The conscription referendum campaigns left a lasting imprint on Australian politics. The local activity in these campaigns also helped to shape the future of Brunswick and Coburg.

During World War Two, conscription again became an issue. Maurice Blackburn, who was by then the member of parliament for Brunswick and Coburg, was one of the few public figures to continue to oppose conscription.

Conscription was also fiercely contested during the Vietnam War. Once again, anti-conscription activists were jailed in Pentridge Prison in Coburg for refusing to join the army and fight in Vietnam.

One hundred years later, the conscription referendums are still remembered in Brunswick and Coburg, through events such as performances of the street opera, Serenading Adela.