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Kiewa Valley Historical Society Mt Beauty, Vic

The Kiewa Valley Historical Society aims to preserve and conserve the history and heritage of the Kiewa Valley & district. Through the use of permanent, and temporary exhibitions, information walls, a photo gallery, a diorama of the Bogong High Plains, a model hydro system, and two DVD screens we show the area's history and highlights, that tell our social history, natural science areas and technological developments.
The collection has many artefacts that show the social and cultural history of the first indigenous people. Along with artefacts from pioneer settlers of the Kiewa Valley and Mount Beauty lived, worked and socialised. Items such as photos, books, farming equipment, hospital equipment, technological equipment from the Kiewa Hydro Scheme, household items, plus oral histories, and genealogy books are in our collection. All the items in the collection have either historical, social, technological or aesthetic significance to the Kiewa Valley and have good interpretive capacity. Artefacts have to meet this assessment criteria before being considered to be added into the collection. We do not buy, sell or give valuations for any artefacts at this stage.
The historical society Museum space shares the same premises as the Mt Beauty Visitor Information Centre. There is wheel chair access, a disability toilet and separate male and female toilets. Free parking is found the North side of the information centre. There is also a small seating area in the sun deck of the centre. The centre is with in walking distance from Mt Beauty main shopping centre and a 50 - 60 minute drive from the larger centres of Wodonga / Albury.
New members are always welcomed.

Contact Information

location
Mount Beauty Information Centre 31 Bogong High Plains Rd Mt Beauty Vic (map)
phone
+61 03 57541323
Contact

Opening Hours

9am - 5pm Every day

Entry Fee

Gold Coin Donation

Location

Mount Beauty Information Centre 31 Bogong High Plains Rd Mt Beauty Vic

View on Google Maps

The collection has many items that show the social history of how the first white settlers of the Kiewa Valley and Mount Beauty lived, worked and socialised. Items such as photos, books, farming equipment, hospital equipment, technological equipment from the Kiewa Hydro Scheme, household items, plus oral histories, and genealogy records and books are in our collection.

Significance

The Kiewa Valley Historical Society collection has historic significance as it shows how the first white settlers lived and worked through out the valley. Scientific significance applies to the rock cores taken by the SEC during the construction of the hydro scheme. The indigenous stones & tools also have historic significane as they show the cultural heritage of the first people of the Kiewa Valley. Other than the archives, all items have interpretative capacity to be in the collection.

Gavin 3 January 2015 9:16 PM

Hello, I am after a book, Title: Tales of Gibbo gold : characters from the 1880s. Author: Morrow, John A. (John Alexander). Would you have this or know where I can purchase a copy? Thanking you, Gavin.

Gavin 3 January 2015 9:16 PM

Hello, I am after a book, Title: Tales of Gibbo gold : characters from the 1880s. Author: Morrow, John A. (John Alexander). Would you have this or know where I can purchase a copy? Thanking you, Gavin.

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1089 items

Moynihans Stomach Clamp

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Metal scissors used to clamp the stomach during medical procedures. Near finger ends steel between with 4 "teeth" for firm and permanent hold. Lond grip section with longitudinal serating . Screw at pivot

Historical information

This medical / hospital instrument was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950s specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme.

Significance

Historical: Shows the development of scientific hospital equipment. Provenance: Used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was remote and therefore required good equipment.

Folder - Tobacco Families of the Kiewa Valley 1930-2000

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Blue plastic A3 size folder with bright yellow paper attached to the front cover with the title printed in black. Enclosed in clear plastic sleeves are photos and descriptions of families of the Kiewa Valley who grew tobacco.

Historical information

Tobacco was grown in the Kiewa Valley mainly by Italian families.

Significance

The stories and photos in this folder give a history of the tobacco industry in the Kiewa Valley and also of the migrants that settled in the valley.

Map / Chart - Vegetation Map & Guide to Alpine Flora: Pretty Valley

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Laminated double sided vegetation map and photographic guide to Alpine flora of the Pretty Valley area

Historical information

This poster shows Pretty Valley is on the Victorian High Plains where the State Electricity Commission of Victoria worked on the Kiewa Hydro Scheme. Also cattle have grazed in the area over the years. This map is of interest to compare the flora in the area with times prior to 1982 and after 1982.

Significance

This poster has historical and research value as it shows the flora in the pretty valley area therefore making it significant for people interested in plants. Also for those who would like to compare what plants are still in this area after 1982 and if the cattle grazing, climate change, of bush fires have had on the environment. Thus this poster also has good interpretive capacity of these reasons.

Weights - 3 in Set

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Cast iron solid circular weights with rim around circumference and slightly narrower at the base.

Historical information

Used to weigh goods in a shop or farming produce store.

Significance

Imperial weights were used prior to decimalisation. Weights were used to weigh goods prior to packaging.

Inscriptions & Markings

Largest - 4 lb Middle - 4 lb (None on smallest)

Enamel Bowl x 2

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

One big & 1 small. Could be used for soaking items. White enamel cup shaped bowls with blue rounded edge. Big one vertical sides. Small one straight sides open out slightly.

Historical information

Enamel pre dates Stainless Steel. This hospital equipment was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950s specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme.

Significance

Historical: Shows the development of scientific hospital equipment. Provenance: Used int the Tawonga District General Hospital which was remote and therefore required good equipment.

Inscriptions & Markings

Big - no markings Small - small black patch inside on base. On base outside in blue 'Lucky Elephant' written around outside of circle. In middle of circle is an elephant. Underneath circle is Chines writing and 'Made in China' Across bottom of circle: '313P-101. 10CM'

Bucket - Enamel

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

White enamel bucket with a black lip around the top. It has a thick wire handle with a wooden handle in the centre. The bottom of the bucket is 30 mm above the ground as the bucket rests on the base of the wall of the bucket. The top extends outwards for 5mm then upwards for 75 mm.

Significance

This bucket was used in the Tawonga District Hospital when it was built in the early 1950's and later in the Mt Beauty Hospital. All enamel equipment was eventually replaced with stainless steel. The Tawonga District Hospital was built as the Kiewa Valley population increased due to the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme.

Folder - Clare Roper No. 7 - Items of Interest

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Grey plastic front and back cover with black spiral spine with 24 clear plastic sleeves / pages plus 2 sleeves empty. Includes: Roper Family. Thomas Mitchell C.M.G.. North Eastern Dairy Company. Johann Gottfried Scholy's History. Rutherglen's Early Days.The Viticulture College. Botharambo. Pledge of Loyalty (to the Queen). North East Historical Societies. The Land Act 1883. Protection of the Aborigines 1886.

Historical information

Clare Roper was a resident of the Kiewa Valley and belonged to the Kiewa Valley Historical Society.

Significance

Clare Roper collected and collated items of historical interest for the Kiewa Valley Historical Society.

Book - History - The Coronation Book of Queen Elizabeth II

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This item is a hard covered book of 200 pages including 8 pages in full colour and over 250 photographs covering the British royal family and in particular Queen Elizabeth II and her coronation. The external protective paper dust-jacket is in colour. Specific references to Australia appear on pages 9,36 to 41 and 97. The hard cover has a "off" white cloth textured (glued reinforced) cover over thick cardboard . The front and back pages depict the Royal investiture carriage with guards and footmen. Little cherubs are portrayed around the sheath holding the Royal Crown. Crowned lion and stallion sit at attention on either side of the carriage, with the Royal shield supporting their front legs.,

Historical information

This book was produced in a period of time when Australians, especially those in rural areas referred to Britain as "the mother" country. It was a time when the transition from a colonial dominion of Britain to the status of an individual State through the Australian Constitution was quite apparent, except for the affection and respect of the majority of the population towards "their" Queen. It was a time when the Governor General (Queen's representative) were British born and picked. Australia had grown from a colonial status to an individual state. The feeling towards the monarchy is aptly demonstrated by the words from the High Commissioner for Australia, Sir Thomas White K.B.E., proposal for Australia to adopt the royal title "Elizabeth the Second by the grace of God of the United Kingdom, Australia and her realms and territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, defender of the Faith" Here faith implies the christian (Church of England) religion. In rural Australia the respect and admiration for the Queen was very high and all public offices, clubs and halls displayed a well positioned, large photograph of the Queen. The respect for British royalty was quite pronounced by the royal toast, offered before "official" proceedings commenced, and in the military flying the royal "blessed" colours.

Significance

This book was donated by one of the founding families residing in the Kiewa Valley and is typical of the general feeling of respect and admiration felt by the rural communities towards the British Royal Family, especially towards Queen Elizabeth II. The rural slant towards any form of patriotism was along the lines of "Queen and Country", in that order. After World War II the social texture through multi-culturalism (especially in the Cities)moved away from this "motherland" bondage but it had taken a longer period to penetrate those rural sectors within the Kiewa valley and high plains areas. The great post World War II immigration of European refugees started a shift of numbers of Australian families whose parents were not born in Australia or had British family ties. The book represents a period in time where ties to Britain where a lot strong and entrenched in the social fabric of the Australian rural sector. The growing push for a republic is becoming stronger and stronger as the level of rural royalists deminishes.

Inscriptions & Markings

The dust jacket is in full colour with the wording "The CORONATION BOOK of QUEEN ELIZABETH II" With a Pictorial Record of the Ceremony" The spin of the jacket (in gold print on a regal red background) "THE CORONATION BOOK OF QUEEN ELIZABETH II" on the bottom "ODHAMS" The cover has a pressed oval shaped double lined border enclosing a crown and the words Elizabeth R, below which is pressed 1953. The spine has the following words in gold coloured print "THE CORONATION BOOK OF QUEEN ELIZABETH II. The front, inside flap, of the dust jacket details the significance of what is contained within the book and the back inside flap has the contents and those personages who contributed. The back of the dust jacket has a brief review of three other books covering other aspects of British royalty and they are titled "THE DUKE OF EDINBURGH" ( a pictorial biography), "QUEEN MARY" (her life and times) and "ROYAL HOMES ILLUSTRATED" (with an essay on the royal palaces by A.L. Rowse.

Photo - Running Creek Cricket Club

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black & white photo of Running Creek Cricket Team, Premiers 1913 - 1914. Upper Kiewa Valley Cricket Association Far left - The umpire fully dressed in suit & hat and far right man with white shirt & black trousers. In between 13 cricketers in 2 rows and a child beside the cup at the front. Names of players are typed below the photo. Photo is glued on grey cardboard, framed in brown decorative wooden frame. Back: String attached 1 side only.

Historical information

Running Creek belonged to the Upper Kiewa Valley Cricket Association and were premiers in 1913 - 1914. They dressed in whites with long sleeved shirts and trousers. The umpire was dressed very formally. The names of the players are local families and included brothers or relations with the same surname.

Significance

Historical: Running Creek were premiers of the Upper Kiewa Valley Cricket Association in 1913 - 1914. Their team consisted of local men some of whom were related. The occasion was important enough to have a photo and to remember it possibly hanging the photo up in a public place eg. club rooms.

Inscriptions & Markings

Title, names of players. Grey cardboard - Vine's Studios / Wangaratta. On back handwritten "Donated by Mrs J. Woodside / Guluguba / Queensland / on 19 July 1972

Bottle - Cordial

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Clear glass cordial bottle with straight sides half way up. Gently tapered with embossed vertical lines to the neck which continues tapering to the lip and screw top. Heavily embossed with print in capital letters around the circumference at the bottom.

Historical information

Cordial drinks came in bottles bought at the local grocery store or at a large city store on a shopping expedition. The shape of the bottles changed as did the stopper used to seal it. Bottles were re cycled remaining the property of the manufacturer. History of O. T. Ltd., Australia.

Significance

Historical: Change of bottles - shape, glass, stopper, embossing, use Aesthetic: Display showing embossing and shape.

Inscriptions & Markings

Around bottom: 'This Bottle Always (number '2' above Always) Remains the Property of O.T. Limited Australia' Base: Common Seal: 'A' with M in bottom half of A) - at top. Then across the middle - 'F1282' and 'M' underneath

Book - Historical - SECV - Three Decades. The Story of the State Electricity Commission of Victoria from its Inception to December 1948

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Hard cover blue bound book with the SECV insignia and the title "Three Decades" both in gold on the front cover. Book includes coloured and black and white photos.

Historical information

At the time of writing this book The State Electricity Commission of Victoria had been in existence for 30 years. This book tells something of its progress and achievements during that period. It includes brown coal and water power. The Commission was to develop and use these natural resources through the expertise and experience of the Commissioners, its staff and employees.

Significance

Historical: Chapter 5 "The War Years - and Kiewa." describes the early stages of the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme. Photos, map and diagrams of the Kiewa Scheme are also included.

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten inside front cover: "Bob Burnett". Title page: hand written in print and crossed out: "L.D.Miller / Tawonga". Not crossed out - "(Cheryl)"

Skis

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Painted Red base with blue undercoat with center groove from base to 3/4 of way towards tip At tips are square pices with round holes possbily HOME MADE? 21 plus 2 holes on top face (for binding)

Historical information

Skiing was first done at Falls Creek with the building of the towns of Bogong and Mt Beauty. European workers to the Hydro scheme thought that Falls Creek would make a good skiing village. The first ski lodge being opened in 1947. These skiis would have been used in those first seasons of Falls Creek and used by the first skiers of the time from 1945 onwards.

