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Chiltern Athenaeum Trust Chiltern, Victoria

The present brick building was erected in 1866, replacing an earlier timber construction, and used as Council Chambers, Town Hall and Library/Reading Rooms. When the Library was relocated in 1970 many old books remained in the present building forming an interesting collection of Goldfields reading matter in the original setting. About this time the Chiltern Athenaeum Museum was formed by enthusiastic members of the public who operate the museum on a volunteer basis.

Contact Information

location
57 Conness Street Chiltern VIC 3683 (map)
phone
+61 0357 261280

Contact

Opening Hours

Monday to Friday 10am-3pm Saturday and Sunday 10am-3pm

Entry Fee

Adults $2.00 Children free

Location

57 Conness Street Chiltern Victoria

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A vast collection of items, photographs, and records documenting the history of the Chiltern district and it's people, from the mid 1800s to the present. Items relating to the gold rushes of the 1850s, evolution of the Chiltern township, notable citizens and the people of Chiltern, war service, cemetery records and family histories.

Meredith Blake 19 September 2013 10:51 AM

Beautiful item! We'll have to profile this as a VC item of the month some time soon.

Rhonda Algaba 16 August 2019 11:37 AM

I am researching my family as my grandfather Phillip Schwarer was born in Rutherglen. I may have information for you regarding him. Have been in contact with the Museum in Rutherglen and will be sending info there also. Have been delighted to find more on your site. Many thanks Rhonda Algaba Yokine WA.

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172 items

Photograph : Dan Devitt WW1 soldier

Chiltern Athenaeum Trust, Chiltern

Sepia and gray colored photograph of WW1 soldier Dan Devitt.

Historical information

A WW1 photographic studio card of soldier Dan Devitt, resident of Chiltern and Barnawartha.

Significance

This studio card is associated with Dan Devitt, WW1 soldier and resident of Barnawartha and Chiltern areas.

Inscriptions & Markings

The reverse of the photograph has the studio branding, being Mendelssohn Studios. Writing on the photographic card says "return to Joseph Baynes Barnawartha South".

Photograph of D. Mathieson WW1 Soldier

Chiltern Athenaeum Trust, Chiltern

Sepia coloured Photograph (reproduced) of WW1 Soldier D. Mathieson

Historical information

WW1, The Great War" photograph of soldier and Chiltern Resident D. Mathieson.

Significance

WW1 The Great War 1914-1918.

Photograph reproduction of WW1 Soldier G. W. Newbound

Chiltern Athenaeum Trust, Chiltern

Sepia coloured reproduced photograph of WW1 soldier G.W. Newbound Chiltern and Rutherglen resident.

Historical information

WW1 historical relevance The Great War 1914-1918

Significance

WW1 The Great War 1914-1918

Life Member Badge Auckland Workingmen's Club : S. W. Eustace

Chiltern Athenaeum Trust, Chiltern

Round silver badge, missing back hinge and pin.

Historical information

late 1800's and early 1900s clubs designed to bring working men from all walks of life together in a relaxed, friendly and companionable manner. A majority of these types of clubs catered to ex-servicemen which assisted with their integration back into social circles after their challenging war experiences.

Significance

Early 1900's, belongs to S.W. Eustace, former Chiltern Resident who was involved int he Boer War and WW1 Campaigns.

Inscriptions & Markings

Inscribed "Auckland Workingmen's Club" S.W. Eustace.

Photographic copy of Frank Peake

Chiltern Athenaeum Trust, Chiltern

Photographic copy in Black and White of Francis (Frank) Peake. (Cropped down from a previous photo)

Historical information

Photographic copy of Francis (Frank) Peake. Born in Chiltern, was a school teacher, Joined the services in Melbourne on 16/1/1918 aged 23. Enlistment No 44202 and Discharged on 23/8/1919

Significance

Francis Peake - World War I

WW1 Brass "Forget Me Not " Wallet

Chiltern Athenaeum Trust, Chiltern

Brass wallet opens centrally with hinge and clasp to close it. Contains a card to sweetheart WW1. Contains a card with w red crown and 1914 annotated on it.

Historical information

WW1 The Great War 1914-1918 Set to soldiers on the front by their family and loved ones. Used as a pocket wallet with photos or cards contained.

