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Victorian Collections -

Collecting Fire: A new kind of practice

7 Feb 2019

“While museums have traditionally aspired to collect “the real thing” and to create repositories of tangible evidence of our collective past, the essence of this project and its emerging collection was in making real the intangible through personal stories, symbols, and metaphors – giving form to matters of the heart. A new kind of museum practice was therefore needed.” - Sites of Trauma: Contemporary Collecting and Natural Disaster

Curated By

Lauren McAlary, Veterans Heritage Project Manager

141855 items

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141855 items

Book - Ballarat School of Mines Calendar, 1902-3

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

Green soft covered book of 96 pages, it includes the 1901 Annual Report of the Ballarat School of Mines. Images include: Senior Members of Staff and the Linkenbach Table

Historical information

The Ballarat School of Mines Calendar and Annual Report 1901. Associateship and Final Certificates, Calendar for 1903, Discipline, Discipline Board, Fees, Full Certificates Issued, General Regulations, Honorary Correspondents, Office Bearers, President's Annual Report, Professors and Lecturers, Results of Examinations Conducted by Education Department 1901, Statistics - Students Attending Lectures, Subscriptions and Donations, Subjects Included in Regulations Technical Schools, Subjects of Instruction - Department of Chemistry and Metallurgy, Geological Department, Engineering Department, Electrical Department, Department of Mathematics and Physics, Practical, Plane and Solid Geometry, Photography, Syllabus for Assaying and Metallurgy, Time Table. Includes several photographs.

Booklet (2 copies) - Infantry Training Vol 1 Infantry Platoon Weapons Pam 3B The 7.62 Self Loading Rifle and Bayonet

4th/19th Prince of Wales's Light Horse Regiment Unit History Room, Macleod

A soft covered booklet containing the material necessary to equip an instructor on the weapon. The booklet is set out in lesson plan format.

Inscriptions & Markings

7610-66-013-1640

thermometer

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A glass tubed thermometer in a wooden case with temperatures for bath water written on it. Has a red "Orbost" label glued to it indicating that it was used at Orbost Hospital.

Historical information

Used at Orbost Hospital where it was used for testing the temperature of bath water. It was donated to Orbost Historical Society in 1991

Inscriptions & Markings

Made in Germany. Dr Forbes specifications.

Ink on Paper - 'Two Magpies' by Neville Bunning

Federation University Australia Art Collection ,

Pen and ink sketch of two magpies.

Historical information

This item is part of the Federation University Art Collection. The Art Collection features over 1000 works and was listed as a 'Ballarat Treasure' in 2007.

Inscriptions & Markings

Signed lower left "Neville M. Bunning"

Photograph

Hume City Civic Collection, Sunbury

A coloured photograph in landscape format showing a double fronted Victorian brick cottage undergoing demolition. The slates on the roof have been removed. The front and side walls are intact. Some rubble is on the ground in front of the verandah.

Historical information

The series of five photographs feature various stages of the demolition of a double fronted brick Victorian cottage which was on the east side of Evans Street opposite the railway line and local football ground. A KFC complex now occupies the site.

Framed medals

Wonthaggi RSL, Wonthaggi

Wooden frame with pink background, black and white photo of a man wearing glasses on either side of photo are two oval shaped flags that the top half navy blue and bottom half faded orange. Below in the centre is an Order Of The Day Certificate and medals on either side of the certificate.

Historical information

Certificate to No 3363. Pte D. Scott 38th Battalion for gallantry in carrying messages under heavy fire near Bray 24th Aug 1918. Awarded Military Medal.

Inscriptions & Markings

Left medal GEORGIVS V BRITT ??N REX ET IND IMP H

Racquet

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

A MacGregor laminated wood tennis racquet, with string whipping around shoulders, handle wrapped in perforated leather, and a plastic butt cap printed with manufacturer's 'M' logo. Manufacturer name in orange along shaft. Painted black from handle to top of shoulders with orange/red details. Materials: Wood, Metal, Adhesive tape, Vinyl, Plastic, Ink, String, Paint, Leather

Photograph (black & White) - Lieutenant General Douglas Mackinnon Baillie Hamilton Cochrane, 12th Earl of Dundonald: (Lord Dundonald) - South Africa

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

Individual image from photographed poster of tobacco and cigarette cards.

Historical information

Cochrane was commissioned into the Life Guards in 1870 and promoted to lieutenant the following year and captain in 1878. He served in the Nile Expedition, the Desert March and the Relief of Khartoum. Appointed Commanding Officer of 2nd Life Guards in 1895. Served in the Second Boer War and appointed Commander of the Mounted Brigade,part of the South Natal Field Force. Participated in the Relief of Ladysmith in 1900. Appointed General Officer Commanding Militia of Canada and was there for two years. Appointed Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath. Appointed Commander of the Royal Victorian Order in 1901 and in 1907 knighted as a Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order. He died in 1935 aged 82.

Photograph - "Ringwood (Fire Station), Maroondah Highway 1973

Ringwood and District Historical Society, Ringwood

Inscriptions & Markings

Written on backing sheet, "Ringwood (Fire Station), Maroondah Highway 1973. Opened 1931"

Photograph

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

Close-up of ribbon cutting with photographer at upper left.

Historical information

Part of a collection presented and donated by Mrs Helen Jansson. Official Opening of second Phillip Island Bridge to San Remo, by Hon. M. V. Porter MLA, 21/11/1969.

Untitled

Wangaratta Urban Fire Brigade, Wangaratta

Photograph - Believed to be in the region of Cleveland Avenue, Lower Plenty, c.1980s

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Roll of 35mm colour negative film, 3 strips

Inscriptions & Markings

Kodacolor II

Bottle, glass

Coal Creek Community Park & Museum, Korumburra

Oval in section, aqua tinted clear glass bottle with text embossed on side panel. Cork stopper in bottom of bottle.

Inscriptions & Markings

'J. BOSISTO & Co PTY LTD REGD No 3990' on side.

Shield

Geelong Cycling Club, Geelong

Wooden shield with nickel plated plaques attached. Winners names engraved on the plaques dated from 1978-1998

Historical information

This shield represents the Senior and Junior winners of the Geelong Cycling Club memorial trophy in the years 1978-1998.

Significance

This shield represents the Senior and Junior winners of the Geelong Cycling Club memorial trophy in the years 1978-1998.

Inscriptions & Markings

"TUNNIE SELLARS/MEMORIAL SENIOR-JUNIOR/Donated by the Sellars Family/1978 M Neagle/1979 Noel White/1980 Paul Robertson/1981 Brian Long/1982 Peter Wood/1983 Peter Wood/1984 Dale Bradford/1985 Lee Clinnick/1986 Brad Crane/1987 T McKenzie/1988 Brian Long/1989 Illegible/1990 Bob Searle/1991 Craig Dowling/1992 Steve Hosking/1993 S Moro/ 1994 Jason Farnell/1995 A Hutton/1996 Glenn Benson/1997 Barry Staggard/1998 Mathew Stewart

16 mm Film - Exercise Green

4th/19th Prince of Wales's Light Horse Regiment Unit History Room, Macleod

16 mm film of Canadian training exercise

Significance

Not particularly significant

Water bottle

4th/19th Prince of Wales's Light Horse Regiment Unit History Room, Macleod

Metal water bottle enamalled and surrounded in khaki wool cloth held in a leather frame and suspended from a leather shoulder strap

Historical information

This type of water bottle was used by mounted troops from @1914-1945

Significance

This type of water bottel was used by soldiers of 4th, 17th and 19th Light Horse Regiments til 1944

Inscriptions & Markings

F. S. Ltd 1941

Document

Nhill & District Historical Society Inc., Nhill

2 x Certificate - Winniam East

HMAS's Australia, ANZAC & Renown

Running Rabbits Military Museum operated by the Upwey Belgrave RSL Sub Branch, Upwey

HMAS Australia, ANZAC & RENOWN

Photograph - Mr W. J. Taylor

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Sepia photograph of W. J.Taylor, Councillor Shire of Eltham 1890 to 1911 including one term of Shire President.

Photograph - Police Station Echuca East

Echuca Historical Society, Echuca

B&W photo of weatherboard building which was the Echuca East Police Station on Cnr Pakenham & Hovell Streets Echuca

Photograph

Nhill & District Historical Society Inc., Nhill

Nhill Public Cemetery

PHOTOGRAPH

Clunes Museum, Clunes

PHOTOCOPIED PHOTOGRAPH OF MEMBERS OF THE CARTER FAMILY

Pin

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

Gold pin with mother-of-pearl racquet. Materials: Gold/Metal, Shell

Plans - Plans of the Ballarat Gaol

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

Copies of plans of Ballarat Gaol. One has later Ballarat School of Mines buildings drawn onto a plan.

Photograph - Colour - St Paul's, Bakery Hill, Ballarat East, 2015

Victorian Interpretive Projects Inc., Redan, 3350

Colour photograph of a brick church with bell tower. It is St Paul's Anglican Church, Bakery Hill, Ballarat East.

Historical information

St Paul's was an early church on the Ballarat Goldfields. Built on Bakery Hill, it is situated close to the site of the Ballarat Reform League Monster Meetings.

Photograph - Alan Marshall sculpture outside Eltham Library, c.1995

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Colour photograph

Historical information

[from EDHS Newsletter No. 104, September 1995:] ALAN MARSHALL SCULPTURE. In our last Newsletter brief mention was made of the bronze sculpture of Alan Marshall outside the Eltham Library. Sculptor Marcus Skipper has now completed the installation of his almost life-size work. The setting and location are ideal and Marcus has really captured the typical Marshall character. It has attracted much favourable comment since its completion. Most members are generally familiar with Alan's life and work but for those not so familiar and for the sake of the record we include these brief biographical details. Alan Marshall, A.M., O.B.E., Hon.LL.D. (1902-1984) was born at Noorat, Victoria and became one of Australia's most famous authors. His association with the Eltham area began in 1920 when he started his first job as a junior clerk at the Eltham Shire Offices, Kangaroo Ground. In the 1940s he spent some time living at Research. From 1955 he lived in Eltham for nearly 20 years. Disabilities resulting from polio as a young child did not prevent a wide range of experiences. Alan's occupations have been listed as clerk, night watchman, fortune teller, freelance journalist and author. He has been patron of many disadvantaged Children's Societies. Alan's books are numerous and include novels, short stories, children's books, history and travel. Among the best known are his autobiographies "I Can Jump Puddles" and "This is the Grass". Others include "These are My People", "Ourselves Writ Strange", "People of the Dreamtime", "The Gay Provider" and "Wild Red Horses". In 1971 he wrote the Centenary History of the Shire of Eltham, "Pioneers and Painters".

Photograph - Heritage Excursion; East of Eltham, 6 Sep 2014

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Born Digital

Historical information

Newsletter No. 218, September 2014 September Excursion - East of Eltham Walk In Newsletter No. 197, March 2011, there was a brief history of Crown Allotment 15 Section 5 Parish of Nillumbik (CA 15) a parcel of land of a quarter of a square mile extending from Eucalyptus Road to Reynolds Road at the eastern extremity of Eltham. From the 1940s it was known as Stokes orchard. In later years it has been subdivided for residential purposes but leaving significant areas as power line and water supply reserves and bushland reserves that are habitat for the threatened For our excursion on 6th September we intend to walk through CA 15 to a bushland reserve east of Reynolds Road. The walk will traverse the boundary between suburban Eltham and the non-urban areas to the south and east. This is a pleasant walk through residential areas and bushland. Along the way we will discuss the early and more recent history of CA 15 as well as local natural history and geology. This walk is about 3.5 km in length and will take 2 to 2.5 hours. It will start at 2pm at the corner of Eucalyptus Road, Pitt Street and Nyora Road.

Block

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

3 sheave wooden block with sheaves missing. Has been repaired two metal strips screwed into side.

Book - Legends and stories of Ireland

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

Text - RVIB Dimboola Auxiliary

Vision Australia, Kooyong

Minutes for Sept 1937 and July 1938 -- newspaper clippings -- photos --various loose papers, letters

Historical information

The Dimboola RVIB Auxiliary formed on May 27, 1931. This small collection contains index cards which were maintained by RVIB and contain the amount of donations made by the Auxiliary between 1976-1995, as well as the presentations delivered by RVIB employees to Auxiliary meetings between 1978-1985. Correspondence to and from RVIB head office ranging between 1990 -2007. Newspaper clippings and photos for the 60th anniversary of the auxiliary.

Stencil

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Inscriptions & Markings

HEWAG

Rupertswood Battery Collection - Pursuit of Excellence

Hume City Civic Collection, Sunbury

Small soldier in uniform mounted on a wooden base with 27 engraved plates.

Historical information

This trophy was presented to a new cadet for the 'pursuit of excellence' of Rupertswood Battery of Horse Artillery and donated by Martin Glass and Gary Bieser. Tony Menhennitt had been involved with the Battery for 34 years and was Commanding Officer when the Battery disbaned on 17 July 2011.

Inscriptions & Markings

"Presented to the Rupertswood..."

Book - Lloyds Register of Shipping 1958-59 Vol 3

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Lloyds Register of Shipping 1958-59 Vol 3

Certificate - Order for Burial

Hume City Civic Collection, Sunbury

This is an order for burial signed by an undertaker.

Historical information

This certificate is an order for burial signed by W.G.Raven, Undertaker for the burial of Francis Grant to be carried out on Wednesday 3/9/1952 at 3.40pm.

Inscriptions & Markings

"...Francis Grant..."

Photograph

Hume City Civic Collection, Sunbury

A photocopy of a photograph of a waterfall on a river. Two gumtrees are growing on one river bank. The undulating hills in the background are bare.

Historical information

The Mill Falls are situated on the Jacksons Creek near the site where Eadie's flour mill operated.

Book - The Transition from Elite to Mass Higher Education, 1993

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

Blue soft coveren book

Historical information

Robert H.T. Smith was Chancellor of University of Ballarat (later Federation University Australia).

Photograph (copy) - Bellbrae Cemetery Trust Memorial Exhibition 2015

Torquay and District Historical Society, Torquay

Black and white photograph

Historical information

This photograph is a portrait of John Goodall who was one of the Bellbrae pioneer families.

Significance

John Goodall was born in 1804 and transported to Van Diemens Land in 1838 but subsequently settled in Geelong. In 1857 he purchased 101 acres on the north side of Spring Creek which became Springvale Farm. He died in 1874 aged 69 years. His wife Annie died only 15 months later at Talbot. The Goodalls were close friends of John and Joseph Gundry who were fellow pioneering farmers at Bellbrae.

MAP

Clunes Museum, Clunes

Photocopy of map Underground Survey of mines at Clunes Clunes Goldfields Co. (two sheets joined) Port Phillip Co.

Inscriptions & Markings

Nil

German Signal Lamp

Dandenong/Cranbourne RSL Sub Branch, Dandenong

Leather case containing German metal signal lamp.

Historical information

This German signal lamp was souverniered by Frank Minotti on the fall of Tobruk. He was wounded and hospitalised and his Batman kept this souveneer until Frank's return to Unit, also a photo of Frank's girlfriend.

Inscriptions & Markings

"Puztucher" written on onside lid "Hier langer kontaktsfreitenl" written inside

Coin

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Coin, Great Britain Shilling, 1885. Silver coin, round. Obverse; Queen Victoria head, ‘Young Head’, looking left. Reverse; crown on top of wreath. Inscriptions on both sides of coin.

Historical information

This Great Britain one shilling coin is dated 1885, which is during the reign of Queen Victoria. There were over 3 million of these coins minted. Queen Victoria succeeded King William IV to the British Throne in 1837 – she was only 18 years old at the time – and she ruled until 1901. British coins such as this one shilling were in circulation in the colony of Australia until 1910, when the Commonwealth of Australia began producing its own coinage. This one shilling coin was minted by the Royal Mint at Royal Mint Court, in Little Tower Hill, London, England. Coins for circulation in the Kingdom of England, Great Britain and most of the British Empire were produced here until the 1960’s when the Royal Mint shifted location to Wales. There are three main groups of shillings produced during Queen Victoria’s reign:- - The Young Head; 1837-1887, in 8 different versions, on the obverse showing the Queen’s maturing face over 50 years. - The Junior Head; 1887-1892, minted when Queen Victoria had been reigning for 50 years. Her head was smaller on the coins minted 1887-1889 than on those shillings minted 1889-1892. - The Old Head; 1893-1901, shows the veiled head of Queen Victoria. The obverse side of the coin’s inscription translation is “Victoria by the Grace of God, Queen of the British territories, Defender of the Faith”. The engraver of the obverse image was William Wyon. The reverse side of the coin is inscribed "ONE SHILLING. The engraver of the reverse image was Jean Baptiste Merlen. AUSTRALIAN CURRENCY The early settlers of Australia brought their own currency with them so a wide variety of coins, tokens and even ‘promissory’ notes (often called IOU’s) were used in the exchange of goods and services. In 1813 40,000 silver Spanish dollars, purchased by the English government, were delivered to Sydney to help resolve the currency problem reported by Governor Macquarie. The coins were converted for use by punching a hole in the centre of the coin. Both the outer ring, called the holey dollar, and the punched out ‘hole’, called the dump, were then used as the official currency. The holey dollars hold the place of being the first distinctively Australian coins. In 1825 the British Government passed the Sterling Silver Currency Act, making the British Pound the only legal form of currency in the Australian colonies. Not enough British currency was imported into the colony so other forms of currency were still used. In the mid 1800’s Australia entered the Gold Rush period when many made their fortunes. Gold was used for trading, often shaped into ingots, stamped with their weight and purity, and one pound tokens. In 1852 the Adelaide Assay Office, without British approval, made Australia’s first gold coin to meet the need for currency in South Australia after the Gold Rush began. In 1855 the official Australian Mint opened in Sydney, operating as a branch of the Royal Mint in London, and the gold was turned into coins called ‘sovereigns’. Other branches also opened in Melbourne and Perth. Up to the time of Australia becoming a federation in 1901 its currency included British copper and silver coins, Australian gold sovereigns, locally minted copper trade tokens, private bank notes, New South Wales and Queensland government treasury notes and Queensland government banknotes. After Federation the Australian government began to overwrite privately issued notes and prepared for the introduction of its own currency. In 1910 a National Australian Currency was formed, based on the British currency of ‘pounds, shillings and pence’ and the first Commonwealth coining was produced. In 1966, on February 14th, Australia changed over to the decimal currency system of dollars and cents.

Significance

Australia did not have its own currency in the colonial times. Settlers brought money from other countries and they also traded goods such as grain when currency was scarce. For a long time there was no standardised value for the different currencies. In 1825 British currency became the only official currency in the colony of Australia and coins such as this silver shilling were imported into Australia to replace the mixture of foreign currency. Australia became a Federated nation on 1st January 1901. In 1910 National Australian Currency was formed and Australia produced its own currency, based on the British ‘pounds, shillings and pence’. The British currency was no longer valid. This silver shilling is of national significance as it represents the British currency used in Australia from 1825-1910.

Inscriptions & Markings

Obverse “VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR : REG : F : D :” Reverse “ONE SHILLING, 1885”

Object, Medals

Ringwood RSL Sub-Branch, Ringwood

Australian service medal 1939-45 war medal 1939-45 defence medal. Awarded to c.r cross xv 120785

Photograph

Hume City Civic Collection, Sunbury

A coloured photograph of former councillor B. King and his wife Margaeret.

Historical information

Former councillor B.King and his wife Margaret were present at a statutory meeting of the former Shire of Bulla which was held in the council offices on 11 August 1980.

Uniform, Overcoat

Ringwood RSL Sub-Branch, Ringwood

Dark Blue RAAF Gaberdine Overcoat. Gold plastic button Queen's Crown Complete with waist belt.

Inscriptions & Markings

RAAF embroided in white cotton on the epaulettes. Double Breasted.

Small Tallow lamp

Coal Creek Community Park & Museum, Korumburra

8508.1 - Conical, with hooked wire handle and tubular spout. Lid missing.

Video Cassette Tape - Sergeants' Mess Formal Dinner 9.12.95

4th/19th Prince of Wales's Light Horse Regiment Unit History Room, Macleod

Philips 8 mm video cassette

Historical information

Video of Band supporting a Mess dinner. At the time, the Regiment had a Sergeants' Mess and a Band

Inscriptions & Markings

90 P5-90

Rifle, 303 Lee Enfield

4th/19th Prince of Wales's Light Horse Regiment Unit History Room, Macleod

Rifle, 303, Lee Enfield This firearm has been rendered inoperative

Historical information

Stock Code 66-140-6339

Inscriptions & Markings

Serial No 15220

Photograph - Black and White - The University of Ballarat Mace, 1996

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

Black and white photograph showing three men holding the new University of Ballarat (now Federation University) mace. From left to right they are Vern Robson (Chief Executive Officer City of Ballarat), Trefor Prest (Sculptor) and Professor David James (Vice Chancellor).

Historical information

The University's mace was carried in procession for the first time during the Graduation ceremonies in May 1996. The mace was presented to the University by former Chief Commissioner of the Ballarat City Council, Vern Robson, at a ceremony on 02 February, following a national competition for its design, sponsored by the Council. (The Flag, Issue 2, July 1996) Nineteen artists responded to the competition which called for a design that would embody a distinctive Australian image reflecting the heritage of the city and in relationship with gold, an Aboriginal element and the history of the University. The winning entry, dominated by a poppet head, was submitted by Central Victorian artist/sculptor Trefor Prest, a sessional lecturer in sculpture at the University.(The Flag, Issue 2, July 1996) The Herald Sun of 03 February 1996 reported 'the new mace shows importance elements of Ballarat's heritage as well as the university's focus on the future. The artist emphasises the egalitarian nature of Australia as embodied in Ballarat's famous slice of history - the Eureka uprising. ... The mace has a poppet head at the top of the shaft - an unusual element for a mace - but it represents Ballarat's mining history and the University's evolution from the Ballarat School of Mines. An opening egg at the top stands for the nurturing of development and learning. The mace's straight shaft is depicted as the tree of knowledge and, incorporating a bark canoe scar, Ballarat's Aboriginal heritage. At the end of the shaft is a surveying device, which represents precision and accuracy ads embodied in the university's academic pursuits.' Bob Morrell of the University organised the national competition to design the mace and said 'It is in keeping with the university's logo, 'proudly flying the flag', which incorporates the Southern Cross.' Trefor Prest lectured in Sculpture at the University of Ballarat from 1995-1996.

Photograph - "ANZAC Day 1923"

Ballarat RSL Sub-Branch Inc., Invermay Park

Taken at Ballarat Arch of Victory

Historical information

This object relates to John Leonard GROAT. He was born on 1/02/1897 in Ballarat, VIC. John Leonard served in the AIF (12458) enlisting on, 21/10/1915 in Ballarat, VIC before being killed in action on duties with the 10th FLD AMBUL as a Army Non-Commissioned Lance Corporal / Lance Bombardier (LCPL/LBDR) on 16/10/1917. John Leonard GROAT was not a prisoner of war. His next of kin is Frederick Thomas GROAT (Father). John Groat was awarded the British War Medal, Victory Medal, British Military Medal GV.

Gramophone cylinders - Massa's In The Cold Cold Ground

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Gramophone cylinders, black, 6 grooves on interior stored in cardboard round container with detachable lid. Edison Record, made and sold by National Phonograph Co. at Orange N.J. U.S.A. 8436 Massa's In The Cold Cold Ground Quartette Form No 1330 April 1908

Photograph - Colour - Stonework, Carlisle Cathedral made 1500-1600

Ballarat Heritage Services, Bakery Hill Post Office

Historical information

Carlisle and its cathedral. This cathedral church, which has stood on this site for over 800 years has a great story to tell. It is a story that can be traced back further still, to an even earlier church of the 7th century AD. Archaeological excavations on this site have taken the story back to Roman times. Today the dean and canons and other cathedral staff ensure that the worship of God remains the main work of this cathedral, while long-standing traditions of music, hospitality and education are also maintained. The story of this place is not so much about buildings, but about people. The buildings remain as evidence of the lives of people who lived and worked here and of what they believed and achieved. Until 1540 a community of Augustinian canons served the cathedral. They lived highly organized lives in monastic buildings suited to their needs. As canons rather than monks, they were freer to undertake pastoral and educational work.

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