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Kiewa Valley Historical Society Mt Beauty, Vic

The Kiewa Valley Historical Society aims to preserve and conserve the history and heritage of the Kiewa Valley & district. Through the use of permanent, and temporary exhibitions, information walls, a photo gallery, a diorama of the Bogong High Plains, a model hydro system, and two DVD screens we show the area's history and highlights, that tell our social history, natural science areas and technological developments.
The collection has many artefacts that show the history and cultural heritage of the first indigenous people. Along with artefacts from pioneer settlers of the Kiewa Valley and Mount Beauty lived, worked and socialised. Items such as photos, books, farming equipment, hospital equipment, technological equipment from the Kiewa Hydro Scheme, household items, plus oral histories, and genealogy books are in our collection. All the items in the collection have either historical, technological or aesthetic significance to the Kiewa Valley and have good interpretive capacity. Artefacts have to meet this assessment criteria before being considered to be added into the collection. We do not buy, sell or give valuations for any artefacts at this stage.
The historical society Museum space shares the same premises as the Mt Beauty Visitor Information Centre. There is wheel chair access, a disability toilet and separate male and female toilets. Free parking is found the North side of the information centre. There is also a small seating area in the sun deck of the centre. The centre is with in walking distance from Mt Beauty main shopping centre and a 50 - 60 minute drive from the larger centres of Wodonga / Albury.
New members are always welcomed.

Contact Information

location
Mount Beauty Information Centre 31 Bogong High Plains Rd Mt Beauty Vic (map)
phone
+61 03 57541323
Contact

Opening Hours

9am - 5pm Every day

Entry Fee

Gold Coin Donation

Location

Mount Beauty Information Centre 31 Bogong High Plains Rd Mt Beauty Vic

View on Google Maps

The collection has authentic items which highlight the first peoples who roamed the Kiewa Valley. Along with the social history of the first white settlers of the Kiewa Valley and Mount Beauty lived, worked and socialised from the late 1800's onwards. Items such as photos, books, farming equipment, hospital equipment, technological equipment from the Kiewa Hydro Scheme, household items, plus oral histories, and genealogy records and books are in our collection.

Significance

The Kiewa Valley Historical Society collection has historic significance as it shows how the first white settlers lived and worked through out the valley. Scientific significance applies to the rock cores taken by the SEC during the construction of the hydro scheme. The indigenous stones & tools also have historic significane as they show the cultural heritage of the first people of the Kiewa Valley. Other than the archives, all items have interpretative capacity to be in the collection.

Gavin 3 January 2015 9:16 PM

Hello, I am after a book, Title: Tales of Gibbo gold : characters from the 1880s. Author: Morrow, John A. (John Alexander). Would you have this or know where I can purchase a copy? Thanking you, Gavin.

Gavin 3 January 2015 9:16 PM

Hello, I am after a book, Title: Tales of Gibbo gold : characters from the 1880s. Author: Morrow, John A. (John Alexander). Would you have this or know where I can purchase a copy? Thanking you, Gavin.

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1194 items

Box Starch

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This box with white writing and a "formally clad" man on a navy blue background held Australian grown maize based starch powder(1 LB gross). The package is made from 200 gsm thick cardboard. As production was made during the two World Wars 1914 to 1945 the promotion was heavily focused on Australian made and Australian grown maize.

Historical information

This brand of starch was first manufactured in 1914, during the First World War, and continued to cover the other wars and military conflicts that followed. It was a time when Australian made was important due to the limited supplies coming from England and Europe. This was a period when the demand for "home grown" produce was at its peak. This was in a time when by necessity not by the "Buy Australian" campaign (of later years) which was the major factor for the demand of goods. It was in a time when starch was used in formal clothing to put a "crisp" or fresh new appearance for clothes. The important social more of "clothes make the person" was in vogue.

Significance

This box which once contained starch powder is very significant to a rural semi isolated region because it clearly demonstrates that the social mores of the city were also entrenched into the rural population. The fashion of the day, even in remote areas, especially rural, were still a requirement to be maintained on certain special occasions. Cleanliness and stiff "upper lip" persona were just as important in the rural sector as in city and Government circles. Institutions such as hospitals, Government Offices and the legal personnel were bound by the fashion of the starch appearance (no dirt sticks to a personage with the "starch" look). Appearances, especially the first ones, were the judgmental image that remained in the uppermost regions of the viewer.

Inscriptions & Markings

The same cover both front and back, "DANDY" below this a figure outlined in white on a navy blue background "hat and tails" outfit. Next to the sketch in smaller lettering" STRONGER THAN OTHER STARCHES. LESS REQUIRED". Below the figure "GLOSS" and below this in larger print "STARCH". Below this and in smaller print "CONTENTS. NETT WEIGHT 14 1/2 ozs" Below this and in smaller print "MANUFACTURED BY MAIZE PRODUCTS PTY LTD FOOTSCRAY VICTORIA" On one side of the box and in large white print on royal blue background"PURITY, STRENGTH AND UNIFORMITY." On the other side are the manufacturers directions. On the left side "FOR RAW STARCH" Underneath and in smaller print,"Dissolve in warm water a quantity to give the required thickness. Add bluing if required Stir before each using. On the right side "FOR BOILING STARCH" underneath this in small print"Mix well in small quantity of cold water to creamy consistency. Add boiling water, and stir constantly while cooking. Allow to cool, and add blueing if required. Underneath these two sets of instructions is "Make your consistency thinner than if using another kind of Starch"

Trophies - Tawonga Bowling Club x2

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

1. Plastic silver V shaped trophy with Ball enclosed at top. On the ball are 2 bowls in black and blue with a blue kitty. These are surrounded by green. The trophy is mounted on a wooden block which has an inscription on a gold plate at the front. 2. Gold plastic woman bowler mounted on a wooden block which has an inscription on a gold plate at the front.

Historical information

Bowling in the Kiewa Valley is a popular sport with clubs in each town along the Kiewa Valley. Trophies are a common way of acknowledging winners in the various catagories.

Significance

Vera Hore lived in Tawonga and was a successful bowler.

Inscriptions & Markings

1. 'Vera Drummond Trophy / 2.2.1986 / V. Peers (S). V. Hore, G. Hobbs' 2. 'Muriel Jobling Memorial / 1987 (3RD) / V. Hore' 2. Stamped underneath - "The Trophy Centre / 558 David St. Albury / Ph. 216588"

Ledger - Kiewa Valley Rifle Club

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Large yellowed alphabetical ledger covering the 1920's and 1930's with names, age, height, occupation and date of enrolment. There are not many entries Inserted between pages are forms from the 'District Base Headquarters' with the headings filled out for - 'Name of New Member' and his 'Registration Number Allotted'

Historical information

The Kiewa Valley Rifle Club belonged to the Australian Rifle Clubs. They were in Military district No. 304 and operated as early as the 1920s. In 1876 an Australian Rifle Team, consisting of shooters from N.S.W. and Victoria, was the first team ever to officially represent Australia in any sport in international competition. In 1885 the first civilian Rifle Club was formed and after 1901 Rifle Clubs came under army control. In 1921, they were reconstituted as a purely civilian organisation where they have remained ever since.

Significance

This ledger is evidence that the Kiewa Valley Rifle Club existed in the 1920's and 1930's, enabling its members to participate in a sport that had 12232 members and 313 Rifle Clubs in Victoria by 1939.

Sabre Haemorrhoid Ligator

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

In a white cardboard box 2 metal instruments. One is a pair of scissors with 'teeth' at the handle end and a bow at the instrument end when the ends meet The scissors are bent before the pivot. The other instrument is a long rod with a screw at one end that turns the other end around. This other end has a funnel that comes to a point. A holding instrument used during the operation.

Historical information

This medical instrument was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950s specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme.

Significance

Historical: Shows the development of scientific hospital equipment. Provenance: Used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was remote and therefore required good equipment.

Inscriptions & Markings

On box, in pencil "Mrytleford Clinic' / Pile Driver

Journal - John Creamer, Dairyfarmer

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Photocopied A3 sized pages from John Creamer's dairy journal covering the years 1916-1942. The book has an alphabet index for people's names with details of their purchases (eg. mutton and potatoes) with the cost in pounds shillings and pence. Page 15 has the title "Sows When Due to Parrow" and lists the cows by name. Only pages 1 to 61 have been copied except for pages 39-41, 49, 54, 55. The rest has been digitised.

Historical information

Dairy farmers kept a journal to record their transactions and business on the farm. John Creamer's daughter Mary Cardwell has her father's journal covering the years 1916 to 1942.

Significance

The journal was kept by local dairy farmer John Creamer who farmed at Gundowring in the Kiewa Valley. It consists of names of local people and is representative of the business (produce and life) on the dairy farm at the time.

Book - Teacher Reference - The Psychology and Teaching of Reading

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Hardcover green book by Fred J. Schonell. M.A., PH. D., D. Lit..

Historical information

This book was used from 1945 to the mid 1950s as a teacher reference book for the teaching of reading in schools.

Significance

This book was used by a teacher who worked in the Kiewa Valley in 1954.

Inscriptions & Markings

Inside back and front cover - '0231' 'Signature, October '54' - on 1st leaf of book

Photographs x 2- Groups of Kiewa Valley residents on tour of Khancoban area

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

2 black and white photographs mounted on buff card. 1. Group of ladies on a tour of the Khancoban area 2. Mixed group of ladies and men on a tour of the Khancoban area

Historical information

Demonstrates a pictorial history of social activities undertaken by Kiewa Valley residents during this period possibly 1970’s to 1980’s. Also a pictorial record of residents of the Kiewa Valley during this period.

Significance

Photographs demonstrate local Kiewa Valley residents enjoying a community visit to the Khancoban area, which holds significance to the early history of the district. Its heritage is celebrated in Banjo Paterson’s epic poem, “The Man from Snowy River”.

Inscriptions & Markings

1. Handwritten in black ink below photo 'Mrs Van Der Weyde, Mrs Storey, Mrs Temple 2. Handwritten in black pen below photo 'A.O. Smith, A. Angus, Mrs. Pullin, S. Ross, C. Roper, Mrs Temple, A. E. Campbell (name of last person obscured)

Bottle - Coffee / Chicory

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Clear glass bottle used for storing coffee / chicory or sauce. The base is a square. The 4 sides are straight for two thirds of the way up then taper quickly to the neck and then the screw top opening. It is embossed on the base. The base is slightly indented.

Historical information

Coffee / chicory and sauce were stored in bottles bought locally or at a large city store on a shopping expedition. The shape of the bottles changed as did he stopper used to seal it.

Significance

Historical: Change of bottles - shape, glass, stopper, embossing, use Aesthetic: Display showing embossing and shape.

Inscriptions & Markings

Base: Common seal: An 'A' with 'G' in the top half (of the A) and 'M' in the bottom half. Below this and across the middle '1129' and 'M' underneath. '807' is in one corner.

Cards - Royal Antediluvian Order of Buffaloes x8 (A - H)

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

8 Cardboard R.A.O.B., G.A.B. Cards folded in half each with an emblem on the centre front and all with a date of meeting at the bottom. Card A - Blue from Yackandandah, Nov. 1953; Card B - Pink from Myrtleford, March 18th; Card C - Pink from Rocky Valley, July 1955; Card D - Pink from Kiewa (Foundation and Opening) Feb. 1955; Card E - Pale blue from Wodonga, Oct. 1958; Card F- Blue from Kiewa, April 1956; Card G - Blue from Rocky Valley, July 1956; Card H - Blue from Rocky Valley, May 1958

Historical information

The Royal Antediluvian Order of Buffaloes is an organisation that started in 1822 in the United Kingdom. It aids members, their families, dependents of former members and other charitable organisations.Membership is open to all males over the age of 18 years.

Significance

The R.A.O.B. had lodges in the Kiewa Valley including Rocky Valley, Kiewa and in Tawonga as well as in nearby towns indicating that it was a popular organisation at the time. Lodge Officers are listed on each card.

Undergarment Child

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Garment has sleeveless top attached to pantaloons at waist and open crotch and going down inner leg seam to 8cm from bottom. Bottom section of each leg adorned with crotcheted lace and two pin tucks around bottom of legs. Top back of garmenthas three "Mother of Pearl" buttons and narrow 8mm wide shouldenilcross reference to KVHS 0249 and KVHS 0240 straps. Machine stitched cream in colour

Historical information

Lack of label suggest that this garment was produced in the Kiewa Valley Circa 1900 to 1940s. It would appear to be from a local seemstress

Significance

The time period indicates that the distances to the main centres of fashion was far too long for families to go to purchase such items from a retailer. Settlements in the Kiewa Valley would have more than one local seemstress. The relative rarity of the garment and the "Ric Rack" is unique.

Photo - Bogong Village Township

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black and white photograph of Bogong Village from across Lake Guy. Photo mounted on buff card

Historical information

In 1940 Field Headquarters for the Kiewa Scheme were established at Bogong with office, workshop facilities and accommodation for workmen, staff and some families constructed. (There had been a 'tent camp' on this site in 1939 but was destroyed by bushfires) Construction of accommodation continued until 1947. A total of 40 houses plus a hostel for single staff, post office, police station, medical centre and primary school all with water and sewerage and electricity supply. The staff hostel was known as Kiewa House and is now occupied by the Education Department. Lake Guy was named after Mr. L.T. Guy who was the Resident Engineer in charge of construction work and associated activities on the Kiewa area. He held this position from 1939 to November 1946 when he was transferred to Head Office.

Significance

The Bogong Township was developed firstly as an accommodation centre (base camp) for construction workers employed under the Kiewa Hydroelectric Scheme. Due to the influx of European workers into the Township the beautification of the immediate surrounds (gardens etc.) had a distinct European flavour. This environment has been very beneficial for tourism in later years. At the completion of the scheme, in the 1960's, the village was opened to public/tourism use. Strict environmental control has not allowed for any extensive redevelopment in tourist accommodation and basically restricted it to the accommodation initially built for the construction workers. Activities such a bike riding, snow skiing, restricted horse riding and bush walking on the Alpine plains and mountains are now a viable part of the Kiewa Valley Tourist Industry. The lake is one of the many water storage reservoirs used to supply the power stations their main power to run the huge turbines generating the final product, electricity

Toilet - Portable

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Dirty dented hollow tin cylinder with open ends top and bottom. It has a curved seat attached to the cylinder and a cover attached to the seat by a hinge at the back. It is hand made with basic fittings and is light to lift.

Historical information

This portable 'dunny' toilet may have been taken on camping trips possibly to the Bogong High Plains where this type of facility didn't exist.

Significance

Cattlemen grazed their cattle on the Bogong High Plains during summer. They stayed in huts which had basic amenities such as a fireplace, tree stumps for seats and an area set aside for a bed. A separate area was used to stock firewood and the hut was located near a stream. Toilet amenities were most often in the bush.

Inscriptions & Markings

Top of lid: "Guaranteed not / to use too much / water / Lifetime guarantee / on all parts / Bush Plumbing Co.

Wet and Dry Bulb Thermometers - Tobacco

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Used for monitoring the temperature and humidity in the kiln during the drying process of the tobacco leaf (the thermometer is missing the water holder) 2 thermometers attached to a steel attached to an old rusty tin frame with handle at the top enabling it to be hung, using wire, to hook on the wall. Tin frame has cap on it coming out to protect the thermometers and a base for standing the frame up. 1 thermometer has a hollow piece of material (or cord) strip (125 mm long) attached to the bottom of it.

Historical information

Tobacco farming began circa 1960 in the Kiewa Valley and consequently became one of its major industries. Many of the Italian families were involved in tobacco farming.

Significance

Historical: This equipment was used on one of the first tobacco farms in the Kiewa Valley at Mongans Bridge. The frame holding the thermometers was home-made showing the resourcefulness of farmers living in the Kiewa Valley. Provenance: This tobacco farmer came from Italy and was sponsored to visit a tobacco farmer in Myrtleford to learn how to grow tobacco so that he could transfer those skills to his own farm in the Kiewa Valley.

Inscriptions & Markings

Beside the thermometers is inscribed on steel - the lines for measuring and numbers from 40, 60 (by 20s) up to 240.

Folder - Clare Roper No. 5 - Items of Interest

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Orange plastic with clear front cover with 10 plastic sleeves / pages. Includes: North East Victoria. Rutherglen. Wallace's Hut - ownership and maintenance since classified by National Trust in 1970.

Historical information

Clare Roper was a resident of the Kiewa Valley and belonged to the Kiewa Valley Historical Society.

Significance

Clare Roper collected and collated items of historical interest for the Kiewa Valley Historical Society.

Ear Syringe - Medical

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

A clear plastic bag with 1. Stainless steel syringe (cylinder) with 2 rings at one end and a small opening at the other. 2. a 3 pronged instrument 2 prongs are handles that squeeze together - the third is curved and attached to one side of the handle. 3. golden coloured curved instrument in the shape of a hollow rectangle with thin attachments at each end.

Historical information

This medical / hospital instrument was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950's specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme.

Significance

Historical: Shows the development of scientific hospital equipment. Provenance: Used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was remote and therefore required good equipment. Good condition and good interpretation capacity

Inscriptions & Markings

The plastic bag has 'Broken' hand written in red at the top.

Mug Stoneware

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Round glazed stoneware mug, white in colour, with a heritage green coloured band covering the top rim and handle.

Historical information

This ceramic mug is titled "Bill Bogong's Mug" in honour of one of Australia's Scouting (Rovers) notable office holders, Mr.W.F."Bill" Waters. He was born on 22nd August 1897 in Taralgon, Victoria, Australia and died 8th October 1968 in Fitzroy, Victoria. He was instrumental in the Rovers building two chalets in the Victorian Alps. The Victorian Award of the National Rover Service Award(1980) has been named after Bill Waters. Bill Waters was also the leader of the first team that climbed Mount Bogong in winter in 1929. Also was part of rescue team of what is now know as the Cleve Cole tragedy on Mt Bogong in the mid 1930's. There is also a water fall named after him Waters Falls on the Bogong High Plains.

Significance

W.F."Bill" Waters aka "Bill Bogong" (Bogong mountain, were his ashes were scattered), was not only a prominent bush walker (Melbourne Walking Club) of the high country (Victorian Alps) but was instrumental in establishing two Chalets. One of these Chalets was the first one to be built on the Bogong High Plains. This item, "Bill Bogong's Mug" is what the Flinders Petrie(famous English Egyptologist/Archaelogist) Rover Crew(formed in 1940) presented newly invested members of the exclusive(200 membership) Alpine Rover Crew. The Melbourne Walking Club has a long history with the Victorian High Plains area, of which the Kiewa Valley is an integral part of the Victorian Alpine Region. Due to the connections Bill Waters has with the Bogong High Plains and Mt Bogong this cup has a lot of significance to the social history of the area..

Inscriptions & Markings

Written inscription on the front "Bill Bogong's Mug" in large print and beneath it, in smaller print, "with compliments from Flinders Petrie Rover Crew" The other side of the mug is a free hand landscaped drawing of green bush and blue hills with a tree supporting a tent and a camp fire (with smoke rising from it).To the left of the inscription is the Scout (Rover) emblem coloured black with an unraveled and unwritten signage scroll

Bottle - Beer

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Clear glass bottle used for beer. Straight sides half way up and then tapered to the opening. 2 longitudinal joins on opposite sides in glass. Lightly embossed MB and underneath it CV in a spade (as in cards) shape two thirds of the way up. Embossed along the bottom and a horse shoe shape at the base.

Historical information

Beer came in bottles sold at licensed premises either locally or in larger cities visited during shopping expeditions. The shape of bottles changed. Bottles were recycled remaining the property of the manufacturer who paid for their return. People collected bottles to return.

Significance

Historical: Change of bottles - shape, glass, embossing. Collected by bottle collectors. Aesthetic; Display showing embossing & shape especially if in good condition.

Inscriptions & Markings

M.B. with C.V. underneath it on the side. Along the bottom: "This bottle always remains the property of / The Manufacturers Bottle Co. of Victoria Pty Ltd." Horse shoe shape on base.

Original Burley Tobacco Spear

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Iron pointed spear with 4 sides opening for handle where there are 3 sides the missing face being on one of the narrow sides. Split where iron has come apart is opposite the opening and is 60 mm long.

Historical information

Tobacco farming began circa 1960 in the Kiewa Valley and consequently became one of its major industries. Many of the Italian families were involved in tobacco farming.

Significance

Historical: This equipment was used on one of the first tobacco farms in the Kiewa Valley at Mongans Bridge. Provenance: This tobacco farmer came from Italy and was sponsored to visit a tobacco farmer in Myrtleford to learn how to grow tobacco so that he could transfer those skills to his own farm in the Kiewa Valley.

Bottle - Sauce

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Clear glass bottle used for sauce. Grooved straight sides two thirds of the way up, tapering to the lip at the top of the neck and screw top. Embossed on base around the circumference and in the middle. The print is in capital letters.

Historical information

Sauce came in bottles bought at the local grocery store or in a large city store on a shopping expedition. The shape and size of the bottles changed as did the stopper used to seal it. The bottles were re cycled remaining the property of the manufacturer. History of Rosella Pres. & Manuf. Co. Ltd.

Significance

Historical: Change of bottles - shape, glass, embossing, use Aesthetic: Display showing embossing and shape.

Inscriptions & Markings

A few very small bubbles in the glass. Base: 'The Prop. of Rosella Pres & Manf Coy Ltd' around the circumference. Base: Inside the above inscription: '15' at top, 'Reg. No. 25701'across the middle and below 'ISM - 100'

Diary Extract - Trip to Bogong High Plains Xmas 1934 & DVD photos

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Six double sided typed photocopied yellow pages describing the Melbourne Women's Walking Club trip to the Bogong High Plains at Christmas in 1934. Also one page photocopied of the programme for Year 1934-35 with an arrow pointing to the above trip and a page with a photocopied sepia photo of the "Melbourne Women's Walking Club / Bogong High Plains / Dec. 1934. DVD 12 photos of the trip

Historical information

The Melbourne Women's Walking Club enjoyed bush walking as a hobby travelling to the north east of Victoria, using pack horses and camping on a 9 day hike. One of the woman, 'Bill' describes each day in detail - what they did, where they went and what they saw giving an insight into walking and the Bogong High Plains in the mid 1930's before the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme opened up the area. The diary mentions a photo being taken by Mr Blackwell on the 9th day, New Year's Eve 'from a lovely bush track from which, looking back at intervals we got our final glimpse of Fainter. 5 miles from from our destination'.

Significance

Historic: This extract from the diary of 'Bill', a member of the Melbourne Women's Walking Club gives an insight into walking in the mid 1930's and describes the Bogong High Plains as it was then before it was opened up with a road built during the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme. It describes the area in summer including the flora & fauna, cattle grazing & cattlemen, the huts, the gauges set up by the State Electricity Commission of Victoria, the people working up there, the weather and the lifestyle of the walking group - their food, duties, swimming etc..

Inscriptions & Markings

arrow showing trip from Programme. Title of photo "Melbourne Women's Walking Club / Bogong High Plains / Dec. 1934

Photograph of Pretty Valley Workers Camp* - Pretty Valley Camp

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

A black and white photograph of Pretty Valley Camp, c 1949. Dead trees are in the foreground, on both the left and right side of the photograph and a small snow gum is evident. There are camp huts and a much larger building behind these, possibly a workshop, and power poles are evident bringing electricity to the site.

Historical information

Erection of staff quarters at Pretty Valley was completed in April, 1947 and accommodation for construction workers commenced in 1948 but suspended on 11th May for winter and resumed on 9th November. Construction of this camp was completed in 1949. A large dam was proposed at this site but was never constructed. Instead a small diversion dam was built which diverts water either to Rocky Valley Dam or to McKay Creek Power Station.

Significance

An historical record of the type of accommodation provided for workmen during the construction of the Kiewa Hydro Scheme during the 1940's/50's.

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten in blue ink on back of photograph "Pretty Valley Camp. 5600 ft. above sea level".

Book - Reference Cricket - The Cricket on the Hearth

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Book of literature by Charles Dickens. Has green cover with black lettering and decoration. It seems to be one of a series of books called the 'Highways and Byways of English Literature".

Historical information

A text book used by a local Tawonga student in the 1930's. The school she attended was Rosehill Girls School in Albury. This was one of the foundation schools of Scots School, Albury. Rosehill was opened in 1926 by a Miss Lillian Windridge, for both day and boarding students, in a large former residential property on the corner of Crisp and Young Streets and was named after her uncle's property 'Rosehill' near Kyneton in Victoria. It catered from kindergarten to the Leaving Class. The school flourished and extra space was made available at the adjacent 'Springfield' property for more classrooms. In 1934 lack of space forced 'Rosehill' to move to a new location in Kiewa Street. In 1938, Miss Windridge sold the school to Miss Anna Drennan, a well educated Scots woman with a Masters' degree from Edinburgh University. By early 1939 the school was again overcrowded and was moved to the property 'Woodstock' in Schubach Street, East Albury and the name changed to 'Woodstock School for Girls'. In 1972, the Woodstock Presbyterian Girls School and the Albury Grammar School amalgamated to form the Scots School Albury. Wilma's family were one of the early families to settle in the Kiewa Valley and had a property at Tawonga. After her marriage, Wilma moved, with her husband, to Mt. Beauty until 1958 when they moved back to manage the farm and remained there for the rest of her life.

Significance

It has a social significance as it depicts the standard of literature that was expected to be read and appreciated by students in the 1930's era. As the school was situated in Albury, it meant that the student would have been a boarder as daily transport to and from the Kiewa Valley would have been impossible at that time, unlike the 'School Bus' run that is available today. At this time there was no 'secondary education' available in the valley and education beyond primary school would have been limited to children of families that could afford to send their children to board at privately run schools.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the front cover, at the top, 'Highway and Byways of English Literature'. Centre of page is the title "The Cricket on the Hearth" and the author Dickens. Underneath this is 'Blackies English Texts Edited by W.H.D.Rouse, Litt.D." Across the foot of the page is 'Blackie and Son Limited'. On the first page, hand written in ink is "Wilma Roper, Rosehill G.S.,Albury."

Folder - Jessie Seymour - The London to Melbourne Great Centenary Air Race.

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Dark blue plastic with clear front cover and faint writing on the first page showing. 5 clear plastic sleeves / pages. Includes the description of the Air Race.

Historical information

Jessie Seymour was a resident of the Kiewa Valley.

Significance

Jessie Seymour compiled this history for the Kiewa Valley Historical Society.

Poster - Caring & Sharing - Connecting the Community

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Photographs of Community Activities. Restoration of the Arboretum. Workers. Scouts. Lion Club Activities

Inscriptions & Markings

The last poster in a permanent series was to be titled "Caring and Sharing - Connecting the Community". Unfortunately insufficient material was offered to present organisations at work and at play in the community.

Cap - Head

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black Glengarry cap, black velvet with tartan trim and cream coloured lining. Cap worn by members of Scottish pipe bands. Inverted pleat running along the top. Black two cap ribbons missing

Historical information

Glengarry cap used in1906 by local scottish piper. Scottish pipe bands were extensively used as providing local communities with music from "the mother" country. The strong ties to the British Empire was still very alive in local communities.

Significance

Historical significant pre Wold War 1 and the great ties the population had to everything English. This bond would decrease after World War 2. English isles music was very sought after up until the American presents was starting to increase.

Parish Maps - Kiewa Valley

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Two copies of Parish Maps of the towns in the Kiewa Valley. One gives the original owners and the other the reference numbers of the allotments.

Historical information

The Parish Maps show how the Counties were divided into allotments for buyers. On one the original owners are named and the sizes of their properties given. The reference numbers enable individuals research the history of the property. The other is on a smaller scale giving only the allotment numbers.

Significance

The map with the names gives information on the early settlers of the Kiewa Valley. They show how the Kiewa Valley was divided up into allotments for town dwellers and farmers and enables further research.

Book - Religious Education - Choice by June Wright, Robert Evans x2

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Bright sky blue cardboard cover book with title written 2 thirds of the way down in big block white 3D letters decorated with blue stripes and green swirls. 50 pages held by 3 staples

Historical information

Students attended Sunday School classes at the Kergunyah Presbyterian Church. Sunday school was held in a little 16 foot square wooden building which came from Rocky Valley after it was no longer needed there. Ewen Wallace's father initiated and organised the move. C2011 the building was knocked down because of white ants. The Presbyterian Church will be 125 years old in 2015.

Significance

Historical: Religious Education: This book was used by students who attended the Sunday School classes at Kergunyah Presbyterian Church. Religion: Presbyterian Church at Kergunyah, in the Kiewa Valley, celebrates its 125th anniversary in 2015 after being handed over to the Uniting Church in the 1970s.

Bottle - Cordial

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Clear glass cordial bottle with straight sides half way up. Gently tapered with embossed vertical lines to the neck which continues tapering to the lip and screw top. Heavily embossed with print in capital letters around the circumference at the bottom.

Historical information

Cordial drinks came in bottles bought at the local grocery store or at a large city store on a shopping expedition. The shape of the bottles changed as did the stopper used to seal it. Bottles were re cycled remaining the property of the manufacturer. History of O. T. Ltd., Australia.

Significance

Historical: Change of bottles - shape, glass, stopper, embossing, use Aesthetic: Display showing embossing and shape.

Inscriptions & Markings

Around bottom: 'This Bottle Always (number '2' above Always) Remains the Property of O.T. Limited Australia' Base: Common Seal: 'A' with M in bottom half of A) - at top. Then across the middle - 'F1282' and 'M' underneath

Backpack

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Heavy green canvas back pack with flap at top to cover contents and to attach at base. Sides fold over at the top. The back is attached with zig zag cord with 5 holes down each side. The front piece has 2 pockets with straps to secure them. The sides have a wooden rectangular piece wrapped by canvas to maintain the shape of the pack. There are webbed shoulder straps on an angle attached to the back with adjustable straps. There is a thin metal rod on the outside of each side presumably to enable items to be hung from them.

Historical information

This pack is made from materials available at the time and was used to carry supplies and equipment for bushwalking and/or cross country skiing. It is designed to protect the contents in all weather and to be as comfortable and practical as possible.

Significance

The Bogong High Plains was a popular destination for bushwalking and cross country skiing. This backpack is an early example of the equipment used for extended walks and/or cross country skiing.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the inside of the flap: Leon Henry/Trendweth(?)/ West Brunswick/Melbourne/ Victoria/ Australia Previous name and address has been crossed out.

Book - English Reader - Victorian Readers Fourth Book, second edition

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

A Victorian Primary school book. Has a hard grey cover.

Historical information

A reader for use in Primary Schools in Victoria in the 1940's. It contains both poetry and prose with a section on notes and exercises to be undertaken by the students. User is unknown.

Significance

An historical record of the type of literature that students were expected to read, and be able to answer questions on the content, in the 1940's.

Inscriptions & Markings

Title: Victorian Readers Fourth Book, Second Edition. Inside the cover is a stamp, oval in shape, with the words "State School 1563 Ardmona" and written in ink in the centre of stamp is '11/46'.

Wallpaper and Hessian remnants

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

1530.1 Olive green striped wallpaper scrap with a vestige of terra cotta print. Length 258 mm width ranges from 39mm to 95mm it also has two tone off white and beige striped piece attached. 1530.2 Small scrap of floral pale background with brown outline with white relief in floral design. Size, length 115mm, width range from 65 - 90mm. 1530.3 Hessian length of 75mm by varies from 42-55mm.

Historical information

These items were found behind horse hair plaster in a house linked to the Dairy Industry in Tangambalanga. According to the Deed the first Conveyance listed is dated 1862 from Theyre Weigall to Donald McLeod who became the first Secretary of the Kiewa Butter and cheese Factory and Creamery. The property was sold in 1930 to the Kiewa Factory which eventually became North East Dairy Co-op which then became Murray Goulburn Dairy Cooperative.

Significance

Representative of interior construction in the 1800's .

Basin - Enamel

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This grey enamel basin is large with a royal blue lip. It was used in the Tawonga District Hospital to wash patients.

Significance

The Tawonga District Hospital opened in the early 1950's in the Kiewa Valley to treat local patients from Mt Beauty and the residents of the KIewa Valley. The State Electricity Commission of Victoria assisted with the building of the hospital as the population of Mt Beauty increased with the S.E.C. workers and their families during the construction of the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme. The Tawonga Hospital was later relocated to Mt Beauty. All the enamel equipment was eventually replaced with stainless steel.

Sign - S.E.C.V. x 2

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

White metal sign with black and red writing warning people to keep away from electrical wires.

Historical information

This sign warned people not to go near electric wires. Consequences are explained. Public Health & Safety has changed over the years as have the consequences.

Significance

Historic: Used by the S.E.C. on the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme.

Inscriptions & Markings

(In black unless stated differently) "State Electricity Commission / of Victoria / Danger (red) / Contact with electric wires will cause Death (last word in red) / 10 pound reward paid for information leading to / Conviction for damaging commission's property / Maximum penalty Imprisonment for / 10 years. By order L G Morrison / Secretary"

Photograph Fire Prevention Victorian Alps - Burning

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This black and white photograph shows an Alpine Fire Prevention technique of "burning off" low levels of scrub. The photograph is on 200gsm paper but it is not photographic paper. It can be assumed that the photo is not the original but a copy produced by the SEC Vic. See also KVHS 0413 and KVHS 0414 for other similar photos.

Historical information

This photograph, from the 1950s, shows an Alpine Fire Prevention technique of "burning off" low levels of scrub to reduce the level of available fuel against any possible summer bush fires.The Alpine regions accumulate high levels of potential fuel (undergrowth and small shrubs) which if not reduced has the potential of breaking into a dangerous bush fire. The men in this photograph are not wearing any protective clothing. Their visibility to other firefighters is severely reduced by smoke. This photo is a snap shot in time when Occupational Health and Safety Legislation was in its infancy stage.

Significance

This photograph details the fire prevention activities in the Victorian Alps under the management of the SEC Victoria. The level of undergrowth within the Australian bush needs to be under control to avoid the possibility of lightning strikes (during summer storms) igniting dry forests resulting in a major bush fire. Controlled fires within alpine regions are required not only to reduce the level of dry undergrowth but also to provide those various plant species requiring fire for regenerate. This method was used by the original inhabitants (Aborigines) as limited scrub fires were used to flush game and bird population for eating with the side benefit to those plants requiring that fire for regeneration.

Tobacco Tying Horse and Stick

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Burley tobacco stick is different to Hicks type stick. Tying of green leaf on the sticks - with the twine attached. There is small sharp metal blade on the end of the horse used for cutting twine. Rectangular wooden frame. The beam along the bottom is kept in place by 2 diagonal planks on each side and at both ends. The beam keeps the frame upright with 2 cross beams at each end. At each end there is a vertical beam with a 'V' cut out of each to hold a wooden beam/stick/tree branch. Wood is rough.

Historical information

Tobacco farming began circa 1960 in the Kiewa Valley and consequently became one of its major industries. Many of the Italian families were involved in tobacco farming.

Significance

Historical: This equipment was used on one of the tobacco farms in the Kiewa Valley. The Tying Horse was home-made showing the resourcefulness of farmers living in the Kiewa Valley. Provenance: The tobacco farmer came from Italy and was sponsored to visit a tobacco farmer in Myrtleford to learn how to grow tobacco so that he could transfer those skills to his own farm in the Kiewa Valley.

Book - Maths - First Year Mathematics

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Faded purple cardboard cover with white writing and yellow lines

Historical information

Educational Book used by students in Victoria for studying Mathematics. Davies are a local farming family attending school in the Kiewa Valley.

Significance

Historical: Comparative study of Mathematics in different eras in Victoria. Provenance: The Davies family has been in the valley for generations.

Inscriptions & Markings

In white: First / Year / Mathematics / 2 yellow lines at right angles crossing through centre with 1 added line coming to centre at an angle. / In white: P. Adamson / D. W. Turner / In yellow Cheshire Inside front cover 'Davies'

Photographs – Set of 16 black and white photographs mounted back and front on 3 pieces of heavy black card likely removed from a photograph album

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black and white photographs of varying sizes mounted decoratively on heavy black Card. Some pages display a brief description printed in white ink 1. 4 photographs- displayed diagonally across page. 2 pictures of a group of men standing in the snow in front of a car with a loaded trailer behind. 1 photo of skiers. 1 photo of show hanging in tree branches. 2. 2 photographs- showing Upper Kiewa Road with snow in the background 3. 3 photographs- of skiers and 1 photo of 2 of men posing in the snow & 1 photo of 2 men posing shirtless in warmer weather. 4. 2 photographs- arranged diagonally on page showing early buildings and construction at Bogong Village 5. 2 photographs- 1 showing view of Bogong Village from higher up the mountain. 1 showing early Bogong High Plains road 6. 1 photograph- showing view down along Kiewa Valley from higher up in the mountains

Historical information

After World War II, the Kiewa Hydro-Electric Scheme was started in the Kiewa River Valley by the State Electricity Commission of Victoria. On land previously used only for summer cattle grazing in the natural alpine grasslands, the first ski lodge was built in 1948 by workers from the hydro scheme as skiing was a popular recreation. Many of the hydro employees were of European background and had grown up enjoying skiing and snow sports in their homelands and were keen to continue to pursue their winter sports interests. The first lift, a rope tow, was built at Falls Creek in 1951 and the first chairlift in Australia was constructed there in 1957. Two T-Bars were opened in 1961. In 1964, the Victorian Municipal Directory recorded that Falls Creek had 29 ski club lodges and 16 commercial lodges. The area became a popular tourist destination for both winter and summer sports.

Significance

Employees of the State Electricity Commission of Victoria in the Kiewa River Valley were the earliest skiers on the Bogong High Plains and built one of the first ski lodges at Falls Creek. They were amongst those pivotal in the development of the skiing and tourist industry at Falls Creek and on the Bogong High Plains.

Inscriptions & Markings

1. Handwritten in white ink – A TRIP TO THE PLAINS 2. Handwritten in white ink – UPPER KIEWA ROAD MTFAINTER IN BACKGROUND 3 – 6. No markings

Tablecloth - CWA

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Green cotton square tablecloth for a fold-up card table. It has an yellow with a little bit of white embroidered circle / emblem in one corner. Inside the circle is "Victoria' and CWA (on top of each other as per the CWA emblem.) The edges are hemmed and a seam runs around all edges so that the square sits correctly on the table.

Historical information

The Country Women's Association of Victoria was a popular widely known organisation throughout Australia. The CWA aimed to improve health, welfare and education for women and children in the country.

Significance

Each town / area in the Kiewa Valley had an active CWA. The Tawonga branch commenced in Feb. 1946 and often combined activities with other branches in the Kiewa Valley. One of their activities may have been to play cards.

Inscriptions & Markings

Victoria CWA

Souvenir Postcard Folder – Falls Creek Ski Village

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Colour postcard folder (unused) containing 13 photographs of the Falls Creek ski area and surrounds. Inside cover has a brief description of the area and the services available to visitors

Historical information

After World War II, the Kiewa Hydroelectric Scheme was started in the Kiewa River valley by the State Electricity Commission of Victoria. On land previously used only for summer cattle grazing in the natural alpine grasslands, the first ski lodge was built in 1948 by workers from the scheme. The first lift, a rope tow, was built in 1951 and the first chairlift in Australia was constructed there in 1957. Falls Creek Post Office opened on 9 June 1958 (with telegraph and telephone facilities only until 1964) .Despite strong opposition from the head of the Kiewa scheme, who didn't want tourists clogging up his roads and destroying his "dry" construction camps by bringing in booze, Falls Creek boomed as much as Hotham, partly owing to its relatively good access road. Early lodges included Bogong (c.1946), Skyline (1947), Albury (1949), Myrtleford (1949) and Dawn (c.1950).

Significance

The souvenir postcard photographed and produced by an enterprising local businessman Mr S K Pearce, was produced as a memento for skiers and other visitors to the Falls Creek and Mt Beauty area to send to family and friends as a reminder of their visit to the region, or to keep as a personal souvenir. It presented an excellent promotional opportunity for enterprising local businessmen to promote the area to skiers and tourists near and far. It also presents an excellent pictorial history of the falls creek area around the late 1950’s to early 1960’s

Inscriptions & Markings

Printed on front cover- FALLS CREEK SKI VILLAGE. Your Souvenir Folder Photo of skiing slopes of the village Inside front flap - a brief description of the Falls Creek area and the services available to visitors 1. Diana Lodge parking area and Spion Kopje 2. Winterhaven Lodge 3. Ski Hirage Centre and skiing slopes 4. Ski Lodges from main road 5. Nelse and Arundel Lodges 6. Day visitors’ shelter and parking area 7. Summit T-Bar lift 8. Spur T-bar looking towards Village and Spion Kopje 9. T-bar lower station and Snow Crystal Inn 10. ‘Akja’ rescue sled in use 11. Falls Creek road and Grand Coeur Lodge annex 12. Rope tows and beginner slopes 13. Back cover- Published by Nucolorvue Pty Ltd Mentone Vic. Printed in Australia For S.K.Pearce Pty Ltd Tawonga and Mt Beauty

Insulator - Porcelain

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Cream coloured porcelain cylindrical shaped insulator with a groove towards the narrower closed end. Inside the narrow end it is threaded for screwing.

Historical information

Insulates electrical wire which is attached in the groove towards the narrow end. It is screwed onto the cross arm of a power pole. Non conductive so that electricity doesn't short out to the ground.

Significance

Used on power poles in the Kiewa Valley.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the side of the closed end - "KP / 64"

Knife for Ladies Purse

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This small one blade knife (lady's) has an "ivory" body containing one small blade. Horizontal lines in "off white" appearance run from one end to the other. One end has a "U" fitting(to provide an anchorage for a chain). This small knife could also have been used by male cigar smokers.

Historical information

This "ladies" pocket knife was used up to the late 1900's by influential and "well off" ladies, not only as a fashion statement but as a practical tool when away from the kitchen/home to peel fruit and provide a cutting instrument for small items. It was a method to show the growing independence of women to skillfully process food away from the home and kitchen. The use of such a small compact knife could also have been used by male cigar smokers (docking the end of the cigar)

Significance

This "lady's "purse" knife was a demonstration of the growing independence of women in Australia and especially in rural areas up to the 1940's. The two World Wars provided the opportunity for women to take over what was traditionally "men's work". This evolution of women's equality in society brought changes to what the traditional role of rural women had been entrenched from first colonisation of Australia. The use of such a small compact knife could also have been used by male cigar smokers (docking the end of the cigar). This method of preparation of a good cigar would have been used by wealthy property owners or men of "class"

Coathanger - trousers/skirts

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Wooden coat hanger with wire fitted hook used to hang trousers (or skirts) by moving a steel plate along the wire (to tighten the grip). There are 2 rectangular pieces of wood with small padding attached on the inside outer edges. Each piece of wood has wire coming out of the centre. The wire is vertical before rounding to form a hook and is continuous. The wire has a small steel plate with 2 holes along the vertical section.

Historical information

Coat hangers were used to hang up trousers or skirts by the waist. This coat hanger was designed prior to clips with springs being used.

Bag Japara

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Japara water bag has a square base and four upwright panels with cord handles. It can be folded flat. The bag has a zip closure. Originally the bag is a water bag used by campers, currently it is used as a container for a pair of seak skins soles, which are attached to skiis and used during skiing.

Historical information

This particluar bag (Japara water bag) was used to hold seal skin soles or straps, which were placed onto skis.The first skiers that came to Falls Creek used these. These types of bags were also used to carry water. They were used by scouts and other campers and were to be seen hanging from cars and caravans.

Significance

This is historically significance because it shows how the first people who skied at Falls Creek used early skiing equipment. This bag and seal skin soles are also significant due to their association with the first winter traverse of Mt Bogong. This item has good interpretive capacity due to its connection with the seal skin soles, skiis, boots that were used at the same time. It is also very rare and is the only one in our collection.

Book - S.E.C.V. - S.E.C. Tested Recipes of the Month. April '63

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

The cover is white, black and pinkish book showing a sketch of the top of a stove in the top half and below, the title with a cartoon chef. Along the bottom of the cover "Prepared by the Home Service Section of the / State Electricity Commission of Victoria. The book has 20 pages held by two staples. The book consists of recipes but has some electricity advertising in it as does the back cover.

