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Victorian Collections -

Making and Using Transport on the Goldfields

28 Mar 2018

Ballarat’s coachbuilding industry and horse-drawn transport, as depicted in Victorian cultural collections.

Curated By

Carissa Goudey, Historian, Sovereign Hills Museums Association

112384 items

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112384 items

Spoon

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Unrestored dessert spoon from the wreck of the LOCH ARD. The spoon design has a flattened fiddle-back handle, with a thin stem or shank, flared collar, and a shallow rounded bowl. The spoons metallic composition is a thin layer of brass alloy which has partially corroded back to a nickel-silver base metal. Only 15% of original plate remains and 25% of spoon surface area is encrusted with red/white sediment. Some verdigris. Spoon is in fairly good condition and a plain heraldic shield is embossed on the upper rear of its bowl (ratstail).

Historical information

This medium-sized dessert spoon is from the wreck of the LOCH ARD, a Loch Line ship of 1,693 tons which sailed from Gravesend, London, on 2 March 1878 with 17 passengers and a crew of 36 under Captain George Gibbs. “The intention was to discharge cargo in Melbourne, before returning to London via the Horn with wool and wheat”. Instead, on 1 June 1878, after 90 days at sea, she struck the sandstone cliffs of Mutton Bird Island on the south west coast of Victoria, and sank with the loss of 52 lives and all her cargo. The manifest of the LOCH ARD listed an array of manufactured goods and bulk metals being exported to the Colony of Victoria, with a declared value of £53,700. (202 bills of lading show an actual invoice value of £68, 456, with insurance underwriting to £30,000 of all cargo). Included in the manifest is the item of “Tin hardware & cutlery £7,530”. This dessert spoon is one of 482 similar items of electro-plated cutlery from the LOCH ARD site, comprising spoons and forks of various sizes but all sharing the same general shape or design and metallic composition. 49 of these pieces display a legible makers’ mark — the initials “W” and “P” placed within a raised diamond outline, which is in turn contained within a sunken crown shape — identifying the manufacturer as William Page & Co of Birmingham. An electroplater’s makers’ marks, unlike sterling silver hallmarks, are not consistent identifiers of quality or date and place of manufacture. A similar line of five impressions was usually made to impress the consumer with an implication of industry standards, but what each one actually signified was not regulated and so they varied according to the whim of the individual foundry. In this case, the maker’s marks are often obscured by sedimentary accretion or removed by corrosion after a century of submersion in the ocean. However sufficient detail has survived to indicate that these samples of electro-plated cutlery probably originated from the same consignment in the LOCH ARD’s cargo. The generally common range of marks are drawn from 255 tea spoons, 125 dessert spoons, and 99 table forks. These marks are clearly visible in 66 instances, while the same sequence of general outlines, or depression shapes, is discernible in another 166 examples. Suggested trade names for William Page & Co’s particular blend of brass plating are ‘roman silver’ or ‘silverite’. This copper alloy polishes to a lustrous gold when new, discolouring to a murky grey with greenish hue when neglected. HISTORY OF THE LOCH ARD The LOCH ARD belonged to the famous Loch Line which sailed many ships from England to Australia. Built in Glasgow by Barclay, Curdle and Co. in 1873, the LOCH ARD was a three-masted square rigged iron sailing ship. The ship measured 262ft 7" (79.87m) in length, 38ft (11.58m) in width, 23ft (7m) in depth and had a gross tonnage of 1693 tons. The LOCH ARD's main mast measured a massive 150ft (45.7m) in height. LOCH ARD made three trips to Australia and one trip to Calcutta before its final voyage. LOCH ARD left England on March 2, 1878, under the command of Captain Gibbs, a newly married, 29 year old. She was bound for Melbourne with a crew of 37, plus 17 passengers and a load of cargo. The general cargo reflected the affluence of Melbourne at the time. On board were straw hats, umbrella, perfumes, clay pipes, pianos, clocks, confectionary, linen and candles, as well as a heavier load of railway irons, cement, lead and copper. There were items included that intended for display in the Melbourne International Exhibition in 1880. The voyage to Port Phillip was long but uneventful. At 3am on June 1, 1878, Captain Gibbs was expecting to see land and the passengers were becoming excited as they prepared to view their new homeland in the early morning. But LOCH ARD was running into a fog which greatly reduced visibility. Captain Gibbs was becoming anxious as there was no sign of land or the Cape Otway lighthouse. At 4am the fog lifted. A man aloft announced that he could see breakers. The sheer cliffs of Victoria's west coast came into view, and Captain Gibbs realised that the ship was much closer to them than expected. He ordered as much sail to be set as time would permit and then attempted to steer the vessel out to sea. On coming head on into the wind, the ship lost momentum, the sails fell limp and LOCH ARD's bow swung back. Gibbs then ordered the anchors to be released in an attempt to hold its position. The anchors sank some 50 fathoms - but did not hold. By this time LOCH ARD was among the breakers and the tall cliffs of Mutton Bird Island rose behind the ship. Just half a mile from the coast, the ship's bow was suddenly pulled around by the anchor. The captain tried to tack out to sea, but the ship struck a reef at the base of Mutton Bird Island, near Port Campbell. Waves broke over the ship and the top deck was loosened from the hull. The masts and rigging came crashing down knocking passengers and crew overboard. When a lifeboat was finally launched, it crashed into the side of LOCH ARD and capsized. Tom Pearce, who had launched the boat, managed to cling to its overturned hull and shelter beneath it. He drifted out to sea and then on the flood tide came into what is now known as LOCH ARD Gorge. He swam to shore, bruised and dazed, and found a cave in which to shelter. Some of the crew stayed below deck to shelter from the falling rigging but drowned when the ship slipped off the reef into deeper water. Eva Carmichael had raced onto deck to find out what was happening only to be confronted by towering cliffs looming above the stricken ship. In all the chaos, Captain Gibbs grabbed Eva and said, "If you are saved Eva, let my dear wife know that I died like a sailor". That was the last Eva Carmichael saw of the captain. She was swept off the ship by a huge wave. Eva saw Tom Pearce on a small rocky beach and yelled to attract his attention. He dived in and swam to the exhausted woman and dragged her to shore. He took her to the cave and broke open case of brandy which had washed up on the beach. He opened a bottle to revive the unconscious woman. A few hours later Tom scaled a cliff in search of help. He followed hoof prints and came by chance upon two men from nearby Glenample Station three and a half miles away. In a state of exhaustion, he told the men of the tragedy. Tom returned to the gorge while the two men rode back to the station to get help. By the time they reached LOCH ARD Gorge, it was cold and dark. The two shipwreck survivors were taken to Glenample Station to recover. Eva stayed at the station for six weeks before returning to Ireland, this time by steamship. In Melbourne, Tom Pearce received a hero's welcome. He was presented with the first gold medal of the Royal Humane Society of Victoria and a £1000 cheque from the Victorian Government. Concerts were performed to honour the young man's bravery and to raise money for those who lost family in the LOCH ARD disaster. Of the 54 crew members and passengers on board, only two survived: the apprentice, Tom Pearce and the young woman passenger, Eva Carmichael, who lost all of her family in the tragedy. Ten days after the LOCH ARD tragedy, salvage rights to the wreck were sold at auction for £2,120. Cargo valued at £3,000 was salvaged and placed on the beach, but most washed back into the sea when another storm developed. The wreck of LOCH ARD still lies at the base of Mutton Bird Island. Much of the cargo has now been salvaged and some was washed up into what is now known as LOCH ARD Gorge. Cargo and artefacts have also been illegally salvaged over many years before protective legislation was introduced. One of the most unlikely pieces of cargo to have survived the shipwreck was a Minton porcelain peacock - one of only seven in the world. The peacock was destined for the Melbourne International Exhibition in 1880. It had been well packed, which gave it adequate protection during the violent storm. Today, the Minton peacock can be seen at the Flagstaff Hill Maritime Museum in Warrnambool. From Australia's most dramatic shipwreck it has now become Australia's shipwreck artefact and is one of very few 'objects' on the Victorian State Heritage Register most valuable.

