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Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria Carnegie, Victoria

The Dutch Australian Heritage Centre has been established to collect and display items of recognised significance relating to immigrants who arrived here from the Netherlands and the former Dutch East Indies, with special emphasis on migration in the post WWII period.

Please note: THESE ITEMS ARE NOT FOR SALE

Contact Information

location
60 Rosstown Road Carnegie Victoria (map)
phone
+61 0419549376
Contact

Opening Hours

By appointment - call Mr Michael Gijsberts on 0419 549 376

Entry Fee

Free Entry. However, donations are welcome.

Location

60 Rosstown Road Carnegie Victoria

View on Google Maps

The DAHC collection consists primarily of personal and household items donated by Dutch immigrants. As most of the migrants arrived in the 1950s, the collection presents a historical insight into Dutch culture, both in the Netherlands and in the Dutch communities in Australia.

Meredith Blake 29 May 2013 9:48 AM

Love the new items you have catalogued recently! Great work

Jose Sendeckyj 13 May 2016 10:21 AM

As an immigrant from The Netherlands in the early 60's to Australia, it is heartening and very interesting to see the digital documentation of Dutch culture for posterity! Great work - I hope to assist in the future in some small way.

Michael Gijsberts 13 May 2016 11:03 AM

To Jose Sendeckyj, Thanks for your heartening comments. And yes do come and visit us and possibly lend a helping hand at our 'working bees'

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201 items

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201 items

Brass Milk Measure

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A brass replica of the the milk measures used in the days the dairy farmer delivered milk out of large cans brought from the dairy farms.

Historical information

The objects relates to a period when old-fashioned objects were reproduced in brass (often in miniature) and bought for collections.

Inscriptions & Markings

2 DL

Dress uniform of a major in Dutch Army, communication section

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Dress uniform of major in Communications Regiment of Royal Netherlands Army, existing out of black coat with rank and regiment type indications and pants.

Inscriptions & Markings

Two stars and laurel leaves on shoulder epaulettes indicate rank of major. Collar batch indicates a communication regiment. Coat has label of manufacturer. Pants has name and rank of original owner.

Delft blue ashtray (asbakje in Delfts blauw)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Scalloped-edged shallow ashtray with three cigarette rests and a pair of tiny clogs on the edge. Upper edge decorated with blue arrows, three floral motifs inside bowl, rural scene with windmill on on bottom of bowl.

Historical information

Dutch were formerly heavy smokers, and many brought ashtrays as part of their luggage when they migrated.

Significance

Delftware with its traditional is collected by both Dutch and tourists

Inscriptions & Markings

On underside: superimposed with crown, handpainted in Delftsblauw, 119.

Wall Tile (Tegel)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Off-white pottery tile with blue coloured proverb in the Frisian language. There are also some blue glaze decorations in the four corners. On the back the brand name Harlingen Holland forms part of an imprint. There is also a hook for hanging.

Historical information

Tiles are formed using the using the same tools as four centuries ago, namely a knife and a wooden mould with little nails in the corners. Afterwards, the imprints of the nails remain visible as minute points in the glaze. After the first baking, the tile is glazed. The wet glaze is imprinted with a charcoal powder design. Then the painter redraws the lines with a fine paint brush and uses his own craftsmanship to color with paints that are in fact glazes colored by a metal oxide. The second baking blends these colors with the layer of tin glaze. The result is a unique and beautiful tile.

Significance

Tile design, making and baking is a traditional Dutch craft and continues today. The province of Friesland has its own traditions in the field of which this tile is a sample.

Inscriptions & Markings

The proverb reads: "Doch dyn plicht en lit de lju mar rabje." (Do your duty and just let people talk).

Small tin

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Small sweets tin.

Inscriptions & Markings

Both tin and lid are well-covered with photographs and inscriptions. The photos are all of people and places in Zeeland. The line "J.B.Diesch" refer to the manufacturer of this well-known butterscotch flavoured sweet.

Dutch stoneware pot (Keulse pot)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Grey stoneware pot, amphora shape, blue ring above written inscription, two handles with blue markings.

Significance

Voorraadpot made in Rotterdam by JM de Hoop and son. Used for storing preserved food eg. sauerkraut.

Inscriptions & Markings

JM de Hoop & Zoon Rotterdam. On opposite side, circular brand with Fabrieks Merk depicting hope and anchor

Crochet hook container

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Wooden tube in two interlocking parts, decorated with painted flowers. Rounded ends.

Inscriptions & Markings

Total length 20 cm, length of outer tube 10.7 cm., length of interlocking tube 8.5 cm., length of insert section 1.2 cm. Diameter 2.5 cm.

Dutch miitary long coat

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Dutch miitary long coat with lion emblem brass buttons - of heavy greenish material

Historical information

Part of the small collection of uniforms in DAHC's possession. Like most of these uniform this one stems from the 1950's.

Significance

Many of the 1950's period uniforms came from people that had been discharged after having served in the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia) during the Indonesian War of Independence.

Coffee pot set (Koffie servies)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

(a) - (w) - A tall, off white, ceramic pot with matching sugar bowl, milk jug, and eight cups and saucers. Two scenes, Westertoren and Montelbaanstoren are found on the sides of the body of the coffee pot. Scenes of Amsterdam are also seen on the other items. Two plates for serving biscuits or cakes both also with Amsterdam scenes complete the set. The edges of these are curved slightly upwards.

Inscriptions & Markings

Item 5140(v) has the words "Nieuwmarket met Waag" (Newmarket with Weighing House); the inscription on 5140(w) reads: "Waterlooplein", (Waterloo Square). On the bottom of some items the words "Viller and Bosch" appear.

Pair of Skates

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Tea Cosy (Lined)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Half rounded cotton padded teapot warmer (Dutch "theemuts" = tea bonnet) with inserted plywood base. White outside with grey-blue Delft tile motifs, lined with navy blue taffeta and padded with kapok. Metal carrying handle under which there is a clasp which opens and closes the cosy.

Historical information

This kind of tea cosy was found in just about every Dutch home in the 1950's. It took pride of place on the tea trolley and took the place of, or was an alternative to, the tea lights which also served to keep the teapot warm. It held a large teapot and although it was very effective in keeping the tea warm, after a couple of hours the tea became rather bitter and tasted "stewed". Since the Dutch are not in the habit of adding milk to their tea, the late afternoon cuppa was not always a favourite.

Significance

A symbol of what the Dutch prize above all, namely "gezelligheid", which means homely cosiness. The afternoon tea ritual ("thee-uurtje") was a very important time of the day as children came home from school to a cosily lit home with their mother presiding over pouring out the tea and distributing biscuits (one at a time!)

Inscriptions & Markings

none

Pair of wooden clogs

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

These white clogs were worn by women in the Dutch dance group De Tukkers.

Money Collecting Dish (Geldbakje)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

This is a copper, oval-shaped dish with low (about 2cm) sides, part covered in brass, with brass handle and about 15cm in length.

Significance

Used to collect coins from those listening to street musicians, particularly the barrel organ grinder. It was customary to rattle the coins in an attempt to attract further donations.

Inscriptions & Markings

Cover displays barrel organ in relief.

Toilet Brush Holder

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

White enamelled metal cylindrical toilet brush holder. An upright projection has a hole for optional hanging of the object.

Historical information

This item is from the pre-plastic days and would have contained a brush made from natural bristles.

Inscriptions & Markings

CLOSET BORSTEL (Toilet Brush) in black paint.

Booklet - Bun Historiael

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

84pp booklet; regular publication of the Bunschoten Historic Society. It has a coloured cover; photos inside are in black and whitel

Inscriptions & Markings

20e jaargang nr.2, april 1999. (20th edition, no.2, Aprill 1999).

Opaque Glass Mug

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

4161 - One of a set of 10. This mug carried the Netherlands coat of arms. The other 9 mugs depict provincial coats of arms.

Inscriptions & Markings

The Netherlands coat of arms of two lions holding a shield surmounted by a crown and depicting a lion rampant. A banner below carries the Dutch Royal Motto "Je Maintiendrai". (I shall persevere).

Pair of clogs

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Yellow-painted wooden clogs.

Small framed tiles.

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Set of three small framed tiles with humourous Dutch sayings.

Inscriptions & Markings

(a) Ik hoef niet te zwemmen in het geld maar pootje baden vind ik fijn. (I don't need to swim in money but I enjoy paddling in it). (b) Mannen moeten zijn als coffee, sterk goed en warm. (Men need to be like coffee, strong good and warm. (c Praat niet over jezelf, dat doen wij wel als je weg bent.

Suitcase (Koffer)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Suitcase body made of fibre covered with striped brown and cream plasticised cloth; pink plastic skintone handle with label strings, two key locks and central latch for padlock. Edges covered with pink stitched plastic Corners of lid reinforced with metal, two metal hinges, studs five metal studs underneath. Leather straps to hold lid open/. Interior covered with grey and black patterned paper. Marks of a label on left side, removed.

Historical information

Cheap suitcase for one-way trip

Inscriptions & Markings

Torn paper custom sticker, PASSED, Australia, 3869. Embossed on rear of lower part ES 20 FIBRE 26 Cheney (on lock); Cheney England on central lock

Enamelled Potato Bucket (Aardappel Emmer)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

The bucket is green enamelled on the outside and grey enamelled on the inside. The metal carry handle is looped through metal loops protruding above the rim.

Significance

The Dutch traditionally ate large quantities of potatoes. These would be peeled ahead of time by available labour (e.g., mother, children, visiting relatives) and kept under water till it was time to cook them. Vegetables were similarly prepared and kept under water to prevent browning before cooking.

Inscriptions & Markings

Aardappelen (Potatoes)

33.3 rpm LP in dustcover - 50 JAAR

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

33.3 rpm LP in cardboard Dustcover

Historical information

The record was issued to celebrate in 1984 the 50 year anniversary of the ground breaking flight in 1934 by the "Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij"'s (KLM) its passenger plane the "UIVER" from Amsterdam to Melbourne, opening herewith the regular air travel from the Netherlands to the Dutch East Indisch and Australia.

Significance

The "UIVER"flight from Amsterdam to Melbourne, opened the era of the regular air travel from the Netherlands to the Dutch East Indisch and Australia.

Inscriptions & Markings

with text: 50 JAAR "UIVER" 1934-1984 Flying High" made by CBS Records

Sieve with apple sauce making attachment (applemoeszeef)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Sieve with green plastic handle and two hooks to hold sieve over bowl. Detachable Y-shaped steel frame apple sauce roller inside sieve, designed to fit over the handle and hook onto rim on opposite side, has turning handle with green wooden knob, a wooden egg-shaped roller, to force apple sauce through sieve, and metal paddle to scrape sauce from sieve. Cooked apple sauce was placed in sieve and pushed through mesh by turning handle to produce the fine apple sauce beloved by the Dutch.

Historical information

Brought by Dutch migrants as part of kitchen apparatus.

Children's skates (Kinderschaatsen)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

4649 (a) and (b) Wooden upper, pointed at both ends; steel blade fastened with central rivet; leather ankle and toe straps. Front straps have eyelets through which very strong crossgrain strap was threaded to tie skate onto shoe, rear strap has hole either side to thread the strap through for tying under shoe instep and around top of shoe and around ankle.

Historical information

Medieaval and 17th century Dutch paintings show winterscapes with children from the Low Countries skating on skates of similar pattern.

Significance

The Dutch love of skating is exemplified by the fact that so many brought their skates with them to their new country.

Inscriptions & Markings

R 21 (on right skate) 21 (on left skate)

Small wooden souvenir box (houten souvenirdoosje uit den Bosch)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Light timber square box with hinged lid.

Inscriptions & Markings

Lid: first line of popular song relating to place this box commemorates, viz den Bosch (s’Hertogenbosch) capital of province Brabant. Same line repeated on two sides of box. Illustration on lid shows male and female figures, female with basket.

Small framed tile.

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Inscriptions & Markings

Eigen haard is goud waard. (There is no place like home)

Wooden Clog (Klompje)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Single wooden clog decorated with burnt-in rustic scene and patterned decorations.

Historical information

Wooden clogs were common footwear for farmers and their families.

Dutch military field uniform

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Dutch military field uniform made from heavy greenish material: (1) short jacket and (2) pants

Historical information

Part of the small collection of uniforms in DAHC's possession. Like most of these uniform this one stems from the 1950-ies. The shoulder insigne indicate a "Genie" division (Engineering Corps).

Significance

Many of the 1950's period uniforms came from people that had been discharched after having served in the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia) during the Indonesian War of Independence.

Inscriptions & Markings

Short jacket (brass, insect eye - like button on each collar, St Joris (St George) patch on shoulder straps, "Prins Alexander" on sleeves, Dutch army emblem with "Je Maintiendrai", the Dutch national motto, on left sleeve), marks inside jacket W MvO 1954, Motecht door MITN.

Coal shuttle miniature

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Brass miniature coal shuttle with copper body and Delft blue handle.

Framed Embroidery of Dutch Coat of Arms

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Kruikezeiker (Jug Pisser) Statue

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Bronze (?) male figure depicting him about to fill a jug with his urine. His right hand lifts his garment while he holds the jug in his left.

Historical information

A link to the folkloric custom that the poor sold their urine to the wool industry where it was used in wool washing. Current depictions of a stereotypical Kruikezeiker are based on the Tilburg sculpture created by Henk Smulders (1925-1994). Said statue is located on Nieuwlandstraat, Tilburg.

Significance

Tilburg has embraced this legend and named itself "Kruikezeiker Stad" (Jug City). The legend is brought to the fore during Karneval celebrations. It is a symbol of the city.

Inscriptions & Markings

Base edge carries the name: "H.Smulders" on the back; "Tilburg" on the side and "Kruikezeiker" on the front.

Decorative Cake Slide

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

(a) Silver-coated intricately patterned cake slide. Carvings on a floral theme are done in relief. Edges are irregular. The handle end features a female form reminiscent of a ship's figure head.

Inscriptions & Markings

The word "Italy" is engraved on the back of the slide in very tiny writing.

Board game (bordspel) - Wie krijgt voorrang (Who gives way)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Lid illustrated with box contents. Box contains board marked with traffic game. Counters, cards, one dice. Instructions and description.

Inscriptions & Markings

Spika Made in DGR

Wall Tile (Tegel)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Square off-white tile depicting a traditionally clad farmer's wife holding a basket of eggs and watching a hen running from her newly-laid egg. There appears also a proverb written In dialect: "Je kan d'eiers nie telle, vòdat je z'in 't bènnetje eit." (You can't count your eggs till they're in the basket.) A decorative border surrounds the scene and includes © with the initials R.S. The illustrations and wording are in brown. A hook for hanging has been affixed to the back.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the back the tile is inscribed MOSA HOLLAND and bears the numbers 213.

Framed Ceramic Tile - Reproduction of painting

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Tile with colour print of of Dutch landscape in gold with black line frame protected on back with cardboard nailed to frame

Historical information

The picture on the tile is a reproduction of the painting "The Mill at Wijk bij Duurstede" which was painted around 1670 by the Dutch painter Jacob Isaacksz vab Ruysdael (1628-1682)

Significance

Souvenir type item, likely purchases at the souvenir shop of the (Dutch) Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam.

Inscriptions & Markings

Cardboard at back of of frame has text " Jacob Isaacksz van Ruisdael 1628-1682. "The Mill at Wijk bij Duurstede" (painted about 1670). Original size 32 5/8 " x 39 3/4" Oil on Canvas (note this is about 892x1009mm) Held in Rijksmuseum at Amsterdam

Pair of miniature wooden clogs (1 paar souvenir klompjes)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Picture of coloured windmill on front, red rim and toe; fastened together with string for hanging up.

Inscriptions & Markings

‘Holland’ in top left hand corner of picture.

Cocoa Tin/Cacaobus

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Cylinderical tin brightly decorated with painted scenes of people enjoying cocoa in a variety of situations in the early 20th century. The lid has been painted with a coat of arms based on the Dutch coat of arms but with cocoa tree instead of orange tree. The banner carries the German words "van Houten seit 1828".

Historical information

Information on the tin suggests it was produced primarily for the German market.

Significance

A colonial product processed in The Netherlands.

Inscriptions & Markings

The brand name - Van Houten's Cocoa - and instructions for preparation are given in Dutch, French, English and German.

Commemorative Tile

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Rectangular tile depicting a leafy tree loaded with oranges. Under it are four young people - two male and two female. The main colours are green on a greyish background. Orange accents appear throughout the clothing.

Historical information

Princess Juliana and Prince Bernard married in 1937 prior to the Princess becoming Queen in 1948.

Significance

The fact that this item was brought to Australia with a migrant family indicates the affection in which the Royal Family was held by many Dutch people.

Inscriptions & Markings

An orange banner reads 1937-1962. Below the illustration is the motto: "Doen kunnen we alles maar dan ook alleen allen samen." (We can do everything but only together). On the back are various imprints relating to the maker Mosa Holland.

Photographic Print (Foto Afdruk)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Black and white photograph of (then) Princess Juliana, Prince Bernard and their first three daughters. Princess Margriet (born 19/01/1943) is wearing a baptismal gown.

Historical information

Crown Princess Juliana, her husband Prince Bernard and older daughters escaped to Canada shortly after Germany invaded The Netherlands in May 1940. Princess Margriet was born in Ottawa on 19/01/1943.

Significance

The significance resides in recalling the safe haven in a time of crisis offered the Dutch Royal Family by Canada.

Commemorative Mug (Melkbeker)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A souvenir pottery mug handed out to school children in Amsterdam in 1948 to commemorate the abdication of Queen Wilhelmina and the accession to the throne of Queen Juliana. This kind of mug (without a handle) was typically used by children to drink their milk. It is illustrated with the initials of the two Queens surrounded by oranges (for the House of Orange). Blue banners link the bunches of oranges. There is also a depiction of the famous steeple of the Wester Church, the Amsterdam coat of Arms, a ship, a bridge and a typical canal house.

Historical information

In 1898, when Princess Wilhelmina attained her majority, she succeeded her Mother, Queen Emma, who had been Regent for 10 years. Wilhelmina reigned for 50 years until her abdication in favour of her daughter Juliana in 1948.

Significance

The House of Orange is one of the most popular monarchies in Western democracies. Widespread celebrations accompanied the Abdication/Accession.

Inscriptions & Markings

Above the W: "Dankbaar voor het verleden" (Grateful for the past) 1898-1948. Above the J: "Vol vertrouwen in de toekomst" (Full of confidence in the future) 1948

Dutch Tile (Tegel)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Small square tile in the blue and white Delft style. Depicted are a horse rampant, the Hengelo shield and the words "1958 Herrezen".

Historical information

The area of Twente in Overijssel which includes Hengelo was badly bombed during WWII because of its textile industries. After 1945 it took some years to restore the town and a celebration was held upon completion in 1958.

Significance

The item was added to the collection by Tony Nijhuis who lived in Hengelo.

Inscriptions & Markings

1958 "Hengelo Herrezen"

Framed Certificate

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Official declaration establishing the Dutch Consulate in Melbourne. The framed declaration is signed by the Dutch Minister of Foreign Affairs and the Dutch Queen, Wilhemina of Orange, on 9 May 1924.

Historical information

The declaration was noticed in an antique shop by a Dutch antique dealer who purchased it and donated it to the DAHC.

Inscriptions & Markings

Dated: 9 Mei negentien vier en twintig ( 9 May 1924 ) and signed by Queen Wilhelmina. Has creases that somebody tried to fix with white-out.

Child-size Wooden Skates

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Wooden skates, with brown leather straps. It has a metal strip on the base of the wood, which is necessary for gliding on ice.

Historical information

Skates were and still are widely used in winter time in The Netherlands, when the rivers, canals, creeks, ponds etc. are frozen solid. Paintings out of around 1600-1700 show models of skates very much like the one shown. Even until as recent as 40 years ago, the wooden skates (with steel blade) that are tied to the shoe with leather strap and laces, were widely used in the Netherlands. Even now they are still made in children sizes, because of there flexibility in adjusting to a range of shoe sizes.

Significance

Skating is a tradition which remains popular.

Inscriptions & Markings

Letter R for right foot No letter for left foot

Child's Petticoat

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Petticoat to be worn under child's white First Communion dress, made of white parachute silk sewn in extremely tiny stitches by machine and hand. French seams are used for the sides and shoulders; the hem is handsewn. The garment is fastened at the neck with a narrow white satin ribbon.

Historical information

This petticoat dress was sewn by Mrs. van den Heuvel and her friend M/s Jos Tersteeg for Marjo van den Heuvel to wear under a white dress on the occasion of her cousin Peter Beeker's First Holy Communion.

Significance

The material was obtained from one of the many parachutes that became available during the Allied offensive of 1944/45. This material was very welcome after the deprivations suffered during the 5 year German occupation.

Untitled

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Koffiemolentje (coffee grinder)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A small bakelite stand-alone coffee grinder with curved metal handle and metal grinding works.

Inscriptions & Markings

1. On the lid: Within a circle and in relief Pe-De Dienes Reform D.R.G.M.D.R.P. Above the final inscription a small metal plate carries the words: Gesmeed maalwerk loopt op kogels - (forged grinding mechanism runs on ball bearings) 2. On the main body: Another circle with, in relief, an image of a deer head with with a cross inserted between his antlers. Thereunder the brand-name Pe De.

Brass Wall Plates

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Two heavy round brass wall plates depicting traditional occupations - one of a chairmaker, the other a blacksmith.

Inscriptions & Markings

(a) De Stoelemaaker (the chairmaker) (b) De Smidt (the smith)

Skimming ladle (schuimspaan)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Steel ladle with orange handle with white perforated shallow bowl.

Mortar and pestle (mortier en vijzel)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

4801 (a) Round wooden shallow mortar 4801 (b) Wooden pestle.

Historical information

Brought by Dutch Indonesian migrants

Decorative Saucer

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Colourfully painted saucer showing the Mint in Amsterdam with flower market in the foreground and the words "Tulpen uit Amsterdam" beside the Dutch flag on one of the stalls.

Inscriptions & Markings

'De Munt Amsterdam Holland' on main picture. A stamp on the reverse side shows a crown with "Royal" on its front, "Schwabap" inside. "Handdecorated" appears above the crown. Below the crown we read "1984 Ter Steege BV. Holland".

Carnival Hat (carnavalshoed)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Decorative hat from silk-like material, coloured orange, green and cream and finished off with silvery gold band and other decorative items (see picture - also see items 6352 and 6353).

Historical information

Carnival (Dutch: Carnaval) is an important annual event heralding Lent in the southern provinces of The Netherlands, with each village often having its own "Carnavalsclub" and traditions. Many Dutch immigrantsg from the southern provinces have continued this tradition and formed their regional Carnavals Clubs in Australia. Each club has its own colourful uniforms, including specific hats. There are potentially three types of hats: A formal hat for official events, a work hat for use during normal club nights and for those members lucky enough to be chosen for a year as the "Prince" of the club, a Prince's Hat. Dutch Carnival is primarily a festival celebrating human folly which is why the hats are like jesters' caps. "Carnaval" comes with a rich tradition of ridiculing people and institutions of authority, and so, for instance, the "Prince" is saluted with military salutes which are performed the wrong way round, to the great merriment of onlookers. Special songs celebrating the foolishness of people in high places, such as politicians, are composed each year for "Carnaval".

Significance

For people from the southern provinces of the Netherlands, the annual "Carnaval" is an important cultural event.

Inscriptions & Markings

Has the name "L. Havel" on the inside.