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Kiewa Valley Historical Society Mt Beauty, Victoria

The Kiewa Valley Historical Society aims to preserve and conserve the history and heritage of the Kiewa Valley & district. Through the use of permanent, and temporary exhibitions, information walls, a photo gallery, a diorama of the Bogong High Plains, a model hydro system, and two DVD screens we show the area's history and highlights, that tell our social history, natural science areas and technological developments.

The collection has many artefacts that show the history and cultural heritage of the first indigenous people. Along with artefacts from pioneer settlers of the Kiewa Valley and Mount Beauty lived, worked and socialised. Items such as photos, books, farming equipment, hospital equipment, technological equipment from the Kiewa Hydro Scheme, household items, plus oral histories, and genealogy books are in our collection. All the items in the collection have either historical, technological or aesthetic significance to the Kiewa Valley and have good interpretive capacity. Artefacts have to meet this assessment criteria before being considered to be added into the collection. We do not buy, sell or give valuations for any artefacts at this stage.

The historical society Museum space shares the same premises as the Mt Beauty Visitor Information Centre. There is wheel chair access, a disability toilet and separate male and female toilets. Free parking is found the North side of the information centre. There is also a small seating area in the sun deck of the centre. The centre is with in walking distance from Mt Beauty main shopping centre and a 50 - 60 minute drive from the larger centres of Wodonga / Albury.
New members are always welcomed.

Contact Information

location
Mount Beauty Information Centre 31 Bogong High Plains Rd P.O. Box 184 Mt Beauty Victoria 3699 (map)
phone
+61 (03) 5754 1323

Contact

Opening Hours

10am to 4pm Monday to Thursday 10am - 5pm Friday 9am - 5pm Saturday 9am - 4pm Sunday During school holidays open 9:00 am to 5:00 pm daily. Closed Christmas Day.

Entry Fee

Gold coin donation.

Location

Mount Beauty Information Centre 31 Bogong High Plains Rd Mt Beauty Victoria

View on Google Maps

The collection has authentic items which highlight the first peoples who roamed the Kiewa Valley. Along with the social history of the first white settlers of the Kiewa Valley and Mount Beauty lived, worked and socialised from the late 1800's onwards. Items such as photos, books, farming equipment, hospital equipment, technological equipment from the Kiewa Hydro Scheme, household items, plus oral histories, and genealogy records and books are in our collection.

Significance

The Kiewa Valley Historical Society collection has historic significance as it shows how the first white settlers lived and worked through out the valley. Scientific significance applies to the rock cores taken by the SEC during the construction of the hydro scheme. The indigenous stones & tools also have historic significane as they show the cultural heritage of the first people of the Kiewa Valley. Other than the archives, all items have interpretative capacity to be in the collection.

Gavin 3 January 2015 9:16 PM

Hello, I am after a book, Title: Tales of Gibbo gold : characters from the 1880s. Author: Morrow, John A. (John Alexander). Would you have this or know where I can purchase a copy? Thanking you, Gavin.

Gavin 3 January 2015 9:16 PM

Hello, I am after a book, Title: Tales of Gibbo gold : characters from the 1880s. Author: Morrow, John A. (John Alexander). Would you have this or know where I can purchase a copy? Thanking you, Gavin.

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1246 items

Book - Maths - The First Two Years' Arithmetic and Algebra

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Blue book cardboard covered by cloth cover. Writing in black.

Historical information

Educational Book used by Roy Davies whose family farm and live in the Kiewa Valley.

Significance

Historical: Mathematical Education can be compared through the ages. Provenance: The Davies family, farmers in the Kiewa Valley - their education in the 1960s.

Inscriptions & Markings

The First Two / Years' Arithmetic / and Algebra/ with Answers / Revised Edition / Wilson and Ross / F. W. Cheshire / Melbourne on cover Inside cover. written in ink. Roy Davies 4 B and drawing of box with crosses in ink.

Book - Royal Tour - The Royal Tour of Australia in Pictures

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This book has a blue hard cover with its original shiny paper cover over it. This paper cover is the Australian flag with white writing of the title, some of the stars and the red part in the top left corner. The back of the paper cover is blue with the Southern Cross. On the inside of the hard cover is a full size picture of the Queen meeting a group of early Australians & settlers with a group of soldiers in line saluting and a ship in the background. This picture is repeated on the cover at the back .

