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Kiewa Valley Historical Society Mt Beauty, Vic

The Kiewa Valley Historical Society aims to preserve and conserve the history and heritage of the Kiewa Valley & district. Through the use of permanent, and temporary exhibitions, information walls, a photo gallery, a diorama of the Bogong High Plains, a model hydro system, and two DVD screens we show the area's history and highlights, that tell our social history, natural science areas and technological developments.
The collection has many artefacts that show the social and cultural history of the first indigenous people. Along with artefacts from pioneer settlers of the Kiewa Valley and Mount Beauty lived, worked and socialised. Items such as photos, books, farming equipment, hospital equipment, technological equipment from the Kiewa Hydro Scheme, household items, plus oral histories, and genealogy books are in our collection. All the items in the collection have either historical, social, technological or aesthetic significance to the Kiewa Valley and have good interpretive capacity. Artefacts have to meet this assessment criteria before being considered to be added into the collection. We do not buy, sell or give valuations for any artefacts at this stage.
The historical society Museum space shares the same premises as the Mt Beauty Visitor Information Centre. There is wheel chair access, a disability toilet and separate male and female toilets. Free parking is found the North side of the information centre. There is also a small seating area in the sun deck of the centre. The centre is with in walking distance from Mt Beauty main shopping centre and a 50 - 60 minute drive from the larger centres of Wodonga / Albury.
New members are always welcomed.

Contact Information

location
Mount Beauty Information Centre 31 Bogong High Plains Rd Mt Beauty Vic (map)
phone
+61 03 57541323
Contact

Opening Hours

9am - 5pm Every day

Entry Fee

Gold Coin Donation

Location

Mount Beauty Information Centre 31 Bogong High Plains Rd Mt Beauty Vic

View on Google Maps

The collection has many items that show the social history of how the first white settlers of the Kiewa Valley and Mount Beauty lived, worked and socialised. Items such as photos, books, farming equipment, hospital equipment, technological equipment from the Kiewa Hydro Scheme, household items, plus oral histories, and genealogy records and books are in our collection.

Significance

The Kiewa Valley Historical Society collection has historic significance as it shows how the first white settlers lived and worked through out the valley. Scientific significance applies to the rock cores taken by the SEC during the construction of the hydro scheme. The indigenous stones & tools also have historic significane as they show the cultural heritage of the first people of the Kiewa Valley. Other than the archives, all items have interpretative capacity to be in the collection.

Gavin 3 January 2015 9:16 PM

Hello, I am after a book, Title: Tales of Gibbo gold : characters from the 1880s. Author: Morrow, John A. (John Alexander). Would you have this or know where I can purchase a copy? Thanking you, Gavin.

Gavin 3 January 2015 9:16 PM

Hello, I am after a book, Title: Tales of Gibbo gold : characters from the 1880s. Author: Morrow, John A. (John Alexander). Would you have this or know where I can purchase a copy? Thanking you, Gavin.

Leave a comment

957 items

S.E.C.V. Transmission Cables x3

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

3 transmission cables of different width used for transmitting different amounts of power on different size power lines.The thinnest cable consists of a centre piece of wire covered by a layer of twisted wires. The middle sized cable has 4 layers of twisted wires around the centre piece and the thickest cable has 5 layers of twisted wires around the centre piece.

Historical information

The State Electricity Commission of Victoria constructed the Kiewa Hydro Electric scheme from the 1930's to 1960's during which time power cables were made to carry power from the Power stations to the switch yards and beyond to the towns and houses.

Significance

These sample power cables indicate the types of power lines used in the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme and the amount of voltage that they carry.

Inscriptions & Markings

The thickest cable has a plastic strip with 330.000 Volt Cable inscribed on it.

Book - Cooking - Centenary Cooking

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Yellow book with brown writing and sketch of school held together with brown hard plastic binding. It has 90 pages of recipes most of which give the contributor's name.

Historical information

The Tawonga School was a weatherboard building built on 8 acres of land catering for children from the surrounding grazing farms to ride their horses to school. It opened on 27th July 1880. The original school building and records were erased by fire in 1900. The Tawonga hall was used until 1910 when 3 acres of land was donated by Frank Cooper. It still operates today (2015) with its numbers having fluctuated over the years with the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme, tobacco farming and now tourism. The Tawonga community published a cook book to celebrate the school's centenary.This book may have also been used as a fund raiser.

Significance

The Tawonga school celebrated its centenary with a cookbook with contributions from the community. This indicates that the school was very proud of reaching its centenary and the community co-operated with each other to develop this book.This book is a good source of the names of people who lived in Tawonga in 1980.

Inscriptions & Markings

Tawonga State School Centenary 1880 - 1980 (stamped on front & back cover) In pencil on front cover: Ada Ryder An advertising for Kelvinator sticker has been stuck on the inside front cover with 18-3-92 written on it & on the inside back cover and 'Energy Rating' sticker.

Book - Religious Education - Rambles in Bible Lands by Rev. Richard Newton, D.D.

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Brown hard covered book with coloured pictures. Title at top - 1st letter of each word R,B,L is decorated & in gold followed by black print shaded in red. Circular picture seemingly behind it and coming out across the book (gold figures, black background). Shepherd in colour bottom right and church bottom left. Title in black with gold background on spine.

Historical information

Students attended Sunday School classes at the Kergunyah Presbyterian Church. Sunday school was held in a little 16 foot square wooden building which came from Rocky Valley after it was no longer needed there. Ewen Wallace's father initiated and organised the move. C2011 the building was knocked down because of white ants. The Presbyterian Church will be 125 years old in 2015.

Significance

Historical: Religious Education: This book was used by students who attended the Sunday School classes at Kergunyah Presbyterian Church. Religion: Presbyterian Church at Kergunyah, in the Kiewa Valley, celebrates its 125th anniversary in 2015 after being handed over to the Uniting Church in the 1970s.

Inscriptions & Markings

(Kergunyah Sabbath School / Library) stamp on inside front cover and back cover

Insulator - Glass

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Clear blue tinted glass insulator - bell shaped at the closed end. Deep, wide groove towards the wide open end. The wide end is inscribed and opens to a decorated edge of small balls around the circumference. Inside there is a cylinder which is threaded for screwing onto a power pole. This cylinder is shorter than the outside part.

Historical information

Insulates electrical wire/cable which is attached in the groove. Screwed into the cross arm of a power pole. Non conductive so electricity doesn't short out to the ground.

Significance

Used on power poles in the Kiewa Valley

Inscriptions & Markings

"Hemingray - 19" "Made in U.S.A."

Photograph Tobacco planting - Planting Tobacco seeding

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Coloured photograph pasted onto a thick wood chip backing. Two galvanised eyelets at the top of the frame, 50mm from each end, with a twine cord stretch from each, for hanging purposes. See also KVHS 0054(B) to KVHS 0054(F)

Historical information

This promotional photograph by the Tobacco Growers Association was in response to a 1935 meeting of tobacco growers from Victoria, South Australia and Queensland which produced four major resolutions for the industry covering the remainder of the 1900s. These four resolutions were: (1) Adequate tariff protection (2) Control of pests and diseases (3) Orderly marketing (4) The formation of an advisory council of growers. History has produced the following results. (1) adequate tariff protection was never achieved,(2) control of disease through benzol vapour (CSIRO) breakthrough, was later identified as carcinogenic, (3) orderly marketing was achieved through (4) the establishment of the Tobacco Growers Association(1984). In October 2006, by way of Government buy back of tobacco leases from growers, resulted in the end of Tobacco farming in Australia (after 136 years of planting the first crop). It was also significant that the major tobacco companies such as Philip Morris and The British American Tobacco Australasia advised the industry that it would source its tobacco requirements overseas by 2009.

Significance

The remnants of the Tobacco Industry can still be viewed throughout the Kiewa Valley and adjacent regions on the former tobacco farms which still have the tobacco drying sheds and now converted into hay sheds. The problems from the large quantities of carcinogenic infused soil of farmlands in the region, still remains a problem now and for future generations. This particular photograph shows the lack of understanding by farmers and the contracted labour, at that time, and is demonstrated by the bare footed farmer walking next to the seed canister. Some workers did use protective "gum" boots but the majority of farm owners were skeptical of city scientists and their carcinogenic concerns, and it was only after the younger generation of farmers , who had attended Agricultural colleges, encompassed the scientific approach to farm management and began working closely with agricultural scientists. The "she'll be right mate" attitude of the earlier farming/rural community has since mid 1970s, been slowly dissipating. Stricter controls of herbicides and pesticides used in agriculture are now in force. The death of the tobacco industry(2006) resulted in the expansion of the dairy , sheep, beef cattle, venison and lama wool producers in the Kiewa Valley and surrounding regions.

Inscriptions & Markings

A sign, which has been removed from the picture at some previous point in time is "The Tobacco seed, being so fine, is suspended in water and sown onto the seed base using a watering can [as in the photo] or similar device - August - Sept."

Rectal Proctoscope

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Used to look into the rectum. Part 1 fits into a hollow cylinder of part 2. 1. Plastic brown handle - round and shaped at end with 4 slices to form square shape for easy grip. attached to steel with protective plate long thin rod & then cylinder with covered shaped ends. 2. All steel - spoon shaped handle on angle to hollow cylinder wider and shaped into hollow cylinder - bottom cut cross section on angle.

Historical information

This medical / hospital instrument was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950s specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme.

Significance

Historical: Shows the development of scientific hospital equipment. Provenance: Used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was remote and therefore required good equipment.

Inscriptions & Markings

11AQ - on part 1. on steel between protective plate and wooden handle 11AQ - on part 2. across tip of handle DOWNS DA-001-01-Y length ways on handle

Tin Container Boot Polish

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Rusted round tin container, originally contained shoe or boot polish manufactured by Nugget.

Historical information

This product first manufactured in 1908 however this item was manufactured circa 1920-1930 and marketed as waterproof and free from acid of any description.

Significance

The requirement of users to be acid free was a historical first for this type of product. Consumer awareness and demand for a better product information statement was at its infant stage and the fore front of modern consumer legislation.

Inscriptions & Markings

Outside tin trade marked "nugget waterproof black polish (unequalled) free from acid or any description preserving leather from cracking. for patent, glace kid, box calf and other leathers" manufactured in Williamstown Australia

Book - Teacher Reference - The Psychology and Teaching of Reading

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Hardcover green book by Fred J. Schonell. M.A., PH. D., D. Lit..

Historical information

This book was used from 1945 to the mid 1950s as a teacher reference book for the teaching of reading in schools.

Significance

This book was used by a teacher who worked in the Kiewa Valley in 1954.

Inscriptions & Markings

Inside back and front cover - '0231' 'Signature, October '54' - on 1st leaf of book

Book - Reference Teaching Infants - The Way to English

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

A soft covered, grey blue in colour, book of 106 pages.

Historical information

Ann Louden was a resident of Tawonga and attended the Higher Elementary School in Mount Beauty according to the inscriptions on the cover and first page. It was the third book, in a set of four, of a course in reading, observing, speaking and writing.

Significance

A typical text book of the time as used by students, and in the case of this particular book used by a local girl, to promote comprehension and appreciation of spoken and written composition.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the cover, at the top, is the name of the author, A.M. Robb and Book Three. The title is 'The Way to English' and at the centre bottom is the publishers name "Longmans". There is an inscription in ink - Ann Dorothy Louden, Tawonga, via Bright, Victoria, Australia. On the first page, written in ink, is 'Ann Louden, Form 1, Mt. Beauty. Vict Aust.'

Pin Hat

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This hat pin has the letter "J" as its head.

Historical information

Historically this item represents women's fashion in the 1920s to 1950s. As the material used in the construction is not of a high monetary value it can be assumed it was a day to day working woman apparel to keep the hat firmly fastened into the hair. It does indicate that fashion of the time was important within the region

Significance

This item is a reflection of both the fashion mode of the 1920s to 1950s when long hair needed to be controlled by hair pins rather than later manufactured hair sprays. It is also an example of society's mores of tidiness and quasi religious beliefs of covering the hair and head when outdoors

Staples - Medical

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Red and white cardboard box with stainless steel staples inside.Size 18/8

Historical information

This medical / hospital equipment was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950's specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme.

Significance

Historical: Shows the development of scientific hospital equipment. Provenance: Used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was remote and therefore required good equipment. Good condition and good interpretation capacity.

Inscriptions & Markings

Front: "Martin / 100 / Michel" Back: '18/8'. Side: 'Made in Germany' Side: '14 mm'

Ticket - S.E.C.V. Meal Pass - S.E.C. Meal Pass

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This orange ticket has been laminated. The writing on it is in black.

