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Kiewa Valley Historical Society Mt Beauty, Vic

The Kiewa Valley Historical Society aims to preserve and conserve the history and heritage of the Kiewa Valley & district. Through the use of permanent, and temporary exhibitions, information walls, a photo gallery, a diorama of the Bogong High Plains, a model hydro system, and two DVD screens we show the area's history and highlights, that tell our social history, natural science areas and technological developments.
The collection has many artefacts that show the history and cultural heritage of the first indigenous people. Along with artefacts from pioneer settlers of the Kiewa Valley and Mount Beauty lived, worked and socialised. Items such as photos, books, farming equipment, hospital equipment, technological equipment from the Kiewa Hydro Scheme, household items, plus oral histories, and genealogy books are in our collection. All the items in the collection have either historical, technological or aesthetic significance to the Kiewa Valley and have good interpretive capacity. Artefacts have to meet this assessment criteria before being considered to be added into the collection. We do not buy, sell or give valuations for any artefacts at this stage.
The historical society Museum space shares the same premises as the Mt Beauty Visitor Information Centre. There is wheel chair access, a disability toilet and separate male and female toilets. Free parking is found the North side of the information centre. There is also a small seating area in the sun deck of the centre. The centre is with in walking distance from Mt Beauty main shopping centre and a 50 - 60 minute drive from the larger centres of Wodonga / Albury.
New members are always welcomed.

Contact Information

location
Mount Beauty Information Centre 31 Bogong High Plains Rd Mt Beauty Vic (map)
phone
+61 03 57541323
Contact

Opening Hours

10am to 4pm Monday to Thursday 9am - 5pm Friday to Sunday Closed Christmas Day

Entry Fee

Gold Coin Donation

Location

Mount Beauty Information Centre 31 Bogong High Plains Rd Mt Beauty Vic

View on Google Maps

The collection has authentic items which highlight the first peoples who roamed the Kiewa Valley. Along with the social history of the first white settlers of the Kiewa Valley and Mount Beauty lived, worked and socialised from the late 1800's onwards. Items such as photos, books, farming equipment, hospital equipment, technological equipment from the Kiewa Hydro Scheme, household items, plus oral histories, and genealogy records and books are in our collection.

Significance

The Kiewa Valley Historical Society collection has historic significance as it shows how the first white settlers lived and worked through out the valley. Scientific significance applies to the rock cores taken by the SEC during the construction of the hydro scheme. The indigenous stones & tools also have historic significane as they show the cultural heritage of the first people of the Kiewa Valley. Other than the archives, all items have interpretative capacity to be in the collection.

Gavin 3 January 2015 9:16 PM

Hello, I am after a book, Title: Tales of Gibbo gold : characters from the 1880s. Author: Morrow, John A. (John Alexander). Would you have this or know where I can purchase a copy? Thanking you, Gavin.

Gavin 3 January 2015 9:16 PM

Hello, I am after a book, Title: Tales of Gibbo gold : characters from the 1880s. Author: Morrow, John A. (John Alexander). Would you have this or know where I can purchase a copy? Thanking you, Gavin.

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1196 items

Typewriter with cover

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Large, heavy, hard plastic two toned grey typewriter. The keys board includes symbols for inches, pounds, dollars, cents and fractions. The margins and size of paper measurements are in inches.The keyboard slopes up to a vertical plane. On top the area is flat where there is a small gap which exposes the metal keys. The cylinder that holds and enables the paper to be moved is long with controls at each end and a large lever that returns the cylinder to the left. Behind the cylinder there is a compartment. The keys hit an inked tape (black or red and black) which forms an impression onto the paper. Mechanisms, using the correct buttons, enable margins etc. to be pre set. This typewriter sits 3 cm high from a base. Vinyl deep red/black cover sits on top covering top and sides to protect the typewriter from dust. It is homemade with 2 sides attached to 1 long piece.

Historical information

Typewriters pre date computers and were used by office workers eg. Secretaries for documents and letter writing. An inked tape was hit by the keys as it moved along which resulted in their imprint being copied onto paper. Multiple copies were made by inserting carbon paper between sheets of paper. The original was easily identified.

Significance

Used in the Kiewa Valley.

Inscriptions & Markings

Front top left: "Royal" Back top right "Made in England" Back silver paper sticker on top left "For Supplies and Service / Business Equipment Pty Ltd

Evacuation Plans for children during WWII

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Papers created by the State Emergency Council for Civil Defence, Premier's Department 1941 requesting Municipal Councils to survey people in case of the billeting of persons who may be evacuated from the more dangerous parts of Victoria. The Accommodation Survey lists the householder, details of the house, how many people living there and how many could be accommodated.There are also forms asking householders if they wish their children to be evacuated if necessary.

Historical information

During World War 2 the State Emergency Council for Civil Defence (Victoria) sent out forms to Municipal Councils requesting a survey to be carried out regarding the suitability of householders to accommodate persons, especially children, in the more dangerous parts of Victoria. Also, surveying parents as to their wishes regarding the evacuation of their own children if necessary.

Significance

The documents list householders living in the Kiewa Valley including Gundowring giving an insight into the families (size, age, religion, sex), the homes (size, number and type of rooms), Water supply, Conveyance (motor or horse drawn), distance from railway station and school.

Inscriptions & Markings

Forms filled out in ink.

Booklet - S.E.C.V. - Cooking for Christmas

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Small 12 page booklet with soft cover and two staples binding it. Cover has coloured photos of plates of food with the title in green at the top.

Historical information

The State Electricity Commission of Victoria's Home Advisory Service prepared this collection of recipes. They also assisted with advice and information on the best use of electricity in the home. The S.E.C. sold electrical appliances at their showrooms, one of which was located in Mt Beauty where this booklet came from.

Significance

The S.E.C.V. constructed the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme employing many workers. They built the townships of Bogong and Mt Beauty and assisted with the infrastructure required to support the influx of population. In the Mt Beauty shopping centre, one of the shops was the S.E.C. Showroom which sold electrical appliances and gave advice on their use along with recipe booklets for cooking on the new electrical appliances.

Bottle - Spirits

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Clear glass bottle used for whisky. Straight sides 190 mm high then a sharp taper to the neck which bulges a little and is 100 mm high. It had a cork stopper. It is embossed on the base.

Historical information

Spirits came in bottles sold at licensed premises either locally or in larger cities visited during shopping expeditions. The shape of bottles varied and were re cycled remaining the property of the manufacturer who paid for their return.

Significance

Historical: Change of bottles - shape, glass, embossing. Collected by bottle collectors. Aesthetic: Display showing embossing and the shape especially when in good condition.

Inscriptions & Markings

Base: A.G.M. A 6

Dress

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Brown Cotton Dress. Top and sleeves are lined in calico. Home made, with manual machine stitches and some hand sewing. The dress has a high round neck and long sleeves. There is a band around the waist to which a gathered skirt it attached with hand stitching. Two different shades of brown are used on this dress. Back opens with 8 hooks.

Historical information

This dress is hand made possibly by a mother for her daughters. It is hand and machine stitched. This style of dress would have been worn for special occasions, eg going to church or special outings.

Significance

This item is very significant for the following reasons. Historic and social - it shows what little girls wore during the early 1900's of the Kiewa Valley. It also shows fashion of the times and how these styles of dresses were made. All of which is valuable for research on these topics. There are only two of these dresses in the collection of the KVSH, and therefore would be very rare. The condition is good enough to display, therefore it has good interpretive capacity.

Inscriptions & Markings

Water stains on dress

Postcard - Junction Dam - Circa 1950

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This black and white photograph on a Valentine's postcard is from a V2 Argus photograph. It is on a 200g/m paper density one side gloss only/. See 0480 (A) -(L) for other photos of similar postcards.

Historical information

This postcard was produced in the 1950's for the tourist trade in the Kiewa Valley and Alpine region. It encompasses the period when the State of Victoria was pressured by the ever increasing demand by industry and its population for electricity supplies. Hydro electricity was seen as an untapped natural resource to quench this demand. The Victorian Alps and the rivers flowing into its valleys was ideal for the construction of the Kiewa Hydro Electricity Scheme. The late 1940's saw the development of this scheme and the changing of sections of alpine landscape is covered by this and other postcards/pictures (tourists, construction workers, and established rural populations). This period in time was before the established wildlife and forest/nature groups became political activist who changed legislative acts to protect the environment.

Significance

This rural region (Kiewa Valley/alpine plains) was at most only significant to a smaller group of winter sports, summer hikers/horse riders and rural farmers/graziers. The numbers of tourists and the increase in the local resident population was boosted by the construction of the Hydro Electricity Scheme. This influx to the regional population resulted in a corresponding diversity in services and brought about an environment that responded to a growing level of tourists and thereby permitting this industry to grow more rapidly than it would have naturally. This postcard details an attraction to the "cleaner" method of providing electricity. This postcard was purchased in 1950 by a surveyor at Landford's Gap.

Inscriptions & Markings

"JUNCTION DAM & SPILLWAY, LAKE GUY, BOGONG, KIEWA HYDRO-ELECTRIC PROJECT" "V5" on the flip side" VALENTINE'S POST CARD " "A GENUINE PHOTOGRAPH"

Anaesthetic Mask

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Metal egg shaped frame with metal pieces crossing longitudinally and across with attached moveable metal piece that holds cloth in when closed and fits into open hollow egg shaped frame. At one end is a flat metal piece that would rest on the forehead. Usually used for children. To add cloth (gauze or muslin) with anaesthetic (chloroform or ether) open the mask and place the cloth onto the frame. It clipped on and the fluid then dripped onto the cloth.

Historical information

This Anaesthetic Mask 'Schimmelbusch' mask was used to deliver chloroform or ether as an anaesthetic. When this mask was in use most doctors would have delivered the anaesthetic themselves. During the 1940s and 1950s, some nurses may have played an active role in the delivery of anaesthetics, particularly in remote areas and during wartime or doctor shortages. This medical / hospital equipment was the latest available in the 1950s when the Tawonga District General Hospital was built specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme.

Significance

Historical: Shows the development of scientific hospital equipment. Provenance: Used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was remote and therefore required good equipment. Good condition and good interpretation capacity.

Inscriptions & Markings

CHIRON GERMANY between handle and oval.

Book - Cooking - Centenary Cooking

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Yellow book with brown writing and sketch of school held together with brown hard plastic binding. It has 90 pages of recipes most of which give the contributor's name.

Historical information

The Tawonga School was a weatherboard building built on 8 acres of land catering for children from the surrounding grazing farms to ride their horses to school. It opened on 27th July 1880. The original school building and records were erased by fire in 1900. The Tawonga hall was used until 1910 when 3 acres of land was donated by Frank Cooper. It still operates today (2015) with its numbers having fluctuated over the years with the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme, tobacco farming and now tourism. The Tawonga community published a cook book to celebrate the school's centenary.This book may have also been used as a fund raiser.

Significance

The Tawonga school celebrated its centenary with a cookbook with contributions from the community. This indicates that the school was very proud of reaching its centenary and the community co-operated with each other to develop this book.This book is a good source of the names of people who lived in Tawonga in 1980.

Inscriptions & Markings

Tawonga State School Centenary 1880 - 1980 (stamped on front & back cover) In pencil on front cover: Ada Ryder An advertising for Kelvinator sticker has been stuck on the inside front cover with 18-3-92 written on it & on the inside back cover and 'Energy Rating' sticker.

Folder - History of the Tawonga & District Hospital

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

In a clear plastic folder. The papers include an Historical Record of the Tawonga & District Hospital 1949 - 1996. Also included are some old black and white photos and colored photos.

Historical information

Tawonga and District Hospital was built in 1949 at Tawonga for people in the Kiewa Valley. Later it was relocated to Mt Beauty in April 1961.

Significance

Tawonga and District hospital has served the Upper Kiewa community since 1949.

Inscriptions & Markings

"Notes re KVHS display"

Bottle - Cream

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Clear glass bottle with straight sides tapering towards the opening from half way up. The opening is wide with a thick glass rim. There is an inner rim inside the opening to hold a cardboard disc to seal it. It is heavily embossed on one side near the base.

Historical information

Cream came in bottles bought at the local store or at a large city store on a shopping expedition. The shape of the bottles changed as did the stopper used to seal it. Measurement of liquids was in pints pre 1966.

Significance

Historical: Change of bottles - shape, size, glass, stopper, embossing and use. Aesthetic: Display showing embossing and shape.

Inscriptions & Markings

Side: 'Imperial Half Pint'

Book - English Reader - The Victorian Readers Fifth Book

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Pale coloured pinkish plastic with white landscape picture in white on it covers the hard covered book. Parts of the plastic have small tears and is wrinkled.

Historical information

This book was supplied by the Victorian Education Department for all Grade 5 students at Government schools. Each student had one including the local family who passed it on to another family member. Books were covered to protect them. In this case a stiff, dull plastic.

Significance

Historical: Used by grade 5 students in Victorian Government Schools. Provenance: Used and handed down to family members in Tawonga where they lived and went to school.

Inscriptions & Markings

Inside front cover: Ann Louden On title page: G. Davies

Suitcase

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Suitcase brown, possibly lacquered cardboard with leather chrome studded reinforced corners. Lid has two silver coloured(chrome) clasps each end with chrome lock in centre. "D" rings for missing handle secured to main frame by leather straps, these having metal chrome studs. Substitute handle made from string. Metal protective trim on lid and top edge of suitcase compartment

Historical information

Typical early 1920's to late 1950's suitcases made in Australia using Australian and British manufactured clasps and locks. The majority of manufactured goods especially locks and other metal components were sourced from England. English manufacturers, who in that period, where still world leaders of most manufactured items.

Significance

This period 1920- 1950 shows the historical shift of the balance between the more complex metal imported items, mainly manufactured in Britain and that of the relevant infant stage of the developing manufacturing industries in the Australian market. The rarity of this type of suitcase is of significancy This suitcase belonged and was used by the C.W.A. of Tawonga.

Inscriptions & Markings

Lock stamped "Made in England" and two end clasps stamped "Made in Australia"

Photograph Tournapull - Tournapull C Scraper/Single Bucket

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black and white photograph on Kodak Xtralite II paper.(gloss)

Historical information

The machinery in this photo shows a Tournapull C earth moving machine, one of many during this period Circa 1950 - 1960s when hydro electricity powered turbines were being constructed in both the Victoria and New South Wales Alps. This was Australia's answer to a non polluting supply of electricity for a fast growing city population. It was at this time that air pollution from coal powered furnaces was becoming more and more under attack by health authorities.

Significance

This item is part of a visual account of the construction of dams and hydro electricity facilities during the early 1950s. It was the beginning of the environmental push not to allow the degrading of Australian Alpine regions. Air pollution of the major cities and the increase in power demands of both industries and population within them required an alternative pollution free alternative electricity supply. These for runners of Hydro electricity generators required both large supplies of machinery and human resources. This construction phase within the region brought not only tradesmen but also unskilled workers to an area which had mainly had farming and mining activities. It was the catalyst for the creation of the smaller towns/villages e.g. Bogong Village, Mount Beauty and Bright.

Inscriptions & Markings

paper marking on back Kodak Xtralite II paper

Timer Mechanical

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Historical information

This Timing Relay is quite a large (industrial type) apparatus. The Timer is started by having a voltage of 250 volts direct current (as supplied by batteries). A DC motor then rotates driving into a clockwork mechanism, the output of which is an arm rotating at the same speed as a minute hand on a clock. Attached to this arm is a mercury switch which tips and makes an electrical circuit operate in a sequence control system. The sequences that use these timers are when starting and stopping Hydro Generators. They check that the machine has connected to the power system grid before 20 minutes duration. Brakes must go on for a set time when shutting down a generator slowing at the right speed as measured by this apparatus. These generators are powered by the hydro force of "stored" water at a higher altitude. The establishment of both the NSW and Victorian Hydro schemes was achieved from the mid 1900's to the 1960's. At this point in time the need for additional power sources to quench both an industrial and domestic demand for electricity was purely an economic and not and environmental (carbon reduction) factor.

Significance

This Timing Relay apparatus is very significant to the Kiewa Valley as its use was introduced during the Kiewa Hydro Scheme. Although only a relay apparatus, it was however part of the explosion of human resources into the valley. This influx of population transformed the region from that of a basically quiet rural region to one which evolved into both an industrial and a larger residential community. This evolution in the valley created a change, not only in the "physical" landscape but also the socio-economic expansion which permitted other "tourist" based industries into the valley. This Hydro Scheme was instigated by "the Government of the day" as a bold move and was the major force behind the acceptance of World War II refugee and "technical" workforce. Inclusion of skilled and unskilled migration into the Australian environment was of a higher priority than a selective quota system of later years.. Although this mass "invasion" of workers with families was thought of in some circles as intrusive, the expansion of population post war years and its integration into the Australian rural sector, produced the multi- lingual, multi-cultural diversity of later years.

Tin Bushells

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This round tin of coffee with lid is made from pressed steel lid framed top and bottom. Sturdy cylindrical body is made of cardboard. Paper information label is pasted onto the container with promotional and logo information.

Historical information

Bushells tea and coffee producers started in Brisbane(1883) and expanded to Sydney, Melbourne(1899), Fremantle and finally to Auckland(1937). Like other Pacific Island sourced condiments Tea and coffee were a lot easier to import than British or European goods. Local Australian industries were starting to develop and grow to overcome the long transportation times and the high costs of goods from traditional suppliers. Bushells Pty Ltd is a prime example.

Significance

This "Bushells" Coffee tin is a good example of Australian "grown" condiment suppliers serving the "whole" of the Australian marketplace. Rural areas were not neglected and the purchase price for goods were a reasonable levels. Kiewa Valley experienced a population growth from the late 1940's and due to the migrant works in the Kiewa Hydro Scheme the greater use of coffee was initiated. Rural areas, on the whole, where the population was more connected to some degree with a British heritage lineage were predominately tea drinkers. The American film productions, however, screened in Australia post 1950's showing a greater degree of coffee drinking "stars" had a long term effect upon the drinking habits of the rural populous.

Inscriptions & Markings

In large print and on opposite sides are two manufacturers labels.The topprint and on a diagonal slant in gold letters on a dark blue background is "BUSHELLS" underneath this "PURE" and below this on a red background "COFFEE". On one side in smaller print "EASY TO MAKE" and below this "Use one dessert-spoonful for each cup of coffee desired. Place in the pot and pour over it fresh water briskly boiling. Let stand for five minutes, then strain". Below this "1 IB. net" and underneath is a signature "BUSHELLS" below this in small print "Pty. Ltd." Below this, in a vertical row are"SYDNEY MELBOURNE fREMANTLE AUCKLAND"

Medals & Spoons - Tawonga Bowling Club

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

5 silver spoons - 4 Tawonga Bowling Club with coloured picture on handle end. The 5th has 'Vera' on the handle end. 11 badges of varying shapes and colours all with pins, 2 silver, rest gold, 1 Ballarat, 1 Yallourn, 1 Bendigo, 6 Victoria, 1 Veteran and 1 'Vera Hore'

Historical information

Tawonga Bowling Club is well established with many local men and women involved. Bowling is a popular sport enabling locals to socialise and compete with each other and visit other clubs. Players formed teams representing the Tawonga Club and traveled to other clubs and on occasion represented their area eg. Nth East Victoria

Significance

Vera Hore lived in Tawonga in the Kiewa Valley and was a prominent member of the Tawonga Bowling Club.

Photographs – Holland Street North, Mt Beauty. Circa 1993. Set of 18 colour photographs

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Set of 18 colour photographs Holland Street North, Mt Beauty. Circa 1993 showing retail services and streetscape of the time.

Historical information

Established in 1946, during the construction of the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme, the township of Mt Beauty was developed by the State Electricity Commission of Victoria to provide additional accommodation for the thousands of workers during the construction of the country’s second largest hydro-electricity scheme. 
Although these towns were built as temporary accommodation for the workers and their families, many stayed after the scheme finished. Combined with the influx of European migrants, with their rich cultural backgrounds, all played a major part in shaping the future character of the Mount Beauty, the Kiewa Valley and Falls Creek. The Bright Council, now the Alpine Shire took over the control of the township in 1960. This relatively young town of Mount Beauty, along with the surrounding townships of Falls Creek, Bogong, Tawonga South and Tawonga, are all part of a prospering tourist area with excellent services, accommodation, food and a wide range of recreational activities available for all ages. According to Shire records, the population of Mt Beauty has grown from 1,500 in 1981 to 1,800 in 2016 with a projected increase to 2,000 in 2013

Significance

The photographs taken around 1993 show a prosperous commercial centre catering for both locals and the needs of visitors. It provides a pictorial history of the changes which have occurred in the retail/commercial district of Mt Beauty over the years. It also demonstrates the attention paid by Alpine Shire towards providing accessible recreational green space around the town centre.

Inscriptions & Markings

No markings

Bottle - Chemist

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Opaque brown glass bottle with 6 sides. The front is wide, the 2 end sides and back side are short with the 2 adjoining longer sides coming out at 45 degrees. The sides at 45 degrees have heavy embossing of rows of crosses and the back side has heavily embossed print in capital letters read sideways from the top of the bottle to the bottom. The sides taper quickly to a short neck and then opening. The bottle has a brown screw top lid with embossed sides. The bottle is empty. A label has been sticky taped onto the front.

Historical information

This bottle was bought at a chemist either locally or in a large city on a shopping expedition. The embossing pattern indicates that the contents are poisonous. Bottles changed - shape, size, seal, use and embossing

Significance

Historical: Change in bottles - colour of glass, embossing, shape, size and use Aesthetic: Display showing embossing, shape, size, seal

Inscriptions & Markings

Back: "Not to be Taken" Base: 'F 1158' and '856' along the edge Label: "Caution / Not to be Taken / Gentian Violet Solution / 2 % / For external Use - Only

Insulator - Porcelain

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Cream coloured porcelain cylindrical shaped insulator with a groove towards the narrower closed end. Inside the narrow end it is threaded for screwing.

Historical information

Insulates electrical wire which is attached in the groove towards the narrow end. It is screwed onto the cross arm of a power pole. Non conductive so that electricity doesn't short out to the ground.

Significance

Used on power poles in the Kiewa Valley.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the side of the closed end - "KP / 64"

Bottle - Medical

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Clear glass bottle with glass stopper. The part of the stopper that fits in the neck is opaque as is that part of the neck.Straight sides taper sharply in to neck. There is a torn white label on the bottle. The label has a blue line border. The label has hand written blue ink printing on it.

Historical information

This bottle was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950's specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme.

Significance

Historical: Shows the development of types of treatment used for cleaning wounds. Provenance: Used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was remote.

Inscriptions & Markings

Label: 'Zephiran / 1 : 1000 / For Cleaning Wounds Base: F55 embossed

Papers - KVHS Scrap Book

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Photocopie papers A3 & A4 size regarding the History of the Kiewa Valley Historical Society. Compiled by Clare Roper 1987. (In a clear plastic sleeve)

Historical information

Clare Roper was a member of the Kiewa Valley Historical Society and maintained a scrap book of the events and doings of the group. The gathering of information was prompted by the publication of the KVHS book demonstrating a need to keep and maintain history as it happens.

Significance

The papers enable current members of the KVHS to create a provenance for items still in the collection e.g.. the Hallford truck

Bottle - Household

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Small brown glass bottle with a rectangular base and a tin screw lid. It has a yellow label on the front with the title Bickford's / Flavoring Essence / Raspberry. The bottle has straight sides tapering sharply to a short neck and opening.

Historical information

Flavoring Essence was used for cooking. It came in small glass bottles. The History of the Bickford & Sons Company.

Bottle - Cordial

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Clear glass cordial bottle with straight sides half way up. Gently tapered with embossed vertical lines to the neck which continues tapering to the lip and screw top. Heavily embossed with print in capital letters around the circumference at the bottom.

Historical information

Cordial drinks came in bottles bought at the local grocery store or at a large city store on a shopping expedition. The shape of the bottles changed as did the stopper used to seal it. Bottles were re cycled remaining the property of the manufacturer. History of O. T. Ltd., Australia.

Significance

Historical: Change of bottles - shape, glass, stopper, embossing, use Aesthetic: Display showing embossing and shape.

Inscriptions & Markings

Around bottom: 'This Bottle Always (number '2' above Always) Remains the Property of O.T. Limited Australia' Base: Common Seal: 'A' with M in bottom half of A) - at top. Then across the middle - 'F1282' and 'M' underneath

Booklet - Kiewa Valley Consolidated School - Kiewa Valley Consolidated School 1953 - 1974

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Five A4 photocopied pages of a yellow and black booklet including the first 9 pages.

Historical information

Kiewa Valley Consolidated School was established in 1953 combining Dederang North, Kergunyah, Gundowring, Kiewa, Gundowring Upper, Red Bluff, Charleroi and Gundowing North schools on a 10 acre site with 11 rooms at Kiewa.

Significance

The above schools are in the Kiewa Valley. The date and number of combined schools give insight into the change in population and families in the Kiewa Valley before and after 1953.

Water tank - Gundowring

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Green rusty metal rectangular tank with an opening at the top but no lid. At the bottom on one side there is an horizontally extended pipe with a flat knob at its end that can be turned to allow the water in the tank to come out.. At the top of the tank is a rectangular hollow metal handle. There is also a handle on the top of the opposite side. There are 2 smaller triangular hollow metal 'handles' at the top of the straight side (for strapping). There is one square hollow metal handle in the middle of the bottom of the same side which is also the curved side. This side is curved vertically. The side opposite the curved side has a white inscription.

Historical information

The two Gundowring Fire Brigade tanks may have been used for drinking water for the fire fighters. Their curved side and handles indicate that they were attached (strapped) to horses or a round tank and transported to the fire.

Significance

This tank was used for drinking water for the fire fighters of Gundowring during the 1923 fire. Some of their equipment was hand made. The Gundowring Fire Brigade was a rural fire brigade operating in 1923.

Inscriptions & Markings

Side: Gundowring R.F.B. (Rural Fire Brigade)

Book - Non Fiction History - The Climbing Of Bogong 1932

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

A photo copy of a black spiral bound book written in 1933 covering the memoirs and photos of only the first (at the time of writing) winter climbing of Mount Bogong in1932. It was written by Jack K.Tulloh (a journalist), E.C. Robinson and W.D. Bertram. This book was photocopied and rebound for the 60th anniversary of the climb.

Historical information

The historical documented account of the first winter traverse from Mt Hotham across Mt Bogong. The extreme winter conditions of the region was a barrier for all except the three pioneers of this expedition.

Significance

This book details the the determination and true spirit of the Australian psyche to overcome extreme hardships and have the endurance to fulfill an adventure in the early 1900's.

Inscriptions & Markings

The Climbing Of Bogong Mountain 1932. First page author's dedication: To Bill from Jack 17/2/1933. Second page address: To jack Eddie & Bill " In recognition of your epic journey 50 years ago" John, Helen, David, Iain, Andrew & Hamish, also written in freestyle underneath and in brackets "Bertrams all" underneath signed by Gwen Tulloh, Barbara Betram and Ann Robinson The third page written in free hand " Inscribed by those who lunched9WELL0 on the golden anniversary of the trip 17/8/82. Next to a photo of the three climbers their signatures.

Nail buffer - Personal Item

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Nail buffer with plastic tortoise shell base and lid. The lid is transparent tortoise shell. The base of the nail buffer is of tortoise shell with a soft pale yellow buffer glued on. The nail buffer has rounded ends.

Tin Coffee Cylindrical

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This cylindrical tin has a pull/push lid(for easy access to the contents). The container is labelled for "coffee" however it has no commercial manufacturer's label to establish that it was bought with coffee ingredients in it. The majority of the container's external surface has a "metallic" light blue colour with two sets of silver rings confining black (horizontal spotted) rectangles.

Historical information

This "coffee" tin has by the "art deco" appearance its origins in the late 1950's to 1960's. This time period was one of accelerated growth both in the physical (housing) sense and the mental (new ideas and inventions) changes in "attitudes". These occurred more rapidly in cities but had its effects on the rural environment. The drinking of coffee was spurred on by easier distribution of imported food and drinks. Advertising by stronger radio links and then by television brought the variety of foods and drinks to semi isolated rural regions. The accessibility through greater information channels becoming available brought with it unbelievable ranges of goods and foodstuffs. Rural regions still relied on bulk supplies and relatively larger storage containers than those in cities. This "bulk" buying and storage "syndrome" was a lingering result of many years of "drought" periods when road transports met delays from flooded roadways in supplying population centres in the Kiewa Valley. The construction phases in building the SEC Vic Hydro electricity Scheme in the eastern sections of the Victorian Alps brought many changes to the quiet rural regions in the Kiewa Valley. Changes in population and social mores. The influx of a varied , mostly temporary, and "European flavoured cuisine" changes the "cuppa tea only" flavour to the have a "coffee break". The subliminal influence of the "American" films changed those children growing up in the post 1950s from the "English tea" to the "American coffee". This "Americanisation process has influenced not only rural Australia but also other areas throughout the world.

Significance

This "insignificant" coffee tin is very significant as it demonstrates that the Kiewa Valley was becoming more accessible to reliable coffee supplies and general food items.The container was part of a "set" of containers that included tea, sugar,biscuits,flour, rice and other family condiments. This type of kitchen storage containers was brought about through changing patterns in tea and coffee useage and overall consumption. Household demands for faster "self help" cooking especially beveridges and the greater choice of kitchen "utensils" was brought on by easier access to products due to a lessening of the area's "isolation" by having a reliable (all weather) road system and an ever increasing population growth. The need for travelling goods/merchant supply caravans to service the area became a diminishing factor, as a result of the establishment of grocery stores in Tawonga and Mount Beauty in the supply of previously "hard to get" groceries. This transition was precipitated by the SEC Vic Hydro Scheme of the 1940's to 1960's which increased the valley's population level three fold.

Inscriptions & Markings

"COFFEE" within an elongated spherical "art deco" four pointed banner of silver and black colouring

Ash Tray Pocket

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Tin plated mild steel round container with a lid. The opening lid is spring loaded, hinged top, circular and fixed by a clasp, pop- riveted (4) onto the main housing. Opposite the hinge the lid is held closed by a small metal ball fitting tightly to the top wall of the container. The lid is opened by the use of a fingernail positioned at junction of lid to body. This edge is bevelled to allow access.

Historical information

This flip top pocket steel ash tray was at the beginning of the social "cleaning up" of cigarette ash and related products. This cigarette waste container was for those occasions when it was polite not to throw the cigarette ash and used up cigarettes "buts" on the ground, or if working in any rural area during a dry fire prone season, when discarding burning cigarette waste could set up a severe "bush" fire. It was also at the beginning of an intensive look at the affects of smoking upon the health of users. Later in the 1900s was a time when medical evidence supported a ground swell of the anti smoking movement which resulted in further restrictions of the use cigarette smoking in public places. Before the anti cigarette smoking revolution, it was both fashionable and manly to either roll your own cigarette or open up a packet of "tailor made's". In the rural and man's man environment the roll your own provided a visual acknowledgement that the user was "true blue" Aussie male and not a city boy. The cycle of use of cigarettes has drastically changed from when this item was first used. Today's society (post 2000) has produced a ground swell of government and non government organisations whose aim is provide a cigarette "ash" free environment and society. This is highlighted in the beginning of the 2000 millennium by a cigarette "Free" Australia campaign, and the pocket flip top personal ash tray as a practical solution for butt litter disposal.

Significance

This pocket ash tray not only was used when social graces required it to, but also provided a container for any unfinished cigarettes or stogies (cheap half used cigars). In rural areas (open fresh air countryside), where time was always made available for the "smoko" (Australian rest period), at any time, especially after some hard physical work, the ability to have a self contained ashing apparatus, not to offend the gentler folk, was a pre-requisite . The rural environment, in the days of these cigarette ash containers,was one which could range from harsh and unforgiving to mild and relaxing. Smoking could be enjoyed anywhere and at any time without too much "fussing" around. This ash tray was mobile, convenient, unobtrusive and regarded by the user as being considerate to those around. It also eliminated the tell tale evidence that the "no smoking" signs had been ignored. The Kiewa Valley was like many rural ares that found it hard for smokers to come to grips with a governmental "non smoking policy" to indoor recreational and other "confined space" environments.

Book - Maths - Sub Intermediate Mathematics Third Year

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Faded blue cover with back writing. Black pattern block and lines

Historical information

This book was written to cover the whole of the sub intermediate syllabus for Victoria. Form 3 or Year 9 in todays levels This was an introduction to the higher levels of maths, e.g. Leaving certificate. This book is a very good indicator of what was taught in Victorian Schools

Significance

This has social significance because it shows what students of the Mt Beauty secondary schools would have been learning during the 1950's. This book has been donated by Wilma Davies, a local idenity, and has her usuage in the book. Therfore this makes this item very good interpretive capacity. It is also now out of print and there is only a couple of copies for public viewing that the Victorian State Library, so it a rare collectible book.

Letters - Dorothy Anderson Collection

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

1. Newspaper cutting titled "Address To Mount Bogong by Michael Thwaites" in the form of a poem. 2. Handwritten poem re "The Tawonga Hall Ghost" by Mary Pricilla Johnson (nee Reid) 3. A copy of each of the above.

Historical information

Dorothy Anderson collected these original poems about the local area - Mount Bogong and the Old Tawonga Hall and written by local people.

Significance

These items were the property of Tawonga citizen, Mrs Dorothy Anderson, who passed away in 2014 aged 90 years. Michael Thwaites and Pricilla Johnson (nee Reid) were also local people who lived in the Kiewa Valley.

Badge Lapel

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Brass lapel badge with outer enamel front, white border (circular) with gold text, red centre with gold text, fine brass rope around outer edge and crossing over beneath red centre, hinged stick and loop closure.

Historical information

The lapel badge was made by Stoke and Sons 1855 - 1925. MCM Help The helpless is on this badge. It is unkown who MCM is?

Significance

Has historic & socially significance as Stoke and Sons were a main maker and medals, tokens and badges from 1850's to today. This type of badge is a good example of the type of items they made and therefore has good interpretive capacity both for the badge and manufacture.

Inscriptions & Markings

MCM Help The Helpless 1855 - 1925

Book - Reference Cooking - SEC Cook Book of Family Favourites

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This SEC cookbook has a folded cover with two staples at the spine, securing eight double sided pages. The white pages contain black print and sketches(3), and one black and white photograph (of the author). The front cover is mainly orange in colour with a gradual fading into yellow(at the top). The cover is approximately 210 g/m2 in thickness and each page is approximately 90 g/m2 thick.

Historical information

This SEC cook book was produced circa 1950s when the Kiewa Hydro Electricity Scheme and its Commission was in full swing. The Commission had constructed two settlements, Mount Beauty and Bogong Village to house construction workers and their families in a "closed" community. These "closed" communities were for SEC staff and construction workers only. Entry into these villages was restricted to "SEC pass" carrying construction staff and their families. All facilities such as retail, sporting and other community services was provided by the SEC. This created an isolated community in which limited individual choice or administrative family leeway was available. It was a typical company town (live and work for the company). The Company was in the Kiewa Valley constructing power stations for the Kiewa Hydro Electricity Scheme of Victoria. In one way the individual did not need to be concerned with living costs, educational needs for children, and recreational amenities and therefore "normal" community survival /living methods did not apply. This living, although restrictive, was quite simple. When the scheme was completed, in 1961, marking the end of company town, caused some of the employees, who had enjoyed the "controlled" township environment, a fair degree of angst in having the new 'laissez-faire" controls thrust upon them. This was magnified when both Mount Beauty and Bogong Village became meshed into the Bright Shire, vis-a-vis, local government. This cook book is a prime example of " the company is looking after you" and leave the worrying to us. This environment of a "company town", which creates the atmosphere of minimal personal responsibilities, is still present in a few remote mining towns in Australia at the beginning of the 21st Century.

Significance

This book is a classical example of the psychological control in which the company had its construction workers families living in. The motto of many companies who had employees in isolated regions was "keep them happy". A happy and contented worker is a more productive worker. This was a period in time (1950s to 1970s) when social psychology was gaining recognition in the Australian workforce as well as internationally. At the end of the construction of all the power stations both the Mount Beauty settlement and the Bogong Village became more integrated into the main stream of rural Australia environment. Development of tourism in the region opened up not only interaction with a greater cross section of the ever expanding type of Australian but also the overseas based non rural culture tourist or immigrant. It allowed the intermingling of ideas in a non company controlled environment. The Mount Beauty and Bogong Village has, and even up to the 3000 Millennium, the same housing construction, as was built by the SEC. There has only been a very gradual change to modern domestic architectural home styles.

Inscriptions & Markings

Front cover: top of page "SEC Cook Book of Family Favourites", in the middle a sketch, black on orange background, of a smiling mother walking from the kitchen to the dining table with a steaming rolled roast and vegetables in one hand and a gravy pot in the other. The furniture and decor relates to the 1950s. Below this sketch is printed"SEC TESTED RECIPES NO. 16" Inside cover: on top of the page is a black and white sketch of a pineapple, apple pear fish with scales, bunch of grapes with leaves a pork roll (head of pig one end and a roll ending on the other, on top of this food arrangement rests a fruit pie. Below this sketch are printed in black print the books contents.The first side of the first page is a black and white photograph Mary Dunne, the SEC Home Service supervisor who provided a signed foreword. The inside back cover has a promotional segment detailing a black and white photograph of a smiling (and happy) couple in the foreground with an electric stove in the distance. The written motto below this photograph is" to Live better -and save money they'll join the Power People. "the new tariff is(1960s) - First 75kWh --6 cents per kWh Next 435 kWh---2.3 cents per kWh Balance --1.7 cents per kWh The rate per killowatt-hour for the final block drops from 2.1 cents to 1.7 cents --a reduction of 19%.

Razor Personal Vintage

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This item is a Sheffield steel(stamped inside) metal box(Viscount model) containing a red leather fine shaving strap and in its lid a grey honing stone. Both bottom and top lids are removable to allow for replacements of strap and stone. On the bottom lid appears "The Whetter" trade mark, registered in the U.S.A. in 1950.

Historical information

This item(razor) was used by men, only before fashion dictated that women should shave their legs and underarms. There is information that this razor was first used circa 1922 and it lasted up until circa 1958. It permitted the user to have a compact shaving apparatus at hand in any environment. It provided a safe and easy way of sharpening the more permanent blade. This type of razor replaced the straight, open, or cut-throat razors. The mobility of this item was further enhanced by Gillette with their double bladed disposable razor. Time taken(shaving) and costs involved where crucial factors in the ever growing pace of domestic lifestyle in the post 1920s.

Significance

This historical item presents that, even though the Kiewa Region was an inland rural settlement which in the 1920's was not as close to "modern" fashions and "gadgets", the basic living conditions where still maintained at city levels. This particular razor was in its heyday a sophisticated safety razor and brought down the demand for the services of the "professional" barber(shaver). One of the problems of the superseded straight razor was the high levels of cuts and nicks to the face. As this particular razor was fairly expensive it would have been used by men who were in the middle to upper socio-economical position in Kiewa Valley before the late 1950's

Inscriptions & Markings

Three bands of a Greek key pattern has been pressed on the lid. A circled identification inscription. " ROLLS RAZOR Ltd, MADE IN ENGLAND" and patented information appears within this inscription. "Patented in England and Abroad. English patents numbers 467383. 284428. 242718. 242717" On the outside of the base lid within a circle are "ROLLS RAZOR" and the sketch of a long haired naked man (side view), crouched, with both hands stretched forward operating the razor. On a slab underneath are the words "The Whetter"

Postcard (fold out) - Mt Beauty and the Kiewa Scheme, Victoria - Mt Beauty and the Kiewa Scheme

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Fold out postcards including a panel on information on Mt Beauty and the Kiewa Scheme, 12 colored labelled photos, an address & letter written in black biro.

Historical information

S. K Pearce owned shops in Mt Beauty and Tawonga. The postcard was used for tourism to attract visitors to the Mt Beauty township and the Kiewa Scheme on the Bogong High Plains. The postcard gives a brief history of the town and area both created by the State Electricity Commission of Victoria.

Significance

The photos are historically significant and include prominent places in the Kiewa Valley, Mt Beauty and the Bogong High Plains. S. K Pearce was a prominent shop owner in the area having shops in Tawonga and in Mt Beauty as seen in one of the photos. The postcards are of interest as they are an example of advertising for tourism in the 1960's.

Inscriptions & Markings

Letter from Roma to 'Dad and Chris'. Their address in Bayswater. Postage stamp from Mount Beauty

T-Shirt - Mt Beauty Fire Brigade

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black thick cotton t-shirt with collar and short sleeves. A zip is at the top front. Sleeves have yellow strip near their opening. "Mount Beauty F B" has been zig zagged stitched onto the front, also in yellow.

Historical information

Mt Beauty rural fire brigade was established in 1948 by the State Electricity Commission of Victoria as an industry brigade. When Mt Beauty was handed over to the Shire in 1961, the fire brigade became a member of the Country Fire Authority (C.F.A.). Today it is an urban fire brigade. The t-shirt would have been used when members were together during fire drills, competitions, meetings etc.

Significance

The t-shirt was part of the Mt Beauty fire brigade uniform indicating that the fire fighters were part of a team and were able and wanted to be recognised. It also indicates a strong and popular organisation.

Inscriptions & Markings

Tag inside back under collar - "Sportswear / Simpson / of Melbourne / Mr - then P.A.B. handwritten in space provided. also '36' and 'All cotton' tags attached.

Hat Pin

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This pin has a black plastic tear-drop ball at its head (earth shaped). It has diamond like chiseled profile from a centre band to the apex of both ends. The centre region has a herring bone pattern. Identical to Item KVHS 0356

Historical information

Historically this item represents women's fashion in the 1920s to 1950s. As the material used in the construction is not of a high monetary value it can be assumed it was a day to day working woman apparel to keep the hat firmly fastened into the hair. It does indicate that fashion of the time was important within the region

Significance

This item is a reflection of both the fashion mode of the 1920s to 1950s when long hair needed to be controlled by hair pins rather than later manufactured hair sprays. It is also an example of society's mores of tidiness and quasi religious beliefs of covering the hair and head when outdoors

Bottle - Chemist

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Clear glass bottle with rectangular base and straight sides nearly three quarters of the way up tapering in 3 waves to a ridged neck and then a screw top. Visually but inside the glass at the base seems to be indented showing a lopsided hill bearing to one side.

Historical information

Perfume, lavender water and bath salts were sold by chemists either locally of in larger cities visited on a shopping expedition. The shape of the bottles changed as did the stopper used to seal it.

Significance

Historical: Change of bottles - shape, glass, stopper, embossing, use Aesthetic: Display showing shape and size of bottle

Inscriptions & Markings

Base: '12' within an oval shape

Medical Instrument Tray x2

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Two large enamel trays used for the required instruments for an operation. Both have black rounded edges. 1. White with straight sides angled at point of contact with the surface and form corners. 2. Speckled grey with straight sides that are curved at point of contact with the surface and curved at each corner.

Historical information

This medical / hospital equipment was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950's specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme.

Significance

Shows the development of hospital equipment and the material used to make them. It was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was remote and therefore required good equipment.

Book - Maths - Arithmetic for Grade VII

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Red material cover with black writing on front and and spine. Faded at edges and spine

Historical information

This book was produced by experienced teachers to meet the requirements of the revised course of study in arthmetic for elementary schools. Teachers were expected to use this book as an aid rather than merely as a series of exercises as a matter of routine.

Significance

This book would have been used by children all over Victoria in year 7 or form 1 for maths classes. This book is social significance due to the names of local people that are in the book and shows that this would have been used in Kiewa Valley elementary schools in the mid 20th Century. This is the only one of this book in our collection and therefore has good interpretive capacity and is in fair condition.

Inscriptions & Markings

Has the logo of the Education Department of Victoria on front cover. Has the names Nancy Tresidder on inside cover in pencil and Ann Louden Tawonga Vic Bright, on front page in pencil and pen.

Folder - Cattlemen Families - Cattlemen of the High Plains

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Plastic red folder with transparent front held by 2 gold metal slide clips. 16 clear plastic sheets holding 17 pages of photocopied print and pictures, 1 family tree, 1 photocopied photo, 1 birth document, 1 printed page, 3 photocopied letters and 7 printed pages.

Historical information

The Ryder and Edmondson families lived in the Kiewa Valley and had grazing licenses and huts on the Bogong High Plains.

Significance

Pioneer families of the Kiewa Valley and Cattlemen of the Bogong High Plains.

Bottle - Coffee / Chicory

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Clear glass bottle used for storing coffee / chicory or sauce. The base is a square. The 4 sides are straight for two thirds of the way up then taper quickly to the neck and then the screw top opening. It is embossed on the base. The base is slightly indented.

Historical information

Coffee / chicory and sauce were stored in bottles bought locally or at a large city store on a shopping expedition. The shape of the bottles changed as did he stopper used to seal it.

Significance

Historical: Change of bottles - shape, glass, stopper, embossing, use Aesthetic: Display showing embossing and shape.

Inscriptions & Markings

Base: Common seal: An 'A' with 'G' in the top half (of the A) and 'M' in the bottom half. Below this and across the middle '1129' and 'M' underneath. '807' is in one corner.

Head Mirror - Medical

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Round mirror with hole in centre held to a bakite dark brown backing with a stainless steel rim. On the back is attached a small stainless steel knob. The back slopes in towards the centre and has circular grooves. The outer edge of the back slopes down towards the outer edge and includes the knob.

Historical information

This medical / hospital instrument was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950's specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme.

Significance

Historical: Shows the development of scientific hospital equipment. Provenance: Used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was remote and therefore required good equipment. Good condition and good interpretation capacity.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the circumference of the stainless steel is 'Reg. No. 839560'. On the back outer side: 'The Bramber / Made by / Gowllands / England.'

Badge Girl Guides

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This round badge made from brass and has coloured enamel sections outlining various "Barree Region" scenery. In the far distant horizon are snow capped mountains. These are coloured brown with white tipped summits.The central focus is a blue stream with a dark blue "gum" tree to the left and a brass etched tent pegged onto green grass. These pictures are framed within a house structure. A red coloured boomerang lies under the "house" frame with the name of the region on it,"BARREE REGION" The badge is fastened onto a lapel or other clothing by two "L" shaped hooks extending from the back of the badge.

Historical information

This commemorative badge identifying the wearer as a Girl Guide and was used in the 1970's and later. The Girl Guides "World Camps" was founded in 1924 and each subsequent "camp" was in other global countries. The Camp Baree was held in 1947/1948 in Pennsylvania in the USA. In Victoria, Australia, a Barree Regional location for Girl guides, encompasses the Kiewa Valley and its regions. Girl guides in rural areas covered the same developmental programs as in the city areas but the bush settings of annual camps did not have the same impact as for city based guides. The comradeship however, bringing together girls from a widely diverse background, was still a very important objective of the Girl Guide movement

Significance

The significance of this badge is that the Girl Guides held a World Camp in the Barree region which included the Kiewa Valley.This world wide attention(Girl Guides) to this region paid special attention to the "home side" girls and highlighted in particular those girls in the Kiewa Valley who participated in the Girl Guide movement. The ability to have such a personal contact with so many girls from so many world regions helped to break the somewhat isolated regional life. The fundamental lessons of the girl guides was and still is to enrich young girls knowledge of skills which provides self esteem, pride in achievements and the togetherness with like minded girls. Social barriers are left behind and good friendships are formed. Some of these friendships continued as life long links.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the front of the badge (on the sketched boomerang "BARREE REGION". On the back in raised lettering is"BERTRAM BROS MELB."

