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Kiewa Valley Historical Society Mt Beauty, Vic

The Kiewa Valley Historical Society aims to preserve and conserve the history and heritage of the Kiewa Valley & district. Through the use of permanent, and temporary exhibitions, information walls, a photo gallery, a diorama of the Bogong High Plains, a model hydro system, and two DVD screens we show the area's history and highlights, that tell our social history, natural science areas and technological developments.
The collection has many artefacts that show the social and cultural history of the first indigenous people. Along with artefacts from pioneer settlers of the Kiewa Valley and Mount Beauty lived, worked and socialised. Items such as photos, books, farming equipment, hospital equipment, technological equipment from the Kiewa Hydro Scheme, household items, plus oral histories, and genealogy books are in our collection. All the items in the collection have either historical, social, technological or aesthetic significance to the Kiewa Valley and have good interpretive capacity. Artefacts have to meet this assessment criteria before being considered to be added into the collection. We do not buy, sell or give valuations for any artefacts at this stage.
The historical society Museum space shares the same premises as the Mt Beauty Visitor Information Centre. There is wheel chair access, a disability toilet and separate male and female toilets. Free parking is found the North side of the information centre. There is also a small seating area in the sun deck of the centre. The centre is with in walking distance from Mt Beauty main shopping centre and a 50 - 60 minute drive from the larger centres of Wodonga / Albury.
New members are always welcomed.

Contact Information

location
Mount Beauty Information Centre 31 Bogong High Plains Rd Mt Beauty Vic (map)
phone
+61 03 57541323
Contact

Opening Hours

9am - 5pm Every day

Entry Fee

Gold Coin Donation

Location

Mount Beauty Information Centre 31 Bogong High Plains Rd Mt Beauty Vic

View on Google Maps

The collection has many items that show the social history of how the first white settlers of the Kiewa Valley and Mount Beauty lived, worked and socialised. Items such as photos, books, farming equipment, hospital equipment, technological equipment from the Kiewa Hydro Scheme, household items, plus oral histories, and genealogy records and books are in our collection.

Significance

The Kiewa Valley Historical Society collection has historic significance as it shows how the first white settlers lived and worked through out the valley. Scientific significance applies to the rock cores taken by the SEC during the construction of the hydro scheme. The indigenous stones & tools also have historic significane as they show the cultural heritage of the first people of the Kiewa Valley. Other than the archives, all items have interpretative capacity to be in the collection.

Gavin 3 January 2015 9:16 PM

Hello, I am after a book, Title: Tales of Gibbo gold : characters from the 1880s. Author: Morrow, John A. (John Alexander). Would you have this or know where I can purchase a copy? Thanking you, Gavin.

Gavin 3 January 2015 9:16 PM

Hello, I am after a book, Title: Tales of Gibbo gold : characters from the 1880s. Author: Morrow, John A. (John Alexander). Would you have this or know where I can purchase a copy? Thanking you, Gavin.

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1062 items

Photo Framed - Portrait of Walter and Ada Ryder

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black and white photo of an elderly man and woman both well dressed. Framed by cream cardboard 3.5 cm at sides and 5 cm top and bottom with a plain metal frame surrounding all sides with decorated corners.

Historical information

Portraits were taken professionally often on important occasions. As graziers from a prominent family in Redbank, Walter and Ada Ryder were well known and respected.

Significance

Walter and Ada Ryder were pioneer high country graziers and cattlemen. Ada (nee Sullivan)'s family lived at Redbank. Their children were Walter, Victor, Beatrice, Vera, Lorna and Dorothy. Walter 1872 - 1954; Ada 1887 - 1983 Walter was a son of John and Annie Ryder - Walter's parents being one of the first settlers in the valley. According to Ada Ryder's notes and John Cooper's notes, Ryders were followed by Higginsons followed by Coopers in about 1867/8. Ropers held Mullindolingong Station/Mt Yorke Station, but had managers on the station before actually taking up residence about 1867/8. Whilst the Sullivans lived at Redbank (now known as Coral bank), the Ryders lived at Tawanga (correct spelling in those days) on Ryders Lane, Tawonga where John and Annie first built and lived; Walter and Ada then occupied the family home, followed by Vera Hore (nee Ryder) and the current owners Kevin and Rhonda Ryder.

Inscriptions & Markings

McPherson, Albury on front below righthand side of the photo.

Basin - Enamel

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Large round pale yellow enamel basin with green rounded edge. It has straight slightly sloping sides with a rim.

Historical information

Enamel basins were used usually for washing hands and face at home and in hospitals. Water was heated and added to the cold water in the basin.

Significance

Water was heated on the stove and then mixed with cold water for washing people prior to hot and cold water being available by taps. This basin may have been used at home or at the Tawonga District Hospital in the Kiewa Valley.

Cream Separator

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

3 parts - top brass lid with hollow cylinder enclosed across its top and extending beyond its circumference. 2. Stainless Steel hollow cylinders that fit the base and the lid but has 2 long curved spouts extending out - one for the milk and one for the cream to come out 3. Black cast iron stand that houses the gear mechanisms that drive the separator cones. The gear speed reduction wheel is on one side.

Historical information

Dairy farms used cream separators to separate the milk and the cream before using it themselves or selling it to the dairy companies, shops or directly to the public.

Significance

This cream separator was used by P & R Creamer on their dairy farm in the Kiewa Valley.

Inscriptions & Markings

"Alfa-Laval MOB / 80 Gall Capacity per hr / 48 Rev of Crank per Minute / Alfa-Laval Separator / Co. Ltd / 299 Sussex St. / Sydney" - on bottom side of the machine

Badge

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

A Girl Guide Service Badge. Brass star shaped with 6 points. Half of each point has 2 embossed lines from centre circle towards the point. In the centre is a circle coloured black at the centre of which is a brass number 2. The 2 stands out from the rest as it is raised from the flat circle which in turn is raised from the points which taper down to what would be a flat base but the badge is hollow. At the back of the star is a brass loop to which is attached a hair clip like pin - with a straight edge and a bumpy edge.(split pin attachment) A green felt circular pad with a central hole is attached.

Historical information

Girl Guides Service Badge. The green felt at the back of the badge indicates it was a Girl Guides badge - (brown felt indicating a Brownies badge). The number 2 indicates the owner was in her 2nd year as a member of the Girl Guide Club.

Significance

Historical: Provenance: The Davies family lived at Tawonga in the Kiewa Valley. The badge indicates that a member of the family was a member in her second year of Girl Guides - Wilma who was heavily involved in the Girl Guide movement or her daughter, Kerrie who was a member of the Girl Guides.

Inscriptions & Markings

The 2 embossed lines on each half of each point of the star. The number 2 in the black circle.

Wringer - washing clothes

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

White metal machine with 2 adjoining cloth cylinders in the middle. The metal rectangular shape forms a frame around the cylinders which have a metal shield above them and a metal flap below them. At the bottom, on each side is a protruding metal vice enabling the machine to be attached to a container. On one side is a lever with a wooden handle that can be wound around to rotate the cylinders towards each other.

Historical information

Wringers were used to wring clothes dry after washing. This is a manual one that can be attached to a trough or container that holds the washing. Later on washing machines were made with the wringer already attached and were operated by electricity. Afterwards washing machines spun the clothes dry as part of their cycle.

Significance

This wringer was used by a resident of the Mount Beauty township during the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme in the 1940's and 1950's.

Inscriptions & Markings

"Acme" in red on the middle of the top front and "Acme" in white in the middle of the top of the back.

Packing Forceps - straight

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Long steel scissors. Blades are bowed when closed with serrated ends for gripping. Used with packing gauze into a cavity.

Historical information

This medical / hospital instrument was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950s specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme.

Significance

Historical: Shows the development of scientific hospital equipment. Provenance: used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was remote and therefore required good equipment. Good condition and good interpretation capacity.

Skittles wooden

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This is an incomplete set of toy wooden skittles. There are three green, two yellow, one red and one brown pin. The bottom and top have manufacturing markings from a wood turning machine. Full set is nine pins

Historical information

Indoor children's toy. Historically these gained greater popularity when professional ten pin bowling had its major impact in Australian sport and recreation. This item was gifted by one who had played skittles as a child with her brother on carpeted passage in her home. Skittles was an indoor game.

Significance

This item clearly represent a period in rural Australian development when entertainment and sporting facilities were broadcast but local access to professional facilities not readily available

Letters - Briggs Bros.

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

30 pages of photocopies A4 size, of the Family Tree of the Briggs Family of Tawonga, including letters from two brothers from the trenches in WWI..

Historical information

The Briggs family lived in Tawonga. Thomas assisted building the Tawonga to Bright road and drove cattle to the Bogong High Plains before marrying in 1887 and raising 7 children, 2 of whom, Ernest and Albert enlisted in WW1 in 1916. Their letters from the war give an insight into its effects and the attitude of the time.

Significance

The Briggs Bros. lived in the Kiewa Valley at Tawonga. Their letters give an insight into the war and an understanding of the times. Their parents lived and worked locally further enriching an understanding of the history of the Valley.

Photo Negatives of Cattlemen of the Bogong High Plains

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

45 colored negatives of Cattlemen of the Bogong High Plains. In plastic strips in a plastic pocket and in a yellow envelope.

Historical information

Photos taken by a professional photographer on the Bogong High Plains.

Significance

Photos were printed as post cards and sold to tourists.

Inscriptions & Markings

On envelope: "Cattlemen of the High Country"

Book - Autographs - Autographs

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Small brown hard covered book with title and 3 flowers, in gold, on the cover. The pages are faded but were different colours. The spine is bound but the pages are coming away. There are entries on many of the pages.

Historical information

This autograph book was a gift to a grand-daughter, Mary.

Significance

This book indicates that taking people's autographs was a hobby for young girls in 1915.

Inscriptions & Markings

"Autographs" on cover. Inside cover: "To Mary / From Grandma / Jan 16th 1915"

Benzol Pouring Can - Tobacco

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Used for pouring Benzol into special long flat troughs in seed beds. Rusty tin rectangular can with handle on 1 side, opposite side has a spout coming from the bottom of the can reaching out higher than the can and held in place by a flat piece of tin jutting out from the can. At the top there is a screw opening with a lid and a handle both on one half of the top and on the other half an opening has been cut.

Historical information

Historical: Tobacco farming began circa 1960 in the Kiewa Valley and consequently became one of its major industries. Many of the Italian families were involved in tobacco farming.

Significance

Historical: This equipment was used on one of the first tobacco farms in the Kiewa Valley at Glenns Creek, Mongans Bridge. The can was home-made showing the resourcefulness of farmers living in the Kiewa Valley. Provenance: This tobacco farmer came from Italy and was sponsored to visit a tobacco farmer in Mytleford to learn how to grow tobacco so that he could transfer those skills to his own farm in the Kiewa Valley.

Badge - Country Women's Association of Victoria.

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Slim rectangular shaped gold badge with a 'v' shape at each end. Its border is wavy. The writing is in green capital letters. At the top in the middle there is a 2 link chain. On the back is a pin.

Historical information

The Tawonga branch of the C.W.A. commenced on the 7th Feb. 1946 and often combined activities with the other branches in the Kiewa Valley. The C.W.A. aimed to improve health, welfare and education for women and children in the country.

Significance

Women living in Tawonga were mostly on farms and, in 1946, when the branch commenced would have been feeling more remote with WW11 having an effect on available workers and the well being of the women and children.

Inscriptions & Markings

Branch Secretary

Tin Tobacco / Cigarette

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This tobacco/cigarette tin is constructed from tin plated thin rolled steel. The lid is attached by two pressed and formed (from the main frame) hinges using the nip and tuck construction method.The outside lid and frame has a yellow colour anodised to the metal.

Historical information

This particular brand of tobacco (State Express 555) was first made in 1915, and was most popular in Asia and China. The number triple 5 was mooted as a sacred number, and may have contributed to its high level of demand by Asian smokers. This would have been a favourite "smoke" for the Chinese emigrants, and especially those who settled in rural areas of Australia. In the era where 'male' type of activities such as motor racing, were sponsored by tobacco companies, roll your own cigarettes was ingrained as a macho male requirement. It was only in the early 2000s, when cigarette advertising had greater restrictions attached to the product, that the roll your own, and cigarettes in general, became less "cool". This particular cigarette tin would have also been useful for roll your own (ready rub tobacco)

