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Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet Mt Buffalo, Victoria

Parks Victoria is a statutory authority, created by the Parks Victoria Act 1998 and reporting to the Minister.
Our estate covers more than 4 million hectares, or about 18 per cent, of Victoria. We manage the largest and most diverse collection of heritage places on public land in Victoria, with around 2,900 heritage assets and many places of National and State significance.
Our primary responsibility is to ensure parks are healthy and resilient for current and future generations. We manage parks in the context of their surrounding landscape and in partnership with Traditional Owners.

The Victorian government built the Mount Buffalo Chalet in 1909-10. In the early1920s Mount Buffalo became Australia’s principal ski resort. After WWII, as access to other resorts in the Australian Alps improved with new roads, Mount Buffalo became less important as a ski destination, but the Chalet remained popular as a unique tourist experience. The chalet is one of the first alpine resort houses to open in Australia, and is the longest one still standing.

Contact Information

location
Level 10/535 Bourke Street Melbourne Victoria 3000
phone
+61 131963

Contact

Opening Hours

Mount Buffalo Chalet is open for tours during some school holidays. Call 131963 for more information

Entry Fee

N/A

Location

Mount Buffalo Road Mount Buffalo National Park Mt Buffalo Victoria

The Mount Buffalo Chalet interiors and their contents have evolved through the distinct phases of this resort house. While the earliest object, a soda fountain, dates from when the Chalet opened in 1910, many items in the collection – for instance furnishings, tableware, and recreational equipment – largely date from the long period of management by the Victorian Railways. Since 1998, the Chalet has been managed by Parks Victoria, which recognises the importance of the collection for its association with the historic development of the Chalet and the Mount Buffalo National Park. The department has documented furniture, ornaments and artworks, architectural plans, maps, guidebooks, framed photographs, uniforms, recreational equipment, tableware, souvenirs and ephemera, some of which have been donated by former staff and Chalet guests in fond memory of their experiences on the mountain.

Significance

The Mount Buffalo Chalet collection is historically important for its association with one of Australia’s first alpine tourist resort houses and the only one its kind surviving in the Australian Alps today. The Chalet and its historic contents reflect the Victorian Government’s remarkable venture into alpine tourism and recreation, firstly through the
Public Works Department and then under the long period of management by the Victorian Railways. A number of government‐issued furnishings have remained in their place of use for decades, their plain and functional design complementing the style of the Chalet. Moreover, the guest bedroom furnishings display a high degree of integrity and consistency in their relative completeness. Historic tableware, staff uniforms and items of ephemera including tickets illustrate the distinctive protocols set in place by the Victorian Railways Refreshment and Services Branch which became hallmarks of the Chalet visitor experience. Items of early snow sports equipment interpret and demonstrate the Chalet’s important role in the early development of alpine sports in Australia. Souvenirs, tourist brochures and guides in the collection illustrate the considerable extent to which the Victorian Railways promoted the Chalet and Mount Buffalo with a range of affordable, mass‐produced consumer goods.The collection’s photographs are important as historical records that enhance the Chalet and Mount Buffalo story. In more recent years the assemblage has acquired social significance as a collection that is expanding with items donated by former Chalet staff and guests. Their snapshots, journal writings, memories and items of memorabilia reveal the streams of experience of everyday people working and holidaying in an extraordinary place. The collection is an integral part of the significance of the Chalet and the Mount Buffalo National Park, and its heritage values are enhanced by its context and in situ location.

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51 items

Postcard - "The Chalet Mt Buffalo, Victoria"

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

Postcard of the front of Mt Buffalo Chalet, coloured , no handwriting on the back. Donated by a former guest.

Inscriptions & Markings

"THE CHALET MT. BUFFALO, VICTORIA / POST CARD"

Badges, souvenir

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

Small rectangular brass badge pointed at lower edge. Depicts a skier with "Ski school Mt Buffalo" underneath image. White background, blue skier, red and blue behind lettering. Enamelled pin clasp on back. [.2] same but different colourway.

Historical information

Enamel ski badge, awarded for participation in the Chalet Ski School, operated by Bill Marriot. This badge style was from the 60's-70's. 'Souvenirs in relation to the Chalet and Mount Buffalo were first mentioned in December 1912... A large range of souvenirs has since been associated with the Chalet and Mount Buffalo from crafted wooden items, silver spoons, cups etc... The collection includes a broad selection of products that have been sold throughout much of the Chalet's history, each representative of the transient fashions of their period.' (Pg 114. Historica)

Significance

Listed in Draft Inventory of Significant Collection Items . Appendix A.3. Souvenirs. (Pg 168. Historica).

Inscriptions & Markings

"SKI / SCHOOL / MOUNT BUFFALO" ON BACK "R.C. LUKE" (or Loke)

Mugs / goblets

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

A pair of ceramic mugs / goblets. The foot is black and the top of these mugs is sandy coloured with a black buffalo and a black inscription on reverse side

Historical information

Found in an opportunity shop in Melbourne and purchased by the donor. 'Souvenirs in relation to the Chalet and Mount Buffalo were first mentioned in December 1912... A large range of souvenirs has since been associated with the Chalet and Mount Buffalo from crafted wooden items, silver spoons, cups etc... The collection includes a broad selection of products that have been sold throughout much of the Chalet's history, each representative of the transient fashions of their period.' (Pg 114. Historica) Tatra Inn was built in 1964, after an Act was passed in 1960 to allow private development leases in national Parks. The lease was terminated in 1975 and Tatra was taken over by the Government. Tatra was renamed the Lodge throughout the Belles 10 years management, from 1993.

Significance

Listed in Draft Inventory of Significant Collection Items . Appendix A.3. Souvenirs. (Pg 168. Historica).

Inscriptions & Markings

TATRA INN CRESTA MOUNT BUFFALO

Desks

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

Two small blonde wood writing desks. Has backboard with upright document slots. Varnish is irregular.

Historical information

This small writing desk currently in the 'Smoker's ' lounge or Drawing Room can be seen in Victorian Railways photographs dated between 1925 and 1930's. This writing table has a raised back containing compartments for stationery printed with the Chalet letterhead provided for Guests to write letters and post cards. "Photographs of the main lounge taken between 1925 and the 30's confirm that the room was equipped with at least 2 small writing desks... Made of light coloured wood, they have raised backs containing compartments for stationery printed with the chalet letterhead. Two of the same historic desks remain at the Chalet today."

Significance

Listed in Draft Inventory of Significant Collection Items.

Container

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

Electroplated silver drinking straw container. Tube shape. Moulded circular base with matching lid with central post which can be pulled up to reveal drinking straws resting on it.

Historical information

Straw container, original to the Cafe, which supplied afternoon teas and suppers to casual visitors and Chalet guests. Spiders and milkshakes were popular with yung guests after evening tournaments, films and concerts. 'When the Victorian railways took over managemen of the Chalet from 1 october 1924, they ran their dining room and cafe in similar fashion to the dining cars on their trains and refreshment rooms on their stations, using the same ceramic hotel-ware and electro plated nickel silverware (EPNS), all made to order items that are clearly idenitified by the distinctive 'VR' monogram. The Chalet retains a good selection of of the diverse range of EPNS item formerly used in the dining room..- which in all theoir variety and function help to interpret the dining room protocols of the 'tourist house' and the service provied by the Victorian Railways refreshment and Services Branch. Many of the items were manufactured by by Stoke & Sons of Melbourne (est. 1856.' (Pg 103. Historica)

Significance

Listed in Draft Inventory of Significant Collection items. Appendix A.3.Tableware. (Pg 166 Historica).

Inscriptions & Markings

On front, "VR / Straws" Also silver stamp on base and inscription;"Parmount / plate / best / EP A1 NS / quality / warranted / hardsoldered / K. G. LUKE / MELB / 6889"

Booklet - "The Lyre-Birds of Mt Buffalo"

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

.1 Smooth olive book cover with stick-on photograph of a male lyre-bird. Framed within a border, ink blotches on right-side of booklet. 16 page booklet A 5 size, illustrations on left side pages, stick-on photographs on right pages except for introduction with illustration on right. Thick rough printed paper. •.2 Same as above with slight ink marks on top right, slight tear on right of image.

