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Victorian Collections -

Collecting Fire: A new kind of practice

7 Feb 2019

“While museums have traditionally aspired to collect “the real thing” and to create repositories of tangible evidence of our collective past, the essence of this project and its emerging collection was in making real the intangible through personal stories, symbols, and metaphors – giving form to matters of the heart. A new kind of museum practice was therefore needed.” - Sites of Trauma: Contemporary Collecting and Natural Disaster

Curated By

Lauren McAlary, Veterans Heritage Project Manager

146406 items

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146406 items

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Coin

Key words

coin
camp 13
internment camp

Copper coin with hole in centre featuring motifs and lettering "Internment Camp" on one side and "One Penny", currency value, on the other side.

Historical information

Coin found at Camp 13 when huts were being dismantled and relocated.

Tatura Irrigation & Wartime Camps Museum, Tatura

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Photograph - Cattanach Canal

Key words

irrigation
victoria state rivers and water supply commission
cattanach canal

Large sepia photograph - water filled channel inlet and bank - Man standing on platform looking down on concrete wall of measuring weir.

Historical information

Taken by the photographer for Victoria State Rivers and Water Supply Commission.

Inscriptions & Markings

Above photo: "Cattanach Canal / Inlet and Measuring Weir to Waranga Basin."

Tatura Irrigation & Wartime Camps Museum, Tatura

Photograph - Tom Flanagan

Historical information

Tom Flanagan at the Demolition of Sacred Heart Primary School. Built 1900 - Demolished 1966

Tatura Irrigation & Wartime Camps Museum, Tatura

DEATH CERTIFICATE, WWI Germany

Key words

documents- certificates
military history

Death certificate for a German Soldier mounted in plain black wooden fram.

Inscriptions & Markings

certificate reads ' Hermann Halbeisen Grenadier 4th company 424 Grenadier Regt. died 27 May 1944'

Bendigo Soldiers Memorial Institute Military Museum, Bendigo

Form 2B 1959

Key words

williamstown high school
1959
form 2b
class photographs

Copy of black and white photograph of Williamstown High School Form 2B 1959.

Inscriptions & Markings

See image above

Williamstown High School , Williamstown

labels

Key words

labels-orbost-butter commerce

Large square white labels with red print - "ORBOST BUTTER".

Historical information

These unused labels would have been used at the Orbost Butter and Produce Factory.

Significance

The Orbost Butter and Produce Co. Ltd was registered on June 1st 1893 and was an important source of income to the Orbost district.

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

Book - Port Fairy – The Town That Kept Its Character

Key words

port fairy
marten syme, port fairy
history of warrnambool

This is a hard cover book of 295 pages. The cover is grey with gold lettering on the spine. The dust cover has white printing and an illustration with a green background with a multi-colour design of sailing ships, trees and harbour entrance. The pages of printed material are in five parts with a bibliography and an index. The book has black and white photographs, maps and other illustrative material.

Historical information

This book by Marten Syme is a history of Port Fairy from 1835 to 2018. The earlier histories of Port Fairy do not cover most of the 20th century and none of the 21st century. This book is a scholarly work and offers fresh perspectives on many aspects of Port Fairy history and questions some long-held views, especially on the early years of the town. Port Fairy, 293 kilometres west of Melbourne, has a rich history and is one of the earliest places in Victoria to be settled by Europeans. The author Marten Syme has written extensively on both maritime and local history and is a resident of Port Fairy.

Significance

This book is of considerable significance as it is a comprehensive history of Port Fairy and complements and adds to the earlier histories of this town. It will be a very useful addition to libraries and will be a great aid to family history and local history researchers.

Inscriptions & Markings

Signature of author (Marten A. Syme)

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

Page from Magazine

Key words

tennis

Page 836 of Harper's Weekly (1892), featuring lithographic bust portraits of the top four players, and a photograph of the action at Newport Casino during, the 1892 U.S. Open. Materials: Paper, Ink

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

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Artwork - Printmaking - 'Moon Dog' by Juli Haas

Key words

juli haas
gippsland campus
gippsland printmaking teaching collection
printmaking
alumni
churchill

Unframed lithograph

Historical information

The Gippsland Art School collects examples of limited edition prints to use as a teaching collection. The collection is largely unframed and comprises works from the Print Council of Australia, staff members and former students.

Inscriptions & Markings

4/5

Federation University Australia Art Collection ,

no image

Archive File - FRYDENBERG, Joshua

Key words

kew historical society - archives
members of parliament - kew (vic)
politics - national - kew (vic)

Sundry newspaper photographs and articles on the Federal Member for the Electorate of Kew, Joshua Frydenberg.

Historical information

Since its foundation in 1958, members of the Kew Historical Society have been compiling and storing information about subjects relating to the history of Kew and its environs, of which this file is an example. Typically files will contain primary and secondary sources.

Kew Historical Society Inc, Kew

Tournament Programme

Key words

tennis

Program: Davis Cup: Australia v Argentina Materials: Paper, Ink

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

Postcard - Geelong Harbour Trust Band, Winners of Double Event, Ballarat, 1910, B and C Grades

Key words

geelong harbour trust band
geelong
victoria
brass band
victorian bands' association
harry shugg
geelong city band
geelong municipal band
victorian bands' league

Rectangular black and white photograph printed on a postcard.

Historical information

The Geelong Harbour Trust Band was one of five brass bands existing in the Geelong area in the early 1900's. They were quite successful in competition under the direction of conductor Mr Harry Shugg. After their conductor, Harry Shugg left to conductor the Malvern Tramways Band in 1915, the band merged with the Geelong Municipal Band to become the Geelong City Band.

Significance

This postcard is significant as it provides a historical window on this (former) brass band and their achievements. The postcard is also significant as it is part of a series of four in the VBL's collection which have Mr Harry Shugg (conductor) as a central figure.

Inscriptions & Markings

Front: "GEELONG HARBOUR TRUST BAND, Winners of Double Event, Ballarat, 1910, B and C Grades On a Complete Set of Higham Clear Bore Band Instruments. LYONS, Sole Agend, 256 Bourke St., Melb.

Victorian Bands' League, YARRAVILLE

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NEWSPAPER

Key words

local history
document
newspaper
clunes guardian & gazette newspaper

CLUNES GUARDIAN & GAZETTE WEDNESDAY, 10TH MARCH, 1948

Historical information

THE CLUNES GUARDIAN & GAZETTE WAS PRINTED AT THE "GUARDIAN" OFFICE FRASER STREET, CLUNES, FOR THE PROPRIETRESS.

Clunes Museum, Clunes

Photograph - Ivy Medhurst (1896-1972)

Key words

medhurst family
ivy medhurst

Links: 00190:00369:00806 Black and white studio portrait of young woman in dark dress.

Historical information

Daughter of David and Martha Medhurst.

Significance

A member of the Medhurst family, Greensborough pioneers

Inscriptions & Markings

In pan on back: Ivy Medhurst, Born 1896-1972, age 76. Daughter of David and Martha Medhurst

Greensborough Historical Society, Lower Plenty

Photograph - TELE EX PF 1927_0001

Key words

telephones
telephonists

Black and white photograph

Port Fairy Historical Society Museum and Archives, Port Fairy

Plan - Melbourne and Metropolitan Board of Works : Borough of Kew : Detail Plan No.1565

Key words

melbourne and metropolitan board of works, detail plans
mmbw 1565

Original survey plan, issued by the MMBW to a contractor with responsibility for constructing sewers in the area identified on the plan within the Borough of Kew. The plan was at some stage hand-coloured, possibly by the contractor, but more likely by officers working in the Engineering Department of the Borough and later Town, then City of Kew. The hand-coloured sections of buildings on the plan were used to denote masonry or brick constructions (pink), weatherboard constructions (yellow), and public buildings (grey). MMBW Plan No.1565 is an example of a plan where a number of streets have been created since the area was surveyed, or in other cases renamed. The plan shows those streets that were bordered by Ross Street, Mount Street, Sackville Street and Burke Road. Since 1905, Mawson Street has been created and Mont Albert Road renamed as Dean Street. Named houses on the plan include ‘Tyrol’, ‘Glengorse’, ‘Theodore Villa’, ‘Arncliffe’, ‘Ballynira’ and ‘Hazeldene’. The plan also shows a Wesleyan Church in Sackville Street. In 1883, the Church’s Sunday School celebrated its silver anniversary.

Historical information

The Melbourne and Metropolitan Board of Works (MMBW) plans were produced from the 1890s to the 1950s. They were crucial to the design and development of Melbourne's sewerage and drainage system. The plans, at a scale of 40 feet to 1 inch (1:480), provide a detailed historical record of Melbourne streetscapes and environmental features. Each plan covers one or two street blocks (roughly six streets), showing details of buildings, including garden layouts and ownership boundaries, and features such as laneways, drains, bridges, parks, municipal boundaries and other prominent landmarks as they existed at the time each plan was produced. (Source: State Library of Victoria).

Significance

This plan forms part of a large group of MMBW plans and maps that was donated to the Society by the Mr Poulter, City Engineer of the City of Kew in 1989. Within this collection, thirty-five hand-coloured plans, backed with linen, are of statewide significance as they include annotations that provide details of construction materials used in buildings in the first decade of the 20th century as well as additional information about land ownership and usage. The copies in the Public Record Office Victoria and the State Library of Victoria are monochrome versions which do not denote building materials so that the maps in this collection are invaluable and unique tools for researchers and heritage consultants. A number of the plans are not held in the collection of the State Library of Victoria so they have the additional attribute of rarity.

Kew Historical Society Inc, Kew

Photograph (police car)

Key words

police vehicles; wireless patrol; motor transport branch; ford fairlane car

Front view of Ford Fairlane registration number HDK-021. Vehicle has a light on top and siren on the right hand front and is in front of a brick wall with wooden, locked doors. Circa 1959

Victoria Police Museum, Docklands

poster

Key words

orbost-station clarke-sir-william orbost-estate

A rectangular paper poster for the sale of the Orbost Estate on Forest Road, Orbost. It is dated "Thursday Dec 1898" and was made for the sale of the 1,440 acres of Orbost Station after the death of Sir William Clarke. The poster gives written details of the sale and a plan of the property.

Historical information

This poster was made for the sale of the 1,440 acres of Orbost Station after the death of Sir William Clarke. It was sold by Edward Trenchard & Co. which was the oldest Stock and Station agent in Victoria assisted by Desailly, Macarthur & Co were livestock experts. Sir William Clarke had taken over the Orbost run from the McLeods in 1870. When Sir William died the property was owned by his son, Rupert who offered the land for sale at 4 pounds per acre. No sale resulted and the property was leased for a few years until in 1898 it was subdivided and sold to many of Orbost's first families. (info. from In Times Gone By- Deborah Hall)

Significance

This is an important reminder of the very early history of the settlement of Orbost.

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

Digital photographs - Wavelet at Killarney Beach, 2016

Key words

beach
wave
killarney
killarney beach
killarney, victoria
coast
ocean
seascape
landscape

Colour photograph of a wavelet at Killarney Beach.

Ballarat Heritage Services, Bakery Hill Post Office

Beret

Key words

headgear
vietnam
general

Support for Life

Running Rabbits Military Museum operated by the Upwey Belgrave RSL Sub Branch, Upwey

Year 9SC 1994

Key words

year 9sc 1994
williamstown high school
class photographs
1994

Colour photograph of Year 9SC 1994

Williamstown High School , Williamstown

no image

Photograph - Blasting to clear blockage circa 1940's

Key words

g.o.r; road blockage; road-blasting-1940's

Photograph showing workmen clearing blockage on the G.O.R. circa 1940's

Lorne Historical Society, Lorne

Document, envelope

Buff Legacy envelope P5 Power House which held photos (items 00427 to 00430).

Historical information

Envelope with Legacy logo and return address printed on it. It was marked P5, Power House. The contents were Big Camp photos that are items 00427 to 00430.

Significance

A record of which photos were stored together as Big Camp photos.

Inscriptions & Markings

Legacy address and logo printed in blue ink. "P5 Power House" in red pen and "Box 15" in blue pen.

Melbourne Legacy, Melbourne

Photograph - Digital image - Young Doris Jones

Key words

charles marshall
doris jones

Digital copy of black and white photograph

Historical information

Photograph of a young Doris Jones

Greensborough Historical Society, Lower Plenty

Journal - Sheep Liaison Notes no. 10, Feb. 1960

Key words

sheep breeding
csiro agricultural research liaison section

Historical information

"Sheep Liaison Notes" no. 10, Feb. 1960. 'Sheep Reproduction' issue. Produced by the Agricultural Research Liaison Section of CSIRO. Limited circulation publication produced for extension officers in State Departments.

Inscriptions & Markings

W.R. MONTGOMERY

National Wool Museum, Geelong

000553A Photograph - Florrie Newton - C Newton

Inverloch Historical Society, Inverloch

Photograph - Digital image - Unidentified woman

Digital copy of black and white studio photograph.

Historical information

This studio portrait is of a young woman, unfortunately she has not been identified.

Greensborough Historical Society, Lower Plenty

Photograph - Fitzsimons Lane bridge duplication; 6 Jul 1991

Key words

fitzsimons lane bridge

Roll of 35mm colour negative film, 4 strips

Inscriptions & Markings

Fuji 100

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Photograph - Printery in Adelaide St. Ringwood intruding into the hospital grounds 1963 (Eastland Litigation Photo)

Historical information

This series of SS0380 photos are part of the "Eastland Litigation" launched in 1962 by the Whitehorse Traders Co-operative Association (WTCA), against the Ringwood Council's Interim Development Order of 1960. WTCA sought "orders from the Supreme Court of Victoria that the planning scheme was invalid" - See "The Eastland Litigation" chapter in "From Horse Shoes to High Heels - Ringwood Shopping Centre and Eastland 1858-2008" by Richard Carter, Bounce Books 2009.

Inscriptions & Markings

Written on back of photograph, 'Photo showing how the printery in Adelaide St. intrudes into the hospital grounds. See also how the printery extends back towards the hospital. Pines Hospital Adelaide St. next to "Mail" office'. Stamps on photographs read, 'Edwin G. Adamson...May 63' and 'In the Supreme Court 13 Aug. 1963'.

Ringwood and District Historical Society, Ringwood

Photograph - Gerard C De Vries Mayor 1992

Key words

belfast
mayor
portrait
government
shire
council
municipal
local-government

Coloured portrait

Historical information

Gerard C De Vries Mayor 1992

Port Fairy Historical Society Museum and Archives, Port Fairy

Stationery

Key words

dennys
lascelles limited

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Theatre Poster - Aunty Donna performing at the Melbourne Athenaeum Theatre on 2 July 2016 as part of Melbourne International Comedy Festival

Melbourne Athenaeum Archives, Melbourne

Book - A Complete Concordance to the Holy Scriptures

Key words

warrnambool
shipwrecked-coast
flagstaff-hill
flagstaff-hill-maritime-museum
maritime-museum
shipwreck-coast
flagstaff-hill-maritime-village
shipwrecked-artefact
book
warrnambool mechanics’ institute
pattison collection
warrnambool library
ralph eric pattison
warrnambool city librarian
mechanics’ institute library
victorian library board
warrnambool books and records
warrnambool children’s library
a complete concordance to the holy scriptures
alexander cruden

A Complete Concordance to the Holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments forming a Dictionary and Alphabetical Index to the Bible Author: Alexander Cruden Publisher: Ward, Lock and Co Date: 1909

Historical information

This item is from the ‘Pattison Collection’, a collection of books and records that was originally owned by the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute, which was founded in Warrnambool in 1853. By 1886 the Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute (WMI) had grown to have a Library, Museum and Fine Arts Gallery, with a collection of “… choice productions of art, and valuable specimens in almost every branch and many wonderful national curiosities are now to be seen there, including historic relics of the town and district.” It later included a School of Design. Although it was very well patronised, the lack of financial support led the WMI in 1911 to ask the City Council to take it over. In 1935 Ralph Pattison was appointed as City Librarian to establish and organise the Warrnambool Library as it was then called. When the WMI building was pulled down in 1963 a new civic building was erected on the site and the new Warrnambool Library, on behalf of the City Council, took over all the holdings of the WMI. At this time some of the items were separated and identified as the ‘Pattison Collection’, named after Ralph Pattison. Eventually the components of the WMI were distributed from the Warrnambool Library to various places, including the Art Gallery, Historical Society and Flagstaff Hill. Later some were even distributed to other regional branches of Corangamite Regional Library and passed to and fro. It is difficult now to trace just where all of the items have ended up. The books at Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village generally display stamps and markings from Pattison as well as a variety of other institutions including the Mechanics’ Institute itself. RALPH ERIC PATTISON Ralph Eric Pattison was born in Rockhampton, Queensland, in 1891. He married Maude Swan from Warrnambool in 1920 and they set up home in Warrnambool. In 1935 Pattison accepted a position as City Librarian for the Warrnambool City Council. His huge challenge was to make a functional library within two rooms of the Mechanics’ Institute. He tirelessly cleaned, cleared and sorted a disarrayed collection of old books, jars of preserved specimens and other items reserved for exhibition in the city’s museum. He developed and updated the library with a wide variety of books for all tastes, including reference books for students; a difficult task to fulfil during the years following the Depression. He converted all of the lower area of the building into a library, reference room and reading room for members and the public. The books were sorted and stored using a cataloguing and card index system that he had developed himself. He also prepared the upper floor of the building and established the Art Gallery and later the Museum, a place to exhibit the many old relics that had been stored for years for this purpose. One of the treasures he found was a beautiful ancient clock, which he repaired, restored and enjoyed using in his office during the years of his service there. Ralph Pattison was described as “a meticulous gentleman whose punctuality, floorless courtesy and distinctive neat dress were hallmarks of his character, and ‘his’ clock controlled his daily routine, and his opening and closing of the library’s large heavy doors to the minute.” Pattison took leave during 1942 to 1942 to serve in the Royal Australian Navy, Volunteer Reserve as Lieutenant. A few years later he converted one of the Museum’s rooms into a Children’s Library, stocking it with suitable books for the younger generation. This was an instant success. In the 1950’s he had the honour of being appointed to the Victorian Library Board and received more inspiration from the monthly conferences in Melbourne. He was sadly retired in 1959 after over 23 years of service, due to the fact that he had gone over the working age of council officers. However he continued to take a very keen interest in the continual development of the Library until his death in 1969.

Significance

The Pattison Collection, along with other items at Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, was originally part of the Warrnambool Mechanics' Institute’s collection. The Warrnambool Mechanics’ Institute Collection is primarily significant in its totality, rather than for the individual objects it contains. Its contents are highly representative of the development of Mechanics' Institute libraries across Australia, particularly Victoria. A diversity of publications and themes has been amassed, and these provide clues to our understanding of the nature of and changes in the reading habits of Victorians from the 1850s to the middle of the 20th century. The collection also highlights the Warrnambool community’s commitment to the Mechanics’ Institute, reading, literacy and learning in the regions, and proves that access to knowledge was not impeded by distance. These items help to provide a more complete picture of our community’s ideals and aspirations. The Warrnambool Mechanics Institute book collection has historical and social significance for its strong association with the Mechanics Institute movement and the important role it played in the intellectual, cultural and social development of people throughout the latter part of the nineteenth century and the early twentieth century. The collection of books is a rare example of an early lending library and its significance is enhanced by the survival of an original collection of many volumes. The Warrnambool Mechanics' Institute’s publication collection is of both local and state significance.

Inscriptions & Markings

Label on spine cover with typed text PAT 220.2 CRU Pastedown end page has sticker from Warrnambool Mechanics Institute and Free Library Front loose endpaper has a sticker from Corangamite Regional Library Service

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Shirt

Key words

uniform
1980
army

Shirt Poly long sleeve

Running Rabbits Military Museum operated by the Upwey Belgrave RSL Sub Branch, Upwey

Artwork - Banksia laevigata by Celia Rosser, 1988

Key words

celia rosser
gippsland campus
churchill
banksia
banksia laevigata

Framed photolithograph of a banksia.

Federation University Australia Art Collection ,

Photograph - Koalas

Key words

koalas
postcards
photographs
wildlife - koala

Small black & white photo of 3 koalas in a tree.

Historical information

One of many common photos sold to tourists as souvenirs

Inscriptions & Markings

Australian Koala Bears

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

Photograph - Digital image - Greensborough Swimming Pool 1

Key words

greensborough swimming pool

Digital copy of colour photograph

Historical information

The old Greensborough Swimming Pool.

Significance

This Pool was demolished to make way for the Watermarc complex.

Greensborough Historical Society, Lower Plenty

Photograph - Post Card

Key words

views newhaven
newhaven phillip island
coastal views
mrs d motton
kevin findlay

Coloured postcard taken from San Remo looking across to Newhaven, Phillip Island. Photograph showing two trees either side with lady in long dress and umbrella near the shoreline.

Historical information

Postcard donated by Mrs D Motton given to Kevin Findlay, Lang Lang.

Inscriptions & Markings

Newhaven from San Remo, Phillip Island.

Phillip Island and District Historical Society Inc., COWES

Tournament Programme

Key words

tennis

Australian Open Official Program Materials: Paper, Ink, Cardboard

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

Newspaper clipping - Police reports March 2015

Key words

greensborough
eltham

News clipping, black text, colour image.

Historical information

Police reports of incidents in the Diamond Valley area, including Greensborough, Eltham and Bundoora.

Greensborough Historical Society, Lower Plenty

Document - Rules of the Association 2012

Old Castlemaine Schoolboys Association Inc., CASTLEMAINE

Pottery (jar): Phyl DUNN (b.1911 - d.1999 Melb, AUS) - Ginger Jar

Nillumbik Shire Council,

Cruet set

Key words

allansford
orr family
addington
tableware
dining setting
condiments
eddington

This cruet set has a diamond-shaped silver plated tray with four knobs for legs. A hoop-shaped frame is screwed underneath and holds four circular frames for holding condiment bottles. The frame has a truncated triangular top. Four crystal cut bottles with a diamond pattern fit into the framework. Two have crystal cut glass stoppers and two have silver-plated lids. One silver lid is hinged and has a spoon hole and the other has many small holes (for pepper?).

Historical information

This cruet set belonged to the Orr family of Addington, family of the donor.

Significance

This is typical of a table condiment set.

Cheese World Museum, Allansford

Photograph - Rev. Dr. Francis Macnab

Key words

macnab, francis
st. michael's uc
cairnmillar institute

The three head & shoulders photos show Macnab at three different periods in his life.

Historical information

Macnab was the minister of St Michael's Uniting Church (formerly Collins Street Independent Church) from 1971 to 2016. Macnab was born to J. D. Macnab and Mary Anne Louisa Hughes on 21 June 1931. Macnab married his wife, Sheila, in 1958. They have three children, two daughters and a son. He was made a member of the Order of Australia for his contributions to psychotherapy and religion. Training and psychological work - Macnab holds a Doctor of Divinity degree from the University of Aberdeen. He has honorary doctorates from the University of Melbourne and RMIT in psychology and applied science. In 1961, Macnab opened the Cairnmillar Institute, a clinical psychological centre, the largest in Australia, which was for some time the largest training body for psychologists and counsellors in the country. He was its Executive Director. Macnab founded and is director of the Australian Foundation for Aftermath Reactions which provides trauma treatment and training. He is a Fellow of the Australian Psychological Society. Following a ministry at Prahran Presbyterian Church from 1961 to 1970, Macnab became minister of the then Collins Street Congregational Church, now known as "St Michael's on Collins", in 1971. The church became a congregation of the Uniting Church in Australia at its inception in 1977.

Inscriptions & Markings

"Rev. Dr. Francis Macnab"

Uniting Church Archives - Synod of Victoria, Malvern East

no image

Document - Nhill Golf Club Centenarty score card

Nhill & District Historical Society Inc., Nhill

Coin

Key words

flagstaff hill
warrnambool
shipwrecked coast
flagstaff hill maritime museum
maritime museum
shipwreck coast
flagstaff hill maritime village
great ocean road
coin
currency
money
legal tender
australian currency history
royal mint
british shilling 1897
thomas brock
edward paynter
great britain shilling
queen victoria currency
queen victoria 50 years golden jubilee shilling
colonial australia currency
numismatics

Coin, Great Britain Shilling, 1897. Silver coin, round. Obverse; Queen Victoria head, ‘Old Head’, looking left. Reverse; 3 shields (each crowned) - 3 passant lions (England), 1 rampant lion (Scotland), golden harp (Northern Ireland) - floral symbols between them – 1 open rose, 2 thistles. Inscriptions on both sides of coin.

Historical information

This Great Britain one shilling coin is dated 1897, which is during the reign of Queen Victoria. There were over 6 million of these coins minted. Queen Victoria succeeded King William IV to the British Throne in 1837 – she was only 18 years old at the time – and she ruled until 1901. British coins such as this one shilling were in circulation in the colony of Australia until 1910, when the Commonwealth of Australia began producing its own coinage. This one shilling coin was minted by the Royal Mint at Royal Mint Court, in Little Tower Hill, London, England. Coins for circulation in the Kingdom of England, Great Britain and most of the British Empire were produced here until the 1960’s when the Royal Mint shifted location to Wales. There are three main groups of shillings produced during Queen Victoria’s reign:- - The Young Head; 1837-1887, in 8 different versions, on the obverse showing the Queen’s maturing face over 50 years. - The Junior Head; 1887-1892, minted when Queen Victoria had been reigning for 50 years. Her head was smaller on the coins minted 1887-1889 than on those shillings minted 1889-1892. - The Old Head; 1893-1901, shows the veiled head of Queen Victoria. The obverse side of the coin was designed by Thomas Brock. The inscription’s translation is “Victoria by the Grace of God, Queen of the British territories, Defender of the Faith, Empress of India”. The reverse side of the coin was designed by Edward Paynter. The inscription "HONI SOIT QUI MAL Y PENSE" translates as "Evil be to him who evil thinks". AUSTRALIAN CURRENCY The early settlers of Australia brought their own currency with them so a wide variety of coins, tokens and even ‘promissory’ notes (often called IOU’s) were used in the exchange of goods and services. In 1813 Spanish dollars were imported and converted for use by punching a hole in the centre of the coin. Both the outer ring, called the holey dollar, and the punched out ‘hole’, called the dump, were then counter-stamped and used as the official currency. In 1825 the British Government passed the Sterling Silver Currency Act, making the British Pound the only legal form of currency in the Australian colonies. Not enough British currency was imported into the colony so other forms of currency were still used. In the mid 1800’s Australia entered the Gold Rush period when many made their fortunes. Gold was used for trading, often shaped into ingots, stamped with their weight and purity, and one pound tokens. In 1852 the Adelaide Assay Office, without British approval, made Australia’s first gold coin to meet the need for currency in South Australia after the Gold Rush began. In 1855 the official Australian Mint opened in Sydney, operating as a branch of the Royal Mint in London, and the gold was turned into coins called ‘sovereigns’. Other branches also opened in Melbourne and Perth. Up to the time of Australia becoming a federation in 1901 its currency included British copper and silver coins, Australian gold sovereigns, locally minted copper trade tokens, private bank notes, New South Wales and Queensland government treasury notes and Queensland government banknotes. After Federation the Australian government began to overwrite privately issued notes and prepared for the introduction of its own currency. In 1910 a National Australian Currency was formed, based on the British currency of ‘pounds, shillings and pence’ and the first Commonwealth coining was produced, removing the power from the States. In 1966, on February 14th, Australia changed over to the decimal currency system of dollars and cents.

Significance

Australia did not have its own currency in the colonial times. Settlers brought money from other countries and they also traded goods such as grain when currency was scarce. For a long time there was no standardised value for the different currencies. In 1825 British currency became the only official currency in the colony of Australia and coins such as this silver shilling were imported into Australia to replace the mixture of foreign currency. Australia became a Federated nation on 1st January 1901. In 1910 National Australian Currency was formed and Australia produced its own currency, based on the British ‘pounds, shillings and pence’. The British currency was no longer valid. This silver shilling is of national significance as it represents the British currency used in Australia from 1825-1910. This silver shilling is also of significance to Australia as part one of the British Colonies ruled by Queen Victoria. It is part of the special silver and gold coins minted 1887-1893 to celebrate the 50 years Jubilee of Queen Victoria’s reign 1837-1887.

Inscriptions & Markings

Obverse “VICTORIA . DEI . GRA . BRITT . REGINA . FID . DEF . IND . IMP” Reverse “ONE SHILLING, 1897, Inner band, some letters hidden - HONI SO VI Y PENSE”

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

black and white photograph

Key words

transport horse-drawn-vehicle

A black / white photograph of five well - dressed men on a four horse drawn cart. It is on a rough bush track. Three men are standing, the others sitting. There are trees and bush in the background There is another horse - drawn vehicle on the left in the background.

Significance

This photograph is a record of the time when horse drawn vehicles were the main form of transport.

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

no image

Frame - Maher Family History framed

Key words

maher family
bernard maher
charles maher

Large frame containing: photos - history of Charles Maher, who settled land in Tatura in 1873. Under glass.

Historical information

Made by Bernard Maher, descendant of Charles Maher.

Tatura Irrigation & Wartime Camps Museum, Tatura

Caulfield Borough Council members, 1901

Key words

caulfield borough
jowett
f
pennington
h
slaney
kirkham
c. f.
sharp
t. c.
riddell
w. t. c.
lempriere
j. t.
muntz
t. b
wood
f. g.
bayston
w. s.
lloyd
c. dup.
phillips
r. l.
long
j
mayors

Photograph of Caulfield Borough council members, 1901

Glen Eira Historical Society, Caulfield South

Scales: Large, Iron And Brass

Large cast iron body with brass weighing trays and chians. Cast iron beam. Painted decoration on beam with wording "Degrave, short and fann" Gold leaf decoration. Black painted overall.

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat