Stories Organisations Projects About Login

Kiewa Valley Historical Society Mt Beauty, Victoria

The Kiewa Valley Historical Society aims to preserve and conserve the history and heritage of the Kiewa Valley & district. Through the use of permanent, and temporary exhibitions, information walls, a photo gallery, a diorama of the Bogong High Plains, a model hydro system, and two DVD screens we show the area's history and highlights, that tell our social history, natural science areas and technological developments.

The collection has many artefacts that show the history and cultural heritage of the first indigenous people. Along with artefacts from pioneer settlers of the Kiewa Valley and Mount Beauty lived, worked and socialised. Items such as photos, books, farming equipment, hospital equipment, technological equipment from the Kiewa Hydro Scheme, household items, plus oral histories, and genealogy books are in our collection. All the items in the collection have either historical, technological or aesthetic significance to the Kiewa Valley and have good interpretive capacity. Artefacts have to meet this assessment criteria before being considered to be added into the collection. We do not buy, sell or give valuations for any artefacts at this stage.

The historical society Museum space shares the same premises as the Mt Beauty Visitor Information Centre. There is wheel chair access, a disability toilet and separate male and female toilets. Free parking is found the North side of the information centre. There is also a small seating area in the sun deck of the centre. The centre is with in walking distance from Mt Beauty main shopping centre and a 50 - 60 minute drive from the larger centres of Wodonga / Albury.
New members are always welcomed.

Contact Information

location
Mount Beauty Information Centre 31 Bogong High Plains Rd P.O. Box 184 Mt Beauty Victoria 3699 (map)
phone
+61 (03) 5754 1323

Contact

Opening Hours

10am to 4pm Monday to Thursday 10am - 5pm Friday 9am - 5pm Saturday 9am - 4pm Sunday During school holidays open 9:00 am to 5:00 pm daily. Closed Christmas Day.

Entry Fee

Gold coin donation.

Location

Mount Beauty Information Centre 31 Bogong High Plains Rd Mt Beauty Victoria

View on Google Maps

The collection has authentic items which highlight the first peoples who roamed the Kiewa Valley. Along with the social history of the first white settlers of the Kiewa Valley and Mount Beauty lived, worked and socialised from the late 1800's onwards. Items such as photos, books, farming equipment, hospital equipment, technological equipment from the Kiewa Hydro Scheme, household items, plus oral histories, and genealogy records and books are in our collection.

Significance

The Kiewa Valley Historical Society collection has historic significance as it shows how the first white settlers lived and worked through out the valley. Scientific significance applies to the rock cores taken by the SEC during the construction of the hydro scheme. The indigenous stones & tools also have historic significane as they show the cultural heritage of the first people of the Kiewa Valley. Other than the archives, all items have interpretative capacity to be in the collection.

Gavin 3 January 2015 9:16 PM

Hello, I am after a book, Title: Tales of Gibbo gold : characters from the 1880s. Author: Morrow, John A. (John Alexander). Would you have this or know where I can purchase a copy? Thanking you, Gavin.

Gavin 3 January 2015 9:16 PM

Hello, I am after a book, Title: Tales of Gibbo gold : characters from the 1880s. Author: Morrow, John A. (John Alexander). Would you have this or know where I can purchase a copy? Thanking you, Gavin.

Leave a comment

1215 items

close
Show All Items Items with Images (1213) Items with Audio Items with Video Items with Documents
View As Grid List

1215 items

Parish Maps - Kiewa Valley

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Two copies of Parish Maps of the towns in the Kiewa Valley. One gives the original owners and the other the reference numbers of the allotments.

Historical information

The Parish Maps show how the Counties were divided into allotments for buyers. On one the original owners are named and the sizes of their properties given. The reference numbers enable individuals research the history of the property. The other is on a smaller scale giving only the allotment numbers.

Significance

The map with the names gives information on the early settlers of the Kiewa Valley. They show how the Kiewa Valley was divided up into allotments for town dwellers and farmers and enables further research.

Book - Reference Melbourne Directory - Melbourne and Suburban Directory for 1889

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This directory has no front or back cover and is held together by its cloth spine. It contains over 1300 pages, however there may be some pages missing front and back of the directory which would have contained advertisements of some unknown shops. All the sides of this directory (except the spine) have advertisements and content information stamped on. The spine cover has been placed in the directory until further conservation work is carried out. It has gold coloured printing and in the central section, a gold coloured background with the words "Sands & McDougall's Melbourne Directory 1889." The spine has three adverts on the spine.

Historical information

This Directory of 1889 covers the location of Melbourne based trade and professional offices by street and in Alphabetical order. It covers all of Melbourne and its suburbs. It also covers government and official, ecclesiastic, legal, municipal and miscellaneous information. The directory details a cross section of a developing city with a splattering of advertisements opening up an in depth look of all aspects of living in the late 1800s. It is interesting to see that all the advertisements do not have any telecommunication numbers listed (personal shoppers or mail orders only). This was a period of high moral standing within the community and hotels advertised rooms " suites of rooms for families and single rooms for Ladies and Gentlemen" also "electric bells throughout the house. Telephone, night porter and hot and cold baths."

Significance

This directory would be used by the majority of families and businesses working and living within the Kiewa Valley and the surrounding area. Melbourne was the only place where every aspect of living requirement was catered for. Although the delivery of services and goods were not at a high rate, certain items or transactions would require a visit to "the big smoke". Business information are listed both by suburb and alphabetically. There is also a section for British and Foreign Trade. This directory covered nearly everything to do with commerce, an example pay days for principle firms. Greater evolution of trade locations started to balloon out after the mid 1950's. Increased populations and greater levels of communication and safe fast transport facilities permitted greater devolution of commercial enterprises into rural communities, such as the Kiewa Valley.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the spine in gold colour "South * British insurance Company Fire and Marine. Risks Lowest Current Rates No. 11 Queen Street, Arthur J Masters, Manager" and half way down " *Phoenix* Fire Office of London established over 100 years Annual Income exceeds (pound sign) 1,000,000" underneath "Losses Paid Over (pound sign) 16,000,000" underneath "Reserve Fund Exceeds (pound sign) 1,000,000" underneath "9 Market Buildings William Street, Melbourne " underneath " R. Manfield Taylor, Agent" and at the bottom section" Henry Scott Auctioneer and Estate Agent 49 Bridport St., Albert Park" stamped on the bottom side across the page endings "The Wonderful Wertheim Sewing Machines Swanston Street opposite Town Hall", stamped on the top side across the page endings " The Sweet Hapsburg Pianos & Organs Swanston Street Opposite Town Hall"

Photos - Mt Beauty Buildings in 1973. Set of 8

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Colour photographs of various buildings in Mt Beauty taken in 1973 1. Workman’s Club 2. View over the pondage 3. Tawonga Hospital (Mt Beauty) 4. Mt Beauty Chalet 5. Mt Beauty Kindergarten 6. The Merjei Motel 7. 8 Valley Avenue 8. Shopping Centre

Historical information

The shopping centre in Mt Beauty, both buildings and streetscape, have undergone significant changes since 1973. The kindergarten has undergone extensive remodelling, The Chalet has been replaced by Svarmisk Resort and Accommodation Spa. Tawonga hospital has undergone extensive renovation and is now Mt Beauty Hospital AND Kiewa Valley House. The Workman’s Club changed name to the Country Club and has since closed down. Hospital and Kiewa Valley House now occupy what is shown as a vacant lot opposite the motel which is now called Mt Beauty Motor Inn.

Significance

The houses in Mt Beauty were brought in by the State Electricity Commission of Victoria when they constructed Mt Beauty Town for their workers building the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme. Mt Beauty is unique began as a construction town in the late 1940's.

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten in ink on the back of photos 1. Workman’s Club 1973 (after the brick makeover) From the sports oval – the high school is to the right 2. A view over the pond 1973 3. Tawonga Hospital 1973 (Mt Beauty) 4. Mount Beauty Chalet 1973 5. Kindergarten 1973 6. The Merjei Motel 1973 7. Our house at 8 Valley Ave 1973, Owner after us erected the car port, let the front hedge run amok and vanquished the vegetable garden and citrus trees Dad created. 8. Shopping Centre 1973. At the end of the street is the hospital (believe it is now Mt Beauty Bush Nursing Hotel)

Sigmoidascope

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Used for rectal examinations. Stainless steel. 2 parts. Shaped like a gun the handle of the hollow holder being at a rectangle. The connections are attached to a cone shape. The part that fits inside this holder is straight with a handle at one end, with a shield to stop it travelling into its holder too far.Then it continues as a rod, half way along which is another shield until the rod stops at a solid half cylinder. The handle of the 'rod' is rounded with 8 faces.

Historical information

This medical / hospital instrument was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950s specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme.

Significance

Historical: Shows the development of scientific hospital equipment. Provenance: Used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was remote and therefore required good equipment.

Folder - Fainter Falls

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Large orange lever arch folder bound with 2 rings. Contains the history of the redevelopment of the Fainter Falls track 2003 - completion at the end of 2008. It is divided into: Funding Proposals. Correspondence Inwards & Outwards. Minutes and Letters of Support. Inserted separately in a large white and yellow Express Post envelope is additional information including chronology, minutes, newspaper cuttings Inserted separately is the 'Small Towns Development Fund' Application Form 2006.

Historical information

The Fainter Falls Walking Track was originally accessible via a fire fighting access trail, which was used by fire fighters putting out spot fires caused by lightening strikes. The fires in the summer of 2003 highlighted the beauty of the area and provided the residents with the opportunity to consider the redevelopment of the trail. Work to establish a 700 metre grade 2 walking trail with a 50 metre grade 3 extension trail to the Falls began in 2005. It also includes 3 observation decks, a bridge over a creek crossing, car parking and interpretive signage.

Significance

A Friends of Fainter Falls committee was formed to work towards the construction of a track to Fainter Falls. The contents of this folder is evidence of how a local community achieved its goals for such a project in 2003 - 2008.

Inscriptions & Markings

Cover blank

Folder - Jessie Seymour - The Beaufort Bomber Crash between Gundowring and Eskdale

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Red plastic with clear front cover with 4 plastic sleeves / pages. Includes: A description by Jessie Seymour of the Beaufort Air Crash.

Historical information

Jessie Seymour was a resident of the Kiewa Valley and would have been following the reports of the air crash which happened 'behind her home'.

Significance

Jessie Seymour compiled this history for the Kiewa Valley Historical Society and, as a local, would have had the opportunity to gain first hand knowledge of the people involved including witnesses.

Photograph of local residents at Tawonga Caravan Park Museum Building

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Colour photograph of local residents standing outside the Museum building at Tawonga Caravan Park

Historical information

Pictorial record of residents of the Kiewa Valley in the late 1970's and early buildings

Significance

Pictorial record of residents of the Kiewa Valley in the late 1970's

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten on back of photograph in blue ink: Q Baldwin, C Joung, Gwen Hobbs, Mrs Van De Wyde, T & M Wallace and Mrs Temple. Taken by C Roper on 11th February, 1979

Plaque - Ambulance Service

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This brown wooden framed plaque is backed by masonite and surrounds a black metal sign with gold lettering beside which there is a photo of a Frank Saunders. The photo is also framed with wood.

Historical information

Frank Saunders was the foundation president of the Upper Kiewa Valley Ambulance Service.

Significance

There was an Ambulance service in the Upper Kiewa Valley commencing in April 1940 when a four stretcher ambulance was made available on the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme. It was designed for comparatively long and rough trips, involving some departures from usual ambulance design. Companies involved were O/C Motor Vehicles (Mr Frank Stone), in collaboration with the builders, Messrs. Jas. Thompson & Co. of South Yarra. (Ref. SECV magazine. April 1940.)

Inscriptions & Markings

Metal plate with gold letters in capitals: "Upper Kiewa Valley Ambulance Service / This Plaque is Dedicated / to the Memory of our / Foundation President / Frank Saunders / whose Leadership / Foresight and Devotion / has Inspired all Members/ of the Service"

Photographs – Set of 10 black and white photographs and photocopies of original photographs documenting early residents of Bogong Village

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Group of 10 black and white photographs and photocopies of original photographs of varying sizes (some official SECV photos) Some Photos are labelled with the date and the names of SECV staff members. Depicting early life at Bogong Village 1. Group photo – Kiewa House Residents 1.8.41 (SECV official photo) 2. Female staff residents 3. Female office staff 4. Kitchen staff – Junction Mess (SECV official photo) 5. Male administration staff Bogong 6. Bogong Social Club fancy dress ball, 1940 7. Wives and children of SECV workers 8. Children in fancy dress 9. Opening of Volunteer Air Observers post 1943 10. Flag raising at opening of Volunteer Air Observers post

Historical information

Bogong Village, which was known as “The Junction”, is well recorded. The first tent camp was at the junction of Pretty Valley and Rocky Valley streams in the early 40’s. Further downstream were the sawmill, stables and blacksmith’s forge. Horses were the main mode of transport in the early days. The road to Bogong had reached the lookout spur just beyond Roper’s Spur track just before the 1939 fires. The early forties saw rapid growth of the village, with single and married men’s quarters, workshops, mess huts and administrative offices. The facilities necessary for communal living were quickly in place- a post office, police station, co-op store, medical centre, community hall/theatre, tennis courts and school. Much of the temporary accommodation that housed groups such as the Albion Quarrying Company were in the area now under water.