Historical information

During the construction of the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme visitors would have required a Meal Pass. This ticket would have been produced at the office for the purpose of controlling the people entitled to a meal and the number of people requiring one.

Significance

Historical: This ticket indicates that a meal pass was required during the construction of the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme. This would have controlled the number of people entitled to a meal and enabled staff to both prepare the correct number of meals and to use the number of meals when finalising the budget.

Inscriptions & Markings

Name: Slade S.E.C. / Kiewa Scheme No. 2703 Meal Pass (underlined) Issued subject to the conditions stated on the Pass / Acceptance Receipt H.H.C. Williams, Construction Engineer

Poster - Mt Beauty Discovery Centre Precinct Plan

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Very large laminated poster depicting 6 points for the Alpine Region Sports Tourism Cluster. Each point has a coloured border and background to black writing. There are 3 maps.

Historical information

The current (2015) Mt Beauty Tourist Centre site was to be upgraded into a 'Sports Tourism Cluster' with funding from the Government and the Alpine Shire with 'In Kind' assistance from Falls Creek Resort management Board, Parks Victoria and the Local Community & Tourism Industry. This project didn't go ahead.

Significance

The Mt Beauty town was handed over to the Alpine Shire in the 1960's after completion of the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme. Plans for up dating facilities are on-going but are rarely completed. This poster is an example of this.

Tool Connecting Power Lines

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This power line connection tool was required to extend the length of the power line and is made up from a "compression sleeve" with its connecting lug and at one end the suspension eye.

Historical information

This line connector tool is part of the erecting of electricity cables from the power stations to the ultimate distribution sub stations throughout Victoria. It is used to extend cable length and secure cable to tower points. This type of equipment has been in use in this region since power production commenced in the 1950's

Significance

This connection tool is a vital part in the distribution of hydro produced electricity from its mother power plant to its ultimate destination be it rural towns, industry or city. It has been used in the Kiewa valley and its Alpine regions.

Inscriptions & Markings

Stamped on the compression sleeve "4/7/.1297"

Folder - Family History - The Louden Family Tawonga

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Plastic orange folder with transparent front held by 2 gold metal slide clips. 7 clear plastic sheets holding 3 typed pages/sheets, 5 pages of documents, 5 pages of typed sheets of the Louden Family

Historical information

Annie Louden married Bert Roper. Annie taught at Upper Gundowring. Bert farmed with his father from 1910 and held his own grazing license on the Bogong High Plains.

Significance

Pioneer family of the Kiewa Valley

Book - Maths - Arithmetic

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Red book with cloth cover over cardboard previously been covered with brown paper. Black writing. 1 complete & 1 partial whole punched buy hole puncher into cover

Historical information

Education of Arithmetic in the 1950s

Significance

Historical: Comparison of education over time. Provenance: Bogong Primary School

Inscriptions & Markings

Arithmetic / A Sequel to / "The First Two Years' Arithmetic" / With Answers / Revised Edition / Wilson and Ross / F. W. Cheshire / Melbourne

Sand Sieve - Tobacco Farming

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Used for sifting sand over the sowing of tobacco seed in seed beds. Rectangular wooden frame with tin attached on all 4 sides. Tin has been punched randomly to form ragged holes about 20 mm apart. A wooden beam has been attached vertically to the frame and extends upwards to form a handle tapered towards the end. Tin is nailed on.

Historical information

Tobacco farming began circa 1960 in the Kiewa Valley and consequently became one of its major industries. Many of the Italian families were involved in tobacco farming.

Significance

Historical: This equipment was used on one of the first tobacco farms in the Kiewa Valley at Mongans Bridge. The sand sieve was home-made showing the resourcefulness of farmers living in the Kiewa Valley. Provenance: This tobacco farmer came from Italy and was sponsored to visit a tobacco farmer in Myrtleford to learn how to grow tobacco so that he could transfer those skills to his own farm in the Kiewa Valley.

Vaporiser Cresolene

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This vaporiser stand with its cradle and dish is made from cast iron (stand) and tin (dish). At the bottom of the "dish" is a flame diffusion port with eight heat directional holes. The stand upright is painted gold in colour.

Historical information

This Cresolene vapouriser is an "American" product when "home" based remedial products were of a high demand due to lack of specialised medical facilities such as a hospital in rural communities. "An apparatus for reducing medicated liquids to a state of vapor suitable for inhalation or application to accessible mucous membrane A device for volatising liquid anesthetics." The only criteria used by Health authorities in the decision to provide a community with hospitals was and still is the size of the population it feeds. The introduction of the SEC Victorian Hydro Electricity Scheme started in the 1940's, was the impetus for health planners to build a hospital in the Kiewa Valley. Rural regions especially those considered semi or fully remote locations had to rely on farm based remedial health "alternative medical treatment". This product is such a remedy.

Significance

This vapouriser is very significant to a rural area such as the Kiewa Valley as it demonstrates the "home" remedies that were available to rural communities such as the cattle and sheep stations before the Kiewa Valley had a hospital(1949). The influx of workers employed by the SEC Vic. Hydro Electricity Scheme(circa 1940's onward) changed dramatically the need for a hospital and specialised medical treatment. The reliance of "health products" such as this vaporiser were still in high demand especially when on the box of this product was printed "Guaranteed under the Food and Drugs Act, June 30, 1906, Serial no. 436". Also on the packaging is printed "A remedy Whooping Cough also Asthma, Catarrh, Colds Diptheria, Croup, Coughs Hay Fever, Sore Throat, Influenza, Etc." An additional benefit of this product "Is obnoxious to Moths, Flies, Mosquitos, Ants, Cock Roaches, Hen Lice, and other Troublesome insects." This advertising is dated before a tightening in the "advertising" legislation of post mid 1900's. However it was a good attraction for rural communities wanting relief of "rural" pests.

Inscriptions & Markings

See KVHS 0342 (B) for markings and advertising material printed on the box which contains this item.

Book - Ledger Commercial

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This item is a cloth and suede leather covered ledger.The spine is suede leather with a red stamped "LEDGER" title. The cover is covered with a dark blue cloth and shows a faded unrecognisable pattern. Each page has light blue lines running horizontal and 90 mm apart. Each page has, from the second line going horizontal two fine 1 mm apart red line. Each page is divided horizontally by single vertical line (except for the two double lines in the centre of the page). The first division separates the month from the day.Next to these lines is an area for the description of the item being purchased. Within the central double lines are vertical lines separating the type of tender paid, i.e., pounds, shillings and pence. The last section of the page has various comments, as required by the scribe.Each page is approximately 160 g/ms. The ledger has 698 pages drawn up on both sides and page numbers of 5 mm in height. '

Historical information

This ledger was started in 1901 when ledgers and other bookkeeping methods were hand written and with nib or fountain pen application. The various ink spots on the pages of this ledger suggests that when the office worker scribed they used the nib and the owner used the fountain pen. It was not until the mid 1950s that ball point pens were discovered and used in rural areas. The owner of this rural general store was more interested in recording transactions, be it in ink or pencil than the aesthetics of a neat and tidy document. Even though in this era, the principle of neat and tidiness was instilled in workers, this was overlooked and fell away through the economics of employing one staff member to do a variety of tasks for which they may not have had the proper training. It was in the early 1900s that the rural areas such as the Kiewa Valley "had to do" with local employees who had basic training but knew their customers very well and were very respectful of age and the mores of the trading public. The respect by shop owners and staff towards their customers was greater in small rural townships and villages within the Kiewa Valley than in the larger towns and cities. Their was no rushing to get the groceries or to spend the least amount of time within the shop. The social interactions where mixed with commercial activities at a very personalised level of one on one. This closeness gave the customer the confidence that those in the commercial transactions in the shop, where looking after them.

Significance

This ledger is very significant to the Kiewa Valley as it lists the personal transactions of local businesses, farmers, graziers and miners. Larger accounts and other businesses had one or more pages set aside for their transactions. The words are in large freehand (Capitals 5 mm high) possibly to be read by those with poorer eyesight. The relative long distance to travel for reading glasses or specialised optometrist was overcome by writing in larger fonts. The time taken to register produce or other consumables was not critical during the period when this ledger was in use because the local population was not at the critical level where the demand was not as intense as later on when periods of tourist influx became more demanding. The lay back and relaxed attitude of the local population during this period (early 1900s) was not intense and impersonal as within the larger city shopping and commercial environment. The ability of the shop keepers to interact with their customers not only in the commercial sense but also in a social atmosphere permitted the long hand scribbling of purchases without causing any offence.

Inscriptions & Markings

On spine " LEDGER"

Dress

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Dress brown cotton with long sleeves. Dress top and sleeves lined. Back of dress is open with metal hooks for fastening. Hand stitched eyelets and decorative strip down centre front bodice and around hips. Gathered skirt is joined at hip. One pocket on left side 6cm from waist band.Decorative strip at bottom of dress with a pleated hand and machine stitched frill.

Historical information

made locally circa 1910. Due to relative long distance to haberdashery stores majority of children's garments were hand made by a local talented seamstress or mother/relative

Significance

Historical significant to the period circa 1900 to circa 1950 when fashion was dictated by long lasting durability, local manufacture, earthy colours and ease of mobility. Photos in the KVHS collection show girls from Tawonga Primary School in a dress that could be this dress which is dated 1910.

Inscriptions & Markings

no inscriptions or markings suggesting locally made.

Bottle - Beer

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Clear brown bottle with heavy embossing. The bottom half has straight sides. The top tapers to the opening. Half way up the sides it is heavily embossed with R.B. and underneath these letters R. The face of a tiger features in heavy embossing on the side of the bottle. At the bottom around the circumference and on the base is embossing. There is a broken cork sealing the bottle.

Historical information

Beer came in bottles sold at licensed premises either locally or in larger cities visited during shopping expeditions. The shape of the bottles changed. Bottles were recycled remaining the property of the manufacturer who paid for their return. History of the Richmond Brewery.

Significance

Historical: Change of bottles - shape, glass, embossing. Collected by bottle collectors. Aesthetic: Display showing embossing & shape especially if in good condition.

Inscriptions & Markings

Sides: R.B. and underneath this R. with a head of a tiger. Bottom around the circumference: 'The property of Richmond N.S. Brewing Co. Pty. Ltd.' Base: '650'

Shield - Mt Beauty Junior Gra-y

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Wooden shield with metal 'ribbon' shaped engraved heading below which are 25 small (of varying sizes) metal shields each engraved with the winner's name, group and date. The dates range from 1952 to 1965. On the back, top middle, is a metal piece surrounding a hollow to enable the shield to be hung up on a flat surface.

Inscriptions & Markings

Heading: "Mt Beauty Junior Gra-y". Example of a small shield "Won by / Group 7 / R.Scott (Ldr) / 4th Quarter / 1953"

Leur Lock Syringe

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

The syringe holds 10cc Used to administer liquid drugs. Glass hollow cylinder with needle end steel and with fitting to attach needle. Glass plunger, hollow with wider solid top which prevents the plunger going into the hollow cylinder too far. Glass cylinders frosted.

Historical information

These medical / hospital instruments were used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950s specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme.

Significance

Historical: Shows the development of scientific hospital equipment. Provenance: Used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was remote and therefore required good equipment.

Inscriptions & Markings

Hollow cylinder has markings for quantity of fluid (up to 10cc) On the other side "TOP / Reg. Trade Mark / Interchangeable" The plunger has no markings.

Poster - Caring & Sharing - Connecting the Community

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Photographs of Community Activities. Restoration of the Arboretum. Workers. Scouts. Lion Club Activities

Inscriptions & Markings

The last poster in a permanent series was to be titled "Caring and Sharing - Connecting the Community". Unfortunately insufficient material was offered to present organisations at work and at play in the community.

Book - History - The Coronation Book of Queen Elizabeth II

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This item is a hard covered book of 200 pages including 8 pages in full colour and over 250 photographs covering the British royal family and in particular Queen Elizabeth II and her coronation. The external protective paper dust-jacket is in colour. Specific references to Australia appear on pages 9,36 to 41 and 97. The hard cover has a "off" white cloth textured (glued reinforced) cover over thick cardboard . The front and back pages depict the Royal investiture carriage with guards and footmen. Little cherubs are portrayed around the sheath holding the Royal Crown. Crowned lion and stallion sit at attention on either side of the carriage, with the Royal shield supporting their front legs.,

Historical information

This book was produced in a period of time when Australians, especially those in rural areas referred to Britain as "the mother" country. It was a time when the transition from a colonial dominion of Britain to the status of an individual State through the Australian Constitution was quite apparent, except for the affection and respect of the majority of the population towards "their" Queen. It was a time when the Governor General (Queen's representative) were British born and picked. Australia had grown from a colonial status to an individual state. The feeling towards the monarchy is aptly demonstrated by the words from the High Commissioner for Australia, Sir Thomas White K.B.E., proposal for Australia to adopt the royal title "Elizabeth the Second by the grace of God of the United Kingdom, Australia and her realms and territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, defender of the Faith" Here faith implies the christian (Church of England) religion. In rural Australia the respect and admiration for the Queen was very high and all public offices, clubs and halls displayed a well positioned, large photograph of the Queen. The respect for British royalty was quite pronounced by the royal toast, offered before "official" proceedings commenced, and in the military flying the royal "blessed" colours.