Significance

WW1 The Great War 1914-1918 Memento to war sweetheart WW1.

Inscriptions & Markings

Card annotates the wording : Front of Card has two silver hearts and a note saying Forget Me Not. Inside the card is annotated - "With Christmas Greetings and all Good wishes from Nellie to Joe". Smaller card with red crown and writing 1914 on it.

WW1 Framed Photograph of soldier Adde Cooper

Chiltern Athenaeum Trust, Chiltern

Brown framed photograph of WW1 Soldier Adde Cooper.

Historical information

Photograph relates to Chiltern resident and soldier of the first world war Adde Cooper. Service number 5002 Rank Private Unit 21st Australian Infantry Battalion Service Australian Imperial Force Conflict/Operation First World War, 1914-1918 Award Military Medal Commonwealth of Australia Gazette 27 August 1917 on page 1828 at position 38 London Gazette 11 May 1917 on page 4601 at position 9

Significance

photograph relates to WW1 Soldier Adde Cooper, a Chiltern Resident.

Inscriptions & Markings

Small sign at the bottom of the photograph identifying soldier as being Adde Cooper, Chiltern Resident and WW1 soldier.

Photograph and accompanying hand written card of WW1 soldier Aloysious McGann

Chiltern Athenaeum Trust, Chiltern

Photograph and an accompanying hand written card Photograph is Sepia coloured and reproduced. Hand written card : Ivory colour

Historical information

Aloysious McGann was a WW1 soldier, service number 2365, who was killed in action at France in June 1917. He was a resident of Chiltern and was married to Celia Elizabeth McGann from Lake Moodemere, Rutherglen. He was a cadet and a Citizens Military Forces member prior to the commencement of WW1. Aloysious served with 37 Batallion, 3 Division. Prior to his enlistment Aloysious was a grocer by trade. He is buried at Grave number 3456 Menin Gate Memorial Ypres Belgium.

Significance

Aloysious McGann was a WW1 soldier (1914-1918) and Chiltern Resident, who served in the Great War and was killed in action in France Buried at Ypres Belgium.

Inscriptions & Markings

Photograph inscription on photograph : Aloysious McGann died 8 June 1917 Buried at Ypres (Menin Gate) Belgium. Hand written card : In memory of Aloysious McGann who served his country well. From your Grand daughters Joan and Sandy.

Bible : sent to Ebbie Snow WW1 - The Holy Bible : Containing The Old and New Testament

Chiltern Athenaeum Trust, Chiltern

Small pocket Holy Bible containing the old and new testaments, Oxford, printed at the University Press London. Black leather over cover upon hard cardboard front and back. Internal pages are soft parchment. The book spine has "Holy Bible" and Oxford annotated upon it.

Historical information

Associated with Ebbie Snow WW1 Chiltern resident. Sent to him from Aunty Bell and Gertie.

Significance

Associated with Chiltern Resident Ebbie Snow WW1 soldier. Sent to him by his relatives with wishes for a safe journey home again.

Inscriptions & Markings

Spine contains the wording Holy Bible (top) and Oxford (bottom). Blank cover and back. Internal first page contains title contents and publication details. The front cover has ink handwriting detailing the following : "To Ebbie with best love and wishes and may god bless and guide you safe home from Auntie Bell and Gertie". Note - Ebbie refers to Ebbie Snow.

Slide Rule

Chiltern Athenaeum Trust, Chiltern

Metal rule, hard cardboard case. The slide rule consists of two divided scales, one fixed and one movable, and a sliding window called a cursor. The Slide rule was used for performing multiplication, division and other scientific functions up through the 1960s and the development of the electronic calculator. System Darmstadt dmake, sun Hemm, Japan.

Historical information

Slide rules were commonly used prior to the invention of the calculator. The Slide rule was used for performing multiplication, division and other scientific functions up through the 1960s and prior to the development of the electronic calculator. Used by Frank Smythe, engineer.

Significance

Used up to the 1960's prior to the invention of the electronic calculator.

Inscriptions & Markings

"F. SMYTH" is annotated on the slide rule cover.

Ribbon Plate for Military Uniform : WW1

Chiltern Athenaeum Trust, Chiltern

Gold coloured metal and brass ribbon plate for military uniform (no ribbons affixed). The back of the plate has two round lugs and an attachment slide through pin. The front top of the metal bar has a feather leaf type pattern affixed on top of where the ribbon mount would sit.

Historical information

Associated with medal bar for dress uniform WW1. 1914-1918.

Significance

Associated with dress uniform WW1. The ribbon bar is worn on the left hand side above the breast and the colours of the ribbons affixed determine the campaigns served and or other military awards with approval to wear. Circa WW1 1914-1918.

Inscriptions & Markings

Nil

Photograph of WW1 Soldier : Barny Hammill

Chiltern Athenaeum Trust, Chiltern

Sepia coloured photograph of WW1 soldier Barny Hammill.

Historical information

Associated with WW1 soldier Barny Hammill.

Significance

The great war 1914-1919. Photograph associated with Barny Hammill Chiltern resident and WW1 soldier.

Razor Strop : Leather and Chrome

Chiltern Athenaeum Trust, Chiltern

Leather razor strop (strap) leather finish on ends with inscription "soft finish" on the leather end of the strop. A chrome loop is attached to the end for hanging or attaching.

Historical information

Professional Straight Razor Sharpening Strop All Leather Construction, Suede Side And Smooth Side Hanging Eyelet Attached at Top popular 1920's.

Significance

Circa 1920's used professionally in Barber Shops.

Inscriptions & Markings

"Soft Finish" annotated on the end of the leather finish of the strop.

WW1 Soldiers Handbook "Notes on the Laws and Customs of War"

Chiltern Athenaeum Trust, Chiltern

Small faded rose coloured soldiers handbook titled "Notes on Laws and Customs of War". WW1 issue.

Historical information

WW1 Issue for soldiers. 1914. Australian Imperial Force.

Significance

WW1 The Great War, AIF, issue 1914.

Inscriptions & Markings

Front cover : Coat of Arms and title: Notes on the Laws and Customs of War. Author : Ambrose Pratt. Written for the Australian Imperial Force 1914. Authority: Albert J. Mullett, Government Printer Melbourne.

Photograph

Chiltern Athenaeum Trust, Chiltern

Photograph of Robert Heslem

Historical information

Photograph of Robert Heslem.

Pearson's School Atlas book - Pearson' s Australian School Atlas

Chiltern Athenaeum Trust, Chiltern

Green thick paper cover with internal soft parchment paper pages

Historical information

Used by a student named Anderson

Inscriptions & Markings

"School atlas" Used last century in the Chiltern State School. " " Pearson's Australasian School Atlas. Library Edition 5/6 "

Photograph

Chiltern Athenaeum Trust, Chiltern

Photo of Allan Newey

Historical information

Allan Newey was born in Howlong NSW

Significance

Served in WW1 On Chiltern Shire Honor Roll

Photograph : CPL Arthur Sims MM, WW1 Soldier

Chiltern Athenaeum Trust, Chiltern

Black, Grey and Sepia coloured photograph of WW1 soldier CPL. Albert Victor Sims, Military Medal recipient.

Historical information

CPL. Arthur Victor Sims was an AIF WW1 soldier who was born in Springhurst. He was the son of Arthur (snr) and Elizabeth Sims from Highfield Farm Springhurst. Arthur was also the recipient of the Military Medal for bravery, whilst serving in France in 1919.

Significance

CPL Arthur Sims was born in Springhurst and was 29 years old at the time of his enlistment in 1915. He farmed his own property called "Highfields". CPL Sims was awarded the Military Medal for bravery in France on the 24/1/2019. At about this same time his brother Percy Sims who was in the Australian Flying Corps had already been reported as missing in action, later to be confirmed as killed in action. Percy was awarded the military medal for his bravery for continually patrolling the communications lines and repairing when needed, under heavy mortar and firepower.

WW2 era Brown Leather Carry Case with contents - RAAF Flight Lieutenant Francis Robertson

Chiltern Athenaeum Trust, Chiltern

Brown hard leather overnight carry case with contents. The contents are related to flying kit issues for FLTLT Francis (Frank) Robertson, pilot. The contents are : Blue RAAF Dress uniform jacket, Tropical Drab uniform jacket, pilot goggles and pilot helmet. Both jackets have the flying wings brevet sewed upon the left breast side above the pocket seam as per military protocol.

