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Churchill Island Heritage Farm Newhaven, Victoria

Churchill Island Heritage Farm covers 57 hectares and boasts a historic working farm with ‘hands on’ farming demonstrations reminiscent of a bygone era. Sheep shearing, cow milking and working dog demonstrations run every day except Christmas day and are included in the entry fee. Carriage rides operate during school holidays and special events. Churchill Island is easily accessible by an all-vehicle bridge from Phillip Island.First walked by Bunurong/Boonwurrung Aboriginal people, the island has an important place in the history of European settlement in Victoria. There are also restored historic buildings from the 1860s and 1870s, lovely gardens, ancient Moonah trees, wetlands, a visitor’s centre and a licensed café.

The Island forms part of the Churchill Island Marine National park and the waters and mudflats surrounding Churchill Island are listed under the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance. Two island circuit tracks offers magnificent views across Western Port Bay and provide excellent bird viewing (Royal Spoonbills, Pied Oyster Catchers, ibis, gulls, herons and pelicans). There are also views of Tortoise Head and French Island. The whole island is heritage listed and the buildings are classified by the National Trust.

Links

Contact Information

location
1 Samuel Amess Drive Newhaven Victoria (map)
phone
+61 03 5956 7214
Contact

Opening Hours

Daily 10 a.m. - 5 p.m.

Entry Fee

Adults (16yrs+) $12.25 Children (4-15yrs) $6.15 Australian Pensioner(ID required) $8.55 Family (2A +2C) $30.65

Location

1 Samuel Amess Drive Newhaven Victoria

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This collection forms the basis for the operations of Churchill Island Heritage Farm, which is located on Churchill Island, where in 1801, during a survey of Western Port Bay, Lieutenant James Grant built a cottage, cleared land and planted the first wheat and corn crops grown in Victoria, using seeds provided by John Churchill. The working farm features a homestead, built by Samuel Amess, a one-time mayor of Melbourne who purchased the island in 1872, together with cottages built by John Rogers in the 1860s and associated outbuildings. As well as the heritage buildings, the collection includes agricultural machinery, implements, and tools, special collections of farm engines and dairy equipment, and historical photographs. The collection is managed by Churchill Island Heritage Farm curator.

Significance

This collection documents early Victorian rural life and agriculture, and the history of the site where crops were first grown in Victoria in 1801; includes also information on the various owners of the island and Government ownership from 1970s.

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390 items

White cotton boudoir cap

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Boudoir cap for keeping curlers in place. Acceptable to wear with visitors. Used at night to keep hair neat. (Lace Group Embroiderers Guild 1/3/12). See photos (3).

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Inscriptions & Markings

Packaged with note: "White cotton handmade lace mob cap"

Milk separator

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Silver bowl with red base; some suface rust

Lace Piece

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Machine made pretending to be Valenciennes (Lace Group Embroiderers Guild 1/3/12) See photos (2)

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Horse drawn grader

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Horse drawn grader, metal, painted yellow, unpainted long pole

LACE TRIM

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Lenth of lace trim with scalloped edge and straight selvedge edge, floral design on net ground. Machine made

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929

spoon drill bits X 2

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

For use with woods that splinter. Paint spots. For use in auger.

Inscriptions & Markings

14.5 cm long: NEUMANS GERMANY

lace collar

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Linen Honiton mimic (NGV) hand made individual bobbin lace motifs hand sewn together with bobbin made brides (Lace Group Embroiderers Guild 1/3/12) See photos (2)

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Sundial

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Bronze dial marker with slate face mounted on granite pillar from Cape Woolamai.

Historical information

"It is believed that the SUNDIAL was constructed by Peter Rawlins for Sister Campbell, and it was originally sited on the North side of the Homestead Tree, near the Cannon. The base was 'faced' with rocks from the shoreline, and the Sundial itself is of a slate material. By the early 90's, the overhead canopy of the surrounding trees, began to overcome the Sundial, and it could not be 'read'. It was decided to move it to a more clear sunny site. The Herb Garden was considered the most suitable site, and the Sundial was picked up by Front End Loader, and placed on its present site in 1992." - C Schulz, 1996, 'SUNDIAL TO HERB GARDEN - PROJECT 21'

Newspaper cutting - "Battle for bronze statue to honour port's naval past, rorts and all"

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

P.3 of The Age, Monday Jan 25th, 2010. Article by Lorna Edwards. Photo of Mac Gregory by Jason South. Large photo of "Shenandoah" in Williamstown from US Navy Archives. Tells story of when Shenandoah came to Melbourne in 1865. Naval Heritage Foundation trying to raise $200,000 for sculpture to commemorate navy servicemen and the areas past in naval history.

Historical information

Samuel Amess was one of Melbourne society who entertained the Shenandoah officers and crew when in Melbourne. He claimed the Churchill Island cannon came from the Shenandoah.

