During the referendum campaigns, much weight was placed on how serving soldiers would vote on conscription. Prime Minister Hughes tried to pressure his generals to influence these votes, as he felt that a clear ‘Yes’ from soldiers would be a major propaganda boost for him. In the end, there was not a clear voice from soldiers with a small majority for ‘Yes’ and a large number voting ‘No’.

Hughes, and many of his supporters in Australia, expected that serving soldiers would vote overwhelmingly for conscripting reinforcements. However soldiers held a range of views. While many did want to make sure as many new soldiers as possible would be sent, many other soldiers refused to force other people to endure what they had been through.