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Churchill Island Heritage Farm Newhaven, Victoria

Churchill Island Heritage Farm covers 57 hectares and boasts a historic working farm with ‘hands on’ farming demonstrations reminiscent of a bygone era. Sheep shearing, cow milking and working dog demonstrations run every day except Christmas day and are included in the entry fee. Carriage rides operate during school holidays and special events. Churchill Island is easily accessible by an all-vehicle bridge from Phillip Island.First walked by Bunurong/Boonwurrung Aboriginal people, the island has an important place in the history of European settlement in Victoria. There are also restored historic buildings from the 1860s and 1870s, lovely gardens, ancient Moonah trees, wetlands, a visitor’s centre and a licensed café.

The Island forms part of the Churchill Island Marine National park and the waters and mudflats surrounding Churchill Island are listed under the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance. Two island circuit tracks offers magnificent views across Western Port Bay and provide excellent bird viewing (Royal Spoonbills, Pied Oyster Catchers, ibis, gulls, herons and pelicans). There are also views of Tortoise Head and French Island. The whole island is heritage listed with Heritage Victoria and the buildings are classified by the National Trust.

Links

Contact Information

location
246 Samuel Amess Drive Newhaven VIC 3925 (map)
phone
+61 03 5956 7214; 03 5951 2800

Contact

Opening Hours

Daily 10 a.m. - 5 p.m.

Entry Fee

Adults (16yrs+) $12.25 Children (4-15yrs) $6.15 Australian Pensioner(ID required) $8.55 Family (2A +2C) $30.65

Location

246 Samuel Amess Drive Newhaven Victoria

View on Google Maps

This collection forms the basis for the operations of Churchill Island Heritage Farm, which is located on Churchill Island, where in 1801, during a survey of Western Port Bay, Lieutenant James Grant built a cottage, cleared land and planted the first wheat and corn crops grown in Victoria, using seeds provided by John Churchill. The working farm features a homestead, built by Samuel Amess, a one-time mayor of Melbourne who purchased the island in 1872, together with cottages built by John Rogers in the 1860s and associated outbuildings. As well as the heritage buildings, the collection includes agricultural machinery, implements, and tools, special collections of farm engines and dairy equipment, and historical photographs. The collection is managed by Churchill Island Heritage Farm curator.

Significance

This collection documents early Victorian rural life and agriculture, and the history of the site where crops were first grown in Victoria in 1801; includes also information on the various owners of the island and Government ownership from 1970s.

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401 items

401 items

Seed drill

Key words

farm machinery
planting
seed drill
horse drawn
converted to tractor towed

Burgundy seed drill with cream wheels converted to tractor towing with blue metal towbar

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

no image

Coolgardie type meat safe

Pale green enamelled meat safe fitted for Coolgardie curtains (not present) fittings and 3 sides for curtains. One internal shelf 1/2 way and base. Grids of holes square with cross shaped decoration to each grid. Some surface rust. Water reservoir on top.

Inscriptions & Markings

"PORTABLE PANTRY"

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Extended Mathieson Auger

Key words

mathieson
auger
tool
tools
farming
churchill island

Damaged wooden handle (not original) bit welded on to metal rod, handle welded on to rod,. Surface rust

Inscriptions & Markings

Mathieson + (illegible)

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Lace fichu

Key words

janet amess lace collection
lace
churchill island
janet
amess
bobbin
maltese
silk
embroidery

Bobbin silk (NGV) Maltese silk bobbin lace 6 petal tallies (Lace Group Embroiderers Guild 1/3/12) See photos (3)

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Inscriptions & Markings

packaged with note "Fichu Maltese Lace c 1865"

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Sickle

Key words

sickle
harvesting
churchill island heritage farm

Left handed sickle. Blade painted black; handle varnished. Metal ferrule on handle. Hook on blade at handle end

Inscriptions & Markings

B?RADE? BRADER OZ?

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Lace piece with some coloured embroidery

Key words

lace
churchill island
janet amess lace collection
amess
embroidery

Machine made net with hand embroidery. 1920s from underwear (Lace Group Embroiderers Guild 1/3/12)

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Hand Shears

Spring double handled hand shears for shearing sheep.

Inscriptions & Markings

"HIND'S PATENT DOUBLE HOLLOW GROUND BURGAN AND BALL PATENT NO. 294 (inside a shield with a crown on top) MADE IN ENGLAND"

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Farm diary 1944

Key words

churchill island
harry jenkins
farm history
margaret campbell
diary

Small green diary

Historical information

Farm diary kept by Harry Jenkins and transferred to Sister Margaret Campbell. Given to Arthur Evans on auction day, c 1973.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

SICKLE

Key words

sickle
harvesting
churchill island heritage farm

Right handed sickle. Blade painted black. Handle varnished

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Neck piece with triangular scallops

Key words

lace
churchill island
janet amess lace collection
neck
piece
garment
clothing
amess

See photos (3)

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

stamp

Key words

stamp
churchill island
churchill island development
1982

wood based metal stamp

Historical information

Stamp made for stamping stationery 1982 Churchill Island

Inscriptions & Markings

"CHURCHILL ISLAND DEVELOPMENT 1982"

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Wool Press

Key words

farm machinery
wool
wool press
hand operated
shearing

All metal wool press, unpainted, surface rust

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

no image

Photograph

Key words

churchill island
friends of churchill island
volunteers

A4 colour photo of 15 Churchill Island FOCIS volunteers at Churchill Island in garden c 1900s (?). Most identified and named on back of photo. Landscape orientation.

Historical information

Volunteering has a long tradition on Churchill Island. FOCIS (Friends of Churchill Island Society) established in 1980.

Inscriptions & Markings

Names on back. "From Pat Baird/Ann Penaluna"

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

wood splitting wedge

Key words

wood
splitting
wedge
tool
tools
farm
churchill island

wedge with groove to prevent sticking. Worn top, burred over

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

no image

Handwritten notes on paper - Cow milking amounts and content

Key words

cow milking amount
cow milk butter fat
churchill island
harry jenkins

Handwritten notes in pencil on paper for evening and morning milkings amount and butter fat content for eight cows. Dated 10th August 1944. Assumed author Harry Jenkins.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

drainage pipe

Key words

terracotta pipe
drainage
churchill island heritage farm

Section of terracotta pipe broken at both ends.

Historical information

Found on Churchill Island. Possibly used for dairy drainage?

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

no image

adjustable wrench

Cast jaws on rod. Handmade. Jaws badly warped. Surface rust and paint spots

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

spanner

Badly rusted. Thin metal. Probably came with a tool kit for a particular piece of machinery

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Small neckpiece

Key words

lace
churchill island
janet amess lace collection
neckpiece
clothing
garment
amess
maltese
silk
handmade

Handmade Maltese silk lace )lace Group Embroiderers Guild 1/3/2012) See photos (2)

Historical information

The names of the Amess women who owned the lace are: Jane Amess (nee Straughan) – donor Unity’s great grandmother (pet name Janet, but not used as it will confuse with Unity’s mother). Jane was the wife of Samuel Amess, first Samuel Amess to own Churchill Island. Frances Amess (nee Turnbull) – grandmother, married Robert Lisle Straughan Amess, 4th child of Samuel and Jane Janet Jickell (nee Amess) – mother, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis, married James Jickell Unity Mary Bright (nee Jickell) was the donor, 2nd of two children of Robert and Francis.

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929. This lace collection was owned and contributed to by four generations of Amess women, see above.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

no image

Newspaper Cuttings and Small Print - Margaret Caffyn (Stott)

Key words

churchill island
summerfield
auction
sister margaret campbell
samuel amess
shenandoah

Small print of east side Amess House "Summerfield House", 6 newspaper cuttings re: Churchill Island and 1 re: Shenandoah and book review "Rebel Down Under" 1970s. List attached to catalogue sheet.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Tiller

Key words

historic farm machinery
tiller
cultivation
horse drawn

Burgundy structure with cream wheels seat and white hand brake. Single long unpainted pole

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

tin snips

Steel. Curved blades for cutting straight line on curved surfaces. Rivet rather than screw. Paint mark on one blade.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Swingle trees

Key words

swingle
swingletrees
swingletree
horse drawn
churchill island
farm

Two horse swingle trees hinged either end of one long swingle tree. Unpainted timber, metal fittings

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

lace trim

Key words

churchill island
lace
janet amess
lace collection

machine made lace spotted and floral pattern same as 0005.1

Historical information

From a collection of lace owned by three generations of Amess women

Significance

The Amess family owned Churchill Island from 1872 to 1929

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Paling/shingle splitter's axe

Key words

churchill island
farm
tool
tools
splitter
splitter's
axe
paling
shingle

Machine made, painted black, cast. No handle. Shows signs of use. Socket warped

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

no image

Newspaper double page spread - p.12 "Bicentennial Celebrations at Rhyll" p.13 "Churchill Island Bicentennial Celebrations"

Key words

churchill island
rhyll
premier steve bracks
royal australian navy
commander colin jones
cannon
plaque
greenpeace

Pp. 11-12; 13-14 of Phillip Island and San Remo Advertiser. Captioned photos of activities on Churchill island and at Rhyll for the bicentennial celebrations of discovery of Churchill Island and Rhyll by Lt. Grant in 1801.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

mallet

Key words

mallet
hand tools

Block redgum; original hardwood handle. Paint stains. Well used. 2 screws in end of handle to spread handle so it doesn't fall off.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Brace and auger bit for fencing

Key words

auger
fencing
brace
blacksmith
tool
tools
farm
farming
churchill island

Bit bolted on and held with hook. Brace probably blacksmith made. Bit commercially made. May have been used vertically. Surface pitted.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Pick, Miner's

Key words

miner
mining
pick
churchill island
tools
farm

Short top end of head. Commercially made/ Well worn. Handle repaired1) automotive wire 2) electrical tape repair. Painted red, end split.

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven

Buck rake

Key words

farm machinery
hay
chaff
buck rake
horse drawn

Timber buck rake, 6 prongs, metal fittings

Churchill Island Heritage Farm, Newhaven