Significance

The significance of this particular Qantas cigarette tin to this rural region is that it demonstrates that overseas travel by plane was not only for the affluent city dweller but also available, and not impossible to the inhabitants of the Kiewa Valley. This cigarette tin also may hint that the influx of Asian immigrants into this region where able to visit relatives back in Asia without too much effort. The use of a Qantas cigarette tin in the Kiewa Valley also suggests a degree of affluent there or tourists from elsewhere. This tobacco tin relays a long ago era, when personal contact, and not something that has been written down by some "unknown", was valued as the true appraisal of a member of the community. This was especially relevant in a small regional area such as the Kiewa Valley. Although social networking was not as fast then as the internet provides now, appearances, manners, fashion and etiquette with first impressions high on the order of evaluating someone in the community. Pointer such as the brand of tobacco smoked was part of the rural assessment method. Up until the demise of the Australian Tobacco Industry, circa 2004, the Kiewa Valley and surrounding district was part of a vibrant producer of tobacco leaves. The remnants of this industry still remain today but the drying sheds (for tobacco leaves) are now used to store hay for the valley's dairy and beef cattle industries.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the front of the lid are the following printed: "STATE EXPRESS" ,in yellow print, and below this are two horizontal lines in brown and central to these are the numbers "555" . Below this appears and within a 'royal' crest, in yellow writing on a brown circular background "STATE EXPRESS". Below this, in brown print, "PICCADILLY, LONDON". On each side of the tin are printed in brown colour: front side" ARDATH TOBACCO CO. LTD. PICCADILLY, LONDON" . On the left and right sides are printed in brown colour "20 STATE EXPRESS 555". On the rear side is with smaller print "MANUFACTURED UNDER ARRANGEMENTS WITH THE POPRIETORS". On the inside of the lid printed in red colour, are the following words, the royal crest and sketch of the winged kangaroo(symbol of the QANTAS logo). Within a red elongated square border, are the Royal Crest and in very small red print "BY APPOINTMENT TO HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN" underneath in slightly larger print "STATE EXPRESS" The print underneath this and in smaller print is "CIGARETTE MANUFACTURERS ARDARTH TOBACCO CO. LTD." Next to the royal crest and in much larger print is "STATE EXPRESS" and underneath this ,the numerals 555 with the words "CIGARETTES" below. The lower half of the inside lid has the following words and the "flying" kangaroo(winged). These words in written (running free hand) style "Specially packed for QANTAS(in red print). Underneath and in smaller print is "AUSTRALIA'S OVERSEAS AIRLINE". On the bottom of this tobacco tin is stamped into the metal surface, the number"704"

Book - Non Fiction History - Australia's Royal Welcome 1954

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This hard(blue coloured) covered book contains thirty six double sided pages. Both the first and last pages (inside cover included) has the royal crest of Australia (kangaroo and emu) balancing the individual six states crests ,united under the royal crown. The first six double pages, each portraying a coloured free hand sketches of various Australian scenery enclosing the Queen's day by day and State by State itinerary. There are 115 black and white photographs and 25 coloured photographs contained in this book.

Historical information

This publication covers the mid 1900s and relates to a period where the majority of the Australian population was engrossed with the Queen of Australia, even though her Highness did not reside on this continent. The period covered was before the great immigration insurgence from Europe.The Labour Party's "White Australian" policy was a hinderance and a barrier towards the Asian and African prospective immigrants. The motto Queen and Country was still very ingrained in the rural population. This period in Australian domestic self reliance, brought about the growing strength and very active trade union movement and their staunch support for the Tariff protection against a growing swell of imported goods. This self reliance psyche was essentially a by product of World War II, and the isolation felt by the Australian People. The Queen (royalty) was the binding force holding the British Empire together which was emphasised with her popularity when touring Australia Queen Elizabeth's visited the MCG twice in 1954 1. to attend an assembly of ex-servicemen and women's organisations 2. to attend a Children's Display. She also visited Government House and visited Country Victoria on the Royal train from 24th Feb - 9th March.

Significance

The Kiewa Valley and all the rural areas in the region were still very much tied to the "mother land" and trade between Britain and Australia was very strong. Trade with Asian manufacturers was minimal and needed the late 1900s to see both the trade and immigration barriers fall. This book was produced during a time when the majority of Australians looked more to England for trade and companionship. The agricultural trade with England and Europe was very high and the motto of the time was "Australia grows on the sheep's back". Late 1900's saw the motto "Australia grows on the miner's back" The Queen was still very popular then which was emphasised by the large crowds which greeted her on tour. Residents of Mt Beauty including Cubs, Brownies, Scouts and Guides travelled to Benalla to see the Queen. Clare Roper was a founding member of the KVHS and attended a garden party at Buckingham Palace representing the local CWA. She has purchased this book and therefore giving this a close historical significance connection, it has good provenance and interpretive capacity.

Inscriptions & Markings

Third page has free hand penned signature "Clare Roper"

Boyle Davis Tongue Depressor

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

In sterilized packet. A metal instrument mostly 2 sided, third side being very short slightly rounded and at right angles to the long side. . Long side has grooves embossed on the outside. Second side is at right angles to the long side (at other end) and is shaped like a tongue, with small embossed grooves on the inside and a metal hollow attachment on the outside that comes up near the junction of the two lengths.

Historical information

This medical / hospital instrument was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950s specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme.

Significance

Historical: Shows the development of scientific hospital equipment. Provenance: Used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was remote and therefore required good equipment.

Inscriptions & Markings

Grooves on 2 sides.

Saucepan

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This large (black, soot infused) cast iron saucepan has a "ten pint" holding capacity and was used on the "open fire", possible on the fire direct. It has a long all metal handle coming from the top half of the pot and angled at approximately sixty degrees upwards. This angle insures that both distance from flame intensity and least bending of knees when lifting is at a minimum.

Historical information

This large deep pan (with a long handle) was used by pioneer families, mainly rural folk, that needed a pan which could cope with an open fire heat source, in or mainly outside the homestead. This pan was used in the early to late 1900's for the "stews" and other meals required by hard working stock men and farmers that had irregular "lunch and dinner" breaks under sometimes hard and gruelling conditions. Hot plates were normally not in use.

Significance

This "open fire" saucepan belonged, and was used by a Kiewa Valley, pioneer family, the Roper Family. This saucepan was moved from their Kiewa Valley property to their hut built on the Bogong High Plains. This saucepan was one of an array of "open fire" cooking utensils used in the "camp draft" grazing in the Bogong High Plains and this could take up to six weeks. This kettle belonged and was used by a Kiewa Valley, pioneer family, the Roper Family. This kettle was moved from their Kiewa Valley property to their hut built on the Bogong High Plains. A scientific study started in 1947 to study the impact of grazing cattle on the natural Alpine and sub Alpine vegetation found grazing cattle had an adverse affect on the natural Alpine and sub alpine vegetation, and grazing on the plains was stopped by the Victorian Government in 2005.

Inscriptions & Markings

On bottom of pan (underside) "N0. 8 JSJ SIDDONS" on the other side "WEST BROMWICH 5 QUARTS"

Undergarment Child

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Garment has sleeveless top with 8mm straps.The top is attached at the waist to the pantaloons. Pantaloons are crutchless extending down the inside of each leg to 17cm from the bottom.The back of the top is fastened by three plastic(not original) buttons. "Ric Rack" has been hand stitched onto the bottom of each leg. The rest of the garment has been machine stitched

Historical information

part of a three item pantaloon set of a child at different ages of development. As no manufacturing details are affixed to the garment and taking into account of the relative isolation when the garnet was made it is reasonably to make an assumption that it was made by a local seemstress or by the mother

Significance

Historical significance of the type of garment places it Circa 1930s to 1940s and is fairly rare to find the garment as part of three detailing the physical growth and development of a young child cross reference to KVHS 0248 and KVHS 0240

Inscriptions & Markings

No manufacturer's details are on the garment

Towel Tea CWA

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This large blue green, yellow, brown and black with a white border, linen, tea towel has the CWA logo in the middle with pictures of handcrafted items surrounding it. Along the bottom is printed: "Handicrafts / of the / Country Women's Association of Victoria."

Historical information

The Tawonga branch of the C.W.A. commenced on the 7th Feb. 1946 and often combined activities with the other branches in the Kiewa Valley. The C.W.A. aimed to improve health, welfare and education for women and children in the country.

Significance

Women living in Tawonga were mostly on farms and, in 1946, when the branch commenced would have been feeling more remote with WW11 having had an effect of available workers and the well being of the women and children. This tea towel would have been used at a later date possibly for fund raising as the group continued to meet and work together.

Inscriptions & Markings

Handicrafts / of the / Country Women's Association of Victoria - along the bottom Pure Irish Linen - bottom left Dummay - bottom right

Photo - Anzac Day Mt Beauty 1950

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Colour photograph of Anzac Day commemorations in Mt Beauty in 1950

Historical information

Anzac Day commemoration at Mt Beauty in 1950

Significance

Commemoration of war service by residents of Mt Beauty and surrounding towns. H.H.C. Williams, Chief Engineer of the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme, giving the address at the Anzac Day Service.

Bedpan

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

White enamel bedpan pear shaped with the front (narrow) edge having no overlap. From the front an overlap gradually increase to the sides and back which form a narrow bench (for sitting on). The edges are rounded and black.

Historical information

Enamel and porcelain pre dates stainless steel which was first manufactured in 1913. This hospital equipment was available in the 1950s when the Tawonga District General Hospital was built specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme.

Significance

Historical: Shows the development of scientific hospital equipment. Provenance: Used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was remote and therefore required good equipment.

Inscriptions & Markings

3 small dints on bench. Sticker with UKV 270 stuck on base.

Bowl Enamel

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Cream enamel bowl with green chipped rim and with straight sides gradually widening from the base. On the base is a blue logo.

Inscriptions & Markings

Logo: (Chines symbols) Bumper Harvest Made in China around a sketch of corn. Underneath13P 107 14cm

Folder - Clare Roper No. 4 - Early Historical Records

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Dark blue plastic with clear front cover with 11 plastic sleeves / pages. Includes: "The Discovery of the Bogong High Plains" dated 1962 from RHSV.; 'Tawonga History' dated 1964; Kiewa Valley C.W.A letter re Tangambalanga; History of the Bogong hotel at Tawonga; Memories of Wilma Roper, 1987. Yackandandah History. Ovens Crossing. Mullagong. Tawonga Hometead.

Historical information

Clare Roper was a resident of the Kiewa Valley and belonged to the Kiewa Valley Historical Society.

Significance

Clare Roper collected and collated items of historical interest for the Kiewa Valley Historical Society.

Sign Canteen Painted

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This anodised metal sign has been "block" stenciled on. Black lettering and numbers with the main headings underlined with a red and a yellow line(emphasising the headings)

Historical information

This sign is a part of the "human" factor required for remote and difficult, large impact (both labour and other resources) projects. It is one of the "human" factors which was clearly used in the big 1930's to the 1970's "landscape redevelopment" schemes which started in the early 1900's and is highly regarded as lifting the Australian psyche of only primary producers to an industrial level, equal to any in the world.

Significance

This "Wet Canteen" sign was installed at the entrance of the Bogong "workers" village "provision's hut" detailing the operational times for the SEC Victorian staff and construction workers, involved in the building of the Kiewa Hydro Electricity Scheme to obtain alcoholic beverages. This facility lasted for over the extensive period (1938 to 1961) of the "Schemes" building phase. This large project was the forerunner when industrial legislation provided for the welfare of workers living in the Bogong Village. The provision of facilities such as a "wet canteen" was of the utmost importance not only to ensure that the long running project was both successful, production wise, but also that its employees were not only physically but also mentally healthy. This sign details that all aspects required for a fit and productive labour force were in place, in this remote and demanding work environment. The majority of heavy equipment and machinery used was either made in England or Europe. A section of the specialised workforce came from local and European expertise in dam construction and water management in alpine terrain. The majority of labour came from migrants and some specialists recruited from England and Europe. At this point in time, the quality of the machines used came from England, Europe and the USA and could not be matched from anywhere else in the developed world. With a specialised workforce came the responsibility of providing all the "comforts of home" including alcoholic beverages. On site accommodation for the workforce is still a requirement for some mining areas but high market returns have produced fly in/out labour.

Inscriptions & Markings

In black stenciled type "BOGONG WET CANTEEN" underneath this "TRADING HOURS" Below this "MONDAY TO THURSDAY 5.15 PM TO 5.50 PM, 7.00 PM TO 9.00 PM" "FRIDAYS SHORT WEEKEND 4.30 PM TO 5.20 PM 7.00 PM TO 9.00 PM" Below this "FRIDAYS LONG WEEKEND 10.00AM TO 11.30 AM" Below this "SATURDAYS PUBLIC HOLIDAYS 4.30 PM TO 5.30 PM 7.00 PM TO 8.30 PM" bELOW THIS "CANTEEN WILL BE CLOSED ON SUNDAYS, GOOD FRIDAY AND UNTIL 4.00 PM ON ANZAC DAY"

Purse Money Filigree

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This gold plated filigree money purse has a clasp on top for fastening purposes and has on either side inside a small extension frame which would have contained a felt/silk padding buffer. The buffer would have highlighted the intricate pattern of the filigree metalwork.

Historical information

This item has historical value as it shows part of the importance of fashionable money containers specific to a more affluent rural family. The period when sheep properties producing high grade wool were providing Australia with the high yield capital return to sustain an ever growing population. This was an era where most of the manufactured goods were imported from England and the European continent.

Significance

This has relevant significant value as it portrays the earlier reliance that the growing Australian population had from the rural sector. The wealth capital was from the rural sector and the elaborate fashion accessories, such as this money purse, shows how that wealth was utilised. The Kiewa Valley was part of the "rich" farm regions of Victoria and besides gold mines and tobacco plantations, dairy and cattle properties provided for not only the needs of the Victorian region but also the rest of Australia.

Inscriptions & Markings

nil

Ledger - Post Office Kergunyah - Inward Registered Article Journal Post Office - Kergunyah

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Register commences Nov. 1920 though to Feb. 1951. It includes the origin of the article, addressee, signature of the person to whom the article delivered, date of delivery and initials of the officer. Inside 2 loose sheets regarding tariffs for trunk line calls.

Historical information

Post Offices in Victoria were required to keep track of articles posted and received with the addressee signing on receipt of the article and the name of the recipient also being recorded.

Significance

Kergunyah Post Office is part of the Kiewa Valley. This register indicates the number of articles being posted during the time and the number and names of people sending and receiving articles.

Box Matches

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This small box of "safety" matches has an inner "drawer" which can be slid open to reveal the "match" sticks. The small bowl shaped phosphorous at one end of a "match" is the fire starter(phosphorus) which when lit would "flare" up and provide a small flame. This typical box of matches held an average of sixty matches. The top of the match box has a "glued on" signage with manufacturer's details.

Historical information

This box of matches was up until the 1980's the major source of lighting "small" fires, mainly for cigarettes, pipes (smoking), BBQs, gas/ kerosene heaters and "clearing" rural shrub by small fires. It was not until flint based battery and lighter fluid (hand held lighters) were introduced did the need for "matches" (a more dangerous application of instant fire starters) become relegated to a lower level "demand" item. The limited quality supplied in a box could also not compete with hand held gas and "lighter fluid" lighters. Box of matches belonged to the "yesteryear" fashion accessory's most important list. Matches had become obsolete for the major stream of users as cheaper, easier to use and longer lasting "cigarette" lighters were produced.

Significance

This match box of Australian make and vintage in origin, was originally manufactured by a British Match Box Company (Bryant and May in Bow London), which expanded to the Australian "Colonies". The Australian subsidiary was at Cremorne, Melbourne. It was typical of goods, which had their "founding fathers" based in "the Mother Country" (England). The early settlers in the Kiewa Valley found these matches an important necessity for not only rural life but also for the recreational "smoko".

Inscriptions & Markings

In brown script and on a blue background "BRYANT & MAY'S and below this "CROWN" below this and on a red background with faded and worn letters "SAFETY MATCHES" On either side of the top side and in smaller print "MADE IN AUSTRALIA" and opposite "AVERAGE CONTENTS SIXTY"

Tobacco 'Stretcher'

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

The 'stretcher' was used for carrying dry tobacco from kiln to stacking shed and later from stacking shed to the grading benches. 2 tree logs parallel to each other with 2 hessian bags cut into a piece each to overlap down the middle and starched between and held by a plank of wood nailed along at each end. The tree logs are held in position across the middle and behind the hessian by a thick plank of wood.

Historical information

Tobacco farming began circa 1960 in the Kiewa Valley and consequently became one of its major industries. Many of the Italian families were involved in tobacco farming.

Significance

Historical: This equipment was used on one of the first tobacco farms in the Kiewa Valley at Mongans Bridge. The tobacco 'stretcher' was home-made showing the resourcefulness of farmers living in the Kiewa Valley. Provenance: This tobacco farmer came from Italy and was sponsored to visit a tobacco farmer in Myrtleford to learn how to grow tobacco so that he could transfer those skills to his own farm in the Kiewa Valley.

Inscriptions & Markings

Holes. One piece of hessian has painted in green:- Albury NSW and 5 green rectangles printed on it at the top partly covered by wooden plank.

Scrap Book - C.W.A. Tawonga - C. W. A. Tawonga by Clare Roper

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Scrap book with block handwritten and coloured heading. Cover: Centre middle has a coloured photo of 10 ladies standing below a CWA logo. Covered with clear plastic. Consists of photos, newspaper clippings and typed sheets.

Historical information

CWA Tawonga 1946 - 1988 collection of its written history. The C.W.A. aimed to improve the health, welfare and education of women and children in the country. The book gives examples of all activities the members were involved in over the years and their involvement with other CWA groups in the North East of Victoria. Through the photos it also gives a good example of women's fashions over the years.

Significance

History of CWA Tawonga by Clare Roper, President, founding member and local resident. Women in Tawonga were mostly on farms and in 1946 felt remote after WWII as it affected available workers and the well being of children. The Country Women's Association improved the living conditions and well being of members in the community.

Inscriptions & Markings

"CWA Tawonga from 1946 collected by C. Roper" - top of front page

S.E.C.V. Transmission Cables x3

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

3 transmission cables of different width used for transmitting different amounts of power on different size power lines.The thinnest cable consists of a centre piece of wire covered by a layer of twisted wires. The middle sized cable has 4 layers of twisted wires around the centre piece and the thickest cable has 5 layers of twisted wires around the centre piece.

Historical information

The State Electricity Commission of Victoria constructed the Kiewa Hydro Electric scheme from the 1930's to 1960's during which time power cables were made to carry power from the Power stations to the switch yards and beyond to the towns and houses.

Significance

These sample power cables indicate the types of power lines used in the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme and the amount of voltage that they carry.

Inscriptions & Markings

The thickest cable has a plastic strip with 330.000 Volt Cable inscribed on it.

Weights - 5 in Set

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

5 circular cast iron weights with a slot from the edge towards the centre. Each has a ridge around the circumference to enable each to fit on top of a bigger one. On the top, above the slot, the weight is embossed. The set is held together with a piece of wire about 50 cm long. The set fit on to a holder which has a circular hook for hanging and a long straight cast iron rod going through a solid half sphere which is held with a nut at the base. The half sphere has a wider circular base for weights to sit on. Used with scales (KVHS 0800 (B)) to weigh goods sold at Tawonga Store.

Historical information

Used to weigh bulk produce in the Tawonga Store. Part of a platform scale.

Significance

Historical: Imperial weights used before packaging of goods. Tawonga Store opened c1920 selling produce for the farming community of the Kiewa Valley.

Inscriptions & Markings

Weights: 14 lbs; 28 lbs; 56 lbs; 1 cwt; 2 cwt.

Educational Program - Two Years in the Infant School. Topics 1 to 21; 22 to 42; 43 to 63; 64 to 84

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

4 grey boxes which open up with a lid that is the shape of the box cut diagonally in half. The side opposite the hinge falls down as it is attached at the bottom (not the sides). Inside are a lot of pamphlets. Each topic is bound with string through 2 holes punched along the side. Each topic is numbered and of about 8 Sections which cover each area of the curriculum. eg. Topic 19 is 'Sugar' and has 14 pages. Box 1 has topics 1 to 21; Box 2 has topics 22 to 42; Box 3 has topics 43 to 63 and Box 4 has topics 64 to 84.

Historical information

This educational program was used at Mt Beauty Primary school possibly in the 1950s.

Significance

Historical: Mt Beauty primary School was establish in the late 1940s as a result of an increase in the population due to the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme. Provenance: As a new school it was considered to be very modern with the latest equipment. This program can be compared to other programs used in Education.

Inscriptions & Markings

Inside front of box in ink 'E.A. Plyton(?) On cover page: Two Years / in the / Infant School / Prepared / Under the Supervision of / Enid Blyton, N.F.U.

Pin Drawing, Brass tacks

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This small box, similar to a "match box" (thumb activated slide, top open, cardboard container), holds brass drawing pins. These brass pins are also known as brass tacks, thumbtacks or push pins. The top of the brass tack has a "domed head" with the manufacturer's logo stamped on it. The number "2" on the bottom right of the label is the "weight" of the drawing pin.

Historical information

This particular box of brass drawing pins would have been used before the introduction of cheaper polished chrome drawing pins manufactured in Asia. The box construction and label would suggest that supply of this boxes contents could have been in the early 1950's. Drawing pins or push pins were first invented in 1900 by Mr Edwin Moore. The need for a secure fastener to accommodate temporary signs and notes for domestic and commercial environments sprang up from the need to cope with an increasing faster method of presenting information on removable surfaces such as temporary notice boards. In the 1950's and later the increase in the pace of "living" brought about many time saving written communication notices. This temporary method of providing fast temporary notices is being surpassed by the computer age and mobile telephone "applications". The information spectrum of the computer age has made many "hands on" (drawing pin) applications go to the "dodo" level.

Significance

This box of drawing pins is very significant to the Kiewa Valley and its region because it demonstrates that the pace in rural regions especially those that were once semi remote regions has moved at the same pace as the bigger towns and cities. Differences are still noticeable, such as the requirement of drawing pins for temporary signs and mail box commercially important "sales" notifications. The pressures that produce the "rat" syndrome, that is pressure by increased population levels infringing upon the individual's day-to-day existence is still not present in rural areas such as the Kiewa Valley. Drawing pins are still a requirement for leased accommodation (which are usually short term accommodation) for the personalisation of "home" wall decorations and shopper's "notice and information boards"

Inscriptions & Markings

On the front and within a red border and red letters "BRASS" and below this in script form "Drawing Pins" and below this in smaller letters "Made In Germany" Below this and on the bottom left side "100" and also on the bottom but to the right "No. 2"

DVD SEC Victoria Promotional - Kiewa Capers Compilation

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

The DVD is nestled within a formed inner structure (case), which not only prevents the disc from moving to and fro but also unnecessary intrusion of foreign particles.This DVD is a TDK data/video recordable single sided 4.7 GB disc.It is a 1-16x speed.

Historical information

The construction and development of the Kiewa Hydro scheme showing its construction and the people in work and play during its duration. It also shows the development of Mt Beauty and Bogong townships. The films were used as News Reels, Tourist Information and Entertainment.

Significance

This VHS is a snap shot in time (1990) when the Kiewa Valley was still relatively under populated and holiday houses owned by city bound workers was still relatively insignificant. As more and more holiday makers retire to a small but friendly region(Kiewa Valley and Mount Beauty) the increase in visitor numbers will affect the local rural bush scene more and more. The changes that will occur (in time) can be measured against the scenes presented in this video. The additional resources provided by the State Electricity Commission of Victoria of "alpine bush" fire control and management, together with an ongoing educational scheme for school children in learning about what constitutes the Alpine country's unique environment, are a very important offshoot, benefitting to both the communitie

Bottle - Cordial

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Clear glass cordial bottle with straight sides half way up. Gently tapered with embossed vertical lines to neck which continues tapering to a lip and then screw top. Heavily embossed with print in capital letters around the circumference at the bottom.

Historical information

Cordial drinks came in bottles bought at the local grocery store or at a large city store on a shopping expedition. The shape of the bottles changed as did the stopper used to seal it. Bottles were re cycled remaining the property of the manufacturer. History of O. T. Ltd. Australia.

Significance

Historical: Change of bottles - shape, glass, stopper, embossing, use Aesthetic: Display showing embossing and shape.

Inscriptions & Markings

Circumference around bottom: 'This Bottle Always (number '2' above Always) Remains The Property of O.T. Limited Australia' Base: Common seal on top 'A' with 'M' in bottom half of the 'A'. Across middle: 'ISM 83' and '2' below

Stocks for Riding Boots

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This pair of wooden stocks for riding boots trees has been manufactured to a very high standard. Each of the four boot tree parts fit snugly together and maintain their form, and that of the boot that they occupy. The groove channels and foot forms (tongue and groove) are exact and once snapped together become very solid. There is a brass ring, attached by a small brass "peg" on each of the thin "sliding" middle uprights. See KVHS 0177 - Riding boots.

Historical information

These wooden trees for riding stocks are a concept that was brought to early colonial days from "mother" England. Gentle folk of wealth and status used these trees from early 1800's to keep and maintain their riding boots in their correct form. This form of maintaining the tall riding boot structure was maintained in Australia by the rural "elite" both on cattle properties and smaller cattle stations in the early 1900's. Good riding boots were a status symbol in rural and outback Australia.

Significance

The riding stocks "wooden trees" are very significant in the Kiewa Valley because they were used by members of some of the original grazing cattle families to settle there. Both cattle and sheep properties occupied large areas of the Kiewa Valley and they also herded their flock and herd on the Bogong High Plains region. These stocks and boots were worn by Fred Roper whose great grand daughter donated them to KVHS. Therefore these boots and stocks would date from 1880's to 1920's and are a good representation of the style of boots worn during this period.

Inscriptions & Markings

On top "L" (for left boot), "R" (for right boot)

Vaporiser Cresolene

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This vaporiser stand with its cradle and dish is made from cast iron (stand) and tin (dish). At the bottom of the "dish" is a flame diffusion port with eight heat directional holes. The stand upright is painted gold in colour.

Historical information

This Cresolene vapouriser is an "American" product when "home" based remedial products were of a high demand due to lack of specialised medical facilities such as a hospital in rural communities. "An apparatus for reducing medicated liquids to a state of vapor suitable for inhalation or application to accessible mucous membrane A device for volatising liquid anesthetics." The only criteria used by Health authorities in the decision to provide a community with hospitals was and still is the size of the population it feeds. The introduction of the SEC Victorian Hydro Electricity Scheme started in the 1940's, was the impetus for health planners to build a hospital in the Kiewa Valley. Rural regions especially those considered semi or fully remote locations had to rely on farm based remedial health "alternative medical treatment". This product is such a remedy.

Significance

This vapouriser is very significant to a rural area such as the Kiewa Valley as it demonstrates the "home" remedies that were available to rural communities such as the cattle and sheep stations before the Kiewa Valley had a hospital(1949). The influx of workers employed by the SEC Vic. Hydro Electricity Scheme(circa 1940's onward) changed dramatically the need for a hospital and specialised medical treatment. The reliance of "health products" such as this vaporiser were still in high demand especially when on the box of this product was printed "Guaranteed under the Food and Drugs Act, June 30, 1906, Serial no. 436". Also on the packaging is printed "A remedy Whooping Cough also Asthma, Catarrh, Colds Diptheria, Croup, Coughs Hay Fever, Sore Throat, Influenza, Etc." An additional benefit of this product "Is obnoxious to Moths, Flies, Mosquitos, Ants, Cock Roaches, Hen Lice, and other Troublesome insects." This advertising is dated before a tightening in the "advertising" legislation of post mid 1900's. However it was a good attraction for rural communities wanting relief of "rural" pests.

Inscriptions & Markings

See KVHS 0342 (B) for markings and advertising material printed on the box which contains this item.

Saucer Ceramic

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Heavy, white ceramic saucer with State Electricity Commission of Victoria 1921 log/insignia on inside lip. Curves up to sides. On base, also inscribed in red are details of the makers.

Historical information

The SECV had chalets, cafes, mess halls and tea rooms all over Victoria including their construction sites. The SECV had a stores system which purchased thousands of sets of crockery and cutlery for use by personnel. There was a system of chefs, cooks, tea persons etc. to supply food and beverages to the workers.

Significance

This saucer was used at one of the sites on the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme.

Inscriptions & Markings

State Electricity Commission Victoria / 1921 On base:Vitrified / Sold by / Cafe & Hotel Supplies / Pty Ltd / DunnBennett & Co. ITC / Burslem / Made in England

Pin Hat

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This hat pin has a turquoise glass ball head with a long needle. It is in the same style as items KVHS 0358 and KVHS 0359.

Historical information

Historically this item represents women's fashion in the 1920s to 1950s. As the material used in the construction is not of a high monetary value it can be assumed it was a day to day working woman apparel to keep the hat firmly fastened into the hair. It does indicate that fashion of the time was important within the region

Significance

This item is a reflection of both the fashion mode of the 1920s to 1950s when long hair needed to be controlled by hair pins rather than later manufactured hair sprays. It is also an example of society's mores of tidiness and quasi religious beliefs of covering the hair and head when outdoors

Irrigator Pump - Medical

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Clear glass Irrigator with pump on top missing. The pump is squeezed. The irrigator is pointed at one end gradually widening to a cylinder then blown out to a sphere before coming back in to a neck (with a lip) where the pump part would be attached.

Historical information

This medical / hospital equipment was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950's specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme.

Satchel - S.E.C. Mail

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This brown leather rectangular satchel is well worn with stitching around the perimeters of the front and back where it is attached to the side pieces. The back piece extends a little at the top where it is stitched to a reinforced piece that has a curved handle covered by steel and fastened with a stainless steel plate with rings. The leather then continues as a flap also stitched to the piece with the handle. The satchel is fastened with 3 large press studs.The sides of the satchel extend and fold into the inside and can be fastened to each other with a large press stud. This may be to protect the contents. At the front centre a transparent pocket is stitched on presumably for identification.

Historical information

The State Electricity Commission of Victoria's mail was collected and carried in a satchel especially made for the purpose.

Significance

Historical: The State Electricity Commission of Victoria's mail was collected in a satchel. This would separate it from other mail and protect it. A satchel would enable the mail to be collected by different people using modes of transport.

Inscriptions & Markings

Engraved centre back: "S.E.C. / Mail"

Tuyere Pipe

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This iron cone shaped tuyere has a small hole (diamenter 25mm) starting within an ever enlarging cone (amplification of the air pressure going through) delivering varying hot or extremely hot air into a furnace or hearth which intensifies the heat to allow the "shaping" of metal objects. The larger "flared" cone extension allows for the directed air to be spread and not concentrated.

Historical information

This tuyere (word from French origin) was used by professional blacksmiths and or cattlemen before and during the Kiewa Hydro Electricity Scheme was being constructed. The need to use a furnace or forge in the shaping of metal rods, horse shoes and pipes is both a rural necessity and a construction, on site requirement. The "inventiveness" of cattlemen and construction workers to produce metal objects not available "off the shelf" is one of the inherent traits not only of rural self sufficiency but in the "pioneer" days of rural isolation one of survival.

Significance

This tuyere is of great significance to the Kiewa Valley and its regions because it highlights one of the greatest strengths of the rural (especially isolated) life and its folk living there, and that is the great human factor of adaptability and survival techniques in sometimes harsh and demanding environmental circumstances. The inventiveness and the attitude, "she'll be right mate", demonstrates life on the land where specialised blacksmith activities can be found in non "professionals" because of the fact that "someone" has to do the job. This is one of the differences between country "rural" life and that found in cities and larger towns.

Photo - Air Observers' Hut SECV during WWII

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black and white photo of the State Electricity Commission of Victoria's 'Volunteer Air Observer's Hut' at Bogong during World War 2.- 24th May 1943

Historical information

During WW2 there were volunteers all over Australia observing air activity every night. This photo was taken from the S.E.C.V. hut dedicated to this activity and was manned by men and women throughout the war. The State Electricity Commission of Victoria were based at Bogong when constructing the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme.

Significance

The State Electricity Commission of Victoria dedicated a hut at Bogong township during World War 2 for the purpose of volunteers manning the hut to observe air craft. This was during the construction of the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme.

Inscriptions & Markings

On back of photo: "EW / K1156 / 24 May 1943 / Volunteer Air Observers Hut / During World War 2 / Bogong"

Card - Religious Award - The Lord shall guide thee continually

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Thick cardboard card with 2 holes at the top. String threaded through the holes for hanging. Card has photo of waterfall, red dirt and country on left and title printed in brown with white background on right. Possibly used as reward.

Historical information

Students attended Sunday School classes at the Kergunyah Presbyterian Church. Sunday school was held in a little 16 foot square wooden building which came from Rocky Valley after it was no longer needed there. Ewen Wallace's father initiated and organised the move. C2011 the building was knocked down because of white ants. The Presbyterian Church will be 125 years old in 2015.

Significance

Historical: Religious Education: This card was used as a reward for students who attended the Sunday School classes at Kergunyah Presbyterian Church. Religion: Presbyterian Church at Kergunyah, in the Kiewa Valley, celebrates its 125th anniversary in 2015 after being handed over to the Uniting church in the 1970s.

Inscriptions & Markings

"From the Presbyterian / Sunday School Kergunyah" written in pen on back of card

Newspapers - The Wodonga & Towong Sentinel

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Bound selection of newspapers - 'The Wodonga & Towong Sentinel' dated Jan. 1887 through to Dec. 1888.

Historical information

This newspaper was printed during 1887 and 1888 for the residents of Wodonga and Towong with a supplement of the Melbourne Weekly Times.

Significance

As this newspaper was published during the late 1880's the articles would have covered a large area. The articles, photos, advertisements etc. give a historical understanding of the times, the issues and the events of the time. A useful document for research.

Bottle - Chemist

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Small clear brown glass bottle used for medicine. Rectangular shape with heavy embossing at the front. Narrower sides taper to the lip at the opening. It has a very rusted-on screw lid which is metal.

