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Prisoner of War & Internment Camps: Tatura and Rushworth

1 Oct 2018

During the First World War, the theatres of Europe felt worlds away for Australians on the home front. The Second World War’s Pacific stage brought war closer to home. For some Victorian country towns, the repercussions of war arrived right on their doorstep.

Curated By

Alana Bennett Mazzilli, Work experience student, Academy of Mary Immaculate

137351 items

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137351 items

Document - Martin.W.T.A. Shire Secretary 1931 - 58

Tatura Irrigation & Wartime Camps Museum, Tatura

4 X A4 pages of typed manuscript. Prepared for Robert Martin by A Knee for family history purposes. It is an honest appraisal of the man as recalled by the author. A character reference.

Historical information

A Knee was Shire Secretary part of the same period.

Photograph. - A Platoon of the 2nd, Pioneer Battalion Att. to the 1St.Aust. Tunneling Company at Rance in Belgium 19 Jan 1919

Lara RSL Sub Branch, Lara

Rectangular shaped black and white Photograph.

Historical information

The 2nd Pioneer Battalion was an Australian infantry and light engineer unit raised for service during the First World War as part of the all volunteer Australian Imperial Force. Formed in Egypt in March 1916, the battalion subsequently served on the Western Front in France and Belgium, after being transferred to the European battlefields shortly after its establishment.

Inscriptions & Markings

A Platoon of the 2nd, Pioneer Battalion Att. to the 1St.Aust. Tunnelling Company at Rance in Belgium 19 Jan 1919 Sgt. W J Branch 3rd from right front row.

Photograph - Colour - Visit of the Krause Family to Federation University, 2018

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

Folder - Japanese P.O.W.s Buried at Cowra

Tatura Irrigation & Wartime Camps Museum, Tatura

Black two ring folder with printed material in plastic sleeve.

Historical information

Names of prisoners of war and internees who died while imprisoned in the camp at Cowra. Names include those Japanese who died during the suicidal breakout from the Cowra P.O.W. Camp. on 4th. August 1944.

Significance

The majority of those buried in the Cemetery were brought to, and imprisoned in Australia during WW2. Little information remains about many of these people other than their burial records.

book - world war 1 - Volume two - book - World War 1 - Volume Two - The Long Rod to Peace, 1916 - 18

Lara RSL Sub Branch, Lara

Soft cover magazine style book of World War 1 - Day By Day - pictorial in nature how World War 1 was fought.

Inscriptions & Markings

Book - World War 1 - Day By Day - Volume Two - The Long Road To Peace, 1916 - 18. Author - John Davidson

Lloyd George (British Prime Ministers) (Don Woodward Collection)

Unions Ballarat, Ballarat

Book; 224 pages. Dustjacket: sepia photograph of Lloyd George; black, brown and white lettering; author's and editor's names and title. Cover: brown background; gold lettering; author's name and title.

Historical information

Biography of David Lloyd George who was the last Liberal Party PM in the United Kingdom.

Significance

Politics and history - United Kingdom. Biographical interest - Lloyd George.

Book - Universal De Luxe Streets Directory of Melbourne & Suburbs; Sixth Edition, 1960

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Hardback; xiv; 70 pages; 97 colour maps; 12 pages advertising including message on Road Safety by Chief Commissioner of Police

Inscriptions & Markings

Inside cover "Fhin McPhee Whittlesea"

Photograph - Protest group photo shoot outside the Eltham War Memorial, Main Road, 9 December 2018

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Born digital image

Historical information

Approx 180-200 people attended a second information meeting regarding the Shire of Nillumbik's proposed development/sale of 895 and 903-907 Main Road followed by a group protest photo shoot on Main Road outside the Eltham War Memorial

Photograph - Protest group photo shoot outside the Eltham War Memorial, Main Road, 9 December 2018

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Born digital image

Historical information

Approx 180-200 people attended a second information meeting regarding the Shire of Nillumbik's proposed development/sale of 895 and 903-907 Main Road followed by a group protest photo shoot on Main Road outside the Eltham War Memorial

Photograph - Councillor and former Mayor, Peter Clarke; Eltham Community Town Hall Meeting, Eltham Senior Citizen's Centre, 9 December 2018

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Born digital image

Historical information

Approx 180-200 people attended a second information meeting regarding the Shire of Nillumbik's proposed development/sale of 895 and 903-907 Main Road followed by a group protest photo shoot on Main Road outside the Eltham War Memorial

Photograph - Christian presents his song "Lest We Regret"; Eltham Community Town Hall Meeting, Eltham Senior Citizen's Centre, 9 December 2018

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Born digital image

Historical information

Approx 180-200 people attended a second information meeting regarding the Shire of Nillumbik's proposed development/sale of 895 and 903-907 Main Road followed by a group protest photo shoot on Main Road outside the Eltham War Memorial

Photograph - Andrew Lemon, historian and local Eltham resident; Eltham Community Town Hall Meeting, Eltham Senior Citizen's Centre, 9 December 2018

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Born digital image

Historical information

Approx 180-200 people attended a second information meeting regarding the Shire of Nillumbik's proposed development/sale of 895 and 903-907 Main Road followed by a group protest photo shoot on Main Road outside the Eltham War Memorial

Photograph - Sharon Turner, local Eltham resident and member of Save Community Reserves and the Eltham Community Action Group; Eltham Community Town Hall Meeting, Eltham Senior Citizen's Centre, 9 December 2018

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Born digital image

Historical information

Approx 180-200 people attended a second information meeting regarding the Shire of Nillumbik's proposed development/sale of 895 and 903-907 Main Road followed by a group protest photo shoot on Main Road outside the Eltham War Memorial

Photograph - Sharon Turner, local Eltham resident and member of Save Community Reserves and the Eltham Community Action Group; Eltham Community Town Hall Meeting, Eltham Senior Citizen's Centre, 9 December 2018

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Born digital image

Historical information

Approx 180-200 people attended a second information meeting regarding the Shire of Nillumbik's proposed development/sale of 895 and 903-907 Main Road followed by a group protest photo shoot on Main Road outside the Eltham War Memorial

Photograph - Geoff Paine, local Eltham resident and member of the Eltham Community Action Group welcomes everyone to the second Eltham Community Town Hall Meeting, Eltham Senior Citizen's Centre, 9 December 2018

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Born digital image

Historical information

Approx 180-200 people attended a second information meeting regarding the Shire of Nillumbik's proposed development/sale of 895 and 903-907 Main Road followed by a group protest photo shoot on Main Road outside the Eltham War Memorial

Photograph - Eltham Community Town Hall Meeting, Eltham Senior Citizen's Centre, 9 December 2018

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Born digital image

Historical information

Approx 180-200 people attended a second information meeting regarding the Shire of Nillumbik's proposed development/sale of 895 and 903-907 Main Road followed by a group protest photo shoot on Main Road outside the Eltham War Memorial

Photograph - Eltham Community Town Hall Meeting, Eltham Senior Citizen's Centre, 9 December 2018

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Born digital image

Historical information

Approx 180-200 people attended a second information meeting regarding the Shire of Nillumbik's proposed development/sale of 895 and 903-907 Main Road followed by a group protest photo shoot on Main Road outside the Eltham War Memorial

Photograph - Eltham Community Town Hall Meeting, Eltham Senior Citizen's Centre, 9 December 2018

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Born digital image

Historical information

Approx 180-200 people attended a second information meeting regarding the Shire of Nillumbik's proposed development/sale of 895 and 903-907 Main Road followed by a group protest photo shoot on Main Road outside the Eltham War Memorial

Photograph - Eltham Community Town Hall Meeting, Eltham Senior Citizen's Centre, 9 December 2018

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Born digital image

Historical information

Approx 180-200 people attended a second information meeting regarding the Shire of Nillumbik's proposed development/sale of 895 and 903-907 Main Road followed by a group protest photo shoot on Main Road outside the Eltham War Memorial

Photograph - Eltham Community Town Hall Meeting, Eltham Senior Citizen's Centre, 9 December 2018

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Born digital image (13)

Historical information

Approx 180-200 people attended a second information meeting regarding the Shire of Nillumbik's proposed development/sale of 895 and 903-907 Main Road followed by a group protest photo shoot on Main Road outside the Eltham War Memorial

Photograph - Gloria of the Southern Cross Church which uses the senior Citizen's Centre every Sunday; Eltham Community Town Hall Meeting, Eltham Senior Citizen's Centre, 13 October 2018

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Born digital image

Historical information

Community meeting held at the Eltham Senior Citizen's Centre to discuss Nillumbik Shire Council's advertised proposal to sell the former Shire Office site at 895 Main Road and the Eltham War Memorial complex of buildings at 903-907 Main Road; 13 October 2018

Photograph - Carl Reid, Eltham community member since 1976; Eltham Community Town Hall Meeting, Eltham Senior Citizen's Centre, 13 October 2018

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Born digital image

Historical information

Community meeting held at the Eltham Senior Citizen's Centre to discuss Nillumbik Shire Council's advertised proposal to sell the former Shire Office site at 895 Main Road and the Eltham War Memorial complex of buildings at 903-907 Main Road; 13 October 2018

Photograph - Brian Wald, Committee member of the Eltham Senior Citizens and member of the RSL; Eltham Community Town Hall Meeting, Eltham Senior Citizen's Centre, 13 October 2018

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Born digital image

Historical information

Community meeting held at the Eltham Senior Citizen's Centre to discuss Nillumbik Shire Council's advertised proposal to sell the former Shire Office site at 895 Main Road and the Eltham War Memorial complex of buildings at 903-907 Main Road; 13 October 2018

Photograph - Catherine Kingsbury who originally set up Food Share which continues to run out of the Maternal and Infant Welfare Centre; Eltham Community Town Hall Meeting, Eltham Senior Citizen's Centre, 13 October 2018

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Born digital image

Historical information

Community meeting held at the Eltham Senior Citizen's Centre to discuss Nillumbik Shire Council's advertised proposal to sell the former Shire Office site at 895 Main Road and the Eltham War Memorial complex of buildings at 903-907 Main Road; 13 October 2018

Photograph - The motion is passed unaminously; Eltham Community Town Hall Meeting, Eltham Senior Citizen's Centre, 13 October 2018

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Born digital image

Historical information

Community meeting held at the Eltham Senior Citizen's Centre to discuss Nillumbik Shire Council's advertised proposal to sell the former Shire Office site at 895 Main Road and the Eltham War Memorial complex of buildings at 903-907 Main Road; 13 October 2018

Photograph - Andrew Lemon, Historian, seconds the motion; Eltham Community Town Hall Meeting, Eltham Senior Citizen's Centre, 13 October 2018

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Born digital image

Historical information

Community meeting held at the Eltham Senior Citizen's Centre to discuss Nillumbik Shire Council's advertised proposal to sell the former Shire Office site at 895 Main Road and the Eltham War Memorial complex of buildings at 903-907 Main Road; 13 October 2018

Photograph - Greg Johnson moves a motion to present to Council the community's view regarding the proposed land sale/development; Eltham Community Town Hall Meeting, Eltham Senior Citizen's Centre, 13 October 2018

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Born digital image

Historical information

Community meeting held at the Eltham Senior Citizen's Centre to discuss Nillumbik Shire Council's advertised proposal to sell the former Shire Office site at 895 Main Road and the Eltham War Memorial complex of buildings at 903-907 Main Road; 13 October 2018

Photograph - Bruce Grose, 84 year old veteran (ex Navy) who first came to Eltham in 1946; Eltham Community Town Hall Meeting, Eltham Senior Citizen's Centre, 13 October 2018

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Born digital image

Historical information

Community meeting held at the Eltham Senior Citizen's Centre to discuss Nillumbik Shire Council's advertised proposal to sell the former Shire Office site at 895 Main Road and the Eltham War Memorial complex of buildings at 903-907 Main Road; 13 October 2018

Photograph - Greg Johnson, former Councillor and former Mayor of Nillumbik Shire Council; Eltham Community Town Hall Meeting, Eltham Senior Citizen's Centre, 13 October 2018

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Born digital image

Historical information

Community meeting held at the Eltham Senior Citizen's Centre to discuss Nillumbik Shire Council's advertised proposal to sell the former Shire Office site at 895 Main Road and the Eltham War Memorial complex of buildings at 903-907 Main Road; 13 October 2018

Harold Macmillan: A life in pictures (Don Woodward Collection)

Unions Ballarat, Ballarat

Book; 182 pages. Dustjacket: out of focus picture - background; photograph of Harold Macmillan in the foreground; blue and black lettering; title. Cover: brown background; gold lettering; title.

Historical information

Pictorial and textual biography of Harold Macmillan who was the UK Prime Minister from 1957-1963. He represented the Conservative Party.

Significance

Biographical interest. Politics and history - United Kingdom.

Photograph - Bill McKenna, former President of Montmorency-Eltham RSL; Eltham Community Town Hall Meeting, Eltham Senior Citizen's Centre, 13 October 2018

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Born digital image

Historical information

Community meeting held at the Eltham Senior Citizen's Centre to discuss Nillumbik Shire Council's advertised proposal to sell the former Shire Office site at 895 Main Road and the Eltham War Memorial complex of buildings at 903-907 Main Road; 13 October 2018

Photograph - Lisa McCann, President of Committee of Management of Eltham Pre-school and President of the Advisory Committee; Eltham Community Town Hall Meeting, Eltham Senior Citizen's Centre, 13 October 2018

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Born digital image

Historical information

Community meeting held at the Eltham Senior Citizen's Centre to discuss Nillumbik Shire Council's advertised proposal to sell the former Shire Office site at 895 Main Road and the Eltham War Memorial complex of buildings at 903-907 Main Road; 13 October 2018

Photograph - Gordon Pearce, former member of the Eltham War Memorial Trust and former committee member and President of Eltham Pre-school; Eltham Community Town Hall Meeting, Eltham Senior Citizen's Centre, 13 October 2018

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Born digital image

Historical information

Community meeting held at the Eltham Senior Citizen's Centre to discuss Nillumbik Shire Council's advertised proposal to sell the former Shire Office site at 895 Main Road and the Eltham War Memorial complex of buildings at 903-907 Main Road; 13 October 2018

Photograph - Jim Connor, President, Eltham District Historical Society; Eltham Community Town Hall Meeting, Eltham Senior Citizen's Centre, 13 October 2018

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Born digital image

Historical information

Community meeting held at the Eltham Senior Citizen's Centre to discuss Nillumbik Shire Council's advertised proposal to sell the former Shire Office site at 895 Main Road and the Eltham War Memorial complex of buildings at 903-907 Main Road; 13 October 2018

Quinn Letter - Letter

Mission to Seafarers Victoria, Docklands

Pale green self-folding letter written with green ink (0823), headed Yuma, Arizona and dated 02/10/49.

Historical information

Allan writes of his trip from New York with five others in a 1942 Plymouth. He describes "..magnificent highways..", the very hot weather, and that "New Mexico and Arizona have been the most spectacular states with their deserts and mountains and colours".

Significance

Quinn Collection

Inscriptions & Markings

The letter is from Allan to his mother.

Untitled

Melbourne Legacy, Melbourne

Framed photograph

Ballarat Clarendon College, Ballarat

Black and white photograph mounted on grey card of Clarendon Presbyterian Ladies College student cohort in 1933. The students are arranged in five tiered rows. The photograph is taken in the Mair Street quadrangle. The photograph is accompanied with a typed list of names.

Historical information

This extraordinary record of the student cohort in 1933 reveals aspects of school life in the early 1930's. It shows young boys from the Kindergarten class, uniform and property detail.

Significance

This photograph has social significance because of its detail regarding schooling in the early 1930s.