Significance

This book was donated by one of the founding families residing in the Kiewa Valley and is typical of the general feeling of respect and admiration felt by the rural communities towards the British Royal Family, especially towards Queen Elizabeth II. The rural slant towards any form of patriotism was along the lines of "Queen and Country", in that order. After World War II the social texture through multi-culturalism (especially in the Cities)moved away from this "motherland" bondage but it had taken a longer period to penetrate those rural sectors within the Kiewa valley and high plains areas. The great post World War II immigration of European refugees started a shift of numbers of Australian families whose parents were not born in Australia or had British family ties. The book represents a period in time where ties to Britain where a lot strong and entrenched in the social fabric of the Australian rural sector. The growing push for a republic is becoming stronger and stronger as the level of rural royalists deminishes.

Inscriptions & Markings

The dust jacket is in full colour with the wording "The CORONATION BOOK of QUEEN ELIZABETH II" With a Pictorial Record of the Ceremony" The spin of the jacket (in gold print on a regal red background) "THE CORONATION BOOK OF QUEEN ELIZABETH II" on the bottom "ODHAMS" The cover has a pressed oval shaped double lined border enclosing a crown and the words Elizabeth R, below which is pressed 1953. The spine has the following words in gold coloured print "THE CORONATION BOOK OF QUEEN ELIZABETH II. The front, inside flap, of the dust jacket details the significance of what is contained within the book and the back inside flap has the contents and those personages who contributed. The back of the dust jacket has a brief review of three other books covering other aspects of British royalty and they are titled "THE DUKE OF EDINBURGH" ( a pictorial biography), "QUEEN MARY" (her life and times) and "ROYAL HOMES ILLUSTRATED" (with an essay on the royal palaces by A.L. Rowse.

Bottle - Cordial

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Clear glass cordial bottle with straight sides half way up. Gently tapered with embossed vertical lines to the neck which continues tapering to the lip and screw top. Heavily embossed with print in capital letters around the circumference at the bottom.

Historical information

Cordial drinks came in bottles bought at the local grocery store or at a large city store on a shopping expedition. The shape of the bottles changed as did the stopper used to seal it. Bottles were re cycled remaining the property of the manufacturer. History of O. T. Ltd., Australia.

Significance

Historical: Change of bottles - shape, glass, stopper, embossing, use Aesthetic: Display showing embossing and shape.

Inscriptions & Markings

Around bottom: 'This Bottle Always (number '2' above Always) Remains the Property of O.T. Limited Australia' Base: Common Seal: 'A' with M in bottom half of A) - at top. Then across the middle - 'F1282' and 'M' underneath

Grinder / Pounding Stone

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Grooved stone, carved to a cylindrical shape with a relative pointed end tip one side (grinding or pounding end) and a rough other end (holding end} Made from Rhyolite stone

Historical information

This stone Grinder or pounder was used as part of an indigenous grinding food preparation method, by the original inhabitants of the Kiewa Valley and its region. In conjunction with its grinding stone was used not only to grind seeds and but also to dig up eatable roots and leaves and served with the regions Bogong moth. This method of food preparation has survived in its basic form for centuries and is still used by master chiefs in modern eateries. This item has been registered with Aboriginal Affairs in Wangaratta, Victoria. Dhudhuroa elder Alan Murray has examined this tool, in Feb 2015, and said it was also used for sharpening axe heads as well as pounding food items.

Significance

This item has a very significant historical and social aspect to it. Firstly it demonstrates the division of labour within a indigenous tribe. It was an era when the female had a definitive role within the family and the broader social indigenous tribal group of, gathering and preparing non animal(hunted) food. Hunted food was the domain of the initiated males of the tribe.Secondly it demonstrates the ability to fashion implements from raw materials(rock) into effective tools for the purpose of preparing a meal for human consumption. This was in an era where inter family and intra family participation in an indigenous tribal social protective environment was at a very high level. The Kiewa Valley/Mount Bogong region was an area where annual "get together" indigenous tribes for feasting, bartering and settling of disputes highlighting the importance of a regional gathering.

Inscriptions & Markings

There is a worn grove in the top side due to this tool being used for axe sharpening.

Bottle - Sauce

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Clear glass sauce bottle with straight sides a little more than half way up. This bottle is a hexagon at the base and along the straight sides. The bottle then tapers to the opening reaching a lip near the screw top opening. One of the 6 sides is heavily embossed with printed capital letters reading sideways from top to bottom of the bottle. There is embossing on the base.

Historical information

Sauce came in bottles bought at the local grocery store or at a large city store on a shopping expedition. The shape of the bottles changed as did the stopper used to seal it. Bottles were re cycled remaining the property of the manufacturer. History of Australasian Jam Co. Pty Ltd, Melbourne

Significance

Historical: Change of bottles - shape, glass, embossing, use Aesthetic: Display showing embossing and shape

Inscriptions & Markings

Side: "This Bottle is the Property of / The Australasian Jam Co Pty Ltd / Melbourne / Contents 26 ozs Approx" Base: Common Seal "A" with 'G' inside top of 'A' and 'M' inside bottom half of 'A'. 'M257' is underneath the 'A' and across the middle. 'M' is underneath.

Double Hook Retractor

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Metal instrument with a 2 pronged hook at one end. The hook is curved almost all the way back. Used in small operations e.g. the hand. Also in plastic surgery.

Historical information

This medical instrument was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950s specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme.

Significance

Historical: Shows the development of scientific hospital equipment. Provenance: Used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was remote and therefore required good equipment.

Skis - Downhill with bindings

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Pair of dark blue Dynastar downhill skis with lighter blue red & white logo. Stainless steel, red & black bindings with S626 1.2.3.4.inscription. Blue tags at zip ends.