Book - Historical - "Lieut. John Murray. H.M. Survey Vessel Lady Nelson and the Discovery of Port Phillip"

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Portrait oriented cardboard covered book. Colour cover. Buff pages. 1 colour plate. Several facsimile diagrams. 108pp. Dust jacket. Diary from Sunday 14/2/1802 - Thursday 11/3/1802.

Inscriptions & Markings

"$35 #17333" (pencil)

Horse-drawn mower

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Black mower, offset draw bar, metal wheels

Hay rake

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Burgundy hay rake, yellow wheels, double row of rakes.

Historical information

More modern than other rake in collection

combination spanner/single claw hammer

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

purpose made with large spanner at one end of handle and single claw hammer at other end

Cheese Press

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Metal cheese press, white

saw set

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Steel. Complete including spring. No manufacturer. One paint trace.

Sulky wheel left

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

One of pair of matching black sulky wheels with red hubs

Photo of Churchill Island Cannon - "1967 New Years Eve" (on back)

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Framed colour photo of Churchill Island cannon firing on New Years Eve 1967.

Historical information

The cannon dates from the 1870s during Samuel Amess's ownership of Churchill Island. He claimed it was a gift from Captain Waddell of the Confederate raiding ship "Shenandoah", but research has proven this to be unlikely. It may have been given to Amess by Captain John Cleeland of "Woolamai House". The cannon was fired every New Years Eve during the Jenkins and Campbell eras (1936-1972).

Significance

The cannon is apparently of European origin from c. 1850s and has been in the Churchill Island garden since the 1870s or 1880s. It does not seem to have been fired regularly until the Jenkins era (1936-63) and also the Campbell era (1963-72) when it was fired each New Year's Eve to see in the new year. It has always been considered an important part of the garden, as evidenced by the many photographs in the CIHF collection dating from the 1890s which include family and friends posing at the cannon.

Inscriptions & Markings

Label on back of frame: "1967 New Years Eve"/ "from John Brown '97"

Three Quarter Yard Scoop

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Scoop, three quarter yard

Historical information

Recovered from San Remo property

Inscriptions & Markings

Gaston 3/4 Yard

Sketch book of Minnie Laurence

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Black cover 124pp; 54 with pencil or pen and ink drawings. 1 cut-away page of writing. 2 drawings inside back cover. Spine deteriorated and many pages loose.

Historical information

Some of Minnie's sketches from this sketch book used by Pat Baird in her book "Churchill Island History and Her Story" (copyright for this book with Friends of Churchill Island (FOCIS)).

Inscriptions & Markings

"M.L. M.S.A."

Horse-drawn mower

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Black mower, offet draw bar, metal wheels

Bench hand drill

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

White bench hand drill with black wheels and cogs

Milk/cream separator

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Metal top, bowl missing ;burgundy pedestal base with handle

Tiller

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Burgundy structure with cream wheels seat and white hand brake. Single long unpainted pole

Journal of Churchill Island farm expenditure 1941-2

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Journal with red title print and red spine showing farm expenditure 1941-2.

Historical information

Record of farm expenditure, 1941-2

Significance

Shows historic farm activity on Churchill Island

Handwritten notes on paper

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Pencil notes regarding Churchill Island ownership from 1879 to 1937. Author unknown

Historical information

Dr Harry Jenkins owned Churchill Island from 1936 to 1963 and bequeathed it to Margaret Campbell on his death. Sister Campbell had been nurse to his disabled son and wife and she lived on the island from the time of World War Two. The item was given to Arthur Evans, a family friend, on the day of the auction sale of artifacts when she sold the island, approximately 1973

Significance

This document provides information regarding Churchill Island ownership.

Inscriptions & Markings

TULLIS BOND MADE IN GREAT BRITAIN [watermark - bottom of page, rear]

Lace Piece

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Hand crochet (Lace Group Embroiderers Guild 1/3/12) See photos (2)

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Open front upper undergarment

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Limerick lace. Square net- improcurable now. (Lace Group Embroiderers Guild 1/3/12

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Inscriptions & Markings

Packed with note"Real Limerick Lace undergarment" and two notes in Janet Amess' writing see 0036

Supper Cloth

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Linen supper cloth with drawn thread 55mm from edge all around, 2 rows of drawn thread with petals 130 mm from edge and 175mm from edge. Drawn thread at corners showing petals and whorls. White. Butterflies embroidered at alternate diagonal corners. Letters "M" and "A" at the other alternate diagonal corners. White embroidery on white linen. Butterfly motif.

Historical information

Supper cloth embroidered by Margaret Amess, youngest child of Samuel and Jane Amess. Margaret Amess gave the supper cloth to Mary Clay, aunt of the donor.

Inscriptions & Markings

"M" "A" in diagonal corners.

Thread cutter

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Thread cutter with two handles. Adjusting screw inside jaw

Inscriptions & Markings

"V" punched in. Die: "7/16 V"

Auction Advertising Booklet - "Historic Churchill Island. Westernport Bay."

