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Churchill Island Heritage Farm Newhaven, Victoria

Churchill Island Heritage Farm covers 57 hectares and boasts a historic working farm with ‘hands on’ farming demonstrations reminiscent of a bygone era. Sheep shearing, cow milking and working dog demonstrations run every day except Christmas day and are included in the entry fee. Carriage rides operate during school holidays and special events. Churchill Island is easily accessible by an all-vehicle bridge from Phillip Island.First walked by Bunurong/Boonwurrung Aboriginal people, the island has an important place in the history of European settlement in Victoria. There are also restored historic buildings from the 1860s and 1870s, lovely gardens, ancient Moonah trees, wetlands, a visitor’s centre and a licensed café.

The Island forms part of the Churchill Island Marine National park and the waters and mudflats surrounding Churchill Island are listed under the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance. Two island circuit tracks offers magnificent views across Western Port Bay and provide excellent bird viewing (Royal Spoonbills, Pied Oyster Catchers, ibis, gulls, herons and pelicans). There are also views of Tortoise Head and French Island. The whole island is heritage listed with Heritage Victoria and the buildings are classified by the National Trust.

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Contact Information

location
246 Samuel Amess Drive Newhaven VIC 3925 (map)
phone
+61 03 5956 7214; 03 5951 2800

Contact

Opening Hours

Daily 10 a.m. - 5 p.m.

Entry Fee

Adults (16yrs+) $12.25 Children (4-15yrs) $6.15 Australian Pensioner(ID required) $8.55 Family (2A +2C) $30.65

Location

246 Samuel Amess Drive Newhaven Victoria

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This collection forms the basis for the operations of Churchill Island Heritage Farm, which is located on Churchill Island, where in 1801, during a survey of Western Port Bay, Lieutenant James Grant built a cottage, cleared land and planted the first wheat and corn crops grown in Victoria, using seeds provided by John Churchill. The working farm features a homestead, built by Samuel Amess, a one-time mayor of Melbourne who purchased the island in 1872, together with cottages built by John Rogers in the 1860s and associated outbuildings. As well as the heritage buildings, the collection includes agricultural machinery, implements, and tools, special collections of farm engines and dairy equipment, and historical photographs. The collection is managed by Churchill Island Heritage Farm curator.

Significance

This collection documents early Victorian rural life and agriculture, and the history of the site where crops were first grown in Victoria in 1801; includes also information on the various owners of the island and Government ownership from 1970s.

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401 items

401 items

Seal fur strip

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

See photo

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis. Keywords janet amess lace collection; lace; churchill island Statement of Significance

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Stump Jump Plough

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Unpainted metal stump jump plough with information signage

Bridge Notebook

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Small lined notebook, with plstic removable cover with press tud fasten. Contains notes regarding 1959 bridge construction written by Harry Jenkins. Plastic cover navy blue colour.

Historical information

Dr Harry Jenkins owned Churchill Island from 1936 to 1963 and bequeathed it to Margaret Campbell on his death. Sister Campbell had been nurse to his disabled son and wife and she lived on the island from the time of World War Two. The item was given to Arthur Evans, a family friend, on the day of the auction sale of artifacts when she sold the island, approximately 1973.

Significance

This item demonstrates Harry Jenkins thorough and detailed approach to the maintenance of Churchill Island Farm and construction in the era.

Butter worker, 30lb capacity

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Timber with cast gearing, round butter worker

Historical information

Used at Chrchill Island,

Inscriptions & Markings

Cherry & Sons

Paling/shingle cutting blade

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

well used blacksmith made. No handle

Hand painted saucer 2 of 3

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Saucer with gold rim and decoration, 2 swallows and 10 stylised birds. Hand-painted by Margaret Amess.

Historical information

Margaret Amess was the youngest child of Samuel and Jane Amess, who first purchased Churchill Island in 1872. Margaret Amess was renowned for her china painting.

White cotton boudoir cap

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Boudoir cap for keeping curlers in place. Acceptable to wear with visitors. Used at night to keep hair neat. (Lace Group Embroiderers Guild 1/3/12). See photos (3).

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Inscriptions & Markings

Packaged with note: "White cotton handmade lace mob cap"

Scoop

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Mud scoop

Historical information

Recovered from San Remo property.

