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Victorian Collections - Items matching 'Hobsons Bay'

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1516 items matching Hobsons Bay

Bell brass, ships

Williamstown Historical Society Inc, Williamstown

Williamstown Historical Society Inc Bell brass, ships material brass production method is cast Eagle 1890 Melbourne The bell was used on board the tug Eagle which operated in Port Phillip and Hobson Bay 1890-1970 bell tug hobson bay

material brass production method is cast

Historical information

The bell was used on board the tug Eagle which operated in Port Phillip and Hobson Bay 1890-1970

Inscriptions & Markings

Eagle 1890 Melbourne

Colour Photograph - Hobson's Bay

Brimbank City Council Art Collection, Deer Park

Brimbank City Council Art Collection Colour Photograph Hobson's Bay Colour Photograph Australia Victoria Local scene Bruce Porter, Victoria, Australia

Colour Photograph

Significance

Local scene

Book - The Yalukit-willam : the First People of Hobsons Bay

Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages, Brunswick

Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages Book The Yalukit-willam : the First People of Hobsons Bay maps, colour illustrations Ian D Clark

Inscriptions & Markings

maps, colour illustrations

Map - Melbourne, Victoria, 1933

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre) Map Map Melbourne, Victoria, 1933 Printed colour map. melbourne port phillip bay werribee river werribee port melbourne hobson's bay

Printed colour map.

Navigation Chart - The Melbourne Harbor Trust Commissioners

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village Navigation Chart The Melbourne Harbor Trust Commissioners Navigation Chart - The Melbourne Harbor Trust Commissioners - General Plan - Shewing proposed Harbor Improvements. Hobson's Bay and City warrnambool

Navigation Chart - The Melbourne Harbor Trust Commissioners - General Plan - Shewing proposed Harbor Improvements. Hobson's Bay and City

Photograph

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village Photograph Black And White Photograph of Loch Etive - Hobsons Bay 1896 (Has Been Mounted On Cardboard) flagstaff hill warrnambool shipwrecked-coast flagstaff-hill flagstaff-hill-maritime-museum maritime-museum

Black And White Photograph of Loch Etive - Hobsons Bay 1896 (Has Been Mounted On Cardboard)

Map of voyage (H.M.V.S Cerberus)

HMAS Cerberus Museum , HMAS Cerberus

HMAS Cerberus Museum Map of voyage (H.M.V.S Cerberus) Map of the world depicting voyage H.M.V.S Cerberus with datesevents in black ornate frame. Voyage of H.M.V.S Cerberus sailed plymouth England 7 November 1870 arrived Hobsons bay 9 April 1871.

Map of the world depicting voyage H.M.V.S Cerberus with datesevents in black ornate frame.

Inscriptions & Markings

Voyage of H.M.V.S Cerberus sailed plymouth England 7 November 1870 arrived Hobsons bay 9 April 1871.

Concert band newspaper article 1990

Williamstown High School , Williamstown

times hobson's bay yacht club

A photocopy of an article which appeared in the Western Times about the Williamstown High School concert band of 1990.

Map - Westernport and Port Phillip

Ballarat Heritage Services, Bakery Hill Post Office

Ballarat Heritage Services Map Westernport and Port Phillip Copy of a map from 'A Short History of Australia' by Ernest Scott. map explorers exploration westernport port phillip queenscliffe melbourne brighton williamstown port arlington hobson bay

Copy of a map from 'A Short History of Australia' by Ernest Scott.

Transcript: James Cheetham Diary

Tarnagulla History Archive, Tarnagulla

Tarnagulla History Archive Transcript: James Cheetham Diary A typed transcript of part of the diary of James Cheetham. Relates to his journey from Liverpool, England to Hobson's Bay, Australia (June 23rd to September 4th, 1857). Australia Donald

A typed transcript of part of the diary of James Cheetham. Relates to his journey from Liverpool, England to Hobson's Bay, Australia (June 23rd to September 4th, 1857).

Historical information

Donald Clark Collection.

Oral History_Williamstown Botanic Gardens_Sue Murray

Williamstown Botanic Gardens- Hobsons Bay City Council, Williamstown

Williamstown Botanic Gardens- Hobsons Bay City Council Oral History_Williamstown Botanic Gardens_Sue Murray CD and transcript of interview with Sue Murray on the founding of the Friends of Williamstown Botanic Gardens and her memories of the Gardens

CD and transcript of interview with Sue Murray on the founding of the Friends of Williamstown Botanic Gardens and her memories of the Gardens from her childhood through to adulthood.

Historical information

The interview is one of a series recorded in 2013-2014 to document memories and experiences of the Williamstown Botanic Gardens

Significance

A primary source of information on memories of the Gardens from 1945 to the present (2013) and the founding of the Williamstown Botanic Gardens Friends Group by Sue Murray, who is the inaugural President

Photograph - Williamstown Botanic Gardens

Williamstown Botanic Gardens- Hobsons Bay City Council, Williamstown

Williamstown Botanic Gardens- Hobsons Bay City Council Photograph - Williamstown Botanic Gardens Black and white image of two teenage girls sitting in the grounds of the Gardens. There is a hedge, a hanging branch of a palm tree and a striped towel

Black and white image of two teenage girls sitting in the grounds of the Gardens. There is a hedge, a hanging branch of a palm tree and a striped towel in the background. The girls are sitting the sun with the background in shade and are wearing skirts and blouses. Names: Iris Webb, Susan Andrew

Historical information

Images collected by donor for Williamstown High School archives and scanned by Lindy Wallace for Botanic Gardens archive

Significance

The images demonstrate the social value of the Gardens to the local community and how they used as a place for meeting, playing and celebrating with friends and family.

Photograph - Williamston Botanic Gardens

Williamstown Botanic Gardens- Hobsons Bay City Council, Williamstown

Williamstown Botanic Gardens- Hobsons Bay City Council Photograph - Williamston Botanic Gardens Black and white image of Williamstown High School students end of year picnic. Girls and one boy are sitting on the grass, boys standing

Black and white image of Williamstown High School students end of year picnic. Girls and one boy are sitting on the grass, boys standing in the background and teacher is standing to the right of the image.

Historical information

Images collected by donor for Williamstown High School archives and scanned by Lindy Wallace for Botanic Gardens archive

Significance

The images demonstrate the social value of the Gardens to the local community and how they used as a place for meeting, playing and celebrating with friends and family.

Photograph - Williamstown Botanic Gardens

Williamstown Botanic Gardens- Hobsons Bay City Council, Williamstown

Williamstown Botanic Gardens- Hobsons Bay City Council Photograph - Williamstown Botanic Gardens Black and white image of Williamstown High School students at the Gardens. 12 boys sitting and kneeling on the grass. Flag pole, trees and another

Black and white image of Williamstown High School students at the Gardens. 12 boys sitting and kneeling on the grass. Flag pole, trees and another group of students are in the background. The group includes James Morton, Ian Porter, Tom Radford, Douglas Henderson.

Historical information

Images collected by donor for Williamstown High School archives and scanned by Lindy Wallace for Botanic Gardens archive

Significance

The images demonstrate the social value of the Gardens to the local community and how they used as a place for meeting, playing and celebrating with friends and family.

Poster - Public Meeting - 25 February 1858

Mission to Seafarers Victoria, Docklands

advertising 1858 public meeting regarding a Seamen's church, Hobson's Bay, Melbourne Example of poster of very early Melbourne public meeting "of persons interested in the welfare of sailors". Demonstrates beginnings of Melbourne-based organisation and support

Small paper poster with mixed/ornate text, housed within two cardboard frame mats, front window frame mat cut to size of poster

Historical information

Poster advertising 1858 public meeting regarding a Seamen's church, Hobson's Bay, Melbourne

Significance

Example of poster of very early Melbourne public meeting "of persons interested in the welfare of sailors". Demonstrates beginnings of Melbourne-based organisation and support for seafarers.

Inscriptions & Markings

see image

Oral History_Williamstown Botanic Gardens_Michael Wilkins

Williamstown Botanic Gardens- Hobsons Bay City Council, Williamstown

Williamstown Botanic Gardens- Hobsons Bay City Council Oral History_Williamstown Botanic Gardens_Michael Wilkins CD and transcript of interview with Michael Wilkins. Michael first worked in the Gardens for the Municipality of Williamstown in 1987

CD and transcript of interview with Michael Wilkins. Michael first worked in the Gardens for the Municipality of Williamstown in 1987. He was there for eleven years. A few years after the amalgamation of Williamstown and Altona into the City of Hobsons Bay City Council he transferred from the Gardens to other sites within the City. He returned to the Gardens in 2006. Michael recalls people with whom he worked and horticultural practices over those years.