Historical information

Medicine came in bottles bought at the local chemist or at a large city chemist on a shopping expedition. The shape and contents changed as did the stopper used to seal it. History of Bonnington's and Irish Moss

Significance

Historical: Change of bottles - shape, glass, stopper, embossing and use Aesthetic: Display showing embossing and shape

Inscriptions & Markings

Front side: 'Bonnington's / Irish Moss / Coughs & Colds'

Book - Reference Melbourne Directory - Melbourne and Suburban Directory for 1889

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This directory has no front or back cover and is held together by its cloth spine. It contains over 1300 pages, however there may be some pages missing front and back of the directory which would have contained advertisements of some unknown shops. All the sides of this directory (except the spine) have advertisements and content information stamped on. The spine cover has been placed in the directory until further conservation work is carried out. It has gold coloured printing and in the central section, a gold coloured background with the words "Sands & McDougall's Melbourne Directory 1889." The spine has three adverts on the spine.

Historical information

This Directory of 1889 covers the location of Melbourne based trade and professional offices by street and in Alphabetical order. It covers all of Melbourne and its suburbs. It also covers government and official, ecclesiastic, legal, municipal and miscellaneous information. The directory details a cross section of a developing city with a splattering of advertisements opening up an in depth look of all aspects of living in the late 1800s. It is interesting to see that all the advertisements do not have any telecommunication numbers listed (personal shoppers or mail orders only). This was a period of high moral standing within the community and hotels advertised rooms " suites of rooms for families and single rooms for Ladies and Gentlemen" also "electric bells throughout the house. Telephone, night porter and hot and cold baths."

Significance

This directory would be used by the majority of families and businesses working and living within the Kiewa Valley and the surrounding area. Melbourne was the only place where every aspect of living requirement was catered for. Although the delivery of services and goods were not at a high rate, certain items or transactions would require a visit to "the big smoke". Business information are listed both by suburb and alphabetically. There is also a section for British and Foreign Trade. This directory covered nearly everything to do with commerce, an example pay days for principle firms. Greater evolution of trade locations started to balloon out after the mid 1950's. Increased populations and greater levels of communication and safe fast transport facilities permitted greater devolution of commercial enterprises into rural communities, such as the Kiewa Valley.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the spine in gold colour "South * British insurance Company Fire and Marine. Risks Lowest Current Rates No. 11 Queen Street, Arthur J Masters, Manager" and half way down " *Phoenix* Fire Office of London established over 100 years Annual Income exceeds (pound sign) 1,000,000" underneath "Losses Paid Over (pound sign) 16,000,000" underneath "Reserve Fund Exceeds (pound sign) 1,000,000" underneath "9 Market Buildings William Street, Melbourne " underneath " R. Manfield Taylor, Agent" and at the bottom section" Henry Scott Auctioneer and Estate Agent 49 Bridport St., Albert Park" stamped on the bottom side across the page endings "The Wonderful Wertheim Sewing Machines Swanston Street opposite Town Hall", stamped on the top side across the page endings " The Sweet Hapsburg Pianos & Organs Swanston Street Opposite Town Hall"

Bottle - Chemist

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Clear brown glass bottle with straight sides three quarters of the way up tapering as shoulders to a wide screw top with a short opening. Base is rectangular slightly indented with faint embossing. heavier embossing on the 2 narrow sides - in print and read from the top of the bottle to the bottom (sideways) of the bottle.

Historical information

Medicines were stored in bottles and sold by chemists either locally or in big cities that were visited on shopping expeditions. The shape of the bottles changed as did the stopper used to seal it. Bottles were re cycled remaining the property of the manufacturer. History of Wyeth Inc. Sydney.

Significance

Historical: Change of bottles - shape, glass, stopper, embossing, use. Bottle collectors. Aesthetic: Display showing embossing and shape.

Inscriptions & Markings

Sies: 1. 'This Bottle is the Property of' 2. 'Wyeth Incorporated Sydney' Base: Common Seal - 'A' with G and M inside. Middle 'LS 106'. Underneath '3'

Photo - Bogong Village Township

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black and white photograph of Bogong Village from across Lake Guy. Photo mounted on buff card

Historical information

In 1940 Field Headquarters for the Kiewa Scheme were established at Bogong with office, workshop facilities and accommodation for workmen, staff and some families constructed. (There had been a 'tent camp' on this site in 1939 but was destroyed by bushfires) Construction of accommodation continued until 1947. A total of 40 houses plus a hostel for single staff, post office, police station, medical centre and primary school all with water and sewerage and electricity supply. The staff hostel was known as Kiewa House and is now occupied by the Education Department. Lake Guy was named after Mr. L.T. Guy who was the Resident Engineer in charge of construction work and associated activities on the Kiewa area. He held this position from 1939 to November 1946 when he was transferred to Head Office.

Significance

The Bogong Township was developed firstly as an accommodation centre (base camp) for construction workers employed under the Kiewa Hydroelectric Scheme. Due to the influx of European workers into the Township the beautification of the immediate surrounds (gardens etc.) had a distinct European flavour. This environment has been very beneficial for tourism in later years. At the completion of the scheme, in the 1960's, the village was opened to public/tourism use. Strict environmental control has not allowed for any extensive redevelopment in tourist accommodation and basically restricted it to the accommodation initially built for the construction workers. Activities such a bike riding, snow skiing, restricted horse riding and bush walking on the Alpine plains and mountains are now a viable part of the Kiewa Valley Tourist Industry. The lake is one of the many water storage reservoirs used to supply the power stations their main power to run the huge turbines generating the final product, electricity

Pin Hat

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This pin has a black plastic tear-drop ball at its head (earth shaped). It has diamond like chiseled profile from a centre band to the apex of both ends. The centre region has a herring bone pattern. Identical to Item KVHS 0287

Historical information

Historically this item represents women's fashion in the 1920s to 1950s. As the material used in the construction is not of a high monetary value it can be assumed it was a day to day working woman apparel to keep the hat firmly fastened into the hair. It does indicate that fashion of the time was important within the region

Significance

This item is a reflection of both the fashion mode of the 1920s to 1950s when long hair needed to be controlled by hair pins rather than later manufactured hair sprays. It is also an example of society's mores of tidiness and quasi religious beliefs of covering the hair and head when outdoors

Photo - Tawonga Bridge.( Set of 2 photos)

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Copies of two original black and white photos. Photo 1 - Flying fox at site of Tawonga Bridge over the Kiewa River Photo 2 - Timber pile bridge over the Kiewa River at Tawonga

Historical information

Photo 1 - Rene Roper (Postmistress) crossing swollen Kiewa River on a milk can flying fox at Tawonga, during high winter waters Photo 2 - First Tawonga bridge was built in 1884- destroyed by floods in 1916. New bridge constructed 1923 and destroyed in 1953. Present concrete bridge constructed in 1986 and named Ryders Bridge

Significance

Bridge construction over Kiewa River at Tawonga