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Churchill Island Heritage Farm Newhaven, Victoria

Churchill Island Heritage Farm covers 57 hectares and boasts a historic working farm with ‘hands on’ farming demonstrations reminiscent of a bygone era. Sheep shearing, cow milking and working dog demonstrations run every day except Christmas day and are included in the entry fee. Carriage rides operate during school holidays and special events. Churchill Island is easily accessible by an all-vehicle bridge from Phillip Island.First walked by Bunurong/Boonwurrung Aboriginal people, the island has an important place in the history of European settlement in Victoria. There are also restored historic buildings from the 1860s and 1870s, lovely gardens, ancient Moonah trees, wetlands, a visitor’s centre and a licensed café.

The Island forms part of the Churchill Island Marine National park and the waters and mudflats surrounding Churchill Island are listed under the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance. Two island circuit tracks offers magnificent views across Western Port Bay and provide excellent bird viewing (Royal Spoonbills, Pied Oyster Catchers, ibis, gulls, herons and pelicans). There are also views of Tortoise Head and French Island. The whole island is heritage listed with Heritage Victoria and the buildings are classified by the National Trust.

Links

Contact Information

location
246 Samuel Amess Drive Newhaven VIC 3925 (map)
phone
+61 03 5956 7214; 03 5951 2800

Contact

Opening Hours

Daily 10 a.m. - 5 p.m.

Entry Fee

Adults (16yrs+) $12.25 Children (4-15yrs) $6.15 Australian Pensioner(ID required) $8.55 Family (2A +2C) $30.65

Location

246 Samuel Amess Drive Newhaven Victoria

View on Google Maps

This collection forms the basis for the operations of Churchill Island Heritage Farm, which is located on Churchill Island, where in 1801, during a survey of Western Port Bay, Lieutenant James Grant built a cottage, cleared land and planted the first wheat and corn crops grown in Victoria, using seeds provided by John Churchill. The working farm features a homestead, built by Samuel Amess, a one-time mayor of Melbourne who purchased the island in 1872, together with cottages built by John Rogers in the 1860s and associated outbuildings. As well as the heritage buildings, the collection includes agricultural machinery, implements, and tools, special collections of farm engines and dairy equipment, and historical photographs. The collection is managed by Churchill Island Heritage Farm curator.

Significance

This collection documents early Victorian rural life and agriculture, and the history of the site where crops were first grown in Victoria in 1801; includes also information on the various owners of the island and Government ownership from 1970s.

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401 items

401 items

Cigar holder

Key words

trophy
harry jenkins
motor bike racing
churchill island

Silver holder for 4 cigars awarded to Dr Harry Jenkins, owner of Churchill Island 1936-63.

Historical information

The item was awarded to Dr Harry Jenkins for a motorcycle race. Jenkins was a Great War air ace and racing driver and had a dental practice in Collins Street Melbourne. He owned Churchill Island from 1936 to 1963 and bequeathed it to Margaret Campbell on his death. Sister Campbell had been nurse to his disabled son and wife and she lived on the island from the time of World War Two. The item was given to Arthur Evans, a family friend, on the day of the auction sale of artifacts when she sold the island, approximately 1973.

Significance

This trophy demonstrates Harry Jenkins's reputed love of motor sport, speed and competition.

Inscriptions & Markings

Engraved on centre 2 sections: MOTOR CYCLE CLUB OF NSW SCRATCH RACE 4 HP AND OVER H JENKINS 16-2-10 Also Hallmarks SYDENHAM PATENT 2272 A S

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

lace collar

Key words

lace
churchill island
janet amess lace collection
bobbin lace
lace collar
amess

Hand-made individual bobbin made lace motifs hand sewn together with bobbin made brides. Cream coloured, Some stains,

Historical information

Worn by Jane (Janet) Amess. She and her husband Samuel owned Churchill Island from 1872-1879. Samuel was an Alderman of Melbourne City Council and Mayor in 1870. They used Churchill Island as a holiday retreat and built a substantial weatherboard dwelling there now known as Amess House. The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

This collar is part of a 94 piece collection of small lace items accumulated by four generations of Amess women, starting with Janet Amess in the 1850s.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Silver stop watch

Key words

churchill island
harry jenkins
jenkins
stopwatch
watch

Stop watch owned by Dr Harry Jenkins

Historical information

Owned by Dr Harry Jenkins

Significance

Part of small collection of personal items left by Harry Jenkins

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Argus camera

Key words

churchill island
harry jenkins
camera
argus seventy-five
hanimex

Camera owned by Dr Harry Jenkins with original box

Historical information

Possibly used to take photos of island activities which are held in archive

Significance

Used by Harry Jenkins to take photos of activities at this time.

Inscriptions & Markings

"argus/ seventy-five" at top on lens: ARGUS LUMAR 75mm MADE IN AUSTRALIA at side of front: INST/TIME

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Dispersal sale program Churchill Island dairy shorthorns 3/4/1946 - Churchill Dairy Shorthorn Stud. Dairy Shorthorns

Key words

churchill island
farming history
harry jenkins
dairy shorthorns
dairy farming

Catalogue of auction sale of Churchill Island shorthorn cattle

Historical information

Indication of farm product during the 1940s

Significance

Shows output of the farm at this time.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Farm diary 1944

Key words

churchill island
harry jenkins
farm history
margaret campbell
diary

Small green diary

Historical information

Farm diary kept by Harry Jenkins and transferred to Sister Margaret Campbell. Given to Arthur Evans on auction day, c 1973.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Diary

Key words

churchill island
harry jenkins
photos
diary

Small black diary "Daimler" 1955? Appears to include camera settings for photos including bridge.

Historical information

Notebook containing camera settings of pictures including the bridge.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Farm diary

Key words

churchill island
harry jenkins
farming history
diary

Diary of farm activity

Historical information

Diary of farm activities

Significance

Contributes to history of heritage farm

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Booklet - Air Rifle Shooting For Elementary, Secondary, Grammar and Public Schools

Key words

harry jenkins
churchill island
shooting
air rifle

Pamphlet by Harry Berkley Score from collection of Dr Harry Jenkins

Historical information

Harry Jenkins had served in the Boer War and was a crack shot. He taught many visitors to Churchill Island how to shoot and had a collection of guns and rifles.

Significance

Probably used this booklet to teach young people about, and how to shoot with air rifles.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Journal of Churchill Island farm expenditure 1941-2

Key words

churchill island
farming history
farm economics
farm activity
journal

Journal with red title print and red spine showing farm expenditure 1941-2.

Historical information

Record of farm expenditure, 1941-2 for Churchill Island farm owned by Harry Jenkins 1936-1963.

Significance

Shows historic farm activity on Churchill Island

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Churchill Island Six Pound Cannon

Key words

churchill island
cannon
shenandoah
samuel amess
woolamai house
cleeland

Cannon mounted on wooden carriage with loading shaft.

Historical information

Samuel Amess placed the cannon on Churchill Island, claiming that it had been given to him by Captain Waddell of the Confederate ship Shenandoah in return for hospitailty during the ship's time in Melbourne in 1865. John Cleeland, who built Woolamai House on Phillip Island, claimed that it was firstly given to him. Research into the voyages of the Shenandoah give no evidence for this and suggest it was unlikely to have come from the Shenandoah or its prizes. Investigation by the Victorian Conservation Trust in 1982 to identify the manufacture and provenance of the cannon proved fruitless. A summary of the research evidence and arguments is given in "The Churchill Island Cannon: History and Mystery" by David Maunders on www.friendsofchurchillisland.org.au/xoops/modules (Friends of Churcill Island website).

Inscriptions & Markings

860 FRECK

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Six pound cannon balls

Key words

churchill island
cannon
amess
cannon balls
new years eve
jenkins
harry jenkins
margaret campbell
sister campbell

Approximately 24 six pound cannon balls

Historical information

Accompany cannon. Fired by Harry Jenkins and Margaret Campbell

Significance

Part of cannon history

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Medal - Australian Grand Prix 1st D Class 1929

Key words

churchill island
harry jenkins
australian grand prix
phillip island
1929
motor racing
victorian light car club
medal
car
cars
jenkins

Silver shield shape medal with scroll detail, circular shape at bottom with blue border. Pin on back. Attached to blue ribbon.

Historical information

Won by Harry Jenkins, owner of Churchill Island (1936-1963), at Australian Grand Prix, Phillip Island, 1929, 1st Place, D. Class. Dr Jenkins was a Collins St dentist, but also an adventurer and road car racing enthusiast.

Inscriptions & Markings

Engraving on front of medal. "AUSTRALIAN GRAND PRIX / 1929 / 1st D. Class / Won by / H. JENKINS" Makers Mark "STGSU" Engraving on circular blue border "VICTORIAN LIGHT CAR CLUB"

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

no image

Stump Jump Plough

Key words

farm
machinery
soil
cultivation
stump jump plough
horse drawn
churchill island
plough
jump
stump

Unpainted metal stump jump plough with information signage

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

no image

Hay Rake

Key words

farm
machinery
hay
chaff
hay rake
horse drawn
rake
churchill island

Burgundy hay rake, yellow wheels, double row of rakes. Nore modern than other rake in collection with single row of rakes.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Eyore New Holland Baler

Key words

farm
machinery
hay
chaff
baler
churchill island
eyore
new holland
sperry

Self-propelled baler, "Eyore" Sperry New Holland

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Scarifier hand hoe

Key words

farm machinery
soil cultivation
hoe scarifier
hand operated

Wooden handles, unpainted metal wheel, hoe and fittings

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Stationary engine

Lister stationary engine, green

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

no image

Horse-drawn mower

Key words

farm
machinery
hay
chaff
mower
horse drawn
churchill island
farming

Black mower, offet draw bar, metal wheels

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Horse-drawn mower

Key words

farm machinery
hay
chaff
mower
horse drawn

Black mower, offset draw bar, metal wheels

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Bench hand drill

Key words

farm machinery
drill
hand operated

White bench hand drill with black wheels and cogs

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Petrol engine

Key words

farm machinery
stationary engine
petrol engine

Dark gfreen with surface rust "Underwood" in white lettering on red background on tank.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Lister stationary engine

Key words

farm machinery
stationary engine
machine driven
belt driven

Lister stationary engine, smaller of two in collection, green

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Horse drawn scarifier

Key words

farm machinery
soil cultivation
scarifier
horse drawn

Twelve blade, 5-6 horse scarifier, green, surface rust, yellow wheels and brake

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Horse drawn grader

Key words

farm
machinery
grader
road making
horse drawn
churchill island

Horse drawn grader, metal, painted yellow, unpainted long pole

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Wool Press

Key words

farm machinery
wool
wool press
hand operated
shearing

All metal wool press, unpainted, surface rust

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Dray

Key words

farm machinery
horse drawn vehicle
dray

Brown wood, dark red wheels, unpainted shafts. Some decorative wood panelling.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Wheel hoe

Key words

farm machinery
soil cultivation
wheel hoe
hand operated

unpainted wooden handles, surface rust on wheel

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Hand seeder

Key words

farm machinery
planting
seeder
hand operated

Unpainted metal hand seeder, one large wheel, surface rust

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Seed Drill

Key words

churchill island
farm machinery
planting
seed drill
horse drawn
mitchell brand

Horse drawn seeder faded red with white wheels suitable for large seeds eg. corn, beans, peas.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven