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Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet Mt Buffalo, Victoria

Parks Victoria is a statutory authority, created by the Parks Victoria Act 1998 and reporting to the Minister.
Our estate covers more than 4 million hectares, or about 18 per cent, of Victoria. We manage the largest and most diverse collection of heritage places on public land in Victoria, with around 2,900 heritage assets and many places of National and State significance.
Our primary responsibility is to ensure parks are healthy and resilient for current and future generations. We manage parks in the context of their surrounding landscape and in partnership with Traditional Owners.

The Victorian government built the Mount Buffalo Chalet in 1909-10. In the early1920s Mount Buffalo became Australia’s principal ski resort. After WWII, as access to other resorts in the Australian Alps improved with new roads, Mount Buffalo became less important as a ski destination, but the Chalet remained popular as a unique tourist experience. The chalet is one of the first alpine resort houses to open in Australia, and is the longest one still standing.

Contact Information

location
Level 10/535 Bourke Street Melbourne Victoria 3000
phone
+61 131963

Contact

Opening Hours

Mount Buffalo Chalet is open for tours during some school holidays. Call 131963 for more information

Entry Fee

N/A

Location

Mount Buffalo Road Mount Buffalo National Park Mt Buffalo Victoria

The Mount Buffalo Chalet interiors and their contents have evolved through the distinct phases of this resort house. While the earliest object, a soda fountain, dates from when the Chalet opened in 1910, many items in the collection – for instance furnishings, tableware, and recreational equipment – largely date from the long period of management by the Victorian Railways. Since 1998, the Chalet has been managed by Parks Victoria, which recognises the importance of the collection for its association with the historic development of the Chalet and the Mount Buffalo National Park. The department has documented furniture, ornaments and artworks, architectural plans, maps, guidebooks, framed photographs, uniforms, recreational equipment, tableware, souvenirs and ephemera, some of which have been donated by former staff and Chalet guests in fond memory of their experiences on the mountain.

Significance

The Mount Buffalo Chalet collection is historically important for its association with one of Australia’s first alpine tourist resort houses and the only one its kind surviving in the Australian Alps today. The Chalet and its historic contents reflect the Victorian Government’s remarkable venture into alpine tourism and recreation, firstly through the
Public Works Department and then under the long period of management by the Victorian Railways. A number of government‐issued furnishings have remained in their place of use for decades, their plain and functional design complementing the style of the Chalet. Moreover, the guest bedroom furnishings display a high degree of integrity and consistency in their relative completeness. Historic tableware, staff uniforms and items of ephemera including tickets illustrate the distinctive protocols set in place by the Victorian Railways Refreshment and Services Branch which became hallmarks of the Chalet visitor experience. Items of early snow sports equipment interpret and demonstrate the Chalet’s important role in the early development of alpine sports in Australia. Souvenirs, tourist brochures and guides in the collection illustrate the considerable extent to which the Victorian Railways promoted the Chalet and Mount Buffalo with a range of affordable, mass‐produced consumer goods.The collection’s photographs are important as historical records that enhance the Chalet and Mount Buffalo story. In more recent years the assemblage has acquired social significance as a collection that is expanding with items donated by former Chalet staff and guests. Their snapshots, journal writings, memories and items of memorabilia reveal the streams of experience of everyday people working and holidaying in an extraordinary place. The collection is an integral part of the significance of the Chalet and the Mount Buffalo National Park, and its heritage values are enhanced by its context and in situ location.

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Booklet - "The Lyre-Birds of Mt Buffalo"

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

.1 Smooth olive book cover with stick-on photograph of a male lyre-bird. Framed within a border, ink blotches on right-side of booklet. 16 page booklet A 5 size, illustrations on left side pages, stick-on photographs on right pages except for introduction with illustration on right. Thick rough printed paper. •.2 Same as above with slight ink marks on top right, slight tear on right of image.

Historical information

Information booklet for distribution, collected by Roger Jones. "The Mount Buffalo plateau has been attracting scientific investigation into its unique plants, insects and animals from at least the 1850's. "(Pg. 131. Historica) "In 1924, amateur naturalist and mountain guide, Alice Manfield (1878-1960) popularly known as Guide Alice , released The Lyre-birds of Mount Buffalo, a 23 page booklet detailing her studies into the lyre-birds on Mount Buffalo, the first pictorial record of lyre-birds to be published. It features Mansfield's photography and includes an introduction by Charles Barrett (1879-1959), an Australian naturalist, journalist, author and foundation member of the Ornithologists Union." (Pg. 132) There are very few known copies of this booklet.

Significance

Listed in Draft Inventory of Significant Collection Items . Appendix A.3. Natural History. (Pg 169. Historica).

Inscriptions & Markings

.1 "The Lyre-Birds of Mt Buffalo" Photographs and notes by 'Guide Alice', Introduction by Charles Barrett CM2s Publisher: Robertson and Mullens Ltd....." •.2 Same as .1.

Tee shirt

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

Cream polyester, cotton knit tee shirt with a printed photographic image of the chalet on the front. "Mt Buffalo Vic" is printed above the image. There are blue and green diagonal stripes above and below the image. Short sleeves.

Historical information

'Souvenirs in relation to the Chalet and Mount Buffalo were first mentioned in December 1912... A large range of souvenirs has since been associated with the Chalet and Mount Buffalo from crafted wooden items, silver spoons, cups etc... The collection includes a broad selection of products that have been sold throughout much of the Chalet's history, each representative of the transient fashions of their period.' (Pg 114. Historica)

Significance

Listed in Draft Inventory of Significant Collection Items . Appendix A.3. Souvenirs. (Pg 168. Historica).

Inscriptions & Markings

On front of label:"AN / AUSTRALIAN / WILDLIFE / GARMENT / 85% POLYESTER / 35% COTTON / 14 HEIGHT 160CM " On back of label:"MADE IN AUSTRALIA / WARM HAND WASH / DO NOT BLEACH / WARM IRON" On front of shirt:" MT BUFFALO VIC" & "C N C Y"

Piano and stool

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

"Bluthner" grand piano made from walnut wood with accomanying wooden stool.(not matching). Piano features three large turned and carved legs on brass castors. Pedals on piano are solid brass, surrounded by carved and turned wooden pedal stand. Stool seat slants towards piano and two plain stretchers support four curved legs. Has 'PWD' stamped on it.

Historical information

Bluthner piano dated 1889 (patent no. 32310). PWD engraved imprint to wood. "The Bluthner grand piano came second-hand to the Chalet in 1920 when it was obtained by lessee, Hilda Samsing. This high quality German piano, which stands out as an item of individual significance, is now one of the oldest furnishings in the Chalet. When it was acquired in 1920, the Chalet already had a Beale brand upright piano which had been at the Chalet from the earliest days." (Pg. 77 Historica. 2011) 'A photograph taken of the Music Room (also known as the Drawing Room) between 1920 and 1924, when Hilda Samsing was lessee is one of the earliest known photographs of the Chalet's lounge areas. Published in the undated promotional booklet, Victoria's Wonderland Mount Buffalo, it shows 'A corner of the music room'... On the right, is the Chalet's second piano, which was purchased second-hand in 1920 from Gardner & Lang in Swanston Street, Melbourne. This impressive grand piano of walnut wood still stands in the Chalets Music Room. It was made in the world-famous factory of Julius Bluthner, in Leipzig, Germany, which has made Bluthner pianos since 1853 for numerous royals, composers, conductors, artists, authors and performers including Brahms, Mahler, Bartok, Debussy, Wagner, Strauss, Tchaikovsky and Rachmaninoff. The present stool is not part of the ensemble." ( Pg. 42. Historica )

Significance

Listed in Draft Inventory of Significant Collection Items. Appendix A.1. Furnishings, Lounges and Hallways (Pg 163. Historica

Inscriptions & Markings

PWD engraved imprint to wood.

Booklet - "Flower & Feather at Mt Buffalo National Park Victoria, Australia"

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

2 x Yellow & white books with an eastern Rosella and a red & white flower on it. 21 pages of text & photos. Front page has a picture of an Eastern Rosella and flower, the Melbourne Bay. (.2 has holes punched in it.

Historical information

H.C.E. Stewart , who first visited the plateau in 1919, produced the booklet, Flower and Feather, the Chalet has two copies. Published in the 1950's by the Victorian Railways Public Relations and Betterment Board, it is still an accepted guide on the the mountain bird's annd plants." (pg 132. Historica) The writer first visited Mt Buffalo in 1919 - & then after the war he decided to show all the unique flowers of Mt Buffalo through this book.

Significance

Listed in Draft Inventory of Significant Collection Items . Appendix A.3. Natural History. (Pg 169. Historica).

Inscriptions & Markings

Yes

Honour Board

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

Wooden plaque with names painted onto strips of leather fixed to a board. The board is made of two sections of wood and is arched at the top and squared at the base. The piece at the top that appears to be earlier and has gold painted inscriptions with decorative scrolling around the edge. The board has leather strapping around the edge and two stirrups threaded onto leather at the base. The upper section of the board has all the names painted onto leather strips. The lower section of the board has some names painted onto strips but also some names are scratched directly onto the wood.

Historical information

Was located in the stables at Mount Buffalo Chalet. It was used to record the names of horses that were ridden by Chalet guests when they were holidaying at the Chalet. 'Admiring the rugged beauty of the Buffalo Plateau and exploring its scenic attractions ...quickly became part of the Mount Buffalo Chalet tourist experience...The Chalet facilitated the experience by hosting guided tours, including trail rides on horseback...the horses remained at the Chalet for decades, and have been remembered with great affection, as demonstrated by the honour roll for Chalet horses and various commemorative plaques.' (Pg 98. Historica) Many of these horses are still remmbered by former guest of the Chalet. Granite and Punka were legendary and plaques in their honor are mounted on the large granite boulders in the stableyards.

Significance

Listed in Draft Inventory of Significant Collection items. Appendix A.3, Snow sports equipment and other recreational items. (Pg 166 Historica).

Inscriptions & Markings

At top of plaque, "ROLL OF HONOUR /TO / OUR FRIENDS - / THE CHALET HORSES, / WHO GAVE US MANY HAPPY HOURS / BUT WHO HAVE SINCE MOVED / "DOWN THE HILL". FROM THE / TIME OF "PUNKA" / WHO SERVED / FAITHFULLY FOR 20 YEARS" Underneat this are the names of the individual horses starting with , "PUNKA....."

Photograph - " DR J.F.WILKINSON"

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

Framed sepia photograph. Grey mount in wooden frame. Portrait of Dr.J.F Wilkinson. Brass name plaque at base of frame. Hand finished / highlighted in places.

Historical information

'There are also a number of framed portraits, including those of...Dr. John Wilkinson, a doctor who started a practise in Bright in the late 1880's and helped develop the tourist potential of the Mount Buffalo Plateau. " (Pg 84, Historica, 2011) Dr John .F. Wilkinson was a significant figure in the pioneering of tourism at Mt Buffalo. A Doctor and resident of Bright, he and W.A. Staker were the founder members of the Bright Alpine Club formed in 1887 to promote the natural attractions of the Buffalo plateau. " They form the Alpine Club and charge a membership fee for guiding people up the mountain (led by official guides Bill Weston and Edward Carlisle). this is matched by a grant from the local shire council.... They advertise in the Argus and promote the Australian Alps, Bright district as "The Switzerland of Victoria'. Mt Buffalo, with the railways nearby, is the most accessible snowfield and becomes 'the cradle of skiing in Victoria'." (Pg 179 Historica . 2011) The initial funds raised by the Alpine club funded the Staker's walking track, the first easily accessible route up the mountain. . They engaged the services of early Victorian photographer Nicholas Caire, whose scenic photographs helped to promote the beauty of the mountain. The efforts of these gentlemen culminated in securing 2.800 acres for the one of the first National Parks in Victoria, 1898.

Significance

Listed in Draft Inventory of significant Items.

Inscriptions & Markings

" DR J.F.WILKINSON"

Menu - "Dinner Christmas Day December 25, 1940 "

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

Printed cardboard menu. Front cover has a decorative edge of holy in green and red.

Historical information

Used in the Mt Buffalo Chalet dining room in 1940.

Inscriptions & Markings

"Dinner / Christmas Day / December 25, 1940 / MENU / The Chalet / Mt Buffalo / National Park / Victoria / Australia"

Bell

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

Circular brass disc with inner (separate ) maroon button mounted in raised circular disc. Hall Porter is embossed with black colouring around half of outer, larger disc.

Historical information

Was attached to a wall near reception but was removed to storage in approx.. 2000 - 2002. The bell has strong associations with the Victorian Railways Era reflecting the service and ethos of Railways with its uniformed Porters welcoming and on duty as Night Porter and day for all guests needs. (Especially lost keys) assistance with luggage, room service and co-ordinating transit and transport with Railways buses and services. A personal recollection is of Joseph the Night Porter welcoming and assisting when as a family with four sleeping children we would arrive after midnight to the Chalet where rooms would be ready, beds turned down and all unpacking of the car supervised by Joseph. (J. Skeggs) "A number of specific items, which have been useful in the day to day operations of the Chalet, remain in the building with each complementing the other to provide context ,meaning and character to their setting. Items such as the hall porter bell, the many signs providing information to the guests, the wall clock, barometer and dinner bell point to the Chalet being a well-run social institution with a pleasant environment for rest, recreation and congenial company." (Pg 81 Historica, MBCC)

Significance

Listed in Draft Inventory of Significant Collection items A.3 Fixtures and Fitttings. (Pg 165. Historica MBCC)

Inscriptions & Markings

"HALL PORTER"

Photograph

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

Black and white photograph, 5 waitresses and a man standing in the snow on the top of the roof.

Inscriptions & Markings

8619 written on the reverse of the photo

Postcard - "The Chalet Mt Buffalo, Victoria"

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

Postcard of the front of Mt Buffalo Chalet, coloured , no handwriting on the back. Donated by a former guest.

Inscriptions & Markings

"THE CHALET MT. BUFFALO, VICTORIA / POST CARD"

Bookends

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

Two matching mulga wood book ends. They form a sphere when placed together. Hand painted motif and inscription on each. Painting of a skier dressed in colourful clothing on each and "From Mt Buffalo" painted at the base.

Historical information

Sold as a souvenir of Mt Buffalo. 'Souvenirs in relation to the Chalet and Mount Buffalo were first mention in December 1912... A large range of souvenirs has since been associated with the Chalet and Mount Buffalo from crafted wooden items, silver spoons, cups etc... The collection includes a broad selection of products that have been sold throughout much of the Chalet's history, each representative of the transient fashions of their period.' (Pg. 114. Historica) "Souvenirs in relation to the chalet were perhaps first mentioned in December 1912, when enterprising locals, Mr J Pass of Porepunkah and Mr C Walker asked for permission to use timber on the mountain for making ornamental souvenirs . The government was agreeable to the ide and soon afterwards PWD chief architect George Austin went to Mount buffalo to make arrangements for supply of the timber, They proposed to make wooden egg cups, small boxes and photograph frames to sell to tourists, small items that' will serve as an advertising medium of the famous mount'" (Pg. 113.Historica) ' Fig 123. Bookends MBC0319,serviette rings MBC0217.2,eggcup MBC0218 and ashtray MBC0205 made of mulga, a wood from particular types of wattle tree that grow in arid climates. Souvenirs crafted from mulga became popular in the post WW2 years' (Pg 117. Historica) Purchased in a second hand shop and donated to MBC.

Significance

Listed in Draft Inventory of Significant Collection Items . Appendix A.3. Souvenirs. (Pg 168. Historica).

Inscriptions & Markings

"From Mt Buffalo"

Badges, souvenir

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

Small rectangular brass badge pointed at lower edge. Depicts a skier with "Ski school Mt Buffalo" underneath image. White background, blue skier, red and blue behind lettering. Enamelled pin clasp on back. [.2] same but different colourway.

Historical information

Enamel ski badge, awarded for participation in the Chalet Ski School, operated by Bill Marriot. This badge style was from the 60's-70's. 'Souvenirs in relation to the Chalet and Mount Buffalo were first mentioned in December 1912... A large range of souvenirs has since been associated with the Chalet and Mount Buffalo from crafted wooden items, silver spoons, cups etc... The collection includes a broad selection of products that have been sold throughout much of the Chalet's history, each representative of the transient fashions of their period.' (Pg 114. Historica)

Significance

Listed in Draft Inventory of Significant Collection Items . Appendix A.3. Souvenirs. (Pg 168. Historica).

Inscriptions & Markings

"SKI / SCHOOL / MOUNT BUFFALO" ON BACK "R.C. LUKE" (or Loke)

Container

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

Electroplated silver drinking straw container. Tube shape. Moulded circular base with matching lid with central post which can be pulled up to reveal drinking straws resting on it.

Historical information

Straw container, original to the Cafe, which supplied afternoon teas and suppers to casual visitors and Chalet guests. Spiders and milkshakes were popular with yung guests after evening tournaments, films and concerts. 'When the Victorian railways took over managemen of the Chalet from 1 october 1924, they ran their dining room and cafe in similar fashion to the dining cars on their trains and refreshment rooms on their stations, using the same ceramic hotel-ware and electro plated nickel silverware (EPNS), all made to order items that are clearly idenitified by the distinctive 'VR' monogram. The Chalet retains a good selection of of the diverse range of EPNS item formerly used in the dining room..- which in all theoir variety and function help to interpret the dining room protocols of the 'tourist house' and the service provied by the Victorian Railways refreshment and Services Branch. Many of the items were manufactured by by Stoke & Sons of Melbourne (est. 1856.' (Pg 103. Historica)

Significance

Listed in Draft Inventory of Significant Collection items. Appendix A.3.Tableware. (Pg 166 Historica).

Inscriptions & Markings

On front, "VR / Straws" Also silver stamp on base and inscription;"Parmount / plate / best / EP A1 NS / quality / warranted / hardsoldered / K. G. LUKE / MELB / 6889"

Spittoon

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

3 x Brass and chrome standing spittoons with bulbous bases and bowl on a stem.

Historical information

Probably original to Mt Buffalo Chalet. Listed in the Draft Inventory of Significant Collection items. Appendix A.3, Snow sports equipment and other recreational items. (Pg 166 Historica). "Smoker's were well-catered for at the Chalet, and Smoking Rooms in similar resort establishments were considered to be a necessary facility. A guest house in the Blue Mountains in 1905 offered the' full comforts of a refined home' with views, spacious verandahs, tennis court and smoking room. James Boyce commented on expectorating smokers in the the Chalet's public rooms and recommended the provision of spittoons." (Pg 101. Historica) PROV . Undated photo of bedroom sitting room with same chrome ashtray, there are 3 in the MBC Collection. (Fif 52. Pg 63 Historica) Similar ashtray sighted on Ebay listed as Victorian Railways Spitoon, February 2012.

Camera

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

.1 Camera, small black metal with extendable leather sleeve with lens. Is covered in leatherette. .2 Camera case - brown leather with press stud closure.

Historical information

The Vest Pocket Kodak cameras were a best-selling folding camera series made by Eastman Kodak (Rochester), from 1912 to 1926. They were the first cameras to use the smaller 127 film reels.(http://camerapedia.wikia.com/wiki/Vest_Pocket_Kodak) One of the items collected by Roger Jones.

Significance

Listed in Draft Inventory of Significant Collection items. Appendix A.3, Snow sports equipment and other recreational items. (Pg 166 Historica).

Inscriptions & Markings

"V.P AUTOGRAPHIC KODAK SPECIAL"

Plans x 4 - " Additions to Government Chalet Mt Buffalo.

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

Four framed hand-drawn and coloured drawings / plans of the Chalet. Framed and mounted behind glass. 1: Dated 1911 -1912. 2: -dated 6th oct 1909 3: -Dated 25th Sept 1909. 4: -Dated 6th Oct 1909.

Historical information

Original plans for the Mount Buffalo Chalet, framed architectural drawings for the Chalet, titled " Additions to Government Chalet Mt Buffalo. Dated 1909. Signed Jas G Spence & E F Leary. "Ground Plan, first floor plan, elevation, Section M5 and side elevation –beautiful coloured plan, hand price onit of £970, also called Drawing No. 1.Beautiful plan suitable for reproduction for graphic work." (Pg 45. Heritage Impact Assessment, September 2013. MGS Architects and McDougall & Vines, Conservation and Heritage Consultants) 'The Mount Buffalo Chalet opened in April 1910 as a remarkable Victorian State government venture into alpine tourism and recreation. Designed by Public works Department architect, George Austin (1860-1921)." (Pg 4 Historica, 2011). "The collection of ephemera builds on the Chalet's holding of archival material with a range of interesting, original items. Dinner menus., stationery., luggage labels, tickets, dockets and plans help to interpret the structured routine and social conventions of the Chalet that held sway for so many years." (pg 127 MBCC) These plans drawn were most likely to have been drawn upon recommendation by Government Tourist Officer, J.C.Boyce. John Newton (the Lessee) suggests the addition of 2 new wings (24 rooms) and creation of a billiards room. Treasury approved money for these extensions which were not completed until1914.

Significance

Listed in Draft Inventory of Significant Collection Items.

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten at the top of each drawing," Mount Buffalo / Wood Chalet"

Firescreen and poker

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

1. Forged and beaten steel firescreen. opens in the centre and is closed with two latches. One lyre bird design on each side. Heavy mesh with scrolling work. Attached to fireplace. 2. Poker is forged steel with a knob on one end and a hook on the other.

Historical information

'The distinctive lyrebird firescreen has become a popular feature of the lounge. It is not known how long it has stood in this position, but it appears to have been custom-made for the fireplace. Firescreens are not clearly shown in early photographs. It is popularly believed that the fenders on the floor..came from the Victorian Railways workshops and were made from railway line metal..' (Pg 72 Historica. 2011) "In 1924 amateur naturalist and mountain-guide, Alice Manfield (18-78 -1960) popularly known as Guide Alice, released 'The Lyre-birds of Mount Buffalo', a 23 page booklet detailing her studies into the lyre-birds on Mount Buffalo, the first pictorial record of lyre-birds to be published.... It is not known whether the lyrebird fire screen in the Chalet Lounge was dedicated to Alice Manfield and her study into local lyrebirds, but this popular feature is a most appropriate tribute." (Pg 132 Historica,2011)

Significance

Listed in Draft Inventory of Significant Collection Items .

Plaque - "Buffalo Falls Hotel / Historic list of prominent guests 1888-1919"

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

Wooden plaque with black painted inscription, framed in black painted wood. Plaque is peaked at the top.

Historical information

Possibly predates Chalet. ".There is also a wooden plaque displaying the names of notable guests who stayed at the Buffalo Falls Hotel that once stood at the foot of the mountain. the pioneering Manfield family opened this early hotel in the late 1880's and soon began taking visitors on walking treks up onto the plateau." (Pg 84 Historica, 2011). The Buffalo Falls Hotel was originally known as The Buffalo Falls Temperance Hotel and was built in 1888 by James Manfield. His daughter Alice became well known as a Mt Buffalo guide and was renowned for her mountain knowledge as well as for her distinctive alpine pant suit. The Hotel was constructed opposite the newly opened 'Staker's Track', a walking track , now known as the "Big Walk" was, a steep 6 hour walk, which nevertheless opened the mountain up to early tourism, attracting leading figures from Melbourne Society as well as significant artists, Naturalists and Scientists eager to explore and experience the unique scenery and geological features of the Mountain. Baron Von Mueller as Government botanist was one of the first white men to ascend to the plateau in 1853, collecting alpine specimens . Each of the names on this honor roll were significant cultural and society figures of Victorian/Edwardian Melbourne .

Significance

Listed in Draft Inventory of Significant Items. Appendix A3. Framed Photographs, Pictures, etc. (Pg 165, Historica, 2011)

Inscriptions & Markings

"BUFFALO FALLS HOTEL.... Historic list of prominent guests 1888-1919. Proprietor Jane R. Manfield. Lord Hopetoun. Lord & Lady Brassey. Lord Lamington. Baron Sir F. Von Mueller. Sir William Zeal. Judge Sir H. William & Lady William. David Syme & Mrs Syme. Percy Grainger. Sir John & Lady Monash. George Farlow A.D.C. Prepared by Geo. W. Sykes "Buffalo House'."

Billiard table

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

1. Full size billiard table made of dark wood with eight turned legs. Green blaize covered table surface. 2.Wooden triangle to enclose balls. 3.balls(16) .4 Wooden backed bristle brush with VR stamp. 5. Billiard scorer with Alcock & Taylor, Pty, Ltd. 6. framed billiard rules. 7. Pool balls & cue rest. .8Plus 1x revised rules of pool framed behind glass.(stored in area 23) 1 x original cue rest.

Historical information

The Billiard Room and South wing were completed in 1914, built by recommendation of the Lesee John Newton and the Government Tourist Officer and Supervising officer of the Government Chalet, James Boyce... "Boyce was present at the Chalet on 14 March to witness the completion of the new wing's foundations ...when he returned in June he found the wing approaching completion and that '... the billiard table was expected to reach the Chalet during the week'. The table possibly came second-hand from the Oriental Hotel, Bright. When visiting in March, Boyce had heard from a Mr Tewksbury 'that he is disposing of those at the Oriental Hotel so that if the Public Works Department is going to provide the table for the Chalet it might be possible to pick one up cheap from the Hotel'. It's reasonable that the Chalet did acquire one of the second-hand tables in 1914 and, and changed over to a new model in the 1930s. Three billiard tables remain in the Chalet Billiard Room today; one full sized table and two smaller tables, one perhaps a pool table. The full-sized table was made by the well-known billiard table manufacturers Alcock, Thomson & Taylor, who adopted this name when they merged their billiard businesses in January 1930. Henry Upton Alcock had initially established the business in Fitzroy in the mid-1850's and the table at the Chalet resembles the 'Squatter's Favourite' model that Alcock first produced in the nineteenth century from Australian timbers. this style of table was installed in Melbourne's Parliament buildings, several prestigious clubs as well as hotels and houses."(Pg 13-14. Historica)

Significance

Listed in Appendix A.1 Furnishings. - Billiard Room. Draft Inventory of significant Collection Items. (Pg 162 Historica, 2011)

Inscriptions & Markings

Alcock, Thomson & Taylor.

Plan

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

Square shaped original plan of the Mt Buffalo Chalet. paper is attached to cloth backing. Floor plan shows layout of main floor and first floor.

Historical information

Plans were corrected to 1st July 1947

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten text on back of plans describes "hours of staff" and "hours of guests...."

Tickets

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

The tickets are made of yellow paper; on the front page it says "Mt. Buffalo Ski School Class Lesson"; there are 3 empty squares in order to say if it is for an adult, child or other; the information on the right side of the ticket is for the customer, the left part of the ticket is for the seller with just the information adult, child or other; on the right side there is a ticket number, there are 449 tickets in this book;

Historical information

"The collection of ephemera builds on the Chalet's holding of archival material with a range of interesting, original items. Dinner menus., stationery., luggage labels, tickets, dockets and plans help to interpret the structured routine and social conventions of the Chalet that held sway for so many years." (pg 127 MBCC) Probably printed by Rayner Quickprint

Significance

Listed in Draft inventory of significant collection items. Appendix A.3. Ephemera. (pg 169).

Inscriptions & Markings

On the reverse of the ticket there is a "disclaimer of liability"; signed by Mt. Buffalo Ski School, Cresta, Mt. Buffalo

Cutlery

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

Three stainless steel forks with Victorian Railways insignia. Three stainless steel spoons, two with Victorian Railways insiginia. One stainless steel knife with Victorian Railways insiginia. (knife is burnt)

Historical information

These pieces of cutlery were found by a Parks Victoria ranger in a hollow log after the 2003 bushfires. It is possible these items were hidden for Chalet guests for picnics when they went out horseriding . There is reference to this practice in the "Mt Buffalo Story" 'Holidaymakers planning all day treks to distant features on the Plateau - Mount Macloed, the Great Wall of China of the Sarcophagus - collecteda packed lunch and anorange." (Pg 88. the Mount Buffalo Story)

Significance

Listed in Draft Inventory of Significant Collection items. Appendix A.3.Tableware. (Pg 166 Historica).

Inscriptions & Markings

On the two forks,"ALLBRITE STAINLESS STEEL" & "VR" On the two spoons,"ALLBRITE STAINLESS STEEL / VR" On burnt knife,"ALLBRITE FIRTH C....LY STAINLESS, VR"

Photograph - "Alma Coleman / Mt Buffalo Girl 1930"

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

Black and white handcoloured photograph of " Alma Coleman, Mt Buffalo Girl 1930" Image depicts woman on skis in snow, facing camera. Photograph is hand coloured, mounted behind a brown cardboard mount. Framed in a black wooden frame with carved decoration around edge.

Historical information

Appears to be an original piece from Mt Buffalo Chalet.

Significance

Listed in Draft Inventory of Significant Collection Items.

Inscriptions & Markings

"Alma Coleman / Mt Buffalo Girl 1930 / co founder Edelweiss ski club of Australia - 1934 / co founder Karoonda ski club / Mt Hotham 1967"

Booklet - "The Romance of Mt Buffalo Victoria"

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

"The Romance of Mt Buffalo" a brief history of the chalet from an address given by Dr. J.F. Wilkininson in Feb 1929. The booklet has a coloured cover depicting the Gorge at night with a man standing with two camp fires. x 2.

Historical information

Published by the Victorian Railways around 1929. "Over the years the VR Advertising Division published a number of booklets promoting Mount Buffalos winter sports and the restorative powers of its scenery in summer and winter." (Pg 119. Historica) This booklet provides a brief history of the Chalet and features excerpt from a speech by Dr Wilkinson. The beautiful graphic illustrates a tale of the Manfield brothers communicating nightly by fires to family in the valley. The artist is possibly James Northfield or Percy Trompf, whose lithographic posters and promotional material for the Railways were iconic of the time and promoting tourism in Australia was an important National enterprise.

Significance

Listed in Draft Inventory of Significant Collection Items . Appendix A.3. Promotional material.. (Pg 168. Historica).

Inscriptions & Markings

Yes

Trophy, buffalo horns - "Buffalo Cow Horns"

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

Buffalo horns mounted on a wooden plaque with an inscription.

Historical information

Appears to be Original to the Chalet.) 'These have been at the Chalet from at least 1937, when they were photographed at the head of the Dining Room above the mantlepeice (fig 10). They were still there in 1950 as testified by another photograph of the dining room ( Fig11). By 2002, they had been moved to the main Lounge where they were displayed above the north mantelpeice, and have since been transferred to the Billiard Room. Information printed in gold on the buffalo mount states that the horns are from Northern Territory and were presented (date not stated) by Mr T.N. Sayle of Whitfield, a town in the King Valley near Mt Buffalo.' (Pg 57. Historica )

Significance

Listed in . Draft Inventory of Significant Collection Items. A.1. Furnishings - Billiard Room. (Pg 162. Historica) Listed in Draft Inventory of Significant Items.Appendix A.3. Other Objects - ornamental items. (Pg 165. historica

Inscriptions & Markings

"BUFFALO COW HORNS / 9ft from tip to tip. Weight 20 lbs / from NORTHERN TERRITORY / presented by / Mr T.N. SAYLE / Whitfield Victoria."