Significance

The LOCH ARD shipwreck is of State significance – Victorian Heritage Register S 417. Flagstaff Hill’s collection of artefacts from LOCH ARD is significant for being one of the largest collections of artefacts from this shipwreck in Victoria. It is significant for its association with the shipwreck, which is on the Victorian Heritage Register (VHR S417). The collection is significant because of the relationship between the objects, as together they have a high potential to interpret the story of the LOCH ARD. The LOCH ARD collection is archaeologically significant as the remains of a large international passenger and cargo ship. The LOCH ARD collection is historically significant for representing aspects of Victoria’s shipping history and its potential to interpret sub-theme 1.5 of Victoria’s Framework of Historical Themes (living with natural processes). The collection is also historically significant for its association with the LOCH ARD, which was one of the worst and best known shipwrecks in Victoria’s history.

Murrumbeena

Glen Eira Historical Society, Caulfield South

1 photograph of Cumloden Junior Grammar School in Murrumbeena Road, circa 1951

Book, Cloth Sample - Combination dyeings on acrylic fibres

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Historical information

"Combination dyeings on acrylic fibres" - CIBA, 1968.

Gramophone cylinders

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Gramophone cylinders, black, 6 grooves on interior stored in cardboard round container with detachable lid. Edison Record, made and sold by National Phonograph Co. at Orange N.J. U.S.A. 9367 Duet Softly and Tenderly Form No 1200 Dec 1907.

Badge - W'bool SLSC

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

This is a diamond-shaped cloth badge. It is made of brown cloth with white cotton stitching and an image of a rescue reel and rope.

Historical information

This badge would perhaps be attached to the uniform or blazer of a member of the Warrnambool Surf Life Saving Club. This club was established in 1930 with Fletcher Jones (President) and Bon Nutt being notable early members. A ladies’ club was also formed in 1930. As Warrnambool has a bathing and surf beach and is situated on a coastline with many popular surf beaches the Warrnambool Surf Life Saving Club is an important group with a proud history of service to the community. The current clubhouse, built by members and other volunteers in the 1950s, includes a public restaurant today.

Significance

This badge is interesting as a memento of the Warrnambool Surf Life Saving Club, an important club in Warrnambool’s community.

Inscriptions & Markings

‘Warrnambool, S.L.S.C.’

Book - ROMMEL? GUNNER WHO?(A Confrontation In The Desert)

Tramways/East Melbourne RSL Sub Branch - RSL Victoria Listing id: 27511, Fitzroy

Spoon

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Unrestored tea spoon from the wreck of the LOCH ARD. The spoon design has a flattened fiddle-back handle, with a thin stem or shank, flared collar, and elongated bowl. The spoons metallic composition is a thin layer of brass alloy which has partially corroded back to a nickel-silver base metal. Only 10-15% of original electroplating remains with some aqua-marine verdigris. Makers marks are obscured.

Historical information

This tea spoon is from the wreck of the LOCH ARD, a Loch Line ship of 1,693 tons which sailed from Gravesend, London, on 2 March 1878 with 17 passengers and a crew of 36 under Captain George Gibbs. “The intention was to discharge cargo in Melbourne, before returning to London via the Horn with wool and wheat”. Instead, on 1 June 1878, after 90 days at sea, she struck the sandstone cliffs of Mutton Bird Island on the south west coast of Victoria, and sank with the loss of 52 lives and all her cargo. The manifest of the LOCH ARD listed an array of manufactured goods and bulk metals being exported to the Colony of Victoria, with a declared value of £53,700. (202 bills of lading show an actual invoice value of £68, 456, with insurance underwriting to £30,000 of all cargo). Included in the manifest is the item of “Tin hardware & cutlery £7,530”. This teaspoon is one of 482 similar items of electro-plated cutlery from the LOCH ARD site, comprising spoons and forks of various sizes but all sharing the same general shape or design and metallic composition. 49 of these pieces display a legible makers’ mark — the initials “W” and “P” placed within a raised diamond outline, which is in turn contained within a sunken crown shape — identifying the manufacturer as William Page & Co of Birmingham. An electroplater’s makers’ marks, unlike sterling silver hallmarks, are not consistent identifiers of quality or date and place of manufacture. A similar line of five impressions was usually made to impress the consumer with an implication of industry standards, but what each one actually signified was not regulated and so they varied according to the whim of the individual foundry. In this case, the maker’s marks are often obscured by sedimentary accretion or removed by corrosion after a century of submersion in the ocean. However sufficient detail has survived to indicate that these samples of electro-plated cutlery probably originated from the same consignment in the LOCH ARD’s cargo. The following descriptions of maker’s marks are drawn from 255 tea spoons, 125 dessert spoons, and 99 table forks. These marks are clearly visible in 66 instances, while the same sequence of general outlines, or depression shapes, is discernible in another 166 examples. 1. A recessed Crown containing a raised Diamond outline and the initials “W” and “P” (the recognised trademark of William Page & Co) 2. An impressed Ellipse containing a raised, pivoted, Triangle in its lower part and bearing a Resurrection Cross on its upper section (a possible dissenting church symbol reflecting religious affiliation); OR a rounded Square impression containing a raised, ‘lazy’, letter “B” (possibly mimicking sterling silver hallmark signifying city of manufacture i.e. Birmingham) 3. An impressed rounded Square filled with a raised Maltese Cross (the base metal composite of nickel silver was also known as ‘German silver’ after its Berlin inventors in 1823) 4. A recessed Circle containing a Crab or Scarab Beetle image; OR a recessed Circle containing a rotated ‘fleur de lys’ or ‘fasces’ design 5. A depressed Diamond shape enclosing a large raised letter “R” and a small raised letter “D” (mimicking the U.K. Patent Office stamp which abbreviated the term ‘registered’ to “RD”, but also included date and class of patent) Suggested trade names for William Page & Co’s particular blend of brass plating are ‘roman silver’ or ‘silverite’. This copper alloy polishes to a lustrous gold when new, discolouring to a murky grey with greenish hue when neglected. HISTORY OF THE LOCH ARD The LOCH ARD belonged to the famous Loch Line which sailed many ships from England to Australia. Built in Glasgow by Barclay, Curdle and Co. in 1873, the LOCH ARD was a three-masted square rigged iron sailing ship. The ship measured 262ft 7" (79.87m) in length, 38ft (11.58m) in width, 23ft (7m) in depth and had a gross tonnage of 1693 tons. The LOCH ARD's main mast measured a massive 150ft (45.7m) in height. LOCH ARD made three trips to Australia and one trip to Calcutta before its final voyage. LOCH ARD left England on March 2, 1878, under the command of Captain Gibbs, a newly married, 29 year old. She was bound for Melbourne with a crew of 37, plus 17 passengers and a load of cargo. The general cargo reflected the affluence of Melbourne at the time. On board were straw hats, umbrella, perfumes, clay pipes, pianos, clocks, confectionary, linen and candles, as well as a heavier load of railway irons, cement, lead and copper. There were items included that intended for display in the Melbourne International Exhibition in 1880. The voyage to Port Phillip was long but uneventful. At 3am on June 1, 1878, Captain Gibbs was expecting to see land and the passengers were becoming excited as they prepared to view their new homeland in the early morning. But LOCH ARD was