The present brick building was erected in 1866, replacing an earlier timber construction, and used as Council Chambers, Town Hall and Library/Reading Rooms. When the Library was relocated in 1970 many old books remained in the present building forming an interesting collection of Goldfields reading matter in the original setting. About this time the Chiltern Athenaeum Museum was formed by enthusiastic members of the public who operate the museum on a volunteer basis.
A vast collection of items, photographs, and records documenting the history of the Chiltern district and it's people, from the mid 1800s to the present. Items relating to the gold rushes of the 1850s, evolution of the Chiltern township, notable citizens and the people of Chiltern, war service, cemetery records and family histories.
Themes: Building community life, Shaping cultural and creative life