Significance

These skiis are historically and socially significant, as they would have been one of the first type of skiis used at Falls Creek, one of Victoria first ski resorts, and used by the pioneers of skiing in Victoria. This item has good interpretive capacity as it shows the style of skiis that were used in the 1940's and they are a good comparative item against modern skiis. These skiis were used by Bill Bertram during the first winter traverse from Mount Hotham to the Mountain Creek base of Mount Bogong, see KVHS 0161 for biography of this historical event.

Petticoat Child

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Cotton petticoat, white, three buttons on top back, 8mm wide straps of cotton tape. Gathered skirt with triple row of Rick Rack on the bottom edge and three pintucks, 17mm wide, on the lower edge of skirt. Garment is completely hand stitched

Historical information

This petticoat is demonstrative of home made infant undergarment clothing in the early 1900. Distance to and from commercial haberdashery store was too far to fit out young girls especially if the are undergarments. Mothers and other family members had the seamstress talent to make clothes that are not in full view of anyone

Significance

Historically these undergarments have no fashion relevance for the younger fashion scene and this garment is an example of the self sufficient supply of home made articles. This was especially so within the Kiewa Valley and surrounds. Fashion in Australia and more so in areas with little or no access to overseas or city merchandise lacked "modern fashionable" clothes e.g. the latest from England and Paris. This region was and still is a rural backdrop of clothes that fit into the type of life and work of the society it holds.

Pin Hat

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This hat pin has a yellow/amber glass ball head. It in is the same style to KVHS 0357 and KVHS 0359

Historical information

Historically this item represents women's fashion in the 1920s to 1950s. As the material used in the construction is not of a high monetary value it can be assumed it was a day to day working woman apparel to keep the hat firmly fastened into the hair. It does indicate that fashion of the time was important within the region

Significance

This item is a reflection of both the fashion mode of the 1920s to 1950s when long hair needed to be controlled by hair pins rather than later manufactured hair sprays. It is also an example of society's mores of tidiness and quasi religious beliefs of covering the hair and head when outdoors

Catheters - male and female

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Curved hollow orange rubber strips (male) slightly varying widths Straight hollow grey rubber strips (female) slightly varying widths

Historical information

This medical / hospital equipment was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950s specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme.

Significance

Historical: Shows the development of scientific hospital equipment. Provenance: Used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was remote and therefore required good equipment.

Book - Lions Club - Lions Club of Upper Kiewa Valley Celebrating Fifty Years of Service to the Community.

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Yellow soft covered book fastened by 2 staples. Deep yellow line outlines the cover with black print of title and date. Thick black "50" with Lions logo in green is enclosed by the 0 (in the 50). Back cover - also outlined with a deep yellow line. On the top middle is "50" including the logo surrounded by the "0" and underneath the words "We Serve".

Historical information

The Upper Kiewa Valley Lions Club has served the Kiewa Valley for 50 years - raising money for the community. Its biggest success was the 'Snack Bar', a food outlet at Falls Creek, selling hot pies and coffee. From 1964 in a caravan, to 1965 - 1971 in a bus the snack bar operated, until it was sold in 1989. The book also outlines their other projects and office bearers.

Significance

The Upper Kiewa Valley Lions Club involved local people and local events giving an insight into the development of the area over the last 50 years.

Inscriptions & Markings

On page 9 "Ian Howley 2010/11"

Folder - The Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

In a clear plastic envelope shaped folder are photocopied papers covering the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme. The Index includes twelve headings.

Historical information

Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme covering the years 1911 -1961 was constructed by the State Electricity Commission of Victoria.

Significance

Technical and general information on the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme 1911 - 1961

Newspapers - The Wodonga & Towong Sentinel

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Bound selection of newspapers - 'The Wodonga & Towong Sentinel' dated Jan. 1887 through to Dec. 1888.

Historical information

This newspaper was printed during 1887 and 1888 for the residents of Wodonga and Towong with a supplement of the Melbourne Weekly Times.

Significance

As this newspaper was published during the late 1880's the articles would have covered a large area. The articles, photos, advertisements etc. give a historical understanding of the times, the issues and the events of the time. A useful document for research.

Photo - Early photo of Bogong Township x2

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Large photo of Mt Bogong Township with snow on the mountain in the background and the spillway over-flowing in the foreground. Some small trees amongst those burnt by the 1939 bushfire. (2 photos - one an enlarged copy)

Historical information

Bogong Village was built for the workers of the State Elecricity Commission of Victoria who were employed to construct the Kiewa Hydro electric Scheme. This photo shows their homes and offices etc., Lake Guy and the spillway during construction days.

Significance

Bogong village was built as part of the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme. This photo gives a view of the village when it was at its peak.

Book - Reference Cricket - The Cricket on the Hearth

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Book of literature by Charles Dickens. Has green cover with black lettering and decoration. It seems to be one of a series of books called the 'Highways and Byways of English Literature".

Historical information

A text book used by a local Tawonga student in the 1930's. The school she attended was Rosehill Girls School in Albury. This was one of the foundation schools of Scots School, Albury. Rosehill was opened in 1926 by a Miss Lillian Windridge, for both day and boarding students, in a large former residential property on the corner of Crisp and Young Streets and was named after her uncle's property 'Rosehill' near Kyneton in Victoria. It catered from kindergarten to the Leaving Class. The school flourished and extra space was made available at the adjacent 'Springfield' property for more classrooms. In 1934 lack of space forced 'Rosehill' to move to a new location in Kiewa Street. In 1938, Miss Windridge sold the school to Miss Anna Drennan, a well educated Scots woman with a Masters' degree from Edinburgh University. By early 1939 the school was again overcrowded and was moved to the property 'Woodstock' in Schubach Street, East Albury and the name changed to 'Woodstock School for Girls'. In 1972, the Woodstock Presbyterian Girls School and the Albury Grammar School amalgamated to form the Scots School Albury. Wilma's family were one of the early families to settle in the Kiewa Valley and had a property at Tawonga. After her marriage, Wilma moved, with her husband, to Mt. Beauty until 1958 when they moved back to manage the farm and remained there for the rest of her life.

Significance

It has a social significance as it depicts the standard of literature that was expected to be read and appreciated by students in the 1930's era. As the school was situated in Albury, it meant that the student would have been a boarder as daily transport to and from the Kiewa Valley would have been impossible at that time, unlike the 'School Bus' run that is available today. At this time there was no 'secondary education' available in the valley and education beyond primary school would have been limited to children of families that could afford to send their children to board at privately run schools.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the front cover, at the top, 'Highway and Byways of English Literature'. Centre of page is the title "The Cricket on the Hearth" and the author Dickens. Underneath this is 'Blackies English Texts Edited by W.H.D.Rouse, Litt.D." Across the foot of the page is 'Blackie and Son Limited'. On the first page, hand written in ink is "Wilma Roper, Rosehill G.S.,Albury."

Book - Religious Education - Choice by June Wright, Robert Evans

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Sky blue cardboard cover book with big white block letters 2 thirds from the top with blue stripes on each letter and green twirls. 'Intermediate course book' in white print along bottom of book. 80 pages held by 2 staples

Historical information

Students attended Sunday School classes at the Kergunyah Presbyterian Church. Sunday school was held in a little 16 foot square wooden building which came from Rocky Valley after it was no longer needed there. Ewen Wallace's father initiated and organised the move. C2011 the building was knocked down because of white ants. The Presbyterian Church will be 125 years old in 2015.

Significance

Historical: Religious Education: This book was used by students who attended the Sunday School classes at Kergunyah Presbyterian Church. Religion: Presbyterian Church at Kergunyah, in the Kiewa Valley, celebrates its 125th anniversary in 2015 after being handed over to the Uniting Church in the 1970s.

Bottle - Chemist

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Clear glass bottle with rectangular base and straight sides nearly three quarters of the way up tapering in 3 waves to a ridged neck and then a screw top. Visually but inside the glass at the base seems to be indented showing a lopsided hill bearing to one side.

Historical information

Perfume, lavender water and bath salts were sold by chemists either locally of in larger cities visited on a shopping expedition. The shape of the bottles changed as did the stopper used to seal it.

Significance

Historical: Change of bottles - shape, glass, stopper, embossing, use Aesthetic: Display showing shape and size of bottle

Inscriptions & Markings

Base: '12' within an oval shape

Book - Miscellaneous - Pictorial - Snow - The Australian Snow Pictorial

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This is a bound pictorial book with a blue cover and white printed title.. The subject is Alpine resorts and ski areas in the Australian High Country in the 40s and 50s.

Historical information

This book records the history of skiing in Victoria with photos of places and people showing equipment used in the snow fields and used by skiers.

Significance

Falls Creek and the Bogong High Plains are included in this book showing photos of local people and machinery etc. Dorothy Anderson (nee Ryder) owned and used this book. She lived at Tawonga.

Inscriptions & Markings

'To our very dear friends, Mr and Mrs Ryder, with our best wishes for a Merry Christmas & a Happy New Year from Harold and 'Rel / Ril ?' '

Bottle - Chemist

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Small oval brown opaque glass bottle with straight sides , a shoulder and a screw top lid. Embossing on the base is illegible.

Historical information

Bottles were bought locally or in larger city stores on a shopping expedition.

Significance

Historical: Change of bottles - shape, size and use. Aesthetic: Display showing shape, colour, size

Hat Pin

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This hat pin has a shiny black ball head, probably plastic

Historical information

Historically this item represents women's fashion in the 1920s to 1950s. As the material used in the construction is not of a high monetary value it can be assumed it was a day to day working woman apparel to keep the hat firmly fastened into the hair. It does indicate that fashion of the time was important within the region

Significance

This item is a reflection of both the fashion mode of the 1920s to 1950s when long hair needed to be controlled by hair pins rather than later manufactured hair sprays. It is also an example of society's mores of tidiness and quasi religious beliefs of covering the hair and head when outdoors

Console Telephone 10 shutter

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This console telephone switchboard(manual) unit has a shutter operation (precursor to the light indicator) to identify the caller to the telephone switchboard operator. This switchboard has a ten point indication shutter system allowing the operator to clearly identify where the caller is located. The console has a 44 connection point holes with their configurations in a triangular shape. The shutters are held closed by a small lever at the top which is opened by a small electrical charge from the incoming call. The operator uses a wind up handle to power a magneto connector(handle on the console's right side). The telephone hand set is located on the left side of the console.

Historical information

This manual telephone exchange console is an important piece of equipment which provided the most efficient method of long distance communications in the 1950's to the 1980's. Communications were critical, not only for the regional Hospital, but also for large construction sites i.e. the Kiewa Hydro Scheme, especially if they are in dense rugged mountainous regions. The degree of Occupation Health and Welfare on industrial sites were at a bare minimum compared to the work scene after the 1980's.

Significance

This telephone exchange console is highly significant to both the Kiewa Valley and Mount Beauty region because it was so important in the communications field relating to operational safety and work related controls. The success of any large undertaken relies heavily upon good communications. In the hospital this method of communications is still used i.e. patient to ward station. This flag system link a patient's room to the controlling nursing station. Identification of the patient needing help is crucial for swift action from the available medical staff. Similarly in large construction sites such as the Kiewa Hydro Scheme, successful instant communications was also essential. This switchboard required a 50 volt supply to successfully operate and was in use when both telecommunications and postal were under the one Federal Government carrier i.e. The Post Master General. A benefit with a line communication system (such as the one that fed this console was that interference from atmospheric conditions did not impede the connection.

Photo - Henry Fisher and Horse, 1915

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Sepia photograph of Mr Henry Fisher with his prize winning horse (presumed to be Sir William Wallace) Photo is mounted on heavy cardboard frame

Historical information

Horse owned by the Fisher family who were dairy farmers in the Mongans Bridge area in the early 1900's

Significance

The Fisher family were very keen horse people and received awards for their horsemanship and their horses

Inscriptions & Markings

Hand written on back of photograph - MR HENRY FISHER Daddy and horse. Taken at home about 1915

Bottle - Chemist

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Clear glass bottle with rectangular base and straight sides three quarters of the way up tapering into the neck and then the screw top opening. The front face is heavily embossed with maker's name signed across the face. The back and side faces are flat while the front is indented and framed with a curved top. The base is embossed and slightly indented.

Historical information

This bottle was bought at the local chemist or a chemist in a larger city on a shopping expedition. The shape of the bottles changed as did the stopper used to seal it. History of Rawleigh's.

Significance

Historical: Change of bottles - shape, glass, stopper, embossing, use Aesthetic: Display showing embossing and shape.

Inscriptions & Markings

Front side: "I Rawleigh's I" Base: Common seal 'A' with 'G' on top and 'M' underneath inside the 'A', 'G437' and an 'O'

Book - Reference Teaching Infants - The Way to English

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

A soft covered, grey blue in colour, book of 106 pages.