Desks

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

Two small blonde wood writing desks. Has backboard with upright document slots. Varnish is irregular.

Historical information

This small writing desk currently in the 'Smoker's ' lounge or Drawing Room can be seen in Victorian Railways photographs dated between 1925 and 1930's. This writing table has a raised back containing compartments for stationery printed with the Chalet letterhead provided for Guests to write letters and post cards. "Photographs of the main lounge taken between 1925 and the 30's confirm that the room was equipped with at least 2 small writing desks... Made of light coloured wood, they have raised backs containing compartments for stationery printed with the chalet letterhead. Two of the same historic desks remain at the Chalet today."

Significance

Listed in Draft Inventory of Significant Collection Items.

Signs

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

Varnished wooden directional signs with painted gold lettering to direct guests through the chalet to the cafe and the guests drying room. Signs have rounded edges and are attached to a vertical post.

Historical information

Original directional signs from Chalet interior. Dated to pre 1960's. "A number of specific items, which have been useful in the day to day operations of the Chalet, remain in the building with each complementing the other to provide context, meaning and character to their setting. Items such as the hall porter bell, the many signs providing information to the guests, the wall clock, barometer and dinner bell point to the Chalet being a well-run social institution with a pleasant environment for rest, recreation and congenial company." (Pg 81 Historica, MBCC)

Significance

Listed in Draft Inventory of Significant Collection Items. Appendix A.3 Fixtures and Fittings. (Pg 165 Historica MBCC)

Inscriptions & Markings

1. "Cafe, fruit, drinks, souvenirs, confectionary, tabacco, photographs, suppers etc." 2. "GUESTS DRYING ROOM"

Bucket, ice

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

Small ice bucket. Electroplated silver on nickel. Has a handle to carry and wide pedestal base."VR" insiginia engraved on front of bucket.

Historical information

Part of the Victorian Railways silver service. When the Victorian railways took over management of the Chalet from 1 October 1924, they ran their dining room and cafe in similar fashion to the dining cars on their trains and refreshment rooms on their stations, using the same ceramic hotel-ware and electro plated nickel silverware (EPNS), all made to order items that are clearly idenitified by the distinctive 'VR' monogram. The Chalet retains a good selection of of the diverse range of EPNS items formerly used in the dining room..- which in all their variety and function help to interpret the dining room protocols of the 'tourist house' and the service provided by the Victorian Railways refreshment and Services Branch. Many of the items were manufactured by Stoke & Sons of Melbourne (est. 1856.)' (Pg 103. Historica) Possibly once graced the chrome display cabinet.

Significance

Listed in Draft Inventory of Significant Collection items. Appendix A.3.Tableware. (Pg 166 Historica).

Inscriptions & Markings

Crown with scroll underneath with "Victorian Railways" Under that,"WHITE - THROUGH / E.P \ A1\ N.S"

Skis, boots and stocks

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

Pair of wooden skis with black leather straps, black leather boots and bamboo stocks.

Historical information

'The collections of winter sports equipment in Australian museums are small and few in number... The pair currently displayed on the Lounge wall has cable binding, a characteristic of skis from the c1930's to 50's and still popular today for cross country and telemark skis.' (Pg 143. Historica)

Significance

Listed in Draft Inventory of Significant Collection Items

Inscriptions & Markings

"Kandahar Patent Gresvig"

Gauge, temperature

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

Small circular silver coloured temperature gauge mounted to wall. Plaque attached below temperature gauge. Face is white and has a glass cover.

Historical information

Appears to be original to Mt Buffalo Chalet. "A number of specific items, which have been useful in the day to day operations of the Chalet, remain in the building with each complementing the other to provide context, meaning and character to their setting. Items such as the hall porter bell, the many signs providing information to the guests, the wall clock, barometer and dinner bell point to the Chalet being a well-run social institution with a pleasant environment for rest, recreation and congenial company." (Pg 81 Historica, MBCC) This temperature gauge has a plaques inscribed "Presented by C.P Sanderson 7/08/1973. It is not known who this person was. Listed in Draft Inventory of significant Collection items. A.3 Fixtures and fittings. (Pg165 Historica Cultural Heritage Projects. Mount Buffalo Chalet collection. Prepared for Parks Victoria, 2011)

Significance

Listed in Draft Inventory of Significant Collection Items

Inscriptions & Markings

Plaque below barometer: "Presented by C P Sanderson / 7 - 8- 1973"