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Prisoner of War & Internment Camps: Tatura and Rushworth

1 Oct 2018

During the First World War, the theatres of Europe felt worlds away for Australians on the home front. The Second World War’s Pacific stage brought war closer to home. For some Victorian country towns, the repercussions of war arrived right on their doorstep.

Curated By

Alana Bennett Mazzilli, Work experience student, Academy of Mary Immaculate

137350 items

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137350 items

Newspaper clippings

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

Contract to supply sand to site of new bridge at Phillip Island.

Historical information

Newspaper clipping

Photo - Surman, Ethel & Myra

Learmonth and District Historical Society, Learmonth

A sepia photo of Ethel and Myra Surman, with light and dark brown cardboard surrounds in very good condition for its age. 27 cms high x 16 && 3/4 cms width.

Inscriptions & Markings

Ethel and Myra Surman printed on the back of the photo.

Booklet: Historic Aradale [NMIT Site Plan and Introduction 2003] - HiBooklet: Historic Aradale [NMIT Site Plan and Introduction 2003]

NMIT (Northern Melbourne Institute of TAFE),

Twenty-seven page colour booklet, with introduction and site plans for the Ararat Campus of NMIT, 2003. One large A3 copy and one smaller A4 copy. Also Program for Official opening of Aradale Campus Sunday 17 November 2002. Also large aerial photograph of Aradale campus 2003. Also VHS video Ararat Rural City Council celebrates rebirth of Aradale, Ballarat Win TV State television news 15/3/2002. Bill Braithwaite, Ararat Rural City Council, Peter Ray, NMIT.

Photograph

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

B/w photo view of blue stone building with brick additions & rose garden. Inscription: "Executive Office, Myer Woollen Mills, Ballarat".

South Metro Junior Football League (girls)

Glen Eira Historical Society, Caulfield South

This file contains five items, An article from the Caulfield/Port Phillip leader on the development of the South Metro Junior Football League, dated 21/02/2012, An article from the Glen Eira News on the South Metro Junior Football League providing girls with an opportunity to be involved in football, dated May 2012, An article from the Herald Sun on the increase of interest of girls in playing football, dated 24/05/2012, A flyer for a “Chick Kick” Day to encourage young girls to get involved in Australian Rules football in the South Metro Junior Football League, An article from the Caulfield/Port Phillip leader on the resignation of the Southern Football Leagues CEO, dated 19/06/2012

Document - Digital Image - Wayne Dobson. Hall of Fame Citation

Greensborough Historical Society,

Links: 05247:04705 Digital copy of Citation and photographs

Historical information

Hall of Fame Citation for Wayne Dobson as he is inducted into the Greensborough Football Club's Hall of Fame as a Member.

Significance

In 2016, the Greensborough Football Club inducted a number of their past players into the Hall of Fame. This Citation outlines the player's contribution to the Club.

Compass housing

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Compass housing brass with glass window, small box attached to side for a light to enable night viewing of the compass.

Photo- Baird,J. - Councilor J.Baird, 1906

Learmonth and District Historical Society, Learmonth

Photo in sepia,of Councilor J.Baird.It is oval in shape and surounded by grey mount.Situated second row right hand side of collection of photos showing all Councilors for 1906.

Historical information

Councilor J. Baird was elected to council in 1900 until 1928.He was President in 1907-08,1916-17 and 1922-23

Significance

Original Historic Photo.

Inscriptions & Markings

Presented by The President to the Ballarat Shire Council.1906.

LICENCE RECEIPT BOOK

Clunes Museum, Clunes

PORTION RECEIPT BOOK - 12 AUCTIONEER'S GENERAL LICENCE. JANUARY 4TH, 1886 - 31ST DECEMBER, 1886

Historical information

RECORD OF LICENCES ISSUED TO AUCTIONEERS. FOR DETAILS - SEE OVER

Photograph - Commencement of reconstruction of Brougham Street Bridge, Eltham, April 2009

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Five colour photographs

School Photograph (digital image) - Greensborough Primary School Gr2062 1963 Grade 1B

Greensborough Historical Society,

Digital copy of black and white photograph.

