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Port of Echuca Echuca, Victoria

The Historic Port of Echuca precinct is an authentic working steam port, home to Australia's largest fleet of steam-driven paddlesteamers. Although its major commodity has changed from wool to people, Port of Echuca still operates much the same as it did in the 1860's, with our shipwrights and steam engineers providing a vital role in the Port's operations today, just as they would have in the late 1800's

Contact Information

location
74 Murray Esplanade Echuca Victoria 3564 (map)
phone
+61 03 54812852

Contact

Opening Hours

9am - 5pm

Entry Fee

Adult $12.45, Senior/Student $10.85, Child $8.50, Family $37.70

Location

74 Murray Esplanade Echuca Victoria

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The Collection is under the custodianship of the Campaspe Shire and the themes have been developed to preserve, educate and inform the community and visitors about the history and development of the Port of Echuca during the time is was busiest between 1850-1920. The focus of the collection is the Heritage Listed Echuca Wharf built in 1864 and the three paddlesteamers P.S Pevensey, P.S Alexander Arbuthnot and P.S Adelaide dating from 1866. The collection also includes steam traction engines, stationary boilers, a replica sawmill, rai lcarriages, large farm machinery and other objects including winches, drawings, maps and river charts.

Significance

The Port of Echuca is a highly significant historical collection. The collection of buildings, wharf, boats, railway and steam display have a strong association with the development of Echuca, the booming river & rail trade. The paddlesteamers, barges, wharf and railway have strong historic links with the history of the wool and red gum timber industries and the connection of this inland region to the commercial markets of Melbourne, Sydney and beyond.

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A rectangular coloured photograph.

Port of Echuca , Echuca

A coloured photograph, in postcard size, of the original Town Hall building of Echuca, taken in 1979, when the building was being used as the Echuca Library.

Historical information

This is a picture of the original Town Hall building built in High Street in the 1890's. It was designed by renowned Bendigo Architect W.C .Vahland. This picture was taken in 1979 when the Echuca Library was housed there. The Echuca Library operated out of this building from 1965 up to 2013 when the new library was built. In this photograph there are two people standing in the doorway and two cars parked in the street.

Significance

This photograph is significant because it shows the first Town Hall building built in High Street in the late 1890's. The building was designed by W.C Vahland and was also used as the Law Courts before the Law Court building was built in Law Court Place. This building has also been used as the High School, while the Echuca High School was being built in the 1920's it was also used as a Kindergarten and the town Library operated there from 1965 to 2012 when the new Library was built. The Shire of Campaspe Information Technology Department has been housed there from 2012 up to the Present.

A copy of a black and white photo.

Port of Echuca , Echuca

This is a rectangular black and white photograph of a man and three young children standing in a boat. The man is standing on a container and holding a very big Murray Cod. To his right is a seated girl in white; to his left is a boy in shorts wearing a hat. Part of a young girl can be seen in the left hand corner of looking back at the camera.

Historical information

The people in the photograph are unknown. No date is recorded. This photograph is part of the Hugh Price collection. P000065, P000066, and P000067 are all part of the Hugh Price collection.

Significance

This photograph shows how big Murray cod are.

Inscriptions & Markings

Written on the back in lead pencil are the words; Price and Cod.

Photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Barge Kulnine fully loaded with wool moored at the Echuca Wharf in 1923. Barge master at front of load, workers on wharf beside cargo shed. Murry River level high,as can be seen by the amount of wharf visible below main decking where men are standing.

Historical information

Very high river level, showing barge almost at top landing level of wharf. Barge Rolrine or Kolrine?( unsure of name-cannot make out all the letters) fully laden with wool bales, tied to Echuca Wharf.

Significance

The wharf was designed and built to cater for all river conditions, drought and floods and all levels in between. The barge is still able to tie up to the wharf and be unloaded even at this high river level. Wool was the main produce bought back into the Port from the out lying properties for sale at markets in Melbourne and at other ports in the world.

Inscriptions & Markings

On back - 1923 Barge file copy Neg P911.2 P913.2

Photograph - P.S Oscar W towing P.S Gem

Port of Echuca , Echuca

A black and white photograph of the P.S Osacr W towing the P.S Gem en route from Mildura to Swan Hill on the Murray River in a high river level in1930.

Historical information

A copy of the original photo held by J. Norris of Butcher St, Echuca, of the P.S Oscar W towing the P.S Gem from Mildura to Swan Hill believed to be in 1930. This towing only got as far as the Bitch 'n Pups. The Oscar W was built in Echuca in 1908 by Captain Franz Wallin, who was also it's first owner. He named it after his son Oscar who had been killed in the Boer War. In 1919 he sold the Oscar W to the Permewan Wright Co. In 1942 it was sold to Captain G. Ritchie who took it to Goolwa. After a busy working life along the Murray River, the P.S Oscar W returned to Goolwa in 1988 where it remains to this day.

Significance

This picture is significant as it shows a large paddle steamer towing another large paddle steamer in a high river. It shows the river level in 1930, as well as how collaborative life on the river needed to be in those circumstances.

Inscriptions & Markings

Written on the back of the photo in lead pencil, "Oscar W towing Gem to Swan Hill.. Only got to Bitch 'n Pups en route from Mildura." Norris Collection.

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

This is a photograph of a photograph of the P.S Australien, moored to the river bank. The position is unknown.

Historical information

The P.S Australien was built in 1897 by Richard Wilson, of Moama, at Echuca. In 1937 it was used to tow boilers, winches, derricks etc. for construction of Locks 6,7,9 and Yarrawonga Weir. Presently awaiting restoration at Echuca.( Ref. Parsons. R. Ships of the Inland Rivers.)

Significance

The P.S Australien is significant because it is one of the oldest Paddle steamers built at Echuca. It was a working vessel during the construction of the Yarrawonga weir in the 1930's which was the beginning of the irrigation system which enabled the Agriculture Industry to become such a prominent industry in the Murray-Darling River Basin.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the back of the photograph are the words "Australien c. 1915 / Dusting Collin.

Coloured Photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

This is a coloured square photograph of the P.S Adelaide resting on soil, possibly with an hydraulic crane to its left. A power mains pole is on the left of the scene. At the front right hand corner of the photograph there appears to be a large toolbox.

Historical information

The P.S Adelaide was launched on 21st July 1866. It was owned by J.G.Grassie from Poon Boon Station and the Officer Family of Murray Downs Station Swan Hill. The Adelaide was named after the niece of the Officer Bros, Adelaide Blackwood. The shipwright who built her was George Linklater. The Adelaide brought wool and passengers from the wool stations on the Murray and Darling Rivers down to the Echuca Wharf. In 1872 she was sold to David Blair & Sons. She was used to bring timber from the Barmah Forest to the Echuca Wharf. She did this work for the next 80 years. In 1953 she was tied up near the Mill and left. In 1958 she went to Paringa South Australia to work in the sawmill industry again. In 1960 the Echuca Apex Club and The Echuca Historical Society raised enough funds to buy the P.S. Adelaide and return her to Echuca. In November 1963 she was lifted out of the water and placed in Hopwood Gardens as this was thought to be a way of preserving her. In 1984 it was decided to return her to the water to resume work as a passenger vessel. In that time the Port of Echuca and the Echuca Wharf had been restored as a Tourist Precinct. This photograph shows the beginning of the task to return her to the river. It took several weeks in March and April 1984.

Significance

The P.S Adelaide is extremely significant as it it the oldest known wooden hulled paddle steamers in the world. She was built in Echuca in 1866 and still operates on the Murray River today. She has worked in the Wool Industry, the Timber Industry and the Tourist Industry.

Inscriptions & Markings

The word ADELAIDE is written on the paddle steamer prow, and on the wheelhouse.

Photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Taken at a distance from the wharf this photograph shows the paddle steamers Murrumbidgee, Pride of the Murray, Pioneer, Waradgery and Corowa in the fore ground with the wharf as the back setting. Visible on the wharf is the cargo shed and the hydraulic cranes. The river level is low in this particular shot, showing the height of this massive structure. This is a sepia photograph, believed to be the original.

Historical information

Paddle steamers lined the banks of the Murray River waiting their turn to load or unload produce to/ from the wharf. It was not unusual to see this amount of traffic on the river as it was the largest inland port at the turn of the century

Significance

The paddle steamer Pride of the Murray is still in operation as a tourist boat today. The wreck of the Murrumbidgee is resting on the bank of the Murray River in the dry dock area at Echuca. The date of this photograph is hard to ascertain. The P.S. Pioneer was reported as sunk in 1899. (Ref; Parsons, R. "Ships of the Inland Rivers" p. 117.) The P.S.Thistle was reported to be sent to Fiji in 1881. (Ref; Parsons, R, "Ships of the Inland Rivers." P.136) The P.S. Waradgery was broken up in 1914. (Ref; Parsons R, "Ships of the Inland Rivers." p. 143) The P.S. Corowa was broken up in 1930. (Ref; Parsons, R. "Ships of the Inland Rivers." p. 62.)

Inscriptions & Markings

On the back of the photograph are written in ink, in hand writing are the words; Mrs. G.A. Freeman. Union Club Hotel, Echuca. Tress Freeman. Written along the bottom front of the photograph are the words Murrumbidgee, Pride of the Murray, Pioneer, Thistle, Waradgery and Corowa. Written on the top of the photograph in block letters are the words; ECHUCA WHARF Circa 1885.

Coloured Photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

This is a coloured square photograph showing the P.S Pevensey and the P.S Adelaide and the P.S Pride of the Murray at left foreground with the gangplank extended to the bank.

Historical information

The P.S Adelaide was launched on 21st July 1866. It was owned by J.G.Grassie from Poon Boon Station and the Officer Family of Murray Downs Station Swan Hill. The Adelaide was named after the niece of the Officer Bros, Adelaide Blackwood. The shipwright who built her was George Linklater. The Adelaide brought wool and passengers from the wool stations on the Murray and Darling Rivers down to the Echuca Wharf. In 1872 she was sold to David Blair & Sons. She was used to bring timber from the Barmah Forest to the Echuca Wharf. She did this work for the next 80 years. In 1953 she was tied up near the Mill and left. In 1958 she went to Paringa South Australia to work in the sawmill industry again. In 1960 the Echuca Apex Club and The Echuca Historical Society raised enough funds to buy the P.S. Adelaide and return her to Echuca. In November 1963 she was lifted out of the water and placed in Hopwood Gardens as this was thought to be a way of preserving her. In 1984 it was decided to return her to the water to resume work as a passenger vessel. In that time the Port of Echuca and the Echuca Wharf had been restored as a Tourist Precinct. This photograph shows her immediately after she has been returned to the river. Returning her to the river,took several weeks in March and April 1984. The P.S Pevensey is accompanying her to the Echuca Wharf.

Significance

The P.S Adelaide is extremely significant as it it the oldest known wooden hulled paddle steamers in the world. She was built in Echuca in 1866 and still operates on the Murray River today. She has worked in the Wool Industry, the Timber Industry and the Tourist Industry.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the Bank in the foreground is a sign which says 'Pride of the Murray, sails today.'

Coloured Photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Colour photograph detailing half of the P. S. Adelaide winch, viewed from the deck facing the Port bow.

Historical information

The P.S Adelaide was launched on 21st July 1866. It was owned by J.G.Grassie from Poon Boon Station and the Officer Family of Murray Downs Station Swan Hill. The Adelaide was named after the niece of the Officer Bros, Adelaide Blackwood. The shipwright who built her was George Linklater. The Adelaide brought wool and passengers from the wool stations on the Murray and Darling Rivers down to the Echuca Wharf. In 1872 she was sold to David Blair & Sons. She was used to bring timber from the Barmah Forest to the Echuca Wharf. She did this work for the next 80 years. In 1953 she was tied up near the Mill and left. In 1958 she went to Paringa South Australia to work in the sawmill industry again. In 1960 the Echuca Apex Club and The Echuca Historical Society raised enough funds to buy the P.S. Adelaide and return her to Echuca. In November 1963 she was lifted out of the water and placed in Hopwood Gardens as this was thought to be a way of preserving her. In 1984 it was decided to return her to the water to resume work as a passenger vessel. In that time the Port of Echuca and the Echuca Wharf had been restored as a Tourist Precinct. This photograph shows the beginning of the task to return her to the river. It took several weeks in March and April 1984.

Significance

The P.S Adelaide is extremely significant as it it the oldest known wooden hulled paddle steamers in the world. She was built in Echuca in 1866 and still operates on the Murray River today. She has worked in the Wool Industry, the Timber Industry and the Tourist Industry.

Inscriptions & Markings

On reverse in black pen:"Adelaide winch. May 84". Fujicolor paper.

Coloured Photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

This is a coloured square photograph of the P.S Adelaide between two hydraulic crane trucks. Left bow view with detail of towing log being positioned behind the winch.

Historical information

The P.S Adelaide was launched on 21st July 1866. It was owned by J.G.Grassie from Poon Boon Station and the Officer Family of Murray Downs Station Swan Hill. The Adelaide was named after the niece of the Officer Bros, Adelaide Blackwood. The shipwright who built her was George Linklater. The Adelaide brought wool and passengers from the wool stations on the Murray and Darling Rivers down to the Echuca Wharf. In 1872 she was sold to David Blair & Sons. She was used to bring timber from the Barmah Forest to the Echuca Wharf. She did this work for the next 80 years. In 1953 she was tied up near the Mill and left. In 1958 she went to Paringa South Australia to work in the sawmill industry again. In 1960 the Echuca Apex Club and The Echuca Historical Society raised enough funds to buy the P.S. Adelaide and return her to Echuca. In November 1963 she was lifted out of the water and placed in Hopwood Gardens as this was thought to be a way of preserving her. In 1984 it was decided to return her to the water to resume work as a passenger vessel. In that time the Port of Echuca and the Echuca Wharf had been restored as a Tourist Precinct. This photograph shows the beginning of the task to return her to the river. It took several weeks in March and April 1984.

Significance

The P.S Adelaide is extremely significant as it it the oldest known wooden hulled paddle steamers in the world. She was built in Echuca in 1866 and still operates on the Murray River today. She has worked in the Wool Industry, the Timber Industry and the Tourist Industry.

Inscriptions & Markings

The word ADELAIDE is written on the paddle steamer prow, and on the wheelhouse. On the cranes are the words "Shepparton Mobile Cranes." "For Hire."

Colour Photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Colour photograph of the P. S. Pevensey, in side view, moving through the water. There are people, 2 on the bow and 3 on the stern of the boat as it steams along the river. In the background is the river bank and the bush landscape.

Historical information

P. S. PEVENSEY: Dimensions: 111ft 5 ins X 23 ft X 6ft 8 ins. Tonnage:130 tons Built: 1910 at Moama, N. S. W. References : Book: Murray river Paddle Steamers by D. Wardle Permewan , Wright & Co. : pp. 72, 129, 157

Significance

The P. S. PEVENSEY holds historical and social significance for the Port of Echuca, being the cornerstone of their paddlesteamer fleet. The PEVENSEY was renamed for the TV series All the Rivers Run, to P. S. Philadelphia , playing a staring role in the program, which has resulted in the PEVENSEY becoming a tourist attraction and has increased tourism to the Port of Echuca. The PEVENSEY was originally designed for use on the Murrumbidgee river, named after Pevensey station on that river. It was then owned by Permewan Wright & co operating out of Echuca for many years. She returned to Echuca in 1975 to begin another life as part of the Port of Echuca tourism operation.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the front:PEVENSEY on the wheelhouse of the boat. Printed on reverse: This paper manufactured by Kodak: Print made by Kodak: KODAK: OCT.78-M

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black and white photograph of construction work on Lock at Euston. Centre of photograph has an overhead crane. In the foreground are 2 sets of low phylons. Copy of an original photograph from the Price collection.

Historical information

Construction of the Lock at Euston. An overhead crane is visible in the centre of the photo. In the foreground are 2 sets of low pylons. There is construction equipment visible on both sides of the photo. It is a dry river bed which appears to have a walled wooded end at the back of the photo.

Significance

This is social and historically significant in that this photograph depicts the construction materials and techniques used at this time when constructing locks on the rivers in the Murray Darling region.

Inscriptions & Markings

In pencil on back: Price / Lock under construction / Euston / JENKINS PRINT/MILDURA

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black and white photograph of the remains of P. S. Rodney, showing iron "skeleton" by the Darling River bank near Pooncarie. A youth stands near it, and a fallen tree is at the left, close up.

Historical information

P. S. Rodney , owned by Permewan Wright, was used to transport non Union strikebreaking shearers to the Darling River sheep stations , during the later 19th century. Union shearers burnt it to the waterline. This shows the remains of the P. S. Rodney.

Significance

This photograph is very significant as it was one of the events of the Australian shearers' strike of 1891-1894. When unionised shearers burnt the P. S. Rodney for carrying non-Union shearers to the Darling river sheep stations.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the reverse in pen, "Remains of RODNEY." Kodak paper. Stamped J176

Photograph - Black & white photograph of the Central Darling River, near Wilcannia in the 1902 drought.

Port of Echuca , Echuca

A black & white photograph of the Central Darling River, near Wilcannia in the 1902 drought. The river is very low. A bridge leads to a settlement on the left, and there is a boat underneath the bridge.

Significance

This photo shows the extent of the 1902 drought. Also shows the state of the river pre-irrigation

Inscriptions & Markings

There is a National Library of Australia stamp on the back. Also written in pencil is the following; "originals from H.Coulson Collection.

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black and white photograph of a train departing Echuca heading south, rear end view.

Historical information

Upgoods steam train departing Echuca. (Roy McDuff, Port of Echuca)

Significance

The railways were an important part of the transportation of goods to Melbourne from the Port of Echuca. September 1864 saw the completion of the line from Bendigo to Echuca.

Inscriptions & Markings

On reverse in pencil: " Upgoods dep. Echuca". In blue pen:" Photo by: George L. Coop Aug 1963"

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black and white photograph of P. S. Queen with the barge Bourke rigged to its side. Photographed in a gorge where boats appear to be moored. Photograph taken from the bow of the Queen with 3 people visible on the port side of the boat and there appear to be sacks stacked on the front of the boat. The barge Bourke has a tent structured tarp over it. Copy of an original photograph (date unknown)

Historical information

Details of P. S. Queen: construction: composite 16 h.p. Registered tonnage: gross 128, net 92. Dimensions:L.103.3 ft B.18.5ft. D 5.7ft. Port and date of registry:Adelaide, 1880, no.43, 154. Built at Goolwa, S.A., 1865!. Owner: Chas Oliver. Lengthened in 1872. Details of barge Bourke. Construction:wood. Tonnage: 124. Dimensions:L 108.5 ft X B 20.5 ft X D 8.0 ft. Port and date of registry:Adelaide, 1898, no. 74, 771. built at: Miland, S. A. 1876. Owner: A. L. Land seer. Information from "The register of Australian & N. Z. Shipping 1898.

Significance

This photograph has historical and social significance being typical of transport on the rivers systems of Australia in the late 1800s. Paddlesteamers carried supples to settlers and then carried their produce such as Wool and other produce down the rivers to markets or to be transferred by rail to the major ports such as Melbourne or Adelaide.

Inscriptions & Markings

Inscription in pencil on reverse:Queen. On the photograph can be seen "Queen" on the bow and partically on the wheelhouse. The barge has "Bourke" visible on its bow.

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black and white photograph of P. S. Pevensey in mid stream. Photo taken looking at side of the boat with bow at left of the picture. There are seven men on the deck, (four on the bow and one on each side of the Pevensey. There appears to be quite a few people in the wheelhouse.

Historical information

Historical Information P. S. PEVENSEY: Dimensions: 111ft 5 ins X 23 ft X 6ft 8 ins. Tonnage:130 tons Built: 1910 at Moama, N. S. W. References : Book: Murray river Paddle Steamers by D. Wardle Permewan , Wright & Co. : pp. 72, 129, 157

Significance

The P. S. PEVENSEY holds historical and social significance for the Port of Echuca, being the cornerstone of their paddlesteamer fleet. The PEVENSEY was renamed for the TV series All the Rivers Run, to P. S. Philadelphia , playing a staring role in the program, which has resulted in the PEVENSEY becoming a tourist attraction and has increased tourism to the Port of Echuca. The PEVENSEY was originally designed for use on the Murrumbidgee river, named after Pevensey station on that river. It was then owned by Permewan Wright & co operating out of Echuca for many years. She returned to Echuca in 1975 to begin another life as part of the Port of Echuca tourism operation.

Inscriptions & Markings

On reverse of photograph written in pencil:"Pev 1977" stamped in ink: "This paper manufactured by Kodak"

photograph - P.S>Rodney at Wharf

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black & white photograph showing P.S.Rodney at the wharf. Behind her is a barge fully laden with wool bales, which will be destined for the markets in Melbourne. Workers on the wharf are ready to unload her into the cargo sheds on the wharf itself.Visible in the foreground is a structure called a "Dolphin" which was used to help manoeuvre the barges. these were located in what is now the wet dock area, and were still there till the 1990's

Historical information

The P.S.Rodney is seen here at the historical wharf at Echuca, loaded with wool bales, which would have been collected from the outlying properties, transported into the wharf by paddle steamers then put onto rail trucks to go to the markets in Melbourne. This particular section of the wharf was located where the wet dock area is today. as can be seen in the foreground is what was referred to as a "Dolphin". These structures were used to tie the barges too, to help turn them around. These "Dolphins" were still visible in the river up until the late 1990's, when they fell away from age and time.

Significance

The P.S.Rodney was burnt and scuttled in the Darling River 27th August 1894 as a result of a shearers strike. This photo was taken previous to this where she was able to safely deliver her cargo of wool to the Port then to the markets in Melbourne.

Inscriptions & Markings

P.S.Rodney at wharf H.Coulson Collection

photograph - Air & Westergaard Slip Echuca

Port of Echuca , Echuca

black & white photograph taken up river of Echuca wharf with paddlesteamers on left hand side, barges tied up at dry dock in centre of photograph, wharf, water tower in back gorund right hand side, paddlesteamer & barge in fore ground right hand side. River gums on bank behind paddlesteamers left side.

Historical information

Echuca was the largest inland port during the height of the river trade.Paddle-steamers were used to tow barges to bring produce into the Port,before road & rail transport were used.

Significance

Over 300 Paddle-steamers and barges operated from the Echuca wharf during the height of the river trade, as can be seen here by the number of vessels in the photograph.

Inscriptions & Markings

From Godston Collection Whole photograph Early Air & Westergaards slip opp wharf Neg 23/24 P888.2

Photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Taken at Echuca Wharf with workers unloading wool bales using the hydraulic cranes. Cargo shed door open to accept the bales. A push bike, leaning against the wall of the shed, is visible on fore ground right hand side of photo.

Historical information

Four men working each hydraulic crane on the wharf would unload the wool bales from the paddle steamers, they would be placed in the cargo shed before being loaded onto the rail carriages to be taken to markets in Melbourne or other ports in the world.A push bike is leaning against the cargo shed wall, this would have been how the workers got to work each day.The timbers on the wharf decking are starting to show signs of wear & tear from the amount of foot traffic that would be on it each day. The decking was made from the red gum of the area.

Significance

Hydraulic cranes used on the wharf were operated from the old pump house- now the tourist Information Centre. It would take 4 men to operate each crane to unload the wool bales from the paddle steamers tied to the wharf. The bales would be swung around to the cargo shed where they would be placed before being loaded onto rail carriages on the other side of the wharf. This photo shows both side doors of the cargo shed are open. The mode of transport for getting to & from work for the wharf workers would have been similar to the bicycle show in this photo.

Inscriptions & Markings

on back Neg P 911.5 P910.2

Black and white photograph.

Port of Echuca , Echuca

This is a black and white rectangular photograph of a river scene with a large paddle steamer moving towards two huts and two moored paddle steamers in the background. There is a small motor boat also moored in the background.

Historical information

This photograph is significant as it shows the use of the river.It shows that Tourism has not yet dominated the river traffic. This photograph could be part of the Dowell Family Collection.

Inscriptions & Markings

Written on the back of the photograph in blue texta pen are the words "Rose 3064."

Coloured post card.

Port of Echuca , Echuca

A coloured postcard of two water towers on the corner of Hare Street and Heygarth Street. The photograph is believed to have been taken in 1910. The water towers are fenced with white picket fences and a small house also fenced, is next to the tallest of the towers.

Historical information

This postcard shows the water towers at the north east corner of Hare and Heygarth Streets where the Council Offices are now situated. The two towers and the little house appear to be in very good condition. The towers could even be quite new. The letter on the back which is believed to have been written by George Thomas to his wife, Ethel Thomas.

Significance

This postcard is of the water towers on the corner of Heygarth and Hare Streets, where the Shire of Campaspe Offices now stand. The picture is significant as the construction of the water towers is obvious. They are both very different and look as though they are quite new. They provided treated water for the town and the wharf. The little house next door with a double gabled roof and long chimney appear to be part of the whole precinct. The letter written on the back of the postcard is significant to the history of the Thomas Family.

Inscriptions & Markings

Written on the front are the words Water Towers, Echuca. Printed on the back of the card are the words POSTCARD. This space may be used for communication. For address only. Printed in Germany. Fosdyke & Co. Echuca. In hand writing written in black ink is the following letter. Echuca North. 27/2/10. My Dearest Ethel, In answer to your kind and always loving letter which I received last Saturday sorry to hear you not feeling too well but hope you are better by now, I have it been feeling too well, myself, this last 2 or 3 days, with pains in the stomach, I think it is with eating too many grapes, we were out amongst the vineyards cutting last week, we are now in Wyuna, I received your nice present, & I must thank you very much for it, - I spent my birthday, working. I intended to write a letter last night, but visitors came, & didn't leave until late, & of course it's all bustle (sic) to get to work this morning I am very sorry thing (sic) are not going to be too pleasant over at Talalia, it's just as I thought- Mother Mary an Jess are all well, and send their best love, Give my love to your Mother & Alice, I hope they are well, with fondest & best love from your true & everloving boy. George XXXXX

Coloured photograph and negative.

Port of Echuca , Echuca

A coloured photograph and negative of the P.S. Pevensey under steam. There is solid bush behind the paddle steamer on the bank.

Historical information

This photograph was taken in February 1984 on the occasion of Cossen's visit to Echuca. The P.S Pevensey is in full steam and one person can be seen standing near the back cabin.

Significance

This photograph is significant because it shows the P.S. Pevensey travelling upstream in full steam. There is solid bush behind the paddle steamer implying that it is steaming out of town.

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black and white photograph of Ralway Terrace building Echuca. Picture shows the front facade of the building. Copy of original from Latrobe Library collection.

Historical information

This copy of the original photograph was probably taken in the 1970s when a series of photograph were copied from the Latrobe Collection. This building was thought to formerly be a hotel.

Significance

The photograph shows a building that appears to be habitable and possibly four residences. There is a variety of old painted advertising signs on the side wall of the building.

Inscriptions & Markings

On front of building:"Railway Terrace". Some advertising signage is visible on the side of the building. On reverse of photograph written in pblue pen:" Anstruther St. Now St Mary's School" written in pencil:" Railway Terrace Hotel. Thought this was Percy St. (Check list pubs later) "Why not Sturt St, with that name." This is crossed through in blue pen. In blue pen underneath:"La Trobe Coll'n"

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black and white photograph, of a framed photograph featuring the P. S. Australien and the barge Vega, moored at a river bank. P. S. Australien has a crane structure on the deck. There are three people visible on the Australien and one man on the barge. The barge is loaded with timber planks and what looks to be a steam boiler. There is a small row boat in the front left corner.

Historical information

P. S. Australien was built"1897 Richard Wilson, of Moama, at Echuca." Owners:" William Wilson, Echuca, reg Sydney -dies 1904". "In 1899 it was a regular trader at Mildura "(Parsons, R. Ships of the Inland Rivers. 3rd.ed. 2005, p.51). The barge Vega was built "1911 F. O. Wall in, Moama." Owners: Franz O. Wall in. In 1958 reported abandoned and waterlogged at Merbein, however salvaged and restored c.1978 and now on display at the Swan Hill Museum"( Parsons, R. Ships of the Inland Rivers. 3rd.ed. 2005, p.139)

Significance

P. S. Australien and the barge Vega appear to have worked the rivers during the heyday of the river trade.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the bow of the paddle steamer :"Australien" and on the barge:"Vega"

Black & white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black & white photograph of 2 men, 1 girl and 1 boy on upper deck of P. S. Kelvin. In background is a 3rd man, (Hugh Price) at wheel. Documented as being on mail run and at the Murray Bridge Echuca.

Historical information

Black & white photograph of 2 men, 1 girl and 1 boy on upper deck of P. S. Kelvin. In the background is a 3rd man, Hugh Price, at the wheel. Documented as being on mail run and at the Murray Bridge

Significance

Demonstrates passenger transport and travel along the river as well as the delivery of mail services between rural communities.

Inscriptions & Markings

In pencil on back : Kelvin

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black and white photograph, of a portrait of a young lady with short and curly dark hair, wearing a checked shirt. The border possibly consists of a background photograph. This copy is quite difficult to see detail because it is so dark.

A black and white photograph.

Port of Echuca , Echuca

A copy of a black and white rectangular photograph of a lock being constructed . The river is in the foreground and in the background, cranes and rigs can be seen. A wooden wall dominates the centre of the photograph. Houses and buildings can be seen in the distance.

Historical information

This is a copy of a photograph from the Price Collection. The river and town are unknown. The photograph shows how locks were constructed using long vertical planks to form a wall. One of the cranes is floating on a pontoon.

Significance

This shows how the river was locked to develop the irrigation industry in the early 20th Century.

Inscriptions & Markings

In pencil on the back is written; 'Price / Lock construction? 'Jenkins Print Mildura.'

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black and white copy of a photograph of the P. S. Adelaide being encouraged down the soil ramp at Paddlewheel Park. Possibly a heavy-weight truck is involved in the re-floating. Spectators line the sides of the ramp. To the right in the background the roof of the Bridge Hotel, Echuca can be seen.

Historical information

Black and white photograph of the P.S. Adelaide being backed down the soil ramp at Paddlewheel Park, being re-floated after 20+ years as a static display in the Hopwood Gardens. Possibly a heavyweight truck is involved in the re-floating. Many spectators line both sides of the ramp. The north side and roof of the Bridge Hotel can be seen in the top right hand corner of the photograph.

Significance

This photograph demonstrates historic and social significance being a snapshot of a significant community event in the re-floating of the P. S. Adelaide. The P. S. Adelaide appears to be going down the bank backwards. This photograph could be linked to P000037 which shows the Adelaide's rear entry to the water.

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

One of two black and white photographs of the P.S Clyde and the barge Excel moored to a wharf, possibly at Swan Hill. People are on the wharf and both vessels. There is a crane fitted on the Clyde loading, bags of wheat. A woman is standing in front of the wheel house. There is a man inside the wheel house. Steering mechanism appears to be attached at the back of the barge, and there also appears to be a flag flying on the back of the barge. Three men are on the barge supervising the loading process.

Historical information

The P.S Clyde was built in 1884 by W.Wilson, in Echuca and was owned by the Evans Bros. It sunk in the Murrumbidgee river in 1920 and was raised and converted into a barge in 1922. The barge Excel was built as the Barge Adam in 1897. It was owned by the Permewan Wright Co. and renamed barge 'Excel' in 1909. (Ref ; Parsons, Ronald, "Ships of the Inland Rivers" This photograph must have been taken before 1920 when the P?S Clyde was still a paddle steamer.

Inscriptions & Markings

Written on the back of the smallest photograph are the words "2nd copy in Clyde file." On the barge in the photograph is the word 'EXCEL' 'and the word 'Clyde' can be seen on the bow of the paddle steamer .