Historical information

This book was produced after the Royal tour of Australia and New Zealand 1954 . Many people went to see the Queen as there was a lot of interest in the occasion. This was the first time a reigning monarch had toured Australia and Queen Elizabeth being a new young Queen was very popular and attracted very large crowds where ever she went. Mt Beauty residents including Cubs, Brownies, Scouts and Guides travelled to Benalla Railway Station to see the Queen on the Royal Train.

Significance

Historical: At the time there was a lot of interest in Royalty. Provenance: Clare Roper, a local lady from Tawonga visited the Queen at Buckingham palace as a representative of CWA and therefore was particularly interested in the Queen's visit. KVHS has the dress that Clare wore, in their collection. Local residents recall travelling in 1954 to Benalla Railway Station to see the Queen on the Royal Train.

Inscriptions & Markings

On cover page in blue ink 'Clare Roper' At back attached with sticky tape to last page - a note: Vanour(?) Books / Mrs C. Roper & Mrs G. Richardson

Colour photograph of Nesta Drew and her former teacher

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Colour photograph of Mrs Nesta Drew visiting her former teacher Miss Edna Jenkins.

Historical information

Mrs Nesta Drew is a longtime resident of Tawonga having operated a dairy farm with her family on the Kiewa Valley Highway in Tawonga. She grew up in the area and attending local schools and raised her own family there, until selling up the family home and moving into an aged care facility in recent years. Some of her family still reside in the local area.

Significance

Mrs Drew is a well known community figure in the Tawonga area with links to many social and family groups. She has a very strong historical connection to Tawonga and has been a reliable source of anecdotal local historical knowledge.

Inscriptions & Markings

Explanation of photograph handwritten on the back by Mrs Drew (see photograph above)

Folder - Jessie Seymour - The Beaufort Bomber Crash between Gundowring and Eskdale

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Red plastic with clear front cover with 4 plastic sleeves / pages. Includes: A description by Jessie Seymour of the Beaufort Air Crash.

Historical information

Jessie Seymour was a resident of the Kiewa Valley and would have been following the reports of the air crash which happened 'behind her home'.

Significance

Jessie Seymour compiled this history for the Kiewa Valley Historical Society and, as a local, would have had the opportunity to gain first hand knowledge of the people involved including witnesses.

Book - Ledger Commercial

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This ledger has a very thick cover of strong compressed cardboard. It has a cloth covering (Glued on) and is a faded blue colour. The corners of the opening side of the cover are reinforced by suede cloth,in a triangular shape, and enclose both the front and inside portions of the the ledger. The spin is reinforced by a suede section to provide increased strength and protection. The inside cover (both front and back) has an orange and brown bubbles and specks pattern. The grammage of the lined sheets (blue) is approximately 120g/m. The first twelve pages are indented and alphabetically marked with alternating red and black letters (two letters per page except for the last page which has three letters). The remaining pages are numbered in black print at the top outside edge of each page. There are 742 page numbers. Each page has thirty two blue horizontal lines and one double red line (second from top) Each page has thirteen vertical lines starting from the top horizontal double red lines and ending at the bottom of the page. These lines segregate the page into blocks for the date, the transaction and financial input. There are three double vertical red lines which designate the amount of money of each transaction (in pounds shillings,and pence).

Historical information

Historically(1920 to 1927), this ledger not only details the legible hand writing of this era but also the day to day commercial activity in the Kiewa Valley region. The neatness and the diligence of those who were required to pen the information into this ledger was a requirement by all who were involved in commercial trade be it in the city or in the rural area. Emphasis on neatness was ingrained in students at a young age. This era was well before general commercial stock computer based inventories. Generally all students of commerce required an accuracy in writing and arithmetic. Neatness and order were a "selection criteria" requirement

Significance

This item clearly identifies the Kiewa Valley as having a substantial financial hub to accommodate the various commercial enterprises within a rural environment Circa 1880's. Although Kiewa Valley had mining, agriculture, cattle and sheep it was also composed of a mixed society, encompassing all levels of society at that period. It identifies some the commercial activities(newsagency) undertaken by specific families farming in the Kiewa Valley and relates their history in the period of 1920 to 1927

Inscriptions & Markings

Located on the top section of the spin (in gold print on red background) "LEDGER" This is framed within a golden printed pattern of straight and squiggly lines.

Weights - 3 in Set

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Cast iron solid circular weights with rim around circumference and slightly narrower at the base.

Historical information

Used to weigh goods in a shop or farming produce store.

Significance

Imperial weights were used prior to decimalisation. Weights were used to weigh goods prior to packaging.

Inscriptions & Markings

Largest - 4 lb Middle - 4 lb (None on smallest)

Book - English - A Basic Course in English

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Red book covered with clear plastic with white writing (printed) on cover.

Historical information

This book was used in Forms 1.2 and 3 by Ian Smith. It is an example of the type of English book used in the 1960s.

Significance

Historical: Education in the 1960s, compared with other eras. Provenance: Ian Smith attended school in the Kiewa Valley.

Inscriptions & Markings

Across top of book in faded red: ON . SPELLING . WORD STUDY . MISTAKES TO AVOID . IDIOMS . A / GRAMMAR . PUNCTUATION . SPELLING . WORD STUDY . MIST / VICES . CORRESPONDENCE . GRAMMAR . PUNCTUATION . SPEL Centre middle in white large letters: A BASIC COURSE IN / ENGLISH Across bottom quarter of book in faded red: NDENCE . GRAMMAR . PUNCTUATION . SPELLING . WORD STUDY / IDIOMS AND COMMON SAYINGS . FIGURES OF SPEECH . POETIC D / . MISTAKES TO AVOID . IDIOMS AND COMMON SAYINGS . FIGU The faded red writing continues on the back cover where the word NISBET is written originally in white but coloured with blue ink.

Banner & Pin - Apex Club

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Gold coloured flocked fabric banner with gold fringe at the bottom in triangular shape and cord on white plastic rod at the top. Gold coloured cord attached at each end of the rod to enable the banner to be hung. Apex gold pin attached - triangular logo on top of pin.

Historical information

An Apex club existed in the Kiewa Valley. Apex clubs exchanged banners when a local member visited another club or when a member of another club visited the local club.

Significance

Historical: Tas Davies belonged to the local Apex Club.

Inscriptions & Markings

Map of Philippines. Apex Club / of Los Banos / Laguna Philippines / Club 673.District 4 / Zone 7 Large red and green Apex logo. On pin: small red and green Apex logo

Transmission Line Connector

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This power line connection tool was required to extend the length of the power line and is made up from a "compression sleeve" with its connecting lug and at the other end the suspension eye.

Historical information

This line connector tool is part of the erecting of electricity cables from the power stations to the ultimate distribution sub stations throughout Victoria. It is used to extend cable length and secure cable to tower points. This type of equipment has been in use in this region since power production commenced in the 1950's

Significance

This connection tool is a vital part in the distribution of hydro produced electricity from its mother power plant to its ultimate destination be it rural towns, industry or city. It has been used in the Kiewa valley and its Alpine regions.

Inscriptions & Markings

Stamped on the compression sleeve "4/7/.1297"

Vaporiser Cresolene

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This vaporiser stand with its cradle and dish is made from cast iron (stand) and tin (dish). At the bottom of the "dish" is a flame diffusion port with eight heat directional holes. The stand upright is painted gold in colour.

Historical information

This Cresolene vapouriser is an "American" product when "home" based remedial products were of a high demand due to lack of specialised medical facilities such as a hospital in rural communities. "An apparatus for reducing medicated liquids to a state of vapor suitable for inhalation or application to accessible mucous membrane A device for volatising liquid anesthetics." The only criteria used by Health authorities in the decision to provide a community with hospitals was and still is the size of the population it feeds. The introduction of the SEC Victorian Hydro Electricity Scheme started in the 1940's, was the impetus for health planners to build a hospital in the Kiewa Valley. Rural regions especially those considered semi or fully remote locations had to rely on farm based remedial health "alternative medical treatment". This product is such a remedy.

Significance

This vapouriser is very significant to a rural area such as the Kiewa Valley as it demonstrates the "home" remedies that were available to rural communities such as the cattle and sheep stations before the Kiewa Valley had a hospital(1949). The influx of workers employed by the SEC Vic. Hydro Electricity Scheme(circa 1940's onward) changed dramatically the need for a hospital and specialised medical treatment. The reliance of "health products" such as this vaporiser were still in high demand especially when on the box of this product was printed "Guaranteed under the Food and Drugs Act, June 30, 1906, Serial no. 436". Also on the packaging is printed "A remedy Whooping Cough also Asthma, Catarrh, Colds Diptheria, Croup, Coughs Hay Fever, Sore Throat, Influenza, Etc." An additional benefit of this product "Is obnoxious to Moths, Flies, Mosquitos, Ants, Cock Roaches, Hen Lice, and other Troublesome insects." This advertising is dated before a tightening in the "advertising" legislation of post mid 1900's. However it was a good attraction for rural communities wanting relief of "rural" pests.

Inscriptions & Markings

See KVHS 0342 (B) for markings and advertising material printed on the box which contains this item.

Cream Can - Large

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Large steel dairy can used for cream or milk. The irregular shaped ring handles are welded on each side in an upright position. The lid is stuck on the can. The flat outer edge of the lid has an inscription. The centre of the lid is indented with a bar shaped handle welded across it to enable lifting.

Historical information

Milk and cream were stored in steel cans for transportation to stores or local dairy companies.

Significance

The dairy industry is and has been one of the major industries of the Kiewa Valley. This cream can was used on a dairy farm in the Kiewa Valley.

Inscriptions & Markings

Embossed at the top of the straight sides is "Dairymaster" between the handles on each side. Lid: "B.L.Paynter" along the outer edge.

Memorabilia - Matthews Collection

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

1. Brownie camera - black vinyl. 2. Tin Box "Ted the Jester' biscuit tin. 3. Gold button & Queen Elizabeth badge 4. Silver plunger 5. Dunkling Jewellers Guarantee re ring 6. State Savings Bank Book 1957 - 1963 7. Laura M. Matthews Union Card 1963 8. LaTrobe Health Service Card. 9. Meat Ration Cards 1948 10. 18 Negatives of people/holidays in envelope 11. Photos

Historical information

People collect items that help them remember a special time in their lives or some thing that appeals to them. Brownie cameras were used in the 1950s. Negatives and photos represent the life of the Matthews family.

Significance

George and Laura Matthews lived at 12 Roper St. Mt Beauty from 1957 to the 1970s. The items in this collection belonged to them and represent part of their lives when living in the Kiewa Valley.

Inscriptions & Markings

1. Made in England by Kodak Ltd 2. Use by 1998 and 'Eileen' printed in texta on top

Pot Boiler

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This large (8 gallons) cast iron boiler is oval in shape and has a cast iron (swivel) carrying handle. The handle has a "bend" in the centre position to allow hook and straight type rods to facilitate the positioning of a "hot" boiler. This boiler would have been used over an open fire or placed on top of "coals". On the top rim and evenly spaced between the fixed handle joins is a slightly semi curved balancing/control lip.

Historical information

This cast iron "boiler" was produced by one of the largest foundries in England during the late 1700's and onwards. These products were "shipped to the far realms of the "British Empire". This source was one of the only ones available to the early settlers in Australia until the mid 1900's. The catch cry of those "early " times was "the best of British" which was ingrained into the early (Australian) settler's iron and cast iron purchasing mind set. It was not until after World War II did that mindset change, when both American and Asian based manufacturers' products were accepted by the Australian consumer. The city based consumer embraced the swing a lot earlier than the more "traditional" rural consumer.

Significance

This cast iron 8 gallon "boiler" is very significant to the Kiewa Valley not only that large "boilers" were used to "boil" clothes clean, over an open flame source, but also because it demonstrates one of the most important "rural" mores founded by the "early" settlers in this region. That more was the very "close" tie to "Mother England" and the "establishment". The social and "family" values from the "English" way of life was ingrained until well past the day of the "Australian Federation". It was not until the friendly "American soldier" invasion during World War II that the "Empire" bondage was being eroded away. The transition from the good "rural war cry" of "Australia prospers off the sheep's back" was slipping away and the industrial monolith started its challenge. This change was the slowest in semi remote rural centres such as the Kiewa Valley. The "old English" values lingered on until the mid 1900's.

Inscriptions & Markings

At the bottom (underneath) "CLARK & Co. PATENT", Below this a six star triangle with the letter "C" in the middle.. On the opposite end "BEST QUALITY" and underneath "8 Gall s"

Bed Runner

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

linen white cut work and embroidered central oval shape with matching floral design at either end with leaf leaf shapes above 2cm border with triangular stitching tattine

Historical information

This Item is one of four bedroom items hand made in circa 1900 by Amalihe Pierin. Her Son brought the item when he emigrated to Australia and members of the family still reside in the Kiewa Valley.

Significance

Historically this item represents the requirement by families to manufacture a whole range of bedroom coverings due to the lack of professionally manufactured goods. Isolation from big towns or cities required local seamstress activities and therefore closer social bonding was a necessity. Although this item was transported from Italy to Australia by the son of Amalihine Pierin the significance still remains the same

Journal - Reference - Mountain Work and Walks 1945-48,The Joy of Being Alive

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This item has been photocopied by the author of his journal, consisting 27 pages of A4 size paper. A covering letter by the author is at the front of this loose leafed journal. The journal is bound in a yellow plastic cover with spirals. At the back is a 2 page biography of Myrtle Emily (Grigg) Deamer 1922-2006, then a photo of Meg with baby Bryn and son Tony followed by a letter from David Bottomley

Historical information

This journal detailing the author and friends walks and observations together with black and white photographs of the Kiewa Valley and the Bogong high plains regions during various "walks during the years 1945 to 1948. These walks were undertaken during the various Hydro - electricity generating plants and infra structures were being installed. It relays how the walker and adventurer enjoyed the pristine Alpine regions of Victoria. The wilderness and higher sense of adventure encountered by the author and his "walking party" is now no longer that intense. The isolation of the region was, at that time, still a barrier for the casual adventurer and required a dedication of the "pioneer" mountain walker.

Significance

The significance of this journal is that both the photographs and accounts of those intrepid adventurers walking throughout the Victorian Alps and the Bogong High Plains details the countryside in one of the remaining years of relative pristine and minimal "tourist" developed regions of rural Victorian. The necessity of greater electrical power supply to the rapidly growing demand from cities and larger towns, post World War II immigration, had resulted in drastic changes to the infrastructure of the Victorian Alpine regions and particularly the Kiewa Valley. The photographs and the written accounts of the "adventurers" in this journal presents the last phases of the " Australian rough outback environment" and also the typical "bush wise" city/town dweller that although lived in towns and cities still had the adventurers heart of their fore fathers.

Inscriptions & Markings

The author's correspondence and covering letter has his signature "D Bottomley"

Bottle - Medical

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Small clear glass bottle with a square base. The sides taper to the screw top opening with a bakelite lid which has embossed lines on it for easy opening. The top is on very tightly and a brown solid remains inside one quarter of the way up from the base. On 1 side is a yellow label with black writing and light blue back ground with white writing at the bottom (of the label). The label is complete but falling off. Base is embossed with numbers unreadable inside an embossed circle.

Historical information

This bottle was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950's specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme.

Inscriptions & Markings

Label: 'Evans'/ 50 ml / Nobecutane / Trade Mark / Marking Ink / A plastic ink for the / pre-operative mark- / ing of skin surfaces. / Inflammable / Keep well sealed / and in a cool place '

Hat Pin

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This pin has a black plastic tear-drop ball at its head (earth shaped). It has diamond like chiseled profile from a centre band to the apex of both ends. The centre region has a herring bone pattern. Identical to Item KVHS 0356

Historical information

Historically this item represents women's fashion in the 1920s to 1950s. As the material used in the construction is not of a high monetary value it can be assumed it was a day to day working woman apparel to keep the hat firmly fastened into the hair. It does indicate that fashion of the time was important within the region

Significance

This item is a reflection of both the fashion mode of the 1920s to 1950s when long hair needed to be controlled by hair pins rather than later manufactured hair sprays. It is also an example of society's mores of tidiness and quasi religious beliefs of covering the hair and head when outdoors

Slicer Bean

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This bean slicer is made from cast iron with a round body housing three rotating blades screwed into a riveted spinning base plate. The whole body of this slicer is green with a "natural coloured" handle. A "G" clamp is part of the main frame to fasten the slicer onto a table/counter top (when in use).

Historical information

This large bean slicer was first manufactured in the late 1800's in England and exported to Australia. Due to the transportation costs it was not used in many Domestic kitchens. This slicer would have been in a kitchen of a higher socio/economic family within the Kiewa Valley. In the 1930's the manufacturer traded this slicer as "domestic labour-saving slicers". This was the beginning of new generation of the kitchen "gadget". The introduction of the Asian "gadget" manufacturer from the late 1950's saw English export diminish by the cheaper Asian products.

Significance

This item has great significance because it demonstrates that even "remote rural" locations, such as the Kiewa Valley in the early 1900s still were able to optain "state of the art" labour saving "kitchen" appliances. It was these English and European goods that were made "to last" which brought the mind set "British is best" This mindset was only altered by periods of Australian economic down turns and the cheap Asian product availability

Inscriptions & Markings

On the side of the handle and along the top plate "SPONG & Co Ltd" and opposite "BEAN SLICER" below this "No 633"

Bottle - Beer

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Clear brown bottle with heavy embossing. The bottom half has straight sides. The top tapers to the opening. Half way up the sides it is heavily embossed with R.B. and underneath these letters R. The face of a tiger features in heavy embossing on the side of the bottle. At the bottom around the circumference and on the base is embossing. There is a broken cork sealing the bottle.

Historical information

Beer came in bottles sold at licensed premises either locally or in larger cities visited during shopping expeditions. The shape of the bottles changed. Bottles were recycled remaining the property of the manufacturer who paid for their return. History of the Richmond Brewery.

Significance

Historical: Change of bottles - shape, glass, embossing. Collected by bottle collectors. Aesthetic: Display showing embossing & shape especially if in good condition.

Inscriptions & Markings

Sides: R.B. and underneath this R. with a head of a tiger. Bottom around the circumference: 'The property of Richmond N.S. Brewing Co. Pty. Ltd.' Base: '650'

Badge Girl Guides

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

This round badge made from brass and has coloured enamel sections outlining various "Barree Region" scenery. In the far distant horizon are snow capped mountains. These are coloured brown with white tipped summits.The central focus is a blue stream with a dark blue "gum" tree to the left and a brass etched tent pegged onto green grass. These pictures are framed within a house structure. A red coloured boomerang lies under the "house" frame with the name of the region on it,"BARREE REGION" The badge is fastened onto a lapel or other clothing by two "L" shaped hooks extending from the back of the badge.

Historical information

This commemorative badge identifying the wearer as a Girl Guide and was used in the 1970's and later. The Girl Guides "World Camps" was founded in 1924 and each subsequent "camp" was in other global countries. The Camp Baree was held in 1947/1948 in Pennsylvania in the USA. In Victoria, Australia, a Barree Regional location for Girl guides, encompasses the Kiewa Valley and its regions. Girl guides in rural areas covered the same developmental programs as in the city areas but the bush settings of annual camps did not have the same impact as for city based guides. The comradeship however, bringing together girls from a widely diverse background, was still a very important objective of the Girl Guide movement

Significance

The significance of this badge is that the Girl Guides held a World Camp in the Barree region which included the Kiewa Valley.This world wide attention(Girl Guides) to this region paid special attention to the "home side" girls and highlighted in particular those girls in the Kiewa Valley who participated in the Girl Guide movement. The ability to have such a personal contact with so many girls from so many world regions helped to break the somewhat isolated regional life. The fundamental lessons of the girl guides was and still is to enrich young girls knowledge of skills which provides self esteem, pride in achievements and the togetherness with like minded girls. Social barriers are left behind and good friendships are formed. Some of these friendships continued as life long links.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the front of the badge (on the sketched boomerang "BARREE REGION". On the back in raised lettering is"BERTRAM BROS MELB."

Black and white photograph of farmland - Kiewa, 25/8/38

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

A black and white photograph taken in the upper Kiewa Valley showing farmland with a group of three unidentified people sitting on the grass.

Historical information

This photograph was taken in August, 1938 at the time of road making in the area and some eight years prior to the establishment of Mt. Beauty township. The area was still being used for grazing, and the land was eventually acquired from the local land owners by the State Electricity Commission. The construction of the road, from Tawonga to the High Plains, was commenced in April of this year. This allowed men and heavy equipment to be transported to the work sites for the construction of the Kiewa Hydro Electric Scheme.

Significance

An important photograph as it shows the upper Kiewa Valley as it was before the establishment of the town of Mt. Beauty. The land had been cleared of natural growth and has been used for grazing cattle. By 1946 housing construction had commenced for the new town of Mt. Beauty and by 1948 street construction in the southern part of the town was completed as far as Hill Street.

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten in black ink is the inscription 'Kiewa 25/8/1938'. In the right corner of the photograph has been stamped the number 6. On the back in a circle, some 14mm across, are the words 'Kodak Print'. The word Velox is also printed on the back.

Bottle - Cream

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Clear glass cream bottle with straight edges half way up tapering to the top where there is a thick lip on the outside. Opening is wide. There is an inner rim inside the opening which held a cardboard disc which fitted on to seal it. Heavy embossing on the side and base printed in capital letters.

Historical information

Cream came in bottles bought at the local store or at a large city store on a shopping expedition. The shape of the bottles changed as did the stopper used to seal it - the cardboard one predating the aluminium seals. Liquids were measured in pints pre 1966.

Significance

Historical: Change of bottles - shape, size, stopper, embossing Aesthetic: Display showing embossing, size and shape

Inscriptions & Markings

On side near the base: "One Imperial Pint" On base: At top - Common seal A with G at top and M below in side the A. F1297 across middle and M underneath it.

Papers - Tawonga & Mt Beauty

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Papers from chapter 4 entitled 'Community Organisations' and chapter 5 entitled 'Recreational Activities & Opportunities' from an unknown book. These cover the townships of Tawonga and Mt Beauty and include black & white photos.

Historical information

Red Cross, CWA, Bowling Club histories in Tawonga and Mt Beauty written for a book, title unknown.

Significance

The histories of the Red Cross, the Country Women's Association and the bowling clubs in the towns of Tawonga and Mt Beauty are important as the communities in the Kiewa Valley were involved in these organisations for many years from the mid 1940's and in the case of the Tawonga bowling club since 1953. The number of people, their activities and infrastructure associated with the clubs give an insight into how people lived during the times that the clubs existed.

Tin Tobacco

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

A dark metal tobacco tin covered in a bright metallic gold fleck pattern with a black frame on the lid around a drawing of a woodsman with a musket and axe sitting on a stump overlooking a valley that reads "Pioneer Brand", next to a company seal incorporating a wreath, eagle and shield. The front side reads "Richmond Cavendish Co./ Limited/ Liverpool." and the right and left side "Golden Flake Cavendish". The bottom has the same woodsman feature as the lid. The back side is an elongated diagram featuring tobacco leaves and plant summit. Inside lid surface has a half torn coloured (red, black and green) sketch on paper of the woodsman scene depicted on the top lid.

Historical information

This early tobacco tin was manufactured in England and imported to the "colony" Australia at the beginning of the 1900s. This manufacturer had won the Gold Medal at the Liverpool International Exhibition in 1884. This tobacco would have therefore been very expensive to purchase making it a must for the wealthier client of the Kiewa Valley. The Golden Flake Cavendish smells of the man of wealth and position. In this era the type of dress and the brand of tobacco smoked showed everyone at first glance where the man using it was on the social ladder and his pecking order. With the demise of tobacco smoking in the early 2000s clothes themselves do not show the pecking order in that quickly visualised manner, as at the time of manufacture of this tobacco tin. In the 21st century the level that men are in the socio economic field is realized on "the social information" available on the internet.

Significance

This tobacco tin relays a long ago era, when personal contact, and not something that has been written down by some "unknown", was valued as the true appraisal of a member of the community. This was especially relevant in a small regional area such as the Kiewa Valley. Although social networking was not as fast then as the internet provides now, appearances, manners, fashion and etiquette with first impressions high on the order of evaluating someone in the community. Pointer such as the brand of tobacco smoked was part of the rural assessment method. Up until the demise of the Australian Tobacco Industry, circa 2004, the Kiewa Valley and surrounding district was part of a vibrant producer of tobacco leaves. The remnants of this industry still remain today but the drying sheds (for tobacco leaves) are now used to store hay for the valley's dairy and beef cattle industries.

Inscriptions & Markings

The following inscriptions are displayed on the top and inside lid and on the bottom tobacco tin: "PIONEER BRAND" and to the left of the scene the "SEAL OF THE COMPANY TRADE MARK" Both side of the ens have the following words in large thick print "GOLDEN FLAKE CAVENDISH" and each is contained withih a black boarder.

Scrap Book - Newspaper Clippings: 1950 - 1990s

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black with thin alternating red and white strips from top to bottom 'Photo Album' used to attach newspaper clippings dated from the 1950s to the 1990s. The articles are of historical interest and include many from the Kiewa Valley. The Album has 3 metal rings which snap open and shut. There are approximately 60 pages each with a clear plastic sheet that opens up to allow insertion of the newspaper article. The sheet then covers the article, keeping it in place.

Historical information

Clare Roper maintained and collected historical articles from the local newspapers especially those pertaining to the local area and of interest to the Kiewa Valley.

Significance

Clare Roper grew up and lived in the Kiewa Valley at Tawonga. She was a member of the Kiewa Valley Historical Society for many years.

Probes - Dental Instruments

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Clear plastic sealed bag holding about 27 steel probes of different sizes. Used for Dental work.

Historical information

This dental instrument was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950's specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme.

Significance

Historical: Shows the development of scientific hospital equipment. Provenance: Used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was remote and therefore required good equipment. Good condition and good interpretation capacity.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the bag in red handwriting 'Electric'

Yanckeur Sucker Head x 5

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Used for sucking excess fluid from the site - could be fluid, blood or vomit etc. x4 sucker heads dull metal & x1 sucker head shiny metal Long, curved in 3 parts with it splitting into 3 rods (all the same diameter as the original rod) towards one end and a knob at the other.

Historical information

This medical instrument was used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was built in the 1950s specifically for the increase in population due to the Kiewa Hydro Scheme.

Significance

Historical: Shows the development of scientific hospital equipment. Provenance: Used in the Tawonga District General Hospital which was remote and therefore required good equipment.

Bowl Enamel

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Cream enamel bowl with green chipped rim and with straight sides gradually widening from the base. On the base is a blue logo.

Inscriptions & Markings

Logo: (Chines symbols) Bumper Harvest Made in China around a sketch of corn. Underneath13P 107 14cm

Meter Ammeter Recorder

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

The mechanism of this voltage recorder has been installed(by the manufacturer) into its own protective wooden box. This box has a front (swing open) lockable section which permits direct access to the installed measuring equipment (for servicing and data collection). The top section of the box has two screw on terminals for access to the machine being tested. This tester has its own inbuilt ink supply facilities and a mechanical clockwork device that unwinds a roll of paper onto a second roll at a rate of 10 mm per hour. The recording chart is marked with time slots against voltage. There is a recording arm which has an ink pen at the end. Both arm and pen carry the ink supply from the ink reservoir, located on the left side of the cabinet door in specially constructed bottle holder( three small bottle capacity). To record a suspect power problem to a home or business establishment the voltmeter is connected to a power supply outlet being tested and wind the recording clockwork mechanism (gives a four week running time). Before leaving the recorder in situ the electrician checks to see if the chart is recording the correct voltage and that the clock mechanism is advancing correctly.

Historical information

This testing voltmeter recorder was last certified by SEC Vic laboratories on the 17/4/77. It was used extensively as mobile recorder placed for periods of one month at locations experiencing unacceptable fluctuations of power. These locations would cover the North East regions of Victoria. They cover voltage drops at domestic and business properties especially those that were experiencing regular fluctuations(daily) at approximately the same time of the day. As the electrical network is required to operate within a set level of voltage, fluctuations outside of this has to be investigated and necessary remedial action taken. This is especially so for rural properties where power "drainage" can occur through animal/bird and tree interference. It can also be the result of defective wiring and overloading at peek operational times (milking machines).

Significance

This mobile voltage recorder is very significant to the Kiewa Valley because it highlights the difficulties that can occur in maintaining a power supply that experiences fluctuating power demands by the rural industries that it supplies. The requirement of a mobile testing apparatus to cover the various sections in the Kiewa Valley and other rural areas in the northeast region is one of necessity as electricity once connected to a rural property is a labour saving supply as generators on rural properties require a higher degree of maintenance an ultimately at a higher cost. The testing of the SEC Vic supplied electricity to rural properties,those who had previously run on generators, had to be quick and unassuming with certainty of correct supply levels.

Inscriptions & Markings

On the front of the access "door" at the top a metal label "RECORDING AMMETER" below this "MURDAY SYSTEM" below this "ALTERNATING CURRENT" and below this the manufacturer's registered number "No. 139156" Below this is a metal tag with State Electricity Commission of Victoria Electrical Engineer's Section equipment number "338" Below these tags and above the viewing window is the manufacturer's dtails "EVERSHED & VIGNOLES Led LONDON"

Black and white photgraph of shop interior

Kiewa Valley Historical Society, Mt Beauty

Black and white photo of interior of a shop showing various merchandise. Has section of photo torn from upper right upper corner approx. 35mm x 40 mm.

Historical information

Interior of shop in the Kiewa area. Possibly Bogong Village. Bogong was constructed in the 1940's and this would be typical of the type of merchandise sold in that era.

Significance

Photograph shows a typical interior of a small store in the 1940's and 50's. The merchandise on sale includes a wide range of goods from eiderdowns to shoes, fabric and clothing.

Inscriptions & Markings

In pencil on back of photo is ? store at Bogong Village There are large brown stains in each corner. (Back of photograph)