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Churchill Island Heritage Farm Newhaven, Victoria

Churchill Island Heritage Farm covers 57 hectares and boasts a historic working farm with ‘hands on’ farming demonstrations reminiscent of a bygone era. Sheep shearing, cow milking and working dog demonstrations run every day except Christmas day and are included in the entry fee. Carriage rides operate during school holidays and special events. Churchill Island is easily accessible by an all-vehicle bridge from Phillip Island.First walked by Bunurong/Boonwurrung Aboriginal people, the island has an important place in the history of European settlement in Victoria. There are also restored historic buildings from the 1860s and 1870s, lovely gardens, ancient Moonah trees, wetlands, a visitor’s centre and a licensed café.

The Island forms part of the Churchill Island Marine National park and the waters and mudflats surrounding Churchill Island are listed under the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance. Two island circuit tracks offers magnificent views across Western Port Bay and provide excellent bird viewing (Royal Spoonbills, Pied Oyster Catchers, ibis, gulls, herons and pelicans). There are also views of Tortoise Head and French Island. The whole island is heritage listed with Heritage Victoria and the buildings are classified by the National Trust.

Links

Contact Information

location
1 Samuel Amess Drive NEWHAVEN VIC 3925 (map)
phone
+61 03 5956 7214

Contact

Opening Hours

Daily 10 a.m. - 5 p.m.

Entry Fee

Adults (16yrs+) $12.25 Children (4-15yrs) $6.15 Australian Pensioner(ID required) $8.55 Family (2A +2C) $30.65

Location

1 Samuel Amess Drive Newhaven Victoria

View on Google Maps

This collection forms the basis for the operations of Churchill Island Heritage Farm, which is located on Churchill Island, where in 1801, during a survey of Western Port Bay, Lieutenant James Grant built a cottage, cleared land and planted the first wheat and corn crops grown in Victoria, using seeds provided by John Churchill. The working farm features a homestead, built by Samuel Amess, a one-time mayor of Melbourne who purchased the island in 1872, together with cottages built by John Rogers in the 1860s and associated outbuildings. As well as the heritage buildings, the collection includes agricultural machinery, implements, and tools, special collections of farm engines and dairy equipment, and historical photographs. The collection is managed by Churchill Island Heritage Farm curator.

Significance

This collection documents early Victorian rural life and agriculture, and the history of the site where crops were first grown in Victoria in 1801; includes also information on the various owners of the island and Government ownership from 1970s.

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401 items

Black beaded/sequined trimming

Key words

janet amess lace collection
churchill island
lace
sequined
amess
trim

2 layers - one strong background with fine top layer with beadwork - hand or machine? (Lace Group Embroiderers' Guild 1/3/12) See photos (2)

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Inscriptions & Markings

Packaged with note: "Black beaded trimming (hand beaded)".

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Butter Churn

Key words

farm
machinery
dairy
equipment
butter
churn
hand operated
churning
churchill island

Unpainted wooden box, with brass handle and wooden lid

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Grinder wheel on stand

Key words

farm machinery
grindstone
hand operated

Grinder wheel, sandstone on wooden stand unpainted

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Buck rake

Key words

farm machinery
hay
chaff
buck rake
horse drawn

Timber buck rake, 6 prongs, metal fittings

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Bill hook

Key words

tools
hook
bill hook
churchill island
farm
iron

Rough pine handle with many borer holes. Commercially made (no ID) cast in socket one end, strap iron riveted other end. Cast blade.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Lace collar with stiffening strips

Key words

lace
churchill island
janet amess lace collection
amess
collar
battenberg
machine

Machine net and Battenberg bread. Same as 0040 (Lace Group Embroiderers Guild 1/3/12) See photos (4)

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

combination spanner/single claw hammer

Key words

combination
spanner
claw
hammer
tool
tools
churchill island
farm

purpose made with large spanner at one end of handle and single claw hammer at other end

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

lace trim

Key words

churchill island
lace
janet amess lace collection
amess
trim

length of white lace, Half pattern is net, other half is alternate four petal flowers and six petal flowers. Scalloped edge.

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

no image

Wooden Chest

Key words

amess house
cedar chest
samuel amess
churchill island

Large unpainted cedar chest with hinged lid. Lid has rounded edges. Board at base.

Historical information

The trunk was existing in the house when Gerald Buckley took over from Amess family in 1929 (Edith Jeffery pers. comm.). Edith took the chest when they left the island in the 1930's. It was used by the Jeffery family to store linen.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

cattle ear punch

Steel. Two handled. Return spring missing. Apple shaped punch

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Lace Piece

Key words

janet amess lace collection
lace
churchill island
amess
machine

Machine made pretending to be Valenciennes (Lace Group Embroiderers Guild 1/3/12) See photos (2)

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Eyore New Holland Baler

Key words

farm
machinery
hay
chaff
baler
churchill island
eyore
new holland
sperry

Self-propelled baler, "Eyore" Sperry New Holland

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Hand drill

Key words

hand drill
hand tools
wood working tools

Hand drill with red wheel, dark red paint remnants on handle

Inscriptions & Markings

BECON D129

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

no image

Trophy

Key words

churchill island
working horse festival
sheep to shawl challenge
shearing
spinning
knitting

Round wooden slab, bark on, polished on 1/2 slab base. Nice small gold shields 2003 - 2008 (6) inscribed with Churchill Island Working Horse Festivals Sheep to Shawl competition team winners. Rectangular gold with black lettering: "CHURCHILL ISLAND SHEEP TO SHAWL CHALLENGE" at base.

Inscriptions & Markings

Each shield has the year and team winners names. Rectangular gold with black lettering: "CHURCHILL ISLAND SHEEP TO SHAWL CHALLENGE" at base.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Engine

Key words

farm
machinery
stationary engine
crank
belt driven
engine
churchill island

Green petrol engine with red trim and crank handle. Attached to green grain grinder

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Handwritten notes on paper

Key words

churchill island
herd
farm
harry jenkins
jenkins

Herd notes. Handwritten notes in pencil on paper (lined) with script running across lines, with names and ages of herd.

Historical information

Dr Harry Jenkins owned Churchill Island from 1936 to 1963 and bequeathed it to Margaret Campbell on his death. Sister Campbell had been nurse to his disabled son and wife and she lived on the island from the time of World War Two. The item was given to Arthur Evans, a family friend, on the day of the auction sale of artefacts when she sold the island, approximately 1973.

Significance

The document demonstrates Harry Jenkins interest and committment to farming on Churchill Island and provides information on farming of the era.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Pole and swingle tree

Key words

farm machinery
swingle tree
horse drawn

Long square unpainted pole, red swingle tree, leather fittings

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Lace Piece

Key words

janet amess lace collection
lace
churchill island
amess
crotchet
handmade

Hand crochet (Lace Group Embroiderers Guild 1/3/12) See photos (2)

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Shearing machine

Key words

farm machinery
wool
shearing
machine operated

Single stand shearing machine on unpainted wooden stand. Painted blue/green with red disc

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

no image

Book - "Rebel Down Under When the 'Shenandoah' shook Melbourne, 1863" by Cyril Pearl

Key words

shenandoah
confederate
american civil war
melbourne
samuel amess

Blue plastic covered dust jacket. 200pp. 8 black and white illustrations.

Inscriptions & Markings

Diane Tillen (?) 1973

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Bag filler and rammer

Key words

galvanised
iron
bag
filler
rammer
tools
tool
farm
churchill island

Galvanised iron with funnel hopper, half covered, rammer underneath, cylindrical pipe.

Inscriptions & Markings

Barklem /bag filler/&/ rammer/ patent registered no 7012

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Lace Piece trim

Key words

janet amess lace collection
lace
churchill island
trim
machine

Machine lace (Lace Group Embroiderers Guild 1/3/12) See photos (2)

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

WEDGE

Key words

timber splitting
churchill island heritage farm
olinda
shady creek

Timber splitting wedge; steel; commercially made; has relief groove.

Historical information

Used at Olinda and Shady Creek for timber clearing. Belongs with cross cut saws and Trewhella jack also donated.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Horse drawn scarifier

Key words

farm machinery
soil cultivation
scarifier
horse drawn

Twelve blade, 5-6 horse scarifier, green, surface rust, yellow wheels and brake

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

saw set

Incomplete. Bronze saw set with no fittings except striker. Red paint spots.

Inscriptions & Markings

Eclipse No 77. Made in England

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Block plane

Key words

plane
block plane
hand tools
carpenter's tools

Wooden smoothing plane with handle. Adjustable via wedge. Borer holes in handle.

Inscriptions & Markings

Ward blade. Plane made by Mathieson & Son Glasgow Best Guaranteed.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Bench hand drill

Key words

farm machinery
drill
hand operated

White bench hand drill with black wheels and cogs

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

no image

Newspaper Supplement - "A Voyage of Discovery"

Key words

churchill island
rhyll
phillip island
lt james grant
lady nelson
bicentenary

Pp. 13-16 of Phillip Island and San Remo Advertiser Re: Lt. James Grant, The "Lady Nelson" and "Program of Events" for 22/3/2001 - 1/4/2001 on Churchill Island and Phillip Island. See also 0238.1-.9.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Coping plane

Key words

plane
hand tools
carpenter's tools
coping plane

Hand made from scrap wood. Hardwood - file has been converted to a blade for making inlays.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Lace Piece

Key words

churchill island
lace
janet amess lace collection
machine
amess

Machine made (lace Group Embroiderers Guild 1/3/12) See photos (2)

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Panel of lace pieces x 8

Key words

janet amess lace collection
lace
churchill island
amess

Cheap Torchon machine lace (Lace Group Embroiderers Guild 1/3/12) See photos (4)

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Inscriptions & Markings

Packaged with note: "Scraps of lace found jumbled with this collection"

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Adze

Key words

hytest
adze
axe
tool
tools
farming
farm
churchill island

Fairly modern standard adze

Historical information

Hytest is regarded as best Australian brand of axe.

Inscriptions & Markings

Hytest

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

lace trim

Key words

churchill island
lace
janet amess lace collection
trim
amess

Length of wide lace trim with dots on net ground and selvedge edge, other edge complex scallop. Machine made

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Garden barrow

Key words

farm machinery
barrow
hand operated
hand made

Wooden flat tray

Historical information

Found in Amess Barn 1980s;

Significance

Typical of local farms

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

saw set

Steel. Complete including spring. No manufacturer. One paint trace.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Mortise axe

Key words

mortice
axe
tool
tools
churchill island
farm

chisel ended, curved underneath. No handle. Rusted.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Box spanner

Key words

box
spanner
blacksmith
blacksmithing
smithing
tool
tools
churchill island
farm

Blacksmith made from bar stock with collar extension piece added on

Inscriptions & Markings

1 1/2

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

no image

Mortice axe

Modern handle. Blacksmith made. some pitting.

Inscriptions & Markings

Long V decoration along head.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Seed drill

Key words

churchill island
farm machinery
planting
seed drill
horse drawn
mitchell brand

Horse drawn seeder faded red with white wheels suitable for large seeds eg. corn, beans, peas.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

TIiller

Key words

farm machinery
soil cultivation
hand tiller
hand operated

Hand pushed two drum tiller, unpainted wooden handle, metal drums

Significance

Unusual object

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

no image

Newspaper cutting - photocopy - "This Island Hideaway"

Key words

churchill island
ern and eve garrett
sister margaret campbell
auction

Article re: Churchill Island for sale. The Herald, Saturday May 12, 1973. Text by Ann Pilmer. Three photos by Ken Bainsbury. Small location map.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

LACE TRIM

Key words

churchill island
lace
janet amess lace collection
trim
amess

Length of lace trim with two straight selvedge edges, floral pattern interspersed with squares. Machine made

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

tin snips

Steel. Curved blades for cutting straight line on curved surfaces. Rivet rather than screw. Paint mark on one blade.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Milk separator

Key words

churchill island
farm machinery
dairy equipment
milk
cream
separator
hand operated

Silver bowl with red base; some suface rust

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Hand seeder

Key words

farm machinery
planting
seeder
hand operated

Unpainted metal hand seeder, one large wheel, surface rust

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

no image

Photograph

Key words

churchill island
friends of churchill island
volunteers

A4 colour photo of 15 Churchill Island FOCIS volunteers at Churchill Island in garden c 1900s (?). Most identified and named on back of photo. Landscape orientation.

Historical information

Volunteering has a long tradition on Churchill Island. FOCIS (Friends of Churchill Island Society) established in 1980.

Inscriptions & Markings

Names on back. "From Pat Baird/Ann Penaluna"

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

base glass bottle

Key words

black glass
bottle
churchill island
rubbish tip

broken base of black glass bottle, heavy glass.

Historical information

Possibly found on one of the several 'tip sites' on Churchill Island

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Double ended spanner

Key words

double
ended
spanner
tool
tools
churchill island
farm

stainless steel, some pitting. One end slightly smaller than the other

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

mincing machine

Hand operated mincing machine, larger than usual, with multi small holed attachment in place. Tin plating worn off top edge of bell. Plan wooden handle. Stamped with name, number, etc.

Inscriptions & Markings

HUSQVARNA 10 one side; also on attachment holder. RELIANCE/MADE IN SWEDEN + five pointed star on other side. "H" stamped on crank inside.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Paper Licence Document - Motor Spirit Consumer's Special LIcence

Key words

motor spirit consumer's special licence
harry jenkins
jenkins
churchill island
cars
license
car

Paper Motor Spirit Consumer's Special LIcence issued by Commonwealth of Australia Liquid Fuel Control Board (Vic) to Edward H. Jenkins, Churchill Island via Newhaven, for International Tractor B. & P. Lighting Plant, Special Licence No. SP/33298, period 15/11/49 to 31/5/50

Historical information

Dr Harry Jenkins owned Churchill Island from 1936 to 1963 and bequeathed it to Margaret Campbell on his death. Sister Campbell had been nurse to his disabled son and wife and she lived on the island from the time of World War Two. The item was given to Arthur Evans, a family friend, on the day of the auction sale of artifacts when she sold the island, approximately 1973.

Significance

The document demonstrates his interest in the farm and provides information on farming in the era.

Inscriptions & Markings

[stamped] RELIEF NO4; SAN REMO VIC 6FE50; LFOB CANCELLED VICTORIA; LFOB CANCELLED VICTORIA; LFOB CANCELLED VICTORIA; LFOB CANCELLED VICTORIA: LFOB CANCELLED VICTORIA; LFOB CANCELLED VICTORIA; LFOB CANCELLED VICTORIA; Ration Tickets may be drawn only at San Remo 9Post Office) [initialed] Authorising Officer 6-12-49 (Date) [front]

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven