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Victorian Collections -

Making and Using Transport on the Goldfields

28 Mar 2018

Ballarat’s coachbuilding industry and horse-drawn transport, as depicted in Victorian cultural collections.

Curated By

Carissa Goudey, Historian, Sovereign Hills Museums Association

112298 items

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112298 items

Photograph

Key words

china
arnott-rogers

Black and white photograph in China from Arnott Rogers Collection showing child

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

Photograph - Tour of St Katherine's Angican Church and cemetery, St Helena, 27 October 2014

Key words

st katherine's church
st helena
cemetery

Born Digital

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Tray Cloth

Key words

decorative art
chinese

Fine cross stitch cotton tray cloth of 3 central motives and end borders. Embroidered in dark blue. Motif: flowers; buildings, human figures, clouds.

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

no image

Stencil

Key words

wool sales
export wool
wool transportation
export - wool
wool - transportation

Inscriptions & Markings

STONELEIGH

National Wool Museum, Geelong

certificate/award

Key words

award agricultural-show public-event

A original rectangular white paper certificate. Text is inside a border- all print is black. Details are handwritten.

Historical information

Orbost and East Gippsland Agricultural, Pastoral & Horticultural Society held their annual show in the Mechanics' Institute hall in Orrbost on November 16, 1894. First Prize in Class F Section C was awarded to Elsie Price for "six buttonholes (children under 14)". At this time C.N. Henderson was President and Lauchlan Ross was Secretary. The first meeting to form an Agricultural society in Orbost was convened by the then Orbost Progress Association and held in the Mechanics Hall on Saturday, 10th October 1891. Its first show was held on 3rd March 1904, on a site alongside the Bonang Road where the present Golf Club stands. It is currently held at the Recreation Reserve at Newmerella. Ref: In Times Gone By-Deborah Hall Prior to the Orbost Agricultural Society 's Annual Show these smaller shows were held in the Mechanics' Institute hall. Elsie Price, 1886-1897, was the daughter of David J and Mary Faithfull.

Significance

This item is associated with the Orbost Agricultural Society 's Annual Show which has been a major event in Orbost for over a century.

Inscriptions & Markings

On back - many names. On front -"Mrs Price"

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

Historical Caulfield to 1972, photo album by Jenny O’Donnell, Neerim Rd

Key words

glen huntly
neerim rd
houses
victorian house
o’donnell
jenny

2 photos of number 37, a 2 storey Victorian with cast iron balustrade

Glen Eira Historical Society, Caulfield South

Dispenser

Key words

flagstaff hill
warrnambool
shipwrecked-coast
flagstaff-hill
flagstaff-hill-maritime-museum
maritime-museum
shipwreck-coast
flagstaff-hill-maritime-village
dispenser
string dispenser

Dispenser, metal for string with central rod & 2 curved handing hooks. Marked Anchor Brand & blue in colour.

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

First Edition Book - Sea Spray and Smoke Drift - Sir Harry Lawson by Robert Lawson - Mullaya Publications - 1976

Adam Lindsay Gordon Commemorative Committee , Melbourne

no image

Green Gables Letter Box

Key words

green gables
warburton

Wooden hardwood, Letter holder, back 28 cm high,13 cm wide.7 cms. deep. 2 compartments inner compartment 20cm. high. Front is 9 cms. with inscription.

Historical information

This item was used in the office of Green Gables, Guest House, Warburton, to hold post cards, that were sold to the guests.

Significance

The Kent Family owned and operated the House from 1949 -1957, this item was kept by the family until 2013.It was then donated to the Upper Yarra Museum.

Inscriptions & Markings

Stenstil sign in gold with black outline. This is on the lower front panel

Upper Yarra Museum, Yarra Junction

Booklet - Open House Melbourne 2013 Self Guided Tour

A4 sized cardboard halved to create a small booklet.

Queen Victoria Women's Centre, Melbourne

Photograph - School House at Mt Dandenong State School 1939

Key words

mt dandenong school
mr m f morris
school house
mt dandenong

Front of school house that was the residence for the Headmaster of Mt Dandenong State School and his family. Taken in 1939 when M. F. Morris was Headmaster.

Inscriptions & Markings

On back of photo: School House Mt Dandenong 1939

Mt Dandenong & District Historical Society Inc., Mt Dandenong

Scales & Weights

Scales holding dish and 6 weights

Inscriptions & Markings

Betrice to weigh 7lbs weights 1oz 2oz 4oz 8oz 1lb 2lb

Rutherglen Historical Society, Rutherglen

Badge - FARNHAM HOUSE 1986 SAMANTHA

Badge. Round with plastic backing. White background with image of a yellow house with red roof under a rainbow. Black text around perimeter: "FARNHAM HOUSE 1986" and red text: "SAMANTHA". Perth early childhood education centre.

Historical information

Belonged to Jo Vallentine who made history in 1984 when she was elected to the Australian Senate as the worlds first single-issue peace politician.

Inscriptions & Markings

"FARNHAM HOUSE 1986" "SAMANTHA" and on reverse "B.A.M."

Museum of Australian Democracy at Eureka (M.A.D.E) , Ballarat

Photograph - Bridge construction over the Diamond Creek, Charlber Lane, St Andrews, 3 August 1989

Key words

roads
charlber lane
st andrews
bridge construction
diamond creek

Roll of 35mm colour negative film, 7 strips

Inscriptions & Markings

Kodak GA 100 5095

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Bookmark

Uniting Church Archives - Synod of Victoria, Malvern East

no image

Video - Managing in two worlds : governance competencies for boards of management of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Organisations

Key words

indigenous business enterprises

Inscriptions & Markings

videocassette

Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages, Fitzroy

Text - 3KZ Carols by Candlelight [program] (1944-1968)

Key words

royal victorian institute for the blind

17-37 pages, illustrations

Historical information

Carols by Candlelight is a Christmas concert held at the Sidney Myer Music bowl, with the aim is to raise funds for worthy causes. From its inception in ???, the people of Melbourne have regularly supported this appeal and helped raise funds that were shared jointly between the Red Cross and the Austin Hospital. 3KZ began broadcasting the concert on Christmas Day in ??? and raising money for blind babies and children at RVIB. In ???? (1952) concert funds were also made available to RVIB The first concert program was produced in ??? and contained carol lyrics, photos of the performers, the story behind Carols and some advertising. Since then the program has been regularly produced with the same information. Years held: 7th (1944), 11th (1948), 15th (1952), 18th (1955), 20th (1957), 22nd (1959), 23rd (1960), 26th (1963), 27th (1964), 28th (1965), 29th (1966), 31st (1968) Scanned: 1948

Vision Australia,

Plane

Key words

flagstaff hill
warrnambool
shipwrecked-coast
flagstaff-hill
flagstaff-hill-maritime-museum
maritime-museum
shipwreck-coast
flagstaff-hill-maritime-village

Plane, Moulding, Maker Preston & Son No 5 Wood Street Westminster. Owner A. T. Nipe. Has "A's" stamped on ends and 7

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

no image

Photo Album - Cultana Camp 1999

Key words

a
photos
ceremonial
training
squadron 4th 19th prince of wales s light horse
cultana
camps
austin hospital
catafalque
vietnam veterans

Contains 203 photos of A Squadron 4/19 Prince of Wales's Light Horse Regiment 1999 camp at Cultana, South Australia; and 12 photos of catafalque party at Austin & Repatriation Hospital on Vietnam Veterans' Day 15 August 2003

4th/19th Prince of Wales's Light Horse Regiment Unit History Room, Macleod

Photo - Medwell C. - C.Medwell,Esq.Learmonth ANA Branch No75, 1912

Key words

1912
learmonth ana branch no 75
c medwell esq

This oval photo of C.Medwell Esq. is in the centre of a collection of photos of all members of Learmonth ANA Branch No 75,1912.It is set in a brown woodgrain mount and photo is surrounded bya gold shaped mount,On the brown mount are decorative markings in white ,inscriptions are also in white.