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

6 inside pages plus front and back cover. Pinkish tinge, black print. Photos, map, text - typed and handwritten. For Churchill Island auction by Sister Margaret Campbell Saturday June 2nd 2:30PM 1973. Agent: Alex Scott and Co. P/L.

Inscriptions & Markings

"CAFFYN" on front cover top right

cross cut saw

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

one end original minus handle. Other end has replaced handle. Steel

Psalms and Hymns Book

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Dark brown hardcover c250pp. Front cover separated. Owned by Samuel Amess.

Inscriptions & Markings

Embossed on front cover: "GLORIA IN EXELSIS DEO" "ET IN TERRA PAX" Inside front cover, handwritten: "Samuel Amess/West Melb Presbyterian Church/Pew No 120/1st August 1879"

Lace Piece

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Machine embroidery (Lace Group Embroiderers Guild 1/3/12) See photos (2)

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Mortise axe

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

chisel ended, curved underneath. No handle. Rusted.

lace trim

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

machine made lace trim with both edges similar, v shape design and 8 braid geometric design in centre

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by three generations of Amess women - Jane, Janet and Unity (Bright - donor). Jane was wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island.

Wire strainer

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Lace Piece

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Chemical lace (Lace Group Embroiderers Guild 1/3/12)

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Handwritten notes on paper - Cow milking amounts and content

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Handwritten notes in pencil on paper for evening and morning milkings amount and butter fat content for eight cows. Dated 10th August 1944. Assumed author Harry Jenkins.

Potato digger

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Single row potato digger with upward prongs on digger and depth adjuster at rear. Green/blue with red wheels

Significance

Unusual piece

Paper document report - BORDESAN

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Paper document report, carbon copy, foolscap, on 'Bordesan', a colloidal suspension of a highly fungicial copper preparation, written by J.D. Riedal-E. de Haen A.G., Chemical Works, Berlin-Britz, Germany, and a memo from S.W. Peterson & Co. Ltd, Sydney Office to Mr. Sutcliffe, Melbourne. 15 pages

Historical information

Dr Harry Jenkins owned Churchill Island from 1936 to 1963 and bequeathed it to Margaret Campbell on his death. Sister Campbell had been nurse to his disabled son and wife and she lived on the island from the time of World War Two. The item was given to Arthur Evans, a family friend, on the day of the auction sale of artifacts when she sold the island, approximately 1973.

Significance

The document demonstrates farming and fungicide methods of the era.

Inscriptions & Markings

Bordesan, J.D. Riedel-E. de Haen A.G., Churchill Island, S.W. Peterson & Co Ltd

Bed jacket

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

See photos (4)

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Inscriptions & Markings

Packaged with note "Fine cotton bed jacket. Hand embroidered scalloped edge."

Lace Piece trim

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Machine embroidered (lace Group Embroiderers Guild 1/3/12) See photos (2)

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Newspaper Supplement - "A Voyage of Discovery"

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Pp. 13-16 of Phillip Island and San Remo Advertiser Re: Lt. James Grant, The "Lady Nelson" and "Program of Events" for 22/3/2001 - 1/4/2001 on Churchill Island and Phillip Island. See also 0238.1-.9.

Long steel lathe

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Long steel lathe with black metal

Cattle Ear Tag #29

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Fawn coloured medium weight cardboard cattle ear tag #29 black print. Oblong with rounded corners and remnant of hole punched at one end. For "Churchill Whisper 3rd".

Scarifier hand hoe

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Wooden handles, unpainted metal wheel, hoe and fittings

8" Spofford Brace

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Iron carpenter's brace, metal handle, rotating knob, thumb screw ..... rusted.

Handwritten notes on paper

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Herd notes. Handwritten notes in pencil on paper (lined) with script running across lines, with names and ages of herd.

Historical information

Dr Harry Jenkins owned Churchill Island from 1936 to 1963 and bequeathed it to Margaret Campbell on his death. Sister Campbell had been nurse to his disabled son and wife and she lived on the island from the time of World War Two. The item was given to Arthur Evans, a family friend, on the day of the auction sale of artefacts when she sold the island, approximately 1973.

Significance

The document demonstrates Harry Jenkins interest and committment to farming on Churchill Island and provides information on farming of the era.

adjustable wrench

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Cast jaws on rod. Handmade. Jaws badly warped. Surface rust and paint spots

pair ladies gloves

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

One pair dark brown rabbit skin (?) gloves. Scalloped, overlocked edge. Three "S" shaped stitching decorations with small punched holes along thumb side of stitching on each glove

Historical information

Belonged to Churchill Island Heritage Farm volunteer Jeff Cole's Aunt May Hart, a very stylish woman of the 1920s, keen on horse racing.

Inscriptions & Markings

CAPE LAMB (?)/ MURRAY GLOVES/6 1/2/ MADE IN AUSTRALIA stamped inside left glove. $15 hand written inside left glove. "721" stamped inside left glove. "20"stamped inside right glove.