running into a fog which greatly reduced visibility. Captain Gibbs was becoming anxious as there was no sign of land or the Cape Otway lighthouse. At 4am the fog lifted. A man aloft announced that he could see breakers. The sheer cliffs of Victoria's west coast came into view, and Captain Gibbs realised that the ship was much closer to them than expected. He ordered as much sail to be set as time would permit and then attempted to steer the vessel out to sea. On coming head on into the wind, the ship lost momentum, the sails fell limp and LOCH ARD's bow swung back. Gibbs then ordered the anchors to be released in an attempt to hold its position. The anchors sank some 50 fathoms - but did not hold. By this time LOCH ARD was among the breakers and the tall cliffs of Mutton Bird Island rose behind the ship. Just half a mile from the coast, the ship's bow was suddenly pulled around by the anchor. The captain tried to tack out to sea, but the ship struck a reef at the base of Mutton Bird Island, near Port Campbell. Waves broke over the ship and the top deck was loosened from the hull. The masts and rigging came crashing down knocking passengers and crew overboard. When a lifeboat was finally launched, it crashed into the side of LOCH ARD and capsized. Tom Pearce, who had launched the boat, managed to cling to its overturned hull and shelter beneath it. He drifted out to sea and then on the flood tide came into what is now known as LOCH ARD Gorge. He swam to shore, bruised and dazed, and found a cave in which to shelter. Some of the crew stayed below deck to shelter from the falling rigging but drowned when the ship slipped off the reef into deeper water. Eva Carmichael had raced onto deck to find out what was happening only to be confronted by towering cliffs looming above the stricken ship. In all the chaos, Captain Gibbs grabbed Eva and said, "If you are saved Eva, let my dear wife know that I died like a sailor". That was the last Eva Carmichael saw of the captain. She was swept off the ship by a huge wave. Eva saw Tom Pearce on a small rocky beach and yelled to attract his attention. He dived in and swam to the exhausted woman and dragged her to shore. He took her to the cave and broke open case of brandy which had washed up on the beach. He opened a bottle to revive the unconscious woman. A few hours later Tom scaled a cliff in search of help. He followed hoof prints and came by chance upon two men from nearby Glenample Station three and a half miles away. In a state of exhaustion, he told the men of the tragedy. Tom returned to the gorge while the two men rode back to the station to get help. By the time they reached LOCH ARD Gorge, it was cold and dark. The two shipwreck survivors were taken to Glenample Station to recover. Eva stayed at the station for six weeks before returning to Ireland, this time by steamship. In Melbourne, Tom Pearce received a hero's welcome. He was presented with the first gold medal of the Royal Humane Society of Victoria and a £1000 cheque from the Victorian Government. Concerts were performed to honour the young man's bravery and to raise money for those who lost family in the LOCH ARD disaster. Of the 54 crew members and passengers on board, only two survived: the apprentice, Tom Pearce and the young woman passenger, Eva Carmichael, who lost all of her family in the tragedy. Ten days after the LOCH ARD tragedy, salvage rights to the wreck were sold at auction for £2,120. Cargo valued at £3,000 was salvaged and placed on the beach, but most washed back into the sea when another storm developed. The wreck of LOCH ARD still lies at the base of Mutton Bird Island. Much of the cargo has now been salvaged and some was washed up into what is now known as LOCH ARD Gorge. Cargo and artefacts have also been illegally salvaged over many years before protective legislation was introduced. One of the most unlikely pieces of cargo to have survived the shipwreck was a Minton porcelain peacock - one of only seven in the world. The peacock was destined for the Melbourne International Exhibition in 1880. It had been well packed, which gave it adequate protection during the violent storm. Today, the Minton peacock can be seen at the Flagstaff Hill Maritime Museum in Warrnambool. From Australia's most dramatic shipwreck it has now become Australia's most valuable shipwreck artefact and is one of very few 'objects' on the Victorian State Heritage Register.

Significance

The LOCH ARD shipwreck is of State significance – Victorian Heritage Register S 417. Flagstaff Hill’s collection of artefacts from LOCH ARD is significant for being one of the largest collections of artefacts from this shipwreck in Victoria. It is significant for its association with the shipwreck, which is on the Victorian Heritage Register (VHR S417). The collection is significant because of the relationship between the objects, as together they have a high potential to interpret the story of the LOCH ARD. The LOCH ARD collection is archaeologically significant as the remains of a large international passenger and cargo ship. The LOCH ARD collection is historically significant for representing aspects of Victoria’s shipping history and its potential to interpret sub-theme 1.5 of Victoria’s Framework of Historical Themes (living with natural processes). The collection is also historically significant for its association with the LOCH ARD, which was one of the worst and best known shipwrecks in Victoria’s history

Book - English Reader - Victorian Reader Eighth Book

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

The book as a light brown material cover with black writing in front cover and spine.

Historical information

This is a form 2 or year 8 English book used for reading. This book would have been used in all schools over Victoria. It consists of assorted stories and poems. It has 260 pages

Significance

This has social and historical significance as it shows what students of the Kiewa Valley in the 1940's were reading in form 2 or in todays year 8. It was donated by the Davies family from Tawonga, and therefore has good interpretive capacity as it is part of a set of readers for primary and high school students. It is also good for research as a comparative tool to see what students learn now compaired to the 1940's

Inscriptions & Markings

There is a logo of the Victorian Education Department on the front cover. Also in writing "Second Edition" at bottom of front cover. The name G Davies Form 11a is on first inside page.

PHOTOGRAPH, FRAMED

Bendigo RSL Military Museum, Bendigo

B&W photo showing LT KA Roberts in uniform. Under the photo are his details, under that is the AFC emblem. Photo is on a white paper sheet on particle board with black frame.

School Photograph (digital image) - Watsonia Primary School Wa4838 1972 Grade 6B

Greensborough Historical Society,

Black and white photograph of school class

Historical information

Class photograph from Watsonia Primary School, 1972 Grade 6B

Watercolour on paper - [Bird Feeding] by Neville Bunning

Federation University Australia Art Collection ,

Historical information

This item is part of the Federation University Art Collection. The Art Collection features over 1000 works and was listed as a 'Ballarat Treasure' in 2007.

Badge

Tatura Irrigation & Wartime Camps Museum, Tatura

Silver metal badge, oblong with a semi-circular base with gold lettering on a blue background, illustration of aeroplane in centre, above shaped to represent wings, in centre. Piece, coloured, blue is the word "Fairey" in silver. Horseshoe-like pin.

Historical information

Formerly possession of ex-RAAF serviceman flight lieutenant Ren Smith.

Inscriptions & Markings

Fairey Sports + recreation club.

TOBACCO TIN

Clunes Museum, Clunes

TOBACCO TIN "LOG CABIN" FLAKED GOLD LEAF TOBACCO

Inscriptions & Markings

LOG CABIN

Saw

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Fret saw with metal frame and turned wooden handle. Hobbies patent blade tension mechanism.

Printmaking - Multiplate etching - Day After Car Accident

Federation University Australia Art Collection ,

Historical information

This item is part of the Federation University Art Collection. The Art Collection features over 1000 works and was listed as a 'Ballarat Treasure' in 2007.

Photograph of weatherboard shop.

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

Photograph of weatherboard shop, owner - E. Price Fruiterer.

Medical solution (LYSOL)

Coal Creek Community Park & Museum, Korumburra

8639.1 - Brown glass bottle, paper label with cork lid.

Inscriptions & Markings

- Disinfectant and germicide - Poison - Thomax brand - Lysol - B.P. standard - SIGMA CO. LTD. - Melbourne

Letter

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Historical information

Letter, 12th September [?], from Sandford R Beggs, on "Nareeb Nareeb" Vic letterhead, printed black, to the Principal of Gordon Institute of Technology, regarding the testing of wool samples.

School Records - Individuals - Deas, Arthur

Rutherglen Historical Society, Rutherglen

Individual school records of the pupils of the Higher Elementary School, Rutherglen, 421 in all.

Historical information

From Primary School records. All reports contain information on the pupil's school work and give details of what they did when they left school. All reports show the name of a parent and the occupation. All sheets are cross referenced in the Secretary's card system.

Program - Goodbye to Shakespeare Grove Final Assembly, 1998

Bialik College, Hawthorn East 3123

Historical information

Goodbye to Shakespeare Grove Final Assembly Program, 1 December 1998.

Photograph - Colour - 'Spirit of ANZAC' by Wallace Anderson

Ballarat Heritage Services, Bakery Hill Post Office

Photograph of a sculpture of an ANZAC sculpture.

School Equipment

Upper Yarra Museum, Yarra Junction

Porcelain Ink well

Digital Photograph - Windows, Heydon Church, United Kingdom

Ballarat Heritage Services, Bakery Hill Post Office

Colour photograph at Heydon Church, United Kingdom

Historical information

This church is located in the historic town of Heydon, a village still in private family possession.

Negative Photographic Reproduction - Hilditch family photo Warburton

Upper Yarra Museum, Yarra Junction

Hilditch family photo Warburton Negative Black white Scanned at 600 dpi

Photograph - St Andrew's Presbyterian Church Complex

Wycheproof & District Historical Society Inc., Wycheproof

Small format sepia print taken between 1912-1937of the Wycheproof Presbyterian Church Complex. Designed on early English lines, the church dated 1896 was built of red-brick with buttresses and decorated cream-brick trimmings. The arched windows are glazed in diamond shaped leadlight. The high pitched roof is of galvanized corrugated iron. The Sunday School Hall 1912, of timber construction with feature trim of arched windows and doors and a galvanized corrugated iron roof. The Manse 1909, of timber construction with galvanized corrugated iron roof and fret-work on the space above the verandah. Iron lace decorates the wooden verandah posts. Fencing: Post and Rail.