Inscriptions & Markings

Gaston

Stationary engine

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Blue green casing; two belt drive wheels; red wheels. Attached to green chaff cutter

LACE TRIM

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Lenth of lace trim with scalloped edge and straight selvedge edge, floral design on net ground. Machine made

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929

spanner

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

open ended cast spanner. Heavy duty. Handle has 2 small drill holes

Inscriptions & Markings

7/8 on jaw

Handwritten notes on paper

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Pencil notes regarding Churchill Island ownership from 1879 to 1937. Author unknown

Historical information

Dr Harry Jenkins owned Churchill Island from 1936 to 1963 and bequeathed it to Margaret Campbell on his death. Sister Campbell had been nurse to his disabled son and wife and she lived on the island from the time of World War Two. The item was given to Arthur Evans, a family friend, on the day of the auction sale of artifacts when she sold the island, approximately 1973

Significance

This document provides information regarding Churchill Island ownership.

Inscriptions & Markings

TULLIS BOND MADE IN GREAT BRITAIN [watermark - bottom of page, rear]

Branding Iron

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Branding iron with initials SA for Samuel Amess. Surface rust, pitted surface.

cattle ear punch

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Steel. Two handled. Return spring missing. Apple shaped punch

Wagon wheel

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Intact wagon wheel unpainted

Periodical - The Australian Farm & Home, VOL. LI No. 4

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Paper periodical publication 'The Australian Farm & Home', Journal of The Royal Agricultural Society of Victoria, VOL. LI-No.4, April 30, 1942, containing an article 'The Churchill Stud' by Capt. E.W. Dixon

Historical information

Dr Harry Jenkins owned Churchill Island from 1936 to 1963 and bequeathed it to Margaret Campbell on his death. Sister Campbell had been nurse to his disabled son and wife and she lived on the island from the time of World War Two. The item was given to Arthur Evans, a family friend, on the day of the auction sale of artifacts when she sold the island, approximately 1973.

Significance

Demonstrates Harry Jenkins interest and involvement in farming and cattle.

Inscriptions & Markings

'Mrs. Jenkins' [front page, left hand side], 'Printed Matter Only. Mr. Ted Jenkins, Churchill Island via Newhaven', [back cover, left hand side]

Level

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Paint spots and wear at grooves. Wood, glass bubbles, brass cover over bubble. Round maker's seal missing.

Horseworks

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Horseworks for one or two horses, gearing, shafting and pulley, complete. Used as a power conversion unit via one or two horses to operate a chaff cutter or similar unit. Horseworks is set up outside a building with an underground shaft to a pulley inside the barn

Inscriptions & Markings

Robinson

LACE TRIM

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Machine made lace with spotted and floral pattern

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929

spanner

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Cast iron. Thick. Drill mark on handle and various strike marks.

Inscriptions & Markings

"7/8"

Dray

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Brown wood, dark red wheels, unpainted shafts. Some decorative wood panelling.

School Assignment - "Churchill Island"

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

History project form 3 Mentone Girls Grammar School 1969 by Margaret Stott on an island within the surrounds of Australia. 11pp blue ink handwritten foolscap. 1 coloured map of Western Port showing location of Churchill Island. 17 colour photos. Stitched into brown manilla folder with blue spine.

Small crochet round pieces x 4

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Hand crochet (Lace Group Embroiderers Guild 1/3/12) See photos (4)

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Horse drawn sled

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Fourteen unpainted boards, metal ends; swingle trace on galvanised chain

Newspaper Supplement - "A Voyage of Discovery - Celebrating the Bicentenary of Lt. Grant's Journey into Western Port in the Vessel, the Lady Nelson"

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

A special souvenir lift out from the Phillip Island and San Remo Advertiser Wednesday March 21, 2001 pp 13-16 (included). Includes bio of Lt. Grant; program of 200 year celebrations at Churchill Island and Rhyll; information about "Lady Nelson". Thursday March 22 - Sunday March 25, 2001. 2 copies.

wedge

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

wood splitting wedge; commercially made; steel; surface rust; with relief groove

Historical information

Used with other wood cutting/splitting tools donated by Wilfred Dungan.

saw set

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Incomplete. Bronze saw set with no fittings except striker. Red paint spots.

Inscriptions & Markings

Eclipse No 77. Made in England

mantle clock

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Historical information

Family heirloom. Originated in County Tyrone in Northern Ireland. Came to Tasmania with the family of Thomas Johnstone, a blacksmith. He was not happy there and with the help of Joshua Black came to Portland, Victoria, opened a blacksmith business in the town and then took up a section at Swan Lake near Portland.

Significance

No Churchill Island significance - suits the period of Amess House

Adze

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Rusted, well worn, blacksmith made with bias on blade. No handle

spanner

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Badly rusted. Thin metal. Probably came with a tool kit for a particular piece of machinery