Historical information

The interview is one of a series recorded in 2013-2014 to document memories and experiences of the Williamstown Botanic Gardens

Significance

A primary source of information on memories of the Gardens and witness to changes in the Gardens over those years.

Photograph - Williamstown Botanic Garden

Williamstown Botanic Gardens- Hobsons Bay City Council, Williamstown

Williamstown Botanic Gardens- Hobsons Bay City Council Photograph - Williamstown Botanic Garden Colour image of approximately 18 children sitting in front of and drawing dates of the Gardens. Most have blue jumpers on over the top of their light

Colour image of approximately 18 children sitting in front of and drawing dates of the Gardens. Most have blue jumpers on over the top of their light blue school uniforms. The gates, posts and picket fence are painted white. They are students of Williamstown High School Art Class. The name of the teacher is unknown.

Historical information

Images collected by donor for Williamstown High School archives and scanned by Lindy Wallace for Botanic Gardens archive

Significance

The images demonstrate the social value of the Gardens to the local community and how they used as a place for meeting, playing and celebrating with friends and family. Image 2014.007c also demonstrates the changes over time to the Gardens structures: for example when the gates and fence was painted white.

Oral History - Williamstown Botanic Gardens - Iris Whitehurst

Williamstown Botanic Gardens- Hobsons Bay City Council, Williamstown

Williamstown Botanic Gardens- Hobsons Bay City Council Oral History - Williamstown Botanic Gardens - Iris Whitehurst CD and transcript of interview with Iris Whitehurst and her memories of the Gardens from her childhood through to adulthood. Iris

CD and transcript of interview with Iris Whitehurst and her memories of the Gardens from her childhood through to adulthood. Iris was born in Williamstown and has memories of the Gardens from an early age. In the interview she talks of playing on the cannons, memories of the Gardens appearance over the years and the contribution of the Friends of the Gardens.

Historical information

The interview is one of a series recorded in 2013-2014 to document memories and experiences of the Williamstown Botanic Gardens. Interviewer is Lindy Wallace

Significance

A primary source of information on memories of the Gardens. Iris was born in Williamstown in 1943, has lived in Williamstown all her life and has been witness to changes in the Gardens over those years.

Oral History - Williamstown Botanic Gardens - Loris Wood

Williamstown Botanic Gardens- Hobsons Bay City Council, Williamstown

Williamstown Botanic Gardens- Hobsons Bay City Council Oral History - Williamstown Botanic Gardens - Loris Wood CD and transcript of interview with Loris Wood about her memories of Williamstown Botanic Gardens Victoria Williamstown The interview

CD and transcript of interview with Loris Wood about her memories of Williamstown Botanic Gardens

Historical information

The interview is one of a series recorded in 2013-2014 to document memories and experiences of the Williamstown Botanic Gardens Loris was born and grew up in Williamstown. She lived across the street from the Gardens at 122 Osborne Street with her parents and siblings.

Significance

A primary source of information on memories of the Gardens from the 1950s until the time of the interview.

Photograph - Willliamstown Botanic Gardens - Aidrian White

Williamstown Botanic Gardens- Hobsons Bay City Council, Williamstown

Williamstown Botanic Gardens- Hobsons Bay City Council Photograph - Willliamstown Botanic Gardens - Aidrian White Black and white images of small boy playing in the Gardens. He is wearing a knitted jumper with three light coloured buttons

Black and white images of small boy playing in the Gardens. He is wearing a knitted jumper with three light coloured buttons on the front. He is kneeling on the base of a cannon, looking at the camera. The image is taken from the front of the cannon and there appears to be a large artillery shell in the barrel. A wire and barbed wire fence that at one time divided the formal part of the Gardens from the Pinetum can be seen in the background.

Significance

The photos provide a snapshot into the way the Gardens have been used over the years for play by children. They are evidence that the cannons were in the Gardens in the early 1960s.

