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Ballarat Clarendon College Ballarat, Victoria

Reverend William Henderson opened Ballarat College on Wednesday 6 July 1864 when two seven-year-old cousins presented themselves at his church, St Andrew's Presbyterian. On the following Monday morning they were joined by three other boys to become the first students of the school.

Elizabeth Kennedy, the wife of another Presbyterian minister, came to Ballarat to live and in 1876 she began a cottage school for her children and the daughters of family friends. This was the beginning of what became known as Mrs Kennedy's School for Girls, later to become Clarendon Presbyterian Ladies College.

In 1974 Ballarat College and Clarendon Presbyterian Ladies College formally joined together to become Ballarat & Clarendon College, now associated with the Uniting Church in Australia.

The school history has been documented in two publications by Phil Roberts on 2004 and 2014 respectively - Golden heritage: history of ballarat and Clarendon 1864 - 2004 and a companion volume Ballarat Clarendon College: One hundred and fifty years. These books are available for sale from the school.

Contact Information

location
1425 Sturt Street Ballarat Victoria 3350 (map)
phone
+61 03 5330 8200

Opening Hours

By appointment.

Entry Fee

N/A

Location

1425 Sturt Street Ballarat Victoria

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The collection documents the history and development of the school for present and future generations. It comprises both school records and museum items.

Greg McLean 22 February 2017 7:18 PM

Hi, I have received my great grandfather's (Robert Cameron) medal (9ct gold) for wining the 2nd Ballarat College Old Collegian Cup in 1891. Could you tell me more about the race/cup? Kind Regards Greg McLean

Ballarat Clarendon Administrator 28 February 2017 12:37 PM

Hi Greg, thank you for your enquiry. Athletic Sports carnivals were held annually at Ballarat College, often at the same time as old collegians annual reunions and always with some races exclusively for 'old boys'. From 1884 College Cups were donated by the Old Collegians Association for the outstanding athlete amongst present boys and past boys. Handicap races were run over 120, 250 and 440 yards to obtain the results. In the first year Thomas Thompson won the old boys cup. Robert Cameron entered Ballarat College in 1885. We cannot confirm his year of leaving but going by his age (Birth: 13.10.1871) we expect he would have left before 1891 so that would put him in the old boys category. Our school archive holds examples of Old Collegians Cups from this era. They were extremely ornate as you will see from examples catalogued to Victorian Collections. However we do not hold personal medals relating to the cups themselves. If you were able to forward a photograph of the medal's inscriptions I would be most grateful.

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500 items

500 items

Book

Ballarat Clarendon College, Ballarat

Five books various covers and editions

Historical information

Books donated to the Ballarat College Weatherly Library by Graeme Dowling in 1939, Graeme attened Ballarat College in the 1890s. He was a Ballarat College council member1909 - 1939

Significance

Example of the various ways old collegians continued to contribute to the school with generosity throughout their adult lives.

Inscriptions & Markings

Book plates inside front cover: Ballarat College Library / PRESENTED BY / Graeme Dowling Esq 1939 / Books may be kept for one week only, but may be renewed / PLEASE REPORT ANY LOOSE LEAVES, ETC

Book - Freedom's sword: a tale of the days of Wallace & Bruce

Ballarat Clarendon College, Ballarat

Green hardback, clothbound book of 288 pages including 8 orioginal illustrations by O.J.Staniland. Front cover has embossed title and illustration.

Historical information

This prize was awarded to Clara May McKay who entered Clarendon Ladies College in 1894.

Inscriptions & Markings

Book plate inside front cover: 'Clarendon Ladies Colle / BALLARAT / First PRIZE / Geography - Class IVc / AWARDED TO / Clara May McKay / R. KENNEDY Principal / December 1894'

Book - When we were girls together

Ballarat Clarendon College, Ballarat

Hardbook cloth-covered book of 247 pages; goldleaf on page edges; including four black and white illustrations; 2nd edition.

Historical information

Delightful example of Clarendon Ladies College subject prize in the early 1890's.

Inscriptions & Markings

Book plate inside front cover: 'Clarendon Ladies College / BALLARAT / First PRIZE / Grammar - Class IVb / AWARDED TO / Alice Mabel Stocks / R. KENNEDY PRINCIPAL / December 1891'

Book - The poetical works of Mrs. Felicia Hemans

Ballarat Clarendon College, Ballarat

Bound in soft red calf with gilt lettering and college crest embossed on front cover and gilt lettering on spine. Floral end papers, foxing on pages, black and white illustrations throughout. 595 p.

Historical information

Book was awarded to Stephen John Holgate in 1891 for first prize in bookkeeping. Stephen (D.O.B. 09/07/1877) entered the college on 27/01/1890. The original registry notes parent as Stephen Holgate from Miners Rest and Stephen's previously school is noted as 'Home Tuition'. Other family members noted as attending the college are Harold, George, Edward, Robert and Thomas. Archives also hold war memorabilia for Edward and George Holgate.

Significance

Presbyterian educators placed great value on a classical education matched with diligence in study. Book prizes were highly regarded and academic success admired. In the school’s early years prizes were ordered direct from London and had the school crest embossed in gold on the front or back cover. Many of the prizes given in early years were returned to the school to equip the Weatherly Library when it opened in 1936. Connection to college war memorabilia and war heroes.

Inscriptions & Markings

Book plate inside front cover: College crest/ Bookkeeping/ V Form./ First Prize. Awarded to/ S. Holgate/ Christmas, 1891.

Medal

Ballarat Clarendon College, Ballarat

Gold shield medal on fine gold link chain; engraved border around face and verso of shiled; inscribed on face and verso.

Historical information

James Albert Rintoule entered Ballarat College 1888; son of Robert Rintoule of Nhill and previously educated at Nhill State School to the 5th Form. James was a significant sportsman winning medals for high jump in 1888 and 1891 as well as hurdles in 1891. He continued his sports after leaving the school, winning the 1893 Albion Football Club Best Place Player. James' great nephew and niece James (1962) and Helen (1967) also attended the school.

Significance

Such elaborate rewards for athletic events demonstrates the significance of sports in the school's culture at the end of the 19th century.

Inscriptions & Markings

Face: J Rintoule / 1st HIGH JUMP / UPPER 15 / 1888 Verso: Ballarat College crest

Photograph - Ballarat College student cohort 1935

Ballarat Clarendon College, Ballarat

Sepia-toned photograph of student cohort on stands in front of main Sturt Street campus buildings; students are in sports uniforms; photograph includes six staff members. Visible in background are shrubbery and sections of Wanliss House, Memorial Hall (1924), Main school building (1912) and the tennis courts.

Historical information

Unusual photograph of student cohort because students are not wearing formal school uniform but athletics singlets and shorts or cricket whites.

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten on face of mount: Ballarat College / 1935

Trophy - Headmaster's team award 1980 -

Ballarat Clarendon College, Ballarat

Large silver cup with two handles on dark stand

Historical information

Awarded at the discretion of the Principal to the most significant sports team in any given year

Inscriptions & Markings

Inscription on cup face: HEADMASTER’S TEAM / AWARD Inscribed on cup verso winners 1980 – 2001 Inscribed on stand winners 2002 – 2011

Badge - Clarendon Ladies College hat badge

Ballarat Clarendon College, Ballarat

Silver coloured metal badge plate slightly concave, in the shape of the Clarendon Ladies College crest with motto and school name on scroll at base of crest

Historical information

The badge was sewn to the hat band and worn at the front of the hat. Mrs N Trethewie, of Penguin, Tasmania, donated the badge to the school in July 2002.

Inscriptions & Markings

Embossed on scroll: SUIVEX LA VERITE / CLARENDON LADIES COLLEGE

Chairs

Ballarat Clarendon College, Ballarat

Chairs from the original MacFarland Dining Hall, opened in 1936. Chairs purchased from money donated by four old boys (see The Minervan June 1936 p.19)

Historical information

Some of these chairs remained n general use within the school even after MacFarland Hall was renovated in the early 2000s.

Chair

Ballarat Clarendon College, Ballarat

Solid wood chancel chair with discreet carving; plaque on front side of back support

Historical information

Wife of the Rev T D Cairns, Minister of St Andrews Kirk, Mrs Mary Cairns served on the Council of Clarendon Presbyterian Ladies College 1919 - 1949. Her generous guarantee of loans from the Ballarat Banking Company, together with other donations, enabled the Presbytery of Ballarat to purchase Clarendon Ladies College from Mr Kennedy in 1919 for 1500 pounds. Mrs Cairns was an inaugural member of the new Clarendon Presbyterian Ladies College Council, established 1919 and remained on the Council for 30 years. This chair was a personal gift to Mrs Cairns by the PWMU to honour of her long and devoted service to that organisation. Mrs Cairns donated the chair back to St Andrews Kirk where it remained in use until the sale of the property in 2019. Congregation member, Max Harris, kindly arranged the donation of the chair to the school because of Mrs Cairn's long association with Clarendon PLC.

Inscriptions & Markings

Plaque: This chair was presented by the / Members of the St Andrews P W M U / on the occasion of the retirement of / Mrs T R Cairns / from the Presidency of the Branch / after holding that office for more than fifty years / as an acknowledgement of her devoted service / as President / & of their deep personal regard.

Book - Queechy

Ballarat Clarendon College, Ballarat

Bound in red half calf with marble edging, gilt lettering and decoration on spine. Six raised bands on spine with gold decoration; gold writing on second compartment with green calf; College crest embossed on front cover; colour illustrations, end papers marbled, slight foxing on pages, detached spine, 670 p.

Historical information

This book was awarded to Amy Evelyn Bailey for second prize in Geography in the fourth form. Amy entered Ballarat College in January of 1885 at the age of 12. Parent/Guardian named in Registry as Ed Bailey residing in [Mt. Rowan?]. It is also noted in the Register that Amy came from Miss. [Keeps?] Ladies' School.

Significance

During 1877 - 1891 Ballarat College accepted enrolments from female students. The school holds the original register of this period and notes that Amy Bailey entered the College at the age of 12. Presbyterian educators placed great value on a classical education matched with diligence in study. Book prizes were highly regarded and academic success admired. In the school’s early years prizes were ordered direct from London and had the school crest embossed in gold on the front or back cover. Many of the prizes given in early years were returned to the school to equip the Weatherly Library when it opened in 1936.

Inscriptions & Markings

Book plate inside front cover: college crest, Geography/ Fourth Form/ Second prize/ Awarded to/ Amy E. Bailey./ Christmas,1886.

Medal

Ballarat Clarendon College, Ballarat

Silver coloured maltese cross medal with decorative link attached to top and engraved on both sides. The medal was awarded to Trooper Whyte of the Prince of Wales Victorian Volunteer Light Horse (Ballarat) in 1877.

Historical information

The medal was awarded to Trooper John Garbutt of the Prince of Wales Victorian Volunteer Light Horse (Ballarat) in 1880 for attaining fourth prize n the sword competition. In 1862, the units of the Mounted Volunteer Corps in Victoria were formed into a single regiment known as the Victorian Volunteer Light Horse. This title changed again in 1863, to the Prince of Wales Victorian Volunteer Light Horse ( Hussars ). In 1870 a uniform was adopted that was based on the British 19th Hussars. Troops were based at various times at Geelong, Ballarat, Kyneton, Bendigo, Castlemaine and Dandenong, as well as metropolitan Melbourne. In 1885, most of the Cavalry were incorporated into a newly formed Victorian Mounted Rifles. (http://www.awm.gov.au/collection/REL/18070.001) John Garbutt was Principal of Ballarat College 1877 - 1909. He was educated at Geelong National Grammar School and in 1860 was the first dux of the college. He was educated at Geelong National Grammar School and in 1860 was the first dux of the college. Fist class Honourman Arts and Laws at Melbourne University 1866; Two years a master at Geelong College; seven years master and three years senior master at Scotch College, Melbourne. Mein's 1964 History of Ballarat College states: 'To summarise, it may be fairly claimed that the College's War Record in 1914-1918 would have reflected great credit on a school with ten times its numbers...Some of the credit of the college war record must be attributed to the influence of Major John Garbutt, M.A. who was Principal of the College for 33 years...Nearly all the old Collegians who distinguished themselves in the war had been trained by him.

Inscriptions & Markings

Face: P.W.V.V.L.H. / BALLARAT TROOP / SWORD COMPETITION / 1880 Verso: 4th PRIZE / Trooper garbutt

Badge - Clarendon Presbyterian Ladies College badge

Ballarat Clarendon College, Ballarat

Gold-plated badge in the shape of the school crest; blue scrolls below shield have silver lettering; shield features star, open book and motto; burning lamp on top of shield; pin fastening fixed across reverse of badge

Historical information

School badge for Clarendon Presbyterian Ladies College 1921 - 1973, donated to the school by Michael Dunn. Michael's mother and aunt (unidentified) both attended CPLC in the 1930s. The badge worn worn as a tie-pin or fixed to the entre of the tunic bodice. It is possible the gold badge was for senior students or prefects only and the silver badge for other students.

Book - Pompey Elliott

Ballarat Clarendon College, Ballarat

Very thick, medium sized paperback

Historical information

Major General Howard Edward Elliott, Dux of School 1897, had an illustrious career in the army and in politics. He served on the Ballarat College Council 1926-31. The school has a house named in his honour.

Hat band - Clarendon Presbyterian Ladies College hat band

Ballarat Clarendon College, Ballarat

Royal blue hat band with narrow white stripe on each side and fine gold edge; CPLC crest embroidered on front section

Historical information

Hat bands were sewn tobrown winter felt hat or straw summer hat with school crest facing to the front. These bands were donated to the school by Joan Aked (CPLC council member 1973-1976) and mother of Rosemary (Aked) Hamilton (CPLC 1969) and Bronwyn (Aked) Sanders (BCC 1974).

Photograph - 1896 Ballarat College Football Premiers

Ballarat Clarendon College, Ballarat

Sepia-toned photograph, produced on mid-card, oversize

Inscriptions & Markings

Inscribed on football held by student in middle of front row: Premiers 1896

Book

Ballarat Clarendon College, Ballarat

Ten books, including six volume set; various sizes

Historical information

Books presented to the ballarat College Weatherly Library by former student R H S Ewins. Russell Herbert Sydney Ewins attended Ballarat College from 1923.

Significance

Example of the various ways old collegians continued to contribute to the school with generosity throughout their adult lives.

Inscriptions & Markings

Book plates inside front cover: Ballarat College Library / PRESENTED BYB/ R H S Ewins 1951....

Book - Chambers's Cyclopaedia of English Literature:Volume 1

Ballarat Clarendon College, Ballarat

Bound in half calf with pebble grained cloth boards, marbled edges, gilt lettering and decoration on the spine. Six raised bands on spine with gold lettering on second and fourth compartments; College crest embossed on front cover; black and white illustrated, 816 p.

Historical information

This book was awarded as the "Howard" prize to Robert A. Mitchell for Arithmetic in 1879. Robert Mitchell, (D.O.B 9/2/1862), entered the College on 9th July, 1878. Robert is the son of Robert Mitchell who resided at Teragram Cottage, St. Arnaud. Enclosed in the pages of the book was a small purple cardboard invitation which reads: "Ballarat College. Annual Distribution of Prizes. Academy of Music, Tuesday, December 16, at four o'clock p.m. The Reverend WM. Henderson in the chair." This invitation has subsequently been filed in the 1879 file.

Inscriptions & Markings

Book plate inside front cover:College crest / Arithmetic/the "Howard" prize/Sixth form/Awarded to/Robert A. Mitchell/Christmas, 1879.

Book - The poetical works of Keats, R. Bridges and Shelley

Ballarat Clarendon College, Ballarat

Dark blue calf bound three volume set with gold lettering and decoration on spine and gold embossed school crest on front cover; book plate inside the front cover of each book.

Historical information

Margery Ramsay attended CPLC 1929 - 1940.

Inscriptions & Markings

Bok plate inside front cover: Clarendon Presbyterian / Ladies College / Ballarat / school crest / Awarded to / Margery Ramsay / Prize Dux of School / (Gift of Old Collegians Association) / Form honours VI / Helen I Mathieson / Principal / December 1940

Book - Westward Ho!

Ballarat Clarendon College, Ballarat

Red calf binding with decorative gold embossing on cover and spine; gilt title and publisher statements on spine and school crest on front cover; book plate on front cover verso; marbled endpapers; pages gilt-edged and sight foxing; black and white frontispiece;

Historical information

Prize awarded to Raymond Percival Thomas Oxlade, Dux of Fifth A (Upper) 1934. Raymond entered Ballarat College 1932. Raymond was born 24 June 1917 at Ballarat, the son of Percy Alfred and Ruby Evelyn (Davies) Oxlade. He enlisted in the Australian Armed Forces in 1940. He transferred to the RAAF in 1942 and was discharged 1946. Raymond's grand-daughter Jessica Oxlade entered the school in 2007, achieving Dux of the school in 2010.

Inscriptions & Markings

Book plate: school crest / Ballarat College / Remove (Upper) Form / Dux Prize / Awarded to / R P J Oxlade / R E Thwaites / December 1932 / Principal

Book - The poetical works of Alexander Pope

Ballarat Clarendon College, Ballarat

A leather bound book with Ballarat College crest and borders embossed in gold on front cover. Page edges have gold-leaf. There is a bookplate fixed to inside front cover. Binding has been re-inforced with tape inside front and back covers.

Historical information

This beautifully bound book was awarded to A. Tunbridge in 1884 for his prowess in French studies during the fifth form. At some stage the book has been donated to Mentone Girls High School and added to their library collection before being donted to Ballarat Clarendon College.

Inscriptions & Markings

Circular Ballarat College crest on front cover with 'E studiis - Claritudo venit around outer edge; Minerva Head in centre with 'Ballarat College' printed around it. Printed book plate inside the front cover 'BC crest / French / First prize / Fifth form / Awarded to / A. Tunbridge / Christas, 1884. Title page has been stamped 'Mentone Girls High School Library 2922' Handwritten on second page 'Donated by E. Payne'

Badge - Ballarat Clarendon College Year 12 badge

Ballarat Clarendon College, Ballarat

Gold-plated badge with rectangluar name plate in black with gold lettering and schhol coloured crest hanging from name-p;ate

Historical information

Lapel badge given to all Tear 12 students at start of year. Instituted late 1990s.

Inscriptions & Markings

Name plate: YEAR 12

Cross Oars

Ballarat Clarendon College, Ballarat

Sterling silver cross oars to be sewn to rower's cap. Each or is engraved: 'Hutton & Co'

Historical information

These sterling silver cross oars were sewn to the rowing cap. Fred Raynor Langsford rowed for College during 1916-1918.

Inscriptions & Markings

Engraved on each oar; 'HUTTON & CO'

Prospectus - Ballarat College War Memorial

Ballarat Clarendon College, Ballarat

Bi-fold printed sheet printed on both sides

Historical information

The War Memorial Appeal Committee of the Ballarat College Old Collegians' Association scheme for a memorial to Old Boys who gave their lives in the service of their country during the Second World War. The appeal was launched in 1946 and the extensions opened in 1953.

Significance

Significant evidence of old collegian commitment to the memory of their peers and to the development of the school.

Framed photograph - Ballarat College first five enrolments 1864

Ballarat Clarendon College, Ballarat

Framed item featuring photographs of first four students enrolled at Ballarat College in 1864

Historical information

Mein's history of Ballarat College, published 1964, records the school's first enrolments this way. "The Ballarat College will be opened on Wednesday morning, 6th July, 1864, at 9 o'clock, in the Rev. Wm. Henderson's Church. Intending students will assemble at that hour" Advertisement in the Ballarat Star. 'Two seven year old boys 'assembled'. They were cousins, and their names were: Samuel Baird and James Brown. On the following Monday....came three more pupils: Charles J Henderson, James W Nicol and William Govan Finlayson. framed item collated after their deaths, possibly for centenary celebrations.

Inscriptions & Markings

Ballarat College / First Four Enrolments / 1864 / The Late Mr Sam Baird / The Late Mr J C Brown / The Late Mr W G Finlayson / The Late Mr C J Henderson

Medallion - Dux of Junior School 1923

Ballarat Clarendon College, Ballarat

Locket-style medal with chain ring at top, gold on silver shield with ornate wreath around sides and bottom.

Historical information

Medallion awarded to Robert McIntyre Buchanan, Dux of Ballarat College Junior School 1923. Robert (25/07/1909 - 1/11/1998), son of Mr R McI Buchanan Town Hall Hotel, Brother of Jack and George; entered Ballarat College 14/2/1922.

Significance

Socially significant

Inscriptions & Markings

Inscribed on front: R B / 1923 Inscribed on back: R M Buchanan / DUX / JNR SCHOOL / BALLARAT / COLLEGE Stamped on back: STG. SILVER

Book - Peeps at foreign countries

Ballarat Clarendon College, Ballarat

Light brown calfbound book with gilt crest on front cover and gilt decoration and printing on spine; College crest on front; library number painted at base of spine; marbled endpages and edges; prize book plate inside front cover; library book plate on flyleaf

Historical information

Prize awarded for good conduct and general proficiency to Newton Wanliss and represented Ballarat College for their library collection in 1941.

Significance

Social significance due to generosity of old collegians in continuing support of the school and its resources throughout adult life.

Inscriptions & Markings

Book plate insdie front cover: College crest / PRIZE / FOR / Good conduct and general proficiency / Awarded to / Master N Wanliss / Sixth class / CHRISTMAS 1874 / F J THOMAS B A PRINCIPAL

Trophy - Schoolgirl's 5000metre Senior Cup 1971 - 1978

Ballarat Clarendon College, Ballarat

Silver cup with two handles on dark stand

Inscriptions & Markings

Inscribed on cup face: SANDRA OPIE / PERPETUAL TROPHY / SCHOOLGIRL’S 5000M / Senior (Winners 1971 – 1978)

Trophy

Ballarat Clarendon College, Ballarat

Ornate silver candlestick stand; four claw legs, reindeer at centre of stand; two lidded candlestick holders (one with glass candle holder insert).

Historical information

Ballarat Clarendon College Annual Report 1990: Silver inkstand donated as a perpetual trophy for the most improved swimmer at College; donated by Mrs Doss Mooney (CPLC 1936) in memory of her father J W Clegg.

Inscriptions & Markings

Engraved on face of stand: B.S.C. / Won by / J.W.Clegg / 1904

Blazer pocket

Ballarat Clarendon College, Ballarat

Black wool square with Ballarat College crest (embroidered Head of Minerva surrounded by thick embroidered oval in red thread)

Historical information

Donated by A R Kyle (1916) in 1994; does not appear to have been attached to blazer. Roy Kyle entered Ballarat College in 1912. He marched with Pompey Elliott's 15th in WW1. (see in the footsteps of Pompey p. 173-4. Roy was awarded the College Cup a prestigious sporting trophy in 1912. (see VC000054) The College Cup was awarded to the competitor who won all three 120, 250 and 440 yard races. For more information about the College Cup see Ring-A-Roo December 1993. In 1996 Roy was the oldest 'Old Collegian and youngest surviving Gallipoli veteran. Roy passed away 9th October 1996.