seated nude study in oil on paper.

Historical information

William FRATER (1890-1974) Born 31 January 1890 at Ochiltree Castle, near Linlithgow, Scotland Arrived Melbourne, Australia September 1910 In a lecture on modern art in 1925, Frater stated the basic position from which the rest of his oeuvre stems: 'Copying nature is not an art; … to copy effects of light tends to destroy form and colour'. Frater gave aggressive leadership to the small group of modernists in the 1920s. His example, teaching, lecturing and crusty style of polemic did much to disrupt the academic style as the arbiter of pictorial values and to pioneer a change of taste in the community.His approach in the 1930s was markedly indebted to Cézanne, especially in the portraits which predominated until his retirement from stained-glass designing in 1940. (L. J. Course, 'Frater, William (1890–1974)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/frater-william-6239/text10739, published first in hardcopy 1981, accessed online 3 May 2016.) This item is part of the Federation University Art Collection. The Art Collection features over 1000 works and was listed as a 'Ballarat Treasure' in 2007.

Inscriptions & Markings

Lower centre in pencil "W. Frater". In lighter pencil "painted 1932"

Blackburn Cricket Club circa 1960s cap - 1960s cap

Blackburn Cricket Club, Blackburn

Blackburn Cricket Club Circa 1960s cap.

Photograph

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

Sepia photograph of 4 fishermen on sandy beach at San Remo.

Historical information

One of a collection of 9 photographs/postcards donated by F. Winn

Inscriptions & Markings

On back: "Fishermen San Remo"

Photograph - Bathers, circa 1920

Kew Historical Society Inc, Kew

Bathers, ca. 1920. A group of nine young people pose for a group portrait at the beach. The bathing costumes worn by the group are in a number of styles. The photograph represents the stages of transition towards a briefer swimsuit typified by that worn by the man second from left at rear. The photo was printed from a glass negative in the collection. The original glass negative is part of a set donated to the Society by Ian McKenzie.

Photograph

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

Sepia photograph looking down to the Cowes Jetty - vehicles, people and a horse drawn dray. Jetty Shed on the left and shed on the right.

Historical information

One of 4 photographs donated by Norah Johnson (created the "zoo" in Thompson Avenue, Cowes). The photos were given to Norah by tourists over the years.

Inscriptions & Markings

Written on the back: Cowes Jetty

Photograph

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

Photograph of the unveiling of the Monument by Major General Brand in 1921. Isle of Wight Hotel in background

Historical information

One of a collection of over 400 photographs in an album commenced in 1960 and presented to the Phillip Island & Westernport Historical Society by the Shire of Phillip Island

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