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Kiewa Valley Historical Society Mt Beauty, Vic

The Kiewa Valley Historical Society aims to preserve and conserve the history and heritage of the Kiewa Valley & district. Through the use of permanent, and temporary exhibitions, information walls, a photo gallery, a diorama of the Bogong High Plains, a model hydro system, and two DVD screens we show the area's history and highlights, that tell our social history, natural science areas and technological developments.
The collection has many artefacts that show the social and cultural history of the first indigenous people. Along with artefacts from pioneer settlers of the Kiewa Valley and Mount Beauty lived, worked and socialised. Items such as photos, books, farming equipment, hospital equipment, technological equipment from the Kiewa Hydro Scheme, household items, plus oral histories, and genealogy books are in our collection. All the items in the collection have either historical, social, technological or aesthetic significance to the Kiewa Valley and have good interpretive capacity. Artefacts have to meet this assessment criteria before being considered to be added into the collection. We do not buy, sell or give valuations for any artefacts at this stage.
The historical society Museum space shares the same premises as the Mt Beauty Visitor Information Centre. There is wheel chair access, a disability toilet and separate male and female toilets. Free parking is found the North side of the information centre. There is also a small seating area in the sun deck of the centre. The centre is with in walking distance from Mt Beauty main shopping centre and a 50 - 60 minute drive from the larger centres of Wodonga / Albury.
New members are always welcomed.

Contact Information

location
Mount Beauty Information Centre 31 Bogong High Plains Rd Mt Beauty Vic (map)
phone
+61 03 57541323
Contact

Opening Hours

9am - 5pm Every day

Entry Fee

Gold Coin Donation

Location

Mount Beauty Information Centre 31 Bogong High Plains Rd Mt Beauty Vic

View on Google Maps

The collection has many items that show the social history of how the first white settlers of the Kiewa Valley and Mount Beauty lived, worked and socialised. Items such as photos, books, farming equipment, hospital equipment, technological equipment from the Kiewa Hydro Scheme, household items, plus oral histories, and genealogy records and books are in our collection.

Significance

The Kiewa Valley Historical Society collection has historic significance as it shows how the first white settlers lived and worked through out the valley. Scientific significance applies to the rock cores taken by the SEC during the construction of the hydro scheme. The indigenous stones & tools also have historic significane as they show the cultural heritage of the first people of the Kiewa Valley. Other than the archives, all items have interpretative capacity to be in the collection.

Gavin 3 January 2015 9:16 PM

Hello, I am after a book, Title: Tales of Gibbo gold : characters from the 1880s. Author: Morrow, John A. (John Alexander). Would you have this or know where I can purchase a copy? Thanking you, Gavin.

Gavin 3 January 2015 9:16 PM

Hello, I am after a book, Title: Tales of Gibbo gold : characters from the 1880s. Author: Morrow, John A. (John Alexander). Would you have this or know where I can purchase a copy? Thanking you, Gavin.

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1178 items

Book - Gardening - Australian Home Gardener by Leslie H. Brunning

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Blue hard covered book - title, author are not on the front or back cover. The Title is 'in gold' on the spine and at the base of the spine is ''Home Library" also 'in gold'. The book has black and white plates illustrating the text.

Historical information

"The only comprehensive Australian Gardening Book ever compiled."

Significance

Used by a resident of the Kiewa Valley.

Weights - 3 in Set

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Cast iron solid circular weights with rim around circumference and slightly narrower at the base.

Historical information

Used to weigh goods in a shop or farming produce store.

Significance

Imperial weights were used prior to decimalisation. Weights were used to weigh goods prior to packaging.

Inscriptions & Markings

Largest - 4 lb Middle - 4 lb (None on smallest)

Iron - Electric

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

A small electric iron, for heating only. "Hot Point" brand with a steel body and a black plastic (or could be Bakelite) upper body that is chromed. The electric cord is detachable and not with the iron.

Historical information

This iron was used when electricity became available. It was possibly used for smaller items that didn't require a lot of time.

Significance

Residents of the Kiewa Valley used irons for pressing the family's clothes and linen - usually by the women as it was considered to be part of their domestic duties.

Inscriptions & Markings

Hotpoint Cat No. 6266 G7 Watts 575 - Volts 240. Ps 7 Made in Australia

Radio - Phone

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This radio phone is in a metal case with a separate steel lid attached with two large screws on either side. The front has a cream ;lactic face with open slits. It has a cover to protect the speaker behind it. There are 3 tuning knobs (volume, muting & channel) and a small red light. The phone cord is coiled and extends from the right hand side with a speaker attached. The speaker is for sending and receiving messages.

Significance

This radio phone was used by ambulance officers to notify the doctor. The State Electricity Commission of Victoria also had one.

Inscriptions & Markings

'Radiophone / MTR 25 161 AG' 'STC' in a rectangle and 'Ser. No. 21480'.

Stocks for Riding Boots

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This pair of wooden stocks for riding boots trees has been manufactured to a very high standard. Each of the four boot tree parts fit snugly together and maintain their form, and that of the boot that they occupy. The groove channels and foot forms (tongue and groove) are exact and once snapped together become very solid. There is a brass ring, attached by a small brass "peg" on each of the thin "sliding" middle uprights. See KVHS 0177 - Riding boots.

Historical information

These wooden trees for riding stocks are a concept that was brought to early colonial days from "mother" England. Gentle folk of wealth and status used these trees from early 1800's to keep and maintain their riding boots in their correct form. This form of maintaining the tall riding boot structure was maintained in Australia by the rural "elite" both on cattle properties and smaller cattle stations in the early 1900's. Good riding boots were a status symbol in rural and outback Australia.

Significance

The riding stocks "wooden trees" are very significant in the Kiewa Valley because they were used by members of some of the original grazing cattle families to settle there. Both cattle and sheep properties occupied large areas of the Kiewa Valley and they also herded their flock and herd on the Bogong High Plains region. These stocks and boots were worn by Fred Roper whose great grand daughter donated them to KVHS. Therefore these boots and stocks would date from 1880's to 1920's and are a good representation of the style of boots worn during this period.

Inscriptions & Markings

On top "L" (for left boot), "R" (for right boot)

Skis - Downhill with bindings

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Pair of dark blue Dynastar (French) Downhill skis with leather blue red white logo. Gold coloured metal bindings Salomon brand with "Equippe - Competition - Reglage - S 555 - 1234" inscriptions. Used by Doug McConville 1974 Winter Olympics

Historical information

Used by Doug Mc Conville a local skier at Falls Creek, at the 1976 Winter Olympics

Significance

Used by Doug Mc Conville a local skier at Falls Creek, at the 1976 Winter Olympics.

Inscriptions & Markings

185 - GEL 37 09 11810 Dynastar Polysoft. Label on ski (red white blue) on dark blue skis. Bindings - Salomon Competition Reglage Equippe S 555 - 12345 - Dynastar on base Dynastar some gal on one side. 1859 GL 37 09 11810 on the other side.

Weights - 5 in Set

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

5 circular cast iron weights with a slot from the edge towards the centre. Each has a ridge around the circumference to enable each to fit on top of a bigger one. On the top, above the slot, the weight is embossed. The set is held together with a piece of wire about 50 cm long. The set fit on to a holder which has a circular hook for hanging and a long straight cast iron rod going through a solid half sphere which is held with a nut at the base. The half sphere has a wider circular base for weights to sit on. Used with scales (KVHS 0800 (B)) to weigh goods sold at Tawonga Store.

Historical information

Used to weigh bulk produce in the Tawonga Store. Part of a platform scale.

Significance

Historical: Imperial weights used before packaging of goods. Tawonga Store opened c1920 selling produce for the farming community of the Kiewa Valley.

Inscriptions & Markings

Weights: 14 lbs; 28 lbs; 56 lbs; 1 cwt; 2 cwt.

Money Box - CBA

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Hollow green, yellow and blue tin box with slot at the top & inscription along the top of each of the 4 sides. The base has a circular detachable plug which fits into a hole.

Historical information

Banks encouraged people to save their money by giving out money boxes in the hope that he money would be banked in the same bank. The designs have changed throughout the years.

Inscriptions & Markings

"Commonwealth Bank of Australia"

Book - Spelling - A Graded Word-Book For Australian Schools

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

An emerald green book with black writing (printed) with a thin and thick black line around the perimeter. Bound by 2 staples

Historical information

Educational book used for teaching Spelling circa 1950s - 1960s

Significance

Historical: Comparative with educational books of different eras.

Inscriptions & Markings

A / Graded / Word-Book / for / Australian Schools / Junior and Senior Classes / (New on Enlarged Edition) / emblem / by / W. Foster, M.A. / and / H. Bryant, B. A.

Grinder / Pounding Stone

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Grooved stone, carved to a cylindrical shape with a relative pointed end tip one side (grinding or pounding end) and a rough other end (holding end} Made from Rhyolite stone

Historical information

This stone Grinder or pounder was used as part of an indigenous grinding food preparation method, by the original inhabitants of the Kiewa Valley and its region. In conjunction with its grinding stone was used not only to grind seeds and but also to dig up eatable roots and leaves and served with the regions Bogong moth. This method of food preparation has survived in its basic form for centuries and is still used by master chiefs in modern eateries. This item has been registered with Aboriginal Affairs in Wangaratta, Victoria. Dhudhuroa elder Alan Murray has examined this tool, in Feb 2015, and said it was also used for sharpening axe heads as well as pounding food items.

Significance

This item has a very significant historical and social aspect to it. Firstly it demonstrates the division of labour within a indigenous tribe. It was an era when the female had a definitive role within the family and the broader social indigenous tribal group of, gathering and preparing non animal(hunted) food. Hunted food was the domain of the initiated males of the tribe.Secondly it demonstrates the ability to fashion implements from raw materials(rock) into effective tools for the purpose of preparing a meal for human consumption. This was in an era where inter family and intra family participation in an indigenous tribal social protective environment was at a very high level. The Kiewa Valley/Mount Bogong region was an area where annual "get together" indigenous tribes for feasting, bartering and settling of disputes highlighting the importance of a regional gathering.

Inscriptions & Markings

There is a worn grove in the top side due to this tool being used for axe sharpening.

Bible - Bible Moffat

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This hard covered bible consists of six pages of preamble including title, publishing details, printer and author's preface. The book has 388 pages of black print. Relevant reference lines are notated by numbers on the left side of the page. On the front dust cover is a cream silhouette against a light blue backdrop highlighting a smoking "Aladdin's" Arabic oil lamp on a cenotaph. The hard cover has a embossed emblem of a lantern with a plume of smoke rising from the spout. This is all encapsulated by a circle. The spine also has this emblem.

Historical information

This Christian Bible by Professor James Moffatt from the United Free Church College in Glasglow Scotland was at a time when translated Christian bibles(Greek to English) were being review as to the accuracy of their translated words. This period was in the early 1900's specifically during and between the two major World Wars of 1914-18 and 1939-45 and also covering the Great Depression(1939). All these periods were ones of death, destruction and "loss of faith". Bibles which provided greater clarity of better times ahead flourished. This book offered its readers hope for the future (in terrible times). The regions that it covered were those who belonged to the Christian Faith.

Significance

The significance of this bible to the Kiewa Valley is that it provides an insight of those Christians living in a semi remote rural region at the period in Australian history where forces outside of this area were placing hardships which were "foreign" to them, as a family and as a community. The major Christian religions within the Kiewa Valley were either of the Catholic or English Protestant teachings. These groups still remain the dominant ones well into the 2nd Millennium. Spiritual relief to overcome harsh rural setbacks is not just specific to the Australian rural sector but is also global. With the influx of migrant workers from the war torn European nations (after WWII) a broader coverage of Christian and other faiths developed. A "positive" saying, when crops failed and bush fires and river floods sprang up, rallied the faithful "with God's help"

Inscriptions & Markings

On the dust jacket, front "THE MOFFATT NEW TESTAMENT", and the back cover has blue writing on a cream background. On the spine, at the top "JAMES MOFFATT" below this a white on blue silhouette of "Alalddin's lamp" below this is (in blue letters against a light blue background " THE NEW TESTAMENT A NEW TRANSLATION" On inside cover a signature "Clare Roper". The hard cover has marked in red print "THE NEW TESTAMENT ANEW TRANSLATION MOFFAT"

Dress - Brown Taffata

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Metallic brown taffatta cocktail dress with scooped neck front and back. Princess line in one piece with pleated side panels and back from the waist. Bows either side of the A line at front and three bows from the waistline to the bottom of the zip at the back. Capped sleeves. Skirt lined with stiffening.

Historical information

This dress was typical of those worn on special occasions usually after 5 pm: eg. dinner dances, balls, weddings. There were many such functions at Mt Beauty and the Kiewa Valley eg. the Hospital Ball

Significance

This dress was worn by Margaret Mc Kendrick (nee Vyner) who lived in Tawonga when growing up. She married Ian McKendrick and they lived in Mt Beauty. She worked as a nurse at the Tawonga and District hospital. They had three children: Linda, Robyn and Boyd. Ian worked at the Mt Beauty Post Office.

Inscriptions & Markings

Label: Styled by Camille Lee of Melbourne

Typewriter Mechanical Portable

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This Olivetti Lettera 22, oblique front stroke portable (weighs 4kg) mechanical typewriter has a coral coloured plastic casing. The keys are made of black hardened plastic with white lettering, numbers and symbols (imperial fractions, and pound). It has a QWERTY keyboard as opposed to the Italian QZERTY. It has a lever to move the ribbon between black, neutral (for mimeograph stencils)and red colours (a red key is provided for highlighting specific words,letters or symbols) . This machine is fitted with only a black ribbon. It has a black rubber paper rollers and chromed metal parts on the carriage way. It has four rubber feet underneath the main body. On the left side of the roller there is a lever to adjust the roller from fixed (when mobile) through 1,2 and 3 line space gradients. This model has a key for zero but not one for the number one (uppercase letter l is used) see KVHS 0459 for the carrying bag.

Historical information

The Olivetti company was founded in Italy in 1908.This particular typewriter is a Olivetti Lettera 22, oblique front stroke and portable manufactured after 1950. The 1950s and 1960s was a time when British manufactured goods were still purchased by many Australian consumers. The later 1960s onwards, there was a shift, mainly in the cities, to European made goods. The invasion of Japanese manufactured goods was relatively slower, especially in rural areas. The demand for long lasted and dependable merchandise was in the rural area still the most important criteria. The ease of setting up this typewriter and its compact mobility was its major benefit to trades people and travelling professionals, e.g. rural doctors, other medical professionals, accountants, lawyers and educators. This item facilitated the growing numbers of professional nomads requiring a relatively light office stationery package e.g. travelling novelist, writer, businessman and academics. This typewriter needed no electrical or battery power to operate it. Outback Australia, where at this point in time, was still relatively isolated from a good available electrical power reticulation and battery power, and therefore could not be totally measured as a highly efficient office environment.

Significance

Although this typewriter was purchased from a business in Penrith, Sydney, N.S.W., it is significant that it travelled easily to the Kiewa Valley, demonstrating the mobility of certain sections of the community. This typewriter was designed by an Italian industrial designer, Marcello Nizzoli, in line with the art deco style of the 1930s and the colour and flexibility of the vibrant 1950s. The underlying theme of manufacturing in the 1950s was to produce equipment that was more efficient than what was inherited from the earlier period of 20th century. Improvements were made to this Olivetti typewriter by Giuseppe Beccio by reducing the number of parts made from 3,000 to 2,000. This reduction of parts and therefore cost of production was the major principle of the Japanese manufacturing juggernauts of the post World War II era. Efficiency and low costs material was becoming prime factors in the success of rural industries from the 1960s. Competition from overseas producers was starting to affect rural industries and the removal of the large range of tariff protection, especially rural products, required not only a shift of farm management but a more efficient cost savings modus operandi.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the cover over the ribbon wheels letter strikers has a plate marked "Lettera 22" and the back plate behind the paper roller and in front of the paper supports has a silver metal label marked "olivetti made in great britain".

Sign - S.E.C.V.

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Red, white, black and yellow steel sign with a circular hole at the top left hand corner. Used to warn people of danger near high voltage equipment. The back is white.

Historical information

The State Electricity Commission of Victoria used signs to warn people of danger when near high voltage equipment.

Significance

The S.E.C.V. built the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme from the late 1940s. Their towers and switch boards had high voltage equipment.

Inscriptions & Markings

Danger / High Voltage / Do Not Climb

Document - WW1 Memorial

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

A large cardboard sheet with Memorial for Pte. Albert Charles Andersen, 16th N.S.W. Gen. Service, Reinforcements on a white sheet with brown writing with a photo of Charles in the middle, between the cardboard and the sheet.

Historical information

Albert Charles Andersen. Service Number 60326, 16th N.S.W. General Service. Place of Birth Lavington, N.S.W. Place of Enlistment Henty, N.S.W. Farm labourer. Son of Thorwald of Lavington and mother deceased. Aged 22 years and 9 months. Albert died at sea. Memorial Hollybrook Memorial, Southampton, United Kingdom. His name is on the Australian War Memorial - Panel 185. Note on the back "Enlisted 12th July 1918, died 17 Oct. 1918. Aged 19 years 11 months. (Different to Australian Archives) Perhaps Albert was a farm labourer in the district of Kiewa hence the Memorial.

Book - Reference Teaching - Intermediate English J. Aughterson

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Plastic covered soft green colored cardboard cover in black print. Pages (150) are printed in black ink on both sides and in different fonts.

Historical information

This particular edition was published in a period (1950s), when textbooks for primary and secondary schools were published by London based publishing houses such as LONGMAN. This particular publishing house brand is now only used by the Longman Schools in China. This reference book was one of the basic reading material for students learning the "English" language opposed to the "Americanised English". The two versions of English now in use are mainly influenced by the greater influx of American based media and the internet. At the time of this publication however print media was at its peak and the English used was from the United Kingdom. Although the written language is in English, the majority subject matter is of Australian origin.

Significance

This text book is very significant in demonstrating the type of English taught in rural schools during the period and before the internet and the American based spell check programs now in use. The subtle changes in both the spoken and written English, due to the modern internet facilities, can be seen by the "texting" language of school aged students, post "world wide web" and mobile telephones. This English text book is a moment in time, when the isolation of rural communities had greater affect upon the standard of both the written and spoken language. It was a time when Britain was still thought of as "the mother land" and the English used was that brought to Australian by the original settlers and over time developed an "Australian flavour".

Inscriptions & Markings

Front cover "INTERMEDIATE ENGLISH" underneath "J. Aughterson" underneath a squiggle of three half circles. underneath "LONGMANS". Spine: "AUGHTERSON INTERMEDIATE ENGLISH LONGMANS"

Bible - Family - Brown's Superb Bible

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Leather bound bible. Leather in some areas is in tatters revealing the thick multi-layered cardboard backing. Front and back covers are held together by the thin leather binding. The lettering of the bible is large.

Historical information

This item represents one of the most important spiritual references available to a settler in countryside Australia in the period 1800s to 1900s. This is the family bible and relates to the major religious beliefs of the early settlers who pioneered British/European colonial settlements. Although the first pages are missing the family name is written on the inside cover (J.A. Fleming). Most of these bibles (of this era) showed the family genealogical record of births, baptism and deaths, however this bible has the relevant pages missing. This bible would have provided the spiritual strength needed in bad times. Throughout this bible there are copies of specially commissioned lithographic engravings, each published between March 1812 to December 1813. These photographs were provided to visualise the theme of the each chapter.

Significance

This item is significant because it shows that spiritualism of a small group (family in this case) is a vital part of the cohesive forces which holds a family(the basic subgroup of society) together, against all odds, and external pressures. It demonstrates that even in isolated or sparsely populated areas, the mores of a christian community is as strong as that of the cities. Mountains (Victorian Alps) have throughout the enlightened Ages been of extreme spiritual significance and this beholds those who live in this area.The families in the Kiewa Valley fall into the "isolated rural area" when this bible was first in use. This bible contains as its introduction,scripture history starting from 4004 BC "God created all things" to 2900 AD end of the World. There is a high degree of probability that this bible belonged to a member or members of the John Ambrose Flemming extended family who resided in the Kiewa Valley. J.A. Flemming (a famous English electrical engineer and physicist) invented the first diode in 1904). He and his family were devout Christians and he helped establish the Evolution Protest Movement.

Inscriptions & Markings

Hand written inscriptions are in ink on the inside front cover, " J Tangam" at the top, "J A Fleming" underneath "Tangambalanga" and below that "1900". There are penciled dates "1937 1900" which have at one point in time been scribbled over in pencil. Although not marked on cover, the bible was known as "Brown's Bible" after the Author, the Rev. John Brown. Each of the major chapters is introduced by a copy of a lithographic print detailing the relevant religious picture and all are headed by "Brown's Superb Bible" and the date of the print.

Photo - Tawonga Hospital

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black and white photograph of hospital ward in the original Tawonga District Hospital in 1950

Historical information

The original Tawonga District Hospital was situated at the corner of Ryders Lane and Kiewa Valley Highway. The construction was initiated by the Hospital and Charities Commission with considerable assistance from the SEC. The building was transported from Bonegilla where it was originally part of the Bonegilla Military Hospital. It was officially opened on September 24, 1949. Prior to this anyone needing hospitalisation had to travel to Yackandandah.

Significance

First hospital in the Kiewa Valley in 1949. Serving the Upper Kiewa community

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten inscription on back - Tawonga Hospital 1950

Bottle - Sauce

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Small clear glass bottle with straight sides half way up before tapering to the lip and opening with a screw top. Straight sides have heavily embossed vertical lines. On one side 2 long lines are bordered by short ones along the bottom and have varying lengths (slightly) along the top. On the other side there are 6 long lines slightly different lengths on either side of heavily embossed print in capital letters read from top to bottom of the bottle. Embossed on the base.

Historical information

Sauce came in bottles bought at the local grocery store or a large city store on a shopping expedition. The shape and embossing of bottles changed as did the stopper used to seal it. Bottles were re cycled remaining the property of the manufacturer. History of Fowlers Vacola Mfg Co Ltd..

Significance

Historical: Change of bottles - shape, glass, stopper, embossing Aesthetic: Display showing embossing, size, and shape.

Inscriptions & Markings

Side: 'Property of Fowlers / Vacola Mfg Coy Ltd' Base: '169' with 'M' underneath

Book - Ledger Commercial - Cash Book for General Store

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Leather spined cash book for general store, for period from 5th March 1906 to circa December 1906. Green cover with brown spine. Hand writtern entries record date, purchaser, account number and items purchased. 382 pages.

Historical information

Records names of local people and purchases bought from a local general store. When names in the register are indexed it may be possible to determine where the store was located.

Significance

Historically significant. This shows who the families of the Kiewa Valley were and what type of things they purchased. This would be the only register for this store in 1906.It gives a good historical record of what families purchased during this period and how much they could spend. It also displays the importance of general stores to the community

Inscriptions & Markings

"Commenced March 5th 06" on front page

Plate Bread & Butter

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This item is a white ceramic plate (bread & butter). It is made in England and is of strong and durable ceramic. The bottom of the plate is flat with edges sloping out (to position the bread) and the extended rim is to catch any spillages. The 5mm thickness of the ceramic suggests this plate belongs to a commercial kitchen/eating establishment (mess) and not a domestic dining room. The indent bottom of the plate is 5mm deep with a side curvature ratio of 2:5. The ceramic is glazed to a commercial standard (see KVHS 0128 for its saucer part of a dinner set.

Historical information

This item was used by the State Electricity Commission of Victoria in their mess rooms for their workers during the construction of the Kiewa Hydro Electricity Scheme. The imprint of the year "1921" was to identify the year that the SECV was formed and relieved the private VHEC (Victorian Hydro-Electric Company). As the scheme was of such a huge, isolated and time consuming nature the feeding of its workers was quite demanding of cutlery and crockery. The use of sturdy English cups and saucers was essential. The period of construction and the isolation of the Kiewa Valley area placed heavy demand for "solid" crockery that could wear abusive handling. This period in time was one when crockery, whether for domestic or commercial use, was imported from "mother" England. This scenario was more so for governmental bodies such as rail, jails and electricity providers than domestic users. The influx of cheaper Asian crockery had not yet begun.

Significance

This type of crockery item was used by the thousands of SEC Victorian staff and construction workers involved in the building of the Kiewa Hydro Electricity Scheme, over the extensive period (1938 to 1961). This was a period when Government bodies and other semi- government organisations were still tide to the "establishments" of "mother" England. It was a period in Australia's development when the Asian influence was very weak and the established ties to England and Europe was still very strong. The majority of heavy equipment and machinery was either made in England or Europe. Local expertise in dam construction and water management in alpine terrain came from migrants for England and Europe. The quality of workmanship from big steel manufacturing plants in England and Europe could not be matched from anywhere else in the developed world.

Inscriptions & Markings

The seal of the State Electricity Commission Of Victoria is imprinted on the top inside rim within a curved scroll. Snuggled within the borders of the scroll is a banner with the five stars of the southern cross and an arm with a closed fist projecting from the top with five lightning bolts projecting outwards. On the underside "Vitrified sold by Cafe & Hotel Supplies Pty Ltd Dunn Bennett & Co. Ltd. Burslem Made in England"

Kettle Cast Iron

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This large cast iron kettle holds a capacity of three pints of water/tea. It has a flat base and mushroom shaped handle welded onto the "pot" below the rim of the pot opening. It has a rim to position the tea pot lid but no lid. It has a curved spout "welded" to the main body.

Historical information

This kettle was used by pioneer families, mainly rural, folk that needed a constant readily available source of boiling water, in or mainly outside the homestead.. This kettle was used in the early to late 1900's for the refreshment of stock men and farmers that had irregular "tea" breaks under sometimes hard and gruelling conditions.

Significance

This kettle belonged and was used by a Kiewa Valley, pioneer family, the Roper Family. This kettle was moved from their Kiewa Valley property to their hut built on the Bogong High Plains. A scientific study started in 1947 to study the impact of grazing cattle on the natural Alpine and sub Alpine vegetation found grazing cattle had an adverse affect on the natural Alpine and sub alpine vegetation, and grazing on the plains was stopped by the Victorian Government in 2005.This "camp draft" could take up to six weeks.

Inscriptions & Markings

Clark Quality

Fan Personal

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Personal hand fan (slide out sideways open). Cardboard screen on wooden spine frame. Main side bright coloured green trees on golden red and royal blue background. Wispy silver lined clouds, black branches and brown earth with moss. Flip side gold speckled on white background Bamboo like slivers

Historical information

Personal fan of Asian origin used by early immigrant family living in Kiewa Valley and indicative of the mixed heritages within the Valley. Personal Fan of vintage circa 1920s suggests middle to upper socio-economic level

Significance

Historically this item places certain ethnic group in the Kiewa Valley circa 1920's - 1950's. This personal fan indicates that it may have belonged to a middle class person with greater leisure time than that of a working class. The multicultural fabric of the region is also highlighted.

Box - First Aid Kit - S.E.C.

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black tin box with grubby white label with black writing on the lid. The box is hinged on the long side. Under the lid is stamped in black the date.

Historical information

Issued to S.E.C. workers on the Kiewa Hydro Scheme.

Significance

Historical: Shows the development of the treatment of snakebite and first aid equipment especially as the workers were in a remote area.

Inscriptions & Markings

Label: 'S.E.C.' / (In a black lined border) 'Portable / First Aid Kit' / (Underneath) 'Contents' /(In 2 columns): '1" x 1" Bandage /1' x 2" bandage / Cord / 2 *'Fey pins' / (next column) '4 Quixtrap Dressings / Lint / Adhesive Plaster / Castor Oil' / (Underneath both columns): 'Acriflavine Emulsion and Wit(h) Out ('Out' is crossed out) Snakebite Outfit' / 'Makers The Sanax Co. Melbourne' Under the lid: '10 Jan. 1941'

Family History - Crosthwaite Family

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Consists of three pages: Handwritten family chart of the Crosthwaite family and two sheets of copies of photos labelled.

Historical information

The Crosthwaite family have been long term dairy farmers at Gundowring in the Kiewa Valley.

Significance

Long term dairy farmers of the Kiewa Valley.

Inscriptions & Markings

Labels are handwritten

Bottle - Sauce

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Clear glass sauce bottle with straight sides a little more than half way up. This bottle is a hexagon at the base and along the straight sides. The bottle then tapers to the opening reaching a lip near the screw top opening. One of the 6 sides is heavily embossed with printed capital letters reading sideways from top to bottom of the bottle. There is embossing on the base.

Historical information

Sauce came in bottles bought at the local grocery store or at a large city store on a shopping expedition. The shape of the bottles changed as did the stopper used to seal it. Bottles were re cycled remaining the property of the manufacturer. History of Australasian Jam Co. Pty Ltd, Melbourne

Significance

Historical: Change of bottles - shape, glass, embossing, use Aesthetic: Display showing embossing and shape

Inscriptions & Markings

Side: "This Bottle is the Property of / The Australasian Jam Co Pty Ltd / Melbourne / Contents 26 ozs Approx" Base: Common Seal "A" with 'G' inside top of 'A' and 'M' inside bottom half of 'A'. 'M257' is underneath the 'A' and across the middle. 'M' is underneath.

Food Cover

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Metal pale yellow enamel food cover with black handle on top. Oval shape is slightly higher in the middle. The edges are a metal 'netting'. The top has a join line. The edge has a join line at each end. The base is curved with a metal piece around the edge to make it smooth (for safety).

Historical information

Food covers were used to cover food from insects.

Scales - Tawonga Store

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Large steel dirty black platform attached at the middle of the back to a red cylinder which has 2 smaller platforms coming out to the side. The top platform has a black steel lever attached and a hook to hold it down. Below this platform is a measuring rod marked 2,4 etc up to 14 on which hangs a eight. The bottom platform is to rest the unused weights. Weights ref. KVHS 0800 (A)

Historical information

These scales were used in the Tawonga Store which opened c1920. They were used to weigh produce e.g.. flour & wheat that the farmers used on their farms and in their homes. These scales pre date packaging. Ref. Weights KVHS 0800 (A)

Significance

The Tawonga Store opened c1920 and sold goods and produce to the farmers of the Kiewa Valley. The scales were a necessary item for a store as goods were sold in bulk.

Inscriptions & Markings

W. & T. Avery Birmingham

Bottle Milk

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This heavy gauged glass milk bottle has a rim and a distinctive head at the top. This head has been manufactured to facilitate the movement of the bottled along the milk production line. The method of pouring milk into the bottle has been part of the "production line". This bottle has a one pint capacity and is made from "light green" coloured glass(a protection against sunlight penetration). There are other milk bottles that do not have a "green" tint in them. This thick glass bottle to contain milk required its thickness because of the extensive handling before final consumption. Milk was delivered by the "milk man" direct to the homes of consumers. During this period delivery to homes in cities and towns was made initially by horse and cart and later by truck.

Historical information

This glass milk bottle was manufactured and used mid 1800's (1834 Victorian dairy industry was founded) to the time that a cheaper container was invented(plastic bottles and polyethylene plastic lined cardboard cartons). In 1909 the supply of pure bottled milk was required for babies to overcome infant mortality due to unhygienic milk sources (unclean containers and unpasteurized milk). Due to the large volume of milk being processed and hand milking could not keep up with demand, dairy farms introduced milking machines in the late 1930's. The great increases in dairy herds from the average of 18 cows per heard in 1950's to 142 cows per herd in 1996 required milk tankers to pick up the regions milk supply. This bottle was so constructed to be easily moved within the milk processing plants from the delivery vats/holding tanks to the final corking/sealing of the bottles for eventual distribution. From 1958 the milk bottle slowly became phased out of production. At this point in time Melbourne was drawing 160,000 bottles per week from the two major glass bottle works companies, e.g. Melbourne Glass Bottle Works Co.

Significance

Victoria was the major state supplier of cows milk in the history of Australian milk production from the early 1800's. The Kiewa Valley and its region was a major contributor to meet that demand. Each bottle was "branded" during manufacturing to show the contents (pasteurized milk) and where it originated from (region and supplier). This method of recycling the bottles back to specific dairy farms was a good control method but an uneconomical "on cost" which was replaced by the "throw away" less costly plastic and cardboard containers. Kiewa Valley dairy herds had marked bottles bearing "90/9", "6/18", "6/33", "6/35" and "6/36"

Inscriptions & Markings

On the bottom end of this bottle a circle within it 6/33 and next to this "ONE PINT" and under this "THIS BOTTLE BELONGS TO MILK BOTTLE RECOVERY LTD" and below this "AND CANNOT BE USED WITHOUT WRITTEN PERMISSION" on the base "M" underneath this "4"

Photo - Junction Dam

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black and white photograph of Junction Dam formwork construction

Historical information

Junction Dam was part of the Hydro Electricity Scheme during the 1940's

Significance

State Electricity Commission of Victoria (S.E.C.V.) construction of the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme

Sigmoidoscope Rigid

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This rigid 35 cm long sigmoidoscope (internal probe) is made of stainless steel outer hollowed rounded rod, which permits the use of both a fixed (very thin) lighting rod and two flexible cord lights access. Both the lighting rod and the flexible lights can be lowered within the main rod to allow the physician to see the colon at the bottom of the rod.These items are all contained within a specifically inlaid wooden box. The box has separate open compartments for the main instruments and a small lidded compartment containing replacement light bulbs. The hollowed tube permits the physician to visually observe the signoid (an S shaped part) of the colon.

Historical information

This item was used before the flexible sigmoidoscope (1996) and before the introduction of fibre optics late 1900s. The 1900s saw an incredible leap forward in the field of medical procedures. The ability to visually see what was happening within the human body (in real time) provided greater analysis about certain biological abnormalities during a greater time elapse than before. This procedure involved less trauma to the patient and greater flexibility to the Physician in treatment schemes. The rigid signoidscope, however provided the first visual of the colon in situ, but was highly invasive to the patient.

Significance

This item was used in the Mount Beauty Hospital for qualified Physicians to use in their diagnostic evaluation of patients. This would not be an instrument used by a General Physician. This item is still a internal observatory method which may, in some instances, cause some minor complications. This item does point to the level of medical diagnostics, equivalent to those available in larger towns and cities, which brings this rural area (once considered to be an isolated region) to a higher level of medical care.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the stainless steel main rod body are engraved the lengths of the body,in centimetres ,with numbers starting at the five centimeter mark and then every five centimetres up to the thirty centimetre mark. On the front inside rim of the box are two inlaid white plastic strips with black print, "ALLEN & HANBURYS Ltd" and the other "LONDON"

Book - Religious Education - Sacred Songs & Solos - Compiled & Sung by Ira D. Sankey

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Small faded bluish book with linen cover. Print has black background within a decorative ribbon like shape. Border outside a black line within which is a thinner black line with a swirl at each corner.

Historical information

At Sunday school sacred songs were taught to/ sung by students. Students attended Sunday School classes at the Kergunyah Presbyterian Church. Sunday school was held in a little 16 foot square wooden building which came from Rocky Valley after it was no longer needed there. Ewen Wallace's father initiated and organised the move. C2011 the building was knocked down because of white ants. The Presbyterian Church will be 125 years old in 2015

Significance

Historical: Religious Education: This book was used by students who attended the Sunday School classes at the Kergunyah Presbyterian Church. Religion: Presbyterian Church at Kergunyah, in the Kiewa Valley, celebrates its 125th anniversary in 2015 after being handed over to the Uniting Church in the 1970s.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the first page in pencil 'King"

Photo - Anzac Day Mt Beauty 1950

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Colour photograph of Anzac Day commemorations in Mt Beauty in 1950

Historical information

Anzac Day commemoration at Mt Beauty in 1950

Significance

Commemoration of war service by residents of Mt Beauty and surrounding towns. H.H.C. Williams, Chief Engineer of the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme, giving the address at the Anzac Day Service.

Booklets - Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme - 1. "Power From Kiewa" and 2. "Victoria's Hydro Power"

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

1. Colored soft cover with photo of McKay Creek Power station on the front and Mt Beauty township on the back. Published by the SECV 2. Colored soft cover with Rocky Valley Dam on the front and inserted photo of a stream and snow on the back. Published by the SEC.

Historical information

1. The State Electricity Commission of Victoria built the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme from the 1930's to the 1960's. This booklet was to inform visitors and to promote tourism. 2. The State Electricity Commission built several hydro power stations from 1928 - 1981. This booklet names each with a summary and explanation.

Significance

The State Electricity Commission of Victoria built the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme establishing infrastructure such as the Bogong and Mt Beauty townships and the opportunity for tourism in the area.

Iron - Electric

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

"Creda" Electric Iron with plug-in cord. A metal steel base iron with a wooden handle and a thumb rest. The handle is bolted onto the iron with 2 large screws. The cord is coloured maroon except where it is repaired with black tape. The cord socket plugs in behind the handle of the iron.

Historical information

This iron is typical of the electric irons used in the 1950s. It didn't have a thermostat like the irons that followed so care had to be taken not to leave it on too long. Women in their domestic role used irons.

Significance

The Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme commenced in the late 1940s when Mt Beauty township was created. Amongst the shops in the main street was an SEC shop which sold electrical items.

Inscriptions & Markings

CREDA Cat. No 6; Man. No.; Volt 200; AMPS 2.7

Neck Tie - Girl Guides

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Blue-green cotton triangular neck tie with a brown kangaroo ironed on. Underneath the kangaroo in red: "Wilowie" / Barree Camp / Jan. 1965.Tie has been machine stitched on the 2 shorter sides to form a small hem.

Historical information

The Girl Guides had a camp at Barree in January 1965 and wore this scarf.

Significance

Historical: Girl Guides was a popular club for girls in the 1960s. Wilma Davies was a leader in the Kiewa Valley group and in Victoria.

Inscriptions & Markings

"Willowie" / Barree camp / Jan. 1965

Folder - Advertising for Skiers - Skiers & Come to Victoria

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Blue plastic with clear front cover with 8 sleeves / pages containing 1 photo, and advertising for skiers.

Historical information

Clare Roper was a resident of the Kiewa Valley and belonged to the Kiewa Valley Historical Society. She or one of the members compiled this folder.

Significance

Members of the Kiewa Valley Historical Society collected and collated items of historical interest for the KVHS.

Tin Coffee and Chicory

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This extensively rusted tin of "Bushells Blue Label" Coffee and Chicory has an octagonal shaped body with a "push/pull" lid(tin).Three sides has reproduced painted ladies in "Roman dress" ladies picking the coffee beans. There is no reproduction of any chicory roots. There are two "Indian dressed" field workers(pickers) with turban head dress. On one side of the tin is "directions of use, net weight and manufacturer details.

Historical information

Chicory was mixed with coffee to reduce the amount of coffee bean required to be used. This coffee "substitute" was due to the repeated fluctuations in availability of coffee beans (and price fluctuations) in the USA in the late 1800s and early 1900s resulting in the search for substitutes and additives to bulk out the available supplies. This was especially so during times of the major World Wars. Chicory was an excellent choice of fillers as it did not greatly influence the strong coffee bean taste. The first choice in USA households was coffee not tea and the influence of the American servicemen's thirst for coffee was a major thrust into the Australian "colonial" preference for a "cuppa" tea. Rural areas took longer to acquire a coffee "break" but with more and more subliminal advertising through "American" films the rural regions developed a growing preference for coffee, however the tea break alias "smoko" has lingered on.

Significance

This coffee and chicory blend tin container is very significant to the Kiewa Valley in that it demonstrates that even in rural regions of Australia tastes and drinking preferences have changed by subliminal advertising as time goes by. The American "influence" whether by the "invasion" of friendly troops during the major wars or the avalanche of "American films" has altered some of the "dinky-di" Australian "true blue" tastes and mores. The availability of "straight " coffee supplies to rural areas was also in proportion to the level of all weather transport routes. In the late 1800's and early 1900's road freight had to contend with dirt roads, flooded roads, bush fires and grazing cattle/sheep in rural areas. The easier access that city households had with regard to replenishment of food and drink products, up until the mid 1900's, was severely retarded in rural areas.

Inscriptions & Markings

"Bushells Coffee & Chicory", "NET 1-Ib. weight", " No. 144" "Under the Pure Food Act N.S.W. 1938" "by Bushells Ltd. No 144"

Pat Butter - pair

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This pair of butter pats have been crafted from wood. One has one side with grooves running from the handle to the tip of the rectangle. the other side is smooth. These grooves would stop the wet butter from clinging to the pat. The top side of the pat has been bevelled. The second pat is longer and wider without grooves along the handle. This one also has 3 arrows on the handle pointing down towards the handle end and isn't bevelled.

Historical information

This type of butter mould was used by rural families in the Kiewa Valley to fashion/shape home/farm made butter either for domestic use or to sell locally.

Significance

Kiewa Valley was a dairying district with many farms in remote locations especially before the State Electricity Commission of Victoria built the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme from the 1940's.

Inscriptions & Markings

3 arrows.

Book - Royal Tour - The Royal Tour of Australia in Pictures

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This book has a blue hard cover with its original shiny paper cover over it. This paper cover is the Australian flag with white writing of the title, some of the stars and the red part in the top left corner. The back of the paper cover is blue with the Southern Cross. On the inside of the hard cover is a full size picture of the Queen meeting a group of early Australians & settlers with a group of soldiers in line saluting and a ship in the background. This picture is repeated on the cover at the back .

Historical information

This book was produced after the Royal tour of Australia and New Zealand 1954 . Many people went to see the Queen as there was a lot of interest in the occasion. This was the first time a reigning monarch had toured Australia and Queen Elizabeth being a new young Queen was very popular and attracted very large crowds where ever she went. Mt Beauty residents including Cubs, Brownies, Scouts and Guides travelled to Benalla Railway Station to see the Queen on the Royal Train.

Significance

Historical: At the time there was a lot of interest in Royalty. Provenance: Clare Roper, a local lady from Tawonga visited the Queen at Buckingham palace as a representative of CWA and therefore was particularly interested in the Queen's visit. KVHS has the dress that Clare wore, in their collection. Local residents recall travelling in 1954 to Benalla Railway Station to see the Queen on the Royal Train.

Inscriptions & Markings

On cover page in blue ink 'Clare Roper' At back attached with sticky tape to last page - a note: Vanour(?) Books / Mrs C. Roper & Mrs G. Richardson

Photo Framed - Tawonga South

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Colored photo of Tawonga South with a dwelling in the bottom of the right hand corner and Mt Bogong, covered in snow, at the top. Framed with cream card board 1 cm wide and a metal decorated frame surrounding it.

Historical information

Tawonga South was situated between the rural township of Tawonga and the State Electricity Commission of Victoria's construction town of Mt Beauty. The building in the fore ground of the photo was built before the Mt Beauty township was built as the occupier was working on the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme.

Significance

The Barters came to work on the State Electricity Commission of Victoria's Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme before housing in the town of Mt Beauty was built. The Barters rudimentary dwelling was probably not a legal building. The photo was taken by Vera Hore (nee Ryder), the publican at the Bogong Hotel near Tawonga South where the photo was taken. Vera, 1909 - 2000, was a keen amateur photographer.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the back - "Vera Hore"

Booklet - Australian Bushfires - A Case of Burning Neglect

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

A booklet of 45 A4 pages with clear plastic cover bounded by black plastic spine. A Submission to the House select Committee on the recent Australian bushfires 29 April 2003. Submission Convenor: Simon Paton, Callaghans Creek, Victoria

Historical information

In early 2003 bush fires covered much of North East Victoria. Submissions were requested by the 'House Select Committee' for comment on various aspects of the fire in order to help prevent bush fires in the future.

Significance

Simon Paton is a local resident of the Kiewa Valley where the bush fires occurred. His report includes other residents statements on various aspects of the fire and its prevention and impact on the local area.

Inscriptions & Markings

Throughout in black pen markings and notes.

Bowl Ceramic

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This item is a white ceramic State Electricity Commission of Victoria bowl. It is made in England and is of strong and durable ceramic. The 5mm thickness of the ceramic suggests this bowl (cereal/soup) belongs to a commercial kitchen environment and not domestic. The indent bottom of the bowl is 5mm deep with a side curvature ratio of 2:5. The ceramic is glazed to a commercial standard (worker's mess). See also KVHS 0128 (B to D) for other ceramic crockery.

Historical information

This bowl was used by the State Electricity Commission of Victoria in their mess rooms for their workers during the construction of the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme. The imprint of the year "1921" was to identify the year that the SECV was formed which relieved the private VHEC (Victorian Hydro-Electric Company). As the scheme was of such a huge scope, isolated and time consuming nature, the feeding of its workers was quite demanding of cutlery and crockery. The use of sturdy English cups and saucers was essential. The period of construction and the isolation of the Kiewa Valley area placed heavy demand for "solid" crockery that could wear abusive handling. This period in time was one when crockery, whether for domestic or commercial use, was imported from "mother" England. This scenario was more so for governmental bodies such as rail, jails and electricity providers than domestic users. The influx of cheaper Asian crockery had not yet begun.

Significance

This type of crockery item was used by the thousands of SEC Victorian staff and construction workers involved in the building of the Kiewa Hydro Electricity Scheme, over the extensive period (1938 to 1961). This was a period when Government bodies and other semi- government organisations were still tied to the "establishments" of "mother" England. It was a period in Australia's development when the Asian influence was very weak and the established ties to England and Europe was still very strong. The majority of heavy equipment and machinery was either made in England or Europe. Local/European expertise in dam construction and water management in alpine terrain came from migrants and specialist recruited from England and Europe. The quality of workmanship from big steel manufacturing plants in England and Europe could not be matched from anywhere else in the developed world.

Inscriptions & Markings

The seal of the State Electricity Commission of Victoria is imprinted on the top outside rim within a curved scroll and a raised fist with electrical "charges" extending out.. Snuggled within the borders of the scroll is a banner with the five stars of the Southern Cross . On the underside "Vitrified sold by Cafe & Hotel Supplies Pty Ltd Dunn Bennett & Co. Ltd. Burslem Made in England"

Book - History - The Coronation Book of Queen Elizabeth II

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This item is a hard covered book of 200 pages including 8 pages in full colour and over 250 photographs covering the British royal family and in particular Queen Elizabeth II and her coronation. The external protective paper dust-jacket is in colour. Specific references to Australia appear on pages 9,36 to 41 and 97. The hard cover has a "off" white cloth textured (glued reinforced) cover over thick cardboard . The front and back pages depict the Royal investiture carriage with guards and footmen. Little cherubs are portrayed around the sheath holding the Royal Crown. Crowned lion and stallion sit at attention on either side of the carriage, with the Royal shield supporting their front legs.,

Historical information

This book was produced in a period of time when Australians, especially those in rural areas referred to Britain as "the mother" country. It was a time when the transition from a colonial dominion of Britain to the status of an individual State through the Australian Constitution was quite apparent, except for the affection and respect of the majority of the population towards "their" Queen. It was a time when the Governor General (Queen's representative) were British born and picked. Australia had grown from a colonial status to an individual state. The feeling towards the monarchy is aptly demonstrated by the words from the High Commissioner for Australia, Sir Thomas White K.B.E., proposal for Australia to adopt the royal title "Elizabeth the Second by the grace of God of the United Kingdom, Australia and her realms and territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, defender of the Faith" Here faith implies the christian (Church of England) religion. In rural Australia the respect and admiration for the Queen was very high and all public offices, clubs and halls displayed a well positioned, large photograph of the Queen. The respect for British royalty was quite pronounced by the royal toast, offered before "official" proceedings commenced, and in the military flying the royal "blessed" colours.

Significance

This book was donated by one of the founding families residing in the Kiewa Valley and is typical of the general feeling of respect and admiration felt by the rural communities towards the British Royal Family, especially towards Queen Elizabeth II. The rural slant towards any form of patriotism was along the lines of "Queen and Country", in that order. After World War II the social texture through multi-culturalism (especially in the Cities)moved away from this "motherland" bondage but it had taken a longer period to penetrate those rural sectors within the Kiewa valley and high plains areas. The great post World War II immigration of European refugees started a shift of numbers of Australian families whose parents were not born in Australia or had British family ties. The book represents a period in time where ties to Britain where a lot strong and entrenched in the social fabric of the Australian rural sector. The growing push for a republic is becoming stronger and stronger as the level of rural royalists deminishes.

Inscriptions & Markings

The dust jacket is in full colour with the wording "The CORONATION BOOK of QUEEN ELIZABETH II" With a Pictorial Record of the Ceremony" The spin of the jacket (in gold print on a regal red background) "THE CORONATION BOOK OF QUEEN ELIZABETH II" on the bottom "ODHAMS" The cover has a pressed oval shaped double lined border enclosing a crown and the words Elizabeth R, below which is pressed 1953. The spine has the following words in gold coloured print "THE CORONATION BOOK OF QUEEN ELIZABETH II. The front, inside flap, of the dust jacket details the significance of what is contained within the book and the back inside flap has the contents and those personages who contributed. The back of the dust jacket has a brief review of three other books covering other aspects of British royalty and they are titled "THE DUKE OF EDINBURGH" ( a pictorial biography), "QUEEN MARY" (her life and times) and "ROYAL HOMES ILLUSTRATED" (with an essay on the royal palaces by A.L. Rowse.

Photograph – Photocopy of black and white photograph of Bogong Creek Race Line. 17/1/51

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Photocopy of a black and white SECV photograph No: K 6209 labelled Bogong Creek Race Line ch. 1700. Depicting large group of workers and supervisors working at the site. Dated 17/1/52

Historical information

A start on the construction of Bogong Creek race line was made at the commencement of winter in 1948. Work proceeded in the following years when work on the High Plains was not practicable. In January, 1951 the special trimming machine, the special slip form and concrete mixing and placing equipment was put into service. A shortage of cement caused some delays as well as a sudden financial recession. The race line was completed and put into service in 1952.

Significance

An historical record showing the machinery used during this time, the number of workers and supervisors involved and the mountainous terrain where they worked. It also demonstrates the OH&S of the period with workers mostly in street clothing with no hard hats or other safety equipment. Several workers can be seen working shirtless or in singlets.