Historical information

The case and contents belonged to RAAF pilot, FLTLT Francis (Frank) Robertson. FLTLT Robertson was the pilot who crash landed his Wirraway Aircraft on the top of Chiltern resident Nurse Carter's house. He was on a training flight qualifying for his pilot wings and was forced to land due to bad weather conditions.

Significance

WW2 RAAF Pilot FLTLT Francis (Frank) Robertson. Crash landed his Wirraway aircraft onto the roof of Nurse Carter's Chiltern Residence.

Inscriptions & Markings

Blue dress jacket has the name "Roby" on the inside label.

WW1 British War Medal : PTE. A. E. Hollis

Chiltern Athenaeum Trust, Chiltern

WW1 Campaign medal "British War Medal" cupro nickel plate. Silver in colour. The reverse has an image of St George on horseback trampling underfoot the eagle shield of the Central Powers, and a skull and cross-bones, the emblems of death. Above this is the risen sun of victory. The years 1914 and 1918 are contained on the outside edge medal. Ribbon The ribbon has a wide central watered stripe of orange, flanked by two narrow white stripes, which are in turn flanked by two black pin-stripes, further flanked by two outer stripes of blue. The colours have no particular significance.

Historical information

WW1 Issue British War medal to all three services for overseas service throughout WW1 1914-1918. Medal belongs to Pte. A. E. Hollis, Chiltern Resident.

Significance

WW1 1914-1918 The Great War.

Inscriptions & Markings

The medal is cupro-nickel with the effigy of George V on the obverse. The reverse has an image of St George on horseback trampling underfoot the eagle shield of the Central Powers, and a skull and cross-bones, the emblems of death. Above this is the risen sun of victory. The years 1914 and 1918 are contained on the outside edge medal. Ribbon The ribbon has a wide central watered stripe of orange, flanked by two narrow white stripes, which are in turn flanked by two black pin-stripes, further flanked by two outer stripes of blue. The colours have no particular significance.

WW1 ANZAC Medalet - ANZAC Day 1918 Department of Education Issue.

Chiltern Athenaeum Trust, Chiltern

Circular bronze medalet featuring an Australian Digger in profile accompanied by the words 'Honor to the A.I.F.' on one side. The other side features a central rectangular panel with the words 'Gallipoli France Palestine' with a sprig of wattle, with the words 'EVD Anzac Day 1918' around the circumference. Usually this medalet is fitted with a suspension loop which carries a short length of red, white an blue cotton ribbon.

Historical information

The Anzac Day 1918 medallion was struck by the Education Department of Victoria, which was actively involved in wartime fundraising in the First World War. Programmes included the Young Gardeners League, the Young Workers' Patriotic Guild, concerts, fundraising and food for soldiers in hospital, especially the Caulfield Military Hospital, and constant letter writing to soldiers abroad. Some £300,337 was raised by the Department during the war.

Significance

WW1 1914-1918 Fundraising and Commemorative Medalet issued to various guilds and schools via the Department of Education. Commemorates ANZAC Day of 1918.

Inscriptions & Markings

Circular bronze medalet featuring an Australian Digger in profile accompanied by the words 'Honor to the A.I.F.' on one side. The other side features a central rectangular panel with the words 'Gallipoli France Palestine' with a sprig of wattle, with the words 'EVD Anzac Day 1918' around the circumference.

Photograph - Black and White - John Leseberg

Chiltern Athenaeum Trust, Chiltern

Reproduced photo, black and white.

Historical information

John Leseberg served in WW1 and was killed in action

Photograph / Postcard

Chiltern Athenaeum Trust, Chiltern

Photograph of David Bowen

Historical information

WW1 Soldier

Significance

On Chiltern Shire Honor Roll

The Wells of Beersheba - book publication by Dalby Davison and Mahony

Chiltern Athenaeum Trust, Chiltern

Booklet titled "The Wells of Beersheba" by Frank Dalby Davison and illustrated by Will Mahony. Semi Cardboard Cover with parchment paper internally. The cover has a light rose colored pattern surrounding the title, author and illustrator details.

Historical information

The Wells of Beersheba is a short romanticized account of the Battle of Beersheba, which took place on 31 October 1917 in Ottoman Palestine during the First World War between the attacking mounted infantry of Australia and New Zealand and the defending Ottoman garrison. It was written by the Australian author Frank Dalby Davison who was not present at the battle, but had been in the British cavalry during the war. Much of the book, which is more fictionalized reportage than novella, and in which no single character is drawn, reflects the codependency of horse and rider and the shock of battle. This booklet was first published in 1933. It was originally published in Sydney in 1933 by Angus & Robertson under the title The Wells of Beersheba. An Epic of the Australian Light Horse 1914-1918, with illustrations by Will Mahoney.

Significance

WW1 semi-fictional association with the Battle of Beersheba - 4th Light Horse Brigade Australian Infantry Forces. October 1917. Ottoman Empire Palestine.

Inscriptions & Markings

Front cover has title "The Wells of Beersheba" and author Frank Dalby Davison with illustrator Will Mahony. There is a light rose colored pattern on the front cover.

Photograph of Andrew (Andy) Maffesoni

Chiltern Athenaeum Trust, Chiltern

Sepia Photograph of Andrew Maffesoni in WWI uniform - copied from another photograph

Historical information

Copied Photograph of Andrew (Andy) Maffesoni, Born in Chiltern , occupation miner, enlisted Army in Melbourne on 27/7/1915

Significance

Chiltern Shire Roll of Honor Born in Chiltern

Photographs, Series of 7 : WW1 Soldier John Schwarer

Chiltern Athenaeum Trust, Chiltern

A collection of 6 sepia, black and white photographs and 1 coloured photograph all relating to WW1 soldier John Schwarer. Photographs 1 and 2 are of Company Sergeant Major (CSM) John Schwarer, individual and group photo. Photograph 3 is of John Schwarer's fiance Annie Biophin and her sister Blanche. Photograph 4 is the back of a family postcard relating to John Schwarer serving in France WW1 Photographs 5 and 6 is John Schwarers grave site with photograph 6 showing Astor flowers arranged by his bereaved fiance Annie Biphion Photograph 7 is the official war grave site where John Schwarer lays at rest.

Historical information

All photographs are associated with Company Sergeant Major WW1 soldier, John William Schwarer, service number 970. John William Schwarer was the son of Mrs. Agnes Rasmussen from Rutherglen Victoria, the brother of Mrs. G. Swanwick from Daylesford, and the fiance to Miss Annie Biophin. John enlisted for WW1 at Rutherglen, his home town, on the 22 August 1914. He belonged to 7 Battalion, C Company and served in France. Whilst serving in France John received a number of wounds during 1915 and 1916. He died on the 21/9/1917 of wounds received earlier in August of same year.

Significance

These photographs are associated with Company Sergeant Major John Schwarer, 7Battalion, C Company, WW1. John was a Rutherglen and Chiltern resident. He was killed in action in September of 1916, leaving a fiancé Miss Annie Biophin.

Photograph

Chiltern Athenaeum Trust, Chiltern

Photo of James Richard Lindner

Historical information

James Richard Lindner served in WW1 Born at Barnawartha VIC

Significance

On Chiltern Shire Honor Roll

Photograph of the Moore Brothers in Cadet Militia (school cadets) Uniform.

Chiltern Athenaeum Trust, Chiltern

Historical information

Photo of Reg A Moore (1900-1983) and William Leonard Moore (1986-1958). Used in WWI project.

Photograph : Harry Dyson WW1 soldier

Chiltern Athenaeum Trust, Chiltern

Sepia and Gray coloured photograph of WW1 soldier Harry Dyson.

Historical information

Photograph is Harry Dyson, a WW1 soldier with 37th and 39th Battalion WW1. Harry was a resident of Chiltern and worked as a farm hand prior to enlisting at Wangaratta for WW1.

Significance

Associated with Harry Dyson WW1 soldier and Chiltern Resident.

Brochure for WW2 - Air Raid Precautions "City Of Camberwell" - Air Raid Precautions

Chiltern Athenaeum Trust, Chiltern

light card

Historical information

WW2

Inscriptions & Markings

Mrs Martin. State Emergency Council for Civil Defence (Victoria) City of Camberwell Air Raid Precautions Sector Warden Mr Ashcroft Glen Iris Mr Lyte Glen Iris Nearest Wardens Post F W Smith phone U1526 Sector No. 114 Area Warden Councillor E W Raven WM1510