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Churchill Island Heritage Farm Newhaven, Victoria

Churchill Island Heritage Farm covers 57 hectares and boasts a historic working farm with ‘hands on’ farming demonstrations reminiscent of a bygone era. Sheep shearing, cow milking and working dog demonstrations run every day except Christmas day and are included in the entry fee. Carriage rides operate during school holidays and special events. Churchill Island is easily accessible by an all-vehicle bridge from Phillip Island.First walked by Bunurong/Boonwurrung Aboriginal people, the island has an important place in the history of European settlement in Victoria. There are also restored historic buildings from the 1860s and 1870s, lovely gardens, ancient Moonah trees, wetlands, a visitor’s centre and a licensed café.

The Island forms part of the Churchill Island Marine National park and the waters and mudflats surrounding Churchill Island are listed under the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance. Two island circuit tracks offers magnificent views across Western Port Bay and provide excellent bird viewing (Royal Spoonbills, Pied Oyster Catchers, ibis, gulls, herons and pelicans). There are also views of Tortoise Head and French Island. The whole island is heritage listed with Heritage Victoria and the buildings are classified by the National Trust.

Links

Contact Information

location
246 Samuel Amess Drive Newhaven VIC 3925 (map)
phone
+61 03 5956 7214; 03 5951 2800

Contact

Opening Hours

Daily 10 a.m. - 5 p.m.

Entry Fee

Adults (16yrs+) $12.25 Children (4-15yrs) $6.15 Australian Pensioner(ID required) $8.55 Family (2A +2C) $30.65

Location

246 Samuel Amess Drive Newhaven Victoria

View on Google Maps

This collection forms the basis for the operations of Churchill Island Heritage Farm, which is located on Churchill Island, where in 1801, during a survey of Western Port Bay, Lieutenant James Grant built a cottage, cleared land and planted the first wheat and corn crops grown in Victoria, using seeds provided by John Churchill. The working farm features a homestead, built by Samuel Amess, a one-time mayor of Melbourne who purchased the island in 1872, together with cottages built by John Rogers in the 1860s and associated outbuildings. As well as the heritage buildings, the collection includes agricultural machinery, implements, and tools, special collections of farm engines and dairy equipment, and historical photographs. The collection is managed by Churchill Island Heritage Farm curator.

Significance

This collection documents early Victorian rural life and agriculture, and the history of the site where crops were first grown in Victoria in 1801; includes also information on the various owners of the island and Government ownership from 1970s.

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936 items with images

936 items with images

adjustable wrench

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

twist design on handle; jaws bent out of shape and worn. Hand-made

Adze

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Rusted, well worn, blacksmith made with bias on blade. No handle. An adze is a tool similar to an axe.

Adze

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Fairly modern standard adze, a tool similar to an axe, with an arched blade at right angles to the handle, used for cutting or shaping large pieces of wood.

Historical information

Hytest is regarded as best Australian brand of axe.

Inscriptions & Markings

Hytest

Aerial Photograph of Churchill Island

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Muted aerial photograph of Churchill Island. Small portion of plane's wing visible in bottom left corner.

Historical information

Churchill Island Heritage Farm has a large photograph collection dating from the mid-nineteenth century to the last decade. This series of photographs show events and people from the Churchill Island precinct and the enormous amount of collaboration and work that went into the development of the heritage area and making it accessible and interactive for visitors of all ages.

Inscriptions & Markings

Catalogue number in pencil on reverse. Print on reverse bottom: “COWES 03601 NNNBA” Printed over reverse: “THIS PAPER MANUFACTURED BY KODAK”

Aerial Photograph of Churchill Island

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Black and White photograph showing an aerial view of Churchill Island with Phillip Island in the background. A propeller is visible in the bottom right corner of the photograph.

Inscriptions & Markings

Catalogue number written in pencil on the reverse. 'S19' written in pencil on reverse. 'Kodak Print' stamped on reverse twice. 'VELOX' stamped diagonally on reverse.

Aerial Photograph of Churchill Island

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Black and White aerial photograph of Churchill Island with Phillip Island in the background. A propeller can be seen in the foreground on the right side.

Historical information

Churchill Island Heritage Farm has a large photograph collection dating from the mid-nineteenth century to the last decade.

