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Victorian Collections -

Prisoner of War & Internment Camps: Tatura and Rushworth

1 Oct 2018

During the First World War, the theatres of Europe felt worlds away for Australians on the home front. The Second World War’s Pacific stage brought war closer to home. For some Victorian country towns, the repercussions of war arrived right on their doorstep.

Curated By

Alana Bennett Mazzilli, Work experience student, Academy of Mary Immaculate

137350 items

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137350 items

Whale bone

Key words

flagstaff hill
warrnambool
shipwrecked-coast
flagstaff-hill
flagstaff-hill-maritime-museum
maritime-museum
shipwreck-coast
flagstaff-hill-maritime-village

Whale bone vertebrae advanced stage of calcification as indicated by deep pitting.

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Drawing

Key words

national wool museum

Pen and ink drawing, on paper, of the Gail Schaeffer wool mural, held at the National Wool Museum, Geelong, by David Williams.

Historical information

One of a set of drawings of the National Wool Museum by David Williams

Inscriptions & Markings

David Williams '90 41% 9 SCHUTZMACHER SHOELLESHAMMER 9

National Wool Museum, Geelong

no image

Photograph

Key words

houses
hedges
trees
windows
benson
george
straughan
o'brien
terence
boardman
arthur
curtis
william
mrs. mckay

A coloured copy of a white weatherboard house with a bay window on the RHS of the house.

Historical information

This photograph of 'Clyde" was taken in 1984. The house at 44 Harker Street was constructed in late 1866 and was significant as one of Sunbury's earliest surviving houses.

Hume City Civic Collection, Sunbury

Compact disc - Briar Hill Primary School - A reflective look 1927- 2007.

Key words

briar hill primary school

Links: 00086:00261:00868:00892 1 compact disc in plastic case.

Historical information

One Power point presentation (dated 27/11/2007) to commemorate the 80th anniversary of Briar Hill Primary School in 2007. Contents: a selection of unnamed class photographs from 1927 - 2006. Activities include Spring Fair 2007.

Significance

A production of the Briar Hill Primary School to celebrate 80 years.

Greensborough Historical Society,

Basket

Key words

decorative art
chinese

Small green-glazed basket in form of a lantern with central handle body formed by lattice work

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

Photograph (police car)

Key words

police vehicles; motor transport branch; motor transport section; russell street

Buses in Russell Street garage. Circa 1969

Victoria Police Museum, Docklands

Newspaper article - The Vintage, By Brunl - The North-Eastern District

Key words

wineries
wine industry
vintage
north east victoria
rutherglen

Black and white photographic reproduction of an article from the Australasian, Saturday 16 March 1889, page 14.

Historical information

Date of issue confirmed on TROVE.

Rutherglen Historical Society, Rutherglen

Photograph - Black and White - Waterfilled Remains of the Ballarat School of Mines Model Mine Shaft, 1980

Key words

ballarat school of mines
model mine
battery
mine shaft

Black and white photograph of the watervilled remains of the Ballarat School of Mines Model Mine Shaft, which was uncovered in August 1980.

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

no image

Album - Bialik College in the Press, 2015

Key words

2000s

Historical information

Album of newspaper clippings featuring Bialik, 2015. Please contact archives@bialik.vic.edu.au to request access to this record.

Bialik College, Hawthorn East 3123

Poster

Key words

tennis

Two part object: two framed monochrome posters, reproductions of 17th Century prints, both entitled 'TENNIS'; (.1) features image of court tennis and below specifications for eight paddles and early racquets. (.2) features drawings and specifications for balls, racquets, racquet strings, poles and ground stakes. Both parts framed in blue plastic frames. Materials: Ink, Paper, Metal, Cardboard, Wood

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

Photograph - Black and White - Ballarat Technical School Form 4A - 1970

Federation University Australia Historical Collection (Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre), Mount Helen

Photograph - Alan Marshall at his Eltham home with secretary, Pat Wiltshire, c.1970

Key words

alan marshall
pioneers and painters
pat wiltshire

Colour positive film 120 6 x 6 format

Historical information

Taken at the time Alan Marshall was writing "Pioneers and Painters: 100 years of the Shire of Eltham"

Inscriptions & Markings

Kodak Safety, sectioned frames 3, 10 and 12

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Cap

Key words

headgear
army

Cotton Green Cap.

Running Rabbits Military Museum operated by the Upwey Belgrave RSL Sub Branch, Upwey

Ticket - Warrnambool Amateur Turf Club

Key words

horse racing in warrnambool
warrnambool amateur turf club
history of warrnambool

This is a small piece of light cardboard, blue on one side and white on the other. The card has rounded edges. On the blue side it has the emblem of the Warrnambool Amateur Turf Club and gold printing. The card has gilt edging.

Historical information

This card from the Warrnambool Amateur Turf Club is a pass for a lady for the meeting of 5th May 1914. This day was part of the three-day 1914 May Racing Carnival which featured the Warrnambool Cup and the Grand Annual Steeplechase. The first organized horse race in Warrnambool was held in 1848 at Jetty Flat and the Warrnambool Racecourse was first in use in 1858 with the Warrnambool Racing Club established in 1873. The Warrnambool Amateur Turf Club was established in 1859 and was the only Amateur Turf Club in Victoria. It no longer exists

Significance

This card is of interest as it is a memento of the Warrnambool Amateur Turf Club, an important early sporting club in Warrnambool. It is also an early memento of the Warrnambool May Racing Carnival, today a premier sporting event in the city and beyond and it is officially a Victorian Major Event.

Inscriptions & Markings

‘Wednesday May 5 1914, Lady’s Ticket, Not Transferable, A.H.Davies Sec.’

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

Photograph - Pedestrian suspension bridge over the Yarra River at Lower Plenty

Key words

bridges
yarra river
odyssey house
bonds road
lower plenty
seminary
blessed sacrament fathers

Two black and white photographs of footbridge over Yarra River, part of the Ruffey Trail just off the Main Yarra Trail near the former seminary (now Odyssey House) Lower Plenty

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Photograph - Padre Oliver

Mission to Seafarers Victoria, Docklands

no image

Book - Ledger 1927 - 1930

Key words

flanagans store

Black leather ledger with gold writing. Dates on white label.

Historical information

Ledger of Flanagan's Store, Tatura, employees 1927-1930. Includes loose page of birthdays of some employees.

Tatura Irrigation & Wartime Camps Museum, Tatura

no image

Hammer

hammer, strapped

Historical information

This item is part of the Thomas Caine Tool Collection, owned by The National Trust of Australia (Victoria) and curated by the Hand Tools Preservation Association of Australia.

Hand Tool Preservation Association of Australia Inc, Caulfield

Periodical - Aboriginal history

Inscriptions & Markings

maps, b&w photographs

Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages, Fitzroy

Photograph

Key words

wileman
herb
raleigh
j.
mckerrow
john
richards
h.
cliff
h.j.
gellie
c.j.
sorrighan
w. j.
mcmahon
j. j.
council chambers
shire of bulla

A black and white photograph of a council meeting in progress in the new council chambers which were completed in 1963. Three plaques are on the wall behind John Kelly, Cr. J.J Raleigh and J. Mckerrow.

Historical information

The photograph was taken three years adfter the new shire offices for the Shire of Bulla were opened. Cr. John J. Raleigh is presiding in the president's chair. other council members are from L-R: H. Wileman, J.J. McMahon, R.Fisher, H.J.Cliff, C.J.Gellie and W.J. Sorrighan.

Hume City Civic Collection, Sunbury

Photograph - Digital image - Grave of Hugh Rennie Duncan, Greensborough Cemetery

Key words

hugh rennie duncan
greensborough cemetery

Links: 01905.01937 Digital copy of colour photograph of grave/headstone.

Historical information

Grave of Hugh Rennie Duncan (died 31/12/1913) in Plot# Q11 Greensborough Cemetery

Significance

Greensborough Cemetery was created when land was given for the cemetery by Mr William Poulter, a local settler, about 1864. The cemetery holds the graves of many early settlers in the district.

Greensborough Historical Society,

Saucer

Key words

chinese
gold
floral
goldfields
gios
tableware
glaze
porcelain
dish
buckland
celadon
handpainted

Chinese porcelain food dish, glazed with floral decoration. Handpainted on inside surface. Celadon background with floral design in colours, pink, green, white and brown with gold frosting on leaves.

Historical information

Brought to the Ovens Goldfields by Chinese men working in the area in the 19th century. Most likely made in China.

Significance

Aldo Gios recorded the location of where most of the pieces in this collection were found. Some maps drawn by Aldo Gios also give more detail. This detail is rare, as most pieces of broken crockery were discarded and complete items were usually collected with no thought to recording the location they came from. Part of one of the largest collections of Chinese ware found in the Upper Ovens area and the only one recording the location where found.

Inscriptions & Markings

Chinese writing or maker’s stamp on base in orange ink / dye.

Bright & District Historical Society operating the Bright Museum, Bright

Black and white photograph - Mills, Charles

Key words

pioneer
settler
portrait
people
family

Black and white photograph

Port Fairy Historical Society , Port Fairy

Image - Hurling, 1906

Key words

hurling
irish
fitzroy
brunswick
richmond
emerald hill

Line image of a the game hurling.

Historical information

In 1906 the Melbourne metropolitan competition consisted of the following teams: Fitzroy, Brunswick, Richmond and Emerald Hill.

Victorian Interpretive Projects Inc., Redan, 3350

Photograph - Historical Display, Kew Festival, 2001

Key words

kew historical society - exhibitions

Photograph of historical items displayed by Kew Historical Society in the Phyllis Hore Room at the Kew Library during the 2001 Kew Festival.

Kew Historical Society Inc, Kew

handsaw

Key words

tool timber-industry handsaw

Hand saw with a skew-back, steel blade and a wooden handle. It has three metal saw pins and a medallion marked 'warranted superior'. There is a chip carved wheat sheaf decorating the front hand grip. This handsaw is probably a Disston Keystone K-4 Air Master

Historical information

Donated by the Harry Cameron family, Harry's father, James Cameron, came to Bellagoogan on Majors Creek in 1882. Bellagoogan was on Majors Creek near Orbost and was the site of the first race course. Like many other at the time, the Camerons bred race horses.Harry died in 1964 aged 75.

Inscriptions & Markings

On a metal disc around a keyhole is "Warranted Superior".

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

Cathedral Building - St James Old Cathedral

Late Neo-Georgian style stone church building with bluestone footings. Octagonal upper one storey bell tower housing eight bells supported by two storey square towers. Body of church has sloping roof and 4 stained glass ornamental windows on each of west and east sides with decorative sanctuary window to the north. Decorative Portico with columns on the north outside elevation.

Historical information

St James Church, "Church of the Pioneers", was the first Church, first Anglican Church, and is the oldest building in Melbourne. The foundation stone was laid in 1839 by the Superintendent of the District of Bourke, Charles La Trobe, later Governor of the Colony of Victoria. The Church was opened in 1842 and the first Bishop Charles Perry was installed in the Cathedral in 1848 when its status changed to that of Cathedral. Its status changed back to that of a Parish church after 1891 when St Paul's Cathedral in Swanston Street was opened. St James is known as the "Church of the Pioneers" as it served as the place of worship, marriage, baptism and burial of many of the first families in the District of Bourke and the Colony of Victoria.

Significance

St James Old Cathedral is of the most important historic value to the community of Victoria and to the Australian nation as the first Anglican Church founded within 4 years of the settlement of Melbourne. It represents and conserves the very earliest history of white settlement in Victoria and preserves the church associated history of the Pioneer families of Victoria in its collection of original records and artefacts.

Inscriptions & Markings

National Trust Commemorative plate on outside wall to right of east entry door.

St James Old Cathedral,

Photographic print

Key words

tennis

Photo of Trabert Materials: Paper, Photographic emulsion

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

Photograph - Digital image - Eltham from John McLaughlin's Farm, 1935.

Key words

dorris mclaughlin
john mclaughlin
eltham

Digital copy of black and white photograph.

Historical information

Part of a collection of photographs owned by Dorris McLaughlin who was born in Greensborough, in 1899 to John McLaughlin and Rosalie Ellen Whatmough. The collection contains photographs of friends and relatives from the Greensborough and Eltham areas. This photograph shows a view of Eltham from John McLaughlin's farm.

Greensborough Historical Society,

Negative Photographic Reproduction - Enterprise mill 1920 Warburton

Key words

enterprise mill workers warburton 1920

Enterprise mill 1920 Warburton Negative Black white Scanned at 600 dpi.

Upper Yarra Museum, Yarra Junction

Postcard: Miners And Eureka Flag

Key words

mining
ballarat

The card is brown and white and depicts two miners and the Eureka flag as a line drawing. The two miners hold guns and are looking towards the right.

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

no image

Artwork - Ceramics - 'Salt Glazed Bowl' by John Edye

Key words

john edye
ceramics
jan feder memorial ceramics collection
gippsland

Historical information

John EDYE (1944- ) John Edye trained in London at Harrow School of Art in the 1970s, and worked with Peter Dick in Yorkshire and Colin Pearson in Aylesford, Kent before returning to Australia to head the Sturt Pottery at Mittagong from 1974 to early 1978. At Sturt, his trainees included Piers Laverty, Wim Boot, Will Castle, Ruth Elder, Colin McNeill, Penelope Carr, Patrick Forman and Malcolm Campbell. Edye introduced them to salt-glazing, a technique at that time not widely used by studio potters. After leaving Sturt, he established the Little Forest Pottery at Yerrinbool in the Southern Highlands of NSW with Penelope Carr, who moved to Hazelbrook to set up her own pottery in 1983. Edye ran his pottery on a production scale for many years, making reduced and salt glazed stoneware and tutoring part time at East Sydney Technical College. Recently he has been working in Egypt as a technical advisor to an aid project, and he was a speaker at the Australian Ceramics Triennale 09. His works are marked with an impressed 'JE' and/or with the three-lobed tree emblem of Little Forest Pottery.

Federation University Australia Art Collection ,

no image

Sling

St John's Ambulance practice arm sling printed with use of sling e.g. knee bandaging, head bandage numbers probably for reference to a booklet for details

Inscriptions & Markings

St John's Ambulance Association. Point, Side, Numbers and human figures

Port Fairy Historical Society , Port Fairy

Brush

Key words

flagstaff hill
warrnambool
shipwrecked-coast
flagstaff-hill
flagstaff-hill-maritime-museum
maritime-museum
shipwreck-coast
flagstaff-hill-maritime-village

Brush wooden spine with raised wooden handle. Bristle length is longer at one end.

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

no image

Document

1 Tower of London Souvenir

Nhill & District Historical Society Inc., Nhill

Shipbuilders model - Cape Otway

Ship builder's model of the bulk carrier Cape Otway IMO 7520229 built by Misui Engineering & Shipping Co. The burgundy and grey hull beneath a deck with detailed fittings and superstructure, presented within a glazed display case.

Historical information

In 2010, the Government announced that the ETV fleet would be no longer be funded by the MCA from September 2011, saving £32.5m over the Spending Review period. The Department stated that "state provision of ETVs does not represent a correct use of taxpayers money and that ship salvage should be a commercial matter between a ship's operator and the salvor".Two days after the announcement that the fleet was to be disbanded, Anglian Prince was sent to the aid of the UK's newest and largest nuclear submarine HMS Astute, which ran aground off the Isle of Skye in Scotland during sea trials. 1977 owners became Cape Otway Ltd, same managers 1978 Owners became Otway Shipping Co LTD, same managers August 1981 Returned to owners and bareboat chartered to the Australian National Line 1987: Sold, k/s Hansa Bulk 2. Barber International A/S managers. Renamed HANSA MARINER. Norway flag 1988 Sold K/S Stamariner. Helmer Staubo and Co Managers, renamed Stamariner. Norway (NIS flag) 1993: Sold Shipping Enterprise, renamed Tamarine, Malta flag 1998: sold renamed Andromechi 1998: Sold, Golden Union Shipping Co S.A Panama flag, renamed Flag Braveheart 2000: sold, Flag Sofia Shipping Company Ltd. renamed Flag Sofia. Malta flag. November 15th reported as being on fire at St Petersburg. Damage to the Officer's dining room, laundry and alleyways 2002: Sold Emirates Shipping Corporation Ltd. Emirates Trading Agency LLC, managers. Renamed PEARL OF ASMAN then amended PEALR OF AJMAN. Malta Flag 2003: March sold for scrap to ship breakers in Bangladesh

Inscriptions & Markings

On base of case: " M.V CAPE OTWAY/ OWNER : LYLE SHIPPING CO., LTD/ BUILDER : MITSUI ENGINEERING & SHIPBUILDING CO., LTD CHIBA WORKS/ BUILDER'S NO.: 1093/ CLASS: LLOYD'S REGISTER OF SHIPPING/ DEADWEIGHT...32,504KT/ LENGTH (OVERALL)... 179.000M/ LENGTH (P.p) 170.000M/ BREADTH (MLD)... 14.800M/ FULL LOAD DRAFT (EXT)... 10.677M/ MAIN ENGINE: MITSUI B&W 7K 74EF X 1 SET/ M.C.O.: 13,100 BHP X 124 RPM/ C.S.O: 11,900 BHP X 120 RPM/ TRIAL MAX. SPEED: 17.50 KTS 9AT = 17,870 KT, M.C.O.)/ DELIVERED : DECEMBER, 1976/ SCALE: 1/200" On model: "CAPE OTWAY/GLASGOW"

Seaworks Maritime Discovery Centre, Williamstown

Photograph album - The Chaplain (Rev. JR Weller) on holiday

Mission to Seafarers Victoria, Docklands

Felgrim Oiled Silk

8627.1 - Sealed envelope with oiled silk inside

Inscriptions & Markings

- "Felgrim" - Oiled silk - size 12 ins x 14 ins.

Coal Creek Community Park & Museum, Korumburra

Badge - German

Key words

tatura
numismatics
badges

Grey metal oval shaped badge with fastening pin on back. Features in centre army tank raised leaf the figure 50 below. At top swastike and eagle.

Historical information

Possession of POW at war camp

Tatura Irrigation & Wartime Camps Museum, Tatura

Photograph - A view of the chest x-ray caravan operating outside of Centreway Arcade Collin Street in 1962, looking towards the Melbourne City Town Hall, and further St Patricks - 3 of 3 Photos - Department of Health - Tuberculosis Branch - Publicity material

Department of Health and Human Services, Melbourne

no image

Photograph - copy

Key words

camp 13
murchison victoria
internment camps
internment camp gardens

Copy of black and white photograph of two men tending camp garden. Stone fence in foreground. Steps and landing beside hut top left hand corner.

Historical information

Copy of original black and white photograph gardens tended by prisoners.

Tatura Irrigation & Wartime Camps Museum, Tatura

no image

MACHIN, Gladys

Key words

machin
gladys
mayor
caulfield
nurse
world war 1
wallace
gordon
councillors
senior citizens
meals on wheels
youth centre
maple street
les
youth clubs
cedar street
caulfield hospital
blair
max blair
mrs
gladys nurses
world war 1914-1918
hawthorn road
south caulfield
caulfield town hall
birch street
glenhuntly road
booran road
murrumbeena road
king street
magnolia street
gardenvale road
polling booths
camden garage
burr madge
webster geo
elsternwick
gunn ernest
leschen robert

2 Items 1. One photocopied article from the Chadstone Press dated 1977 highlighting the achievements of Gladys from 1950 to 1971. Includes a photograph. 2. Newspaper article from the Southern Cross dated 10/09/1980 includes a photograph and mentions that Gladys would be receiving an award for her welfare achievements from the Develop Victoria Council.

Glen Eira Historical Society, Caulfield South

Tournament Programme

Key words

tennis

Program: Davis Cup: Australia v Argentina Materials: Paper, Ink

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

no image

BOOK - The Penny Cyclopedia of the Society of Useful Knowledge Vol 19 & Vol 20

Clunes Museum, Clunes

Photograph - Eltham RSL and Uniting Church, Main Road, Eltham, c.1979

Key words

monuments
church
eltham rsl sub-branch
eltham uniting church
main road

Roll of 35mm colour negative film, 6 strips

Significance

Changing streetscape - RSL branch merged with Montmorency. Land sold and since developed into units.

Inscriptions & Markings

Unidentified; half-frame numbering

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Photograph - Tom Flanagan

Historical information

Tom Flanagan at the Demolition of Sacred Heart Primary School. Built 1900 - Demolished 1966

Tatura Irrigation & Wartime Camps Museum, Tatura

no image

Certificate - Registrar's Certificate for Undertaker

Key words

1940s
bulla
bulla cemetery

A seventh schedule standard Register's Certificate for Undertaker used in the Bulla Cemetery. The certificate shows the date of registering the deceased, the names of the deceased and the Registrar. The burial certificate has been removed.

Historical information

The certificate was filled in by the Registrar who sent it on to the Undertaker. The attached burial certificate was removed and both certificates were returned to the registrar after the burial. The certificate registers the death of Lillias Collins Williams on the 21st April 1941 by William Henry Robinson. The Undertaker was Joseph Allison Pty Ltd.

Inscriptions & Markings

"Bulla/745..."

Hume City Civic Collection, Sunbury

Promotion - Olympic games Melb 1956

Key words

olympic games melbourne
1956 olympics

This is a plastic circular ash tray. It has a blue base with a multi-coloured image in the centre of the base of a map of Australia, an Olympic Games torch and the Olympic Games ring motifs. The printing is in white and the name of the maker is embossed on the back of the tray. There are three indents around the base for stubbing out the cigarettes.

Historical information

This ash tray is a souvenir of the Olympic Games held in Melbourne in 1956. This was an important event in post World War Two Australia and the first time the Olympic Games had been held in the Southern Hemisphere. The Opening and Closing Ceremonies, the athletics events and some other events were held at the Melbourne Cricket Ground. These were the first televised Olympic Games. To mark the occasion many souvenir items were produced for tourists and collectors.

Significance

This item is kept as a memento of the 1956 Melbourne Olympic Games, an event that interested and affected all Australians as it made Melbourne and Australia via press and television coverage etc. the centre of attention in the world at the time. It is also a memento that would no longer be made or sold today as cigarette smoking in general is no longer socially and medically acceptable. It will be useful for display.

Inscriptions & Markings

‘Olympic Games Melbourne Australia 22 Nov. - 8 Dec. 1956’ ‘British Plastics Pty Ltd Melbourne Reg. Des.’

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

Racquet

Key words

tennis

Two part object. A Dunlop 'Maxply Fort' racquet and a red vinyl racquet head cover. Materials: Wood, Paint, Adhesive tape, Leather, Plastic, Nylon, Vinyl

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

Cupboard

Key words

flagstaff hill
warrnambool
shipwrecked-coast
flagstaff-hill
flagstaff-hill-maritime-museum
maritime-museum
shipwreck-coast
flagstaff-hill-maritime-village

Cupboard, wood, one hinged door with knob and hinged lid. Round opening under lid. One shelf. Small plaque attached. Cabinet work by C F Rojo & Sons.

Inscriptions & Markings

"Cabinet work by C F Rojo & Sons"

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool