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Victorian Collections -

Prisoner of War & Internment Camps: Tatura and Rushworth

1 Oct 2018

During the First World War, the theatres of Europe felt worlds away for Australians on the home front. The Second World War’s Pacific stage brought war closer to home. For some Victorian country towns, the repercussions of war arrived right on their doorstep.

Curated By

Alana Bennett Mazzilli, Work experience student, Academy of Mary Immaculate

144526 items

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144526 items

Wood Sample

Key words

flagstaff hill
warrnambool
shipwrecked-coast
flagstaff-hill
flagstaff-hill-maritime-museum
maritime-museum
shipwreck-coast
flagstaff-hill-maritime-village

Sample wooden square from wrecked ship Sobraon, later named Tingara. Training ship sunk outside Sydney Heads 1936. Provided by the Shiplovers' Society.

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

book - The Development of the Parish of Orbost

Key words

church-history-catholic orbost-history catholic-theological-college

A 65 pp spiral bound book with a pale green cover. It is titled The Development of the Parish of Orbost 1887-1937. The title is in black. The book was written by Sister Lynette M. Young.

Historical information

Sister Lynette Young was born in Orbost and lived there all her life until 18 when she went to Teachers’ College in Melbourne. This study was produced for partial fulfillment of the requirements of Church History 111 in the degree of Bachelor of Theology in the Melbourne College of Divinity at the affiliated teaching institution, Catholic Theological College in November 1980.

Significance

This is a local history book written by a local author. It is a useful research tool.

Inscriptions & Markings

Autographed by Sister Lynette Young.

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

no image

Book, Knitting - Knitwear Classics series no. 2

Key words

handicrafts - history knitting
bellamy
evelyn
handicrafts - history
knitting

Historical information

One of a collection of 56 knitting pattern books donated by Mrs Hilma Carruthers. These books had been used by Mrs Carruthers, her mother and her two daughters. This book was written by Evelyn Bellamy and is number 2 in the series. It contains knitting patterns for mens, womens and childrens garments. (NB: the National Library of Australia holds two similar books and gives the place of publication as Elwood, Victoria and the date for a later number in the series as c.1940s.)

Inscriptions & Markings

Knitwear Classics / No. 2 / OF THE / SERIES / By / Evelyn Bellamy

National Wool Museum, Geelong

Smith Peterson Nail x 1, Smith Peterson Nail and Plate x 2

Key words

smith, peterson, nail, plate

Ballarat Base Hospital Trained Nurses League,

Photograph - 34 and 36 Dudley Street, Eltham, June 1999

Key words

eltham
houses
streets
margaret ball (pre 1960s houses) collection
dudley street

Roll of 35mm colour negative film, 5 of 6 strips

Significance

The Margaret Ball (Pre 1960s Houses) Collection was a personal project initiated to mark the year 2000 and arose as a result of the disappearance of many pre-1960s parts of Eltham due to development. Approximately 200 pre-1960s style houses that were left in Eltham between Main Road and east to Bible Street, between Cecil Street to the north and south to Dalton Street were photographed in late 1999. Not all of the houses could be photographed; some because the garden or trees blocked the view of the house, others because of rubbish or cars were in the way, some because people were working on the house or in the gardens at the time.

Inscriptions & Markings

Fuji 200

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

no image

Cards - Playing

Key words

cards - playing
german
red cross
beck h
camp 3
tatura
ww2 camp 3
toys
games

Pack of 32 playing cards with green criss-crossing pattern on pack and coloured pictures and numbers on face. Cntained in card packet with a tuck-in flap. Green pattern/design

Historical information

Supplied by the German Red Cross and used by internees in Camp 3, Tatura

Inscriptions & Markings

32 blatt NP 620 Other labelling in Old German Script

Tatura Irrigation & Wartime Camps Museum, Tatura

Book - A dictionary of Keerraywoorroong and related dialects

Key words

western district
keerray woorroong
gunditjmara
warrnambool
peek wooroong
koornkopanoot
wooloowoorroong
keewoorroong
tyagootwoorroong
thawoortwoorong

Dictionary with text in English and Keerray Wooroong and related dialects.

Inscriptions & Markings

maps, word lists, b&w illustrations, b&w photographs, colour photographs

Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages, Fitzroy

Booklet - The Parish Church of Holy Trinity, Kew, Centenary Celebrations: Order of the Commemorative Service,1963

Key words

holy trinity church (kew)

The Order of the Commemorative Service on the Completion of One Hundred Years of Worship. A booklet produced for the Commemorative Service held at Holy Trinity Church to commemorate its centenary on 9 June 1963

Significance

This work forms part of the collection assembled by the historian Dorothy Rogers, that was donated to the Kew Historical Society by her son John Rogers in 2015. The manuscripts, photographs, maps, and documents were sourced by her from both family and local collections or produced as references for her print publications. Many were directly used by Rogers in writing ‘Lovely Old Homes of Kew’ (1961) and 'A History of Kew' (1973), or the numerous articles on local history that she produced for suburban newspapers. Most of the photographs in the collection include detailed annotations in her hand. The Rogers Collection provides a comprehensive insight into the working habits of a historian in the 1960s and 1970s. Together it forms the largest privately-donated collection within the archives of the Kew Historical Society.

Kew Historical Society Inc, Kew

Photograph - 38 Bridge Street, cnr of Susan Street, Eltham, August 2009

Key words

industries
bridge street
enter - energy and water saving
studio thirty8
susan street

Colour photograph

Historical information

Enter - Energy and Water Saving, Studio Thirty8

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

Postcard (copy) - Holy Trinity Church, High Street, Kew

Holy Trinity Church, Kew, ca. 1920-54. Reproduction of a Rose Stereograph Co. postcard in the State Library of Victoria. The reproduction is without the original printed inscription at base which reads "The Rose Series P. 13058 Holy Trinity Church, Kew, Vic."

Inscriptions & Markings

Annotation in pencil on reverse: "KH-4. Holy Trinity Church of England Cnr. High St and Pakington St Kew."

Kew Historical Society Inc, Kew

no image

Book, Knitting - Baby's Wardrobe

Key words

knitting handicrafts - history
victoria; department of public health (infant welfare department) woman's world
knitting
handicrafts - history

Historical information

This book and a number of others like it were owned by the mother and aunts of the donor, Mrs Dorothy Boyle. They were prolific producers of hand knitted and hand made items of clothing and also knitted and sewed for the armed forces during the Second World War. This book was produced by the magazine "Womans World" and contains patterns for baby clothes.

Inscriptions & Markings

BABY'S wardrobe / EVERYTHING THE NEW BABY NEEDS / 6D. / LAYETTE / Approved by / Infant Welfare Dept. / (see page 4) / 33 / KNITTEDS / LAYETTES / SHAWLS / PRAM COVERS / FROCKS, Etc. / PUBLISHED / BY / WOMAN'S WORLD

National Wool Museum, Geelong

no image

Folio - Loveday Camp.

Black 2 ring folder containing printed matter and photos in plastic sleeves.

Historical information

Photos obtained from Gerhard Meinke.

Tatura Irrigation & Wartime Camps Museum, Tatura

Invitation to the May Dance 1956 - Invitation to the May Evening Dance - Majski večer in 1956

Key words

slovenian may evening dance
prahran town hall slovenian dance
slovenian club melbourne

Slovenians love to dance and they organised dances for different occasions, among them the May Evening Dance. The invitation was to the dance at the Prahran Town Hall, Greville Street, starting at 7pm on Saturday, May 12, 1956

Historical information

The Slovenians loved to organised dances for various occasions and May Evening was another one. The invitation clearly states the venue, date and time of the function in both languages: Slovenian and English.

Inscriptions & Markings

typeset and printed invitation

Slovenian Association Melbourne, Research

Digital photograph - Lava Street Warrnambool - Fletcher Jones Ball

Key words

fletcher jones
factory
ball
water tower

Digital Image of the Fletcher Jones Ball.

Ballarat Heritage Services, Bakery Hill Post Office

no image

Folder - Oliver Gourlay

Key words

oliver gourlay

Folder of information on Oliver Gourlay, Kangaroo Ground, 1911

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

no image

Book Blamire Young - The Art of Blamire Young (2nd copy)

Mount Evelyn History Group, Mt Evelyn

Book - Just Like Family

Key words

history of warrnambool

This is a hard cover book of 197 pages. It has a multi-coloured front cover showing a child on a tractor with three adults nearby and four colour photographs on the back cover. The dust cover has similar images. The book has a message from the Treasurer, a foreword, seven chapters of text, a timeline, references and an index. The book has many black and white and colour photographs, diagrams and other illustrations. There is a loose page which contains names relating to some of the photographs.

Historical information

This book details the history of Victoria’s Rural Finance Corporation. For more than 70 years farmers and other agricultural businesses had access to Government programs and assistance from this corporation. In 2014 the Rural Finance Corporation’s business and assets were transferred to the Bendigo and Adelaide Bank

Significance

This book is kept as a library copy because its contents contain several references to Warrnambool and district and the Rural Finance Corporation was well-known to local people, particularly those in the agricultural sector and it was appreciated by so many in the district.

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

Photograph - Digital image - GHS Book Launch 2013

Key words

greensborough historical society
as i recall

Digital copy of colour photograph

Historical information

Photograph of Greensborough Historical Society President Noel Withers and publisher Blaise van Hecke at the launch of the GHS publication "As I Recall".

Greensborough Historical Society,

Household - Cruet Set

Key words

household items
history of warrnambool

This cruet set has a metal base with four round metal knobs on the bottom. The base has a handle in a bowed shape with a circular top and midway across the handle are attached four rectangular metal shapes for holding the condiments. Four cut glass containers slot into the four holders. The containers are all rectangular-shaped, two with a narrower neck and a glass stoppers, one with a narrower neck and a metal top with a perforated lid and one with a metal top with a hinged lid. The metal base and handle are somewhat rusted.

Historical information

The containers in this set would have held salt, pepper, and perhaps two types of vinegar. When bought some time in the 20th century it was a high quality item and would have been found in the home of a person of some means and perhaps used when visitors were being entertained. Today a simple salt and pepper set is more likely to be used during meals.

Significance

This cruet set has no known local provenance but it is a very attractive item and is kept as a memento of the past.

Warrnambool and District Historical Society Inc., Warrnambool

Envelope Art

Key words

ww2
envelope art

Cream paper envelope with coloured sketch of soldier holding green snake. Signature above sketch

Historical information

One of several illustrated envelopes, without letter, sketched by soldier/s during the second world war and sent to Mrs MacDonald of Wangaratta

Significance

Victoria's 2/24th Infantry Battalion was raised in Wangaratta in July 1940. They were welcomed with open arms by the local community as they rapidly built up their numbers. The people of Wangaratta adopted the Battalion and they became known as "Wangaratta's Own" because of the time the battalion spent in the town during its formative period prior to deployment overseas. Many of the soldiers maintained life long friendships with the people of Wangaratta. Even though the Battation was disbanded in 1946 members and their families return each year, in November, for a commemorative service at the 2/24th Battalion Memorial Wall at the Wangaratta Cemetery.

Inscriptions & Markings

Top left - AIR MAIL and red cross Top right - postage stamp Left side - AIF Censor stamp Right side Mrs M MacDonald "Monald" 32 Grey Street Wangaratta Victoria Australia Signature above sketch Below sketch - "The boys are tough here" / Australian Red Cross Society

Wangaratta RSL Sub Branch, Wangaratta

MEDAL SET

Medal set, miniatures, court mounting, set of (9) Re L.BLISS. 1. 1939 - 45 Star 2. Pacific Star 3. Defence Medal 4. War Medal 1939 - 45 5. Australian Service Medal 6. Korea Medal 7. UN Medal with clasp "KOREA" 8. British commonwealth occupation forces medal Japan 9. Atomic tests medal 1952 - 1958

Historical information

Leonard Edwin Bliss VX59955 enlisted in the 2nd AIF on 22.7.41 age 19 years. At discharge from the Army on 5.12.45 he was a Sapper in 2/8th Field Company. He re enlisted later No 392384 and served with 3 RAR in Korea. After that he served with the 38th Batt North Victorian Regiment.

Bendigo Soldiers Memorial Institute Military Museum, Bendigo

Tapestry - 'Diggers' by David Larwill and woven by the Victorian Tapestry Workshop, 2004

Key words

art
artwork
david larwill
victorian tapestry workshop
weaving

A large tapestry woven from the artwork 'Diggers' by David Larwill.

Historical information

This item is part of the Federation University Art Collection. The Art Collection features over 1000 works and was listed as a 'Ballarat Treasure' in 2007.

Federation University Australia Art Collection ,

Photograph

Key words

ballarat

Sepia toned photograph of a group of miners. "Victoria United Miners - Ballarat East - About 1912".

Sovereign Hill and Gold Museum, Ballarat

no image

Training Syllabus - 1/68 Ferret Driver/Sig Block Syllabus

Key words

ferret scout car
driver training

A five page syllabus for the 4/19 PWLH 1/68 Ferret Scout Car Driver/Sig Course

4th/19th Prince of Wales's Light Horse Regiment Unit History Room, Macleod

Photograph - Unveiling ceremony of the Memorial Plaque at corner of Main Road and Pitt Street, Eltham commemorating the 20th Anniversary of Eltham District Historical Society, 10 October 1987

Key words

1987
activities
eltham community centre
time capsule

Colour photograph

Historical information

Standing L-R: Mrs Florence Spicer, Mr Nankervis, Mrs Nankervis, Mrs Marjorie Smith Motschall, Mrs Joy Ness, Mr Alan Gardner, Mrs Marion Yeoman, Mrs Marie Ebeli, Mr Garnet Burges (in hat), Mrs McLellan, - , Mr Bob McLellan; Seated L-R: - , Mrs Eileen Gibbons, Mrs Kath Stephenson, Mrs Irvine Green, Mr Irvine Green (President, Doncaster and Templestowe Historical Society), - , Mrs Bishop. The commemorative plaque explains the functions of the various items used in the Victorian 150th Anniversary Monument and Time capsule.

Eltham District Historical Society Inc, Eltham

no image

Archive File - Friends of Kew Library

Key words

friends of kew library

An archive file with material relating to the Friends of the Kew Library. The file includes correspondence, notices of meetings, and a collection of brass plates given by the Friends with gifts to the Library.

Historical information

Since its foundation in 1958, members of the Kew Historical Society have been compiling and storing information about subjects relating to the history of Kew and its environs, of which this file is an example. Typically files will contain primary and secondary sources.

Kew Historical Society Inc, Kew

Insignia

Key words

badge/buttons
raaf

RAAF Service designation

Running Rabbits Military Museum operated by the Upwey Belgrave RSL Sub Branch, Upwey

Newspaper article - '100 at Bialik', The Herald, 1964

Key words

shakespeare grove

Historical information

'100 at Bialik', published in The Herald, 1 May 1964. "First day at school is a big occasion for any little girl but it was especially exciting on Wednesday last week for Yvonne Santen, because she became the 100th pupil at Bialik College, Hawthorn. Enrolments for second term are still being steadily received and many families are represented at this ever expanding school by two children. Yvonne, third child or Mr and Mrs Joseph Santen, of Waterdale Rd, West Heidelberg, accompanied her brothers Bernard, a second grader, and Danny in the preparatory Grade to the College for the first time to take her place in kindergarten..."

Bialik College, Hawthorn East 3123

Pipe

Handle Rounded Two gems, Green and Purple

Coal Creek Community Park & Museum, Korumburra

Photograph

Key words

general grant tank

Black and white photograph of General Grant tank in a bush landscape. One of a collection of photographs of 8th/13th Victorian Mounted Rifles Regiment between 1948 and 1951.

Historical information

The 8th/13th Victorian Mounted Rifles was raised as a regiment of the Royal Australian Armoured Corps on 1 May 1948 with Headquarters in Melbourne and squadrons in Sale, Benalla/Wangaratta and Albury. In 1955 Regimental Headquarters moved to Wangaratta and a second squadron was located at Albury. The Sale squadron transferred to 4th/19th Prince of Wales’s Light Horse. In 1977 8/13 VMR Regiment was reduced to an independent squadron A Squadron 8th/13th Victorian Mounted Rifles and in 1991 was linked with 4th/19th Prince of Wales’s Light Horse forming the VMR Squadron of that regiment.

Significance

Unique collection of photographs showing the first years of an armoured regiment of the post-Second World War era Citizen Military Forces showing equipment, uniforms, training and social activity and some personalities.

Inscriptions & Markings

"General Grant training days "

8th/13th Victorian Mounted Rifles Regimental Collection, North Bandiana

Newspaper Clipping - Castlemaine North 125th next Weekend

Old Castlemaine Schoolboys Association Inc., CASTLEMAINE

no image

Book - Land Rover Series IIA Owner's Manual

Key words

user manual
land rover

Soft covered owner's manual for the Land Rover Series II A.

Historical information

Manual for vehicles used by the Regiment

Inscriptions & Markings

Land Rover Series IIA Part No 4482 'Regular', 'Long' and Forward Control Owner's Manual

4th/19th Prince of Wales's Light Horse Regiment Unit History Room, Macleod

Fountain pen

Koroit & District Historical Society , Koroit

Painting: Max DIMMACK (b.1922 AUS) - Artist and Paintings (Self Portrait)

Nillumbik Shire Council,

no image

Handbag

Key words

bag
leather
wied l
camp 3
tatura
ww2
costume
accessory
female

Brown leather ladie's handbag. 2 handles, large and small pockets on the inside. Fastened with a tab and a button. Initials "LW" made from beaten silver Internment Camp issue coins

Historical information

Made by internee and at Camp 3

Tatura Irrigation & Wartime Camps Museum, Tatura

no image

Acrylic on Canvas - Banksia on Jacob's Track, 2005

Key words

art
artwork
banksia
flora
flowers
horsham campus

Historical information

This item is part of the Federation University Art Collection. The Art Collection features over 1000 works and was listed as a 'Ballarat Treasure' in 2007.

Federation University Australia Art Collection ,

no image

Pipe clay

Key words

pipe
goldfields
tobacco
leisure
smoking
recreation
gios

White clay pipe bowl and shaft. Shaft in the form of an eagle's claw, with the bowl held in the talons.

Bright & District Historical Society operating the Bright Museum, Bright

Photo, 50th anniversary

Key words

golden jubilee

Black and white photo x 4 of a church service for the 50th Anniversary.

Historical information

4 photos of the 50th Anniversary rededication service at St Pauls Cathedral in 1973. 00455.1 shows a group of men holding a Legacy torch near the altar and priests. Photos came from an envelope marked P1 Federal Conference 1973 / 50 Year anniversary / 1983 Morewell / 1973 Legacy March ANZAC Day, 50 yr celebration, inclusion in ANZAC Day March authority of RSL". See items 00451,00452,00453, 00454, 00391.

Significance

A record of a church service marking the 50th anniversary of Legacy during the Golden Jubilee year 1973.

Inscriptions & Markings

All stamped "This Photograph is the compliments of the Ministry of Tourism, Government of Victoria. Please acknowledge Michael Cheshire" in grey ink. 00455.1 Label on front says "Re-dedication service at St.Pauls Cathedral".

Melbourne Legacy, Melbourne

Demonstration panel

Key words

tennis

Demonstration panel for explaining how tennis balls are manufactured. Shows raw materials and components of tennis balls in downward sequence to a complete ball. No text. Materials: Felt, Rubber, Metal, Wood

Tennis Australia, Melbourne

Football team 1940's

Key words

williamstown high school
football team

Black and white photograph mounted on board of the Williamstown High School football team sometime in the 1940's.

Inscriptions & Markings

See image above for inscription on the back of the photograph.

Williamstown High School , Williamstown

Student diaries: NMIT 2000-

Key words

student diaries
nmit

Spiral bound student diaries, A5 size. Each year has a different cover. Years held: 2000 onwards

Historical information

Copies held: 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003 X2, 2004 X2, 2005 X2, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010 X2, 2011 X3, 2012 X 3, 2013X2

NMIT (Northern Melbourne Institute of TAFE),

Iron

Key words

flagstaff hill
warrnambool
shipwrecked coast
flagstaff hill maritime museum
maritime museum
shipwreck coast
flagstaff hill maritime village
great ocean road
iron
flat iron
laundry equipment

Iron, wedge shaped, flat, solid metal, painted black with solid cylindrical handle. Funnel through centre of handle.

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

no image

Certificate - Registrar's Certificate for Undertaker

Key words

1940s

This certificate is a seven schedule Registrar's Certificate for Undertaker certifying the registration of death.

Historical information

This certificate registers the death of Margaret Theresa Gannan on the 8 July 1946. The undertaker was Mulqueen.

Inscriptions & Markings

"Mulqueen/William Henry Robinson..."

Hume City Civic Collection, Sunbury

Carved wooden plate - Carved wooden plate with Slovenian Mother, Father and a baby in the cradle

Key words

slovenian association melbourne
carved wooden plate
slovenian folk art
wooden cradle

Carved wooden plate depicting a happy event - a baby. Father and Mother are looking at the baby in the beautifully decorated cradle, with sign IHS and flowers at the head end. In the background is a kmečka peč - a huge heart for bread making, cooking and warming up.

Inscriptions & Markings

IHS

Slovenian Association Melbourne, Research

Photograph - Digital Image - Painting by Anthony Beale

Key words

anthony beale
st helena

Links: 00601:01216:01217:01221:01346:01732:01763:02557 Digital copy of colour photograph of painting.

Historical information

Major Anthony Beale settled in Port Phillip District with his family in 1841. He established an estate called "St Helena" (Greensborough). This photograph is of a painting by Major Beale.

Greensborough Historical Society,

Book - The Book of Common Prayer

Key words

flagstaff hill
warrnambool
shipwrecked-coast
flagstaff-hill
flagstaff-hill-maritime-museum
maritime-museum
shipwreck-coast
flagstaff-hill-maritime-village
the book of common prayer
book
prayer book

The Book of Common Prayer 46

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village, Warrnambool

Jacket, Service Dress WW2

Khaki jacket; long sleeve 4 front buttons (attached with continuous leather strip) 4 pockets (buttons sewn on) Shoulder straps (buttons sewn on) Cuff buttons (sewn on) Badges on lapels & on shoulder straps Unit Patches on upper sleeves (Part of set with Slouch Hat, 0030.2)

Historical information

Owned by William Albert HARRISON (Service Number VX41478; above Link ["WW2 Record"] indicates that Rank on Discharge was Cpl, but other AIF documents, from National Archives Australia [including Proceedings of Discharge - see pdf Media File above], indicate that he was Sergeant, which is consistent with the rank on this jacket). Name not written on item but known to be part of set which includes slouch hat, which does contain the name, and other related items which include Service Number, verifying identity. See further service details in "Links" above.

Significance

Soldier's name known. Items donated (date unknown) by brother-in-law who was living in Montmorency and was a committee member of MERSL when item donated.

Inscriptions & Markings

Inside label: V300; 1942; Size (2 - 'faint', may be other numbers indicating size details) Brass badges: Australian Commonwealth Military Forces (both lapels); Australia (both shoulder straps) Badge of rank (Sergeant) - 3 chevrons (R upper sleeve) Colour patches on both sleeves for 2/5 Battalion, 6th Division Second AIF Years of Service insignia - 3 chevrons, indicating 3 years O/S service (R lower sleeve) Unit patches - rectangle black over red (2/5 Battalion, WW2)

Montmorency/Eltham RSL Sub Branch, Montmorency

Embroidered Postcard

Key words

wwi
postcard
embroidered postcard
carte postale

White rectangular postcard with embroidered foliate and flowers, laurel wreath beneath oval union jack and crown. Handwritten message on back.

Historical information

Postcard from WWI soldier William West (1268) of the 29 Infantry Battalion, 5th Pioneers Battalion while posted in France to his family at home.

Inscriptions & Markings

Back: "To Enid From Dad / With best love / from France xxxxxxx"

Wangaratta RSL Sub Branch, Wangaratta

no image

Framed certificate - Certificate of Achievement

Key words

club awards

timber framed certificate

Historical information

The certificate was awarded to Kyneton RSL for the achievement of the highest percentage increase in membership, country area, 2008

Kyneton RSL Sub Branch, Kyneton

no image

G-Clamp

National Wool Museum, Geelong

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