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Churchill Island Heritage Farm Newhaven, Victoria

Churchill Island Heritage Farm covers 57 hectares and boasts a historic working farm with ‘hands on’ farming demonstrations reminiscent of a bygone era. Sheep shearing, cow milking and working dog demonstrations run every day except Christmas day and are included in the entry fee. Carriage rides operate during school holidays and special events. Churchill Island is easily accessible by an all-vehicle bridge from Phillip Island.First walked by Bunurong/Boonwurrung Aboriginal people, the island has an important place in the history of European settlement in Victoria. There are also restored historic buildings from the 1860s and 1870s, lovely gardens, ancient Moonah trees, wetlands, a visitor’s centre and a licensed café.

The Island forms part of the Churchill Island Marine National park and the waters and mudflats surrounding Churchill Island are listed under the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance. Two island circuit tracks offers magnificent views across Western Port Bay and provide excellent bird viewing (Royal Spoonbills, Pied Oyster Catchers, ibis, gulls, herons and pelicans). There are also views of Tortoise Head and French Island. The whole island is heritage listed with Heritage Victoria and the buildings are classified by the National Trust.

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Contact Information

location
246 Samuel Amess Drive Newhaven VIC 3925 (map)
phone
+61 03 5956 7214; 03 5951 2800

Contact

Opening Hours

Daily 10 a.m. - 5 p.m.

Entry Fee

Adults (16yrs+) $12.25 Children (4-15yrs) $6.15 Australian Pensioner(ID required) $8.55 Family (2A +2C) $30.65

Location

246 Samuel Amess Drive Newhaven Victoria

View on Google Maps

This collection forms the basis for the operations of Churchill Island Heritage Farm, which is located on Churchill Island, where in 1801, during a survey of Western Port Bay, Lieutenant James Grant built a cottage, cleared land and planted the first wheat and corn crops grown in Victoria, using seeds provided by John Churchill. The working farm features a homestead, built by Samuel Amess, a one-time mayor of Melbourne who purchased the island in 1872, together with cottages built by John Rogers in the 1860s and associated outbuildings. As well as the heritage buildings, the collection includes agricultural machinery, implements, and tools, special collections of farm engines and dairy equipment, and historical photographs. The collection is managed by Churchill Island Heritage Farm curator.

Significance

This collection documents early Victorian rural life and agriculture, and the history of the site where crops were first grown in Victoria in 1801; includes also information on the various owners of the island and Government ownership from 1970s.

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401 items

401 items

Book - Historical - "Lieut. John Murray. H.M. Survey Vessel Lady Nelson and the Discovery of Port Phillip"

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Portrait oriented cardboard covered book. Colour cover. Buff pages. 1 colour plate. Several facsimile diagrams. 108pp. Dust jacket. Diary from Sunday 14/2/1802 - Thursday 11/3/1802.

Inscriptions & Markings

"$35 #17333" (pencil)

Lace Piece

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Machine embroidery (Lace Group Embroiderers Guild 1/3/12) See photos (2)

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Double furrow mould board plough

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Double furrow moud board plough, two wheels front, one rear, painted brown

Horse drawn grader

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Horse drawn grader, metal, painted yellow, unpainted long pole

Oil Painting

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Moonlight scene of Churchill Island with rowboat on sea in foreground. Pink lower sky, moon full above. IN large elaborate faded gold gilt frame matching 0343.

Historical information

Given by Margaret Amess, youngest child of Samuel and Jane, to Mary Clay who was MA's maid until married. M.C. was aunt of donor. One of a pair (see 0343).

Significance

Artist unknown, may have been Margaret Amess or her cousin Minnie Laurence, both of whom practiced art around the turn of the 20th century.

Inscriptions & Markings

On back: PREPARED MILLBOARD./(coat of arms)/WINSOR & NEWTON (Limited),/ARTISTS' COLOURMEN/To Her Majesty,/AND TO/T.R.H. THE PRINE & PRINCESS OF WALES,/ 38, RATHBONE PLACE, W/NORTH LONDON COLOUR WORKS, KENTISH TOWN, N.W.

SICKLE

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Right handed sickle. Blade painted black. Handle varnished

wedge

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

small wedge with substantial chip out of narrow end. Relief groove

Historical information

Used in conjunction with other wood splitting/cutting tools donated by Wilfred Dungan.

Inscriptions & Markings

HYTEST FORGED TOOLS

Baby bonnet

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Strips of machine lace imitating bobbin lace; hand crocheted together. Crocheted rosettes. (Lace Group Embroiderers' Guild 1/3/12).

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Inscriptions & Markings

Packaged with note; "Hand crocheted silk lined baby's bonnet" Lace fabric rayon?

cross cut saw

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Steel. Designed with bow in middle of blade. Small offset. Original ends in good conditions. No handles.

Name Plate, Brass

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Rectangular brass name plate, one recessed screw hole per corner, used by Harry Jenkins for his dentist practice, Collins St, Melbourne.

Inscriptions & Markings

Front: "E.H. JENKINS / DENTIST" Reverse: "SRIATS RU" (UR STAIRS backwards)

Furphy Water Cart

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Furphy water cart, unpainted with traces of red on embossed end

Historical information

Furphy carts were an important item in Australian agriculture, leading to the addition of the word "furphy" a misleading rumour (originally as spread from gossip around the water cart).