Historical information

Information booklet for distribution, collected by Roger Jones. "The Mount Buffalo plateau has been attracting scientific investigation into its unique plants, insects and animals from at least the 1850's. "(Pg. 131. Historica) "In 1924, amateur naturalist and mountain guide, Alice Manfield (1878-1960) popularly known as Guide Alice , released The Lyre-birds of Mount Buffalo, a 23 page booklet detailing her studies into the lyre-birds on Mount Buffalo, the first pictorial record of lyre-birds to be published. It features Mansfield's photography and includes an introduction by Charles Barrett (1879-1959), an Australian naturalist, journalist, author and foundation member of the Ornithologists Union." (Pg. 132) There are very few known copies of this booklet.

Significance

Listed in Draft Inventory of Significant Collection Items . Appendix A.3. Natural History. (Pg 169. Historica).

Inscriptions & Markings

.1 "The Lyre-Birds of Mt Buffalo" Photographs and notes by 'Guide Alice', Introduction by Charles Barrett CM2s Publisher: Robertson and Mullens Ltd....." •.2 Same as .1.

Cutlery

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

Three stainless steel forks with Victorian Railways insignia. Three stainless steel spoons, two with Victorian Railways insiginia. One stainless steel knife with Victorian Railways insiginia. (knife is burnt)

Historical information

These pieces of cutlery were found by a Parks Victoria ranger in a hollow log after the 2003 bushfires. It is possible these items were hidden for Chalet guests for picnics when they went out horseriding . There is reference to this practice in the "Mt Buffalo Story" 'Holidaymakers planning all day treks to distant features on the Plateau - Mount Macloed, the Great Wall of China of the Sarcophagus - collecteda packed lunch and anorange." (Pg 88. the Mount Buffalo Story)

Significance

Listed in Draft Inventory of Significant Collection items. Appendix A.3.Tableware. (Pg 166 Historica).

Inscriptions & Markings

On the two forks,"ALLBRITE STAINLESS STEEL" & "VR" On the two spoons,"ALLBRITE STAINLESS STEEL / VR" On burnt knife,"ALLBRITE FIRTH C....LY STAINLESS, VR"

Honour Board

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

Wooden plaque with names painted onto strips of leather fixed to a board. The board is made of two sections of wood and is arched at the top and squared at the base. The piece at the top that appears to be earlier and has gold painted inscriptions with decorative scrolling around the edge. The board has leather strapping around the edge and two stirrups threaded onto leather at the base. The upper section of the board has all the names painted onto leather strips. The lower section of the board has some names painted onto strips but also some names are scratched directly onto the wood.

Historical information

Was located in the stables at Mount Buffalo Chalet. It was used to record the names of horses that were ridden by Chalet guests when they were holidaying at the Chalet. 'Admiring the rugged beauty of the Buffalo Plateau and exploring its scenic attractions ...quickly became part of the Mount Buffalo Chalet tourist experience...The Chalet facilitated the experience by hosting guided tours, including trail rides on horseback...the horses remained at the Chalet for decades, and have been remembered with great affection, as demonstrated by the honour roll for Chalet horses and various commemorative plaques.' (Pg 98. Historica) Many of these horses are still remmbered by former guest of the Chalet. Granite and Punka were legendary and plaques in their honor are mounted on the large granite boulders in the stableyards.

Significance

Listed in Draft Inventory of Significant Collection items. Appendix A.3, Snow sports equipment and other recreational items. (Pg 166 Historica).

Inscriptions & Markings

At top of plaque, "ROLL OF HONOUR /TO / OUR FRIENDS - / THE CHALET HORSES, / WHO GAVE US MANY HAPPY HOURS / BUT WHO HAVE SINCE MOVED / "DOWN THE HILL". FROM THE / TIME OF "PUNKA" / WHO SERVED / FAITHFULLY FOR 20 YEARS" Underneat this are the names of the individual horses starting with , "PUNKA....."

Teapot

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

Large electroplated teapot with "VR" engraved on one side. Handle features holes at base either end of join. Lid features a circular knob and scroll handle at front with a wooden insert. Teapot has flat wide circular base.

