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Port of Echuca Echuca, Victoria

The Historic Port of Echuca precinct is an authentic working steam port, home to Australia's largest fleet of steam-driven paddlesteamers. Although its major commodity has changed from wool to people, Port of Echuca still operates much the same as it did in the 1860's, with our shipwrights and steam engineers providing a vital role in the Port's operations today, just as they would have in the late 1800's

Contact Information

location
74 Murray Esplanade Echuca Victoria 3564 (map)
phone
+61 03 54812852

Opening Hours

9am - 5pm

Entry Fee

Adult $12.45, Senior/Student $10.85, Child $8.50, Family $37.70

Location

74 Murray Esplanade Echuca Victoria

View on Google Maps

The Collection is under the custodianship of the Campaspe Shire and the themes have been developed to preserve, educate and inform the community and visitors about the history and development of the Port of Echuca during the time is was busiest between 1850-1920. The focus of the collection is the Heritage Listed Echuca Wharf built in 1864 and the three paddlesteamers P.S Pevensey, P.S Alexander Arbuthnot and P.S Adelaide dating from 1866. The collection also includes steam traction engines, stationary boilers, a replica sawmill, rai lcarriages, large farm machinery and other objects including winches, drawings, maps and river charts.

Significance

The Port of Echuca is a highly significant historical collection. The collection of buildings, wharf, boats, railway and steam display have a strong association with the development of Echuca, the booming river & rail trade. The paddlesteamers, barges, wharf and railway have strong historic links with the history of the wool and red gum timber industries and the connection of this inland region to the commercial markets of Melbourne, Sydney and beyond.

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Black and white rectangular photograph.

Port of Echuca , Echuca

A black and white rectangular photograph of the P.S Australien towing a barge in the middle of the river. A paddle steamer towing a high load can be seen on the left hand bank of the river in the background.

Historical information

ThIs photograph shows the P.S Australien towing a barge down the middle of the river. The barge appears to be carrying timber. The wheel house appears to be covered with a cloth , tent like roof. There are three people on the upper deck.

Significance

This photograph shows the P.S Australien towing a barge of timber down the river. .Another heavily loaded paddle steamer can be seen in the background. This photograph could be in the early 20th Century. The P.S Australien was built in 1897 at Moama. The P.S Australien "together with Invincible in 1936 towed boilers, winches, flying foxes and derrick boat and bin barges for works at Locks 7 8 & 9 to Yarrawonga weir. (" Parsons R. "Ships of the Inland Waters," 3rd. Rev. Ed 1996, page 51.) After the Yarrawonga Weir was built the P.S Australien could not pass downstream passed the weir so remained upstream of Yarrawonga for the rest of her working days. In 1958 there were plans to fit her with a diesel engine to take tourists around Lake Yarrawonga. It is not sure if this happened.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the back of the photograph written in lead pencil are the words 'Australien & barge.' ' On a red sticker on the back of the photograph are written the words "COPYRIGHT foto-fella H 34- 28 Don TURVEY Box 1403 MILDURA 234436-230211-245995"

Photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Wool shed on Wharf near wet dock, with rail carriages in fore ground. Wool in these rail carriages ready to go onto markets in Melbourne.Paddle steamer on river on other side of shed. Hydraulic crane working to load wool onto rail carriages. Numerous rail lines along side occupied rail line.

Historical information

Some rail carriages are fully loaded with wool bales taken from the paddle steamer which was tied at the other side of the wharf. They could possibly have been taken from the store shed on the wharf using the hydraulic crane as can be seen in the photograph. As can be seen on the wharf there are wool bales sitting on the decking waiting to be shifted onto the rail trucks.

Significance

This was the most cost effective way to move wool bales from the Port of Echuca to the markets in Melbourne or other Ports around the world. Wool was bought into the Port on barges being towed by paddle steamers, unloaded from these barges onto the wharf using the hydraulic cranes as seen here , then either stored in sheds like this one on the wharf or onto the rail carriages as can be seen in the foreground of this picture.

Inscriptions & Markings

on back- Wool shed near wet dock, hey day of Port Negative: P898.4 -0A,1A,2A P900

Photograph - Clyde barge 1980

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black & white photograph showing the bargeClyde

Inscriptions & Markings

Clyde Barge 1980

Colour Photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Colour photograph of the Bridge Hotel, Echuca, after restorations (c.1979)

Historical information

The Bridge Hotel was built by Henry Hopwood, founder of Echuca. The building was in disrepair until it was bought by the Port of Echuca and renovated to be turned into part of the Port of Echuca tourist exhibits and was leased out to be run as a restaurant.

Significance

The Bridge Hotel is of historical and social significance to Echuca as it was built be Echuca's founder Henry Hopwood. The hotel was situated between the 2 rivers, Murray and Campaspe, where Hopwood ran his punt business, charging people and animals to cross the rivers. The hotel accommodated a variety of paying guest from wealthy squatters to salesmen and general workers. The building was purchased by the Port of Echuca to be part of the tourist attraction. It was extensively renovated to bring it back to its former glory. The Bridge hotel played an important role in the TV series "All the Rivers Run".

Inscriptions & Markings

On front of building : Bridge Hotel / Restaurant Printed on reverse:"This paper manufactured by Kodak"

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black and white photograph of the entrance to Victoria Park showing high iron gates and lamps with bowed-top picket fence. Wide dirt approach.

Historical information

Small black and white photograph of the entrance to Victoria Park showing high iron gates that are open. The gates are open but the gate on the right is behind the fence. There are caste iron lamps at either side of the gates in front of the bowed-top picket fence. Between the gates, in the distance the fountain is visible. Murray pines are also visible. Wide dirt approach.

Significance

Victoria Park is of social and historical significance to the people of Echuca and district. It includes a state park that has a natural dry schreyphyll forest with a canopy of eucalypts. The Park also includes sporting grounds and facilities and picnic areas. This photograph depicts the entrance to the Park in the 1920s showing a dirt approach with the caste iron lights, iron gates and caste iron gate posts and the bowed-top picket fence.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the back of photograph, in pencil, "Park Entrance"

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

A small black and white photograph of an old photograph of the P.S Canally in the middle of the river. The paddle steamer is travelling towards the camera.

Historical information

The P.S Canally was built in 1907 by R.W. Beer. Known as the "Greyhound of the River" after her original engine was substituted with a Railway locomotive, minus the wheels.The speed of the Canally set up tremendous wash, which sank any small craft. In 1929 it was sold to N. Collins who converted it to a barge. The Chislett Brothers were the owners when the P.S Canally sank at Boundary Bend in 1962. (Ref . Parsons R. "Ships of the Inland Rivers." P.58.)

Significance

The P.S.Canally is significant because it was fitted with a locomotive, minus the wheels. This is significant because it shows the need for the paddle steamers to travel fast. This could show the competitiveness of the paddle steamer trade on the river in the early 20th Century.

Coloured rectangular photograph.

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Coloured photograph of a K class locomotive on the turntable outside the Echuca Loco Shed. There is a large group of people watching. In the background can be seen the Loco Shed, as well as a large square water tank

Historical information

This photograph shows that steam engines were still operating in the 1970's . Although this might have been a special occasion. This photograph also shows a view of the Echuca Loco Shed, which appears to be in a good condition. The photograph also shows the turntable in action which has attracted a crowd to watch.

Significance

The railway transport system played a very significant role in the development of the Port of Echuca, as well as the development of the town itself. Farmers from the Darling Murray river basin were able to send their products to Melbourne and on other trading centres around the world. This also shows the technology of the turntable in action.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the back of the photograph is printed "It's Kodak for color" June 1979. On the train in the photograph is the inscription K 153.

Wool baling hook.

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Metal two pronged hand tool.

Historical information

Wool baling hooks were used by the wharf workers to assist unloading wool bales from the barges onto waiting transport to deliver to markets to be sold.

Significance

This tool was used by many wharf workers daily to unload wool bales from the early 19th Century up to the end of the 19th Century.

Photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

View from wharf looking down river to north side of Murray River bank. Cargo shed visible on left hand side. River level at low, showing sand bank on the NSW side and the red gums along this bank.Paddle steamers tied up along this side bank.

Historical information

Low level on Murray River at Echuca Wharf. Paddle steamers tied up along the banks. Possibly a man on a small boat in centre of river.

Significance

This bend in the river, opposite the Echuca Wharf is the reason the railways put the wharf here when it was constructed. It is the closest part of the river to Melbourne, therefore the shortest distance to transport produce to the markets.

Inscriptions & Markings

on back P908

Black & white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black & white photograph and negative of the Barge "B22" showing its port bow. It rests on a slip.

Historical information

Paddlesteamers often towed barges behind them to double the size of their cargos. Barges were locally built from red gum, using the same basic design with modifications being made dependent on the types of loads they were to carry. The Murray River Sawmill Company was responsible for building " B22", which was towed by the P. S. Adelaide. The B22 got its name because it was the second barge built in 1922. (Port of Echuca. Teachers resource book. 2005 ed., p. 17) One of a series: P000234.2 to P000252.2 inclusive & P000269.

Significance

The B22 is one of the barges on display at the Port of Echuca. Barges played an important role in moving cargo up and down the Murray, Darling and Murrumbidgee rivers, enabling paddlesteamers to double their loads. The barges carried wool, timber and general cargo. These barges were attached to the paddlesteamers at the centre of gravity of the paddlesteamer and towed behind them.

Inscriptions & Markings

In black pen on reverse of photograph: B22. In red ink: It's Kodak color. Apr.81. Kodak

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

A black and white rectangular photograph of a building in a park with a Street lamp in front of the building. The building has large windows and the foliage of the trees behind can be seen through the building. In the front is a large path. Seating can be seen on both sides of the building and a white picket fence can be seen in the background.

Historical information

This is a picture of an unknown park. It is thought to be part of the Dowell Family Collection.

Inscriptions & Markings

Written on the back in blue felt tip pen are the words Rose 3072. In pencil there is written a question mark.

Colour photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Colour photograph in dark shadow, of the log winch at Evans' sawmill, showing rim of wheel and front view of sloping wooden frame.

Historical information

One of a series : P000191, P000192, P000208-P000225 inclusive. Discussed in book : Echuca: A centenary history by Susan Priestley, p. 174 R.J.Evans established this mill on the banks of the Murray River, Echuca in 1923 & it operated until 1980. The mill later became a tourist attraction, Red Gum Works, continuing to cut timber until it was taken over by The Port of Echuca as a display (Port of Echuca booklet, 2005 ed., p. 32)

Significance

Sawmilling was a very important industry for Echuca. At its peak in Echuca in about 1877 there were between 1000-1500 men employed in the industry (Priestley, Susan. 1965, p.118). Red gum was sourced from the forests along the Murray river. It is a very strong timber suitable for bridge & wharf building, construction works as well as housing and especially for sleepers for the railways. Mills relied on government contracts especially for the sleepers.

Inscriptions & Markings

Printed on reverse: "Fujicolor paper". Written in black pen " "Log winch on site, Evans Mill , June 1984"

Black & white print

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black and white print of timber building consisting of 2 main wings joined by arched verandah at front. Establishment used as Echuca High School in 1914.

Historical information

The Echuca High School officially opened its own building on 4/03/1914, on land in the old Police Paddocks, just behind Victoria Park. The school operated on this sight until 2005 when it amalgamated with Echuca Technical School to become Echuca College and moved to Butcher Street Echuca. There is a photograph of this building still in use in 1960.

Significance

Echuca High School began classes in the old Town Hall in 1912 and moved to this purpose built building in 1914.

Inscriptions & Markings

On reverse, in pencil:" in 1914 Echuca High School was established in this building."

Colour photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Colour photograph (post-card size) of red gum sawmill on the Port of Echcua. Photograph is taken looking north.

Historical information

Discussed in book : Echuca: A centenary history by Susan Priestley, pp.21, 38, 45, 66, 114-123, 126, 174 R.J.Evans established this mill on the banks of the Murray River, Echuca in 1923 & it operated until 1980. The mill later became a tourist attraction, Red Gum Works, continuing to cut timber until it was taken over by The Port of Echuca as a display (Port of Echuca booklet, 2005 ed., p. 32)

Significance

Sawmilling was a very important industry for Echuca. At its peak in Echuca in about 1877 there were between 1000-1500 men employed in the industry (Priestley, Susan. 1965, p.118). Red gum was sourced from the forests along the Murray river. It is a very strong timber suitable for bridge & wharf building, construction works as well as housing and especially for sleepers for the railways. Mills relied on government contracts especially for the sleepers.

Inscriptions & Markings

Printed on reverse: "this paper manufactured by Kodak."

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black and white photograph of the old Murray River Sawmills building, taken from the road. Shows view from a rear side, with a window and corrugated iron lean-to. Part of back of facade can be seen as well as the chimney.

Historical information

The brick old Murray River Sawmill office was demolished around 1975. This photograph is of the side of the building taken from behind. It shows a corrugated lean-to and a window or door way that appears to be blocked off. There is a large crack in the brick work wall beside this doorway. Part of the back of the front brick facade is visible behind a brick chimney. This relates to photographs P000106, P000107.

Significance

Sawmills in the Echuca area were historically and socially significant being a large employer in the area. The Murray River sawmill was one of the biggest and longest operating sawmills in the area.

Inscriptions & Markings

On back of the photograph in pencil "Old Murray R Sawmills bldg, in from road." In black pen "Old office demolished c.1975" stamped in blue ink "0932"

Black bordered, coloured rectangular photograph .

Port of Echuca , Echuca

A black bordered photograph of the Port of Echuca wharf from the NSW bank. The train can be seen parked at the station. The water level is not high. The P.S. Pevensey is blowing off steam. The P.S Etona is moored downstream of the P.S Pevensey.

Historical information

This photograph was taken in 1980 for a City of Echuca brochure. It shows Shackell's Bond Store in the background. It also shows the train still parked at the wharf station. This photograph was taken after the TV Series of "All The Rivers Run" had been released and the Tourism Industry was being promoted.

Significance

This photograph is significant because it shows the condition of the wharf in the 1980's. It also shows the importance of the development of the tourism industry in the 1980's.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the front of the photograph the words Pevensy can be seen written on the paddle steamer in front of the wharf. Written on the back of the photograph in pencil are the words "Bob Anderon- for first 4 colour City brochure." In black ink are written the words "c.1980."

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black and white photograph of the Bridge Hotel, Echuca, taken from the High st corner of Hopwood gardens. Under the verandah is in shade so it is difficult to see the condition of the brickwork.

Historical information

Relates to a series of 5 photos:P000094-P000098 of the front of the Bridge Hotel on the corner of Murray esplanade and Hopwood gardens. These photos taken in 1976, were before the Port Restoration Scheme renovated the hotel.

Significance

The Bridge Hotel, Echuca is of historical and social significance in that it was originally built by Henry Hopwood, the founder of Echuca. Hopwood built the hotel to provide accommodation to people using his punts across the Campaspe and Murray rivers. The hotel was situated between the 2 punts. The hotel provided for a variety of levels of accommodation from grand rooms to very basic rooms. At the time of the photos the hotel was 120 years old and became an important part of the Port of Echuca tourism.

Inscriptions & Markings

On a large sign erected in front of the hotel " Port Restoration Scheme. This 120 year old hotel is being renovated as part of the Scheme. Design by City of Echuca and Perrott Lyon Timlock and Kesa. On a small sign on the verandah:"Unauthorised entry not permitted". On back of photo in pen :"4"

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black and white photograph showing construction of Lock 7 possibly near Renmark. Amongst the equipment are several gantry cranes. Copy of original photograph.

Historical information

Black and white photograph showing construction of Lock 7 possibly near Renmark. Amongst the equipment are several gantry cranes and structural timbers. Also shows the way the river was blocked off to enable works to be constructed. Copy of original photograph.

Significance

Historically significant showing the construction of locks on the Murray river. Use of gantry cranes.

Inscriptions & Markings

In pencil on back "Construction of Lock 7 (near?) Renmark". "A. J. Gibbons, photo" . "Price"

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Rectangular, black and white copy of original photograph of P.S. Captain Sturt, with a pile driver in the background. Possibly at Blanchetown. There are 5 men on the upper port deck. The paddle-steamer has 2 funnels and the pile driver has 4 funnels. The wheelhouse is above the upper deck.

Historical information

P.S. Captain Sturt, with a pile driver in the background. Possibly at Blanchetown. There are 5 men on the upper port deck. The paddle-steamer has 2 funnels and the pile driver has 4 funnels. The wheelhouse is above the upper deck.

Significance

Demonstrates the use of floating pile drivers to assist in the construction of bridge or wharf building along the river Murray river in approximately the 1920's. The Captain Sturt is in close up so the structure of the paddlesteamer is clear.

Inscriptions & Markings

In pencil on back: CaptainSturt, Blancheltown Orr similar. Pile driver in background. On photograph "Captain Sturt" is visible on front and side of the paddlesteamer.

Black & white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black & white photograph of the P. S. Edwards tied up to the bank. A large winch can be seen on the front deck.

Historical information

The P. S. Edwards was built in May 1875 by J. M. Webb, Echuca. Official number 73287, made of wood, with paddle wheels at the side. 78 gross tons, 27 nett tons. It was altered in 1916 , after cabin removed 48 gross ton. It had 7 different owners before being purchased by R. J. Evans, of Evans Bros. Saw Mill, Echuca, in 1919. The P. S. Edwards was sunk at Echuca in the spring of 1958 and then raised in January 1981 and then was being restored by Geoff Evans in 1985 (Parsons, Ronald. Ships of the Island Rivers. 3rd ed. 1996. p.67)

Significance

The P. S. Edwards has historical and social significance being a paddle boat built in Echuca. The P. S. Edwards was built in May 1875 by J. M. Webb, Echuca. It had 7 different owners before being purchased by R. J. Evans, of Evans Bros. Saw Mill, Echuca, in 1919. The P. S. Edwards was sunk at Echuca in the spring of 1958 "and as the mill was burnt in 1959 salvage was not attempted. She was raised in January 1981 and in 1985 was restored by Geoff Evans. While owned by Evans Bros, was used to bring red gum from the Barmah Forest to the sawmill in the barge Clyde." (Parsons, Ronald. Ships of the Island Rivers. 3rd ed. 1996. p.67)

Inscriptions & Markings

On the paddle steamer can be seen the word Edwards.

Colour photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Colour photograph featuring power poles and power lines on the Murray Esplanade, Port of Echuca. Road length view (looking south) includes Port entry building. 3 cars are parked on the right hand side of the photograph.

Historical information

Undergrounding of the power lines took place in September 1982. Relates to "before" shots P000159, P000161, P000163 and "after" shots P000160, P000162, P000164. Interview with Helen Coulson, 27.09.1984

Significance

The power lines were put under ground for the filming of "All the Rivers Run" which began in October 1982. The Port area was returned to look like it would have been in the 1870s. The roads were covered in gravel, signage was removed in an endeavour to create the appropriate era.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the reverse:This paper manufactured by Kodak.

Colour Photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Colour photograph (post card size) of the Murray river looking north towards the boat shed building. Two river boats are moored by the left bank close to the swimming pool and three house boats can be seen moored further down the river. The river boat in the fore ground is under construction.

Historical information

This photo shows a river boat under construction on the eastern bank of the Murray river in the Echuca Port area where the boat shed and swimming pool were located in the 1970's. The boat shed can be seen through the trees but the swimming pool isn't visible. There is another river boat behind, possibly the Canberra.

Significance

This photograph is of historical and social significance in that it shows the condition of the Murray river in the 1970's at an area used as the local swimming area on the Echuca side of the river. There is a river boat under construction (the frame work shows a bottom and top storey on the boat). This could be the Pride of the Murray. It is difficult to see the name on the river boat behind but it looks like the Canberra. Three houseboats are moored together, a bit further down the river.

Inscriptions & Markings

Printed on reverse:" this paper manufactured by Kodak". Written in blue pen"12B"

Black and white print

Port of Echuca , Echuca

A black and white print from a photograph of etching (?) of the iron bridge at Echuca. Picture shows a low river with river boat at right approaching the bridge and small boats and people on the banks. View looking west from Victoria bank.

Historical information

The iron bridge was completed in 1878 and was used by trains of the Deniliquin and Moama Railway company but it took another 12 months before local people could use it. On 4 March 1879 citizens of Echuca and Moama stormed the bridge, opened the gates and declared it open for their use.

Significance

At the turn of the century the railway line carried produce from southern New South Wales & the Riverina to Melbourne. Goods trains were a very important mode to transport. When the bridge was being constructed 6 workmen were killed and another maimed when a pile on the Moama bank collapsed. After the storming of the bridge by local people in March 1879 it was declared open for use of local residents traveling between the towns of Echuca and Moama. The bridge was shared by rail, road and pedestrians traffic.

Coloured postcard.

Port of Echuca , Echuca

This is a coloured rectangular postcard of the Brigidine Convent, Echuca

Historical information

Formerly the home of Henry Hopwood. Apsley House, No. 1 Echuca. This was purchased for the Bridgine nuns to establish a catholic co-education school in Echuca. Extensions were made to the original structure (to the south of this building) with outbuildings and brick stables converted to school rooms during the late 1886 and opened as St Joseph's in 1887. The front section of the school was built in 1888. At the time of this photograph the upper floor of the building was the boarding house.

Significance

The school building holds historical, social and spiritual significance to Echuca being the former home of Echuca's founder, Henry Hopwood. The diocese purchased the original building for 1,000 pounds. The school opened as a co-educational school on 22/3/1886 with 16 boys and 7 girls. It's first enrolment was a non-Catholic boy. By the end of 1886 there were 30 pupils. The boarding school opened on 4/5/1886 with 6 students. The chapel (to the north of this building) was built in 1889. For 60 years the school provided both primary and secondary schooling but in 1960's it changed to secondary schooling. The boarding house closed around 1986 and the school continued as a co-educational catholic college.

Inscriptions & Markings

Written on the front of the postcard are the words Brigidine Convent, Echuca. On the back are the words. POSTCARD. This space may be used for communication. For Address only. Printed in Germany. Fosdyke &a Co. Echuca.

Coloured Postcard.

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Colour (hand painted?) postcard and colour negative f P. S. Adelaide towing an outrigger barge. Three men can be seen on the lower deck and one on the top deck.

Historical information

P. S. Adelaide was a logging steamer operating between Echuca and Barmah forest. It was built in 1866 by G. Linklater, Echuca. Original owner J. G. Grassie, Poon Boon Station & S. H. Officer, Murray Downs Station. In June 1891 she was purchased by Murray River Sawmills and spent most of her working life on the Barmah Forest run. In 1960 she was purchased by Echuca Apex Club and steamed to Echuca. Installed on a bed of cement in Hopwood Gardens, Echuca before being restored to be refloated as a significant addition to the Port of Echuca maritime fleet (Parsons, R. Ships of the Inland Rivers. 2005. p.46)

Significance

The P.S Adelaide is extremely significant as it it the oldest known wooden hulled paddle steamer in the world. She was built in Echuca in 1866 and still operates on the Murray River today. She has worked in the Wool Industry, the Timber Industry and the Tourist Industry.

Inscriptions & Markings

on the front of the postcard:". Log barge & steamer Echuca" On the bow of the steamer: "Adelaide". On reverse of postcard, in blue pen:" PORT 16.3.82 COL NEG 13x18x1." In black pen encased in a square:"396.1" In blue fountain pen. Letter addressed to "Mrs. J. Robertson 37 Roxburgh St. Ascot Vale." " Your letter to hand(?) Sat. I am much better since my trip away. Was sorry to hear Jess(?) was not well. Hope she is better again. Hoping all are well. Love to all H." Postcard stamped: "Echuca Victoria Ap 6 08" Printed in green "Post W.T.P. Card". In has a red one penny postage stamp in top right hand corner.

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black and white photograph of 2 "R" Class locomotives outside the Echuca Loco Shed, amid clouds of steam and smoke. The loco in front is the 704 and on the right, 727.

Historical information

The "R" Class locomotives were introduced in 1948. (Roy McDuff, Port of Echuca)

Significance

The railways were an important part of the transportation of goods to Melbourne from the Port of Echuca. September 1864 saw the completion of the line from Bendigo to Echuca. In 1877 the iron bridge over the Murray River was completed and used by the trains of the Deniliquin and Moama Railway Company, " a private line that operated on the Victorian gauge between Echuca and Deniliquin" (Blyth, Ian Echuca Sketchbook Rigby 1978. p.24) The Loco shed housed locomotives for Victorian railways and the Deniliquin and Moama Railway company.

Inscriptions & Markings

On reverse in pencil: " R Class intro 1968". In blue pen:" Photo by: George L. Coop Aug 1963"

Photograph (sepia)

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Sepia photograph of Hopwood's Punt, showing the gangway extended to river bank. Stock, produce (possibly wool bales) and people are on board. Wagons, barge and possibly other punts are in the background. Mounted on buff cardboard printed with red lines and letters.

Historical information

Sepia photograph of Hopwood's Punt, showing the gangway extended to river bank. There are 5 workmen, dressed in work clothes and boots, at the front of the punt and 2 gentlemen, dressed in coats and umbrellas. Stock, produce (possibly wool bales) and people are on board. There are 3 horses hitched to a wagon and behind there looks like a large consignment of wool bales. There appears to be women at the side of the punt (1 with an umbrella up). At the side of the punt there appears to be a passenger landing. There is also a small row boat tied to the side of the punt. Wagons, barge and possibly other punts are in the background. There was a painting of this scene by J. C. Armytage around 1857.

Significance

This is a very good example of the cargo, people, produce and animals, that were using the punt to cross the Murray river in the late 1800s. The difference between workers and gentry can be seen as well as the modes of transport at this time.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the front at the top, above the red boarder "Royal", at the bottom below the red boarder "Hopwood's Punt, Echuca". On the reverse, "W. B. Payne, Darling St., Echuca"

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black and white photograph of the Bridge Hotel, Echua, taken from Murray esplanade side of Hopwood gardens. A power pole pokes through the verandah roof of the left (eastern) wing of the building.

Historical information

Relates to a series of 5 photos:P000094-P000098 of the front of the Bridge Hotel on the corner of Murray esplanade and Hopwood gardens. These photos taken in 1976, were before the Port Restoration Scheme renovated the hotel.

Significance

The Bridge Hotel, Echuca is of historical and social significance in that it was originally built by Henry Hopwood, the founder of Echuca. Hopwood built the hotel to provide accommodation to people using his punts across the Campaspe and Murray rivers. The hotel was situated between the 2 punts. The hotel provided for a variety of levels of accommodation from grand rooms to very basic rooms. At the time of the photos the hotel was 120 years old and became an important part of the Port of Echuca tourism.

Inscriptions & Markings

On sign on front verandah: "Unauthorised entry not permitted". On the back of photograph in pen:"2"

Colour Photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Colour photograph of the P. S. Pevensey, in side view, moving through the water. There are people, 2 on the bow and 3 on the stern of the boat as it steams along the river. In the background is the river bank and the bush landscape.

Historical information

P. S. PEVENSEY: Dimensions: 111ft 5 ins X 23 ft X 6ft 8 ins. Tonnage:130 tons Built: 1910 at Moama, N. S. W. References : Book: Murray river Paddle Steamers by D. Wardle Permewan , Wright & Co. : pp. 72, 129, 157

Significance

The P. S. PEVENSEY holds historical and social significance for the Port of Echuca, being the cornerstone of their paddlesteamer fleet. The PEVENSEY was renamed for the TV series All the Rivers Run, to P. S. Philadelphia , playing a staring role in the program, which has resulted in the PEVENSEY becoming a tourist attraction and has increased tourism to the Port of Echuca. The PEVENSEY was originally designed for use on the Murrumbidgee river, named after Pevensey station on that river. It was then owned by Permewan Wright & co operating out of Echuca for many years. She returned to Echuca in 1975 to begin another life as part of the Port of Echuca tourism operation.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the front:PEVENSEY on the wheelhouse of the boat. Printed on reverse: This paper manufactured by Kodak: Print made by Kodak: KODAK: OCT.78-M

Black & white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black & white photograph and negative of the Barge "B22" showing its starboard side. It rests on a slip.

Historical information

Paddlesteamers often towed barges behind them to double the size of their cargos. Barges were locally built from red gum, using the same basic design with modifications being made dependent on the types of loads they were to carry. The Murray River Sawmill Company was responsible for building " B22", which was towed by the P. S. Adelaide. The B22 got its name because it was the second barge built in 1922. (Port of Echuca. Teachers resource book. 2005 ed., p. 17) One of a series : P000234.2 to P000252.2 inclusive & 269.

Significance

The B22 is one of the barges on display at the Port of Echuca. Barges played an important role in moving cargo up and down the Murray, Darling and Murrumbidgee rivers, enabling paddlesteamers to double their loads. The barges carried wool, timber and general cargo. These barges were attached to the paddlesteamers at the centre of gravity of the paddlesteamer and towed behind them.

Inscriptions & Markings

In black pen on reverse of photograph: B22. In red ink: It's Kodak color. Apr.81. Kodak