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Churchill Island Heritage Farm Newhaven, Victoria

Churchill Island Heritage Farm covers 57 hectares and boasts a historic working farm with ‘hands on’ farming demonstrations reminiscent of a bygone era. Sheep shearing, cow milking and working dog demonstrations run every day except Christmas day and are included in the entry fee. Carriage rides operate during school holidays and special events. Churchill Island is easily accessible by an all-vehicle bridge from Phillip Island.First walked by Bunurong/Boonwurrung Aboriginal people, the island has an important place in the history of European settlement in Victoria. There are also restored historic buildings from the 1860s and 1870s, lovely gardens, ancient Moonah trees, wetlands, a visitor’s centre and a licensed café.

The Island forms part of the Churchill Island Marine National park and the waters and mudflats surrounding Churchill Island are listed under the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance. Two island circuit tracks offers magnificent views across Western Port Bay and provide excellent bird viewing (Royal Spoonbills, Pied Oyster Catchers, ibis, gulls, herons and pelicans). There are also views of Tortoise Head and French Island. The whole island is heritage listed and the buildings are classified by the National Trust.

Links

Contact Information

location
1 Samuel Amess Drive Newhaven Victoria (map)
phone
+61 03 5956 7214
Contact

Opening Hours

Daily 10 a.m. - 5 p.m.

Entry Fee

Adults (16yrs+) $12.25 Children (4-15yrs) $6.15 Australian Pensioner(ID required) $8.55 Family (2A +2C) $30.65

Location

1 Samuel Amess Drive Newhaven Victoria

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This collection forms the basis for the operations of Churchill Island Heritage Farm, which is located on Churchill Island, where in 1801, during a survey of Western Port Bay, Lieutenant James Grant built a cottage, cleared land and planted the first wheat and corn crops grown in Victoria, using seeds provided by John Churchill. The working farm features a homestead, built by Samuel Amess, a one-time mayor of Melbourne who purchased the island in 1872, together with cottages built by John Rogers in the 1860s and associated outbuildings. As well as the heritage buildings, the collection includes agricultural machinery, implements, and tools, special collections of farm engines and dairy equipment, and historical photographs. The collection is managed by Churchill Island Heritage Farm curator.

Significance

This collection documents early Victorian rural life and agriculture, and the history of the site where crops were first grown in Victoria in 1801; includes also information on the various owners of the island and Government ownership from 1970s.

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400 items

Iron wheel

Key words

farm machinery
iron wheel
wheel

Painted white, iron whell, possibly from seeder; some surface rust

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

no image

Page of typed notes - Notes on early writings on Chapter Four

Key words

churchill island
john rogers
georgiana mchaffie
j.d. mchaffie
phillip island
acclimatisation society
samuel amess

A4 page single sided. Key dates and events 23 May 1856 - June 1 1872 re: Rogers, McHaffie, Amess for book/s on Churchill Island by donor Pat Baird.

Inscriptions & Markings

"Argus (?) p.6" black handwritten

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

no image

Hand painted cup 1 of 3

Key words

tea cup
margaret amess
churchill island

Tea cup with gold border at rim and gold handle. Hand painted with three swallows by Margaret Amess.

Historical information

Margaret Amess was the youngest child of Samuel and Jane Amess, who first purchased Churchill Island in 1872. Margaret Amess was renowned for her china painting.

Inscriptions & Markings

"M.A./1909"

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Milk/cream separator

Key words

farm
machinery
dairy
equipment
milk
cream
separator
hand operated
churchill island

Silver bowl with black base with handle; mounted on board

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Pole and swingle tree

Key words

farm machinery
swingle tree
horse drawn

Unpainted timber pole; single metal swingle tree, surface rust

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

tape measure case

Leather and brass circular case. No measuring tape inside. Stitched case.

Inscriptions & Markings

JOHN RABONE & SONS BIRMINGHAM ENGLAND. "Cemetary" scratched on back.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Handwritten notes on paper

Key words

churchill island
herd
farm
harry jenkins
jenkins

Herd notes. Handwritten notes in pencil on paper (lined) with script running across lines, with names and ages of herd.

Historical information

Dr Harry Jenkins owned Churchill Island from 1936 to 1963 and bequeathed it to Margaret Campbell on his death. Sister Campbell had been nurse to his disabled son and wife and she lived on the island from the time of World War Two. The item was given to Arthur Evans, a family friend, on the day of the auction sale of artefacts when she sold the island, approximately 1973.

Significance

The document demonstrates Harry Jenkins interest and committment to farming on Churchill Island and provides information on farming of the era.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Six pound cannon balls

Key words

churchill island
cannon
amess
cannon balls
new years eve
jenkins
harry jenkins
margaret campbell
sister campbell

Approximately 24 six pound cannon balls

Historical information

Accompany cannon. Fired by Harry Jenkins and Margaret Campbell

Significance

Part of cannon history

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

no image

3D Viewer

Key words

3d viewer
churchill island

wood and glass viewer to give three dimensional image from two identical photos placed in slot at other end to eye pieces

Historical information

May have been used by Amess or Jenkins families?

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Trewhella jack

Key words

trentham
trewhella brothers
blacksmith made
olinda
shady creek
timber work

combination of commercially manufactured body and blacksmith made handle

Historical information

Used in conjunction with wood cutting/splitting tools previously donated by Wilfred Dungan

Inscriptions & Markings

WALLABY TREWHELLA BROS PTY LTD TRENTHAM AUSTRALIA

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Single furrow mould board plough

Key words

churchill island
farm machinery
soil cultivation
mouldboard plough
horse drawn

Single furrow mould board plough, green metal, unpainted wood

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Silk Stole

Key words

churchill island
janet amess lace collection
silk
stole
jane
janet
amess

Silk Stole with flower pattern; See photos (2)

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Inscriptions & Markings

Packaged with note: "Hand painted silk stole from Janet Amess Collection".

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Lace Piece trim

Key words

janet amess lace collection
lace
churchill island
trim
machine

Machine lace (Lace Group Embroiderers Guild 1/3/12) See photos (2)

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Pair gloves

Key words

gloves
ladies gloves
pigskin gloves
fashion
churchill island heritage farm

One pair tan ladies pigskin gloves. Three lines of stitched decoration on back of both gloves

Historical information

Belonged to CIHF volunteer Jeff Cole's aunt May Hart, a very stylish woman of the 1920s, keen on horse racing

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Wire strainer

Key words

wire
strainer
tool
tools
farm
farming
churchill island

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

wooden mallet

Key words

mallet
hand tools
wooden tools

Wooden mallet with turned grooves around head - 2 double and 1 single. Oak handle. Head has cream paint remnants both sides.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

no image

drainage pipe section

Key words

drainage pipe
terracotta clay
churchill island

Section of terracotta pipe used for drainage. Broken at both ends

Historical information

Possibly used for drainage of the dairy area during the Jeffery brothers time, 1930s, when Churchill Island was a dairy farm.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

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Newspaper Supplement - "A Voyage of Discovery - Celebrating the Bicentenary of Lt. Grant's Journey into Western Port in the Vessel, the Lady Nelson"

Key words

churchill island
rhyll
lady nelson
lt. james grant
bicentenary

A special souvenir lift out from the Phillip Island and San Remo Advertiser Wednesday March 21, 2001 pp 13-16 (included). Includes bio of Lt. Grant; program of 200 year celebrations at Churchill Island and Rhyll; information about "Lady Nelson". Thursday March 22 - Sunday March 25, 2001. 2 copies.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

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Name Plate, Brass

Key words

harry jenkins
churchill island
dentistry

Rectangular brass name plate, one recessed screw hole per corner, used by Harry Jenkins for his dentist practice, Collins St, Melbourne.

Inscriptions & Markings

Front: "E.H. JENKINS / DENTIST" Reverse: "SRIATS RU" (UR STAIRS backwards)

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Furphy Water Cart

Key words

farm machinery
water
furphy cart
horse drawn

Furphy water cart, unpainted with traces of red on embossed end

Historical information

Furphy carts were an important item in Australian agriculture, leading to the addition of the word "furphy" a misleading rumour (originally as spread from gossip around the water cart).

Inscriptions & Markings

On side of tank in black paint "CHRURCILL ISLAND" Embossed on end: Furphy water cart; makers Furphy & Sons, Shepparton and other inscriptions.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

lace trim

Key words

churchill island
lace
janet amess lace collection
amess
trim

length of lace trim, off-white colour; hand-made Torchon (duster) lace; used on underwear

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Babcock Milk Tester

Key words

farm
machinery
dairy
equipment
babcock tester
hand operated
fat content
babcock
churchill island

Grey blue hand operated spinner to determine fat content of milk. Bottles missing

Historical information

Possibly used by Harry Jenkins when Churchill Island operated as a dairy farm

Inscriptions & Markings

Babcock Tester, Official

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Ring Spanner

Octagonal ring spanner to go with Essex car, therefore to go with milk cart wheels, see cat # 0158

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Set of swingle trees

Key words

farm machinery
swingle tree
horse drawn

Five swingle trees hinged together. Unpainted timber with metal fittings

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Scoop

Key words

scoop
churchill island

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

cross cut saw

Two handled cross cut saw. One manufactured handle and one bush replacement wedged with three inch nail. 6 broken teeth. Rivets for handle broken off at home-made end. M shaped tooth profile.

