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Kiewa Valley Historical Society Mt Beauty, Victoria

The Kiewa Valley Historical Society aims to preserve and conserve the history and heritage of the Kiewa Valley & district. Through the use of permanent, and temporary exhibitions, information walls, a photo gallery, a diorama of the Bogong High Plains, a model hydro system, and two DVD screens we show the area's history and highlights, that tell our social history, natural science areas and technological developments.

The collection has many artefacts that show the history and cultural heritage of the first indigenous people. Along with artefacts from pioneer settlers of the Kiewa Valley and Mount Beauty lived, worked and socialised. Items such as photos, books, farming equipment, hospital equipment, technological equipment from the Kiewa Hydro Scheme, household items, plus oral histories, and genealogy books are in our collection. All the items in the collection have either historical, technological or aesthetic significance to the Kiewa Valley and have good interpretive capacity. Artefacts have to meet this assessment criteria before being considered to be added into the collection. We do not buy, sell or give valuations for any artefacts at this stage.

The historical society Museum space shares the same premises as the Mt Beauty Visitor Information Centre. There is wheel chair access, a disability toilet and separate male and female toilets. Free parking is found the North side of the information centre. There is also a small seating area in the sun deck of the centre. The centre is with in walking distance from Mt Beauty main shopping centre and a 50 - 60 minute drive from the larger centres of Wodonga / Albury.
New members are always welcomed.

Contact Information

location
Mount Beauty Information Centre 31 Bogong High Plains Rd P.O. Box 184 Mt Beauty Victoria 3699 (map)
phone
+61 (03) 5754 1323

Contact

Opening Hours

10am to 4pm Monday to Thursday 10am - 5pm Friday 9am - 5pm Saturday 9am - 4pm Sunday During school holidays open 9:00 am to 5:00 pm daily. Closed Christmas Day.

Entry Fee

Gold coin donation.

Location

Mount Beauty Information Centre 31 Bogong High Plains Rd Mt Beauty Victoria

View on Google Maps

The collection has authentic items which highlight the first peoples who roamed the Kiewa Valley. Along with the social history of the first white settlers of the Kiewa Valley and Mount Beauty lived, worked and socialised from the late 1800's onwards. Items such as photos, books, farming equipment, hospital equipment, technological equipment from the Kiewa Hydro Scheme, household items, plus oral histories, and genealogy records and books are in our collection.

Significance

The Kiewa Valley Historical Society collection has historic significance as it shows how the first white settlers lived and worked through out the valley. Scientific significance applies to the rock cores taken by the SEC during the construction of the hydro scheme. The indigenous stones & tools also have historic significane as they show the cultural heritage of the first people of the Kiewa Valley. Other than the archives, all items have interpretative capacity to be in the collection.

Gavin 3 January 2015 9:16 PM

Hello, I am after a book, Title: Tales of Gibbo gold : characters from the 1880s. Author: Morrow, John A. (John Alexander). Would you have this or know where I can purchase a copy? Thanking you, Gavin.

Gavin 3 January 2015 9:16 PM

Hello, I am after a book, Title: Tales of Gibbo gold : characters from the 1880s. Author: Morrow, John A. (John Alexander). Would you have this or know where I can purchase a copy? Thanking you, Gavin.

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1215 items

Tuyere Pipe

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This iron cone shaped tuyere has a small hole (diamenter 25mm) starting within an ever enlarging cone (amplification of the air pressure going through) delivering varying hot or extremely hot air into a furnace or hearth which intensifies the heat to allow the "shaping" of metal objects. The larger "flared" cone extension allows for the directed air to be spread and not concentrated.

Historical information

This tuyere (word from French origin) was used by professional blacksmiths and or cattlemen before and during the Kiewa Hydro Electricity Scheme was being constructed. The need to use a furnace or forge in the shaping of metal rods, horse shoes and pipes is both a rural necessity and a construction, on site requirement. The "inventiveness" of cattlemen and construction workers to produce metal objects not available "off the shelf" is one of the inherent traits not only of rural self sufficiency but in the "pioneer" days of rural isolation one of survival.