Framed photograph

Ballarat Clarendon College, Ballarat

Gray-scale photograph, neutral mount and carved varnished, natural wood frame

Historical information

Clarendon Ladies College class photograph with Principal Lillie Crump

Framed photograph

Ballarat Clarendon College, Ballarat

Gray-scale photograph, neutral mount and carved varnished, natural wood frame

Historical information

Clarendon Ladies College class photograph; possibly Matriculation

Framed photograph

Ballarat Clarendon College, Ballarat

Gray-scale photograph, neutral mount and carved varnished, natural wood frame

Historical information

Clarendon Ladies College class photograph

Framed photograph

Ballarat Clarendon College, Ballarat

Gray-scale photograph, neutral mount and carved varnished, natural wood frame

Historical information

Clarendon Ladies College class photograph with Sophie Bell top left and Chrissie Bell on floor at left

Framed photograph

Ballarat Clarendon College, Ballarat

Gray-scale photograph, with ornately-printed grey mount in thin black frame

Historical information

Taken in garden of Clarendon Street property and includes students and teachers

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten on back: 1901

Quinn Letter - Letter

Mission to Seafarers Victoria, Docklands

Pale green self-folding letter written with green ink, headed New York and dated 19/09/49.

Historical information

Allan writes of his time in New York and mentions some parcels he has sent to his mother, including one with a photo album of photos taken whilst aboard the 'Fenris'. As shipping is slow in New York he is planning to drive with three others from New York to Los Angeles.

Significance

Quinn Collection

Inscriptions & Markings

The letter is from Allan to his mother.

Fox (Don Woodward Collection)

Unions Ballarat, Ballarat

Book; 271 pages. Cover: black background; black and white picture of Fox; yellow and white lettering; author's name and title.

Historical information

Biography of Charles James Fox. Fox was a British Whig and rival of William Pitt the Younger.

Significance

British history and politics. Biographical interest

Inscriptions & Markings

In pencil, "6.95, UKB, 37950". Black stamp, "$ BOOKS BUY & SELL, 711 GEORGE STREET, SYDNEY, 212-2478."

Booklet - Handbook for Contactors

Melbourne Legacy, Melbourne

Cover, cardboard, colour pale yellow, pages paper, colour white. Black print. Corners of cover cut off at an angle.

Historical information

A handbook is issued to all Legatees to assist them with their work with the legacy widows eg childrens education, welfare,accommodation, health.

Significance

This booklet assisted legatees locating services available to widows, widows children from within Legacy or government departments.

Inscriptions & Markings

Melbourne Legacy, Legacy symbol, Handbook for Contactors, issued with Melbourne Legacy Diary 1960.

Book - Papers Presented at the "Conveyors in Mining" Inaugural Ballarat C.A.E. Mining Symposium, 1978

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

Black soft covered book with conference papers presented at the Ballarat College of Advanced Education.

Plaque - The Australian National Flag Association

Melbourne Legacy, Melbourne

Glass, black wooden frame, mottled off white paper, picture wire, white tape and compressed timber backing.

Historical information

The plaque acknowledges that Melbourne Legacy is a member of their association.

Inscriptions & Markings

Top centre:- The Australian Flag. Centre:- The Australian National Flag Association Victorian Division This is to certify that The Legacy Club of Melbourne is a Corporate member of The Australian National Flag Association Victorian Division Bottom:- Date 6th June 1984. signed Bruce Ruxton Chairman. A. Harnel.Hon Secretary

Framed photograph

Ballarat Clarendon College, Ballarat

Gray-scale photograph, with bone mounting in thin black frame

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten on back: Nov 1931 Clarendon College Old Collegians reunion

Photograph - Centenary Football Match 3rd July 1964

Ballarat Clarendon College, Ballarat

medium size, gray-scale photograph on large, white, heavy card mount

Inscriptions & Markings

Inscribed on mount: Centenary Football Match 3rd July 1964 / B C C 3-3 (21) / S P C 6-8 (44)

Photograph - Eltham Community Town Hall Meeting, Eltham Senior Citizen's Centre, 13 October 2018

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Born digital image (14)

Historical information

Community meeting held at the Eltham Senior Citizen's Centre to discuss Nillumbik Shire Council's advertised proposal to sell the former Shire Office site at 895 Main Road and the Eltham War Memorial complex of buildings at 903-907 Main Road; 13 October 2018