Stories Organisations Projects About Login

Port of Echuca Echuca, Victoria

The Historic Port of Echuca precinct is an authentic working steam port, home to Australia's largest fleet of steam-driven paddlesteamers. Although its major commodity has changed from wool to people, Port of Echuca still operates much the same as it did in the 1860's, with our shipwrights and steam engineers providing a vital role in the Port's operations today, just as they would have in the late 1800's

Contact Information

location
74 Murray Esplanade Echuca Victoria 3564 (map)
phone
+61 03 54812852

Contact

Opening Hours

9am - 5pm

Entry Fee

Adult $12.45, Senior/Student $10.85, Child $8.50, Family $37.70

Location

74 Murray Esplanade Echuca Victoria

View on Google Maps

The Collection is under the custodianship of the Campaspe Shire and the themes have been developed to preserve, educate and inform the community and visitors about the history and development of the Port of Echuca during the time is was busiest between 1850-1920. The focus of the collection is the Heritage Listed Echuca Wharf built in 1864 and the three paddlesteamers P.S Pevensey, P.S Alexander Arbuthnot and P.S Adelaide dating from 1866. The collection also includes steam traction engines, stationary boilers, a replica sawmill, rai lcarriages, large farm machinery and other objects including winches, drawings, maps and river charts.

Significance

The Port of Echuca is a highly significant historical collection. The collection of buildings, wharf, boats, railway and steam display have a strong association with the development of Echuca, the booming river & rail trade. The paddlesteamers, barges, wharf and railway have strong historic links with the history of the wool and red gum timber industries and the connection of this inland region to the commercial markets of Melbourne, Sydney and beyond.

There are no comments yet.

Leave a comment

404 items

close
Show All Items Items with Images (384) Items with Audio Items with Video Items with Documents
View As Grid List

404 items

Black and white photograph.

Port of Echuca , Echuca

A black and white photograph of a large group of men outside a sawmill, reputed to be Macintoshes Sawmill in Echuca East.

Historical information

Macintosh's sawmill was on the banks of the Murray River in Echuca east where the Banyule State forest is now located. A tramway ran out to it from the main rail line near the iron bridge. Macintoshes Sawmill was one of the largest in the area. (Ref. Clare Jackson. )

Significance

Macintoshes sawmill was set up by James Macintosh in 1868 in Echuca East. His sawmill prospered and in 1878 was "equal to five normal sawmills" (Ref; Coulson, Helen, "Echuca Moama On the Murray." P.158) He also owned 2 paddle steamers and 8 barges. The Macintosh Family contributed substantially to the development of Echuca East, but by 1901 the Family was in severe debt and were forced to sell the sawmill to the Nicholas Family.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the back of the photograph written in pencil are the words "Believed to be workmen at McIntosh's mill (Charlie Dowell says)

Coloured Photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Colour photographs of the winch being removed from the P. S. Adelaide, shown from deck view looking towards prow. 2 copies.

Historical information

The P.S Adelaide was launched on 21st July 1866. It was owned by J.G.Grassie from Poon Boon Station and the Officer Family of Murray Downs Station Swan Hill. The Adelaide was named after the niece of the Officer Bros, Adelaide Blackwood. The shipwright who built her was George Linklater. The Adelaide brought wool and passengers from the wool stations on the Murray and Darling Rivers down to the Echuca Wharf. In 1872 she was sold to David Blair & Sons. She was used to bring timber from the Barmah Forest to the Echuca Wharf. She did this work for the next 80 years. In 1953 she was tied up near the Mill and left. In 1958 she went to Paringa South Australia to work in the sawmill industry again. In 1960 the Echuca Apex Club and The Echuca Historical Society raised enough funds to buy the P.S. Adelaide and return her to Echuca. In November 1963 she was lifted out of the water and placed in Hopwood Gardens as this was thought to be a way of preserving her. In 1984 it was decided to return her to the water to resume work as a passenger vessel. In that time the Port of Echuca and the Echuca Wharf had been restored as a Tourist Precinct. This photograph shows the beginning of the task to return her to the river. It took several weeks in March and April 1984.

Significance

The P.S Adelaide is extremely significant as it it the oldest known wooden hulled paddle steamers in the world. She was built in Echuca in 1866 and still operates on the Murray River today. She has worked in the Wool Industry, the Timber Industry and the Tourist Industry.

Inscriptions & Markings

On reverse in black pen:"Removing winch from Adelaide. May 84"

Coloured post card.

Port of Echuca , Echuca

A coloured postcard of The Echuca Railway station, looking south, with footbridge in Centre.

Historical information

This postcard shows the extent of the Echuca Railway station in the early 20th Century. There are two large loco sheds across the line from the station. There is a large crowd of people waiting to board the train. There are three men on top of the footbridge and a man is walking down the track on the station side of the line. It is believed to be taken c. 1930.

Significance

This postcard is significant as it shows the extent of the importance of Rail travel in the early 20th Century. The Railway station itself was well developed and well used. The large crowd on the station indicates the importance of rail travel as road travel for people would still have been difficult at that time. The Railway line from Bendigo to Echuca was built in 1864 to allow goods arriving at the Echuca Wharf to be sent to Melbourne for distribution to world markets.

Inscriptions & Markings

Written on the front are the words Echuca, Railway Station. Printed on the back of the card are the words POSTCARD. This space may be used for communication. For address only. Printed in Germany. Fosdyke & Co. Echuca.

Coloured rectangular photograph.

Port of Echuca , Echuca

A rectangular coloured photograph, and enlargement photograph, of the P.S. Adelaide being re-launched into the Murray River , on the 3rd April, 1984. The photograph is taken from the N.S.W bank with the P.S Pevensey in the foreground right corner of the photograph. The word Philadelphia can be seen faintly on the P.S Pevensey. There is a large crowd of people on the Victorian bank watching. There is a floating pontoon on the river immediately in front of the P.S Adelaide.

Historical information

The P.S Adelaide had been displayed in the Hopwood Gardens from 1960. In 1984 The City of Echuca decided to put the paddle steamer back in the river. This happened over several weeks and involved digging a boat ramp into the bank in front of the Hopwood Gardens. This involved a lot of skill and people. It also attracted a lot of attention. Crowds gathered every day to watch the task. In this photograph the P.S Pevensey in the foreground still has the name P.S Philadelphia writing on its name plate. The P.S Pevensey was used in the TV Series 'All The Rivers Run', as the P.S Philadelphia. Relates to a series of images Reg. nos. P000059.3, P000061.3, P000062.2, P000063.3, P000070.2, P000071.

Significance

The re-floating of the P.S Adelaide is significant because it occurred at a time when the Tourist Industry was gathering momentum in Echuca. The City of Echuca made the decision to add another paddle steamer to its fleet to carry passengers on the Murray River. The P.S Adelaide is one of the oldest, still operative wooden hulled paddle steamers in the world. It celebrated it's 150th birthday in July 2016. The re-floating of the P.S Adelaide created a lot of attention locally and regionally.

Inscriptions & Markings

On near boat obscured are the words Philadelphia.

Colour Photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Colour photograph of the P. S. Pevensey, in side view, moving through the water. There are people, 2 on the bow and 3 on the stern of the boat as it steams along the river. In the background is the river bank and the bush landscape.

Historical information

P. S. PEVENSEY: Dimensions: 111ft 5 ins X 23 ft X 6ft 8 ins. Tonnage:130 tons Built: 1910 at Moama, N. S. W. References : Book: Murray river Paddle Steamers by D. Wardle Permewan , Wright & Co. : pp. 72, 129, 157

Significance

The P. S. PEVENSEY holds historical and social significance for the Port of Echuca, being the cornerstone of their paddlesteamer fleet. The PEVENSEY was renamed for the TV series All the Rivers Run, to P. S. Philadelphia , playing a staring role in the program, which has resulted in the PEVENSEY becoming a tourist attraction and has increased tourism to the Port of Echuca. The PEVENSEY was originally designed for use on the Murrumbidgee river, named after Pevensey station on that river. It was then owned by Permewan Wright & co operating out of Echuca for many years. She returned to Echuca in 1975 to begin another life as part of the Port of Echuca tourism operation.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the front:PEVENSEY on the wheelhouse of the boat. Printed on reverse: This paper manufactured by Kodak: Print made by Kodak: KODAK: OCT.78-M

Colour Photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Colour photograph of P. S. Adelaide on the Murray river at Echuca after her re-floating. The port side of the Adelaide is clearly visible. The banks of the river are lined with spectators. The pontoon boat shed at Paddlewheel Park is visible on the right, also has spectators on the roof platform.

Historical information

Colour photograph of the P. S. Adelaide in the river, with the port side of the boat clearly visible. The bank behind and the roof of the boat shed at Paddlewheel park are lined with spectators. Final part of the photo sequence of the event no.:P000041; P000045; P000046; P000047; P000048 of the P. S. Adelaide re-floating.

Significance

The re-floating of the P. S. Adelaide was a Significant community social event evident by the number of spectators in the photograph. The community had invested a great deal of time and money into re-floating the paddlesteamer. The newspaper covered the event in detail with a number of action shots as the boat made its rear entry from the temporary slipway onto the river. Part of a photo sequence no.P000041; P000045; P000046; P000047; P000048 of P. S. Adelaide re-floating.

Black and white photographs.

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Four black and white glossy photographs of a horse and buggy outside the Bridge Hotel. The photograph is taken through the log buggy which was parked across the road from the Bridge Hotel. The buggy is a Cobb & Co. Royal Mail buggy. The Bridge Hotel is in a state of disrepair. P000073.1 and P000073.2 are identical. P000073.3 is the same shot, but the hotel and the horse and buggy are further away than in the other two shots.

Historical information

These photographs were taken in 1980 and show the Cobb &Co Royal Mail buggy outside the Bridge Hotel. The camera is positioned under the log buggy, which was parked across the road from the Bridge Hotel. The giant log and it's buggy frame the photograph. They were commissioned by the Ministry of Tourism, Government of Victoria and were taken by the photographer Michael Cheshire.

Significance

These photographs are important because they come from an era when tourism was a relatively new industry. The Bridge Hotel appears to be occupied, but it was before any renovations occurred.

Inscriptions & Markings

All four photographs have a Port of Echuca stamp in purple on the back of the photograph. All four photographs also have the following words stamped on them in black....." This photograph is with the compliments of the....Ministry of Tourism Government of Victoria. Please acknowledge photo: Michael Cheshire." In the photograph, on the coach are written the words; Cobb & Co. Royal Mail. ER.

Black & white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black & white photograph of 2 men, 1 girl and 1 boy on upper deck of P. S. Kelvin. In background is a 3rd man, (Hugh Price) at wheel. Documented as being on mail run and at the Murray Bridge Echuca.

Historical information

Black & white photograph of 2 men, 1 girl and 1 boy on upper deck of P. S. Kelvin. In the background is a 3rd man, Hugh Price, at the wheel. Documented as being on mail run and at the Murray Bridge

Significance

Demonstrates passenger transport and travel along the river as well as the delivery of mail services between rural communities.

Inscriptions & Markings

In pencil on back : Kelvin

Coloured photograph.

Port of Echuca , Echuca

A coloured photograph of a close up of the P.S. Pevensey travelling upstream away from the Echuca Wharf. There are five people in the wheelhouse; a dark haired young woman and a man in a suit and tie, 2 crew and There are two men standing with their backs to the photographer, on the lower deck. Three people can be seen near the fire box underneath the wheelhouse. The Echuca Wharf can be seen in the background

Historical information

This photograph was taken in February 1984 on the occasion of Cossen's visit to Echuca. It is a close up of the wheelhouse of the P.S Pevensey with the name Philadelphia written across the wheelhouse. This is significant because the P.S Pevensey played the role of the P. S Philadelphia in the movie "All The Rivers Run" which was filmed in Echuca in late 1982 and a sequel was filmed in Echuca early in 1989.

Significance

This photograph is significant because it shows the P.S. Pevensey showing the name P.S Philadelphia. The P.S Pevensey was used as the P.S Philadelphia in the TV Series "All The Rivers Run" based on the novel written by Nancy Cato. The TV series was a huge success and still draws tourists to the Port of Echuca. The fact that the P.S Pevensey was showing the Philadelphia name in 1984 is a bit of a mystery, but it has been known that she was dressed up again as the P.S Philadelphia sometimes for special occasions. The Cossen's visit to Echuca might have been such an occasion. It also shows the Echuca Wharf with a train parked there, and the Customs House can be seen in the background as well.

Inscriptions & Markings

Written across the wheelhouse under the wheel is the name Philadelphia.

Photograph - Paddle steamers on Darling River

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black & white photograph which shows 2 paddle steamers & a barge rounding a bend in the Darling River. Barge is loaded with wool bales. Water level is not high: bank slopes clearly visible.

Historical information

Original photograph held by J.Norris, Butcher Street Echuca. Thought to be approximately 1910.

Significance

Photograph shows very low river level. Barge is loaded with wool bales moored at closest river bank. Barge could be in the process of loading. Barge is between bank and the paddle steamer. Deck hand can be seen in fore ground holding a long pole. Steering wheel is visible on the barge.

Inscriptions & Markings

On back of photograph is written "Jane(?) in Darling River. Norris collection."

Coloured postcard.

Port of Echuca , Echuca

This is a coloured rectangular postcard of the Brigidine Convent, Echuca

Historical information

Formerly the home of Henry Hopwood. Apsley House, No. 1 Echuca. This was purchased for the Bridgine nuns to establish a catholic co-education school in Echuca. Extensions were made to the original structure (to the south of this building) with outbuildings and brick stables converted to school rooms during the late 1886 and opened as St Joseph's in 1887. The front section of the school was built in 1888. At the time of this photograph the upper floor of the building was the boarding house.

Significance

The school building holds historical, social and spiritual significance to Echuca being the former home of Echuca's founder, Henry Hopwood. The diocese purchased the original building for 1,000 pounds. The school opened as a co-educational school on 22/3/1886 with 16 boys and 7 girls. It's first enrolment was a non-Catholic boy. By the end of 1886 there were 30 pupils. The boarding school opened on 4/5/1886 with 6 students. The chapel (to the north of this building) was built in 1889. For 60 years the school provided both primary and secondary schooling but in 1960's it changed to secondary schooling. The boarding house closed around 1986 and the school continued as a co-educational catholic college.

Inscriptions & Markings

Written on the front of the postcard are the words Brigidine Convent, Echuca. On the back are the words. POSTCARD. This space may be used for communication. For Address only. Printed in Germany. Fosdyke &a Co. Echuca.

Colour Print

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Colour print of a painting depicting a river scene of the Port of Echuca with the P. S. Elizabeth in the foreground pulling a barge laden with wool. The Echuca Wharf is in the background with a number of paddle steamers and barges alongside the wharf. The cargo shed is on the right hand side of the wharf, two cranes along the wharf, a steam train on the far left and the tops of many buildings can be seen in the background. There is a small row boat in the middle of the painting and another at the front left hand corner.

Historical information

Reproduced from a painting belonging to the National Library of Australia. The National Bank produced calendars depicting art work of historical Australian scenes. This scene shows the busy Echuca port in the 1880s when it was at its peak. It handled goods, such as wool and timber, transported by paddle steamers which were then transported by train to Melbourne for domestic or overseas markets. The Riverine Herald reported, on 8/7/1874,that the P. S. Elizabeth made "to date the fastest ever trip to Hay with a barge in tow."

Significance

This depiction of life on the Murray River at Echuca in 1880 shows the area as a bustling river community. The wharf was a hive of industry transporting goods to and from Echuca via paddle steamers and steam train. The paddle steamers towed barges laden with cargo, especially wool. The passengers in the row boat show that there were workers and gentile folk in the area at this time. It looks orderly and industrious.

Inscriptions & Markings

On front left hand corner of picture:"Artist unknown, c. 1880". On the bottom right hand corner:" The Paddle steamer 'Elizabeth' at Echuca (Vic.) Reproduced by the National Bank in 1976 from the watercolour in the National Library of Australia, by permission of the Trustees."

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black and white photograph, of a mounted photograph showing the P. S. Invisible on the slip, apparently undergoing repairs to its walls and roof.

Historical information

There are two registered P. S. Invincible, one built April 1889 Wilson & Burkett, Echuca, (Parsons, R. Ships of the Inland Rivers. 3rd.ed. 2005, p.184)

Inscriptions & Markings

On the bow of the paddle steamer:"Invincible"

Rectangular coloured photograph and negative.

Port of Echuca , Echuca

A coloured photograph of the P.S Pevensey travelling on the Murray River. There is a group of people in the wheelhouse, possibly members of the Cossen Family. Cr. Bob Snow is sitting on a chair in the sun on the lower front deck. The name Philadelphia can be seen written across the front of the wheelhouse.

Historical information

This photograph was taken in February 1984 on the occasion of Cossen's visit to Echuca. P.S Pevensey with the name Philadelphia written across the wheelhouse. This is significant because the P.S Pevensey played the role of the P. S Philadelphia in the movie "All The Rivers Run" which was filmed in Echuca in late 1982 and a sequel was filmed in Echuca early in 1989.

Significance

This photograph is significant because it shows the P.S. Pevensey showing the name P.S Philadelphia. The P.S Pevensey was used as the P.S Philadelphia in the TV Series "All The Rivers Run" based on the novel written by Nancy Cato. The TV series was filmed in Echuca in 1982. The TV series was a huge success and still draws tourists to the Port of Echuca. The fact that the P.S Pevensey was showing the Philadelphia name in 1984 is a bit of a mystery, but it has been known that she was dressed up again as the P.S Philadelphia sometimes for special occasions. The Cossen's visit to Echuca might have been such an occasion. The man on the chair on the deck is Councillor Bob Snow, who could also have been the Mayor at the time. This also shows the significance of the Cossen Family's visit to the Port of Echuca.

Inscriptions & Markings

Written across the wheelhouse is the name Philadelphia.

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black and white photograph of a building (identified as CLYDE HOUSE) in High St., Echuca. Taken in the winter (trees are deciduous). Picture taken looking west, showing the south western corner of the building, with the single storey wing most visible. Copy of original from Latrobe Library collection.

Historical information

This photograph was taken about 1960 when Clyde House High St, Echuca, was a vacant building. It was originally the hotel Harp and Shamrock which was delicensed and in the 1940s and 50s became a boarding house. It was demolished and now is the site of the High St Motel, 439 High St Echuca.

Significance

This photograph shows Clyde House as a substantial building that was used as a boarding house in the early 20th century. Echuca had numerous boarding houses and hotels to supply accomodation for the numerous traveller's to Echuca. By 1960 it was no longer used, becoming vacant and later being demolished for a new motel which was built between1960-1970.

Inscriptions & Markings

On reverse in blue ink "Clyde House, High St. Boarding House (empty years) Now High St Motel". In pencil " is now on site c.1960"

Colour Photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Colour photograph of the Bridge Hotel, Echuca, after restorations (c.1979)

Historical information

The Bridge Hotel was built by Henry Hopwood, founder of Echuca. The building was in disrepair until it was bought by the Port of Echuca and renovated to be turned into part of the Port of Echuca tourist exhibits and was leased out to be run as a restaurant.

Significance

The Bridge Hotel is of historical and social significance to Echuca as it was built be Echuca's founder Henry Hopwood. The hotel was situated between the 2 rivers, Murray and Campaspe, where Hopwood ran his punt business, charging people and animals to cross the rivers. The hotel accommodated a variety of paying guest from wealthy squatters to salesmen and general workers. The building was purchased by the Port of Echuca to be part of the tourist attraction. It was extensively renovated to bring it back to its former glory. The Bridge hotel played an important role in the TV series "All the Rivers Run".

Inscriptions & Markings

On front of building : Bridge Hotel / Restaurant Printed on reverse:"This paper manufactured by Kodak"

Two black and white photographs.

Port of Echuca , Echuca

These are two black and white photographs of the Bridge Hotel taken by the Ministry of Tourism, photographer, Michael Cheshire. To the left of the photograph is the log buggy with two people standing nearby. In the middle of the photograph is a Cobb & Co. Royal Mail Coach with 2 draught horses tied up to it. The horses are standing outside the Bridge Hotel which is in a state of disrepair.

Historical information

These are two photographs taken of the log buggy and the Cobb &Co stage coach outside the Bridge Hotel in 1980. The Bridge Hotel is in a state of disrepair. The log buggy has a huge log from Moira Forest resting on top of it. Also an Apex sign can be seen on top of the log.

Significance

This photograph is significant because it was taken by Ministry of Tourism photographer Michael Cheshire in the early days of the Tourism Industry. It shows the Echuca Apex Clubs project of the log buggy outside the Bridge Hotel which is in a state of disrepair. The Cobb &Co. Stage Coach appears to be empty. There are two Tourists standing next to the log buggy and they appear to be photographing the Stage Coach.

Inscriptions & Markings

Both photographs have the purple stamp of the Port of Echuca. Both photographs also have stamped on them in black ink the following inscription. "This photograph is with the compliments of the Ministry of Tourism Government of Victoria. Please acknowledge Photo; Michael Cheshire. Both photographs also have the stamp; Ministry of Tourism, Victoria. 275 Collins Street, Melbourne. Neg. No. Nc140 Date..........Locality.............Subject.....Hopwood House and log buggy. In the photograph itself there is an Apex sign attached to the log on the log buggy. There is also a sign attached to the log which says " Log Buggy..Moira Forest N.S.W ..... Weight 13 tons are the only words which are able

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

This is a photograph of the P.S Australien, and the barge Vega tied together and moored to the river bank. The position is unknown. The barge has a load of building materials and a boiler on board.

Historical information

The P.S Australien was built in 1897 by Richard Wilson, of Moama, at Echuca. In 1937 it was used to tow boilers, winches, derricks etc. for construction of Locks 6,7,9 and Yarrawonga Weir. Presently awaiting restoration at Echuca. The barge Vega was built in 1911, by Franz Wallin at Moama . It sank in 1958 at Merbein, but was salvaged c. 1973 and is now housed at Swan Hill museum. ( Ref Parsons, Ronald. "Ships of the Inland Rivers." ) p.139.

Significance

The P.S Australien is significant because it is one of the oldest Paddle steamers built at Echuca. It was a working vessel during the construction of the Yarrawonga weir in the 1930's which was the beginning of the irrigation system which enabled the Agriculture Industry to become such a prominent industry in the Murray-Darling River Basin. The barge Vega was also built in Moama. It was a working barge for 47 years , before sinking at Merbein, in South Australia. In this photograph the steering apparatus can be seen attached over the top of the load on the barge. People can be seen standing on the lower deck of the paddle steamer. They could possibly be passengers. The wheelhouse of the paddle steamer is draped with a piece of tarpaulin, there is a man standing beside the wheelhouse dressed in a suit and hat.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the paddle steamer are the words Australien and on the barge are the words Vega.

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

This is a photograph of the Echuca Wharf taken from the N.S.W bank. The Captain & crew are standing on the deck of P.S.Melbourne in foreground with original Echuca wharf in background.Paddlesteamers lining bank of river.The bank of the Murray river is clearly visible with Shackells Bond store in centre rear of picture.

Historical information

Paddlesteamers were used to bring produce to out lying properties from major towns. Wool was bought back into the Port to be shipped off to markets in Melbourne. This is a photograph of a celebration of sorts. The wharf is lined with people. The train is visible and the men on the P.S Melbourne are dressed in top hats.

Significance

This photograph shows the early development of the Wharf at Echuca. Being the largest inland Port in Australia you can see here the early days of the building of the Wharf .

Photograph - Murrumbidgee at Wharf

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Close up photograph of the paddle steamer Murrumbidgee moored at the Echuca wharf. In front of the paddle steamer is a barge loaded with timber and a tender attached to it. Visible on the wharf is the cargo shed, the cranes and the over head walk bridge which crosses over the rail lines. In the back ground behind the bridge is Shackell's Bond Store. Also you can clearly see the two lower level walkways under the wharf. The river level is low in this photograph.

Historical information

The paddle steamer Murrumbidgee was built in the mid 1860's and used to bring cargo into the port of Echuca. She would tow barges as seen here, also loaded with either cargo or in this case timber into the Port. Regardless of the river height the produce could be unloaded using the cranes visible here on the wharf.

Significance

Visible in this picture is the different levels of the wharf, which were all used, depending on the height of the river. In this instance the river is very low, so the lower level is being used. The timber on the barge would have been unloaded using the cranes that are visible on the wharf.

Inscriptions & Markings

1940's Midgee at wharf Ch.13? 13/14 2

Black & white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black & white photograph and negative of the Barge "B22" showing its port bow. It rests on a slip.

Historical information

Paddlesteamers often towed barges behind them to double the size of their cargos. Barges were locally built from red gum, using the same basic design with modifications being made dependent on the types of loads they were to carry. The Murray River Sawmill Company was responsible for building " B22", which was towed by the P. S. Adelaide. The B22 got its name because it was the second barge built in 1922. (Port of Echuca. Teachers resource book. 2005 ed., p. 17) One of a series: P000234.2 to P000252.2 inclusive & P000269.

Significance

The B22 is one of the barges on display at the Port of Echuca. Barges played an important role in moving cargo up and down the Murray, Darling and Murrumbidgee rivers, enabling paddlesteamers to double their loads. The barges carried wool, timber and general cargo. These barges were attached to the paddlesteamers at the centre of gravity of the paddlesteamer and towed behind them.

Inscriptions & Markings

In black pen on reverse of photograph: B22. In red ink: It's Kodak color. Apr.81. Kodak

Photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

same as Item P916.1

Historical information

same as P916.1

Significance

same as P916.1

Inscriptions & Markings

barges woolshed,high river 916.2

Photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Echuca wharf showing the two cargo sheds with fully loaded barge at front and paddle steamer both tied up for unloading. River level high as can be seen by the amount of wharf visible below the cargo sheds. Two men on top of barge preparing for unloading. This photo was taken after the wharf had been extended as can be seen by it's length.

Historical information

Wool bought in to wharf for unloading to be put onto rail carriages to go to markets in the city or the rest of the world.Barges were towed into Port behind paddle steamers,usually fully laden from properties along the river systems.

Significance

It was more cost effective to bring wool form out lying properties via paddle steamers on the rivers than by horse drawn wagons overland. Regardless of the river height, paddle steamers would collect the wool to be bought into Port. In times of drought it would have been more difficult as the river could and would pond, but the high rivers were less of a deterrent because the Wharf was designed to cater for unloading in high river situations.

Inscriptions & Markings

on back Neg P911.3 P915.1

Coloured Photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

This is a coloured square photograph of the P.S Adelaide in the river, obscured by trees and the bank, whilst the P.S.Pevensey is next to it near the N.S.W bank. Spectators line the bank watching the re-launch of the P.S Adelaide.

Historical information

The P.S Adelaide was launched on 21st July 1866. It was owned by J.G.Grassie from Poon Boon Station and the Officer Family of Murray Downs Station Swan Hill. The Adelaide was named after the niece of the Officer Bros, Adelaide Blackwood. The shipwright who built her was George Linklater. The Adelaide brought wool and passengers from the wool stations on the Murray and Darling Rivers down to the Echuca Wharf. In 1872 she was sold to David Blair & Sons. She was used to bring timber from the Barmah Forest to the Echuca Wharf. She did this work for the next 80 years. In 1953 she was tied up near the Mill and left. In 1958 she went to Paringa South Australia to work in the sawmill industry again. In 1960 the Echuca Apex Club and The Echuca Historical Society raised enough funds to buy the P.S. Adelaide and return her to Echuca. In November 1963 she was lifted out of the water and placed in Hopwood Gardens as this was thought to be a way of preserving her. In 1984 it was decided to return her to the water to resume work as a passenger vessel. In that time the Port of Echuca and the Echuca Wharf had been restored as a Tourist Precinct. This photograph shows her being to returned to the river. Returning her to the river,took several weeks in March and April 1984.

Significance

The P.S Adelaide is extremely significant as it it the oldest known wooden hulled paddle steamers in the world. She was built in Echuca in 1866 and still operates on the Murray River today. She has worked in the Wool Industry, the Timber Industry and the Tourist Industry.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the prow of the paddle steamer on the left of the photograph the words ADELAIDE can be seen. The word PEVENSEY can be seen across the wheelhouse of the larger paddle steamer on the right of the photograph.a

Photograph - Adelaide Trial day

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Sepia photograph of P.S.Adelaide under full steam heading down river past the historic wharf. In the foreground is seen the paddle steamer Pevensey. As can be seen on her name board there is also the name Philadelphia. In the centre of the river in front of the Adelaide can be seen a modern speed boat, quite a contrast to the old historic paddle steamers.

Historical information

After being set up as a static display in the Hopwood Gardens the P.S.Adelaide was fully restored then returned to the Murray river as an operational paddle steamer.This picture was taken of her testing the engines/boilers under full steam after her restoration. In this photograph she is travelling down river past the historic Port of Echuca, and the paddle steamer Pevensey.

Significance

Being the oldest wooden hulled paddle steamer in the world, it was important to take her from the static display in Hopwood Garden back to a working paddle steamer in the Murray River.Built in Echuca in 1866, she is the fastest paddle steamer on the river as she has two steam engines in her, 16h.p. each. The paddle steamer Pevensey is also an old paddle steamer, having celebrated her 100th birthday in July 2011. She was built in Moama as the barge Mascot, her 20h.p. steam engine was bought out from England, and she became a paddle steamer in 1911. She starred in a mini-series which was filmed at the historic Port of Echuca in 1982-1983, in which she was renamed Philadelphia.

Inscriptions & Markings

Trials day 10 Sept 1985

Black & white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black & white photograph and negative of the Barge "B22" on the slip showing view of its port side focussing on its bow.

Historical information

Paddlesteamers often towed barges behind them to double the size of their cargos. Barges were locally built from red gum, using the same basic design with modifications being made dependent on the types of loads they were to carry. The Murray River Sawmill Company was responsible for building " B22", which was towed by the P. S. Adelaide. The B22 got its name because it was the second barge built in 1922. (Port of Echuca. Teachers resource book. 2005 ed., p. 17) One of a series: P000234.2 to P000252.2 inclusive & P000269.

Significance

The B22 is one of the barges on display at the Port of Echuca. Barges played an important role in moving cargo up and down the Murray, Darling and Murrumbidgee rivers, enabling paddlesteamers to double their loads. The barges carried wool, timber and general cargo. These barges were attached to the paddlesteamers at the centre of gravity of the paddlesteamer and towed behind them.

Inscriptions & Markings

In black pen on reverse of photograph: B22 on slip. In red ink: It's Kodak color. Apr.81. Kodak

Black & white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black & white photograph and negative of the P. S. Edwards moored at the bank, showing a series of log and rope hoists attached to numerous pieces on the deck. Viewed from shore in half shade. Bow swathed in plastic for support.

Historical information

The P. S. Edwards was built in May 1875 by J. M. Webb, Echuca. Official number 73287, made of wood, with paddle wheels at the side. 78 gross tons, 27 nett tons. It was altered in 1916 , after cabin removed 48 gross ton. It had 7 different owners before being purchased by R. J. Evans, of Evans Bros. Saw Mill, Echuca, in 1919. The P. S. Edwards was sunk at Echuca in the spring of 1958 and then raised in January 1981 and then was being restored by Geoff Evans in 1985 (Parsons, Ronald. Ships of the Island Rivers. 3rd ed. 1996. p.67) One of a series: P000234.2 to P000252.2 inclusive & N000269.

Significance

The P. S. Edwards has historical and social significance being a paddle boat built in Echuca. The P. S. Edwards was built in May 1875 by J. M. Webb, Echuca. It had 7 different owners before being purchased by R. J. Evans, of Evans Bros. Saw Mill, Echuca, in 1919. The P. S. Edwards was sunk at Echuca in the spring of 1958 "and as the mill was burnt in 1959 salvage was not attempted. She was raised in January 1981 and in 1985 was restored by Geoff Evans. While owned by Evans Bros, was used to bring red gum from the Barmah Forest to the sawmill in the barge Clyde." (Parsons, Ronald. Ships of the Island Rivers. 3rd ed. 1996. p.67)

Inscriptions & Markings

In black pen on reverse of photograph: Edwards In red ink: It's Kodak color. Apr.81. Kodak

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black and white photograph from the water, of the remains of the P. S. Rodney , showing,(not very clearly) the iron "skeleton" on the bank amidst a mess of branches. A piece of bark pierces the water at right and the bank of the river fills the left of the view.

Historical information

P. S. Rodney , owned by Permewan Wright, was used to transport non Union strikebreaking shearers to the Darling River sheep stations , during the later 19th century. Union shearers burnt it to the waterline. This shows the remains of the P. S. Rodney.

Significance

This photograph is very significant as it was one of the events of the Australian shearers' strike of 1891-1894. When unionised shearers burnt the P. S. Rodney for carrying non-Union shearers to the Darling river sheep stations.

Inscriptions & Markings

On reverse "The remains of the Paddle-Steamer "RODNEY" burnt on the "Darling" River. Printed Kodak paper, stamped B012

photograph - Barges at Wharf

Port of Echuca , Echuca

black & white photograph of the wharf at the Port of Echuca taken from the southern end looking north. Barges tied at the wharf include the John Campbell(centre). The paddle steamer "Murrumbidgee"was engaged in carting logs into the wharf for fire wood, probably the boat nearest the third barge.Two cargo sheds are visible on the wharf, used for storage of produce. There is also a stiff legged crane, which was used in the loading and unloading of product from both barges and paddle steamers.

Historical information

The old red gum wharf at the historic Port of Echuca was built to a height to enable work to be carried out in both times of high and low river levels. In this picture there is a considerably low river level, but work still goes on. The stiff legged crane situated on the wharf is to enable easier loading and unloading of the barges and paddle steamers, such as the barge in the picture which is fully loaded. It was very important for the wharf to remain in operation as much as possible for the river men to be able to travel from it to the out lying properties delivering much needed supplies and to bring back into the port the wool clips to be taken to the marketrs in Melbourne.This was their means of earning a living,so work neeed to continue as long as possible.

Significance

Properties along the Murray River were often isolated from the rest of the world by distance. The river trade bought the towns closer to these people in a manner of speaking. The paddle steamers would deliver much need supplies, as well as take the all important wool bales back into the Port to be loaded onto rail trucks to be taken to the markets in Melbourne or put on steamers to be taken to ports in other countries. There fore it was essential for the Wharf to be in operation for as many months as possible. The wharf standing at 12.5 meters high enabled operations to go ahead in both times of low rivers as well as in floods.

Inscriptions & Markings

1942-44 John Campbell barge (centrre) stiff-legged crane to lift firewood off barges. "Murrumbidgee" engaged in carting logs to wharf for firewood- probably is boat nearest third barge

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black and white photograph of a man "punting" sheep. Documented as being on the creek at "CULPRA" (Mildura end?) in June 1956.

Historical information

This black and white photograph is slightly hazy. It shows a man and his sheep dog on a punt full of sheep in June 1956. Believed to be crossing the CULPRA creek at the Mildrua end. The punt has corrugated iron sides.

Significance

This photo shows social and historical significance in than it depicts how they transported sheep across the creek in the mid 1950s. The working dog is visible and the man's attire including hat is visible. In the background large gum trees are visible.

Inscriptions & Markings

On back in black pencil: Price, "punting"sheep over the creek at CULPRA June 1956. (Mildura end?)