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Kiewa Valley Historical Society Mt Beauty, Vic

The Kiewa Valley Historical Society aims to preserve and conserve the history and heritage of the Kiewa Valley & district. Through the use of permanent, and temporary exhibitions, information walls, a photo gallery, a diorama of the Bogong High Plains, a model hydro system, and two DVD screens we show the area's history and highlights, that tell our social history, natural science areas and technological developments.
The collection has many artefacts that show the social and cultural history of the first indigenous people. Along with artefacts from pioneer settlers of the Kiewa Valley and Mount Beauty lived, worked and socialised. Items such as photos, books, farming equipment, hospital equipment, technological equipment from the Kiewa Hydro Scheme, household items, plus oral histories, and genealogy books are in our collection. All the items in the collection have either historical, social, technological or aesthetic significance to the Kiewa Valley and have good interpretive capacity. Artefacts have to meet this assessment criteria before being considered to be added into the collection. We do not buy, sell or give valuations for any artefacts at this stage.
The historical society Museum space shares the same premises as the Mt Beauty Visitor Information Centre. There is wheel chair access, a disability toilet and separate male and female toilets. Free parking is found the North side of the information centre. There is also a small seating area in the sun deck of the centre. The centre is with in walking distance from Mt Beauty main shopping centre and a 50 - 60 minute drive from the larger centres of Wodonga / Albury.
New members are always welcomed.

Contact Information

location
Mount Beauty Information Centre 31 Bogong High Plains Rd Mt Beauty Vic (map)
phone
+61 03 57541323
Contact

Opening Hours

9am - 5pm Every day

Entry Fee

Gold Coin Donation

Location

Mount Beauty Information Centre 31 Bogong High Plains Rd Mt Beauty Vic

View on Google Maps

The collection has many items that show the social history of how the first settlers of the Kiewa Valley and Mount Beauty lived, worked and socialised. Items such as photos, books, farming equipment, hospital equipment, technological equipment from the Kiewa Hydro Scheme, household items, plus oral histories, and genealogy records and books are in our collection.

Significance

The Kiewa Valley Historical Society collection historic significance as it shows how the first white settlers lived and worked through out the valley. Scientific significance applies to the rock cores taken by the SEC during the construction of the hydro scheme plus to indigenous stones & tools. Social & research significance applies to ledgers in the collection. Other than archives, all items have to have interpretive capacity to be in collection.

Gavin 3 January 2015 9:16 PM

Hello, I am after a book, Title: Tales of Gibbo gold : characters from the 1880s. Author: Morrow, John A. (John Alexander). Would you have this or know where I can purchase a copy? Thanking you, Gavin.

Gavin 3 January 2015 9:16 PM

Hello, I am after a book, Title: Tales of Gibbo gold : characters from the 1880s. Author: Morrow, John A. (John Alexander). Would you have this or know where I can purchase a copy? Thanking you, Gavin.

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911 items

Pouch Tobacco

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This tobacco pouch is the bottom or main containment pouch for rubbed tobacco leaf to be smoked either as "roll your own" cigarettes or in a pipe. The pouch is of crocodile skin and is light brown on one side and darker brown on the other. The pocket is fashioned with the top section curved to allow fingers to remove the top cover, see KVHS 0059(2). The pocket has fine, but strong stitching holding the bottom and sides together. It is made of relatively medium thick hide and the crocodile markings are both outside and inside. See KVHS 00059(2) for insert pouch

Historical information

These type of tobacco pouches were used mostly by the outdoor/outback type of male. They were a product of an earlier period in time when males in the outback were considered "red back" adventurers. This pouch is more of a statement than a useful tobacco pouch. It comes from a younger time in bush folk law when the outback appearances was in fashion and before the "new age" male emerged(circa early 1900s).

Significance

This tobacco pouch was admired in the outback scene and spoke of adventure and "the wild". It was a time when travel in the outback was, in the top end of Australia especially, considered unsafe and "frontier" type adventure filled environment. It was a time when colloquially speaking 'men were men', in other words tough and resourceful, and could tackle anything. This attitude was more so in isolated country areas such as in the Kiewa Valley before "the sensitive new age" male evolved. The pouch presents the early presentation of the outback male as rugged, independent and resourceful. The Kiewa Valley and the tobacco fields, especially during the construction stages of the Hydro Electricity Scheme, was the right environment for such a display.

Inscriptions & Markings

The markings are crocodile in shape.

Bottle - Medical

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Clear glass bottle with straight sides tapering in to a short thin neck with a screw top.

Historical information

This bottle was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950's specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme.

Inscriptions & Markings

Base: Top - Common Seal; Middle 'J835'; Bottom 'M'

Wrench Coleman

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This item is a flat cast iron wrench, which has been specifically made for KVHS 0347A (kerosene iron). The wrench has four specific forms cut into the steel which fit firmly around their targeted nut and other fixtures. Also see See KVHS 0347B- Instruction sheet; and KVHS 0347D Fuel can.

Historical information

The 1950's saw a revolution in small appliances for use in the average household. This hand held wrench was provided exclusively for the Coleman self heating kerosene (KVHS 0347A) iron and used for the regular changing the kerosene used in it. The iron was used before and during the electricity supplies available from the Kiewa Hydro Electricity Scheme. These irons remained in use within regional rural areas that had limited or unreliable electrical reticulation. Kerosene supplies were cheaper than electricity but also more inconvenient than electric. Electrical appliances become cheaper to buy and maintain in the later part of the 1900's and the now older kerosene iron was faded out.

Significance

This wrench was required to open the fuel container which stored kerosene in the Coleman hand iron(see KVHS 0347A). This item was part of the maintenance requirement of this particular hand iron. In the 1950s and later the Kiewa Valley was still a relatively isolated region which was home to rural properties and small settlements. The availability of electricity and or the financial means to afford new types of electric hand irons ensured that older and sometimes less efficient ironing remained for an extended period covering the 1960s to 1970s. Kerosene products, such as this kerosene iron was a cheaper method for farm based domestic and other rural activities requiring a heat source. The use of kerosene as a heat/light source was able to be supplied in bulk and able to be used when floods severed vital roads into this region. The supply of electricity was in summer time subject to interruption from bush fire damaged wooden poles carrying the electrical cables. Self sufficiency by rural populations was the backbone of survival(use of this wrench was a part of rural life). The ability to store energy sources "on the farm" was a prerequisite of isolated regions, such as the Kiewa Valley, circa 1950s.

History of the Upper Kiewa Valley Television Translator

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

A full box consisting of folders and papers relating to the History of the Upper Kiewa Valley Television Translator.

Historical information

The Television Translator was set up for people in the Upper Kiewa Valley who couldn't access the ABC, SBS and other channels of television from other transmitters in the area. Black spots were funded in 1999-2000. In 2014 new digital equipment resulted in the folding up of the committee and SBS took over.

Significance

Historical: The history of providing television in the Upper Kiewa Valley to all residents and that of a community who worked towards achieving their aim. The history of technology for delivering television to people.

Book - Non Fiction History - The Climbing Of Bogong 1932

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

A photo copy of a black spiral bound book written in 1933 covering the memoirs and photos of only the first (at the time of writing) winter climbing of Mount Bogong in1932. It was written by Jack K.Tulloh (a journalist), E.C. Robinson and W.D. Bertram. This book was photocopied and rebound for the 60th anniversary of the climb.

Historical information

The historical documented account of the first winter traverse from Mt Hotham across Mt Bogong. The extreme winter conditions of the region was a barrier for all except the three pioneers of this expedition.

Significance

This book details the the determination and true spirit of the Australian psyche to overcome extreme hardships and have the endurance to fulfill an adventure in the early 1900's.

Inscriptions & Markings

The Climbing Of Bogong Mountain 1932. First page author's dedication: To Bill from Jack 17/2/1933. Second page address: To jack Eddie & Bill " In recognition of your epic journey 50 years ago" John, Helen, David, Iain, Andrew & Hamish, also written in freestyle underneath and in brackets "Bertrams all" underneath signed by Gwen Tulloh, Barbara Betram and Ann Robinson The third page written in free hand " Inscribed by those who lunched9WELL0 on the golden anniversary of the trip 17/8/82. Next to a photo of the three climbers their signatures.

Photo Framed - Wedding

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black and white wedding photo of unknown couple in a large wooden frame. The centre of the frame has carved hearts 3 cm wide all the way around.

Inscriptions & Markings

Photographer "Mendelsfohn's and Co. Melbourne"

Photo - Tawonga Store

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Sepia photo of Pearce Bros. Tawonga Store including a house next door, cars in the sealed street and part of the Bakery opposite. It has a slim wooden frame & white cardboard border. It has a clear glass cover. The back is lined with brown paper with a white cord across for hanging the photo.

Historical information

This photo was taken in the 1950's when Pearce Bros. owned the Tawonga Store. I.R.Northey's van is parked outside the store. Kodak photos are advertised. The Bakery existed. The road is sealed and telephone and electric wires are shown.

Significance

The Pearce Bros owned the Tawonga Store in the 1950s when the population of the area in the Upper Kiewa Valley and High Plains was high due to the construction of the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme by the State Electricity Commission of Victoria.

Bottle - Stain Remover

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This oblong shaped brown stained bottle has a red,green and faded white label covering 90% of the bottle. The bottle has a screw on lid. The bottle has embossed at the top back "POISON NOT TO BE TAKEN"

Historical information

The Trade Mark "Preservene" was registered on 23 June 1914 and traded in that name until 1930 when Cussons Australia Pty Ltd incorporated the name and its products including the Preservene Cloudy Ammonia. The Preservene Company produced a book (19 pages) "The Presevene Method Of Housework" in 1911. This publication was not only a self promotion but also a useful tool for the rural household and commercial enterprises.

Significance

This bottle is very significant as it details the type of household cleaning methods and products used in the early 1900's up until the mid 1900's, when greater product diversities became available for rural areas. This product was a general cleaning agent that could be used for a variety of household items. It was the one product that "fits all cleaning". This attitude by the manufacturer fits into the mores held by the populous not only in cities but especially in the rural sector. This was an era where the success of a product was measured by the degree of versatility that came with it. The war years, the great depression had a lingering affect upon those who lived through them not to "waste" money on a multitude of products if one product had multiple uses. This was more so in rural areas where semi remote locations (as the case of the Kiewa Valley in the early 1900's) did not have the market place choices of city dwellers.

Inscriptions & Markings

on front label starting from top down "POISONOUS" IN SMALLER LETTERS "NOT TO BE TAKEN", below in an eclipse red backed sphere "PRESERVENE CLOUDY AMMONIA" below this in smaller print "CONTENTS 15 1/2 ozs", "For Household & Laundry use " below this "Removing stains and clearing Silverware Jewellery Etc". On a slant with green lettering on off white background, "IMPORTANT NOTICE (underlined) NO TOIL PRESERVENE ONLY BOIL(underlined) SOAP". Below within a red dotted boundary "PRODUCED BY Preservene Pty. Ltd. Melbourne Victoria". Below this and in smaller print "This preparation contains not more than 10 percent and not less than 7 percent free ammonia" Both sides of the label detail manufacturers instructions for different applications.

Yanckeur Suckers

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

In sterilised bag. 3 metal instruments. 1. long and curved with holes at one end and hollow at the other. Near the hollow end the instrument breaks into 3 and rejoins further along. 2. An elongated "S" like metal instrument with an elongated hollow at one end and hollow at the other end where there is a small loop 3. A straight instrument except for close to one end where there is a hollow. At the other end it is hollow with a small loop near the end.

Historical information

This medical instrument was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950s specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme. Used for sucking fluids during an operation. The sterilised pack is an old way of sterilising instruments.

Significance

Historical: Shows the development of scientific hospital equipment. Provenance: Used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was remote and therefore required good equipment. Good condition and good interpretation capacity.

Booklet - S.E.C.V. - How to Prepare & Store Frozen Food

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Booklet with 22 pages held together with two staples. The cover has an orange and then blue title at the top and below, a coloured picture of fruit and vegetables.

Historical information

The SECV's Home Advisory Service prepared this book to advise customers on the use of home freezers.They also assisted with advice and information on other electrical appliances. The SEC had Showrooms in regional Victoria including one at Mt Beauty where this booklet came from.

Significance

The S.E.C.V. constructed the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme employing many workers. They built the townships of Mt Beauty and Bogong and assisted with the infrastructure required to support the influx of population. In the Mt Beauty shopping centre, one of the shops was the SEC Showroom which sold electrical appliances and gave advice on their use. This book gives advise on the use of freezers.

Michel Clips

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Inside white and orange cardboard packet. Metal ends like wire attached to metal sections adjacent to each other. Used instead of stitches. Requires applicator and remover.

Historical information

This medical / hospital equipment was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950s specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme.

Significance

Historical: Shows the development of scientific hospital equipment. Provenance: Used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was remote and therefore required good equipment. Good condition and good interpretation capacity.

Inscriptions & Markings

'100 Michel' (in white writing on orange background) and other side - '18/8' circled (white numbers in orange circle). 'Mt Beauty' handwritten

Medical Instrument Tray x2

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Two large enamel trays used for the required instruments for an operation. Both have black rounded edges. 1. White with straight sides angled at point of contact with the surface and form corners. 2. Speckled grey with straight sides that are curved at point of contact with the surface and curved at each corner.

Historical information

This medical / hospital equipment was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950's specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme.

Significance

Shows the development of hospital equipment and the material used to make them. It was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was remote and therefore required good equipment.

Rounders Bat

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Wooden bat. The face of the bat is flat and the other side becomes thicker (is tapered) towards the centre in a longitudinal direction. The handle is cylindrical.

Historical information

This rounders bat was used by the students at Bogong Primary School.

Significance

Historical: Bogong Primary School was opened for the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme workers. Provenance: Bogong Primary School sport.

Inscriptions & Markings

'Champion' 3 quarters of the way up the bat towards the handle on the flat side of the bat. On the reverse side same position, Made in / Pakistan. On the flat side: Bogong has been written in thick black but faded paint.

Hat - Bowling x2

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

White material hat with stiff peak sown onto green material which is underneath the peak. The top of the hat is made of 8 triangular sections meeting in the centre. There is a black band between the peak and top of the hat. The band has "Mt Beauty" sewn on at the front. The other hat has green material all the way around as it has a peak at the front and back.

Historical information

Lawn bowls required members to wear a white uniform which included a hat. Lawn bowls was played at Mt Beauty.

Significance

Lawn bowls was played at Mt Beauty.

Inscriptions & Markings

"Mt Beauty" Label: Makers and size.

Urinal Bottle

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

White ceramic urinal bottle. Sits on a flat base with a hollow sphere above it reaching out to a hollow cylinder with a handle on top. Used by male patients who were unable to use the toilet facilities, following surgery or a severe illness.

Historical information

This hospital equipment was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950s specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme.

Significance

Historical: Shows the development of scientific hospital equipment. Provenance: Used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was remote.

Inscriptions & Markings

Under the base: R. FOWLER LIMITED / FOWLER WARE / AUSTRALIA and UKV 269 sticker Is chipped at the opening

Dress

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This brown shirt waister dress has an 'A' line skirt with an inverted pleat on the lower half of both the front and back. The dress has a 'Peter Pan' collar, matching belt, pockets and short sleeves. There are 3 bound button holes and buttons, gold set with pearls, only one is complete. The front top, cuffs and pockets are embroidered with cream lace. There is a press stud and hook at the neck. There is also a side zip opening in the skirt.

Historical information

Mrs Clare Roper wore this dress to a garden party at Buckingham Palace when she was invited there to represent the Lions Club.

Significance

The Roper Family is one of the pioneering farming families of the Kiewa Valley. They built and used Ropers Hut on the High Plains.

Photograph Rocky Valley Dam Excavations - Rocky Valley Dam Wall Excavation

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black and white photograph of Rocky Valley Dam wall under construction. There are at least three cranes plus workmen in the photo. This is taken from the Heathey's Spur side of the dam wall looking back toward Sun Valley.

Historical information

Work commenced at Rocky Valley Dam site in early 1947 and proceeded until May. Resumed work in October after the winter and a camp for the accommodation of workmen was commenced at this time. Work continued in 1948 with the establishment of work facilities, including the erection of two large excavators. At the dam site the river was diverted through a temporary pipeline. Work proceeded in the summer months with the placing of concrete in the foundations and earth and rock fill for the construction of the wall. Rocky Valley and associated spillway and outlet works were completed in March, 1959.

Significance

A very good representation of the type of machinery available in the 1940's used for excavation of the dam and the construction of the dam wall.

Inscriptions & Markings

Hand written on back of photograph "Rocky Valley Dam Wall Excavation" in blue ink.

Sigmoidoscope Rigid

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This rigid 35 cm long sigmoidoscope (internal probe) is made of stainless steel outer hollowed rounded rod, which permits the use of both a fixed (very thin) lighting rod and two flexible cord lights access. Both the lighting rod and the flexible lights can be lowered within the main rod to allow the physician to see the colon at the bottom of the rod.These items are all contained within a specifically inlaid wooden box. The box has separate open compartments for the main instruments and a small lidded compartment containing replacement light bulbs. The hollowed tube permits the physician to visually observe the signoid (an S shaped part) of the colon.

Historical information

This item was used before the flexible sigmoidoscope (1996) and before the introduction of fibre optics late 1900s. The 1900s saw an incredible leap forward in the field of medical procedures. The ability to visually see what was happening within the human body (in real time) provided greater analysis about certain biological abnormalities during a greater time elapse than before. This procedure involved less trauma to the patient and greater flexibility to the Physician in treatment schemes. The rigid signoidscope, however provided the first visual of the colon in situ, but was highly invasive to the patient.

Significance

This item was used in the Mount Beauty Hospital for qualified Physicians to use in their diagnostic evaluation of patients. This would not be an instrument used by a General Physician. This item is still a internal observatory method which may, in some instances, cause some minor complications. This item does point to the level of medical diagnostics, equivalent to those available in larger towns and cities, which brings this rural area (once considered to be an isolated region) to a higher level of medical care.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the stainless steel main rod body are engraved the lengths of the body,in centimetres ,with numbers starting at the five centimeter mark and then every five centimetres up to the thirty centimetre mark. On the front inside rim of the box are two inlaid white plastic strips with black print, "ALLEN & HANBURYS Ltd" and the other "LONDON"

Pipe Tobacco Smoking

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This pipe has a straight shank and stem and its style is 'standard Canadian'. The pipe has a permanent filter and a stainless steel band with the initials of the Hudson Bay Tobacco Company and its seals stamped on it.. The bowl and shank are one piece of appropriate shaped wood. The bit and bore are made from bakelite (dark brown in colour). The pipe is fashioned in the form of the clay pipes used by trappers, in the late 1800s early 1900s. It has a "rest" lug at the bottom of the bowl similar to clay pipes. This pipe has its own pipe case with wood reinforcement running the entire pipe shaped contour.

Historical information

Pipe smoking has been in vogue for centuries, and in Australia it was a symbol of the "discerning smoker" such as the landed gentry or men of professional status. This pipe, of the Standard Canadian style, would have emigrated to Australia with its owner, a reasonable young professional or executive of the Hudson Bay Tobacco Company in the late 1800s or early 1900s. It is the type of pipe well suited to a harsh rural backdrop and with its owner found the Kiewa Valley a more relaxed environment than the Canadian Indian locations. The value of this pipe to the original owner, who would have sealed many trade contracts during the Canadian Indian smoke rituals In the late 1800s, is indicated by the long voyage to Australia and the Kiewa Valley. However with the health related restrictions placed on public smoking in the early 2000s, these tobacco pipes were not immune from the legislation, and even though the pipe smoke was not as offensive as cigarette smoke it still came under the umbrella of smoking. Pipes were also used in the process of inhaling illicit drugs i.e. marijuana, but this use was limited to a very few and not with this pipe. Smoking in the second millennium is being phased out as a social habit in Australia but may affect the few "private" smoker and has, as the United States prohibition era (alcoholic drinks) did, spawn an illicit trade in cheap contraband tobacco. Pipes such as this item show that smoking was not only part of the lifestyle of the era but also that it was part of a ritual (especially to the Indians of the Canada Hudson Bay region) that sealed a brotherhood not only socially but also politically and economically.

Significance

This type of pipe lends itself well to the rural setting of the Kiewa Valley and although it is a very exclusive pipe it blended into the tobacco industrial environment of the Kiewa Valley and its surrounding districts. The Kiewa Valley region was up until the late 1900s part of the Australian Tobacco industry and the levels of men smoking pipes was enhanced by the readily supply, "off the fields", of tobacco leaves and the attitude to city based smoking restrictions was one of resentment.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the stainless steel at the mortise and tenon junction is stamped "HP" and below that are stamped symbols of a ship's anchor, a lion and a tobacco leaf.

Bottle - Spirits

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Small clear glass with mottled pattern and embossed with 4 rows of small squares around the bottom. On 1 side the glass is clear and shaped as a rectangle joined to a circle sitting on top of the rectangle. The opening is heavily embossed for a screw top. The sides are straight for three quarters of the way up then sharply taper to the neck before the lip and opening. Embossed on the base. The shape of the bottle is rectangular with curved ends.

Historical information

Spirits came in bottles sold at licensed premises either locally or in larger cities visited during shopping expeditions. The shape, embossing and size of bottles varied. Small bottles of whisky or gin were used as a comforting drink for the sick. The embossed squares pattern was used on bottles containing medicine or poison.

Significance

Historical: Change of bottles - shape, size, glass, embossing Aesthetic: Display showing embossing, shape and size.

Inscriptions & Markings

Common seal: 'A' followed by 'GB36' or '6836' followed by 'M'

Camera Box Brownie

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This item is a Campfire Box Brownie. Model "F". It is a black vinyl covered tin box shell. It has a short leather hand strap (110mm) (stamped "BROWNIE") on the top side of the box, fastened by a metal stud at each end. There are two clasps holding the front and rear sides. Viewer (photo frame number) and lens (apertures) are on opposite sides.

Historical information

This item represents a period in time when there was the start by manufacturing industry for targeting the medium to lower socio and economic strata of the purchasing public. It was the beginning of cheaper mass produced items for the non professional (photographer in this instance) recreational minded public. The availability of low cost items was required by an ever increasing population hungering for the "do it yourself" amateur.

Significance

This camera was owned by Margaret (Peg) Shefford nee Turner, who retired to Mount Beauty in the mid 1980s. The camera was purchased in 1920 and used up to the 1940's when her her daughter, Midge Clooney used it. When the Shefford family emigrated from England to Australia (1953), it was used to take photos of the ship voyage.

Inscriptions & Markings

Stamped within a circular section on the back section is "No 2 BROWNIE" underneath,"MODEL F" in smaller letters "MADE IN CANADA BY CANADIAN KODAK Co., Limited, TORONTO, ONT". a smaller circle within has "USE KODAK FILM No_ 120"

Saddle Horse Stock

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This all leather "stock horse" saddle shows plenty of wear. It is in "full harness" configaration with stirrups and leg protectors

Historical information

This stock horse saddle was probably used in the mid 1900's. This was the period when cattle mustering was at its prime. The movement of cattle was by mounted stock horse only and not by other methods. Northern territory cattle stations in the late 1900's started to use helicopters for "cattle control". In the KIEWA Valley/Bogong High Plains and other rural cattle producing areas required well trained stock horses and stockmen for cattle control. It is only in the later 1900's that motor bikes and four wheeled quad-bikes have taken over, in part, from the mounted stockman.

Significance

This horse saddle is very significant to the Kiewa Valley because of the early introduction of cattle stations in what initially was regarded as a semi remote location. The maintenance of cattle in the Kiewa Valley is and was an important requirement. A good stock horse saddle as and is important, especially during the period when cattle were grazed on the Bogong High Plains. The mustering and and moving cattle from the valley pastures to the high country was a demanding and dangerous exercise requiring "sure footed" stock horses.The "good" saddle was a vital part of this cattle mustering. A scientific study started in 1947 to study the impact of grazing cattle on the natural Alpine and sub Alpine vegetation found grazing cattle had an adverse affect on the natural Alpine and sub alpine vegetation, and grazing on the plains was stopped by the Victorian Government in 2005.This "camp draft" in the High Plains could take up to six weeks.

Inscriptions & Markings

nil

Tool Connecting Power Lines

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This power line connection tool was required to extend the length of the power line and is made up from a "compression sleeve" with its connecting lug and at one end the suspension eye.

Historical information

This line connector tool is part of the erecting of electricity cables from the power stations to the ultimate distribution sub stations throughout Victoria. It is used to extend cable length and secure cable to tower points. This type of equipment has been in use in this region since power production commenced in the 1950's

Significance

This connection tool is a vital part in the distribution of hydro produced electricity from its mother power plant to its ultimate destination be it rural towns, industry or city. It has been used in the Kiewa valley and its Alpine regions.

Inscriptions & Markings

Stamped on the compression sleeve "4/7/.1297"

Book - Maths - Geometry A Sequel To

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

The book has a brown cover with light brown striped pattern along the edge of the front cover. Black writing on front for name and light brown writing stating author and publisher. Has a light brown gemonetry pattern on front cover and logo of printer on each corner.

Historical information

This book follows on from the revised edition of "First Two Years Geometry" and contains all the geometry for the intermediate certificate and trigonmetry included in the syllabus during the mid 20th century. This would have been used by students of the Kiewa Valley.

Significance

This book show us the type of maths that was taught in Victorian schools in the mid 20th century. Students from Mt Beauty Elementary High School would have used this book. Therfore has historical and research significance. The book has the name G Davies, which is a local family and therefore has social significance. As this is part of our school book collection it has good interptive capacity

Inscriptions & Markings

Name of G Davies Form 111 in red pen on inside page.

Book - Cooking - Centenary Cooking

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Yellow book with brown writing and sketch of school held together with brown hard plastic binding. It has 90 pages of recipes most of which give the contributor's name.

Historical information

The Tawonga School was a weatherboard building built on 8 acres of land catering for children from the surrounding grazing farms to ride their horses to school. It opened on 27th July 1880. The original school building and records were erased by fire in 1900. The Tawonga hall was used until 1910 when 3 acres of land was donated by Frank Cooper. It still operates today (2015) with its numbers having fluctuated over the years with the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme, tobacco farming and now tourism. The Tawonga community published a cook book to celebrate the school's centenary.This book may have also been used as a fund raiser.

Significance

The Tawonga school celebrated its centenary with a cookbook with contributions from the community. This indicates that the school was very proud of reaching its centenary and the community co-operated with each other to develop this book.This book is a good source of the names of people who lived in Tawonga in 1980.

Inscriptions & Markings

Tawonga State School Centenary 1880 - 1980 (stamped on front & back cover) In pencil on front cover: Ada Ryder An advertising for Kelvinator sticker has been stuck on the inside front cover with 18-3-92 written on it & on the inside back cover and 'Energy Rating' sticker.

Saucer Ceramic

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This item is a white ceramic saucer (tea /coffee). It is made in England and is of strong and durable ceramic. The bottom cup indent is for either tea or coffee cups of a similar ceramic structure. The 5mm thickness of the ceramic suggests this saucer belongs to a commercial kitchen environment and not domestic. The indent bottom of the saucer is 5mm deep with a side curvature ratio of 2:5. The ceramic is glazed to a commercial standard (worker's mess). See also KVHS 0128 (A,C and D)

Historical information

This item was used by the State Electricity Commission of Victoria in their mess rooms for their workers during the construction of the Kiewa Hydro Electricity Scheme. The imprint of the year "1921" was to identify the year that the SECV was formed and relieved the private VHEC(Victorian Hydro-Electric Company). As the scheme was of such a huge, isolated and time consuming nature the feeding of its workers was quite demanding of cutlery and crockery. The use of sturdy English cups and saucers was essential. The period of construction and the isolation of the Kiewa Valley area placed heavy demand for "solid" crockery that could wear abusive handling. This period in time was one when crockery, whether for domestic or commercial use, was imported from "mother" England. This scenario was more so for governmental bodies such as rail, jails and electricity providers than domestic users. The influx of cheaper Asian crockery had not yet begun.

Significance

This type of crockery item was used by the thousands of SEC Victorian staff and construction workers involved in the building of the Kiewa Hydro Electricity Scheme, over the extensive period (1938 to 1961). This was a period when Government bodies and other semi- government organisations were still tied to the "establishments" of "mother" England. It was a period in Australia's development when the Asian influence was very weak and the established ties to England and Europe was still very strong. The majority of heavy equipment and machinery was either made in England or Europe. Local/European expertise in dam construction and water management in alpine terrain came from migrants or English and European specialist. The quality of workmanship from big steel manufacturing plants in England and Europe could not be matched from anywhere else in the developed world.

Inscriptions & Markings

The seal of the State Electricity Commission Of Victoria is imprinted on the top inside rim within a curved scroll. Snuggled within the borders of the scroll is a banner with the five stars of the southern cross and an arm with a closed fist projecting from the top with five lightning bolts projecting outwards. On the underside "Vitrified sold by Cafe & Hotel Supplies Pty Ltd Dunn Bennett & Co. Ltd. Burslem Made in England"

Cream Separator

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

3 parts - top brass lid with hollow cylinder enclosed across its top and extending beyond its circumference. 2. Stainless Steel hollow cylinders that fit the base and the lid but has 2 long curved spouts extending out - one for the milk and one for the cream to come out 3. Black cast iron stand that houses the gear mechanisms that drive the separator cones. The gear speed reduction wheel is on one side.

Historical information

Dairy farms used cream separators to separate the milk and the cream before using it themselves or selling it to the dairy companies, shops or directly to the public.

Significance

This cream separator was used by P & R Creamer on their dairy farm in the Kiewa Valley.

Inscriptions & Markings

"Alfa-Laval MOB / 80 Gall Capacity per hr / 48 Rev of Crank per Minute / Alfa-Laval Separator / Co. Ltd / 299 Sussex St. / Sydney" - on bottom side of the machine

Bottle - Liquid Wax

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This brown opaque glass bottle with an oblong shape has a blue coloured "screw on" cap. It has a "wrap around" label glued firmly on the bottle and covers the front and sides.

Historical information

This bottle of liquid floor polish was manufactured before 1960(taken over by Wattyl) in a period when most of the floors in high traffic areas were covered in linoleum. Most of the floors using this product during this period would have been kitchens and laundries. During this period the cleanliness of the kitchen, hallways and eateries had to appear clean (cleanliness was a sign of a bacteria free area). This was a priority for kitchens, mess areas(SEC Hydro Scheme facilities) and connecting walkways. The cleanliness attitude was enhanced in the rural areas due to the "dirty" farm work not impinging upon the residential home.When Mount Beauty was first inhabited all the residential and worker's facilities were a prime area for linoleum floor surfaces. The liquid floor polish was in great demand, "a polished floor is a clean floor".

Significance

This bottle of liquid floor polish is very significant to the Kiewa Valley, not only that it covers the floors of every home and residential barracks of the first major development of a "town" now known as Mount Beauty but also it demonstrates that the "cleanliness" approach of early Australians living areas in the rural regions was "on par" with its city cousins. It is the smaller types of mores that underlie the "mushrooming" cultural and psyche "wholeness" of an ever expanding Australian culture.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the front main label under a red line, "SPARTAN" underneath in smaller print "For use on" below this, "LINOLEUM, RUBBER, COMPOSITION AND HARDWOOD FLOORS" besides this is an encircled Trade Mark of a "Spartan Warrior holding a spear and shield" these word follow the curviture of the circle and are below it "TRADE MARK REGISTERED" Below this are "SUPER FLOOR GLOSS" to the left in very small print "Nett Contents 16 Fluid Ounces". Below this on a blue background and in white print"LIQUID FLOOR WAX WATER REPELLENT". On the bottom of the label "Made under licence by HARDIE TRADING LIMITED for SPARTAN PAINTS PTY, LIMITED" below this in small print "Melbourne, Sydney, Adelaide, Brisbane, Perth, Hobart, Launceston, Geelong. Embossed on the bootm of the glass is" G/M

Sharpener Saw Raker/Jointer

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This raker/jointer saw sharpener was made in the USA (DISSTON) from cast and flat iron. The main body has been painted in orange. It has three adjustment screws on the top horizontal bar and one bolt on(adjusting) leveling platform on the bottom. The small size and weight of this saw sharpener was ideal for the travelling/mobile logger or surveyor(as in this case). The main frame resembles two towers connected by two horizontal bars and the top of the towers has a horizontal bar with adjustment screws. See KVHS 0090 (B) for setting stake wedge adjusting the rake and cutting angle and KVHS 0090 (C) for a small spanner (for adjustments).

Historical information

This raker/jointer/guage set is a sharpening tool for cross cut logging saws. The logging saws used in the early 1900's for the clearing of forests required constant sharpening of their "cutting teeth". The logging of forested areas during these times was very much a "hands on" method of either one or two men by the use of saw or hand axe. Chain saws, chain and ball(clearing) and bulldozing methods came in the mid 1900's.

Significance

This particular saw sharpening method was used by surveyors laying down boundaries for the S.E.C. Victoria Hydro Electricity Scheme (1920's). This item was given to a local Kiewa Valley lad who accompanied the initial surveyors. The lad was responsible for the tendering and feeding of the surveyors "pack horses". Surveys during this period and in the dense mountainous terrain of the Victorian Alps was both exhausting and hazardous. Overnight accommodation at various log cabins was not always possible and swag/tent alternative was the "fall back"

Inscriptions & Markings

On one inner supports is stamped "DISSTON" and on the other "U.S.A."

Book - Ledger Commercial

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This ledger has a very thick cover of strong compressed cardboard. It has a cloth covering (Glued on) and is a faded blue colour. The corners of the opening side of the cover are reinforced by suede cloth,in a triangular shape, and enclose both the front and inside portions of the the ledger. The spin is reinforced by a suede section to provide increased strength and protection. The inside cover (both front and back) has an orange and brown bubbles and specks pattern. The grammage of the lined sheets (blue) is approximately 120g/m. The first twelve pages are indented and alphabetically marked with alternating red and black letters (two letters per page except for the last page which has three letters). The remaining pages are numbered in black print at the top outside edge of each page. There are 742 page numbers. Each page has thirty two blue horizontal lines and one double red line (second from top) Each page has thirteen vertical lines starting from the top horizontal double red lines and ending at the bottom of the page. These lines segregate the page into blocks for the date, the transaction and financial input. There are three double vertical red lines which designate the amount of money of each transaction (in pounds shillings,and pence).