Historical information

Class photograph from Greensborough Primary School No.2062. Student names are not identified.

Inscriptions & Markings

Class name marked on photograph.

PHOTOGRAPH

Clunes Museum, Clunes

PHOTOGRAPH, SEPIA, GROUP OF MEN AND WOMEN AT MOUNT BECKWORTH.

Inscriptions & Markings

S. CLARK, PHOTO

Journal - ArtStreams: News in arts and cultural heritage; Vol. 5, No. 5 (4), Sep-Oct 2000

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Colour front and back cover with feature articles and literary pieces with photographs and advertisements printed in black and white. 36 pages, 30 cm. Vol. 1, no. 1 (Nov. 1996) - Vol. 10, no. 5 (summer ed. 2005/​06)

Historical information

Vol. 5, No. 5 (4), Sep-Oct 2000 CONTENTS From Beach to Battleground 3 Talking art with Rick Amor The Poetry of Catharsis 7 New Work by Sandy Jeffs Saltwater 8 Paintings of Sea Country Snake Circle 10 Reviewed by Anna Barden Short Story 12 The Rainbow Shell Theatre Reviews 16 By Kathy Oliver Interview 18 David Moore and why he paints Art Now 21 City of Darebin Biennial Exhibition Australian Classical Music 22 Betty Scarlett William Barak Writing Competition 24 Stories by Emily Borg & Rhiannon Foster New Arts Contributors 26 Were Street Cafe & Studio19 Artin About 27 Wining & Dining 30 Poetry 32 By Shelton Lea Artist's Services 32

Significance

"Peter Dougherty has been involved in the local art scene for many years. As publisher and editor of the arts magazine Artstreams, his comments on the various branches of the arts are widely respected. His "The Arts" column in the Diamond Valley Leader presents a brief summary for a much wider cross section of the local community. Peter also operates his own gallery and the Artstreams Cafe at the St Andrews market. Peter has a wealth of knowledge about present day and historical aspects of local art and artists." - Eltham District Historical Society Newsletter No. 161, March 2005

Research report - Cluny (Formerly Fairview) 34 Wrixon Street, Kew 3101: A cultural and architectural history and assessment of cultural heritage significance / Allan Willingham

Kew Historical Society Inc, Kew

Research report, prepared by Allan Willingham for Carey Baptist Grammar School in 2006, into Cluny (formerly Fairview) 34 Wrixon Street, Kew 3101. The cultural and architectural history and assessment of cultural heritage includes a summary of the building's current heritage status, a history of the property, biographical portraits of the principal owners, an architectural history, an assessment of its cultural heritage significance, a statement of conservation policy and appendices.

Booklet - Ballarat University College Financial Statements Year Ended December 1991

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

.1) Annual Report .2 Brown soft covered financial report of 20 pages.

Hand drill

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Hand drill with red wheel, dark red paint remnants on handle

Inscriptions & Markings

BECON D129

School Records - Individuals - Morley, Jesse Alywin

Rutherglen Historical Society, Rutherglen

Individual school records of the pupils of the Higher Elementary School, Rutherglen.

Historical information

From School records, some more complete than others. Reports should contain information on the pupil's school work and give details of what they did when they left school. They should also show the name of a parent and the occupation. All sheets are indexed on a spreadsheet at the Common School Museum.

Diary of Alfred Broch

Jewish Museum of Australia, St Kilda

Bound with cotton and handwritten in pencil. Bound with cotton and handwritten in pencil.

Historical information

This diary was handwritten by Alfred Broch over the course of four months in 1940. It was kept while Alfred Broch was travelling on the HMT Dunera and then during his detainment in the Hay internment camp.

Inscriptions & Markings

[selected passage translation from German, further translation available] : “Dunera” 10.VII – 6.IX.1940 First impression very depressing. Fears. Confusion with prisoners of war. Never mind. Corrected. Continuing further bad treatment. Boarding the ship assisted by rifle butts. Robbed as soon as we reached the deck. Impression of a death ship. Complete helplessness. No sleeping facilities. All sleep on the floor, on tables etc. Intended accommodation taken up by luggage cases. (barbed wire). Food good but only spoons. Next day: robbery from the cases. Own people steal. Purloined objects even include toothbrushes and toothpaste. Much to eat. Small convoy with one cruiser. In the same convoy a women’s transport which soon leaves us as it is bound for Canada and we are quite surprised. The English soldiers and officers have another side. While in the danger zone they only had a webbing belt and slippers. In case of torpedoes – expecting certain death. Bad air as all vents are closed. Other Inscriptions: Front page, upper right, underlined: "Alfred Broch" Front page, upper, underlined: "Notitz Buch" Front page, centre, underlined: "Hay 1941" Page 1, upper right: "Mittwoch 10. VII." Page 3, upper right: "10. VII. - 6. IX. 1940 Page 4, centre: "[...] ARANDORA STAR" Page 11, upper, underlined: "Von Liverpool Nach Hay / Mittwoch 10 VII"

Photograph - Digital image - Watermarc under construction: Interior with part constructed waterslide.

Greensborough Historical Society,

Digital copy of colour photograph.

Historical information

Watermarc under construction: Interior with part constructed waterslide. The redevelopment of the Greensborough Pool into the Watermarc aquatic centre is documented in this collection of photographs from the collection of Rosie Bray.

Significance

These photographs taken on a ‘Community Consultative Committee’ walkthrough prior to completion of Watermarc, May 18 2012.

Acrylic - Sweeping Black and White and Grey work, areas and curving stripes

City of Greater Geelong, Geelong

Photograph - Post Card

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

Black & White postcard of the Isle of Wight Hotel. Large pines on either side of building. Three people at front of building.

Historical information

One of 23 photographs from the Jessie Smith Collection.

Inscriptions & Markings

"Isle of Wight Hotel"

Spoon

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Unrestored sugar spoon from the wreck of the LOCH ARD. The spoon design has a flattened fiddle-back handle, with a thin stem or shank, flared collar, and a shallow rounded bowl. The spoons metallic composition is a thin layer of brass alloy which has partially corroded back to a nickel-silver base metal. Concretion on bowl and collar.Some 25% verdigris on spoon. Handle corroded and bent slightly. Perished rubber band attached. One of five makers marks on lower rear of spoon handle is legible - (2) Plain cross mounted on inverted triangle (religious motif).

Historical information

This sugar spoon is from the wreck of the LOCH ARD, a Loch Line ship of 1,693 tons which sailed from Gravesend, London, on 2 March 1878 with 17 passengers and a crew of 36 under Captain George Gibbs. “The intention was to discharge cargo in Melbourne, before returning to London via the Horn with wool and wheat”. Instead, on 1 June 1878, after 90 days at sea, she struck the sandstone cliffs of Mutton Bird Island on the south west coast of Victoria, and sank with the loss of 52 lives and all her cargo. The manifest of the LOCH ARD listed an array of manufactured goods and bulk metals being exported to the Colony of Victoria, with a declared value of £53,700. (202 bills of lading show an actual invoice value of £68, 456, with insurance underwriting to £30,000 of all cargo). Included in the manifest is the item of “Tin hardware & cutlery £7,530”. This sugarspoon is one of 482 similar items of electro-plated cutlery from the LOCH ARD site, comprising spoons and forks of various sizes but all sharing the same general shape or design and metallic composition. 49 of these pieces display a legible makers’ mark — the initials “W” and “P” placed within a raised diamond outline, which is in turn contained within a sunken crown shape — identifying the manufacturer as William Page & Co of Birmingham. An electroplater’s makers’ marks, unlike sterling silver hallmarks, are not consistent identifiers of quality or date and place of manufacture. A similar line of five impressions was usually made to impress the consumer with an implication of industry standards, but what each one actually signified was not regulated and so they varied according to the whim of the individual foundry. In this case, the maker’s marks are often obscured by sedimentary accretion or removed by corrosion after a century of submersion in the ocean. However sufficient detail has survived to indicate that these samples of electro-plated cutlery probably originated from the same consignment in the LOCH ARD’s cargo. The generally common range of marks are drawn from 255 tea spoons, 125 dessert spoons, and 99 table forks. These marks are clearly visible in 66 instances, while the same sequence of general outlines, or depression shapes, is discernible in another 166 examples. Suggested trade names for William Page & Co’s particular blend of brass plating are ‘roman silver’ or ‘silverite’. This copper alloy polishes to a lustrous gold when new, discolouring to a murky grey with greenish hue when neglected.

