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Kiewa Valley Historical Society Mt Beauty, Vic

The Kiewa Valley Historical Society aims to preserve and conserve the history and heritage of the Kiewa Valley & district. Through the use of permanent, and temporary exhibitions, information walls, a photo gallery, a diorama of the Bogong High Plains, a model hydro system, and two DVD screens we show the area's history and highlights, that tell our social history, natural science areas and technological developments.
The collection has many artefacts that show the social and cultural history of the first indigenous people. Along with artefacts from pioneer settlers of the Kiewa Valley and Mount Beauty lived, worked and socialised. Items such as photos, books, farming equipment, hospital equipment, technological equipment from the Kiewa Hydro Scheme, household items, plus oral histories, and genealogy books are in our collection. All the items in the collection have either historical, social, technological or aesthetic significance to the Kiewa Valley and have good interpretive capacity. Artefacts have to meet this assessment criteria before being considered to be added into the collection. We do not buy, sell or give valuations for any artefacts at this stage.
The historical society Museum space shares the same premises as the Mt Beauty Visitor Information Centre. There is wheel chair access, a disability toilet and separate male and female toilets. Free parking is found the North side of the information centre. There is also a small seating area in the sun deck of the centre. The centre is with in walking distance from Mt Beauty main shopping centre and a 50 - 60 minute drive from the larger centres of Wodonga / Albury.
New members are always welcomed.

Contact Information

location
Mount Beauty Information Centre 31 Bogong High Plains Rd Mt Beauty Vic (map)
phone
+61 03 57541323
Contact

Opening Hours

9am - 5pm Every day

Entry Fee

Gold Coin Donation

Location

Mount Beauty Information Centre 31 Bogong High Plains Rd Mt Beauty Vic

View on Google Maps

The collection has many items that show the social history of how the first white settlers of the Kiewa Valley and Mount Beauty lived, worked and socialised. Items such as photos, books, farming equipment, hospital equipment, technological equipment from the Kiewa Hydro Scheme, household items, plus oral histories, and genealogy records and books are in our collection.

Significance

The Kiewa Valley Historical Society collection has historic significance as it shows how the first white settlers lived and worked through out the valley. Scientific significance applies to the rock cores taken by the SEC during the construction of the hydro scheme. The indigenous stones & tools also have historic significane as they show the cultural heritage of the first people of the Kiewa Valley. Other than the archives, all items have interpretative capacity to be in the collection.

Gavin 3 January 2015 9:16 PM

Hello, I am after a book, Title: Tales of Gibbo gold : characters from the 1880s. Author: Morrow, John A. (John Alexander). Would you have this or know where I can purchase a copy? Thanking you, Gavin.

Gavin 3 January 2015 9:16 PM

Hello, I am after a book, Title: Tales of Gibbo gold : characters from the 1880s. Author: Morrow, John A. (John Alexander). Would you have this or know where I can purchase a copy? Thanking you, Gavin.

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1107 items

Helmet Safety

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

A pale green fibre glass oval shaped helmet with a small rim and with hard white plastic 'netting' inside - shaped with 6 pieces coming towards the outside from an oval in the centre. These are attached with screws. Around the circumference of the head is a plastic adjustable piece covered by soft plastic in the front. This has a wide cord attached that fits under the chin.

Historical information

Safety helmets were worn during construction work on the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme and during its operation. Each group of workers had a different coloured helmet to identify their role.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the outside front: a triangle colored in black with "operator" underneath. Inside rim at front: "Made in England"

Hat Pin

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Pin head consists of one eight petaled flower, two seed pods half open and one long leaf connecting leaf with seed pods. pin head and shaft are gold coloured. see KVHS 0351 for a cleaner item

Historical information

Historically this item represents women's fashion in the 1920s to 1950s. As the material used in the construction is not of a high monetary value it can be assumed it was a day to day working woman apparel to keep the hat firmly fastened into the hair. It does indicate that fashion of the time was important within the region

Significance

This item is a reflection of both the fashion mode of the 1920s to 1950s when long hair needed to be controlled by hair pins rather than later manufactured hair sprays. It is also an example of society's mores of tidiness and quasi religious beliefs of covering the hair and head when outdoors

Sash and Rosettes Tartan

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Sash made from fine cotton weave with Scottish highland tartan. Width 12cm and sides fine stitched. Pattern (Royal Stewart) running length of ribbon.Two rosettes of same material 9cm diameter with three 3cm wide ribbons attached lengths 16cm, 20.5cm and 28cm The "Glen" design

Historical information

Early athletics year 11 school championships Kiewa Valley School Carnival circa 1920 - 1950s

Significance

Historical and social significance of school based physical development of children through dedicated sports programs. An integral part of child development and socialising within the formal school environment

Inscriptions & Markings

Highland clan to be identified

Tin Coffee and Chicory

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This extensively rusted tin of "Bushells Blue Label" Coffee and Chicory has an octagonal shaped body with a "push/pull" lid(tin).Three sides has reproduced painted ladies in "Roman dress" ladies picking the coffee beans. There is no reproduction of any chicory roots. There are two "Indian dressed" field workers(pickers) with turban head dress. On one side of the tin is "directions of use, net weight and manufacturer details.

Historical information

Chicory was mixed with coffee to reduce the amount of coffee bean required to be used. This coffee "substitute" was due to the repeated fluctuations in availability of coffee beans (and price fluctuations) in the USA in the late 1800s and early 1900s resulting in the search for substitutes and additives to bulk out the available supplies. This was especially so during times of the major World Wars. Chicory was an excellent choice of fillers as it did not greatly influence the strong coffee bean taste. The first choice in USA households was coffee not tea and the influence of the American servicemen's thirst for coffee was a major thrust into the Australian "colonial" preference for a "cuppa" tea. Rural areas took longer to acquire a coffee "break" but with more and more subliminal advertising through "American" films the rural regions developed a growing preference for coffee, however the tea break alias "smoko" has lingered on.

Significance

This coffee and chicory blend tin container is very significant to the Kiewa Valley in that it demonstrates that even in rural regions of Australia tastes and drinking preferences have changed by subliminal advertising as time goes by. The American "influence" whether by the "invasion" of friendly troops during the major wars or the avalanche of "American films" has altered some of the "dinky-di" Australian "true blue" tastes and mores. The availability of "straight " coffee supplies to rural areas was also in proportion to the level of all weather transport routes. In the late 1800's and early 1900's road freight had to contend with dirt roads, flooded roads, bush fires and grazing cattle/sheep in rural areas. The easier access that city households had with regard to replenishment of food and drink products, up until the mid 1900's, was severely retarded in rural areas.

Inscriptions & Markings

"Bushells Coffee & Chicory", "NET 1-Ib. weight", " No. 144" "Under the Pure Food Act N.S.W. 1938" "by Bushells Ltd. No 144"

Book - Historical - The Australasian Pictorial Annual 1934, Vol. 3

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Large book with stiff paper coloured cover showing a mob of sheep. Tattered discoloured pages with coloured and black and white photos and print of different areas within Australia.

Historical information

This book was printed in 1934, giving an insight into journalism, advertising, fashion, opinions, issues, photography of the time. It also shows areas and buildings within Australia in 1934 allowing a comparison before and after this date.

Significance

Historic: Comparison of areas etc. in Australia to areas etc. within the Kiewa Valley.

Inscriptions & Markings

Inserted inside the book - a copy of 'The Sydney Cove Chronicle' dated 30th June, 1790 and printed December 1969.

Tobacco Hand Press

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Wooden, panelled red (painted on outside) rectangular box on side are iron bars with steel reinforcements around the box, near the top and bottom on 4 sides and across the middle on the 2 ends and front (not back). Diagonal steel between bottom and middle iron on the front. Ends: 2 iron bars from the ground curved up to top holding an iron rectangular beam that goes from end to end. Midway of beam is a vertical long screw at the top of which is a cross formation of 4 iron rods forming a handle for turning. Inside, the screw is attached to an iron frame which is attached to a wooden panelled platform enabling it to be raised or lowered as required.

Historical information

Tobacco farming began circa 1960 in the Kiewa Valley and consequently became one of it major industries. Many of the italian families were involved in tobacco farming.

Significance

Historical: This equipment was used on one of the first tobacco farms in the Kiewa Valley at Mongans Bridge. Provenance: This tobacco farmer came from Italy and was sponsored to visit a tobacco farmer in Myrtleford to learn how to grow tobacco so that he could transfer those skills to his own farm in the Kiewa Valley.

Photo - Mt Bogong, Towanga

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black and white photo with title at the bottom middle - "Mt Bogong / Towanga (sic), Victoria Modern light brown wooden frame with black cardboard back triangular hook and black cardboard stand attached. Photo covered with clear glass.

Historical information

Towanga & Mt Bogong. Mt Bogong is actually the mountain on the left at the back. Early maps spelt Tawonga differently to the current day spelling 'Tawonga'. The haystack and fence indicate that the photo may have been taken at the turn of the century. The exotic trees are not very old.

Significance

This seems to be an early photo of Tawonga showing older style fencing and haystack and vegetation in the area.

Inscriptions & Markings

Sticker on back of frame "67480 Eng Walnut / 49426 / Made In Thailand

Photograph - Mount Beauty SEC Camp and Town

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black and white photograph of Mt Beauty township in 1950 showing original workers buildings. Photograph has a .5cm white border around the photo.

Historical information

The new State Electricity Commission construction camp at the head of the Kiewa Valley was for workmen on the second power station in the project expected to be the most modern and best equipped in Australia… In contrast to the early Kiewa days of horses and canvas tents, the new camp, with its modern amenities, compared favourably with any country town. Administration of the Kiewa Scheme was moved from Tawonga to Mount Beauty in 1946. The first house in Mount Beauty, in Hollonds Street, was occupied by the co-op store manager from November 1946. The new Mess Hall at Mt Beauty was opened with much ceremony in early November 1946. The houses up to Nelse street were erected from 1946 onward and then the township was extended beyond Nelse Street in 1950. The workmen's camp was enlarged in 1950 to the extent of providing accommodation for a total of 1,200.

Significance

Shows early construction in the town of Mt. Beauty surrounded by hills and farmland, with Mt Bogong in the background. Photo was taken in 1950 during the early stages of construction of the Kiewa Hydro electric System

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten on back of photograph in blue ink - SEC Camp and Town Mt Beauty 1950

Kidney Bowls

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Tin kidney shaped dish/bowl used as a utility dish. Two the same. Cream colour except for black edges.

Historical information

This medical / hospital equipment was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950s specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme.

Significance

Historical: Shows the development of scientific hospital equipment. Provenance: Used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was remote and therefore required good equipment.

Inscriptions & Markings

A little scratched

Book - Spelling - A Graded Word-Book For Australian Schools

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

An emerald green book with black writing (printed) with a thin and thick black line around the perimeter. Bound by 2 staples

Historical information

Educational book used for teaching Spelling circa 1950s - 1960s

Significance

Historical: Comparative with educational books of different eras.

Inscriptions & Markings

A / Graded / Word-Book / for / Australian Schools / Junior and Senior Classes / (New on Enlarged Edition) / emblem / by / W. Foster, M.A. / and / H. Bryant, B. A.

Tobacco Picking Apron

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

The apron was used to gather green leaf before picking machines were made. Thick cotton cream apron, hemmed around the outside. Widest at the waist which has 2 rings each side where string is attached with a knot to tie around the waist. From the ring, material tapers inwards to form a bib. The corners of the bib have rings from which white rope is attached to hang around the neck. Similariy material tapers to the bottom where rings in the corners have rope attached - also to hang around the neck. Half way between the waist and neck, the material is double stitched and overlapped.

Historical information

Tobacco farming began circa 1960 in the Kiewa Valley and consequently became one of its major industries. Many of the Italian families were involved in tobacco farming.

Significance

Historical: This equipment was used on one of the first tobacco farms in the Kiewa Valley at Mongans Bridge. The picking apron was home-made showing the resourcefulness of farmers living in the Kiewa Valley. Picking machines replaced the picking apron. Provenance: This tobacco farmer came from Italy and was sponsored to visit a tobacco farmer in Myrtleford to learn how to grow tobacco so that he could transfer those skills to his own farm in the Kiewa Valley.

Inscriptions & Markings

grubby

Bottle Milk

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This heavy gauged glass milk bottle has a rim and a distinctive head at the top. This head has been manufactured to facilitate the movement of the bottle along the milk production line. The method of pouring milk into the bottle has been part of the "production line". This bottle has a half pint capacity and is made from "clear" glass. There are other milk bottles that have a "green" tint in them and this tint was to protect the contents from sun damage. This thick glass bottle to contain milk required its thickness because of the extensive handling before final consumption. Milk was delivered by the "milk man" direct to the homes of consumers. During this period delivery to homes in cities and towns was made initially by horse and cart and later by truck.

Historical information

This glass milk bottle was manufactured and used mid to late 1900's (1834 Victorian dairy industry was founded) up until the time that a cheaper container was invented(plastic bottles and polyethylene plastic lined cardboard cartons). In 1909 the supply of pure bottled milk was required for babies to overcome infant mortality due to unhygienic milk sources (unclean containers and unpasteurized milk). Due to the volume of milk being processed and hand milking could not keep up with demand, dairy farms introduced milking machines in the late 1930's. The great increases in dairy herds from the average of 18 cows per heard in 1950's to 142 cows per herd in 1996 required milk tankers to pick up the regions milk supply. This bottle was so constructed to be easily moved within the milk processing plants from the delivery vats/holding tanks to the final corking/sealing of the bottles for eventual distribution. From 1958 the milk bottle slowly became phased out of production. At this point in time Melbourne was drawing 160,000 bottles per week from the two major glass bottle works companies, e.g. Melbourne Glass Bottle Works Co.

Significance

Victoria was the major state supplier of cows milk in the history of Australian milk production from the early 1800's. The Kiewa Valley and its region was a major contributor to meet that demand. Each bottle was "branded" during manufacturing to show the contents (pasteurized milk) and where it originated from (region and supplier). This method of recycling the bottles back to specific dairy farms was a good control method but an uneconomical "on cost" which was replaced by the "throw away" less costly plastic and cardboard containers. Kiewa Valley dairy herds had marked bottles bearing "90/9", "6/18", "6/33", "6/35" and "6/36" Found under the house at 1 Beauty Ave., Mt Beauty

Inscriptions & Markings

On the top half of this bottle is "MILK" and opposite "HALF PINT". Below this "THIS BOTTLE BELONGS TO MILK BOTTLE RECOVERY LTD" and below this "AND CANNOT BE USED WITHOUT WRITTEN PERMISSION" on the base is "2 M" underneath this "8/11" and underneath is "ISM -169"

Button Hook - Folding - Clothing

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Silver metal oval surrounding a straight silver metal prong which has a hook at one end and, at the other end, is attached to the oval shape which comes in and extends as a short handle. The hook is hinged on to the oval shape enabling the hook to be pushed out creating a long tool for hooking buttons. May be used on clothing including gloves.

Historical information

Folding button hook would have been used for bringing buttons through button holes for clothing such as gloves in Victorian times. this item dates from early 1900s to 1930s.

Significance

Used by resident of the Kiewa Valley.

Tonsil Dissector and Pillar Retractor

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Metal instrument that is shaped like a elongated fish with a long pointy 'face' that is slightly curved. When turned on its edge 2 teeth can be seen at the end. Retracts the membrane (pillar) in front of the tonsil.

Historical information

This medical instrument was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950s specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme.

Significance

Historical: Shows the development of scientific hospital equipment. Provenance: Used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was remote and therefore required good equipment.

Rounders Bat

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Wooden bat. The face of the bat is flat and the other side becomes thicker (is tapered) towards the centre in a longitudinal direction. The handle is cylindrical.

Historical information

This rounders bat was used by the students at Bogong Primary School.

Significance

Historical: Bogong Primary School was opened for the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme workers. Provenance: Bogong Primary School sport.

Inscriptions & Markings

'Champion' 3 quarters of the way up the bat towards the handle on the flat side of the bat. On the reverse side same position, Made in / Pakistan. On the flat side: Bogong has been written in thick black but faded paint.

Photo - Everil Fisher 1932

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Sepia photograph of Everil Fisher on her horse. Taken in 1932

Historical information

The Fisher family were dairy farmers in the Mongans Bridge area in the early 1900's

Significance

The Fisher family, including Everil, were very keen horse people and received awards for their horsemanship and their horses

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten on back - Everil Fisher 1932

Book - Religious Education - The Holy Bible

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Small, thick, hard covered brown book. Front cover has an embossed border of 4 lines. Spine - in gold - top and bottom thick decorated line. Top - in gold - title under which 'Revised Edition' . At Bottom 'Oxford'. Cover and 1st leaf is black and torn in half vertically at front. Pages are very thin.

Historical information

The Holy Bible was used in Sunday School at the Kergunyah Presbyterian Church. Sunday school was held in a little 16 foot square wooden building which came from Rocky Valley after it was no longer needed there. Ewen Wallace's father initiated and organised the move. C 2011 the building was knocked down because of white ants. The Presbyterian Church will be 125 years old in 2015.

Significance

Historical: Religious Education: This book was used by the students at Kergunyah Presbyterian Church, Sunday School classes. Religion: Presbyterian Church at Kergunyah, in the Kiewa Valley, celebrates its 125th anniversary in 2015 after being handed over to the Uniting Church in the 1970s.

Inscriptions & Markings

First page - back of - torn - ..'ah Church' written in pencil. (Presumably 'Kerguny" is the part of the word missing because torn off.

Photo - Copy of Tawonga Primary School 1903 - Tawonga Primary School

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Teacher and 20 students in school photo. "Tawonga Primary School 1903" added digitally when the photo was copied. There is a typed list of all names.

Historical information

Tawonga is in the Kiewa Valley where farmers lived with their families. The school was opened on 27th July 1880 situated on 8 acres near the current township of Tawonga. This school was erased by fire in 1900 and all records were destroyed. The school then moved to the old Tawonga Hall. In 1910 the school was shifted to its present site on 3 acres of land donated by Frank Cooper. The school building and attendance continued to grow especially during the construction of the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme.

Significance

Historic: Tawonga Primary school has educated the local farming and town children for many years. It is an excellent source of the names of the local families in 1903. The photo is taken outside the Old Tawonga hall where the school was situated in 1903 and shows the clothing worn by children and teachers at the time.

Inscriptions & Markings

Names of students. Back Row: Charlotte Cooper, John Cooper, Ada Cooper, Thomas Hollands, Irene Roper, Stewart Hollands, Lily Barnette. Teacher Donald Mc Cance. Centre Row: Edward Trebilcock, Alfred Hollands, Pearl Barnette, Frank Cooper, Nellie Higginson, Bert Roper, Reg Roper. Front Row: Ben Cooper, Raymond Cooper, Myrtle Barnette, Lewis Crotty, John Creamer, Annie Hollands

Photo - Junction Dam

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black & white photo of Junction Dam construction

Historical information

Junction Dam was part of the Hydro Electric Scheme during the 1940's

Significance

State Electricity Commission of Victoria construction of the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme

Badge

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

A Girl Guide Service Badge. Brass star shaped with 6 points. Half of each point has 2 embossed lines from centre circle towards the point. In the centre is a circle coloured black at the centre of which is a brass number 2. The 2 stands out from the rest as it is raised from the flat circle which in turn is raised from the points which taper down to what would be a flat base but the badge is hollow. At the back of the star is a brass loop to which is attached a hair clip like pin - with a straight edge and a bumpy edge.(split pin attachment) A green felt circular pad with a central hole is attached.

Historical information

Girl Guides Service Badge. The green felt at the back of the badge indicates it was a Girl Guides badge - (brown felt indicating a Brownies badge). The number 2 indicates the owner was in her 2nd year as a member of the Girl Guide Club.

Significance

Historical: Provenance: The Davies family lived at Tawonga in the Kiewa Valley. The badge indicates that a member of the family was a member in her second year of Girl Guides - Wilma who was heavily involved in the Girl Guide movement or her daughter, Kerrie who was a member of the Girl Guides.

Inscriptions & Markings

The 2 embossed lines on each half of each point of the star. The number 2 in the black circle.

Stereoscope

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Dark green wooden box with padded protection around the perimeter and on lid where 2 rectangular pieces of wood touch the stereoscope. The box is fitted with wooden dividers that fit around the stereoscope. The stereoscope is green metal with folding legs and sides attached to allow the stereoscope to sit on a surface. The instrument has 2 round glass ('mirrored viewing lens') cylinders eye distance apart, that allow light in from the side swinging doors. The amount of light is constricted by a rectangular piece of metal at the top of each leg. The box has swing clips used to close it and a metal swing handle all on the front side.The hinges are reinforced (and offer protection) by additional rubber pieces at each end. Inside the box is a brush made of bristle with a wooden handle - used for cleaning.

Historical information

The stereoscope was an interpretation device used to interpret aerial photography and the landscape. It was used by National Parks Victoria located at Mt Beauty to look at aerial photos so that they showed up the relief of the topography and therefore looked 3D.

Significance

Used by National Parks Victoria staff located at the Mt Beauty office during the 1970's and early 1980's.

Inscriptions & Markings

Outside and top of box: written in black: No. 1026. On blue tape beneath: Mirror stereoscope 1026. written in black centre top of box: W10/WKA.0233. On front edge of box written in black: W10/WKA 0233. Inside box lid on silver plaque: Stereoscope Universal/ Made in / Australia / Die Casters Ltd. Victoria

Sewing Machine

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black metal Singer sewing machine with gold decoration and writing on its body and platform. It sits on a wooden tray which is hollow under the body with a separate space on the right hand side. The body of the machine can be lifted by hinges attached at the back. This would enable items to be stored in the hollow part of the box. Similarly the hollow section on the right hand side, which hasn't got a lid. The body has the needle and cotton attachments on the left and a handle for working the machine on the right. There is a metal rod at the top for the cotton reel. The body is attached to the platform at each side forming an arch. The top of the box has metal along its perimeter. At each end of the top of the box there is a plate with a small hollow rectangle in the middle enabling an attachment such as a board to be inserted for an extended bench.

Historical information

This sewing machine would have been used by some ladies to mend and make clothes for the family as shops were some distance away and to sew items for Church and School fetes.

Significance

Used in the Kiewa Valley.

Inscriptions & Markings

Front & back of body: "Singer". and at front on an oval brass plate: "The Singer Manfc. Co." Inside of body on left: "This machine contains / some substitute / parts and accessories" On metal platform on right: "Y3071189" Along top of body: "The Singer Manufacturing Co." On Wood right hand side: "Godfreys Ltd / 57 Gawler Place / Phone 460261 / No. 7063

Bottle - Chemist

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Round, amber bottle with small neck and sealed with a broken cork. Heavily embossed with lattice design covering one side of the bottle above which and at the shoulder of the bottle is embossed print in capital letters. On the back at the shoulder of the bottle is embossed 'poison'.

Historical information

This bottle was bought at a chemist shop either locally or at a bigger city on a shopping expedition. The lattice pattern was used for poisonous contents. It was sealed with a cork.

Significance

Historical: Bottles changed in size, seal and use. Aesthetic: Display showing embossing, shape and size of the bottle

Inscriptions & Markings

Front: 'Not To Be Taken" Back: "Poison" Base: "L 670" above "M' in the middle and "A" with 'G' and 'M' inside the "A" (common seal) underneath

Photos - Mt Beauty and Surrounds

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

4 black and white photographs of the Kiewa Valley area taken on a tour of the Kiewa Hydro electric scheme in March 1960 1. Mt Beauty township taken from the Mt Beauty Chalet 2. Mt Bogong, taken from Tawonga Gap 3. McKay portal pipeline 4. Bogong township

Historical information

Photos of the Kiewa Hydro Scheme and townships as they were in March 1960

Significance

Pictorial record of the Hydro Electric Scheme in the 1960's when it was operated by the State Electricity Commission of Victoria (SECV). With the privatisation of the SECV in the 1990's the scheme passed to Southern Hydro and was then acquired by ALG Energy in 2005.

Typing Plate and Carbon with Backing Sheet

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Large cream and red cardboard box with 10 Gestetner Typing Plate with carbon and backing sheets. Each group of papers is attached to a single paper with green stripes with random looking holes. On cover of box in red 'Durotype 62'

Historical information

Typists used carbon paper to make copies of letters and documents.

Significance

These stencils were used in the SECV office on the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme where Jan Burnett worked.

Inscriptions & Markings

Side of box in blue ink 'stencils'

Bottle - Chemist

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Small clear brown glass bottle used for medicine. Rectangular shape with heavy embossing at the front. Narrower sides taper to the lip at the opening. Also has a lip around the opening.

Historical information

Medicine came in bottles bought at the local chemist or at a large city chemist on a shopping expedition. The shape and contents changed as did the stopper used to seal it. History of Bonnington's Irish Moss.

Significance

Historical: Change of bottles - shape, glass, stopper, embossing, use. Aesthetic: Display showing embossing and shape

Inscriptions & Markings

On front side: 'Bonnington's / Irish Moss / Coughs & Colds'

Book - Religion - Prize - David Elliott - True to his Promise by C. E. Irvine

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Very old bound book. Brown coloured linen with a branch of blackberry vine with light green and yellow leaves drawn on top third of cover. Centre front is the title (David Elliot) printed in capital black letters with the D and E larger than the following letters and enclosed in a clear coloured rectangular box that has a thick 'railway line' border on its top and bottom. The bottom third has red leaves and black berries with thorns and the sub title in the same font but much smaller in size. the top and bottom to the cover has a border. Nothing on the back. David Elliot on the Spine

Historical information

Students attended Sunday School classes at the Tawonga Sunday School in 1898.

Significance

Historical: Religious Education: This book was given by teachers to students who attended classes at the Tawonga Sunday School in 1898.

Inscriptions & Markings

Awarded to Annie Sullivan by the Tawonga Sunday School 27/11/(18)98

Photograph of Bogong Creek Raceline - Bogong Creek Raceline

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black and white photograph taken during construction of Bogong Creek Raceline, showing the type of machine used for the formation of the concrete lining, the mountainous terrain, a number of workmen and a snow capped Mt. Bogong in the background

Historical information

A start on the construction of Bogong Creek race line was made at the commencement of winter in 1948. Work proceeded in the following years when work on the High Plains was not practicable. In January, 1951 the special trimming machine, the special slip form and concrete mixing and placing equipment was put into service. A shortage of cement caused some delays as well as a sudden financial recession. The race line was completed and put into service in 1952.

Significance

An historical record showing the machinery used , the number of workers needed at any one time ( about 16 in this photo) and the mountainous terrain of the area.

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten on the back of photograph in black ink "Bogong Creek race line".

Iron - Electric

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This is a "General Electric" iron. It has a steel base with a chrome upper and black plastic handle. It is thermostatically controlled with water spray. The electric cord is permanently attached, at right angels, to the handle base. A red button activates the water spray when pushed. A white button slides to enable fabric selection. A metal hole in the front of the handle is used to fill the iron with water.

Historical information

From c1950s electrical irons were used. The thermostatic iron followed the electric iron used with a container that enabled water to be sprayed onto the cloth. Damp cloth was more easily pressed. This thermostatic electric iron was one of the early models.

Significance

This iron was used by residents of the Kiewa Valley including those living at Mt Beauty where there was electricity and an SEC shop from c1950.

Inscriptions & Markings

General Electric; Wash and Wear / Wool / Cot / Lin; Australian General Electric Appliances Pty Ltd.; Notting Hill Victoria. 1100 Wats 240 Volts AC only. V/A2F Cat. No. 10 FS10

Photograph Fire Prevention Victorian Alps - Burning

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This black and white photograph shows an Alpine Fire Prevention technique of "burning off" low levels of scrub. The photograph is on 200gsm paper but it is not photographic paper. It can be assumed that the photo is not the original but a copy. See also KVHS 0413 and KVHS 0415 for other similar photos.

Historical information

This photograph, in late 1950s, shows an Alpine Fire Prevention technique of "burning off" low levels of scrub to reduce the level of available fuel against any possible summer bush fires. The Alpine regions accumulate high levels of potential fuel (undergrowth and small shrubs) which if not reduced has the potential of breaking into a dangerous bush fire. The men in this photograph are not wearing any protective clothing. Their visibility to other firefighters is severely reduced by smoke. This photo is a snap shot in time when Occupational Health and Safety Legislation was in its infancy stage.

Significance

This photograph details the fire prevention activities in the Victorian Alps under the management of the SEC Victoria. The level of undergrowth within the Australian bush needs to be kept under control to avoid the possibility of lightning strikes (during summer storms) igniting dry forests resulting in a major bush fire. Controlled fires within alpine regions are required not only to reduce the level of dry undergrowth but also to provide those various plant species requiring fire for regenerate. This method was used by the original inhabitants (Aborigines) as limited scrub fires were used to flush game and bird population for food, with a side benefit to those plants requiring the fire for regeneration.

Book - Trade - Matheson's Australian Saw - Millers' Log and Timber Ready Reckoner by D. Matheson

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Brown linen cover with black print written on 4 lines with black line underneath each. On left side a double thin black line vertical. At bottom black writing. Title, in black, on spine. 120 pages.

Historical information

Ready Reckoners were published to assist tradesmen to calculate the size, capacity etc. of timber as required in their everyday work.

Significance

Ewen Wallace used this book on his property at Kergunyah.

Inscriptions & Markings

'Ewen D. Wallace' written in pen. '7/6' written in pencil

Dress Child

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Girl's white dress (christening event), fine cotton with lace border "broderie anglaise" with a row of lace flowers mid skirt "battenberg".This lace is also inserted in centre front panel and sleeves. Scolloped cotton is also on sleeves, neck and front. Pin tucked skirt. Opening back with drawstring fastening at neck and waist. Short sleeves and machine stitched

Historical information

The dress was probably worn at a christening in one of the Kiewa Valley churches (denomination unknown). The importance of the event to family and friends is shown by the quality of the garment. These style Christening dresses were often worn buy several children of the one family , both boys and girls. Other items such as hand made bonnet may have been part of this out fit. "KVHS 0123"

Significance

The quality of the garment and the fashion style it represents is both historical, not only the time of its manufacture but also of the fashion in that era. It has christian religious implications and values of the time frame of regional life in the early1900s.

Saddle Horse Stock

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This all leather "stock horse" saddle shows plenty of wear. It is in "full harness" configaration with stirrups and leg protectors

Historical information

This stock horse saddle was probably used in the mid 1900's. This was the period when cattle mustering was at its prime. The movement of cattle was by mounted stock horse only and not by other methods. Northern territory cattle stations in the late 1900's started to use helicopters for "cattle control". In the KIEWA Valley/Bogong High Plains and other rural cattle producing areas required well trained stock horses and stockmen for cattle control. It is only in the later 1900's that motor bikes and four wheeled quad-bikes have taken over, in part, from the mounted stockman.

Significance

This horse saddle is very significant to the Kiewa Valley because of the early introduction of cattle stations in what initially was regarded as a semi remote location. The maintenance of cattle in the Kiewa Valley is and was an important requirement. A good stock horse saddle as and is important, especially during the period when cattle were grazed on the Bogong High Plains. The mustering and and moving cattle from the valley pastures to the high country was a demanding and dangerous exercise requiring "sure footed" stock horses.The "good" saddle was a vital part of this cattle mustering. A scientific study started in 1947 to study the impact of grazing cattle on the natural Alpine and sub Alpine vegetation found grazing cattle had an adverse affect on the natural Alpine and sub alpine vegetation, and grazing on the plains was stopped by the Victorian Government in 2005.This "camp draft" in the High Plains could take up to six weeks.

Photo of Junction Dam - Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme - Junction Dam, Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This is a black and white photo of Junction Dam viewed from upstream. Junction Dam was part of the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme. The picture shows piles of wood and pipes, crane, trucks and a shed on the cleared ground. The photo is mounted on 3 ply wood, painted black.

Historical information

The Junction Dam was built by the State Electricity Commission of Victoria as part of the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme. This photo show its construction in February 1940. The State Electricity Commission of Victoria were the employers of the Kiewa Hydro Scheme. The work included building dams, power stations and the infrastructure for the work and their employees. Mt Beauty and Bogong village were the places where this scheme was built and where this photo shows part of its construction being Power Station 3. Originally there were 3 Hydro stations built from the 1930's onwards. The scheme finished being built in 1960 and is the biggest Hydro electricity scheme in Victoria.

Significance

This photo has Historic significance due to Junction Dam built as part of the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme by the State Electricity Commission of Victoria. This photo shows its construction in February 1940.

Photograph of Lake Guy Dam, Walkway - Inside Lake Guy Dam

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black and white photograph of the walkway through Lake Guy (Junction) Dam wall.

Historical information

Lake Guy Dam is a 'slab and buttress' type wall. A timber frame is built and then filled with concrete. The first batch of concrete was placed in September, 1940. By June, 1941 the buttresses were finished to a height safe from floods and in October of that year a flood of 2,800 cusecs occurred but with only slight damage to the installations. Industrial trouble caused some delays but there was also slow progress on the part of the contractor and the work was taken over by the S.E.C., terminating the contract. The dam was completed in March, 1944. A walkway was made through the dam wall. Lake Guy was named after Mr. L.T. Guy who was the Resident engineer, in charge of construction work and associated activities on the Kiewa Area from 1939 to November 1946.

Significance

Shows the walkway placed as part of the Lake Guy (Junction) Dam wall. A very good pictorial reference for the future.

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten in blue ink on back of photograph "Inside Lake Guy Dam".

Bucket - Domestic

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Galvanised iron bucket with handle

Significance

Used by the local C.W.A. group.

Photographs - Demolition of the old Tawonga District General Hospital- Set of 8 photographs

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Set of 8 colour photographs of the demolition of the original Tawonga and District Hospital situated in Mt Beauty circa late 1900's-2000

Historical information

In the early stages of the Kiewa Hydro-Electric Scheme the State Electricity Commission took over the financial and construction responsibility of the Tawonga District General Hospital building at a cost of 27,000 pounds. This included the removal and re-erection of the ex-military Bonegilla ward from Wodonga while in addition they carried out all the necessary building works that allowed the hospital to operate as a functional unit. The work was completed and handed over to the Hospital Committee of Management on September 1, 1949. Local residents raised 3,400 pounds through fund raising. The balance was met by the SEC and the Hospital and Charities Commission. The initial project was to provide for a basic temporary hospital which was later to include an Operating Theatre, Offices, Store, Mortuary and a Nurse’s Home, until the establishment of a permanent medical premises. Following the opening, 455 patients were admitted to the Tawonga District General Hospital and 254 operations were performed in the first year. The hospital relocated to Mount Beauty in the former SEC administration offices located in the town centre. Official opening of the 18 bed Tawonga District General Hospital on April 29 in 1961. The old weatherboard building was demolished around the late 1900’s to early 2000’s and replaced with a new modern brick building. Alpine Health CEO Mr Lyndon Seys oversaw the opening of the new Mount Beauty Hospital in November 2001 alongside Board of Management President Mr Andrew Randell, other board members and politicians.

Significance

The Kiewa Hydro-Electric Scheme the State Electricity Commission played a pivotal part in the planning and initial funding of the Tawonga District General Hospital, with a view to providing medical support for its many workers on the Hydro scheme. Later, spouse and family members of workers were also able to access medical assistance The hospital was originally located in Tawonga away from the majority of the patients as the Hospital and Charities Board was not prepared to have it within the SEC controlled area and it was not until the gate at Tawonga South was taken down that the hospital was moved to the main centre of population at Mount Beauty.

Inscriptions & Markings

1. No markings 2. Side view of Tawonga District General Hospital, 1990’s 3. Demolition of the weatherboard hospital: Nurses station, ward and corridor 4. Demolition of the weatherboard hospital: kitchen & utility rooms 5. Demolition of the weatherboard hospital” front entrance & gardens 6. No markings 7. Demolition of the weatherboard hospital: Matrons House 8. No markings

Auvard Speculum Weights

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Heavy solid metal cylinder - hollow with one section open (longitudinally) to fit onto handle of Auvard self retaining vaginal speculum.

Historical information

This medical / hospital instrument was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950s specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme.

Significance

Historical: Shows the development of scientific hospital equipment. Provenance - Used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was remote and therefore required good equipment. Good condition and good interpretation capacity

Inscriptions & Markings

Scratched

Photo - Bogong Township

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black and white photograph of Bogong Township taken March 1944

Historical information

In 1940 Field Headquarters for the Kiewa Scheme were established at Bogong with office, workshop facilities and accommodation for workmen, staff and some families constructed. (There had been a 'tent camp' on this site in 1939 but was destroyed by bushfires) Construction of accommodation continued until 1947. A total of 40 houses plus a hostel for single staff, post office, police station, medical centre and primary school all with water and sewerage and electricity supply. The staff hostel was known as Kiewa House and is now occupied by the Education Department. Lake Guy was named after Mr. L.T. Guy who was the Resident Engineer in charge of construction work and associated activities on the Kiewa area. He held this position from 1939 to November 1946 when he was transferred to Head Office.

Significance

The Bogong Township was developed firstly as an accommodation centre (base camp) for construction workers employed under the Kiewa Hydroelectric Scheme. Due to the influx of European workers into the Township the beautification of the immediate surrounds (gardens etc.) had a distinct European flavour. This environment has been very beneficial for tourism in later years. At the completion of the scheme, in the 1960's, the village was opened to public/tourism use. Strict environmental control has not allowed for any extensive redevelopment in tourist accommodation and basically restricted it to the accommodation initially built for the construction workers. Activities such a bike riding, snow skiing, restricted horse riding and bush walking on the Alpine plains and mountains are now a viable part of the Kiewa Valley Tourist Industry. The lake is one of the many water storage reservoirs used to supply the power stations their main power to run the huge turbines generating the final product, electricity

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten on the back of photo - Township March '44

Photographs x 2- Bus tour of Wallaces Hut

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

2 black and white photographs mounted on buff card. Photos taken during a bus trip to Wallace's Hut on Feb. 20, 1970 1. Group of local Kiewa Valley residents on a bus tour to Wallace's hut 2. Group of adults and children pictured outside Wallace's hut

Historical information

Wallace's hut was built in 1889 and is probably the oldest surviving hut on the high plains of north-east Victoria. It was built in six weeks by Irish immigrant brothers Arthur, William and Stewart Wallace among old snow gums on a grassy plain above the snowline. The brothers held grazing leases on the High Plains and the hut was built to provide shelter for the cattlemen working there. It is probably the oldest hut on the Victorian high plains. It is part of the early history of hydroelectricity in the state and has links with early SEC meteorological data recording in the area

Significance

Apart from its historical significance, Wallace’s Hut is a popular stop for tourists and photographers and is the starting point for the Wallace’s Heritage trail, which is a popular and well used hiking track, by locals and visitors alike.

Inscriptions & Markings

1. Handwritten in black ink on bottom of photo 'Wallace's Hut, Bogong High Plains, 20 Feb, 1970 2. No markings

Camera Tele Ektra

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This Item is dual lens (22mm,44mm) camera comprising of an elongated oblong shape, black hard plastic shell. It has a slightly rough surface(for a better fingers grip), two latches are located at the back, one to release the camera from its hinged protective cover and one to move to the next picture frame (film is within a cartridge).

Historical information

From the 1970's onward the relative isolation of regional areas was improving in "leaps and bounds". Social amenities, and life styles were changing at a great rate. Items such as this camera (recreational/life style/non professional) capture of the altering socio economic balance of rural based activities provided the catalyst for greater appreciation by city dwellers to the benefits of rural life. The greater levels of communicative avenues, especially the visual (photography, pictures, television and the internet), from the beginning of this period and throughout the time frame (1970 to the 2000s) has cut the major restraints of what was rural "isolationism".

Significance

The significance of this type of camera, being a small two lens (normal, telescopic) and portable piece of equipment, allowed non professional tourists, locals or visitors to visually display the uniqueness of the Kiewa Valley and Alpine regions. This method of promotional and intimate visual reproduction of not only physical but also through personal involvement, of the photographer to the audience, a greater psychological impact, by the nature of intimacy involved. This type of photography is one of the most effective stimuli to promote the unique qualities of the Kiewa Valley region.

Inscriptions & Markings

On swing cover "Kodak Tele 1 " on back in small print "MADE IN USA" On camera body "KODAK TELE EKTRA 1" underneath "CAMERA" and on slide switch(front) to change lenses:"Tele" and "Norm"

Photograph of Pretty Valley Workers Camp* - Pretty Valley Camp

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

A black and white photograph of Pretty Valley Camp, c 1949. Dead trees are in the foreground, on both the left and right side of the photograph and a small snow gum is evident. There are camp huts and a much larger building behind these, possibly a workshop, and power poles are evident bringing electricity to the site.

Historical information

Erection of staff quarters at Pretty Valley was completed in April, 1947 and accommodation for construction workers commenced in 1948 but suspended on 11th May for winter and resumed on 9th November. Construction of this camp was completed in 1949. A large dam was proposed at this site but was never constructed. Instead a small diversion dam was built which diverts water either to Rocky Valley Dam or to McKay Creek Power Station.

Significance

An historical record of the type of accommodation provided for workmen during the construction of the Kiewa Hydro Scheme during the 1940's/50's.

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten in blue ink on back of photograph "Pretty Valley Camp. 5600 ft. above sea level".

Book - Sketch Book

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This book has a brown cover with black print and designs on a 150 gsm cardboard. Each page is of the same thickness as the cover but is of paper.

Historical information

This childhood sketchbook of the 1918 era details the emphasis placed upon a skill of brushwork that portrayed part of the students natural environment both in Tasmanian schools and Victorian schools, especially rural schools. The close bondage between students and their environment was a reflection on the early "hands on" approach in child education. Abstract art or teaching aids which could not be identified with physical properties available to students at this period in time were of lesser value. The ability of the student to identify the artistic value of local nature eg. local plants and flowers was especial important to rural based school children who had limited excursion opportunities available to visit town/city based botanical gardens and museums.

Significance

This brushwork book is very significant to the Kiewa Valley as it demonstrates that childhood relocations from one State to another were not detrimental to the students overall scholastic development. The rural environment in Tasmania was not that far removed from the rural environment of the Kiewa Valley. The skills taught in both regions were still the same and the socio-economic factors and mores were also similar. This item demonstrates the relocation of one family from Tasmania to the Kiewa Valley. The expansion in population into the Kiewa valley was quite erratic and significant population growth only came after the increase in population brought into the area by the SEC Vic Hydro Scheme introduced to quench the demand for Victoria's electricity.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the outside cover and contained within a thick boarder. "EDUCATION DEPARTMENT" and below this in smaller print "TASMANIA" below this "THE TASMANIAN BRUSHWORK BOOK". Below this "FOR CLASSES IV., V., AND VI" Below this "NAME" SCHOOL" At the bottom 2 1/2d

Bottle with Box - Office

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Small bottle with no neck and with black bakelite lid. Inside there is a bright pink liquid of 'Corrector fluid'. Cardboard box containing the bottle is lined with cardboard and is red with white writing on the top and white with black writing on the bottom. Each side of the box is written the Brand name and Directions each side in different languages.

