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Kiewa Valley Historical Society Mt Beauty, Vic

The Kiewa Valley Historical Society aims to preserve and conserve the history and heritage of the Kiewa Valley & district. Through the use of permanent, and temporary exhibitions, information walls, a photo gallery, a diorama of the Bogong High Plains, a model hydro system, and two DVD screens we show the area's history and highlights, that tell our social history, natural science areas and technological developments.
The collection has many artefacts that show the social and cultural history of the first indigenous people. Along with artefacts from pioneer settlers of the Kiewa Valley and Mount Beauty lived, worked and socialised. Items such as photos, books, farming equipment, hospital equipment, technological equipment from the Kiewa Hydro Scheme, household items, plus oral histories, and genealogy books are in our collection. All the items in the collection have either historical, social, technological or aesthetic significance to the Kiewa Valley and have good interpretive capacity. Artefacts have to meet this assessment criteria before being considered to be added into the collection. We do not buy, sell or give valuations for any artefacts at this stage.
The historical society Museum space shares the same premises as the Mt Beauty Visitor Information Centre. There is wheel chair access, a disability toilet and separate male and female toilets. Free parking is found the North side of the information centre. There is also a small seating area in the sun deck of the centre. The centre is with in walking distance from Mt Beauty main shopping centre and a 50 - 60 minute drive from the larger centres of Wodonga / Albury.
New members are always welcomed.

Contact Information

location
Mount Beauty Information Centre 31 Bogong High Plains Rd Mt Beauty Vic (map)
phone
+61 03 57541323
Contact

Opening Hours

9am - 5pm Every day

Entry Fee

Gold Coin Donation

Location

Mount Beauty Information Centre 31 Bogong High Plains Rd Mt Beauty Vic

View on Google Maps

The collection has many items that show the social history of how the first white settlers of the Kiewa Valley and Mount Beauty lived, worked and socialised. Items such as photos, books, farming equipment, hospital equipment, technological equipment from the Kiewa Hydro Scheme, household items, plus oral histories, and genealogy records and books are in our collection.

Significance

The Kiewa Valley Historical Society collection has historic significance as it shows how the first white settlers lived and worked through out the valley. Scientific significance applies to the rock cores taken by the SEC during the construction of the hydro scheme. The indigenous stones & tools also have historic significane as they show the cultural heritage of the first people of the Kiewa Valley. Other than the archives, all items have interpretative capacity to be in the collection.

Gavin 3 January 2015 9:16 PM

Hello, I am after a book, Title: Tales of Gibbo gold : characters from the 1880s. Author: Morrow, John A. (John Alexander). Would you have this or know where I can purchase a copy? Thanking you, Gavin.

Gavin 3 January 2015 9:16 PM

Hello, I am after a book, Title: Tales of Gibbo gold : characters from the 1880s. Author: Morrow, John A. (John Alexander). Would you have this or know where I can purchase a copy? Thanking you, Gavin.

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Printed material from the internet, with colour illustrations – History of the Birkebeiner Nordic Ski Club Inc

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Printed material from the internet with colour illustrations – History of the Birkebeiner Nordic Ski Club Inc. Sourced from http://birkebeiner.org.au/about/history/, 14/01/2016 7.45pm

Historical information

The Birkebeiner Nordic Ski Club was formed in September 1977 when a group of enthusiasts met to discuss the idea. The club, located in Mount Beauty has conducted many activities and programs for its members and other cross country skiers at the Falls Creek Ski Resort, Alpine National Park and the Bogong High Plains. Club objectives are to promote the development of cross country racing, ski touring and associated activities. To assist in searches for persons lost in bushland areas and to maintain a Search and Rescue group. It also provides its members with opportunities for skiing and social activities. The Birkebeiner Nordic Ski Club constructed a clubhouse at Falls Creek for the use of members in 1996. The club has conducted the annual Kangaroo Hoppet since 1991.

Significance

Since its inception, the Birkebeiner Nordic Ski Club has been active in promoting cross country skiing including racing and touring in the Falls Creek, Alpine National Park and the Bogong High Plains areas and have actively participated in search and rescue in the alpine region. Birkebeiner members have represented Australia at five Olympic Games. A number of Kiewa Valley residents are active members or have been past members of the club over the years.

Photo Framed - Broken Bridge

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Colored photo of 'Broken Bridge' over the East Kiewa River on Damm's Road with Mt Bogong, with snow, in the background of centre top. Framed with 2 cm wide cream cardboard surrounded by a metal decorated frame. The back has a flap for displaying the photo on a bench or table.

Historical information

The Tawonga Bridge over the East Kiewa River linked Mt Beauty with Tawonga. It was broken during Vera Hore's lifetime, 1909 - 2000.

Significance

The bridge over the East Kiewa River enabled people to travel between Mt Beauty and Tawonga. Vera Hore (nee Ryder), the publican of the Tawonga Hotel, took this photo as she was a keen amateur photographer. Vera lived from Nov. 1909 to July 2000.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the back, a white sticker inscribed:- "Broken Bridge" / Old Timber Bridge / over East Kiewa River / on Damm's Rd." On the back top left corner hand written:- "Vera Hore"

Photograph - Anzac Day Mt Beauty (Before 1966)

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black and white photograph of Anzac Day commemorations in Mt Beauty - pre 1966. Photo looking down the highway towards Tawonga

Historical information

Anzac Day in Mt Beauty before 1966. Background- SEC workshops with saw tooth roof. Taken in the days before the service station was built on the corner.

Significance

Record of community of Mt Beauty and surrounds commemorating the involvement of their community members in military service and remembering those who gave their lives in war.

Bottle - Milk

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Narrow necked clear glass bottle used to carry one imperial pint of milk. Embossed on bottom near base and on base. Blue stencilled writing / print on opposite sides of the bottle.

Historical information

Bottles of milk were bought at a local store. The measurement of liquid was in pints and money in pence pre 1966. Bottles were returned to the manufacturer who reused the bottle. To encourage the return of bottles, collectors were given 7 pence per bottle. TB was tested in the milk at this time and the milk was pasteurised. History of the Kiewa Company.

Significance

Historical: Dairy farmers lived in the Kiewa Valley and sent their milk to the Kiewa Factory to be pasteurised and TB tested. The bottles and tops changed colour & design regularly. Aesthetic: Display showing variations of shape, embossing, and stencil.

Inscriptions & Markings

Side: Embossed: Inside embossed circle is '6' above '19'. and underneath this: One Imperial pint. Base: Embossed: Common Seal - 'A' with 'G' and 'M' inside the A and in the middle 'ISM 229' and below that '2' Stencil on side: 'Kiewa' signature and underneath printed 'Pasturised / And TB Tested Milk' / 'Use' (written) and then printed 'Kiewa Butter / Cream and / Ice cream Mix' Stencil on the opposite side: '7d Deposit On / This Bottle'

T-Shirt - Mt Beauty Fire Brigade

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black thick cotton t-shirt with collar and short sleeves. A zip is at the top front. Sleeves have yellow strip near their opening. "Mount Beauty F B" has been zig zagged stitched onto the front, also in yellow.

Historical information

Mt Beauty rural fire brigade was established in 1948 by the State Electricity Commission of Victoria as an industry brigade. When Mt Beauty was handed over to the Shire in 1961, the fire brigade became a member of the Country Fire Authority (C.F.A.). Today it is an urban fire brigade. The t-shirt would have been used when members were together during fire drills, competitions, meetings etc.

Significance

The t-shirt was part of the Mt Beauty fire brigade uniform indicating that the fire fighters were part of a team and were able and wanted to be recognised. It also indicates a strong and popular organisation.

Inscriptions & Markings

Tag inside back under collar - "Sportswear / Simpson / of Melbourne / Mr - then P.A.B. handwritten in space provided. also '36' and 'All cotton' tags attached.

Book - Religious Education - Prayers New and Old

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Bright shiny aqua small book with vertical black thin line 3 quarters of the way along from the spine. This black line goes through the middle of a picture of a book which is drawn in black with a rectangular of white around it. Title is in white and cursive script. Title is written in bold white print along spine. Back of book has ISBN number in black

Historical information

Students attended Sunday School classes at the Kergunyah Presbyterian Church. Sunday school was held in a little 16 foot square wooden building which came from Rocky Valley after it was no longer needed there. Ewen Wallace's father initiated and organised the move. C2011 the building was knocked down because of white ants. The Presbyterian Church will be 125 years old in 2015.

Significance

Historical: Religious Education: This book was used by students who attended the Sunday School classes at the Kergunyah Presbyterian Church. Religion: Presbyterian Church at Kergunyah, in the Kiewa Valley, celebrates its 125th anniversary in 2015 after being handed over to the uniting Church in the 1970s.

Inscriptions & Markings

Pencil inside on cover page "170" "3/MA" Pencil inside on back cover page 15 names listed and $2.40 Warwick, Ken, Debbie, Cameron, Thomas, Anna, Ricki, Glen Simpson, Brett, Mathew, Lorinda, Tracey, Luke, John, Megan

Scrap Book - C.W.A. Tawonga - C. W. A. Tawonga by Clare Roper

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Scrap book with block handwritten and coloured heading. Cover: Centre middle has a coloured photo of 10 ladies standing below a CWA logo. Covered with clear plastic. Consists of photos, newspaper clippings and typed sheets.

Historical information

CWA Tawonga 1946 - 1988 collection of its written history. The C.W.A. aimed to improve the health, welfare and education of women and children in the country. The book gives examples of all activities the members were involved in over the years and their involvement with other CWA groups in the North East of Victoria. Through the photos it also gives a good example of women's fashions over the years.

Significance

History of CWA Tawonga by Clare Roper, President, founding member and local resident. Women in Tawonga were mostly on farms and in 1946 felt remote after WWII as it affected available workers and the well being of children. The Country Women's Association improved the living conditions and well being of members in the community.

Inscriptions & Markings

"CWA Tawonga from 1946 collected by C. Roper" - top of front page

Book - Reference Teaching - Handwork for Schools

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

A hard covered text book, faded blue cover.

Historical information

A text book designed as an aid to teachers in Victorian Primary Schools in the 1940's. It teachers the value of art and handwork as a necessary part of general education.

Significance

This text book shows the importance and the growing recognition of various hand crafts as part of general education in Victorian schools in the 1940's and also that handcrafts are an integral part of the curriculum, leading towards an improvement in artistic appreciation by raising handwork from the level of manual exercises to that of creative applied art.

Inscriptions & Markings

Front cover: Handwork for Schools, W.R. Dean and H. Jolly, and at the bottom of cover 'Oxford University Press, Leighton House, Melbourne, London: Humphrey Milford.' On the first page, handwritten in red, is a signature 'N. Rodgers' and the title is repeated. The price is marked as 6/6 ( Six shillings, six pence)

Bottle - Chemist

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Clear round brown glass bottle with straight sides three quarters of the way up tapering to a short neck and cork screw opening. Embossed '3' near the bottom and heavy embossing on base in print with capital letters.

Historical information

Medicines were sold by chemists locally or in larger cities when visited on a shopping expedition. The shape of bottles changed as did the stopper used to seal it. Bottles were re cycled remaining the property of the manufacturer. History of S.C. Johnson & Son Pty. Ltd.

Significance

Historical: Change of bottles - shape, glass, stopper, use and embossing Aesthetic: display showing embossing and shape.

Inscriptions & Markings

Side: near base: '3' Base: Around half of the circumference: 'This bottle is the property of' Base: Across the centre: 'S.C.Johnson / & Son Pty Ltd / Sydney'

Photo - Paddy Fisher and Horse 1915

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Sepia photograph of Paddy Fisher with unnamed horse. Photo is mounted on heavy card frame

Historical information

Horse owned by the Fisher family who were dairy farmers in the Mongans Bridge area in the early 1900's

Significance

The Fisher family were keen horse people and received awards for their horsemanship and their horses

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten on back of photograph - "Paddy" 1915

Black and white photograph of farmland - Kiewa, 25/8/38

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

A black and white photograph taken in the upper Kiewa Valley showing farmland with a group of three unidentified people sitting on the grass.

Historical information

This photograph was taken in August, 1938 at the time of road making in the area and some eight years prior to the establishment of Mt. Beauty township. The area was still being used for grazing, and the land was eventually acquired from the local land owners by the State Electricity Commission. The construction of the road, from Tawonga to the High Plains, was commenced in April of this year. This allowed men and heavy equipment to be transported to the work sites for the construction of the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme.

Significance

An important photograph as it shows the upper Kiewa Valley as it was before the establishment of the town of Mt. Beauty. The land had been cleared of natural growth and has been used for grazing cattle. By 1946 housing construction had commenced for the new town of Mt. Beauty and by 1948 street construction in the southern part of the town was completed as far as Hill Street.

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten in black ink is the inscription 'Kiewa 25/8/1938'. In the right corner of the photograph has been stamped the number 6. On the back in a circle, some 14mm across, are the words 'Kodak Print'. The word Velox is also printed on the back.

Comb - Personal Item

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Xylonite yellow hair comb with half narrow spaced teeth and half wide spaced teeth

Sharpener Saw Raker/Jointer

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This raker/jointer saw sharpener was made in the USA (DISSTON) from cast and flat iron. The main body has been painted in orange. It has three adjustment screws on the top horizontal bar and one bolt on(adjusting) leveling platform on the bottom. The small size and weight of this saw sharpener was ideal for the travelling/mobile logger or surveyor(as in this case). The main frame resembles two towers connected by two horizontal bars and the top of the towers has a horizontal bar with adjustment screws. See KVHS 0090 (B) for setting stake wedge adjusting the rake and cutting angle and KVHS 0090 (C) for a small spanner (for adjustments).

Historical information

This raker/jointer/guage set is a sharpening tool for cross cut logging saws. The logging saws used in the early 1900's for the clearing of forests required constant sharpening of their "cutting teeth". The logging of forested areas during these times was very much a "hands on" method of either one or two men by the use of saw or hand axe. Chain saws, chain and ball(clearing) and bulldozing methods came in the mid 1900's.

Significance

This particular saw sharpening method was used by surveyors laying down boundaries for the S.E.C. Victoria Hydro Electricity Scheme (1920's). This item was given to a local Kiewa Valley lad who accompanied the initial surveyors. The lad was responsible for the tendering and feeding of the surveyors "pack horses". Surveys during this period and in the dense mountainous terrain of the Victorian Alps was both exhausting and hazardous. Overnight accommodation at various log cabins was not always possible and swag/tent alternative was the "fall back"

Inscriptions & Markings

On one inner supports is stamped "DISSTON" and on the other "U.S.A."

Tin Tobacco

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

green, hinged-lid tin

Historical information

This item was widely available in shops during the early to mid 20th Century. The flake cut tobacco was used for hand-rolled cigarettes and some pipes.

Significance

This item is significant for social and historical reasons. This type of packaging is no longer found and the use of this type of tobacco is diminishing. We only have a few of these tins in our collection and its use is mainly for interpertive purposes.

Inscriptions & Markings

Havelock Flake Cut Tobacco, 2oz net weight when packed,(on lid) Side "The British -Australasian Tobacco Co. Pty Ltd Aromatic Flake Cut (on side)

Sewing Machine

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black metal Singer sewing machine with gold decoration and writing on its body and platform. It sits on a wooden tray which is hollow under the body with a separate space on the right hand side. The body of the machine can be lifted by hinges attached at the back. This would enable items to be stored in the hollow part of the box. Similarly the hollow section on the right hand side, which hasn't got a lid. The body has the needle and cotton attachments on the left and a handle for working the machine on the right. There is a metal rod at the top for the cotton reel. The body is attached to the platform at each side forming an arch. The top of the box has metal along its perimeter. At each end of the top of the box there is a plate with a small hollow rectangle in the middle enabling an attachment such as a board to be inserted for an extended bench.

Historical information

This sewing machine would have been used by some ladies to mend and make clothes for the family as shops were some distance away and to sew items for Church and School fetes.

Significance

Used in the Kiewa Valley.

Inscriptions & Markings

Front & back of body: "Singer". and at front on an oval brass plate: "The Singer Manfc. Co." Inside of body on left: "This machine contains / some substitute / parts and accessories" On metal platform on right: "Y3071189" Along top of body: "The Singer Manufacturing Co." On Wood right hand side: "Godfreys Ltd / 57 Gawler Place / Phone 460261 / No. 7063

Pipe Tobacco Smoking

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This pipe has a bent stem and its style is cherrywood. The pipe has a permanent filter and a narrow tin band. The bowl is well pronounced (curved both top and bottom). The stem screws into the bowl , mid way up the bowl (similar to KVHS 0423 and KVHS.0425 and the stem is also made from bakelite (dark brown in colour). This stem is the same length as KVHS 0425 but the bit (mouth piece) has a gentler curve.

Historical information

Pipe smoking has been in vogue for centuries, and in Australia it was a symbol of the "discerning smoker" such as the landed gentry or men of professional status. This pipe, of the cherrywood style, would have suited the young professional of the mid and late 1900s. It is the type of pipe well suited to the rural backdrop. In the late 1900s, with the health related restrictions placed on public smoking, these tobacco pipes were not immune from the legislation, and even though the pipe smoke was not as offensive as cigarette smoke it still came under the umbrella of smoking. Pipes were also used in the process of inhaling illicit drugs i.e. marijuana, but this use was limited to a very few. Smoking in the second millennium is being phased out as a social habit in Australia but may affect the few "private" smoker and has, as the United States prohibition era (alcoholic drinks) did, spawn an illicit trade in cheap contraband tobacco.

Significance

This type of pipe lends itself well to the rural setting of the Kiewa Valley and although it is a bit more bulky in shape its wooden barrel blends into the environment. The Kiewa Valley region was up until the late 1900s part of the Australian Tobacco Industry and the levels of men smoking pipes was enhanced by the readily supply from "off the fields", of tobacco leaves.

Papers - Tawonga School Centenary 1880-1980 x2

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Photocopied A4 papers of the 'Tawonga School Centenary 1880 - 1980'

Historical information

The Tawonga School opened in 1880 for the children of the surrounding farming families. Its enrolment increased when the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme peaked in the 1950's and it continues to educate the children of the local families (town and farm) now (2015).

Significance

This book covers 100 years of the history of the Kiewa Valley. The operation of running a school during that period as challenges and change occur with the coming and going of teachers and pupils.

Book - English - Intermediate English

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Green book with soft cardboard cover with black print for title, author and publisher

Historical information

This book was used by Victorian schools for the education of students and was bought at Halls Book Store, 371 Bourke St., Melbourne. The Davies family, farmers in the Kiewa Valley, used this book at the Mt Beauty Secondary College.

Significance

Historical: In the 1950s the Victorian Education Department supplied the text books for Government schools. Provenance: The families of the Kiewa Valley attended the local Secondary school and owned their text books.

Inscriptions & Markings

INTERMEDIATE / ENGLISH / J. Aughterson / squiggle like cloud / LONGMANS on cover

Book - Historical - SECV - Three Decades. The Story of the State Electricity Commission of Victoria from its Inception to December 1948

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Hard cover blue bound book with the SECV insignia and the title "Three Decades" both in gold on the front cover. Book includes coloured and black and white photos.

Historical information

At the time of writing this book The State Electricity Commission of Victoria had been in existence for 30 years. This book tells something of its progress and achievements during that period. It includes brown coal and water power. The Commission was to develop and use these natural resources through the expertise and experience of the Commissioners, its staff and employees.