Inscriptions & Markings

Printed underneath the photograph: STATE ELECTRICITY COMMISSION OF VICTORIA Date: 17/1/51 Time: 10.30am No: K 6209 Kiewa Hydro-Electric Works Bogong Creek Race Line ch. 1700

Lighter Lift Arm

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This Roller Beacon lift arm cigarette/pipe lighter has a chrome plated brass shell and is fueled by petrol. To operate this lighter you lift the "snuffer" arm(long roller lift arm) exposing the horizontal external flint tube, then scrape the flint wheel to create a spark (to light the wick) from the adjacent flint(resting on the brass ignition wheel).

Historical information

This cigarette or pipe lighter was in use in the mid 1900's when the majority of users were men. Ladies did smoke but mainly not in "public" The activity was still regarded as a male activity. Middle to Upper "Class" of women nearly always had a gentleman "at hand" that would "light up" her cigarette. This was seen as a "social" activity only but later in the mid 1900's onward it was quite acceptable for both sexes to "smoke" at anytime.

Significance

This type of lighter was male orientated due to the degree of lighting the flint with the horizontal movement required a strong thumb action across the lighting wheel. It is significant to rural areas such as the Kiewa Valley as the majority of men (especially during and after World War II) regarded smoking as a way to ease off the "tension" of hard work. The socio-economics of the Australian work place changed after the emancipation of women in the "workforce" after the World War II depleted the male workforce for the duration of the War and changed the Australian ethics of women in all aspects of both city and rural working "so called" male only occupations.

Inscriptions & Markings

At the base to the left of the "filler" screw "PATENT No. 485037, 818155" underneath "REG. DES. N" on the filler screw "ROLLER REG" underneath "TRADE MARK". To the right of the "filler", "THE ROLLER BEACON MADE IN ENGLAND"

Bottle Milk

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This heavy gauged glass milk bottle has a rim and a distinctive head at the top. This head has been manufactured to facilitate the movement of the bottled along the milk production line. The method of pouring milk into the bottle has been part of the "production line". This bottle has a one pint capacity and is made from "clear" glass. There are other milk bottles that have a "green" tint in them.

Historical information

This glass milk bottle was manufactured and used mid to late 1900's (1834 Victorian dairy industry was founded) up to the time that a cheaper container was invented(plastic bottles and polyethylene plastic lined cardboard cartons) and produced. In 1909 the supply of pure bottled milk was required for babies to overcome infant mortality due to unhygienic milk sources (unclean containers and unpasteurized milk). Due to the volume of milk being processed and hand milking could not keep up with demand, dairy farms introduced milking machines in the late 1930's. The great increases in dairy herds from the average of 18 cows per heard in 1950's to 142 cows per herd in 1996 required milk tankers to pick up the regions milk supply. This bottle was so constructed to be easily moved within the milk processing plants from the delivery vats/holding tanks to the final corking/sealing of the bottles for eventual distribution. From 1958 the milk bottle slowly became phased out of production. At this point in time Melbourne was drawing 160,000 bottles per week from the two major glass bottle works companies, e.g. Melbourne Glass Bottle Works Co.

Significance

Victoria was the major state supplier of cows milk in the history of Australian milk production from the early 1800's. The Kiewa Valley and its region was a major contributor to meet that demand. Each bottle was "branded" during manufacturing to show the contents (pasteurized milk) and where it originated from (region and supplier). This method of recycling the bottles back to specific dairy farms was a good control method but an uneconomical "on cost" which was replaced by the "throw away" less costly plastic and cardboard containers. Kiewa Valley dairy herds had marked bottles bearing "90/9", "6/18", "6/33", "6/35" and "6/36"

Inscriptions & Markings

Around the bottom side of the bottle and blown into the glass "ONE PINT" and on the opposite side "MILK". Below these markings is "This BOTTLE BELONGS TO MILK BOTTLES RECOVERY LTD" below this "AND CANNOT BE USED WITHOUT WRITTEN PERMISSION. On the base of the bottle is molded a big "M". An identification mark of "90" over "9" is beneath the "M".

Jar Stone Earthenware

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This stone/earthenware jar has a lip 250mm in length and 150mm thick. This lip will allow the thumb and forefinger to be used to grip the container for either pouring its contents out or securing it for any movement. The external glazed surface may become slippery when wet. The jar is heavy even when empty and would be too heavy for small children to carry. By using a cork seal the jar can be reused and therefore become more economical for the longer term. The thickness of the vessel provides a good insulation for the liquid contained. Most of this type of container would have contained ginger beer.

Historical information

This type of "stone" jar drinking container was used before glass and later plastic material made it "out of date" as a drink container. The qualities of the glazed pottery (stone) drinking containers made from this natural thermal insulation material was to contain the liquid to a prescribed temperature either hot or cold, as required. This was particularly important in rural environments that lacked adequate refrigeration means. The rural regions where the last areas in Australia where this type of drinking container remained in use. The late 1960's saw a revival of the basic rural ethos by the "hippie" culture of going to basic survival non "commercial" living.

Significance

This particular stone jar drinking container was also a method of advertising for a Wodonga Stone masonry manufacturer. It is both relevant and significant to the Kiewa Valley because it highlights the type of industry that has breached the evolutionary trend for cheaper "throw away" drinking containers. Although this particular type of container is limited to quality liquids and it is still available in most rural sectors of the Australian "bush" environment.

Inscriptions & Markings

Within two elliptical circles are painted (in freehand) "S. MASON" in the top half and "WODONGA" in the bottom half.These are separated by an asterisk on both sides. A large "S" overlaid by a similarly large "M" is within the inner circle. Stamped into the jar when still wet during manufacture is "PINNACLE BRAND" in 5mm lettering.

Cards - Royal Antediluvian Order of Buffaloes x8 (A - H)

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

8 Cardboard R.A.O.B., G.A.B. Cards folded in half each with an emblem on the centre front and all with a date of meeting at the bottom. Card A - Blue from Yackandandah, Nov. 1953; Card B - Pink from Myrtleford, March 18th; Card C - Pink from Rocky Valley, July 1955; Card D - Pink from Kiewa (Foundation and Opening) Feb. 1955; Card E - Pale blue from Wodonga, Oct. 1958; Card F- Blue from Kiewa, April 1956; Card G - Blue from Rocky Valley, July 1956; Card H - Blue from Rocky Valley, May 1958

Historical information

The Royal Antediluvian Order of Buffaloes is an organisation that started in 1822 in the United Kingdom. It aids members, their families, dependents of former members and other charitable organisations.Membership is open to all males over the age of 18 years.

Significance

The R.A.O.B. had lodges in the Kiewa Valley including Rocky Valley, Kiewa and in Tawonga as well as in nearby towns indicating that it was a popular organisation at the time. Lodge Officers are listed on each card.

Transfers - Tawonga School Centenary

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Brown fancy print and sketch of Tawonga School building done back to front on stiff iron-on paper.

Historical information

The Tawonga Primary School celebrated its centenary on 25 - 26th Oct. 1980 with a program including a fete selling clothing with the option of buying iron-on transfers of the school building.

Significance

Tawonga School was one of the earliest schools in the Upper Kiewa Valley supplying an education for the children of the farming community. Iron - on transfers were popular at the time.

Inscriptions & Markings

"Tawonga School Centenary at top." '1880 - 1980' at bottom'