Historical information

Historically(1920 to 1927), this ledger not only details the legible hand writing of this era but also the day to day commercial activity in the Kiewa Valley region. The neatness and the diligence of those who were required to pen the information into this ledger was a requirement by all who were involved in commercial trade be it in the city or in the rural area. Emphasis on neatness was ingrained in students at a young age. This era was well before general commercial stock computer based inventories. Generally all students of commerce required an accuracy in writing and arithmetic. Neatness and order were a "selection criteria" requirement

Significance

This item clearly identifies the Kiewa Valley as having a substantial financial hub to accommodate the various commercial enterprises within a rural environment Circa 1880's. Although Kiewa Valley had mining, agriculture, cattle and sheep it was also composed of a mixed society, encompassing all levels of society at that period. It identifies some the commercial activities(newsagency) undertaken by specific families farming in the Kiewa Valley and relates their history in the period of 1920 to 1927

Inscriptions & Markings

Located on the top section of the spin (in gold print on red background) "LEDGER" This is framed within a golden printed pattern of straight and squiggly lines.

Benzol Pouring Can - Tobacco

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Used for pouring Benzol into special long flat troughs in seed beds. Rusty tin rectangular can with handle on 1 side, opposite side has a spout coming from the bottom of the can reaching out higher than the can and held in place by a flat piece of tin jutting out from the can. At the top there is a screw opening with a lid and a handle both on one half of the top and on the other half an opening has been cut.

Historical information

Historical: Tobacco farming began circa 1960 in the Kiewa Valley and consequently became one of its major industries. Many of the Italian families were involved in tobacco farming.

Significance

Historical: This equipment was used on one of the first tobacco farms in the Kiewa Valley at Glenns Creek, Mongans Bridge. The can was home-made showing the resourcefulness of farmers living in the Kiewa Valley. Provenance: This tobacco farmer came from Italy and was sponsored to visit a tobacco farmer in Mytleford to learn how to grow tobacco so that he could transfer those skills to his own farm in the Kiewa Valley.

Book - English - Intermediate English

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Green book with soft cardboard cover with black print for title, author and publisher

Historical information

This book was used by Victorian schools for the education of students and was bought at Halls Book Store, 371 Bourke St., Melbourne. The Davies family, farmers in the Kiewa Valley, used this book at the Mt Beauty Secondary College.

Significance

Historical: In the 1950s the Victorian Education Department supplied the text books for Government schools. Provenance: The families of the Kiewa Valley attended the local Secondary school and owned their text books.

Inscriptions & Markings

INTERMEDIATE / ENGLISH / J. Aughterson / squiggle like cloud / LONGMANS on cover

Scrap Book - Newspaper Clippings: 1949 - 1980s

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

A vanilla, green with sunset picture 'Photo Album' used to save newspaper clippings dated 1949 to late 1980s mostly covering the North East of Victoria. The Photo Album has 3 steel rings that snap open and shut. The pages have a clear plastic sheet that lifts off to place the newspaper cuttings which then 'stick' to the page. The clear cover is then replaced on top.There are 60 pages used both sides.

Historical information

Clare Roper collected and maintained newspaper clippings of historical interest to the Kiewa Valley Historical Society.

Significance

Clare Roper grew up and lived in the Kiewa Valley at Tawonga. She was a member of the Kiewa Valley Historical Society for many years.

Inscriptions & Markings

Front cover "Photo Album". Spine 'Photos'.

Badge - Country Women's Association of Victoria.

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Slim rectangular shaped gold badge with a 'v' shape at each end. Its border is wavy. The writing is in green capital letters. At the top in the middle there is a 2 link chain. On the back is a pin.

Historical information

The Tawonga branch of the C.W.A. commenced on the 7th Feb. 1946 and often combined activities with the other branches in the Kiewa Valley. The C.W.A. aimed to improve health, welfare and education for women and children in the country.

Significance

Women living in Tawonga were mostly on farms and, in 1946, when the branch commenced would have been feeling more remote with WW11 having an effect on available workers and the well being of the women and children.

Inscriptions & Markings

Branch Secretary

Saucer Ceramic

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Heavy, white ceramic saucer with State Electricity Commission of Victoria 1921 log/insignia on inside lip. Curves up to sides. On base, also inscribed in red are details of the makers.

Historical information

The SECV had chalets, cafes, mess halls and tea rooms all over Victoria including their construction sites. The SECV had a stores system which purchased thousands of sets of crockery and cutlery for use by personnel. There was a system of chefs, cooks, tea persons etc. to supply food and beverages to the workers.

Significance

This saucer was used at one of the sites on the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme.

Inscriptions & Markings

State Electricity Commission Victoria / 1921 On base:Vitrified / Sold by / Cafe & Hotel Supplies / Pty Ltd / DunnBennett & Co. ITC / Burslem / Made in England

Photograph of Bogong Creek Raceline - Bogong Creek Raceline

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black and white photograph taken during construction of Bogong Creek Raceline, showing the type of machine used for the formation of the concrete lining, the mountainous terrain, a number of workmen and a snow capped Mt. Bogong in the background

Historical information

A start on the construction of Bogong Creek race line was made at the commencement of winter in 1948. Work proceeded in the following years when work on the High Plains was not practicable. In January, 1951 the special trimming machine, the special slip form and concrete mixing and placing equipment was put into service. A shortage of cement caused some delays as well as a sudden financial recession. The race line was completed and put into service in 1952.

Significance

An historical record showing the machinery used , the number of workers needed at any one time ( about 16 in this photo) and the mountainous terrain of the area.

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten on the back of photograph in black ink "Bogong Creek race line".

Book - Home Business - The Simple Ready Reckoner - Success Series by Charles Platt

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Thin soft covered red, black, fawn, brown book with picture of a female sitting down looking at this book while the male points to the ledger as if to show her how (the book) can be used. The book has a list of numbers - a Discount Table - giving how much a number of items cost at a given price. eg. 10 books at 3/- each = 30/-

Historical information

The picture on the front of this book depicts the female as the weaker sex unable to understand or work out numbers.

Significance

This book may have been used in a Kiewa Valley business or farm.

Hat Pin

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Head of pin is six sided, domed top made of porcelain. Two sides have hand painted pictures of grapes, two sides with flower arrangement , two sides detailing cypress tree tips of branch, top has flowers and leaves with hidden small birds

Historical information

Historically this item could be a valuable antique worn originally by a wealthy upper class woman. The fine hand painted pictures with gold boarders and porcelain body suggests the item was bought either in Europe or Britain and brought into Australia in the late 19 th to early 20 th century by a wealthy landed gentry

Significance

This item is a reflection of both the fashion mode of the 1800s to mid 1900s when long hair needed to be controlled by hair pins rather than later manufactured hair sprays. It is also an example of society's mores of tidiness and quasi religious beliefs of covering the hair and head when outdoors

Bottle - Chemist

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Clear glass bottle with rectangular base and straight sides nearly three quarters of the way up tapering in 3 waves to a ridged neck and then a screw top. Visually but inside the glass at the base seems to be indented showing a lopsided hill bearing to one side.

Historical information

Perfume, lavender water and bath salts were sold by chemists either locally of in larger cities visited on a shopping expedition. The shape of the bottles changed as did the stopper used to seal it.

Significance

Historical: Change of bottles - shape, glass, stopper, embossing, use Aesthetic: Display showing shape and size of bottle

Inscriptions & Markings

Base: '12' within an oval shape

Plate Bread & Butter

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This item is a white ceramic plate (bread & butter). It is made in England and is of strong and durable ceramic. The bottom of the plate is flat with edges sloping out (to position the bread) and the extended rim is to catch any spillages. The 5mm thickness of the ceramic suggests this plate belongs to a commercial kitchen/eating establishment (mess) and not a domestic dining room. The indent bottom of the plate is 5mm deep with a side curvature ratio of 2:5. The ceramic is glazed to a commercial standard (see KVHS 0128 for its saucer part of a dinner set.

Historical information

This item was used by the State Electricity Commission of Victoria in their mess rooms for their workers during the construction of the Kiewa Hydro Electricity Scheme. The imprint of the year "1921" was to identify the year that the SECV was formed and relieved the private VHEC(Victorian Hydro-Electric Company). As the scheme was of such a huge, isolated and time consuming nature the feeding of its workers was quite demanding of cutlery and crockery. The use of sturdy English cups and saucers was essential. The period of construction and the isolation of the Kiewa Valley area placed heavy demand for "solid" crockery that could wear abusive handling. This period in time was one when crockery, whether for domestic or commercial use, was imported from "mother" England. This scenario was more so for governmental bodies such as rail, jails and electricity providers than domestic users. The influx of cheaper Asian crockery had not yet begun.

Significance

This type of crockery item was used by the thousands of SEC Victorian staff and construction workers involved in the building of the Kiewa Hydro Electricity Scheme, over the extensive period (1938 to 1961). This was a period when Government bodies and other semi- government organisations were still tide to the "establishments" of "mother" England. It was a period in Australia's development when the Asian influence was very weak and the established ties to England and Europe was still very strong. The majority of heavy equipment and machinery was either made in England or Europe. Local expertise in dam construction and water management in alpine terrain came from migrants for England and Europe. The quality of workmanship from big steel manufacturing plants in England and Europe could not be matched from anywhere else in the developed world.

Inscriptions & Markings

The seal of the State Electricity Commission Of Victoria is imprinted on the top inside rim within a curved scroll. Snuggled within the borders of the scroll is a banner with the five stars of the southern cross and an arm with a closed fist projecting from the top with five lightning bolts projecting outwards. On the underside "Vitrified sold by Cafe & Hotel Supplies Pty Ltd Dunn Bennett & Co. Ltd. Burslem Made in England"

Scales - Tawonga Store

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Large steel dirty black platform attached at the middle of the back to a red cylinder which has 2 smaller platforms coming out to the side. The top platform has a black steel lever attached and a hook to hold it down. Below this platform is a measuring rod marked 2,4 etc up to 14 on which hangs a eight. The bottom platform is to rest the unused weights. Weights ref. KVHS 0800 (A)

Historical information

These scales were used in the Tawonga Store which opened c1920. They were used to weigh produce e.g.. flour & wheat that the farmers used on their farms and in their homes. These scales pre date packaging. Ref. Weights KVHS 0800 (A)

Significance

The Tawonga Store opened c1920 and sold goods and produce to the farmers of the Kiewa Valley. The scales were a necessary item for a store as goods were sold in bulk.

Inscriptions & Markings

W. & T. Avery Birmingham

Typewriter Case Olivetti

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This is a semi hard cover (cloth over cardboard on inside, plastic over cardboard on outside), camel coloured outside and tartan cloth covered pattern inside the typewriter case. the case can be opened up by "unzipping" the top from the bottom halves of the case. For carrying purposes the case has two plastic covering metal handles with brass fittings. There are two stitched on brown reinforcement straps encompassing both sides of the case. The two reinforcing straps are brown in colour and a securing strap with a press button at one end to allow an extra securing tongue to keep the cover secure. The top inside of the case has a three quarters long paper compartment (flap style). See KVHS 0455 for Olivetti Lettera typewriter.

Historical information

This typewriter case allowed the Olivetti typewriter to be securely and free from contaminants to be totally mobile. The Olivetti typewriter company was founded in Italy in 1908 and became a leader in portable dependable typewriters.This particular typewriter contained is a Olivetti Lettera 22, oblique front stroke and portable manufactured after 1950. During the 1950s and 1960s was a time when British and European manufactured goods were still purchased by many Australian consumers. After the 1970s however, there was a shift, mainly in the cities, to Japanese made goods. The invasion of Japanese manufactured goods was relatively slower, especially in rural areas. The demand for long lasting and dependable merchandise was in the rural area still the most important criteria. The ease of setting up this typewriter and its compact mobility was its major benefit to trades people and travelling professionals, e.g. rural doctors, other medical professionals, accountants, lawyers and educators. This item(carrying case) facilitated the growing numbers of professional nomads requiring a relatively light office stationery package e.g. travelling novelist, writer, businessman and academics. This typewriter needed no electrical or battery power to operate it therefore the inside compartment did not require additional storage pockets . Outback Australia, where at this point in time, good available electrical power reticulation and battery power, was a scarce and therefore could not be totally measured as a highly efficient office environment. The protective carrying bag provided the only mobile way to operate in some business and home locations.

Significance

Although this typewriter cover and its typewriter was purchased from a business in Penrith, Sydney, N.S.W., it is significant that it travelled easily to the Kiewa Valley, demonstrating the mobility of certain sections of the community. This typewriter cover protected the expensive typewriter it contained which was designed by an Italian industrial designer, Marcello Nizzoli, in line with the art deco style of the 1930s and the colour and flexibility of the vibrant 1950s. The underlying theme of manufacturing in the 1950s was to produce equipment that was more efficient than what was inherited from the earlier period of 20th century. Improvements were made to this Olivetti typewriter by Giuseppe Beccio by reducing the number of parts made from 3,000 to 2,000. Protection of such a typewriter was of an utmost necessity. The need for mobile expensive typewriters waned as less expensive typewriters became available. This was the major principle of the Japanese manufacturing juggernauts of the post World War II. Efficiency and low cost material was becoming prime factors in the success of rural industries from the 1960s. Competition from overseas producers was starting to affect rural industries and the removal of the large range of tariff protection, especially rural products, required not only a shift of farm management but a more efficient cost savings modus operandi.

Oxygen Mask

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

3 parts. 1. Flexible plastic mask for nose and mouth with a hole either side for the nose to breathe. Another hole for air to enter from a tube below to the mouth or nose. Blue material tape is attached each side to go around the head. 2. Hard clear plastic that fits into tube hole of mask. It protects a narrow tube that fits onto 3. a long soft green plastic hollow tube with fittings at each end.

Historical information

This medical / hospital equipment was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950s specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme.

Significance

Historical: Shows the development of scientific hospital equipment. Provenance: used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was remote and therefore required good equipment.

Postcard Circa 1950 - "No. 3 POWER STATION KIEWA HYDRO-ELECTRIC PROJECT" "V.8"

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This black and white photograph from a Valentine's postcard is from a V2 Argus photograph postcard. It is on a 200g/m paper density photo side gloss. See 0480 (A) - (K) for other photos of similar postcards.

Historical information

This postcard was produced in the 1950's for the tourist trade in the Kiewa Valley and Alpine region. It encompasses the period when the State of Victoria was pressured by the ever increasing demand by industry and its population for electricity supplies. Hydro electricity was seen as an untapped natural resource to quench this demand. The Victorian Alps and the rivers flowing into its valleys was ideal for the construction of the Kiewa Hydro Electricity Scheme. The late 1940's saw the development of this scheme and the changing of sections of alpine landscape is covered by this and other postcards/pictures (tourists, construction workers, and established rural populations). This period in time was before the established wildlife and forest/nature groups became political activist who changed legislative acts to protect the environment.

Significance

This rural region (Kiewa Valley/alpine plains) was at most only significant to a smaller group of winter sports, summer hikers/horse riders and rural farmers/graziers. The numbers of tourists and the increase in the local resident population was boosted by the construction of the Hydro Electricity Scheme. This influx to the regional population resulted in a corresponding diversity in services and brought about an environment that responded to a growing level of tourists and thereby permitting this industry to grow more rapidly than it would have naturally. This postcard details an attraction to the "cleaner" method of providing electricity. This postcard was purchased in 1950 by a surveyor at Landford's Gap.

Inscriptions & Markings

"No.3 POWER STATION KIEWA HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT" "V8"

Tobacco Grading Dividers x 6

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Wood plank with wire attached through a hole at each end in from side edge to create a stand. Another piece of wire stands vertically and is folded over to create blunt edge at the top. At the bottom it goes through the wood and along a bit to hold the wire in place. There are 6 dividers and because they are handmade the measurements vary slightly.

Historical information

Tobacco farming began circa 1960 in the Kiewa Valley and consequently became one of its major industries. Many of the Italian families were involved in tobacco farming.

Significance

Historical: This equipment was used on one of the first tobacco farms in the Kiewa Valley at Mongans Bridge. The dividers were home-made showing the resourcefulness of farmers living in the Kiewa Valley. Provenance: This tobacco farmer came from Italy and was sponsored to visit a tobacco farmer in Myrtleford to learn how to grow tobacco so that he could transfer those skills to his own farm in the Kiewa Valley.

Book - Reference Teaching Infants - Royal School Series Royal Readers No. VI

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Book, hard cover, dark blue in colour with embossing on the front cover. Spine cover has separated from most of book. There are pages missing from the back of the book.

Historical information

A typical book of general education considered suitable for use in schools in the last two decades of the 19th century. It contains a variety of subjects e.g. Victorian Constitution, Australian Zoology, Life in Saxon England, and poetical pieces, with notes and questions on the text in each section for guidance of the teachers.

Significance

It is doubtful that this book was used in any schools in the Kiewa Valley but is valuable as a resource to explore how and what topics were being taught in this era .

Inscriptions & Markings

There is a red stamp on the first page and apart from 'Education Department' the remaining four lines are almost illegible. Above the stamp is handwritten in blue ink S.S. 2733. The front cover is embossed and is titled Royal School Series, and underneath this is Royal Readers VI.

Papers - The Roper Family

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Photocopied Papers A3 and A4 size regarding the History of the Roper Family. Compiled by Clare Roper 1990. In 2 clear plastic sleeves.

Historical information

The Roper Family is one of the early settlers of the Kiewa Valley. The family still (2015) farm in the Kiewa Valley.

Significance

The Roper family's history is a good example of the lives of people living in the Kiewa Valley over many generations.

Book - Religious Education - The Junior Catechism

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Small, thin, orange booklet with black print on cover - for title. Also in black a tree with 'ribbon' underneath inside which are 2 Latin words. 16 pages inside thin cardboard cover. On back cover "B.C.E. Publications" Listed with price.

Historical information

Catechism was taught at Sunday School by most Christian religions during the 1950s. Students attended Sunday School classes at the Kergunyah Presbyterian Church. Sunday school was held in a little 16 foot square wooden building which came from Rocky Valley after it was no longer needed there. Ewen Wallace's father initiated and organised the move. C2011 the building was knocked down because of white ants. The Presbyterian Church will be 125 years old in 2015.

Significance

Historical: Religious Education: This book was used by students who attended the Sunday School classes at Kergunyah Presbyterian Church. Religion: Presbyterian Church at Kergunyah, in the Kiewa Valley, celebrates its 125th anniversary in 2015 after being handed over to the Uniting Church in the 1970s.

Inscriptions & Markings

Title and "Presbyterian Church of Australia Price: Sixpence. Seventh New Edition"

Shaker Spices

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This item (spice shaker) is constructed by using a thick cardboard cylinder with both ends closed by tin plated light steel lids. The bottom lid is not removable however the top lid is removable to allow the contents (Cinnamon Spice) to be refilled. The lid has thirteen small holes which allow the contents to be shaken out. The outer side of the cylinder has been covered (glued on) by a printed black and yellow label detailing contents , weight, and supplier.

Historical information

This item was used at a time when there was a limited range of spices available and sought after by domestic and commercial kitchens. The taste buds of the average Australian diner were limited to the basic English style dishes which had been delivered by the early colonial days. Rural areas where slower in experimenting with Asian and European cuisine. The influx of European cuisine from refugees fleeing both World War I and world War II brought a different appreciation of gourmet food. The increase in Asian spices was brought about by Australians becoming more aware of the Asian "scene" through the conflicts of Korean and Vietnam military action. The "standard" type spices such as Cinnamon, nutmeg and similar spices offered by Robert Harper and later other Food and Spices whole sellers and processors where a direct result of a greater influx of migrants from spices rich societies and resulted in a greater range of "Asian" spices This became more visible after demise of the "White Australian Policy" on immigration and the great media revolution of Televised cooking shows from the 1950s on. The sustainability of containers such as this re-useable tin and cardboard spice holder, which could be replenished and not thrown away after it was empty was it a time period well before the "throw away" society had crept into the Valley.

Significance

This spice container was used mainly in domestic kitchen within the Kiewa Valley. Those European construction workers of the SEC Kiewa Hydro Electricity Scheme had brought their continental cuisine into the valley and that was the beginning of a new era in highlighting different tastes. This rural valley had a greater interaction with people from other nation's cuisines and by association became more infused with a broader range of spices and food preparations.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the front side of the printed label outside of the label boundary is "To make a shaker of this tin - take the lid off and remove the paper from inside the lid" Within the marked horse shoe shaped boundary is" HARPER'S ground spices star brand" underneath "CINNAMON" underneath this is printed "1 oz. NET WEIGHT" and under this, within its own frame " ROBERT HARPER COMPANY LIMITED (incorporated in Victoria) AUSTRALIA." On the back within its own box is "HARPER'S star brand GROUND SPICES" and underneath "These Pure Spices are packed in the following Varieties". Below this is a list (going down) "CINNAMON CARRAWAYS CAYENNE MIXED CLOVES CASSIA CORIANDER GINGER MACE TURMERIC NUTMEGS PIMENTO"

Resusci Anne Body Repair Kit

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Cardboard white box with black writing containing Body repair kit for the mannequin 'Resusci Anne". Box missing one end. Blue rubber of miscellaneous shape inside with instruction pamphlet.

Historical information

This hospital equipment was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950s specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme.

Significance

Historical: Shows the development of scientific hospital equipment. Provenance: Used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was remote and therefore required good equipment.

Inscriptions & Markings

On box - LAERDAL Body Repair Kit / Resusci Anne At end of box - Made in Norway No.: 01.10.00