Historical information

Ann Louden was a resident of Tawonga and attended the Higher Elementary School in Mount Beauty according to the inscriptions on the cover and first page. It was the third book, in a set of four, of a course in reading, observing, speaking and writing.

Significance

A typical text book of the time as used by students, and in the case of this particular book used by a local girl, to promote comprehension and appreciation of spoken and written composition.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the cover, at the top, is the name of the author, A.M. Robb and Book Three. The title is 'The Way to English' and at the centre bottom is the publishers name "Longmans". There is an inscription in ink - Ann Dorothy Louden, Tawonga, via Bright, Victoria, Australia. On the first page, written in ink, is 'Ann Louden, Form 1, Mt. Beauty. Vict Aust.'

Bottle - Phenyle

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This amber glass, diamond shaped bottle with cork stopper once contained Phenyle. Phenyle is a highly poisonous liquid. The amber opaque glass was used and not a clear glass to highlight it's content. It has a cork stopper at the top of a slender neck. All the glass embossed writing is highlighted by a string of crosses. The cross was used to enforce a visual danger sign.

Historical information

Bottled Phenyle cleaner was used throughout the 1900's in domestic kitchens, toilets and other "clean, germ free" environments. Some of these environments would encompass dairying milk handling rooms and hospital kitchens and ablution areas. It is a product which has resulted in the poisoning of some unwitting users (newspaper accounts of a woman in 1928 who drank some phenyle mistakenly for wine and died). The reliance of effective poisonous cleaning products in kitchens, especially in the 1900's was and is still a very hazardous element that the "most pivotal place in a house" contains. In the era when this particular bottle was used (1920's) the main means where consumed around the kitchen table, and this was especially so in rural areas. Keeping this area "germ" free was a mandatory requirement.

Significance

This bottle is significant to the Kiewa Valley because this area was mostly rural with "out houses" and milk collection areas that required that "extra attention" of sanitation. Rural areas also where more prone to have the kitchen area as a general meeting place for the family before dinner and other meals. Sanitation was of greater importance in rural areas, due to the greater distances to hospitals and doctors if contamination occurred. City homes at this time frame had lounge rooms for the daily get together of the family unit. This was an era before the television and computer age fragmented and isolated family members from one another. This was a time that family members grouped together in the kitchen to find out "the latest news".

Inscriptions & Markings

On one side "THIS BOTTLE IS THE PROPERTY OF" and in large print underneath "KITCHEN'S" and below this and underlined "POISONOUS". On the next side "NOT TO BE TAKEN" and next side in very large print and surrounded by a border "PHENYLE" with crosses enclosing it. On the bottom of a "blank side is "REGd. No. 2140" On the base is M 959 and M

Photograph of Rail Mounted Battery operated soil Bucket

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black and white photograph

Historical information

This machine was in use in the 1940's during the construction of the tunnels for the Hydro Electric scheme. This particular photograph was taken in the Tailrace Tunnel which brings water from West Kiewa Power Station to the open tailrace in Mt. Beauty and then into the regulating pondage before discharge into the Kiewa River. This machine (or one similar) is on display on the Northern side of the entrance to the Visitor's Centre. The tailrace tunnel (or West Kiewa tunnel) was commenced in 1947 from both ends and the breakthrough occurred on 22nd. July, 1950

Significance

Shows the size of the tunnel and the machinery used for excavation in the 1940's/50's.

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten on back of photograph "Jumbo" in Tailrace Tunnel

Photo - Junction Dam

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black and white photograph of Junction Dam construction. View from upstream.

Historical information

Junction Dam was part of the Hydro Electricity Scheme during the 1940's

Significance

State Electricity Commission (S.E.C.V.) construction of the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme

Photograph of Kiewa Valley Panorama - Farming lands within the Kiewa Valley in1950s

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black and white photograph of farming/grazing land useage, before the establishment of the Mount Beauty Village. Small pockets of residentual houses can be viewed. Road access (unsealed dirt) was typical of that provided in rural regions in the 1950s. The photo is on 200gms paper and not on photographic paper.

Historical information

This photograph shows how (early to mid1900s), before the establishment of the Mount Beauty "gated" village, the Kiewa Valley was farmed and the scarce population was spread out over acres of productive land. This photograph catches a time before (what appeared to the local farmers as the invasion by a mass of construction workers) when this remote valley was part of a "lay back" rural landscape,occasionally visited by friends and some wayward tourists. The mountain ranges provided an adequate barrier against the way-would traveller. The immigration numbers coming into Australia was still quite small ( due to the "white" Australia policy) which was in force before World War II. After World War II a mass of displaced European refugees and migrants boosted the Australian population and provided for a greater degree of diverse professions and rural related work force.

Significance

This photograph depicts the borderline in time between an exclusively rural based population and respective activities(early 1900s)to the present (2000 on wards) integrated village, tourist and retiree/holiday area. The time when land was exclusively used in agriculture is over and the impact of cheaper rural produce from Asian markets will see a shift of land useage and population activities. The Kiewa Valley is loosing its hiding place and is becoming more and more a source of untapped residential land.

Bowl Carnival Glass

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This dark amber (Marigold) carnival glass 5 inch nappy bowl has a Kookaburra press molded base and wattle blossom with waratah and flannel flower sides. The bowl has a twelve scolloped rippled rim. Initially this type of bowl was reintroduced(from Roman times) into the 19th and 20th Century (modern age) by a United States glass manufacturer..

Historical information

This particular glass bowl was a favoured ornamental type room "brightener" in the early 1900's. Although referred to as a "nappy bowl" this bowl has not the capacity for nappies but for nappy pins. This was a period in time before the nappy ties and instant nappy covers.

Significance

This has relevance as an object that was both practical for the early 1900's nappy changes and provided some visual relief for any "drab" household ambience, especial in rural homes. The early to mid 1900's, rural households, on the whole, were more practical and not designed for entertainment. This reflected the more serious nature which were governed by aspects of providing a living from the land and unreliable weather. By placing visually attractive ornaments within various rooms (lounge/living rooms) the transformation from a stark external environment to a more warm and friendly area was achieved.

Inscriptions & Markings

Manufacturer's mark at the base illegible

Iron - Kerosene

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This black iron is made of cast iron with a steel base and a black wooden handle. This Comfort iron has a ball shaped container with a screw-on lid to hold the fuel (kerosene or Shelite). At the bottom of this ball is a pipe going down then meeting another pipe at right angles to it leading into the iron. At the pipe junction there is a handle on a screw to limit the amount of fuel. The Kerosene would flow through this pipe. There is a filler plug air stem on top. This is a self-heating iron.

Historical information

Kerosene irons were used c1930 - 1950 especially where electricity wasn't available. Shelite was another fuel that could be used instead of kerosene. The advantage of the kerosene iron was that it didn't require a stove to be lit (especially in summer) to heat the iron and it didn't require electricity.

Significance

Residents in the Kiewa Valley used kerosene irons.

Inscriptions & Markings

Comfort iron / Self Heating Comfort Iron MFD by / National Stamping and Electric Works / made in U.S.A. Chicago

Black and white photograph of farmland - Kiewa, 25/8/38

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black and white photograph of grazing farmland with one animal standing in the paddock. The area could possibly be where the golf course now stands with the road to the high plains not yet commenced.

Historical information

This photograph was taken in August, 1938, some eight years prior to the establishment of Mt. Beauty a a township. The area was still being used for grazing, and the land was eventually acquired from the local land owners by the State Electricity Commission. The construction of the road, from Tawonga to the High Plains, was commenced in April, 1938 and this photograph was taken August, 1938. This allowed men and heavy equipment to be transported to the work sites for the construction of the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme. Prior to this access was by bridle trail, either on horse back or on foot. By 1946 housing construction had commenced for the new town of Mt. Beauty and by 1948 street construction in the southern part of the town was completed as far as Hill Street.

Significance

This photograph is important as it shows the upper Kiewa Valley as it was before the establishment of the town of Mt. Beauty. The land has been cleared of natural vegetation to allow grazing of cattle.

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten in the upper left hand corner 'Kiewa 25/8/38'. The number 7 has been stamped in the upper right hand corner. It is part of a set of 8 photographs. On the back are the words Velox repeated several times, indicating the type of photographic paper

Bottle - Stain Remover

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This oblong shaped brown stained bottle has a red,green and faded white label covering 90% of the bottle. The bottle has a screw on lid. The bottle has embossed at the top back "POISON NOT TO BE TAKEN"

Historical information

The Trade Mark "Preservene" was registered on 23 June 1914 and traded in that name until 1930 when Cussons Australia Pty Ltd incorporated the name and its products including the Preservene Cloudy Ammonia. The Preservene Company produced a book (19 pages) "The Presevene Method Of Housework" in 1911. This publication was not only a self promotion but also a useful tool for the rural household and commercial enterprises.

Significance

This bottle is very significant as it details the type of household cleaning methods and products used in the early 1900's up until the mid 1900's, when greater product diversities became available for rural areas. This product was a general cleaning agent that could be used for a variety of household items. It was the one product that "fits all cleaning". This attitude by the manufacturer fits into the mores held by the populous not only in cities but especially in the rural sector. This was an era where the success of a product was measured by the degree of versatility that came with it. The war years, the great depression had a lingering affect upon those who lived through them not to "waste" money on a multitude of products if one product had multiple uses. This was more so in rural areas where semi remote locations (as the case of the Kiewa Valley in the early 1900's) did not have the market place choices of city dwellers.

Inscriptions & Markings

on front label starting from top down "POISONOUS" IN SMALLER LETTERS "NOT TO BE TAKEN", below in an eclipse red backed sphere "PRESERVENE CLOUDY AMMONIA" below this in smaller print "CONTENTS 15 1/2 ozs", "For Household & Laundry use " below this "Removing stains and clearing Silverware Jewellery Etc". On a slant with green lettering on off white background, "IMPORTANT NOTICE (underlined) NO TOIL PRESERVENE ONLY BOIL(underlined) SOAP". Below within a red dotted boundary "PRODUCED BY Preservene Pty. Ltd. Melbourne Victoria". Below this and in smaller print "This preparation contains not more than 10 percent and not less than 7 percent free ammonia" Both sides of the label detail manufacturers instructions for different applications.

Shoes Horse Stock and Draft

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Both these horse shoes have been "roughly" made but are specifically made for the type of horse which wore them. The smaller of the two is for the stock horse/riding horse and the lager one is for the larger draft horse. Each horse type has a specific role to play in the the type of activity it was used for. The small horse shoe has six "nail" holes for attachment to the horse hoof by special nails. The larger shoe has seven "nail" holes. Both have the three quarter moon shape which fits the curvature of the horses hooves.

Historical information

These horse shoes (one a stock horse and one a draft horse) were probably used in the mid 1900's. They have been roughly made suggesting that a professional blacksmith was not instrumental in their manufacture. On smaller or remote cattle stations either the lead stock man or owner would "fire up" the kiln to provide the adjustments required to the horse shoe to ensure a "tight" fit. The larger cattle stations had a "professional" blacksmith to cover all their "working" horses. Larger properties eg.large Northern territory cattle stations use helicopters for "cattle control".

Significance

These horse shoes are very significant to the Kiewa Valley because of the early introduction of cattle stations in what initially was regarded as a semi remote location. The maintenance of horses hooves is an important requirement, especially during the period when cattle were grazed on the Bogong High Plains. The mustering and and moving cattle from the valley pastures to the high country was a demanding and dangerous exercise requiring "sure footed" stock horses. A scientific study started in 1947 to study the impact of grazing cattle on the natural Alpine and sub Alpine vegetation found grazing cattle had an adverse affect on the natural Alpine and sub alpine vegetation, and grazing on the plains was stopped by the Victorian Government in 2005.This "camp draft" in the High Plains could take up to six weeks.

Shaker Spices

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This item (spice shaker) is constructed by using a thick cardboard cylinder with both ends closed by tin plated light steel lids. The bottom lid is not removable however the top lid is removable to allow the contents (Cinnamon Spice) to be refilled. The lid has thirteen small holes which allow the contents to be shaken out. The outer side of the cylinder has been covered (glued on) by a printed black and yellow label detailing contents , weight, and supplier.

Historical information

This item was used at a time when there was a limited range of spices available and sought after by domestic and commercial kitchens. The taste buds of the average Australian diner were limited to the basic English style dishes which had been delivered by the early colonial days. Rural areas where slower in experimenting with Asian and European cuisine. The influx of European cuisine from refugees fleeing both World War I and world War II brought a different appreciation of gourmet food. The increase in Asian spices was brought about by Australians becoming more aware of the Asian "scene" through the conflicts of Korean and Vietnam military action. The "standard" type spices such as Cinnamon, nutmeg and similar spices offered by Robert Harper and later other Food and Spices whole sellers and processors where a direct result of a greater influx of migrants from spices rich societies and resulted in a greater range of "Asian" spices This became more visible after demise of the "White Australian Policy" on immigration and the great media revolution of Televised cooking shows from the 1950s on. The sustainability of containers such as this re-useable tin and cardboard spice holder, which could be replenished and not thrown away after it was empty was it a time period well before the "throw away" society had crept into the Valley.

Significance

This spice container was used mainly in domestic kitchen within the Kiewa Valley. Those European construction workers of the SEC Kiewa Hydro Electricity Scheme had brought their continental cuisine into the valley and that was the beginning of a new era in highlighting different tastes. This rural valley had a greater interaction with people from other nation's cuisines and by association became more infused with a broader range of spices and food preparations.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the front side of the printed label outside of the label boundary is "To make a shaker of this tin - take the lid off and remove the paper from inside the lid" Within the marked horse shoe shaped boundary is" HARPER'S ground spices star brand" underneath "CINNAMON" underneath this is printed "1 oz. NET WEIGHT" and under this, within its own frame " ROBERT HARPER COMPANY LIMITED (incorporated in Victoria) AUSTRALIA." On the back within its own box is "HARPER'S star brand GROUND SPICES" and underneath "These Pure Spices are packed in the following Varieties". Below this is a list (going down) "CINNAMON CARRAWAYS CAYENNE MIXED CLOVES CASSIA CORIANDER GINGER MACE TURMERIC NUTMEGS PIMENTO"

Postcard Circa 1950 - Men's Mess No.4 Power Station, Kiewa Hydro-Electric Project

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This item is a scanned black and white photograph of a construction worker walking from stairs leading down from the men's mess building, in 1950. See 0480 (A) -(C), (E) - (F) for other photos of similar postcards

Historical information

This postcard was produced in the 1950's for the tourist trade in the Kiewa Valley and Alpine region. It encompasses the period when the State of Victoria was pressured by the ever increasing demand by industry and its population for electricity supplies. Hydro electricity was seen as an untapped natural resource to quench this demand. The Victorian Alps and the rivers flowing into its valleys was ideal for the construction of the Kiewa Hydro Electricity Scheme. The late 1940's saw the development of this scheme and the changing of sections of alpine landscape is covered by this and other postcards/pictures (tourists, construction workers, and established rural populations). This period in time was before the established wildlife and forest/nature groups became political activist who changed legislative acts to protect the environment.Although this photo details the eating facilities of the construction workers at the power station it was not only a postcard for the people employed in the Hydro Scheme is was also provided to tourists visiting the area and thus used for promotional purposes.

Significance

This rural region (Kiewa Valley/alpine plains) was at most only significant to a smaller group of winter sports, summer hikers/horse riders and rural farmers/graziers. The numbers of tourists and the increase in the local resident population was boosted by the construction of the Hydro Electricity Scheme. This influx to the regional population resulted in a corresponding diversity in services and brought about an environment that responded to a growing level of tourists and thereby permitting this industry to grow more rapidly than it would have naturally. This postcard details an attraction to the "cleaner" method of providing electricity. This postcard was purchased in 1950 by a surveyor at Landford's Gap. The men shown in this photograph would have been employed by the S.E.C. under the Kiewa Hydro-Electricity Scheme.

Inscriptions & Markings

"MEN'S MESS No.4 POWER STATION AREA, KIEWA HYDRO-ELECTRIC PROJECT" "ARGUS PHOTO V.II

Folder - Family History - Roper Family

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Plastic red cover with transparent front held by 2 white metal slide clips. 5 clear plastic sheets holding 5 typed sheets.

Historical information

The Roper Family farmed at Mullindolingong Station at the head of the Kiewa Valley in the 1850's.

Significance

The Roper family was a pioneer family of the Kiewa Valley.

Book - Technical on Telephones / Switchboards - The Practical Telephone Handbook by J. Poole

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black hard cover book with gold embossing of title, author and emblem "The Specialists Series" on the front cover. 630 pages with some black and white diagrams

Historical information

This book includes "Guide to the Telephone Exchange". As the State Electricity Commission of Victoria had a telephone exchange on the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme at Mt Beauty, this book is of interest. The first telephone exchange was established in the U.S.A. in 1877. In 1912 most civilised countries had one. Improvements continued as outlined in the book explaining how they work.

Significance

The State Electricity Commission of Victoria constructed the Kiewa hydro electric Scheme and communicated using a switchboard based in Mt Beauty. This book belonged Roy F. Leibig, the grandfather of a local electrician.

Inscriptions & Markings

Inside: "W. Kerr Newmann / 89 Moreland Grove / Coburg" written in pencil "S. Dunkerton / 8 Horne St / E. Brunswick / Oct. 7th 1913" crossed out with pencil (over handwriting with pen) "R.F. Leibig / "Orama" / Stafford St / West Preston" written in ink

Booklet - S.E.C.V. - Electric Frypan Cooking

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Purple, black and white 16 page booklet with a cardboard cover and held together with 2 staples. The red title is at the top of the cover and below, in black, a plate, knife and fork with a purple and black lace background.

Historical information

The State Electricity Commission of Victoria's Home Advisory Service prepared this booklet to advise and inform women on the use of cooking with an electric frying pan. The SECV sold electrical appliances at their showrooms throughout regional Victoria, one of which was located at Mt Beauty.

Significance

The SECV constructed the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme employing many workers. They built the township of Bogong and Mt Beauty and assisted with the infrastructure to support the influx of population. In the Mt Beauty shopping centre, one of the shops was the SEC Showroom which sold electrical appliances and gave advice on their uses. This booklet gives advice and information on electric frypans.

Inscriptions & Markings

Cover: Prepared by the Home Advisory Service of the SECV.

Bottle - Chemist

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Clear brown glass bottle with base consisting of 2 long sides (front and back) and 2 shorter sides at each end joined by two even shorter sides (as if to cut corners). Tapered sharply to form a neck and lip and then a screw top opening. Embossed on base. Used for pills or reviving salts.

Historical information

Medicines win the form of pills were stored in bottles sold by the chemist either locally or in larger cities visited during a shopping expedition. The shape of bottles changed as did the stoppers used to seal them.

Significance

Historical: Change of bottles - shape, glass, stopper, embossing, use. Aesthetic: Display showing embossing and shape especially if in good condition

Inscriptions & Markings

Base: Common Seal: 'A' with 'G' and 'M' inside top and bottom respectively. 'F 1101' followed by 'M' On the side of the base at right angles to the above: '947'

Postcard Circa 1950

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This black and white photograph is from a Valentine's V2 Argus postcard. It is on a 200g/m paper density one side gloss. See also KVHS 0480 (A) to (L) for similar postcards.