Historical information

The first Presbyterian gathering was held in Wycheproof in 1876, this led to the organization of a congregation and the building of a church. The first church was in Charles Street on the north side of the Mount. It served the congregation for twenty years. The new church in Mount Street opened 06-09-1896 and after 115 years the doors closed for worship in 2011.

Significance

A building of spiritual and social significance to the Presbyterian congregation and wider community of Wycheproof and District for 115 years.

Inscriptions & Markings

Kodak print /501

Plane

Hand Tool Preservation Association of Australia Inc, Caulfield

plane, door trim No 171

Historical information

This item is part of the Thomas Caine Tool Collection, owned by The National Trust of Australia (Victoria) and curated by the Hand Tools Preservation Association of Australia.

School Records - Individuals - Gill, Ethel May

Rutherglen Historical Society, Rutherglen

Individual school records of the pupils of the Higher Elementary School, Rutherglen, 421 in all.

Historical information

From Primary School records. All reports contain information on the pupil's school work and give details of what they did when they left school. All reports show the name of a parent and the occupation. All sheets are cross referenced in the Secretary's card system.

Negative Photographic Reproduction - Winching a log

Upper Yarra Museum, Yarra Junction

Winching a log Black and White negative scanned at 600 dpi

Programme

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

Pink single sheet with black print & decorated border. Shakespear's play "Merchant Of Venice" with Mr. Alfred Dampier, Lily & Rose.

Clothing, lady's cable silk jacket

City of Moorabbin Historical Society operating the Box Cottage Museum, Ormond

A lady’s, heavy, black, long sleeved , Cable silk jacket .

Historical information

The pioneer settlers and market gardeners of Moorabbin Shire had to be self reliant and made their own clothing and utensils. This is one of the many items that exhibit the skill and craftsmanship of the women of these families

Significance

This heavy, black, Cable silk jacket is and example of the dressmaking skills and craftwork of the women of the pioneer families. The Blackburn family were early settlers in Moorabbin Shire.

Conference proceedings - Endangered languages and linguistic rights on the margins of nations : proceedings of the Eighth FEL Conference : Barcelona (Catalonia) Spain 1-3 October 2004

Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages, Fitzroy

Section 1: Grass-roots Efforts and Top-down Institutions Keynote Address: Leanne Hinton The Death and Rebirth of Native American Languages Patrick Marlow Bilingual Education, Legislative Intent, and Language Maintenance in Alaska Galina Dyrkheeva New Language Policy and Small Languages in Russia: the Buryat Example Zelealem Leyew The Fate of Endangered Languages in Ethiopia Gregory Hankoni Kamwendo Language Planning from Below: Chitumbuka as a Marginalised Language in Malawi John Hobson Learning to Speak Again: Towards the Provision of Appropriate Training for the Revitalization of Australian Languages in New South Wales Shelley Tulloch Grassroots Desires for Language Planning in Nunavut Amandina C�rdenas Demay Hacia la definici�n de una pol�tica del lenguaje & Alejandra Arellano Mart�nez expl�cita en M�xico Elena Benedicto, G. McLean, Linguistic Rights in the Nicaraguan Atlantic Coast: Grupo de Ling�istas Ind�genas Mayangna Actions on the Ground within the Legislative Framework of the Estatuto de Autonom�a Bartomeu Meli� Las lenguas ind�genas en el Paraguay. Una visi�n desde el Censo 2002 Monica Ward Building from the Bottom-up: Linguistic Rights for Extremely Endangered Languages Marta Moskal Language Policy and Protection of Endangered Languages in Poland Sue Wright What is a language? Some difficulties inherent in language rights Joan Ramon Sol� Obstacles in the Way of the Recovery of Catalan Section 2: The Global vs. the Local in Linguistic Rights Keynote Address: Patxi Goenaga Fronteras que dividen y fronteras que separan. Una mirada a Europa desde el Euskara Yun-Hsuan Kuo Languages, Identity, and Linguistic Rights in Taiwan Estibaliz Amorrortu, Andoni Barre�a, What Do Linguistic Communities Think about the Esti Izagirre, Itziar Idiazabal, Bel�n Uranga Official Recognition of their Languages? Alok Kumar Das Linguistic Practices and Not Just Linguistic Rights: Endangered Languages in New Europe Section 3: Languages crossing the Borders Keynote Address: Tjeerd de Graaf The Status of Endangered Languages in the Border Areas of Japan and Russia Mariana Bara Arm�n endangered language Ver�nica Grondona Language Policy, Linguistic Rights and Language Maintenance in Argentina Grup d?Estudi de Lleng�es Amena�ades Linguistic diversity in Catalonia: towards a model of linguistic revitalization Nataliya Belitser Endangered Languages in Crimea/Ukraine: The Cases of Crimean Tatar, Karait, and Krymchak Ivelina Kazakova & Maria Miteva The Future of Bulgarian: The Road to Extinction or Paradise Regained Luke O?Callaghan War of Words: Language Policy in Post Independence Kazakhstan Eden Naby From Lingua Franca to Endangered Language: The Legal Aspects of the Preservation of Aramaic in Iraq Poster presentations Akim Elnazarov Endangered languages and Education. A Case of Badakhshan Province of Tajikistan Arnfinn Muruvik Vonen & Oddvar Hjulstad Linguistic Rights Paving the Way Towards Language Endangerment? The Case of Norwegian Sign Language Eva Savelsberg Kurdish (Kurmanc�) as Minority Language in the Federal Republic of Germany Jos� Antonio Flores Farf�n Cultural and Linguistic Revitalization, Maintenance and Development in Mexico Mary Jane Norris Assessing the Status, Use and Accessibility of Canada?s Aboriginal Languages within Communities and Cities: Some Proposed Indicators Michael Prosser van der Riet Promotion of Minority Language Scripts in Southwest China. A Relative Success or Complete Failure? Mikael Grut The Endangered Celtic Languages: A Wake-up Call Nariyo Kono Developing Partnerships Between Universities and Language Communities: Top-down and Bottom-up Integration Richard J. Hawkins Probit Modeling Language Attrition Rudy Osiel Camposeco El idioma maya Popti? y la Declaraci�n Universal de los Derechos Ling��sticos Victorio N. Sugbo The literary Response: Claiming Rights in Three Philippin Languages Ya-ling Chang Language Policies in an Aboriginal Primary School in Taiwan