Significance

Historical: Chapter 5 "The War Years - and Kiewa." describes the early stages of the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme. Photos, map and diagrams of the Kiewa Scheme are also included.

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten inside front cover: "Bob Burnett". Title page: hand written in print and crossed out: "L.D.Miller / Tawonga". Not crossed out - "(Cheryl)"

Necklace Silver Lover's Knot

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This necklace is made from sterling silver and has four double bar and six lover's knots coupled to a silver chain. There is one silver double bar missing and may have been removed to reduce the length of the necklace. Sterling silver Hallmarks and Makers marks are stamped on the links and the clasp. The meaning of the horizontal twin bars have not yet been interpreted .

Historical information

This "lovers" necklace is made from Sterling Silver and was imported into "the Colony" before the Australian Federation was enacted. This was a time when very close "bondage" between Australia and England was shown by the amount of "quality" products that were purchased, and the motto "Best of British" was truly still entwined in all aspects of rural live, from "British" mores and values "inherited from the "colonial days". It was only after World War II (when Britain could not help to defend Australia from the Japanese) that these long held mores were, through generations and generations, that the USA and Asian markets and goods replaced the "old" ties.

Significance

This ladies silver necklace is very significant to the Kiewa Valley because it demonstrates the "rural" mores and values at a time(1800's to mid 1900's) when the "gap" between city and rural mores was very pronounced. That gap was maintain only through the degree of "isolation" (communication and physical interactions) between the two major types of "communities" and the evolving mores which each of them were going through. The social structure was just as pronounced in rural areas as it was in the cities. Fine jewelry was a "sparkling" affirmation of status and "wealth". The rural sectors had very wealthy sectors before the World Wars, when "Australia" was riding "on the sheep's back", but the increased mineral wealth exports and "big" industry of the cities started to forge ahead.

Inscriptions & Markings

Hall marks "PWC" and "AA"

Bottle - Cream

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Clear small glass cream bottle with heavy embossing on both sides. Inside the opening is a rim to hold a cardboard disc used to seal the bottle. The sides are straight half way up then taper to the opening.

Historical information

Cream came in bottles bought at the local store or at a large city store on a shopping expedition. The shape of the bottles changed as did the stopper used to seal it. The amount of liquid was measured in ounces and pints pre 1966. History of J. Kikpatrick, Waverley, East malvern.

Significance

Historical: Change of bottles - shape, size, stopper, embossing and use. Aesthetic; Display showing embossing and shape

Inscriptions & Markings

One side: The Property of / J. Kilpatrick (half moon on top) / Waverly Road (across middle) / East Malvern (half moon on bottom) Other side: Please / wash / & / Return (also curved with & in the middle) Along side at base: "Contents not less than 8 ozs." Base: Across middle M93 above M, and AGM below.

Book - Royal Tour - The Royal Tour of Australia in Pictures

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This book has a blue hard cover with its original shiny paper cover over it. This paper cover is the Australian flag with white writing of the title, some of the stars and the red part in the top left corner. The back of the paper cover is blue with the Southern Cross. On the inside of the hard cover is a full size picture of the Queen meeting a group of early Australians & settlers with a group of soldiers in line saluting and a ship in the background. This picture is repeated on the cover at the back .

Historical information

This book was produced after the Royal tour of Australia and New Zealand 1954 . Many people went to see the Queen as there was a lot of interest in the occasion. This was the first time a reigning monarch had toured Australia and Queen Elizabeth being a new young Queen was very popular and attracted very large crowds where ever she went. Mt Beauty residents including Cubs, Brownies, Scouts and Guides travelled to Benalla Railway Station to see the Queen on the Royal Train.

Significance

Historical: At the time there was a lot of interest in Royalty. Provenance: Clare Roper, a local lady from Tawonga visited the Queen at Buckingham palace as a representative of CWA and therefore was particularly interested in the Queen's visit. KVHS has the dress that Clare wore, in their collection. Local residents recall travelling in 1954 to Benalla Railway Station to see the Queen on the Royal Train.

Inscriptions & Markings

On cover page in blue ink 'Clare Roper' At back attached with sticky tape to last page - a note: Vanour(?) Books / Mrs C. Roper & Mrs G. Richardson

Book - Non Fiction History - Honour Roll - South Africa 1899 - 1902 Albury-Wodonga and District Residents Who Served In The Boer War

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This book has a bright red soft cover and is bound with bright yellow tape. There is a drawing of two Australian soldiers on the front, one on horseback

Historical information

Historical information of soldiers from the Albury-Wodonga district who fought in the Boer War in South Africa 1899 - 1902. In 1996 the then curator for the 8/13 VMR Museum, the Hon Colonel John Neale, commissioned the author to research a group of returned servicemen and women from the Boer War and had lived within 100 km radius of the Albury/Wodonga townships.The Boer War was the second war in South Africa and was the result of heavy taxes and non voting rights of the local white Boer population. Colonial forces including the Australian Light Horse contingent where called upon by England to overthrow the rebellion. This War was the first engagement of Australian troops fighting on foreign soil.

Significance

This Honour Roll details the pay rates, the battle highlights, weapons used and maps covering the first Australian contingent of soldiers who fought in the Transvaal (Boer War).. Listed are the names of those soldiers who lived within 100klms of Albury and Wodonga.The soldiers are listed by Location, Rank, Initial,Name and Unit. The significance of both the War and those who served in it is two fold. Firstly it demonstrates that the tie between the Colonial outreaches of England's Empire to "the Motherland" were extremely strong at this point in time. This union remained strong up until the middle of World War II when England could not help Australia to defend itself against possible invasion by Japan. The alliance between Australia and the United States of America replaced the British/Australian pact. Secondly the attitude of, and the high degree of horsemanship of those from the Albury and Wodonga area. The degree of adaptability, by these servicemen, to suit the environment in which they fought provided the first real insight into the Australian psyche "of those living and surviving on the harsh Australian outback"

Inscriptions & Markings

Author's complimentary inscription "To Mount Beauty Museum with compliments" signed Ian R Docking

Book - Technical on Telephones / Switchboards - The Practical Telephone Handbook by J. Poole

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black hard cover book with gold embossing of title, author and emblem "The Specialists Series" on the front cover. 630 pages with some black and white diagrams

Historical information

This book includes "Guide to the Telephone Exchange". As the State Electricity Commission of Victoria had a telephone exchange on the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme at Mt Beauty, this book is of interest. The first telephone exchange was established in the U.S.A. in 1877. In 1912 most civilised countries had one. Improvements continued as outlined in the book explaining how they work.

Significance

The State Electricity Commission of Victoria constructed the Kiewa hydro electric Scheme and communicated using a switchboard based in Mt Beauty. This book belonged Roy F. Leibig, the grandfather of a local electrician.

Inscriptions & Markings

Inside: "W. Kerr Newmann / 89 Moreland Grove / Coburg" written in pencil "S. Dunkerton / 8 Horne St / E. Brunswick / Oct. 7th 1913" crossed out with pencil (over handwriting with pen) "R.F. Leibig / "Orama" / Stafford St / West Preston" written in ink

Tonsil Dissector

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Long steel instrument slightly curved. Used to dissect tonsils.

Historical information

This medical / hospital instrument was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950s specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme.

Significance

Historical: Shows the development of scientific hospital equipment. Provenance: Used in the Tawonga district General Hospital which was remote and therefore required good equipment.

Inscriptions & Markings

RP on one side near middle

Badge - Country Women's Association of Victoria.

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Slim rectangular shaped gold badge with a 'v' shape at each end. Its border is wavy. The writing is in green capital letters. At the top in the middle there is a 2 link chain. On the back is a pin.

Historical information

The Tawonga branch of the C.W.A. commenced on the 7th Feb. 1946 and often combined activities with the other branches in the Kiewa Valley. The C.W.A. aimed to improve health, welfare and education for women and children in the country.

Significance

Women living in Tawonga were mostly on farms and, in 1946, when the branch commenced would have been feeling more remote with WW11 having an effect on available workers and the well being of the women and children.

Inscriptions & Markings

Branch Secretary

Tin Tobacco

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This tobacco tin is constructed from tin plated thin rolled steel. The lid is attached by two pressed and formed (from the main frame) hinges using the nip and tuck construction method.The lid and outside frame have had a green "weave" pattern anodised to the metal.

Historical information

The British Australasian Tobacco Co. (based in Melbourne and Sydney. The parent company was founded in England, circa 1902). This item "HAVELOCK" is one of many ready rubbed tobacco tins produced by the British Australasian Tobacco Company.The ready rubbed tobacco held within the tin was mainly used by those smokers who rolled their own cigarettes. These smokers would have mainly used their palm and formed a cup then placing their choice of the amount of tobacco to be rolled. This would then be placed on the fine cigarette paper and rolled and sealed (using saliva in the mouth) into the required shape. There were mechanical "roll you own" gadgets on the market but most rural users, especially males used their palms. The quantity of tobacco used to make up the cigarette was up to the individual user. The thinner that the cigarette was rolled the longer and more economical did the supply last. The by -products of this method were nicotine stained fingers and hands. "Chain" smokers were easily identified and could therefore be discriminated against obtaining smoke sensitive employment. The two world wars (1914-18 and1939-45) produced a significant rise in the consumption of cigarette use by men and the eventual overflow to women. Cigarette smoking before the 1900s was seen as rough and uncouth (socially frowned upon), however after the introduction of overseas films (U.K. and U.S.A.) and film stars presenting smoking as socially acceptable, the rise of smoking cigarettes, especially roll you own (American western movies) in rural areas was an accepted way of life. Things however started to change in the mid 1900s when medical evidence pointed to the health problems of regular smokers. Governments were now implementing non smoking education material. Restrictions on where and when smoking was permitted and acceptable started to creep into all areas of society whether city or rural. This was the era that highlighted the use of roll your own cigarettes, especially when the costs of "tailor made" cigarettes were taxed at an increasing amount. Roll your own cigarettes also provided an avenue for the consumption of illicit drug use.

Significance

The significance of this ready rubbed tobacco tin to this rural region is, stems from how much influence that the Western novels and overseas films (portraying rural lifestyles) played in shaping the rural social and working mores of the Kiewa Valley. The post war depression (financially) resulted in more smokers turning away from expensive machine (tailor) made cigarettes to the roll your own, using ready rubbed tobacco. This tobacco tin relays a long ago era, when personal contact, and not something that has been written down by some "unknown", was valued as the true appraisal of a member of the community. This was especially relevant in a small regional area such as the Kiewa Valley. Although social networking was not as fast then as the internet provides now, appearances, manners, fashion and etiquette with first impressions high on the order of evaluating someone in the community. Pointer such as the brand of tobacco smoked was part of the rural assessment method. Up until the demise of the Australian Tobacco Industry, circa 2004, the Kiewa Valley and surrounding district was part of a vibrant producer of tobacco leaves. The remnants of this industry still remain today but the drying sheds (for tobacco leaves) are now used to store hay for the valley's dairy and beef cattle industries.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the outside of the lid and at the top left is stamped, in gold coloured letters "HAVELOCK". The bottom of the lid is stamped (in smaller script) "READY RUBBED TOBACCO" and below this in smaller lettering "2oz NET WEIGHT WHEN PACKED". On the rim of the lid is "THE BRITISH AUSTRALASIAN TOBACCO CO. PTY. LTD." Inside of the lid and stamped in black print on a gold anodised lid is "Every tin of genuine HAVELOCK Ready Rubbed Tobacco has the mane Havelock printed on the paper lining, and also on the band or wrapping sealing the tin. On the hinge side of the lid is "HAVELOCK READY RUBBED"

Insulator - Porcelain

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Cream coloured porcelain cylindrical shaped insulator with a groove towards the narrower closed end. Inside the narrow end it is threaded for screwing.

Historical information

Insulates electrical wire which is attached in the groove towards the narrow end. It is screwed onto the cross arm of a power pole. Non conductive so that electricity doesn't short out to the ground.

Significance

Used on power poles in the Kiewa Valley.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the side of the closed end - "KP / 64"

Bottle - Milk

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Clear glass small bottle with straight sides nearly two thirds up from the base tapering gently to the opening which has a thick long lip before the opening. Heavy embossing around the circumference on each side where tapering begins. Light embossing on the base.

Historical information

Bottled milk was bought at the local store. The bottles were re cycled and remained the property of the manufacturer. to encourage their return a deposit was usually paid on them. Pre 1966 liquids were measured in pints.

Significance

Historical: Dairy farmers lived in the Kiewa Valley and sent their milk to be pasteurised and bottled by a local Dairy Company. The bottles changed shape, size and embossing. Aesthetic: Display showing variations of shape, embossing and size

Inscriptions & Markings

Half Pint Milk This Bottle Belongs to Milk Bottles Recovery Ltd. And Cannot be Used With Out Written Permission Base: '2' Common Seal 'A' with 'G' and 'M' inside the A / '8' / '11' / 'M163'

Plaque - Ambulance Service

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This brown wooden framed plaque is backed by masonite and surrounds a black metal sign with gold lettering beside which there is a photo of a Frank Saunders. The photo is also framed with wood.

Historical information

Frank Saunders was the foundation president of the Upper Kiewa Valley Ambulance Service.

Significance

There was an Ambulance service in the Upper Kiewa Valley

Inscriptions & Markings

Metal plate with gold letters in capitals: "Upper Kiewa Valley Ambulance Service / This Plaque is Dedicated / to the Memory of our / Foundation President / Frank Saunders / whose Leadership / Foresight and Devotion / has Inspired all Members/ of the Service"

Catheters - male and female

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Curved hollow orange rubber strips (male) slightly varying widths Straight hollow grey rubber strips (female) slightly varying widths

Historical information

This medical / hospital equipment was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950s specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme.

Significance

Historical: Shows the development of scientific hospital equipment. Provenance: Used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was remote and therefore required good equipment.

Meter Ammeter Recorder

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

The mechanism of this voltage recorder has been installed(by the manufacturer) into its own protective wooden box. This box has a front (swing open) lockable section which permits direct access to the installed measuring equipment (for servicing and data collection). The top section of the box has two screw on terminals for access to the machine being tested. This tester has its own inbuilt ink supply facilities and a mechanical clockwork device that unwinds a roll of paper onto a second roll at a rate of 10 mm per hour. The recording chart is marked with time slots against voltage. There is a recording arm which has an ink pen at the end. Both arm and pen carry the ink supply from the ink reservoir, located on the left side of the cabinet door in specially constructed bottle holder( three small bottle capacity). To record a suspect power problem to a home or business establishment the voltmeter is connected to a power supply outlet being tested and wind the recording clockwork mechanism (gives a four week running time). Before leaving the recorder in situ the electrician checks to see if the chart is recording the correct voltage and that the clock mechanism is advancing correctly.

Historical information

This testing voltmeter recorder was last certified by SEC Vic laboratories on the 17/4/77. It was used extensively as mobile recorder placed for periods of one month at locations experiencing unacceptable fluctuations of power. These locations would cover the North East regions of Victoria. They cover voltage drops at domestic and business properties especially those that were experiencing regular fluctuations(daily) at approximately the same time of the day. As the electrical network is required to operate within a set level of voltage, fluctuations outside of this has to be investigated and necessary remedial action taken. This is especially so for rural properties where power "drainage" can occur through animal/bird and tree interference. It can also be the result of defective wiring and overloading at peek operational times (milking machines).

Significance

This mobile voltage recorder is very significant to the Kiewa Valley because it highlights the difficulties that can occur in maintaining a power supply that experiences fluctuating power demands by the rural industries that it supplies. The requirement of a mobile testing apparatus to cover the various sections in the Kiewa Valley and other rural areas in the northeast region is one of necessity as electricity once connected to a rural property is a labour saving supply as generators on rural properties require a higher degree of maintenance an ultimately at a higher cost. The testing of the SEC Vic supplied electricity to rural properties,those who had previously run on generators, had to be quick and unassuming with certainty of correct supply levels.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the front of the access "door" at the top a metal label "RECORDING AMMETER" below this "MURDAY SYSTEM" below this "ALTERNATING CURRENT" and below this the manufacturer's registered number "No. 139156" Below this is a metal tag with State Electricity Commission of Victoria Electrical Engineer's Section equipment number "338" Below these tags and above the viewing window is the manufacturer's dtails "EVERSHED & VIGNOLES Led LONDON"

Book - English - Dr Morell's English Series / Advanced. / Grammar / and / Analysis / With Exercises

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Brown cloth hard cover. 3 straight lines embossed around the perimeter of front and back in black .Title in black

Historical information

Educational book for teaching English. Appears to be old with the text very detailed. G. Cooper is from a dairy farm in the Kiewa Valley.

Significance

Historical: Educational teaching of English in the past compared to the current day. Provenance: G. Cooper is from a well known farming family in the Kiewa Valley

Inscriptions & Markings

On back of front cover: written in pen 'G. Cooper' and scribble in pencil.

Booklet - S.E.C.V. x2 - Power from Kiewa

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Slim booklet with photo of McKay Creek Power Station on the front cover and the title in brown and black at the top. Printed along the spine is State Electricity Commission of Victoria.

Historical information

The State Electricity Commission of Victoria constructed the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme. Their public relations employees published booklets to promote the Scheme and the area. In this booklet there are photos of some of the major work constructions with an explanation of how they work and their purpose, a map of the Scheme and an article and photos of tourist facilities and activities that are available.

Significance

This booklet promotes the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme and tourism indicating that tourism was recognised as a new industry for the area. The photos give a pictorial history of the area eg. skiing using the Summit T-bar lift and includes the facilities available at the time. The explanation of the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme is a basic resource for students interested in Hydro power.

Booklet - S.E.C.V. - Fully Automatic Oven Cooking

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Green, black and white 12 page booklet with a cardboard cover and held together with 2 staples. The brown title is at the top of the cover and below, in black, a plate, knife and fork with a green and black lace background.

Historical information

The SECV's Home Advisory Service prepared this booklet to advise & inform women on the use of cooking with a fully automatic oven. The SECV sold electrical appliances at their showrooms throughout regional Victoria, one of which was located in Mt Beauty.

Significance

The SECV constructed the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme employing many workers. They built the townships of Bogong and Mt Beauty and assisted with the infrastructure required to support the influx of population. In the Mt Beauty shopping centre, one of the shops was the SEC Showroom which sold electrical appliances and gave advice on their use. This booklet gives advice and information on automatic ovens.

Inscriptions & Markings

Cover: Prepared by the Home Advisory Service of the State Electricity Commission of Victoria

Photo - Early photo of Bogong Township x2

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Large photo of Mt Bogong Township with snow on the mountain in the background and the spillway over-flowing in the foreground. Some small trees amongst those burnt by the 1939 bushfire. (2 photos - one an enlarged copy)

Historical information

Bogong Village was built for the workers of the State Elecricity Commission of Victoria who were employed to construct the Kiewa Hydro electric Scheme. This photo shows their homes and offices etc., Lake Guy and the spillway during construction days.

Significance

Bogong village was built as part of the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme. This photo gives a view of the village when it was at its peak.

Book - Religious Education - The Holy Bible

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Small, thick, hard covered brown book. Front cover has an embossed border of 4 lines. Spine - in gold - top and bottom thick decorated line. Top - in gold - title under which 'Revised Edition' . At Bottom 'Oxford'. Cover and 1st leaf is black and torn in half vertically at front. Pages are very thin.