Historical information

Donated by Wilfred Dungan on behalf of the Dungan family Collection originally used on the property of the late Dr Rae Dungan in Falls Creek Rd Olinda, purchased in the late 1930s from Olinda pioneers Harry and Minnie Holden. Also on the property of late May Farndon of Farndon’s and Falls Rd Mt Dandenong – aunt of Dr Rae William Dungan and also an early pioneer. Family holidays and weekends involved use of these sorts of farm implements plus working with horses. Post-war, the Olinda hand tools and machinery moved to the Shady Creek, Nilma North area where bush, pasture and cows had replaced the Olinda property. Wilfred well remembers being on one end of the crosscut saws cutting fence posts, logs and timber under “the tireless and vocal instruction” of a red headed local Darnum Rd legend called Harry Collyer. “He drove an old Rugby car and nearly pulled me through the logs with every cut!”

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

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Handwritten notes on paper - Cow milking amounts and content

Key words

cow milking amount
cow milk butter fat
churchill island
harry jenkins

Handwritten notes in pencil on paper for evening and morning milkings amount and butter fat content for eight cows. Dated 10th August 1944. Assumed author Harry Jenkins.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

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Wicker Wheelchair

Key words

churchill island
early wheelchair
amess barn

Cane wheelchair with small metal wheels. Curved arms supported on each side by single strut. Decorative scroll top centre of backrest. Hole in wickerwork of seat. Diamond pattern in backrest. Fold-away solid footplate under seat.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

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Bread and butter plate 3 of 3

Key words

plate
margaret amess
churchill island

Plate with gold border at rim and gold inner circle. 5 swallows and 3 stylised birds hand-painted by Margaret Amess.

Historical information

Margaret Amess was the youngest child of Samuel and Jane Amess, who first purchased Churchill Island in 1872. Margaret Amess was renowned for her china painting.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Scythe

Key words

scythe
hand tools
agriculture
churchill island heritage farm

scythe with surface rust, no handle, good steel, rough welds on socket, hole for mounting handle (e.g. with screw)

Inscriptions & Markings

TROJAN/264

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

no image

Newspaper article (copy) - "Pleasure Flight. Messrs Jenkins and Jeffrey Land Longreach. Left England Dec 28"

Key words

harry jenkins
harold jeffery
early aviation
de soutter
monoplane
vacuum oil co
gipsy mark iii engine
third australian flying corps

Printed article on A4 paper from "The Longreach Leader" QLD pg. 14 Friday 19th of February, 1932. From Trove. Description of flight and stops from Darwin to Charlesville; description of aircraft; information about Harold Jeffery and Harry Jenkins.

Inscriptions & Markings

2 missing lines handwritten in. Source of article handwritten in. "VIA TROVE" at top.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Auger

8 twists in the steel auger with cast iron chuck fused.

Inscriptions & Markings

Chuck: "2" Auger "16" "IRWIN MADE IN USA"

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

spanner

Key words

handmade
hand
made
spanner
open
churchill island
farm
tools
tool

hand-made open ended spanner; rusty

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Farm diary 1944

Key words

churchill island
harry jenkins
farm history
margaret campbell
diary

Small green diary

Historical information

Farm diary kept by Harry Jenkins and transferred to Sister Margaret Campbell. Given to Arthur Evans on auction day, c 1973.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

cross cut saw

Steel. Designed with bow in middle of blade. Small offset. Original ends in good conditions. No handles.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Bag hanger

Key words

farm machinery
bag hanger
improvisation
hand made
churchill island

Hoome made unpainted metal bag hanger with shearer plough wheels base. Ring to hold bag stored separately

Significance

Good example of farm improvisation

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Horseworks

Key words

farm
machinery
horseworks
power
horse
churchill island

Horseworks for one or two horses, gearing, shafting and pulley, complete. Used as a power conversion unit via one or two horses to operate a chaff cutter or similar unit. Horseworks is set up outside a building with an underground shaft to a pulley inside the barn

Inscriptions & Markings

Robinson

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Churchill Island Six Pound Cannon

Key words

churchill island
cannon
shenandoah
samuel amess
woolamai house
cleeland

Cannon mounted on wooden carriage with loading shaft.

Historical information

Samuel Amess placed the cannon on Churchill Island, claiming that it had been given to him by Captain Waddell of the Confederate ship Shenandoah in return for hospitailty during the ship's time in Melbourne in 1865. John Cleeland, who built Woolamai House on Phillip Island, claimed that it was firstly given to him. Research into the voyages of the Shenandoah give no evidence for this and suggest it was unlikely to have come from the Shenandoah or its prizes. Investigation by the Victorian Conservation Trust in 1982 to identify the manufacture and provenance of the cannon proved fruitless. A summary of the research evidence and arguments is given in "The Churchill Island Cannon: History and Mystery" by David Maunders on www.friendsofchurchillisland.org.au/xoops/modules (Friends of Churcill Island website).

Inscriptions & Markings

860 FRECK

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Sulky wheel left

Key words

farm machinery
wheel
horse drawn vehicle
sulky
churchill island

One of pair of matching black sulky wheels with red hubs

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

camp oven

oval shaped camp oven with swinging handle on body. Lid with D handle on top. Lip handle on one side of rim. Surface rust. Corrosion on edge of lid.

Historical information

Purchased at clearing sale

Inscriptions & Markings

CLARKE AND CO. With name there is a diamond cartouche with a tower and drawbridge and flag on top, "I" and "J" either side of tower. 4G under (four gallons)

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Handwritten notes on paper

Key words

fertilizer
paddock
farm
churchill island
harry jenkins

Notes handwritten in pencil on paper regarding fertilizer amounts in 100 weight bags per paddock, 11 paddocks. Dated 1959. Assumed to be written by Harry Jenkins

Historical information

Dr Harry Jenkins owned Churchill Island from 1936 to 1963 and bequeathed it to Margaret Campbell on his death. Sister Campbell had been nurse to his disabled son and wife and she lived on the island from the time of World War Two. The item was given to Arthur Evans, a family friend, on the day of the auction sale of artifacts when she sold the island, approximately 1973.

Significance

The document demonstrates Harry Jenkins interest and committment to farming on Churchill Island and provides information on farming of the era.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Centre bits X 2

For making dowel joints for furniture. Paint spots and surface rust

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Seal fur strip

Key words

jane
amess
janet
frances
seal
fur
churchill island

See photos (2)

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

no image

Two hand written notes

Key words

lace
churchill island
janet amess
lace collection
amess
farm

Two notes written by Janet Amess: 1. Real Limeric Lace from Ireland. Valuable don't destroy 2. Grandmother about 1850 Third note; Written by my mother Janet Amess.

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Inscriptions & Markings

Packaged with 2036 (0036)

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

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lace collar

Key words

janet amess lace collection
lace
churchill island
amess

Linen Honiton mimic (NGV) hand made individual bobbin lace motifs hand sewn together with bobbin made brides (Lace Group Embroiderers Guild 1/3/12) See photos (2)

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Lace Piece

Key words

churchill island
lace
janet amess lace collection
amess
crotchet
handmade

Hand crochet (lace Group Embroiderers Guild 1/3/12) See photos (2)

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

wedge

Key words

timber splitting
blacksmith made
churchill island heritage farm
olinda
shady creek
wilfred dungan collection

blacksmith made; hand-hammered relief groove. Well used - top mushroomed out.

Historical information

Used in conjunction with other wood splitting/cutting tools donated by Wilfred Dungan

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Eyore New Holland Baler

Key words

farm
machinery
hay
chaff
baler
churchill island
eyore
new holland
sperry

Self-propelled baler, "Eyore" Sperry New Holland

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Grindstone

Key words

farm machinery
grindstone
foot pedal opaerated

Grindstone pedal operated with timber stand

Historical information

Unit was in poor condition when VCT purchased Churchill Island. Was rebuilt by John McFee

Significance

Typical of unints used on local farms

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

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Colour photographs

Key words

churchill island
moonahs
roger's cottage
half cellar

14 colour prints 15x20cm. 10 views of Churchill Island in 2011. 9 colour prints 20x40cm. 9 views (same as smaller ones). See list attached to catalogue sheet. Photographed by Margaret Caffyn (nee Stott).

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven