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Orbost & District Historical Society Orbost, Victoria

The Society operates a Museum which is located in the Council Business Centre/Library in Ruskin Street, Orbost. PO Box 284 Orbost 3888.

The collection mainly relates to European settlement history since 1870s in the Orbost district and a collection of artefacts donated by local people and relating to families. The Society does research, publishes books and newsletters, displays and exhibitions, holds meetings.

Contact Information

location
PO Box 284 Orbost Victoria 3888 (map)
phone
+61 (03) 5154 2474

Contact

Opening Hours

9am - 5pm weekdays

Entry Fee

free

Location

Ruskin Street Orbost Victoria

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A collection of items donated by local families.

Susan Lee Milbourne 20 January 2013 8:08 PM

I would like to trace family farm of Woller family in Orbost district around 1940 to 1945. Could you please advise how to do this. Yours sincerely Lee Milbourne.

Orbost Administrator 23 January 2013 11:36 AM

To Susan Milbourne I can ask for information on the WOLLER family at the next meeting of the Hist. Society in February and get back to you. Please send your email address to me: mayleatch@dcsi.net.au

Karen Harrison 12 February 2013 10:15 PM

Hello. I am trying find information on my husbands great grandfather Lewis Henry Hudson. It has been said by family members he joined a circus in Orbost possibly sometime in 1894. I am hoping to discover if Orbost had it's own circus or if there is any way of finding out if there was a circus in the town between 1894-1900. Any help would be gratefully appreciated. Thank you.

Orbost Administrator 25 February 2013 4:54 PM

Karen Harrison Orbost definitely did not have its own circus. I suggest that you have a look through TROVE newspapers to find any references to circuses coming to this area of Victoria eg. to Bairnsdale or Orbost.

Kay Bristow 5 June 2013 4:00 AM

I think you'll find it is the Waller family, Peter Scott at Mc Laughlins Rd. will know as he is a cousin of Wallers. Kirsten resides in Maffra and her parents are also nearby, Kirsten Waller is in the phone book as a naturopath, regards, Kay Bristow

Peter topouzakis 18 June 2013 8:21 PM

Would like to trace the Drossou bros.

Orbost Administrator 19 June 2013 1:50 PM

To Peter Topouzakis If you send me your email address, I can send you some information on the Drossou family who had businesses in Orbost, including a cordial factory. orbosthistoricalsociety@hotmail.com

Des Smith 7 September 2015 1:10 PM

Hi There.... I am trying to trace some information about a shield that I have in my posession. The inscription reads "Presented by Residents of Jarrahmone to Mrs G.K. Smith in memory of the late Pte G.K. Smith" Geoffrey Kennedy Smith was my grand uncle, fatally wounded in Gallipoli (died London Dec, 1915). This plaque would assume that he was married, but I can find nothing anywhere in the family archives. Do you have anything in your records that might assist my search? Regards Des

Karen Black 8 January 2016 3:37 PM

l recently found an article in TROVE, about a Jim BRENTWOOD, killed by the blacks, in the The Snowy River and Tambo and Croajngolong Gazette, (Orbost, Vic:1890-1811), Saturday 20 October, (sorry can't see a date). Is there anyway l might be able to find out this person, waiting to hear from someone, Karen

Irene Chase 28 February 2016 6:00 PM

Hello. My parents, and two siblings moved to Orbost in about 1955. I was born there on the 4 March 1956. As this year is my 60th birthday, we are going to come and stay in Orbost for the weekend. My father Alan Chase, had a 24 hr Taxi service, with four taxi's. I have one picture of three of the taxi's decorated for a wedding. The Depot was in Nicholson St. I am guessing that it was also our home, but I don't have a number for the house. Mum recalls it being opposite the tennis courts. If someone could help. I would love to see if it was still there. They also owned a milk bar or cafe, again in Nicholson St. Dad's business card lists the taxi stands being located at the Cosy Cafe, and Cardillio's Cafe. A free phone was located at Steed's Store. Any information, pictures etc of Orbost around this time would be gratefully appreciated. My only other possession, apart from my Infant Welfare Centre Book, is a beautiful hand made woven basket. It was payment for a taxi ride. It is much treasured. I am looking forward to our trip. Any information, sincerely appreciated. Irene Chase

Bernadette Francese Robertson 5 March 2016 1:06 PM

I'm after Marlo football photos for my Dad (John Francese). He and my Uncle (Charlie Francese) played for Marlo in the 50's.... The Francese family, Peter, Maria (buried in the Orbost Cemetery), John, Charlie, Mary, Pat and Joe ran 2 dairy-farms on the Marlo road. My Great-Aunt, Eugenia Chirico ran a boarding house in Orbost. I would love any pics or info! I was born in Orbost, 1961. I still have my infant welfare book!!!!

Garry Hurle 6 March 2016 10:43 AM

I would like to hear from anyone who can inform me about the Orbost Gift, a sprint race which used to be held there. I would like to know if it was run in conjunction with the Agricultural Show and particularly what year it started. I know that a friend of mine won the race in the sixties.

Patricia Bates 14 March 2016 1:29 PM

Hello, I am interested in the Rail History Exhibition I've read about in the March Senior newspaper. I have been researching my Family History for many years and my Grandfather, Albert Edward Carson worked on the Railway from 1914 to 1919. I have found him on the Victorian Electoral Rolls for the Division of Gippsland, Subdivision of Bruthen, working as a labourer and a navvy. I would like to attend your Exhibition in April. I would come on public transport and VLine and probably stay over night. Would you be able to tell me what accommodation I would be able get in walking distance to your hall, perhaps an hotel where I could get an evening meal. It sounds a very interesting exhibition and I would like to see it. Patricia Bates, RSL Village, 66 Sage Drive, Frankston South 3199 PS. I didn't know where to put my email.

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2364 items

Mallet - croquet

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

Wooden mallet. It is a wooden hammer which has a handle with a leather grip, metal pieces at each end of hammer for strength. The ends of the hammer are hammer carved into spirals.

Historical information

Croquet mallet donated by Mrs Molly Tracey. First croquet committee in Orbost started up in 1919. (ref : The Whos' Who of Orbost Settlers - Mary Gilbert). Often croquet lawns were in private gardens eg. at Connort (now Moogji)..

Significance

This item is part of the history of Orbost Croquet Club. In the museum, there is also an old copy of the rules of Croquet, a trophy and a photo of the first committee.

black and white photograph

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A black / white photograph of a sleeper cutter at work swinging a broad axe.

Historical information

aThis is one of a set of six photographs taken for the Victorian Railways Magazine, a pamphlet produced for Victorian Railways. t contains photographs and an article about Orbost as "Timber Country" and a detailed article titled, " Cutting Sleepers is a Family Business" which tells about the Donchi family The man in the photograph is Pat Donchi, a member of the Donchi family, who have been involved in the sleeper - cutting industry since the 1890s.

Significance

This item is associated with the timber and sleeper-cutting industry in the Orbost Region. Timber sleepers were superceded by concrete sleepers in c. 1970s. Orbost has historically been based on the timber industry, but that industry has declined considerably over the last 20 years.The number of locals involved in the timber industry has declined and many of the mills have closed. This item reflects a time when that industry was a significant contributor to the economy of the district.

Inscriptions & Markings

on back - Pr 8765

Keg - ginger beer

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

Large stoneware ginger beer keg. Dark cream with darker lines near top. Very pale green stripes near bottom. Cork missing from bottom pouring hole. Missing large cork and wood stopper from top - held with nails.

Significance

This item is an example of a late 19th century ceramic container.

Inscriptions & Markings

2

magazine - Croajingalong 1979

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A white 62 pp light card covered magazine. On the front cover in the middle is the title in green print. Around it are photographs of men and women - staff of Orbost High School.

Historical information

The name Croajingolong derives from the Australian Aboriginal Krauatungalung words galung, meaning "belonging to" and kraua, meaning "east". This is the thirty-second edition of the annual magazine of Orbost High School. The magazine belonged to Mary Gilbert, a former teacher at the school.

Significance

This 32nd issue of the annual Orbost High School magazine is a useful reference tool.

minute book

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A light blue covered book with a red cloth spine. It is a minute book used by the Ladies Social Committee of the Orbost Rifle Club.

Historical information

This minute book was used by Mrs J. Trewin as secretary of the Ladies Social Committee of the Orbost Rifle Club.

Significance

The Orbost Rifle Club existed in the early 20th century. (There are records from 1900). It folded in the late 1970's. It had a substantial membership.

Inscriptions & Markings

Label on front cover - Ladies Social Committee Rifle Club Secretary - Mrs J. Trewin

fasteners

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

Two packets of metal fasteners. One packet, 2494.1, contains 13 unused snap fasteners - Sew'n Save. They are on a rectangular piece of yellow cardboard. It has black print. There is a pink sticker on the back - 3 different sizes 1/0;3/0;2/0. 2494.2 is a torn piece of cardboard with 5 hooks/eyes attached.

Historical information

These items belonged to Helena Warren (nee McKeown) of Newmerella. Helena warren was a self taught photographer who became a competent commercial photographer. She was married to William John Warren and lived in Newmerella. She was known for her soft toy making and these items were probably purchased for that activity.

Significance

These items reflect the popularity of needlework and the making of hand crafted items by women in the mid 20th century.

carving

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A rectangular block of wood with faces of two women carved into it. Faces have been lightly coloured with paint.

rubber stamps

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

Four rubber stamps. All have wooden handles. Two have metal seals and two have rubber seals. All seals are circular.

Historical information

These four stamps are from George Temple's Store which was established in Orbost in 1887.

Significance

George Temple, born in Yorkshire on 26/2/1832 was of the earliest Orbost storekeepers. Temple's Store was on the corner of Ruskin and Nicholson Streets opposite the post office. He packed stores to the Bendoc area goldfields. The store building eventually became part of Herbert's store when he died in 1917.

autograph book

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A black, dimpled leatherette covered autograph book. It contains autographs and sketches attributed to Orbost and Bairnsdale locals,

Historical information

This item was owned by Ethel M. Lynn of Fairleigh, Orbost. The Lynn family is well-known in the Orbost area. Ethel Lynn, a general nurse, is believed to have been working at Bairnsdale in 1924.

Significance

The album is historically-significant because it documents personal voices from before World War I in the form of poems, witticisms, well wishes and drawings.

Inscriptions & Markings

On cover - Autographs

personal kit

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A khaki coloured container which holds a clothes brush, a tiny pencil and other items.

Historical information

This item was owned and used by James Chester Kerr Trewin during WW11.

Significance

These personal items give an insight into the human element of World War 11 ensuring that those who were part of the Orbost community who played a vital role during this time are remembered.

Inscriptions & Markings

M.E. Co 1940

drovers stove

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A cast iron round flat pan with an iron handle. The pan has raised spikes all over it and a small gutter around the edge with a pouring spout.

Historical information

Purchased at Herberts Store in Orbost in 1910 possibly by the donor, Mr S Peterson.

Significance

This is an example of an early cast iron cooking utensil commonly used over an open fire.

book - Women and Migrants Associated With The Timber Industry in East Gippsland

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A spiral bound 44pp book with a photo of the forests of East Gippsland on the cover. The title is in cursive writing in white print. it contains the personal stories and b/w photographs of both women and migrants who have been associated with the timber industry in East Gippsland.

Historical information

This book developed from a project undertaken by the Orbost Women's Awareness Group. It began as an activity in learning how to conduct "Oral Histories". With a substantial amount of information resulting the group decided to publish the information in the form of this book. Orbost Women's Awareness Group was originally the "Orbost Women's Pulp Mill Association" created in 1989 to disseminate information about a proposed pulp mill planned for the area. When the proposal became non viable the group continued to meet as an awareness group. It continues today as the Orbost Women's Awareness Group.

Significance

This book is a research tool for those interested in the timber industry of East Gippsland.

powder compact

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A round ornate gold coloured powder compact. In the bottom is a spring for the powdrr compartment. It has a metal filter and it still contains some loose face powder

Historical information

Powder compacts evolved from small boxes of loose face powder. Those with a self-opening lid were generally made after 1948.

Significance

Loose face powder compacts were commonly used until the 1960's and gradually became more of a utilitarian object. This item is representative of the period when compacts were an essential cosmetic accessory.

creditors' ledger

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A large book with a black patterned cover with brown binding, it contains records handwritten in ink. These are records of money paid out by the local government. There are typewritten sheets of sundry creditors added to the back section of the book.

Historical information

This creditors' ledger records information about Shire purchases. The purpose of the Creditors Ledger is to provide knowledge about which suppliers the Shire has paid money to. This ledger was used by the Shire of Orbost pound keeper from 1901 -1960. The item was donated to Orbost & District Historical society from P.R.O.V. as a Place of Deposit (POD) item for safe keeping by a local history group or museum. The shire covered an area of 9,347 square kilometres and existed from 1892 until 1994 when it became part of the East Gippsland Shire Council. Orbost was at first included in the Bairnsdale Shire from 1882 and was later part of the Tambo Shire. Because of travelling distances the Croajingalong Shire was created in 1892 (name changed to Orbost Shire 17.2.1893 with James Cameron as the first Shire President. In 1994 it amalgamated to become part of East Gippsland Shire Council.

Significance

This item is a hand-written record of the accounts of the Orbost Shire local government. It pre-dates computer records. The Orbost Shire council no longer exists having been absorbed by the East Gippsland Shire council.

Inscriptions & Markings

hand-written on front cover on white sticker - " Creditor's Ledger" on spine in gold on red - "Ledger" ; on black - "Shire of Orbost"

bridge spikes

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

Twenty-four iron spikes of four different lengths. They are probably hand-made and have round shafts and heads. They are very rusty.

Historical information

These spikes are from the old Snowy River bridge (the second) constructed in 1922 alongside the previous suspension bridge. Its building was a combined effort of the Victorian Railways and the Country Roads Board at a cost of 35,000 pounds. It was replaced in 1976 by the present bridge after several major floods.

Significance

These items are from a significant piece of infrastructure built in Orbost in the early 20th century. This bridge no longer eists.

meat slicer

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A heavy commercial meat slicer which sits on bench. Frame is painted red. The tray moves as the handle turns. The main structure is cast iron. It has a circular steel blade. The chrome output tray is detachable. The movable carriage has a cast aluminium tray with spikes to hold the meat and there is an adjustable clamp to secure the meat.

Historical information

This item was used in Dicken's Store. Originally the Pardew Brothers store in Nicholson Street, Orbost, Frank Dicken purchased the shop business. It was a bakery and general store and was known as F.B. Dicken and Son. In 1948 they bought the shop freehold . The store remains today converted into two separate shops. The meat slicer was purchased from Henry Berry and Company a large wholesale grocers and general merchant company, first established in Melbourne in 1859.

Significance

The Dicken store is a prominent Orbost building. Frank and May Dicken moved to Orbost in 1936 where Frank became manager of Pardew Brothers store in Nicholson Street. In 1945, Frank purchased the business and in 1947, formed a partnership with his son, Selwyn. The store was then called F.B. Dicken and Son. The premises are still retained by the Dicken family although the shop business was sold in 1981. (ref. In Times Gone By - Deborah Hall)

Inscriptions & Markings

INVICTA Model No 302 21 HENRY BERRY PTY LTD MELB

jar

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

Small stoneware dripping jar. Wide lip. Top half of jar is beige, bottom cream coloured.

Significance

This is an example of an early 20th century ceramic container.

food cover.

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

Small black metal meat cover with small handle.

Historical information

Food covers were used to cover food and protect it from insects. This food cover is a simple shape and would be a domestic utensil.

Significance

This food cover is an example of a simple kitchen item used in the late 19th-mid 20th century.

medal

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

An 1855 Crimea War medal of metal with pin soldered onto back. Flags and cannon on front.

Historical information

The Turkish Crimean War medal is a campaign medal issued by Sultan Abdülmecid I of the Ottoman Empire to allied military personnel involved in the Crimean War of 1854-56. There are three different issues of this medal for those issued to British, French or Sardinian personnel.

Shelves

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

Bamboo shelves (3 shelves + top) with brown vinyl padded top. Insides are wallpapered with an embossed paper of cream flowers on dark brown background. Wooden sides are covered with same wallpaper which has been painted over tan . There seems to have been a door originally attached as there are two hinges, top and bottom, on right hand side. There are 4 legs angled outwards with stays - all made of bamboo. Back and shelves appear to be slatted timber. Sometimes called a "whatnot".

Significance

This item is an example the skill and craftmanship of early settler families who of necessity were self-reliant.

Paling knife, shingle froe

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A flat iron blade, sharpened on the bottom and attached to a wooden handle. The blade has a pointed end.

Historical information

Likely used by the Jensen family who were early settlers in the Martin's Creek area, 35 miles north of Orbost, along the Bonang - Orbost Road in c. 1890. Peter Jensen came from Denmark.

Inscriptions & Markings

BRADES CO.

model

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A hand-crafted model of a bullock jinker carrying logs. It is pulled by a team of 10 bullocks. A bullocky is holding a whip and there is a black dog. It is fixed to a base board and there is a fence behind it.

Historical information

This model was constructed by Dudley Timmins at the age of 83 in 1996. Dudley drove his father's bullock team at the age of 16. His teams consisted of 16 bullocks per team. The model represents the team which was used in the Orbost area in 1928-1929 .

Significance

This is a hand-crafted item which reflects the time of the bullock wagons used in the timber industry in the Orbost area.

black and white photograph

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A black / white photograph post card showing a bullock team and a motor car.

Historical information

The photograph shows two modes of transport in the early 1900s. Mr F. Gibbs is driving the bullock team and Mr G. Nixon and his family are in the car.

Significance

This is a pictorial record of transport in Orbost in the early 20th century.

Inscriptions & Markings

on front at top - " F Gibbs; W.W. G. Nixon, Orbost." on front at bottom - "The two modes of travelling in East Gippsland" on back is a letter from "Jack & Nell to "Alice"

certificate

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A Gould League of Bird Lovers of Victoria membership certificate for Patricia Dawn Legge 1959. It has colourful illustrations of native Australian birds on a pale yellow background. The illustrations are by A.T. Mockridge, an early 20th century Melbourne commercial artist and portraitist. In a banner at the top is a photo of John Gould with GOULD LEAGUE of BIRD LOVERS around it. It has a list of patrons, presidents and the Central Council. There is also the Bird Lover's Pledge unsigned in the middle.

Historical information

Named to honour the work of John and Elizabeth Gould, 'The Gould League of Bird Lovers' was formed in 1909. It was originally set up to prevent bird egg collecting and to educate for the protection of Australian birds. Gould League members were recruited via schools and received membership certificates and badges. Members were encouraged to enter competitions in bird mimicry, write stories and poems and attend 'bird-day concerts'. This certificate belonged to Patricia Legge. Ruth Scott, daughter of Herbert Scott and Bertha (nee Coverdale), married David Legge. Patricia Dawn Legge and Kevin David Legge are Ruth and David's children.

Significance

The Gould League has made a significant impact on generations of Australians and their environmental attitudes. Being a Gould league member as a child in primary school gave children the opportunity to belong to a group that was learning about and protecting native bushland and its wildlife. Although not operating some Australian states the Gould League continues in Victoria.

Inscriptions & Markings

In pen - Patricia Dawn Legge 1959

frying pan

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A shallow cast iron frying pan with a long tubular handle. In the top of the handle is a hole for hanging.

Historical information

This was a Slab Hut (Orbost Information Centre) display item. Cast iron was a suitable material for pots and pans because it heats up fairly quickly and retains the heat for some time. Soot from the fire would cover the cast iron and give the pot its black appearance. This was considered good because dark colours absorb heat more readily. The were used for cooking in a variety of situations, such as on an open fire and wood-burning stove. The long handle was essential for cooking on open fires to keep the flame of the fire at a distance, and to avoid burning one’s hand.

Significance

This pan is an example of a common domestic item used in the late 19th century by early residents of Orbost.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the handle is the number 3.

account

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A small white paper account with black print with a red number 45 at the bottom. It is from Rothberg & Hansen, General Drapers.

Significance

This item is an example of book keeping in a 1920's Orbost business.

nails

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

Three home-made nails.

Historical information

The Isle of the Dead is located in the harbour off Port Arthur. Between 1833 and 1877, around one thousand burials took place there

cup and saucer

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

Small porcelain cup and saucer. Green background with gold plated circle and violets on front.

Historical information

Donated by Mary Gilbert passionate historian of Orbost. Her work in education and community was recognised by the award of the British Empire Medal.

Significance

This item is an example of an early 20th century porcelain domestic item.

Inscriptions & Markings

Bottom of cup - "267

leather satchel

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

Flat brown leather music case with carrying strap and buckles.

Historical information

Used by Una Mary Giles (11.06 1918 -17.11.2012) of Bairnsdale. She was the daughter of Cr John Giles, wool grazier and well known identity in East Gippsland.

Inscriptions & Markings

Inside - " Una Giles Phone 125 140 Day Street Bairnsdale "

box

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A buff coloured rectangular shaped cardboard box which contained badges for the Orbost Aero Club. The sides are stapled and the lid has a finger opening, written in blue pen on the lid is Orbost Aero Club Big Wings and Large$10.00 Small $2.00.

Historical information

Orbost Aero Club began in 1969 with Basil Dowie as Chair, David Nixon as Secretary/Treasurer. The group went into recess from 1977-1991 closing in 1997. The mid 1960s were boom years in flying training in Australia and the number of Aero Clubs grew rapidly. The Club played a significant role in the establishment of the small airport at Marlo and in the ongoing operation and development of the airport over the years particularly for patient transfer by aerial ambulance.

Significance

The Orbost Aero Club Club played a significant role in the establishment of the small airport at Marlo and in the ongoing operation and development of the airport over the years.

Inscriptions & Markings

Top in black print - STOKES (Australasia) Ltd METALWARE DIVISION MANUFACTURERS OF BADGES BUTTONS AND MEDALLIONS SINCE 1856 322-332 ALBERT STREET BRUNSWICK VICTORIA AUSTRALIA TEL 382101

magazine - It Could Only Happen in Nowa Nowa

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A magazine titled "It Could Only Happen In Nowa Nowa". It contains a program for the Back To Nowa Nowa event in 1988. It contains stories of times past. The sheets are stapled and are black print on white.

Significance

This magazine seems to be a single issue produced for use at the Nowa Nowa Back To in 1988,

newspaper clippings

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A manila folder containing black / white newspaper clippings from various publishers. They all relate to the 1971 floods in Orbost. (Details of contents in catalogue 735-900)

Historical information

These articles were compiled by Mary Gilbert who was the first curator of the Orbost Museum and a prominent historian / teacher in Orbost. The 1971 floods at Orbost were the worst on record. At Jarrahmond the river rose to a height of 11 metres and on the flats spread to one and a half kilometres wide. Considerable damage was done to railway infrastructure, roads and farms. More information from the APRIL, 2008 newsletter by John Phillips. (see orbosthistory.com.au)

Significance

These articles are contemporary records of a significant historical event in Orbost.

journal - Gippsland Heritage Journal

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A 64 pp magazine, titled Gippsland Heritage Journal. It has a dark green cover with a photograph of the "Penny Tree" . The magazine is dated March 1996 and cost $7.50. It contains stories and photographs on the history of Gippsland.

Historical information

The main photo is by Max Lowenhardt and shows John Green, Mrs Eva Penny (inside the tree and hardly visible) nursing Charlie, May, George and Nicolas Penny. Colin Silcock wrote of the tree on p.39 that the family lived int he hollowed-out butt for nine months in 1906-1907. It was 20 feet across at floor level with 12 feet of head room inside. Nicholas Penny ring-barked the tree in 1905, with it being 130 feet high with the top broken off. The fires the following year destroyed the tent in which he was living and hollowed out the tree. After "making a few alterations" Penny moved in and brought his wife and children across from Outtrim. They later built a more permanent home. The tree was destroyed in the 1926 bushfires. (ref Linda Barraclough)

Significance

This magazine is a useful reference on Gippsland history.

Inscriptions & Markings

There is a library bar code on the outside back cover.

tin

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

Rectangular tin. Hinged lid with latch. Pascall's Sweets. Pascall Old Oak Toffee Assortment. On lid is colourful scene of sailors standing around a table with a model of sailing ship.

Historical information

Pascall products were first produced as a joint venture between the Cadbury Brothers and James Pascall at the Cadbury factory in Tasmania, Australia.

Significance

The manufacturing of tins and containers with advertising or promotional packaging became widespread in the early 20th century. With the appearance of offset lithographic printing it became easier to produce quite decorative items that householders would feel comfortable placing on display on a kitchen or front room. Tins provided airtight resealable packaging that was important for keeping biscuits fresh, and ornamental tins were useful as containers. This item is a n example of an Australian manufactured decorative tin.

book

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

An exercise book with a worn black cover and a faded red spine. It contains hand-written records of farm accounts.

Historical information

This item has been identified by David Nixon as the workbook of George Henry Douglas Russell (Doug) of Bete Bolong. He was the second son of John and Elizabeth Russell. John Russell wasblacksmith in Orbost. His family were Jack, Doug, Dave and Billy. Doug was in WW! where he was a Veterinary Sergeant. After the war he came bach to Orbost and his father gave him the farm at Bete Bolong to work. This farm is on the corner of Birkins Lane and Buchan Road (presently owned By Ginger and Helen Johnstone). He started farming tgere in 1920 and married Hilda Raymond in 1922. The slatted barn and house still exist. David Nixon, the donor, married a daughter of Doug and Hilda Russell and worked the farm from 1947-1973. He found the diary at the farm.

Significance

This item is a valuable record of agricultural practices in the Orbost district during the 1920's.

walking stick

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A wooden walking stick with a rubber lip. The handle is joined with an inside screw.

Historical information

It was owned by Evelyn Paten ( nee Roberston) who was married to Thomas Paten who came to Orbost in 1893 and in 1907 began growing fancy bean seeds for H. James. He built the first private flood levee bank in the district. (ref Mary Gilbert) Evelyn Paten died in 1959, aged 85.

book/magazine - Croajingolong

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A 39 pp grey paper back magazine with the Orbost High School badge in black and gold on the front cover, a sheaf of corn inside a double oval. inside which is the school motto, " acti labores iundi".

Historical information

This is the third issue of the annual Orbost High School magazine. The name Croajingolong derives from the Australian Aboriginal Krauatungalung words galung, meaning "belonging to" and kraua, meaning "east". It belonged to Mary Gilbert, a former teacher at the school.

Significance

This item is a useful reference tool.

Inscriptions & Markings

on front cover - "M. Gilbert 1950" in red pen

tweezers

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A pair of metal tweezers, silver colour, with small teeth at the pointed ends and with grip pads located in the centre of each arm. Possibly stainless steel.

Historical information

Used at Orbost & District Hospital, c. mid 20th century.

Significance

Orbost Hospital

Inscriptions & Markings

Allen & Hanbury's

book - ORBOST HIGH SCHOOL 1912 -1987

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

Two copies of a 48 pp magazine titled, "Orbost High School 1912-1987". It has a pink cover with two photos of Orbost High School - 1925 and 1987. In the centre is the school badge.

Historical information

This magazine was produced for the 75th anniversary of Orbost High School. 2238.1 belonged to Mary Gilbert. 2238.2 belonged to Ruth Legge.

Significance

Orbost High School / Orbost Secondary College has played a significant part in the education of senior students in the Orbost district . It is the sole senior educational institution. This item is representative of its history. It is a useful reference tool.

feather decoration

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A bunch of feather flowers in assorted colours held together with tape, wire and string.

postal note

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A postal note -black print on green background. The amount is 2/- and it is dated Feb 9 1942 , Number 337582

Historical information

This postal note was purchased at Hobart West Post Office but was not cashed in. Postal notes (or postal orders) were introduced as a means of transmitting smaller amounts of currency within a country. They were sanctioned by the Universal Postal Union and upon joining this body, each colony was required to issue them. Money orders were later introduced for larger sums. The post office became responsible for postal notes in 1890. Postal notes were a way of sending money through the post. They were replaced by money orders. Duplicate money orders were issued as replacements.

Significance

This item is an example of a form of currency which has been superseded by postal and money orders. Postal orders are not legal tender, but a type of promissory note, similar to a cheque.

album - Gem Album

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A small photo album with grey-brown fabric cover and the words Gem Album written in gold lettering on the front.

Historical information

Gem Albums date from the 1860s in the USA, made for small ferotype images.

Inscriptions & Markings

inside cover - G Munro, Clifton Hill, 1881

Coolgardie safe

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A metal meat safe, painted white. It has a shelf inside. The door has two perforated rectangular sections metal framed in solid metal. The base is flat.

Historical information

Without refrigeration, storage of meat was difficult. Flies were a problem, and it was important to keep meat cool and out of the way of pests. One way of doing this was to use a meat safe: a kind of cupboard designed to store meat and keep it fresh enough to eat. Meat safes are ventilated. They were sometimes made with sides of wire mesh or perforated metal, so that air could circulate around the meat while keeping flies and other animals out.The Coolgardie safe was invented in the late 1890's by Arthur Patrick McCormick, who used the same principle as explorers and travelers in the Outback used to cool their canvas water bags Originally they were handmade using materials to hand. In the early 20th century, Coolgardie Safes were manufactured commercially across Australia, and found their way into homes in both rural and urban areas. These safes incorporated shelving and a door, had metal or wooden frames and Hessian bodies. The feet of the safe were usually placed in a tray of water to keep ants away. (refs ABC-Home; Museum Victoria)

Significance

This item is an example of a common domestic appliance used before the widespread connection of electricity to homes and refrigeration. The Coolgardie meat safe is an Australian invention used widely in rural areas from the 1890's until the mid 20th century.

weather records

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A large sheet of lined card with a printed alphabetical list of South Australian towns and hand-written details of wind direction and force. Beside each is a remark.

Historical information

Charles Todd was one of the pioneers of meteorology in Australasia. Sir Charles Todd (1826-1910) was an astronomer, meteorologist and electrical engineer. Much of the history of astronomy, meteorology and telegraphs in South Australia is contained in his reports to parliament between 1856 and 1900.

Significance

This is a useful research tool.

ticket voucher book

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A Victorian Railways ticket voucher book. This is a tear-off ticket book, stapled at the left margin. It was used for passengers travelling on goods trains from Bruthen Railway Station.

Historical information

A ticket voucher book used on the railway line between Bairnsdale and Orbost which closed in 1987. Escept for special events, passenger trains ceased in 1937 and after that time, passengers wishing to travel by train had to take the good trains and be issued with this ticket. The train guard may have issued these tickets.

Significance

This item is associated with the history of the Orbost-Bairnsdale railway line and therefore reflects the role that the rail line played in the social and economic history of Orbost.

Inscriptions & Markings

TR88 Victorian Railways BRUTHEN 6879 STATION 7/1/1939. In consideration of my being able to travel by the ......goods train on the 7/1/39 from BRUTHEN 6879 to NOWA NOWA, I hereby unertake ........................... etc.

brochure - The Toll of the Fruit Fly

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A 4 pp copy of a brochure titled The Toll of the Fruit Fly-The Orchardists' Greatest Enemy. Teachers Guide No. 2

Historical information

Published by the Plant Quarantine Division, Commonwealth Department of Health, Canberra.

Significance

This is a useful research article.

black and white photograph

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A small black / white photograph / of a flock of sheep on a hilltop with the ocean behind them. A township can be seen in the background.

Historical information

This photograph is of Captain's Point, Mallacoota.

Significance

This is a pictorial record of Mallacoota in the first half of the 20th century. It shows the young township.

Inscriptions & Markings

on front - " Captain's Point Mallacoota"

magazines - Croajingolong 1968

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

Two copies of a magazine, Croajingolong '68. It has a white cover with black and red print,. Vol.1 No.21. On the right side is a stylised drawing of two ears of corn with black letters (?) around it. (OHS?)

Historical information

This is the twenty-first issue of the annual Orbost High school magazine. The name Croajingolong derives from the Australian Aboriginal Krauatungalung words galung, meaning "belonging to" and kraua, meaning "east". 2216.1 belonged to Mary Gilbert, a former teacher at the school. 2216.2 belonged to Brenda Murray, a former mayor of East Gippsland Shire and a prominent Orbost resident.

Significance

This magazine is a useful reference tool.

Inscriptions & Markings

2216.2 is stamped Orbost & District Historical Society.

black and white photograph

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

A large black / white photograph on a cream coloured buff card. It shows three rows of men, one seated, dressed in football uniforms. The photograph has been taken outdoors.There are three copies.

Historical information

Before official competition began in 1894, scratch matches were held in the Old Station paddock. The Orbost football club players were known as the Busters and wore green and gold guernseys. An Orbost football team has participated in the East Gippsland League since the early 20th century. In 2003 in response to a dwindling population, the Snowy Rovers and Orbost Football Clubs were driven to merge into the Orbost Snowy Rovers

Significance

Football clubs, through their many changes, have always been an important social fabric of the community. Sport is often regarded as an important part of life in rural Australia, contributing to community identity, sense of place, social interaction and good health.

Inscriptions & Markings

on front - "Orbost Team 1906" Ther e is a list of names.

magazine - The Gap 1965

Orbost & District Historical Society , Orbost

Two copies of 64 pp magazine with a dark green and white coloured cardboard cover. On the front is a sketch of a small schoolhouse on a hill overlooking a gap in the hills below. The title, "The Gap" is at the top in white print and on the left side written vertically is "1965". The cost is noted as 5/-. It contains historical articles, photographs and examples of children's work.

Historical information

The first edition of this magazine was produced by associated elementary schools in the Omeo Shire. The magazine was published from 1920 to 1927 and 1963 to 1969. There was a special issue in 1985. In all issues there is writing by children from schools that have since closed down.

Significance

This item reflects the changes in education in East Gippsland and is a useful comparison tool for literacy teaching. It also has historical articles for research.