Historical information

The S.E.C.V.'s Home Service Section prepared this book to encourage women to cook with electricity especially with the later appliances. Part of their advertising suggested that they go to their electricity showroom for advice on purchasing a new appliance. The S.E.C. had showrooms in regional Victoria including one at Mt Beauty.

Significance

The SECV constructed the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme employing many workers. They built the townships of Bogong and Mt Beauty and assisted with the infrastructure required to support the influx of population. In the Mt Beauty shopping centre, one of the shops was the S.E.C. Showroom, which sold electrical appliances and gave advice on their use and the latest models available. This book is a promotion to encourage women to cook using the latest electrical appliances.

Ski Boot Carrier x 2

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

A pair of wooden ski boot carriers made from light wood. The wood is thick at the heel end with an overhang for the heel of the boot. It has a thin leather strap at the toe end and an adjustable clamp at the toe end. The adjustable part consists of a clamp on either side of the wood held by 2 nuts that screw towards each boot . This clamp can slide up and down the hollow groove in the wood. One boot fits on each side of the wood.

Historical information

Ski boots were carried by wooden carriers when transporting ski equipment eg. from transport to snow line or accommodation. The boots had a lip at the front and back to enable them being clipped onto ski bindings and boot carriers.

Significance

These ski boot carriers indicate the type of equipment that used to be used by skiers skiing on the High Plains and Falls Creek. It is also an example of the inventiveness and skill of people who made their own equipment that either couldn't be bought or wasn't available locally.

Inscriptions & Markings

Reused wood with old marks

Hat Pin

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This hat pin is adorned with a black shiny plastic "tear drop" shape head on a long shaft This is identical to KVHS 0366

Historical information

Historically this item represents women's fashion in the 1920s to 1950s. As the material used in the construction is not of a high monetary value it can be assumed it was a day to day working woman apparel to keep the hat firmly fastened into the hair. It does indicate that fashion of the time was important within the region

Significance

This item is a reflection of both the fashion mode of the 1920s to 1950s when long hair needed to be controlled by hair pins rather than later manufactured hair sprays. It is also an example of society's mores of tidiness and quasi religious beliefs of covering the hair and head when outdoors

Bottle - Soft Drink

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Clear glass bottle. Embossed print in capital letters, around half of the circumference, one third of the way down from the top between the 2 longitudinal joins. The bottom half has straight sides and the top half tapers to the top where a metal crimp fits over the lip. Around the circumference is embossed print in capital letters. The base also has embossing. Crown Seal.

Historical information

Soft drink came in bottles bought at the local grocery store or at a large city store on a shopping expedition. the shape of the bottles changed as did the stopper used to seal it. Bottles were re cycled remaining the property of the manufacturer. History of Murray Brewery, Beechworth

Significance

Historical. Change of bottles - shape, glass, stopper, embossing, use. Aesthetic. Display showing the embossing & shape especially if in good condition.

Inscriptions & Markings

Around circumference one third from top: 'Murray B.' Around circumference at base: ' Propetery of Murray Breweries pty Ltd. Beechworth.' Base: F1767 Symbol: 'AGM' and '445' 'M O'

Photographs x 2- Halford truck

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

2 black and white photographs mounted on buff card 1. Photograph of Halford truck with man on white horse riding alongside. Presumably in a parade. Dated 11th July, 1972 when truck was no longer in service. 2. Photograph of Halford truck followed by a horse and buggy. Date unknown

Historical information

The Hallford truck was made by J & E Hall, of Dartford, England, whose business commenced in 1785. In 1926 the Fisher family of Mongan's Bridge took delivery of the 1923 Hallford truck which was used on the farm to transport cream to the Kiewa Butter Factory in Tangambalanga. In 1967, the truck was sold to Mr Greg Bedstead and other members of the Kiewa Valley Historical Society for the KVHS who reimbursed them at a later date. The truck was housed at the Butter Factory for many years and was paraded on special occasions.

Significance

This truck was used to transport cream to the Kiewa Butter Factory from the Fisher family's dairy farm at Mongan's Bridge. At other times a tyre was removed and a belt attached to run a chaff cutter. This truck has historical significance as it is presentative of vehicles which were used by farmers to transport cream to the butter factories by a local family. Furthermore, it has social significance as KVHS members combined their finances to purchase this truck so it would be part of our collection. It is well provenanced and has an excellent interpretive capacity.

Inscriptions & Markings

1. Handwritten in black ink above photo 'Halford truck N.E. Dairy Co. Kiewa. 11 July, 1972' 2. No markings

Belt Linesman Pole

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This thick leather linesman belt is made from two lengths of heavy lengths of leather straps sewn together to make up 80% of the belt. The remaining 20% is "the belt tonge" which has eleven holes for three (solid steel tang) buckle connections.

Historical information

This linesman belt was used under the 1947 Electricity Regulations and before tighter Occupation and Health regulations (late 1990's early 2000's) were introduced that mechanical lifting platforms(wherever possible) replaced the belt up the pole method.The safety concern was that it required that tools needed by the linesman had to be placed in a large canvas bag and attached to the belt (extra weight) then the linesman had to climb the ladder. Ladders had to be at the correct angle and not able to "slip" from their initial footings. A full harness and a secondary fall belt is now mandatory for pole linesmen. The safety of fellow workers could be compromised if they were required to assist or recover the first linesman if needed. In 2006 an additional 269 registered lineworkers were employed. Please note that the terminology of linesman has become unisex. The linesman's belt enabled the linesman to place his feet against the pole adjust the belt (if needed) and lean back securely allowing both hands to be free to work with.

Significance

This linesman belt is very significant to the Kiewa Valley due to the numerous poles and high voltage overhead power structures that needed maintenance for the extensive "mushroom" installation of electrical power polls(wood and metal). On high poles (steel) climbing pegs were welded on, however in the Alpine areas snow in winter caused an OH&S problem which were hard to overcome. The safety of a linesman when maintenance of electricity line on poles can be highlighted by the New Zealand linesman who survived an 11,000 volt shock when carrying out maintenance. For the record 11,000 volts is four times more powerful than execution by "the electric chair". The maintenance of the linesman's belt was his responsibility (keeping it clean and in "good" condition). Labour laws change this initial responsibility, from the linesman, to the employer. Climbing pegs were installed on higher poles that extended beyond the reach of ladders.

Catheters - male and female

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Curved hollow orange rubber strips (male) slightly varying widths Straight hollow grey rubber strips (female) slightly varying widths

Historical information

This medical / hospital equipment was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950s specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme.

Significance

Historical: Shows the development of scientific hospital equipment. Provenance: Used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was remote and therefore required good equipment.