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Churchill Island Heritage Farm Newhaven, Victoria

Churchill Island Heritage Farm covers 57 hectares and boasts a historic working farm with ‘hands on’ farming demonstrations reminiscent of a bygone era. Sheep shearing, cow milking and working dog demonstrations run every day except Christmas day and are included in the entry fee. Carriage rides operate during school holidays and special events. Churchill Island is easily accessible by an all-vehicle bridge from Phillip Island.First walked by Bunurong/Boonwurrung Aboriginal people, the island has an important place in the history of European settlement in Victoria. There are also restored historic buildings from the 1860s and 1870s, lovely gardens, ancient Moonah trees, wetlands, a visitor’s centre and a licensed café.

The Island forms part of the Churchill Island Marine National park and the waters and mudflats surrounding Churchill Island are listed under the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance. Two island circuit tracks offers magnificent views across Western Port Bay and provide excellent bird viewing (Royal Spoonbills, Pied Oyster Catchers, ibis, gulls, herons and pelicans). There are also views of Tortoise Head and French Island. The whole island is heritage listed with Heritage Victoria and the buildings are classified by the National Trust.

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Contact Information

location
246 Samuel Amess Drive Newhaven VIC 3925 (map)
phone
+61 03 5956 7214; 03 5951 2800

Contact

Opening Hours

Daily 10 a.m. - 5 p.m.

Entry Fee

Adults (16yrs+) $12.25 Children (4-15yrs) $6.15 Australian Pensioner(ID required) $8.55 Family (2A +2C) $30.65

Location

246 Samuel Amess Drive Newhaven Victoria

View on Google Maps

This collection forms the basis for the operations of Churchill Island Heritage Farm, which is located on Churchill Island, where in 1801, during a survey of Western Port Bay, Lieutenant James Grant built a cottage, cleared land and planted the first wheat and corn crops grown in Victoria, using seeds provided by John Churchill. The working farm features a homestead, built by Samuel Amess, a one-time mayor of Melbourne who purchased the island in 1872, together with cottages built by John Rogers in the 1860s and associated outbuildings. As well as the heritage buildings, the collection includes agricultural machinery, implements, and tools, special collections of farm engines and dairy equipment, and historical photographs. The collection is managed by Churchill Island Heritage Farm curator.

Significance

This collection documents early Victorian rural life and agriculture, and the history of the site where crops were first grown in Victoria in 1801; includes also information on the various owners of the island and Government ownership from 1970s.

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1042 items

1042 items

Black and white landscape photograph

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Black and white photograph taken on Churchill Island of North Cove, with the shoreline being framed by trees

Historical information

Churchill Island Heritage Farm has a large photograph collection dating from the mid-nineteenth century to the last decade. This series of photographs show candid pictures taken by previous residents of the Island.

Inscriptions & Markings

Catalogue number written on reverse in pencil Written in pencil on reverse in multiple hands 'North Cove Churchill Island c1940' '69'

Trewhella jack

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

combination of commercially manufactured body and blacksmith made handle

Historical information

Used in conjunction with wood cutting/splitting tools previously donated by Wilfred Dungan

Inscriptions & Markings

WALLABY TREWHELLA BROS PTY LTD TRENTHAM AUSTRALIA

Aerial photograph of estuary

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Black and white aerial photograph of estuary. Plane wing visible in bottom left corner. White border

Historical information

Churchill Island Heritage Farm has a large photograph collection dating from the mid-nineteenth century to the last decade. This series of photographs show events and people from the Churchill Island precinct and the enormous amount of collaboration and work that went into the development of the heritage area and making it accessible and interactive for visitors of all ages.

Inscriptions & Markings

Catalogue number in pencil on reverse. "EJ4/28" on reverse in pencil

Photograph of school planting group

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Black and White Photograph of school group planting trees. Caption: 'June Morrish makes sure all the holes are used'

Historical information

Churchill Island Heritage Farm has a large photograph collection dating from the mid-nineteenth century to the last decade. This series of photographs show the restoration and building of the Churchill Island precinct and the enormous amount of collaboration and work that went into the development of the heritage area.

Sundercut Stump Jump Plough 1925

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Black and white drawing printed on thin card showing a Sundercut stump jump plough being worked with a team of six horses. A man sits on the plough, looking at the viewer. Appears to be a print-out on thin card. Has been cut out along printed lines.

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten on front bottom: 'Sundercut Stump Jump Plough 1925" Artists' signature under rear wheel on drawing: 'M. Caccianiga"

Hand Shears

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Spring double handled hand shears for shearing sheep.

Inscriptions & Markings

"HIND'S PATENT DOUBLE HOLLOW GROUND BURGAN AND BALL PATENT NO. 294 (inside a shield with a crown on top) MADE IN ENGLAND"

Shearing machine

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Single stand shearing machine on unpainted wooden stand. Painted blue/green with red disc

Black and white photograph of three men on a cannon

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Black and White photograph of Mal McCartney, Guy Evans, and Gid Ashley posing around the cannon with the Norfolk Pine and Amess House.