Historical information

Original Victorian Railways teapot, part of the silver service at Mt Buffalo Chalet. Part of Victorian Railways silver service. When the Victorian railways took over management of the Chalet from 1 October 1924, they ran their dining room and café in similar fashion to the dining cars on their trains and refreshment rooms on their stations, using the same ceramic hotel-ware and electro plated nickel silverware (EPNS), all made to order items that are clearly identified by the distinctive 'VR' monogram. The Chalet retains a good selection of the diverse range of EPNS item formerly used in the dining room..- which in all their variety and function help to interpret the dining room protocols of the 'tourist house' and the service provided by the Victorian Railways refreshment and Services Branch. Many of the items were manufactured by Stoke & Sons of Melbourne (est. 1856.)' (Pg. 103. Historica) Possibly once graced the chrome display cabinet.

Significance

Listed in Draft Inventory of Significant Collection items. Appendix A.3.Tableware. (Pg 166 Historica).

Inscriptions & Markings

"EPNSSRS / MADE IN AUSTRALIA / STOKES & SONS / MELBOURNE / BOOMERANG PLATE / WARRANTED / HARD SOLDERED / 745 / VICTORIAN RAILWAYS"

Plan

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

Square shaped original plan of the Mt Buffalo Chalet. paper is attached to cloth backing. Floor plan shows layout of main floor and first floor.

Historical information

Plans were corrected to 1st July 1947

Inscriptions & Markings

Handwritten text on back of plans describes "hours of staff" and "hours of guests...."

Skates

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

Pair of black leather ice scates, mounted on wall. Skates feature white laces, metal blades and brown leather reinforcing area around laces and ankles.Boots are stffed with 1993 newsprint.

Historical information

Ice skates used to skate on Lake Catani. Ice skating was a popular activity for guest and visitors to Mt Buffalo. Ice skates were provided for hire by the the first Lessee of the Chalet, John Newton and also Norwegian born Hilda Samsing, who took over from him in 1919 and did much to pioneer and promote winter sports in the Victorian Alpine region . Ice cover on the Lake has not been sufficient for safe skating for many decades. 'After its initial popularity, skating at Mount Buffalo dwindled in the post-war years. According to Museum Victoria curator, Michelle Stevenson, few collections hold historic ice-skates, so any early examples identified in the Chalet collection will be important for their rarity." (Pg 94. Historica) 'Ice-skating was a popular recreational activity in the later nineteenth and early twentieth centuries...According to Michelle Stevenson, Australian Collections hold little material culture relating to its practice other than images and film.

Significance

The few pairs of ice skates in the Chalet collection, which are in good condition, are important for their rarity as well as for illustrating the popularity of skating on Lake Catani prior to WW2.'

Inscriptions & Markings

On skate blade, "Made in Canada 11 1/3 CCM / Senior A" On boot sole , "Made by J Molony " plus worn name label.

Cabinet, trophy

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

Solid, chrome edged display cabinet with three glass sides. Back section is mirrored. Features two glass shelves. Base of cabinet features four claw feet. Green felt on base of cabinet interior.

Historical information

Appears to be original to Chalet. Used to display trophies won by guests for various winter sporting competitions. Similar cabinet stored in garage. Also in original location. 'The Chalet's lounge area and nearby spaces include various cabinets. The most eye-catching is the tall metal-framed, glazed cabinet standing in the commanding position at the entrance to the Ballroom at the historic core of the Chalet. It once displayed an array of trophies and silver cups relating to various snow sports that the Chalet had fostered since its opening in 1910. A photograph taken in c.1937 shows the same chrome-framed cabinet with squat cabriole legs standing in the same position in the hall, confirming that it has stood there for decades (fig 36). It is still in the same location in 2011... Some of the old trophies that once graced the cabinet disappeared in the 1980's.'

Significance

Listed in Draft Inventory of Significant Collection Items.

Bookends

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

Two matching mulga wood book ends. They form a sphere when placed together. Hand painted motif and inscription on each. Painting of a skier dressed in colourful clothing on each and "From Mt Buffalo" painted at the base.

Historical information

Sold as a souvenir of Mt Buffalo. 'Souvenirs in relation to the Chalet and Mount Buffalo were first mention in December 1912... A large range of souvenirs has since been associated with the Chalet and Mount Buffalo from crafted wooden items, silver spoons, cups etc... The collection includes a broad selection of products that have been sold throughout much of the Chalet's history, each representative of the transient fashions of their period.' (Pg. 114. Historica) "Souvenirs in relation to the chalet were perhaps first mentioned in December 1912, when enterprising locals, Mr J Pass of Porepunkah and Mr C Walker asked for permission to use timber on the mountain for making ornamental souvenirs . The government was agreeable to the ide and soon afterwards PWD chief architect George Austin went to Mount buffalo to make arrangements for supply of the timber, They proposed to make wooden egg cups, small boxes and photograph frames to sell to tourists, small items that' will serve as an advertising medium of the famous mount'" (Pg. 113.Historica) ' Fig 123. Bookends MBC0319,serviette rings MBC0217.2,eggcup MBC0218 and ashtray MBC0205 made of mulga, a wood from particular types of wattle tree that grow in arid climates. Souvenirs crafted from mulga became popular in the post WW2 years' (Pg 117. Historica) Purchased in a second hand shop and donated to MBC.

Significance

Listed in Draft Inventory of Significant Collection Items . Appendix A.3. Souvenirs. (Pg 168. Historica).

Inscriptions & Markings

"From Mt Buffalo"

Barometer

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

Barometer and thermometer with carved decorative leaf pattern wooden surround.

Historical information

"A number of specific items, which have been useful in the day to day operations of the Chalet, remain in the building with each complementing the other to provide context, meaning and character to their setting. Items such as the hall porter bell, the many signs providing information to the guests, the wall clock, barometer and dinner bell point to the Chalet being a well-run social institution with a pleasant environment for rest, recreation and congenial company." (Pg 81 Historica, MBCC) "The barometer mounted on an ornately carved backing was presented by flour miller John Spencer Brunton (1861-1937), son of Thomas Brunton who founded the Brunton & Co. flourmills. John had responsibility for the New South Wales arm of the company and lived in Sydney.' (Pg 82 Historica MBCC) " Fig 80. It was presented by John Spencer Brunton on 9 December 1930."(Pg83, Historica. MBCC)

Significance

Listed in Draft Inventory of Significant Collection items A.3.. Fixtures and Fittings (Pg 165.Historica, MBCC)

Inscriptions & Markings

On plaque below barometer:"PRESENTED BY / JOHN SPENCER BRUNTON / 9.12.30" (further inscriptions on face)

Magazine - "Victorian Railways November 1974"

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

Railways magazine featuring an image of the chalet on the front cover and an article about the Chalet.

Historical information

'Over the years the VR Advertising Division published a number of booklets promoting Mount Buffalo's sports and restorative powers of its scenery in summer and winter...The collection (MBCC) comprises a good range of tourist writing published as promotional booklets, guidebooks, brochures, walking trails, maps and newspaper articles.' (Pg. 119. Historica) This Victorian Railways monthly publication and also the VR Newsletter, published by the Victorian Railways Printing Works in North Melbourne, is one of a number which featured iconic photos of the Chalet of the plateau on its cover, as an identifiable flagship for The Victorian Railways and it's employees from the Railways Refreshment and Services Branch. These publications also have stories regarding upgrades and on long serving staff of the Chalet.

Significance

Listed in Draft Inventory of Significant Collection Items . Appendix A.3. Promotional material.. (Pg 168. Historica).

Inscriptions & Markings

Yes

Plaque - "Buffalo Falls Hotel / Historic list of prominent guests 1888-1919"

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

Wooden plaque with black painted inscription, framed in black painted wood. Plaque is peaked at the top.

Historical information

Possibly predates Chalet. ".There is also a wooden plaque displaying the names of notable guests who stayed at the Buffalo Falls Hotel that once stood at the foot of the mountain. the pioneering Manfield family opened this early hotel in the late 1880's and soon began taking visitors on walking treks up onto the plateau." (Pg 84 Historica, 2011). The Buffalo Falls Hotel was originally known as The Buffalo Falls Temperance Hotel and was built in 1888 by James Manfield. His daughter Alice became well known as a Mt Buffalo guide and was renowned for her mountain knowledge as well as for her distinctive alpine pant suit. The Hotel was constructed opposite the newly opened 'Staker's Track', a walking track , now known as the "Big Walk" was, a steep 6 hour walk, which nevertheless opened the mountain up to early tourism, attracting leading figures from Melbourne Society as well as significant artists, Naturalists and Scientists eager to explore and experience the unique scenery and geological features of the Mountain. Baron Von Mueller as Government botanist was one of the first white men to ascend to the plateau in 1853, collecting alpine specimens . Each of the names on this honor roll were significant cultural and society figures of Victorian/Edwardian Melbourne .

Significance

Listed in Draft Inventory of Significant Items. Appendix A3. Framed Photographs, Pictures, etc. (Pg 165, Historica, 2011)

Inscriptions & Markings

"BUFFALO FALLS HOTEL.... Historic list of prominent guests 1888-1919. Proprietor Jane R. Manfield. Lord Hopetoun. Lord & Lady Brassey. Lord Lamington. Baron Sir F. Von Mueller. Sir William Zeal. Judge Sir H. William & Lady William. David Syme & Mrs Syme. Percy Grainger. Sir John & Lady Monash. George Farlow A.D.C. Prepared by Geo. W. Sykes "Buffalo House'."

Chairs

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

Two blonde wood chairs with brown leather seats. Carved floral design at back, top of chairs.

Historical information

"Today the Chalet lounges and hallways are stocked with a number of disparate furnishings of unknown provenance - table and chair settings... many ranging in styles from Edwardian and Art Deco periods. While they may appear to be original to the rooms, the items are not evident in any of the historic photographs surveyed in the course of this report, so their historical association with the Chalet does not appear to be strong and enduring. Some, including the Art Deco dining table and chairs in the Music Room ( MBC0038.2) ... appear to be domestic furnishings rather than those of a 'resort house'.

Book / guest - "Conquerors of the Cathedral"

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

Ruled paper bound into a hard backed book. Vertical columns have been drawn in red and names of people have been entered in pen. Headings include dates and times, name and addresses, room and car numbers.

Historical information

Guest sign in book of visitor achievements in climbing the 'cathedral'. Names of people who have climbed it and the dates they climbed it.

Inscriptions & Markings

Yes

Badge

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

White cotton badge in a shield shape. Has blue machine embriodery around edge and sewn in the centre to represent a snowflake. "MT.BUFFALO" is embriodered in red across the top.

Historical information

'Souvenirs in relation to the Chalet and Mount Buffalo were first mentioned in December 1912... A large range of souvenirs has since been associated with the Chalet and Mount Buffalo from crafted wooden items, silver spoons, cups etc... The collection includes a broad selection of products that have been sold throughout much of the Chalet's history, each representative of the transient fashions of their period.' (Pg 114. Historica) Manufactured as a souviner of MtBuffalo. Intended to be used, sewn onto a jacket sleeve. Purchased from an opportunity shop and donated.

Significance

Listed in Draft Inventory of Significant Collection Items . Appendix A.3. Souvenirs. (Pg 168. Historica).

Inscriptions & Markings

"MT.BUFFALO"

Gauge, temperature

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

Small circular silver coloured temperature gauge mounted to wall. Plaque attached below temperature gauge. Face is white and has a glass cover.

Historical information

Appears to be original to Mt Buffalo Chalet. "A number of specific items, which have been useful in the day to day operations of the Chalet, remain in the building with each complementing the other to provide context, meaning and character to their setting. Items such as the hall porter bell, the many signs providing information to the guests, the wall clock, barometer and dinner bell point to the Chalet being a well-run social institution with a pleasant environment for rest, recreation and congenial company." (Pg 81 Historica, MBCC) This temperature gauge has a plaques inscribed "Presented by C.P Sanderson 7/08/1973. It is not known who this person was. Listed in Draft Inventory of significant Collection items. A.3 Fixtures and fittings. (Pg165 Historica Cultural Heritage Projects. Mount Buffalo Chalet collection. Prepared for Parks Victoria, 2011)

Significance

Listed in Draft Inventory of Significant Collection Items

Inscriptions & Markings

Plaque below barometer: "Presented by C P Sanderson / 7 - 8- 1973"

Menu - "Dinner Christmas Day December 25, 1940 "

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

Printed cardboard menu. Front cover has a decorative edge of holy in green and red.

Historical information

Used in the Mt Buffalo Chalet dining room in 1940.

Inscriptions & Markings

"Dinner / Christmas Day / December 25, 1940 / MENU / The Chalet / Mt Buffalo / National Park / Victoria / Australia"

Bell

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

Circular brass disc with inner (separate ) maroon button mounted in raised circular disc. Hall Porter is embossed with black colouring around half of outer, larger disc.

Historical information

Was attached to a wall near reception but was removed to storage in approx.. 2000 - 2002. The bell has strong associations with the Victorian Railways Era reflecting the service and ethos of Railways with its uniformed Porters welcoming and on duty as Night Porter and day for all guests needs. (Especially lost keys) assistance with luggage, room service and co-ordinating transit and transport with Railways buses and services. A personal recollection is of Joseph the Night Porter welcoming and assisting when as a family with four sleeping children we would arrive after midnight to the Chalet where rooms would be ready, beds turned down and all unpacking of the car supervised by Joseph. (J. Skeggs) "A number of specific items, which have been useful in the day to day operations of the Chalet, remain in the building with each complementing the other to provide context ,meaning and character to their setting. Items such as the hall porter bell, the many signs providing information to the guests, the wall clock, barometer and dinner bell point to the Chalet being a well-run social institution with a pleasant environment for rest, recreation and congenial company." (Pg 81 Historica, MBCC)

Significance

Listed in Draft Inventory of Significant Collection items A.3 Fixtures and Fitttings. (Pg 165. Historica MBCC)

Inscriptions & Markings

"HALL PORTER"

Camera

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

.1 Camera, small black metal with extendable leather sleeve with lens. Is covered in leatherette. .2 Camera case - brown leather with press stud closure.

Historical information

The Vest Pocket Kodak cameras were a best-selling folding camera series made by Eastman Kodak (Rochester), from 1912 to 1926. They were the first cameras to use the smaller 127 film reels.(http://camerapedia.wikia.com/wiki/Vest_Pocket_Kodak) One of the items collected by Roger Jones.

Significance

Listed in Draft Inventory of Significant Collection items. Appendix A.3, Snow sports equipment and other recreational items. (Pg 166 Historica).

Inscriptions & Markings

"V.P AUTOGRAPHIC KODAK SPECIAL"

Tickets

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

The tickets are made of yellow paper; on the front page it says "Mt. Buffalo Ski School Class Lesson"; there are 3 empty squares in order to say if it is for an adult, child or other; the information on the right side of the ticket is for the customer, the left part of the ticket is for the seller with just the information adult, child or other; on the right side there is a ticket number, there are 449 tickets in this book;

Historical information

"The collection of ephemera builds on the Chalet's holding of archival material with a range of interesting, original items. Dinner menus., stationery., luggage labels, tickets, dockets and plans help to interpret the structured routine and social conventions of the Chalet that held sway for so many years." (pg 127 MBCC) Probably printed by Rayner Quickprint

Significance

Listed in Draft inventory of significant collection items. Appendix A.3. Ephemera. (pg 169).

Inscriptions & Markings

On the reverse of the ticket there is a "disclaimer of liability"; signed by Mt. Buffalo Ski School, Cresta, Mt. Buffalo

Bucket, ice

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

Small ice bucket. Electroplated silver on nickel. Has a handle to carry and wide pedestal base."VR" insiginia engraved on front of bucket.

Historical information

Part of the Victorian Railways silver service. When the Victorian railways took over management of the Chalet from 1 October 1924, they ran their dining room and cafe in similar fashion to the dining cars on their trains and refreshment rooms on their stations, using the same ceramic hotel-ware and electro plated nickel silverware (EPNS), all made to order items that are clearly idenitified by the distinctive 'VR' monogram. The Chalet retains a good selection of of the diverse range of EPNS items formerly used in the dining room..- which in all their variety and function help to interpret the dining room protocols of the 'tourist house' and the service provided by the Victorian Railways refreshment and Services Branch. Many of the items were manufactured by Stoke & Sons of Melbourne (est. 1856.)' (Pg 103. Historica) Possibly once graced the chrome display cabinet.

Significance

Listed in Draft Inventory of Significant Collection items. Appendix A.3.Tableware. (Pg 166 Historica).