Inscriptions & Markings

Catalogue number written in pencil on reverse. 'Another air shot' written in pen on reverse. 'c.1930s' written in pencil on reverse.

Aerial Photograph of Churchill Island

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Black and White aerial photograph of Churchill Island with Phillip Island in the background. A propeller can be seen in the foreground on the right side.

Historical information

Churchill Island Heritage Farm has a large photograph collection dating from the mid-nineteenth century to the last decade.

Inscriptions & Markings

Catalogue number written in pencil on reverse. 'Churchill Is 1.1.40.' Written in pencil on reverse. 'Capt Patterson A.N.A' written in pencil on reverse '5''34' stamped in black ink on reverse. 'VELOX' stamped diagonally on reverse

Aerial Photograph of Churchill Island

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Black and White aerial photograph of Churchill Island taken from a plane, the propeller partially visible in the bottom right corner.

Historical information

Churchill Island has a large photograph collection dating from the nineteenth century. This series consists of candid photographs of everyday life taken by previous residents of the island.

Inscriptions & Markings

Catalogue number written on reverse in pencil. Handwritten in pen on reverse: '1940. FROM THE AIR'

Aerial photograph of estuary

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Black and White aerial photograph of estuary. White border.

Historical information

Churchill Island Heritage Farm has a large photograph collection dating from the mid-nineteenth century to the last decade. This series of photographs show events and people from the Churchill Island precinct and the enormous amount of collaboration and work that went into the development of the heritage area and making it accessible and interactive for visitors of all ages.

Inscriptions & Markings

Catalogue number in pencil on reverse. "EJ4/30" on reverse in pencil

Aerial photograph of estuary

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Black and white aerial photograph of estuary. Plane wing visible in bottom left corner. White border

Historical information

Churchill Island Heritage Farm has a large photograph collection dating from the mid-nineteenth century to the last decade. This series of photographs show events and people from the Churchill Island precinct and the enormous amount of collaboration and work that went into the development of the heritage area and making it accessible and interactive for visitors of all ages.

Inscriptions & Markings

Catalogue number in pencil on reverse. "EJ4/28" on reverse in pencil

Aerial Photograph of estuary

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Black and White aerial photograph of estuary with white border.

Historical information

Churchill Island Heritage Farm has a large photograph collection dating from the mid-nineteenth century to the last decade. This series of photographs show events and people from the Churchill Island precinct and the enormous amount of collaboration and work that went into the development of the heritage area and making it accessible and interactive for visitors of all ages.

Inscriptions & Markings

Catalogue number in pencil on reverse. "EJ4/31" on reverse in pencil

Aerial View of Churchill Island

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Black and White photograph showing aerial view of Churchill Island

Historical information

Churchill Island Heritage Farm has a large photograph collection dating from the mid-nineteenth century to the last decade. This series of photographs show candid pictures taken by previous residents of the Island.

Inscriptions & Markings

Catalogue number written on reverse in pencil. 'Churchill Is. 1.1.40 Photo Capt Patterson A.N.A' written on reverse in pencil '5''34' stamped in black on reverse. 'VELOX' stamped repeatedly in diagonal pattern on reverse

Aerial view of estuary

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Black and white aerial photograph of estuary. Plane wing is visible in bottom left corner. White border.

Historical information

Churchill Island Heritage Farm has a large photograph collection dating from the mid-nineteenth century to the last decade. This series of photographs show events and people from the Churchill Island precinct and the enormous amount of collaboration and work that went into the development of the heritage area and making it accessible and interactive for visitors of all ages.

Inscriptions & Markings

Catalogue number in pencil on reverse. "EJ4/29" on reverse in pencil

Air Rifle Shooting For Elementary, Secondary, Grammar and Public Schools

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Pamphlet by Harry Berkley Score from collection of Dr Harry Jenkins

Historical information

Harry Jenkins had served in the Boer War and was a crack shot. He taught many visitors to Churchill Island how to shoot and had a collection of guns and rifles.

Significance

Probably used this booklet to teach young people about, and how to shoot with air rifles.

Argus camera

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Camera owned by Dr Harry Jenkins with original box

Historical information

Possibly used to take photos of island activities which are held in archive

Significance

Used by Harry Jenkins to take photos of activities at this time.

Inscriptions & Markings

"argus/ seventy-five" at top on lens: ARGUS LUMAR 75mm MADE IN AUSTRALIA at side of front: INST/TIME

Auger

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

8 twists in the steel auger with cast iron chuck fused.

Inscriptions & Markings

Chuck: "2" Auger "16" "IRWIN MADE IN USA"

Auger bits X 13

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Surface rust, some paint spots. Sizes stamped on.

Babcock Milk Tester

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Grey blue hand operated spinner to determine fat content of milk. Bottles missing

Historical information

Possibly used by Harry Jenkins when Churchill Island operated as a dairy farm

Inscriptions & Markings

Babcock Tester, Official

Bag filler and rammer

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Galvanised iron with funnel hopper, half covered, rammer underneath, cylindrical pipe.

Inscriptions & Markings

Barklem /bag filler/&/ rammer/ patent registered no 7012

Bag hanger

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Hoome made unpainted metal bag hanger with shearer plough wheels base. Ring to hold bag stored separately

Significance

Good example of farm improvisation

Bag lifter

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Metal crook with two gently curved arms, and used for lifting bags

base glass bottle

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

broken base of black glass bottle, heavy glass.

Historical information

Possibly found on one of the several 'tip sites' on Churchill Island

Bed Jacket

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Motifs hand sewn on to machined net; bobbin tape on seams (NGV) Princess machine lace machine made motifs hand-applied (Lace Group Embroiderers Guild 1/3/12) See photos (4) See also 0086 cuff.

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Inscriptions & Markings

Packaged with note: "Machined lace bed jacket. Janet Amess 1860. From Kel Bright Collection with separated cuff".

Bed Jacket, Cuff

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Cuff from 0086. Motifs hand sewn on to machined net. Bobbin tape on seams (NGV) Princess machine lace. Machine made motifs hand appliqued on (Lace group Embroiderers Guild 1/3/12). See photos (2)

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Inscriptions & Markings

Packaged with note: "Limerick lace bed jacket Janet Amess 1860 from Kel Bright collection with separated cuff".

Bench hand drill

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

White bench hand drill with black wheels and cogs

Bill hook

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Rough pine handle with many borer holes. Commercially made (no ID) cast in socket one end, strap iron riveted other end. Cast blade.

Billie Wilson on Tractor

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Black and white photograph of a women driving a tractor on a muddy ground with wooden/corrugated steel buildings in the background.

Historical information

Churchill Island Heritage Farm has a large photograph collection dating from the mid-nineteenth century to the last decade. This series of photographs show candid pictures taken by previous residents of the Island.

Inscriptions & Markings

Catalogue number written in pencil on the reverse. 'Think it is Billie Wilson on Tractor' written in pencil on reverse. 'c.1941' written in pencil in different hand on reverse. 'Kodak Print' stamp on reverse. '6''29' stamp in blue ink on reverse

Black and white aerial photograph

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Black and white aerial photograph of Churchill Island

Historical information

Churchill Island Heritage Farm has a large photograph collection dating from the mid-nineteenth century to the last decade. This series of photographs show candid pictures taken by previous residents of the Island.

Inscriptions & Markings

Catalogue number written on reverse in pencil Written in pencil on reverse 'S19' Stamped on reverse: 'VELOX' 'Kodak Print'

Black and white aerial photograph

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Black and white aerial photograph of Churchill Island

Historical information

Churchill Island Heritage Farm has a large photograph collection dating from the mid-nineteenth century to the last decade. This series of photographs show candid pictures taken by previous residents of the Island.

Inscriptions & Markings

Catalogue number written on reverse in pencil Written in pencil on reverse 'S19' Stamped on reverse: 'VELOX' 'Kodak Print'

Black and white composite aerial photograph

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Black and white composite aerial photograph showing Churchill Island and a portion of Phillip Island

Historical information

Churchill Island Heritage Farm has a large photograph collection dating from the mid-nineteenth century to the last decade. This series of photographs show candid pictures taken by previous residents of the Island.

Inscriptions & Markings

Catalogue number written on reverse in pencil Written in pen on reverse '4 - aerial photos put together Taken?? + By whom??'