Historical information

This postcard was produced in the 1950's for the tourist trade in the Kiewa Valley and Alpine region. It encompasses the period when the State of Victoria was pressured by the ever increasing demand by industry and its population for electricity supplies. Hydro electricity was seen as an untapped natural resource to quench this demand. The Victorian Alps and the rivers flowing into its valleys was ideal for the construction of the Kiewa Hydro Electricity Scheme. The late 1940's saw the development of this scheme and the changing of sections of alpine landscape is covered by this and other postcards/pictures (tourists, construction workers, and established rural populations). This period in time was before the established wildlife and forest/nature groups became political activist who changed legislative acts to protect the environment.

Significance

This rural region (Kiewa Valley/alpine plains) was at most only significant to a smaller group of winter sports, summer hikers/horse riders and rural farmers/graziers. The numbers of tourists and the increase in the local resident population was boosted by the construction of the Hydro Electricity Scheme. This influx to the regional population resulted in a corresponding diversity in services and brought about an environment that responded to a growing level of tourists and thereby permitting this industry to grow more rapidly than it would have naturally. This postcard details an attraction to the "cleaner" method of providing electricity. This postcard was purchased in 1950 by a surveyor at Landford's Gap.

Inscriptions & Markings

"ROCKY VALLEY FROM BOGONG HIGH PLAINS KIEWA HYDRO-ELECTRIC PROJECT" "V1"

Photograph of Lake Guy and Bogong Village - Lake Guy and Bogong Village

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

A Black and white photograph

Historical information

In 1940 Field Headquarters for the Kiewa Scheme were established at Bogong with office, workshop facilities and accommodation for workmen, staff and some families constructed. (There had been a 'tent camp' on this site in 1939 but was destroyed by bushfires) Construction of accommodation continued until 1947. A total of 40 houses plus a hostel for single staff, post office, police station, medical centre and primary school all with water and sewerage and electricity supply. The staff hostel was known as Kiewa House and is now occupied by the Education Department. Lake Guy was named after Mr. L.T. Guy who was the Resident Engineer in charge of construction work and associated activities on the Kiewa area. He held this position from 1939 to November 1946 when he was transferred to Head Office.

Significance

This photograph is an excellent historical record of Bogong Village in about 1945. It shows the layout of the town in the fairly steep terrain, the workmen's camp between the houses and the lake foreshore, the Commissioner's Lodge on the hill behind the Village, the walkway through the dam wall can be seen to the left of the spillway, the dam is on spill and note damage to the large trees is still evident from the 1939 bush fires. The Commissioner's Lodge was lost in the 2003 fires and the camp buildings were in service until 1962, when they were removed and the site converted into a public picnic area with lawns and gardens.

Inscriptions & Markings

"Lake Guy and Bogong" hand written on back of photograph.

Book - Teacher Reference - Physical Education for Victorian Schools

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

The book is covered in light brown material with black writing on the front cover and spine

Historical information

This book would have been used for physical education for schools all over Victoria from 1946 onwards. It has a very good foward by HP Kelly MB BS Medical Inspector of Schools stating the importance of pyshical movement and sport which is still trying to be installed into children today! This book cover all ages of children from infants to sixteen year olds.

Significance

This book has social and historical significance because it shows the games, sorts, exercises, and gymnastics, swimming, dancing and rhymes that were done in the mid 20th century. This shows that teachers were aware of the importance of PE during this time. Many of these principles are still being taught today and with so many children in Victoria being obese through lack of exercise, this is very topical book! It was used by Bogong State School which had a very active PE education and therefore makes it very good interpretive capacity, It is the only book of this type in our collection

Inscriptions & Markings

Has a library marking number on the spine, 613, edu.1 in white paint on a black square. The inside cover has a purple stamp State School 4590 Bogong Vic and the number 2170 in pen. On the back cover has got 613 Edu.1 in pencil

Seal Skins Ski Straps / Soles

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Seal skin sewn onto one side of a strap of webbing. There is a webbing loop on the front that slips over a small point at the front of the ski. There is a webbing strap attached to the back of the seal skin sole coming over the back of ski that clips metal fasteners onto a loop of webbing behind the ski boot.

Historical information

These seal skin straps and webbing were introduced into the Victorian Alps by European engineers, conducting survey work for the SEC Hydro scheme in the late 1930s. This period in time produced many immigrants from a war torn Europe with highly developed technical skills. Many of these immigrants provided articles that were well suited to the alpine regions of Australia, ones they used in their homelands. These were times when the home grown cultures of the Anglo Saxon heritage of the earlier settlers within the Kiewa Valley became interwoven with the various European cultures and this formed, what in later years became the beginning of the Australian multi-cultural society. The Kiewa Valley and its surrounding regions where the major rural areas which did not progress in a so typical Aussie "dinky-di", "she'll be right" fashion. The European influence was however not too strong, so as to obliterate the flavour of the home grown rural society.

Significance

The major populated sections of the upper Kiewa Valley and the Alpine regions were accelerated by the SEC Hydro Development which brought into the slow growing rural regions a quasi multi ethnic society, however this was only noticeable up to the time when the final Power Station was commissioned in the 1960s. The slight variations to the typical Australian rural settlements of the time were in some food preparations, winter apparel such as these seal skin straps and soles and "langlauf" (cross-country skis). The sealskins were sewn so that their grain ran from front to back thereby allowing the skins to grip going up hill and glide going downhill.The gardens and varieties of flowering shrubs and trees where also more in line with traditional European "outdoor" settings.

Clothes Washing Tool

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This tool has been carved from wood. It is shaped like a two pronged fork and would have been used to lift washed clothes out of a copper (washing machine).

Significance

This type of fork was used back in the days before electrical washing machines were invented. Ladies used to boil water in a 'copper' over a fire and wash the clothes and linen in it. The water was boiling hot. This wooden washing tool was used to retrieve the washing before hanging it on the line.

Reel Fishing

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Brass & Wooden Frame Side Casting Fishing Reel. This reel has 2 winding bakelite handles.

Historical information

These reels where used by a local family in catching Murray Cod and trout in the Kiewa Rivers and Murray River. This old Pilot side cast fishing reel was made in the late 20's & early 30's They were used in the mid 1950s. Although the original inhabitants (Aborigine tribe) would have used spears for fishing the use of reels and rods by non indigenous fisher persons are also very effective especially if raised in the valley.

Significance

These items are significant because they demonstrate the harvesting of fish from valley rivers and streams is one of continuation from the first human habitation of this region. The ability to harvest the natural food source of the valley's rivers and streams has come from earlier survival requirement to one of recreational pleasure.

Inscriptions & Markings

Pilot, Tag states W. Davies Please return.