Historical information

The Holy Bible was used in Sunday School at the Kergunyah Presbyterian Church. Sunday school was held in a little 16 foot square wooden building which came from Rocky Valley after it was no longer needed there. Ewen Wallace's father initiated and organised the move. C 2011 the building was knocked down because of white ants. The Presbyterian Church will be 125 years old in 2015.

Significance

Historical: Religious Education: This book was used by the students at Kergunyah Presbyterian Church, Sunday School classes. Religion: Presbyterian Church at Kergunyah, in the Kiewa Valley, celebrates its 125th anniversary in 2015 after being handed over to the Uniting Church in the 1970s.

Inscriptions & Markings

First page - back of - torn - ..'ah Church' written in pencil. (Presumably 'Kerguny" is the part of the word missing because torn off.

Pin Hat

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This hat pin has a turquoise glass ball head with a long needle. It is in the same style as items KVHS 0358 and KVHS 0359.

Historical information

Historically this item represents women's fashion in the 1920s to 1950s. As the material used in the construction is not of a high monetary value it can be assumed it was a day to day working woman apparel to keep the hat firmly fastened into the hair. It does indicate that fashion of the time was important within the region

Significance

This item is a reflection of both the fashion mode of the 1920s to 1950s when long hair needed to be controlled by hair pins rather than later manufactured hair sprays. It is also an example of society's mores of tidiness and quasi religious beliefs of covering the hair and head when outdoors

Photo of Bogong Village

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Small black and white photo with white border. Bogong village with Lake Guy in foreground

Historical information

The SECV constructed the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme from the lat 1930's through to the 1960"s. Bogong Village was the first town built to accommodate workers and their families.

Significance

The Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme involved local people living and working in Bogong.

Inscriptions & Markings

On Back, handwritten in ink, "Bogong Village on Lake Guy"

Black and White photograph of Road Making Machinery - Kiewa Road Making

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

A black and white photograph showing the type of machinery used for road making in the 1930's. It shows a grader being towed by a caterpillar tractor.

Historical information

Construction of the main road from South Tawonga to the Bogong High Plains, to provide access to the construction sites for the new Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme, was commenced early in 1938, the work being undertaken on behalf of the Commission by the Country Roads Board. For the construction work, the Commission purchased three Caterpillar - model R07 - diesel crawler tractors equipped with Kay Brunerei (Brunner) hydraulically operated trailbuilders (angle dozers). This acquisition resulted from a visit to the United States of America in May, 1937 by the Construction Engineer ( Mr. C.H. Kernot) and Assistant Civil Engineer (Mr. J.F. Douglas) where they saw this relatively new type of equipment in use. With the co-operation of the CRB, the Commission demonstrated the operation of these machines at Fishermen's Bend on 6th April, 1938. They were then sent to Kiewa where they commenced operation towards the end of the month. From South Tawonga, the route led immediately across the Western Branch of the Kiewa River necessitating the construction of a bridge 100 feet long. By the end of 1939, the excavation had been 'opened up' for a distance of 19 1/2 miles (approx. 31 km) and of this length, 10 miles (approx. 16 km) had been surfaced.

Significance

The purchase and use of this type of mechanical equipment in road making was a huge investment, as prior to this most of the work would have been done manually with the use of picks and shovels. Not only were many months of hard manual labour saved, but a very significant amount of time in providing access to the proposed work sites for the new Kiewa Hydro Scheme. This photo is an excellent reminder of how primitive the early machinery was compared to the present but also represents the forward thinking of the State Electricity Commissions engineers in purchasing such innovative equipment .

Inscriptions & Markings

On the top left hand corner of the photograph , hand written in black ink is the words 'Kiewa Road Making 25/8/1938'. On the right hand side of the photo has been stamped in blue the Number 1. It has been developed on Velox paper (marked on back of photo) with a gloss finish.

Book - School Text Book - A Graded Word Book for Australian Schools by W. Foster, M. A. and H. Bryant B. A.

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Small faded red soft covered book with black writing on cover inside a border of a thin black line. In black: Junior and Senior Classes

Historical information

Spelling books were used in the Primary and Secondary schools during the 1950s. This book enabled the student to progress at his/her own pace.

Significance

Roy Davies grew up and lived in the Kiewa Valley at Tawonga.

Inscriptions & Markings

"Roy Davies 4B 1957". Inside cover page "accompanied, achievement, affair" hand written on inside title page.

Iron - Charcoal

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This iron is made of cast iron. It has a hinged lid so that coal embers can be put inside for heat. The lid has a curved funnel. Bellows are used to blow air into the iron and keep the coals burning. It has a wooden handle and a lever (also with a wooden handle) to open the lid. There is a 2 and a half centimetre hole at the back of the iron to check the coals. The hole has a swivel cover.

Historical information

This iron was used by women, in their domestic role, to press the clothes from the mid 19th century. Coal embers were put inside, heating the base of the iron, to press the family's clothes and linen. Small bellows were used to fire up the embers to keep the iron hot. In the Kiewa Valley the embers would have been from the local hard wood growing on the farms.

Significance

Ron White worked for the SEC on the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme. The iron belonged to his mother. Ron remembers being a boy of approximately 8 years of age, watching his mother do her ironing with this charcoal iron in the c1920s.

Inscriptions & Markings

There is an embossed "S" on the swivel cover.

Mincer Meat

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This cast iron (malleable iron) mincer for meat products has a large "funnel" to direct "chunks" of meat to the grinding "wheels". These "star" shaped wheels with "teeth" of three different cutting surfaces (fine, medium and coarse) provide for texture types of the final meat product. The meat is placed into the "loading" funnel and push downwards(gravity feed) through the mincing chamber and out through the front side. There is a long "screw worm" which is rotated by turning the handle. The appliance is table mounted by a vice "G" screw on clamp (hand operated).

Historical information

This cast iron kitchen appliance was made in England in the early 1900's and shipped to the "colony" Australia. This was before World War II and the "growing up" of a colony to an independent member of "the British Commonwealth". It was a period when most appliances (be they household) where manufactured in England and shipped to Australian ports. It was not until the late 1960's that the Asian manufacturing giant woke up and started to dominate the market palce.

Significance

This domestic kitchen appliance is very significant to the Kiewa Valley because it highlights the "made at home" period when food processing was made "in house" due to inability to source food from specialised shops e.g. the butcher or slaughter houses. It was a period before mass food processing factories were established and roads constructed up to the standard for distribution to semi remote regions such as Kiewa Valley was in the beginning of the 1900's.

Inscriptions & Markings

"BEATRICE No. 3" and "MADE IN ENGLAND", "P 3181"

Book - Reference Cricket - The Cricket on the Hearth

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Book of literature by Charles Dickens. Has green cover with black lettering and decoration. It seems to be one of a series of books called the 'Highways and Byways of English Literature".