Inscriptions & Markings

maps, tables, graphs

Toiletry Case

Tatura Irrigation & Wartime Camps Museum, Tatura

Handmade leather toiletry case. Division in the centre with leather holding sections. Metal stencil "HR" on front of case. Copper clasp made from copper coins

Historical information

Given to Hemut Ruff by his parents on his 18th Birthday in 1946

Inscriptions & Markings

H Ruff

Muffin Irons

Port Fairy Historical Society , Port Fairy

set of 11 (eleven) cast iron muffin holders

Historical information

not recorded

Inscriptions & Markings

9-4.2.0.3

Photocopy ( photo) - Legacy of the storm ,Scammell House

Torquay and District Historical Society, Torquay

Photograph

Historical information

Exterior Fretwork on Scammell house verandah

Photographic print

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

Photo featuring S. Hardy Materials: Paper, Photographic emulsion

photograph - Courthouse Hotel

Koroit & District Historical Society , Koroit

Harness Buckle

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Horse harness brass buckle 2¾" x 2¾" Buckle is incomplete and has Slight verdigris and encrustation. Recovered from the wreck of the Schomberg.

Historical information

When the ship Schomberg was launched in 1855, she was considered the most perfect clipper ship ever to be built. James Blaine’s Black Ball Line had commissioned her to be built for their fleet of passenger liners. At a cost of £43,103, the Aberdeen builders designed her to sail faster than the quick clippers designed by North American Donald McKay. She was a three masted wooden clipper ship, built with diagonal planking of British oat with layers of Scottish larch. This luxury vessel was designed to transport emigrants to Melbourne in superior comfort. She had ventilation ducts to provide air to the lower decks and a dining saloon, smoking room, library and bathrooms for the first class passengers. At the launch of Schomberg’s maiden voyage, her master Captain ‘Bully’ Forbes, drunkenly predicted that he would make the journey between Liverpool and Melbourne in 60 days. Schomberg departed Liverpool on 6 October 1855 with 430 passengers and 3000 tons cargo including iron rails and equipment intended the build the Geelong Railway and a bridge over the Yarra from Melbourne to Hawthorn. The winds were poor as Schomberg sailed across the equator, slowing her journey considerably. She was 78 days out of Liverpool when she ran aground on a sand-spit near Peterborough, Victoria, on 27 December; the sand spit and the currents were not marked on Forbes’s map. Overnight, the crew launched a lifeboat to find a safe place to land the ship’s passengers. The scouting party returned to Schomberg and advised Forbes that it was best to wait until morning because the rough seas could easily overturn the small lifeboats. The ship’s Chief Officer spotted SS Queen at dawn and signalled the steamer. The master of the SS Queen approached the stranded vessel and all of Schomberg’s passengers were able to disembark safely. The Black Ball Line’s Melbourne agent sent a steamer to retrieve the passengers’ baggage from the Schomberg. Other steamers helped unload her cargo until the weather changed and prevented the salvage teams from accessing the ship. Local merchants Manifold & Bostock bought the wreck and cargo, but did not attempt to salvage the cargo still on board the ship. They eventually sold it on to a Melbourne businessman and two seafarers. After two of the men drowned when they tried to reach Schomberg, salvage efforts were abandoned.32 In 1975, divers from Flagstaff Hill, including Peter Ronald, found an ornate communion set at the wreck. The set comprised a jug, two chalices, a plate and a lid. The lid did not fit any of the other objects and in 1978 a piece of the lid broke off, revealing a glint of gold. As museum staff carefully examined the lid and removed marine growth, they found a diamond ring, which is currently on display in the Great Circle Gallery.33 Flagstaff Hill also holds ship fittings and equipment, personal effects, a lithograph, tickets and photograph from the Schomberg. Most of the artefacts were salvaged from the wreck by Peter Ronald, former director of Flagstaff Hill.