Significance

This tuyere is of great significance to the Kiewa Valley and its regions because it highlights one of the greatest strengths of the rural (especially isolated) life and its folk living there, and that is the great human factor of adaptability and survival techniques in sometimes harsh and demanding environmental circumstances. The inventiveness and the attitude, "she'll be right mate", demonstrates life on the land where specialised blacksmith activities can be found in non "professionals" because of the fact that "someone" has to do the job. This is one of the differences between country "rural" life and that found in cities and larger towns.

History of the Upper Kiewa Valley Television Translator

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

A full box consisting of folders and papers relating to the History of the Upper Kiewa Valley Television Translator.

Historical information

The Television Translator was set up for people in the Upper Kiewa Valley who couldn't access the ABC, SBS and other channels of television from other transmitters in the area. Black spots were funded in 1999-2000. In 2014 new digital equipment resulted in the folding up of the committee and SBS took over.

Significance

Historical: The history of providing television in the Upper Kiewa Valley to all residents and that of a community who worked towards achieving their aim. The history of technology for delivering television to people.

Photographs – Photographs of staff from Tawonga District General Hospital & Alpine Health – Set of 13 colour photographs

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Set of 13 colour photographs of past nursing staff and support staff from Tawonga District General Hospital, Kiewa Valley House & Alpine Health 1. Marg Hickey, Barbara Clark & Margaret Ranton 2. Cheryl Clutterbuck & Rosemary Forrest 3. Margaret Ranton 4. Margaret Ranton holding unknown infant 5. Gwen Goss 6. Barbara Clark & Margaret Ranton 7. Margaret Ranton, Sue Zeinert & Jenny Piera 8. Margaret Ranton, Gloria Ryder & Jenny Piera 9. Sue Wesley, Ruth Barton, Margaret Ranton, Rosemary Forrest & Nola Henry 10. F Bogaski & H Sigmund 11. Maintenance Supervisor H Sigmund 12. Gardener Fred Keat & Handyman Joe Trezise (1977) 13. Nursing staff in new hospital

Historical information

In the early stages of the Kiewa Hydro-Electric Scheme the State Electricity Commission took over the financial and construction responsibility of the Tawonga District General Hospital building at a cost of 27,000 pounds. This included the removal and re-erection of the ex-military Bonegilla ward from Wodonga while in addition they carried out all the necessary building works that allowed the hospital to operate as a functional unit. The work was completed and handed over to the Hospital Committee of Management on September 1, 1949. Local residents raised 3,400 pounds through fund raising. The balance was met by the SEC and the Hospital and Charities Commission. The initial project was to provide for a basic temporary hospital which was later to include an Operating Theatre, Offices, Store, Mortuary and a Nurse’s Home, until the establishment of a permanent medical premises. Following the opening, 455 patients were admitted to the Tawonga District General Hospital and 254 operations were performed in the first year. The hospital relocated to Mount Beauty in the former SEC administration offices located in the town centre. Official opening of the 18 bed Tawonga District General Hospital on April 29 in 1961. Kiewa Valley House nursing home was officially opened on March 6th, 1985, with a new lounge extension opening in May, 1993. Prior to this, residents had to travel to Beechworth, Wangaratta or Wodonga for care. The old weatherboard building was demolished around the late 1900’s to early 2000’s and replaced with a new modern brick building. Alpine Health CEO Mr Lyndon Seys oversaw the opening of the new Mount Beauty Hospital in November 2001 alongside Board of Management President Mr Andrew Randell, other board members and politicians.

Significance

The Kiewa Hydro-Electric Scheme the State Electricity Commission played a pivotal part in the planning and initial funding of the Tawonga District General Hospital, with a view to providing medical support for its many workers on the Hydro scheme. Later, spouse and family members of workers were also able to access medical assistance. Many SEC workers and their families have received high medical care at Tawonga District General Hospital and Alpine Health and/or as residents of Kiewa Valley House over the years. A number of family members of SECV workers as well as other dedicated staff have provided high quality medical attention and support in all three facilities as nursing staff, support staff and volunteers. Many past staff members and their families still remain living in the Kiewa Valley area

Inscriptions & Markings

1-9 No markings 10 F Bogaski & H Sigmund 11. Maintenance Supervisor H Sigmund 12. Gardener Fred Keat & Handyman Joe Trezise (1977) 13. Nursing staff in new hospital

Guarded Tonsil Curette

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

For removing tonsils. The curette is designed to scrape the surface. Long metal instrument with yellow (brass?) handle which is flatish with grooves on opposite sides. The instrument part is about the same length splitting out and forming a hook at right angles. The hook is formed by 2 parts together the lower part having 3 sharp teeth protruding inwards. The hook is wide.

Historical information

This medical / hospital instrument was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950s specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme.

Significance

Historical: Shows the development of scientific hospital equipment. Provenance: Used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was remote and therefore required good equipment. Good condition and good interpretation capacity.

Photographs – Tawonga Cres., Mt Beauty. Circa 1993. Set of 4 colour photographs

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Set of 4 colour photographs Tawonga Crescent, Mt Beauty. Circa 1993 showing retail services and streetscape of the time

Historical information

Established in 1946, during the construction of the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme, the township of Mt Beauty was developed by the State Electricity Commission of Victoria to provide additional accommodation for the thousands of workers during the construction of the country’s second largest hydro-electricity scheme. 
Although these towns were built as temporary accommodation for the workers and their families, many stayed after the scheme finished. Combined with the influx of European migrants, with their rich cultural backgrounds, all played a major part in shaping the future character of the Mount Beauty, the Kiewa Valley and Falls Creek. The Bright Council, now the Alpine Shire took over the control of the township in 1960. This relatively young town of Mount Beauty, along with the surrounding townships of Falls Creek, Bogong, Tawonga South and Tawonga, are all part of a prospering tourist area with excellent services, accommodation, food and a wide range of recreational activities available for all ages. According to Shire records, the population of Mt Beauty has grown from 1,500 in 1981 to 1,800 in 2016 with a projected increase to 2,000 in 2013

Significance

The photographs taken around 1993 show a prosperous commercial centre catering for both locals and the needs of visitors. It provides a pictorial history of the changes which have occurred in the retail/commercial district of Mt Beauty over the years. It also demonstrates the attention paid by Alpine Shire towards providing accessible recreational green space around the town centre.

Inscriptions & Markings

No markings

Bottles - Milk x2

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Clear glass milk bottle with straight sides half way up tapering to the top where there is a thick lip on the outside. Opening is wide. There is an inner rim inside the opening. A cardboard disc fitted on to the inner rim to seal the contents. Heavily embossed.

Historical information

Milk was produced at the local dairy and then delivered to the stores and / or each household. The shape of the bottles changed as did the stopper used to seal it. The cardboard one predating the aluminium seals. Milk bottles were recycled by the dairy for re use. Liquids were measured in pints pre 1966.

Significance

Historical: Change of bottles - shape, stopper, embossing Aesthetic: Display showing embossing and shape

Inscriptions & Markings

On side near base: 'One Imperial pint' On base: Common Seal: 'A' with 'G' and 'M' inside the 'A'. 'F 1297' is across the middle and 'M' is underneath. In front of the 'M' one bottle has '2' and the other '6'.

Book - Reference Botany - Botany - A Junior Book For Schools

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This hard covered book(cloth strengthened) is faded(aged) beige in colour and consists of 204 pages. It is printed in English (black print) on both sides and contains illustrations of both free hand sketches and photographs of plants, both foliage and roots systems. The book is arranged in three sections: three pages of preface, two of contents (28 chapters). The last four pages contain the appendix and index.

Historical information

This book was a highly regarded reference book for students in primary and lower secondary schools within Victoria from the late 1800s to the mid 1900s. The book provided students with the fundamental knowledge of botany for the era in which it was produced. As this book was targeting a junior schooling level (basic), it could cover a greater and extended reader population. Teaching institutions could, because of its straight forward, basic written information, retain this book's circulation for a greater length of time, thereby optimising the return against the greater initial costs of importing it from England.This book was produced in a time where learning was at a relatively slower pace (due to a smaller source and supply of material). The availability of a large range of cheap reference books such as that offered from 1971 on wards via the internet "Project Guttenberg" in the form of electronic books, has dramatically provided a larger source of reference material.

Significance

The significance of this book on botany, is that it was highly effective for the era in which it was produced and in particular the students at a rural based school. Being in a rural area students were able to identify local vegetation to the various life cycles of plants presented in this mainly United Kingdom/European referenced book. The students in the Kiewa Valley and attending a rural school, where in a position to study all the fundamental teaching that this book encompassed. This in one way provided students in the valley a slightly better appreciation between book and real life (on the land, in the field and by the river). Later publications of this book had additional Australian references in them.

Inscriptions & Markings

On spine "BOTANY" underneath "R.H. YAPP" and at bottom the Cambridge coat of Arms and below this "CAMBRIDGE" The front cover "BOTANY" underneath this "A JUNIOR BOOK FOR SCHOOLS" and below this a an illustration of a four leaf petal(flower of Germander Speedwell) the same as appears on the cover of edition 2, however this book is edition 3. At the bottom is "R.H. YAPP

Nebulizer - Medical

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Brown cardboard box containing 3 clear glass instruments. Two have a sphere in the middle with a long thin hollow cylinder at one end and a similar one at the other end except this one continues into the sphere and ends in a hook. The other instrument consists of a hollow cylinder that curves at the bottom and goes into a hollow ball. The ball has one small hollow appendage coming out at an angle and another short wide round hollow cylinder at its top. Label at end of box hand written: "Used for croupette"

Historical information

This medical / hospital instrument was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950's specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme. Previous UKV 325

Significance

Historical: Shows the development of scientific hospital equipment. Provenance: Used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was remote and therefore required good equipment. Good condition and good interpretation capacity.

Inscriptions & Markings

Box label: 'Nebulizer for Croupette"

German Army Trousers

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Grey wool riding breeches army issue

Historical information

These trousers are from the Light brigade, and therefore would have an interesting history and research value. If this item was attached to other items connected to the wars,WW1, WW2, it could good interpretive history. Unfortunately we do not know who they belonged to, but since they were donated to the UC op shop it may be a local person in the Kiewa Valley. Jan 2013 - We have just found out these trousers are infact from the German Army from WW1 and would have been brought back home by one of local soldiers who were in the light horse, which a few men from Tawonga served in.

Significance

If this item was donated by a local person, this would make it very signfigant due to attached social history about that person. Therefore significance would be, historic, re light brigade history, and the German Army, since we now know these are German Army pants. Research value as above. The period of this item, WW1 would make it rare, and since the item is in good condition, gives it good interpretive capacity.

Inscriptions & Markings

KMV - 1 Private, Ex (in red) 72 in purple

Photo - Mt Beauty Cenotaph

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black and white photograph of the stone cenotaph in Mt Beauty

Historical information

The cenotaph was built by Snowy Miller, stone mason. Site of Anzac Day commemorations

Significance

Stone mason, Snowy Miller (father of Dot Higginson) constructed the cenotaph. He also worked on the Tawonga hall.

Book - Maths - Arithmetic

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Red book with cloth cover over cardboard previously been covered with brown paper. Black writing. 1 complete & 1 partial whole punched buy hole puncher into cover

Historical information

Education of Arithmetic in the 1950s

Significance

Historical: Comparison of education over time. Provenance: Bogong Primary School

Inscriptions & Markings

Arithmetic / A Sequel to / "The First Two Years' Arithmetic" / With Answers / Revised Edition / Wilson and Ross / F. W. Cheshire / Melbourne

Book - Whitcombe's New Austral Grammars - a Fourth Book of Grammar and Composition for Grades V11 & V111

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

A greeny/grey book with cardboard cover and with bluish picture of 3 children sitting on a fence looking at a view of the countryside. The countryside is in a solid circle of blue. Border is black with ladder-like line about 2 mm wide. Bottom right corner in circle coloured blue is (in black) 2/- Title: in black Whitcombe's / New austral Grammars / A Fourth Book of / Grammar and Composition / for / Grades VII & VIII.

Historical information

Educational book for Grammar and Composition. Published for the Victorian Education Department.

Significance

Historical: Comparative with other text books used in schools in different eras.

Inscriptions & Markings

See physical description.

Booklet - S.E.C.V. - Cooking for Christmas with the SEC

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

White 22 page booklet with the black title in the middle of the cover surrounded by a repeated-design green border.

Historical information

For many years, the State Electricity Commission of Victoria produced a Christmas Recipe booklet. This one has been typed up without the glossy quality of others that were issued from the Sales Department of the S.E.C.V..

Significance

The SECV constructed the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme employing many workers. They built the townships of Bogong and Mt Beauty and assisted with the infrastructure required to support the influx of population. In the Mt Beauty shopping centre, one of the shops was the SEC Showroom which sold electrical appliances and gave advice on their use along with recipe booklets for cooking on the new electrical appliances. This booklet continues the tradition of a Christmas recipe booklet.

Educational Program - Two Years in the Infant School. Topics 1 to 21; 22 to 42; 43 to 63; 64 to 84

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

4 grey boxes which open up with a lid that is the shape of the box cut diagonally in half. The side opposite the hinge falls down as it is attached at the bottom (not the sides). Inside are a lot of pamphlets. Each topic is bound with string through 2 holes punched along the side. Each topic is numbered and of about 8 Sections which cover each area of the curriculum. eg. Topic 19 is 'Sugar' and has 14 pages. Box 1 has topics 1 to 21; Box 2 has topics 22 to 42; Box 3 has topics 43 to 63 and Box 4 has topics 64 to 84.

Historical information

This educational program was used at Mt Beauty Primary school possibly in the 1950s.

Significance

Historical: Mt Beauty primary School was establish in the late 1940s as a result of an increase in the population due to the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme. Provenance: As a new school it was considered to be very modern with the latest equipment. This program can be compared to other programs used in Education.

Inscriptions & Markings

Inside front of box in ink 'E.A. Plyton(?) On cover page: Two Years / in the / Infant School / Prepared / Under the Supervision of / Enid Blyton, N.F.U.

Journal - John Creamer, Dairyfarmer

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Photocopied A3 sized pages from John Creamer's dairy journal covering the years 1916-1942. The book has an alphabet index for people's names with details of their purchases (eg. mutton and potatoes) with the cost in pounds shillings and pence. Page 15 has the title "Sows When Due to Parrow" and lists the cows by name. Only pages 1 to 61 have been copied except for pages 39-41, 49, 54, 55. The rest has been digitised.

Historical information

Dairy farmers kept a journal to record their transactions and business on the farm. John Creamer's daughter Mary Cardwell has her father's journal covering the years 1916 to 1942.

Significance

The journal was kept by local dairy farmer John Creamer who farmed at Gundowring in the Kiewa Valley. It consists of names of local people and is representative of the business (produce and life) on the dairy farm at the time.

Dress - Brown Taffata

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Metallic brown taffatta cocktail dress with scooped neck front and back. Princess line in one piece with pleated side panels and back from the waist. Bows either side of the A line at front and three bows from the waistline to the bottom of the zip at the back. Capped sleeves. Skirt lined with stiffening.

Historical information

This dress was typical of those worn on special occasions usually after 5 pm: eg. dinner dances, balls, weddings. There were many such functions at Mt Beauty and the Kiewa Valley eg. the Hospital Ball

Significance

This dress was worn by Margaret Mc Kendrick (nee Vyner) who lived in Tawonga when growing up. She married Ian McKendrick and they lived in Mt Beauty. She worked as a nurse at the Tawonga and District hospital. They had three children: Linda, Robyn and Boyd. Ian worked at the Mt Beauty Post Office.

Inscriptions & Markings

Label: Styled by Camille Lee of Melbourne

Cream Can - Large

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Large steel dairy can used for cream or milk. The irregular shaped ring handles are welded on each side in an upright position. The lid is stuck on the can. The flat outer edge of the lid has an inscription. The centre of the lid is indented with a bar shaped handle welded across it to enable lifting.

Historical information

Milk and cream were stored in steel cans for transportation to stores or local dairy companies.

Significance

The dairy industry is and has been one of the major industries of the Kiewa Valley. This cream can was used on a dairy farm in the Kiewa Valley.

Inscriptions & Markings

Embossed at the top of the straight sides is "Dairymaster" between the handles on each side. Lid: "B.L.Paynter" along the outer edge.

Pin Hat

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This hat pin is adorned with a flat metal circular head. There are two circles of narrow patterns around the outer edge. The centre is decorated with three shiny black faceted shapes producing a spoke like appearance

Historical information

Historically this item represents women's fashion in the 1920s to 1950s. As the material used in the construction is not of a high monetary value it can be assumed it was a day to day working woman apparel to keep the hat firmly fastened into the hair. It does indicate that fashion of the time was important within the region

Significance

This item is a reflection of both the fashion mode of the 1920s to 1950s when long hair needed to be controlled by hair pins rather than later manufactured hair sprays. It is also an example of society's mores of tidiness and quasi religious beliefs of covering the hair and head when outdoors

Rounders Bat

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Wooden bat. The face of the bat is flat and the other side becomes thicker (is tapered) towards the centre in a longitudinal direction. The handle is cylindrical.

Historical information

This rounders bat was used by the students at Bogong Primary School.

Significance

Historical: Bogong Primary School was opened for the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme workers. Provenance: Bogong Primary School sport.

Inscriptions & Markings

'Champion' 3 quarters of the way up the bat towards the handle on the flat side of the bat. On the reverse side same position, Made in / Pakistan. On the flat side: Bogong has been written in thick black but faded paint.

Book - Student's exercise book - Exercise Book used for dictation

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black blank cardboard cover. Used as an exercise book for composition, dictation in 1913 by Miss Fisher.

Historical information

The Education of English in 1913 / 1914. Hand writing in 1913 / 1914.

Significance

Historical: Education through the ages. Provenance: Olivia Fisher lived in the Kiewa River at Mongans Bridge. She was a prominent member of the KVHS and donated many significant items.

Inscriptions & Markings

Olivia Fisher Mongans Bridge on inside of cover. Pages neatly written in ink but with a water stain on early pages. Very neat writing with title eg. Composition, Dictation and dated June 1913 to May 1914

Bottle - Medical

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Small brown glass bottle sealed with a broken cork and has a yellow label with red writing on the front. On the back is embossed 'Poison' with each side embossed with small crosses in 3 rows - to indicate / emphasise it's poison. The bottle has 3 sides of a rectangle with the fourth side including 3 more sides. Two sides on an angle and attached to the back. Embossing on the base.

Historical information

This bottle containing antiseptic and germicide was used by the State Electricity Commission workers on the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme for applying first aid as they worked in remote country.

Significance

Historical: Shows the development of medicine used in first aid. Provenance: Used by the S.E.C. workers in remote areas of the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme.

Inscriptions & Markings

Front - label: Includes - State Electricity Commission / of Victoria / 'Proflavine Lotion / 1 - 1000 / A Powerul Antiseptic / and Germicide / Poison' / - an effective First Aid Dressing / apply freely on gauze, cover with / absorbent cotton and bandage.' Back: 'Poison' with 3 rows of 'x' on either side. Base: 'Common Seal 4 / M452 / M'

Book - Reference Chemistry - Elements of Chemistry

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This item (book) has a faded red colour, hard cover with black print and rectangular design. Within this design is an encircled double "M" and "&" (in the left inverted V of the M) and a "Co" (in the right inverted V of the M).

Historical information

This item is a good example of a pre 1960's school science reference books. It contains sketches of experimental apparatus and not colored photographs of later text books. Although the sketches are very instructional they do not show the various colours obtained when mixing some compounds. The history of reprints demonstrates the quality of the information and the ease of study for students using this book. The era of this publication was a time when sources for knowledge in schools was restricted to mainly school books and teacher demonstrations. The student in the 2 Millennium has a far greater reference source available e.g. the internet.

Significance

This book is significant to the Kiewa Valley as the Davies family (Tas Davies, penned on the first page), belong to the early settlers of the valley. The book acknowledges that although the region was relatively isolated up to the mid 1900s, the good teaching methods of local schools did not suffer in this rural area. This region was not in the backwaters of scholarly development and modern progressive thought. As with "school of the air" distances in rural areas, between centres of learning and recipients, became irrelevant provided that the social stimulant to learn exists. The "local school" mind set within rural areas was, even before the improvement of the communication "explosion" of the early 1900s followed by the internet facilities of the late 1900s, the greatest drive in cutting the anomalies between city and rural learning facilities. Government decentralising higher education facilities into regional centres (Wodonga - Albury) provided greater access for the learned mind.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the front cover "MACMILLAN'S SCHOOL CLASS BOOKS CHEMISTRY" and on the spine "ELEMENTS OF CHEMISTRY" underneath "REMSEN" and at the bottom"MACMILLAN & Co"

Photographs x 2- D Reids home at Mill Park 1973

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

2 colour photographs mounted together on buff card 1. Man and 2 children (unidentified) standing outside the remains of the Reid home. 2 Dec, 1973 2. Group of unidentified people on a tour of the old homestead of D. Reid. 2 Dec, 1973

Historical information

David Reid (1820-1906) was a pastoralists and politician. He left school at 16 and after meeting the overlander John Gardiner he decided to look for land south of the Murray River. Equipped by his father with some 500 head of cattle, 2 bullock wagons and teams and 6 assigned servants, he reached the Ovens River on 8 September 1838. David settled at Currargarmonge, near Wangaratta. At the end of 1843 he took up land near Yackandandah. In 1847 he took up a section of the family run of which Woorajay (Wooragee) formed a part. He built the first water driven flour-mill in the district on his Yackandandah run in 1845; his woolclip of 1848 was one of the first to be handled by R. Goldsbrough and was claimed to come from sheep descended from stock imported in the 1820s from George III's flock. Going into politics, he held the Legislative Assembly seat of Murray from October 1859 to May 1862.

Significance

David Reid was a highly regarded grazier and local politician who was significantly involved in settlement around the Yackandandah area. Photo demonstrates ongoing interest in the local history of the area and its early residents

Inscriptions & Markings

1. Handwritten in black ink under photo 'D. Reid's home 1845. At Mill Park. 2 Dec 1973 2. Handwritten in blue ink under photo 'Snapshots Clare Roper"

Typewriter with cover

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Large, heavy, hard plastic two toned grey typewriter. The keys board includes symbols for inches, pounds, dollars, cents and fractions. The margins and size of paper measurements are in inches.The keyboard slopes up to a vertical plane. On top the area is flat where there is a small gap which exposes the metal keys. The cylinder that holds and enables the paper to be moved is long with controls at each end and a large lever that returns the cylinder to the left. Behind the cylinder there is a compartment. The keys hit an inked tape (black or red and black) which forms an impression onto the paper. Mechanisms, using the correct buttons, enable margins etc. to be pre set. This typewriter sits 3 cm high from a base. Vinyl deep red/black cover sits on top covering top and sides to protect the typewriter from dust. It is homemade with 2 sides attached to 1 long piece.

Historical information

Typewriters pre date computers and were used by office workers eg. Secretaries for documents and letter writing. An inked tape was hit by the keys as it moved along which resulted in their imprint being copied onto paper. Multiple copies were made by inserting carbon paper between sheets of paper. The original was easily identified.

Significance

Used in the Kiewa Valley.

Inscriptions & Markings

Front top left: "Royal" Back top right "Made in England" Back silver paper sticker on top left "For Supplies and Service / Business Equipment Pty Ltd

Money Box - CBA

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Hollow green, yellow and blue tin box with slot at the top & inscription along the top of each of the 4 sides. The base has a circular detachable plug which fits into a hole.

Historical information

Banks encouraged people to save their money by giving out money boxes in the hope that he money would be banked in the same bank. The designs have changed throughout the years.

Inscriptions & Markings

"Commonwealth Bank of Australia"

Photo - Bogong Township

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black and white photograph of Bogong Township taken March 1944

Historical information

In 1940 Field Headquarters for the Kiewa Scheme were established at Bogong with office, workshop facilities and accommodation for workmen, staff and some families constructed. (There had been a 'tent camp' on this site in 1939 but was destroyed by bushfires) Construction of accommodation continued until 1947. A total of 40 houses plus a hostel for single staff, post office, police station, medical centre and primary school all with water and sewerage and electricity supply. The staff hostel was known as Kiewa House and is now occupied by the Education Department. Lake Guy was named after Mr. L.T. Guy who was the Resident Engineer in charge of construction work and associated activities on the Kiewa area. He held this position from 1939 to November 1946 when he was transferred to Head Office.