Significance

This group of photographs are a pictorial record of the early history of the Kiewa Hydro Scheme, the people who worked in the background supplying administrative support and the workers and their families. It also shows a glimpse into how a large group of people from very diverse backgrounds came together to enjoy social activities and share each others company

Inscriptions & Markings

1. Printed under photo: STATE ELECTRICITY COMMISSION OF VICTORIA Date: 1.8.41 Time: 12.30pm No:K 435 Kiewa Hydro-Electric Works. Kiewa House Residents Back Row L to R: S.A. Salmon, W. Strachn, T.A Connors, W.J Norman, R.C Grealey, R.D Hegarty, Mrs Hegarty, W.R Morgan, S.A Clarke, P. Morgan, P.J. Harnetty, G.W Crouch. Front Row L to R: W.L Godfrey, R.S Hollands, Pte. R Charlesworth, R.L Dunn, N Caldwell, L.T Davies, I Webber, H.L Kendall, P Tiller, Ricky Hegarty, L.T Guy, M.C Cox, K.F Calder, D.S Gibson 2. Printed on bottom: Staff who lived at Kiewa House and worked in the Administration Office c 1943 Handwritten at bottom Priscilla Johnson (nee Reid) At top of page A GOOD LIFE: WOMEN’S RECOLLECTIONS OF LIFE IN THE UPPER KIEWA VALLEY 3. Printed under photo- Office Staff – Bogong 4. Printed under photo: STATE ELECTRICITY COMMISSION OF VICTORIA Date: 18.5.40 Time: 11.05am No:K 103. Kiewa Hydro-Electric Works. Kitchen Staff- Junction Mess. Opening night of the new staff mess Bogong. 5. Printed under photo -Administration staff Bogong 6. Printed under photo- The social club raised money for patriotic fund from fancy dress nights. (1st Fancy Dress Ball, Bogong 1940) 7. Printed above photo: ---- and family life begins (1942 Bogong) 8. Printed under photo: A favourite photograph 9. Printed under photo: STATE ELECTRICITY COMMISSION OF VICTORIA Date: 24.5.43 Time: 2.8pm No:K 1151 Kiewa Hydro-Electric Works. Bogong- Squadron Leader Leggett speaking at opening of Air Observer’s Post 10. Printed under photo: Raising the flag at the opening of the Volunteer Air Observer’s Post at Bogong - 1943

Photograph - Pretty Valley camp including workman's huts

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black and white photograph of Pretty Valley camp showing workman's huts and construction materials.

Historical information

At the Pretty Valley Dam site erection of staff quarters was completed in April, 1947 and accommodation for workmen commenced in 1948 but suspended on 11th May for winter and resumed on 9th November. Construction of this camp was completed in 1949. A large dam was proposed at this site but was never constructed. Instead a small diversion dam was built which diverts water either to Rocky Valley Dam or to McKay Creek Power Station.

Significance

An historical record of the type of accommodation provided for workmen during the construction of the Kiewa Hydro Scheme during the 1940's/50's

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten on back of photograph in blue pen - Pretty Valley

DVD - Kiewa Hydro Electricity Scheme - KIEWA

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

The DVD is nestled within a formed inner structure (case), which not only prevents the disc from moving to and fro but also unnecessary intrusion of foreign particles.This DVD is a TDK data/video recordable single sided 4.7 GB disc.It is a 1-16x speed.

Historical information

This DVD is a digital reproduction of a VHS produced by the State Electricity Commission of Victoria, to show the pristine state of the Kiewa River and Valley post the completion of the Kiewa Hydro Electricity Scheme (Circa 1950s), The late 1970s on wards was the beginning of deeper social scrutineering by pro environmental groups such as the Australian Wilderness Society (1976) and the Greens (political Party), before, during and after the construction phases of any man made structures in forest/bush areas which may or could damage or adversely affect the natural flora and fauna of sites. This promotional VHS, which was produced in the 1990s, was to project that unlike the Tasmanian State Electricity Commission (Franklin Dam issue), the Victorian State Electricity Commission acted in a way to protect the environment to the maximum level possible. With the passage of time since, and the issue of the global push to minimise carbon pollution, and as an alternative to coal fired power stations, the use of hydro electricity can now be seen as a highly efficient alternative to "coal powered" electricity.

Significance

This item provids a snap shot in time (1990) when the Kiewa Valley was still relatively under populated and holiday houses owned by city bound workers was still relatively insignificant. As more and more holiday makers retire to a small but friendly region(Kiewa Valley and Mount Beauty) the increase in visitor numbers will affect the local rural bush scene more and more. The changes that will occur (in time) can be measured against the scenes presented in this video. The additional resources provided by the State Electricity Commission of Victoria to "alpine bush" fire control and management, together with an ongoing educational scheme for school children in learning about what constitutes the Alpine country's unique environment, are a very important offshoot, benefitting to both the communities within the Kiewa Valley and regional Victoria.

Inscriptions & Markings

"KIEWA" on disc.

Double Ended Tonsil Dissector

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Double ended - used to dissect tonsils Long stainless steel with curved flat end and at other end 90 degree angle hook with 3 curved points. Middle wider with etching.

Historical information

This medical / hospital instrument was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950s specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme.

Significance

Historical: Shows the development of scientific hospital equipment. Provenance: Used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was remote and therefore required good equipment.

Inscriptions & Markings

Etching into steel in middle, wider part - both sides. H.A.T. MELB. - next to etching at hook end. Stainless - next to etching at 'spoon' end facing other way to hook end.

Mt Beauty High School Blazer

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Dark green blazer made from pure wool flannel. Size 38. with 3 green buttons down the front left side where the edge meets the right side (no overlap). ! pocket bottom right and bottom left sides. 1 on top left side. Top left pocket has coloured school emblem embossed on as part of the pocket. Long sleeves lined with white cotton. On inside of top pocket is make of blazer with 'J. Nelson' sewn on. inside middle back of collar a small label of maker.

Historical information

Mt Beauty High School commenced in 1953 as a Higher Elementary school as the need for a secondary college grew with the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme. It became the Mt Beauty High School in 1964. The blazer was part of the winter uniform.

Significance

Historical: Education in Mt Beauty commenced relatively late so there was less of a tradition The decision to adopt a uniform is of interest to compare with other schools and the times.

Inscriptions & Markings

Outside left pocket: 'High School' above picture of mountains and river and below 'Mount Beauty.' Inside left pocket. Pinehurst / Blazer/ 'J. Nelson' sewn over (what might be Made by / Stamina / The "Doctor" pure Wool Flannel & tag 38. On middle inside at collar: Stamina / Production

Bottle - Cordial

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Small clear glass bottle with rectangular base, straight sides two thirds of the way up and then tapering gradually to the opening. It has a metal goldish coloured lid. The label on the back gives directions for making cordial. The label on the front is blue and white and torn with only about one quarter of it left.

Historical information

Cordial was bought at the local grocery shop or supermarket in the bigger towns/cities. Glass bottles were used for cordial concentrate before plastic became more popular and cheaper. These bottles came in many shapes and sizes.

Inscriptions & Markings

Embossed on base: 861 On the label, my guess would be: (concentr)ated / (Li)me/ (Le)mon / ...ar syrup

Book - Maths - Whitcombe's Federal Mathematics for Grade VIII

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Grey thin cardboard cover with two black lines around the perimeter the outside one being thicker than the inside one. Writing in black

Historical information

Education in Mathematics in the Victorian Education Department Schools in the 1920s. Tas Davies was a farmer in the Kiewa Valley.

Significance

Historical: Education compared over the years with the use of Mathematic text books and the Victorian education Department. Provenance: Tas Davies local farmer of the Kiewa Valley and his education. He worked on the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme.

Inscriptions & Markings

Whitcombe's / Federal / mathematics / for / Grade VIII. / Edited by J. McRae, M.A. / Vice Principal Teachers' College Victoria / Re-written to meet the requirements of the 1920 Revision / of the Victorian Programme of instruction / emblem / Revised Edition / Melbourne / Auckland Christchurch Dunedin Wellington / and Londaon / Whitcombe & Tombs Limited / 1/9 Written in ink on inside cover page 'Mrs Davies'. In pencil 'Tas Davies'

Tool Spring Set

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This cast iron Spring Setting tool has a main body of angle iron contours with one end tappered into a flat circular extension with a slit (3/32" wide) running from the top to nearly the centre(15mm). This slit is to allow the bending of each "cutter tooth" of the cross cut saw. The "bottom of this slit has a semi circular ending. Protruding from one side of the bar body, and close to the "slit" is a tounge like extension (wedge) to fasten the spring set tool into a tree stump. See KVHS 0090 (A) for its Raker/Jointer saw sharpening guage set partner. Also see KVHS 0090 (C) for the associated wrench.

Historical information

This is part of a crosscut saw raker/jointer/guage set used to bend the tip of each cutter tooth for cross cut logging saws. The logging saws used in the early 1900's for the clearing of forests required constant sharpening of their "cutting teeth". The logging of forested areas during these times was very much a "hands on" method of either one or two men by the use of saw or hand axe. This item was used by the surveyors commissioned by The S.E.C. Victoria Kiewa Hydro Electricity Scheme project mapping the relevant Alpine region. Chain saws, chain and ball(clearing) and bulldozing methods came in the mid 1900's.

Significance

This particular saw sharpening method was used by surveyors laying down boundaries for the S.E.C. Victoria Hydro Electricity Scheme (1920's). This item was given to a local Kiewa Valley lad who accompanied the initial surveyors. The lad was responsible for the tendering and feeding of the surveyors "pack horses". Surveys work during this period and in these dense mountainous terrain of the Victorian Alps was both exhausting and hazardous. Overnight accommodation at various log cabins was not always possible and swag/tent alternative was the "fall back".

Inscriptions & Markings

On one side of the bar "DISSTON U.S.A."

Booklets - Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme - 1. "Power From Kiewa" and 2. "Victoria's Hydro Power"

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

1. Colored soft cover with photo of McKay Creek Power station on the front and Mt Beauty township on the back. Published by the SECV 2. Colored soft cover with Rocky Valley Dam on the front and inserted photo of a stream and snow on the back. Published by the SEC.

Historical information

1. The State Electricity Commission of Victoria built the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme from the 1930's to the 1960's. This booklet was to inform visitors and to promote tourism. 2. The State Electricity Commission built several hydro power stations from 1928 - 1981. This booklet names each with a summary and explanation.

Significance

The State Electricity Commission of Victoria built the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme establishing infrastructure such as the Bogong and Mt Beauty townships and the opportunity for tourism in the area.

Jigsaw Puzzle

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Boxed Jig-saw puzzle depicting the Cunard White Star passenger ship. approx 200 wooden pieces inside box Box is white colored cardboard. Top of box has a short 6mm wide cotton string to fasten the lid to the main box frame. The fastening mechanism on the bottom of box is not present.

Historical information

1920s voyage on the "White Star" from England to Australia.

Significance

Historically a voyage from England to Australia in 1920s took a fair few weeks depending on how many refueling stops had to be made. Self Entertainment was a must.

Inscriptions & Markings

Picture of a Cunard ship on front lid together with the Cunard flags. The white star line. Under side - "box register design No 784900" front lid has penned in blue ink "Wilson" One side has two labels affixed on. One "a cruising liner" and one "Containing approx 200 pieces"

Churn Butter - Wooden

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Wooden box with a metal handle for turning the blades /paddles /slats inside the box.These blades churn the cream when the handle is turned. There is also a wooden handle and a wooden lid.

Historical information

This type of butter churn was used around the early to mid 20 century by household and small farms of the Kiewa Valley who kept cows for Milk. The buy product of the milk was cream and butter. Once the cows had been milk, often by hand, women would place the milk in shallow dish, and next morning the cream would be separated from the milk. Or a cream separator machine would be used. The cream would then be churned by the paddles in the butter churner until it formed in butter clumps. Butter Pats would be used to take the butter out and press into triangle butter blocks

Significance

This butter churner is significant due to its historical value which explains how butter was made by hand before this process became mechanistically made. Many houses or small farms in the Kiewa Valley had these butter churns to make their own butter for their household or to sell. This has very good interpretation significance as it adds to the history of dairy industry in the Kiewa Valley.

Register School Administration - Absence Register School No. 2539 Mullindolingong

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Green coloured cardboard backed book with two large staples holding each page at the left side of the spine Each page of has been folded in half from a 51cm overall length to produce each individual page of the register. This method of production of the book provides 25 double sided pages.

Historical information

Historical look (early 20th century) at the administrative requirements for the running of a small country school. The level of accountability was limited to a monthly report and a visit from the District Inspector. This was still in the era where paper reporting was utmost and faster electronic reporting had still to be implemented.

Significance

The significance of this register is that it highlights the need in the early 1900s for travelling time, to and from, the duties required at a small country town to be detailed closely for a bureaucracy that was relatively isolated within the larger cities of Australia. Decentralisation of not only government but also of industry had not as yet entered the Australian environment. This register also shows that the written word was clearly hand scribed and thereby a more personal form of communication. This was still in the age where you " can tell a lot about a person from their handwriting" Lucy Goonan was Leonie Prime's relation and came from Glen Creek to teach at Mullindolingong School for a couple of years. None of the other names are 'known' names from the district.

Inscriptions & Markings

Markings on cover " Absence Register, School No........ At ......." Markings on inside cover " ABSENCE REGISTER." Underneath this heading there are six explanatory and conditional usage. Each page is printed with the heading ABSENCE REGISTER and underneath "Roll No. 191(part of initial year reference), Record No. Name of Teacher Position Date of Absence Cause of Absence No. of times absent from beginning of year, total number of days absence and remarks requirements staff /reason/time taken during the period 1923 to 1950. Each page was printed with only three numbers of the calender year 191-.This was so that each year could be manually inserted.

Bottle - Liquid Wax

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This brown opaque glass bottle with an oblong shape has a blue coloured "screw on" cap. It has a "wrap around" label glued firmly on the bottle and covers the front and sides.

Historical information

This bottle of liquid floor polish was manufactured before 1960(taken over by Wattyl) in a period when most of the floors in high traffic areas were covered in linoleum. Most of the floors using this product during this period would have been kitchens and laundries. During this period the cleanliness of the kitchen, hallways and eateries had to appear clean (cleanliness was a sign of a bacteria free area). This was a priority for kitchens, mess areas(SEC Hydro Scheme facilities) and connecting walkways. The cleanliness attitude was enhanced in the rural areas due to the "dirty" farm work not impinging upon the residential home.When Mount Beauty was first inhabited all the residential and worker's facilities were a prime area for linoleum floor surfaces. The liquid floor polish was in great demand, "a polished floor is a clean floor".

Significance

This bottle of liquid floor polish is very significant to the Kiewa Valley, not only that it covers the floors of every home and residential barracks of the first major development of a "town" now known as Mount Beauty but also it demonstrates that the "cleanliness" approach of early Australians living areas in the rural regions was "on par" with its city cousins. It is the smaller types of mores that underlie the "mushrooming" cultural and psyche "wholeness" of an ever expanding Australian culture.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the front main label under a red line, "SPARTAN" underneath in smaller print "For use on" below this, "LINOLEUM, RUBBER, COMPOSITION AND HARDWOOD FLOORS" besides this is an encircled Trade Mark of a "Spartan Warrior holding a spear and shield" these word follow the curviture of the circle and are below it "TRADE MARK REGISTERED" Below this are "SUPER FLOOR GLOSS" to the left in very small print "Nett Contents 16 Fluid Ounces". Below this on a blue background and in white print"LIQUID FLOOR WAX WATER REPELLENT". On the bottom of the label "Made under licence by HARDIE TRADING LIMITED for SPARTAN PAINTS PTY, LIMITED" below this in small print "Melbourne, Sydney, Adelaide, Brisbane, Perth, Hobart, Launceston, Geelong. Embossed on the bootm of the glass is" G/M

Pamphlet - Bright Tourism - Guide to Bright and District

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This pamphlet has a front cover in colour with the major activities in the region sketched depicting : sunshine, snow skiing, trout fishing, mountain climbing, golfing, swimming, alpine views, tennis, lawn bowls and picnics. The back cover is blank. The pamphlet is fastened together by two staples 30mm from top and bottom, and is folded with the cover slightly thicker than the fifteen pages. Thirteen pages have been printed on both sides. The first page has a black and white photograph of the hotel Alpine and the tall brick constructed Clock Tower. There are another five black and white photographs in the pamphlet.

Historical information

This publication was produced in the early 1950s to provide the growing tourism trade (at this time), to the region with a more detailed overview of the facilities available to tourists of the region's attractions. This brochure is a very efficient and effective promotional publication. The increasing level of self promotion by local business and commerce sectors of the region the more sought after the region became and the greater the ability of the region to grow (non rural based economy). Some of the regions unique facilities and geological structures are well suited to those tourists who live in cities and "flat land" regional bush areas within Australia. This was a period when the average Australian domestic tourist was more able (finance and transport wise) to see more of their country within the short time they had for "holidays". In the late 1900s, however, with the increase to workers' recreational leave and better transportation (fares, ease of travel to overseas destinations) the local tourism numbers from other domestic locations have been steadily declining. From the 1970s onwards, the increased tourism demand from overseas tourists, for better facilities and easier access to these regional facilities, resulted in better transport, accommodation and communication, which has been a boon for all tourism within Australia. In the 21st century the world is becoming smaller and smaller for the international tourist, especially for those from crowded Asian cities. The greater attraction for "open" spaced locations such as this region are becoming a much sought after change of scenery.

Significance

This pamphlet which targets the tourist, whether either from other Australian regions or the global tourist, is a good example of self promotion by a relatively small local population. This is especially significant because before the "tourist explosion" in the 1950s onward, these regional areas had a more introspective society with greater emphasis to locally established mores and values. The increased interactions with people from other areas and nations, combined with a greater global communication network is affecting those traditionally established mores to produce a some what unique social transformation which is constantly changing from one generation to the next. One important factor which tourism does bring is that it opens up the region to a wider range of people who look to the region for their own lifestyle changes.

Inscriptions & Markings

on front cover "Guide to BRIGHT"

Photograph Bogong Township - Bogong Township Circa 1940s right side view

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Scanned copy of original black and white photo. Paper manufacturer is Kodak. Paper is Kodak XtraLife II.

Historical information

The Bogong Township (circa 1930s) was constructed by The State Electricity Commission of Victoria as a base camp for construction workers under the Kiewa Hydroelectric Scheme starting in 1938. The Scheme employed 4000 men during its construction phase. A small number were first housed at Bogong Village and when required the Mount Beauty Township was established(1949). Construction at the dams and Power Stations was interrupted during World War II. June 1951 started construction at full pace.

Significance

The Bogong Township was developed firstly as an accommodation centre (base camp) for construction workers employed under the Kiewa Hydroelectric Scheme. Due to the influx of European workers into the Township the beautification of the immediate surrounds(gardens etc.) had a distinct European flavour. This environment has been very beneficial for tourism in later years. Strict environmental control has not allowed for any extensive redevelopment in tourist accommodation and basically restricted it to the accommodation initially built for the construction workers. Activities such a bike riding, snow skiing, restricted horse riding and bush walking on the Alpine plains and mountains are now a viable part of the Kiewa Valley Tourist Industry.

Inscriptions & Markings

On reverse side "Kodak ExtaLife II paper"

Book - Historical - SECV - Three Decades. The Story of the State Electricity Commission of Victoria from its Inception to December 1948

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Hard cover blue bound book with the SECV insignia and the title "Three Decades" both in gold on the front cover. Book includes coloured and black and white photos.

Historical information

At the time of writing this book The State Electricity Commission of Victoria had been in existence for 30 years. This book tells something of its progress and achievements during that period. It includes brown coal and water power. The Commission was to develop and use these natural resources through the expertise and experience of the Commissioners, its staff and employees.

Significance

Historical: Chapter 5 "The War Years - and Kiewa." describes the early stages of the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme. Photos, map and diagrams of the Kiewa Scheme are also included.

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten inside front cover: "Bob Burnett". Title page: hand written in print and crossed out: "L.D.Miller / Tawonga". Not crossed out - "(Cheryl)"

Pipe Tobacco Smoking

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This pipe has a bent stem and its style is cherrywood. The pipe has a permanent filter and a narrow tin band. The bowl is well pronounced (curved both top and bottom). The stem screws into the bowl , mid way up the bowl (similar to KVHS 0423 and KVHS.0424) and the stem is also made from bakelite (dark brown in colour). This stem is the same length as KVHS 0055.001 but the bit (mouth piece) has a gentler curve.

Historical information

Pipe smoking has been in vogue for centuries, and in Australia it was a symbol of the "discerning smoker" such as the landed gentry or men of professional status. This pipe, of the cherrywood style, would have suited the young professional of the mid and late 1900s. It is the type of pipe well suited to the rural backdrop. In the late 1900s, with the health related restrictions placed on public smoking these tobacco pipes were not immune from the legislation, and even though the pipe smoke was not as offensive as cigarette smoke it still came under the umbrella of smoking. Pipes were also used in the process of inhaling illicit drugs i.e. marijuana, but this use was limited to a very few. Smoking in the second millennium is being phased out as a social habit in Australia but may affect the few "private" smoker and has, as the United States prohibition era (alcoholic drinks) did, spawn an illicit trade in cheap contraband tobacco.

Significance

his type of pipe lends itself well to the rural setting of the Kiewa Valley and although it is a bit more bulky in shape its wooden barrel blends into the environment. The Kiewa Valley region was up until the late 1900s part of the Australian Tobacco Industry and the levels of men smoking pipes was enhanced by the ready supply, "off the fields", of tobacco leaves and the attitude to city based smoking restrictions was one of resentment..

Book - Commerce Savings - Bank of Australasia Beechworth Branch 1892 - 1895

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Discoloured white, hard cardboard book with brass clasp/clip early Pass book containing 45 pages. The page thickness is close to thin cardboard.

Historical information

Historically this item is from the early to late 1890's. This Item documents the day to day commerce and financial transactions of a business in a regional centre of a rural district. It illustrates the greater degree of personal contact between bank staff and client, outside electronic money transfers and A.T.Ms. The personal activities especially in small towns between bank and customers made for a clearer and friendlier transaction interchange possible

Significance

This item clearly details pre Federation banking and the important link with English law and commerce. Regional banking was very strong and the rural sectors provided the "wealth of the nation". This confidence was backed by the assurances of the Royal Charter and the financial strength of the British Homeland. The strong Pound Sterling was the currency of the "Empire"

Inscriptions & Markings

No outside markings. Inside cover printed "The Bank Of Australia (Incorporated by Royal Charter, 1835)". Also Listed, the paid up capital, the reserve fund and regulatory information. The second page details the list of offices in Australia and the London office. Following pages credit debit information of typical bank Pass Book of "John Woodside No.2 A/C

Dispenser Mustard

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Small Ceramic jar with brown willow Chinese pattern. Copper hinged lid with recess for spoon. The spoon is required to dispense the mustard.

Historical information

This item would have been used as a salt container and would have been part of a dinner set. This would have been used for special occasions . It is in good condition and is a good example of this type salt storage jar. As this has a brown willow pattern instead of the usual blue it makes this make this salt despenser rare item.

Significance

This has social and historical significance as it shows what items families used for special dinner occasions. It is the only one our collection and therefore will have good interpretation value for exhibitions .

Purse Money Filigree

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This gold plated filigree money purse has a clasp on top for fastening purposes and has on either side inside a small extension frame which would have contained a felt/silk padding buffer. The buffer would have highlighted the intricate pattern of the filigree metalwork.

Historical information

This item has historical value as it shows part of the importance of fashionable money containers specific to a more affluent rural family. The period when sheep properties producing high grade wool were providing Australia with the high yield capital return to sustain an ever growing population. This was an era where most of the manufactured goods were imported from England and the European continent.

Significance

This has relevant significant value as it portrays the earlier reliance that the growing Australian population had from the rural sector. The wealth capital was from the rural sector and the elaborate fashion accessories, such as this money purse, shows how that wealth was utilised. The Kiewa Valley was part of the "rich" farm regions of Victoria and besides gold mines and tobacco plantations, dairy and cattle properties provided for not only the needs of the Victorian region but also the rest of Australia.

Tobacco Hand Press

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Wooden, panelled red (painted on outside) rectangular box on side are iron bars with steel reinforcements around the box, near the top and bottom on 4 sides and across the middle on the 2 ends and front (not back). Diagonal steel between bottom and middle iron on the front. Ends: 2 iron bars from the ground curved up to top holding an iron rectangular beam that goes from end to end. Midway of beam is a vertical long screw at the top of which is a cross formation of 4 iron rods forming a handle for turning. Inside, the screw is attached to an iron frame which is attached to a wooden panelled platform enabling it to be raised or lowered as required.

Historical information

Tobacco farming began circa 1960 in the Kiewa Valley and consequently became one of it major industries. Many of the italian families were involved in tobacco farming.

Significance

Historical: This equipment was used on one of the first tobacco farms in the Kiewa Valley at Mongans Bridge. Provenance: This tobacco farmer came from Italy and was sponsored to visit a tobacco farmer in Myrtleford to learn how to grow tobacco so that he could transfer those skills to his own farm in the Kiewa Valley.

Folder - Booklets of Interest - Recipes, Mowers, Irons, Bottling fruits and vegetables

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Orange plastic with clear front cover with 7 clear sleeves / pages including books. Includes: Butterless Recipes booklet; Recipe book with missing pages; Cakes, Buns and Biscuits 1956 book; Steam Iron & Victa 2-stroke pamphlets; Gas Home Service Recipes; Victa Mower catalogue; Fowler's method of Bottling Fruits and Vegetables book.

Historical information

Pamphlets enclosed are old eg. when flourless recipes were a novelty, when Victa lawnmowers and steam irons were new and when bottling fruit was done using Fowler's bottling kits.

Significance

Families in the Kiewa Valley cooked at home as access to eating out wasn't available locally. Items that made living easier were becoming more common.

Photographs x 2- Halford truck

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

2 black and white photographs mounted on buff card 1. Photograph of Halford truck with man on white horse riding alongside. Presumably in a parade. Dated 11th July, 1972 when truck was no longer in service. 2. Photograph of Halford truck followed by a horse and buggy. Date unknown

Historical information

The Hallford truck was made by J & E Hall, of Dartford, England, whose business commenced in 1785. In 1926 the Fisher family of Mongan's Bridge took delivery of the 1923 Hallford truck which was used on the farm to transport cream to the Kiewa Butter Factory in Tangambalanga. In 1967, the truck was sold to Mr Greg Bedstead and other members of the Kiewa Valley Historical Society for the KVHS who reimbursed them at a later date. The truck was housed at the Butter Factory for many years and was paraded on special occasions.

Significance

This truck was used to transport cream to the Kiewa Butter Factory from the Fisher family's dairy farm at Mongan's Bridge. At other times a tyre was removed and a belt attached to run a chaff cutter. This truck has historical significance as it is presentative of vehicles which were used by farmers to transport cream to the butter factories by a local family. Furthermore, it has social significance as KVHS members combined their finances to purchase this truck so it would be part of our collection. It is well provenanced and has an excellent interpretive capacity.

Inscriptions & Markings

1. Handwritten in black ink above photo 'Halford truck N.E. Dairy Co. Kiewa. 11 July, 1972' 2. No markings

Dress

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This brown shirt waister dress has an 'A' line skirt with an inverted pleat on the lower half of both the front and back. The dress has a 'Peter Pan' collar, matching belt, pockets and short sleeves. There are 3 bound button holes and buttons, gold set with pearls, only one is complete. The front top, cuffs and pockets are embroidered with cream lace. There is a press stud and hook at the neck. There is also a side zip opening in the skirt.

Historical information

Mrs Clare Roper wore this dress to a garden party at Buckingham Palace when she was invited there to represent the Lions Club.

Significance

The Roper Family is one of the pioneering farming families of the Kiewa Valley. They built and used Ropers Hut on the High Plains. The dress worn by Clare Roper has historical significance as it represents the importance of the CWA which Claire Roper was involved with as President thus being invited to Buckingham Palace. The dress also shows the fashions of the time and indicates ladies living in the small country towns still viewed fashion as important. Since we know it was Clare Ropers dress it is well provenances, is in reasonable condition and has very good interpretive capacity.

Black and white photograph of farmland - Kiewa, 25/8/38

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black and white photograph of grazing farmland with one animal standing in the paddock. The area could possibly be where the golf course now stands with the road to the high plains not yet commenced.

Historical information

This photograph was taken in August, 1938, some eight years prior to the establishment of Mt. Beauty a a township. The area was still being used for grazing, and the land was eventually acquired from the local land owners by the State Electricity Commission. The construction of the road, from Tawonga to the High Plains, was commenced in April, 1938 and this photograph was taken August, 1938. This allowed men and heavy equipment to be transported to the work sites for the construction of the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme. Prior to this access was by bridle trail, either on horse back or on foot. By 1946 housing construction had commenced for the new town of Mt. Beauty and by 1948 street construction in the southern part of the town was completed as far as Hill Street.

Significance

This photograph is important as it shows the upper Kiewa Valley as it was before the establishment of the town of Mt. Beauty. The land has been cleared of natural vegetation to allow grazing of cattle.

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten in the upper left hand corner 'Kiewa 25/8/38'. The number 7 has been stamped in the upper right hand corner. It is part of a set of 8 photographs. On the back are the words Velox repeated several times, indicating the type of photographic paper

Folder - Family History - Roper Family

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Plastic red cover with transparent front held by 2 white metal slide clips. 5 clear plastic sheets holding 5 typed sheets.

Historical information

The Roper Family farmed at Mullindolingong Station at the head of the Kiewa Valley in the 1850's.

Significance

The Roper family was a pioneer family of the Kiewa Valley.

Photograph - Tawonga Valley 1937

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black and white photograph of Tawonga Valley looking towards Mt Beauty

Historical information

Hume and Hovell discovered the area in 1824 and by the end of the 19th century the valley was transformed by logging, dairy and beef cattle properties and tobacco farms.

Significance

Historic photograph of the Tawonga Valley as it appeared in May 1937

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten on rear of photograph in pencil - Thursday May 6th, 1937. Tawonga Valley

Bottle - Spirits

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Clear smooth glass bottle almost rectangular but with curved sides and corners. Long straight sides three quarters of the way up tapering to a short straight neck separated by a lip to the opening. Lightly embossed at the front towards the bottom. It has 4 lines of print in capital letters. The base is curved inwards and therefore rounded. Used for storing rum.

Historical information

Spirits came in bottles sold at licensed premises either locally or in larger cities visited during shopping expeditions. The shape of bottles varied and were re cycled remaining the property of the manufacturer who paid for their return. History of the Distillery Corporation.

Significance

Historical: Change of bottles - shape, glass, embossing. collected by bottle collectors Aesthetic: Display showing variations of shape and embossing

Inscriptions & Markings

Side: 'This Bottle / Is the Property / of the / Distillery Corporation (?)' Base: '122' and '0'

Bottle - Cream

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Clear glass bottle with straight sides three quarters of the way up from the base. It tapers in a little to the opening. There is a lip on the rim.

Historical information

Cream came in bottles bought at the local store or at a large city store on a shopping expedition. The shape of the bottles changed as did the stopper used to seal it.

Significance

Historical: Change of bottles - shape, size, stopper, embossing, use Aesthetic: Display showing embossing, size and shape

Inscriptions & Markings

Base: 626

Bottle - Medical

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Baby's feeding bottle. Small clear glass bottle with heavy embossing on the side and wide lip at the opening.

Historical information

This bottle was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950's specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme.

Inscriptions & Markings

On side vertically: Nestle / Lactogen / Regd and opposite: at the top 'MLS with a gauge underneath from 120, 100, 50 with horizontal lines every 10 ml

Book - Country Women's Association of Victoria - Myart Knit & Crochet

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Small coloured 16 page book with a cover showing 4 squares of knitted and crocheted items. At the top the book has a light green background with white writing and some black writing. The back cover is similar with 4 different items. The book is bound with 2 staples. The book has patterns with instructions for knitted & crocheted items.

Historical information

This book was used by members of the Tawonga C.W.A.. The group exhibited their handicrafts and made items for charity. The Tawonga branch of the C.W.A. commenced on the 7th Feb. 1946 and often combined activities with the other branches in the Kiewa Valley. The C.W.A. aimed to improve health, welfare and education for women and children in the country.

Significance

Women living in Tawonga were mostly on farms and, in 1946, when the branch commenced would have been feeling more remote with WW11 having had an effect on available workers and the well being of the women and children.

Inscriptions & Markings

Cover: 'Myart / Knit & Crochet' - on left. 'Handcraft / Nylon Yarn' - on right. 'Teijin 40c / Book 14' - top right in black

Letters - Dorothy Anderson Collection

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

1. Newspaper cutting titled "Address To Mount Bogong by Michael Thwaites" in the form of a poem. 2. Handwritten poem re "The Tawonga Hall Ghost" by Mary Pricilla Johnson (nee Reid) 3. A copy of each of the above.

Historical information

Dorothy Anderson collected these original poems about the local area - Mount Bogong and the Old Tawonga Hall and written by local people.

Significance

These items were the property of Tawonga citizen, Mrs Dorothy Anderson, who passed away in 2014 aged 90 years. Michael Thwaites and Pricilla Johnson (nee Reid) were also local people who lived in the Kiewa Valley.

Sabre Haemorrhoid Ligator

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

In a white cardboard box 2 metal instruments. One is a pair of scissors with 'teeth' at the handle end and a bow at the instrument end when the ends meet The scissors are bent before the pivot. The other instrument is a long rod with a screw at one end that turns the other end around. This other end has a funnel that comes to a point. A holding instrument used during the operation.

Historical information

This medical instrument was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950s specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme.

Significance

Historical: Shows the development of scientific hospital equipment. Provenance: Used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was remote and therefore required good equipment.

Inscriptions & Markings

On box, in pencil "Mrytleford Clinic' / Pile Driver

Mould Butter

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This well crafted circular wooden butter mould could also be used as a butter pat.The handle in the middle of the mould was not added after the crafting but has been fashioned from the initial block of wood when the bowl was crafted. The bowl structure has a rim around the edge.

Historical information

This butter mould/pat may have been manufactured post 1967(year post codes appeared in Australia) however the post code was only stamped on after it was machined. This type of butter mould was used by rural families to fashion home/farm made butter. This period was in most rural regions a time of self sufficiency where any domestic type implement which could be fashioned by the family would be crafted with skill. Shopping for goods required catalogues from stores located in major rural towns and cities and involved lengthy waiting times. Travelling to and from these specialised stores was not pleasant due to the relatively poor quality of the roads and the lengthy times taken. The small general stores in the Kiewa Valley could not cater for all the needs of the valley. The 1960's was a time when facilities especially goods and services started to improve drastically. The S.E.C. of Victoria with its Kiewa Hydro Electricity Scheme provided not only an improvement of facilities in the valley but also a increase in the population. This increase resulted in a greater demand for local produce.

Significance

This item is one of many domestic food processing implements used by Kiewa Valley households in the mid 1900s, whether on the farm or in the small towns and hamlets. Self sufficiency was the key to survival during these early times. Where ever possible supplies from within the valley were preferred to that brought in by travelling salesmen or traders. This butter mould and butter pat was commonly used to fashion "home" made butter throughout the valley and in some cases supplied to "outside" regional towns. Although this method of production was phased out by better access to goods from nearby cities the revival of the good organic home grown produce in the 1980s saw a greater demand of this type of farm based produce.

Inscriptions & Markings

The top of the handle has an ink stamp "T. & W. Dav" on the top line and "Tawonga 3697" underneath.

Bottle - Spirits

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Small clear glass with mottled pattern and embossed with 4 rows of small squares around the bottom. On 1 side the glass is clear and shaped as a rectangle joined to a circle sitting on top of the rectangle. The opening is heavily embossed for a screw top. The sides are straight for three quarters of the way up then sharply taper to the neck before the lip and opening. Embossed on the base. The shape of the bottle is rectangular with curved ends.

Historical information

Spirits came in bottles sold at licensed premises either locally or in larger cities visited during shopping expeditions. The shape, embossing and size of bottles varied. Small bottles of whisky or gin were used as a comforting drink for the sick. The embossed squares pattern was used on bottles containing medicine or poison.

Significance

Historical: Change of bottles - shape, size, glass, embossing Aesthetic: Display showing embossing, shape and size.

