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Kiewa Valley Historical Society Mt Beauty, Vic

The Kiewa Valley Historical Society aims to preserve and conserve the history and heritage of the Kiewa Valley & district. Through the use of permanent, and temporary exhibitions, information walls, a photo gallery, a diorama of the Bogong High Plains, a model hydro system, and two DVD screens we show the area's history and highlights, that tell our social history, natural science areas and technological developments.
The collection has many artefacts that show the history and cultural heritage of the first indigenous people. Along with artefacts from pioneer settlers of the Kiewa Valley and Mount Beauty lived, worked and socialised. Items such as photos, books, farming equipment, hospital equipment, technological equipment from the Kiewa Hydro Scheme, household items, plus oral histories, and genealogy books are in our collection. All the items in the collection have either historical, technological or aesthetic significance to the Kiewa Valley and have good interpretive capacity. Artefacts have to meet this assessment criteria before being considered to be added into the collection. We do not buy, sell or give valuations for any artefacts at this stage.
The historical society Museum space shares the same premises as the Mt Beauty Visitor Information Centre. There is wheel chair access, a disability toilet and separate male and female toilets. Free parking is found the North side of the information centre. There is also a small seating area in the sun deck of the centre. The centre is with in walking distance from Mt Beauty main shopping centre and a 50 - 60 minute drive from the larger centres of Wodonga / Albury.
New members are always welcomed.

Contact Information

location
Mount Beauty Information Centre 31 Bogong High Plains Rd P.O. Box 184 Mt Beauty Vic 3699 (map)
phone
+61 03 57541323

Contact

Opening Hours

10am to 4pm Monday to Thursday 9am - 5pm Friday to Sunday Closed Christmas Day

Entry Fee

Gold Coin Donation

Location

Mount Beauty Information Centre 31 Bogong High Plains Rd Mt Beauty Vic

View on Google Maps

The collection has authentic items which highlight the first peoples who roamed the Kiewa Valley. Along with the social history of the first white settlers of the Kiewa Valley and Mount Beauty lived, worked and socialised from the late 1800's onwards. Items such as photos, books, farming equipment, hospital equipment, technological equipment from the Kiewa Hydro Scheme, household items, plus oral histories, and genealogy records and books are in our collection.

Significance

The Kiewa Valley Historical Society collection has historic significance as it shows how the first white settlers lived and worked through out the valley. Scientific significance applies to the rock cores taken by the SEC during the construction of the hydro scheme. The indigenous stones & tools also have historic significane as they show the cultural heritage of the first people of the Kiewa Valley. Other than the archives, all items have interpretative capacity to be in the collection.

Gavin 3 January 2015 9:16 PM

Hello, I am after a book, Title: Tales of Gibbo gold : characters from the 1880s. Author: Morrow, John A. (John Alexander). Would you have this or know where I can purchase a copy? Thanking you, Gavin.

Gavin 3 January 2015 9:16 PM

Hello, I am after a book, Title: Tales of Gibbo gold : characters from the 1880s. Author: Morrow, John A. (John Alexander). Would you have this or know where I can purchase a copy? Thanking you, Gavin.

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1196 items

Pat Butter Profiler

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This butter pat is one of two,see KVHS 0071 (A). It has been crafted from wood. One side has grooves running from the handle to the square shaped bottom. These grooves would stop the wet butter from clinging to the pat. The top side of the pat has been bevelled on both sides and the bottom edge. The hand grip is flat and curved to allow for a comfortable hold.

Historical information

This butter pat profiler may have been manufactured post 1967(year post codes appeared in Australia) however the post code was only stamped on after it was machined. This type of butter mould was used by rural families to fashion home/farm made butter. This period was in most rural regions a time of self sufficiency where any domestic type implement which could be fashioned by the family would be crafted with skill. Shopping for goods required catalogues from stores located in major rural towns and cities and involved lengthy waiting times. Travelling to and from these specialised stores was not pleasant due to the relatively poor quality of the roads and the lengthy times taken. The small general stores in the Kiewa Valley could not cater for all the needs of the valley. The 1960's was a time when facilities especially goods and services started to improve drastically. The S.E.C. of Victoria with its Kiewa Hydro Electricity Scheme provided not only an improvement of facilities in the valley but also a increase in the population. This increase resulted in a greater demand for local produce.

Significance

This item is one of many domestic food processing implements used by Kiewa Valley households in the mid 1900s, whether on the farm or in the small towns and hamlets. Self sufficiency was the key to survival during these early times. Where ever possible supplies from within the valley were preferred to that brought in by travelling salesmen or traders. This butter mould and butter pat was commonly used to fashion "home" made butter throughout the valley and in some cases supplied to "outside" regional towns. Although this method of production was phased out by better access to goods from nearby cities the revival of the good organic home grown produce in the 1980s saw a greater demand of this type of farm based produce.

Wallpaper and Hessian remnants

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

1530.1 Olive green striped wallpaper scrap with a vestige of terra cotta print. Length 258 mm width ranges from 39mm to 95mm it also has two tone off white and beige striped piece attached. 1530.2 Small scrap of floral pale background with brown outline with white relief in floral design. Size, length 115mm, width range from 65 - 90mm. 1530.3 Hessian length of 75mm by varies from 42-55mm.

Historical information

These items were found behind horse hair plaster in a house linked to the Dairy Industry in Tangambalanga. According to the Deed the first Conveyance listed is dated 1862 from Theyre Weigall to Donald McLeod who became the first Secretary of the Kiewa Butter and cheese Factory and Creamery. The property was sold in 1930 to the Kiewa Factory which eventually became North East Dairy Co-op which then became Murray Goulburn Dairy Cooperative.

Significance

Representative of interior construction in the 1800's .

Photograph Fire Prevention Victorian Alps - Burning

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This black and white photograph shows an Alpine Fire Prevention technique of "burning off" low levels of scrub. The photograph is on 200gsm paper but it is not photographic paper. It can be assumed that the photo is not the original but a copy produced by the SEC Vic. See also KVHS 0413 and KVHS 0414 for other similar photos.

Historical information

This photograph, from the 1950s, shows an Alpine Fire Prevention technique of "burning off" low levels of scrub to reduce the level of available fuel against any possible summer bush fires.The Alpine regions accumulate high levels of potential fuel (undergrowth and small shrubs) which if not reduced has the potential of breaking into a dangerous bush fire. The men in this photograph are not wearing any protective clothing. Their visibility to other firefighters is severely reduced by smoke. This photo is a snap shot in time when Occupational Health and Safety Legislation was in its infancy stage.

Significance

This photograph details the fire prevention activities in the Victorian Alps under the management of the SEC Victoria. The level of undergrowth within the Australian bush needs to be under control to avoid the possibility of lightning strikes (during summer storms) igniting dry forests resulting in a major bush fire. Controlled fires within alpine regions are required not only to reduce the level of dry undergrowth but also to provide those various plant species requiring fire for regenerate. This method was used by the original inhabitants (Aborigines) as limited scrub fires were used to flush game and bird population for eating with the side benefit to those plants requiring that fire for regeneration.

Badge Girl Guides

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This round badge made from brass and has coloured enamel sections outlining various "Barree Region" scenery. In the far distant horizon are snow capped mountains. These are coloured brown with white tipped summits.The central focus is a blue stream with a dark blue "gum" tree to the left and a brass etched tent pegged onto green grass. These pictures are framed within a house structure. A red coloured boomerang lies under the "house" frame with the name of the region on it,"BARREE REGION" The badge is fastened onto a lapel or other clothing by two "L" shaped hooks extending from the back of the badge.

Historical information

This commemorative badge identifying the wearer as a Girl Guide and was used in the 1970's and later. The Girl Guides "World Camps" was founded in 1924 and each subsequent "camp" was in other global countries. The Camp Baree was held in 1947/1948 in Pennsylvania in the USA. In Victoria, Australia, a Barree Regional location for Girl guides, encompasses the Kiewa Valley and its regions. Girl guides in rural areas covered the same developmental programs as in the city areas but the bush settings of annual camps did not have the same impact as for city based guides. The comradeship however, bringing together girls from a widely diverse background, was still a very important objective of the Girl Guide movement

Significance

The significance of this badge is that the Girl Guides held a World Camp in the Barree region which included the Kiewa Valley.This world wide attention(Girl Guides) to this region paid special attention to the "home side" girls and highlighted in particular those girls in the Kiewa Valley who participated in the Girl Guide movement. The ability to have such a personal contact with so many girls from so many world regions helped to break the somewhat isolated regional life. The fundamental lessons of the girl guides was and still is to enrich young girls knowledge of skills which provides self esteem, pride in achievements and the togetherness with like minded girls. Social barriers are left behind and good friendships are formed. Some of these friendships continued as life long links.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the front of the badge (on the sketched boomerang "BARREE REGION". On the back in raised lettering is"BERTRAM BROS MELB."

Scarf - St John Ambulance

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Cream coloured triangular cotton scarf with 2 sides, a base and a point labelled. At the point is the logo of The St John Ambulance Association. The scarf has drawings all over it showing people and/or body parts bandaged with numbers on the bandages and the views labelled front, back etc.

Historical information

St John Ambulance of Victoria was founded in 1883 to teach public First Aid classes in Victoria. In 1887 it commenced the first ambulance service in Melbourne until 1916 when it was taken over by the state. In 1965 the first Search and Rescue Squad was formed in Victoria. St john Ambulance members are volunteers who are often on stand-by at public events and called out to natural / extreme disasters.

Significance

This scarf may have been worn by a student learning first aid from a member of the St John Ambulance Association. It signifies that such classes were held in the Kiewa Valley. April 1940 a four stretcher ambulance was developed for use on the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme. The design was modified for comparatively long and rough trips.

Card - Bogong United Church - Celebrating Ten Years of Co-Operation

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Yellow card, folded in half, with brown writing on all 4 sides. It includes: Back of front cover: 'Theme for the Day'; Back of back cover: It states that "The Church is / Victoria's first successful co-operation / one of three in Victoria / Part of a World Movement / open to all Denominations / Still very young. Also It Began "In Bogong Village In 1946 It Faces ...On the back cover: It lists when Bogong United Church meets for worship and fellowship & service.

Historical information

The Bogong United Church began in Bogong Village under a non-resident Methodist in the year 1946 as a measure of convenience. The book was produced for a day of celebration to mark the 10th anniversary of the Church. In 1956 the Bogong United Church met for worship in Bogong, Mongan's Bridge, Mt Beauty and Tawonga and for Fellowship & Service there were 7 different groups mostly meeting in Mt Beauty. Minister at the time was Rev. John Goodluck, resident at 18 Kiewa Crescent, Mt Beauty.

Significance

The Bogong United Church celebrated 10 years of co-operation with the Methodist and Presbyterian churches and was one of the first churches to do so. It is also significant because it also states the problems the church is facing in 1956: "Dependency on outside support. Inadequacy in state school visits. Extension on Fellowship visitation. Unity with other United Churches. "Let's keep Christmas" campaign and Representation at national convention". The information on this card is of interest to researches / students studying religion.

Inscriptions & Markings

"The Bogong United Church / Gladly Announces / The Tenth Anniversary / of the Methodist and / Presbyterian churches / Co-operation" Dated "Sunday, / September 23rd / 1956"

Book - English Reader - The Victorian Readers Fifth Book

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Pale coloured pinkish plastic with white landscape picture in white on it covers the hard covered book. Parts of the plastic have small tears and is wrinkled.

Historical information

This book was supplied by the Victorian Education Department for all Grade 5 students at Government schools. Each student had one including the local family who passed it on to another family member. Books were covered to protect them. In this case a stiff, dull plastic.

Significance

Historical: Used by grade 5 students in Victorian Government Schools. Provenance: Used and handed down to family members in Tawonga where they lived and went to school.

Inscriptions & Markings

Inside front cover: Ann Louden On title page: G. Davies

Book - Kiewa Valley Rifle Club - Club Scoring Book

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Hard covered dark brown book with very yellowed pages that have come away from the spine. It has 200 pages titled "Match Record" with only about the first 40 filled in in ink with names and scores.The entries date from 1932 to 1937

Historical information

The Kiewa Valley Rifle Club belonged to the Australian Rifle Clubs. They were in the Military District No. 304 and operated as early as the 1920's. In 1876, an Australian Rifle Team, consisting of shooters from N.S.W. and Victoria was the first team ever to officially represent Australia in any sport in international competition. In 1885, the first civilian Rifle Club was formed. In 1921 they were reconstituted as a purely civilian organisation where they have remained ever since.

Significance

This scoring book is evidence that the Kiewa Valley Rifle Club existed from the 1930's, enabling its members to participate in a sport that had 12232 members and 313 Rifle Clubs in Victoria by 1939.

Inscriptions & Markings

Inside front cover "Members that paid for Bulls Eye Trophy" followed by a list of 13 - very faint.

Gastric Feed Tube - Medical

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Clear glass hollow cylinder with one end curved and tapered into a small cylinder.

Historical information

This medical / hospital feed tube was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950's specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme.

Significance

Historical: Shows the development of scientific hospital equipment. Provenance: Used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was remote and therefore required good equipment. Good condition and good interpretation capacity.

Photo - Cleve Cole

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black and white photo of several men in the bush near Mt Bogong. Photo is glued on to cardboard with a dark grey border and light grey wider border on the outside.

Historical information

This photo depicts the rescue of three local skiets that became trapped on Mt Bogong during a blizzard and became known as the Cleve Cole tragedy . Mick Hull Howard Michell and Cleve Cole where skiing on Mt Bogong and could not find their way off the mountain via Staircase Spur due to Blizzard conditions and ended up in the Mitta Valley. Howard Michell walked to the Battys farm to get help for his weak and injured friends. Cleve Cole died shortly after arriving at Omeo hospital.

Significance

This photo is historically significant as it tells the rescue story of this tragedy. The photos are of the people involved which add to the story. Mt Bogong Victoria's highest mountain is accessed from the Kiewa Valley and near by high plains and over shadows Mt Beauty township therefore is a local story. The photo comes from the rescue party which is a rare photo and thus has great interpretive capacity . The skiing history is one of KVHS main themes and this photo is part of our Skiing Across Country exhibition

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten on back "The Discovery of Cleve Cole / up the Big River (Below Paddy's Flat) / Cole is arrowed / Cyril Rootsey / Jack Batty / Bill Batty / Paul? Bitner / Tom Fitzgerald / Etc. / (I think dad is the one with his hand up to his face)" Back - red stamp - "Herald Feature / Service / Melbourne

Scales Balance Pocket

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Portable Pocket Balance with front plate made from brass. Spring mechanism enclosed by black painted medium gauge steel cover( three quarters cylindrical). Front scale face and rear spring casing fastened by three rivets. Spring loaded marker blade is located in the centre of the front plate. See item KVHS 0224 for a similar scales.

Historical information

Historically this item would have been used by gold miners, rabbit shooters, mobile "Rag and Bone" traders and other mobile(in caravans and/or horse drawn cart) traders of various small goods and haberdashery. Although marked as not to be used as trade, the isolation and sometimes difficult terrain rules out using larger and more delicate scales. In the early 1900s rough roads and severe weather conditions forced traders to be more flexible in trading with weights and measures. The "close enough is good enough" doctrine was the Australian outback rule of thumb.

Significance

The significance of this item in the Kiewa Valley during this period demonstrates the slower acceptance of accurate trading measure using the country side principle "my hand shake is my bond". In the Kiewa Valley small quantity commercial undertakings e.g. gold mining, fur pelts and rabbit meat trade did not require bulk weight type scales. Commerce in rural production e.g. fruit and vegetables involved more farmers and their staff in a barter and/or "in kind" payments. This was more so in the depression years 1929 to late 1930s. Self sufficiency was to a large extent more attainable in this region than in the city/ large country town environment. The Australian "fair go" ethical approach to life and commerce was very much ingrained in those living in country regions, like Kiewa Valley as is demonstrated by the not so accurate hand balance, spring loaded scales.

Inscriptions & Markings

Front plate marked: at top "Not legal for use in trade", below this in larger print "Pocket Balance", under and to the right in smaller print "lbs" under this graded marks, first marked with a Zero, then every second mark in ascending order up to 25. At the bottom of the front plate is marked "Made in Germany"

Book - Religious Education - Martin Luther by Henry Mayhew

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Bright blue hard covered book with title at the top and 1st letters decorated and in gold 'M' and 'L' rest of title in red bordered by black. Decorative ribbon crosses the book about midway and also vertically on right 3 quarters from the spine. Bottom left - coloured picture of child and adult. Spine title in black on gold background, ribbon continued from front and at bottom - in circle is printed 'The Lorne Series'

Historical information

Students attended Sunday School classes at the Kergunyah Presbyterian Church. Sunday school was held in a little 16 foot square wooden building which came from Rocky Valley after it was no longer needed there. Ewen Wallace's father initiated and organised the move. C2011 the building was knocked down because of white ants. The Presbyterian Church will be 125 years old in 2015

Significance

Historical: Religious Education: This book was used by students who attended the Sunday School classes at Kergunyah Presbyterian Church. Religion: Presbyterian Church at Kergunyah, in the Kiewa Valley, celebrates its 125th anniversary in 2015 after being handed over to the Uniting Church in the 1970s.

Inscriptions & Markings

Inside front and back cover is stamped 'Kergunyah Sabbath School - Library'

Hat Pin

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This long hat pin is adorned with a flat, oval-shaped, piece of black plastic. A raised pattern of small distinctively dome shaped molded plastic infill together with three larger shaped domes. Identical to KVHS 0360

Historical information

Historically this item represents women's fashion in the 1920s to 1950s. As the material used in the construction is not of a high monetary value it can be assumed it was a day to day working woman apparel to keep the hat firmly fastened into the hair. It does indicate that fashion of the time was important within the region

Significance

This item is a reflection of both the fashion mode of the 1920s to 1950s when long hair needed to be controlled by hair pins rather than later manufactured hair sprays. It is also an example of society's mores of tidiness and quasi religious beliefs of covering the hair and head when outdoors

Fan Personal

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Personal hand fan (slide out sideways open). Cardboard screen on wooden spine frame. Main side bright coloured green trees on golden red and royal blue background. Wispy silver lined clouds, black branches and brown earth with moss. Flip side gold speckled on white background Bamboo like slivers

Historical information

Personal fan of Asian origin used by early immigrant family living in Kiewa Valley and indicative of the mixed heritages within the Valley. Personal Fan of vintage circa 1920s suggests middle to upper socio-economic level

Significance

Historically this item places certain ethnic group in the Kiewa Valley circa 1920's - 1950's. This personal fan indicates that it may have belonged to a middle class person with greater leisure time than that of a working class. The multicultural fabric of the region is also highlighted.

Sheets 9 and 10 of set of 10 sheets/ black and white photographs of the Kiewa area.

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

A foolscap sized sheet of lightweight cardboard, brown in colour, with 8 small black and white photographs on page 9 and 4 small photos on page 10.

Historical information

These photographs are a pictorial and historical record of the photographer, Ronald George Thorn, of his days as an engineer with SECV. He worked in the Kiewa area as a cadet engineer from 1948 to 1950 and then in 1953 to 1956 as an electrical engineer grade 2.

Significance

The photographs tell the story of one man's involvement in the construction of the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme during his employment with the state Electrical Commission of Victoria.

Inscriptions & Markings

Number 9 is written in ink on a small square of white paper and adhered to the page with sticky tape. The number 10 is also written on a small square of white paper and adhered to the reverse side with sticky tape.

Brochure - Religion - The Anglican Church of Saint Andrew, Dederang

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

A foolscap sized sheet of white paper folded in half length-wise and turned side ways. Front page has title written in biro at top, a free hand sketch in biro of a church and words below. (biro may have been used over poor photocopy). Inside: A history of the church typed in black Back of book is blank.

Historical information

The pamphlet is about the history of the Anglican Church in Dederang.

Significance

Historical: Dederang is a small community in the Kiewa Valley. Good interpretation for religion and community in Dederang and the Kiewa Valley.

Inscriptions & Markings

The Anglican church of Saint Andrew / Dederang / church sketch / Dedicated Septuagesima 1973 - all in biro In pencil hand written: one copy given to Wilma Oct. 1989

Booklet - Mt Beauty and the Kiewa Scheme x2

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

A fold down booklet postcard size of 12 colored photos - back to back of Mt Beauty, the Kiewa Scheme & surrounds. They fold in to form a front photo with title and a back card for stamp & address of addressee. On the back of the front photo are a few paragraphs describing the beauty, history and 'things to do' in the area for the visitor / tourist.

Historical information

This booklet was produced to advertise Mt Beauty, the Kiewa Scheme & surrounding areas to visitors / tourists. The photos cover Falls Creek with snow, lifts and skiers - one with Spion Kopje Lodge. Also Tawonga Camping ground, Bogong Village, Mt Beauty Chalet, the Control panel at Kiewa Power Station, Clover Dam at No. 3 Power Station, the road to Falls Creek and a view of Mt Beauty township.

Significance

The photos indicate what Mt Beauty and the Kiewa Valley and High Plains looked like c1950's during the construction of the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme. The area was recognised and encouraged as a tourist attraction especially Falls Creek enabling comparison with later photos and ideas.

Tonsil Snare x 2

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Stainless steel rods split at one end into a loop. Along rod is a slight shield as if to mark a distance.

Historical information

This medical instrument was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950s specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme.

Significance

Historical: Shows the development of scientific hospital equipment. Provenance: Used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was remote and therefore required good equipment.

Table Runner Dressing

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Linen (white) cut work and embroidered central design tatting diamond shape with embroidered scrolls either side cut work leaves top and bottom L shaped tatting inner border with triangular tatting 2cm outer bordered hole pattern

Historical information

This Item is one of four bedroom items hand made in circa 1900 by Amalihe Pierin. Her Son brought the item when he emigrated to Australia and members of the family still reside in the Kiewa Valley.

Significance

Historically this item represents the requirement by families to manufacture a whole range of bedroom coverings due to the lack of professionally manufactured goods. Isolation from big towns or cities required local seamstress activities and therefore closer social bonding was a necessity. Although this item was transported from Italy to Australia by the son of Amalihine Pierin the significance still remains the same

Photograph of Rail Mounted Battery operated soil Bucket

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black and white photograph

Historical information

This machine was in use in the 1940's during the construction of the tunnels for the Hydro Electric scheme. This particular photograph was taken in the Tailrace Tunnel which brings water from West Kiewa Power Station to the open tailrace in Mt. Beauty and then into the regulating pondage before discharge into the Kiewa River. This machine (or one similar) is on display on the Northern side of the entrance to the Visitor's Centre. The tailrace tunnel (or West Kiewa tunnel) was commenced in 1947 from both ends and the breakthrough occurred on 22nd. July, 1950

Significance

Shows the size of the tunnel and the machinery used for excavation in the 1940's/50's.

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten on back of photograph "Jumbo" in Tailrace Tunnel

Pin Hat

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This long hat pin is adorned with a flat, oval-shaped, piece of black plastic. A raised pattern of small distinctively dome shaped molded plastic infill together with three larger shaped domes. Identical to KVHS 0361

Historical information

Historically this item represents women's fashion in the 1920s to 1950s. As the material used in the construction is not of a high monetary value it can be assumed it was a day to day working woman apparel to keep the hat firmly fastened into the hair. It does indicate that fashion of the time was important within the region

Significance

This item is a reflection of both the fashion mode of the 1920s to 1950s when long hair needed to be controlled by hair pins rather than later manufactured hair sprays. It is also an example of society's mores of tidiness and quasi religious beliefs of covering the hair and head when outdoors

Photo - Tawonga South Primary School

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black and white photograph of original Tawonga South Primary School

Historical information

Original site of the Tawonga South Primary School. Building is now used as Parks Victoria offices

Significance

Early site of Tawonga South Primary School

Axe Head

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Small ground edge stone axe head. Leading cutting edge very smooth and chiseled to a fine edge. Weight is, for its size fairly heavy. It is made from Greenstone

Historical information

This item was used well before European settlement and clearly demonstrates the development of the local Aboriginal tribes, Dhudhuroa and Yaitmathang in the use of a cutting /chopping implement, made from Mount William sourced material i.e. greenstone. This item was probably traded at the Bogong Mountain tribal yearly summer ceremonies

Significance

The significance of this item places it at the fore front of human development in this region. The period when this tool was manufactured represents the time when the natural landscape had not been altered and the natural vegetation, fauna and flora, had not been subjected to imported species.This also proves that local tribes did live in this area and or the Bogong High Plains.

Slicer Bean

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This bean slicer is made from cast iron with a round body housing three rotating blades screwed into a riveted spinning base plate. The whole body of this slicer is green with a "natural coloured" handle. A "G" clamp is part of the main frame to fasten the slicer onto a table/counter top (when in use).

Historical information

This large bean slicer was first manufactured in the late 1800's in England and exported to Australia. Due to the transportation costs it was not used in many Domestic kitchens. This slicer would have been in a kitchen of a higher socio/economic family within the Kiewa Valley. In the 1930's the manufacturer traded this slicer as "domestic labour-saving slicers". This was the beginning of new generation of the kitchen "gadget". The introduction of the Asian "gadget" manufacturer from the late 1950's saw English export diminish by the cheaper Asian products.

Significance

This item has great significance because it demonstrates that even "remote rural" locations, such as the Kiewa Valley in the early 1900s still were able to optain "state of the art" labour saving "kitchen" appliances. It was these English and European goods that were made "to last" which brought the mind set "British is best" This mindset was only altered by periods of Australian economic down turns and the cheap Asian product availability

Inscriptions & Markings

On the side of the handle and along the top plate "SPONG & Co Ltd" and opposite "BEAN SLICER" below this "No 633"

Deed - Batman's Melbourne Deed c1835

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Facsimile of the oriental in the Latrobe Library of the acquisition of 600,000 acres of land (sites of Melbourne & Geelong) between John Batman & Principal chiefs of Dutteallar native tribe.

Book - Royal Tour - The Royal Tour of Australia in Pictures

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This book has a blue hard cover with its original shiny paper cover over it. This paper cover is the Australian flag with white writing of the title, some of the stars and the red part in the top left corner. The back of the paper cover is blue with the Southern Cross. On the inside of the hard cover is a full size picture of the Queen meeting a group of early Australians & settlers with a group of soldiers in line saluting and a ship in the background. This picture is repeated on the cover at the back .

Historical information

This book was produced after the Royal tour of Australia and New Zealand 1954 . Many people went to see the Queen as there was a lot of interest in the occasion. This was the first time a reigning monarch had toured Australia and Queen Elizabeth being a new young Queen was very popular and attracted very large crowds where ever she went. Mt Beauty residents including Cubs, Brownies, Scouts and Guides travelled to Benalla Railway Station to see the Queen on the Royal Train.

Significance

Historical: At the time there was a lot of interest in Royalty. Provenance: Clare Roper, a local lady from Tawonga visited the Queen at Buckingham palace as a representative of CWA and therefore was particularly interested in the Queen's visit. KVHS has the dress that Clare wore, in their collection. Local residents recall travelling in 1954 to Benalla Railway Station to see the Queen on the Royal Train.

Inscriptions & Markings

On cover page in blue ink 'Clare Roper' At back attached with sticky tape to last page - a note: Vanour(?) Books / Mrs C. Roper & Mrs G. Richardson

Photographs – Photographs of staff from Tawonga District General Hospital & Alpine Health – Set of 13 colour photographs

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Set of 13 colour photographs of past nursing staff and support staff from Tawonga District General Hospital, Kiewa Valley House & Alpine Health 1. Marg Hickey, Barbara Clark & Margaret Ranton 2. Cheryl Clutterbuck & Rosemary Forrest 3. Margaret Ranton 4. Margaret Ranton holding unknown infant 5. Gwen Goss 6. Barbara Clark & Margaret Ranton 7. Margaret Ranton, Sue Zeinert & Jenny Piera 8. Margaret Ranton, Gloria Ryder & Jenny Piera 9. Sue Wesley, Ruth Barton, Margaret Ranton, Rosemary Forrest & Nola Henry 10. F Bogaski & H Sigmund 11. Maintenance Supervisor H Sigmund 12. Gardener Fred Keat & Handyman Joe Trezise (1977) 13. Nursing staff in new hospital

Historical information

In the early stages of the Kiewa Hydro-Electric Scheme the State Electricity Commission took over the financial and construction responsibility of the Tawonga District General Hospital building at a cost of 27,000 pounds. This included the removal and re-erection of the ex-military Bonegilla ward from Wodonga while in addition they carried out all the necessary building works that allowed the hospital to operate as a functional unit. The work was completed and handed over to the Hospital Committee of Management on September 1, 1949. Local residents raised 3,400 pounds through fund raising. The balance was met by the SEC and the Hospital and Charities Commission. The initial project was to provide for a basic temporary hospital which was later to include an Operating Theatre, Offices, Store, Mortuary and a Nurse’s Home, until the establishment of a permanent medical premises. Following the opening, 455 patients were admitted to the Tawonga District General Hospital and 254 operations were performed in the first year. The hospital relocated to Mount Beauty in the former SEC administration offices located in the town centre. Official opening of the 18 bed Tawonga District General Hospital on April 29 in 1961. Kiewa Valley House nursing home was officially opened on March 6th, 1985, with a new lounge extension opening in May, 1993. Prior to this, residents had to travel to Beechworth, Wangaratta or Wodonga for care. The old weatherboard building was demolished around the late 1900’s to early 2000’s and replaced with a new modern brick building. Alpine Health CEO Mr Lyndon Seys oversaw the opening of the new Mount Beauty Hospital in November 2001 alongside Board of Management President Mr Andrew Randell, other board members and politicians.

Significance

The Kiewa Hydro-Electric Scheme the State Electricity Commission played a pivotal part in the planning and initial funding of the Tawonga District General Hospital, with a view to providing medical support for its many workers on the Hydro scheme. Later, spouse and family members of workers were also able to access medical assistance. Many SEC workers and their families have received high medical care at Tawonga District General Hospital and Alpine Health and/or as residents of Kiewa Valley House over the years. A number of family members of SECV workers as well as other dedicated staff have provided high quality medical attention and support in all three facilities as nursing staff, support staff and volunteers. Many past staff members and their families still remain living in the Kiewa Valley area

Inscriptions & Markings

1-9 No markings 10 F Bogaski & H Sigmund 11. Maintenance Supervisor H Sigmund 12. Gardener Fred Keat & Handyman Joe Trezise (1977) 13. Nursing staff in new hospital

Book - Cross Country Skiing x2 - Worldloppet - 30 Years of Skiing Around the World

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Two copies of a blue hard covered book with 167 pages consisting of an index (Kangaroo Hoppet page 54), information on 30 years of (cross country) skiing around the world with colored photos.

Historical information

The Worldloppet is a skiing race held throughout the world for cross country skiers. American Tony Wise conceived the idea of bringing together long distance skiers together. 14 ski marathons held in 4 continents (Europe, North America, Australia and Asia) with over 90,000 skiers each year.

Significance

Falls Creek is on the Bogong High Plains at the top of the Kiewa Valley. Falls Creek held the first Kangaroo Hoppet in 1979 over a distance of 21 km with 80 participants. In 1995 a record 1588 participants took part. They received membership of the Worldloppet in 1991 holding the event on the last Saturday of August and haven't had to cancel the event.

Photo - Bogong Township

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black and white photograph of Bogong Township taken from Little Arthur fire track. September 1953

Historical information

In 1940 Field Headquarters for the Kiewa Scheme were established at Bogong with office, workshop facilities and accommodation for workmen, staff and some families constructed. (There had been a 'tent camp' on this site in 1939 but was destroyed by bushfires) Construction of accommodation continued until 1947. A total of 40 houses plus a hostel for single staff, post office, police station, medical centre and primary school all with water and sewerage and electricity supply. The staff hostel was known as Kiewa House and is now occupied by the Education Department. Lake Guy was named after Mr. L.T. Guy who was the Resident Engineer in charge of construction work and associated activities on the Kiewa area. He held this position from 1939 to November 1946 when he was transferred to Head Office.

Significance

The Bogong Township was developed firstly as an accommodation centre (base camp) for construction workers employed under the Kiewa Hydroelectric Scheme. Due to the influx of European workers into the Township the beautification of the immediate surrounds (gardens etc.) had a distinct European flavour. This environment has been very beneficial for tourism in later years. At the completion of the scheme, in the 1960's, the village was opened to public/tourism use. Strict environmental control has not allowed for any extensive redevelopment in tourist accommodation and basically restricted it to the accommodation initially built for the construction workers. Activities such a bike riding, snow skiing, restricted horse riding and bush walking on the Alpine plains and mountains are now a viable part of the Kiewa Valley Tourist Industry. The lake is one of the many water storage reservoirs used to supply the power stations their main power to run the huge turbines generating the final product, electricity

Inscriptions & Markings

Faded handwritten inscription on back - Bogong Township taken from Little Arthur fire track. Sept 1953

Photograph, logging at McKay Creek - Logging at McKay Creek

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black and white photograph showing logging equipment, fallen logs.

Historical information

This photograph was probably taken at the site of McKay Creek Power Station. Excavation of this site did not commence until 1951 but road access(a narrow track) was provided in 1948 and widened in 1954. The logs would have been milled for timber at the State Electricity Commission's mill at Howman's Gap and thus provided a much needed source of timber for construction of camps and houses as there was a general of shortage of this commodity. Because of trouble with landslides in this area, a decision was made to place the machine hall of the power station underground instead of on the surface. Restricted financial resources and the repositioning of the power station retarded construction activities and it was not completed until early 1961..

Significance

An excellent pictorial record of the general working conditions, type of machinery and vehicles in use in the 1950/s.

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten on the back of the photograph "Logging at McKay Creek)

Double Ended Tonsil Dissector

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Double ended - used to dissect tonsils Long stainless steel with curved flat end and at other end 90 degree angle hook with 3 curved points. Middle wider with etching.

Historical information

This medical / hospital instrument was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950s specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme.

Significance

Historical: Shows the development of scientific hospital equipment. Provenance: Used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was remote and therefore required good equipment.

Inscriptions & Markings

Etching into steel in middle, wider part - both sides. H.A.T. MELB. - next to etching at hook end. Stainless - next to etching at 'spoon' end facing other way to hook end.

Fuel Tank - Hallford truck

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Three tiers of thin coated zinc over steel 'tubs' with an extended rim at the top of each 'tub'. These 'tubs' have been attached to form one large tank. The top is covered by a flat sheet of zinc coated steel. On one side is an upright tap with a screw outlet facing the edge of the tank. On the opposite side is a steel screwed plug.

Historical information

This portable fuel tank was used with the Hallford Truck (see KVHS 0001) and was part of the truck's historical story.

Significance

The portable fuel tank was used with the Hallford truck and is part of the truck's history.

Inscriptions & Markings

'H C S' inscribed on top. 'D / YA' inscribed on side of top tier.

Report - Land Conservation Council

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Thick heavy book with 312 pages with black and white photos. Back half has a folder with heavy cardboard attached to thick cardboard back cover. Inside folder are 9 maps with color each with a different title.

Historical information

Land Conservation Act 1970 established the Land Conservation Council to investigate and recommend to the Minister use of public land in Victoria. It describes and assesses the natural resources:-Physiography, Geology, Topography, Land Systems, Outdoor Recreation, Public land and blocks. Primary Production. Vegetation.

Significance

North East Victoria includes the Kiewa Valley. This report gives an understanding of the development of the area.

Inscriptions & Markings

Stamped on Front Cover: "Mount Beauty High School" Has a library borrowing slip at the back of the last page.

Photo - Copy of Tawonga Primary School 1903 - Tawonga Primary School

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Teacher and 20 students in school photo. "Tawonga Primary School 1903" added digitally when the photo was copied. There is a typed list of all names.

Historical information

Tawonga is in the Kiewa Valley where farmers lived with their families. The school was opened on 27th July 1880 situated on 8 acres near the current township of Tawonga. This school was erased by fire in 1900 and all records were destroyed. The school then moved to the old Tawonga Hall. In 1910 the school was shifted to its present site on 3 acres of land donated by Frank Cooper. The school building and attendance continued to grow especially during the construction of the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme.

Significance

Historic: Tawonga Primary school has educated the local farming and town children for many years. It is an excellent source of the names of the local families in 1903. The photo is taken outside the Old Tawonga hall where the school was situated in 1903 and shows the clothing worn by children and teachers at the time.

Inscriptions & Markings

Names of students. Back Row: Charlotte Cooper, John Cooper, Ada Cooper, Thomas Hollands, Irene Roper, Stewart Hollands, Lily Barnette. Teacher Donald Mc Cance. Centre Row: Edward Trebilcock, Alfred Hollands, Pearl Barnette, Frank Cooper, Nellie Higginson, Bert Roper, Reg Roper. Front Row: Ben Cooper, Raymond Cooper, Myrtle Barnette, Lewis Crotty, John Creamer, Annie Hollands

Book - Maths - The First Two Years' Arithmetic and Algebra

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Blue book cardboard covered by cloth cover. Writing in black.

Historical information

Educational Book used by Roy Davies whose family farm and live in the Kiewa Valley.

Significance

Historical: Mathematical Education can be compared through the ages. Provenance: The Davies family, farmers in the Kiewa Valley - their education in the 1960s.

Inscriptions & Markings

The First Two / Years' Arithmetic / and Algebra/ with Answers / Revised Edition / Wilson and Ross / F. W. Cheshire / Melbourne on cover Inside cover. written in ink. Roy Davies 4 B and drawing of box with crosses in ink.

Bottle - Preserves

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Clear glass bottle used for storing pickles or chutney and sealed with a cork. Straight sides are 3 quarters of the way up tapering quickly into a neck and then the opening. The bottle has been joined longitudinally in 2 halves. There is no embossing.

Historical information

Chutney and pickles came in bottles at the local grocery store or at a large city store on a shopping expedition. The shape of the bottles changed as did the stopper used to seal it. This bottle may have been re used for home made preserves.

Significance

Historical: Change of bottles - shape, glass, stopper, use Aesthetic: Display showing shape and size

Photograph - Clover Dam

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black and white photograph of Clover Dam buildings and Kiewa River. Has a .4cm white border around photograph

Historical information

As part of the push to cut electricity costs and diversify supply, the Victorian Government (circa 1930) implemented the conversion strategy from mainly brown coal supply to hydro - electricity. The Kiewa Hydroelectric Scheme became the largest scheme of its kind in the State Of Victoria and the second largest scheme in Australia. Clover Dam and Power Station were built by the State Electricity Commission of Victoria as part of the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme from the late 1930's to the early 1940's. This dam was constructed to supply water to feed four turbines (62 mega watts) at the West Kiewa Power Station. This was at the forefront of sustainable "Green" energy. Costs associated with power supplies is still a major incentive of governments, however environmentally friendly alternatives such as wind and nuclear have also made inroads.

Significance

The Kiewa valley and its surrounding alpine catchment were looked at(Victorian State Government), from the beginning of the twentieth century as a source of alternate power for an ever-increasing demand for electricity by growing population and heavy industrial areas within Melbourne City and State regions. Construction of dams, such as Clover Dam provided the large quantity holding areas of water required to turn the turbines at the various power stations to provide the electricity needed. The impact of these controls by moderating water run-off from the alpine regions is beneficial in reducing flooding from thawing of snow on the alps. This by-product allows agriculture and grazing to be less vulnerable to seasonal flooding thereby resulting in a more stable annual production level.

Inscriptions & Markings

Printed on bottom left corner of photograph in white - Clover Flat

Jar - Ointment - Medical

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Small wide white 'milk glass' jar with screw top. Used for ointment e.g.. zinc, magnesium sulphate. Embossed on base. Base is 'pushed inwards/upwards' forming a lip around the circumference.

Historical information

This jar was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 11950's specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme.

Inscriptions & Markings

Base: Common Seal - A with G above and M below / 15

Badge - Country Women's Association of Victoria.

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Slim rectangular shaped gold badge with a 'v' shape at each end. Its border is wavy. The writing is in green capital letters. At the top in the middle there is a 2 link chain. On the back is a pin.

Historical information

The Tawonga branch of the C.W.A. commenced on the 7th Feb. 1946 and often combined activities with the other branches in the Kiewa Valley. The C.W.A. aimed to improve health, welfare and education for women and children in the country.

Significance

Women living in Tawonga were mostly on farms and, in 1946, when the branch commenced would have been feeling more remote with WW11 having an effect on available workers and the well being of the women and children.

Inscriptions & Markings

Branch Secretary

Photo - Tawonga Store

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Sepia photo of Pearce Bros. Tawonga Store including a house next door, cars in the sealed street and part of the Bakery opposite. It has a slim wooden frame & white cardboard border. It has a clear glass cover. The back is lined with brown paper with a white cord across for hanging the photo.

Historical information

This photo was taken in the 1950's when Pearce Bros. owned the Tawonga Store. I.R.Northey's van is parked outside the store. Kodak photos are advertised. The Bakery existed. The road is sealed and telephone and electric wires are shown.

Significance

The Pearce Bros owned the Tawonga Store in the 1950s when the population of the area in the Upper Kiewa Valley and High Plains was high due to the construction of the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme by the State Electricity Commission of Victoria.

Bottle - Soft Drink

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Small clear glass bottle with heavy embossing. The straight sides go half way up then taper to the opening. The manufacturer's name is written diagonally across one side with 'Albury' printed in capital letters underneath. On the same side three lines of words are printed in capital letters. The base has light embossing.

Historical information

Soft drink came in bottles bought at the local grocery store or at a large city store on a shopping expedition. The shape of the bottles changed as did the stopper used to seal it. Bottles were re-cycled remaining the property of the manufacturer. History of Phibbs Bros., Albury.

Significance

Historical: Change of bottles - shape, glass, stopper, embossing, use. Aesthetic: Display showing embossing, shape and size.

Inscriptions & Markings

Side: 'Phibbs Bros / Albury' Side around the bottom: 'This Bottle / Is the Property of / Phibbs Bros Albury'

Book - Religious Education - The Books of the Bible

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Very small thin yellowish book with drawing, in black, of a gate on which is the title at the top, 'Old Testament' on the next 'shelf'. Then 3 shelves of books with titles (of the Old Testament) then 'New Testament on the next 'shelf'. Then 1 shelf with lots of books with titles (of the New Testament). Underneath the 'gate' are the words, also in black, "Memorise Them"

Historical information

Students attended Sunday School classes at the Kergunyah Presbyterian Church. Sunday school was held in a little 16 foot square wooden building which came from rocky Valley after it was no longer needed there. Ewen Wallace's father initiated and organised the move. C2011 the building was knocked down because of white ants. The Presbyterian Church will be 125 years old in 2015.

Significance

Historical: Religious Education: This book was used by students who attended the Sunday School classes at Kergunyah Presbyterian Church. Religion: Presbyterian Church at Kergunyah, in the Kiewa Valley, celebrates its 125th anniversary in 2015 after being handed over to the Uniting Church in the 1970s.

Inscriptions & Markings

In pencil on cover top left '118mx', top right 3 (pence)

Scrap Book - Newspaper Clippings: 1949 - 1980s

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

A vanilla, green with sunset picture 'Photo Album' used to save newspaper clippings dated 1949 to late 1980s mostly covering the North East of Victoria. The Photo Album has 3 steel rings that snap open and shut. The pages have a clear plastic sheet that lifts off to place the newspaper cuttings which then 'stick' to the page. The clear cover is then replaced on top.There are 60 pages used both sides.

Historical information

Clare Roper collected and maintained newspaper clippings of historical interest to the Kiewa Valley Historical Society.

Significance

Clare Roper grew up and lived in the Kiewa Valley at Tawonga. She was a member of the Kiewa Valley Historical Society for many years.

Inscriptions & Markings

Front cover "Photo Album". Spine 'Photos'.

Photo of Bogong Village

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Small black and white photo with white border. Bogong village with Lake Guy in foreground

Historical information

The SECV constructed the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme from the lat 1930's through to the 1960"s. Bogong Village was the first town built to accommodate workers and their families.

Significance

The Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme involved local people living and working in Bogong.

Inscriptions & Markings

On Back, handwritten in ink, "Bogong Village on Lake Guy"

Book - Technical on Telephones / Switchboards - The Practical Telephone Handbook by J. Poole

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black hard cover book with gold embossing of title, author and emblem "The Specialists Series" on the front cover. 630 pages with some black and white diagrams

Historical information

This book includes "Guide to the Telephone Exchange". As the State Electricity Commission of Victoria had a telephone exchange on the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme at Mt Beauty, this book is of interest. The first telephone exchange was established in the U.S.A. in 1877. In 1912 most civilised countries had one. Improvements continued as outlined in the book explaining how they work.

Significance

The State Electricity Commission of Victoria constructed the Kiewa hydro electric Scheme and communicated using a switchboard based in Mt Beauty. This book belonged Roy F. Leibig, the grandfather of a local electrician.

Inscriptions & Markings

Inside: "W. Kerr Newmann / 89 Moreland Grove / Coburg" written in pencil "S. Dunkerton / 8 Horne St / E. Brunswick / Oct. 7th 1913" crossed out with pencil (over handwriting with pen) "R.F. Leibig / "Orama" / Stafford St / West Preston" written in ink

Skin Graft Knife

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

In wooden box with a sliding lid. Silver knife held by 2 wooden pieces with slots for knife to fit. Knife is surrounded by cotton wool. Knife is flat with wavy sides. Blade is flat with point.

Historical information

This medical instrument was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950s specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme.

Significance

Historial: Shows the development of scientific hospital equipment. Provenance: Used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was remote and therefore required good equipment.

Video - Fainter Falls - Fainter Falls

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

White cardboard cover with black plastic video labelled "Fainter Falls" on outer edge.

Historical information

Visual workings and development of the Fainter Falls Trail completed in 2008. The trail was originally accessible via a fire fighting access trail. The fire in the summer of 2003 highlighted the beauty of the area and provided the residents of the Kiewa Valley with the opportunity to consider the redevelopment of the trail. Work to establish a 700 metre grade 2 walking trail with a 50 metre grade 3 extension trail to the Falls began in 2005. It also includes 3 observation decks, a bridge over a creek crossing, car parking and interpretive signage.

Significance

This video recording is a visual recording of the process of the establishment of the Fainter Falls Walking Trail giving an insight into the process, the work, tools and materials used for such work from 2003 to 2008. It also shows the vegetation in the area and the amount of water flowing at the time.

Inscriptions & Markings

"Fainter Falls"

Newspaper article- Double page article. Pages 30 & 83 from the Herald Sun Newspaper. February 18, 2006 regarding preserving Victoria’s High Country Huts

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black and white double page Newspaper article from the Herald Sun Newspaper of February 18, 2006 regarding the efforts of Mr David Oldfield to preserve Victoria’s remaining High Country Huts through his photography and efforts to restore old and Re-build missing ones. Article shows a photograph of David Oldfield and some of his photographic work of the huts.

Historical information

The arrival of explorers Hume & Hovell in 1842 brought about the widespread clearing of land in the valleys for pastoral uses and the displacement the original inhabitants in the high country which became a boon for cattlemen due to extensive lush summer grazing for cattle. High country cattlemen built a variety of huts for shelter and storage, when driving cattle up to the plains in summer, during mustering and bringing the cattle down from the mountains before winter closed in. These same huts now provide shelter from the elements for hikers, bush walkers and skiers. Wallace’s Hut is the oldest of the Cattleman’s huts still standing in the Alpine National Park and is classified under the National Trust. Due to their age and the ravages of the elements, including bush fires, many of the huts have been destroyed, or are falling into disrepair. Groups of willing volunteers are now working to preserve as many of the huts as possible with restoration or rebuilding.

Significance

The numerous cattleman’s huts of the Alpine National Park and the colourful characters who erected them represent a significant part of the history of the high country area and early cattle grazing, which has been the theme for many poets and film-makers alike. They also have a significant role in the early days of the SECV when they were used by surveyors and other workers for shelter and temporary accommodation. More recently the huts have functioned as shelter for hikers and skiers caught out in the elements and a refuge along the long trek for bush walkers. They are a popular attraction for tourists and feature prominently in much of the tourist information of the region.

Inscriptions & Markings

Page number and date printed at top of each page 30 Herald Sun, Saturday, February 18, 2006 Herald Sun, Saturday, February 18, 2006 83

Bag Canvas Water

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This "Aberdeen" long flax canvas water bag is held together on two sides and the top by strong heavy cotton stitching. The iron fashioned carrying handle has, protruding from its top elevation ,a very strong hook (well in excess of the bags' weight requirement). At the top, of the bag, and on one side only, is a brown coloured bakelite spout (with an inbuilt filter) protruding upwards. This spout has its matching , screw on, lid complete with attachment chain (not fixed at the handle end)

Historical information

This extract from an advertisement in the Sydney Morning Herald newspaper of 1/12/1959 places the era in which this water bag was prolific throughout rural Australia. " ABERDEEN CANVAS GOODS for the man on the land here is Australia's most useful, convenient and hygienic water bag. Its special unbreakable plastic nozzle is fitted with a perforated filter strainer. Made from long flax canvas, its universal handle enables it to be hung on bumper bar, wire fence or on hook or nail" The availability of clean cool drinking water in remote rural locations was essential for survival under the blistering Australian summer sun. This was in a pioneer era when transport, roads and convenience stores were ,in a lot of "outback" Australia, in short supply and survival was dependent upon what could be carried by vehicle or pack horse.

Significance

When the Kiewa Hydro Electricity Scheme became a reality, the use of the water bag was one of the essential personal items of survival given to each person working in the forests and on and in the high plains environment. Even in an outside stationary work place the availability of cool clean water was a prerequisite. The canvas water bag allowed any wind or airflow to cool down the water, even on very hot days, to provide a refreshing and throat quenching supply of water. These bags could be fastened onto the front of vehicles or hanging from shady tree branches thereby permitting air flow around the bag. During the "wearing in" period the residual taste from the canvas was fairly strong, this became considerably less as time and a half moved on.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the front of the bad and stenciled in bold lettering, "ABERDEEN" and directly below "Travellers" and below this "FILTER BAG". Below this are two parallel black lines enclosing an ochre coloured band(12mm wide) running around the bottom section of the bag. Below this band is stenciled the number 14 in black (25mm high) figures. The spout lid has stamped on the top surface and within the outline of Australia, "ABERDEEN FILTER WATER BAG". Above this and close to the edge of the lid is pressed "PAT. No 9149/32 and down at the bottom rim is stamped "RD. No. 9870".

Frame Photograph

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This silver painted aluminium photograph frame has a glass front pane within a formed inlay and a formed inlay at the back. The anchor points, at the back, for securing toggles are in place but not the toggles. These toggles were installed to allow the photograph to be securely positioned within the correct alignment of the the frame.The metal front plate has seven rivets holding the cloth covered cardboard back frame to the metal front cover. The front part of the frame has sculptured dragon and wild bamboo shoots and is boarded with a plain border pattern. The back panel to secure the photo and hold the stabiliser flap is missing. See also KVHS 0092 for a more complete frame.

Historical information

This photograph frame with its decorative dragon and bamboo shoots was typical of the early 1900's when photography was in the hands of the professional artist. It was in a period before the "instant" photo and required a dark room and processing liquids for development. It was therefor in a time when photographs were "shot" only at important events, be they family or public occasions. Good quality picture frames such as this item were a part of the "reverence" of photographs per se.

Significance

This photograph frame holds and protects, part of a very significant occasion, the 90th birthday photograph of the matriarch of one of the founding families within the Kiewa Valley. The frame therefore has historical significance.