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Kiewa Valley Historical Society Mt Beauty, Vic

The Kiewa Valley Historical Society aims to preserve and conserve the history and heritage of the Kiewa Valley & district. Through the use of permanent, and temporary exhibitions, information walls, a photo gallery, a diorama of the Bogong High Plains, a model hydro system, and two DVD screens we show the area's history and highlights, that tell our social history, natural science areas and technological developments.
The collection has many artefacts that show the history and cultural heritage of the first indigenous people. Along with artefacts from pioneer settlers of the Kiewa Valley and Mount Beauty lived, worked and socialised. Items such as photos, books, farming equipment, hospital equipment, technological equipment from the Kiewa Hydro Scheme, household items, plus oral histories, and genealogy books are in our collection. All the items in the collection have either historical, technological or aesthetic significance to the Kiewa Valley and have good interpretive capacity. Artefacts have to meet this assessment criteria before being considered to be added into the collection. We do not buy, sell or give valuations for any artefacts at this stage.
The historical society Museum space shares the same premises as the Mt Beauty Visitor Information Centre. There is wheel chair access, a disability toilet and separate male and female toilets. Free parking is found the North side of the information centre. There is also a small seating area in the sun deck of the centre. The centre is with in walking distance from Mt Beauty main shopping centre and a 50 - 60 minute drive from the larger centres of Wodonga / Albury.
New members are always welcomed.

Contact Information

location
Mount Beauty Information Centre 31 Bogong High Plains Rd Mt Beauty Vic (map)
phone
+61 03 57541323
Contact

Opening Hours

9am - 5pm Every day

Entry Fee

Gold Coin Donation

Location

Mount Beauty Information Centre 31 Bogong High Plains Rd Mt Beauty Vic

View on Google Maps

The collection has authentic items which highlight the first peoples who roamed the Kiewa Valley. Along with the social history of the first white settlers of the Kiewa Valley and Mount Beauty lived, worked and socialised from the late 1800's onwards. Items such as photos, books, farming equipment, hospital equipment, technological equipment from the Kiewa Hydro Scheme, household items, plus oral histories, and genealogy records and books are in our collection.

Significance

The Kiewa Valley Historical Society collection has historic significance as it shows how the first white settlers lived and worked through out the valley. Scientific significance applies to the rock cores taken by the SEC during the construction of the hydro scheme. The indigenous stones & tools also have historic significane as they show the cultural heritage of the first people of the Kiewa Valley. Other than the archives, all items have interpretative capacity to be in the collection.

Gavin 3 January 2015 9:16 PM

Hello, I am after a book, Title: Tales of Gibbo gold : characters from the 1880s. Author: Morrow, John A. (John Alexander). Would you have this or know where I can purchase a copy? Thanking you, Gavin.

Gavin 3 January 2015 9:16 PM

Hello, I am after a book, Title: Tales of Gibbo gold : characters from the 1880s. Author: Morrow, John A. (John Alexander). Would you have this or know where I can purchase a copy? Thanking you, Gavin.

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1178 items

Book - Maths - Elementary Trigonometry - Part 1

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Red cover, black lettering, embossed around a triangle, CAMBRIDGE MATHEMATICAL SERIES, with trademark in centre of triangle.

Historical information

This text-book is divided into three parts: I. The Right-Angled Triangle; II. The General Triangle and Mensuration; III. The General Angle and Compound Angles. This corresponds to the Matriculation and School Certificate stage.

Significance

This text-book is significant as it was the book used by Mount Beauty High School students in the mid 1900's. It is also significant as it was used by I.Davies a member of a local family. And it also has good interpretive capacity.

Inscriptions & Markings

Pencilled name inside front cover looks like I.Davies.

Ticket - S.E.C.V. Meal Pass - S.E.C. Meal Pass

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This orange ticket has been laminated. The writing on it is in black.

Historical information

During the construction of the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme visitors would have required a Meal Pass. This ticket would have been produced at the office for the purpose of controlling the people entitled to a meal and the number of people requiring one.

Significance

Historical: This ticket indicates that a meal pass was required during the construction of the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme. This would have controlled the number of people entitled to a meal and enabled staff to both prepare the correct number of meals and to use the number of meals when finalising the budget.

Inscriptions & Markings

Name: Slade S.E.C. / Kiewa Scheme No. 2703 Meal Pass (underlined) Issued subject to the conditions stated on the Pass / Acceptance Receipt H.H.C. Williams, Construction Engineer

Hook Button

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This silver button/glove hook was based on late 1800's designs when buttons became more integrated and fashionable than "tie up" laces. This was more so in genteel fashion. The main hook extension from the "pronged" hand piece has been constructed in a way that allows for easy replacement by either longer or shorter hooks.

Historical information

This item and its use and design spans the 1800's to early 1900's both in its fashion and application requirements. The genteel factor must be made when applying it to the Kiewa Valley. The evolution of general clothing and apparel has moved from solid(long lasting) and sometimes expensive material and fasteners to a cheaper and more "throw away" fashion of sometimes monthly change in the later 1900's to 2000's.

Significance

The significance of this item to a rural setting such as the Kiewa Valley not only points to an integration of "modern" fashion in semi remote rural Australian environments but also the limited connections to "high" fashion through magazines and audible (radio) and visual (cinema) advertising. It also "spotlights" the differences between the European and British social networking and lack of interaction between towns and counties to the "Australian" levels of interactions between rural and city environments. Although physical distances in Australia, during this period (1800's to early 1900's) was a retarding factor in the diffusion of the latest fashion apparel it was not as noticeable as when the global communication and the physical travel abilities were "exploded" in the latter 1900's. This shift towards "the smaller" globe scenario has overcome the physical distances that were so apparent in the previous century.

Hat Pin

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This hat pin has a shiny black ball head, probably plastic

Historical information

Historically this item represents women's fashion in the 1920s to 1950s. As the material used in the construction is not of a high monetary value it can be assumed it was a day to day working woman apparel to keep the hat firmly fastened into the hair. It does indicate that fashion of the time was important within the region

Significance

This item is a reflection of both the fashion mode of the 1920s to 1950s when long hair needed to be controlled by hair pins rather than later manufactured hair sprays. It is also an example of society's mores of tidiness and quasi religious beliefs of covering the hair and head when outdoors

Book - English Reader - The Victorian Readers Fifth Book

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Pale coloured pinkish plastic with white landscape picture in white on it covers the hard covered book. Parts of the plastic have small tears and is wrinkled.

Historical information

This book was supplied by the Victorian Education Department for all Grade 5 students at Government schools. Each student had one including the local family who passed it on to another family member. Books were covered to protect them. In this case a stiff, dull plastic.

Significance

Historical: Used by grade 5 students in Victorian Government Schools. Provenance: Used and handed down to family members in Tawonga where they lived and went to school.

Inscriptions & Markings

Inside front cover: Ann Louden On title page: G. Davies

Untitled

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Four photographs of the Blue Duck Hotel and two Photos of the Glen Wills area

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

3 Post cards, Black and White photographs. 3 small black and white photographs

Historical information

The Blue Duck Hotel stands at the confluence of 3 trout rivers - Cobungra, Bundarra and Mitta Mitta, called Angler's Rest. The original 1900's building was of slab construction and operated as a butcher shop, servicing miners on the track from Omeo to Mt. Wills. In 1912 it was purchased by a miner, Billy O'Connell, and he obtained a hotel license. In the early 1920's he transported 2 houses from Omeo on Horse drays. One is the main building of the Blue Duck and the other was a residence where Billy and his wife raised their nine children. The small log structure behind the pub is State School No.4286 where the children attended school. A teacher was shared with Glen Wills. By the late 1920's the hotel was discovered and patronized by keen anglers. Sir Harold Clapp (head of the railways) was one and he had the bronze blue duck cast and presented to the owners in the 1930's. This stands at the entrance to the premises.

Significance

These photographs are of a building, in a remote area, that has provided a service to miners, anglers and travelers for over 100 years and continues to do so today. It also played a vital role in the history of the Mt. Wills/Omeo gold mining days.

Inscriptions & Markings

Post Card No. 1 - "Blue Duck Hotel- Omeo-Glen wills road Ray Love Series No.2"(written on lower front) Post Card No. 2- "Looking towards Bogong High Plains. Omeo-Glen Wills road"(front, bottom, L hand) Ray Love Series No. 18 (front, lower R hand corner) On both of above photos, centre back, is stamped POST CARD and underneath this is printed "A GENUINE PHOTOGRAPH'/ Post Card No. 3 - Bottom L hand corner "Mystic Sea Australian Alps". R hand corner "(Bulmer Copyright)". Each small photograph, handwritten on back "Blue duck Hotel". All have circular stamp with "Print by Wilson White Albury"

Book - English - Intermediate English

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Green book with soft cardboard cover with black print for title, author and publisher

Historical information

This book was used by Victorian schools for the education of students and was bought at Halls Book Store, 371 Bourke St., Melbourne. The Davies family, farmers in the Kiewa Valley, used this book at the Mt Beauty Secondary College.

Significance

Historical: In the 1950s the Victorian Education Department supplied the text books for Government schools. Provenance: The families of the Kiewa Valley attended the local Secondary school and owned their text books.

Inscriptions & Markings

INTERMEDIATE / ENGLISH / J. Aughterson / squiggle like cloud / LONGMANS on cover

Headphone Set x2

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Radio Telephone for SECV switchboard. Black plastic earpiece with microphone. Ear side circular with inscription on outer side then formed into elongated shape narrowing to the curved speaker piece at the narrow end. On top of the narrow end a long rubber cord is attached to a thick brass pin. On top of the wider end a thin stiff wire is attached to curve around the head to a blank rubber earpiece. This head piece has a piece of rectangular rubber attached at the top for comfort.

Historical information

Radio Telephone was minuted during the war. it was approved in 1944 for the State Electricity Commission of Victoria's use only. it was completed by the end of 1946. used by the State Electricity Commission of Victoria at Bogong during the construction of the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme to connect with head office in Melbourne. It allows one conversation at a time using traffic controls in an unusual system of radio telephone providing communication. At the time it was unique in Australia and installed by the S.E.C.V. technicians. It provided unattended shortwave radio link between two ordinary telephone switchboards, connecting any of the S.E.C.V.'s internal lines with the telephone system at Bogong and the construction camps beyond. From Bogong, radio phones connected to the outpost stations on the High Plains far above the snow-line. In operation, the service was similar to a normal telephone system but dispensed with the physical connection of wires and poles between the main terminals.

Significance

Historical: This headphone set superseded headphones with two earpieces and those without a microphone. This one may have been used by operators on the switchboard at Bogong or Mt Beauty or one of the construction camps on the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme. The S.E.C.V. installed this unique system of communication to operate their branches especially at Bogong and beyond where the distance was great and often limited by the terrain and weather.

Inscriptions & Markings

'4408A IW61 / 1'

Bottle - Chemist

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Amber glass bottle with small round neck and screw plastic lid. The back is flat and long. The other 2 sides are equal and plain and equal with the front, which is embossed with 'not to be taken'. the other two planes of the bottle are embossed with a dotted lattice pattern. So embossed as follows: plain, latticed, 'not to be taken', latticed, plain.

Historical information

A bottle holding medication or poison. Labelling is difficult to read.

Significance

Historical: Interpretation and comparison to modern day containers.

Inscriptions & Markings

Embossed: - Lattice design is of dots. Not to be taken is at front. Base: G above M under 3 lines / F1092 / M. On wide flat back section at bottom is 6.

Addressograph Machine

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Metal table with the addressograph machine set into the middle section. The electric machine is belt driven and controlled by three 52 cm long metal pedals. The operator uses 5 stops, 2 knobs and 1 winder while sitting at the machine. There are 5 extra metal parts (or pieces) which belong to this machine.

Historical information

This metal plate machine used plates that contained names, addresses and classifications of each State Electricity Commission of Victoria employee working on the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme. The plates were put through the machine onto pay envelopes.

Significance

The S.E.C.V. employed many people on the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme and used the latest technology of the time to pay each of them including providing each one with a pay slip.

Inscriptions & Markings

Metal plate attached to front of machine which reads "Class 22000 Serial No. B-01547. Addressograph regd. Addressing machine. Patents Pending Made in England Addressograph Multigraph Limited London.

Irrigator Pump - Medical

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Clear glass Irrigator with pump on top missing. The pump is squeezed. The irrigator is pointed at one end gradually widening to a cylinder then blown out to a sphere before coming back in to a neck (with a lip) where the pump part would be attached.

Historical information

This medical / hospital equipment was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950's specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme.

Pipe Tobacco Smoking

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This pipe has a straight shank and stem and its style is 'standard Canadian'. The pipe has a permanent filter and a stainless steel band with the initials of the Hudson Bay Tobacco Company and its seals stamped on it.. The bowl and shank are one piece of appropriate shaped wood. The bit and bore are made from bakelite (dark brown in colour). The pipe is fashioned in the form of the clay pipes used by trappers, in the late 1800s early 1900s. It has a "rest" lug at the bottom of the bowl similar to clay pipes. This pipe has its own pipe case with wood reinforcement running the entire pipe shaped contour.

Historical information

Pipe smoking has been in vogue for centuries, and in Australia it was a symbol of the "discerning smoker" such as the landed gentry or men of professional status. This pipe, of the Standard Canadian style, would have emigrated to Australia with its owner, a reasonable young professional or executive of the Hudson Bay Tobacco Company in the late 1800s or early 1900s. It is the type of pipe well suited to a harsh rural backdrop and with its owner found the Kiewa Valley a more relaxed environment than the Canadian Indian locations. The value of this pipe to the original owner, who would have sealed many trade contracts during the Canadian Indian smoke rituals In the late 1800s, is indicated by the long voyage to Australia and the Kiewa Valley. However with the health related restrictions placed on public smoking in the early 2000s, these tobacco pipes were not immune from the legislation, and even though the pipe smoke was not as offensive as cigarette smoke it still came under the umbrella of smoking. Pipes were also used in the process of inhaling illicit drugs i.e. marijuana, but this use was limited to a very few and not with this pipe. Smoking in the second millennium is being phased out as a social habit in Australia but may affect the few "private" smoker and has, as the United States prohibition era (alcoholic drinks) did, spawn an illicit trade in cheap contraband tobacco. Pipes such as this item show that smoking was not only part of the lifestyle of the era but also that it was part of a ritual (especially to the Indians of the Canada Hudson Bay region) that sealed a brotherhood not only socially but also politically and economically.

Significance

This type of pipe lends itself well to the rural setting of the Kiewa Valley and although it is a very exclusive pipe it blended into the tobacco industrial environment of the Kiewa Valley and its surrounding districts. The Kiewa Valley region was up until the late 1900s part of the Australian Tobacco industry and the levels of men smoking pipes was enhanced by the readily supply, "off the fields", of tobacco leaves and the attitude to city based smoking restrictions was one of resentment.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the stainless steel at the mortise and tenon junction is stamped "HP" and below that are stamped symbols of a ship's anchor, a lion and a tobacco leaf.

Book - Teacher Reference - Physical Education for Victorian Schools

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

The book is covered in light brown material with black writing on the front cover and spine

Historical information

This book would have been used for physical education for schools all over Victoria from 1946 onwards. It has a very good foward by HP Kelly MB BS Medical Inspector of Schools stating the importance of pyshical movement and sport which is still trying to be installed into children today! This book cover all ages of children from infants to sixteen year olds.

Significance

This book has social and historical significance because it shows the games, sorts, exercises, and gymnastics, swimming, dancing and rhymes that were done in the mid 20th century. This shows that teachers were aware of the importance of PE during this time. Many of these principles are still being taught today and with so many children in Victoria being obese through lack of exercise, this is very topical book! It was used by Bogong State School which had a very active PE education and therefore makes it very good interpretive capacity, It is the only book of this type in our collection

Inscriptions & Markings

Has a library marking number on the spine, 613, edu.1 in white paint on a black square. The inside cover has a purple stamp State School 4590 Bogong Vic and the number 2170 in pen. On the back cover has got 613 Edu.1 in pencil

Certificate - Volunteer Air Observers Corps

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Laminated coloured A3 size Certificate of appreciation RAAF for Volunteer Air Observers Corps.

Historical information

During WWII there were volunteers all over Australia observing air activity every night. This certificate is one that was presented to the volunteers who manned the observation points. This certificate was presented to Mr Gordon White of Mount Beauty who was one such volunteer on the 20th Sept. 1945.

Significance

The State Electricity Commission of Victoria were constructing the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme during World War 2. Workers lived at Bogong where the SECV supplied a hut for volunteers to observe air traffic during World War II. Mr Gordon White was a volunteer at the time.

Ski Boots - Downhill

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

These black leather boots are made in Germany. They are lambswool lined. There is a quick release ankle metal spring clip attached to the sole with a blue looped strap of fabric at the toe end for hanging. There are 3 metal clips across the foot and 2 around the ankle for tightening the boot on to the foot. The boots have heavy plastic soles.

Historical information

These boots were used for downhill skiing. Metal clips were used to tighten the boots across the foot and ankle. They were attached to the skis with bindings. The straps enable the boots to hang to dry after use. Doug McConville used them in the Winter Olympics in 1974.

Significance

Historical: Doug McConville was an Olympian Ski boots change with the development of technology. These haven't a brand name on them.

Inscriptions & Markings

Made in Germany

Photograph Fire Prevention Victorian Alps - Burning

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This black and white photograph shows an Alpine Fire Prevention technique of "burning off" low levels of scrub. The photograph is on 200gsm paper but it is not photographic paper. It can be assumed that the photo is not the original but a copy. See also KVHS 0413 and KVHS 0415 for other similar photos.

Historical information

This photograph, in late 1950s, shows an Alpine Fire Prevention technique of "burning off" low levels of scrub to reduce the level of available fuel against any possible summer bush fires. The Alpine regions accumulate high levels of potential fuel (undergrowth and small shrubs) which if not reduced has the potential of breaking into a dangerous bush fire. The men in this photograph are not wearing any protective clothing. Their visibility to other firefighters is severely reduced by smoke. This photo is a snap shot in time when Occupational Health and Safety Legislation was in its infancy stage.

Significance

This photograph details the fire prevention activities in the Victorian Alps under the management of the SEC Victoria. The level of undergrowth within the Australian bush needs to be kept under control to avoid the possibility of lightning strikes (during summer storms) igniting dry forests resulting in a major bush fire. Controlled fires within alpine regions are required not only to reduce the level of dry undergrowth but also to provide those various plant species requiring fire for regenerate. This method was used by the original inhabitants (Aborigines) as limited scrub fires were used to flush game and bird population for food, with a side benefit to those plants requiring the fire for regeneration.

Bottle - Chemist

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Clear round brown glass bottle with straight sides three quarters of the way up tapering to a short neck and cork screw opening. Embossed '3' near the bottom and heavy embossing on base in print with capital letters.

Historical information

Medicines were sold by chemists locally or in larger cities when visited on a shopping expedition. The shape of bottles changed as did the stopper used to seal it. Bottles were re cycled remaining the property of the manufacturer. History of S.C. Johnson & Son Pty. Ltd.

Significance

Historical: Change of bottles - shape, glass, stopper, use and embossing Aesthetic: display showing embossing and shape.

Inscriptions & Markings

Side: near base: '3' Base: Around half of the circumference: 'This bottle is the property of' Base: Across the centre: 'S.C.Johnson / & Son Pty Ltd / Sydney'

Book - Reference Botany - Botany - A Junior Book For Schools

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This hard covered book(cloth strengthened) is faded(aged) beige in colour and consists of 204 pages. It is printed in English (black print) on both sides and contains illustrations of both free hand sketches and photographs of plants, both foliage and roots systems. The book is arranged in three sections: three pages of preface, two of contents (28 chapters). The last four pages contain the appendix and index.

Historical information

This book was a highly regarded reference book for students in primary and lower secondary schools within Victoria from the late 1800s to the mid 1900s. The book provided students with the fundamental knowledge of botany for the era in which it was produced. As this book was targeting a junior schooling level (basic), it could cover a greater and extended reader population. Teaching institutions could, because of its straight forward, basic written information, retain this book's circulation for a greater length of time, thereby optimising the return against the greater initial costs of importing it from England.This book was produced in a time where learning was at a relatively slower pace (due to a smaller source and supply of material). The availability of a large range of cheap reference books such as that offered from 1971 on wards via the internet "Project Guttenberg" in the form of electronic books, has dramatically provided a larger source of reference material.

Significance

The significance of this book on botany, is that it was highly effective for the era in which it was produced and in particular the students at a rural based school. Being in a rural area students were able to identify local vegetation to the various life cycles of plants presented in this mainly United Kingdom/European referenced book. The students in the Kiewa Valley and attending a rural school, where in a position to study all the fundamental teaching that this book encompassed. This in one way provided students in the valley a slightly better appreciation between book and real life (on the land, in the field and by the river). Later publications of this book had additional Australian references in them.

Inscriptions & Markings

On spine "BOTANY" underneath "R.H. YAPP" and at bottom the Cambridge coat of Arms and below this "CAMBRIDGE" The front cover "BOTANY" underneath this "A JUNIOR BOOK FOR SCHOOLS" and below this a an illustration of a four leaf petal(flower of Germander Speedwell) the same as appears on the cover of edition 2, however this book is edition 3. At the bottom is "R.H. YAPP

Bottle - Poison

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Insecticide. Brown straight sided glass bottle with tin screw lid. Base is rectangular in shape. Two thirds of the way up the sides taper to a round opening. The front and two sides are covered with a yellow paper label which is covered with mostly black writing. The title of the label is Rawleigh's Pyrethro Fly Killer

Historical information

Fly killer liquid was used in manually operated sprays to kill insects in the home. This was used prior to aerosol cans being available.

Significance

Common household item used before availability of aerosol cans.

Inscriptions & Markings

Back of bottle at base - embossed: '2' Base - embossed: 5/F1837/M

History of the Upper Kiewa Valley Television Translator

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

A full box consisting of folders and papers relating to the History of the Upper Kiewa Valley Television Translator.

Historical information

The Television Translator was set up for people in the Upper Kiewa Valley who couldn't access the ABC, SBS and other channels of television from other transmitters in the area. Black spots were funded in 1999-2000. In 2014 new digital equipment resulted in the folding up of the committee and SBS took over.

Significance

Historical: The history of providing television in the Upper Kiewa Valley to all residents and that of a community who worked towards achieving their aim. The history of technology for delivering television to people.

Poster - Framed - Kergunyah

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Large cloth map mounted under glass with a brown wooden frame. Brown writing detailing Kergunyah Park 1923 Sale Record. Includes 4 rectangular brown and white photos and a red map showing 13 blocks of land. Has hanging wire attached on the back.

Historical information

in 1922 Kergunyah Park homestead was built by David Wallace in the late 1800's and remained in the family until the sale in 1922 when it was bought by John Woodside (grandfather of Ewen Wallace) whose family retained it until 1938. Another family named Wallace bought the property in 1938 and this family's descendants are still running it in 2005.

Significance

David and Henrietta Wallace purchased the original holding and built Kergunyah Park homestead in the late 1800's running cattle on the property. They arrived in Australia in 1867 with their 3 children and were early settlers in the district. Their descendants still live in the district. Their family demonstrates how properties were passed on to the next generation. The poster is an example of the advertising of the sale of land in 1922, the size of land & blocks and the conditions of sale at the time.

Inscriptions & Markings

"Framed by / Clarkson Collection / Ph; 02 6059 6800"

Bottle - Milk

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

One pint wide necked refillable glass milk bottle. Chipped rim and base.

Historical information

This bottle was manufactured for the Lady Talbot Milk Institute. The Institute was initiated circa 1900 by Lady Talbot wife of Sir Reginald Arthur James Talbot, Governor of Victoria (1904 to 1908). From 1908 the Lady Talbot Milk Institute provided "pure" unpasteurized cows milk to specific mothers throughout Victoria. Similar bottles were filled with Specially Supervised "Nursery Milk". The reason for establishing this specialised nursing milk was to reduce the high mortality rate of infants(not on breast milk) in the early 1900s due to contaminated milk supplies. Pasteurized milk became available after World War II which ensured that milk consumed by infants (not able to obtain breast milk) was free from any contaminants.

Significance

Bottled milk distributed by the Lady Talbot Milk Institute was used by specific mothers of infants in lieu of breast milk. As this requirement was throughout Victoria some nursing mothers within the Kiewa Valley and in the SEC Company town of Mount Beauty needing this service were covered. The establishment(Circa 2000) of breast milk supply from donor mothers throughout Australia has replaced the fundamental product initiated by the Talbot Milk Institute. The slogan "Breast is best" initiated by the Nursing Mothers Association is one of the major supporters of the mother's milk bank supplies.

Inscriptions & Markings

Side 1 MILK Embossed Contents Not less than One Pint (This bottle cannot be legally used or sold by others) This bottle is the property of the Caulfield Model Farm To be washed and returned Side 2 Embossed circular logo with a cross in the centre Surrounded by brand name Lady Talbot Milk Institute Specially Supervised Nursery Milk Base, 62

Set of 4 photographs of SECV Clerical staff

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Set of 4 black and white photographs of SECV clerical staff – Circa 1940/1941

Historical information

The Kiewa Hydroelectric Scheme is the largest hydro-electric scheme in Victoria and the second largest in mainland Australia after the Snowy Mountains Scheme. The scheme is situated in the Australian Alps in north-eastern Victoria about 350 km from Melbourne and is wholly owned by AGL Energy. The scheme was originally constructed between 1938 and 1961 by the State Electricity Commission of Victoria although it was privatised in the 1990s. The scheme was originally developed solely for electricity generation, unlike the Snowy Mountains Scheme, which was also intended to direct water west of the Snowy Mountains for purposes of irrigation. From 1937 to 1944 the construction of dams at Pretty Valley, Rocky Valley and the Junction Dam were undertaken requiring large numbers of planning and support staff to see the projects successfully completed.

Significance

Planning and support staff were the backbone of the successful completion of the Kiewa Valley Hydro Electric Scheme and contributed significantly to the development of the Kiewa Valley area. Many descendants of the men in the photographs still living and working in the local area

Inscriptions & Markings

Typed on note glued to back of each photo, Numbers handwritten in blue ink in top left hand corner 1. DRAWING OFFICE STAFF KIEWA C. 1940-41 Bob Morgan – Construction Draftsman; Duncan Kerr – Draftsman; Rob Hollands – Survey Draftsman; Arthur Keeble – Office Engineer; Bill Godfrey – Draftsman 2. CLERICAL OFFICE STAFF KIEWA Peter Harnetty – Clerical; Bert Connors – Clerical; John Martin – Stores Clerical; Ken Calder – Head Storekeeper; Bill black – Construction Records 3. CLERICAL OFFICE STAFF KIEWA Jack Norman, Herb Kendall, Jack Bray – Stores Clerical; Ken Calder – Head Storekeeper; Jim Swain, George Milner – Stores Clerical; Jim Gleeson – Storekeeper; John Martin – Stores Clerical 4. OFFICE STAFF KIEWA C. 1940 Don Faulkner – Cadet Engineer; Tas Davies – Survey Draftsman; Bob Morgan – Construction Darftsman; R.J. Martin, Arthur Keeble – Office Engineers; Rob Hollands – Survey Draftsman; Jack Wollard – Head Surveyor; Harry Wilson – Plan Officer. Printing Plans Handwritten in red ink on back of photo 4 – Refer Rob Hollands

Photographs x 2 - Mount Beauty Infant Welfare Centre

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

2 x colour photographs of renovations to Mt Beauty Infant Welfare Centre. Mounted on white A4 copy paper

Historical information

During the 1950's, Mt Beauty's population was rapidly increasing due to the post war baby boom and because there was a young workforce moving into the area due to the opportunity available for work on the construction of the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme. Maternal Infant Welfare Centre Sisters conducted regular check-ups on babies to ensure they were feeding well, gaining weight and reaching appropriate milestones for their age.

Significance

Infants and young children in the Kiewa Valley area continue to be monitored by the Maternal Health Nurses to ensure their healthy development. The photographs are an historical record of early buildings in the Mt Beauty area, their uses and how they have changed to meet the changing needs of the community.

Inscriptions & Markings

Printed at bottom of page underneath photos - Mt Beauty Infant Welfare Centre February 1994. Replacement of tile roof with Colourbond corrugated iron and construction of covered entry porch.

Burley Cutting Knife (Tobacco)

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Steel 4 sided rod with blade attached at 1 end, blade at an angle to top. Handle covered with deteriorating leather by nails. Between rod & leather is a green rubber hose as part of the handle.

Historical information

Tobacco farming began circa 1960 in the Kiewa Valley and consequently became one of its major industries. Many of the Italian families were involved in tobacco farming.

Significance

Historical: This equipment was used on one of the tobacco farms in the Kiewa Valley. The cutting knife is home-made showing the resourcefulness of farmers living in the Kiewa Valley. Provenance: The tobacco farmer is from a local farming family in the Kiewa Valley.

Army Belt

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Khaki canvas webbing belt with brass clasp and fittings for attachments which are x2 khaki canvas pockets, x1 khaki woven canvas gun / pistol holster, pair green woven canvas detachable shoulder straps.

Historical information

Army issued belts as part of the soldiers uniform. This one was used during World War II. Khaki was used to camoflauge the soldiers.

Inscriptions & Markings

1. On the back of one of the detachable pockets marked: - Small 2. On the back of the belt the following letters:- M.E.C. 105RA / A.A. 0227 / L

Book - Country Women's Association of Victoria - Handbook of Country Crafts

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

The book has a cover with Autumn colours of flowers in a vase with the title in block letters of pale yellow. It has 47 pages bound by 2 staples. The crafts involve the use of plants in creating decorations.

Historical information

The Tawonga branch of the C.W.A. commenced on the 7th Feb. 1946 and often combined activities with the other branches in the Kiewa Valley. The C.W.A. aimed to improve health, welfare and education for women and children in the country. The members achieved these aims by being involved in handcrafts of all kinds.

Significance

Women living in Tawonga were mostly on farms and, in 1946, when the branch commenced would have been feeling more remote with WW11 having an effect on available workers and the well being of the women and children.

Book - Student Exercise Book for Writing - Australian Copy Book / Lower First Class

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Soft covered small booklet - grubby blue on back and very faded 'blue' on front with black writing. Held together with 2 staples. "For Tracing with lead pencil or pen. / Introductory Book, Price One penny" Writing surrounded by fancy graphics. Border is thick but not solid black line.

Historical information

In 1906 and 1907, students were taught to write with the letters joined. To achieve this booklets were designed to enable the student to copy the example and to repeat this, often to gain perfection. A student could be practising his/her writing while the teacher attended to other students and/or classes.

Significance

Oliver Fisher lived at Mongan's Bridge a small, remote, rural area in the Kiewa Valley.

Inscriptions & Markings

Inside book letters have been copied but joined up to practice writing eg. m m m and then mu mu mu Each page is different. On some pages the date has been written

Photo of Junction Dam - Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme - Junction Dam, Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This is a black and white photo of Junction Dam viewed from upstream. Junction Dam was part of the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme. The picture shows piles of wood and pipes, crane, trucks and a shed on the cleared ground. The photo is mounted on 3 ply wood, painted black.

Historical information

The Junction Dam was built by the State Electricity Commission of Victoria as part of the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme. This photo show its construction in February 1940. The State Electricity Commission of Victoria were the employers of the Kiewa Hydro Scheme. The work included building dams, power stations and the infrastructure for the work and their employees. Mt Beauty and Bogong village were the places where this scheme was built and where this photo shows part of its construction being Power Station 3. Originally there were 3 Hydro stations built from the 1930's onwards. The scheme finished being built in 1960 and is the biggest Hydro electricity scheme in Victoria.

Significance

This photo has Historic significance due to Junction Dam built as part of the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme by the State Electricity Commission of Victoria. This photo shows its construction in February 1940.

Brochure - Religion - The Anglican Church of Saint Andrew, Dederang

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

A foolscap sized sheet of white paper folded in half length-wise and turned side ways. Front page has title written in biro at top, a free hand sketch in biro of a church and words below. (biro may have been used over poor photocopy). Inside: A history of the church typed in black Back of book is blank.

Historical information

The pamphlet is about the history of the Anglican Church in Dederang.

Significance

Historical: Dederang is a small community in the Kiewa Valley. Good interpretation for religion and community in Dederang and the Kiewa Valley.

Inscriptions & Markings

The Anglican church of Saint Andrew / Dederang / church sketch / Dedicated Septuagesima 1973 - all in biro In pencil hand written: one copy given to Wilma Oct. 1989

Book - Ledger Commercial - Cash Book for General Store

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Leather spined cash book for general store, for period from 5th March 1906 to circa December 1906. Green cover with brown spine. Hand writtern entries record date, purchaser, account number and items purchased. 382 pages.

Historical information

Records names of local people and purchases bought from a local general store. When names in the register are indexed it may be possible to determine where the store was located.

Significance

Historically significant. This shows who the families of the Kiewa Valley were and what type of things they purchased. This would be the only register for this store in 1906.It gives a good historical record of what families purchased during this period and how much they could spend. It also displays the importance of general stores to the community

Inscriptions & Markings

"Commenced March 5th 06" on front page

Coat - Cattleman's

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Brown leather full length coat with collar, lapel, long sleeves and buttoning up the front. Instead of pockets the coat has an opening about 12 cm on each side that look like pockets.

Historical information

Cattlemen wore coats when working with their cattle especially during the winter in the Kiewa Valley and when travelling on horses with cattle to, on and from the High Plains where they stayed for days during summer attending and mustering their cattle. The coats protected the cattlemen from harsh weather conditions including snow which sometimes fell in summer.

Significance

This coat was owned and worn by Richard Marum who owned a farm in Tawonga south. He was the descendant of Kyran Marum, the stockman, who worked for Georgina Huggins.

Fire Hose Reel

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Varnished wooden cart reinforced by painted red steel frame. The wheels have 14 wooden spokes and steel around the outside of the wooden wheel. A long canvas hose is wound around a central winding cylinder. The cart has a wooden handle with a rubber jockey wheel at its end. There is a brass hose nozzle attached by a stainless steel frame on the outer side near one of the wheels.

Historical information

The fire hose reel was purchased by the Fire Ladies' Auxiliary for the Mt Beauty S.E.C. Fire Brigade in the late 1950's for over 1000 pounds. Initially they competed with Bogong fire brigade as both were 'Industry' Fire brigades - both owned by the State Electricity Commission. Competition was at 2 levels - north east Victoria and state competitions involving rural and urban brigades with a difference in the equipment. Mt Beauty was/is an urban brigade whereas Tawonga is a rural brigade. Competition involved members to improve their skill, keep fit and was a very social occasion. After the Shire took over Mt Beauty township in 1961, the Fire Brigade ran by itself but soon became affiliated with the C.F.A. because of insurance and legal liability e.g.. enabling them to stop traffic or wreck buildings if required. The CFA were not happy with the Mt Beauty truck so a new one was obtained while the old one went to Bogong. Competitions gradually ceased as it was a young man's sport and young members had prior commitments. The reel was donated to the KVHS in the mid 1980's as it failed to be sold as it competed with new, cheaper, aluminium reels. The practice strip was located beside the fire station in Lakeside Avenue. This fire hose reel was used by the Mt Beauty Fire Brigade for demonstrations at competitions during the 1950's and 1960's. The Mt Beauty Fire Brigade Team won the competition in 1966 at Wangaratta. The score was close against the home team and was decided on a play off. The team benefitted by the man who wound the hose on allowing it to end up at the easiest height to handle when full of water and very heavy.

Significance

The Mt Beauty Fire Brigade was an 'industry' fire brigade belonging to the State Electricity Commission of Victoria from the 1940's. It became a member of the Country Fire Authority in the early 1960's. During the 1950's and early 1960's members would compete with other local fire brigades in competitions against other brigades in the north east of Victoria using skills such as unwinding the hose off the reel and turning on the water in record time. The Mt Beauty Fire Brigade continues today as an urban fire brigade affiliated with the CFA.

Inscriptions & Markings

Each Reel: "Mt Beauty F.B." yellow print outlined in black with red background.

Bottle - Chemist

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Clear brown glass 'Dexsal' bottle with straight sides a little more than three quarters of the way up. The base has 2 long sides (front and back) with 3 equal length sides at each end. The shoulder of the bottle has a short neck on top and then a cork stopper opening. Heavy embossing on the front and embossing on the base.

Historical information

Chemists sold bottles of 'Dexsal'. This bottle was bought locally or at a larger store on a shopping expedition. This bottle is dated earlier than others and had a cork stopper. History of Dexsal.

Significance

Historical: Change of bottles - shape, glass, stopper, use and embossing Aesthetic: Display showing embossing and shape.

Inscriptions & Markings

Front: across bottle: 'Dexsal / Reg. Trade Mark' Base: 'F 397' and near the edge '627'

Card - Religious Award - "O Lord, Teach Me Thy paths" x2

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Thick cardboard card with photo of young girl using a watering can to water pink flowers in 3 pots. 2 holes at top with string for hanging the card up. Lower part of card has title in deep blue print. Possibly used as a reward.

Historical information

Students attended Sunday School classes at the Kergunyah Presbyterian Church. Sunday school was held in a little 16 foot square wooden building which came from Rocky Valley after it was no longer needed there. Ewen Wallace's father initiated and organised the move. C2011 the building was knocked down because of white ants. The Presbyterian Church will be 125 years old in 2015.

Significance

Historical: Religious Education: This card was used by teachers who took Sunday School classes at Kergunyah Presbyterian Church. Religion: Presbyterian Church at Kergunyah, in the Kiewa Valley, celebrates its 125th anniversary in 2015 after being handed over to the Uniting Church in the 1970s.

Inscriptions & Markings

"From the Kergunyah Presbyterian / Sunday School"

Weights

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Cast iron weight with a solid base the upper side curved to form two ends which are joined by a cylindrical handle. The ends are embossed on the top.

Historical information

Weight was used on platform type scale to weigh farm produce

Significance

Imperial weights were used prior to 1966 when decimal currency was introduced. Weights were used in stores selling farm produce prior to packaging.

Inscriptions & Markings

W & T Avery 14 lb

Box Vaporiser Cresolene

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Historical information

This packaging/box containing a home based health product was in use well before the Federal Department of Health legislation tightened up the permissible advertising for "health" products. The strict Occupation and Health Legislation of the later 1900's would not have allowed the grandiose statements printed on this container. It was only later in the 1900's that stricter laws covering medical or quasi medical products came into Australian legislation.

Significance

This box is very significant (in the time period of pre 1940's), to a semi isolated region as the Kiewa Valley, especially before the valley had a hospital, pre 1949. The reliance of "health products" such as what is stored in this box, were still in high demand, especially when on the box of this product was printed "Guaranteed under the Food and Drugs Act, June 30, 1906, Serial no. 436", a quasi legitimising statement. Also on the packaging is printed "A remedy Whooping Cough also Asthma, Catarrh, Colds Diptheria, Croup, Coughs Hay Fever, Sore Throat, Influenza, Etc." An additional benefit of this product "Is obnoxious to Moths, Flies, Mosquitos, Ants, Cock Roaches, Hen Lice, and other Troublesome insects." This advertising is dated before a tightening in the "advertising" legislation of post mid 1900's. However it was a good "purchase" for rural communities wanting relief of "rural" pests.

Book - Gardening - Australian Home Gardener by Leslie H. Brunning

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Blue hard covered book - title, author are not on the front or back cover. The Title is 'in gold' on the spine and at the base of the spine is ''Home Library" also 'in gold'. The book has black and white plates illustrating the text.

Historical information

"The only comprehensive Australian Gardening Book ever compiled."

Significance

Used by a resident of the Kiewa Valley.

Book - Reference Cricket - The Cricket on the Hearth

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Book of literature by Charles Dickens. Has green cover with black lettering and decoration. It seems to be one of a series of books called the 'Highways and Byways of English Literature".

Historical information

A text book used by a local Tawonga student in the 1930's. The school she attended was Rosehill Girls School in Albury. This was one of the foundation schools of Scots School, Albury. Rosehill was opened in 1926 by a Miss Lillian Windridge, for both day and boarding students, in a large former residential property on the corner of Crisp and Young Streets and was named after her uncle's property 'Rosehill' near Kyneton in Victoria. It catered from kindergarten to the Leaving Class. The school flourished and extra space was made available at the adjacent 'Springfield' property for more classrooms. In 1934 lack of space forced 'Rosehill' to move to a new location in Kiewa Street. In 1938, Miss Windridge sold the school to Miss Anna Drennan, a well educated Scots woman with a Masters' degree from Edinburgh University. By early 1939 the school was again overcrowded and was moved to the property 'Woodstock' in Schubach Street, East Albury and the name changed to 'Woodstock School for Girls'. In 1972, the Woodstock Presbyterian Girls School and the Albury Grammar School amalgamated to form the Scots School Albury. Wilma's family were one of the early families to settle in the Kiewa Valley and had a property at Tawonga. After her marriage, Wilma moved, with her husband, to Mt. Beauty until 1958 when they moved back to manage the farm and remained there for the rest of her life.

Significance

It has a social significance as it depicts the standard of literature that was expected to be read and appreciated by students in the 1930's era. As the school was situated in Albury, it meant that the student would have been a boarder as daily transport to and from the Kiewa Valley would have been impossible at that time, unlike the 'School Bus' run that is available today. At this time there was no 'secondary education' available in the valley and education beyond primary school would have been limited to children of families that could afford to send their children to board at privately run schools.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the front cover, at the top, 'Highway and Byways of English Literature'. Centre of page is the title "The Cricket on the Hearth" and the author Dickens. Underneath this is 'Blackies English Texts Edited by W.H.D.Rouse, Litt.D." Across the foot of the page is 'Blackie and Son Limited'. On the first page, hand written in ink is "Wilma Roper, Rosehill G.S.,Albury."

Folder - Clare Roper No. 9 - Items Donated

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Dark blue plastic with clear front cover with 2 clear plastic sleeves containing 3 booklets 'How to Construct & Maintain Your Telephone Line' 'The Use & Care of the Telephone' 'The Dunlop Australian Open Lawn Tennis Championships'

Historical information

Clare Roper was a resident of the Kiewa Valley and belonged to the Kiewa Valley Historical Society.

Significance

Clare Roper collected and collated items of historical interest for the Kiewa Valley Historical Society.

Bottle - Cream

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Clear glass bottle used for storing cream. Straight sides half way up then gently tapered into a wide opening which widens with a broad lip on top. Heavily embossed along the bottom on one side in printed capital letters and lightly embossed on base. Lip on inside to hold a cardboard disc that sealed the opening.

Historical information

Cream came in bottles bought at the local store or at a large city store on a shopping expedition. The shape of the bottles changed as did the stopper used to seal it. Liquids were measured in pints pre 1966.

Significance

Historical: Change of bottles - shape, glass, stopper, size, embossing, use Aesthetic: Display showing embossing, size and shape especially if in good condition

Inscriptions & Markings

Side: One Imperial Pint Base: G 499

Trophy - Tawonga South Tennis

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Tarnished metal trophy with cup and two, extending above the cup, handles either side. The cup is raised by a decorated stem which is attached to a brown plastic hexagonal base.

Historical information

The Tawonga South Tennis Club commenced in ..........and was situated ........(Note- they could have shared the Mt beauty or Tawonga tennis courts.) Tennis was very popular in the Kiewa Valley with the influx of players available from the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme. There were clubs & teams in Bogong, Mt Beauty and Tawonga.

Significance

This trophy indicates that there was a tennis association at Tawonga South in 1950. It may have been next to or part of the school or the players may have shared the courts at Mt Beauty or Tawonga. In 1945 the Tawonga South school was set up to serve the children of the State Electricity Commission of Victoria employees. The school was extended from one room to two in 1955 to avoid congestion. This would indicate that the population would have been sufficient for a tennis club as well.

Inscriptions & Markings

Tawonga South Tennis / Association 1950 / Donated by G.T.Kennedy

Photo Framed - Broken Bridge

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Colored photo of 'Broken Bridge' over the East Kiewa River on Damm's Road with Mt Bogong, with snow, in the background of centre top. Framed with 2 cm wide cream cardboard surrounded by a metal decorated frame. The back has a flap for displaying the photo on a bench or table.

Historical information

The Tawonga Bridge over the East Kiewa River linked Mt Beauty with Tawonga. It was broken during Vera Hore's lifetime, 1909 - 2000.

Significance

The bridge over the East Kiewa River enabled people to travel between Mt Beauty and Tawonga. Vera Hore (nee Ryder), the publican of the Tawonga Hotel, took this photo as she was a keen amateur photographer. Vera lived from Nov. 1909 to July 2000.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the back, a white sticker inscribed:- "Broken Bridge" / Old Timber Bridge / over East Kiewa River / on Damm's Rd." On the back top left corner hand written:- "Vera Hore"

Bottle - Cordial

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Clear glass bottle curved on 1 side with criss cross pattern two thirds of the way up surrounding a clear oval shape with narrower ends top and bottom. The other side is made up of 3 flat 'pieces' each with print in capital letters, heavily embossed. On 1 of these flat sides below the writing is the 'outline picture' of a 'boy' holding a similar bottle. Above these sides the bottle becomes round and tapers with vertical embossing to a double lip, a neck and then another double lip with a screw for the top.

Historical information

Cordial came in bottles bought at the local grocery store or at a large city store on a shopping expedition. The shape of the bottles changed as did the stopper used to seal it. Bottles were re cycled remaining the property of the manufacturer. History of Brookes Lemos ltd.

Significance

Historical: Change of Bottles - shape, glass, stopper, embossing. Bottle collectors. Aesthetic: Display showing embossing and shape

Inscriptions & Markings

Printed from top to bottom: 1 flat side: 'Regd Design No 9072 Australia No 8449 India / No 689933 Great Britain No / 1926 Union of South Africa / No 57737 U S America No 1921 New Zealand Regd 1925 Canada / Only Contents Sold'. Middle flat side: 'Brookes Lemos Limited / Manufacturers of / Lemos / Registered Trade Mark' Third flat side: 'This Bottle is the Property / Brookes Lemos Limited and / Cannot be Legally Used / By Others For Any Purpose.' Also outline picture of boy Base: 'F380'

Photo - Tawonga Store

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Sepia photo of Pearce Bros. Tawonga Store including a house next door, cars in the sealed street and part of the Bakery opposite. It has a slim wooden frame & white cardboard border. It has a clear glass cover. The back is lined with brown paper with a white cord across for hanging the photo.

Historical information

This photo was taken in the 1950's when Pearce Bros. owned the Tawonga Store. I.R.Northey's van is parked outside the store. Kodak photos are advertised. The Bakery existed. The road is sealed and telephone and electric wires are shown.

Significance

The Pearce Bros owned the Tawonga Store in the 1950s when the population of the area in the Upper Kiewa Valley and High Plains was high due to the construction of the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme by the State Electricity Commission of Victoria.

Photos - x5 Girl Guide Camp - Tawonga

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

1. Tom Mitchell at Tawonga Guide Hall 2. Five young girl guides in hats at camp 3. Group of young campers tying poles 4. Line of tents at camp 5. Interior of tent

Historical information

Tawonga guides was a popular club for girls during the 1960's.

Significance

Tawonga Girl Guides existed in 1964

Inscriptions & Markings

1. "Tom Mitchell at Tawonga Guide hall" 2 - 5 "Guides"

Box Matches

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This small box of "safety" matches has an inner "drawer" which can be slid open to reveal the "match" sticks. The small bowl shaped phosphorous at one end of a "match" is the fire starter(phosphorus) which when lit would "flare" up and provide a small flame. This typical box of matches held an average of sixty matches. The top of the match box has a "glued on" signage with manufacturer's details.

Historical information

This box of matches was up until the 1980's the major source of lighting "small" fires, mainly for cigarettes, pipes (smoking), BBQs, gas/ kerosene heaters and "clearing" rural shrub by small fires. It was not until flint based battery and lighter fluid (hand held lighters) were introduced did the need for "matches" (a more dangerous application of instant fire starters) become relegated to a lower level "demand" item. The limited quality supplied in a box could also not compete with hand held gas and "lighter fluid" lighters. Box of matches belonged to the "yesteryear" fashion accessory's most important list. Matches had become obsolete for the major stream of users as cheaper, easier to use and longer lasting "cigarette" lighters were produced.

Significance

This match box of Australian make and vintage in origin, was originally manufactured by a British Match Box Company (Bryant and May in Bow London), which expanded to the Australian "Colonies". The Australian subsidiary was at Cremorne, Melbourne. It was typical of goods, which had their "founding fathers" based in "the Mother Country" (England). The early settlers in the Kiewa Valley found these matches an important necessity for not only rural life but also for the recreational "smoko".

Inscriptions & Markings

In brown script and on a blue background "BRYANT & MAY'S and below this "CROWN" below this and on a red background with faded and worn letters "SAFETY MATCHES" On either side of the top side and in smaller print "MADE IN AUSTRALIA" and opposite "AVERAGE CONTENTS SIXTY"

Ledger - Kiewa Valley Rifle Club

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Large yellowed alphabetical ledger covering the 1920's and 1930's with names, age, height, occupation and date of enrolment. There are not many entries Inserted between pages are forms from the 'District Base Headquarters' with the headings filled out for - 'Name of New Member' and his 'Registration Number Allotted'

Historical information

The Kiewa Valley Rifle Club belonged to the Australian Rifle Clubs. They were in Military district No. 304 and operated as early as the 1920s. In 1876 an Australian Rifle Team, consisting of shooters from N.S.W. and Victoria, was the first team ever to officially represent Australia in any sport in international competition. In 1885 the first civilian Rifle Club was formed and after 1901 Rifle Clubs came under army control. In 1921, they were reconstituted as a purely civilian organisation where they have remained ever since.

Significance

This ledger is evidence that the Kiewa Valley Rifle Club existed in the 1920's and 1930's, enabling its members to participate in a sport that had 12232 members and 313 Rifle Clubs in Victoria by 1939.

Banner & Pin - Apex Club

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Gold coloured flocked fabric banner with gold fringe at the bottom in triangular shape and cord on white plastic rod at the top. Gold coloured cord attached at each end of the rod to enable the banner to be hung. Apex gold pin attached - triangular logo on top of pin.

Historical information

An Apex club existed in the Kiewa Valley. Apex clubs exchanged banners when a local member visited another club or when a member of another club visited the local club.

Significance

Historical: Tas Davies belonged to the local Apex Club.

Inscriptions & Markings

Map of Philippines. Apex Club / of Los Banos / Laguna Philippines / Club 673.District 4 / Zone 7 Large red and green Apex logo. On pin: small red and green Apex logo