Memorabilia - Matthews Collection

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

1. Brownie camera - black vinyl. 2. Tin Box "Ted the Jester' biscuit tin. 3. Gold button & Queen Elizabeth badge 4. Silver plunger 5. Dunkling Jewellers Guarantee re ring 6. State Savings Bank Book 1957 - 1963 7. Laura M. Matthews Union Card 1963 8. LaTrobe Health Service Card. 9. Meat Ration Cards 1948 10. 18 Negatives of people/holidays in envelope 11. Photos

Historical information

People collect items that help them remember a special time in their lives or some thing that appeals to them. Brownie cameras were used in the 1950s. Negatives and photos represent the life of the Matthews family.

Significance

George and Laura Matthews lived at 12 Roper St. Mt Beauty from 1957 to the 1970s. The items in this collection belonged to them and represent part of their lives when living in the Kiewa Valley.

Inscriptions & Markings

1. Made in England by Kodak Ltd 2. Use by 1998 and 'Eileen' printed in texta on top

Photograph of Bogong Creek Raceline - Bogong Creek Raceline

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black and white photograph taken during construction of Bogong Creek Raceline, showing the type of machine used for the formation of the concrete lining, the mountainous terrain, a number of workmen and a snow capped Mt. Bogong in the background

Historical information

A start on the construction of Bogong Creek race line was made at the commencement of winter in 1948. Work proceeded in the following years when work on the High Plains was not practicable. In January, 1951 the special trimming machine, the special slip form and concrete mixing and placing equipment was put into service. A shortage of cement caused some delays as well as a sudden financial recession. The race line was completed and put into service in 1952.

Significance

An historical record showing the machinery used , the number of workers needed at any one time ( about 16 in this photo) and the mountainous terrain of the area.

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten on the back of photograph in black ink "Bogong Creek race line".

Papers - Collection of newspaper articles re Kiewa Valley

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

9 photocopies of newspaper articles: 1. Fire at mt Beauty Workmen's club 2. Ploughing Championship at Tawonga 24 Apr. 1971 3 & 4. Charles Derrick's 10 year anniversary of his death on Mt Hotham 5 Sept. 1975 5. Alps to be a national Park 15 July 1978 6. Tawonga Exchange to go Automatic 20 June 1974 7 & 8. Winter Playground 9. Alps National Park

Historical information

Newspaper articles describing incidents/news of the Kiewa Valley during the 1970's.

Significance

Each article is significant because it is connected to people and places in the Kiewa Valley.

Barometer Anoroid

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Historical information

This barometer was part the hydrology and forestry groups working within the SEC Vic Hydro Scheme from the initial appraisal review long before any construction began in the 1940's. The river flows and rainfall patterns had to be established before any construction of holding dams or tunneling could commence.

Significance

This barometer is very relevant to the Kiewa Valley history because it presents the high degree of professional and technical information required at the time before implementing the "Scheme" upon the virgin alpine region and its effects upon the "natural" flows of the rivers within the Kiewa Valley. Time since the start of the project has verified the use of instruments such as this barometer and the information gained from its use that the success of any large impact upon a sensitive environment requires a thorough and systematic study before implementation. Weather records were kept of temperature, wet-bulb temperature, wind direction, speed and barometric pressures. To record barometric pressure a meter was devised with a clockwork mechanism which took one week to do a revolution. A chart was fitted to a drum and had an ink pen shaped like a little shovel. The shovel was filled with ink and was checked daily. To calibrate the barometer it was sent to the Melbourne General Post Office to be compared against the one there (at sea level). After calibration it was sent back to the Bogong Camp.

Inscriptions & Markings

On plaque on top side."NEGRETTI & ZAMBRA" underneath this and in smaller print "TRADE MARK" below this "LONDON" On the bottom and in small print "HOBART DUFFPty Ltd COLLINS HOUSE MELBOURNE C1"

Pen with Nib

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Plastic shaft black coloured pen with metal nib (non drip). Nib is removable, fastened to shaft by strategically placed slots

Historical information

Pen was probably last used in one of the schools in the Kiewa Valley. The plastic shaft suggests this pen was at the time when fountain pens started to emerge. The dip pen was becoming outdated and too slow for a faster pace of written communications

Significance

Historically and socially this form of written communication was becoming too slow for a faster pace of commerce and life. Circa 1950s onwards the level of the written word increased by the proportion of literacy among the populous in the Kiewa Valley

Photograph Tobacco planting - Planting Tobacco seeding

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Coloured photograph pasted onto a thick wood chip backing. Two galvanised eyelets at the top of the frame, 50mm from each end, with a twine cord stretch from each, for hanging purposes. See also KVHS 0054(B) to KVHS 0054(F)

Historical information

This promotional photograph by the Tobacco Growers Association was in response to a 1935 meeting of tobacco growers from Victoria, South Australia and Queensland which produced four major resolutions for the industry covering the remainder of the 1900s. These four resolutions were: (1) Adequate tariff protection (2) Control of pests and diseases (3) Orderly marketing (4) The formation of an advisory council of growers. History has produced the following results. (1) adequate tariff protection was never achieved,(2) control of disease through benzol vapour (CSIRO) breakthrough, was later identified as carcinogenic, (3) orderly marketing was achieved through (4) the establishment of the Tobacco Growers Association(1984). In October 2006, by way of Government buy back of tobacco leases from growers, resulted in the end of Tobacco farming in Australia (after 136 years of planting the first crop). It was also significant that the major tobacco companies such as Philip Morris and The British American Tobacco Australasia advised the industry that it would source its tobacco requirements overseas by 2009.

Significance

The remnants of the Tobacco Industry can still be viewed throughout the Kiewa Valley and adjacent regions on the former tobacco farms which still have the tobacco drying sheds and now converted into hay sheds. The problems from the large quantities of carcinogenic infused soil of farmlands in the region, still remains a problem now and for future generations. This particular photograph shows the lack of understanding by farmers and the contracted labour, at that time, and is demonstrated by the bare footed farmer walking next to the seed canister. Some workers did use protective "gum" boots but the majority of farm owners were skeptical of city scientists and their carcinogenic concerns, and it was only after the younger generation of farmers , who had attended Agricultural colleges, encompassed the scientific approach to farm management and began working closely with agricultural scientists. The "she'll be right mate" attitude of the earlier farming/rural community has since mid 1970s, been slowly dissipating. Stricter controls of herbicides and pesticides used in agriculture are now in force. The death of the tobacco industry(2006) resulted in the expansion of the dairy , sheep, beef cattle, venison and lama wool producers in the Kiewa Valley and surrounding regions.

Inscriptions & Markings

A sign, which has been removed from the picture at some previous point in time is "The Tobacco seed, being so fine, is suspended in water and sown onto the seed base using a watering can [as in the photo] or similar device - August - Sept."