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Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria Carnegie, Victoria

The Dutch Australian Heritage Centre has been established to collect and display items of recognised significance relating to immigrants who arrived here from the Netherlands and the former Dutch East Indies, with special emphasis on migration in the post WWII period.

Please note: THESE ITEMS ARE NOT FOR SALE

Contact Information

location
60 Rosstown Road Carnegie Carnegie, 3163 Vic 3163 (map)
phone
+61 0419549376

Contact

Opening Hours

By appointment - call Mr Michael Gijsberts on 0419 549 376

Entry Fee

Free Entry. However, donations are welcome.

Location

60 Rosstown Road Carnegie Victoria

View on Google Maps

The DAHC collection consists primarily of personal and household items donated by Dutch immigrants. As most of the migrants arrived in the 1950s, the collection presents a historical insight into Dutch culture, both in the Netherlands and in the Dutch communities in Australia.

Meredith Blake 29 May 2013 9:48 AM

Love the new items you have catalogued recently! Great work

Jose Sendeckyj 13 May 2016 10:21 AM

As an immigrant from The Netherlands in the early 60's to Australia, it is heartening and very interesting to see the digital documentation of Dutch culture for posterity! Great work - I hope to assist in the future in some small way.

Michael Gijsberts 13 May 2016 11:03 AM

To Jose Sendeckyj, Thanks for your heartening comments. And yes do come and visit us and possibly lend a helping hand at our 'working bees'

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205 items

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205 items

Puzzle Game - Mixed Up

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Rectangular white box with black lid on which information is printed in orange. Inside box is a plastic moulded container holding the various puzzle pieces. Puzzle pieces are made from variety of materials including metal, wood and possibly plastic Some items are missing judging by the diagrams.

Historical information

Example of children's pastimes before the age of TV. Dutch families tended to play boardgames during the long winter nights.

Significance

It was brought to Australia to continue old customs

Inscriptions & Markings

Seven language on top of box all saying "play it anywhere". Images of the various puzzles. The manufacturer logo and name (Jumbo) all featured prominently on side of lid. "Made in Holland by Jumbo, Hausemann & Hoette nv Amsterdam" Has recommended play age of 8 and higher. On sides of lid feature multi-coloured title of the game. Price tag on side of lid shows value of 9.75 The box features on all sides puzzle piece diagrams and also the statement "that the solution can be found in the box" in Dutch, English, German & French. (No solution documentation found in box) On the bottom of the box is another manufacturer's logo (JUMBO) surrounding by the words Spellen-Jeux, Games-Spel, Giochi-Juegos", Spiele-Spil Also repeats Made in Holland

Ceramic Commemorative Plate (Keramiek Gedenkbord)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Shaped as a soup plate the carved out bottom carries an image of Queen Wilhelmina and the inscription "1898-1923". A branch of oranges with a golden W placed in its centre partly encircles the image. The plate is edged with three green circles.

Historical information

Queen Wilhelmina celebrated her silver jubilee in 1923.

Significance

Princess Wilhelmina was only 10 years old when her father (King Willem III) passed away in1890. Until she became of age 8 years later her mother, Queen Emma, ruled as Queen Regent. The Dutch are traditionally proud of their Royal Family and this is one of the commemorative items with which the country honoured the Queen's silver jubilee in 1923

Inscriptions & Markings

"1898-1923".

Book - 25 Jaar Afsluitdijk 1932-1957 (25 years of the Enclosure Dike)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A 56page rectanguar book commemorating the opening of the Afsluitdijk. The cover is of thick card while within the pages of text are illustrated with black and white photographs.

Historical information

The book commemorates the opening of the Afsluitdijk in 1932. Shutting off the North Sea created the IJsselmeer and connected the provinces of North Holland and Friesland. It has remained an essential traffic artery every since.

Significance

The book records the cultural, economic and social impact of the Afsluitdijk on the Netherlands.

Inscriptions & Markings

Originally owned and eventually deregistered by "De Utrechtse Openbare Bibliotheek" (Utrecht Public Library). Another stamp. "Filiaal Elinkwijk" shows it was used by the library branch in Elinkwijk. Full title is "Vijfentwintig Jaar Afsluitdijk". Authors and illustrators are B. Den Oudsten en P.Terpstra with an introduction by the Queen's representative in Friesland, Mr.H.P.Linthorst Homan. Publisher is Algmeen Publiciteit Kantoor, Oosterkade 20b, Leeuwarden.

Set of 3 Kitchen Canisters

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

5874 (a,b,c,d,e,f) Three (3) near-identical lidded enamelled steel cylindrical canisters, green on the outside and white on the inside. The lids are of black bakelite.

Historical information

Ulft consists of three hamlets: Ulft, Oer and De Pol. Oer is the northern part of Ulft and is called Oer because of the iron in the earth, which is called IJzeroer in Dutch. The DRU, an iron foundry, was located in Ulft. DRU moved to Duiven in 1999 and may be found at the Rijksweg A12. The Ulft site is still called "De Smeltkroes", a reference to the historic foundry, but is being converted to residential accommodation on top of a shopping centrum.

Significance

Such sets of 3 canisters (coffee, tea and sugar) were commonly to be found on a shelf in Dutch kitchens.

Inscriptions & Markings

KOFFIE, THEE, SUIKER (coffee, tea, sugar)

Child-size Wooden Skates

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Wooden skates, with brown leather straps. It has a metal strip on the base of the wood, which is necessary for gliding on ice.

Historical information

Skates were and still are widely used in winter time in The Netherlands, when the rivers, canals, creeks, ponds etc. are frozen solid. Paintings out of around 1600-1700 show models of skates very much like the one shown. Even until as recent as 40 years ago, the wooden skates (with steel blade) that are tied to the shoe with leather strap and laces, were widely used in the Netherlands. Even now they are still made in children sizes, because of there flexibility in adjusting to a range of shoe sizes.

Significance

Skating is a tradition which remains popular.

Inscriptions & Markings

Letter R for right foot No letter for left foot

33.3 rpm LP in dustcover - 50 JAAR

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

33.3 rpm LP in cardboard Dustcover

Historical information

The record was issued to celebrate in 1984 the 50 year anniversary of the ground breaking flight in 1934 by the "Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij"'s (KLM) its passenger plane the "UIVER" from Amsterdam to Melbourne, opening herewith the regular air travel from the Netherlands to the Dutch East Indisch and Australia.

Significance

The "UIVER"flight from Amsterdam to Melbourne, opened the era of the regular air travel from the Netherlands to the Dutch East Indisch and Australia.

Inscriptions & Markings

with text: 50 JAAR "UIVER" 1934-1984 Flying High" made by CBS Records

Placemat with laminated copy of aap-noot-mies reading board (leesplankje) in A4 size.

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A laminated A4 copy of the "Aap, Noot, Mies" reading board.

Historical information

The Placemats were made in response to the display of pictures of the "aap, noot, mies" reading boards, which led to requests from older Dutch Citizens for copies.

Significance

The "aap, noot, mies" reading boards were used in the Netherlands for a long time (from many years before WWII till the late 1960's) as the main tool for teaching students in the first year of primary school the main vowels and consonants of the Dutch Language. The reading boards were used in combination with reading books containing the Zus & Jet stories. These stories are the source of the pictures on the reading board. Item number 6380 is an example of such a reading book.

Inscriptions & Markings

The board shows pictures of items and persons as well as the spelling of the words and names, for the words: aap, noot, mies,wim, zus, jet, teun, vuur, gijs, lam, kees, bok, weide, does, hok, duif, schapen.

Kruikezeiker (Jug Pisser) Statue

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Bronze (?) male figure depicting him about to fill a jug with his urine. His right hand lifts his garment while he holds the jug in his left.

Historical information

A link to the folkloric custom that the poor sold their urine to the wool industry where it was used in wool washing. Current depictions of a stereotypical Kruikezeiker are based on the Tilburg sculpture created by Henk Smulders (1925-1994). Said statue is located on Nieuwlandstraat, Tilburg.

Significance

Tilburg has embraced this legend and named itself "Kruikezeiker Stad" (Jug City). The legend is brought to the fore during Karneval celebrations. It is a symbol of the city.

Inscriptions & Markings

Base edge carries the name: "H.Smulders" on the back; "Tilburg" on the side and "Kruikezeiker" on the front.

Dutch Primary School Reader - Derde Leesboekje

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Book: "Derde Leesboekje", a soft cover reader used in Dutch Primary schools in the decades around the 2nd World War

Historical information

This reader contains stories about two sisters: Zus and Jet. The "Derde Leesboekje" is the third reader in this series.

Significance

The stories in this book and in some of the other readers had as subjects the people, animals and objects used in the "aap, noot, mies" reading board shown as item number 6389. The reading boards and readers were used in the Netherlands for a long time (from many years before WW II, till the late 1960s) to teach reading and spelling.

Inscriptions & Markings

some silverfish type damage on front and back cover

Decorative Fork

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Highly decorative silver-coated object in the shape of a four-pronged fork. A sailing ship forms the top of the handle. The handle (or stem) has 2 curlices on each side. The main section depicts a homely interior in which a seated woman plays the harp, a man stands listening and a child sits on the potty. The whole is surrounded by raised vine-like patterning.

Inscriptions & Markings

A very tiny triangle is engraved in the point of the fork at the back.

Earthenware gin bottle (jeneverkruik)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Tan earthenware bottle with cork stopper with plastic top.

Inscriptions & Markings

Inscribed around shoulder: ERVEN LUCAS BOLS ‘T LOOTSJE AMSTERDAM 1 LITER. On front of bottle: Upper label Z.O. GENEVER = very old gin. The name BOLS in bold black diagonally across the label. Description in Dutch and English . Smaller lower label with serving suggestions in 6 languages except Dutch. Back of bottle: label stating again this is a very old gin and a barcode which suggests a relatively recent date of manufacture.

Suitcase (Koffer)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Brown painted suitcase of reinforced oilcloth with metal handle and two metal locks. A small door lock has been added to the lid which has been reinforced on the inside by a timber slat. A plywood slat has been added to the handle side of the case. The rims of lid and case are made of metal, as are the corners. The papered interior of both case and lid shows a small floral pattern in black and beige although, as part of the reinforcement, a coat of brown paint has been added to the inside of the lid and case, but not the bottom. Of the two straps designed to hold down the contents one is still in place, but the other has been replaced by a length of elastic. The original strap is made of cotton, now a dirty white with blue edging, and does up with a small metal buckle. The interior of the case shows a lot of wear and tear with evidence of multiple repairs. A small black metal chain holds up the lid, the corresponding one on the opposite side is missing.

Historical information

Suitcase brought by Dutch immigrant.

Significance

The fact that the owner reinforced and mended the suitcase suggests the Dutch trait of taking care of things and making them last. The stencilled initials suggest this case was probably stored in the hold.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the inside: the timber slat carries the name A.T.A. RIJKEN in black ink and also on a black Dymo label. On the outside: the handle side displays the initials A.T.A.R. and the figure 3 in white stencil. The lid bears evidence of a label in the bottom left hand corner. The lock, added by the owner, is 3cm in diameter and branded ELZETT Made in Hungary.

Delft tile illustrating the castle at Helmond - Kasteel Helmond

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Square ceramic tile depicting Helmond castle. The illustration is in Delft blue and the tile is framed in dark brown wood.

Cigar Tin

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Square metal tin with hinged lid. The four sides are colourfully decorated with pictures and words from the traditional "leesplank" or early reading board, now a nostalgia item.

Significance

Cigar smoking was a popular sign of maturity and/or sophistication among Dutch men until the danger to health became better known.

Inscriptions & Markings

The lid carries an insigna picturing tobacco leaves, a starry banner and small globe with cross, surrounded by the words: Senator Sigarenfabrieken-Valkenswaard-Holland. A sticker on the underneath side of the tin reads: 50 senator riche.

Round framed souvenir tile

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Cream background with, in foreground, couple in dark brown regional Brabant costume; farmhouse outbuildings and trees in background. Spring frame at rear for hanging. Brown imitation wood frame.

Inscriptions & Markings

Brabant at base of tile.

Framed Embroidery of Dutch Coat of Arms

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Delft commorative tile

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Ceramic tile, brown and black two-line border around gold, green, red and white design. Laurel leaves with red berries around coat of arms, scroll banner. Coat of arms white background with three red horizontal bars with two crossed red bars.On back two holes for hanging.

Historical information

Dutch commemorative tile from city of Enschede in Drente

Significance

Souvenir brought by Dutch migrants on migrating.

Inscriptions & Markings

Scroll inscribed ENSCHEDE. On underside: Delft with makers' mark. Coat of arms white background with three red horizontal bars with two crossed red bars.

Delft blue ashtray (asbakje in Delfts blauw)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Scalloped-edged shallow ashtray with three cigarette rests and a pair of tiny clogs on the edge. Upper edge decorated with blue arrows, three floral motifs inside bowl, rural scene with windmill on on bottom of bowl.

Historical information

Dutch were formerly heavy smokers, and many brought ashtrays as part of their luggage when they migrated.

Significance

Delftware with its traditional is collected by both Dutch and tourists

Inscriptions & Markings

On underside: superimposed with crown, handpainted in Delftsblauw, 119.

Untitled

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Commemorative Plate (Gedenkbord)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A ceramic plate decorated in blue with pictures and words. Central to the image is a coat of arms featuring a central lion and 4 identical hunting horns. The whole is surmounted by a crown. The rim is decorated with orange blossoms.

Historical information

Maastricht, Holland, was the city where Petrus Regout established the De Sphinx pottery in 1836. De Sphinx operated under the name Petrus Regout & Co. until 1899. The firm was noted for its transfer-printed earthenware. Many factories in Maastricht are still making ceramics.

Significance

The plate was created to celebrate the silver jubilee of Queen Wilhelmina in 1923.

Inscriptions & Markings

The words read: "Mijn schilt en de betrouwen Syt Ghy O God myn Heer. Op U soo wil ick bouwen Verlaat my nimmermeer." These are words from the second verse of the National Anthem recorded in Old Dutch. The dates 1898-1923 also feature on the front of the plate. The back bears the maker's stamp, an imprint of a small arrow, an imprint of ¾ and the words "Made in Holland". The maker's stamp reads: "Petrus Regout & Co Maastricht". It is surmounted by a sphinx. There are also two holes in the rim to enable hanging of the plate.

Bed Warmer

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A large dish-shaped copper bowl with patterned lid which has 5 cm diam. holes. The long handle is of turned wood.

Inscriptions & Markings

None.

tourists bicycle pennants

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

calico, triangular pennant. One edged in blue, the other in red.

Historical information

Tourism

Significance

How people went on holiday. A memento of simple holidays. The tradition of camping as the holiday of choice.

Inscriptions & Markings

4089.R1 - blue edged pennant, showing the tourist sites around a place called Epen in the southern part of the province of Limburg. This is known because the name of the town is in large red letters. Three locations shown 1. Kamper Boerderij - A farm providing camping grounds. 2. Kasteel Beusdael - The Beusdael Castle 3. Wingbergermoelen - Wingberger Mill Also a little tent beneath the name of the town, with refers to the camping holiday. Also a maker's mark on the pennant, a small triangle with the letters L, A & B within it. 4089.R2 - red edged pennant, showing the area around Vaals in Limburg province, the name is in large red letters. The scene shows the meeting point between the Netherlands, Germany & Belgium - "Drie Landen Punt" (Three Country Meeting Point) Also shows the height of the viewing point (193m), as well showing other features including: - Hotel Bellevue - Uitzichttoren - viewing tower - Panorama Aken - Panorama of Aachen, Germany - Spoorbrug-Moresnet - Railwaybridge-Moresnet in Belgium. Small makers mark. Black triangle, possible the same as that shown in the other pennant, though obscured.

Child Size Peat Cutter

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Metal Peat cutter with wooden handle.Varnished pine has been used and the cutting blade is painted black. Used together with wooden flat-bed wheelbarrow (Item 4139) and peat spade (Item 4142)

Historical information

Originated in Drente where cutting peat was one of the main industries. Used together with wheelbarrow (Item 4139) and peat spade (Item 4142).

Significance

A rare example referring to the peat cutting industry.

Silver Serving Spoon and Fork (Zilver Servies)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Both the spoon (1) and fork(2) are beautifully crafted in silver. They are meant as decorative items rather than for practical use. The handles of both items finish with shapes of a lion rampant holding a staff with fleur-de-lys.

Inscriptions & Markings

Both itmes have been much polished and the markings are illegible.

Commemorative Plate

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Earthenware plate decorated to commemorate the 50year reign of Queen Wilhelmina. Her picture in the centre is surrounded by oranges. Her portrait is surmounted by her coat of arms. Below the portrait are the Dutch and Orange flags and her initial. The plate is designed to be hung.

Historical information

Queen Wilhelmina reigned from her 18th birthday in 1918 until she abdicated in favour of her daughter Juliana 50 years later.

Significance

Such plates would have been readily available in 1948 and an important part of the celebrations.

Inscriptions & Markings

Wilhelmina 1898 Koningin der Nederlanden 1948. On the back N.V. Koninklijke Plateelbakkerij. Zuid Holland Gouda. Plazuid.

Soup ladle (pollepel)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Enamel ladle with red handle and white bowl, handle hooked at one end for hanging

Historical information

Brought to Australia by Dutch migrants in the 1950s as part of their kitchen utensils

Etching

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

An historic small town scene etched (or possibly printed) on thin metal and subsequently fastened to a plywood backing. The delicately presented scene is said to show the intersection of Old Church Street and the Vliet Canal bridge in Voorburg, as well as a section of wharf. On the canal are one large and two much smaller vessels. A very tall crane-like construction arises from the wharf to the roof of waterside buildings. The people are soberly dressed in possibly 17th or 18th century costumes.

Historical information

The Vliet is a canal in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland. It starts at the Oude Rijn at Leiden and joins the Delfshavense Schie canal at Delft. Places along its banks include Voorschoten, Leidschendam, Voorburg, The Hague and Rijswijk. The canal was dug in 47 AD under command of Roman general Corbulo, who wished to connect the river Rhine, of which the current Oude Rijn stream in Roman times was the main branch, to the Meuse estuary. It is unclear what the canal's trajectory was beyond the current city of Delft; the Delfshavense Schie canal, which connects Delft to the Nieuwe Maas river was not dug until 1389. In the Middle Ages the Vliet was an important trade link that attracted all kinds of trade, as it flowed through the heart of the County of Holland. Windmills have been constructed alongside the Vliet, including the completely renovated mill 'De salamander' in Leidschendam. The Vliet area was particularly attractive among richer families, who built their mansions along its banks.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the reverse has been written: "Oude Kerkstraat Brug over de Vliet Voorburg". (Old Church Street; Bridge over the Vliet canal; Voorburg). However, research proves that the church is actually the Old Church in Delft, a short distance further down the Vliet Canal.

Medal

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Brass medal depicting a Joker on one side with names and a date on the other. The medal is suspended from a red and white twisted cord.

Historical information

Dutch migrants from the province of Limburg started a Jokers Club in Melbourne choosing a "Carnival Prins" every year. Hans 2 was chosen in 1987. The custom of partying prior to the start of Lent was very strong in the mainly Catholic Southern provinces - Limburg and Brabant. The custom has lost some of its religious significance and is mainly kept up as a fun event.

Inscriptions & Markings

Back of the medal reads: "Hans 2 1987 Bieëgdje". Made in Italy.

Sjoelbak met schijven - Dutch Skittles Game

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

(1) Sjoelbak with (2) storage cover across two centre gates during storage (3) two-ply centre gates (4) 30 sjoel discs (not individually numbered).

Serviette Ring

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Brown bamboo serviette ring.

Significance

This item demonstrates that Dutch table manners were continued in the Dutch East Indies.

Serving Tray (Dienblad)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

white and blue plastic tray decorated with typically Dutch symbols, including clogs, a windmill, tulips.

Historical information

Most likely made for the tourist market.

Significance

It shows the stereotypes associated with the Netherlands and how they are perceived by foreigners.

Inscriptions & Markings

none

Book - O Verrukkelijke Gekke Rotstad (O Delicious Crazy Rotten City) Amsterdam 700 Jaar

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A soft cover book of 160pp commemorating Amsterdam's 700 years existence. While the cover is in colour the countless illustrations are in black and white. Published in 1975 the book explores the strongly individual character of the city and its people.

Historical information

Amsterdam, with trade at its heart, is the oldest city in The Netherlands . Its multi-faceted and colourful history has engendered unique personality and behavioural traits in its people. The book attempts to record expressions of these along with the city's architectural attractions. The sub-title (translated) reads "A declaration of love by Amsterdam Boek". (The publishers)

Significance

The book is a significant record of the Amsterdammers' pride in their city, its history, its present (in the seventies) and its people.

Rotan ladle and skimmer

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Kitchen utensils beautifully made from natural materials including rotan, bamboo, palm tree and grass.

Handknitted Woollen Mittens

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Handknitted multicoloured woollen mittens with Scandinavian pattern.

Porcelain storage containers for "Koffie" "Thee" "Suiker" "Peper" and "Zout"

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Set of 5 hexonal shaped porcelain storage containers, each with lid, for the storage and home use of (1,2) "Koffie", (3,4) "Thee", (5,6) "Suiker", (7,8) "Peper" and (9,10) "Zout".

Historical information

According to Dutch tradition this type of sets have normally 3 large containers (coffee, tea and sugar) and sometimes 2 small containers (salt and pepper). During manufacturing of this set, the labels on salt (Zout) and tea (Thee) container were interchanged, crating a A-Typical set with large salt container and a small tea container. Likely ordered from Dutch East Indies and manufactured in China.

Significance

A rare example of an imperfect product surviving to create an historic record.

Inscriptions & Markings

When the glass side of the display case disintegrated and all shelves and items fell down. two lids broke. They are repaired (but the cracks are visible)

Framed photo MS Oranje in port

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Rectangular colourised photograph of ship MS Oranje in Rotterdam (?) harbour. Gold-coloured aluminium frame, composite backing. Glass front.

Historical information

Ship's history connected to Australian war history when it served as a hospital ship. Troop ship, migrant ship and cruise liner,

Significance

Image of ship that has conncetions with Dutch, Indonesian and Australian history.

Inscriptions & Markings

Oranje on ship's portside emphasised with additional colour. On back, sticker describing frame, barcode.

Embroidered panel

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Panel of cream cotton with blue cross-stitch embroidery of Dutch scenes. Molen (windmill), Schaatsen (couple skating), Vissers (fishers), Wasdag (washing day). Suspended from wooden frame with brass rod and chain for hanging.

Child's Petticoat

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Petticoat to be worn under child's white First Communion dress, made of white parachute silk sewn in extremely tiny stitches by machine and hand. French seams are used for the sides and shoulders; the hem is handsewn. The garment is fastened at the neck with a narrow white satin ribbon.

Historical information

This petticoat dress was sewn by Mrs. van den Heuvel and her friend M/s Jos Tersteeg for Marjo van den Heuvel to wear under a white dress on the occasion of her cousin Peter Beeker's First Holy Communion.

Significance

The material was obtained from one of the many parachutes that became available during the Allied offensive of 1944/45. This material was very welcome after the deprivations suffered during the 5 year German occupation.

Child-Size Wheelbarrow for Cutting Peat

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Wooden flat-bed wheelbarrow with wooden wheel with metal band. Oak and teak have been used and the item is varnished. Used together with peat cutter (Item 4143) and peat spade (Item 4142).

Historical information

Originated in Drente where cutting peat was one of the main industries. Used together with peat cutter (Item 4143) and peat spade (Item 4142).

Significance

A rare example referring to the peat cutting industry.

Brass Wall Plates

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Two heavy round brass wall plates depicting traditional occupations - one of a chairmaker, the other a blacksmith.

Inscriptions & Markings

(a) De Stoelemaaker (the chairmaker) (b) De Smidt (the smith)

Vase in Delft blue (vaasje in Delfts blauw)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Cylindrical but slightly bulging in middle; white with blue flowers - mainly roses; not usual Delft pattern.

Inscriptions & Markings

Above central crown Delft 1103, crown has letters KRONACH inside crown, under crown Bavaria 309/0, at right angles Echt Kobalt Unterglasur

Breadbin (broodtrommel)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

White enamelled metal bin with hinged lid. Handle on top of the lid. Basic lock with a twist key. The lid has a dark blue lining on the edge. The lid also features a series of 19 ventilation holes along its back

Historical information

A common item in the kitchen. Breadbins held a staple food item for breakfast/lunch. The need to have a enough bread to feed the family for a number of days.

Inscriptions & Markings

No inscriptions

Suitcase (Koffer)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Suitcase body made of fibre covered with striped brown and cream plasticised cloth; pink plastic skintone handle with label strings, two key locks and central latch for padlock. Edges covered with pink stitched plastic Corners of lid reinforced with metal, two metal hinges, studs five metal studs underneath. Leather straps to hold lid open/. Interior covered with grey and black patterned paper. Marks of a label on left side, removed.

Historical information

Cheap suitcase for one-way trip

Inscriptions & Markings

Torn paper custom sticker, PASSED, Australia, 3869. Embossed on rear of lower part ES 20 FIBRE 26 Cheney (on lock); Cheney England on central lock

Cabin Trunk (Hutkoffer)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Black timber trunk clad with metal, metal strap on edge of lid, wooden slats on lid,, one missing; metal hinges, locks padlock type. Inside lined with with ticking pattern cotton cloth, remains of black strap. Remains of four stickers on lid.

Historical information

Multiple labels suggest it was used many times for travel to and from Netherlands and Dutch East Indies.

Inscriptions & Markings

Stencilled name in white O. COERPER, repeated in larger letters painted on. On middle wooden slat Buissink, remains of previous name. Lower salt, Melbourne painted in light blue letters. Stickers: left side of lid, white sticker with red ring and red B inside. On lower left side of lid, remains of sticker with Stoomvaart Maatschappij. Sticker on top right hand corner of lid, Black and white square cargo sticker,Javakade. Niet voor de reis, Not wanted; Passiegiersgoed. Name, port of discharge, Melbourne schip possibly Johan van Oldenbarneveld. Final destination. 49, remainder blurred. Remains of sticker central lower lid. Locks with D.R.P. stamped. Coerper painted on front, Remains of white sticker on left side of front.

Tapestry Dutch national costumes

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Rectangular log landscape shaped wooden framed tapestry, glass front.

Historical information

Martijntje van Dooren created the tapestry in 1971. She migrated to Australia in 1952 from Rotterdam.

Significance

Dutch cultural piece, accurate depiction national costumes. Used in DAHC displays.

Inscriptions & Markings

Dutch National Costumes. MvD'71

Carnival Hat (carnavalshoed)

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Decorative hat from silk-like material, coloured orange, green and cream and finished off with silvery gold band and other decorative items (see picture - also see items 6352 and 6353).

Historical information

Carnival (Dutch: Carnaval) is an important annual event heralding Lent in the southern provinces of The Netherlands, with each village often having its own "Carnavalsclub" and traditions. Many Dutch immigrantsg from the southern provinces have continued this tradition and formed their regional Carnavals Clubs in Australia. Each club has its own colourful uniforms, including specific hats. There are potentially three types of hats: A formal hat for official events, a work hat for use during normal club nights and for those members lucky enough to be chosen for a year as the "Prince" of the club, a Prince's Hat. Dutch Carnival is primarily a festival celebrating human folly which is why the hats are like jesters' caps. "Carnaval" comes with a rich tradition of ridiculing people and institutions of authority, and so, for instance, the "Prince" is saluted with military salutes which are performed the wrong way round, to the great merriment of onlookers. Special songs celebrating the foolishness of people in high places, such as politicians, are composed each year for "Carnaval".

Significance

For people from the southern provinces of the Netherlands, the annual "Carnaval" is an important cultural event.

Inscriptions & Markings

Has the name "L. Havel" on the inside.

Statuette

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

This small statue is a replica of the much larger version of the legendary Mariken van Nijmegen in the Market Square in Nijmegen. It is coloured to look like bronze but is made of a much cheaper material, possibly plastic.

Inscriptions & Markings

The name Vera van Hasselt appears on the statuette's base.

Balinese Woodcut

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Carved and lacquered wooden image of male and female heads. Each is wearing a highly decorative headdress giving the impression of a special ceremony such as a wedding. The necks of the figures merge into further carving, this time of an abstract theme.

Historical information

Balinese art is art of Hindu-Javanese origin that grew from the work of artisans of the Majapahit Kingdom, with their expansion to Bali in the late 14th century. From the sixteenth until the twentieth centuries, the village of Kamasan, Klungkung (East Bali), was the centre of classical Balinese art. During the first part of the twentieth century, new varieties of Balinese art developed. Since the late twentieth century, Ubud and its neighboring villages established a reputation as the center of Balinese art.

Significance

This is likely a memento of the Dutch/Indonesia era.

Pencil Case/Tekendoos

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

A rectangular wooden box with hinged lid for the storage of drawing implements.

Significance

An example of the type of pencil storage used by Dutch children in the first half of the 20th century.

Pair of clogs

Dutch Australian Heritage Centre Victoria, Carnegie

Yellow-painted wooden clogs.