Inscriptions & Markings

On reverse: Aidrian White / (formerly The Esplanade) / (1961/2?) / Photo donated by / Mrs White Sept 2012 / Williamstown Botanic Gardens

Photograph - Williamstown Botanic Gardens - Aidrian White

Williamstown Botanic Gardens- Hobsons Bay City Council, Williamstown

Williamstown Botanic Gardens- Hobsons Bay City Council Photograph - Williamstown Botanic Gardens - Aidrian White Black and white images of small boy playing in the Gardens. He is wearing a knitted jumper with three light coloured buttons

Black and white images of small boy playing in the Gardens. He is wearing a knitted jumper with three light coloured buttons on the front. The boy is on the grass border of the main palm avenue looking into the camera. His hand is blurred by movement.

Significance

The photos provide a snapshot into the way the Gardens have been used over the years for play by children. They are evidence that the cannons were in the Gardens in the early 1960s.

Inscriptions & Markings

Aidrian White / (formerly The Esplanade) / (1961/2?) / Photo donated by / Mrs White Sept 2012 / Williamstown Botanic Gardens

Common Seal, City of Williamstown

Hobsons Bay City Council, Altona

Hobsons Bay City Council Common Seal, City of Williamstown Brass round seal with wooden handle. Remnants of red wax remain in seal. Williamstown City Council Seal Roeszler, Melbourne Australia Victoria Melbourne This seal was stamped into hot wax

Brass round seal with wooden handle. Remnants of red wax remain in seal.

Historical information

This seal was stamped into hot wax to officialise documents. Armorial bearings are used by municipal councils to authenticate documents and deeds with a clearly recognisable 'corporate signature', known as the Common Seal. It is an adaptation of a tradition used in medieval England. Seals usually combine a coat of arms or logo with some sort of motto. The Williamstown City Council seal is simply composed of text.

Inscriptions & Markings

Williamstown City Council Seal Roeszler, Melbourne

Bicorn Hat

Hobsons Bay City Council, Altona

Hobsons Bay City Council Bicorn Hat Black beaver fur bicorn ceremonial hat with silk brocade and ostrich feather trim. Silk lined. Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown This hat was part of the ceremonial dress of Williamstown Mayors. It is evident

Black beaver fur bicorn ceremonial hat with silk brocade and ostrich feather trim. Silk lined.

Historical information

This hat was part of the ceremonial dress of Williamstown Mayors. It is evident in early photographs of Williamstown Mayors from circa 1880 to the 1920's. The hat is designed to be folded as is often shown carried under the arm in Mayoral portraits.

Significance

The hat is significant as an example of Mayoral ceremonial dress and is documented in Mayoral portraits associated with Williamstown Council.

Framed Print

Seaworks Maritime Museum, Williamstown

/ 1852-1860 Dove & Oswald/ 18611866 Dove, Oswald & Inglis/ 1867-1870 Kilgour, McLean & Turpie/ 1870-1879 Hobson's Bay Dock co. (Prop.) James Deane & Co. & Hugh R REID & Co/1879-1884 James Deane & Co, Capt James McIntyre, and Mr. John Clark, Master

Framed print, list of floating docks at Williamstown

Inscriptions & Markings

"Floating docks at Williamstown 1852-1979/ The first dock (wooden) 1852- 1979/ the second dock (wooden) 1895-1958/ the third dock (steel) 1958-1979/ Owners/ 1852-1860 Dove & Oswald/ 18611866 Dove, Oswald & Inglis/ 1867-1870 Kilgour, McLean & Turpie/ 1870-1879 Hobson's Bay Dock co. (Prop.) James Deane & Co. & Hugh R REID & Co/1879-1884 James Deane & Co, Capt James McIntyre, and Mr. John Clark, Master Shiparight./ 1884-1893 Melbourne Coal, Shipping & Engineering Co./ 1893-1895 Melbourne Shipping Co./ 1895-1925 Melbourne Shipping Co/ 1925- 1979 Hobson's Bay Dock & Engineering Co./ 1979 Kuala Belait Shipyard, Brunei/ Notes: Hobson's bay Dock & Engineering Co. was owned by Melbourne Steamship company/ Howard Smith Ltd took over Melbourne Steamship Co. in 1961/ The steel dock was built for the Royal Australian Navu by Evans Deakin Pty Ltd in Queensland in 1941 at a cost of 80,000 pounds/ it was sold by the commonwealth government Dept. of Supply to the Melbourne Harbor Trust in 1958, it was then leased to Hobson's bay Dock and Engineering Co on a 30 year lease/ The steel dock was sold to Kuala Belait Shipyard on 22 March 1979 for 80,000 On 28 March 1979 it was towed away from Williamstown by the Japanese tug Ginyo Maru enroute to the Tanjong Rasau River, Kula Belait , Brunei"

Book - Gunpowder Storage, Etc, Report of the Board, 1872

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

of the storage of gunpowder and other combutibles. Australia Victoria Melbourne At the time of the writing of this report there were powder magazines at Royal Park, Footscray, Ballarat, Geelong, Sandhurst and Eaglehawk. gunpowder powder magazines hobson's bay

A government report into the condition of the existing gunpowder magazines and the general question of the storage of gunpowder and other combutibles.

Historical information

At the time of the writing of this report there were powder magazines at Royal Park, Footscray, Ballarat, Geelong, Sandhurst and Eaglehawk.

Postcard - Williamstown Botanic Gardens

Williamstown Botanic Gardens- Hobsons Bay City Council, Williamstown

Williamstown Botanic Gardens- Hobsons Bay City Council Postcard - Williamstown Botanic Gardens Black and white postcard titled “Williamston Gardens”. Ornamental lake surrounded by palms, with trees in the background and boarded with stone slabs

Black and white postcard titled “Williamston Gardens”. Ornamental lake surrounded by palms, with trees in the background and boarded with stone slabs. There is a small island in the middle of the image surrounded by water lilies.

Historical information

The original postcards in this series (2013.002 to 2013.018) were generously loaned to Williamstown Botanic Gardens by a private collector for copying

Significance

They are evidence of the interest the gardens held as a subject for postcard publishers. The text and images provide a snapshot into fashions, social interests and concerns of the time. The professionally produced images provide a pictorial history of Gardens including changing planting styles, various structures and features of the Gardens eg the aviary, cannons, the fountain, the second Curator’s Lodge and gates. The images offer an opportunity to compare garden vistas with the present day. This postcard shows the ornamental lake, completed 1904, with its surrounding Guilfoyle influenced rockery, planted with original succulents and palms

Inscriptions & Markings

Inscribed on the reverse: ‘POST CARD.’ centre top underlined by two wriggly lines, the bottom one is scrolled at either end / ADRESS ONLY’ top right side of card / ‘PRODUCED IN AUSTRALIA’ vertically on left side of card

Postcard - Williamstown Botanic Gardens

Williamstown Botanic Gardens- Hobsons Bay City Council, Williamstown

Williamstown Botanic Gardens- Hobsons Bay City Council Postcard - Williamstown Botanic Gardens Colour postcard of garden beds with man (gardener) standing beside tree with a sign on it on right side of card. The card was sent to Nellie from Gladys

Colour postcard of garden beds with man (gardener) standing beside tree with a sign on it on right side of card. The card was sent to Nellie from Gladys for birthday greetings

Historical information

The original postcards in this series (2013.002 to 2013.018) were generously loaned to Williamstown Botanic Gardens by a private collector for copying.

Significance

They are evidence of the interest the gardens held as a subject for postcard publishers. The text and images provide a snapshot into fashions, social interests and concerns of the time. The professionally produced images provide a pictorial history of Gardens including changing planting styles, various structures and features of the Gardens eg the aviary, cannons, the fountain, the second Curator’s Lodge and gates. The images offer an opportunity to compare garden vistas with the present day.

Inscriptions & Markings

Front: ‘Botanic Gardens, Williamstown’. Reverse: ‘POST CARD’ centre top of card, underlined with a dividing line down the centre of the card. ‘This Space may be used for Correspondence.’ on left side of line; ‘For Address Only.’ and ‘165/103598’ on right side of line. In pencil on top right corner ‘1906 SLV’. On left side in cursive writing ‘To Nellie / wishing her / many happy / returns of the / day. / From / Gladys

Postcard – Williamstown Botanic Gardens

Williamstown Botanic Gardens- Hobsons Bay City Council, Williamstown

Williamstown Botanic Gardens- Hobsons Bay City Council Postcard – Williamstown Botanic Gardens Colour postcard of garden beds with man (gardener) standing beside tree with a sign on it on right side of card. A path is in the foreground with rocks

Colour postcard of garden beds with man (gardener) standing beside tree with a sign on it on right side of card. A path is in the foreground with rocks standing at the edge.

Historical information

The original postcards in this series (2013.002 to 2013.018) were generously loaned to Williamstown Botanic Gardens by a private collector for copying.

Significance

The postcards are evidence of the interest the gardens held as a subject for postcard publishers. The text and images provide a snapshot into fashions, social interests and concerns of the time. The professionally produced images provide a pictorial history of Gardens including changing planting styles, various structures and features of the Gardens eg the aviary, cannons, the fountain, the second Curator’s Lodge and gates. The images offer an opportunity to compare garden vistas with the present day.

Inscriptions & Markings

Front: ‘Botanic Gardens, Williamstown’. Reverse: ‘POST CARD’ centre top of card, underlined with a dividing line down the centre of the card. ‘This Space may be used for Correspondence.’ on left side of line; ‘For Address Only.’ and ‘155/103598’ inside dotted lines to indicate stamp placement. In pencil on top right corner ‘1906 SLV’ (believed to be inserted by the vendor).

Postcard – Williamstown Botanic Gardens

Williamstown Botanic Gardens- Hobsons Bay City Council, Williamstown

Williamstown Botanic Gardens- Hobsons Bay City Council Postcard – Williamstown Botanic Gardens Colour scene of staked flowers (mostly blue) surrounding a grassed area with a circular garden in the centre and trees in the background Front

Colour scene of staked flowers (mostly blue) surrounding a grassed area with a circular garden in the centre and trees in the background

Historical information

The original postcards in this series (2013.002 to 2013.018) were generously loaned to Williamstown Botanic Gardens by a private collector for copying.

Significance

The postcards are evidence of the interest the gardens held as a subject for postcard publishers. The text and images provide a snapshot into fashions, social interests and concerns of the time. The professionally produced images provide a pictorial history of Gardens including changing planting styles, various structures and features of the Gardens eg the aviary, cannons, the fountain, the second Curator’s Lodge and gates. The images offer an opportunity to compare garden vistas with the present day. The many annuals seen in this postcard demonstrates the intensity of Edwardian gardening.

Inscriptions & Markings

Front: ‘The Botanic Gardens, Williamstown’. Reverse: ‘POST W.T.P. (in a double rectangle inside a patterned diamond) CARD’ centre top of card, underlined with a dividing line down the centre of the card. ‘This Space may be used for Correspondence’ on left side of line; ‘This Space for Address Only.’ on right side of line. Right top corner inside dotted lines to indicate stamp placement ‘Printed / in / Germany / 155/103580’.

Oral History_Williamstown Botanic Gardens_Chic Wyatt (nee Anderson)

Williamstown Botanic Gardens- Hobsons Bay City Council, Williamstown

Williamstown Botanic Gardens- Hobsons Bay City Council Oral History_Williamstown Botanic Gardens_Chic Wyatt (nee Anderson) CD and transcript of interview with Chic Wyatt (nee Anderson) and her memories of the Gardens from her childhood through

CD and transcript of interview with Chic Wyatt (nee Anderson) and her memories of the Gardens from her childhood through to adulthood. The purpose of the interview is to discuss a collection of photos she lent to the Gardens for copying (registration no. 2013.001) and to recall memories of her Father, Ernie Anderson and of living in the grounds.

Historical information

The interview is one of a series recorded in 2013-2014 to document memories and experiences of the Williamstown Botanic Gardens

Significance

A primary source of information on memories of the Gardens. Chic is the daughter of Ernie Anderson who worked at the Gardens from the age of 15 until he retired at 65. Ernie’s full name was Ernest Rupert Cyril Anderson. Chic verified from her Mother’s bible that her Father was born 19th June 1895. The Anderson family moved into the Curator’s Lodge in the grounds of the Gardens in 1938 following the death of the previous Curator, William Joseph Crowe.