Historical information

Churchill Island has a large photograph collection dating from the nineteenth century. This series consists of candid photographs of everyday life taken by previous residents of the island.

Inscriptions & Markings

Catalogue number written on reverse in pencil. Handwritten in pen on reverse: '1940. CANNON SHOWING NUMBER OF CANNON BALLS. MAL MCCARTNEY GUY EVANS GID ASHLEY'

Photograph of a man on a Ford excavator

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Black and White photograph of a man driving a Ford excavator in front of bushland.

Historical information

Churchill Island Heritage Farm has a large photograph collection dating from the nineteenth century. This series provides an insight into the early days of Churchill Island as a Conservation site.

Inscriptions & Markings

Catalogue number written on reverse in pencil.

Photograph of a cow in a field

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Black and White landscape photograph of a large cow with horns grazing in a pasture on Churchill Island with water in the background.

Historical information

Churchill Island Heritage Farm has a large photograph collection dating from the mid-nineteenth century to the last decade. This series of photographs show the restoration and building of the Churchill Island precinct and the enormous amount of collaboration and work that went into the development of the heritage area.

Inscriptions & Markings

Catalogue number written on reverse in pencil.

Sketch book of Minnie Laurence

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Black cover 124pp; 54 with pencil or pen and ink drawings. 1 cut-away page of writing. 2 drawings inside back cover. Spine deteriorated and many pages loose.

Historical information

Some of Minnie's sketches from this sketch book used by Pat Baird in her book "Churchill Island History and Her Story" (copyright for this book with Friends of Churchill Island (FOCIS)).

Inscriptions & Markings

"M.L. M.S.A."

Dump hay rake

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Red dump hay rake, white wheels, single horse, single row of rakes

Scythe

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

scythe with surface rust, no handle, good steel, rough welds on socket, hole for mounting handle (e.g. with screw)

Inscriptions & Markings

TROJAN/264

Photograph of tree planting

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Black and White Photograph with white border of a gum tree being planted. Closeup photograph of two children gathered around a hole. Caption: 'David Opitz and Katy Black planting a gum tree. About 800 trees were planted that day.'

Historical information

Churchill Island Heritage Farm has a large photograph collection dating from the mid-nineteenth century to the last decade. This series of photographs show the restoration and building of the Churchill Island precinct and the enormous amount of collaboration and work that went into the development of the heritage area.

Inscriptions & Markings

Catalogue number in pencil on reverse

Churchill Easter 1946 Mum and Me

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Black and White photograph depicting two women standing in front of a stand of trees with a narrow inlet of water in the background.

Historical information

Churchill Island Heritage Farm has a large photograph collection dating from the mid-nineteenth century to the last decade. This series of photographs show candid pictures taken by previous residents of the Island.

Inscriptions & Markings

Catalogue number written in pencil on reverse. 'Churchill Island 1946/Mum + Me' in pen on reverse

Photograph of gathering at a picnic

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Black and white photograph of people sitting or reclining on blankets in the foreground. Shows three men and one woman, as part of a larger group having a picnic.

Historical information

Churchill Island Heritage Farm has a large photograph collection dating from the mid-nineteenth century to the last decade. This series of photographs show events and people from the Churchill Island precinct and the enormous amount of collaboration and work that went into the development of the heritage area and making it accessible and interactive for visitors of all ages.

Inscriptions & Markings

Catalogue number in pencil on reverse

Photograph of firefighters dousing fire

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Colour photograph of a demonstration of firefighters using traditional machinery to douse a fire. A contemporary fire engine stands int he background. Potentially taken in 2001 at a Working Horses Expo

Historical information

Churchill Island has a large photographic collection dating from the nineteenth century. This series shows the extensive work and volunteering conducted on site by workers after it was turned into a heritage site

Inscriptions & Markings

Catalogue number on reverse in pencil.

Black and white photograph of two people sitting on a daybed

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Black and White photograph of two people sitting on a daybed out the front of Amess House. Ken Stott leans over the table, while Valda Treadwell sits next to him.

Historical information

Churchill Island has a large photograph collection dating from the nineteenth century. This series consists of candid photographs of everyday life taken by previous residents of the island.

Inscriptions & Markings

Catalogue number written on reverse in pencil. Handwritten in pen on reverse: '1940. Ken Stott and Valda Treadwell'

Black and white photograph of four men

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Black and white landscape photograph of four men - Harry Jenkins, Ted Jenkins, Geoff Tyrthall and Gordon Grant - in the vegetable garden. Photograph has been taken under an orchard in the vegetable garden with Rogers' Cottage in the background.

Historical information

Churchill Island Heritage Farm has a large photograph collection dating from the mid-nineteenth century to the last decade

Inscriptions & Markings

Catalogue number written in pencil on reverse. On reverse in pen '1939 Harry Jenkins, Ted Jenkins, Geoff Tyrthall and Gordon Grant in the vegetable garden. Gordon is sitting on one of the cement boxes for the legs of the tank stand'

Chemise

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Limerick lace, open at front. Square net - unprocurable now. (Lace Group Embroiderers Guild 1/3/12

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Inscriptions & Markings

Packed with note"Real Limerick Lace undergarment" and two notes in Janet Amess' writing see 0036

Black and white composite aerial photograph

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Black and white composite aerial photograph showing Churchill Island and a portion of Phillip Island

Historical information

Churchill Island Heritage Farm has a large photograph collection dating from the mid-nineteenth century to the last decade. This series of photographs show candid pictures taken by previous residents of the Island.

Inscriptions & Markings

Catalogue number written on reverse in pencil Written in pen on reverse '4 - aerial photos put together Taken?? + By whom??'

Photograph of cow

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Black and White photograph of a cow with small horns.

Historical information

Churchill Island Heritage Farm has a large photograph collection dating from the mid-nineteenth century to the last decade.

Inscriptions & Markings

Catalogue number written on reverse in pencil.

Photograph of woman in costume

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Black and white photograph of a woman in costume standing in front of a tree holding a small wicker basket.

Historical information

Churchill Island Heritage Farm has a large photograph collection dating from the mid-nineteenth century to the last decade.

Inscriptions & Markings

Catalogue number written on reverse in pencil Handwritten on reverse in pencil 'Possible Sue - Robert Ingpen's daughter. I knew her around 2010 but this looks like a younger version of her. Samantha Mather - 14/09/2019'

Photograph of a shoreline on Churchill Island

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Black and white photograph of the shoreline on Churchill Island. Photograph has been printed on a type of card and has a matte finish applied.

Historical information

Churchill Island Heritage Farm has a large photograph collection dating from the mid-nineteenth century to the last decade. This series of photographs show events and people from the Churchill Island precinct and the enormous amount of collaboration and work that went into the development of the heritage area and making it accessible and interactive for visitors of all ages.

Inscriptions & Markings

Catalogue number written in pencil on reverse.

Photograph of a Tibetan monk posing with a man

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Blurry photograph of a man playfully posing with a Tibetan monk who wears a cattleman hat

Historical information

Churchill Island Heritage Farm has a large photographic collection dating from the nineteenth century. This series shows more contemporary photographs taken from around Churchill Island.

Inscriptions & Markings

catalogue number written on reverse in pencil

Oil Painting

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Daylight scene of Churchill Island shore with sailing boat full sails heading towards shore. In large elaborate faded gold gilt frame matching 0344.

Historical information

Given by Margaret Amess, youngest child of Samuel and Jane, to Mary Clay who was MA's maid until married. M.C. was aunt of donor. One of a pair (see 0344).

Significance

Artist unknown, may have been Margaret Amess or her cousin Minnie Laurence, both of whom practiced art around the turn of the 20th century.

Inscriptions & Markings

On back: PREPARED MILLBOARD./(coat of arms)/WINSOR & NEWTON (Limited),/ARTISTS' COLOURMEN/To Her Majesty,/AND TO/T.R.H. THE PRINCE & PRINCESS OF WALES,/ 38, RATHBONE PLACE, W/NORTH LONDON COLOUR WORKS, KENTISH TOWN, N.W.

Photograph of a cow

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Black and white photograph of a cow in the pasture with a line of pine trees in the background.

Historical information

Churchill Island Heritage Farm has a large photograph collection dating from the nineteenth century to the present.

Inscriptions & Markings

Catalogue number written in pencil on the reverse. Handwritten on reverse in pen '1939 Mainly to show pine trees. High house tank stand shown'

Photograph of Trev making bagging needle

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Colour photograph of farm manager Trevor Heywood making a bagging needle. Probably taken at the Churchill Island Easter Festival 30/03/2013

Historical information

Churchill Island has a large photographic collection dating from the nineteenth century. This series shows the extensive work and volunteering conducted on site by workers after it was turned into a heritage site

Inscriptions & Markings

Catalogue number on reverse in pencil. Written on reverse in pen: "Trevor Heywood, Churchill Island farm manager, quickly making a bagging needle for chaff bags, Churchill Island Easter Festival 30/3/2013"

Photograph of shed on Churchill Island

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Black and white photograph with white border of farm machinery and items set up for an exhibition in a shed on Churchill Island.

Historical information

Churchill Island Heritage Farm has a large photographic collection dating from the nineteenth century to the present.

Inscriptions & Markings

Catalogue number written on reverse in pencil

Ruffle, With Neckpiece

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Machine embroidery (Lace Group Embroiderers Guild 1/3/12) See photos (2)

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.