Significance

The LOCH ARD shipwreck is of State significance – Victorian Heritage Register S 417. Flagstaff Hill’s collection of artefacts from LOCH ARD is significant for being one of the largest collections of artefacts from this shipwreck in Victoria. It is significant for its association with the shipwreck, which is on the Victorian Heritage Register (VHR S417). The collection is significant because of the relationship between the objects, as together they have a high potential to interpret the story of the LOCH ARD. The LOCH ARD collection is archaeologically significant as the remains of a large international passenger and cargo ship. The LOCH ARD collection is historically significant for representing aspects of Victoria’s shipping history and its potential to interpret sub-theme 1.5 of Victoria’s Framework of Historical Themes (living with natural processes). The collection is also historically significant for its association with the LOCH ARD, which was one of the worst and best known shipwrecks in Victoria’s history.

Friars' Balsam

Ballarat Base Hospital Trained Nurses League,

Historical information

From Dr A. C. C. ""Bill"" Burstal Surgery, Young, NSW. Father Dr James Burstal.

Photograph

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

Black & White Photograph of the Suspension Bridge between San Remo and Newhaven constructed 1938 - 1940.

Historical information

Photograph by Country Roads Board.

Poster

Running Rabbits Military Museum operated by the Upwey Belgrave RSL Sub Branch, Upwey

Poster Rememberance Day showing field of Poppies and slouch hat

Harness Buckle

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Horse harness brass buckle 2" x 2½" Buckle has verdigris and a lot of encrustation. Recovered from the Schomberg wreck.

Historical information

When the ship Schomberg was launched in 1855, she was considered the most perfect clipper ship ever to be built. James Blaine’s Black Ball Line had commissioned her to be built for their fleet of passenger liners. At a cost of £43,103, the Aberdeen builders designed her to sail faster than the quick clippers designed by North American Donald McKay. She was a three masted wooden clipper ship, built with diagonal planking of British oat with layers of Scottish larch. This luxury vessel was designed to transport emigrants to Melbourne in superior comfort. She had ventilation ducts to provide air to the lower decks and a dining saloon, smoking room, library and bathrooms for the first class passengers. At the launch of Schomberg’s maiden voyage, her master Captain ‘Bully’ Forbes, drunkenly predicted that he would make the journey between Liverpool and Melbourne in 60 days. Schomberg departed Liverpool on 6 October 1855 with 430 passengers and 3000 tons cargo including iron rails and equipment intended the build the Geelong Railway and a bridge over the Yarra from Melbourne to Hawthorn. The winds were poor as Schomberg sailed across the equator, slowing her journey considerably. She was 78 days out of Liverpool when she ran aground on a sand-spit near Peterborough, Victoria, on 27 December; the sand spit and the currents were not marked on Forbes’s map. Overnight, the crew launched a lifeboat to find a safe place to land the ship’s passengers. The scouting party returned to Schomberg and advised Forbes that it was best to wait until morning because the rough seas could easily overturn the small lifeboats. The ship’s Chief Officer spotted SS Queen at dawn and signalled the steamer. The master of the SS Queen approached the stranded vessel and all of Schomberg’s passengers were able to disembark safely. The Black Ball Line’s Melbourne agent sent a steamer to retrieve the passengers’ baggage from the Schomberg. Other steamers helped unload her cargo until the weather changed and prevented the salvage teams from accessing the ship. Local merchants Manifold & Bostock bought the wreck and cargo, but did not attempt to salvage the cargo still on board the ship. They eventually sold it on to a Melbourne businessman and two seafarers. After two of the men drowned when they tried to reach Schomberg, salvage efforts were abandoned.32 In 1975, divers from Flagstaff Hill, including Peter Ronald, found an ornate communion set at the wreck. The set comprised a jug, two chalices, a plate and a lid. The lid did not fit any of the other objects and in 1978 a piece of the lid broke off, revealing a glint of gold. As museum staff carefully examined the lid and removed marine growth, they found a diamond ring, which is currently on display in the Great Circle Gallery.33 Flagstaff Hill also holds ship fittings and equipment, personal effects, a lithograph, tickets and photograph from the Schomberg. Most of the artefacts were salvaged from the wreck by Peter Ronald, former director of Flagstaff Hill.

Significance

The Schomberg, which is on the Victorian Heritage Register (VHR S612), has great historical significance as a rare example of a large, fast clipper ship on the England to Australia run, carrying emigrants at the time of the Victorian gold rush. She represents the technical advances made to break sailing records between Europe and Australia. Flagstaff Hill’s collection of artefacts from the Schomberg is significant for its association with the shipwreck. The collection is primarily significant because of the relationship between the objects, as together they have a high potential to interpret the story of the Schomberg. It is archaeologically significant as the remains of an international passenger Ship. It is historically significant for representing aspects of Victoria’s shipping history and for its association with the shipwreck and the ship, which was designed to be fastest and most luxurious of its day

Painting - acrylic - 'Leap of Faith' by Angela Comben

Federation University Australia Art Collection ,

Diptych. Acrylic on canvas.

Historical information

This item is part of the Federation University Art Collection. The Art Collection features over 1000 works and was listed as a 'Ballarat Treasure' in 2007.

Artwork - Photograph - 'Lake Mungo National Park' by Gail Trembath

Federation University Australia Art Collection ,

Two framed photographs of Lake Mungo National Park

Historical information

This work won the Ballarat School of Mines Acquisition Award in 1994. In that year Gail Trembath was undertaking a Diploma of Visual Arts. This item is part of the Federation University Art Collection. The Art Collection features over 1000 works and was listed as a 'Ballarat Treasure' in 2007.

Folder - H.C. Jones, JP

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Folder of information on H C Jones, 1872

Metal Trivet

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

Tall metal trivet, roughly heart shape.

Photograph

Hume City Civic Collection, Sunbury

A black and white photograph of a debutante set. Mounted on card.

Historical information

This is a photograph of the debutante set in 1970 held at the Presidential Ball when Cr. Neil Cliff was president of the Shire of Bulla. he attended with his wife. There were seven debutantes and their partners along with two flower girls.

Photograph

Tatura Irrigation & Wartime Camps Museum, Tatura

Colour photo of David Jones Nursing Home, Murchison Victoria.

Historical information

The nursing home now houses many of the mural paintings that were painted by Hans Walter von Gruenewaldt while he was a POW in Camp 13.

000642 Photograph - 1978 - Aerial View looking South West, Inverloch - from Ruth Tipping

Inverloch Historical Society, Inverloch

Plaque

Hume City Civic Collection, Sunbury

A small brass plaque painted with brown paint and raised print.

Historical information

A brass plaque made to be mounted on Museum of Art & History which was renamed the George Evans Museum in rocognition of George Evans' contribution to the founding of Melbourne and of his settlement at Sunbury August 1836.

Inscriptions & Markings

Renamed/The George Evans Museum/in recognition of..."

Anaesthetic machine, Minnitt

Geoffrey Kaye Museum of Anaesthetic History, Melbourne

Brown leather suitcase with brass locks and leather handle. Inside the case is metal equipment, with arms for attaching cylinders. On top of the case, located underneath the handle, is a small brass plate, bearing the name of the owner in black printed script on a piece of card or paper held inside the plate.

Historical information

This Minnitt machine was owned by Dr Mary Clementina DeGaris. Dr DeGaris qualified from medicine, MB BS, at the University of Melbourne in 1905. She continued her studies, becoming only the second woman in Victoria to qualify MD, in 1907. With the outbreak of war, DeGaris attempted to enlist as a doctor with the Australian Army but was refused. Undeterred she travelled to England, where she joined the Scottish Women's Hospitals for Foreign Service, a medical group made up entirely of women. After the war, she returned to Australia and set up practice as an obstetrician in Geelong, Victoria. Subsequently, the Geelong Hospital named a wing after her, "DeGaris House", which is now part of Geelong Private Hospital. DeGaris was awarded the St Saba medal, 3rd class, for her work during WWI. Robert James Minnitt introduced the concept of self-administered analgesia, using an apparatus designed and built in conjunction with London scientific instrument-maker, Charles King. The Minnitt apparatus met with considerable success and led to further modifications, including the introduction of the Queen Charlotte gas-air analgesia apparatus in 1936.

Inscriptions & Markings

Printed in black ink on name plate: Dr Mary C. De Garis.

Book, Knitting - Villawool Knitting Book no. 98

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Historical information

This knitting pattern book was published by the Villawood Textile Company, Sydney and contains knitting patterns for mens knitted garments. The photographs were taken on board the liner Orsova.

Inscriptions & Markings

BOOK 98 / MAN'S DESIGNS IN / 12 PLY EQUIVALENTS / BY / Villawool / 2'9

Photograph - Bend of the River Watt / by Nicholas Caire, circa 1876

Kew Historical Society Inc, Kew

Views of Victoria (General Series) No.26 / 'Bend of the River Watt' / Albumen silver photograph mounted on board

Historical information

Nicholas Caire was born on Guernsey in the Channel Islands in 1837. He arrived in Adelaide with his parents in about 1860. In 1867, following photographic journeys in Gippsland, he opened a studio in Adelaide. From 1870 to 1876 he lived and worked in Talbot in Central Victoria. In 1876 he purchased T. F. Chuck's studios in the Royal Arcade Melbourne. In 1885, following the introduction of dry plate photography, he began a series of landscape series, which were commercially successful. As a photographer, he travelled extensively through Victoria, photographing places few of his contemporaries had previously seen. He died in 1918. Reference: Jack Cato, 'Caire, Nicholas John (1837–1918)', Australian Dictionary of Biography.

Significance

An original, rare photograph from the series 'Views of Victoria: General Series' by the photographer, Nicholas Caire (1837-1918). The series of 60 photographs that comprise the series was issued c. 1876 and reinforced a neo-Romantic view of the Australian landscape to which a growing nationalist movement would respond. Nicholas Caire was active as a photographer in Australia from 1858 until his death in 1918. His vision of the Australian bush and pioneer life had a counterpart in the works of Henry Lawson and other nationalist poets, authors and painters.

Inscriptions & Markings

On Reverse: 'The present illustration represents a scene on the River Watt, and is situated in the valley between Mount Juliet and Mount Monda. The immediate neighbourhood abounds with scenery of the wildest and most romantic character. The River here is as clear as crystal, owing, no doubt, to its bed being composed of rock and pebbles. The banks on either side are studded with foliage so dense as to render access to the neighbourhood almost impracticable.’

Document

Frankston RSL Sub Branch, Frankston

Printed Certificate of Discharge document used by the Australian Imperial Expeditionary Force. Issued to Private William George Giddens, service number 3080, to acknowledge his service with the 59th Battalion during World War 1 from 8th July, 1915 to 6th October, 1919.

Communion set

Uniting Church Archives - Synod of Victoria, Malvern East

Racquet

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

A Trusport Bomber tennis racquet, with plastic ribbon whipping around shoulders and shaft, and a unique, leather handle grip, with perforations resembling bombs. Decal along shaft on obverse features model name accompanied by illustration of a WW2 Bomber aeroplane dropping dumb bombs with one impacting with an explosion. Decal across shaft on reverse features distributors name. Materials: Wood, Gut, Ink, Glue, Lacquer, Metal, Plastic, Leather, Adhesive tape, Cloth

Document - ‘THE LOCHARD: An Epic Wreck: Death of Eva Carmichael’

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

A newspaper cutting from the Warrnambool Standard in1934. It contains the obituary notice of Eva Carmichael (Townshend), the only female survivor of the LOCH ARD shipwreck in 1878. She died on 8 April 1934, a widow in England, aged 74 years. This original newspaper cutting has yellowed and creased with age. A complete transcript of the article is attached here as a Hard Copy Supplementary File.

Historical information

“On the 8th April 1934, at her residence in Bedford, England, Eveline Victoria Townshend, widow of the late Thomas Achilles Townshend, C.E. of County Cork, Ireland, died in her 74th year. Mrs Townshend was the Eva Carmichael who, with the late Tom Pearce, were the only two survivors of the ship Loch Ard, which was wrecked near Port Campbell, on 1st June, 1878.” Captain Gibbs was master of the Loch Ard, an iron clipper of 1623 tons, which was wrecked on Mutton Bird Island, one mile east of Sherbrook River. The two survivors, Carmichael, a passenger and Pearce, a member of the crew, were washed through the mouth of the gorge, which now bears the name of the ill-fated ship. The impact of the ship was so violent that the deck was torn clean off the hull, which now lies in 70 fathoms of water. (edited version of same article)

Significance

The LOCH ARD shipwreck is of State significance – Victorian Heritage Register S417

Book - Aus Commonwealth Acts 1960

Bendigo Trades Hall Council & Literary Institute Inc., BENDIGO

Hard binder book

Inscriptions & Markings

Australia C'wealth Acts 1960

Folio - Tor Lindquist.

Tatura Irrigation & Wartime Camps Museum, Tatura

Black folder with printed material in plastic sleeves.

Historical information

Material collected.

Photograph - Fitting of Time Capsule, Eltham, 1987

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Colour photograph (one of four)

Historical information

In November 1985 a monument was installed near the corner of Main Road and Pitt Street in Eltham, within the gardens at the front of what is now the Eltham Community and Reception Centre. This monument commemorates Victoria's 150th anniversary and the former location of the Eltham Town Centre, which existed along this section of Main Road, then known as Maria Street. Beneath the site is a time capsule to be opened in the year 2035. A plaque was also erected at this site in October 1987 to commemorate the Shire of Eltham Historical Society's 20th anniversary. The main feature of this monument is a ?tyring disc?, a blacksmith?s implement that was found on this site. This consists of a large iron disc that was used as a platform for fitting iron tyres (like the one shown on top of the platform) to wooden spoked cart wheels. The local blacksmith and wheelwright worked together to assemble the wheel, which was clamped to the platform placed close to the fire. The red hot iron hoop, previously forged to the correct size was lifted with tongs by the blacksmith over the outside of the rim, then hammered down amid flames from the scorching timber. The wheelwright drenched the tyre with cold water as soon as it was in position. A clamp placed on the naff (hub) and screwed down tightly kept the spokes at a constant angle as the tyre cooled. An even pressure from the contracting tyre tightened the joints at each end of the spokes and formed a vice-like grip, which would last for the life of the wheel.

Photograph - Rear view of Grand Garden Chinese Restaurant, cnr Main Road and Luck Street, and Pizza Pasta Restaurant, Commercial Place, Eltham, late 1970s

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Colour photograph

Epaulettes

Running Rabbits Military Museum operated by the Upwey Belgrave RSL Sub Branch, Upwey

Epaulettes North Vietnamese Navy (X 2)

DRESS

Clunes Museum, Clunes

Female dress circa 1940, dusty pink crepe, coffee coloured lace insert in top front of bodice and above hemline, bugle bead design on sleeves and bodice. A line skirt with gather at front. Material scroll design on waist.

Inscriptions & Markings

Nil

Photograph - Creek crossing, Rodger Road, Panton Hill, 6 December 1992

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Colour photograph

Historical information

The Eltham Horse Trail: Research and Warrandyte to Kinglake: Survey of proposed route, December 1992: (3) Kangaroo Ground to Kinglake

Book - The Victoria Government Gazette 1859 2 Vol 18

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

The Victoria Government Gazette 1859 2 Vol 18

Nitrous oxide gasometer

Geoffrey Kaye Museum of Anaesthetic History, Melbourne

The main component of the nitrous oxide gasometer is a metal urn-shaped chamber form which an outlet valve and circular moulded tap allows for the flow of gas. A frame sits atop the chamber and comprises ornately-decorated metal flourishes and three anchoring pipes, two attached to each side of the chamber and one attached to the centre of the lid. The gasometer sits atop an ornately decorated cast iron stand with a circular base.

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