Significance

The Bogong Township was developed firstly as an accommodation centre (base camp) for construction workers employed under the Kiewa Hydroelectric Scheme. Due to the influx of European workers into the Township the beautification of the immediate surrounds (gardens etc.) had a distinct European flavour. This environment has been very beneficial for tourism in later years. At the completion of the scheme, in the 1960's, the village was opened to public/tourism use. Strict environmental control has not allowed for any extensive redevelopment in tourist accommodation and basically restricted it to the accommodation initially built for the construction workers. Activities such a bike riding, snow skiing, restricted horse riding and bush walking on the Alpine plains and mountains are now a viable part of the Kiewa Valley Tourist Industry. The lake is one of the many water storage reservoirs used to supply the power stations their main power to run the huge turbines generating the final product, electricity

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten on the back of photo - Township March '44

T-Shirt - Mt Beauty Fire Brigade

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black thick cotton t-shirt with collar and short sleeves. A zip is at the top front. Sleeves have yellow strip near their opening. "Mount Beauty F B" has been zig zagged stitched onto the front, also in yellow.

Historical information

Mt Beauty rural fire brigade was established in 1948 by the State Electricity Commission of Victoria as an industry brigade. When Mt Beauty was handed over to the Shire in 1961, the fire brigade became a member of the Country Fire Authority (C.F.A.). Today it is an urban fire brigade. The t-shirt would have been used when members were together during fire drills, competitions, meetings etc.

Significance

The t-shirt was part of the Mt Beauty fire brigade uniform indicating that the fire fighters were part of a team and were able and wanted to be recognised. It also indicates a strong and popular organisation.

Inscriptions & Markings

Tag inside back under collar - "Sportswear / Simpson / of Melbourne / Mr - then P.A.B. handwritten in space provided. also '36' and 'All cotton' tags attached.

Letter Commerce - Confirmation of Payment

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

A4 letter of confirmation of payment on pre-lined paper and with a margin. Both margin and lines are coloured in light grey. The page has been folded four times and shows faintly, horizontal lines, of manufacture. The letter is framed with a glass front.

Historical information

This document (dated 1911), is a receipt covering the compensation for the three acres of land required to establish the Tawonga School from its original site (since 1880) to a more central site (since 1911), within the township.

Significance

This receipt clearly shows the era in which the community involvement and social commitment of landholders was at a higher level, in the early 20th century, than at the latter part. Matters involving community welfare in relatively isolated rural regions was of high priority to every person whether town folk or grazier/farmer or miner. The letter of acceptance of the amount of twenty one pounds for three acres was signed by John Cooper on behalf of Ada Ryder (parent at the school), did not require State Government Compulsory Acquisition process (as it may have, had it been in the latter part of the century and if it were in a city or large town. This social benevolency was part of the period (up to the late 1900's) of the rural Australian environment. This was well before international land investments changed the picture of the socio-economics of country towns.

Inscriptions & Markings

This receipt for the compensation of money is hand written in ink and reads: "Tawonga Dec 2 1911, I have this Day Received from the Residents and other People interested in the new State School the Sum of (Pounds sign) 21-0-0 twentyone Pounds being value of compensation for three Acres of land on which is erected the new State School No.2282 Paid by Cash & Cheques with thanks 2/12/11 (Signed) John Cooper" Below this is affixed a Victoria 1 pence stamp duty stamp, on which is written(freehand) Paid 2/12/11 Initialed J C

Bottle - Cream

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Clear glass bottle used for storing cream. Straight sides half way up then gently tapered into a wide opening which widens with a broad lip on top. Heavily embossed along the bottom on one side in printed capital letters and lightly embossed on base. Lip on inside to hold a cardboard disc that sealed the opening.

Historical information

Cream came in bottles bought at the local store or at a large city store on a shopping expedition. The shape of the bottles changed as did the stopper used to seal it. Liquids were measured in pints pre 1966.

Significance

Historical: Change of bottles - shape, glass, stopper, size, embossing, use Aesthetic: Display showing embossing, size and shape especially if in good condition

Inscriptions & Markings

Side: One Imperial Pint Base: G 499

Folder - The Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

In a clear plastic envelope shaped folder are photocopied papers covering the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme. The Index includes twelve headings.

Historical information

Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme covering the years 1911 -1961 was constructed by the State Electricity Commission of Victoria.

Significance

Technical and general information on the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme 1911 - 1961