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Port of Echuca Echuca, Victoria

The Historic Port of Echuca precinct is an authentic working steam port, home to Australia's largest fleet of steam-driven paddlesteamers. Although its major commodity has changed from wool to people, Port of Echuca still operates much the same as it did in the 1860's, with our shipwrights and steam engineers providing a vital role in the Port's operations today, just as they would have in the late 1800's

Contact Information

location
74 Murray Esplanade Echuca Victoria 3564 (map)
phone
+61 03 54812852

Contact

Opening Hours

9am - 5pm

Entry Fee

Adult $12.45, Senior/Student $10.85, Child $8.50, Family $37.70

Location

74 Murray Esplanade Echuca Victoria

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The Collection is under the custodianship of the Campaspe Shire and the themes have been developed to preserve, educate and inform the community and visitors about the history and development of the Port of Echuca during the time is was busiest between 1850-1920. The focus of the collection is the Heritage Listed Echuca Wharf built in 1864 and the three paddlesteamers P.S Pevensey, P.S Alexander Arbuthnot and P.S Adelaide dating from 1866. The collection also includes steam traction engines, stationary boilers, a replica sawmill, rai lcarriages, large farm machinery and other objects including winches, drawings, maps and river charts.

Significance

The Port of Echuca is a highly significant historical collection. The collection of buildings, wharf, boats, railway and steam display have a strong association with the development of Echuca, the booming river & rail trade. The paddlesteamers, barges, wharf and railway have strong historic links with the history of the wool and red gum timber industries and the connection of this inland region to the commercial markets of Melbourne, Sydney and beyond.

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Colour negative, coloured photograph and coloured enlargement.

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Colour negative and two different sized photographs showing three paddle steamers travelling upstream towards the Echcua Wharf. There is a small unidentifiable paddle steamer in the foreground. The P.S Adelaide is sailing between the other two paddle steamers. The P.S Pevensey is in the background. The P.S Murray Queen is in the foreground. All three boats are heading towards the wharf, immediately after the re-launch of the P.S Adelaide from the Hopwood Gardens, back into the Murray River on 03/04/1984.

Historical information

These photographs and negative show the P. S. Adelaide travelling from Paddlewheel Park up to the Echcua wharf, immediately after being re-launched into the Murray River on 03/04/1984. The P.S.Adelaide had been displayed in the Hopwood Gardens, as a static display since 1960. The P.S Adelaide is the second oldest wooden hulled paddle steamer, still operative, in the world. The P.S Pevensey is leading the way up to the wharf, and an unknown smaller paddle steamer follows behind.

Significance

This photograph is significant because it shows the P.S Adelaide back in the Murray River after 24 years as a static display in the Hopwood Gardens. The P.S Adelaide is the second oldest wooden hulled paddle steamer, still operative in the world. In July 2016 it celebrated its 150th birthday. These images relate to P000059.3, P000060.3, P000061.3, P000062.2, P000063.3, P000070.2, P000071.

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black and white photograph of a turntable at Echuca rail yards with a J Class loco in the distance leaving the coal hopper. Front view.

Historical information

J Class Locos were built between 1940 and 1960's. The coal hopper no longer exists but the "hill" is still there. (Roy McDuff, Port of Echuca)

Significance

The railways were an important part of the transportation of goods to Melbourne from the Port of Echuca. September 1864 saw the completion of the line from Bendigo to Echuca. In 1877 the iron bridge over the Murray River was completed and used by the trains of the Deniliquin and Moama Railway Company, " a private line that operated on the Victorian gauge between Echuca and Deniliquin" (Blyth, Ian Echuca Sketchbook Rigby 1978. p.24)

Inscriptions & Markings

On reverse in pencil: " J Class 1940-1960's" . In blue pen:" Photo by: George L. Coop Nov 1963"

Colour Photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Colour photograph of back port side of the P. S. Adelaide being restored on the western side of the Hopwood Garedens, Echuca, with orange fence around it and the side of a green wooden building at its right. The park sound shell is partially visible behind the boat to the right.

Historical information

The P. S. Adelaide was positioned in the Hopwood Gardens, Echuca as a static display whilst it was waiting to be fully repaired

Inscriptions & Markings

On reserve in pen : Adelaide in Hopwood Gardens. In red pink : Print made by Kodak M. It's Kodak for color. Aug.80. Kodak

Photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Taken at Echuca Wharf with workers unloading wool bales using the hydraulic cranes. Cargo shed door open to accept the bales. A push bike, leaning against the wall of the shed, is visible on fore ground right hand side of photo.

Historical information

Four men working each hydraulic crane on the wharf would unload the wool bales from the paddle steamers, they would be placed in the cargo shed before being loaded onto the rail carriages to be taken to markets in Melbourne or other ports in the world.A push bike is leaning against the cargo shed wall, this would have been how the workers got to work each day.The timbers on the wharf decking are starting to show signs of wear & tear from the amount of foot traffic that would be on it each day. The decking was made from the red gum of the area.

Significance

Hydraulic cranes used on the wharf were operated from the old pump house- now the tourist Information Centre. It would take 4 men to operate each crane to unload the wool bales from the paddle steamers tied to the wharf. The bales would be swung around to the cargo shed where they would be placed before being loaded onto rail carriages on the other side of the wharf. This photo shows both side doors of the cargo shed are open. The mode of transport for getting to & from work for the wharf workers would have been similar to the bicycle show in this photo.

Inscriptions & Markings

on back Neg P 911.5 P910.2

Photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Echuca Wharf at end of an era. View along curve of wharf showing 4 hydraulic cranes, locals standing beside one of these cranes, the railing along the edge of the wharf and the decking which is made from red gum. 2 cargo sheds are also situated on the wharf.

Historical information

4 hydraulic cranes on wharf deck were used to load & unload produce from paddle steamers.

Significance

These hydraulic cranes were operated from the old pump house which is currently the local visitor information centre. Produce was loaded & unloaded using these cranes.

Inscriptions & Markings

On front - Echuca wharf at end of an era on back - P904.1

Photograph (sepia)

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black and white photograph of construction work on Lock at Euston. Centre of photograph has an overhead crane. In the foreground are 2 sets of low phylons. Copy of an original photograph from the Price collection.

Historical information

Construction of the Lock at Euston. An overhead crane is visible in the centre of the photo. In the foreground are 2 sets of low pylons. There is construction equipment visible on both sides of the photo. It is a dry river bed which appears to have a walled wooded end at the back of the photo.

Significance

This is social and historically significant in that this photograph depicts the construction materials and techniques used at this time when constructing locks on the rivers in the Murray Darling region.

Inscriptions & Markings

In pencil on back: Price / Lock under construction / Euston / JENKINS PRINT/MILDURA

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

A black and white rectangular photograph of a building in a park with a Street lamp in front of the building. The building has large windows and the foliage of the trees behind can be seen through the building. In the front is a large path. Seating can be seen on both sides of the building and a white picket fence can be seen in the background.

Historical information

This is a picture of an unknown park. It is thought to be part of the Dowell Family Collection.

Inscriptions & Markings

Written on the back in blue felt tip pen are the words Rose 3072. In pencil there is written a question mark.

Black & white photograph of boats tied up at Morgan Wharf. - Boats tied up at Morgan Wharf.

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Copy of an original photograph of a wharf scene with moored river boats. possibly of Morgan c. 1900.

Historical information

Shows the extent of the River trade in the Murray Darling River basin in the early 20th Century.

Significance

Helps show the extent of river trade in the Riverland area of South Australia in the early 20th Century.

Inscriptions & Markings

Written on back in pencil."boats tied up at Morgan-?"

Photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Cargo Shed on Historic Echuca Wharf with 3 paddle streamers and one barge moored in front of wharf. River level is low with boats moored at lowest landing level of wharf. Cranes visible on wharf fore ground, these were used to unload the cargo of wool onto the wharf. Boat in centre is Jane Eliza, black stripe. Pride of the Murray or Melbourne at back.Boat at front is Pilot.Background at right of picture shows red gums, tin shed on land on river bank.

Historical information

Paddle steamers would bring produce into the historical Echuca wharf - mainly wool- from out lying properties. The paddle steamers would tie up to the wharf and unload their produce via the hydraulic cranes which you can see located at the front of the wharf. This produce would then be loaded onto the rail carriages at the rear of the wharf to be sent to markets in Melbourne or from there onto steam ships to other ports in the world.The Jane Eliza has a barge attached to her which would also have been used to bring greater quantities of produce into the Port area.

Significance

Paddle steamers and paddle steamers towing barges would bring produce into the wharf to be sent off to markets in the cities.

Inscriptions & Markings

Pride or Melbourne at back (says K.H) Jane Eliza- Black stripe Finished up in 1900 ( in centre) Pilot or ? P892

Photograph - Adelaide on Trial Day

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black & white photograph showing the Adelaide under full steam in the centre of the river on trial day 1985. On the deck are visitors, enjoying the ride. Moored at the wharf is the paddle steamer Pevensey - she has the name board of the Philadelphia, her name in the mini series All the Rivers Run. On the wharf itself the crane is visible just to the right of the red gum trees.

Historical information

The paddle steamer Adelaide is under full steam travelling upriver on the Murray River in 1985. The paddle steamer Pevensey(named Philadelphia in the mini series All the Rivers Run) is moored at the historic wharf at Echuca. This is the first run of the Adelaide after being fully restored and put back into action.

Significance

After spending many years in the Hopwood gardens as a static display, the paddle steamer Adelaide was returned to the river where she was fully restored and then recommissioned by Prince Charles and Lady Diana. The Adelaide is now the oldest wooden hulled paddle steamer operating on any river in the world.She was originally built in 1866 in Echuca. This is her first run ,after being fully restored, with passengers.

Inscriptions & Markings

Adelaide on Trial Day. 1985 H.Coulson Collection

Photograph (sepia)

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Sepia photograph of two men on a horse-drawn flat bed cart on a dirt road. In the background is facade of brick building. Men named at bottom of photo as E. Kent & G. R. Morgan.

Significance

This photograph shows the mode of working transport in the early 20th century and also the state of the roads. The cart is a flat tray cart used for transporting goods. The men are dressed in hat and suit jacket, although they look like they're dressed in working gear.

Inscriptions & Markings

In blue pen at bottom front of photo: E. Kent & G. R. Morgan. In blue ink on reverse: E. Kent & G. R. Morgan. Stamped on back :"Clark Bros Photographers 25 Thomas St. Windsor."

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

A copy of a black and white photograph of a small boat on the river with 2 men on board, transporting 2 large bales . One man is sitting on a bale the other is sitting towards the stern. Copy of an original photograph taken in 1956.

Historical information

Photograph taken during the 1956 floods. Shows river at very high and wide level. Depicts wool being transported in a small (motorised?) boat.Taken at Nangelloe-Calignan. One man is seated on the front wool bale and the other sitting in the stern possibly navigating across the river. The photograph is part of the Price collection

Significance

Historic and social significance depicting 1956 floods and the steps that farmers had to go to to protect and transport their wool during a flood in this area.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the back in black pencil:Price, 1956 floods, wool being carted by boat at Nangelloc-Calignan

Colour Photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Colour photograph of the P. S. Pevensey, in side view, moving through the water. There are people, 2 on the bow and 3 on the stern of the boat as it steams along the river. In the background is the river bank and the bush landscape.

Historical information

P. S. PEVENSEY: Dimensions: 111ft 5 ins X 23 ft X 6ft 8 ins. Tonnage:130 tons Built: 1910 at Moama, N. S. W. References : Book: Murray river Paddle Steamers by D. Wardle Permewan , Wright & Co. : pp. 72, 129, 157

Significance

The P. S. PEVENSEY holds historical and social significance for the Port of Echuca, being the cornerstone of their paddlesteamer fleet. The PEVENSEY was renamed for the TV series All the Rivers Run, to P. S. Philadelphia , playing a staring role in the program, which has resulted in the PEVENSEY becoming a tourist attraction and has increased tourism to the Port of Echuca. The PEVENSEY was originally designed for use on the Murrumbidgee river, named after Pevensey station on that river. It was then owned by Permewan Wright & co operating out of Echuca for many years. She returned to Echuca in 1975 to begin another life as part of the Port of Echuca tourism operation.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the front:PEVENSEY on the wheelhouse of the boat. Printed on reverse: This paper manufactured by Kodak: Print made by Kodak: KODAK: OCT.78-M

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black and white photograph of P. S. Pevensey in mid stream. Photo taken looking at side of the boat with bow at left of the picture. There are seven men on the deck, (four on the bow and one on each side of the Pevensey. There appears to be quite a few people in the wheelhouse.

Historical information

Historical Information P. S. PEVENSEY: Dimensions: 111ft 5 ins X 23 ft X 6ft 8 ins. Tonnage:130 tons Built: 1910 at Moama, N. S. W. References : Book: Murray river Paddle Steamers by D. Wardle Permewan , Wright & Co. : pp. 72, 129, 157

Significance

The P. S. PEVENSEY holds historical and social significance for the Port of Echuca, being the cornerstone of their paddlesteamer fleet. The PEVENSEY was renamed for the TV series All the Rivers Run, to P. S. Philadelphia , playing a staring role in the program, which has resulted in the PEVENSEY becoming a tourist attraction and has increased tourism to the Port of Echuca. The PEVENSEY was originally designed for use on the Murrumbidgee river, named after Pevensey station on that river. It was then owned by Permewan Wright & co operating out of Echuca for many years. She returned to Echuca in 1975 to begin another life as part of the Port of Echuca tourism operation.

Inscriptions & Markings

On reverse of photograph written in pencil:"Pev 1977" stamped in ink: "This paper manufactured by Kodak"

Black & white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black & white photograph and negative of the Barge "B22" showing its starboard side. It rests on a slip.

Historical information

Paddlesteamers often towed barges behind them to double the size of their cargos. Barges were locally built from red gum, using the same basic design with modifications being made dependent on the types of loads they were to carry. The Murray River Sawmill Company was responsible for building " B22", which was towed by the P. S. Adelaide. The B22 got its name because it was the second barge built in 1922. (Port of Echuca. Teachers resource book. 2005 ed., p. 17) One of a series : P000234.2 to P000252.2 inclusive & 269.

Significance

The B22 is one of the barges on display at the Port of Echuca. Barges played an important role in moving cargo up and down the Murray, Darling and Murrumbidgee rivers, enabling paddlesteamers to double their loads. The barges carried wool, timber and general cargo. These barges were attached to the paddlesteamers at the centre of gravity of the paddlesteamer and towed behind them.

Inscriptions & Markings

In black pen on reverse of photograph: B22. In red ink: It's Kodak color. Apr.81. Kodak

Black and white photograph.

Port of Echuca , Echuca

A black and white photograph of the Echuca Railway station building taken facing south west at the enterance to the station. In the photograph there is a high corrugated painted fence with a gate, around the northern two-storey part of the building. Beyond the fence it looks like there is a garden and possibly a residence. Copy of an original taken circa 1910

Historical information

This is a photograph of the railway station building taken in the early 1900. The building was built in the 1860s. The southern section has a two-storey wing which wasn't part of the original building and canopies over the front upper storey Windows. The railway line was built from Bendigo to Echuca in 1862. Refer pages 63-65, 113-114, 127-8,of Susan Priestley's book. "Echuca; A Centenary History."

Significance

The Building of the Echuca Railway station was very significant to life in Echuca. It made travel easier for residents, but also it helped develop Echuca as the largest inland port in the world. Traders brought wool and wheat down the Murray-Darling river basin to Echuca where it could then be sent by rail to Melbourne for shipping overseas, or to other ports around Australia. Rail became a very successful partnership in making Echuca Port's busiest year in 1872.

Inscriptions & Markings

On reverse in pencil:"Echuca Railway Station"

Black& white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black and white photograph and negative of the P.S. Pride of the Murray moored in front of the P. S. Canberra both with gangplanks extended to the Echuca bank.

Historical information

The P. S. Pride of the Murray and P. S. Canberra are both privately owned paddle boats operating from the Port of Echuca tourist precinct. The Canberra was converted to a tourist vessel about 1960. They are both diesel vessels. P. S. Canberra was built in 1912 in Goolwa, of wood, 22.6mx4.6mx1.2m. The paddle wheel is on the side. The Canberra has a capacity of 100 passengers. The P. S. Pride of the Murray was built in Echuca as a timber logging barge C24. Dimensions: 25.1mx4.9mx1.5m. It was converted to a tourist vessel in 1977 with a side paddle wheel location.

Significance

These two paddle boats have historical and social significance in that they are 2 of the privately owned paddle boats that make up the fleet of tourist boats at the Port of Echuca precinct. The Pride of the Murray "started life as a barge, moving giant red gum logs" to the mills at Echuca. "At the end of its usefulness it was abondoned and sunk into the river bank... In 1973, ...the barge (was) refloated and repaired at Moama slip. In 1977 it was converted for use as a tourist vessel" (Christopher, P. Paddlesteamers and riverboats of the River Murray. rev.ed.2012, p.68). P. S. Canberra was built in 1912, as a " fishing boat, then used as a cargo and pleasure craft". It was converted in 1960 to a tourist vessel and " diesel was fitted in 1964' with the original steam engine being used for display purposes, although a reconversion to steam has been planned." (Christopher. Paddlesteamers and riverboats of the Murray River. rev. ed. 2012, p. 62)

Inscriptions & Markings

On front: "Pride of the Murray" On reverse in black pen:Canberra + Pride Murray. On reverse in red ink: Kodak/ Kodak for color/ Apr.81

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

A black and white photograph of the iron bridge over the Murray River, Echuca. Taken looking west (on the Echuca side) with the wharf in the distant background. A paddle steamer can be seen at the base of the wharf.

Historical information

The iron bridge was completed in 1878 and was used by trains of the Deniliquin and Moama Railway company but it took another 12 months before local people could use it. On 4 March 1879 citizens of Echuca and Moama stormed the bridge, opened the gates and declared it open for their use.

Significance

At the turn of the century the railway line carried produce from southern New South Wales & the Riverina to Melbourne. Goods trains were a very important mode to transport. When the bridge was being constructed 6 workmen were killed and another maimed when a pile on the Moama bank collapsed. After the storming of the bridge by local people in March 1879 it was declared open for use of local residents traveling between the towns of Echuca and Moama. The bridge was shared by rail, road and pedestrians traffic.

Inscriptions & Markings

On reverse: stamped in purple ink "Port of Echcua". Stamped in grey ink" This photograph is with the compliments of the Ministry of Tourism Government of Victoria. Please acknowledge. Photo: Michael Cheshire. Ministry of Tourism Victoria. 276 Collins St, Melbourne. neg no.(In red pen) G032 Date (red pen) 1.71 Locality: (red pen) Echuca. Subject (red pen) Old Bridge.

Black and white photograph.

Port of Echuca , Echuca

A black and white photograph of Euston lock.

Historical information

This photograph shows the extent of the Euston lock in the early 20th Century. There is a paddle steamer in the background which appears to be going around the lock. This photograph might have been taken during construction of the lock?

Significance

This photograph possibly shows the Euston lock being constructed. There is a paddle steamer in the background passing around the lock.

Inscriptions & Markings

Written on the back in lead pencil "Price. Euston Lock."

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black and white photograph of a train departing Echuca heading south, rear end view.

Historical information

Upgoods steam train departing Echuca. (Roy McDuff, Port of Echuca)

Significance

The railways were an important part of the transportation of goods to Melbourne from the Port of Echuca. September 1864 saw the completion of the line from Bendigo to Echuca.

Inscriptions & Markings

On reverse in pencil: " Upgoods dep. Echuca". In blue pen:" Photo by: George L. Coop Aug 1963"

Colour Print

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Colour print of a painting depicting a river scene of the Port of Echuca with the P. S. Elizabeth in the foreground pulling a barge laden with wool. The Echuca Wharf is in the background with a number of paddle steamers and barges alongside the wharf. The cargo shed is on the right hand side of the wharf, two cranes along the wharf, a steam train on the far left and the tops of many buildings can be seen in the background. There is a small row boat in the middle of the painting and another at the front left hand corner.

Historical information

Reproduced from a painting belonging to the National Library of Australia. The National Bank produced calendars depicting art work of historical Australian scenes. This scene shows the busy Echuca port in the 1880s when it was at its peak. It handled goods, such as wool and timber, transported by paddle steamers which were then transported by train to Melbourne for domestic or overseas markets. The Riverine Herald reported, on 8/7/1874,that the P. S. Elizabeth made "to date the fastest ever trip to Hay with a barge in tow."

Significance

This depiction of life on the Murray River at Echuca in 1880 shows the area as a bustling river community. The wharf was a hive of industry transporting goods to and from Echuca via paddle steamers and steam train. The paddle steamers towed barges laden with cargo, especially wool. The passengers in the row boat show that there were workers and gentile folk in the area at this time. It looks orderly and industrious.

Inscriptions & Markings

On front left hand corner of picture:"Artist unknown, c. 1880". On the bottom right hand corner:" The Paddle steamer 'Elizabeth' at Echuca (Vic.) Reproduced by the National Bank in 1976 from the watercolour in the National Library of Australia, by permission of the Trustees."

Coloured Photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

This is a coloured square photograph focussing on a yellow front end loader which is grading soil, 10 metres from the river. In the river, in the background are the P.S Canberra and the P.S Pride of the Murray. The track is being cleared to enable the re-launching of the P.S Adelaide.

Historical information

The P.S Adelaide was launched on 21st July 1866. It was owned by J.G.Grassie from Poon Boon Station and the Officer Family of Murray Downs Station Swan Hill. The Adelaide was named after the niece of the Officer Bros, Adelaide Blackwood. The shipwright who built her was George Linklater. The Adelaide brought wool and passengers from the wool stations on the Murray and Darling Rivers down to the Echuca Wharf. In 1872 she was sold to David Blair & Sons. She was used to bring timber from the Barmah Forest to the Echuca Wharf. She did this work for the next 80 years. In 1953 she was tied up near the Mill and left. In 1958 she went to Paringa South Australia to work in the sawmill industry again. In 1960 the Echuca Apex Club and The Echuca Historical Society raised enough funds to buy the P.S. Adelaide and return her to Echuca. In November 1963 she was lifted out of the water and placed in Hopwood Gardens as this was thought to be a way of preserving her. In 1984 it was decided to return her to the water to resume work as a passenger vessel. In that time the Port of Echuca and the Echuca Wharf had been restored as a Tourist Precinct. This photograph shows the beginning of the task to return her to the river. It took several weeks in March and April 1984.

Significance

The P.S Adelaide is extremely significant as it it the oldest known wooden hulled paddle steamers in the world. She was built in Echuca in 1866 and still operates on the Murray River today. She has worked in the Wool Industry, the Timber Industry and the Tourist Industry.

Photograph - P.S Ruby at Morgan Wharf.

Port of Echuca , Echuca

A black and white photograph of the P.S Ruby with a laden barge next to it, tied up at the Morgan Wharf.

Historical information

The P.S Ruby is possibly the vessel mentioned in "1898 Register of Marine Underwriter's Association of Victoria." ; 'Ruby : composite construction P.S (14 h.p) ; 117/96 tonnage L 82.0 ft. X B 18.7 ft. X D 4.9 ft. ; registered - Adelaide 1884, No - 74,898. Built in Moama, N.S.W in 1876, owned by River Murray N. Co. (Reference "The Register of Australian & New Zealand Shipping 1898" page 113. This photograph was possibly taken in 1900. The photograph shows height and position of the wharf at Morgan, with another paddle steamer behind.

Significance

The photo shows the height and position of the wharf at Morgan. The photo shows the positioning of cargo on the barges. This photo shows the use of rickshaw devices, used to load the cargo onto the barge. It is also a good view of the P.S Ruby.

Inscriptions & Markings

'Ruby at Morgan' is written in lead pencil on the back of the photograph.

Photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Echuca Wharf with the paddle steamer Rodney? moored beside it with 2 barges on the river side. The paddle steamer is loaded with wool bales ready to be unloaded onto the wharf using the hydraulic crane at the front of the cargo shed. Both barges beside her have produce on board, wool on the first, the second barge is covered with a tarp, a tender is visible beside the smaller of the two barges.Captain and crew are also visible on both the paddle steamer and barges. Towns folk on wharf looking at the paddle steamer as she readies for unloading. In back ground on left of picture is the over head walk way bridge which crosses the railway lines at rear of wharf. River red gums line the banks of the Murray in the back ground rear right.

Historical information

This shows how a paddle steamer would have towed barges into the wharf, often more than one at a time, bringing the wool in from out-lying properties. They would have tied up to the wharf, unloaded the wool bales using the hydraulic crane onto the wharf then the bales would be put onto rail carriages to go to markets in Melbourne. Towns folk would come to the wharf to watch proceedings. This photograph shows the footbridge over the rail lines in the back ground.

Significance

Hydraulic cranes were used to unload the wool from the boats and barges in all levels of the river.This photo shows the river at the second landing height on the wharf.

Inscriptions & Markings

Wharf c.1890 Copy Hist Soc original Boat (Rodney?) beside wharf 2 barges on river side P893

Coloured Photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

This is a coloured square photograph of an orange front end loader clearing a track from Hopwood Gardens down to the river. The track was used to bring the P.S Adelaide from the gardens back into the river. The P.S Adelaide is in the background. The paddle steamer appears to be up on a trailer of some sort and is surrounded but plastic orange temporary fencing. There are small mounds of soil in the foreground.

Historical information

The P.S Adelaide was launched on 21st July 1866. It was owned by J.G.Grassie from Poon Boon Station and the Officer Family of Murray Downs Station Swan Hill. The Adelaide was named after the niece of the Officer Bros, Adelaide Blackwood. The shipwright who built her was George Linklater. The Adelaide brought wool and passengers from the wool stations on the Murray and Darling Rivers down to the Echuca Wharf. In 1872 she was sold to David Blair & Sons. She was used to bring timber from the Barmah Forest to the Echuca Wharf. She did this work for the next 80 years. In 1953 she was tied up near the Mill and left. In 1958 she went to Paringa South Australia to work in the sawmill industry again. In 1960 the Echuca Apex Club and The Echuca Historical Society raised enough funds to buy the P.S. Adelaide and return her to Echuca. In November 1963 she was lifted out of the water and placed in Hopwood Gardens as this was thought to be a way of preserving her. In 1984 it was decided to return her to the water to resume work as a passenger vessel. In that time the Port of Echuca and the Echuca Wharf had been restored as a Tourist Precinct. This photograph shows the beginning of the task to return her to the river. It took several weeks in March 1984.

Significance

The P.S Adelaide is extremely significant as it it the oldest known wooden hulled paddle steamers in the world. She was built in Echuca in 1866 and still operates on the Murray River today. She has worked in the Wool Industry, the Timber Industry and the Tourist Industry.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the orange front end loader are the numbers "5900" and the word "case."

Photograph - Echuca Wharf

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Taken from the north bank of the Murray River looking back to the historic wharf. In the fore ground can be seen a barge, the Rothbury paddle steamer, and numerous other paddle steamers and barges. On the wharf side, the cranes are visible on the wharf as are the csargo sheds. The township of Echuca can be seen at the northern end of the wharf structure. Lots of red gums at the southern end of the wharf but only two the township end.In the foreground on the bank can be seen a gentleman, sitting on a log, just watching the comings and goings.

Historical information

Paddle steamers and barges tied up on the north bank of the Murray River. Neither the boats nor the barges have cargo on them in this picture,nothing is tied at the wharf, and the river is at a low level.

Significance

The barge, clearly seen at the fore front of this picture, was used to help bring wool and other produce into the wharf. It would have been tied to the paddle steamers via the tow post at the top of the vessel. Some of the barges had steering wheels, like this one, to assist the barge master in manoeuvring it around the bends in the river.

Inscriptions & Markings

Echuca Wharf. "Cover of HCS"Book 6 1995 "E-M, on the Murray" c1905 in colour 10/4

Photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Fully loaded wool barge tied up alongside other barges beside the wharf. On the barge in the front are the barge-master standing on top of the wool bales near his steering wheel, as well as 3 other crew members. In the back ground can be seen the Echuca wharf with the two cargo sheds, a covered barge moored at the wharf beside another barge. Directly behind the wool laden barge can be seen s paddle steamer also tied to the wharf. The current dry dock area is to the left of picture shaded by the gums.

Historical information

Fully laden wool barge moored alongside Echuca wharf awaiting it's turn to unload her cargo of wool onto the Echuca wharf. The barge master & crew untying ropes in preparation of unloading.

Significance

Paddle steamers would tow barges fully laden with wool bales into the Port to be unloaded onto the wharf, then loaded onto rail trucks to go to Melbourne or to other ports in the world.This barge is still connected by the tow post to paddle steamer which has towed her into port.

Inscriptions & Markings

scanned as P898.4 Tony Neg P898.4 neg A3 P899.4

Photograph - Punt Rescue

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Coloured photograph of a punt heading for a rescue operation in August 1981.The river is in flood so a punt is the best option for rescue operations. The iron bridge between Moama and Echuca is visible in the centre of the picture in the back ground.

Historical information

Floods in 1981 on the Murray River were the reason why a punt was used in rescue operations. High Rivers caused flooding on the lower countryside making travel difficult, unless river transport was available, such as a punt.

Significance

With floods being unpredictable on the Murray river, punts such as this one were sometimes used in rescue operations because they could navigate the river without too much trouble.

Inscriptions & Markings

Punt heading for rescue operation,Aug 1981. Gunbower Sawmills. Used during '81 flood H Coulson Collection

photograph - Paddlesteamers

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black & white photograph of paddle steamers,Kingfisher,tied up along the banks of the Miurray River at Echuca. Swagman sitting under the shade of a river red gum with his possession by his side.Four paddle steamers tied along the bank, possibly because of the low river level. Red gums dotted along both sides of the banks of the Murray.

Historical information

During times of low river some of the paddle steamers were unable to negotiate the river due to the draught required to do so. These paddle steamers were possible tied up here because there was insufficient water for them to safely navigate the river.

Significance

Paddle steamers travelled the length of the Murray river, The Darling, Murrumbidgee transporting good to and from outlying properties. During times of low water levels in these rivers, the paddle steamers would some times have to tie up on the river bank and wait for the water to rise for them to continue on their journey. Although this looks like the river is still navigatable, the paddle steamers are all tied up at a certain point along the river, all the while being watched by a swagman who is taking a rest from his travells in the shade of a river red gum.

Inscriptions & Markings

Echuca Kingfisher (B Roche) original of Kingfisher at right of R & W