Historical information

A text book used by a local Tawonga student in the 1930's. The school she attended was Rosehill Girls School in Albury. This was one of the foundation schools of Scots School, Albury. Rosehill was opened in 1926 by a Miss Lillian Windridge, for both day and boarding students, in a large former residential property on the corner of Crisp and Young Streets and was named after her uncle's property 'Rosehill' near Kyneton in Victoria. It catered from kindergarten to the Leaving Class. The school flourished and extra space was made available at the adjacent 'Springfield' property for more classrooms. In 1934 lack of space forced 'Rosehill' to move to a new location in Kiewa Street. In 1938, Miss Windridge sold the school to Miss Anna Drennan, a well educated Scots woman with a Masters' degree from Edinburgh University. By early 1939 the school was again overcrowded and was moved to the property 'Woodstock' in Schubach Street, East Albury and the name changed to 'Woodstock School for Girls'. In 1972, the Woodstock Presbyterian Girls School and the Albury Grammar School amalgamated to form the Scots School Albury. Wilma's family were one of the early families to settle in the Kiewa Valley and had a property at Tawonga. After her marriage, Wilma moved, with her husband, to Mt. Beauty until 1958 when they moved back to manage the farm and remained there for the rest of her life.

Significance

It has a social significance as it depicts the standard of literature that was expected to be read and appreciated by students in the 1930's era. As the school was situated in Albury, it meant that the student would have been a boarder as daily transport to and from the Kiewa Valley would have been impossible at that time, unlike the 'School Bus' run that is available today. At this time there was no 'secondary education' available in the valley and education beyond primary school would have been limited to children of families that could afford to send their children to board at privately run schools.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the front cover, at the top, 'Highway and Byways of English Literature'. Centre of page is the title "The Cricket on the Hearth" and the author Dickens. Underneath this is 'Blackies English Texts Edited by W.H.D.Rouse, Litt.D." Across the foot of the page is 'Blackie and Son Limited'. On the first page, hand written in ink is "Wilma Roper, Rosehill G.S.,Albury."

Book - Ledger Commercial - Ledger No 5, Commenced Jan 1st 1897

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Leather reinforced corner covers and spine. Remaining book front and back covers are protected by blue weaved cloth. The covers are very thick cardboard, in layers. Missing front index pages C,E - 0,Q,T,U,V,X

Historical information

Historically this ledger not only details the legible hand writing of this era but also the day to day commercial activity in this region. The neatness and the diligence of those who were required to pen the information was a requirement by all who were in commercial trade. Emphasis on neatness was ingrained in students at a young age. This era was well before general typewriters and computers. Generally all students of commerce required an accuracy in writing and arithmetic. Neatness and order were a selection requirement

Significance

This item clearly identifies the Kiewa Valley as having a substantial financial hub to accommodate the various commercial enterprises within a rural environment Circa 1880's. Although Kiewa Valley had mining, agriculture, cattle and sheep it was also composed of a mixed society, encompassing all levels of society at that period. It identifies some family farming history in the specific year of 1897

Inscriptions & Markings

Spine of book marked in faded golden print "Ledger". First page in hand writing "Ledger No. 5" and underneath handwritten "Commenced Jan 1st !897" After the index pages each page (double sided) has a page number stamped in black and is 6mm high

Photo Framed - Bogong School 1944

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

A rectangle framed sepia photo of 13 children seated outside Bogong School dated October 1944

Historical information

Photo of the first 13 children enrolled at Bogong School

Significance

Historical record of Bogong School life in 1944 History of Kiewa Hydro Scheme

Inscriptions & Markings

To Bogong School with best wishes from Thomas Wood taken Oct 1944

Icing Set

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Square cardboard box with a coloured illustrated lid with 'Tala' / Icing Set / How to Ice a cake. On one side of the box - 12 icing tubes in this set; Tala Icing set containing syringe, 12 tubes, turn table, icing book no. 1730, copyright design made in England. On the other 2 sides (opposite to each other.) Let all your kitchen ware be Tala - illustrated. Turning table is tin. 200mm outer stand, circle turntable 140 mm. Book: 'How to decorate a cake booklet' - 130 mm long x 195 mm wide and 5 mm thick; Pink plastic tray indented to hold metal cones 12 cones tubes each with different opening at the point. Icing syringe (nickel silver with brass collars). Plastic icing cone, Tala ware, Made in England 320 mm long, circumference 30 mm at point x 210 mm wide

Inscriptions & Markings

See description.

Blouse

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Blouse white cotton/linen for girl. Front opening with four button holes, no buttons. Blouse has set in sleeves, top flares out over hips size approx four(will fit 4 year old), long sleeves with broderie anglais cotton lace on edge of cuffs, piping where sleeves join bodice

Historical information

This garment provides a good example of the mode of dress that young girls (4yo) wore in the Kiewa Valley circa 1920's early 1940's

Significance

Historically this blouse details the fashion of this era. The simplicity of the cut of the blouse is offset by cotton lace and anglais stitching and piping. piercing colours for youngsters was not in vogue and home made clothing was a greater necessity in the Kiewa Valley

Bottle - Sauce

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Clear glass bottle with straight sides a little over half way up. These sides have 4 panels curved at the top equally spaced vertically around the sides with 1 panel seemingly missing. The panels are embossed onto the glass and have accentuated embossed sides. 1 panel is heavily embossed with print in capital letters. It has a screw top. The base is embossed.

Historical information

Sauce came in bottles bought at the local grocery store or at a large city store on a shopping expedition. The shape and embossing on the bottle changed as did the stopper used to seal it. Bottles were re cycled remaining the property of the manufacturer. History of Groves McVitty & Co. Pty. Ltd. Melbourne.

Significance

Historical: Change of bottles - shape, glass, embossing, use Aesthetic: Display showing embossing and shape.

Inscriptions & Markings

Side: 'The Property of / Groves McVitty & Co Pty Ltd Melb.' Base: 'The / Property of / Groves McVitty / & Co Pty Ltd / Melb.'

Bottle - Cordial

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Small clear glass bottle with white screw-top tin lid. The bottle has straight sides half way up then tapers gradually to the opening. The lid has red writing on the top.

Historical information

Cordial was bought at the local general store or at a grocery shop in a near-by city. Bottles belonged to the manufacturer and came in many shapes and sizes with a variety of lids.

Significance

Historic: Size and shape of bottle The Kia-ora Company

Inscriptions & Markings

On lid: Kia-ora Embossed around bottom of bottle: Kia-ora Not to be Refilled. On base:1/07 in centre. m on one side and 4 on the other, Under the centre: '1080'