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Prisoner of War & Internment Camps: Tatura and Rushworth

1 Oct 2018

During the First World War, the theatres of Europe felt worlds away for Australians on the home front. The Second World War’s Pacific stage brought war closer to home. For some Victorian country towns, the repercussions of war arrived right on their doorstep.

Curated By

Alana Bennett Mazzilli, Work experience student, Academy of Mary Immaculate

145202 items

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145202 items

Documents - Year 12 booklets, 1990s

Bialik College, Hawthorn East 3123

Historical information

Box containing booklets created by graduating Year 12 classes, 1995-1999. Please contact archives@bialik.vic.edu.au to request access to this record.

Photograph - Sir Rupert Hamer (Premier of Victoria) speaking at the opening of Ringwood Civic Centre 28-Jan-1970

Ringwood and District Historical Society, Ringwood

Sir Rupert Hamer (Premier of Victoria) speaking at the opening of Ringwood Civic Centre 28-Jan-1970. Seated L-R are Sir Rohan Delacombe (Governor of Victoria), Ben Hubbard (Mayor of Ringwood) and Lady Delacombe. +Additional Keywords: Delacombe, Sir Rohan / Hubbard, Ben / Delacombe, Lady / Hamer, Sir Rupert

Invitation to a reception by the Premier of Victoria, John Cain

Unions Ballarat, Ballarat

Postcard sized invitation.

Historical information

John Cain was Premier of Victoria from 1982-1990. Norm Borchers was a long-term trade unionist (Amalgamated Engineering Union and the Australian Railways Union) and ALP member; he lived and worked in Ballarat. Norm was active in workplace disputes during the ALP split in 1955.

Inscriptions & Markings

Government of Victoria crest. The invitation is to Mr and Mrs N Borchers to "... a Reception in the Gable Room, La Scala Entertainment Complex ... on the occasion of the visit to the Ballarat Region by the Honourable John Cain, MP, Premier of Victoria on 21 June 1989 at 5.30 pm."

Photographic light box: Heather WINTER - Hair: from the series Ego Double Helix

Nillumbik Shire Council,

Photograph - Herry Family at Ringwood. c1890's

Ringwood and District Historical Society, Ringwood

Inscriptions & Markings

Written on backing sheet, "Herry Family at Ringwood. L. Back, Marie, Mrs. K. H., Leo. Front John, Elizabeth"

Lunchtime 1949

Williamstown High School , Williamstown

Copy of black and white photograph mounted on board.

Inscriptions & Markings

Lunchtime 1949- Ray Brooke, Ron Henderson, David Griffith, George Bird, Trevor Treadwell & Edwin Murby.

Badges - Penny/Slouch Hat x 2

Ballarat RSL Sub-Branch Inc., Invermay Park

visitors' book 2 - Sir Colin MacKenzie Sanctuary Healesville Visitors

Healesville Sanctuary History Archives, Healesville

Red imitation leather Visitors' Book with gold lettering and border on front cover. Contains handwritten visitors' names with remarks

Historical information

This book was held in the Brolga Room - th Healesville Sanctuary function room

Tie

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Historical information

Australian mens tie from the formal uniform for the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games. Manufactured by The Australian Tie Company.

Leather disc - E.N.S.A. Frank Wright C.E.

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

This red coloured 3.5 cm leather disc has been stamped with the letters ENSA Frank Wright CE. It has a hole pinched in the top, through which a string has been threaded.

Historical information

This disc belonged to Frank Wright. The letters ENSA refer to the Entertainments National Service Association, which was set up in 1939 to provide entertainment for the British armed forces personnel. Frank Wright was a renown resident of Smeaton, where he was born in 1901. He lived at Laura Villa, and attended Smeaton State School. His father William was a gold miner and his mother's name was Sarah. He was the youngest of eleven children. Their family won many singing and instrumental awards. Frank was tutored by Percy Code and was awarded a gold medal for the highest marks in the ALCM examinations in the British Colonies at the age of seventeen years. He became the Australian Open Cornet Champion by the age of eighteen. A year later, Frank conducted the City of Ballarat Band, and later the Ballarat Soldiers’ Memorial Band. He formed the Frank Wright Frisco Band and Frank Wright and his Coliseum Orchestra. These bands won many South Street awards, and Frank as conductor won many awards in the Australian Band Championship contest. In 1933 Frank Wright sailed to England to conduct the famous St Hilda’s Band and was appointed in 1934 as the Musical Director of the London County Council (the GLC or Greater London Council), where he organized many amazing concerts in most of the 150 parks, in and around the London district. He was also responsible for some of London’s major concerts at Kenwood, the Crystal Palace and Holland Park. He was made Professor of Brass and Military Band Scoring and Conducting and was a Fellow of the Guildhall School of Music and Drama. Frank was often invited to adjudicate Brass Band Championships around Europe, in Australia, including South Street and in New Zealand. Frank was awarded an M.B.E. in 1967 and he died in November 1970. The Frank Wright Medal at the Royal South Street competition is awarded to an individual recognized as making an outstanding contribution to brass music in Australia.

TORCH

Bendigo Soldiers Memorial Institute Military Museum, Bendigo

Torch, plastic right angled, green, belt clip, glass globe, 2 spare glass gloves in base (did have red, green & yellow lens).

Photograph - [Finishing, scouring and milling of fabric]

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Historical information

Acquired when "Classweave Industries" closed down.

Inscriptions & Markings

Milling Room - part still there 18 23/87

Power, action and belief: A new sociology of knowledge?

Unions Ballarat, Ballarat

Paperback; white background; blue and black text; price sticker; 280 pages.

Historical information

Sociological text that explores social structure. Marxist and Durkeimian influences. Editor's introduction: Power/knowledge and the dissolution of the sociology of knowledge / John Law -- Art exhibitions and power during the nineteenth century / Gordon J. Fyfe -- The Politics of schism: routinisation and social control in the International Socialists/Socialist workers' party / Steve Rayner -- The Social preconditions of radical scepticism / Mary Douglas -- The values of quantification / Jean Lave -- 'Interests' in political analysis / Barry Hindess -- Interactive-orientation and argumentation in scientific texts / Steven Yearley -- The Question of ideology: Althusser, Pecheux and Foucault / Mark Cousins and Athar Hussain -- On authority and its relationship to power / Barry Barnes -- Some elements of a sociology of translation: domestication of the scallops and the fishermen of St Brieuc Bay / Michel Callon -- On the methods of long-distance control: vessels, navigation and the Portuguese route to India / John Law -- The Powers of association / Bruno Latour.

Significance

Socially and politically significant. Broad relevance to how societies work.

Inscriptions & Markings

Back cover: contributors' and editor's bios. Front cover: editor's name and title.

Document - Ballarat School of Mine Indenture (Hector G. Brickhill), 1893

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

.1) Printed indenture document which has been folded in half. Hand written sections have been filled out on the printed document. The indenture is between Andrew Anderson, President of the Ballarat School of Mines, and Hector G. Brickhill of Launceston, Tasmania. .2) Blue Ballarat School of Mines envelope

Historical information

Hector Brickbill paid 100 guineas to the Ballarat School of mines to be admitted as a Student-Assistant as part of a course of instruction in Chemistry, Metallurgy, Geology, Mineralogy, Surveying and Electrical Science. The indenture was for a three year period and required the student-assistant to undertake 40 hours of diligent and faithful work at the Ballarat School of Mines. Not less than 24 hours per week was to be devoted to instruction such as lectures at The School, and not less than 20 hours was to be devoted to the service of The School upon duties in connection with the Laboratories and Museum under the direction of a Professor. Upon completion Hector Brickbill became an Associate of the Ballarat School of Mines, and could put the letters ASMB after his name.

Photograph - South-west passage, Port Fairy 1906

Port Fairy Historical Society , Port Fairy

Photograph

Tin

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Inscriptions & Markings

GCo For Food 8 ozs net GIN (label)

Photograph - Colour - Dining at the Ballarat Old Colonists' Hall

Old Colonists' Association of Ballarat Inc., Ballarat Central

Blueprint Plan - Ballarat School of Mines Administration Block - Plan for the Installation of UG Cables and Electric Light and Power, 1899

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

bridge spike

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A very rusty iron bridge spike from the old Brodribb Bridge.

Historical information

this spike came from the old Brodribb River bridge which is about 9.6 kilometres from Orbost.

Photograph - Meals on wheels, provides a hot nutritional, three course, home-delivered meal to elderly and disabled residents.

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Colour photograph 20 x 29 cm mounted on green-painted chipboard 28 x 35.5 cm (string on back for hanging)

Historical information

One of a set of display images thought to be produced by the Shire of Eltham c.1979-1987. A woman stands with a basket beside the Shire of Eltham Meals on Wheels van.

Significance

Illustrative of services provided by former Shire of Eltham

Inscriptions & Markings

Title printed on label adhered to board below photograph (replaced June 2017)

Journal - ArtStreams: News in Banyule, Darebin, Manningham, Nillumbik & Yarra; Vol. 6, No. 4, Sep-Oct 2001

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Colour front and back cover with feature articles and literary pieces with photographs and advertisements printed in black and white. 36 pages, 30 cm. Vol. 1, no. 1 (Nov. 1996) - Vol. 10, no. 5 (summer ed. 2005/​06)

Historical information

Vol. 6, No. 4, Sep-Oct 2001 CONTENTS Vale Andy Ingham and Nina Christensen 2 What is this thing called jazz 3 Abdullah Ibrahim's musical journey Joy Hester The Goodlooker at Heide 8 A Sense of Place 10 Seren Little on the art of Peter Block Homecoming 12 Short Story by Sophie Avgoulis Banyule Young Artists Award 17 The winners for 2001 Australian Classical Music 20 Elizabeth Scarlett Celebration Quilts 2001 21 Gerry Smith Dumnoochin 22 History goes up in smoke by Mandy Haley Bundoora Homestead 23 From Horse Stud to Art Gallery Wildflowers of Victoria 25 Book Review by Gwen Ford CD Reviews 26 Cate Bailey, Andrew MacGregor, Judy Turner ARTIN' ABOUT 27 Wining & Dining 30 Poetry in motion 32 Sandy Jeffs plays tennis

Significance

"Peter Dougherty has been involved in the local art scene for many years. As publisher and editor of the arts magazine Artstreams, his comments on the various branches of the arts are widely respected. His "The Arts" column in the Diamond Valley Leader presents a brief summary for a much wider cross section of the local community. Peter also operates his own gallery and the Artstreams Cafe at the St Andrews market. Peter has a wealth of knowledge about present day and historical aspects of local art and artists." - Eltham District Historical Society Newsletter No. 161, March 2005

WHS Art

Wangaratta High School, Wangaratta

Very large landscape oil painting with decorative gold frame. Presented to WHS Prefects July 1991 by L.G. Barr

Photograph (copy) - Bellbrae Cemetery Memorial Exhibition

Torquay and District Historical Society, Torquay

William Richard Gundry ,was born at Peubla (Torquay) in 1860 married Anna Mariah Tomamicheal . He was the sixth child ofJoseph and Mary . William was on the Barrabool Council for in excess of thirty years . The historic item in the entry room was presented to William on his retirement from the council .He died at Jan Juc in 1941 and is burried at the Bellbrae Cemetery .

PUGAREE

Bendigo Soldiers Memorial Institute Military Museum, Bendigo

Khaki hat band, felt, cut on bias, black/red triangular, colour patches. RAA 7th Australian Division machine & hand stitched.

Black and white photograph - Head of the Lake, 1938

Power House Rowing Club, South Yarra

Digital scan of black and white photograph. Names not recorded.

Photograph

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

A group of ladies and small child with Mrs. Anderson.

Historical information

This photograph belonged to the Anderson Family before being acquired by the Museum

Booklet - Crew Duty Card

4th/19th Prince of Wales's Light Horse Regiment Unit History Room, Macleod

A heavy paper six page booklet setting out the servicing tasks for the crew commander and driver of the Ferret Scout Car Mk1 & Mk2

Inscriptions & Markings

Army Code No 70174

Slasher

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Long wood straight handle with pointed two edged blade at end. Trojan 217BA' imprint. 1200L x 440L blade x 75W

Photograph - Digital image - Vickers heavy machine gun section

Greensborough Historical Society,

Digital copy of black and white photograph

Historical information

Photograph of a Vickers heavy machine gun section in the desert

Inscriptions & Markings

"V gun section in desert"

Photograph (copy) - Bellbrae Cemetery Trust Memorial Exhibition 2015

Torquay and District Historical Society, Torquay

Black and white photograph

Historical information

Photograph shows Herbert Frederick and Lillian Bubb on the beach at Point Addis with several of their children, and Herbert's mother, Emily, who was a Gundryefore her marriage.

Significance

The Bubb family was one of the significant pioneering families of Bellbrae district.

Slide projector - Harmour & Heath Slide Projector

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

Photograph (police car)

Victoria Police Museum, Docklands

Holden courtesy van with driver and passenger. Registration number GVF 057. Circa 1957

Photograph - Fitzsimons Lane bridge duplication; 8 Jun 1991

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Colour photograph

Photograph - Intersection of Kangaroo Ground-St Andrews Road with Rodger Road and Church Road, Panton Hill, c. Oct 1987

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Colour photograph

Historical information

Date based on other similar display panels visible in images of the Shire of Eltham display at the Eltham Community Festival, 7 November 1987.

Plane

Hand Tool Preservation Association of Australia Inc, Caulfield

plane, wood, moulding, scotia 5/8"

Historical information

This item is part of the Thomas Caine Tool Collection, owned by The National Trust of Australia (Victoria) and curated by the Hand Tools Preservation Association of Australia.

Stable Belt

Rye RSL Sub Branch, Rye

A woven belt of unknown origin, although the wording on it seems to have a French flavour to it. Adourned with a number of assorted minitary badges. This type of belt is/was common amongsrt Mounted Regimens and each one had its own unique colour scheme and pattern, making the units readily identifiable at a glanc. During conflicts it was a common practice to swap or souvenir varios badges and other items and adourn the belt as a record of travels.

T Square

Tatura Irrigation & Wartime Camps Museum, Tatura

Handmade T Square, wooden handle,adjustable steel balde

Historical information

Made by internee, Camp 3 Tatura used as a hand tool.

Inscriptions & Markings

HAERINK

Pourer 15cc x 2

Ballarat Base Hospital Trained Nurses League,

Metal

Historical information

Pourer 15cc x 2

School Records - Individuals - Hartley, Rita Elizabeth

Rutherglen Historical Society, Rutherglen

Individual school records of the pupils of the Higher Elementary School, Rutherglen.

Historical information

From School records, some more complete than others. Reports should contain information on the pupil's school work and give details of what they did when they left school. They should also show the name of a parent and the occupation. All sheets are indexed on a spreadsheet at the Common School Museum.

Book - Chiefs of the Australian Army - Higher Command of the Australian Military Forces 1901-1914

4th/19th Prince of Wales's Light Horse Regiment Unit History Room, Macleod

Hard covered book

Inscriptions & Markings

Stamps and markings from previous owner - Defence Library Service - Watsonia ISBN 1-876439-40-8

Magazines - Fast Forward, number 4, April 1981

RMIT Design Archives, MELBOURNE

Cassette magazine in vinyl cover. Contents includes one magazine, one audio cassette, one crossword, one subscription pamphlet, and one pamphlet titled 'The Kmart Herald'.

Document

Chiltern Athenaeum Trust, Chiltern

Historical information

Document relating to Ernest W Hayes, used in WWI project.

Photograph: Roger COOK - I Think I Was About Eighteen

Nillumbik Shire Council,

Book - Regeneration

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Regeneration Being an Account of the Social Work of The Salvation Army in Great Britian Author: H Rider Haggard Publisher: Longmans, Green and Co Date: 1910

Historical information

This item is from the ‘Pattison Collection’, a collection of books and records that was originally owned by the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute, which was founded in Warrnambool in 1853. By 1886 the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute (WMI) had grown to have a Library, Museum and Fine Arts Gallery, with a collection of “… choice productions of art, and valuable specimens in almost every branch and many wonderful national curiosities are now to be seen there, including historic relics of the town and district.” It later included a School of Design. Although it was very well patronised, the lack of financial support led the WMI in 1911 to ask the City Council to take it over. In 1935 Ralph Pattison was appointed as City Librarian to establish and organise the Warrnambool Library as it was then called. When the WMI building was pulled down in 1963 a new civic building was erected on the site and the new Warrnambool Library, on behalf of the City Council, took over all the holdings of the WMI. At this time some of the items were separated and identified as the ‘Pattison Collection’, named after Ralph Pattison. Eventually the components of the WMI were distributed from the Warrnambool Library to various places, including the Art Gallery, Historical Society and Flagstaff Hill. Later some were even distributed to other regional branches of Corangamite Regional Library and passed to and fro. It is difficult now to trace just where all of the items have ended up. The books at Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village generally display stamps and markings from Pattison as well as a variety of other institutions including the Mechanics’ Institute itself. RALPH ERIC PATTISON Ralph Eric Pattison was born in Rockhampton, Queensland, in 1891. He married Maude Swan from Warrnambool in 1920 and they set up home in Warrnambool. In 1935 Pattison accepted a position as City Librarian for the Warrnambool City Council. His huge challenge was to make a functional library within two rooms of the Mechanics’ Institute. He tirelessly cleaned, cleared and sorted a disarrayed collection of old books, jars of preserved specimens and other items reserved for exhibition in the city’s museum. He developed and updated the library with a wide variety of books for all tastes, including reference books for students; a difficult task to fulfil during the years following the Depression. He converted all of the lower area of the building into a library, reference room and reading room for members and the public. The books were sorted and stored using a cataloguing and card index system that he had developed himself. He also prepared the upper floor of the building and established the Art Gallery and later the Museum, a place to exhibit the many old relics that had been stored for years for this purpose. One of the treasures he found was a beautiful ancient clock, which he repaired, restored and enjoyed using in his office during the years of his service there. Ralph Pattison was described as “a meticulous gentleman whose punctuality, floorless courtesy and distinctive neat dress were hallmarks of his character, and ‘his’ clock controlled his daily routine, and his opening and closing of the library’s large heavy doors to the minute.” Pattison took leave during 1942 to 1942 to serve in the Royal Australian Navy, Volunteer Reserve as Lieutenant. A few years later he converted one of the Museum’s rooms into a Children’s Library, stocking it with suitable books for the younger generation. This was an instant success. In the 1950’s he had the honour of being appointed to the Victorian Library Board and received more inspiration from the monthly conferences in Melbourne. He was sadly retired in 1959 after over 23 years of service, due to the fact that he had gone over the working age of council officers. However he continued to take a very keen interest in the continual development of the Library until his death in 1969.

Significance

The Pattison Collection, along with other items at Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, was originally part of the Warrnambool Mechanics' Institute’s collection. The Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute Collection is primarily significant in its totality, rather than for the individual objects it contains. Its contents are highly representative of the development of Mechanics' Institute libraries across Australia, particularly Victoria. A diversity of publications and themes has been amassed, and these provide clues to our understanding of the nature of and changes in the reading habits of Victorians from the 1850s to the middle of the 20th century. The collection also highlights the Warrnambool community’s commitment to the Mechanics’ Institute, reading, literacy and learning in the regions, and proves that access to knowledge was not impeded by distance. These items help to provide a more complete picture of our community’s ideals and aspirations. The Warrnambool Mechanics Institute book collection has historical and social significance for its strong association with the Mechanics Institute movement and the important role it played in the intellectual, cultural and social development of people throughout the latter part of the nineteenth century and the early twentieth century. The collection of books is a rare example of an early lending library and its significance is enhanced by the survival of an original collection of many volumes. The Warrnambool Mechanics' Institute’s publication collection is of both local and state significance.

Inscriptions & Markings

Label on spine cover with typed text PAT 267.15 HAG Pastedown end page has sticker from Warrnambool Mechanics Institute and Free Library covered by a sticker from Corangamite Regional Library Service

Photograph, Framed - Students on computers at Leongatha Seconadry College 2003

South Gippsland Shire Council, Leongatha

Framed colour photograph of students working at computers at Leongatha Secondary College 2003. Photographed by Carolyn Jones. Brown wood frame with laminated surface.

Bobbin

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Historical information

Used on a pre-war mule spinner.

Silver communion tray

Uniting Church Archives - Synod of Victoria, Malvern East

Circular communion tray with cartouche edge of grapes. Engraved inscription at the centre.

Inscriptions & Markings

"

Book - Things Worth Fighting For

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Things Worth Fighting For Speeches by Joseph Benedict Chifley as Prime Minster and Leader of the Opposition Author: J B Chifley Publisher: Law Book Comp of Australasia Date: 1952

Historical information

This item is from the ‘Pattison Collection’, a collection of books and records that was originally owned by the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute, which was founded in Warrnambool in 1853. By 1886 the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute (WMI) had grown to have a Library, Museum and Fine Arts Gallery, with a collection of “… choice productions of art, and valuable specimens in almost every branch and many wonderful national curiosities are now to be seen there, including historic relics of the town and district.” It later included a School of Design. Although it was very well patronised, the lack of financial support led the WMI in 1911 to ask the City Council to take it over. In 1935 Ralph Pattison was appointed as City Librarian to establish and organise the Warrnambool Library as it was then called. When the WMI building was pulled down in 1963 a new civic building was erected on the site and the new Warrnambool Library, on behalf of the City Council, took over all the holdings of the WMI. At this time some of the items were separated and identified as the ‘Pattison Collection’, named after Ralph Pattison. Eventually the components of the WMI were distributed from the Warrnambool Library to various places, including the Art Gallery, Historical Society and Flagstaff Hill. Later some were even distributed to other regional branches of Corangamite Regional Library and passed to and fro. It is difficult now to trace just where all of the items have ended up. The books at Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village generally display stamps and markings from Pattison as well as a variety of other institutions including the Mechanics’ Institute itself. RALPH ERIC PATTISON Ralph Eric Pattison was born in Rockhampton, Queensland, in 1891. He married Maude Swan from Warrnambool in 1920 and they set up home in Warrnambool. In 1935 Pattison accepted a position as City Librarian for the Warrnambool City Council. His huge challenge was to make a functional library within two rooms of the Mechanics’ Institute. He tirelessly cleaned, cleared and sorted a disarrayed collection of old books, jars of preserved specimens and other items reserved for exhibition in the city’s museum. He developed and updated the library with a wide variety of books for all tastes, including reference books for students; a difficult task to fulfil during the years following the Depression. He converted all of the lower area of the building into a library, reference room and reading room for members and the public. The books were sorted and stored using a cataloguing and card index system that he had developed himself. He also prepared the upper floor of the building and established the Art Gallery and later the Museum, a place to exhibit the many old relics that had been stored for years for this purpose. One of the treasures he found was a beautiful ancient clock, which he repaired, restored and enjoyed using in his office during the years of his service there. Ralph Pattison was described as “a meticulous gentleman whose punctuality, floorless courtesy and distinctive neat dress were hallmarks of his character, and ‘his’ clock controlled his daily routine, and his opening and closing of the library’s large heavy doors to the minute.” Pattison took leave during 1942 to 1942 to serve in the Royal Australian Navy, Volunteer Reserve as Lieutenant. A few years later he converted one of the Museum’s rooms into a Children’s Library, stocking it with suitable books for the younger generation. This was an instant success. In the 1950’s he had the honour of being appointed to the Victorian Library Board and received more inspiration from the monthly conferences in Melbourne. He was sadly retired in 1959 after over 23 years of service, due to the fact that he had gone over the working age of council officers. However he continued to take a very keen interest in the continual development of the Library until his death in 1969.

Significance

The Pattison Collection, along with other items at Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, was originally part of the Warrnambool Mechanics' Institute’s collection. The Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute Collection is primarily significant in its totality, rather than for the individual objects it contains. Its contents are highly representative of the development of Mechanics' Institute libraries across Australia, particularly Victoria. A diversity of publications and themes has been amassed, and these provide clues to our understanding of the nature of and changes in the reading habits of Victorians from the 1850s to the middle of the 20th century. The collection also highlights the Warrnambool community’s commitment to the Mechanics’ Institute, reading, literacy and learning in the regions, and proves that access to knowledge was not impeded by distance. These items help to provide a more complete picture of our community’s ideals and aspirations. The Warrnambool Mechanics Institute book collection has historical and social significance for its strong association with the Mechanics Institute movement and the important role it played in the intellectual, cultural and social development of people throughout the latter part of the nineteenth century and the early twentieth century. The collection of books is a rare example of an early lending library and its significance is enhanced by the survival of an original collection of many volumes. The Warrnambool Mechanics' Institute’s publication collection is of both local and state significance.

Inscriptions & Markings

Label on spine cover with typed text PAT 354.94 CHI Pastedown front end page has sticker from Corangamite Regional Library Service

Grammar and Analysis

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

Brown hard covers with black lettering.

Army Hat - Australian Army Slouch Hat

Lara RSL Sub Branch, Lara

A khaki coloured Australian military felt hat. The left side has been folded up and pinned with an Australian Infantry Combat Badge. A safety pin is attached to the underside of the hat.

Historical information

This hat, along with the rest of the dress uniform, belonged to an individual named H.E Schulze. It is believed to have been dropped off to the RSL, so no additional information is known.

Significance

This uniform serves as an example of the military dress worn by the Royal Australian Army (Royal Australian Artillery Regiment) during the late sixties.

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