Inscriptions & Markings

Crown with scroll underneath with "Victorian Railways" Under that,"WHITE - THROUGH / E.P \ A1\ N.S"

Photograph

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

Black and white photograph, 5 waitresses and a man standing in the snow on the top of the roof.

Inscriptions & Markings

8619 written on the reverse of the photo

Armchairs

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

Six lounge / club chairs, covered in brown vinyl. They are solid and bulky and have square, short block-like feet of dark wood.

Historical information

"Today the Chalet lounges and hallways are stocked with a number of disparate furnishings of unknown provenance - table and chair settings... many ranging in styles from Edwardian and Art Deco periods. While they may appear to be original to the rooms, the items are not evident in any of the historic photographs surveyed in the course of this report, so their historical association with the Chalet does not appear to be strong and enduring. Some... appear to be domestic furnishings rather than those of a 'resort house'.

Photograph

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

A photographic print of a camp with a tent on Mt Buffalo, with two women, one man and a baby.

Historical information

This photo is of the carpenter who built the stairs at the chalet and his family at their camp on Mt Buffalo.

Inscriptions & Markings

Yes, see second image for reserve of photograph.

Cup

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

Small coffee cup with Victorian Railways in scroll design with a crown motif above scroll. White china with black transfer design. Mark and inscription on base. Handle is broken, cup cracked. Cup possibly broken during removal to Bright in 2005. also two teacups of the same design and inscription. Both have handles but both are cracked.-

Historical information

Part of Victorian Railways crockery. 'When the Victorian railways took over management of the Chalet from 1 october 1924, they ran their dining room and cafe in similar fashion to the dining cars on their trains and refreshment rooms on their stations, using the same ceramic hotel-ware and electro plated nickel silverware (EPNS), all made to order items that are clearly idenitified by the distinctive 'VR' monogram. . ..The Chalet Collecton also incudes items of ceramic stoneware... and these too interpret the function and role of the dining room. The ceramic items items were generally manufactured by 'Grindley' or 'Grafton'... Ceramic ware used at the Chalet from the 1920's to the 1950's had a black VR monogram or badge and was the same crockery used in th VR dining and buffet cars. Crockery used in the VR refreshment rooms had a red monogram." (Pg 104. Historica)'

Significance

Listed in Draft Inventory of Significant Collection items. Appendix A.3.Tableware. (Pg 166 Historica).

Inscriptions & Markings

On base,"DURALINE / SUPER /VITRIFIED / GRINDLEY / HOTEL WARE Co / ENGLAND / 3-41 " On front of cup,"VICTORIAN RAILWAYS"

Photograph - " DR J.F.WILKINSON"

Parks Victoria - Mount Buffalo Chalet, Mt Buffalo

Framed sepia photograph. Grey mount in wooden frame. Portrait of Dr.J.F Wilkinson. Brass name plaque at base of frame. Hand finished / highlighted in places.

Historical information

'There are also a number of framed portraits, including those of...Dr. John Wilkinson, a doctor who started a practise in Bright in the late 1880's and helped develop the tourist potential of the Mount Buffalo Plateau. " (Pg 84, Historica, 2011) Dr John .F. Wilkinson was a significant figure in the pioneering of tourism at Mt Buffalo. A Doctor and resident of Bright, he and W.A. Staker were the founder members of the Bright Alpine Club formed in 1887 to promote the natural attractions of the Buffalo plateau. " They form the Alpine Club and charge a membership fee for guiding people up the mountain (led by official guides Bill Weston and Edward Carlisle). this is matched by a grant from the local shire council.... They advertise in the Argus and promote the Australian Alps, Bright district as "The Switzerland of Victoria'. Mt Buffalo, with the railways nearby, is the most accessible snowfield and becomes 'the cradle of skiing in Victoria'." (Pg 179 Historica . 2011) The initial funds raised by the Alpine club funded the Staker's walking track, the first easily accessible route up the mountain. . They engaged the services of early Victorian photographer Nicholas Caire, whose scenic photographs helped to promote the beauty of the mountain. The efforts of these gentlemen culminated in securing 2.800 acres for the one of the first National Parks in Victoria, 1898.

Significance

Listed in Draft Inventory of significant Items.

Inscriptions & Markings

" DR J.F.WILKINSON"