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Churchill Island Heritage Farm Newhaven, Victoria

Churchill Island Heritage Farm covers 57 hectares and boasts a historic working farm with ‘hands on’ farming demonstrations reminiscent of a bygone era. Sheep shearing, cow milking and working dog demonstrations run every day except Christmas day and are included in the entry fee. Carriage rides operate during school holidays and special events. Churchill Island is easily accessible by an all-vehicle bridge from Phillip Island.First walked by Bunurong/Boonwurrung Aboriginal people, the island has an important place in the history of European settlement in Victoria. There are also restored historic buildings from the 1860s and 1870s, lovely gardens, ancient Moonah trees, wetlands, a visitor’s centre and a licensed café.

The Island forms part of the Churchill Island Marine National park and the waters and mudflats surrounding Churchill Island are listed under the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance. Two island circuit tracks offers magnificent views across Western Port Bay and provide excellent bird viewing (Royal Spoonbills, Pied Oyster Catchers, ibis, gulls, herons and pelicans). There are also views of Tortoise Head and French Island. The whole island is heritage listed and the buildings are classified by the National Trust.

Links

Contact Information

location
1 Samuel Amess Drive Newhaven Victoria (map)
phone
+61 03 5956 7214
Contact

Opening Hours

Daily 10 a.m. - 5 p.m.

Entry Fee

Adults (16yrs+) $12.25 Children (4-15yrs) $6.15 Australian Pensioner(ID required) $8.55 Family (2A +2C) $30.65

Location

1 Samuel Amess Drive Newhaven Victoria

View on Google Maps

This collection forms the basis for the operations of Churchill Island Heritage Farm, which is located on Churchill Island, where in 1801, during a survey of Western Port Bay, Lieutenant James Grant built a cottage, cleared land and planted the first wheat and corn crops grown in Victoria, using seeds provided by John Churchill. The working farm features a homestead, built by Samuel Amess, a one-time mayor of Melbourne who purchased the island in 1872, together with cottages built by John Rogers in the 1860s and associated outbuildings. As well as the heritage buildings, the collection includes agricultural machinery, implements, and tools, special collections of farm engines and dairy equipment, and historical photographs. The collection is managed by Churchill Island Heritage Farm curator.

Significance

This collection documents early Victorian rural life and agriculture, and the history of the site where crops were first grown in Victoria in 1801; includes also information on the various owners of the island and Government ownership from 1970s.

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402 items

Wagon wheel

Key words

farm machinery
wheel
horse drawn vehicle
wagon

Intact wagon wheel unpainted

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Neckband with attached FICHU

Key words

lace
churchill island
janet amess lace collection
amess
neckband
garment
battenburg
clothing

Battenburg machine braid tacked on to net. Hand appliquéd lace motifs (Lace Group Embroiderers Guild 1/3/12) See photos (5)

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Paper Map

Key words

churchill island
purchase
harry jenkins
jenkins
margaret campbell
sister campbell
real estate
solicitor

Hand drawn map in pencil on paper of situation and measurements of land contained in Vendor's Title. Attached to solicitor's letter catalogue item No. 0108.1

Historical information

Dr Harry Jenkins owned Churchill Island from 1936 to 1963 and bequeathed it to Margaret Campbell on his death. Sister Campbell had been nurse to his disabled son and wife and she lived on the island from the time of World War Two. The item was given to Arthur Evans, a family friend, on the day of the auction sale of artifacts when she sold the island, approximately 1973.

Significance

This document is an example of a hand drawn map of the era, measured in links.

Inscriptions & Markings

[signed] Hen B [bottom right hand corner]

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Dray

Key words

farm machinery
horse drawn vehicle
dray

Brown wood, dark red wheels, unpainted shafts. Some decorative wood panelling.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Baby bonnet

Key words

crochet
churchill island
janet amess lace collection
baby
bonnet
amess
clothing

Strips of machine lace imitating bobbin lace; hand crocheted together. Crocheted rosettes. (Lace Group Embroiderers' Guild 1/3/12).

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Inscriptions & Markings

Packaged with note; "Hand crocheted silk lined baby's bonnet" Lace fabric rayon?

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Lace Trim piece

Key words

churchill island
lace
janet amess lace collection
amess
trim

Chemical lace (Lace Group Embrioderers' Guild 1/3/12) See photos (2)

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by three generations of Amess women - Jane, Janet and Unity (Bright - donor). Jane was wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island.

Inscriptions & Markings

Package contains note: FICCHU c1860/70 (hand made)

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

LACE TRIM

Key words

churchill island
lace
janet amess lace collection
trim
amess

Machine made lace with spotted and floral pattern

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Lace Piece

Key words

lace
churchill island
janet amess lace collection
amess
machine

Machine made lace (Lace Group Embroiderers Guild 1/3/12) See photos (2)

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

no image

Hand Gun

Key words

churchill island
pistol
hand gun
weapons

Very rusted and incomplete. Barrel, trigger guard, hammer spur and grip frame only remain. DO NOT TOUCH.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Stationary baler

Key words

farm machinery
hay
chaff
baler
horse drawn
machine driven

Stationary baler red, attached to green engine, white wheels

Inscriptions & Markings

"H.V. McKay, Massey Harvester, Sunshine" in white paint, white scroll mark

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Grain hopper/grinder

Key words

farm machinery
grain grinder
hopper
machine driven
churchill island

Yellow wooden hopper on black grinder with blue parts mounted on green stand. Attached by belt drive to Sundial engine

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

no image

Newspaper cutting - photocopy - "This Island Hideaway"

Key words

churchill island
ern and eve garrett
sister margaret campbell
auction

Article re: Churchill Island for sale. The Herald, Saturday May 12, 1973. Text by Ann Pilmer. Three photos by Ken Bainsbury. Small location map.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Wheat wagon

Key words

farm machinery
wheat
horse drawn vehicles
wagon

Blue wagon with red wheels with bag lifter operated from side of wagon with one horse

Significance

Typical heavy settler's wagon

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Stationary engine

Lister stationary engine, green

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

no image

Photocopy of 3 Newspaper Pages - "The Good, The Bad and the Ugly Revealed, Survey"

Key words

churchill island visitors centre
planning
phillip island
bass coast shire council

Pp 1, 6, 10. Part 2 of "SOS: Save Our Shores" series in Phillip Island and Sand Remo Advertiser. Pg. 1 article states Churchill Island visitors centre topped list of 21 local buildings for good planning and design. Pg. 6 = survey of community re: development. Pg. 10 re: Eco Resort, Silverwater development and Bass Coast Shire Council's 5 major strategies. From Wednesday July 11, 2007.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Horseworks

Key words

farm
machinery
horseworks
power
horse
churchill island

Horseworks for one or two horses, gearing, shafting and pulley, complete. Used as a power conversion unit via one or two horses to operate a chaff cutter or similar unit. Horseworks is set up outside a building with an underground shaft to a pulley inside the barn

Inscriptions & Markings

Robinson

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

no image

Horse-drawn mower

Key words

farm
machinery
hay
chaff
mower
horse drawn
churchill island
farming

Black mower, offet draw bar, metal wheels

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Drill Press

Key words

drill press
hand operated

Drill press, blue with orange wheel

Inscriptions & Markings

Dawn Manufacturing Co

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

10" Spofford Brace

Key words

brace
woodwork
carpenter's tools
spofford brace

Iron carpenter's brace, metal handle, rotating knob, thumb screw, rusted

Inscriptions & Markings

ATMIEBON (x) Mathieson

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Lace fichu

Key words

janet amess lace collection
lace
churchill island
janet
amess
bobbin
maltese
silk
embroidery

Bobbin silk (NGV) Maltese silk bobbin lace 6 petal tallies (Lace Group Embroiderers Guild 1/3/12) See photos (3)

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Inscriptions & Markings

packaged with note "Fichu Maltese Lace c 1865"

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

lace trim

Key words

churchill island
lace
janet amess lace collection
amess
trim

machine made lace trim with both edges similar, v shape design and 8 braid geometric design in centre

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by three generations of Amess women - Jane, Janet and Unity (Bright - donor). Jane was wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Lace trim piece

Key words

lace
janet amess lace collection
trim
amess
churchill island

See Photos; Machine made (Lace Group Embroiderers Guild 1/3/12)

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Wire strainer

Key words

wire
strainer
tool
tools
farm
farming
churchill island

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

no image

Newsletter - "Friends of Churchill Island No. 4 Winter 1981 Second Draft"

Key words

churchill island
pickersgill
grayden
phillip island
farming
wildlife
gerald buckley
jenkins
sister campbell
dick hamer

4 single sided typed foolscap pages. Memoirs of Mr. H (Herbert) E (Eric) Grayden re: Samuel Pickersgill and Charles Grayden snr, H.E.G's grandfathers.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

no image

Iron Cot

Key words

woolamai house
cleeland family
cot

Cot painted cream with scrolled iron decorations on both sides and ends. Railing at sides but not enclosed.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Bed jacket

Key words

janet amess lace collection
lace
churchill island
janet
amess
bed
jacket
garment
clothing
hand
sewn
bobbin
machine

Motifs hand sewn on to machined net; bobbin tape on seams (NGV) Princess machine lace machine made motifs hand-appliqued on (Lace Group Embroiderers Guild 1/3/12) See photos (4) See also 0086 cuff.

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Inscriptions & Markings

Packaged with note: "Machined lace bed jacket. Janet Amess 1860. From Kel Bright Collection with separated cuff".

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Black on cream lace collar

Key words

lace
churchill island
janet amess lace collection
amess
collar
garment
clothing
machine

Machine made lace (Lace Group Embroiderers Guild 1/3/12) See photos (2)

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

French Buttons

Key words

crochet
lace
churchill island
janet amess lace collection
buttons
french
handmade

Hand made French crochet buttons on original card (Lace Group Embroiderers Guild 1/3/12) See photos (2)

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

wedge

Key words

timber splitting
churchill island heritage farm
olinda
shady creek
blacksmith made
wilfred dungan collection

one of three wedges cut from one piece of steel. No relief grooves.

Historical information

Used in conjunction with other wood splitting/cutting tools donated by Wilfred Dungan

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

spanner

Cast iron. Thick. Drill mark on handle and various strike marks.

Inscriptions & Markings

"7/8"

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

lace trim

Key words

churchill island
lace
janet amess lace collection
amess
trim

length of white lace, Half pattern is net, other half is alternate four petal flowers and six petal flowers. Scalloped edge.

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Grain grinder

Key words

churchill island
farm machinery
grain grinder
hopper
machine driven

Green metal grain grinder, metal hopper, metal stand; 2 drive wheels, one smaller than the other painted light blue. Attached to "Moffat Virtue" engine

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

mincing machine

Hand operated mincing machine, larger than usual, with multi small holed attachment in place. Tin plating worn off top edge of bell. Plan wooden handle. Stamped with name, number, etc.

Inscriptions & Markings

HUSQVARNA 10 one side; also on attachment holder. RELIANCE/MADE IN SWEDEN + five pointed star on other side. "H" stamped on crank inside.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Greeting card

Key words

harry jenkins
jenkins
boer war
churchill island
ada
annie
trott
boer
card
communication
australian
soldier

Folded card with printed front cover, blank back page. Inside left is sepia photo stuck on showing "prisoners' camp cycle track Cape Town". Inside right page has three everlasting silver leaves. Centre leaf has hand painted three ostriches and a tree. Left leaf has handwritten " Loving greetings". Right leaf " To my dear Aunt". Red white and blue striped ribbon glued to base of centre leaf.

Historical information

Card was sent by Harry Jenkins, owner of Churchill Island 1936-1963, to his aunt Ada Annie Trott in 1902 while he was serving in the Boer War. It shows prison camp in Cape Town.

Significance

Communication from Serving Australian soldier to family in Boer War.

Inscriptions & Markings

As for description. Stamped Jan 25 1902

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

no image

Cream Can

Key words

churchill island
jenkins era
cream can
dairying

17lb metal cream can, surface rust. Hinged lid with handle. 1 handle either side.

Historical information

Used by Harry Jenkins/Margaret Campbell when Churchill Island was run by them as a shorthorn dairy farm.

Inscriptions & Markings

Side: "E H JENKINS CHURCHILL ISLD" Top of lid: "E H JENKINS" on one side, "CHURCHILL ISLAND"/"1612" on other side.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Scythe

Cast steel blade. Hole on back and of blade for hanging. Steamed handle (may not be original). Complex pipe/nut washer and five metal shims keeping blade on handle.

Historical information

Donated by Wilfred Dungan on behalf of the Dungan family Collection originally used on the property of the late Dr Rae Dungan in Falls Creek Rd Olinda, purchased in the late 1930s from Olinda pioneers Harry and Minnie Holden. Also on the property of late May Farndon of Farndon’s and Falls Rd Mt Dandenong – aunt of Dr Rae William Dungan and also an early pioneer. Family holidays and weekends involved use of these sorts of farm implements plus working with horses. Post-war, the Olinda hand tools and machinery moved to the Shady Creek, Nilma North area where bush, pasture and cows had replaced the Olinda property. Wilfred well remembers being on one end of the crosscut saws cutting fence posts, logs and timber under “the tireless and vocal instruction” of a red headed local Darnum Rd legend called Harry Collyer. “He drove an old Rugby car and nearly pulled me through the logs with every cut!”

Inscriptions & Markings

From tip: BEST CROWN NATYZACKS STELLAR GR?AS (S) SHEFIELD. Near handle: image of figure on horse.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

cross cut saw

one end original minus handle. Other end has replaced handle. Steel

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Lace Piece

Key words

janet amess lace collection
lace
churchill island
janet
amess
machine
embroidery

Machine embroidery (Lace Group Embroiderers Guild 1/3/12) See photos (2)

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Box spanner

Key words

box
spanner
tool
tools
double
welded
sheldon
axle
churchill island
farm

Double ended (large/small) # 209 stamp. Has had welded repair on large end

Inscriptions & Markings

209 SHELDON AXLE COMPANY

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Lace Piece

Key words

janet amess lace collection
lace
churchill island
amess
machine

Machine made lace (Lace Group Embroiderers Guild 1/3/12) See photos (2)

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

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section of drainage pipe

Key words

drainage pipe
terracotta
churchill island

section of terracotta drainage pipe, broken both ends.

Historical information

Possibly part of the dairy drainage from the Jeffery era, 1930s, when Churchill Island was a dairy farm

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

mallet

Key words

mallet
woodwork
carpenter's tools

Rough sawn replacement handle. Block has 2 rivets right through block on either side of handle. Chunk out of block on one side.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Churchill Island Six Pound Cannon

Key words

churchill island
cannon
shenandoah
samuel amess
woolamai house
cleeland

Cannon mounted on wooden carriage with loading shaft.

Historical information

Samuel Amess placed the cannon on Churchill Island, claiming that it had been given to him by Captain Waddell of the Confederate ship Shenandoah in return for hospitailty during the ship's time in Melbourne in 1865. John Cleeland, who built Woolamai House on Phillip Island, claimed that it was firstly given to him. Research into the voyages of the Shenandoah give no evidence for this and suggest it was unlikely to have come from the Shenandoah or its prizes. Investigation by the Victorian Conservation Trust in 1982 to identify the manufacture and provenance of the cannon proved fruitless. A summary of the research evidence and arguments is given in "The Churchill Island Cannon: History and Mystery" by David Maunders on www.friendsofchurchillisland.org.au/xoops/modules (Friends of Churcill Island website).

Inscriptions & Markings

860 FRECK

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

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Essay - "The Most Unforgettable Person I Have Ever Met"

Key words

churchill island
school
essay
dr harry jenkins

2 quarto page, blue ink handwritten English essay 1969. Mentone Girls Grammar School. Teacher: Miss Docherty. Re: Harry Jenkins, owner of Churchill Island 1930s-60s. By Margaret Stott.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Lace Piece

Key words

janet amess lace collection
lace
churchill island
amess
machine

Machine made pretending to be Valenciennes (Lace Group Embroiderers Guild 1/3/12) See photos (2)

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

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Newspaper lift-out - "Bicentennial Celebrations at Rhyll" "Churchill Island Bicentennial Celebrations"

Key words

churchill island
phillip island
rhyll
lady nelson
lt. grant
premier steve bracks

Two pages of text and photos on bicentennial celebrations of "Lady Nelson" entering Western Port. Pp 12-13. Pp10-11 local news and adverts. See also 0238.1-.9.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

razor strop

Double sided, two strips. Metal ring one end, padded stitched handle at other. Horse hide.

Inscriptions & Markings

KEEN KUT GENUINE HORSE HIDE

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Engine

Key words

farm
machinery
stationary engine
crank
belt driven
engine
churchill island

Green petrol engine with red trim and crank handle. Attached to green grain grinder

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Sulky wheel left

Key words

farm machinery
wheel
horse drawn vehicle
sulky
churchill island

One of pair of matching black sulky wheels with red hubs

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Bag hanger

Key words

farm machinery
bag hanger
improvisation
hand made
churchill island

Hoome made unpainted metal bag hanger with shearer plough wheels base. Ring to hold bag stored separately

Significance

Good example of farm improvisation

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven