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Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria Carnegie, Victoria

The Dutch Australian Heritage Centre has been established to collect and display items of recognised significance relating to immigrants who arrived here from the Netherlands and the former Dutch East Indies, with special emphasis on migration in the post WWII period.

Please note: THESE ITEMS ARE NOT FOR SALE

Contact Information

location
60 Rosstown Road Carnegie Carnegie, 3163 Vic 3163 (map)
phone
+61 0419549376

Contact

Opening Hours

By appointment - call Mr Michael Gijsberts on 0419 549 376

Entry Fee

Free Entry. However, donations are welcome.

Location

60 Rosstown Road Carnegie Victoria

View on Google Maps

The DAHC collection consists primarily of personal and household items donated by Dutch immigrants. As most of the migrants arrived in the 1950s, the collection presents a historical insight into Dutch culture, both in the Netherlands and in the Dutch communities in Australia.

Meredith Blake 29 May 2013 9:48 AM

Love the new items you have catalogued recently! Great work

Jose Sendeckyj 13 May 2016 10:21 AM

As an immigrant from The Netherlands in the early 60's to Australia, it is heartening and very interesting to see the digital documentation of Dutch culture for posterity! Great work - I hope to assist in the future in some small way.

Michael Gijsberts 13 May 2016 11:03 AM

To Jose Sendeckyj, Thanks for your heartening comments. And yes do come and visit us and possibly lend a helping hand at our 'working bees'

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203 items

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203 items

Ashtray (Asbakje)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Blue and white hand-painted ashtray with three shallow grooves on rim for resting cigarettes. The scalloped rim is also decorated with a blue catkin branch. In the centre circle is a picture of a cafe and the inscription "12 ½ Jaar Cafe Tromp".

Inscriptions & Markings

On the reverse is painted; "Handpainted Delft Blue made in Holland".

Enamelled Potato Bucket (Aardappel Emmer)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

The bucket is green enamelled on the outside and grey enamelled on the inside. The metal carry handle is looped through metal loops protruding above the rim.

Significance

The Dutch traditionally ate large quantities of potatoes. These would be peeled ahead of time by available labour (e.g., mother, children, visiting relatives) and kept under water till it was time to cook them. Vegetables were similarly prepared and kept under water to prevent browning before cooking.

Inscriptions & Markings

Aardappelen (Potatoes)

Carnival Hat (Karnavalsmuts)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Decorative hat made of a silky material in green, orange, purple and cream, finished off with wavelike band and brown koala at front of hat (see picture - also see items 6351 and 6353).

Historical information

Carnival is an important annual event in the Southern Provinces of The Netherlands with each village often having its own Carnival Club and traditions. The Dutch People from the Southern Provinces continued in many cases this tradition and formed their regional Carnavals Clubs in Australia. Each Carnaval Club has a Council of Eleven with its own colourful uniform, including a hat. There is a variety of hats for the various roles within the committee and club.

Significance

For people from the Southern Provinces of the Netherlands Carnival is an important cultural event.

Inscriptions & Markings

Has the name "Tony" on the inside

Double bean slicer (bonensnijder) with Guard

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Green painted cast iron cover disc with turning handle, table clamp, two slots of slightly different sizes. Inside, cast iron disc with three steel cutting blades. Handle cast iron with wooden knob. Slightly cylindrical steel cutting guide open at one end ,to prevent scattering of sliced beans.

Historical information

Brought to Australia by Dutch immigrant family

Significance

The tough flat beans for which this was used were made easier to cook by slicing them finely.

Inscriptions & Markings

On front: Pe De

Decorative plate in Delft blue (Delftsblauw sierbordje)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Round plate with two holes at back through which metal wire has been looped for hanging. Floral Delfts blue decorations around, bouquet in centre.

Inscriptions & Markings

On underside, Royal Delfts Blauw Handwerk, crown.

Embroidered panel

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Panel of cream cotton with blue cross-stitch embroidery of Dutch scenes. Molen (windmill), Schaatsen (couple skating), Vissers (fishers), Wasdag (washing day). Suspended from wooden frame with brass rod and chain for hanging.

Duffel bag - maritime (Plunjezak)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Canvas bag, off-white, 8 eyelets around top threaded through with rope ends tied together with splice and monkey's fist knot, threaded through a looped pitch-treated rope. Loop tied into uneven figure eight.

Historical information

Bag has travelled at least twice between the Netherlands and Australia, possibly from Rotterdam. Only one owner's name. Based on the skillfully knotted ropes, it was probably owned by a sailor.

Significance

Constant travel between the Netherlands and Australia. The Waterman was a migrant ship form 1951 until 1963.

Inscriptions & Markings

Personal markings: On side of bag, done by hand, F. KORTLEVEN Underneath, WATERMAN MELBOURNE Further down bag, faint F. KORTLEVEN AUSTRALIE M/S BLIT..28, ....R'DAM FRE

Silver Serving Spoon and Fork (Zilver Servies)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Both the spoon (1) and fork(2) are beautifully crafted in silver. They are meant as decorative items rather than for practical use. The handles of both items finish with shapes of a lion rampant holding a staff with fleur-de-lys.

Inscriptions & Markings

Both itmes have been much polished and the markings are illegible.

Copper collection tin

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Oval tin, copper with soldered sides and half lid. D-shaped handle at one end.

Historical information

These tins were used to take up collection of money from the public by the operators of street organs. These wheeled mechanical organs used to be trundled around the streets of the Netherlands stopping at intervals to grind out some tunes.

Significance

Brought out to Australia by Dutch migrants as a reminder of their heritage.

Serving Tray (Dienblad)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

white and blue plastic tray decorated with typically Dutch symbols, including clogs, a windmill, tulips.

Historical information

Most likely made for the tourist market.

Significance

It shows the stereotypes associated with the Netherlands and how they are perceived by foreigners.

Inscriptions & Markings

none

Wooden Clog (Klompje)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Single wooden clog decorated with burnt-in rustic scene and patterned decorations.

Historical information

Wooden clogs were common footwear for farmers and their families.

Small kerosene cooker (petroleumstelletje)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Cream enamel with green upper rim. Three-legged. Consists of two circular compartments, the lower one of which is the kerosene tank. Adjustable wick in holder attached to a handle with which the wick can be raised and lowered. Spare wick in tank. Upper compartment has small brass porthole with glass centre through which to monitor flame. Inside bottom of upper compartment there is a longitudinal slit within an oval raised section. Perforations around slit for ventilation. Steel trivet on top has five pointed star pattern.

Historical information

Brought to Australia by Dutch migrants in the 1950s. Used for slow cooking of dishes such as soups and stews.

Sugar tin (suikerbus)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Orange painted tin with inscriptions and decorations. Motifs of thatched huts and palm trees suggest it was painted in the (then) Dutch East Indies.

Significance

Used for storing sugar

Inscriptions & Markings

Suiker (sugar) on front and back.

Dutch Tile (Tegel)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Small square tile in the blue and white Delft style. Depicted are a horse rampant, the Hengelo shield and the words "1958 Herrezen".

Historical information

The area of Twente in Overijssel which includes Hengelo was badly bombed during WWII because of its textile industries. After 1945 it took some years to restore the town and a celebration was held upon completion in 1958.

Significance

The item was added to the collection by Tony Nijhuis who lived in Hengelo.

Inscriptions & Markings

1958 "Hengelo Herrezen"

Decorative Spoon (Sierlepel)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A pewter round shaped spoon with an ornate decorative handle.

Inscriptions & Markings

A label in four languages stating that the quality of the pewter was pure. The handle shows images of two adult faces, two angelic faces and a snake entwined around it.

Leesplankje (Reading Board)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Printed collection of pictures and words pasted on a board. The words and pictures indicated this edition of "Het Leesplankje" was used in the dutch East Indies. Among the illustrations are a man dressed for the tropics, a large colonial house surrounded by tropical plants and a coloured young woman.

Inscriptions & Markings

Each word contains a Dutch diphthong.

Untitled

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Footwear - Clogs

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Pair of male size wooden clogs - completely covering feet, finished with clear varnish and shoe lace like decorations.

Historical information

Wooden shoes are / have been widely used in North-Western Europe (Scandinavia, parts of Germany, UK, The Netherlands, Belgium and Northern France). The models vary from a wooden sole and toe covering (Scandinavia, UK, Northern France) to a complete cover of the whole foot (The Netherlands and parts of Belgium). They are mostly made from poplar wood, but occasionally also from other softwoods like willow. The clogs' finish varies from plain wood or carved wood to varnished or painted versions, often with decorations. Nowadays special models are made for tourists with pictures of Dutch landscapes, tulips or windmills.

Significance

Although wooden shoes are also used in other countries, the full foot covering model has become one of the symbols of the Netherlands, like the tulips and the old style houses in towns like Amsterdam.

Inscriptions & Markings

Brand indication V Z clog and size 43/44 = 28 1/2cm - Shoe laces like decorations.

Ember Extinguisher (Doofpot)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A brass, pear shaped container with handle on three short clawed feet. The lid has a Delft blue porcelain knob.

Enamel dishwashing bowl (afwasteiltje)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Oval, two handles either end, green outside decorated around circumference with three gilded lines, white inside. Signs of wear and tear, including rust hole

Historical information

Made in 1940s and brought to Australia by Dutch migrants in the 1950s. Typical Dutch household item of 1940s and 1950s.

Significance

Washing up was usually done in a bowl such as this, not in a sink. An expression of Dutch domestic culture.

Postcards DC2 De Uiver

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Commemorative Mug (Melkbeker)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A souvenir pottery mug handed out to school children in Amsterdam in 1948 to commemorate the abdication of Queen Wilhelmina and the accession to the throne of Queen Juliana. This kind of mug (without a handle) was typically used by children to drink their milk. It is illustrated with the initials of the two Queens surrounded by oranges (for the House of Orange). Blue banners link the bunches of oranges. There is also a depiction of the famous steeple of the Wester Church, the Amsterdam coat of Arms, a ship, a bridge and a typical canal house.

Historical information

In 1898, when Princess Wilhelmina attained her majority, she succeeded her Mother, Queen Emma, who had been Regent for 10 years. Wilhelmina reigned for 50 years until her abdication in favour of her daughter Juliana in 1948.

Significance

The House of Orange is one of the most popular monarchies in Western democracies. Widespread celebrations accompanied the Abdication/Accession.

Inscriptions & Markings

Above the W: "Dankbaar voor het verleden" (Grateful for the past) 1898-1948. Above the J: "Vol vertrouwen in de toekomst" (Full of confidence in the future) 1948

Nest of four enamel bowls (vier bijpassende emaille schaaltjes)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

4219 (a), (b), (c) and (d) Shallow cream enamel bowls with green rim, straight stepped edge indented above curved section

Historical information

Brought to Australia by Dutch migrants as part of kitchen apparatus

Ornamental container with lid (Sierbusje voor thee of koffie)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

The cylindrical silver-plated container has slightly convex lid with central knob. Container and lid are decorated with scenes of country life. The decorations are in bas-relief.

Inscriptions & Markings

The initials D and E ( for Douwe Egberts) are imprinted within a rosette. Also a tag with the letters HH with 90 beside it, possibly a record of the silver-plating process.

Book - '...gereet en gekleet naar hun staat' (Dressed according to their standing)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A hard cover well-illustrated book containing details of the regional dress of three villages on the one-time IJsselmeer.

Significance

Historical Study of the development of regional clothing for men, women and children in the Bunschoten area from the 18th century onwards. With the many illustrations it forms a valuable record of a slowly dying local custom.

Inscriptions & Markings

Historie en ontwikkeling van de klederdracht van Bunschoten, Spakenburg en Eemdijk.

Commemorative pewter plate

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Pewter; circular with a rose petal edge.

Historical information

Refers to the 25th anniversary of the reign of Queen Juliana of the Netherlands.

Significance

Shows fondness/affection of the Dutch public to their royal family.

Inscriptions & Markings

Embossed likeness of Queen Juliana which states above the image: "Koningin Der Nederlanden" - Queen of The Netherlands below the image: 1948 - Juliana - 1973 - likely referring to the 25th year of her reign. On the back of the plate: A pewter strip welded onto the plate to allow hanging via a hole in that strip. A makers mark at bottom of plate - "KdBR" featuring an angel with clarion/trumpet and holding palm branch. Below maker's mark is "92% tin" on left of reversed face is: "Namaak Verboden" (Imitation Prohibited) on the right of reversed face is: "Tingieterij Roelen" (Pewter Foundry Roelen)

Wall Tile (Tegel)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A small, simply coloured ceramic tile commemorating the liberation of the Dutch East Indies on August 15, 1945. An illustrated paper applique has been stuck on the top surface.

Historical information

The Japanese occupied present day Indonesis from 7-12-1941 to 15-8-1945. Indonesia was a Dutch colony at the time and Dutch Indonesians were imprisoned, starved and otherwise treated with great cruelty.

Significance

This tile is of importance as a reminder of the War in the Pacific and the suffering of Dutch colonials during the Japanese occupation.

Inscriptions & Markings

The following words and phrases are recorded on the paper applique: 15 augustus 1945; NED. INDIE VRIJ; nooit vergeten (never forget). The dates 7-12-1941and 15-8-1945 record the time of Japanese occupation. The tile is further illustrated with a map of the (now) Indonesian islands; two cut lines of barbed wire and two triumphant lions.

Small tin

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Small sweets tin.

Inscriptions & Markings

Both tin and lid are well-covered with photographs and inscriptions. The photos are all of people and places in Zeeland. The line "J.B.Diesch" refer to the manufacturer of this well-known butterscotch flavoured sweet.

Booklet - Cultuur-historie aan het Eemmeer (Culture and History around Lake Eem)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A colourful 32pp booklet published as extra-edition of the historic Bunschoten periodical 'Bunscote'.

Significance

Although this publication has no date it is obviously from the 2nd half of the 20th century and put together by the local historic society in an effort to record certain traditions and promote the local area. It is aimed at visiting tourists and includes maps with walk and cycle routes.

Inscriptions & Markings

Names of the editing team, co-ordinator, graphic artist and printer are all recorded.

Book - MULTATULI - De Geschiedenis van Woutertje Pieterse (The Story of Woutertje Pieterse) Opnieuw verzameld uit "De Ideen". (Newly selected from "The Ideas".)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Hard cover book by Dr.J.van den Bergh published in 1920 containing a newly selected collection of extracts of the publication "Ideen" (Ideas) by Multatuli. The book is in 2 parts and contains about 600 pages. There are a number of drawings as illustrations.

Historical information

Max Havelaar: Or the Coffee Auctions of the Dutch Trading Company (Dutch: Max Havelaar, of de koffi-veilingen der Nederlandsche Handel-Maatschappy) is an 1860 novel by Multatuli (the pen name of Eduard Douwes Dekker), which played a key role in shaping and modifying Dutch colonial policy in the Dutch East Indies in the nineteenth and early twentieth century. In the novel, the protagonist, Max Havelaar, tries to battle against a corrupt government system in Java, which was then a Dutch colony.

Significance

The novel was central to the growing public awareness of corruption and exploitation by the Dutch colonial master in the East Indies. Published in 1860 it is considered the highpoint of Dutch literature in the 19th century.

Inscriptions & Markings

The illustrator is Anton van der Valk.

Board game (bordspel) - Super Pim Pam Pet

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Rectangular box containing blue plastic insert. Counters, cards, wheel, other game elements.

Inscriptions & Markings

On lid, illustrations of game contents. On left lower corner, 1978 by Hausemann & Hotte NV under Berne Universal Copyright Conventions. Lower right corner, red elephant Jumbo. Bottom of box gives instructions for game in 7 languages.

Small metal ornament

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Small brass-coloured ornament from the former Dutch East Indies. It depicts a team of two bullocks drawing a plough. The farmer is seated on the plough and swinging a whip.

Historical information

Very likely a souvenir brought back from the former Dutch East-Indies.

Booklet - Flitsen uit Delft's Verleden (Glimpses of Delft's Past)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A 104pp booklet by A. van Peer printed on poor quality paper. Illustrations are in black and white; the cover picture is of the Old Church in Delft. (See item The subtitle reads :1246 Delft 1946.

Historical information

This booklet was published in the year following the German occupation on 1940-1945. It celebrates the 700 years existence of the city.

Significance

See item

Letter Holder (Brievenhouder)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Electro-plated triangular sheet metal letter-holder with deeply scalloped edges and a bas-relief of Rembrandt's Night Watch on both sides. Four tiny balls on the corners serve as feet. The base has been hammered.

Inscriptions & Markings

DD. 90 is barely visibly inscribed below the Night Watch scene on both sides.

Prince Hat of Carnavals Club

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Decorative hat from silky type silver, gold, blue and aqua material, finished of with bells at front of hat (see picture - also see items 6351 and 6352).

Historical information

Carnaval is an important annual event in the Southern Provinces of The Netherlands, with each village often having its own Carnavals Club and traditions. The Dutch People coming from the Southern Provinces continued in many cases this tradition and formed their regional Carnavals Clubs in Australia. Each Carnalvals Club has its own colourful uniforms, including a hat. There are potentially three types of hats: A Formal Hat for official events, a Work Hat for use during normal club nights and for those members lucky enough to be for a year chosen as the "Prince" of the club, a Prince Hat.

Significance

For people from the Southern Provinces of the Netherlands, Carnavall is an important cultural event.

Inscriptions & Markings

has a 6 on the inside

Framed Ceramic Tile - Reproduction of painting

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Tile with colour print of of Dutch landscape in gold with black line frame protected on back with cardboard nailed to frame

Historical information

The picture on the tile is a reproduction of the painting "The Mill at Wijk bij Duurstede" which was painted around 1670 by the Dutch painter Jacob Isaacksz vab Ruysdael (1628-1682)

Significance

Souvenir type item, likely purchases at the souvenir shop of the (Dutch) Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam.

Inscriptions & Markings

Cardboard at back of of frame has text " Jacob Isaacksz van Ruisdael 1628-1682. "The Mill at Wijk bij Duurstede" (painted about 1670). Original size 32 5/8 " x 39 3/4" Oil on Canvas (note this is about 892x1009mm) Held in Rijksmuseum at Amsterdam

Tea Cosy (Lined)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Half rounded cotton padded teapot warmer (Dutch "theemuts" = tea bonnet) with inserted plywood base. White outside with grey-blue Delft tile motifs, lined with navy blue taffeta and padded with kapok. Metal carrying handle under which there is a clasp which opens and closes the cosy.

Historical information

This kind of tea cosy was found in just about every Dutch home in the 1950's. It took pride of place on the tea trolley and took the place of, or was an alternative to, the tea lights which also served to keep the teapot warm. It held a large teapot and although it was very effective in keeping the tea warm, after a couple of hours the tea became rather bitter and tasted "stewed". Since the Dutch are not in the habit of adding milk to their tea, the late afternoon cuppa was not always a favourite.

Significance

A symbol of what the Dutch prize above all, namely "gezelligheid", which means homely cosiness. The afternoon tea ritual ("thee-uurtje") was a very important time of the day as children came home from school to a cosily lit home with their mother presiding over pouring out the tea and distributing biscuits (one at a time!)

Inscriptions & Markings

none

Book - 25 Jaar Afsluitdijk 1932-1957 (25 years of the Enclosure Dike)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A 56page rectanguar book commemorating the opening of the Afsluitdijk. The cover is of thick card while within the pages of text are illustrated with black and white photographs.

Historical information

The book commemorates the opening of the Afsluitdijk in 1932. Shutting off the North Sea created the IJsselmeer and connected the provinces of North Holland and Friesland. It has remained an essential traffic artery every since.

Significance

The book records the cultural, economic and social impact of the Afsluitdijk on the Netherlands.

Inscriptions & Markings

Originally owned and eventually deregistered by "De Utrechtse Openbare Bibliotheek" (Utrecht Public Library). Another stamp. "Filiaal Elinkwijk" shows it was used by the library branch in Elinkwijk. Full title is "Vijfentwintig Jaar Afsluitdijk". Authors and illustrators are B. Den Oudsten en P.Terpstra with an introduction by the Queen's representative in Friesland, Mr.H.P.Linthorst Homan. Publisher is Algmeen Publiciteit Kantoor, Oosterkade 20b, Leeuwarden.

Wall Tile (Tegel)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Off-white pottery tile with blue coloured proverb in the Frisian language. There are also some blue glaze decorations in the four corners. On the back the brand name Harlingen Holland forms part of an imprint. There is also a hook for hanging.

Historical information

Tiles are formed using the using the same tools as four centuries ago, namely a knife and a wooden mould with little nails in the corners. Afterwards, the imprints of the nails remain visible as minute points in the glaze. After the first baking, the tile is glazed. The wet glaze is imprinted with a charcoal powder design. Then the painter redraws the lines with a fine paint brush and uses his own craftsmanship to color with paints that are in fact glazes colored by a metal oxide. The second baking blends these colors with the layer of tin glaze. The result is a unique and beautiful tile.

Significance

Tile design, making and baking is a traditional Dutch craft and continues today. The province of Friesland has its own traditions in the field of which this tile is a sample.

Inscriptions & Markings

The proverb reads: "Doch dyn plicht en lit de lju mar rabje." (Do your duty and just let people talk).

Pewter spoon

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Pewter spoon on wooden frame. Saint Peter figure top of handle, crossed keys below. Spoon bowl shows market scene with dentist.

Koffiemolentje (coffee grinder)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A small bakelite stand-alone coffee grinder with curved metal handle and metal grinding works.

Inscriptions & Markings

1. On the lid: Within a circle and in relief Pe-De Dienes Reform D.R.G.M.D.R.P. Above the final inscription a small metal plate carries the words: Gesmeed maalwerk loopt op kogels - (forged grinding mechanism runs on ball bearings) 2. On the main body: Another circle with, in relief, an image of a deer head with with a cross inserted between his antlers. Thereunder the brand-name Pe De.

Commemorative Plate

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A common ceramic plate, originally white but painted over as a tribute to those who fell defending their country against the Nazi invasion on May 10, 1940. A handmade wire hanging is twisted around the plate.

Historical information

This plate was obviously created to honour those who were killed defending their country at the time of the invasion - May 10, 1940. The maker appears to have taken an ordinary plate and painted it him or herself.

Significance

This is a rate item as it was produced during the war in contrast to the many plates and other items to commemorate the Liberation in May 1945.

Inscriptions & Markings

Aan Hen Die Vielen Voor Hun Vaderland (To those Who Fell For Their Country). 10 Mei 1940. The centre of the plate is handpainted and shows a Dutch flag, a lion rampant and two military graves. On the back is the makers's symbol (a resting lion), the manufacturer's name and Maastricht 1941. Also Made in Holland.

Small brass bowl.

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Small brass bowl marked with engravings in a similar manner to Items 5115 and 5119.

Inscriptions & Markings

Decorative engravings.

Cocoa Tin/Cacaobus

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Cylinderical tin brightly decorated with painted scenes of people enjoying cocoa in a variety of situations in the early 20th century. The lid has been painted with a coat of arms based on the Dutch coat of arms but with cocoa tree instead of orange tree. The banner carries the German words "van Houten seit 1828".

Historical information

Information on the tin suggests it was produced primarily for the German market.

Significance

A colonial product processed in The Netherlands.

Inscriptions & Markings

The brand name - Van Houten's Cocoa - and instructions for preparation are given in Dutch, French, English and German.

Peijnenburg cake tin

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Oblong tin with lid. Colourful Pris city scenes on all sides and lid.

Significance

Contained typical Dutch ontbijtkoek, beloved of all Dutch people.

Inscriptions & Markings

Peijnenburg Cuque de Paris on lid. On bottom: koek Peijnenburg

Board game (bordspel) - Wie krijgt voorrang (Who gives way)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Lid illustrated with box contents. Box contains board marked with traffic game. Counters, cards, one dice. Instructions and description.

Inscriptions & Markings

Spika Made in DGR

Bed Warmer

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A large dish-shaped copper bowl with patterned lid which has 5 cm diam. holes. The long handle is of turned wood.

Inscriptions & Markings

None.

tourists bicycle pennants

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

calico, triangular pennant. One edged in blue, the other in red.

Historical information

Tourism

Significance

How people went on holiday. A memento of simple holidays. The tradition of camping as the holiday of choice.

Inscriptions & Markings

4089.R1 - blue edged pennant, showing the tourist sites around a place called Epen in the southern part of the province of Limburg. This is known because the name of the town is in large red letters. Three locations shown 1. Kamper Boerderij - A farm providing camping grounds. 2. Kasteel Beusdael - The Beusdael Castle 3. Wingbergermoelen - Wingberger Mill Also a little tent beneath the name of the town, with refers to the camping holiday. Also a maker's mark on the pennant, a small triangle with the letters L, A & B within it. 4089.R2 - red edged pennant, showing the area around Vaals in Limburg province, the name is in large red letters. The scene shows the meeting point between the Netherlands, Germany & Belgium - "Drie Landen Punt" (Three Country Meeting Point) Also shows the height of the viewing point (193m), as well showing other features including: - Hotel Bellevue - Uitzichttoren - viewing tower - Panorama Aken - Panorama of Aachen, Germany - Spoorbrug-Moresnet - Railwaybridge-Moresnet in Belgium. Small makers mark. Black triangle, possible the same as that shown in the other pennant, though obscured.

Skimmer (Indische schuimspaan)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Metal and wooden handle, attached to circular mesh scoop.

Significance

Used in Indonesian cookery. Brought to Australia by Dutch or Dutch-Indonesian migrants in the 1950s.

Commemorative Plate

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Decorative plate to commemorate Queen Juliana's ascension of the Dutch throne in 1948. The plate is meant to be hung and has a piece of string for this purpose inserted through the rim on the back of the plate.

Historical information

The item was created by Bouwens and van Kampen, a ceramics business founded in Bussum by Greta Klaar. Greta married her pupil Johannes Bouwens in Amsterdam during the war. The couple then moved to Soest where the business became known as "De vlieg-uut". It went from strength to strength until a fatal accident in 1970 after which it was permanently closed. The designers and ceramicists specialised in small plates such as this commemorative one for Queen Juliana's accession to the throne following the abdication of her mothe, Queen Wilhelmina.

Significance

The item recalls the joyful celebrations that took place in Septermber 1948 when Juliana accepted the throne from her mother Queen Wilhelmina. The Queen had reigned for 50 years including the period of 1940-45 (WWII) during which she carried out her duties from London. Juliana and her family resided in Ottawa, Canada during those years. To some extent this event was the final celebration of liberation from the tyranny of occupation and the welcoming back of the Royal family to Dutch soil.

Inscriptions & Markings

The inscription reads: "Juliana Koningin 6 Sept.1948". On the back are the marks: "290KR." "BVK Soest" and "P.H.". It is gaily painted in red, blue and green on an off-white background. The central scene is recognisably Amsterdam with church tower, stepped gables and Dutch flags. The border consists of a circle of red, white and blue flowers; leaves are green.