Inscriptions & Markings

Common seal: 'A' followed by 'GB36' or '6836' followed by 'M'

Photograph of Lake Guy Dam, Walkway - Inside Lake Guy Dam

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black and white photograph of the walkway through Lake Guy (Junction) Dam wall.

Historical information

Lake Guy Dam is a 'slab and buttress' type wall. A timber frame is built and then filled with concrete. The first batch of concrete was placed in September, 1940. By June, 1941 the buttresses were finished to a height safe from floods and in October of that year a flood of 2,800 cusecs occurred but with only slight damage to the installations. Industrial trouble caused some delays but there was also slow progress on the part of the contractor and the work was taken over by the S.E.C., terminating the contract. The dam was completed in March, 1944. A walkway was made through the dam wall. Lake Guy was named after Mr. L.T. Guy who was the Resident engineer, in charge of construction work and associated activities on the Kiewa Area from 1939 to November 1946.

Significance

Shows the walkway placed as part of the Lake Guy (Junction) Dam wall. A very good pictorial reference for the future.

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten in blue ink on back of photograph "Inside Lake Guy Dam".

Pot Melting

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This black melting pot is made of cast iron. The lid is missing. The top rim of the pot has three lips for poring accuracy. The formation of these lips are in a "triangle" formation. The top section of the body has a curve inwards reducing the pot diameter from 270mm at the base to 135mm.at the top. The handle is made from heavy gauge wire which is fastened to the body through two lugs (welded onto the top section of the pot) and fasten through a hole at the top of each lug. The handle has a "U" shape as it goes through the lug hole, ensuring no accidental fixture to any side thus allowing free swiveling from one side to the other .

Historical information

Before 1908 the words "melting pot" was a term relating to a "crucible" with a meaning of "a pot in which metals and other substances are melted (fused) to provide metal items of varying shapes and uses. From the mid 1900's this term changed and became more related to the "mixing" of social and ethnically diverse populations. The description used here is that of pre 1908. This melting pot was used in the early to late 1900's when produce and hardware shops were too far away from the Kiewa Valley and time was at the essence. The ability to manufacture as many "crucial " items at the home property was the difference between running a successful rural business or not. The isolation of the Kiewa Valley (before the 1950's), hindered the "time down" of machinery and important "widget" replacements. The ability of self sufficiency on properties is still a boon to rural properties as time lost is never really recovered.

Significance

This melting pot is highly significant to the Kiewa Valley as it provides evidence that the graziers and cattle stations required to be self sufficient in all aspects of day to day maintenance and replenishment of worn materials requiring to be "manufactured " at the property and lack of replacements from commercially shelved products. This aspect of "survival" in the "bush" can be seen in the "huts" built on the Bogong High Plains to accommodate the seasonal grazing of cattle from the Kiewa Valley.

Inscriptions & Markings

"BH" indented within a diamond shape. Opposite "No 3"

Stereoscope

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Dark green wooden box with padded protection around the perimeter and on lid where 2 rectangular pieces of wood touch the stereoscope. The box is fitted with wooden dividers that fit around the stereoscope. The stereoscope is green metal with folding legs and sides attached to allow the stereoscope to sit on a surface. The instrument has 2 round glass ('mirrored viewing lens') cylinders eye distance apart, that allow light in from the side swinging doors. The amount of light is constricted by a rectangular piece of metal at the top of each leg. The box has swing clips used to close it and a metal swing handle all on the front side.The hinges are reinforced (and offer protection) by additional rubber pieces at each end. Inside the box is a brush made of bristle with a wooden handle - used for cleaning.

Historical information

The stereoscope was an interpretation device used to interpret aerial photography and the landscape. It was used by National Parks Victoria located at Mt Beauty to look at aerial photos so that they showed up the relief of the topography and therefore looked 3D.

Significance

Used by National Parks Victoria staff located at the Mt Beauty office during the 1970's and early 1980's.

Inscriptions & Markings

Outside and top of box: written in black: No. 1026. On blue tape beneath: Mirror stereoscope 1026. written in black centre top of box: W10/WKA.0233. On front edge of box written in black: W10/WKA 0233. Inside box lid on silver plaque: Stereoscope Universal/ Made in / Australia / Die Casters Ltd. Victoria

Leur Lock Syringe

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

The syringe holds 10cc Used to administer liquid drugs. Glass hollow cylinder with needle end steel and with fitting to attach needle. Glass plunger, hollow with wider solid top which prevents the plunger going into the hollow cylinder too far. Glass cylinders frosted.

Historical information

These medical / hospital instruments were used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950s specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme.

Significance

Historical: Shows the development of scientific hospital equipment. Provenance: Used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was remote and therefore required good equipment.

Inscriptions & Markings

Hollow cylinder has markings for quantity of fluid (up to 10cc) On the other side "TOP / Reg. Trade Mark / Interchangeable" The plunger has no markings.

Book - English - English Assignments

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Grey book with 2 lines around the perimeter, the outside one thicker than the inside one. Black writing. Cover is of thin cardboard.

Historical information

English Education in the 1950s. Roy Davies who grew up and lived on a dairy farm in the Kiewa Valley.

Significance

Historical: Comparison of education in Victoria. Provenance: The Davies family and their education living in an isolated valley, attending local country schools.

Inscriptions & Markings

In black: English / Assignments / for Senior Classes / By / L. G. Mahony / small coloured in black diamond / Pellegrini & Co. / Pty. Ltd. / 543 George St Sydney / In the Myer Emporium, Melbourne / 370 Queen St., Brisbane / 68 Gawler Place, Adelaide / 820 Hay St., Perth Roy Davies 4 B in smudged blue ink on inside cover page. And stamped below 'The Assembley Book Shop / 44 Margaret Street / Sydney

Trophies - Glass - Tawonga Primary School

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Clear glass with gold metal brim and embossed in gold on two sides. Base is solid tapering up to the glass sides.

Historical information

The Tawonga Primary School was a weatherboard building built on 8 acres. In 1900 a fire destroyed the building and its records. The school was then moved to the Old Tawonga Hall before a new one was built in 1910 on land donated by Frank Cooper. In 1937 and 1954 further buildings were added. Tobacco farming and the building of the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme increased the number of pupils during the 1950s and 1960s. This glass represents the celebration held when the school became 100 years old.

Significance

Tawonga Primary School was established for the children of the farmers of the Kiewa Valley in 1880 and later for children of the tobacco farmers and workers on the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme. The history of the school reflects the activities of the people living in the valley and in particular Tawonga township.

Inscriptions & Markings

On one side: Gold embossed picture of school building On opposite side: Gold embossed 2 circles - Inside inner one: 1880 - 1980. Between this and outer circle - Tawonga Primary School No 2282. Underneath both circles gold embossed: Centenary

Book - Maths - Arithmetic for Grade V

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Green cloth covered - hard cover book.

Historical information

This Arithmetic book was used by all Grade 5 students in the Victorian Government Schools during the 1940s. Each child owned one

Significance

Historical: Represents all students of the time in Victoria and enables education to be compared with that of the present day.

Inscriptions & Markings

On cover, in black, ARITHMETIC / FOR / GRADE V. In circle an emblem in black and around this circle another with "Education Department Victoria" in black.