The Collection consists of artefacts and records of historical and cultural significance to the Maldon district or its residents. Items in the collection have been donated over many years by local people and organisations, and by descendants of the early settlers and miners. The material spans from prehistoric eras (for geological specimens) to the present day. The Collection is housed in the heritage listed former Maldon Market House building c.1859 (VHR H1390) situated in the Maldon Gardens.