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Victorian Collections -

Another Night

9 Mar 2017

A short history of lighting, illustrated through Victoria's cultural collections

Curated By

Kitty Owens, Manager, Exhibition Services, Museums Australia (Victoria)

80762 items

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80762 items

Photograph

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

Black & White photograph of The Blowhole with The Nobbies in the background.

Historical information

One of a collection of 15 photographs/postcards donated by Lois Mullins

Inscriptions & Markings

"The Blowhole and The Nobbies, Phillip Island"

Postcard: Adam Lindsay Gordon's Cottage, Botanical Gardens Ballarat

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

The brown and white card shows Adam Lindsay Gordon's Cottage, Botanical Gardens, Ballarat. The picture has a line around it and on the right side is the title. There is a verandah 'fence' which is of lattice in a diagonal formation. Two chimneys stand at the right side of the cottage. On the reverse is a picture of Adam Lindsay Gordon

Photograph - Digital image - Tom, Nellie and Sylvia

Greensborough Historical Society,

Digital copy of black and white photograph. Hard copy filed at FileCab: Partington.

Historical information

Tom Partington with Nellie (possibly his sister in law, Ben's wife) and a child identified only as Sylvia.

Diamond scriber in vial

The Ed Muirhead Physics Museum, Parkville

Small metal cylindrical pole stored in plastic vial with lid and cushioned by cotton wool Part for a ruling engine.

Inscriptions & Markings

Unattached note by H C Bolton handwritten paper label in vial: “Diamond point made by GM Stfff Chem Phys”. (Geoff Stiff, Tech. officer Monash U. Chemical Physics)

PHOTOGRAPH

Clunes Museum, Clunes

PHOTOGRAPH OF DAWSON FAMILY (FATHER AND TWO YOUNG CHILDREN)

Historical information

DAWSON FAMILY PHOTOGRAPH. DAWSON FAMILY LIVED IN ALBERT STREET, CLUNES FOR MANY YEARS.

Photograph

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

B/w photograph in China showing Female Silhouette.

Racquet

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

Glass fibre reinforced wooden racquet. A Slazenger 'Manuel Orantes Special'. Materials: Wood, Nylon, Metal, Glue, Lacquer, Rubber, Ink, Ribbon, Adhesive tape, Paint, Plastic, Fibreglass

Photograph

Ballarat Fire Brigade, Ballarat East

B&W photograph of 1920's REO pumper (registration 47813) out front of Ballarat Fire Station. Pumper has 1 fireman in driver seat and 1 fireman standing on rear of vehicle

Historical information

REO pumper was housed at Ballarat Fire Station for a number of years in the 1920's

Inscriptions & Markings

nil

Photograph (copy) - Bellbrae Cemetery Memorial Exhibition 2015

Torquay and District Historical Society, Torquay

Black and white photograph

Historical information

Photograph shows a timber jinker owned by the Bubb family travelling along the Anglsea Road circa 1950.

Significance

The Bubb family was one of the prominent pioneer families of Bellbrae.

Bronze Medallion/Plaque - Untitled (Dragon)

Montsalvat Trust, Eltham

Rectangular wood plaque containing a central silver plaque depicting a dragon.

Inscriptions & Markings

None

Lamp Table Kerosene

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This nearly fully glass made table lamp(kerosene) has a large glass bowl/basin like kerosene storage unit with a glass circular finger handle (similar to a ordinary cup). Formed single star like patterns (50mm apart) encircle the centre of the bowl. On top of the bowl sits the metal (brass) wick holder with a small wheel protruding out one side for adjusting the wick length(increasing or decreasing the strength(regulating) of the amount of light projected. Four prongs rise from the circular base light fixture holding the windproof and refractive glass "pot belly" shield.

Historical information

This particular lamp was made for the dinner table or "parlour". This was the most effective indoor lighting before electrical lighting was introduced in the 1940's. These table lights would have still been used after this time as emergency lighting during electrical power shortages (outages). These emergency lighting lamps, including candles, were eventually replaced by battery power. The Kiewa Valley was supplied by electricity well before many other rural regions due to the State Electricity Commission constructing the Kiewa Hydro Electricity power turbines (late 1930's to mid 1950's). Petrol and diesel generators were used in other rural regions before state wide electricity was available.

Significance

The significance of this kerosene lamp to the Kiewa Valley is that it provides the proof that before the Hydro electricity scheme was established in the valley, householder and commerce relied on candle/kerosene power. Although at certain times before battery and solar energy became the night time lighters the sole source of lighting was candle power and kerosene power. The supply of both however was still required by most of the population by supply from city and larger country town suppliers.

Black & white photograph - Three Australian soldiers

Ithacan Historical Society, Melbourne

A black and white photograph a head and shoulders view of three men dressed in the uniform of the Australian army. The men are wearing peaked caps.

Historical information

A number of naturalised and Australian born Ithacan Greeks served in the Australian defence forces during World War 2. Stathi Raftopoulos is in the centre of the group.

Photograph

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

Lovers' Walk from The Esplanade looking east.

Historical information

This postcard is contained in an album presented to the then Governor of Victoria, The Earl of Stradbroke, by the fathers of soldiers & returned soldiers of Phillip Island, on 16/02/1923. The history of the album is noted on Reg. No 85-00

Inscriptions & Markings

Lovers' Walk, Cowes, Phillip Island, Victoria

Ash container of a VBP at Sikiew, Thailand (Dec 2005)

Archive of Vietnamese Boat People, Flemington

Mast Aerial Gear No 2 Mk II - Kit Aerial Vertical 34 Feet Steel (Aust)

4th/19th Prince of Wales's Light Horse Regiment Unit History Room, Macleod

A canvas carrying bag containing the mast sections, aerial base etc, complete with case containing No 1 antenna rods 'F'

Inscriptions & Markings

Kits Aerial Z1/ZAA 0050, Bag Aerial Gear MkII ZA0437, Case Carrying ZA 1101

Photographic print

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

Photo of Rosewall, 2 copies. Materials: Paper, Photographic emulsion

Photograph

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

Photograph of Harmon West with his son and grandson at a Tree Planting on Cowes Esplanade in 1944.

Historical information

One of a collection of photographs in an album commenced in 1960 and presented to the Phillip Island & Westernport Historical Society by the Shire of Phillip Island

Photograph - Watsonia High School 1982 Year 8-9 CJ

Greensborough Historical Society,

A photograph of Watsonia High School 1982 Year 8-9 CJ

Historical information

A photograph of Watsonia High School 1982 Year 8-9 CJ

PROGRAMME

Clunes Museum, Clunes

PROGRAMME OF JUVENILE CHOIR CONCERT TOWN HALL TALBOT. FRIDAY 28 JUNE

Historical information

PROGRAMME OF CONCERT OF JUVENILE CHOIR. UNDER THE DIRECTION OF MISS FLORRIE PERRY.

Inscriptions & Markings

JUVENILE CHOIR CONCERT TOWN HALL TALBOT.

Theatre Program - Top Silk (play) by David Williamson performed at the Athenaeum Theatre commencing 26 April 1989

Melbourne Athenaeum Archives, Melbourne

Program (2) and newspaper article

Significance

Stars Tina Bursill Geoff Morrell Alan Fletcher

Artwork - Printmaking - 'Birds Ignite Across the Air' by Kaye L. Green

Federation University Australia Art Collection ,

Photograph

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Historical information

Part of the Zakrzewski photographic collection. Mr Zakrzewski collected, repaired and restored spinning wheels and was the inventor of the Carrington Wheel. He retained photographs of all the spinning wheels he repaired and restored and the entire collection of 42 photos were donated to the NWM with his spinning wheel collection.

Historical Caulfield to 1972, photo album by Jenny O’Donnell, St Georges Rd

Glen Eira Historical Society, Caulfield South

3 photos of number 1, GlenMoore, 2 storey house with balcony iron lace built in 1869, conical tower

Long Street, 11, Elsternwick

Glen Eira Historical Society, Caulfield South

A feature article on the sale of 11 Long Street, Elsternwick, dated 20/10/2003, written by Dimity Barber, source unknown. The article includes copies of several colour photographs and describes the architecturialand other features of the house and property. The house went to auction on 26/10/2003.

Timer Mechanical

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Historical information

This Timing Relay is quite a large (industrial type) apparatus. The Timer is started by having a voltage of 250 volts direct current (as supplied by batteries). A DC motor then rotates driving into a clockwork mechanism, the output of which is an arm rotating at the same speed as a minute hand on a clock. Attached to this arm is a mercury switch which tips and makes an electrical circuit operate in a sequence control system. The sequences that use these timers are when starting and stopping Hydro Generators. They check that the machine has connected to the power system grid before 20 minutes duration. Brakes must go on for a set time when shutting down a generator slowing at the right speed as measured by this apparatus. These generators are powered by the hydro force of "stored" water at a higher altitude. The establishment of both the NSW and Victorian Hydro schemes was achieved from the mid 1900's to the 1960's. At this point in time the need for additional power sources to quench both an industrial and domestic demand for electricity was purely an economic and not and environmental (carbon reduction) factor.

Significance

This Timing Relay apparatus is very significant to the Kiewa Valley as its use was introduced during the Kiewa Hydro Scheme. Although only a relay apparatus, it was however part of the explosion of human resources into the valley. This influx of population transformed the region from that of a basically quiet rural region to one which evolved into both an industrial and a larger residential community. This evolution in the valley created a change, not only in the "physical" landscape but also the socio-economic expansion which permitted other "tourist" based industries into the valley. This Hydro Scheme was instigated by "the Government of the day" as a bold move and was the major force behind the acceptance of World War II refugee and "technical" workforce. Inclusion of skilled and unskilled migration into the Australian environment was of a higher priority than a selective quota system of later years.. Although this mass "invasion" of workers with families was thought of in some circles as intrusive, the expansion of population post war years and its integration into the Australian rural sector, produced the multi- lingual, multi-cultural diversity of later years.

Photograph - Digital image - Pioneer Reserve 2014 -8

Greensborough Historical Society,

Digital copy of colour photograph.

Historical information

Pioneer Reserve, Greensborough is a small park on the corner of St Helena and Diamond Creek Roads. It is adjacent to the site of Greensborough's first bridge across the Plenty River, c. 1864 - 1960s. The shelter, viewing platform, retaining wall and entrance are built from the bridge's massive bluestone arched abutments dismantled between 1974 and 1983. Photograph by Marilyn Smith 2014.

Postcard: Snow Scene, Ballarat Gardens, 1905

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

The snow scene in the Ballarat Botanical Gardens shows a man standing beneath a pine Kenneth was tree in the Gardens.

Lamp

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Kerosene lamp with rings for tying on or hanging from various parts of the ship, complete with burner and fitted glass shade

Photographic print

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

Colour photograph of unknown player in action. Background barriers have text stating 'Singapore 1997'. Materials: Wood, Glass, Paper, Photographic emulsion

PHOTOGRAPH

Clunes Museum, Clunes

COPY OF PHOTOGRAPH OF BREEN, ALEX WEARING A W.W.1 AUSTRALIAN UNIFORM.

Photograph - Bay Street shops

Port Melbourne Historical & Preservation Society, Port Melbourne

Photograph mounted on board of Bay Street shops, 1875: - original Charles Nettleton print showing west side of Bay Street: Collings & Son, Butcher; Cranston, Paperhanger; Mrs T Clay; Johnny Allsort's Pawn Office; H. Davenport, Clothing; G. Ransom, Hardware; A.E. Aiken, Auctioneer; Mrs A. Brown, Haberdashery, F.C. Forster; Marshal, Printer; John Parry (or Barry), General Store; E & M Rice. The house is on the site of the 1912 Post Office.

Historical information

This photograph was taken by Charles Nettleton (1826-1902), a prominent Melbourne photographer who recorded the city’s rapid growth from a small town into a metropolis. He was the special photographer for the government and the Melbourne Corporation, and documented of the built environment and major public works throughout Melbourne from when he arrived to Victoria in 1854. Nettleton is credited for having photographed the first Australian steam train, the Melbourne-Sandridge (Port Melbourne) line, which opened in 12 September 1854; the first cricket team to come to Australia on the ss Great Britain in 1961; and Ned Kelly while Nettleton worked as a police photographer.

Significance

This photograph is an example of the documentation taken by notable photographer Charles Nettleton (1826-1902), who recorded the city’s rapid growth from a small town into a metropolis. It shows several significant shops to Port Melbourne owned by key figures in the local community.

Racquet

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

A Spalding 'Geneva 3D' tennis racquet, featuring: solid convex throat; and, fine-grooved, octagonal handle. 'A.G. Spalding & Bros. Made in U.S.A.' logo encircling ball trademark features on throat on reverse. Decal of model name features across throat on obverse. Materials: Wood, Lacquer, Glue, Metal, Ink, Gut, Leather, Paint, String

Honey Tin

Beechworth Honey Archive, Beechworth

Metal honey tin. Front Label; "Pure Honey 7LB Net Weight" Banner Title; "Pure Honey Gathered in the Australian Bushland" Two notices on label; first detailing chemical composition of honey, "Honey at Breakfast Time", second "In Sickness and in Health" Tin has no lid. Tin is very rusty inside.

Historical information

Honey tins were made to industry standards, and beekeepers bought tins from manufacturers. One of the largest manufacturers was Pender Bros, based in Maitland NSW. When a customer had emptied a tin, they returned it to the beekeeper when they went to buy more honey.

MEMORIAL NOTICE

Clunes Museum, Clunes

PHOTOCOPY - NEWSPAPER REPORT OF DEATH OF COUNCILLOR COWLAND OF GLENORCHY. DETAILS OVERLEAF

Photographic postcard-West Sydney

The Foundling Archive,, Brunswick East

Historical information

This photograph is part of the West Sydney Collection which depicts the period around Second World War in Australia from the perspective of a young unknown woman.

Inscriptions & Markings

1934 Don Hunt Don 3rd from left, front row

Book - Glimpses of the past: Mont Park, Larundel, Plenty. By Iliya Bircanin and Alex Short.

Greensborough Historical Society,

64 pages, illus. (some col.). Cover includes sepia photo 'Pond at Farm Worker's Block circa 1927'.

Historical information

The psychiatric hospitals at Mont Park, Larundel and Plenty closed in the late 1970s and this book gives a brief history of the group of hospitals. The area has since been redeveloped into a residential area, although some of the original buildings remain.

Significance

This book gives an outline of life within the hospital precinct.

Newspaper clippings

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

Article about Ninety Mile Beach.

Historical information

Article in which Chairman of Country Roads Board (Mr Fricke) declared that the Ninety Mile Beach had been neglected and should be a Tourist asset. The Board would arrange water supply and Comfort Station.

Photograph

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

Black & White Photograph. Ship approaching Cowes pier from right. Heavy planting of tall and scrub trees on Cowes foreshore

Historical information

From Jessie smith's collection. Foreshore at Cowes pier showing ship arriving.

Book

Nhill & District Historical Society Inc., Nhill

Poster of Grain stick shed in Murtoa

PHOTOGRAPH

Clunes Museum, Clunes

BLACK AND WHITE PHOTOGRAPH DUTCH COUPLE AND WINDMILL WITH WHITE COCKATOO ON DECORATED FLOAT IN STREET PARADE CLUNES.

Foreign Policy and the People

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

Paper covers with dark brown lettering. (LLP Study Courses No 5)

Book - Principles of the law of contracts

RMIT GSBL Justice Smith Collection, Melbourne

FLAG

Clunes Museum, Clunes

YELLOW AND GREY BACKGROUND NYLON FLAG. WITH APPLIQUED SYMBOLS ON ONE HALF.

Historical information

FLAG - FIRST FLAG OF THE FIRST RESIDENT BISHOP OF AUSTRALIAN CATHOLIC CHURCH. SHIELD - SOUTHERN CROSS [CENTRE] RED CROSS OF CRIST MITRE REPRESENTING THE KINGSHIP OF CRIST- GOLD SYMBOLISING THE KINGSHIP OF CRIST- WHITE PURITY OF FAITH- BLUE REPRESENTS OUR LADY AS MOTHER OF THE CHURH.

Book

Nhill & District Historical Society Inc., Nhill

The Land of the Lowan

Book - Equitable remedies, injunctions and specific performance

RMIT GSBL Justice Smith Collection, Melbourne

Second edition

Historical information

Previous owner: T. H. Smith

Inscriptions & Markings

ISBN: 0455161305

Book - Fruits of Our Labour

Tatura Irrigation & Wartime Camps Museum, Tatura

White cover/orchard scene. Turnbull's orchard. Dark printing

Historical information

An anecodotal history of GV fruit industry

Vice

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Saw Sharpening vice, cast iron, large with clamp to attach to a workbench etc. Ball & Socket clamp at base to adjust position and saw clamp at the top. Made by Henry Disston & Co. Has an accompanying saw-tooth shifter.

Photograph

Tatura Irrigation & Wartime Camps Museum, Tatura

Report - Dennys, Lascelles Limited : Annual Wool Report, August 1953

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Historical information

Dennys, Lascelles Limited Annual Wool Report, August 1953. Part of the NWM Woolbroker's Office exhibit until late 1990's.

Inscriptions & Markings

E H Searle

Gunyah, Kooyong Road, 283, Elsternwick

Glen Eira Historical Society, Caulfield South

A two page photocopy of a Caulfield Conservation Study by Andrew Ward, dated 09/1994, on the house Gunyah located at 283 Kooyong Road, Elsternwick. The study includes a brief history of the property, a description of the house’s architectural features, a statement of its significance and a photograph (100mm x 150mm) of the house exterior.

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