Inscriptions & Markings

On side of tank in black paint "CHRURCILL ISLAND" Embossed on end: Furphy water cart; makers Furphy & Sons, Shepparton and other inscriptions.

Paper Statement re Estate, carbon copy of 0212.1

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Paper document, Final Statement re Estate of late Mrs Anna Hannah Gahan, relative of the wife of Harry Jenkins, Alice (nee Gahan). Carbon copy of item 0212.1

Historical information

Dr Harry Jenkins owned Churchill Island from 1936 to 1963 and bequeathed it to Margaret Campbell on his death. Sister Campbell had been nurse to his disabled son and wife and she lived on the island from the time of World War Two. The item was given to Arthur Evans, a family friend, on the day of the auction sale of artifacts when she sold the island, approximately 1973.

Significance

Demonstrates values and costs of era.

Super spreader

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Horse drawn, burgundy and white hopper, unpainted shafts, rubber wheels

Double furrow mould board plough

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Green framework, yellow mouldboards and wheels

Pick, Miner's

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Short top end of head. Commercially made/ Well worn. Handle repaired1) automotive wire 2) electrical tape repair. Painted red, end split.

Colour photographs

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

14 colour prints 15x20cm. 10 views of Churchill Island in 2011. 9 colour prints 20x40cm. 9 views (same as smaller ones). See list attached to catalogue sheet. Photographed by Margaret Caffyn (nee Stott).

Mortice axe

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Modern handle. Blacksmith made. some pitting.

Inscriptions & Markings

Long V decoration along head.

Horse drawn sled

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Fourteen unpainted boards, metal ends; swingle trace on galvanised chain

Greeting card

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Folded card with printed front cover, blank back page. Inside left is sepia photo stuck on showing "prisoners' camp cycle track Cape Town". Inside right page has three everlasting silver leaves. Centre leaf has hand painted three ostriches and a tree. Left leaf has handwritten " Loving greetings". Right leaf " To my dear Aunt". Red white and blue striped ribbon glued to base of centre leaf.

Historical information

Card was sent by Harry Jenkins, owner of Churchill Island 1936-1963, to his aunt Ada Annie Trott in 1902 while he was serving in the Boer War. It shows prison camp in Cape Town.

Significance

Communication from Serving Australian soldier to family in Boer War.

Inscriptions & Markings

As for description. Stamped Jan 25 1902

Stationary baler

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Stationary baler red, attached to green engine, white wheels

Inscriptions & Markings

"H.V. McKay, Massey Harvester, Sunshine" in white paint, white scroll mark

Comet Windmill

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Windmill on metal stand "COMET" painted on silver vane. Restored in 1980s.

Historical information

Comet Windmills was founded in Rockhampton, Queensland in 1879 by Sidney Williams. The Comet became known as "Australia's Leading Mill". The company survived two world wars and three generations of the family and was sold in 1992 and terminated in 1998.

Significance

Probably the oldest working mill of its model in Gippsland

Paper Receipt

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Donation receipt from Warley Bush Nursing Hospital Cowes, Phillip Island, No. 3522, received from Churchill Island Family in sum of 50 pounds for a bed, dated 21.5.1962

Historical information

Dr Harry Jenkins owned Churchill Island from 1936 to 1963 and bequeathed it to Margaret Campbell on his death. Sister Campbell had been nurse to his disabled son and wife and she lived on the island from the time of World War Two. The item was given to Arthur Evans, a family friend, on the day of the auction sale of artifacts when she sold the island, approximately 1973.

Significance

Demonstrates involvement with local community

Inscriptions & Markings

21.5.196, Churchill Island Family, fifthy [pounds], Donation - Bed, 50, [signed] M.J. Beaton

wood splitting wedge

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

wedge with groove to prevent sticking. Worn top, burred over

Six pound cannon balls

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Approximately 24 six pound cannon balls

Historical information

Accompany cannon. Fired by Harry Jenkins and Margaret Campbell

Significance

Part of cannon history

Handwritten notes on paper

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Handwritten notes in pencil on paper, regarding top dressing; includes map with amounts and dates.

Historical information

Dr Harry Jenkins owned Churchill Island from 1936 to 1963 and bequeathed it to Margaret Campbell on his death. Sister Campbell had been nurse to his disabled son and wife and she lived on the island from the time of World War Two. The item was given to Arthur Evans, a family friend, on the day of the auction sale of artifacts when she sold the island, approximately 1973. Churchill Island was run as a dairy farm in the 1940's.

Significance

These notes demonstrate Harry Jenkins interest in the farm and his thorough approach to farming. It also provides historical information on farming in the era.

Butter worker, 30lb capacity

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Timber with cast gearing, round butter worker

Historical information

Used at Chrchill Island,

Inscriptions & Markings

Cherry & Sons

Farm diary

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Diary of farm activity

Historical information

Diary of farm activities

Significance

Contributes to history of heritage farm

adjustable wrench

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Cast jaws on rod. Handmade. Jaws badly warped. Surface rust and paint spots

camp oven

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

oval shaped camp oven with swinging handle on body. Lid with D handle on top. Lip handle on one side of rim. Surface rust. Corrosion on edge of lid.

Historical information

Purchased at clearing sale

Inscriptions & Markings

CLARKE AND CO. With name there is a diamond cartouche with a tower and drawbridge and flag on top, "I" and "J" either side of tower. 4G under (four gallons)

Seed drill

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Burgundy seed drill with cream wheels converted to tractor towing with blue metal towbar