Historical information

Skiing was started as an industry in the near by skiing village of Falls Creek, when many of the migrant workers who were employed by the Kiewa Hydro Scheme thought the near by snow fields would be a good place to ski. Gradually this village has developed into a major skiing resort during the Victorian winter. Many people who lived in Mt Beauty, Bogong Village or Falls Creek itself have either grown up snow skiing or spend their winters skiing. As a consequence Falls Creek developed a skiing community from this base and some skiers went onto represent Australia in skiing competitions and the Winter Olympic games due to their association with Falls Creek and or Mt Beauty. These skiis were used by Doug Mc Conville in the 1976 Winter Olympics. He crashed in his Olympic event.

Significance

Doug Mc Conville skied locally at Falls Creek.

Inscriptions & Markings

Y180 9 kL37 09 11565 Dynastar Polysoft Label on skis (red white blue label) on dark blue skis - Bindings S626 1.2.3.4. Salomon

Pamphlet - Bright Tourism - Guide to Bright and District

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This pamphlet has a front cover in colour with the major activities in the region sketched depicting : sunshine, snow skiing, trout fishing, mountain climbing, golfing, swimming, alpine views, tennis, lawn bowls and picnics. The back cover is blank. The pamphlet is fastened together by two staples 30mm from top and bottom, and is folded with the cover slightly thicker than the fifteen pages. Thirteen pages have been printed on both sides. The first page has a black and white photograph of the hotel Alpine and the tall brick constructed Clock Tower. There are another five black and white photographs in the pamphlet.

Historical information

This publication was produced in the early 1950s to provide the growing tourism trade (at this time), to the region with a more detailed overview of the facilities available to tourists of the region's attractions. This brochure is a very efficient and effective promotional publication. The increasing level of self promotion by local business and commerce sectors of the region the more sought after the region became and the greater the ability of the region to grow (non rural based economy). Some of the regions unique facilities and geological structures are well suited to those tourists who live in cities and "flat land" regional bush areas within Australia. This was a period when the average Australian domestic tourist was more able (finance and transport wise) to see more of their country within the short time they had for "holidays". In the late 1900s, however, with the increase to workers' recreational leave and better transportation (fares, ease of travel to overseas destinations) the local tourism numbers from other domestic locations have been steadily declining. From the 1970s onwards, the increased tourism demand from overseas tourists, for better facilities and easier access to these regional facilities, resulted in better transport, accommodation and communication, which has been a boon for all tourism within Australia. In the 21st century the world is becoming smaller and smaller for the international tourist, especially for those from crowded Asian cities. The greater attraction for "open" spaced locations such as this region are becoming a much sought after change of scenery.

Significance

This pamphlet which targets the tourist, whether either from other Australian regions or the global tourist, is a good example of self promotion by a relatively small local population. This is especially significant because before the "tourist explosion" in the 1950s onward, these regional areas had a more introspective society with greater emphasis to locally established mores and values. The increased interactions with people from other areas and nations, combined with a greater global communication network is affecting those traditionally established mores to produce a some what unique social transformation which is constantly changing from one generation to the next. One important factor which tourism does bring is that it opens up the region to a wider range of people who look to the region for their own lifestyle changes.

Inscriptions & Markings

on front cover "Guide to BRIGHT"

Book - Historical - The Australasian Pictorial Annual 1934, Vol. 3

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Large book with stiff paper coloured cover showing a mob of sheep. Tattered discoloured pages with coloured and black and white photos and print of different areas within Australia.

Historical information

This book was printed in 1934, giving an insight into journalism, advertising, fashion, opinions, issues, photography of the time. It also shows areas and buildings within Australia in 1934 allowing a comparison before and after this date.

Significance

Historic: Comparison of areas etc. in Australia to areas etc. within the Kiewa Valley.

Inscriptions & Markings

Inserted inside the book - a copy of 'The Sydney Cove Chronicle' dated 30th June, 1790 and printed December 1969.

Tin Nut Loaf

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This cylindrical nut loaf tin(mild steel) has a removable lid and base. There are three retaining hooks which stop the spring steel "main body" from being condensed beyond the circumference of both top and bottom "lids" The tin is pliable enough to "open" up and allow the baked nut loaf to be removed.

Historical information

This nut roll tin was used in a period before 1959(when plastic containers started being used). It was a period when "home" cooking(desert & cakes) was the only method of having cakes and other pastry dishes in rural areas. The utensils available for this home cooking had to be strong and reliable and low maintenance.

Significance

This nut roll can is very significant(in rural Australia) because it highlights a period in time when the majority of cakes and other pastry dishes were cooked in the family kitchen and not purchased from a shop. This was a period of self sufficiency especially in semi remote rural areas such as the Kiewa Valley. This was a time when cooking utensils were either made in Australia or imported from England or Europe. After World War II imports from the USA increased significantly and then followed by cheaper products from Asia.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the outside edge of each lid "NUT LOAF" and the opposite side "TIN"

Envelopes - S.E.C.V.

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

A bundle of unused S.E.C.V. beige envelopes. Grouped in 6s and stacked. Wrapped in brown paper.

Historical information

The S.E.C.V. used these envelopes on the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme. The S.E.C.V. constructed the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme from the late 1940's.

Significance

These envelopes were used by the S.E.C.V. during the construction of the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme.

Inscriptions & Markings

Front of envelope: "Name, etc. Voucher No. Amount Payable / State Electricity Commission of Victoria / 552-150 RI" Back of envelope; "Send in that Suggestion Now!"

Book - Student Exercise Book for Writing - Australian Copy Book / Lower First Class

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Soft covered small booklet - grubby blue on back and very faded 'blue' on front with black writing. Held together with 2 staples. "For Tracing with lead pencil or pen. / Introductory Book, Price One penny" Writing surrounded by fancy graphics. Border is thick but not solid black line.

Historical information

In 1906 and 1907, students were taught to write with the letters joined. To achieve this booklets were designed to enable the student to copy the example and to repeat this, often to gain perfection. A student could be practising his/her writing while the teacher attended to other students and/or classes.

Significance

Oliver Fisher lived at Mongan's Bridge a small, remote, rural area in the Kiewa Valley.

Inscriptions & Markings

Inside book letters have been copied but joined up to practice writing eg. m m m and then mu mu mu Each page is different. On some pages the date has been written

Rounders Bat

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Wooden bat with rubber around the cylindrical handle. The face of the bat is flat and the other side becomes thicker (is tapered) towards the centre's longitude.

Historical information

This rounders bat was used by the students at Bogong Primary School

Significance

Historical: The Bogong Primary School was opened for the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme workers. Provenance: Bogong Primary School and sport

Inscriptions & Markings

On the face of the bat are indented circles 5mm in diameter. The tip of the bat is chipped and worn on both sides. The edge of the longitudinal fat part is scraped. The rubber around the handle has 2 tears near the face of the bat.

Book - Religious Education - Secret Pattern - Intermediate Pupils Book by June Wright x2

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Yellow book with cardboard cover. Centre front - large circular pattern of orange spots in 9 circles around middle. Orange printed title at top and orange printed sub title at bottom. 48 pages. Student Book

Historical information

Students attended Sunday School classes at the Kergunyah Presbyterian Church. Sunday school was held in a little 16 foot square wooden building which came from Rocky Valley after it was no longer needed there. Ewen Wallace's father initiated and organised the move. C2011 the building was knocked down because of white ants. The Presbyterian Church will be 125 years old in 2015.

Significance

Historical: Religious Education: This book was used by students who attended the Sunday School classes at Kergunyah Presbyterian Church. Religion: Presbyterian Church at Kergunyah, in the Kiewa Valley, celebrates its 125th anniversary in 2015 after being handed over to the Uniting Church in the 1970s.

Book - Reference Maths - Elementary Trigonometry Part 11

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Blue covered maths book. Black writing for title and author

Historical information

Elementry Trigonometry, a very good source of teaching trigonmetry for those who love maths according to book collectors! Would have been for form 2, or year 8. This item was donated by Wilma Davies who was a local identity in the Kiewa Valley in the North East of Victoria.

Significance

This has historic significance as it shows what maths was taught in the early - mid 20th century. This book would have been used in the Kiewa Valley schools by a local identity Wilma Davies therefore has social significance and good interpretive capacity. This book is now out of print and is a collectible item.

Book - Ledger Commercial - Ledger No 5, Commenced Jan 1st 1897

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Leather reinforced corner covers and spine. Remaining book front and back covers are protected by blue weaved cloth. The covers are very thick cardboard, in layers. Missing front index pages C,E - 0,Q,T,U,V,X

Historical information

Historically this ledger not only details the legible hand writing of this era but also the day to day commercial activity in this region. The neatness and the diligence of those who were required to pen the information was a requirement by all who were in commercial trade. Emphasis on neatness was ingrained in students at a young age. This era was well before general typewriters and computers. Generally all students of commerce required an accuracy in writing and arithmetic. Neatness and order were a selection requirement

Significance

This item clearly identifies the Kiewa Valley as having a substantial financial hub to accommodate the various commercial enterprises within a rural environment Circa 1880's. Although Kiewa Valley had mining, agriculture, cattle and sheep it was also composed of a mixed society, encompassing all levels of society at that period. It identifies some family farming history in the specific year of 1897

Inscriptions & Markings

Spine of book marked in faded golden print "Ledger". First page in hand writing "Ledger No. 5" and underneath handwritten "Commenced Jan 1st !897" After the index pages each page (double sided) has a page number stamped in black and is 6mm high

Book - Whitcombe's New Austral Grammars - a Fourth Book of Grammar and Composition for Grades V11 & V111

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

A greeny/grey book with cardboard cover and with bluish picture of 3 children sitting on a fence looking at a view of the countryside. The countryside is in a solid circle of blue. Border is black with ladder-like line about 2 mm wide. Bottom right corner in circle coloured blue is (in black) 2/- Title: in black Whitcombe's / New austral Grammars / A Fourth Book of / Grammar and Composition / for / Grades VII & VIII.

Historical information

Educational book for Grammar and Composition. Published for the Victorian Education Department.

Significance

Historical: Comparative with other text books used in schools in different eras.

Inscriptions & Markings

See physical description.

Bottle - Spirits

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Small clear glass with mottled pattern and embossed with 4 rows of small squares around the bottom. On 1 side the glass is clear and shaped as a rectangle joined to a circle sitting on top of the rectangle. The opening is heavily embossed for a screw top. The sides are straight for three quarters of the way up then sharply taper to the neck before the lip and opening. Embossed on the base. The shape of the bottle is rectangular with curved ends.

Historical information

Spirits came in bottles sold at licensed premises either locally or in larger cities visited during shopping expeditions. The shape, embossing and size of bottles varied. Small bottles of whisky or gin were used as a comforting drink for the sick. The embossed squares pattern was used on bottles containing medicine or poison.

Significance

Historical: Change of bottles - shape, size, glass, embossing Aesthetic: Display showing embossing, shape and size.

Inscriptions & Markings

Common seal: 'A' followed by 'GB36' or '6836' followed by 'M'

Folder - Tobacco Families of the Kiewa Valley 1930-2000

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Blue plastic A3 size folder with bright yellow paper attached to the front cover with the title printed in black. Enclosed in clear plastic sleeves are photos and descriptions of families of the Kiewa Valley who grew tobacco.

Historical information

Tobacco was grown in the Kiewa Valley mainly by Italian families.

Significance

The stories and photos in this folder give a history of the tobacco industry in the Kiewa Valley and also of the migrants that settled in the valley.

Photograph of Lake Guy Dam, Walkway - Inside Lake Guy Dam

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black and white photograph of the walkway through Lake Guy (Junction) Dam wall.

Historical information

Lake Guy Dam is a 'slab and buttress' type wall. A timber frame is built and then filled with concrete. The first batch of concrete was placed in September, 1940. By June, 1941 the buttresses were finished to a height safe from floods and in October of that year a flood of 2,800 cusecs occurred but with only slight damage to the installations. Industrial trouble caused some delays but there was also slow progress on the part of the contractor and the work was taken over by the S.E.C., terminating the contract. The dam was completed in March, 1944. A walkway was made through the dam wall. Lake Guy was named after Mr. L.T. Guy who was the Resident engineer, in charge of construction work and associated activities on the Kiewa Area from 1939 to November 1946.

Significance

Shows the walkway placed as part of the Lake Guy (Junction) Dam wall. A very good pictorial reference for the future.

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten in blue ink on back of photograph "Inside Lake Guy Dam".

Weights

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Cast iron weight with a solid base the upper side curved to form two ends which are joined by a cylindrical handle. The ends are embossed on the top.

Historical information

Weight was used on platform type scale to weigh farm produce

Significance

Imperial weights were used prior to 1966 when decimal currency was introduced. Weights were used in stores selling farm produce prior to packaging.

Inscriptions & Markings

W & T Avery 14 lb

Photograph Fire Prevention Victorian Alps - Burning

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This black and white photograph shows an Alpine Fire Prevention technique of "burning off" low levels of scrub. The photograph is on 200gsm paper but it is not photographic paper. It can be assumed that the photo is not the original but a copy. See also KVHS 0413 and KVHS 0415 for other similar photos.

Historical information

This photograph, in late 1950s, shows an Alpine Fire Prevention technique of "burning off" low levels of scrub to reduce the level of available fuel against any possible summer bush fires. The Alpine regions accumulate high levels of potential fuel (undergrowth and small shrubs) which if not reduced has the potential of breaking into a dangerous bush fire. The men in this photograph are not wearing any protective clothing. Their visibility to other firefighters is severely reduced by smoke. This photo is a snap shot in time when Occupational Health and Safety Legislation was in its infancy stage.

Significance

This photograph details the fire prevention activities in the Victorian Alps under the management of the SEC Victoria. The level of undergrowth within the Australian bush needs to be kept under control to avoid the possibility of lightning strikes (during summer storms) igniting dry forests resulting in a major bush fire. Controlled fires within alpine regions are required not only to reduce the level of dry undergrowth but also to provide those various plant species requiring fire for regenerate. This method was used by the original inhabitants (Aborigines) as limited scrub fires were used to flush game and bird population for food, with a side benefit to those plants requiring the fire for regeneration.

Scrapbook - C.W.A. Tawonga - C.W.A. Scrapbook Collected by C.Roper

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Large scrap book held together by 3 large staples originally with blank pages. The pages have been written on and newspaper articles have been pasted in. The book was covered with light brown paper, the heading has been handwritten using block letters coloured in green with black outline. Centre front of the book has a photo of ladies dated 1978. Their names are typed in underneath. The book has then been covered by clear plastic.

Historical information

The Tawonga C.W.A. formed on 7th Feb. 1946. It was a very active group with 45 members in that year. Numbers fluctuated throughout the years and totalled 26 members in 1988. The Tawonga C.W.A. often combined activities with the other branches in the Kiewa Valley. The C.W.A. aimed to improve health, welfare and education for women and children in the country. The book gives examples of all the activities the members were involved in over the years and their involvement with other C.W.A. groups in North East Victoria and Victoria. There are many photos of members and their activities too. These photos give a good representation of what womens fashions were during the mid part of the 20 century.

Significance

Historical: Women living in Tawonga were mostly on farms and, in 1946, when the branch commenced would have been feeling more remote with WW11 having had an effect on available workers and the well being of the women and children. This scrap book was complied by Claire Roper one of the founding members of the CWA. It traces the history of the Tawonga branch of the CWA, its members and what they did which improved the living conditions for their community.

Inscriptions & Markings

The title: "C.W.A. / Tawonga / Scrap Book / Collected by C. Roper

Bottle - Spirits

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Clear dark brown glass bottle used for storing whisky or rum. the base is oval shaped. The sides are straight three quarters of the way up then tapers quickly to the neck and then a lip near the opening. the fort & back sides have smooth rectangular shapes bordered by heavy embossing of grapes. On the sides heavy embossing of horizontal ripples. embossed front and back print at bottom and at base. Strip of metal around the bottle at the top of the neck (remainder of the seal).

Historical information

Spirits came in bottles sold at licensed premises either locally or in larger cities visited during a shopping expedition. The shape of bottles varied and were re cycled remaining the property of the manufacturer who paid for their return. History of Thomas Hardy & Sons Pty Ltd.

Significance

Historical: Change of bottles - shape, glass, embossing. Collected by bottle collectors. Aesthetic: Display showing embossing and shape.

Inscriptions & Markings

Base, front and back sides: 'This Bottle is the Property of / Thos Hardy & Sons Pty Ltd'

Book - Religious Education - Faith and Life

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Pale blue, small book with print in black including the title, a picture of a tree underlined by a ribbon with two Latin words printed in it. Border is two black lines on front and one decorated black line on the back. 16 pages inside cover. Bound by 2 staples. Teachers and Parents Price 2/6

Historical information

Students attended Sunday School classes at the Kergunyah Presbyterian Church. Sunday school was held in a little 16 foot square wooden building which came from Rocky Valley after it was no longer needed there. Ewen Wallace's father initiated and organised the move. C2011 the building was knocked down because of white ants. The Presbyterian Church will be 125 years old in 2015.

Significance

Historical: Religious Education: This book was used by students who attended the Sunday School classes at Kergunyah Presbyterian Church. Religion: Presbyterian Church at Kergunyah, in the Kiewa Valley, celebrates its 25th anniversary in 2015 after being handed over to the Uniting Church in the 1970s.

Straight Myringotome Knife

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Steel instrument - handle wide with gentle curve. Blade short, thin, flat and sharp with some rust.

Historical information

This medical / hospital instrument was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950s specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme.

Significance

Historically Significant: Shows the development of scientific hospital equipment. Provenance: Used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was remote and therefore required good equipment. Good condition and good interpretation capacity.

Inscriptions & Markings

H.A.T.MELB. on handle Some rust on blade.

Satchel - S.E.C. Mail

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This brown leather rectangular satchel is well worn with stitching around the perimeters of the front and back where it is attached to the side pieces. The back piece extends a little at the top where it is stitched to a reinforced piece that has a curved handle covered by steel and fastened with a stainless steel plate with rings. The leather then continues as a flap also stitched to the piece with the handle. The satchel is fastened with 3 large press studs.The sides of the satchel extend and fold into the inside and can be fastened to each other with a large press stud. This may be to protect the contents. At the front centre a transparent pocket is stitched on presumably for identification.

Historical information

The State Electricity Commission of Victoria's mail was collected and carried in a satchel especially made for the purpose.

Significance

Historical: The State Electricity Commission of Victoria's mail was collected in a satchel. This would separate it from other mail and protect it. A satchel would enable the mail to be collected by different people using modes of transport.

Inscriptions & Markings

Engraved centre back: "S.E.C. / Mail"