Historical information

In 1912 C.Medwell Esq. was presented,by his fellow members, with this set of photos showing all members of the Learmonth ANA Branch No 75,in recognition of his services to the branch as secretary.

Significance

Original collection of photos of 1912 Learmonth ANA members.

Inscriptions & Markings

LEARMONTH ANA BRANCH NO 75.PRESENTED TO C. EDWELL ESQ. BY HIS FELLOW MEMBERS AS A MARK OF ESTEEM & APPRECIATION OF VALUABLE SERVICES RENDERED TO THE BRANCH AS SECRETARY. LEARMONTH 1912.

Learmonth and District Historical Society, Learmonth

no image

HEALTH CERTIFICATE

Key words

local history
document
vaccination certificate
crick
shrigley
mc lennan
lazarus

VACCINATION CERTIFICATE OF WINIFRED MAUD MC LENNAN. HEALTH ACT 1890 NOTICE TO PARENTS

Historical information

VACCINATION CERTIFICATE OF WINIFRED MAUDE MC LENNAN

Clunes Museum, Clunes

Book - Adam Lindsay Gordon Horseman and Poet- Dr. Helen w Kinloch- Australian racing Museum and Hall of Fame- 2006

Adam Lindsay Gordon Commemorative Committee , Melbourne

Photograph - Edith Rowe ("DVR" on cap) and Jenni Mitchell (wearing jacket) at Diamond Valley Railway, Eltham Lower Park, c.1970

Key words

edith rowe
eltham lower park
jenni mitchell
diamond valley railway

Digital copy of black and white photograph

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

S. Lucy A. Lewis Exercise book - Graphic Illustrations

A slim soft covered exercise book with brown, red and blue marbelling on cover, red binding over spine within a red hard cover added at a later time. Contains, handwritten in ink, by Lucy Lewis, the first pupil of the Victorian Deaf and Dumb Institution, a series of "essays" on various topics, poetry, etc. some seeming to be inspired by pictures.

Historical information

These are exercise books belong to the first pupil of the then Victorian Deaf and Dumb Institution.

Inscriptions & Markings

On hard cover "GRAPHIC ILLUSTRATIONS / S.L.A. LEWIS / 1865-1866" Inside of soft cover exercise book "S.L.A. Lewis / July 1864/To June 1866" In pencil "To/Dear Lollie/ As a keepsake from /Lucy/April 5 1928"

Deaf Children Australia, Melbourne

Photograph - Colour - Lacock Village, England

Key words

lacock village, england, stonework

Historical information

Lacock Village, England, was the place that Harry Potter was filmed.

Ballarat Heritage Services, Bakery Hill Post Office

Astro Compass MKII

Key words

astro compass mkii
a7

Astronomical Compass used by the Navigator in B-24 Liberator aircraft. Complete in original wooden box.

Historical information

Used by the Navigator in a B-24 Liberator bomber

Significance

Air Ministry Compass

Inscriptions & Markings

Compass marked - A.M. Astro compass MKII CA/1174 Box marked - Delicate instrument, to be handled with great care.

B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Australia Inc, Werribee

Visitor log book - Sailor's rest Williamstown Visitors' Book February1933 - March-1944

Slim Red cloth visitor book with yellow title paper on cover and spine and yellow end papers. Re bound in 2002. Main body of book lined paper pages with curved corners.

Historical information

This book records the date, name and address and ship and remarks of visitor seafarers.

Significance

The logbook provides an insight into which ships and the origins of their crews were visiting Melbourne in 1933.

Inscriptions & Markings

Cover: The Victoria Missions to Seamen Melbourne / Sailors' Rest Williamstown/ Visitors' book/ 1933 ( February1933 - March-1944) / Spine:/Sailors' Rest, Williamstown - Visitors' book 1933. Inner page: details of Chaplains and caretakers and contact nos re the Mission.

Mission to Seafarers Victoria, Docklands

Photograph - "The Mound" Gardens, Port Fairy. Showing children

Key words

mound
gardens

Photograph

Port Fairy Historical Society , Port Fairy

Newspaper clipping - Jim had his own jubilee.

Key words

greensborough football club
diamond valley football league
golden jubilee
jim medhurst
joe poulter
dvfl
1921
1926

A photocopy of a newspaper clipping, a coloured photograph of the Medhursts c 1971 and a gilt and blue coloured metal badge.

Historical information

Tells the story of the 50th Anniversary celebrations of the Diamond Valley Football League. In particular it centres on Jim Medhurst the only former player present from the Greensborough team that won the inaugural 1921 premiership.

Significance

Jim Medhurst's ancestors were a pioneering family in the district. His father played football for the Old Brittanias, a fore runner of the Collingwood Football Club.

Inscriptions & Markings

Some pencil markings in photocopy.

Greensborough Historical Society,

Containers, tin, Cigarettes ‘Craven A’

Key words

cigarettes
tobacco
morrabbin
cheltenham
bentleigh
early settlers
craven a
filter tipped cigarettes
cork tipped cigarettes
wd & h.o.wills pty. ltd., british american tobacco co.pty.ltd., craven a cigarettes, carrera’s tobacco company, rothmans pty ltd., , benson and hedges pty ltd.,

A tin with hinged lid for 'Craven A' Cigarettes

Historical information

Craven "A" is a brand of cigarette that exhibits the English-style flavour of a Virginia-tobacco dominant blend, with that plant's attendant nutty sweetness. The cigarette was named after the third Earl of Craven in 1860. Craven A's were a favourite cigarette during World War II. The 'plain' version of the cigarette was unusual in that, there was at one end a cork tip in place of the paper. The Craven A brand is owned by Rothmans, Benson & Hedges Inc (RBH), which also owns or otherwise controls a wide variety of cigarette brands. It was sold by the Carreras Tobacco Company in the United Kingdom..

Inscriptions & Markings

Top Lid : CORK 'cat figure' TIPPED / CRAVEN/ A / VIRGINIA / CIGARETTES / MADE IN LONDON ENGLAND/ TRADE MARK Inside lid - Made specially to prevent sore throats / CRAVEN 'A' / CORK TIPPED CIGARETTES / are made from the finest imported / matured Virginia and other choice / tobaccos guaranteed pure and / absolutely free from any adulteration / of any kind. / CARRERA'S LIMITED / (Est. 1788) / ARCADIA WORKS LONDON ENGLAND

City of Moorabbin Historical Society operating the Box Cottage Museum, Ormond

Oil on board - [Trees] by Gwen Graham

Key words

art
artwork
gwen graham
available

Framed oil painting of pine trees and telegraph poles by Gwen Graham. Gift of David Alexander, 2013

Historical information

Gwen GRAHAM Gwen Graham was a member of the Ballarat Artists Society. She was active <1963-1970>. This item is part of the Federation University Art Collection. The Art Collection features over 1000 works and was listed as a 'Ballarat Treasure' in 2007.

Federation University Australia Art Collection ,

Photograph

Key words

flagstaff hill
warrnambool
shipwrecked-coast
flagstaff-hill
flagstaff-hill-maritime-museum
maritime-museum
shipwreck-coast
flagstaff-hill-maritime-village

Photograph of HMAS Warrnambool

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

no image

Book - Automated mechanical shearing: predevelopment feasibility analysis

Key words

shearing sheep stations - management agriculture - industrial relations animal welfare woolclassing wool marketing
australian wool board - wool harvesting research committee
wool clip contamination
shearing
sheep stations - management
agriculture - industrial relations
animal welfare
woolclassing
wool marketing

Historical information

"Automated mechanical shearing: predevelopment feasibility analysis"- Wool Harvesting Unit, Australian Wool Corporation, 1983

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Book - History of Torquay Surf Life Saving Club

Key words

bells beach
torquay surf life saving club
d s club
peter troy
vic tantau
terry wall
ken pollard
torquay surf beach
pioneer surfers
jim wall
dick garrard
sprint walker
owen yateman
alan coulson
ron hussey
joe sweeney
sharon heathcote
ray brewin
frances murphy
bryan hayden

Blue leather hardback book with gold lettering on blue representing the colours of the Torquay Surf Life Saving Club.

Historical information

History of the Torquay Surf Life Saving Club celebrates the first fifty years (1945-1995) of the largest surf life saving club in Victoria. The book features historic photographs of the surf club and the famed Torquay Surf Beach on Victoria rugged Surf Coast. The book also features chapters on the historic, cultural, social and competitive areas within the club.

Significance

This bok is significant because it represents the first official history of one of the largest and most influential surf life saving clubs in Australia.

Inscriptions & Markings

Authors name - Ken Pollard

Australian National Surfing Museum, Torquay

digital photographs - Dior Exhibition NGV International

Key words

dior
exhibition
national gallery of victoria
ngv international
fashion
designer
gowns
1990s
2000s
orange

Ballarat Heritage Services, Bakery Hill Post Office

Photograph - Gladstone's house, Gladstone Street

Key words

gladstone street
kew
dorothy rogers

Double-fronted polychrome brick villa in Gladstone Street, Kew. The Historian Dorothy Rogers identified this as Gladstone's house on the back of the photograph. The street had in fact been named after the Prime Minster of England so the naming of the house requires investigation.

Significance

This work forms part of the collection assembled by the historian Dorothy Rogers, that was donated to the Kew Historical Society by her son John Rogers in 2015. The manuscripts, photographs, maps, and documents were sourced by her from both family and local collections or produced as references for her print publications. Many were directly used by Rogers in writing ‘Lovely Old Homes of Kew’ (1961) and 'A History of Kew' (1973), or the numerous articles on local history that she produced for suburban newspapers. Most of the photographs in the collection include detailed annotations in her hand. The Rogers Collection provides a comprehensive insight into the working habits of a historian in the 1960s and 1970s. Together it forms the largest privately-donated collection within the archives of the Kew Historical Society.

Inscriptions & Markings

Gladstone's House

Kew Historical Society Inc, Kew

no image

Photograph, Optical Munitions with Fred Caldwell

Part of a series entitled “Optical Munitions - School of Natural Philosophy, 1942-1945”. Black and white photo of Fred Caldwell operating a stereoscope.

Inscriptions & Markings

In ink on lower left hand corner : “4”.

The Ed Muirhead Physics Museum, Parkville

no image

Book - Foothill farmers : literature of Gippsland

Key words

literature
victoria
gippsland
history

Inscriptions & Markings

Stamped 'Phillip Island & District Historical Society'. Purchased by Society. Signed by the author.

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

Coloured photograph.

Key words

colville, bob & betty
p. s betsy
shepparton
barmah lakes
sheahan, barry

This is a coloured photograph of P.S Betsy moored to the bank upstream of Echuca Wharf ( Victorian side). The P.S Pevensey can be seen in the background underway in front of the wharf. A man and a woman can be seen standing on top of the paddle steamer. The top of the boat is decorated with flags.

Historical information

The P.S Betsy was built in the back yard of Bob and Betty Colville in Shepparton in 1966.. The Colville Family owned the Betsy from 1966 - 1993. It had a fibreglass sheathed steel hull and was powered by a 19 hp David Brown tractor engine. Barry Sheahan from Picola was the next owner. . He moored the P.S Betsy at the Barmah Lakes. Ref. ( Parsons, R; "Ships of the Inland Rivers." P. 54.)

Significance

The P.S Betsy is significant because it was built in a backyard setting, possibly by people who had never built a paddle steamer before. They also chose to fit the boat with a tractor engine .

Inscriptions & Markings

On back of photo are written the words Print made by Kodak Oct 78 M . On the boat the words Betsy can be seen.

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Boots Riding

Key words

riding boots. footwear. cattle mustering footwear. roper family. cattlemen. bogong high plains.

These knee high "riding" boots have a 4 "rung" laces at the base of the upright boot and a strap at the top of the boot. They are made of brown leather and have a small heel (not the usual higher heel for stirrups)

Historical information

The early Kiewa Valley farmers opened up the Bogong High Plains for cattle grazing in the late 1800's and early 1900's. Many farmers of the Kiewa Valley built huts on the Bogong High Plains to stay in during the summer mustering season. The Roper family had their own cattle run on the High Plains with several version's of Ropers Hut being built and used for this purpose. These boots were owned by Fred Roper whose father was one of the first pioneers of the Upper Kiewa Valley and Tawonga farming district. These boots were made around the late 1800's to early 1900's and are of a quality hide and a very good example of historical clothing worn at the time.

Significance

These boots are very significant to the Kiewa Valley because the mark a period of early farming within the Kiewa Valley and Bogong High Plains as they were worn by Fred Roper who comes from one of the farming pioneering families of Tawonga. These boots were used when mustering the families cattle up to the Bogong High Plains for summer grazing and also around his farm in Tawonga when riding his horses. They were donated by his great grand daughter Leonie Roper in 2011, therefore the manufacturing of these boots could be anything from the late 1880's to early 1900's. They are made of high quality leather and were made to last the tough conditions of mustering and farming cattle. They also had wooden stock which fitted into them "KVHS 0445"

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

no image

Biographical - Sir [Henry] Cecil Colville

Historical information

Sir Cecil Colville was awarded a knighthood in 1962. He was previously known as Dr H.C. Colville and was a member of the School Council from approximately 1924-1938. His daughters Peg [Elaine Margaret] Colville and Anne Colville attended CGGS while the school was located at St Mark's Church and at the current day location of Torrington Street, Canterbury from 1928. Peg Colville enrolled in 1922 and her sister Anne enrolled in 1925. The family home "Arden" at 1045 Burke Road East Hawthorn [on the corner of Rathmines Road and Burke Road] was demolished in 2016 which included a garden designed by Edna Walling in 1928.

Camberwell Girls Grammar School, Canterbury

Photograph (digital image) - Greensborough Hockey club junior team c 1960/61

photograph of Greensborough Hockey club junior team c 1960/61

Historical information

Greensborough Hockey club junior team c 1960's

Greensborough Historical Society,

no image

Transmission Assembly, Ferret Scout Car

Key words

ferret scout car
transmission

Ferret Scout Car - B60 No 1 Mk 6A transmission assembly incorporating engine, fluid coupling, gear box and transfer box.

Historical information

The Ferret Scout Car , was developed by the British Army in the late 1940s and came into production in the 1950s. The Ferret first saw service in the British Army in 1952, and a little later in Australia. There were many series and Marks of the Ferret. In Australia two were primarily used. The Mark1, which had no turret and a crew of three, and the Mark2, with a turret and a crew of two. The Australian Army used the Ferrets as scout cars until the 1960s, they were disposed of by public auction in the early 1970s. The Ferret is a light armoured car, intended for light reconnaissance work, they are very mobile and were well suited to their role. The vehicle was designed by Daimler, as a further development on the successful Daimler Dingo of WW2. The Ferret is fully armoured and the standard model of the Ferret Mk2 was further strengthened shortly after its design and became the Mk2/3 (this is the usual model referred as the Mk2). The motor was Roll Royce B60 motor, giving the vehicle a power to weight ratio of 29.35 break horse power per tonne, the vehicle weighs 3.6 tonnes, although a combat weight would be 4.3 tonnes. It is four wheel drive, constant, and has a top speed of 93 k.p.h. (approx 50 m.p.h.). Fuel consumption is only about 34 litres per kilometer. The Ferret is 3.8 metres long by 1.9 metres wide and is 1.9 metres high, not including radio aerials. The ground clearance is .33 of a metre and the track width is 1.5 metres.

Inscriptions & Markings

Engine Number 12993 List Number 35418 Modification plate marked to Mod 3.

4th/19th Prince of Wales's Light Horse Regiment Unit History Room, Macleod

Racquet

Key words

tennis

A Davis Olympyad tennis racquet, with whipping around the shoulders, and a leather handle grip with patterned perforations. Model name features across base of head, on obverse. TAD trademark, within diamond device, features on throat on reverse. Patent details feature on left side of shaft. Materials: Wood, Nylon, Ink, Leather, Glue, Lacquer, Metal, String

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

no image

CERTIFICATE

Key words

documents - certificates
military history-service records

Certificate of service in NZEF for Pte harry Thompson 69437.

Bendigo RSL Military Museum, Bendigo

no image

Documents - Lodge Meeting Reports 1985

Freemasons Victoria - Southern Cross Lodge No. 24 (Maldon), Maldon

Microfiche - Bailliere's Victorian Directory 1868

Key words

town
names
victoria

small sheet of film

Historical information

A directory of all Towns in Victoria in 1886

Inscriptions & Markings

SLV Post Towns Hill - Stuart Hill

Rutherglen Historical Society, Rutherglen

no image

Tin, tobacco

Small rectangular tin, gold base, blue andf yellow lid with red border.

Historical information

Tobacconist established 1854

Inscriptions & Markings

Damman's Fine Cut. 6. Damman & Co Pty Ltd, Melbourne Cr. Collins and Swanston Streets, 75 Elizabeth St and 7 Elizabeth St. Established 1854 Specialists in High Class Tobacconists' Goods.

Coal Creek Community Park & Museum, Korumburra

Photograph - Colour - Corenderrk Cemetery

Key words

corenderrk
wurundjeri
barak
aborigines
aboriginal
cemetery
grave
jemima dunolly

Photographs of graves in grass and bushland. It is the Corenderrk Cemetery, and is associated with the former Corenderrk Aboriginal Reserve.

Historical information

In 1860 the Wurundjeri Elder, Wonga, petitioned the Victorian Parliament for a piece of land in his people’s own country where he could establish a settlement. The land later named Coranderrk was granted. When Wonga died in 1875 his nephew William Barak, known by settlers as ‘King William, last chief of the Yarra Yarra tribe’, became the leader, the Ngurungaeta. William Barak believed strongly in justice for his people, and time and again made the arduous walk to Melbourne to petition to Parliament and to Queen Victoria for his people. ‘Freedom for our lifetime’, he said. The community at Coranderrk welcomed Aboriginal people displaced from other parts of Victoria; they established an economically self-sufficient settlement by growing and marketing hops. Barak negotiated with the Victorian Government officials as they made promises and broke promises. They finally promised to export the whole of a hop harvest of one year. The people worked around the clock to fill the contract; the Government pocketed the proceeds. The community never recovered. Barak died in 1903— a broken-hearted man. (from http://www.sosj.org.au/_uploads/_cknw/files/Corenderrk.pdf) Artist William Barak is buried in this cemetery.

Victorian Interpretive Projects Inc., Redan, 3350

Photograph - Digital Image - Frederich William Kroschel - war medal

Key words

frederick william kroschel
fort family
world war 1

Digital copy of colour photographs

Historical information

Photograph of World War 1 medal awarded to Frederick William Kroschel. Fred was related to the Fort family.

Greensborough Historical Society,