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Churchill Island Heritage Farm Newhaven, Victoria

Churchill Island Heritage Farm covers 57 hectares and boasts a historic working farm with ‘hands on’ farming demonstrations reminiscent of a bygone era. Sheep shearing, cow milking and working dog demonstrations run every day except Christmas day and are included in the entry fee. Carriage rides operate during school holidays and special events. Churchill Island is easily accessible by an all-vehicle bridge from Phillip Island.First walked by Bunurong/Boonwurrung Aboriginal people, the island has an important place in the history of European settlement in Victoria. There are also restored historic buildings from the 1860s and 1870s, lovely gardens, ancient Moonah trees, wetlands, a visitor’s centre and a licensed café.

The Island forms part of the Churchill Island Marine National park and the waters and mudflats surrounding Churchill Island are listed under the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance. Two island circuit tracks offers magnificent views across Western Port Bay and provide excellent bird viewing (Royal Spoonbills, Pied Oyster Catchers, ibis, gulls, herons and pelicans). There are also views of Tortoise Head and French Island. The whole island is heritage listed with Heritage Victoria and the buildings are classified by the National Trust.

Links

Contact Information

location
246 Samuel Amess Drive Newhaven VIC 3925 (map)
phone
+61 03 5956 7214; 03 5951 2800

Contact

Opening Hours

Daily 10 a.m. - 5 p.m.

Entry Fee

Adults (16yrs+) $12.25 Children (4-15yrs) $6.15 Australian Pensioner(ID required) $8.55 Family (2A +2C) $30.65

Location

246 Samuel Amess Drive Newhaven Victoria

View on Google Maps

This collection forms the basis for the operations of Churchill Island Heritage Farm, which is located on Churchill Island, where in 1801, during a survey of Western Port Bay, Lieutenant James Grant built a cottage, cleared land and planted the first wheat and corn crops grown in Victoria, using seeds provided by John Churchill. The working farm features a homestead, built by Samuel Amess, a one-time mayor of Melbourne who purchased the island in 1872, together with cottages built by John Rogers in the 1860s and associated outbuildings. As well as the heritage buildings, the collection includes agricultural machinery, implements, and tools, special collections of farm engines and dairy equipment, and historical photographs. The collection is managed by Churchill Island Heritage Farm curator.

Significance

This collection documents early Victorian rural life and agriculture, and the history of the site where crops were first grown in Victoria in 1801; includes also information on the various owners of the island and Government ownership from 1970s.

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330 items with images

330 items with images

Fishing Reel

Key words

ted jenkins
fishing
reel
churchill island
western port
jenkins
margaret campbell
sister campbell
jimmy
campbell

Wood and brass (shark?) fishing reel. Probably hand-made. Wound with original cord fishing line. Has separate brass winder handle (see 0296.2)

Historical information

E H "Ted" Jenkins was the paraplegic son of Harry Jenkins who bought Churchill Island in 1936 as an interest for Ted. Ted lived on Churchill Island at various times with his nurse Sr Margaret "Jimmy" Campbell, e.g. second world war when they ran a shorthorn dairy farm, and at other times lived in their home in Melbourne. Ted was keen on 'ham' radio, and had many friends from his school who became life-long friends and frequent visitors to him on Churchill Island.

Significance

This fishing reel and handle are the only objects, apart from photographs, that belonged to Ted Jenkins which are currently in the CI collection (3.12.2014)

Inscriptions & Markings

"E H Jenkins 1943" etched on one side. "Click on" etched on one side.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

lace trim

Key words

churchill island
lace
janet amess lace collection
trim
amess
machine

machine made, floral pattern, possibly warratahs?

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Ames... read more

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Bed jacket

Key words

janet amess lace collection
lace
churchill island
janet
amess
bed
jacket
garment
clothing
hand
sewn
bobbin
machine

Motifs hand sewn on to machined net; bobbin tape on seams (NGV) Princess machine lace machine made motifs hand-appliqued on (Lace Group Embroiderers Guild 1/3/12) See photos (4) See also 0086 cuff.

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Inscriptions & Markings

Packaged with note: "Machined lace bed jacket. Janet Amess 1860. From Kel Bright Collection with separated cuff".

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Wire strainer

Key words

wire
strainer
tool
tools
farm
farming
churchill island

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Screwdriver

Black wooden handle, surface rust; paint worn off handle

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Detachable Lace Collar

Key words

lace
churchill island
janet amess lace collection
detachable
collar
machine
amess

Machine lace. Under bodice? Probably made for a specific dress. (Lace Group Embroiderers Guild 1/3/12) See photos (2)

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Inscriptions & Markings

Packaged with note "Dickie"? machine

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

wedge

Key words

timber splitting
churchill island heritage farm
olinda
shady creek

one of three wedges cut from the same piece of steel. No relief grooves

Historical information

Use in conjunction with other wood splitting/cutting tools donated by Wilfred Dungan

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Butter worker, 30lb capacity

Key words

farm machinery
dairy
butter
butter worker
hand operated

Timber with cast gearing, round butter worker

Historical information

Used at Chrchill Island,

Inscriptions & Markings

Cherry & Sons

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Lace Piece

Key words

janet amess lace collection
lace
churchill island
amess

Machine embroidered (lace Group Embroiderers Guild 1/3/12) See photo

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

tennon saw

Key words

tennon saw; churchill island; amess barn

Cast steel blade and walnut handle. Surface rust and some paint spots on blade. "Nonpariel" brand. Elephant trade mark on handle and blade.

Inscriptions & Markings

"Nonpariel" brand. Elephant trade mark on handle and blade. W T Jackson Sheffield.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Lace Piece

Key words

janet amess lace collection
lace
churchill island
janet
amess
hand
crotchet

Hand crochet (lace Group Embroiderers Guild 1/3/12) See photo

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Farm diary 1944

Key words

churchill island
harry jenkins
farm history
margaret campbell
diary

Small green diary

Historical information

Farm diary kept by Harry Jenkins and transferred to Sister Margaret Campbell. Given to Arthur Evans on auction day, c 1973.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

terracotta pipe

Key words

terracotta clay
drainage
churchill island heritage farm

section of terracotta pipe, probably used for drainage.

Historical information

Found on Churchill Island. Possibly used for dairy drainage?

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Lace Piece

Key words

janet amess lace collection
lace
churchill island
machine

Machine made lace (Lace group Embroiderers Guild 1/3/12) See photos (2)

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Camisole

Key words

janet amess lace collection
lace
churchill island
janet
amess
camisole
machine
silk
cotton
embroidery

Machine lace insertions; silk embroidery (NGV) silk net, machine embroidery (Lace Group Embroiderers Guild 1/3/12) See photos (5)Packaged with note; "hand embroidered cotton camisole c 1870"

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Scythe

Cast steel blade. Hole on back and of blade for hanging. Steamed handle (may not be original). Complex pipe/nut washer and five metal shims keeping blade on handle.

Historical information

Donated by Wilfred Dungan on behalf of the Dungan family Collection originally used on the property of the late Dr Rae Dungan in Falls Creek Rd Olinda, purchased in the late 1930s from Olinda pioneers Harry and Minnie Holden. Also on the property of late May Farndon of Farndon’s and Falls Rd Mt Dandenong – aunt of Dr Rae William Dungan and also an early pioneer. Family holidays and weekends involved use of these sorts of farm implements plus working with horses. Post-war, the Olinda hand tools and machinery moved to the Shady Creek, Nilma North area where bush, pasture and cows had replaced the Olinda property. Wilfred well remembers being on one end of the crosscut saws cutting fence posts, logs and timber under “the tireless and vocal instruction” of a red headed local Darnum Rd legend called Harry Collyer. “He drove an old Rugby car and nearly pulled me through the logs with every cut!”

Inscriptions & Markings

From tip: BEST CROWN NATYZACKS STELLAR GR?AS (S) SHEFIELD. Near handle: image of figure on horse.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Level

Key words

level
carpenter's tools
hand tools

Paint spots and wear at grooves. Wood, glass bubbles, brass cover over bubble. Round maker's seal missing.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

wedge

Key words

timber splitting;
churchill island heritage farm;
blacksmith;
olinda;
shady creek;
wilfred dungan collection

blacksmith made steel wedge with irregular relief groove; surface rust

Historical information

Used in conjunction with other wood splitting/cutting tools donated by Wilfred Dungan

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Stationary engine, red

Key words

farm machinery
stationary
machine operated
belt driven

Sundial 2 h.p. engine, open crank 600 rpm Seral number 6420, red. Attached to yellow grain grinder

Historical information

Purchased by FOCIS

Significance

Typical of units used on local farms

Inscriptions & Markings

Sunshine McKay, 1925 Serial no. 6420

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

T Square tool

Key words

james balfour
e.c elliott
balfour
presbyterian
t square
square
tool
tools
amess
samuel
churchill island

T square made from printer's plate, metal and wood, riveted together with 10 rivets and a hanging hole in top centre of wood.

Historical information

Samuel Amess, who bought Churchill island in 1872 was a Presbyterian Scot as also was James Balfour. There may have been a personal link.

Inscriptions & Markings

One side, metal: Balfour, Elliott and Company Limited/ Incorporated under the Companies Statute 1884 /20 Queen St MELBOURNE / Capital L250,000 in 250,000 shares of L1 each / This is to certify that... / is the property of .../ Part of circle printing in join with wood and scroll work on metal at join. Other side: scratched in "H R Balfour"

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

cross cut saw

Steel. Designed with bow in middle of blade. Small offset. Original ends in good conditions. No handles.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

saw set

Incomplete. Bronze saw set with no fittings except striker. Red paint spots.

Inscriptions & Markings

Eclipse No 77. Made in England

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

8" Spofford Brace

Key words

brace
spofford brace
woodwork
tools

Iron carpenter's brace, metal handle, rotating knob, thumb screw ..... rusted.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

spanner

Key words

double
open
ended
spanner
tool
tools
churchill island
farm

double ended open spanner. One end has angled jaw. Other end rounded (for over shaft) with tabs for locking into place

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Stationary engine

Key words

churchill island
farm machinery
stationary engine
belt driven

Blue green casing; two belt drive wheels; red wheels. Attached to green chaff cutter

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Auger bits X 13

Surface rust, some paint spots. Sizes stamped on.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Handwritten notes on paper

Key words

fertilizer
paddock
farm
churchill island
harry jenkins

Notes handwritten in pencil on paper regarding fertilizer amounts in 100 weight bags per paddock, 11 paddocks. Dated 1959. Assumed to be written by Harry Jenkins

Historical information

Dr Harry Jenkins owned Churchill Island from 1936 to 1963 and bequeathed it to Margaret Campbell on his death. Sister Campbell had been nurse to his disabled son and wife and she lived on the island from the time of World War Two. The item was given to Arthur Evans, a family friend, on the day of the auction sale of artifacts when she sold the island, approximately 1973.

Significance

The document demonstrates Harry Jenkins interest and committment to farming on Churchill Island and provides information on farming of the era.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Lace Piece

Key words

janet amess lace collection
amess
lace
churchill island
machine
embroidery

Machine embroidery (Lace Group Embroiderers Guild 1/3/12) See photos (2) taken 30/12/11

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis. Keywords janet amess lace collection; lace; churchill island Statement of Significance

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Argus camera

Key words

churchill island
harry jenkins
camera
argus seventy-five
hanimex

Camera owned by Dr Harry Jenkins with original box

Historical information

Possibly used to take photos of island activities which are held in archive

Significance

Used by Harry Jenkins to take photos of activities at this time.

Inscriptions & Markings

"argus/ seventy-five" at top on lens: ARGUS LUMAR 75mm MADE IN AUSTRALIA at side of front: INST/TIME

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Corset cover

Key words

janet amess lace collection
lace
churchill island
janet
amess
jane
corset
cover
machine
embroidery

Machine embroidery (Lace Group Embroiderers Guild 1/3/12) See photos (2

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Inscriptions & Markings

Packaged with note: "White cotton camisole hand stitched seams. Probably purchased fabric pre 1900".

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven