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Port of Echuca Echuca, Victoria

The Historic Port of Echuca precinct is an authentic working steam port, home to Australia's largest fleet of steam-driven paddlesteamers. Although its major commodity has changed from wool to people, Port of Echuca still operates much the same as it did in the 1860's, with our shipwrights and steam engineers providing a vital role in the Port's operations today, just as they would have in the late 1800's

Contact Information

location
74 Murray Esplanade Echuca Victoria 3564 (map)
phone
+61 03 54812852

Contact

Opening Hours

9am - 5pm

Entry Fee

Adult $12.45, Senior/Student $10.85, Child $8.50, Family $37.70

Location

74 Murray Esplanade Echuca Victoria

View on Google Maps

The Collection is under the custodianship of the Campaspe Shire and the themes have been developed to preserve, educate and inform the community and visitors about the history and development of the Port of Echuca during the time is was busiest between 1850-1920. The focus of the collection is the Heritage Listed Echuca Wharf built in 1864 and the three paddlesteamers P.S Pevensey, P.S Alexander Arbuthnot and P.S Adelaide dating from 1866. The collection also includes steam traction engines, stationary boilers, a replica sawmill, rai lcarriages, large farm machinery and other objects including winches, drawings, maps and river charts.

Significance

The Port of Echuca is a highly significant historical collection. The collection of buildings, wharf, boats, railway and steam display have a strong association with the development of Echuca, the booming river & rail trade. The paddlesteamers, barges, wharf and railway have strong historic links with the history of the wool and red gum timber industries and the connection of this inland region to the commercial markets of Melbourne, Sydney and beyond.

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Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black and white photograph of J Class locomotive , 526, crossing a flood plain bridge at Moama. The front and left side of the loco can be seen from below the flood plain bridge. A man is visible in the cabin.

Historical information

The J class Locos were built from 1948 to the mid 60s. (Roy McDuff, Port of Echuca)

Significance

The railways were an important part of the transportation of goods to Melbourne from the Port of Echuca. September 1864 saw the completion of the line from Bendigo to Echuca. In 1877 the iron bridge over the Murray River was completed and used by the trains of the Deniliquin and Moama Railway Company, " a private line that operated on the Victorian gauge between Echuca and Deniliquin" (Blyth, Ian Echuca Sketchbook Rigby 1978. p.24)

Inscriptions & Markings

On front of photo on the loco: "J526"(on side of loco).On reverse in blue pen:" Photo by: George L. Coop Nov 1963". Crossed out, in black pen: "564"

Photograph - Black & white photograph of the Central Darling River, near Wilcannia in the 1902 drought.

Port of Echuca , Echuca

A black & white photograph of the Central Darling River, near Wilcannia in the 1902 drought. The river is very low. A bridge leads to a settlement on the left, and there is a boat underneath the bridge.

Significance

This photo shows the extent of the 1902 drought. Also shows the state of the river pre-irrigation

Inscriptions & Markings

There is a National Library of Australia stamp on the back. Also written in pencil is the following; "originals from H.Coulson Collection.

Postcard

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Colour postcard of the P. S. Pevensey, moored at Echuca wharf . Photograph taken looking north along the wharf with bow of the boat at extreme left. A punt can be seen moored behind the Pevensey and the P. S. Etona moored behind that. The crane can be seen on the Wharf with six tourist around it looking down on the Pevensey. There are groups of tourist on both decks of the P. S. Pevensey looking out on the river.

Historical information

P. S. PEVENSEY: Dimensions: 111ft 5 ins X 23 ft X 6ft 8 ins. Tonnage:130 tons Built: 1910 at Moama, N. S. W. References : Book: Murray river Paddle Steamers by D. Wardle Permewan , Wright & Co. : pp. 72, 129, 157

Significance

The P. S. PEVENSEY holds historical and social significance for the Port of Echuca, being the cornerstone of their paddlesteamer fleet. The PEVENSEY was renamed for the TV series All the Rivers Run, to P. S. Philadelphia , playing a staring role in the program, which has resulted in the PEVENSEY becoming a tourist attraction and has increased tourism to the Port of Echuca. The PEVENSEY was originally designed for use on the Murrumbidgee river, named after Pevensey station on that river. It was then owned by Permewan Wright & co operating out of Echuca for many years. She returned to Echuca in 1975 to begin another life as part of the Port of Echuca tourism operation.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the front: ":PEVENSEY" on the wheelhouse of the boat. Printed on reverse: "Post card. The "Rose" series de luxe Produced in Australia" "Stamp" "Rose series colorview no.1382. Published by the Rose Stereograph Co., Glen Waverley, Victoria" "Tourists inspecting P. S. Pevensey, Echuca wharf. P. S. Etona in background." In pencil: "c.1978"

Letter

Port of Echuca , Echuca

A letter written on lined notepaper 21 cms X14.75 cms.

Historical information

This letter from Greg Ralton came with a photo of the P.S. Alexander Arbuthnot under the Barmah Bridge, prior to being lifted out of the Murray River.

Significance

This was a letter written by Greg Ralton to Bruce Whelan who was CEO of the Port of Echuca in 2007. It came with a photograph which Greg donated to the Port of Echuca of the P.S. Alexander Arbuthnot under the Barmah Bridge about to be taken to Shepparton by road to be restored. The P.S Alexander Arbuthnot in 2007 was housed at the Port of Echuca wharf, which is why Greg donated this photograph to the Port of Echuca.

Inscriptions & Markings

26/01/07, Dear Bruce, Please find enclosed a photo of the Alexander Arbuthnot as discussed with you at Echuca Wharf on Thursday. I camped on the river for many years at Yielma and witnessed the hull being lifted. Regards, Greg Ralton,

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

A black and white photograph copy, probably taken from a post-card issue. Photograph of the Murray bridge at Echuca at low river. A goods train is on the bridge. Photo taken from bank facing north on Echuca side.

Historical information

Photograph from Dowell collection. Related to P000202.

Significance

At the turn of the century the railway line carried produce from southern New South Wales & the Riverina to Melbourne. Goods trains were a very important mode to transport.

Inscriptions & Markings

On front left hand edge :"Murray bridge - Echuca" In pencil on reverse: "C.1910?" "Low river"

Black & white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black & white photograph and negative of the P. S. Edwards floating on the river, possibly revealing ongoing repairs. There are 4 people (could be fishing?) on the boat and an outboard motor boat moored by its starboard stern. The boat appears to be moored to a log(?) on the right in the foreground.

Historical information

The P. S. Edwards was built in May 1875 by J. M. Webb, Echuca. Official number 73287, made of wood, with paddle wheels at the side. 78 gross tons, 27 nett tons. It was altered in 1916 , after cabin removed 48 gross ton. It had 7 different owners before being purchased by R. J. Evans, of Evans Bros. Saw Mill, Echuca, in 1919. The P. S. Edwards was sunk at Echuca in the spring of 1958 and then raised in January 1981 and then was being restored by Geoff Evans in 1985 (Parsons, Ronald. Ships of the Island Rivers. 3rd ed. 1996. p.67) One of a series: P000234.2 to P000252.2 inclusive & P000269.

Significance

The P. S. Edwards has historical and social significance being a paddle boat built in Echuca. The P. S. Edwards was built in May 1875 by J. M. Webb, Echuca. It had 7 different owners before being purchased by R. J. Evans, of Evans Bros. Saw Mill, Echuca, in 1919. The P. S. Edwards was sunk at Echuca in the spring of 1958 "and as the mill was burnt in 1959 salvage was not attempted. She was raised in January 1981 and in 1985 was restored by Geoff Evans. While owned by Evans Bros, was used to bring red gum from the Barmah Forest to the sawmill in the barge Clyde." (Parsons, Ronald. Ships of the Island Rivers. 3rd ed. 1996. p.67)

Inscriptions & Markings

In black pen on reverse of photograph: Edwards In red ink: It's Kodak color. Apr.81. Kodak

Wool baling hook.

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Metal two pronged hand tool.

Historical information

Wool baling hooks were used by the wharf workers to assist unloading wool bales from the barges onto waiting transport to deliver to markets to be sold.

Significance

This tool was used by many wharf workers daily to unload wool bales from the early 19th Century up to the end of the 19th Century.

Colour photo and negative.

Port of Echuca , Echuca

A coloured rectangular photograph of the P.S Adelaide being relaunched from Hopwood Gardens into the Murray River. The P.SAdelaide is being towed along earth ramp with logs beneath her and spectators line the banks on each side of the paddle steamer.

Historical information

This photograph shows the relaunching of the P.S Adelaide in 1984. The P.S Adelaide had sat in Hopwood Gardens since 1961 when the City of Echuca had bought the boat and returned it to Echuca. The relaunch involved digging a slipway down into the river, which this photograph shows. The paddle steamer was finally returned to the river on the 4th March 1984.

Significance

This photograph is significant because it shows the P.SAdelaide being returned to the river after sitting in the Hopwood Gardens as a stationary exhibit . The P.S Adelaide is only one of two of the oldest known wooden hulled paddle steamers still operating in the world. The P.S Adelaide was the first paddle steamer bought by the City of Echuca. The P.S Adelaide celebrated her 150th birthday in 2016. This photograph relates to a series of images; P000060.3, P000061.3, P000062.2, P000063.3, P000070.2, P000071.

Inscriptions & Markings

Written on the back in pen on P000059.3 are the words 'Belongs in Archives. Refloating Adelaide. On the boat in the photograph the name Adelaide can be seen.

Coloured Photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

This is a coloured square photograph of an orange front end loader clearing a track from Hopwood Gardens down to the river. The track was used to bring the P.S Adelaide from the gardens back into the river. The P.S Adelaide is in the background. The paddle steamer appears to be up on a trailer of some sort and is surrounded by plastic orange temporary fencing. The track appears to be nearly finished.

Historical information

The P.S Adelaide was launched on 21st July 1866. It was owned by J.G.Grassie from Poon Boon Station and the Officer Family of Murray Downs Station Swan Hill. The Adelaide was named after the niece of the Officer Bros, Adelaide Blackwood. The shipwright who built her was George Linklater. The Adelaide brought wool and passengers from the wool stations on the Murray and Darling Rivers down to the Echuca Wharf. In 1872 she was sold to David Blair & Sons. She was used to bring timber from the Barmah Forest to the Echuca Wharf. She did this work for the next 80 years. In 1953 she was tied up near the Mill and left. In 1958 she went to Paringa South Australia to work in the sawmill industry again. In 1960 the Echuca Apex Club and The Echuca Historical Society raised enough funds to buy the P.S. Adelaide and return her to Echuca. In November 1963 she was lifted out of the water and placed in Hopwood Gardens as this was thought to be a way of preserving her. In 1984 it was decided to return her to the water to resume work as a passenger vessel. In that time the Port of Echuca and the Echuca Wharf had been restored as a Tourist Precinct. This photograph shows the beginning of the task to return her to the river. It took several weeks in March and April in 1984.

Significance

The P.S Adelaide is extremely significant as it it the oldest known wooden hulled paddle steamer in the world. She was built in Echuca in 1866 and still operates on the Murray River today. She has worked in the Wool Industry, the Timber Industry and now the Tourism Industry.

Coloured Photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

This is a coloured square photograph of a youth attending to the construction of a small orange boat, on the Port of Echuca Wharf.

Historical information

The P.S Adelaide was launched on 21st July 1866. It was owned by J.G.Grassie from Poon Boon Station and the Officer Family of Murray Downs Station Swan Hill. The Adelaide was named after the niece of the Officer Bros, Adelaide Blackwood. The shipwright who built her was George Linklater. The Adelaide brought wool and passengers from the wool stations on the Murray and Darling Rivers down to the Echuca Wharf. In 1872 she was sold to David Blair & Sons. She was used to bring timber from the Barmah Forest to the Echuca Wharf. She did this work for the next 80 years. In 1953 she was tied up near the Mill and left. In 1958 she went to Paringa South Australia to work in the sawmill industry again. In 1960 the Echuca Apex Club and The Echuca Historical Society raised enough funds to buy the P.S. Adelaide and return her to Echuca. In November 1963 she was lifted out of the water and placed in Hopwood Gardens as this was thought to be a way of preserving her. In 1984 it was decided to return her to the water to resume work as a passenger vessel. In that time the Port of Echuca and the Echuca Wharf had been restored as a Tourist Precinct. This photograph shows the beginning of the task to return her to the river. It took several weeks in March and April 1984. This photograph is of the Port Apprentice Shipwrights, building a small flat bottomed boat, which could be for use on the P.S. Adelaide.

Significance

The P.S Adelaide is extremely significant as it it the oldest known wooden hulled paddle steamers in the world. She was built in Echuca in 1866 and still operates on the Murray River today. She has worked in the Wool Industry, the Timber Industry and the Tourist Industry.

Inscriptions & Markings

Written on the back in pen are the words, Andrew Cook, apprentice, making 'dorey'. May 1984.

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black and white photograph of row of buildings in High St, Echcua c.1960. Picture is taken facing west - High and Warren Street corner is at extreme right of photograph. Copy of original from Latrobe Library collection.

Historical information

This photograph was probably taken in the late 1960s (Holden sedan and ute parked at the front of the building). Under the veranda of one of the building it looks like a garage with a car parked in it (could be a mechanics or workshop), another shop front (possibly vacant) and what appears to be two residences, with picket fence, and then a corner shop.

Significance

The buildings appear to be in poor condition (need painting and roof of veranda is rough). The centre shop front looks like the shop is vacant. The corner store is operational as it has advertising boards on the pavement.

Inscriptions & Markings

On front right hand side : "Cohns" advertising sign.On reverse in pencil: "High st. c.1960. Sight of Aquarium, burnt down 1970s. Now Granny Chattels & Ceramics Cottage (1984) at left side. Cr of High & Warren St at right side of picture."

Coloured Photograph - Coloured square photograph.

Port of Echuca , Echuca

This is a coloured square photograph of an orange front end loader clearing a track from Hopwood Gardens down to the river. The front end loader is moving a soil encrusted gum tree root. A tractor is obscured in the background. The track was being cleared to enable the P.S Adelaide to be returned to the Murray River.

Historical information

The P.S Adelaide was launched on 21st July 1866. It was owned by J.G.Grassie from Poon Boon Station and the Officer Family of Murray Downs Station, Swan Hill. The Adelaide was named after the niece of the Officer Bros, Adelaide Blackwood. The shipwright who built her was George Linklater. The Adelaide brought wool and passengers from the wool stations on the Murray and Darling Rivers down to the Echuca Wharf. In 1872 she was sold to David Blair & Sons. She was used to bring timber from the Barmah Forest to the Echuca Wharf. She did this work for the next 80 years. In 1953 she was tied up near the Mill and left. In 1958 she went to Paringa South Australia to work in the sawmill industry again. In 1960 the Echuca Apex Club and The Echuca Historical Society raised enough funds to buy the P.S. Adelaide and return her to Echuca. In November 1963 she was lifted out of the water and placed in Hopwood Gardens as this was thought to be a way of preserving her. In 1984 it was decided to return her to the water to resume work as a passenger vessel. In that time the Port of Echuca and the Echuca Wharf had been restored as a Tourist Precinct. This photograph shows the beginning of the task to return her to the river. It took several weeks in March and April in 1984.

Significance

The P.S Adelaide is extremely significant as it it the oldest known wooden hulled paddle steamer in the world. She was built in Echuca in 1866 and still operates on the Murray River today. She has worked in the Wool Industry, the Timber Industry and now the Tourism Industry.

Photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Colour photograph of the back half of starboard and the rear of the P. S. Adelaide, possibly being towed, after its re-floating., with a line of spectators along the higher banks of the Murray river.

Historical information

Colour photograph of the P. S. Adelaide in the river, with half of the aft side and the back of the boat clearly visible. The bank behind is lined with spectators. Five men are on the back of the boat and to the right another person is visible on a platform that has a rope which appears to be attached to the front of the P. S. Adelaide. Part of the photo sequence of the event no.:P000041; P000045; P000046; P000047; P000048 of the P. S. Adelaide re-floating.

Significance

The re-floating of the P. S. Adelaide was a Significant community social event evident by the number of spectators in the photograph. The community had invested a great deal of time and money into re-floating the paddlesteamer. The newspaper covered the event in detail with a number of action shots as the boat made its rear entry from the temporary slipway onto the river. Part of a photo sequence no.P000041; P000045; P000046; P000047; P000048 of P. S. Adelaide re-floating.

Photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Echuca Wharf with the paddle steamer Rodney? moored beside it with 2 barges on the river side. The paddle steamer is loaded with wool bales ready to be unloaded onto the wharf using the hydraulic crane at the front of the cargo shed. Both barges beside her have produce on board, wool on the first, the second barge is covered with a tarp, a tender is visible beside the smaller of the two barges.Captain and crew are also visible on both the paddle steamer and barges. Towns folk on wharf looking at the paddle steamer as she readies for unloading. In back ground on left of picture is the over head walk way bridge which crosses the railway lines at rear of wharf. River red gums line the banks of the Murray in the back ground rear right.

Historical information

This shows how a paddle steamer would have towed barges into the wharf, often more than one at a time, bringing the wool in from out-lying properties. They would have tied up to the wharf, unloaded the wool bales using the hydraulic crane onto the wharf then the bales would be put onto rail carriages to go to markets in Melbourne. Towns folk would come to the wharf to watch proceedings. This photograph shows the footbridge over the rail lines in the back ground.

Significance

Hydraulic cranes were used to unload the wool from the boats and barges in all levels of the river.This photo shows the river at the second landing height on the wharf.

Inscriptions & Markings

Wharf c.1890 Copy Hist Soc original Boat (Rodney?) beside wharf 2 barges on river side P893

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black and white photograph of a large white statue of "Clio" in the gardens in Victoria Park, Echuca. The statue is situated on a high pedestal that has engraved under the statue "Presented ....J.Warrington" Copy of an original photograph taken in approx.1910.

Historical information

This statue was situated in the lawns in the Victoria Park. The statue is draped in a Roman style toga with a finger pointing to the sky and the other hand appears to be pointing towards the ground. There is no information about who J. Warrington is or his relevance to the sculpture.

Significance

Large sculptures of Greek or Roman figures were common in public parks in early 1900s.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the front of the statue:"Clio", directly under "Presented ...J.Warrington...?". On reverse : "Statue in Victoria Park"

Colour photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Colour photograph featuring power poles and power lines and power pole box taken from the Port-side of Leslie street towards Murray esplanade, Port of Echuca. Part of the old Customs House is visible on the left of the picture. Shot taken looking east.

Historical information

Undergrounding of the power lines took place in September 1982. Relates to "before" shots P000159, P000161, P000163 and "after" shots P000160, P000162, P000164. Interview with Helen Coulson, 27.09.1984

Significance

The power lines were put under ground for the filming of "All the Rivers Run" which began in October 1982. The Port area was returned to look like it would have been in the 1870s. The roads were covered in gravel, signage was removed in an endeavour to create the appropriate era.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the reverse:This paper manufactured by Kodak. Port of Echuca, Box 35, Echuca 3625.

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black and white photograph of the Port of Echuca from a slight height looking lengthways, (north) with steam train and wharf dominating the view. Murray river on the right and Murray Esplanade on left. Cranes and cargo shed clearly visible with other wharf machinery running along the side of the wharf. Star Hotel visible on the far left of the photograph. Saw mill (in background) is still a working operation.

Historical information

Original held by Mr. Mike Rosel. Relates to series of images, reg. No P000027, P000028.2, P000029.3, P000030.2, P000031, P000032

Significance

Photograph shows Port of Echuca from a slight height looking lengthways (north ward) with the steam train carriages and the wharf dominating the view. Murray river on the right, Murray esplanade on left with Star hotel visible and Federal Ale sign of the northern fence beyond the hotel. Sawmill is a commercial concern (steam visible above roof). Steam train marked A2 and 996 on the front of the engine. Various equipment , including manual cranes, visible on and around the wharf. Cargo shed is clearly visible on the wharf.

Inscriptions & Markings

On train "A2" and "996". "Federal Ale" sigh on the fence beyond the Star Hotel.

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black and white photograph of Ralway Terrace building Echuca. Picture shows the front facade of the building. Copy of original from Latrobe Library collection.

Historical information

This copy of the original photograph was probably taken in the 1970s when a series of photograph were copied from the Latrobe Collection. This building was thought to formerly be a hotel.

Significance

The photograph shows a building that appears to be habitable and possibly four residences. There is a variety of old painted advertising signs on the side wall of the building.

Inscriptions & Markings

On front of building:"Railway Terrace". Some advertising signage is visible on the side of the building. On reverse of photograph written in pblue pen:" Anstruther St. Now St Mary's School" written in pencil:" Railway Terrace Hotel. Thought this was Percy St. (Check list pubs later) "Why not Sturt St, with that name." This is crossed through in blue pen. In blue pen underneath:"La Trobe Coll'n"

Coloured Photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

This is a coloured square photograph of the P.S Adelaide resting on soil, possibly with an hydraulic crane to its left. A power mains pole is on the left of the scene. At the front right hand corner of the photograph there appears to be a large toolbox.

Historical information

The P.S Adelaide was launched on 21st July 1866. It was owned by J.G.Grassie from Poon Boon Station and the Officer Family of Murray Downs Station Swan Hill. The Adelaide was named after the niece of the Officer Bros, Adelaide Blackwood. The shipwright who built her was George Linklater. The Adelaide brought wool and passengers from the wool stations on the Murray and Darling Rivers down to the Echuca Wharf. In 1872 she was sold to David Blair & Sons. She was used to bring timber from the Barmah Forest to the Echuca Wharf. She did this work for the next 80 years. In 1953 she was tied up near the Mill and left. In 1958 she went to Paringa South Australia to work in the sawmill industry again. In 1960 the Echuca Apex Club and The Echuca Historical Society raised enough funds to buy the P.S. Adelaide and return her to Echuca. In November 1963 she was lifted out of the water and placed in Hopwood Gardens as this was thought to be a way of preserving her. In 1984 it was decided to return her to the water to resume work as a passenger vessel. In that time the Port of Echuca and the Echuca Wharf had been restored as a Tourist Precinct. This photograph shows the beginning of the task to return her to the river. It took several weeks in March and April 1984.

Significance

The P.S Adelaide is extremely significant as it it the oldest known wooden hulled paddle steamers in the world. She was built in Echuca in 1866 and still operates on the Murray River today. She has worked in the Wool Industry, the Timber Industry and the Tourist Industry.

Inscriptions & Markings

The word ADELAIDE is written on the paddle steamer prow, and on the wheelhouse.

Coloured Photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Colour photograph taken on the Wharf (rail track area) showing it undergoing repairs, by a yellow crane-scoop. A locomotive is to the left and a verandah to the right. There is a workman on the other side of the crane's scoop.

Historical information

Echuca was the largest inland port in Australia by the end of the 1890s. The first wharf at Echuca was constructed by Melbourne based stock agency Clough &Co. in 1859. The Victorian government built its wharf in 1865, the final section completed in 1876. The Echuca wharf was 1 kilometre in length and was 9 metres above the summer river level. The riverboat trade flourished until the depression of the 1890s and the advancing railways put the paddlesteamers out of business. In 1944, due to a shortage of firewood the railways demolished three-quarters of the wharf. In 1973 a grant from the Vicotrian government enabled restoration of the wharf to begin. It then became the major attraction for the Port of Echuca tourist industry.

Significance

The wharf area at the Port of Echuca is one of the major parts of this tourist attraction. The wharf consists of the docking platforms for the paddlesteamers and the rail tracks where goods were transported from one means of transport to another at the height of the wool and logging trade. Goods were transported to Melbourne by rail. The Port underwent repairs to the wharf area in 1984

Inscriptions & Markings

On crane" For Kato Hire" On reverse in black pen:"Wharf, repairs. May 84". Fujicolor paper.

Photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Echuca wharf showing the two cargo sheds with fully loaded barge at front and paddle steamer both tied up for unloading. River level high as can be seen by the amount of wharf visible below the cargo sheds. Two men on top of barge preparing for unloading. This photo was taken after the wharf had been extended as can be seen by it's length.

Historical information

Wool bought in to wharf for unloading to be put onto rail carriages to go to markets in the city or the rest of the world.Barges were towed into Port behind paddle steamers,usually fully laden from properties along the river systems.

Significance

It was more cost effective to bring wool form out lying properties via paddle steamers on the rivers than by horse drawn wagons overland. Regardless of the river height, paddle steamers would collect the wool to be bought into Port. In times of drought it would have been more difficult as the river could and would pond, but the high rivers were less of a deterrent because the Wharf was designed to cater for unloading in high river situations.

Inscriptions & Markings

on back Neg P911.3 P915.1

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black and white photograph of a D3 639 locomotive and three carriages, crossing the iron bridge at Echuca. It is seen from the front left hand side.

Historical information

The photograph shows a D3 loco, built around 1949, crossing the iron bridge. This particular loco was a special one used to draw the Commissioner's carriages. (Roy McDuff, Port of Echuca)

Significance

The railways were an important part of the transportation of goods to Melbourne from the Port of Echuca. September 1864 saw the completion of the line from Bendigo to Echuca. The Iron Bridge was built across the Murray River between Echuca and Moama, completed in 1878, it was used by trains of the Deniliquin and Moama Railway Company.

Inscriptions & Markings

On front on plates of locomotive:" D3", "639", " 639"On reverse in pencil: "Brown card" in black pen: "Commissioners special. F. Brown on Footplate. George C.L. Coop c1963".

Coloured Photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

This is a coloured square photograph of the P.S Adelaide flanked by 2 hydraulic cranes which are positioned to assist in her re-floating. Side view.

Historical information

The P.S Adelaide was launched on 21st July 1866. It was owned by J.G.Grassie from Poon Boon Station and the Officer Family of Murray Downs Station, Swan Hill. The Adelaide was named after the niece of the Officer Bros, Adelaide Blackwood. The shipwright who built her was George Linklater. The Adelaide brought wool and passengers from the wool stations on the Murray and Darling Rivers down to the Echuca Wharf. In 1872 she was sold to David Blair & Sons. She was used to bring timber from the Barmah Forest to the Echuca Wharf. She did this work for the next 80 years. In 1953 she was tied up near the Mill and left. In 1958 she went to Paringa South Australia to work in the sawmill industry again. In 1960 the Echuca Apex Club and The Echuca Historical Society raised enough funds to buy the P.S. Adelaide and return her to Echuca. In November 1963 she was lifted out of the water and placed in Hopwood Gardens as this was thought to be a way of preserving her. In 1984 it was decided to return her to the water to resume work as a passenger vessel. In that time the Port of Echuca and the Echuca Wharf had been restored as a Tourist Precinct. This photograph shows the beginning of the task to return her to the river. It took several weeks in March and April in 1984.

Significance

The P.S Adelaide is extremely significant as it it the oldest known wooden hulled paddle steamer in the world. She was built in Echuca in 1866 and still operates on the Murray River today. She has worked in the Wool Industry, the Timber Industry and now the Tourism Industry.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the tow crane are the words 'Shepparton Mobile Cranes.' And the words 'For Hire'. On the paddle steamer is the word ADELAIDE written on the prow of the boat, as well as across the wheelhouse.

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

A black and white rectangular photograph taken of the northern end of the Echuca Wharf. The photograph shows the wooden construction of the wharf and it is believed to be the first section of the Echuca wharf constructed in 1864. Five cranes are visible as well as three little buildings. The St George's Hall and the Bridge Hotel are visible in the background. A small stern wheeler paddle steamer is tied up to the wharf. One man can be seen on the paddle steamer and one man can be seen standing on the bank beside the paddle steamer. Several people can be seen standing on the edge of the wharf above the paddle steamer.

Historical information

The Echuca wharf was first built in1865 to facilitate the arrival of the railway line to Echuca from Bendigo . This allowed the wool industry and the timber industry on the Darling and Murray Rivers to be opened up. The height of the paddle steamer trade occurred in 1872 when 240 boats were cleared through the Echuca wharf. (Ref. Coulson, Helen. "Echuca-Moama On The Murray " p.71) The wharf was extended in 1874 and again in 1881 when cranes and sheds were added to help facilitate the unloading process. In 1884 the wharf was extended south into a turning basin and was 332 metres long. (Ref. Coulson, Helen. " Echuca Moama On the Murray" p. 71. This is a photograph of the first section of the wharf built in 1865.

Significance

This photograph is significant because it shows the first section of the Echuca Wharf constructed in 1865. . It shows the cross beam red gum construction pattern used in wharf construction at that time. It also shows that the buildings on Murray Esplanade were visible from the river due to lack of construction on the wharf. The cranes are visible, but there appears to be no activity on the wharf at the time the photograph was taken.

Inscriptions & Markings

Written on the back of the photograph in pen are the words "J.H.P" (on flag) 1867 Copy Godson Collection.

Coloured photograph and negative.

Port of Echuca , Echuca

A coloured photograph and negative of the P.S. Pevensey travelling upstream away from the Echuca Wharf. There are several people on board the P.S Pevensey and the paddle steamer has the name Philadelphia written across the wheelhouse . In the background the wharf can be seen . The Railway station, the cargo shed and a long wooden row boat can also be seen on the wharf. Across the road from the wharf, Shackell's Bonded Stores can be seen. Behind that the Shamrock Hotel in High Street can be seen.

Historical information

This photograph was taken in February 1984 on the occasion of the Cossen Family's visit to Echuca. The photograph also shows the state of the wharf and surrounding buildings in the early 1980's.

Significance

This photograph is significant because it shows the P.S. Pevensey showing the name P.S Philadelphia. The P.S Pevensey was used as the P.S Philadelphia in the TV Series "All The Rivers Run" based on the novel written by Nancy Cato. The TV series was a huge success and still draws tourists to the Port of Echuca. The fact that the P.S Pevensey was showing the Philadelphia name in 1984 is a bit of a mystery, but it has been known that she was dressed up again as the P.S Philadelphia sometimes for special occasions. The Cossen's visit to Echuca might have been such an occasion. It also shows the Echuca Wharf and surrounding buildings.

Inscriptions & Markings

Written across the wheelhouse is the name Philadelphia. The words Shackell's Bonded Stores can be seen written across the Bond Store in the background.

Black & white negative

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black & white negative of a gum tree canopy on the river.

Historical information

One of a series: P000234.2 to P000252.2 inclusive & N000269 which photographs restoration of the P. S. Edwards paddle steamer and the B22 barge on the Murray river at Echuca.

Significance

The P. S. Edwards has historical and social significance being a paddle boat built in Echuca. The P. S. Edwards was built in May 1875 by J. M. Webb, Echuca. It had 7 different owners before being purchased by R. J. Evans, of Evans Bros. Saw Mill, Echuca, in 1919. The P. S. Edwards was sunk at Echuca in the spring of 1958 "and as the mill was burnt in 1959 salvage was not attempted. She was raised in January 1981 and in 1985 was restored by Geoff Evans. While owned by Evans Bros, was used to bring red gum from the Barmah Forest to the sawmill in the barge Clyde." (Parsons, Ronald. Ships of the Island Rivers. 3rd ed. 1996. p.67)

Coloured Photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

This is a coloured photograph of the P.S Adelaide being refloated, flanked by a tourist float and assisted by a pontoon. Echuca changing rooms appear on the river bank.

Historical information

The P.S Adelaide was launched on 21st July 1866. It was owned by J.G.Grassie from Poon Boon Station and the Officer Family of Murray Downs Station Swan Hill. The Adelaide was named after the niece of the Officer Bros, Adelaide Blackwood. The shipwright who built her was George Linklater. The Adelaide brought wool and passengers from the wool stations on the Murray and Darling Rivers down to the Echuca Wharf. In 1872 she was sold to David Blair & Sons. She was used to bring timber from the Barmah Forest to the Echuca Wharf. She did this work for the next 80 years. In 1953 she was tied up near the Mill and left. In 1958 she went to Paringa South Australia to work in the sawmill industry again. In 1960 the Echuca Apex Club and The Echuca Historical Society raised enough funds to buy the P.S. Adelaide and return her to Echuca. In November 1963 she was lifted out of the water and placed in Hopwood Gardens as this was thought to be a way of preserving her. In 1984 it was decided to return her to the water to resume work as a passenger vessel. In that time the Port of Echuca and the Echuca Wharf had been restored as a Tourist Precinct. This photograph shows the P.S Adelaide entering the river.

Significance

The P.S Adelaide is extremely significant as it it the oldest known wooden hulled paddle steamers in the world. She was built in Echuca in 1866 and still operates on the Murray River today. She has worked in the Wool Industry, the Timber Industry and the Tourist Industry.

Inscriptions & Markings

Written on the back in pen are the words, 'Eileen's photo.'

Coloured photograph.

Port of Echuca , Echuca

A coloured photograph and a negative of the P.S. Pevensey travelling on the Murray River. There is a group of people standing in the wheelhouse and a woman is standing on the deck next to the wheelhouse. There is a man sitting on the bottom deck, shading his eyes. It is a close up showing just the wheelhouse, cabins and the open hold. The Pevensey is wearing the name Philadelphia, which was the role the boat played in the TV Mini Series "All The Rivers Run." Which was filmed in Echuca during the 1980's.

Historical information

This photograph was taken in February 1984 on the occasion of Cossen's visit to Echuca. It is a close up of the wheelhouse, the cabins and the open hold. Written across the wheelhouse is the word Philadelphia. This is significant because the P.S Pevensey played the role of the P. S Philadelphia in the movie "All The Rivers Run" which was filmed in Echuca in late 1982 and a sequel was filmed in Echuca early in 1989. The series was hugely popular and brought a lot of attention to the Echuca area.Tourists still come to Echuca to see where "All The Rivers Run" was filmed. The TV series "All The Rivers Run" was based on the novel of the same name, written by Nancy Cato.

Significance

This photograph is significant because it shows the P.S. Pevensey showing the name P.S Philadelphia. The P.S Pevensey was used as the P.S Philadelphia in the TV Series "All The Rivers Run" based on the novel written by Nancy Cato. The TV series was a huge success and still draws tourists to the Port of Echuca. The fact that the P.S Pevensey was showing the Philadelphia name in 1984 is a bit of a mystery, but it has been known that she was dressed up again as the P.S Philadelphia sometimes for special occasions. The Cossen's visit to Echuca might have been such an occasion.

Inscriptions & Markings

Written across the wheelhouse is the name Philadelphia.

Coloured Photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Colour photograph of the Port of Echuca Wharf undergoing repairs, featuring a yellow truck crane lifting a winch unit. Prefabricated buildings stand in the background (left), trailer in foreground looking south.

Historical information

Echuca was the largest inland port in Australia by the end of the 1890s. The first wharf at Echuca was constructed by Melbourne based stock agency Clough &Co. in 1859. The Victorian government built its wharf in 1865, the final section completed in 1876. The Echuca wharf was 1 kilometre in length and was 9 metres above the summer river level. The riverboat trade flourished until the depression of the 1890s and the advancing railways put the paddlesteamers out of business. In 1944, due to a shortage of firewood the railways demolished three-quarters of the wharf. In 1973 a grant from the Vicotrian government enabled restoration of the wharf to begin. It then became the major attraction for the Port of Echuca tourist industry.

Significance

The wharf area at the Port of Echuca is one of the major parts of this tourist attraction. The wharf consists of the docking platforms for the paddlesteamers and the rail tracks where goods were transported from one means of transport to another at the height of the wool and logging trade. Goods were transported to Melbourne by rail. The Port underwent repairs to the wharf area in 1984

Inscriptions & Markings

On reverse in black pen:"Wharf, repairs. May 84". Fujicolor paper.

A coloured rectangular photograph.

Port of Echuca , Echuca

A colour negative, photograph and enlargement of the re-launching of the P.S Adelaide in 1984. In the photograph the P.S Adelaide is situated in the river after just being launched down the slipway from Hopwood Gardens. There is a crowd of people standing on the bank behind the paddle steamer, bathed in late afternoon sunlight.

Historical information

Adelaide had been displayed in the Hopwood Gardens from 1960. In 1984 The City of Echuca decided to put the paddle steamer back in the river. This happened over several weeks and involved digging a boat ramp into the bank in front of the Hopwood Gardens. This involved a lot of skill and people. It also attracted a lot of attention. Crowds gathered every day to watch the task. In this photograph the P.S Pevensey in the foreground still has the name P.S Philadelphia writing on its name plate. The P.S Pevensey was used in the TV Series 'All The Rivers Run', as the P.S Philadelphia. Relates to a series of images Reg. nos. P000059.3, P000061.3, P000062.2, P000063.3, P000070.2, P000071.

Significance

Statement of Significance The re-floating of the P.S Adelaide is significant because it occurred at a time when the Tourist Industry was gathering momentum in Echuca. The City of Echuca made the decision to add another paddle steamer to its fleet to carry passengers on the Murray River. The P.S Adelaide is one of the oldest, still operative wooden hulled paddle steamers in the world. It celebrated it's 150th birthday in July 2016. The re-floating of the P.S Adelaide created a lot of attention locally and regionally.

Inscriptions & Markings

The paddle steamer has the word Adelaide written across the wheelhouse, and on the front port side of it's hull.