Significance

The Schomberg, which is on the Victorian Heritage Register (VHR S612), has great historical significance as a rare example of a large, fast clipper ship on the England to Australia run, carrying emigrants at the time of the Victorian gold rush. She represents the technical advances made to break sailing records between Europe and Australia. Flagstaff Hill’s collection of artefacts from the Schomberg is significant for its association with the shipwreck. The collection is primarily significant because of the relationship between the objects, as together they have a high potential to interpret the story of the Schomberg. It is archaeologically significant as the remains of an international passenger Ship. It is historically significant for representing aspects of Victoria’s shipping history and for its association with the shipwreck and the ship, which was designed to be fastest and most luxurious of its day

Pottery (vase): Geoffrey DAVIDSON - Inscribed Large Vase

Nillumbik Shire Council,

Book - Museum for Geology, Mineralogy, Technology, Ballarat School of Mines, Ballaarat, 1882

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

A brown soft covered book of 94 pages. It is a descriptive catalogue of the Minerals in the Museum of the Ballarat School of Mines by Ferdinand M. Krause, curator. Illustrations include a plan of the museum and a plan of the Ballarat school of Mines grounds and buildings. The book is indexed.

Historical information

The Ballarat School of Mines, museum and laboratories were open for inspection free in 1882, and an officer was ready to accompany and afford information to visitors.

Chest

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Chest or cabin trunk, wooden with hinged lid & brass hinges. Has lock, black

Canine Tag

Port Fairy Historical Society , Port Fairy

Circular brass disc with inscription and Australian Coat of Arms.

Inscriptions & Markings

Face - Regd Dog 1 July 1947 30 June 1948

MINER'S BILLY

Clunes Museum, Clunes

MINER'S BILLY- GREY ENAMEL WITH WIRE HANDLE, GREY ENAMEL LID WITH HANDLE

Historical information

USED BY A MINER TO CARRY A DRINK TO WORK.

Untitled

Bendigo RSL Military Museum, Bendigo

Photograph (police motorcycle)

Victoria Police Museum, Docklands

Motorcycle Patrol riding Honda 900s in V formation. Circa 1981

Medallion - White Metal, Centenary of the Church Missionary Society, 1899

Kew Historical Society Inc, Kew

Commemorative medal. White Metal. Celebrating the centenary of the Church Missionary Society in 1899. Dyes by Allan Wyon. On the front of the medal is a low relief of a missionary preaching to diverse races. On the reverse is explanatory text including in the centre ‘Church Missionary Society Centenary 1799-1899'. Around the edge of the reverse are the words ‘The Lord Hath Done Great Things for Us Whereof We Are Glad’.

Booklet - Further Ramblings of an Old Man

Tatura Irrigation & Wartime Camps Museum, Tatura

Cream cover with black drawing and printing on front cover

Historical information

Written as a chronicle by a local resident covering his life story from age of 17 to the present day

Photograph

Uniting Church Archives - Synod of Victoria, Malvern East

Matte, black and white, head and shoulders, studio portrait of Mr. T. L. Parnell.

Historical information

Mr. T. L. Parnell was a Colporteur.

Inscriptions & Markings

Mr. T.L. Parnell, Methodist Colporteur

Oil on masonite - Lone Tree (on the Plains of Central Australia) by Neville Bunning

Federation University Australia Art Collection ,

Historical information

This item is part of the Federation University Art Collection. The Art Collection features over 1000 works and was listed as a 'Ballarat Treasure' in 2007.

Badge

Port Fairy Historical Society , Port Fairy

Cap Badge - Material backing with metal crown showing ship’s bow and sails. Raised red velvet centre - gold metallic edge and silver anchor in centre surrounded by stylised leaves in gold thread and gold metal.

Historical information

Thought to be a cap badge from the Mercantile Navy. Buttons Item No VPF 747 - Coat buttons have a similar design as the cap badge.

Racquet

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

A wooden racquet with solid, and tapered, convex throat, cloth tape shoulder reinforcements, and medium grooved handle. Features early use of laminated wood strips, nailed to side of stem, and up along throat and lower head. This is also painted brown. Inscription across throat on obverse: TUNMER/"SPECIAL". Inscription across butt cover, in French: A.A. TUNMER/& CO.//PARIS/A GARDER SOUS PRESSE. Adhered onto the throat on obverse is a small metallic - possibly silver - monogram, possibly spelling the initials K.B. On the throat on reverse, is inscription in French and Latin: MARQUE DE FABRIQUE DEPOSEE/ATA/IN HOC SIGNO VINCES. Materials: Wood, Gut, Cloth tape, Ink, Glue, Lacquer, Leather, Metal, Paint

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