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Port of Echuca Echuca, Victoria

The Historic Port of Echuca precinct is an authentic working steam port, home to Australia's largest fleet of steam-driven paddlesteamers. Although its major commodity has changed from wool to people, Port of Echuca still operates much the same as it did in the 1860's, with our shipwrights and steam engineers providing a vital role in the Port's operations today, just as they would have in the late 1800's

Contact Information

location
52 Murray Esplanade Echuca Victoria 3564 (map)
phone
+61 03 54812852

Contact

Opening Hours

9am - 5pm

Entry Fee

Adult $12.45, Senior/Student $10.85, Child $8.50, Family $37.70

Location

52 Murray Esplanade Echuca Victoria

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The Collection is under the custodianship of the Campaspe Shire and the themes have been developed to preserve, educate and inform the community and visitors about the history and development of the Port of Echuca during the time is was busiest between 1850-1920. The focus of the collection is the Heritage Listed Echuca Wharf built in 1864 and the three paddlesteamers P.S Pevensey, P.S Alexander Arbuthnot and P.S Adelaide dating from 1866. The collection also includes steam traction engines, stationary boilers, a replica sawmill, rai lcarriages, large farm machinery and other objects including winches, drawings, maps and river charts.

Significance

The Port of Echuca is a highly significant historical collection. The collection of buildings, wharf, boats, railway and steam display have a strong association with the development of Echuca, the booming river & rail trade. The paddlesteamers, barges, wharf and railway have strong historic links with the history of the wool and red gum timber industries and the connection of this inland region to the commercial markets of Melbourne, Sydney and beyond.

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photograph - Air & Westergaard Slip Echuca

Port of Echuca , Echuca

black & white photograph taken up river of Echuca wharf with paddlesteamers on left hand side, barges tied up at dry dock in centre of photograph, wharf, water tower in back gorund right hand side, paddlesteamer & barge in fore ground right hand side. River gums on bank behind paddlesteamers left side.

Historical information

Echuca was the largest inland port during the height of the river trade.Paddle-steamers were used to tow barges to bring produce into the Port,before road & rail transport were used.

Significance

Over 300 Paddle-steamers and barges operated from the Echuca wharf during the height of the river trade, as can be seen here by the number of vessels in the photograph.

Inscriptions & Markings

From Godston Collection Whole photograph Early Air & Westergaards slip opp wharf Neg 23/24 P888.2

Coloured photograph and negative.

Port of Echuca , Echuca

A coloured photograph and negative of the P.S. Pevensey working up steam under the Port of Echuca wharf. In the background are the Echuca Hotel and Shackell's Bond Store.

Historical information

This photograph was taken in February 1984 on the occasion of Cossen's visit to Echuca. The P.S Pevensey is working up steam under the Echuca Wharf. In the background are the Echuca Hotel and Shackell's Bond Store.

Significance

This photograph is significant because it shows the P.S. Pevensey under the wharf at Echuca. It is building up steam, ready to leave the wharf. It also records the Cossen's visit to Echuca in February 1984.

Photograph (sepia)

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Photograph - P.S Ruby at Morgan Wharf.

Port of Echuca , Echuca

A black and white photograph of the P.S Ruby with a laden barge next to it, tied up at the Morgan Wharf.

Historical information

The P.S Ruby is possibly the vessel mentioned in "1898 Register of Marine Underwriter's Association of Victoria." ; 'Ruby : composite construction P.S (14 h.p) ; 117/96 tonnage L 82.0 ft. X B 18.7 ft. X D 4.9 ft. ; registered - Adelaide 1884, No - 74,898. Built in Moama, N.S.W in 1876, owned by River Murray N. Co. (Reference "The Register of Australian & New Zealand Shipping 1898" page 113. This photograph was possibly taken in 1900. The photograph shows height and position of the wharf at Morgan, with another paddle steamer behind.

Significance

The photo shows the height and position of the wharf at Morgan. The photo shows the positioning of cargo on the barges. This photo shows the use of rickshaw devices, used to load the cargo onto the barge. It is also a good view of the P.S Ruby.

Inscriptions & Markings

'Ruby at Morgan' is written in lead pencil on the back of the photograph.

Coloured Photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Colour photograph featuring a worker sitting on a yellow rail-track trolley alongside a number of prefabricated sheds in the Wharf area.

Historical information

The P.S Adelaide was launched on 21st July 1866. It was owned by J.G.Grassie from Poon Boon Station and the Officer Family of Murray Downs Station Swan Hill. The Adelaide was named after the niece of the Officer Bros, Adelaide Blackwood. The shipwright who built her was George Linklater. The Adelaide brought wool and passengers from the wool stations on the Murray and Darling Rivers down to the Echuca Wharf. In 1872 she was sold to David Blair & Sons. She was used to bring timber from the Barmah Forest to the Echuca Wharf. She did this work for the next 80 years. In 1953 she was tied up near the Mill and left. In 1958 she went to Paringa South Australia to work in the sawmill industry again. In 1960 the Echuca Apex Club and The Echuca Historical Society raised enough funds to buy the P.S. Adelaide and return her to Echuca. In November 1963 she was lifted out of the water and placed in Hopwood Gardens as this was thought to be a way of preserving her. In 1984 it was decided to return her to the water to resume work as a passenger vessel. In that time the Port of Echuca and the Echuca Wharf had been restored as a Tourist Precinct. This photograph shows the beginning of the task to return her to the river. It took several weeks in March and April 1984.

Significance

The P.S Adelaide is extremely significant as it it the oldest known wooden hulled paddle steamers in the world. She was built in Echuca in 1866 and still operates on the Murray River today. She has worked in the Wool Industry, the Timber Industry and the Tourist Industry.

Inscriptions & Markings

On reverse in black pen:"Wharf repairs, April 1984". Fujicolor paper.

A coloured rectangular photograph.

Port of Echuca , Echuca

A coloured photograph of a K Class locomotive and train stationary at the Echuca Station. People can be seen standing around the locomotive. The Echuca Loco shed can be seen in the background.

Historical information

This photograph shows the end of the Echuca Station in 1979. The K153 locomotive is in excellent condition. The Echuca Loco Shed can be seen in the background. The Loco Shed housed locomotives for Vic Rail as well as the Deniliquin and Moama Railway Company, a private company which ran trains between Moama and Deniliquin for many years.

Significance

This photograph shows that state of the J class locomotive at that time. It appears to be in very good condition. The passenger carriages behind appear to be more of the usual carriages used in the 1970's. The condition of the Echuca station can also be seen.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the back of the photograph Kodak paper. June 79. On the locomotive in the photograph is written K153.

Coloured Photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

This is a coloured square photograph of an orange front end loader clearing a track from Hopwood Gardens down to the river. The track was used to bring the P.S Adelaide from the gardens back into the river. The P.S Adelaide is in the background. The paddle steamer appears to be up on a trailer of some sort and is surrounded by plastic orange temporary fencing. The track appears to be nearly finished.

Historical information

The P.S Adelaide was launched on 21st July 1866. It was owned by J.G.Grassie from Poon Boon Station and the Officer Family of Murray Downs Station Swan Hill. The Adelaide was named after the niece of the Officer Bros, Adelaide Blackwood. The shipwright who built her was George Linklater. The Adelaide brought wool and passengers from the wool stations on the Murray and Darling Rivers down to the Echuca Wharf. In 1872 she was sold to David Blair & Sons. She was used to bring timber from the Barmah Forest to the Echuca Wharf. She did this work for the next 80 years. In 1953 she was tied up near the Mill and left. In 1958 she went to Paringa South Australia to work in the sawmill industry again. In 1960 the Echuca Apex Club and The Echuca Historical Society raised enough funds to buy the P.S. Adelaide and return her to Echuca. In November 1963 she was lifted out of the water and placed in Hopwood Gardens as this was thought to be a way of preserving her. In 1984 it was decided to return her to the water to resume work as a passenger vessel. In that time the Port of Echuca and the Echuca Wharf had been restored as a Tourist Precinct. This photograph shows the beginning of the task to return her to the river. It took several weeks in March and April in 1984.

Significance

The P.S Adelaide is extremely significant as it it the oldest known wooden hulled paddle steamer in the world. She was built in Echuca in 1866 and still operates on the Murray River today. She has worked in the Wool Industry, the Timber Industry and now the Tourism Industry.

Coloured Photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

This is a coloured square photograph of an orange front end loader clearing a track from Hopwood Gardens down to the river. The front end loader is driving Down the track towards the photographer. The track was used to bring the P.S Adelaide from the gardens back into the river. The P.S Adelaide is in the background. The paddle steamer appears to be up on a trailer of some sort and is surrounded by plastic orange temporary fencing. The track appears to be nearly finished.

Historical information

The P.S Adelaide was launched on 21st July 1866. It was owned by J.G.Grassie from Poon Boon Station and the Officer Family of Murray Downs Station, Swan Hill. The Adelaide was named after the niece of the Officer Bros, Adelaide Blackwood. The shipwright who built her was George Linklater. The Adelaide brought wool and passengers from the wool stations on the Murray and Darling Rivers down to the Echuca Wharf. In 1872 she was sold to David Blair & Sons. She was used to bring timber from the Barmah Forest to the Echuca Wharf. She did this work for the next 80 years. In 1953 she was tied up near the Mill and left. In 1958 she went to Paringa South Australia to work in the sawmill industry again. In 1960 the Echuca Apex Club and The Echuca Historical Society raised enough funds to buy the P.S. Adelaide and return her to Echuca. In November 1963 she was lifted out of the water and placed in Hopwood Gardens as this was thought to be a way of preserving her. In 1984 it was decided to return her to the water to resume work as a passenger vessel. In that time the Port of Echuca and the Echuca Wharf had been restored as a Tourist Precinct. This photograph shows the beginning of the task to return her to the river. It took several weeks in March and April in 1984.

Significance

The P.S Adelaide is extremely significant as it it the oldest known wooden hulled paddle steamer in the world. She was built in Echuca in 1866 and still operates on the Murray River today. She has worked in the Wool Industry, the Timber Industry and now the Tourism Industry.

3 black and white photographs.

Port of Echuca , Echuca

3 black and white photographs of tourists under the wharf with Helen Coulson, dressed in period costume, as a tour guide. The structure of the wharf can be clearly seen. Also a sign with towns showing their distance from Echuca, in miles, can clearly be seen. The three photographs are identical.

Historical information

This photograph shows the wharf in the 1980's. It is the early days of tourism, and shows Helen Coulson, dressed in period costume guiding the tourists. The sign shows distances from Echuca to significant sites on the Murray River in miles, as that was the way distance was calculated in the 1870's. The sign is no longer there.

Significance

This photograph shows Helen Coulson as a tour guide. Helen was the first Manager of the Port of Echuca from the mid 1970's. The tourism industry was still in it's infancy and Helen was a strong supporter of the Port. The photograph also shows the structure of the wharf as the photograph is taken on the lower level.

Inscriptions & Markings

There are no inscriptions or markings.

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

A black and white glossy photograph of a horse and buggy outside the Bridge Hotel. The photograph is taken through the log buggy which was parked across the road from the Bridge Hotel. The buggy is a Cobb & Co. Royal Mail buggy. The Bridge Hotel is in a state of disrepair. P000073.1 and P000073.2 are identical. P000073.3 is the same shot, but the hotel and the horse and buggy are further away than in the other two shots.

Historical information

This photograph was taken in 1980 and shows the Cobb &Co Royal Mail buggy outside the Bridge Hotel. The camera is positioned under the log buggy, which was parked across the road from the Bridge Hotel. The giant log and it's buggy frame the photograph. They were commissioned by the Ministry of Tourism, Government of Victoria and were taken by the photographer Michael Cheshire.

Significance

This photograph is important because it comes from an era when tourism was a relatively new industry. The Bridge Hotel appears to be occupied, but it was before any renovations occurred.

Inscriptions & Markings

This photograph has a Port of Echuca stamp in purple on the back of the photograph. It also has stamped on the back in black....." This photograph is with the compliments of the....Ministry of Tourism Government of Victoria. Please acknowledge photo: Michael Cheshire." Written in black pen are the words 'Echuca Cobb & Co. Coach.' In the photograph, on the coach are written the words; Cobb & Co. Royal Mail. ER.

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

A black and white rectangular photograph of a building in a park with a Street lamp in front of the building. The building has large windows and the foliage of the trees behind can be seen through the building. In the front is a large path. Seating can be seen on both sides of the building and a white picket fence can be seen in the background.

Historical information

This is a picture of an unknown park. It is thought to be part of the Dowell Family Collection.

Inscriptions & Markings

Written on the back in blue felt tip pen are the words Rose 3072. In pencil there is written a question mark.

Two black and white photographs.

Port of Echuca , Echuca

These are two black and white photographs of the Bridge Hotel taken by the Ministry of Tourism, photographer, Michael Cheshire. To the left of the photograph is the log buggy with two people standing nearby. In the middle of the photograph is a Cobb & Co. Royal Mail Coach with 2 draught horses tied up to it. The horses are standing outside the Bridge Hotel which is in a state of disrepair.

Historical information

These are two photographs taken of the log buggy and the Cobb &Co stage coach outside the Bridge Hotel in 1980. The Bridge Hotel is in a state of disrepair. The log buggy has a huge log from Moira Forest resting on top of it. Also an Apex sign can be seen on top of the log.

Significance

This photograph is significant because it was taken by Ministry of Tourism photographer Michael Cheshire in the early days of the Tourism Industry. It shows the Echuca Apex Clubs project of the log buggy outside the Bridge Hotel which is in a state of disrepair. The Cobb &Co. Stage Coach appears to be empty. There are two Tourists standing next to the log buggy and they appear to be photographing the Stage Coach.

Inscriptions & Markings

Both photographs have the purple stamp of the Port of Echuca. Both photographs also have stamped on them in black ink the following inscription. "This photograph is with the compliments of the Ministry of Tourism Government of Victoria. Please acknowledge Photo; Michael Cheshire. Both photographs also have the stamp; Ministry of Tourism, Victoria. 275 Collins Street, Melbourne. Neg. No. Nc140 Date..........Locality.............Subject.....Hopwood House and log buggy. In the photograph itself there is an Apex sign attached to the log on the log buggy. There is also a sign attached to the log which says " Log Buggy..Moira Forest N.S.W ..... Weight 13 tons are the only words which are able

Photograph - The Pevensey towing barges Loxton and Moorabin

Port of Echuca , Echuca

P.S.Pevensey towing two barges, Loxton and Moorabin, one loaded with supplies and towing a tender,one loaded with wool with barge master and one crew member sitting on top of the load. photograph taken by Mr Balcombe Quick fro the deck of the Marion in 1940.

Historical information

P.S.Pevensey, built in 1911, towing two barges along the river system, bringing wool back into Port on the barge Moorabin. The barge master would sit atop the load, steer the barge, with the help of a crew member. The Loxton has her load covered with tarps and is towing a tender.

Significance

Barges were used to help bring larger loads into the port from the out lying properties. Wool could be loaded high to enable more to to be bought in in one load.Barges were attached to the paddle steamer by the tow post, to enable the paddle steamer to navigate the bends in the river easily. The barges had a steering wheel but no engine.

Inscriptions & Markings

on back The Pevensey towing barges Loxton and Moorabin. Photographed by Mr Balcombe Quick from the Marion in 1940 100004 2 the same

A black and white photograph of three men working on a lock.

Port of Echuca , Echuca

A black and white photograph of three men working on a lock somewhere on the Murray River in South Australia. The device they are using is called a lock capstan.

Historical information

This photograph shows three men opening a lock, manually using a lock capstan. The men are fit and strong. The river behind them appears to be very high. Not sure what the era is, but is obviously before looks were mechanised. The devise they are using is called a lock capstan.

Significance

This photograph shows how locks were manually opened to allow river transport to proceed.

Inscriptions & Markings

Written on the back in lead pencil Price. Opening up lock -probably Lock 7, Renmark. Maybe Euston.

Photograph - P.S. Rodney with barges Horace & Nelson

Port of Echuca , Echuca

P.S.Rodney alongside barges Horace & Nelson, tied to historic Echuca Wharf, with Pride of the Murray paddlesteamer & barge in back ground all vessels loaded with wool bales and crew resting on these. Riverbank lined with red gums.

Historical information

P.S Rodney with barges Horace & Nelson laden with wool bales bought into the Port to be unloaded onto rail trucks to go to markets in Melbourne. c.1890 Paddlesteamers travelled the river systems to bring wool from out- lying properties into the Port of Echuca to be transported by rail to Melbourne. This was prior to road & rail transport in the 1800's

Significance

One of thousands of photos taken depicting the transportation of wool from out- lying properties to the rail head at Port of Echuca using paddlesteamers.

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten in pen on lower left back corner "Rodney with barges Horace & Nelson c. 1890"

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

black and white photograph of Bridgine Convent, Echuca (St.Joseph's College),taken from the south corner of the building. There are 4 nuns standing in front of the building. The spire of the chapel can be seen at the right of the picture.

Historical information

Copy of a photograph from the Dowell Collection. Formerly the home of Henry Hopwood. Apsley House, No. 1 Echuca. This was purchased for the Bridgine nuns to establish a catholic co-education school in Echuca. Extensions were made to the original structure (to the south of this building) with outbuildings and brick stables converted to school rooms during the late 1886 and opened as St Joseph's in 1887. The front section of the school was built in 1888. At the time of this photograph the upper floor shows the open verandah.

Significance

The school building holds historical, social and spiritual significance to Echuca being the former home of Echuca's founder, Henry Hopwood. The diocese purchased the original building for 1,000 pounds. The school opened as a co-educational school on 22/3/1886 with 16 boys and 7 girls. It's first enrolment was a non-Catholic boy. By the end of 1886 there were 30 pupils. The boarding school opened on 4/5/1886 with 6 students. The chapel (to the north of this building) was built in 1889. For 60 years the school provided both primary and secondary schooling but in 1960's it changed to secondary schooling. The boarding house closed around 1986 and the school continued as a co-educational catholic college.

Inscriptions & Markings

In pencil on reversed of picture:"Brigidine Convent, High St."

Black & white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black & white photograph and negative of the Barge "B22" resting on the slip, viewing its starboard side. A small truck is at the left.

Historical information

Paddlesteamers often towed barges behind them to double the size of their cargos. Barges were locally built from red gum, using the same basic design with modifications being made dependent on the types of loads they were to carry. The Murray River Sawmill Company was responsible for building " B22", which was towed by the P. S. Adelaide. The B22 got its name because it was the second barge built in 1922. (Port of Echuca. Teachers resource book. 2005 ed., p. 17) One of a series: P000234.2 to P000252.2 inclusive & P000269.

Significance

The B22 is one of the barges on display at the Port of Echuca. Barges played an important role in moving cargo up and down the Murray, Darling and Murrumbidgee rivers, enabling paddlesteamers to double their loads. The barges carried wool, timber and general cargo. These barges were attached to the paddlesteamers at the centre of gravity of the paddlesteamer and towed behind them.

Inscriptions & Markings

In black pen on reverse of photograph: B22 on slip. In red ink: It's Kodak color. Apr.81. Kodak

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

A small black and white photograph of an old photograph of the P.S Canally in the middle of the river. The paddle steamer is travelling towards the camera.

Historical information

The P.S Canally was built in 1907 by R.W. Beer. Known as the "Greyhound of the River" after her original engine was substituted with a Railway locomotive, minus the wheels.The speed of the Canally set up tremendous wash, which sank any small craft. In 1929 it was sold to N. Collins who converted it to a barge. The Chislett Brothers were the owners when the P.S Canally sank at Boundary Bend in 1962. (Ref . Parsons R. "Ships of the Inland Rivers." P.58.)

Significance

The P.S.Canally is significant because it was fitted with a locomotive, minus the wheels. This is significant because it shows the need for the paddle steamers to travel fast. This could show the competitiveness of the paddle steamer trade on the river in the early 20th Century.

Photograph - Alexander Arbuthnot on slip

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Colour photograph of the P.S.Alexander Arbuthnot on the slip at Moama April 1995. She is safely secured for repairs and maintenance works to be carried out. In the foreground is the ute of the port of Echuca, workers can be seen on the boat as well as on the far right hand side.The height of the paddle steamer out of water can be seen by the step ladder at the rear of the paddle-wheel.

Historical information

P.S.Alexander Arbuthnot was the last paddle steamer built for the river trade in 1923 at Koondrook. She was used by the saw mills to bring timber into the mills from the forests in the area. When she was no longer needed for this role she took on a new role as a commercial paddle steamer, transporting our tourists for an enjoyable one hour cruise on the Murray River.

Significance

The river trade of the late 1800's early 1900's saw Echuca as the largest inland port in Australia. Boats such as the Alexander Arbuthnot have survived the river trade era and are now used as commercial vessels to give our tourists the experience of stepping back in time on board an authentic wood fired paddle steamer.

Inscriptions & Markings

Helen Coulson Alexr. Arbuthnot on slip, 1995 H Coulson Collection Robert Symons Chemist Echuca 82 5555 5-4-95

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black and white photograph of a building (identified as CLYDE HOUSE) in High St., Echuca. Taken in the winter (trees are deciduous). Picture taken looking west towards north western corner of the building., showing the front door and the upper storey. Copy of original from Latrobe Library collection.

Historical information

This photograph was taken about 1960 when Clyde House High St, Echuca, was a vacant building. It was originally a boarding house. The Harp & Shamrock hotel was on this site. It was delicensed and in the 1940s & 1950s was known as Clyde House. It was demolished and now is the site of the High St Motel, 439 High St Echuca.

Significance

This photograph shows Clyde House as a substantial building that was used as a boarding house in the early 20th century. Echuca had many boarding houses and hotels to supply accomodation for the numerous travellers to Echuca. By 1960 it was no longer used, becoming vacant and later being demolished for a new motel which was built between1960-1970.

Inscriptions & Markings

On front of the building painted sign on outside of the building:"CLYDE HOUSE". On reverse in pencil " Clyde House c.1960" in blue ink: "Site High St Motel.

Colour Photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Colour photograph (post-card size) of Bridgine Convent, Echuca (St.Joseph's College), showing arched facade over the verandah and the upper louvred windows of the boarding house.

Historical information

Formerly the home of Henry Hopwood. Apsley House, No. 1 Echuca. This was purchased for the Bridgine nuns to establish a catholic co-education school in Echuca. Extensions were made to the original structure (to the south of this building) with outbuildings and brick stables converted to school rooms during the late 1886 and opened as St Joseph's in 1887. The front section of the school was built in 1888. At the time of this photograph the upper floor of the building was the boarding house.

Significance

The school building holds historical, social and spiritual significance to Echuca being the former home of Echuca's founder, Henry Hopwood. The diocese purchased the original building for 1,000 pounds. The school opened as a co-educational school on 22/3/1886 with 16 boys and 7 girls. It's first enrolment was a non-Catholic boy. By the end of 1886 there were 30 pupils. The boarding school opened on 4/5/1886 with 6 students. The chapel (to the north of this building) was built in 1889. For 60 years the school provided both primary and secondary schooling but in 1960's it changed to secondary schooling. The boarding house closed around 1986 and the school continued as a co-educational catholic college.

Inscriptions & Markings

On front above the entrance "Brigidine Convent A.D. 1886.. Printed on the reverse:" this paper manufactured by Kodak"

Black & white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

A black & white photograph of the P. S. Edwards towing the barge "Ada". A large tree is in the foreground and frames the boats. The boats are on a bend in the river. The barge appears to be laden with timber.

Historical information

The P. S. Edwards was built in May 1875 by J. M. Webb, Echuca. Official number 73287, made of wood, with paddle wheels at the side. 78 gross tons, 27 nett tons. It was altered in 1916 , after cabin removed 48 gross ton. It had 7 different owners before being purchased by R. J. Evans, of Evans Bros. Saw Mill, Echuca, in 1919. The P. S. Edwards was sunk at Echuca in the spring of 1958 and then raised in January 1981 and then was being restored by Geoff Evans in 1985 (Parsons, Ronald. Ships of the Island Rivers. 3rd ed. 1996. p.67) The barge Ada was built in 1899 at Echuca by the Permewan Wright Company. The Ada hull was built of part wood and part steel, to protect the wool from becoming wet on the voyage down the Darling River to the Echuca Wharf. The Ada was used as a logging insider barge as well as a wool barge with the Pevensey on the Darling River.

Significance

The P. S. Edwards has historical and social significance being a paddle boat built in Echuca. The P. S. Edwards was built in May 1875 by J. M. Webb, Echuca. It had 7 different owners before being purchased by R. J. Evans, of Evans Bros. Saw Mill, Echuca, in 1919. The P. S. Edwards was sunk at Echuca in the spring of 1958 "and as the mill was burnt in 1959 salvage was not attempted. She was raised in January 1981 and in 1985 was restored by Geoff Evans. While owned by Evans Bros, was used to bring red gum from the Barmah Forest to the sawmill in the barge Clyde." (Parsons, Ronald. Ships of the Island Rivers. 3rd ed. 1996. p.67) The barge Ada was significant because of the construction of the hull, being part wood and part steel. The Ada was used as an inside looking barge as well as a wool barge with the P.S Pevensey on the Darling River. The barge Ada is still on display at the slipway at the Port of Echuca.

Inscriptions & Markings

In blue pen on reverse of photograph are written the words ? Adelaide (crossed out) Edwards & Ada barge ID4. Geoff Evans ? ( also crossed out).

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black and white photograph of "Cheapside House", a brick building with doorway opening on to the street. There are two men outside, either side of the doorway in front of goods (clothing and haberdashery?) for sale. Used as a clothing store at time of the photograph. A brick house with picket fence stands adjacent and to the left of the picture. The building fronts an unmade road. Copy of original from La Trobe collection.

Historical information

This copy of the original photograph was probably taken in the 1980s when a series of photograph were copied from the La Trobe Collection. This building is on the corner of Radcliffe and Hare street Echuca, currently used as an overflow car park for the Neribo Hotel.

Significance

References to The Bellrock Hotel can be found in in the local paper ,The Riverine Herald, in 1869 and then the Cheapside House was referenced 23/3/1870.

Inscriptions & Markings

On front of building:"Cheapside House" an advertising sign reads" Show rooms. Mantels and Millinery. T.Towle. Clothiers and outfitters. Boots and shoes." On reverse in blue pen: "Old Bellrock Hotel, now Schoeffels Car Yard. Opp (Holmfields) Schoeffel's Garage. Now demolished. La Trobe Coll'n"

Black and white photograph.

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black and white photograph of the Bridge Hotel , taken from the corner of Murray esplanade and Hopwood gardens. A power pole pokes through the verandah roof of the eastern (left) wing. The eastern wing of the Bridge is clearly visible.

Historical information

Relates to a series of 5 photos:P000094-P000098 of the front of the Bridge Hotel on the corner of Murray esplanade and Hopwood gardens. These photos taken in 1976, were before the Port Restoration Scheme renovated the hotel.

Significance

The Bridge Hotel, Echuca is of historical and social significance in that it was originally built by Henry Hopwood, the founder of Echuca. Hopwood built the hotel to provide accommodation to people using his punts across the Campaspe and Murray rivers. The hotel was situated between the 2 punts. The hotel provided for a variety of levels of accommodation from grand rooms to very basic rooms. At the time of the photos the hotel was 120 years old and became an important part of the Port of Echuca tourism.

Inscriptions & Markings

On sign on the front verandah "unauthorised entry not permitted". On back of photo in pen :" 1"

Rectangular coloured photograph and negative.

Port of Echuca , Echuca

A coloured photograph of the P.S Pevensey travelling on the Murray River, possibly passing a tributary. There is a group of people in the wheelhouse. There is a young man standing leaning up against the steering pole right at the front of the paddle steamer. The name Philadelphia can be seen written across the front of the wheelhouse.

Historical information

This photograph was taken in February 1984 on the occasion of Cossen's visit to Echuca. P.S Pevensey with the name Philadelphia written across the wheelhouse. This is significant because the P.S Pevensey played the role of the P. S Philadelphia in the movie "All The Rivers Run" which was filmed in Echuca in late 1982 and a sequel was filmed in Echuca early in 1989.

Significance

This photograph is significant because it shows the P.S. Pevensey showing the name P.S Philadelphia. The P.S Pevensey was used as the P.S Philadelphia in the TV Series "All The Rivers Run" based on the novel written by Nancy Cato. The TV series was filmed in Echuca in 1982. The TV series was a huge success and still draws tourists to the Port of Echuca. The fact that the P.S Pevensey was showing the Philadelphia name in 1984 is a bit of a mystery, but it has been known that she was dressed up again as the P.S Philadelphia sometimes for special occasions. The Cossen's visit to Echuca might have been such an occasion.

Inscriptions & Markings

Written across the wheelhouse is the name Philadelphia.

Photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

View from wharf looking down river to north side of Murray River bank. Cargo shed visible on left hand side. River level at low, showing sand bank on the NSW side and the red gums along this bank.Paddle steamers tied up along this side bank.

Historical information

Low level on Murray River at Echuca Wharf. Paddle steamers tied up along the banks. Possibly a man on a small boat in centre of river.

Significance

This bend in the river, opposite the Echuca Wharf is the reason the railways put the wharf here when it was constructed. It is the closest part of the river to Melbourne, therefore the shortest distance to transport produce to the markets.

Inscriptions & Markings

on back P908

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

A black and white photograph of the Echuca Port during a high river. Riverboats are in the foreground and wharf and city buildings are in the background. Copy of an original photograph from the Dowell Family Collection.

Historical information

This is a picture of the Port of Echuca in a high river. There are two large barges and a paddle steamer tied up at the wharf. There is no date or information to reveal when this photograph was taken. The photograph is part of the Dowell Family collection.

Significance

This photograph is significant because it shows the Murray River in flood. There is no indication of the date this photograph was taken.

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

This is a photograph of the Echuca Wharf taken from the N.S.W bank. The Captain & crew are standing on the deck of P.S.Melbourne in foreground with original Echuca wharf in background.Paddlesteamers lining bank of river.The bank of the Murray river is clearly visible with Shackells Bond store in centre rear of picture.

Historical information

Paddlesteamers were used to bring produce to out lying properties from major towns. Wool was bought back into the Port to be shipped off to markets in Melbourne. This is a photograph of a celebration of sorts. The wharf is lined with people. The train is visible and the men on the P.S Melbourne are dressed in top hats.

Significance

This photograph shows the early development of the Wharf at Echuca. Being the largest inland Port in Australia you can see here the early days of the building of the Wharf .

Rectangular coloured photograph and negative.

Port of Echuca , Echuca

A coloured photograph of the P.S Pevensey travelling on the Murray River. The Port bow is in full sunlight.There is a group of people in the wheelhouse. Several people can also be seen on the upper and lower deck. The name Philadelphia can be seen written across the front of the wheelhouse.

Historical information

This photograph was taken in February 1984 on the occasion of Cossen's visit to Echuca. P.S Pevensey with the name Philadelphia written across the wheelhouse. This is significant because the P.S Pevensey played the role of the P. S Philadelphia in the movie "All The Rivers Run" which was filmed in Echuca in late 1982 and a sequel was filmed in Echuca early in 1989.

Significance

This photograph is significant because it shows the P.S. Pevensey showing the name P.S Philadelphia. The P.S Pevensey was used as the P.S Philadelphia in the TV Series "All The Rivers Run" based on the novel written by Nancy Cato. The TV series was filmed in Echuca in 1982. The TV series was a huge success and still draws tourists to the Port of Echuca. The fact that the P.S Pevensey was showing the Philadelphia name in 1984 is a bit of a mystery, but it has been known that she was dressed up again as the P.S Philadelphia sometimes for special occasions. The Cossen's visit to Echuca might have been such an occasion.

Inscriptions & Markings

Written across the wheelhouse is the name Philadelphia.

Photograph - Air & Westergaard Slip Echuca

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black & white photograph taken up river of Echuca wharf with paddlesteamer(looks like Pevensey) in foreground with barge tied up alongside. On the left hand side there are 3 more barges tied up. Wharf & water tower in back ground, river gums on bank on left side.

Historical information

Echuca was the largest inland port during the height of the river trade.Paddle-steamers were used to tow barges to bring produce into the Port,before road & rail transport were used

Significance

Over 300 Paddle-steamers and barges operated from the Echuca wharf during the height of the river trade, as can be seen here by the number of vessels in the photograph

Inscriptions & Markings

This is half of an original photograph Negs 21.22.

Photograph - Re floating Ada

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black & white photograph of the Murray River, red gums lining the banks, with the barge "Ada" in the centre of the picture on the far bank. This was taken during a high river in October 1979. If you look closely you can see the men preparing her to be re-floated.

Historical information

The barge Ada was used by paddle steamers to bring cargo into the port of Echuca. She is seen here on the banks of the River being prepared for re floating. Obviously a good time as the river is at a very high level.

Significance

The barge Ada was towed behind the paddle steamer Adelaide mainly to bring timber into the Port of Echuca. In this picture she is on the river bank being pre pared for putting back in the river.

Inscriptions & Markings

Re-floating ADA,Oct.79 H. Coulson Collection

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black and white photograph of a paddle steamer, possibly the "Trafalgar". Picture taken looking at the right hand side of boat. There are three people (2 men & 1 woman) on the top deck and six people 5 men & 1 woman)on the lower deck. The people on the upper deck could be passengers, by the style of their dress, and the people on the lower deck look like deck hands and possibly a maid in long dress and apron and cap. Copy of original from La Trobe collection.

Historical information

This copy of the original photograph was probably taken in the 1970s when a series of photograph were copied from the La Trobe Collection. Paddlesteamer in picture believed to be P. S. Trafalgar

Significance

The P. S. Trafalgar was built in Echuca in April 1877 by T. G. McDonald. She was registered to Permewan, Wright & Co. In May 1891-1912. At her launch she was reported to have "iron topsides of plates a quarter inch thick...and wooden planking is used below the 3'6" water line.." She carried cargo up and down the rivers to Echuca Wharf for the Perweman, Wright company, pulling a variety of barges laden with cargo especially wool bales. The Mildura Cultivator described her as the pride of the Permewan fleet. (Parsons, D. Ships of the inland rivers. 1996. p.137).

Inscriptions & Markings

On reverse of photograph written in pencil:"Port" "Boat- begins with a "T" written in blue pen: "rafalgar". "La Trobe Collection" (in pencil) "c.1915?"

Photograph - Clyde barge 1980

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black & white photograph showing the bargeClyde

Inscriptions & Markings

Clyde Barge 1980

Photograph - Adelaide in costume

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Coloured photograph of the Adelaide during the sequel to the Mini-series All The Rivers Run, where she is in" costume" as the floating emporium Adelaide. On the bank among the red gums you can see the filming crew for this mini series. On the rear of the boat are the many props that would have been "for sale".

Historical information

Late 1982, early 1983 Crawford Productions filmed the mini-series "All the Rivers Run" and the sequel - All the Rivers Run 11-in Echuca. The paddle steamers P.S. Pevensey and P.S. Adelaide were used in this mini-series. In this photograph the Adelaide is being filmed for her role as the floating emporium in that mini-series. Items for sale can be seen on the rear of the boat.

Significance

The mini-series All the Rivers Run was filmed in Echuca in 1982 by Crawford Productions. Both paddle steamers Pevensey and Adelaide were used in this series because these boats were used during the river trade and were here in Echuca .This mini series virtually kick started tourism back in Echuca, where the paddle steamers of the river trade are used today as tourism boats for our tourist visitors.

Inscriptions & Markings

"Sequel to "All the Rivers Run Adelaide dressed up as an emporium H.Coulson Collection

Black & white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black & white photograph of two postcards apparently mounted on boards on woven walls. One shows the Echuca Wharf with the P. S. Canally, the other shows a paddle steamer towing a barge through the Hay Swing Bridge. There are groups of people on the bridge looking at the paddlesteamer below. Reproduction of this photo has the postcards head to head so one is upside down.

Historical information

P. S. Carnally was built in Koondarook in 1907. First owner, T. H. Freeman, reg. Melbourne. "It has often been claimed that the first owner, seeking speed, substituted the original engine for a railway locomotive."..following this she was known as the 'Greyhound of the River'" (Parsons, R. Ships of the Inland rivers. 3 rev.ed.,1996. p. 58). Hay swing bridge was built in 1872, an iron bridge of 400 yards in length. It had a turntable, used until 1946, which allowed passage of steamers along the Murrumbidgee river. (Wikipedia, 17/8/2017)

Significance

P. S. Canally was considered a very speedy and strong paddle steamer, probably because of the powerful engine installed. It is recorded to have "pulled the ps Cadell and a granite barge, with 400 tons aboard, through Lock 3 after the Cadell had been unable to stem the current." (Parson, R. Ships of the inland rivers. 3rd rev. ed.1996, p. 58) The Echuca Wharf is shown at low river mark and the enormity of the wharf structure is beautifully captured in this photograph. The Hay swing bridge was an important addition to the crossing of the Murrumbidgee river. It enabled steamers and barges to transport cargo along the river and enabled an easy crossing for road and passengers.

Inscriptions & Markings

On original photo of the Echuca Wharf: "The Rose Series P.3051." "The Murray Wharf, Echuca, Vic." On the other photograph:"River steamer and bridge, Hay, N. S. W."

Black & white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black & white photograph and negative of the P. S. Edwards floating on the river, with 2 people standing on the stern & 2 people on the bow. Ongoing repairs apparent on and under the deck.

Historical information

The P. S. Edwards was built in May 1875 by J. M. Webb, Echuca. Official number 73287, made of wood, with paddle wheels at the side. 78 gross tons, 27 nett tons. It was altered in 1916 , after cabin removed 48 gross ton. It had 7 different owners before being purchased by R. J. Evans, of Evans Bros. Saw Mill, Echuca, in 1919. The P. S. Edwards was sunk at Echuca in the spring of 1958 and then raised in January 1981 and then was being restored by Geoff Evans in 1985 (Parsons, Ronald. Ships of the Island Rivers. 3rd ed. 1996. p.67) One of a series: P000234.2 to P000252.2 inclusive & N000269.

Significance

The P. S. Edwards has historical and social significance being a paddle boat built in Echuca. The P. S. Edwards was built in May 1875 by J. M. Webb, Echuca. It had 7 different owners before being purchased by R. J. Evans, of Evans Bros. Saw Mill, Echuca, in 1919. The P. S. Edwards was sunk at Echuca in the spring of 1958 "and as the mill was burnt in 1959 salvage was not attempted. She was raised in January 1981 and in 1985 was restored by Geoff Evans. While owned by Evans Bros, was used to bring red gum from the Barmah Forest to the sawmill in the barge Clyde." (Parsons, Ronald. Ships of the Island Rivers. 3rd ed. 1996. p.67)

Inscriptions & Markings

In black pen on reverse of photograph: Edwards In red ink: It's Kodak color. Apr.81. Kodak

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black and white photograph of river scene depicting , by the left bank a pontoon "Bream" and by the right bank a steamboat behind a shelter construction. There are various cranes on the right bank. Copy of an original photograph taken in the 1920s believed to at Euston Lock, N.S.W.

Historical information

Scene depicted is believed to have been the Euston Lock. It shows various pieces of equipment in the foreground , with a pontoon names Bream on the left bank with a paddle steamer, sheds and cranes in the distance on the right hand side of the photograph. Original photograph from the Price collection.

Significance

Historically and socially significant photograph depicting early 1920's life on the Murray river.

Inscriptions & Markings

In pencil on back: Price / believed to be Euston Lock.

Black and white photograph.

Port of Echuca , Echuca

This is a black and white rectangular photograph of a river scene with a large paddle steamer moving towards two huts and two moored paddle steamers in the background. There is a small motor boat also moored in the background.

Historical information

This photograph is significant as it shows the use of the river.It shows that Tourism has not yet dominated the river traffic. This photograph could be part of the Dowell Family Collection.

Inscriptions & Markings

Written on the back of the photograph in blue texta pen are the words "Rose 3064."

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black and white photograph of old Grammar School, Echuca. Picture shows part of 2 buildings amongst treed setting. A wire gate is in the centre of the picture. Copy of original from Latrobe Library collection.

Historical information

This photograph was taken in the 1960s facing north, at the intersection of Charlotte and Henry st Echuca, showing the back enterance to the old Grammar School which was later demolished.

Inscriptions & Markings

On reverse in pencil: "c.1960" "Back view old Grammar School, Charlotte/Henry St.,(fronting Crofton St) - near Convent. In blue pen : "(where Charlotte and Henry St intersect)."

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

A copy of a black and white photograph of a small boat on the river with 2 men on board, transporting 2 large bales . One man is sitting on a bale the other is sitting towards the stern. Copy of an original photograph taken in 1956.

Historical information

Photograph taken during the 1956 floods. Shows river at very high and wide level. Depicts wool being transported in a small (motorised?) boat.Taken at Nangelloe-Calignan. One man is seated on the front wool bale and the other sitting in the stern possibly navigating across the river. The photograph is part of the Price collection

Significance

Historic and social significance depicting 1956 floods and the steps that farmers had to go to to protect and transport their wool during a flood in this area.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the back in black pencil:Price, 1956 floods, wool being carted by boat at Nangelloc-Calignan

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black and white photograph of a D3 640 locomotive in Echuca Loco shed. Looking up to the locomotive from the ground. The maintenance pit is clearly visible in the foreground.

Historical information

The D3 Locos were introduced into service in 1902 as the DD series. In 1929 they were converted to D3 after boiler conversion. (Roy McDuff, Port of Echuca)

Significance

The railways were an important part of the transportation of goods to Melbourne from the Port of Echuca. September 1864 saw the completion of the line from Bendigo to Echuca. The locomotive shed was built to house locomotives for the Victorian Railways and the Deniliquin and Moama Railway Company (a private line that operated between Deniliquin and Echuca.)

Inscriptions & Markings

On front of photo on the engine: " D3" "640". On reverse in pencil: "353, D3 Intro 1902 Yard pilot shunting engine" In blue pen:" Echuca Locomotive shed 1962 Photograph: George L. Coop"

Black & white print

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Black and white print of Echuca wharf with a line of paddlesteamers moored in port at the centre of picture. Taken looking south along the wharf. The print is quite dark and the original photograph appears to have corrosion marks at various spots.

Historical information

This print shows the wharf at the Port of Echuca. Many boats are moored along the wharf and there are at least 2 cargo sheds visible along the wharf with a number of cranes along the wharf.

Significance

The Port of Echuca was a very busy inland port in the 1880- early 1900s. Paddle steamers and barges carried goods from large holdings to the port to then be transported to markets in Melbourne or overseas. This print shows the length of the wharf during this period. At its height the wharf was 3/4 of a mile long. It ran around the bend of the river.

Coloured Photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

This is a coloured square photograph of the P.S Adelaide's starboard bow, showing her being moved backwards to the river on a rolling log system. Several people are standing on both sides of the paddle steamer watching.

Historical information

The P.S Adelaide was launched on 21st July 1866. It was owned by J.G.Grassie from Poon Boon Station and the Officer Family of Murray Downs Station Swan Hill. The Adelaide was named after the niece of the Officer Bros, Adelaide Blackwood. The shipwright who built her was George Linklater. The Adelaide brought wool and passengers from the wool stations on the Murray and Darling Rivers down to the Echuca Wharf. In 1872 she was sold to David Blair & Sons. She was used to bring timber from the Barmah Forest to the Echuca Wharf. She did this work for the next 80 years. In 1953 she was tied up near the Mill and left. In 1958 she went to Paringa South Australia to work in the sawmill industry again. In 1960 the Echuca Apex Club and The Echuca Historical Society raised enough funds to buy the P.S. Adelaide and return her to Echuca. In November 1963 she was lifted out of the water and placed in Hopwood Gardens as this was thought to be a way of preserving her. In 1984 it was decided to return her to the water to resume work as a passenger vessel. In that time the Port of Echuca and the Echuca Wharf had been restored as a Tourist Precinct. This photograph shows the beginning of the task to return her to the river. It took several weeks in March and April 1984.

Significance

The P.S Adelaide is extremely significant as it it the oldest known wooden hulled paddle steamers in the world. She was built in Echuca in 1866 and still operates on the Murray River today. She has worked in the Wool Industry, the Timber Industry and the Tourist Industry.

Inscriptions & Markings

The word ADELAIDE is written on the paddle steamer prow, and on the wheelhouse.

Rectangular coloured photograph and negative.

Port of Echuca , Echuca

A coloured photograph of the P.S Pevensey travelling on the Murray River. There is a group of people in the wheelhouse, possibly members of the Cossen Family. Cr. Bob Snow is sitting on a chair in the sun on the lower front deck. The name Philadelphia can be seen written across the front of the wheelhouse.

Historical information

This photograph was taken in February 1984 on the occasion of Cossen's visit to Echuca. P.S Pevensey with the name Philadelphia written across the wheelhouse. This is significant because the P.S Pevensey played the role of the P. S Philadelphia in the movie "All The Rivers Run" which was filmed in Echuca in late 1982 and a sequel was filmed in Echuca early in 1989.

Significance

This photograph is significant because it shows the P.S. Pevensey showing the name P.S Philadelphia. The P.S Pevensey was used as the P.S Philadelphia in the TV Series "All The Rivers Run" based on the novel written by Nancy Cato. The TV series was filmed in Echuca in 1982. The TV series was a huge success and still draws tourists to the Port of Echuca. The fact that the P.S Pevensey was showing the Philadelphia name in 1984 is a bit of a mystery, but it has been known that she was dressed up again as the P.S Philadelphia sometimes for special occasions. The Cossen's visit to Echuca might have been such an occasion. The man on the chair on the deck is Councillor Bob Snow, who could also have been the Mayor at the time. This also shows the significance of the Cossen Family's visit to the Port of Echuca.

Inscriptions & Markings

Written across the wheelhouse is the name Philadelphia.

Rectangular coloured photograph.

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Colour photograph and negative of the P.S Adelaide re-floating in the river, obscured by the P.S Pevensey (with the name Philadelphia written across the wheel house). P.S Pevensy played the part of P.S Philadelphia in the TV mini series 'All The Rivers Run' in 1984. There is a crowd of spectators on the bank. A spectator boat and possibly a pontoon flank the boats.

Historical information

The P.S Adelaide was re-launched back into the Murray River from the Hopwood Gardens where it had been on display from 1960 in April 1984. The re-launch attracted a lot of attention and took several weeks to achieve. A slipway had to be dug into the bank near Paddlewheel Park. Crowds attended each day. The P.S Pevensy was still bearing the name P.S Philadelphia from it's role in the TV Mini series "All The Rivers Run". In this photo the P.S Philadelphia is welcoming the P.S Adelaide back into the river.

Significance

This photograph is significant because it shows the re-launch of the P.S Adelaide back into the Murray river. The P.S Adelaide is the second oldest wooden hulled paddle steamer still operating I the world. It also shows the role that P.S Pevensy played in the TV mini series, 'All The Rivers Run." This photograph and negative are related to images P000059.3, P000060.3, P000061.3, P000062.2, P000063.3, P000070.2, P000071.

Inscriptions & Markings

The names of the boats; Adelaide and Philadelphia can be seen written on the boats.

Black and white print

Port of Echuca , Echuca

A black and white print of a photograph (newspaper?) of the iron bridge over the Murray River, Echuca. Taken from Victorian bank looking east, river at low level.

Historical information

The iron bridge was completed in 1878 and was used by trains of the Deniliquin and Moama Railway company but it took another 12 months before local people could use it. On 4 March 1879 citizens of Echuca and Moama stormed the bridge, opened the gates and declared it open for their use.

Significance

At the turn of the century the railway line carried produce from southern New South Wales & the Riverina to Melbourne. Goods trains were a very important mode to transport. When the bridge was being constructed 6 workmen were killed and another maimed when a pile on the Moama bank collapsed. After the storming of the bridge by local people in March 1879 it was declared open for use of local residents traveling between the towns of Echuca and Moama. The bridge was shared by rail, road and pedestrians traffic.

Inscriptions & Markings

In red pen on reverse:"Iron Bridge over Murray"

Black and white photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

One of two black and white photographs of the P.S Clyde and the barge Excel moored to a wharf, possibly at Swan Hill. People are on the wharf and both vessels. There is a crane fitted on the Clyde loading, bags of wheat. A woman is standing in front of the wheel house. There is a man inside the wheel house. Steering mechanism appears to be attached at the back of the barge, and there also appears to be a flag flying on the back of the barge. Three men are on the barge supervising the loading process.

Historical information

The P.S Clyde was built in 1884 by W.Wilson, in Echuca and was owned by the Evans Bros. It sunk in the Murrumbidgee river in 1920 and was raised and converted into a barge in 1922. The barge Excel was built as the Barge Adam in 1897. It was owned by the Permewan Wright Co. and renamed barge 'Excel' in 1909. (Ref ; Parsons, Ronald, "Ships of the Inland Rivers" This photograph must have been taken before 1920 when the P?S Clyde was still a paddle steamer.

Inscriptions & Markings

Written on the back of the smallest photograph are the words "2nd copy in Clyde file." On the barge in the photograph is the word 'EXCEL' 'and the word 'Clyde' can be seen on the bow of the paddle steamer .

Coloured postcard.

Port of Echuca , Echuca

This is a coloured rectangular postcard of the Brigidine Convent, Echuca

Historical information

Formerly the home of Henry Hopwood. Apsley House, No. 1 Echuca. This was purchased for the Bridgine nuns to establish a catholic co-education school in Echuca. Extensions were made to the original structure (to the south of this building) with outbuildings and brick stables converted to school rooms during the late 1886 and opened as St Joseph's in 1887. The front section of the school was built in 1888. At the time of this photograph the upper floor of the building was the boarding house.

Significance

The school building holds historical, social and spiritual significance to Echuca being the former home of Echuca's founder, Henry Hopwood. The diocese purchased the original building for 1,000 pounds. The school opened as a co-educational school on 22/3/1886 with 16 boys and 7 girls. It's first enrolment was a non-Catholic boy. By the end of 1886 there were 30 pupils. The boarding school opened on 4/5/1886 with 6 students. The chapel (to the north of this building) was built in 1889. For 60 years the school provided both primary and secondary schooling but in 1960's it changed to secondary schooling. The boarding house closed around 1986 and the school continued as a co-educational catholic college.

Inscriptions & Markings

Written on the front of the postcard are the words Brigidine Convent, Echuca. On the back are the words. POSTCARD. This space may be used for communication. For Address only. Printed in Germany. Fosdyke &a Co. Echuca.

Photograph - Pevensey

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Paddle steamer Pevensey moored at the Echuca wharf, unloading her cargo of wool bales. Men on wharf operating the hydraulic crane to unload the bales. On board the paddle steamer are the crew supervising the unloading. Cargo shed doors open to accept the wool

Historical information

Paddle steamer Pevensey returns to the wharf in Echuca to unload her cargo of wool bales which would have been collected from out lying properties along the river systems of the Murray, Darling or the Murrumbidgee. The bales were unloaded using hydraulic cranes, up to seven men operating each crane. The wool would have been stored in the cargo shed until later being loaded onto rail carriages to be taken to Melbourne markets.

Significance

When the river was opened up for trade it enabled property owners to bring their wool into the markets in a much faster time using paddle steamers than by transporting it overland using wagons. Each paddle steamer could carry much more than the wagons hence making it a much more cost effective way of taking wool to the markets. The Pevensey being a large steamer was capable of bringing large volumes of wool into the port in each trip.

Inscriptions & Markings

Pevensey

Photograph

Port of Echuca , Echuca

Fully loaded wool barge tied up alongside other barges beside the wharf. On the barge in the front are the barge-master standing on top of the wool bales near his steering wheel, as well as 3 other crew members. In the back ground can be seen the Echuca wharf with the two cargo sheds, a covered barge moored at the wharf beside another barge. Directly behind the wool laden barge can be seen s paddle steamer also tied to the wharf. The current dry dock area is to the left of picture shaded by the gums.

Historical information

Fully laden wool barge moored alongside Echuca wharf awaiting it's turn to unload her cargo of wool onto the Echuca wharf. The barge master & crew untying ropes in preparation of unloading.

Significance

Paddle steamers would tow barges fully laden with wool bales into the Port to be unloaded onto the wharf, then loaded onto rail trucks to go to Melbourne or to other ports in the world.This barge is still connected by the tow post to paddle steamer which has towed her into port.

Inscriptions & Markings

scanned as P898.4 Tony Neg P898.4 neg A3 P899.4