Historical information

Corrector fluid was used to cover typing mistakes before retyping over it upon drying. Correction fluid became available sold with a brush and was drier and therefore quicker to use. Computers then followed with 'delete' keys to correct mistakes. History of Gestetner Company.

Significance

Jan worked as a typist in the S.E.C. offices and would have used corrector fluid when typing reports etc..

Inscriptions & Markings

Embossed on bottle AA517 on base Embossed on bottle UC or UG on base

Booklets - Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme - 1. "Power From Kiewa" and 2. "Victoria's Hydro Power"

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

1. Colored soft cover with photo of McKay Creek Power station on the front and Mt Beauty township on the back. Published by the SECV 2. Colored soft cover with Rocky Valley Dam on the front and inserted photo of a stream and snow on the back. Published by the SEC.

Historical information

1. The State Electricity Commission of Victoria built the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme from the 1930's to the 1960's. This booklet was to inform visitors and to promote tourism. 2. The State Electricity Commission built several hydro power stations from 1928 - 1981. This booklet names each with a summary and explanation.

Significance

The State Electricity Commission of Victoria built the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme establishing infrastructure such as the Bogong and Mt Beauty townships and the opportunity for tourism in the area.

Iron Hand Kerosene

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This iron has a steel base and a metal body coated with green coloured enamel. The wooden hand grip is painted dark green. The kerosene (spirit) container is a chrome metal cylinder with a flat bottom and top. The top has a small filler/air plug is located on the top side. There are two control knobs located next to and under the metal cylinder. The close to the cylinder is a lock which locks the top lid of the iron and the other knob controls the airflow to the heater rod

Historical information

This item was in use before electricity and was manufactured after the flat stove irons.The weight of the iron base, is heavy, helping in smoothing out crinkly material being ironed. This item permitted ironing of clothes to be separate and away from heating stoves. It permitted greater flexibility for ironing clothes and permitted more control (consistency) of the temperature of the iron.

Significance

Historically and significantly this item enforces the relative isolation of the Kiewa Valley and period when and where this domestic item was in use(manufactured circa 1950). A rural setting with mining, beef , milk and tobacco production in the early 1900s. Even though the community was in a rural setting, the standards of dress was the same as in the bigger towns and cities. Social and religious mores and values demanded that the personal appearance be clean and crisp no matter where a person was living or working. Heavy laborious work was considered by some religions as virtuous, therefore the heavy and tiring work of ironing during this period had its rewards. Rural areas where the last to be connected to electricity and therefore this item was a domestic necessity far into the 1950's.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the base of the handle "PEERMAN" and below this P/46, C.I. Thomas & Son Pty Ltd

Sigmoidascope

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Used for rectal examinations. Stainless steel. 2 parts. Shaped like a gun the handle of the hollow holder being at a rectangle. The connections are attached to a cone shape. The part that fits inside this holder is straight with a handle at one end, with a shield to stop it travelling into its holder too far.Then it continues as a rod, half way along which is another shield until the rod stops at a solid half cylinder. The handle of the 'rod' is rounded with 8 faces.

Historical information

This medical / hospital instrument was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950s specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme.

Significance

Historical: Shows the development of scientific hospital equipment. Provenance: Used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was remote and therefore required good equipment.

Uterine Cork Screw (Myomectomy Screw)

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Used to hold and manoeuvre the uterus when it was excised and exported in the operation of a hysterectomy. Metal instrument with wide handle at one end and a cork screw at the other.

Historical information

This medical instrument was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950s specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme.

Significance

Historical: Shows the development of scientific hospital equipment. Provenance: Used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was remote and therefore required good equipment.

Book - Educational - Typewriting - Pitman's Commercial Typewriting by W. & E. Walmsley

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Green hard cover book bound at the top with black border, title, author & symbol of Pitman's on the front. Towards the bottom of the book (front and back) is an eyelet with a hole enabling a brown cord to pass through (held by a metal T stopper). This enables the book to be stood up next to the typewriter for easy to see copying. The back cover of the book has 3 white stickers with typed information.

Historical information

During the 1940's students learnt typing as part of a Commercial Course. This book enabled students to complete a practical course by following the graded Exercises and Lessons and by testing their progress.

Significance

Historical: Typing was taught at Intermediate level during the 1940's for students living in the Kiewa Valley.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the back cover -typed - 'Janice Burnett (nee Seager)... Also "1946 George Seager (Ted) was in Intermediate Commercial "A" ... Some pages have penciled markings

Mould Butter

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This well crafted circular wooden butter mould could also be used as a butter pat.The handle in the middle of the mould was not added after the crafting but has been fashioned from the initial block of wood when the bowl was crafted. The bowl structure has a rim around the edge.

Historical information

This butter mould/pat may have been manufactured post 1967(year post codes appeared in Australia) however the post code was only stamped on after it was machined. This type of butter mould was used by rural families to fashion home/farm made butter. This period was in most rural regions a time of self sufficiency where any domestic type implement which could be fashioned by the family would be crafted with skill. Shopping for goods required catalogues from stores located in major rural towns and cities and involved lengthy waiting times. Travelling to and from these specialised stores was not pleasant due to the relatively poor quality of the roads and the lengthy times taken. The small general stores in the Kiewa Valley could not cater for all the needs of the valley. The 1960's was a time when facilities especially goods and services started to improve drastically. The S.E.C. of Victoria with its Kiewa Hydro Electricity Scheme provided not only an improvement of facilities in the valley but also a increase in the population. This increase resulted in a greater demand for local produce.

Significance

This item is one of many domestic food processing implements used by Kiewa Valley households in the mid 1900s, whether on the farm or in the small towns and hamlets. Self sufficiency was the key to survival during these early times. Where ever possible supplies from within the valley were preferred to that brought in by travelling salesmen or traders. This butter mould and butter pat was commonly used to fashion "home" made butter throughout the valley and in some cases supplied to "outside" regional towns. Although this method of production was phased out by better access to goods from nearby cities the revival of the good organic home grown produce in the 1980s saw a greater demand of this type of farm based produce.

Inscriptions & Markings

The top of the handle has an ink stamp "T. & W. Dav" on the top line and "Tawonga 3697" underneath.